Superconductivity:- Superconductivity is a conductor, their electrical resistance is zero, near absolute zero ( 00 Kelvin, -2730 Celsius) to liquid nitrogen

temperatures ( 77 K, -1960 C) Critical tempertature :- The temperature at which electrical resistance is zero is called the critical temperature (Tc) 1. The value of the critical temperature is depend on the current density and the magnetic field. 2. The critical temperature is inversely proportional to the square root of the atomic mass. 3. In a superconductor below its critical temperature, there is no resistance, because these scattering mechanisms are unable to impede the motion of the current carriers. Meissner effect:- Meissner Effect is the property of superconducting materials. When a magnet is brought near a superconductor, the magnet encounters a repulsive force. It can be say that the superconductor completely expels the magnetic field and behaves as a perfect diamagnet. Notes:1. The energy of a phonon is usually less than 0.1 eV (electron-volt). 2. all superconductors have exactly zero resistivity to low applied currents when there is no magnetic field present or if the applied field does not exceed a critical value. Cooper pair:- The two electrons form a weak attraction, travel together in a pair and encounter less resistance overall. In a superconductor, electron pairs are constantly forming, breaking and reforming, but the overall effect is that electrons flow with little or no resistance. The current is carried by electrons moving in pairs called Cooper pairs.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful