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ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVE SHED E co Railways Vishakhapatnam .
in electric locomotive shed. in partial fulfillment of project based training..Certificate This is to certify that the project report entitled study of electric traction motors and locomotive transformers is being submitted by.e. Vishakhapatnam from 28th dec2010 to 7th jan2011 I. Signature of the guide: Name: Designation: Department: . is a record of bonafide work carried out by him under my guidance and supervision. within the duration of two weeks.
ABSTRACT In this project we studied about different types of locomotives and their operation in different sections and studied about traction motors. transformers. rectifiers. alternator (ARNO) during the testing and servicing of respective blocks . relay circuits.
Braking system 9. Main blocks of locomotives 4.Index Contents 1. Earthling and bonding 10. Introductions 2. Insulators . Classification of locomotives 3. Auxiliary motors 6. Transformer 7. Alternator 8. Types of traction motors used in locos 5.
about 28% of the route kilometer and 40%of the total track kilometer is electrified. each with a power more than 4000hp. The total length of track used by Indian railways is about 111559 km while the total route length of the network is 63465km. Track gauge Broad gauge is the most predominant gauge used by the Indian railway. for new diesel locomotives. the broad gauge which is wider than the 1435mm. Indian railways use three gauges. A locomotive have a fifth letter is its name which generally denotes a technical variant or subclass or subtype. motive power. The second letter denotes their motive power (diesel or electric) and the third denotes the kind of traffic for which they are suited (goods. Under this system. It comprises 4 or 5 letters. The loco shed also hosts all the WAG6 type (Hitachi and ABB) locomotives available with Indian railways. the forth letter will denotes their horsepower range. The class name includes this information about the locomotive. The trains are usually attached with three WAG5 locomotives. the work they are suited for and their power or model number. However. The first letter denotes the track gauge. This fifth letter indicates some insulator variation in the basic model or series. from 2002 anew classification scheme has been adopted. perhaps different motors or a different manufacturer. mixed or shunting). standard gauge: the meter gauge and the narrow gauge 762 mm .Introduction Electric loco shed Vishakhapatnam: This is the shed that hosts a large number of wAG5 type electric locomotives whose primary job is to haul long iron ore freight trains from the iron mines around kirandul to the vizag port. passenger. These locos haul the ore through some of the most treacherous terrains in India crossing mountains and forests. Classification of locomotives: In India locomotives are classifies according to their track gauge. The forth letter used to denotes locomotive model number.
The first letter (gauge) y y y y W = Broad Gauge Y = Meter Gauge Z = Narrow Gauge (2' 6") N = Narrow Gauge (2') The second letter (motive power) y y y y y D = Diesel C = DC traction A = AC traction CA = Dual-power AC/DC traction B = Battery electric(rare) The third letter (job type) y y y y y y M = Mixed Traffic P = Passenger G = Goods S = Shunting L = Light Duty (Light Passenger?) (no longer in use) U = Multiple Unit (EMU / DEMU) .
The catenary is at a negative potential. and uses a rather unusual 'rigid catenary' or overhead power rail in the underground tunnel sections (Line 2).5kV DC overhead system (negative earth. .5kV DC and 25kV AC for mainline trains. The new  AC-DC EMU rakes used in Mumbai are also designed to operate with both DC and AC traction as the Bombay area switches over to the 25kV AC system. The Delhi Metro uses 25kV AC overhead traction with a catenary system on the ground-level and elevated routes.Electric traction voltages used for electric traction in India Voltages used are 1. BHEL has been retrofitting some Alstom EMUs with AC drives to allow them to operate with both DC and AC traction as the system conversion proceeds. The Calcutta Metro uses 750V DC traction with a third-rail mechanism for delivering the electricity to the EMUs. The WCAM series of locomotives are designed to operate with both DC and AC traction as they move towards or away from the Bombay DC section. The Calcutta trams use 550V DC with an overhead catenary system with underground return conductors. positive catenary) is used around Bombay In preparation for this. Calcutta had an overhead 3kV DC system The 1. The 25kV AC system with overhead supply from a catenary is used throughout the rest of the country.
This pantograph is a single pan design having two o-springs mounted on it. The raising and lowering of the pantograph is by means of a pneumatically operated servo motor. main springs have been used.Blocks of general locomotives: Pantograph For collecting power from 25 kV ac contact wire pantographs are mounted on the roof of the traction vehicles. These pantographs are provided with steel strips for current collection. . For keeping the pantograph in the lowered condition. The suspension of pan is on plungers.. AM 12 pantograph of Faively design has been adopted by Indian Railways for 25 kV ac electric locomotives.
The regulating winding is designed for choosing . traction secondary windings and auxiliary windings. These transformers generally have a primary winding. Air Blast Circuit Breakers were used on electric locomotives. Vacuum circuit breaker: Vacuum Circuit Breakers were introduced on electric locomotives on Indian Railways. the traction power transformers are provided on the traction vehicles. These breakers are designed for isolation of power to the traction vehicle in the event of faults.Circuit Breaker Since inception of 25 kV ac traction system. This breaker also requires substantial amount of dry air for each switching operation. The life of the main contact on this account is also limited.contained interrupting medium that is vacuum to stop the locomotive Transformer Power to the traction vehicles is available at 25 kV ac single phase from the contact wire. a regulating winding. In order to step down the voltage as well as to control the same for feeding to the traction motors. The VCB is a simplified design has a simplified control block and self .
improved insulation scheme and in certain cases adoption of aluminum foil wound construction for minimizing the losses. CGR2 and CGR3.appropriate voltage for the traction motors. The up ratings have been achieved by using increased copper section of the conductor used. Tap Changer: The Tap changer is provided on 25 kV (HT) regulating winding of locomotive transformer for controlling the voltage input to main transformer. The speed control of DC motor is very easy but in AC three phase induction motor it is difficult. In order to increase the horse power of the locomotives. the traction transformers have been up rate. oil cooler and blower form an integral part of the traction transformer. With the introduction of thyristorised converters. For this purpose oil pump. The speed of the traction motor is controlled by tap changer circuit with 32 notches. The Tap Changer operates with the help of elaborate mechanism using an air driven Servo Motor (SMGR) and a bevel gear arrangement. The transformer for thyristorised converter becomes a two limb construction and traction secondary winding split into 4 windings for two step sequence control. The auxiliary winding is required for feeding the auxiliary motors on the locomotive. For every locomotive there are 6 DC traction motors in which all six are connected in parallel. . The traction transformer necessarily has to have forced oil circulation and forced air cooling. Traction Motor: Our Indian railways in olden day s compound motors are used for traction but now a day s using DC series motors as traction motors for running locomotives. Through precision adjustment and provision of transition resistance (RGR) it is ensured that there is no break of load current in-side the selector (GR) which is oil filled and the load current is broken by load switches known as CGR1. While comparing with AC motors these DC motors are efficient and high starting torque. the design of the traction transformer has undergone simplification with the deletion of regulating winding.
Chitranjan locomotive works model TAO 659 Continuous output 585kw Volts 750v Starting current 1350A Current(cont) 840A Speed 1060rpm Max service speed 2500rpm Field Series field( 6p)with inter poles Insulation Class H No of poles Main 6. This light weight motor is suitable for 4000 HP. commutating 6 Horse power 4000watts Cooling system Air blower Manufactured by : HS15250: This type of motor is started in 1993. There are many types of traction motors which are used according to the load. WAG5.These traction motors are manufactured by chitranjan locomotive works. The some of the models which are used by east coast railways are TAO 659: this type of motor is used in WAM4. Manufactured by Chitranjan locomotive works Model HS15250A Continuous output 630kw Volts 750v Starting current 1350A Current (cont) 900A Speed 895rpm . This axle hung nose suspended traction motor is designed with robust construction and can be used with different gear-ratios for diversified applications. The traction motor is designed for 4000 HP and 5000 HP. These motors are also suitable for dual voltage locomotives such as 25 kV AC / 1500 V DC.CO` type of bogies. WAP3. This axle hung nose suspended traction motor is designed with robust construction and can be used with different gears for diversified applications.CO` electric locomotives type WAG5. speed. power and etc. WCAM2 Electric locomotive models. WAP2 and WAG7 being manufactured at Chittaranjan Locomotive Works (CLW). Also the same is being used on AC / DC and DC 5000 HP / 4700 HP locomotives. WAP1. 25 kV AC CO`. 25KV AC CO`.
This loco is controlled with a thyristor used in locomotive Manufactured by Continuous output Volts Current Speed Insulation Field Hitachi 785kw 850v 960A 970 rpm Class H Series field with commutating poles . Six bogie-mounted separately excited DC traction motors are used. All WAG-6 locos were at Waltair (Vishakhapatnam) and have generally been used for ore freights and material trains on the Kirandul-Kottavalasa line. commutating poles 6 L3M450: it is a special machine which is imported from Japan and Sweden.Max service speed Field Insulation No of poles 2150rpm Series field with commutating poles Class c Main poles 6. Generally these are high power compared to WAG 5. This type of motor is used in locomotives WAG 6A only. and speed control is via the manipulation of the phase angle by a thyristor converter and a separately powered field coil.
HS15556 HS15256 .
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Arno Converter Arno Converter is a special duty machine for conversion of single phase incoming supply into 3 phase out.put supply. 3 phase supply is essentially required on most of the electrical locomotives for driving certain auxiliary equipment like blowers and compressors. Arno Converter of horizontal construction was used in WAG 4x\WAG5x\WAG6x\WAG7x locomotives. It converts single phase supply from main transformer to 415v three phase supply for auxiliary motors. . Indigenously developed Arno Converter however is of vertical construction. The function of Arno Converter is to supply 3 phase power required for these auxiliaries. The machine has mechanical construction suitable to withstand the severe vibrations encountered on locomotives.
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