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Published by Jannine Bensi

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Published by: Jannine Bensi on May 01, 2011
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Generic name/Brand name Vaccine - hepatitis B; Immunization hepatitis B

Classification Vaccine Hepatitis B..

Mechanism of action The vaccine is made from inactivated whole virus of hepatitis B. The inactive virus stimulates your body to produce antibodies to fight the hepatitis B virus.

Indication The hepatitis B vaccine is given to children as a series of three injections (shots). • The first shot is given to infants before leaving the hospital. If the baby's mother carries the hepatitis B virus, the baby receives the first vaccine shortly after birth. The second shot is given between 1 and 2 months of age. The third shot is given at 6 months of

Contraindication Most infants who receive the hepatitis B vaccine have no side effects. Others may have minor problems, such as soreness and redness at the injection site or a mild fever. Serious problems are rare and are mainly due to allergic reactions to a component of the vaccine.

Nursing Responsibility

Engerix-B, Engerix-B Pediatric,

age. Contraindication Recent cerebral hemorrhage Nursing Responsibility . Generic name/Brand name Duvadilan (Isoxsoprine) Classification Isoxsuprine HCl Mechanism of action Indication Prevention & treatment of premature labour & other undesired uterine contractions eg surgical intervention during pregnancy & cerclage.

for prophylaxis of ophthalmia neonatorum caused by N. Ilotycin. Contraindication Recent cerebral hemorrhage Nursing Responsibility . protein synthesis and subsequently structure/function processes critical for life or replication are inhibited Indication . particularly at higher concentrations.Generic name/Brand name Erythromycin (Roymicin. and for chlamydial conjunctivitis in neonates. but the mechanism is not fully elucidated. gonorrhoeae. By binding to the 50s subunit of the bacterial 70s rRNA complex. trachomatis. Eyemycin) Classification -Antibiotic -treat bacterial infections of the eyes Mechanism of action Erythromycin displays bacteriocidal activity. C.


typhosa and other Salmonella. P.Penicillins with extended spectrum. mirabilis. Shigella. coli. gononhoeae. Nursing Responsibility . The walls are necessary to protect bacteria from their environment and to keep the contents of the bacterial cell together. Bacteria cannot survive without a cell wall. H. Indication For treatment of infection (Respiratory. -Antibiotics Mechanism of action They stop bacteria from multiplying by preventing bacteria from forming the walls that surround them. enterococci. infectious mononucleosis. UTI and meningitis) due to E.Generic name/Brand name Ampicillin Classification . GI. influenzae. S. staphylococc Contraindication Hypersensitivity. nonpenicillinaseproducing N.

HIV-infected. influenzae. Generic name/Brand name BCG vaccine Classification Biologic response modifier Mechanism of action Live BCG vaccine is an attenuated strain of bacillus Calmette-Guérin. Salmonella. patients who are immunocompromis ed.Ampicillin is effective against many bacteria including H. E. and Shigella. gonorrhoea. have febrile illness and burn patients. It is also used as an active Indication Contraindication Hypersensitivity. coli. streptococci and certain strains of staphylococci. gross haematuria and Nursing Responsibility . used for active immunisation against tuberculosis. urinary tract infection. N. Active tuberculosis.

-Antibiotics Mechanism of action They stop bacteria from multiplying by preventing bacteria from forming the Indication For treatment of infection (Respiratory. chronic inflammatory response involving macrophage and leukocyte infiltration of the bladder.Penicillins with extended spectrum. or traumatic catheterisation. UTI and meningitis) Contraindication Hypersensitivity. Generic name/Brand name Ampicillin Classification . transurethral resection (TUR). GI. infectious mononucleosis. recent (<7-14 days) biopsy. Nursing Responsibility . This local inflammatory response results in destruction of superficial tumor cells of the urothelium.immunotherapy for the treatment of bladder carcinoma in situ by causing a local.

The walls are necessary to protect bacteria from their environment and to keep the contents of the bacterial cell together. due to E. typhosa and other Salmonella. mirabilis. E. streptococci and certain strains of staphylococci. H. coli. staphylococc Generic Classification Mechanism of Indication Contraindication Nursing . influenzae.walls that surround them. gonorrhoea. Salmonella. and Shigella. Bacteria cannot survive without a cell wall. coli. S. nonpenicillinaseproducing N. Shigella. N. gononhoeae. enterococci. influenzae. P. Ampicillin is effective against many bacteria including H.

specific. Vitamin K is an essential cofactor for a hepatic microsomal enzyme that catalyzes the posttranslational carboxylation of multiple. Blood disorders. This medication is used to prevent and treat hypoprothrombine mia (low blood clot factor levels) caused by vitamin K deficiency. or a very slow heartbeat. which are required for normal blood clotting. Report these symptoms to the doctor immediately should they occur. The resulting gammacarboxyglutamic acid residues convert the precursor proteins to active coagulation factors that subsequently are secreted by liver cells into the blood. proconvertin (factor VII). Symptoms include sudden gasping. VII. allergies. K vaccine (phytomenadione) action Coagualant Vitamin K promotes the hepatic formation of active prothrombin (factor II). low blood pressure.name/Brand name Vit. a preservative-free product should be used when treating neonates. peptide-bound glutamic acid residues in inactive hepatic precursor proteins of factors II. and X. Vitamin K is a fat soluble vitamin which plays an important role in blood clotting. This medication should be used as directed Responsibility . IX. plasma thromboplastin component . A preservative (benzyl alcohol) which may be found in this product or in the liquid used to mix this product (diluent) can infrequently cause serious problems (sometimes death) if given by injection to an infant during the first months of life (neonatal period). If possible. The risk is greater with lower birth weight infants and is greater with increased amounts of benzyl alcohol.

Consult your doctor about the risks and benefits. .during pregnancy or while breastfeeding.

Generic name/Brand name Vitamin A Classification Vitamin A is a fatsoluble vitamin. Indication The Food and Nutrition Board at the Institute of Medicine recommends the following: Infants • 0-6 months: 400 micrograms per day (mcg/day) 7 .8 years: 400 mcg/day 9 . Large doses of vitamin A can also cause birth defects. Mechanism of action Vitamin A helps form and maintain healthy teeth. Babies and children are more sensitive and can become sick after taking smaller doses of vitamin A or vitamin Acontaining products such as retinol Nursing Responsibility • Children • • • 1 . If you get too much vitamin A. Vitamin A promotes good vision. and skin. It is found in animal liver. skeletal and soft tissue. It may also be needed for reproduction and breast-feeding. Retinol is an active form of vitamin A. mucous membranes. you can become sick. It is also known as retinol because it produces the pigments in the retina of the eye.3 years: 300 mcg/day 4 .12 months: 500 mcg/day Contraindication If you don't get enough vitamin A. especially in low light. you are more susceptible to infectious diseases and vision problems. Acute vitamin A poisoning usually occurs when an adult takes several hundred thousand IU. whole milk.13 . and some fortified foods.

The currently recommended prophylactic dose of TIG (Human) for wounds of average severity is 250 units Indication Contraindication Nursing Responsibility • Intramuscular injections should be given with great care in patients suffering from thrombocytopenia or other coagulation disorders Special care should be taken to ensure that the injection does not enter a blood vessel. A MERCURY DERIVATIVE. corticosteroids. Females age 14 and older: 700 mcg/day Generic name/Brand name Tetanus toxoid Classification Immunizing agent Mechanism of action • It provides longer protection than antitoxin of animal origin and causes few adverse reactions. ant • • • For booster injection only for persons 7 years of age or older against tetanus. Immunosuppressive therapies including radiation. The skin color returns to normal once the increased intake of beta-carotene is reduced. For the prevention of neonatal te tanus in unvaccinated pregnant wo men to protect (immunize) against • • • NOT indicated for primary immu nization.years: 600 mcg/day Adolescents and Adults • Males age 14 and older: 900 mcg/day Hypervitaminosis A. HYPERSENSITIVIT Y TO ANY COMPONENT OF THE VACCINE. INCLUDING THIMEROSAL. Increased amounts of beta-carotene can turn the color of skin to yellow or orange. Contraindication to use this or any • • . IS ACONTRAINDICA TION FOR FURTHER USE OF THIS VACCINE.

for fluid and electrolyte replenishmen t and caloric supply in a single dose container for intravenous administratio n • other related metabolites. • aution in pediatric patients. Contraindication Nursing Responsibility serious adverse and cytotoxic drugs event temporally may reduce the associated with a immune response • Should not dose • Monitor changes in fluid previous be to vaccines administered balance. • Source of water. alkalosis. electrolyte including an simultaneously concentrations. result in metabolic for further use. . particularly neonates and low weight infants. and anaphylactic with blood acid base balance reaction. through theof during • A history same systemic allergic prolonged parenteral th administration erapy or whenever the or neurologic set because of condition of the patient reactions the likelihood warrants such following a ofprevious dose of evaluation. Capable of inducing diuresis depending on the clinical condition of the patient. coagulation.Generic name/Brand name D5lr Classification intramuscularly tetanus . Lactate ions are metabolized ultimately to carbon dioxide and water. 5% Dextrose Injection. • Not for useToxoid • Should be used with Tetanus in is the treatment caution. Excess an absolute ofcontraindication lactic administration may acidosis. because of the increased risk of hyperglycemia/hypogly cemia. vaccine after a alkylating agents. • Contraindicate d in patients • Caution must be with known exercised in the allergy to corn administration of or corn Lactated Ringer's and products. infection Mechanism of Indication action Lactated Ringer's in 5% Dextrose • • Produces a metabolic alkalinizing effect. electrolytes and calories or as an alkalinizing agent. USP to patients receiving corticosteroids or corticotropin. which requires the consumption of hydrogen cations.

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