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The samples herein are intended to reflect the type of questions presented on the CCIE Qualification Test. In no way does this sample test reflect the diversity of the true test and Cisco assumes no responsibility for the performance of any person taking the CCIE Qualification Test subsequent to passing this sample.
1. Which layer<s> of the OSI Reference Model provide<s> for internetwork connectivity? a. Data Link b. Physical c. Session d. Network e. Presentation 2. The DSAP and SSAP of an IEEE 802.2 header both are set to 'AA' hex to indicate: a. There is routing information included in the packet. b. There is a SNAP header to follow. c. The packet suffered a collision. e . The Ethertype is Localtalk. e. The address was recognized and the frame accepted.
3. In a bridged, IEEE 802.5/Token Ring environment, which combination of bits indicate to the source that a packet has been forwarded across a bridging device? a. A is 0, C is 0 and there is a RIF. b. A is 1, C is 0 and RII is 0. c. A is 0, C is 1 and there is no RIF. d. A is 1, C is 1 and RII is 1. e. The question is not applicable in a Token Ring environment. 4. Certain protocols such as SNA, Netbios and LAT are not routable and therefore must be bridged or encapsulated because: a. Native IBM protocols do not conform to the OSI RM stack. b. SNA and Netbios cannot be routed but LAT can. c. They would be too CPU intensive. d. They only run in "batch mode" processes where routing is not an issue. e. These protocols have no explicit network address. 5. What is <are> the purpose<s> of the Spanning Tree Algorithm?
a. To keep routing updates from being transmitted onto the same port on which they were received. b. To prevent a "loop free" logical tree topology. c. To discover a "loop free" topology and provide, as possible, a path between every pair of LAN's. d. To provide a path between every LAN segment. e. To help ensure that messages will arrive over all possible paths. 6. Some disadvantages of bridging versus routing are: (more than one answer) a. Bridges cannot provide any form of flow control. b. Bridges cannot provide congestive feedback information to end nodes. c. Bridges offer no form of filtering. d. Bridges are more difficult to administer/maintain than routers. e. Bridges create more overhead traffic than routers. 7. Split Horizon is primarily designed to: (more than one answer) a. Prevent routing loops between adjacent routers. b. Ensure that information about a route is always sent back over the path on which it arrived. c. Functions to provide extra algorithm stability to "Hold Downs". d. Replace the "Poison Reverse Updates" algorithm. e. Ensure that hop counts are not exceeded.
8. What is the maximum number of hosts that can be assigned to a class "C", nonsubnetted network? a. 1024 b. 65025 c. 254 d. 16 e. 48 9. The main difference between OSPF and RIP are: a. Both are IGP's, but the RIP convergence time is much shorter than that of OSPF. b. RIP is a distance vector protocol whereas OSPF is a link state protocol. c. There is no difference between the two, other than RIP is used for IP and OSPF is used for OSI. d. OSPF allows for a lower hop count than RIP. e. RIP works better in large internetworks than OSPF. 10. Given the IP address of 22.214.171.124 and a subnet mask of 255.255.255.128, what is the subnet address? a. 126.96.36.199 b. 188.8.131.52 c. 184.108.40.206
d. 220.127.116.11 e. None of the above. 11. Which of the following is a function of ICMP: (more than one answer) a. Report TCP, time to exist exceeded.. b. Redirect UDP messages. c. Transport SNMP Gets d. Discover subnet masks. e. Report routing failures.
12. What EXEC command would display the hardware configuration of a Cisco router: (more than one answer) a. list ports b. sh ha c. disp hard d. sh all e. sh ver 13. What EXEC command will copy the current configuration information to nonvolatile memory? a. write memory b. write erase c. write term d. write ram e. write nvm Network Scenarios 14. Refer to Exhibit A below. Router R1 and R2, T0 and T1 ports are configured, functionally, the same. The primary path between these router nodes will be: a. If OSPF routing, the primary path is T0. b. If RIP routing, the primary path is T0. c. If IGRP routing, the primary path is T1. d. This is a misconfiguration and would cause beaconing on T0, therefore T1 is the primary. e. These rings would always be handled equally. Exhibit A
Router R1#show interface tokenring 0 1.) TokenRing 0 is up, line protocol is up 2.) Hardware is Dual Token Ring, address is 0000.3080.5fca (bia 0000.3080.5fca) 3.) Internet address is 18.104.22.168, subnet mask is 255.255.0.0 4.) MTU 8136 bytes, BW 4000 Kbit, DLY 630 usec, rely 255/255, load 1/255 5.) Encapsulation SNAP, loopback not set, keepalive set (10 sec) 6.) ARP type: SNAP, ARP Timeout 4:00:00 7.) Ring speed: 16 Mbps 8.) Single ring node, Source Route Transparent Bridge capable 9.) Source bridging enabled, srn 300 bn 2 trn 1000 (ring group) 10.) proxy explorers disabled, spanning explorer enabled, NetBIOS cache disabled 11.) Group Address: 0x00000000, Functional Address: 0x0000011A 12.) Ethernet Transit OUI: 0x0000F8 13.) Last input 0:00:00, output 0:00:00, output hang never 14.) Last clearing of "show interface" counters never 15.) Output queue 0/40, 0 drops; input queue 1/75, 0 drops 16.) Five minute input rate 19000 bits/sec, 32 packets/sec 17.) Five minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec 18.) 4282800 packets input, 267762944 bytes, 0 no buffer 19.) Received 75020 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants 20.) 0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort 21.) 2710102 packets output, 178779701 bytes, 0 underruns 22.) 0 output errors, 0 collisions, 1 interface resets, 0 restarts 23.) 4 transitions Router R1#show interface tokenring 1 1.) TokenRing 1 is up, line protocol is up 2.) Hardware is Dual Token Ring, address is 0000.3080.5fba (bia 0000.3080.5fba) 3.) Internet address is 22.214.171.124, subnet mask is 255.255.0.0 4.) MTU 8136 bytes, BW 16000 Kbit, DLY 630 usec, rely 255/255, load 1/255 5.) Encapsulation SNAP, loopback not set, keepalive set (10 sec) 6.) ARP type: SNAP, ARP Timeout 4:00:00 7.) Ring speed: 16 Mbps 8.) Single ring node, Source Route Transparent Bridge capable 9.) Source bridging enabled, srn 561 bn 2 trn 1000 (ring group) 10.) proxy explorers disabled, spanning explorer enabled, NetBIOS cache disabled 11.) Group Address: 0x00000000, Functional Address: 0x0000011A 12.) Ethernet Transit OUI: 0x0000F8 13.) Last input 0:00:00, output 0:00:00, output hang never 14.) Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
15.) Output queue 0/40, 0 drops; input queue 1/75, 0 drops 16.) Five minute input rate 19000 bits/sec, 32 packets/sec 17.) Five minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec 18.) 4365800 packets input, 297762942 bytes, 0 no buffer 19.) Received 6020 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giant 20.) 0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort 21.) 3610303 packets output, 1264779801 bytes, 0 underruns 22.) 0 output errors, 0 collisions, 1 interface resets, 0 restarts 23.) 2 transitions
Routing and Switching Sample Questions
1. Which attribute is unique to Cisco’s implementation of BGP? A. MED B. Weight C. AS-Path D. Local-preference E. None of the above 2. The Subnetwork Bandwidth Manager (SBM) protocol is: A. An enhancement to RSVP for LANs B. A Weighted Random Early Detection sub protocol C. A Graphical User Interface for WAN management D. A VLAN rate limiter 3. When configuring IOS which is not a valid ISDN backup technique? A. Dialer watch B. Policy routing C. OSPF demand circuit D. Floating static routes E. None of the above 4. What’s the maximum frame size of Gigabit Ethernet? A. 15,000 bytes B. 1500 bytes C. 4216 bytes D. 9000 bytes 5. Which is a valid command to view the IP Multicast Routing Table? A. SHOW IP ROUTE B. SHOW IP PIM ROUTE
C. SHOW IP MROUTE D. SHOW IP PIM MROUTE
Surviving The Technical Job Interview By: Chris Bryant, CCIE No. 12933 Routing & Switching http://www.bradreese.com/virginia.htm Ah, the technical interview. Nothing like it. Not only does it cause anxiety, but it causes anxiety for several different reasons. How many people will be asking questions? >From experience I can tell you there's nothing like walking into a room and seeing nine people on the other side of the table. Second, what will you be asked? You'll sometimes hear people say the questions they were asked in a technical interview were "easy", which translated means "they asked me stuff I happened to know". Sometimes you'll hear people say the questions were "hard", which translated means "they asked me stuff I didn't know", or "they asked me about stuff I've never even heard of". Having been on both sides of the technical interview table, I'd like to share some tips for those being interviewed. In doing so, I'll share some of the more memorable interviews I've been involved in. No good interviewer expects you to know everything. The problem is, you're not always going to be interviewed by someone who's good at it. Sometimes, the person who's giving you a technical interview was asked to do it about ten minutes before you showed up. Maybe they've never interviewed anyone before, or maybe they're just in a bad mood.
I've heard of technical interviewers where the interviewer derided an answer, and that's totally unprofessional. I've had many a job candidate give a bad answer to a question, and my only response was silence followed by moving on to the next question. If your interviewer mocks any of your answers, you didn't want to work there anyway. None of us know everything. If you're asked a question you just don't know the answer to, don't try to BS your way past it. This is a good opportunity to tell the interviewer how you would research that particular question. It's not about knowing everything, it's about being able to find out anything. If your interviewer acts like he/she already dislikes you, that's because they do. I once worked with a technician who felt threatened by anyone who applied for a job there, but especially if the applicant had a professional certification and then had the nerve to know what they were doing. This technician participated in a group technical interview where the applicant was an incredibly bright guy, and had a particular skill that the department really needed. Problem was, the technician considered himself "the man" when it came to that skill. Recipe for disaster, right? The applicant fielded four questions from the rest of us flawlessly, then faced this particular tech for a question. The threatened tech had a list of questions for the interview, but decided to ad lib. Big mistake. He asked a convoluted question that Rube Goldberg would have been proud
of. When he was done, the applicant answered: "You can't do what you just described." The tech started defending his question, and it became obvious that he hadn't been able to follow his own question! The interview went into a bit of a meltdown from there. Realize right now that there are some unprofessional people out there giving technical interviews. Be prepared for it, but remain professional yourself. Be prepared for a practical technical interview. The best technical interviewers find a way to get you in front of the technology you'll be working with. A great way to quickly find out whether you know what you're talking about is to ask you to actually perform common and perhaps some not-so-common tasks. We can talk about technology and take all the computer-based exams we want, but it all comes down to performance. Be prepared to prove you belong on your interview day. Be professional. This covers a lot of ground, so let me make a quick list for you. Show up 15 minutes early. Nothing makes a technical interviewer more surly than waiting for the applicant. Dress for success. The way you look when you walk into a room leads to your interviewer's first impression of you. Don't chew gum during the interview. Don't be arrogant.
Look, there's nothing wrong with having an ego and acting confident. I do, and you should. But don't come into the interview room acting like you're too good to be there. Finally, relax. Easy to say, hard to do? Not really. Realize that the majority of interviewers you'll ever meet are going to be professional about the entire thing. The world's not going to end if you miss a question. If you were not qualified on paper for the job, you wouldn't be in there. Do not look upon the interview as something negative. Rather, look at it as an opportunity to prove you know what you're talking about. With the proper mental attitude, your technical interview will be a springboard to the next step in your career! Chris Bryant, CCIE No. 12933 Routing & Switching
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