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1) Describe the advantage of producing drawings electronically

using a CAD program, compared to manual drawing method.

2) List the software and hardware required to produce CAD


3) Explain the relationship between CAD and other

software/hardware used in manufacturing.

4) Explain how the range of commands used to produce CAD

drawings can impact drawing production.

5) Explain how 3D CAD models can be used in the design process.

6) Justify the use of CAD in a manufacturing company.

7) Evaluate the impact of the use of 2D and 3D CAD models on final

design requirements.

1) Using a CAD package like AutoCAD provides a number of

advantages when compared to producing paper drawings on a
drawing board.

CAD drawings can be easily edited.

CAD drawings can be copied and used to create new drawings.
CAD drawing files can be emailed in seconds rather than being
sent in the post.
A library of drawing blocks can be inserted into drawings
speeding up the process
etc, etc.

2)the requirements are:-

Software: operating systems; CAD software packages eg AutoCAD,
AutoCAD/Inventor, Microstation, Catia, Pro/ENGINEER,
Solidworks; minimum
system requirements eg hard disk space, memory required,
processor, video card
Hardware: keyboard; mouse; other input devices eg light pen,
digitiser, joystick,
thumbwheel; monitor; printer; other output devices eg plotter, rapid
prototyping; storage eg floppy disk, hard disk, memory stick, CD,
3) Most electronic systems, whether self contained or embedded,
have a predominant digital component consisting of a hardware
platform which executes software application programs.
Hardware/software co-design means meeting system level
objectives by exploiting the synergism of hardware and software
through their concurrent design. Co-design problems have different
flavors according to the application domain, implementation
technology and design methodology. Digital hardware design has
increasingly more similarities to software design. Hardware circuits
are often described using modeling or programming languages, and
they are validated and implemented by executing software
programs, which are sometimes conceived for the specific hardware
design. Current integrated circuits can incorporate one (or more)
processor core(s) and memory array(s) on a single substrate. These
“systems on silicon” exhibit a sizable amount of embedded software,
which provides flexibility for product evolution and differentiation
purposes. Thus the design of these systems requires designers to be
knowledgeable in both hardware and software domains to make good
design tradeoffs. The paper introduces various aspects of co-design.
We highlight the commonalities and point out the differences in
various co-design problems in some application areas. Co-design
issues and their relationship to classical system implementation
tasks are discussed to help develop a perspective on modern digital
system design that relies on computer aided design (CAD) tools and
3D modeling has capabilities to allow us to create 3D images that
are as realistic as the actual objects. These images are called 3D
models. These models are just like a physical model, but these can
be rotated on the screen. We can display isometrics or perspectives
views from a 3D model, from any angle with a few simple steps.

3D modeling is the process of developing a mathematical, wireframe

representation of any three-dimensional object (either inanimate or
living) via specialized software. 3D Model can be displayed as a two-
dimensional (2D) image through a process called 3D rendering or
used in a computer simulation. The model can also be physically
created using 3D Printing devices.

3d modeling can be used for 3D Character animation, 3D graphic, 3D

background, and 3D logo. Now a day 3Dimension is widely being used
along with Computer Design. 3Dimension can be used in
Architectural, Mechanical or Structural engineering related

With the help of 3d modeling we can create 3D advertisements,

which are more memorable and impressive than ordinary 2D images.
Highly realistic 3D drafting images used widely in advertising and

Designers often use 3rd Dimension to visualize designs and to make

presentations. It helps them understand how an object will appear
from different angles. Using additional rendering programs can
further enhance the drawings.

3D modeling is usually a separate CADD module that has its own set
of functions. Some manufacturers market 2D programs and 3D
programs as separate packages while others combine them into a
single program.

6-CAD is used in order to construct diagrams that will be

distributed between Engineers to create what you desire. In
addition, it is also use to calculate the amount of material that will
be essential when constructing the foundation and the design itself.

7-As manufacturers rapidly transition from 2D to 3D CAD in today’s

world, designers are demanding 3D to enhance their designs and
improve communication. From websites to rapid prototyping,
designers, and engineers now depend on the latest 3D modeling
In this paper, we highlight the advantages of designing with
SolidWorks® 3D CAD software as well as explaining how to leverage
your existing 2D CAD data once you have decided to go 3D.
Advantages of 3D CAD

As you work with 3D CAD software, you will quickly discover that 3D
enhances not
only the design process, but also communication with your customers
and design
team. Following are the main advantages of using SolidWorks 3D
Enhance visualization and communication
CAD is all about communicating ideas. We live in a 3D world, so we
visualize objects in
the same way. When it comes to communicating a design, we
naturally prefer a 3D image,
model, or animation over a 2D technical drawing. In the 2D world,
designers must
be able to look at three or four views of a design and mentally
combine them in order
to visualize what that design will look like in 3D.