BREVIAR DE CALCUL ŞARPANTA

DIMENSIONARE ELEMENTE STRUCTURALE SARPANTA LEMN CONFORM NP 019-97;NP 005-96; STAS 10101/21-92
INCARCARI CONFORM STAS 10101/1-78 MATERIALE tigla+capriori astereala 2,4cm vata minerala popi+pane q normat daN/mp 80 5 15 30 n q calcul daN/mp 1.3 104 1.3 6.5 1.3 19.5 1.3 39 1.3 0 1.3 0 169 INCARCARI DIN ZAPADA STAS 10101/21-92 Zona C gz daN/mp 150 ce 0.8 γe α [grade] clasa de importanta 3 γα 2.2 0.3 30 1.25 1.25 1.77 0.66

SLEND (Grup Speciala) unghi caprior-orizontala cz1 cz2 γ F=γ a - 0,4*(q n / ce*gz) 0,3*γa cos α sin α 0.8910 0.4540

TOTAL

130

TOTAL INCARCARI DIN ZAPADA qz1 normat 45 qz2 normat 63.6 qz1 calcul 265 qz 2 calcul 265 DIMENSIONARE CAPRIORI dc - distanta dintre capriori [m] dp - distanta dintre pane [m] Lc - lungime caprior [m] INCARCARI PERMANENTE (dc*qc*cosα) [daN/m] INCARCARI DIN ZAPADA dc*qz1c*cosα2 TOTAL INCARCARI permanente+zapada INCARCARI UTILE NORMATA [daN] CALCUL [daN] 100 120 DIMENSIUNI CAPRIORI 8*10; 8x12; 10x12; 10*15; 12*15 l DIMENSIUNI FINALE CAPRIORI bc [cm] hc [cm] CARACTERISTICI SECTIONALE I ef [cm^4] W ef [cm^3] E [daN/cm^2] 0.8 3.60 4.04 120.46 168.31

CARACTERISTICI LEMN CONF. NP 019-97 ; NP 005-96 mui 1 coef.cond.lucru Ri daN/cm2 168 rasinoase-clasa II γΙ 1.1 coef.partial siguranta k 0.55 k1 1 mdi=(qc*k+qz1c*k1)/(qc+qz1c) 0.8248 Ric=mui*mdi*Ri/γΙ [daN/cm2] 126 Rc=pcal*Lc/2 [daN] MI=pcal*Lc^2/8 [daNm] MII=(gpcal*Lc^2)/8+(guc*Lc)/4[daNm] WnecI=MI*100/0,9*Ric [cm^3] WnecII=MII*100/0,9*Ric [cm^3] mTi - Coeficient de tratare 583 589 367 520 324 0.9

288.77

10 15

2812.5 375 110000

VERIFICARE Mr > MI Mr=(Ric*Wef*mTi*mui)/100 425 MI=(pcal*Lc^2)/8 589 VERIFICARE RIGIDITATE fmax <= f adm f max=fp*(1+k1df)+fz*(1+k2df) [cm] 2.336 f adm. L/200 [cm] 2.020 Mr > MI FALSE fmax <= f adm. FALSE

DIMENSIONARE PANA Distanta intre popi [m] Distanta intre pane trans.9 DIMENSIUNI PANE 10*15.135 CARACTERISTICI LEMN CONF.2 mTi . NP 005-96 mui 1 coef.0 100 FALSE 5461 18. NP 019-97 .partial siguranta k 0. 15*17.167 f adm. Igor Panzaru .3 5461 PROIECTANT.partial siguranta k 0. [m] Dist. 2*Hp [cm] A= b*h [cm^2] Raza de giratie I^2=Ip/A [cm] λ = lf / I ϕi = 3100/ λ^2 583 12.9 VERIFICARE POP Cr > Npop COMPRESIUNE AXIALA [daN] FORTA AXIALA POP [daN] Cr > N pop VERIFICARE LA STABILITATE σ <= R σ = Npop / ϕ I *A R .lucru Ri daN/cm2 168 rasinoase-clasa II γΙ 1.cond.6 152 0.Coeficient de tratare 0.p/cos α+gppana [daN/m] INCARCARI DIN ZAPADA qz1c*dp [daN/m] INCARCARE UTILA puc*1. Pop-contrafisa [m] INCARCARI PERMANENTE gcal.rezist.8 k1 1 mdi=(dpc*k+qz1c*k1)/(dpc+qz1c) 0.55 k1 1 mdi=(dpc*k+qz1c*k1)/(dpc+qz1c) 0.96 3593 700 256 4.98 120 CARACTERISTICI LEMN CONF.1 coef.25 coef.5 2868 3593 FALSE 104. 12*15.8 582 795 120 1376.1 Mr > MI DA fmax <= f adm. 17*17.lucru Ri daN/cm2 120 rasinoase-clasa II γΙ 1.pana [daN/m] N pop = 2*Rp+gpp [daN] Lung. DA 15 19 8574 903 110000 DIMENSIONARE POPI Reactiune caprior [daN] gcalc.cond. 12*17. ING. NP 005-96 mui 1 coef.flamb. 17*19 l DIMENSIUNI FINALE PANE bp [cm] hp [cm] CARACTERISTICI SECTIONALE I efp [cm^4] W ef p [cm^3] E [daN/cm^2] VERIFICARE Mr > MI Mrp=(Ric*Wefp*mTi*mui)/100 1005 MI=(pcalp*Lpc^2)/8 833 VERIFICARE RIGIDITATE fmax <= f adm fmax=fpp*(1+k1df)+fzp*(1+k2df) [cm] 0.de calcul la compresiune σ<R l DIMENSIUNI FINALE POP bp [cm] hp [cm] Hp [m] l VARIANTA LEMN ROTUND I ef = (bp*hp^3)/12 [cm^4] DIAMETRU [cm] I ef (φ) (π D^4)/64 [cm^4] 16 16 3. NP 019-97 .961 Ric=mui*mdi*Ri/γΙ [daN/cm2] 92. L/200 [cm] 1.810 Ric=mui*mdi*Ri/γΙ [daN/cm2] 124 mTi .2 [daN] IPOTEZA I gIc=gpc+gzc [daN/m] IPOTEZA II gIIc=puc [daN] 3 3 0.Coeficient de tratare 0.

6 0.Roman.4*(q normat / ce*gz) >= 0.Vatra Dornei ce .7 1.45 0 DATE PT.321 .COEFICIENTUL CONDITIILOR DE EXPUNERE 0.4 II 2. 5) γa γb γc γd γε clasa imp.8 K2df 0.Buzau.conditii deosebite 1.3 γ d SLEN γ1 =γ f SLEND (GS) SLUO 0.8 2 0.6 1.94 K1df 0.Radauti.6 0.2 2.2*(q normat / ce*gz) >= 0.1 .4*(q normat / ce*gz) >= 0.25 V 1. I 2.Bacau D=180daN/mp .Suceava E=185daN/mp .conditii normale 0.2*(q normat / ce*gz) >= 0.45 fp=(5/384)*(Pn*Lc^4)/(E*Ief) 1.8 0. 4) Zonele A.0.58 TOTAL Pn+Pz [daN/m] 121.2 γf 0.3 IV 2 2.Botosani.8 2 0 0 0 STARI LIMITA ULTIME (Tab.2 1.24 REACTIUNEA [daN] 244.Dorohoi. C.8 .conditii deosebite de adapostire 1.0. VERIFICAREA RIGIDITATII CAPRIOR INCARCARI PERMANENTE [daN/m] 92.5 0.obstacole in calea spulberarii zapezii COEFICIENTI PARTIALI DE SIGURANTA (Tab. Bucuresti. D γF =γ a .8 3 1.3 γ a SLUR (GF) γ0 =γ c .4 1.Cluj-Napoca B=120daN/mp .3 γ b SLUR (GF) γ0 =γ d .35 III 2.Targu-Neamt.3 γ c SLEN γ1 =γ c SLEND (GS) SLUO 0 Zona E γF =γ b .DATE DIN STAS 10101/21-92 INCARCARI DATE DE ZAPADA ZONA DE CALCUL A= 90daN/mp . Piatra Neamt C=150daN/mp .66 INCARCARI DIN ZAPADA [daN/m] 28.Harlau.2 1.5 2.039 fz=(5/384)*(Pz*Lc^4)/(E*Ief) 0.Iasi.55 0.Cotnari.0.0.4 1.0 . B.6 .4 0.

CALCUL CARACTERISTICI PANA Lungime calcul Lpc=lp-(2*a)/2 [m] γ lemn [daN/m^3] gcalc. pana ((3*Rc*2)/2)+(gcp*Lpc)/2 Ip= b*h^3/12 Incarcare critica Cr = Ric*A*ϕ*mTi 65 [daN] 1764 [daN] 5461 [cm] 2868 [daN] .2 600 12.8 135 833 418 DATE PENTRU VERIFICAREA RIGIDITATE PANA INCARCARI PERMANENTE [daN/m] 10.1 [daN/m] 178.8 gpn=pn*Dp/cos α+gnp/1.2[daN/m] g normat pana bp*hp*γ lemn[daN/m] gz normat .8 K2df 0.96 10.qz1n*dp [daN/m] CALCULUL MOMENTELOR MIp=(gIc*Lpc^2)/2 [daNm] MIIp=(dpc*Lp^2)/8+(gIIc*Lpc)/4[daNm] 2.2 K1df 0.2 React.8 INCARCARI DIN ZAPADA [daN/m] 135 TOTAL Pn+Pz [daN/m] 145.45 fpp=(5/384)*(gpn*Lpc^4)/(E*Iefp) 0.pana bp*hp*γ lemn*1.058 fzp=(5/384)*(gzn*Lpc^4)/(E*Iefp) 0.044 DATE PENTRU CALCUL POPI Greutate proprie pop b*h*H*γlemn*1.