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The Open Compute Project

The Open Compute Project

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Slides from a talk at the Open Stack Design Summit on Open Compute.
Slides from a talk at the Open Stack Design Summit on Open Compute.

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Categories:Types, Presentations
Published by: Facebook on May 03, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/11/2013

Open Compute Project

Openstack Design Summit
April 27th, 2011
eran@fb.com
Openness
Efficiency
Economy
Environment
24%
energy
efficiency
gained
cost
savings
38%
Servers



















Data Center



















AMD
Motherboard
Intel
Motherboard
Server
Chassis
Battery
Cabinet
Triplet
Rack
Power
Supply
Electrical Mechanical






































Servers
2
Data Center
1






































Servers
2
Data Center
1
5
6
0

m
i

t
o

P
a
l
o

A
l
t
o
2
,5
7
5
m
i
t
o
F
o
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e
s
t
C
i
t
y
, N
C
2
,6
7
0
m
i m
i t
o
A
s
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b
u
r
n
, V
A
1
5
0

m
i

t
o

P
o
r
t
l
a
n
d
Prineville
Construction
C D
B
A
Phase A/B Phase C/D
Grid to Gates
Power
Grid
Data
Center
Server Mother-
board

























































11% to 17%
Total loss
up to server
Power Distribution Loss
2%
Total loss
up to server
Typical
Data Center Power
Prineville
Data Center Power

























































Typical Data
Center Power
Prineville Data
Center Power
Utility Transformer
480/277 VAC
SERVER PS
99.999%
Availability
Total loss up to server:
11% to 17%
2% loss
UPS
6% - 12% loss
480VAC
3% loss
208/120VAC
AC/DC
DC/AC
ASTS/PDU
Utility Transformer
480/277 VAC
99.9999% Availability
2% loss
480/277VAC
FB SERVER
PS
VDC DC UPS
(Stand-by)
Total loss up to server:
2%
▪ Overhead cable tray
distribution
▪ Overhead supply air
opening
▪ 14’ ceiling height
▪ Slab on grade / No
raised access floor
▪ Hot aisle
containment system
LED Lighting System
!
Flexible lighting solution
!
Power over Ethernet to LED light fixtures
!
Automatic light level control
LED Driver
Data Center Innovation
1. volt electrical distribution system
providing volts directly to each server
2. Localized uninterruptible power supply
each serving six racks of servers
3. Ductless evaporative cooling system






































Servers
2
Data Center
1
Short or Tall?
Big or small?
Chassis

l.5U (2.65 in.) tall

l.2mm pre-plated steel

Integrate cable management

60mm fans

Spring loaded plungers

Tool-less motherboard standoffs

Hard drive mounting cage (up to 6
drives)

4 rear facing fans

Front cable access only
AMD / Intel
motherboards
450W power
supply
fans
drive cage
Intel motherboard

Custom spread design

2 Intel Xeon 5500 or 5600 series
processors

Intel 5000 I/O hub with 24 PCI-E
lanes

l92GB maximum memory

Intel 82574 or 82580 NIC, reboot on
LAN

Custom debug card

93% efficient voltage regulators
AMD motherboard

Custom shadow design

2 AMD Opteron 6l00 series l2
and 8 core processors

AMD SR5650 chipset,22 PCI-E
lanes

256GB maximum memory

Intel 82574 or 82580 NIC, reboot
on LAN

Custom debug card

93% efficient voltage regulators

Onboard HDD power
W power supply

48VDC back-up circuit

90 second run-time on backup
circuit with seamless switching

l90 – 290 VAC input range

94.5% efficient

Low iTHD, peaks at 3%

High power factor 0.99

Board to board mating connector

Pin and plunger mounting

Single low speed cooling fan
Optimized power distribution
Triplet Rack

Triplet design – 90 servers

Fast deployment, rolling casters
with levelers

Welded 2” tube frame, powder coat
finish

Hot/cold isle containment

Sheet metal wall panels with
punch-out shelves

6 lU auxiliary shelves

High switch port utilization
Cabling

Front access only

Network cable
management harness

Custom 277VAC 30
outlet power strip

Custom 48VDC 30 outlet
power strip

Custom 277VAC and
48VDC power cords
Battery Cabinet

Custom DC UPS

56kW or 75kW, 277VAC, 3-phase input

Six 48VDC output

45 sec back-up time at full load

Rectifier to charge batteries

20 sealed VRLA batteries

Battery monitoring system –
impedance, voltage, temperature

Two 50A 48VDC aux outputs
xV
Batt
VDC
Battery
Charger
xV
Batt
xV
Batt
xV
Batt
xV
Batt
VDC Battery
Cabinet
VDC
standby
MOBO
AC to DC
VAC –
VDC
Back up
converter
VDC-VD
C
VAC
VDC
Server PS
N+l
battery
VAC
L E G E N D
Normal Power
Backup Power
Backup Scheme
Server Innovation
1. . efficient power supply that accepts
both AC and DC power
2. Vanity Free Design: fewer materials
3. Increased height giving room for larger
and more efficient heat sinks and fans
Thanks! Questions?
http://opencompute.org/

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