Address : SG Softech (Ind) Pvt Ltd, 1St Floor, Honnam Complex, 8/12, South Cross Road, Basavanagudi, Bangalore 560

004, Tel : +91-8051203956 / 51312183, Fax: +91-80-51312184

SAP- INTRODUCTION (An introductory Manual by Global Cynex)
This manual will give an overall of picture of SAP & ERP market and the opportunities awaiting the prospective professionals who want to make it into SAP consultancy which has vast opportunities Introduction to SAP & ERP SAP-History, Evolution & Market position SAP Releases, Versions, Service packs/ Patches, Country specific Add-on components/ settings, Modules-Core modules & Additional modules, New dimension products 4. 4a. Scope & Position of SAP Consultants in the Organizational Structure 4b. Scope of SAP Projects / Employment opportunities 5. SAP R3 –System Architecture/ System Landscape in a Live environment and Training Environment 6. Concept of Client in SAP and client copy procedures 7. SAP-Project Implementation Methodology 8. Documentation for learning individual module / Course Curriculum 9. SAPNet / Online Service Support, OSS Note 10. Customizing / Implementation Guide (IMG) –brief introduction, Data in SAP: Input data, Transaction data, Output data 11. Profile of Global Cynex and how it is positioned to handle the training of SAP its contact addresses 1. Introduction to SAP & ERP: SAP is a ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) software: ERP: Definition “A packaged business software system that lets a company automate and integrate the majority of its business processes; share common data (ensuring data integrity) and practices across the enterprise and produce and access information in a real-time environment.” 2. SAP-History, Evolution & Market position: In 1972, five former IBM employees -- Dietmar Hopp, Hans-Werner Hector, Hasso Plattner, Klaus Tschira, and Claus Wellenreuther -- launch a company called SAP Systems Analysis and Program Development in Mannheim, Germany. Their vision: to develop standard application software for real-time business processing. One year later, the first financial accounting software is complete, forming the basis for the continuous development of other software components in what later came to be known as the "R/1 system." "R" stands for real-time data processing. By the end of the decade, intensive examination of SAP's IBM database and dialog control system leads to the birth of SAP R/2. The 1980s: Rapid Growth The SAP R/2 system attains the high level of stability of the previous generation of programs. Keeping in mind its multinational customers, SAP designs SAP R/2 to handle different languages and currencies. With this and other innovations in SAP R/2, SAP sees rapid growth. The 1990s: A New Approach to Software and Solutions SAP R/3 is unleashed on the market. The client-server concept, uniform appearance of graphical interfaces, consistent use of relational databases, and the ability to run on computers from different vendors meets with overwhelming approval. With SAP R/3, SAP ushers in a new generation of enterprise software -- from mainframe computing to the three-tier architecture of database, application, and user interface. To this day, the client-server architecture is the standard in business software. 1996: 1,089 new SAP R/3 customers, more than 9,000 installations worldwide. 1997: employee strength 12,900 Around 2000, mySAP strategy announced heralding new direction for company and product portfolio The 2000s: Innovation for the New Millennium: With the Internet, the user becomes the focus of software applications 2004: 84,000 installations worldwide, 1,000 partners, over 25 industry-specific business solutions (IS solutions like Auto, Retail, Pharma, Telecom, Media, Oil & Gas etc.,) and more than 24,450 customers in rd 120 countries. SAP is the world's 3 largest independent software vendor. 1. 2. 3.

1St Floor. Triveni Engg) . Versions. Bangalore 560 004. PP-PI for Process Industries Now it is very common More suitable for Project based manufacturing / Machine tool manufacturers (ABB.0A 4. 2005 (ent extensions 1.2X 3.Address : SG Softech (Ind) Pvt Ltd. Country specific Add-on components/ settings. Fax: +91-80-51312184 Market Position: In India SAP has more than 600 customers and 1000 installations (more than 60% of rd market share) 3 largest market for SAP apart from UK & USA 3.0F 3. 8/12.0A 3. 2006 Q3.0F CIN2.1G. SAP Releases.2003 (R3 Enterprise verion) Latest version: 4. Service packs/ Patches. Tel : +91-8051203956 / 51312183. Sub-Modules: Functional Module Description FI-CO * Finance & Controlling MM* Materials Management SD* Sales & Distribution PP* Production Planning (PP-PI) PM Plant Maintenance QM Quality Management PS Project System HR CO-PA CS EIS WM SAP office & CA (Cross Applications) Human Resources Controlling-Profitability analysis Customer Service Executive Information Systems Warehouse Management Work flow. South Cross Road.5B 4.7) Q3.0D 3.5A 4. SAP mail. 2007 (core 4.1H CIN2.1) 1990s Country specific (India Version) CIN CIN version Version CIN 2.6B CIN 4.1B 3.1i 4. Modules-Core modules & Additional modules. Basavanagudi.1H 3. C. 4. G.0A 4.2B 4.0C 3. Configuration.6C CIN 4. New dimension products: 3a) Releases R1.6B 4.7 End 1998 End Oct’98 End Mar00 End Sep00 Oct’00 End Dec03 End Dec03 End Oct99 End Dec03 End Sep00 End Dec03 Q1.0B 4. Satyam) Payroll most important sub-module Triveni Engineering Very common with US & Gulf clients (part of Logistics Execution) KMAT (Configurable materials) projects are by an entity itself with certain clients.0B. E.6C 4. 3.7 SR1 Aug 2004 (India specific Chart of Accounts.6C Mar 2006 Packaged along with R/3 / integrated 2000 End 2000 Q1. Workflow configuration very popular with US clients now . BHEL. R2 (mainframe version). R3 3b) SAP versions & Country versions: Version Year of launch Support from SAP up to 2.0A 4.7 R/3 Remarks/ Support until 1997 1999 Dec 2003 Add-on component/ patch until 4.0B CIN 3. Remarks MRP most important sub-module. CAIN instead of INT (International chart of Accounts) 3c) Country specific settings/ customizations available in SAP: i) Installable country versions in Customizing setting (SPRO General settings) with relevant chart of accounts (FICO) & HR / Payroll settings ii) Purchase Account Management applicable to certain European countries like (feature needs to be activated in customizing setting) iii) EWT (Extended Withholding Tax) functionality applicable to certain countries 3d) Modules. Honnam Complex.6A 4. Software companies (Infy.

Basavanagudi. Digital/ HP> 1000. BAPI. Fax: +91-80-51312184 *Core modules (SD..g. South Cross Road. Jyothi CNC automation. Congnizant>100 (acquired Ygyan).f) Other Products: BW.e) New Dimension Products: SEM (Strategic Enterprise Management). from procurement to sales) Technical: Basis ABAP/4 ALE. Business Application Programming Interface . AT & S. Vmoksha>50. Nilkamal Plastics.. minor improvements based on tickets using CRM / workflow packages like Remedy.. EDI. Accenture>1500 . AT & S. Siemens >800.Address : SG Softech (Ind) Pvt Ltd. ) iii) Support projects (helpdesk support for day to day problems. corporate users etc. Intermediary Documents. MNC companies). R2 / non-SAP systems 3. IDoc. There are more than 30 implementation & supportive SAP consultancy firms 4b) Scope of SAP Projects / Employment opportunities: i) Greenfield (New) & Global implementations (across countries for homogenous business practices-Molex. ii) Upgrade to higher versions & Enhancement of existing versions to improve utilization and business efficiency (ABB.a) Scope & Position of SAP Consultants in the Organizational Structure: Some SAP team sizes in consultancy organizations: Satyam: 1200. IBM > 1500. Training is also part of implementation v) Newer versions of SAP & New generation products create a demand for consultants . Electronic Data Interchange . Jupiter Knitting etc.. RFC System Administration of SAP R3 (Advanced Business Application th Programming Language (4 Genration Language) Application Link Enabling.. Bangalore 560 004. iv) Training of individuals.e. Alembic etc. Currently lot of SMB (Small & Medium Business) implementations are going on in India for e.. Bristlecone>600. PLM (Product Life Cycle Management) APO (Advanced Planning & Optimization) SRM (Supplier Relationship Management) (Requires SAP Netweaver_ mySAP SCM mySAP CRM 3. Remote Functional Call Features / technical components available in SAP to communicate and exchange information with external SAP R3. 8/12. MM & PP are the important modules of Logistics i. Tel : +91-8051203956 / 51312183. Honnam Complex. 1St Floor. Lotus notes etc.Business Information Warehouse: Needs RFC connection with SAP R3 for data extraction 4.

Customizing requests will have Source & Target clients and the owner of the request. Ericcson>3000 users 5b) Training Environment: System Landscape consists of DEV & PROD servers tied up in a logical loop (no physical DEV. MS-SQL) on separate servers connected to Clients / user PCs (which are installed with SAP GUI (Graphical User Interface). Tel : +91-8051203956 / 51312183. South Cross Road. QAS. PROD servers will be there) in a single server connected to the clients. Production servers) to ensure that configuration settings/ changes are released / transported to Project Leaders/ Process owners (normally in support environment) and systematically and approved by them from DEV server to QAS server. Basavanagudi. Fax: +91-80-51312184 SAP implementation/ upgrade/ support projects are executed under VPN (Virtual Private Network & Bonded warehouse environments) mostly. 8/12. PROD servers (Development. Quality.. Central instance host and Database instance host separate) Some sample of number of users: ONGC: more than 1000 users.. It is also a 3-tier architecture but normally Central instance & Database instance are on the same server (Central System host). This installation is termed as Central System In both the above architecture /environment any customizing setting will lead to a pop-up screen (Cutomizing request/ prompt) with a unique identity key (assigned to the consultant by system/ BASIS support team). Bangalore 560 004.Address : SG Softech (Ind) Pvt Ltd. with stringent SLAs (Service Level Agreements) & IP (Intellectual Property) requirements of the clients 5. . These customizing settings are then to be released by individual consultant to the project leader/ process owner through Customizing & Transport Organizer (Transaction code SE10-Transport Organizer). This kind of installation is also termed as Distributed System viz. SAP R3 –System Architecture/ System Landscape: 5a) Live implementation/ support environment: System Landscape consists of DEV. Normally it is a 3-tier architecture viz. tested in the QAS server to check the performance (unit and integration testing) before it is released to Production Server. Details under Transport Management System (TMS) . Central Instance (SAP R3 instance) & Database instance (it can be oracle. Honnam Complex. 1St Floor. SAP Licenses are maintained by Basis Administrator through OSS userid (Online Support Service Userid which is given by SAP to its customers.

. Customers are not allowed to work in 000 & 006. Chart of Accounts. the client copy tool is used to create clients CUST and TEST. Standard Clients supplied along with SAP Client no 000 001 066 Standard Client Description Client no 800 810 820 IDES Demo Client (separate license required) Description Earlywatch client Clients 000. Controlling Area. Tel : +91-8051203956 / 51312183. a . Each new client in the ASAP three-system landscape is created from client 000 with the client copy tool. Although one may work in client 001.Address : SG Softech (Ind) Pvt Ltd. Business Area. But there are still some settings like Calendar which are common across clients. and 066 are part of the R/3 delivery system. It holds the data of underlying companies. Basavanagudi. 001. Fax: +91-80-51312184 6. Bangalore 560 004. Honnam Complex. In addition. Concept of Client in SAP & Basic Customizing settings required to set-up Organizational Structures: “CLIENT” in SAP terms is different from Client-Server concept in the sense that SAP Client is the highest level at which the data is retained. 1St Floor. Warehouse etc. After post-installation activities are completed in the development system. 8/12. Plant. South Cross Road. the quality assurance test or QTST client. SAP recommends that you create a new client as a copy of client 000 and work in this new client. of the underlying companies. the quality assurance system is installed and requires at least one client. Sales Organization. At some point in the implementation process.

Project Implementation Methodology: SAP recommended Methodology is ASAP (Accelerated SAP) Stages of ASAP methodology depicted in the pictorial below Key ASAP Deliverables as depicted below A model Go-Live Project: . 7. PRD servers. Fax: +91-80-51312184 training client or TRNG may be required. QAS. 1St Floor. the production system is installed and the production client PROD is created. Honnam Complex. Basavanagudi. Bangalore 560 004. 8/12.Address : SG Softech (Ind) Pvt Ltd. Tel : +91-8051203956 / 51312183. South Cross Road. ASAP-System Landscape Methodology (1) ASAP-System Landscape Methodology (2) Basis Administrator will copy the Client 000 (allowed namespace 002 to 999) to DEV. During the final stages of implementation.

Output data: Customizing of SAP R3 refers to tailoring a standard ERP package to suit a customer’s business processes or mapping of SAP to customer’s business processes.g. 8/12. Beyond this. Transaction data. ii) Critical customization settings done to turn ON & OFF certain screens and fields and to control data flow during transactions iii) There are also some vital settings like Setting Valuation with the required userid and password. Project IMG (settings relevant to only particular project) This is done by both Functional & Technical consultants by i) setting up structural framework or Definition /Assignment for various organizational elements like Finance Controlling. Searching for R/3 notes . Activating Batch Management/ Split Valuation where he shouldn’t make a mistake iv) Consultants should also device fool proof methods to avoid replication of master data when implemented across plants and companies for a client . SAP partners and SAP..c) Learning documentation list given in separate Annexure for individual module 9. . It is the technological link between customers.b) SAP-Introduction –document organized by Global Cynex 7.Address : SG Softech (Ind) Pvt Ltd. Enterprise IMG (settings relevant to the customer/ organization). Materials Management. Production Planning etc. The following are examples of tasks that can now be performed via SAPNet: . TVS motors.. Customizing (IMG settings) can be broadly modularized into Reference IMG (Standard SAP settings). Searching for SAP information . Navin Flourine etc. Requesting SSCR keys.a) Training Material organized by Global Cynex 7. Data in SAP: Input data. Companies follow Big-bang approach (Implementation of All modules at all locations totally migrating from legacy system to SAP R3) at one stroke e. OSS Note SAPNet . Downloading SAP patches 10. Requesting new SAPNet users . Tel : +91-8051203956 / 51312183.. Fax: +91-80-51312184 In terms of implementation approach we can classify it into Big-bang implementation & Phased implementation approach.R/3 Frontend wherever they are 24 hours a day.R/3 Frontend provides access to valuable information about known problems and helps you resolve them on your own or with the help of the SAP Support Team. SAP customers have free access to SAPNet . Bangalore 560 004. Basavanagudi.g. 1St Floor. Triveni Engg. They can also access through web-browser at http://service. SAPNet . Documentation for learning individual module / Course Curriculum: 7. 8.R/3 Frontend (formerly Online Service System (OSS)) provides the infrastructure for SAP's R/3 Service & Support and is the primary medium for problem management. In Phased approach or they go for few core modules in Phase I at one location / multiple locations and remaining additional modules at other locations at a later phase e.. SAPNet/ Online Service South Cross Road. Honnam Complex. Customizing / Implementation Guide (IMG) -brief introduction. Sales & Distribution.

. excellent infrastructure & practical orientation with live project simulation. Basavanagudi. Suite # 1103 & 1104 Alpharetta. Liberty St. IL 60606 Tel: (312) 674-4625 Fax: (312) 674-4501 Delaware 501 Silver Side Rd. . South Cross Road. Virginia 21155 Whitfield Place.) who are authorized to only certain transaction codes. 8/12. INC. Transaction Data: This is internally generated System data controlled by Customizing settings and structural settings Output Data: Output Data generated by SAP through Standard Reports. Fax: +91-80-51312184 Assignment of user roles and profiles: SAP has more than 500 standard user roles and profiles (like Purchasing Manager. SMR Sartaj Plaza. Bangalore 560 004. Sikh Corporate Office.7 SR1 –latest in the market with a structured approach. South Cross Road. Basavanagudi. Suite 201 Sterling. #3153 Chicago. Wacker. Global Cynex is armed with Release 4. 1St Floor. WA 98004 Tel: (425) 467-0230 Fax: (425) 467-0233 Illinois 200 S. Suite 2170 Shelburne. Secunderabad 500 009 Tel : +91-40-55174594 / 55194594 Fax: +91-40-27819794 1St Floor. For the profile of Global Cynex please visit the website at http://www. Profile of Global Cynex and how it is positioned to handle the training of SAP its contact addresses: GLOBALCYNEX.globalcynex.. 8/12. SAPscript. Honnam Complex. Tel: (703) 433-9249 Fax: (703) 433-2587 Georgia 11820 NorthFall Lane. Tel : +91-8051203956 / 51312183. Suite 98 Wilmington DE 19809 Tel: (302) 792-1100 Ohio 70 S. GA 30004 Tel: (770) 521-0031 Fax: (770) 521-0760 Washington 606 110th Ave NE Suite 210 Bellevue. Vermont. was established in 1998.. to provide the technical assistance to corporations in order to achieve their data processing goals in various fields. India 105.Address : SG Softech (Ind) Pvt Ltd. Future plans include tie-ups with consulting houses for development projects. placement assistance etc. Suite 104 Powell. Transaction data & Output data: Input Data: Inputted by users while performing their business functions like creating a master data. Basis Administrator assigns the user roles and profiles based on both functional and technical consultant’s requirements Data in SAP can be broadly sub-divided into Input data. raising a Sales/ Purchase Order/ Invoice/ Credit Memo/ Debit Memo/ Stock Transport Order etc. India . Invoice Clerk etc. Honnam Complex. VT 05482 Tel: (802) 985-9994 Fax: (802) 846-2023 Hyderabad. VA 20165. IS (Information Systems) Module deals with standard reporting needs for all the modules 11. SMARTFORMS & custom ABAP reports.. Ohio 43065 Tel: (614) 436 2870 Fax: (614) 273 0988 Vermont 45 Pine Haven Shores Road. Bangalore 560 004 Tel : +91-80-51203956 / 51312183 Fax: +91-80-51312184 Bangalore.

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