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indd 124 2/26/2009 7:08:09 PM . This tendency goes beyond straightening things up horizontally and vertically. That would be like taking the lines in Plate 1a and straightening them up like Plate 1b. They go beyond just caricaturing someone’s face. I confiscated a few from James Fujii. CH002. f0680 c0140 32 Perspective p1680 You may recall me mentioning a tendency to straighten everything up in a drawing. but also depth-wise. In my crusade to suggest that caricature is synonymous with gesture. and Jane Krupka to share with you. they accomplish what every animator must do daily — caricature of action. the crooked-picture-on-the-wall phobia. which you can see. destroys all illusion of depth. Francis Glebas. I would have you view these drawings as perfect examples of caricature.124 Drawn to Life p1670 In the last noontime drawing session there were many drawings made that impressed me as much as the pros I spoke about earlier. You know.

To further complicate matters — beyond just knowing the rules. which is a system for linear depiction of three dimensions. This method involves a few very simple rules which. But take heart. f0700 CH002.) In drawing human or animal figures. effective. former Disney Studios artist and subsequent drawing instructor. are easy to apply. you have to carefully observe (and feel) the pose so that you can fit the two together. but also what I will call Spatial Perspective.) Here in Plate 2 are the six principles perspective. So much depends on perspective — not just what is called linear perspective (see Plate 3). (If you’d like a more in-depth analysis of these rules. there is a simpler method. thanks to Bruce McIntyre. You all have at least some knowledge of perspective. but sometimes the mind wanders and you fail to make use of what you do know. let me know — I’ll make an effort to work something up. which are loaded with complicated planes.indd 125 2/26/2009 7:08:09 PM . and fun to use. but I am not aware of one.Walt Stanchfield 125 f0690 p1690 I am relentless in my crusade against this kind of seeing and drawing. there would be so many vanishing points you would need a computer to keep track of them. I refer to one or more of them often in the evening gesture class critiques. (There may be a more specific term. once understood.

The way the forearm delineates the contour of the arm as it overlaps the upper arm. Overlap. Here Donald demonstrates how that particular perspective rule has been pushed to great extremes. Diminishing Size. a few perspective lines may help. f0720 p1720 p1730 Take the hands first. and the left shoulder follows the contour as it overlaps at the trapezius muscle. Surface Lines. The hand farthest away being the smallest. The last rule. the forearm overlapping the upper arm. This is called forced perspective. the front of the neck overlapping the far shoulder — all illustrate the fourth rule.indd 126 2/26/2009 7:08:10 PM . illustrates the fifth rule. and is universally accepted as normal. the left hand overlapping the forearm. is present everywhere in every third dimensional drawing. although at times. Foreshortening. Plate 4b further explains the Surface Lines rule. They illustrate the second rule (see Plate 2). It should be felt rather than diagrammed.126 Drawn to Life p1710 Three of those rules are illustrated in Plate 4. Next. the shoulder overlapping the chest area. f0730 CH002.

f0750 CH002. In Plate 6a is a student’s drawing which is about 98% two-dimensional. now for the drawing that instigated all this.indd 127 2/26/2009 7:08:10 PM . Next to it in Plate 6b. I show how the artist must have envisioned himself on a crane which lifted him up and down so he could get a straight-on view of everything.Walt Stanchfield 127 f0740 p1740 Okay.

Putting off learning it only prolongs the agony. or a lazy approach to drawing. you will joyfully exclaim. I have translated what the eye sees into the rule of perspective. how sweet it is. Next to it is a chart which shows how the eye saw it from a waist high vantage point — no cranes (Plate 7b). Then of course. f0770 p1780 It’s Mr. Stanchfield at the Disney Studios.indd 128 2/26/2009 7:08:11 PM . He wants to know if you will pose for his gesture class… CH002. f0760 p1770 So many things to think about! (Pity poor me who has so few brain cells left.128 Drawn to Life p1750 p1760 This approach to drawing either displays an ignorance of the rules of perspective. once you have it. The thing is. perspective is so much a part of drawing that an artist cannot neglect mastering it. we wouldn’t have half as much fun if we could just sit back and draw by the numbers. Plate 8 postulates. Then in Plate 7c.) Anyway. as my cartoon. Foreshortening.” Here is my correction sketch of that drawing (Plate 7a). “Oh.

CH002. f1540 p3230 Remember the formula I put in a handout several years ago? Impression Expression Depression.176 Drawn to Life p3220 Tina Price’s sketches are so full of life they seem to still be moving.indd 176 2/26/2009 7:08:29 PM .

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