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Original people (native) of Malay Archipelago - concentrate on Perak – Tampan Fort, Ulu Perak (35, 000 years ago) - early stone age (Palaeolithic): Characteristics lived in caves main activity: collecting forest products & hunting started using stone tools tools were simple & crude Area 1. Tampan Estuary, Perak 2. Niah Cave, Sarawak 3. Tingkayu, Sabah
- kingdom (famous for what, located?) name the early kingdom: Funan, Langkasuka (Patani), Old Kedah, Srivijaya (before Malacca at Sumatera famous for Buddhism and use Sanskrit), Majapahit (Java Hinduism from Indian Hinduism) Kingdom Funan, Kampuchea Note - 1st century - influenced by Old Kedah Hindu Religion - Kg. Sg. Emas (5th – 10th century) - Pengkalan Bujang (10th -14th century) - 2nd century - important trade centre - influenced by Hinduism & Buddism - Merong Maha Wangsa History - 5th century - monarchy system - strategic location & important entrepot - influenced by Hinduism & Buddism - 7th century - well-known trade centre - strong relationship with India & China - centre of Buddism & Sanskrit - owned several vassal states - 13th century - owned several vassal states - trade centre - strong relationship with China, India & Middle East
- Hinduism: Funan & Majapahit - Buddism: Srivijaya - Hinduism & Buddism: Old Kedah & Langkasuka
2. Modern era of peninsula Malaya from old sultanate Malacca (development has to be seen) - who’s the founder – Parameswara 1403 - what type of government: Ruler: head of state, Islamic religion & army Important officials: Finance Minister, Admiral, Chief of Defence, Chief of Bursar, Harbour Master - Law of Malacca: Malacca code of law & Malacca law of the sea - why people came to Malacca (the role of Malacca) centre for maritime trade & spread of Islam strategic location midway along trade routes between India & China - Chinese came to Malacca by Cheng Ho, founded by Parameswara, famous with Tun Perak (great names) what these people famous for? 3. Fall of Malacca Empire: how the role decline - internal factors (politically): Tun Perak died lack an efficient leader replaced by Tun Mutahir (weak leader) struggles for power Sultan Mahmud (weak ruler) defamation & bribing were rife high taxes merchants divert attention to other ports; Weak administration of Tun Mutahir Malays hostile towards Indian Muslims Tun Mutahir & Tun Ali to be put to death by betrayal of Kitul (Malay) & Raja Mandaliar (Indian native) Tepok (Tun Perak’s son) appointed as Chief Minister Tepok too old ministers formed dissenting groups misunderstanding & disputes caused segregation Alfonso d’Albuquerque attacked 1511 - external factors (Cape of Good Hope): Cape of Good Hope in South Africa: easier to sail from West to East 4. Colonial Era - remember date of colonist duration Colonist Portuguese Dutch British Siamese Duration 1511-1641 (130 years) 1641-1824 (183 years) 1824-1942; 1945-1957 (130 years) 1831-1909 (88 years)
5 years) Event Penang Island founded by Francis Light Singapore founded by Stamford Raffles Anglo-Dutch treaty Straits Settlement James Brooke took over Sarawak British intervention in Perak: Pangkor Agreement British intervention in Sungei Ujung Brunei Sultan handed over Sabah to British British intervention in Pahang Federated Malay States Bangkok Agreement Johor accepted British advisor British Military Administration (BMA) was established Malayan Union Federation of Malaya Independence of Malaya .sovereignty daulat .Japanese . N. agreed to eradicate pirate activities result in division of Malay Archipelago into 2 different geo-political areas .states of straits settlement: Penang island.Sembilan. Malacca.why the government is opposed: the granting of citizenship to non-Malays erosion of Malay rulers’ power & sovereignty Mac Michael’s treat in getting the rulers to sign agreement .Anglo-Dutch treaty 1824: what for? Dutch handed over Malacca to the British in exchange for Bencoolen (Bangkahulu).old kingdom: sultan sons of the soil . Selangor.states of federated Malay: Perak. Failure of Malayan Union .from Bangkok agreement 1909 unfederated Malays states: Kedah. Perlis.rescent derhaka .nusantara whole of region (Javanese): encompasses Malay Kingdom Chapter 2: Struggle of independence 1. Terengganu. Kelantan Terms: . Pahang .what government is introduced by British: Malayan Union .chronology of British colonisation Date 1976 1819 1824 1826 1841 1874 1874 1878 1888 1896 1909 1914 1945 1946 1948 1957 1942-1945 (3.how the government failed: strong opposition from Malays no strong support from non-Malays wrong timing . Singapore .
Negotiation for Independence .what replace the opposed government: Federation of Malaya . Dr. Parti Negara – National Party. B.Lord Lennox Boyd who?: Secretary of British Colonial Territories chaired the negotiation from 18 Jan – 8 Feb. KL 1952) demand to British general election 1955 negotiation of independence constitution . opposition from former British administrators in Malaya . Parti Progresif Rakyat – People’s Progressive Party): function? .names of association (MCA.name the community where Tun Abd Rahman and Gangs go to London (Feb 1956): o 4 Malay Rulers representative Datuk Panglima Gantang.S Lee o British representative in Malaya .when constitution is drew 1956 .city council election (Georgetown 1951. Constitution of the Federation of Malaya . Dato’ Ahmad Kamil. Sir William Mckell (Australia). PAS – Islamic Party of Malaya.Reid Commision: Lord Reid (Britain). Sir Ivor Jennings (Britain).why Malayan is opposed: AMCJA (All-Malaya Council of Joint Action): working committee did not include any non-Malay PUTERA (Pusat Tenaga Rakyat) – radical Malay party: want Malaya as republic AMCJA-PUTERA front: form People’s Constitution & launched hartal (close shop strike) 2. the day the Landon Agreement was signed .what fundamental principles of Malayan Constitution?: o Yg Dipertuan Agong as the head of Malaya while the rulers are heads of respective states o The Malays are recognised as the ‘sons of the soil’ & special rights are quaranteed in Constitution (Article 153) o Malay language is national language: English however can still be used in Legislative Council for 10 years period after independence (Article 152) o Person born in Malaya on or after Independence is automatically a Malayan citizen (Article 14-31) o Islam is official religion of Federation of Malaya.British promised to grant independence on condition that a commission be formed to outline and draw up Malaya’s new Constitution 4. Ismail Abdul Rahman. UMNO Alliance. Dato’ Abdul Razak Hussein & Colonel H. Parti Buruh – Labour Party. Malik (India) & Judge Abdul Hamid (Pakistan) . but freedom of worship is guaranteed for non-Muslim . Abdul Aziz Majid & Dato’ Mohd Seth o The Alliance representatives Tunku Abd Rahman.
Sukarno claimed Malaysia to be political structure that ignore Indonesia’s interest & weaken the spirit of Malay Archipelago. Parliament House of Representative & House of Senate o Judiciary – power defend justice: Court.Chapter 3: Formation of Malaysia . Sabah & Sarawak (Governor) .if want to hold an election ask the king. Historian view: Malaysia aborted Sukarno’s scheme to form greater Indonesian empire.why king must dissolve parliament? for election 3.who opposed Malaysia idea?: o PAS claimed Malays would lose out if Malaysia was established. Macapagal broke off diplomatic ties between Philippines & Malaysia o Indonesia President Sukarno launched confrontation policy against Malaya on 1963 because KL ignored Indonesia in Malaya’s plans to set up a new country. ) .appoint members of House of Representatives (by acting on advice of PM: Article 40.  . defend supremacy of Constitution & balance other 2 powers 2. Council of Rulers (Majlis Raja-raja): Article 38. ) o appoint Prime Minister (PM) o not to consent dissolution of Parliament o request for a meeting of Ruler’s Council .supreme head of Federation’s Armed Forces (Article 40) 4.members: 9 rulers/states + Yg Dipertua Negeri of Malacca. Dipertuan Agong. prefer MAPHILINDO idea o Philippines President Macapagal claimed Sabah as Filipino territory. king decide .formed on 1963 by Malaysia Agreement .Cobbold commission 1962: survey opinions of people of Sabah & Sarawak survey confirmed more than 70% of people in two countries were in favour Chapter 4: System of Government & National Administrative Structure 1. Function of Yg Dipertuan Agong . amend & pass law: Yg. Powers in Malaysia o Executive – power to govern: Yg Dipertuan Agong (Article 39) o Legislative – power to draw up.MAPHILINDO what?: Malaysia-Philippines-Indonesia . confrontation is a tactic to divert people’s attention away from various internal problems afflicting Indonesia .Lee Kuan Yew (Singapore) left Malaysia 1965 . formation of Malaysia will complicate his effort to claim Sabah.king PM cabinet member . Power of Yg Dipertuan Agong (Article 20. Penang.
Legislative Body (Parliament) . . Cabinet . Dipertuan Agong: governor has no voting right & cannot be a candidate 5. after 1 month. and administrative affairs of country .acting as an advisory to Yg. ) If bill not assented by 30 days. or consultations with the Council of Rulers o appoint members of Special Court (Article 182. that under Constitution. will have to be stamped with Royal Seal o Exceptions whereby bill can still be turn into law even though not pass by either Houses (Article 68) where a MONEYBILL pass by Parliament passed to House of Senate. requires the approval of. Dipertuan Agong for approval vi) Before it is accepted & applied. the power of inect law shall follows procedure (Article 66. postpones or commutes sentences (Article 42. the bill. Dipertuan Agong & Deputy Yg. Dipertuan Agong (Article 66. with/without amendment the bill is printed & presented to Parliament iv) Bill is presented to House of Representatives/Senate involve 3 readings: 1st reading – Minister read bill 2nd reading – principle of bill are debate 3rd reading – if agreed by 2/3 majority of House. ): o election of Yg. ) o grants pardon.. Dipertuan Agong o Exeptions whereby any bill still is turn into law even though not get consent from Yg. approved by Yg.appointment of Yg. Enakmen or Ordinan in state level) .power to make law (call Act in federal level. bill are discussed at level of House Committee v) Bill approved by both Houses is presented to Yg.primary role: determine government’s policies & issue directives for the implementation by the government administrative machinery at federal & state levels . Dipertuan Agong 6. Senate did not agree/do nothing. the bill can be handover by Parliament without agreement of Senate to Yg. ): i) Minister & officers of ministry frame bill with advice from Attorney General’s Office ii) Minister will get Cabinet to pass bill policy explaining in detail the importance of presenting in Parliament iii) After being agreed by Cabinet. ) o deliberate matters pertaining to national policy (such as amendments to the immigration policy) and all other matters . Dipertuan Agong o approves/disapproves any act.exercise of legislative powers by Parliament (Article 66) o to inect law.cabinet (Article 43): minister with/without portfolio . Dipertuan Agong. practice or religious ceremony that involves Federation as a whole o approves/disapproves any law & gives advice on whatever appointment.Function (Article 38.general functions are about interest of Malay Rulers & religion.
highest subordinate court .has jurisdiction to hear civil cases.can impose caning for Special Court Juvenile Court (Court for Children) . : When a bill has been passed by a House in which it originated.headed by magistrate . the bill will automatically become law as if it has passed by both Houses (must passed by both Houses) o Article 66. of additional judges .examine cases of offences against Islamic religious law involving Muslims only . bankruptcy & company cases.headed by sessions court judge . decrease any tax. etc (MONEYBILL) which can only by originated by House of Representative o Article 66. : Subject to Article 67. it shall be passed to the other House & get the consent of Yg.000 .hear offences commited by juvenile < 18 years of age . a bill can be originated by either House o Article 67: A bill or amendment of provision increase.decides on disputes between 2 states .by Yg.offenders cannot be sentence but sent to rehabilitation centers such Henry Gurney School until 21 Syariah Court .hear civil cases where amount disputed < RM250.administer & handle Islamic laws .headed by Session Court judge . Dipertuan Agong on Constitution High Court: . Dipertuan Agong after being passed by the other House subject to Article 67 7.hear claims for repayment of debts in the monetary form .000 . Chief Justice of High Court.can impose jail sentence.hear all criminal offences other than except with death punishment . fine & whipping befitting the offence committed as permitted by the law .headed by Chief Judge of High Court .hear light criminal & civil cases where the maximum imprisonment < 10 years or are punishable by fine < RM 25. Dipertuan Agong.function of court o power to interpret Constitution o power to interpret Law o power to proclaim/declare a written Federal or State law invalid o power to declare a government action as invalid in the eyes of the law . guardianship of disabled Subordinate Court Session Court (District Court at Sabah/Sarawak) . Judiciary . abolishing tax.hear civil cases on landlord & tenant Magistrate Court .consist Chief Justice of Federal Court. matrimonial cases. 4 judges & no.headed by religious head appointed by Ruler/Sultan .advises Yg.has jurisdiction to hear cases which carry death penalty .decides on validity of laws made in Parliament or State level .two-tier system (IMPORTANT): superior hear appeal cases & deal death penalty case subordinate limited power & cannot hear appeal case Superior Court Federal Court: .decides on disputes between Federal & State government .
who. with his wife lives in a residence provided by Armed Forces authority on the date of application to register as a voter in the electoral district (the district he registered) o A Malaysian citizen living overseas with his wife but working with Federal or State government or local or semi-government authority. who has applied to register himself as a voter in the electoral constituency o A Malaysian citizen (& wife) who is studying abroad. lent matters.judges & settle employeremployee & trade union disputes .if appeal case: hear at Magistrate Court to bring to High Court . citizenship & foreign policies . Duration as People’s Representative & Member of State Legislative Assembly . forest tree & protected animals Chapter 5: Parliamentary Democracy in Malaysia 1. . who applies to register himself as a voter in electoral constituency . Types of election .examine light criminal where fine < RM 25 .State: Religion.Article 119. Voter & Conditions .headed by District Officer .headed by Penghulu/ Head of Mukim in Penghulu hall .Article 74. : Malaysian on reaching the age of 21 on the qualifying date & resides in an election division on the qualifying date or if not residing is considered as absentee voter.exists in Sabah/Sarawak .examine civil cases where fine < RM 50 District Court (Native Court) .has authority to decide a re-trial Industrial Court .3 categories of absentee voters: o A Malaysian citizen who is working in Federation Armed Forces or Commonwealth countries.Lost the right to vote: On the qualifying date he is held as a person who does not have a fully sound mind or is carrying out a jail sentence A person is found guilty & is imposed the death sentence or jail exceeding 12 months in any Commonwealth country 3.Federal: Defence.by-election to constitutes the choosing of representative by public citizen: representative seat is vacant by post stripped off or death 2. : Powers in country divided into Federal (federal list) & State (state list) & Joint list .general election for whole country .persons criminal cases Penghulu Court .
Dipertua Negeri . the sultan/ruler is the head of Islam in the state concerned (Article 2) . Malacca & Penang Island) & the Federal Territories (KL. Dipertua of Senate Chapter 6: Supremacy of Constitution . Putrajaya). Dipertua of House of Representative . Language (Article 152) . Labuan. Religion (Part I.Malay language as national language 2. Dipertuan Agong or State Legislative Assembly is dissolved by Sultan/Ruler or Yg.contains 15 sections. the head of Islam is Yg. Duration in Office of Senator .limited to 3 years . Citizenship (Part II) . of benefits & facilities in the country o freedom of movement throughout the country (Article 9) .. Sarawak. but other religions are allowed to be practised in peace & harmony in any part of the Federation (Article 1) .For states without a sultan/ruler (Sabah.Islam is official religion of Federation. special rights of Malays & the native tribes of Sabah & Sarawak Chapter 7: Important Provisions in Malaysia Constitution 1.until that date Parliament is dissolved by Yg.voluntarily withdraw by writing officially to Yg. Chapter 3) . Dipertuan Agong (Article 3) 3.special rights of citizen o right to vote in election o right to take active part in politics o right to fill a post that is exclusively for citizens only o free to own landed property & to be considered for special terms relating to property development o right to receive no.main features o Malaysia is a federation o Malaysia is a constitutional monarchy o Malaysia is a country that practises parliamentary democracy o Religious freedom with Islam as the official religion of Malaysia o Supremacy of Constitution & rule of law o Doctrine of separation of power o Validity & transparency of Judiciary o National language.In states that have a ruler/sultan as head of state.resign from post by writing officially to Yg.absent from meetings for six month without prior approval from the House concerned (Article 52) 4. 183 clauses/articles & 15 schedules .
if child is born outside (either or): father born in Malaysia father holds post in Public Service at Federal/State level birth was registered at Malaysian Consulate/Malaysian government within 1 year after birth Naturalization (Article 19) .applicant required to take oath of allegiance to the Federation & able to speak Malay language Chapter 8: Ethnic composition of Malaysian population .remember main inhabitants of Malaysia: Malay Chinese * Banjar * Boyan * Bugis * Jawa * Kampar * Kerinci * Mendaling * Minangkabau * Rawa Peninsular Malaysia Indian Indigenous * Malayali * Punjabi * Ceylonese * Tamil * Telegu (aborigines) * Negrito * Senoi * Melayu Asli Sabah Sarawak Hokkien * ChuanChew * Chin-Chew * Eng-Hua * Eng-Choon * Hok-Chew Kwantung * Bajau * Dusun * Murut * Bisaya * Kadayun * Org.right to a foreign woman married to Malaysian citizen .way of acquiring citizenship (IMPORTANT!!): Jus Soli (laws of birth place) . * Org. Laut * Brunei * Bidayuh * Bisaya * Iban * Kayan * Kedayan * Kelabit * Kenyah * Melanau * Malays .conditions (must): if husband citizen in October 1962 with marriage still binding lived in Federation for 2 years before application.o right not to be exiled . mother/father residing in country at time of birth. has intention to continue living in federation & is of good conduct Jus Sanguinis (laws of blood descent) . Sg.is citizen if father is a citizen .conditions (must): aged 21 & above live in Federation at least 10 out of 12 years from & up to date of application have intention to live permanently of good conduct sufficient knowledge of Malay language . not a citizen of any country Marriage .if born after 1962 (either or): mother/father is citizen at time of birth at time of birth.automatic citizenship for people born in Malaysia between 31st August 1957 – October 1962 .relies on citizenship status of father .to residents not born in Malaysia to be Malaysian citizen .
Perak (Hilir Perak.* Johor-Riau * Kanton * Teochew * Hakka * Hailam * Murut * Penan * Punan .known for Adat Perpatih .1995. water * transportation. more Chinese & Indians than Bumiputeras . KL.migrated to Singapore. communication * finance. Krian. Penang Island . Kukup. property Chinese * trading.involves in business & agriculture Banjar Bugis Boyanese Minangkabau . insurance. Selangor (Langat Valley) . Ipoh.from Jawa Island .domination in professions 1995. Rengit).based on 1995 population distribution: Bumiputera = 11.domination to occupation & ethnic group 1995 Malay * professional & technical * teacher & nurse * clerical worker Chinese * administration & management . Langat).concentrate in N.concentrate in Johor (Benut.from Sumatera . K. Parit Buntar) . Johor & Sabah + Labuan . Chinese = 5. Selangor (Klang. Parit Buntar). Indian = 1. JB. Sembilan & Malacca .from Sulawesi Island . gas. .Malayan of Indonesian origin Community Javanese Background . Kalimantan .29 mil.experts in horse-rearing . Selangor. Batu Pahat). Pontian. Selangor (Sabak Bernam) & Johor (Batu Pahat) .from Boyan Island .from Banjarmasin.5 mil.concentrate in Perak (Kerian.95 mil. most populated states: Selangor.concentrate in Johor (Muar.domination to sectors & ethnic groups 1995 Malay * agriculture * mining * electricity.business group . hotel & restaurant * construction Indian * other services . K.
entry to culture & race dominant .sharing political power .occurs not base on law (de facto) Accomodation .intersociety through marriage friendship & close connection 2.unity: process of uniting groups with different backgrounds into one entity .split of ethnics .occurs by law (de jure): apartheid at South Africa .social & cultural 4.integration: unity bound by common norms.Prejudice: attitude towards other groups based on common generalization (stereotype) .sound economic growth .economic . values & interest Low integration Segregation . French & Italians) Acculturation . Efforts .ethnic aware of each other’s norms & value .culture/race structural mixes form assimilation types of new .average household income in 1995 Malay RM 1.Ethnocentrism: belief that one’s own culture is superior to that of other 3. Obstacles to National Integration .live harmony & respect .safeguard own living culture .Racism (communalism): attitude of favouring one’s own ethnich community .minority accept majority’s norms. values & culture .democratic government .600 Chinese RM 2.political .153 Chapter 9: Unity & National Integration 1.borrow/accept cultural elements without changing the original cultural elements High integration Assimilation Amalgation .known as cultural assimilation .895 Indian RM 2.Malay * doctor * veterinarian * surveyor Chinese * accountant * architect * dentist * engineer * lawyer . Process to get integration (IMPORTANT!!): . Basis of racial unity in Malaysia .no integration .example: Switzerland (consist Germans.known as .
Outline Perspective Plan 1 (OPP1) = New Economic Policy (NEP) .upholding Constitution .loyalty to King & Country .cultural compromise Chapter 10: Rukun Negara: The national ideology 1. Baru.what the effect: racial clash between Chinese & Malay National Operation Council/NOC (MAGERAN) took over country Special Peace & Development bodies formed Rukun Negara was formed .4 years Malaysia plans (MP2 – MP5) .rule of law .period 10 years (1991 – 2000) .1st phase to achieve Vision 2020 .to create a fairer & more united Malaysian society .belief in God .function of the government: formulate normative guidance & set of values for unity 2. Principle of Rukun Negara (remember the order) .decorum & morality Chapter 11: Development Plan & Vision 1.period of 10 years (2001 – 2010) . KL when DAP won election supporters of opposition political party too enthusiastic in celebration of party’s victory actions beyond confines of law & social ethics behaviour annoyed the supporters of governing coalition opposition predominantly Chinese. governing purely Malay party confrontation & local quarrel flared into a .introduced after 13 May 1969 ..to bring balanced development (generates rapid socio-economic growth by income distribution) 3.2nd phase to achieve Vision 2020 . Outline Perspective Plan 3 (OPP3) = National Vision Policy (NVP) .what the cause: misunderstanding in Kg. Outline Perspective Plan 2 (OPP2) = National Development Policy (NDP) . 13 May 1969: .period of 20 years (1971 – 1990) .what kind of government introduced to deal with chaotic country: MAGERAN .to bring back once more racial integration through national economic development 2.
meaningful. income distribution & welfare) 2.National Development Policy (from Chapter 11) NEP NDP NVP ..esprit de corps: pride & loyalty to unite members of group .Policy . Purpose . Socially-Based Policies . effective cooperation between public & private sector to improve national earnings .K-economy: economic growth based on knowledge Chapter 12: Malaysia’s Main Policies 1. Economy Based.National Incorporation Policy joint venture between private & public sectors to create close. small to medium industries to industries based on high technology & information technology) 4. Vision 2020 .National Industrialization Policy to intensify industrial growth through manufacturing to optimise the use of country’s natural resources to upgrade local research & development of local technology involve Malaysian Industrial Policy Study (MIPS): to asses/amend existing industrial policies & to review investment incentives & export promotion policies involve Industrial Master Plan (IMP): to formulate general industrial development objectives & strategies for small sectors with potential 3.National Agriculture Policy (NAP) why? relative rapid overall economic growth effect to transform agricultural sector to be more modern.to bring balanced development (agricultural sector.not a concrete policy .to fulfil socio-economic needs (economic growth.National Privasation Policy support National Incorporation Policy transform government sector functions & activities to private sector to raise productivity quality & administrative efficiency . commercialised & sustainable to increase country’s export commodities .slogan/motto to empower citizens to transform Malaysia into a developed nation .consist 9 challenges of Vision 2020 Terms: .
Smart School . Freedom & Neutrality) . social & political development . Philippines. manpower development Science & technology programme 6.remember 10 members of ASEAN: Indonesia. Philippines.National Integration Policy .Education Ordinance 1957 .learning.National Women’s Policy 4.emphasis to help NDP to eliminate poverty & restructure society . Indonesia . National Education Policy .MAPHILINDO 1963 failed: Malaysia. Malaysia. curriculum.reviewed in 1960 Rahman Talib Report 1960 1961 Education Act . Vietnam. management Chapter 13: Malaysia’s Policy on Regional & World Affairs 1.ASA 1961(South Asia Organisation): Philippines & Malaysia failed .to produce young dynamic Malaysians in line with world education development but adapted to norms & values of Malaysian way of life .replaced colonial education system: to elevate the spirit of Malaysians after Independence .example of case solved by ASEAN solidarity policy: Malaysia-Thai (1977): maritime zone between south Thailand & state of Kelantan Malaysia-Indonesia: area in South China Sea & eastern Sabah . Cambodia.create an updated system of education that is universal standard . teaching.improve educational system’s conditions & quality . Thailand.contributes towards economic.National Cultural Policy .born from Tun Razak Report 1956 .. Myanmar (Burma) & Laos .Bangkok Declaration 1967 ASEAN (Association of Asian Nations): remember the full name . Educational Reforms . KBSM 5.ASEAN 1967: set up because failure of ASA & MAPHILINDO to build up strength of regional unity programme (IMPORTANT!!): * APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) * EAEC (ASEAN Economic Ministers’ Conference) * Kuala Lumpur Declaration 1971 proclaim ZOPFAN (Zone of Peace.programme: modernisation.Policy of Applying Islamic Values in Administration . Brunei. Singapore.programme: smart . Malaysia & Regional Relations . assessment.programme: KBSR.
Mozambique. Argentina. New Zealand. Mexico. Yugoslavia.important objectives OIC * forge closer unity & cooperation among member economically. Sri Lanka. Cuba. Indonesia. Venuzuela. Ivory Coast. Egypt. Algeria.South-South cooperation: strengthening ties among members of NAM (Non-Aligned Movement/Movement of Non-aligned Countries) 1st time in Asia Africa Conference in Bandoeng 1955: proclaimed the importance of economic development & cooperation among member countries comprehensive framework of common agreement: Group 77 Conference Caracas. Zimbabwe. independent British colonies 49 members with former British protectorates: Australia. socially & culturally & in field of science * firm up cooperative efforts to protect honour. India & Sri Lanka . Uruguay.OIC (Organisation of Islamic Countries) 1971 known as Islamic Commonwealth/Islamic Secretariat 43 countries made at Conference of Islamic Foreign Ministers in Jeddah (1970) . Venuzela 1981 South Commision (question can come out to choose which one is not South Commision member): Tanzania. Malaysia & World Affairs . Brazil. independence & national rights * solve problems dispute involving Islamic nations * eliminate any oppression & colonialism to bring universal peace UNESCO * develop knowledge particularly science * have close cooperation to eliminate illiteracy * improve level of cooperation in education & culture to create world unity & welfare • .Commonwealth Organisation: organisation of former. Senegal.Malaysia-Indonesia Memorandum of Understanding 1973: Malaysia give Natuna & Anambas islands to Indonesia Singapore claim on Batu Putih Island (Singapore win) Vietnam claim on Spratley Island 2. Pakistan. Canada. Malaysia . Scientific & Cultural Organisation): remember the full name set up in Paris. Guyana.UNESCO (United Nations Educational. Jamaica. West Samoa. social & political development . Philippines. India. 1946 with 61 members today from 28 members initially focused on continent of Africa & Latin America (because of backwardness & poverty) . China.important programme for all policy (IMPORTANT!!) . Nigeria.United Nations Organisation (UN): base for forging international linkages with member countries in economic.
Management of Natural Resources Protection & Conservation (IMPORTANT!!) Resource programme Water * management & control of water catchment areas & river water * guidelines on water utilization Forest * increase in forest reserve * reforestation projects & establishing forest estate * National Forestry Act 1984 * Malaysian Peer System & Selection * replanting forest trees * management system Strategy * control of development of highland areas. agriculture & marketing * opposition against apartheid * make Antarctica an agenda for United Nations Organisation South-South Cooperation OIC Fighting Drug Abuse Internationally UNESCO * Group 15 (G-15) & Malaysia as pioneer in programmes for investment data exchange. Austria . water catchment areas & water supply * improve effectiveness of enforcing reforestation * protect forest & biological diversity especially involving logging * method of logging that reduces negative effects to environment * provision of log supply * improve forest product industry .Policy Commonwealth Organisation Programme * Colombo Plan (question can come out to choose which strategy is under Colombo Plan) Strategy Colombo plan implementation: * supply training & research experts * prepare places of training in universities for those that need them * prepare equipment for research & help * finance physical development projects * aid in health. & SouthSouth Trade & Technology * International Islamic University of Malaya * International Conference on Drug Abuse & Illegal Trafficking in Vienna.1987 * support Islamic Development Bank activities (IDB) & set up IDB in Malaysia in 1995 * focus on development in Africa Chapter 14: Development & Environment 1.
sustain protection of environment through. census & control of resources. General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade (GATT) Group for Environmental Measures & International Trade 1994 World Trade Organisation (WTO) Chapter 15: Human Development 1.human development through prime agenda. reforestation & rehabilitation 2. Malaysia involved in. core programmes & Ministry of Youth & Sports’ National Social Services Programme Strategy Prime agenda to enforce youth * to mobilize efforts to create a younger development generation that is: dynamic.remember campaigns: Love Our Rivers Tree Planting Campaign Clean & Beautiful Campaign Haze Awareness Campaign 4.in fostering commitment on the environment. with vision.emphasizes values of protecting environment . Special governmental human development programmes .to create a defence to fight against negative social ills .through various ministries Ministry of Youth Ministry of National Unity & Social Development Ministry of Human Resource .remember SIRIM (Industrial Standard & Research Institute) 3. Education & training programmes . creative. silviculture. productive & disciplined workers . entrepreneurship & culture . Non-Governmental Organisation programmes . Framework of Climatic Change Convention (FCCC) Biological Diversity Convention Basel Convention On the Movement & Disposal of Dangerous & Toxic Wastes Across Boundaries RAMSAR Convention Desertification Convention .Ministry of Human Resource protecting interest of workers through concept of harmonious relations between organisation & coordinating the planning development programmes for skilled.* forest cultivation to improve economy of local people * forest control using Geographical Information System (GIS) * 3rd national forest inventory in West Malaysia * improve research & development programmes especially the management of forest uses. International & Regional Agreement .
. rehabilitation centers.Ministry of Education (MOE) programme for human development Programme Philosophy of National Education Strategy * integrated & overall development of potential of an individual * create human beings who are balances & harmonious intellectually. spiritually. the esteem local culture Core Programmes * Prime Leadership Programmes * programmes for development of entrepreneurs * programme for developing personality * implement Young Comrades (Rakan Muda) Programme . technology & up-to-date information system * highlight youth activities through informal training that emphasizes awareness of lifelong education in line with Malaysian & eastern religious & moral norms * to sustain efforts in creating a frontline of dynamic & capable leaders * to reinforce integrated cooperation between government. skills. welfare homes & Prime Welfare Brigade * inculcate spirit of mutual help for unfortunate & poor families * give help & moral support to adolescents faced with social problems so that they will change for the better & can contribute to national development * strengthen institution of family to produce responsible citizens * promote & determine methods/techniques to create strong families . private & non-government organisations * promote culture of peace through thoughts & activities that have as roots.* founded upon knowledge.social development through national integration & development of human resources Programme Ministry of Unity & Social Development * National Integration * Social & Community Development * Natural Disaster Aid * Moral Reform Centers (for adolescents) * Tunas Bakti (Young Potentials) schools * Reform homes * Development Strategy * foster unity among races * reduce economic development imbalance between states & urban & rural areas * inculcate values & spirit of cooperation & responsibility to overcome problems through community projects.
as launching pad for world standard IT development Programme Strategy Electronic government * government administration center that uses the concept of sophisticated multimedia * computerised information network that links with various organisations through the electronic method. guided by their belief in & obedience to God * produce Malaysian citizens who are. that is Putrajaya.development of world standard knowledge (MSC – Universal Standard IT) Aim * to know & identify all advantages & disadvantages of universal explosion of information technology * to develop the endurance to prepare oneself for constructing the best mechanism to choose & to adapt information obtained from within & outside country to the way of life o people * make use of smart city.emotionally & physically. behaviour & attitudes following God’s teachings * inculcate behaviour as underlined in Koran & Sunnah * develop human beings who can lead society to a peaceful & happy life * encourage & form quality knowledge to strive for excellence in life . video conferencing meetings sharing of database line for sharing information with businessman & public Smart School Telemedicine Research & development complex (R&D) National card for diverse uses (I-Card) Borderless marketing center . knowledgeable resourceful noble in character responsible capable of achieving personal well-being contribute towards social & national harmony & prosperity Islamic Education (Muslim students) * build up potential of self for forming good morals.
Web . education & health development * concern & love for parents & senior citizens * protection & welfare for senior citizens * non-governmental bodies have built 132 senior citizen homes . protection & development of children 1994 Strategy * provide protection for the safety & health of children through legal system * formation of children’s teams at state & district level * plan for welfare.government’s concern in family development programmes Programme * Child protection Act 1991 * counselling services * National Action Plan for life.
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