World History Pre-AP – Duez NAME________________________________ PD: Chapter 24 and 26 : The West Between the Wars, 1919–1939 and World

War II, 1939– 1945 Time: 3 Weeks
CH. 24: The peace settlements at the end of World War I combined with severe economic problems to produce widespread discontent across Europe. Democratic rule in many states gave way to fascism, authoritarianism, and the totalitarianism of Stalin and Hitler. CH. 26: The German and Japanese occupations of neighboring countries led to a brutal war that took millions of lives. Both countries were defeated, but not before the Nazis had killed millions of people in pursuit of Aryan domination of Europe. Chapter 24 • The peace settlement at the end of World War I left many nations unhappy and border Section 1 disputes simmering throughout Europe. The League of Nations proved a weak The Futile institution. Search for • Economic problems plagued France, Great Britain, and the German Weimar Republic. Stability & When Germany declared that it could not continue to pay reparations, France occupied Section 2 The Rise of one German region as a source of reparations. In the US prosperity ended with the Dictatorial economic collapse of 1929 and the Great Depression. Regimes

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The new American president, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, pursued a policy of active government intervention in the economy that came to be known as the New Deal. European democracies crumbled and were replaced by socialism, fascism, and communism.
John Maynard Keynes deficit spending totalitarian state Benito Mussolini Francisco Franco Joseph Stalin

Chapter 24 Sec. 3 & 4 Hitler and Nazi Germany & Propaganda

Adolf Hitler, a failed student and artist, built up a small racist, anti-Semitic political party in Germany after World War I. Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch failed. In prison, he wrote Mein Kampf—an account of his movement and his views. As democracy broke down, right-wing elites looked to Hitler for leadership. In 1933 Hitler became chancellor. Amid constant chaos and conflict, Hitler used terror and repression to gain totalitarian control. Meanwhile, a massive rearmament program put Germans back to work. Mass demonstrations and spectacles rallied Germans around Hitler's policies. Hitler's Nuremberg Laws established official persecution of Jews. A more violent antiSemitic phase began in 1938 with a destructive rampage against Jews and the deportation of thousands to concentration camps. Increasingly drastic steps barred Jews from attending school, earning a living, or engaging in Nazi society. After World War I, radio and film became sources of entertainment as well as propaganda tools. Hitler and the Nazis made wide use of both. politburo fascism Heinrich Himmler Reichstag New Economic Policy appeasement Aggressive moves by Germany and Japan set the stage for World War II. Adolf Hitler began a massive military buildup and instituted a draft in violation of the Treaty of Versailles. The German annexation of Austria alarmed France but did not shake Great Britain's policy of appeasement. Appeasement of Germany peaked at a conference in Munich where Hitler claimed he sought only one final territory, the Czech Sudetenland. This soon proved false. When Hitler signed a nonaggression pact with Stalin and invaded Poland, Britain and France declared war on Germany. Japanese expansion into Manchuria and northern China brought condemnation from the League of Nations. While still at war with China, Japan launched a surprise attack on U.S. and European colonies in Southeast Asia. German forces swept through northern Europe early in the war and set up the Vichy government in France. German air attacks on Great Britain resulted in fierce British retaliation. In the east, harsh weather and a resolute Soviet Union defeated an invading German army. The Japanese conquered the Pacific but miscalculated when they attacked the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor.

Chapter 26 Sec. 1 & 2: The Path and Course of the War

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By the end of 1943, the tide had turned against Germany, Italy, and Japan. After the DDay invasion of Normandy, the Allies liberated Paris and defeated Germany. Chiang Kai-shek partisan Sudetenland blitzkrieg demilitarized Douglas MacArthur Winston Churchill Rhineland Harry S. Truman

Chapter 26 Sec. 3 & 4: Holocaust and Aftermath of the War

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To further their war effort and Hitler's plans for Aryan expansion, the Nazis forced millions of people to resettle as forced laborers. As part of the Nazis' Final Solution, Jews were locked into cramped, unsanitary ghettos or forced to dig their own mass graves before being killed. The Nazis killed between five and six million Jews and nine to ten million non-Jews. The war caused 20 million civilian deaths. The United States, which did not fight the war on its own territory, sent its forces to fight and produced much of the military equipment for the Allies. After the war, ideological conflict between the West and the Soviet Union resulted in the Cold War. genocide Albert Speer Reinhard Heydrich collaborator Anne Frank Violette Szabo Tehran Conference Yalta Conference Potsdam Conference mobilization kamikaze General Hideki Tojo

WWII Poetry Assignment: Due on Tuesday, May 17th You will choose a vocabulary word, person, or place in Ch. 24 or 26 and write a poem about it. We will present them to the class.

DBQ for Chapter 24/26 is due on Monday, May 23rd. Test on Chapter 24/26 will be on Monday, May 23rd. Final Exam Review will be Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday. Final Exam Schedule: Friday, May 27th: 5th 7:25-8:50, 6th 9:00-10:25, 7th 10:35-12:00 Monday, May 30th – Memorial Day – No School Tuesday, May 31st : 1st 7:25-8:50, 2nd 9:00-10:25 Wednesday, June 1st: 3rd 7:25-8:50, 4th 9:00-10:25

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