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Data Centre Design Guide

Data Centre Design Guide

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Published by Tauseef Ahmed

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Published by: Tauseef Ahmed on May 04, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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  • Data Center Architecture Overview
  • •Data Center Architecture Overview
  • Data Center Design Models
  • Multi-Tier Model
  • Server Cluster Model
  • HPC Cluster Types and Interconnects
  • Logical Overview
  • Physical Overview
  • Data Center Multi-Tier Model Design
  • Data Center Multi-Tier Design Overview
  • Data Center Core Layer
  • Recommended Platform and Modules
  • Distributed Forwarding
  • Traffic Flow in the Data Center Core
  • Data Center Aggregation Layer
  • Recommended Platforms and Modules
  • Traffic Flow in the Data Center Aggregation Layer
  • Path Selection in the Presence of Service Modules
  • Server Farm Traffic Flow with Service Modules
  • Server Farm Traffic Flow without Service Modules
  • Scaling the Aggregation Layer
  • Layer 2 Fault Domain Size
  • 10 GigE Density
  • Default Gateway Redundancy with HSRP
  • Data Center Access Layer
  • Resiliency
  • Sharing Services at the Aggregation Layer
  • Data Center Services Layer
  • Performance Implications
  • Traffic Flow through the Service Layer
  • Server Cluster Designs with Ethernet
  • Technical Objectives
  • Distributed Forwarding and Latency
  • Catalyst 6500 System Bandwidth
  • Equal Cost Multi-Path Routing
  • Redundancy in the Server Cluster Design
  • Server Cluster Design—Two-Tier Model
  • 4- and 8-Way ECMP Designs with Modular Access
  • 2-Way ECMP Design with 1RU Access
  • Server Cluster Design—Three-Tier Model
  • Calculating Oversubscription
  • Recommended Hardware and Modules
  • Data Center Design Considerations
  • •Factors that Influence Scalability
  • Factors that Influence Scalability
  • Why Implement a Data Center Core Layer?
  • Why Use the Three-Tier Data Center Design?
  • Why Deploy Services Switch?
  • Determining Maximum Servers
  • Determining Maximum Number of VLANs
  • Server Clustering
  • NIC Teaming
  • Pervasive 10GigE
  • Server Consolidation
  • Top of Rack Switching
  • Blade Servers
  • Importance of Team Planning
  • Spanning Tree Scalability
  • Extending VLANs in the Data Center
  • STP Active Logical Ports and Virtual Ports per Line Card
  • Calculating the Active Logical Ports
  • Calculating Virtual Ports per Line Card
  • Steps to Resolve Logical Port Count Implications
  • Data Center Access Layer Design
  • •Overview of Access Layer Design Options
  • Overview of Access Layer Design Options
  • Service Module Influence on Design
  • Service Module/Appliance and Path Preferences
  • General Recommendations
  • Layer 2 Looped Access Layer Model
  • •Layer 2 Looped Access Topologies
  • Layer 2 Looped Access Topologies
  • Triangle Looped Topology
  • Failure Scenarios
  • Square Looped Topology
  • Layer 2 Loop-Free Access Layer Model
  • Layer 2 Loop-Free Access Topologies
  • Layer 2 Loop-Free U Topology
  • Layer 2 Loop-Free Inverted U Topology
  • FlexLinks Access Model
  • Spanning Tree, HSRP, and Service Module Design
  • Implications Related to Possible Loop Conditions
  • Using EtherChannel Min-Links
  • Increasing HA in the Data Center
  • •Establishing Path Preference with RHI
  • Establishing Path Preference with RHI
  • Aggregation 1 CSM Configuration
  • Aggregation 1 OSPF and Route Map Configurations
  • Aggregation Inter-switch Link Configuration
  • Aggregation 2 Route Map Configuration
  • Service Module FT Paths
  • NSF-SSO in the Data Center
  • Possible Implications
  • HSRP
  • IGP Timers
  • Slot Usage versus Improved HA
  • Recommendations
  • Configuration Reference
  • Integrated Services Design Configurations
  • Core Switch 1
  • Aggregation Switch 1
  • Core Switch 2
  • Aggregation Switch 2
  • Access Switch 4948-7
  • Access Switch 4948-8
  • Access Switch 6500-1
  • FWSM 1-Aggregation Switch 1 and 2
  • Services Switch Design Configurations
  • Distribution Switch 1
  • Distribution Switch 2
  • Service Switch 1
  • Service Switch 2
  • Access Switch 6500
  • ACE and FWSM
  • FWSM Baseline
  • ACE Baseline
  • FWSM Failover
  • ACE Failover
  • Additional References

The multi-tier model is the most common model used in the enterprise today. This design consists
primarily of web, application, and database server tiers running on various platforms including blade
servers, one rack unit (1RU) servers, and mainframes.

Figure 2-1 shows the data center multi-tier model topology. Familiarize yourself with this diagram
before reading the subsequent sections, which provide details on each layer of this recommended

Figure 2-1

Data Center Multi-Tier Model Topology

Aggregation 4

Aggregation 3





Blade Chassis with
pass thru modules

with OSA

Layer 2 Access with
clustering and NIC

Blade Chassis
with integrated

Layer 3 Access with
small broadcast domains
and isolated servers

Aggregation 2

10 Gigabit Ethernet
Gigabit Ethernet or Etherchannel

Campus Core


Cisco Data Center Infrastructure 2.5 Design Guide


Chapter 2 Data Center Multi-Tier Model Design

Data Center Core Layer

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