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Darkroom Basics

Darkroom Basics

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Published by Bill Renninger

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Published by: Bill Renninger on Sep 03, 2008
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06/15/2009

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Using The Darkroom

 

 

Steps 1­6 Using Chemicals

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
 

Dektol: 1 minute Stop Bath: 15 seconds Fixer: 2 minutes Water Rinse: 1 minute Perma­Wash: 2 minutes
 

Functions of Chemicals 1­3
• • • Dektol: Paper developer. Chemically darkens  the “latent image” on the light sensitive paper so  you can see it. Stop Bath: Acetic Acid. Neutralizes the  developer and stops the development process. Fixer: Removes unexposed light sensitive silver  from paper, making it “light safe” so you can  look at it in daylight.
 

 

Functions of Chemicals 4­6
4. Water Rinse: Removes most of the Fixer  (which would eventually stain the paper). 5. Perma­Wash: Chemically removes all  remaining traces of Fixer. 6. Final Wash: Removes any remaining  chemicals which can stain or damage the  exposed paper.
   

Darkroom Directions
• Agitate (rock) all trays  constantly • Use tongs to move wet  paper • Allow paper to drip  between chemicals • Time each chemical  carefully
   

Darkroom Directions Cont.
• Touch unexposed paper  with dry hands only • Allow prints to drip  between trays • Exhausted (bad) Dektol  turns dark brown • Exhausted Stop turns blue • Test Fixer w/ Hypo Chek  (cloudy=bad) • Notify teacher when  chemical is exhausted
   

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