Regional Centre For Training in Aerospace surveys (RECTAS

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GPM III MODULE 4 LECTURE NOTE:

TIN
Prepared by: O.A. Opaleye November , 2010 .

made up of irregular distributed nodes and lines with 3-dimensional coordinates (x.Triangulated Irregular Network (TIN) It is a digital data structure used in GIS for the representation of a surface. . A TIN is the representation of the physical land surface.y.z) that are arranged in a network of non overlapping triangles.

y. The TIN method joins the height of observation together with straight lines to create a network of triangles.z .A TIN is used to represent shape or curvature of a terrain using x. . These points can be scattered evenly over the study area. with areas of more changes having more points.

.y).These triangles are fitted through 3 points to form planes and each point has a stored georeference (x.

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no points is inside the circumcircle of any triangle.e.Delaunay Triangulations This method was invented by Boris Delaunay in 1934. It is a proximal method that satisfies the requirement that a circle drawn through the three nodes of a triangle will contain no other nodes. They tend to avoid skinny triangles. i. .

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Fowler and Little Algorithm This method makes use of the local interpolator and they proposed that positive points should be connected to each other and all negative points also to be connected to each other. This type of TIN method is used to determine the shape of the earth surface e. . Valley etc. Pit. Ridge. Plain.g. Peak.

- + Peak - + + + Pit + + + + + .

+ + + + + + Ridge - + + + Valley - - .

‡ Points are connected up and down ‡ Points are connected horizontally and vertically ‡ Irregularly spaced points are preferred .Very Important Points (VIP) ‡ Points are connected diametrically.

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