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Propositions exist only if "we have before us some standard of when to speak of propositions as identical and when as distinct" (W&O p.200) 2. There is no such standard of individuation for propositions. 3. Therefore, propositions do not exist.
Argument for premise 2: 1. If there is a standard of individuation for propositions, it is to be given in terms of the synonymy relation for sentences. (I.e., if we can make sense of that relation, we can say that proposition p = proposition q iff two sentences are synonymous if one means p and the other means q.) 2. There is such a standard only if we can define that relation in non-intentional terms. 3. We can define synonymy in non-intentional terms only if we can define it in terms of dispositions to verbal behavior (for that's all we ultimately have to go on in figuring out what others mean by their words). 4. But we cannot so define synonymy: “The totality of dispositions to speech behavior is compatible with alternative systems of sentence-to-sentence translations so unlike one another that translations of a standing sentence under two such systems can even differ in truth value" (W&O p.207) 5. Therefore, there is no standard of individuation for propositions. Quine's thesis of the indeterminacy of radical translation: There can be no such thing as the correct translation manual of a radically alien language into one's own language; for whatever translation manual one comes up with, there will always be another that is equally correct but that maps the alien sentences onto sentences of one's own language that, by any remotely possible rendering of synonymy, are not synonymous with those the first manual maps on to one's own sentences—they needn't even have the same truth values.