1 Rabbit care & management | Animal Feed | Rabbit

Classification

Scientific classification Kingdom Animalia : Phylum: Class: Order: Family: Genus: Chordata Mammalia Lagomorpha Leporidae Oryctolagus
Lilljeborg, 1873

Species:

O. cuniculus

Binomial name

Domestic rabbit.
[Taken from wikipedia.com]

Oryctolagus cuniculus
(Linnaeus, 1758

Significance
 A lab animal.  Commercially bred for wool , meat purpose.  Reared as pet animal as well.  Not so much popular in India.  A good source for an alternative table meat.

Rabbit as the lab animal.

Rabbit as the farm animal for meat , wool purpose.

The slaughtered rabbits ready for table use ; an alternative meat source.

Rabbits -- pet animal.

Nutrition & feeding
Roughage – Hay Succulent foodstuffs – roots Conc. – cereals Rabbit feeding pellets or compounded feeds

The same principles of feeding s/b followed for feeding rabbit as other small non-ruminants.

Compounded Feeds are Burgess rabbit pellets Spillers Supa Natural Mix Russel Rabbit Mix— Complete food Bales MEASURES OF FOOD ENERGY TDN DE ME
Designed for use with supplements such as hay

Additives
Growth promoters Coccidiostats [ incorporated with rabbit pellets]

Feeding Tips
Changing ration Force feeding Regularity Individuality Cleaning

Some common feedstuffs        Carrots Turnips Oat straw Cabbage Maize silage Decorticated GNC Fish meal

Coprophagy OR Coecotrophy
Perfectly normal physiological process in rabbits.
Discovered by a French veterinarian viz. Charles Morot.

Reproduction & breeding
Induced ovulator Gestation period –31 days BUT, Parturation takes place on any day between 28th to 34th after successful mating.

Female attains full sexual maturity @ 6 months. Puberty occurs a month or 2 or even more before rabbit attains full sexual maturity.  Litter size is 3 to 8 or 5 to 8. The heritability of litter size– between .2 to.3 Litter size proportional to size of the breed. It is governed by, 1. An inherited nature 2. The environment 3. Nutrition 4. Age of doe. 5. No. of previous litters

Fertility is directly proportional to fecundity.
Fertility– Ability to produce young ones. Fecundity– Measure of no. of young produced.

A.I. have been successfully carried out.

The importer holding the new born.

Reproductive behavior
Few days before pregnancy, doe prepares nest from bedding Lines the bed with the fur of its belly Thus a breeder should take into account of this behavior. For 1st 3 weeks rabbits s/b exclusively fed on the doe’s milk.

Open type of the litter box. This is essential for the housing of rabbit.

Equipments
Pots& troughs Automatic food hoppers Racks Nest boxes---These are essential in Rabbitary. Travelling box Hygiene trays

Cage type Hutch with individual watering & feeding.

The cube condo. [ for pet rabbit ]

The exercise pen

Breeds of the Rabbits identified so far. [ARBA]

Breeds of rabbits with their intentional codes.

Housing & Equipments
 It is k/a Hutch.  Why to provide house??  Main purpose is to reduce labor minimum.  Coat fades due to direct sunlight.  Winter breeding becomes easier.  Less loss of young rabbits in winter.  The noticeable thing is that, stock usually have slight denser coats when kept outside.

Some features of Hutch
Floor Made by bricks only to absorb urine. Slightly sloped.

Roof  General principles are followed for roofing. In areas where myxomatosis & VHD is common; mosquito proof material is used.

House s/b escape proof. So constructed that ani. can neither itself nor the hutch. So constructed that good visibility of animal at all the times.

The general housing principles are same as that of the other small animals.

The traditional hutch used @ farm level.

Another example of the hutch note the height from ground.

Different varieties of cages.

Hutch for the pet rabbit.

Rack type hutch. >Saves space >Completes all other criteria.

Moront hutch. This can be even used for the poultry in some countries.

Well managed hutch with individual feeding & watering.

The hutch in the winter ; see the height of floor from the ground.

The typical hutch in cold countries.

The typical Hutch with slanting roof.

Ready to transport Hutch being constructed @ factory.

Routine Examination
Any sign of illness s/b quickly noticed It helps in deciding which ani. s/b selected for mating Points to be considered-- Wt.  It’s relation to size
ABNORMALITIES

Epilepsy Furlessness

References
Rabbits Health, Husbandry& Diseases --Richardson VCG Care & Management of farm animals --Scott WN FOR ALL IMAGES  Wikipedia.com  Google.com  Yahoo .com  NewYorkTimes.com

The German Scientists have developed this largest breed recently.
[ NewYorkTimes.com]

Sarang S. Desai V/05/0170

A small pet rabbit.

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