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The Edward Norton Handbook - Everything you need to know about Edward Norton

The Edward Norton Handbook - Everything you need to know about Edward Norton

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Published by Emereo Publishing
Edward Harrison Norton (born August 18, 1969) is an American film actor, screenwriter and director. In 1996, his supporting role in the courtroom drama Primal Fear garnered him a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. Two years later, his lead role as a reformed white power skinhead in American History X earned a nomination for Academy Award for Best Actor. His other films include period dramas such as Kingdom of Heaven (2005), The Illusionist (2006), and The Painted Veil (2006); and other notable films such as Rounders (1998), Fight Club (1999), 25th Hour (2002), Red Dragon (2002), and The Incredible Hulk (2008).
In addition to acting, Norton is also a writer and director. He made his directorial debut with the film Keeping the Faith (2000) and is slated to direct the film adaptation of the novel Motherless Brooklyn. Norton did uncredited work on the scripts for The Score, Frida, and The Incredible Hulk.
In his private life, Norton is an environmental and social activist. He is a member of the board of trustees of Enterprise Community Partners, a non-profit organization for developing affordable housing, founded by his grandfather, James Rouse. Norton is president of the American branch of the Maasai Wilderness Conservation Trust. He ran in the 2009 New York City Marathon to raise money for the Trust. He also raises money for charity through Crowdrise, a social networking community for volunteers and a micro-donations fundraising platform. In July 2010, Norton was designated as the United Nations Goodwill Ambassador for Biodiversity by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.



This book is your ultimate resource for Edward Norton. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.



In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about his Early life, Career and Personal life right away: Primal Fear (film), The People vs. Larry Flynt, Everyone Says I Love You, Rounders (film), American History X, Fight Club (film), Keeping the Faith, The Score (film), Death to Smoochy, Frida, Red Dragon (film), 25th Hour, The Italian Job (2003 film), Strange Days on Planet Earth, Down in the Valley (film), Kingdom of Heaven (film), The Illusionist (2006 film), The Painted Veil (2006 film), The Incredible Hulk (film), Bustin' Down The Door, Pride and Glory (film), The Invention of Lying, Modern Family, Leaves of Grass (film), Stone (2010 film)


Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.
Edward Harrison Norton (born August 18, 1969) is an American film actor, screenwriter and director. In 1996, his supporting role in the courtroom drama Primal Fear garnered him a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. Two years later, his lead role as a reformed white power skinhead in American History X earned a nomination for Academy Award for Best Actor. His other films include period dramas such as Kingdom of Heaven (2005), The Illusionist (2006), and The Painted Veil (2006); and other notable films such as Rounders (1998), Fight Club (1999), 25th Hour (2002), Red Dragon (2002), and The Incredible Hulk (2008).
In addition to acting, Norton is also a writer and director. He made his directorial debut with the film Keeping the Faith (2000) and is slated to direct the film adaptation of the novel Motherless Brooklyn. Norton did uncredited work on the scripts for The Score, Frida, and The Incredible Hulk.
In his private life, Norton is an environmental and social activist. He is a member of the board of trustees of Enterprise Community Partners, a non-profit organization for developing affordable housing, founded by his grandfather, James Rouse. Norton is president of the American branch of the Maasai Wilderness Conservation Trust. He ran in the 2009 New York City Marathon to raise money for the Trust. He also raises money for charity through Crowdrise, a social networking community for volunteers and a micro-donations fundraising platform. In July 2010, Norton was designated as the United Nations Goodwill Ambassador for Biodiversity by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.



This book is your ultimate resource for Edward Norton. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.



In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about his Early life, Career and Personal life right away: Primal Fear (film), The People vs. Larry Flynt, Everyone Says I Love You, Rounders (film), American History X, Fight Club (film), Keeping the Faith, The Score (film), Death to Smoochy, Frida, Red Dragon (film), 25th Hour, The Italian Job (2003 film), Strange Days on Planet Earth, Down in the Valley (film), Kingdom of Heaven (film), The Illusionist (2006 film), The Painted Veil (2006 film), The Incredible Hulk (film), Bustin' Down The Door, Pride and Glory (film), The Invention of Lying, Modern Family, Leaves of Grass (film), Stone (2010 film)


Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.

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10/31/2014

Sections

  • Primal Fear (film)
  • The People vs. Larry Flynt
  • Everyone Says I Love You
  • Rounders (film)
  • American History X
  • Fight Club (film)
  • Keeping the Faith
  • The Score (film)
  • Death to Smoochy
  • Frida
  • Red Dragon (film)
  • 25th Hour
  • The Italian Job (2003 film)
  • Strange Days on Planet Earth
  • Down in the Valley (film)
  • Kingdom of Heaven (film)
  • The Illusionist (2006 film)
  • The Painted Veil (2006 film)
  • The Incredible Hulk (film)
  • Bustin' Down The Door
  • Bustin Down The Door
  • Pride and Glory (film)
  • The Invention of Lying
  • Modern Family
  • Leaves of Grass (film)
  • Stone (2010 film)
  • Article Sources and Contributors
  • Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
  • License

Edward Harrison Norton (born August 18, 1969) is an American film actor, screenwriter and director.

In 1996, his supporting role in the courtroom drama Primal Fear garnered him a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. Two years later, his lead role as a reformed white power skinhead in American History X earned a nomination for Academy Award for Best Actor. His other films include period dramas such as Kingdom of Heaven (2005), The Illusionist (2006), and The Painted Veil (2006); and other notable films such as Rounders (1998), Fight Club (1999), 25th Hour (2002), Red Dragon (2002), and The Incredible Hulk (2008). In addition to acting, Norton is also a writer and director. He made his directorial debut with the film Keeping the Faith (2000) and is slated to direct the film adaptation of the novel Motherless Brooklyn. Norton did uncredited work on the scripts for The Score, Frida, and The Incredible Hulk. In his private life, Norton is an environmental and social activist. He is a member of the board of trustees of Enterprise Community Partners, a non-profit organization for developing affordable housing, founded by his grandfather, James Rouse. Norton is president of the American branch of the Maasai Wilderness Conservation Trust. He ran in the 2009 New York City Marathon to raise money for the Trust. He also raises money for charity through Crowdrise, a social networking community for volunteers and a micro-donations fundraising platform. In July 2010, Norton was designated as the United Nations Goodwill Ambassador for Biodiversity by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. This book is your ultimate resource for Edward Norton. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more. In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about his Early life, Career and Personal life right away: Primal Fear (film), The People vs. Larry Flynt, Everyone Says I Love You, Rounders (film), American History X, Fight Club (film), Keeping the Faith, The Score (film), Death to Smoochy, Frida, Red Dragon (film), 25th Hour, The Italian Job (2003 film), Strange Days on Planet Earth, Down in the Valley (film), Kingdom of Heaven (film), The Illusionist (2006 film), The Painted Veil (2006 film), The Incredible Hulk (film), Bustin' Down The Door, Pride and Glory (film), The Invention of Lying, Modern Family, Leaves of Grass (film), Stone (2010 film) Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.

Edward Norton
Handbook
Everything you need to know about Edward Norton
Edward Norton

The

Edward Norton

Topic relevant selected content from the highest rated wiki entries, typeset, printed and shipped. Combine the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission: to empower and engage people around the world to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in the public domain, and to disseminate it effectively and globally. The content within this book was generated collaboratively by volunteers. Please be advised that nothing found here has necessarily been reviewed by people with the expertise required to provide you with complete, accurate or reliable information. Some information in this book maybe misleading or simply wrong. The publisher does not guarantee the validity of the information found here. If you need specific advice (for example, medical, legal, financial, or risk management) please seek a professional who is licensed or knowledgeable in that area. Sources, licenses and contributors of the articles and images are listed in the section entitled “References”. Parts of the books may be licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. A copy of this license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License” All used third-party trademarks belong to their respective owners.

Contents
Articles
Edward Norton Primal Fear (film) The People vs. Larry Flynt Everyone Says I Love You Rounders (film) American History X Fight Club (film) Keeping the Faith The Score (film) Death to Smoochy Frida Red Dragon (film) 25th Hour The Italian Job (2003 film) Strange Days on Planet Earth Down in the Valley (film) Kingdom of Heaven (film) The Illusionist (2006 film) The Painted Veil (2006 film) The Incredible Hulk (film) Bustin' Down The Door Pride and Glory (film) The Invention of Lying Modern Family Leaves of Grass (film) Stone (2010 film) 1 9 12 17 20 24 28 43 46 49 52 58 61 64 72 73 76 87 92 99 114 116 122 127 134 137

References
Article Sources and Contributors Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors 141 145

Article Licenses
License 146

director. Norton is an environmental and social activist. screenwriter. Norton was designated as the United Nations Goodwill Ambassador for Biodiversity by [5] UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. Patty Rouse. Maryland.S. and other notable films such as Rounders (1998). is an environmental lawyer and conservation advocate working in Asia. Maryland (where Norton grew up). Jr. His other films include period dramas such as Kingdom of Heaven (2005). producer. he . Norton is president of the American branch of the Maasai Wilderness Conservation Trust.[9] From 1981 to 1985. died of a brain tumor in 1997. Norfolk's Waterside Festival Marketplace. Frida. helped develop Baltimore's Inner Harbor. he attended Camp Pasquaney. Norton did uncredited work on the scripts for The Score. 1969Columbia. a non-profit organization for developing affordable housing. He made his directorial debut with the film Keeping the Faith (2000) and is slated to direct the film adaptation of the novel Motherless Brooklyn.[7] [9] Norton has two younger siblings—Molly and Jim.[9] There. 1969) is an American film actor. and Boston's Quincy Market. Early life Edward Norton was born and raised in Columbia. Red Dragon (2002). Fight Club (1999). U.[7] [8] His maternal grandfather was the developer James Rouse (founder of The Rouse Company). as well as a former federal prosecutor under the Carter administration. and The Incredible Hulk (2008). 25th Hour (2002).[4] In July 2010. his lead role as a reformed white power skinhead in American History X earned a nomination for Academy Award for Best Actor. James Rouse.[6] His father. Yale University Actor.Edward Norton 1 Edward Norton Edward Norton Norton at the 2009 Metropolitan Opera premiere. Norton is also a writer and director. and The Incredible Hulk. who developed the city of Columbia. activist Years active 1994–present Edward Harrison Norton[1] (born August 18. New Hampshire. a teacher of English. The Illusionist (2006). In his private life. with whom he has professionally collaborated. founded by his grandfather. screenwriter and director. along with his brother. as well as co-founded Enterprise Community Partners with Norton's maternal stepgrandmother. near Baltimore. His mother. In addition to acting. and The Painted Veil (2006). He is a member of the board of trustees of Enterprise Community Partners. Maryland. Edward Mower Norton. his supporting role in the courtroom drama Primal Fear garnered him a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.. Two years later.[2] He ran in the 2009 New York City Marathon to raise money for the Trust. on the shores of Newfound Lake in Hebron. a social networking community for volunteers and a micro-donations fundraising platform. In 1996. Born Alma mater Occupation Edward Harrison NortonAugust 18. Lydia Robinson "Robin" (née Rouse).[3] He also raises money for charity through Crowdrise.

he's almost appealing".[33] [34] Norton at the Gen Art Premiere and Party for The Illusionist He played himself in a cameo role in the experimental comedy show Stella. Only in America. a movie following two friends who need to quickly earn enough cash playing poker to pay off a huge debt. was directed by David Fincher.. charged with the murder of a Roman Catholic archbishop. used by Nova. he said. The movie is an adaptation of William Diehl's 1993 novel. where he was a competitive rower[11] and acted in university productions alongside Ron Livingston and Paul Giamatti.[21] David Denby of The New Yorker noted that Norton gives Derek "ambiguous erotic allure.[9] His first major film was 1996's Primal Fear. playing a fictional member of real life .[9] 25th Hour was praised by critics. probed into the despair and paralysis that people feel in the face of having inherited this value system out of advertising.[7] [9] Following graduation.[26] To prepare for the role. taekwondo. an adaptation of Chuck Palahniuk's novel of the same name.[32] In 2002. Japan. he took on the role of Derek Vinyard.[9] While Red Dragon received mixed reviews. Norton worked in Osaka. an everyman and an unreliable narrator who feels trapped with his white-collar position in society.[12] [13] He appeared in an ESL textbook. an altar boy (Norton).. directing theater. who defends Aaron Stampler.[10] He graduated from Columbia's Wilde Lake High School in 1987.[30] and received polarized reactions from film critics.[31] However."[17] Despite the mixed reviews.[23] and grossed over $23 million worldwide at the box office. it was commercially successful.[24] His performance in the film earned him an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor. a reformed neo-Nazi in the film American History X."[29] The film failed to meet expectations at the box office.[19] [20] In 1998. Norton can speak some Japanese. and grappling.[28] During promotion for the film. Norton starred opposite Matt Damon in Rounders. Norton played the nameless protagonist.[27] Fight Club premiered at the 1999 Venice International Film Festival. The film.[15] Ken Tucker of Entertainment Weekly wrote: "Norton gives a performance that's fully the equal of Gere's – he's as slyly self-effacing as Gere is slyly ostentatious. but failed to break even.[7] [9] Norton was raised Episcopalian.[7] [9] Also in 1998. He maintains close connections with the camp. wrote.[25] In the 1999 film Fight Club.[9] graduating in 1991 with a Bachelor of Arts in History.[22] American History X received positive reception. Enterprise Community Partners."[16] Alison Macor of The Austin Chronicle. consulting for his grandfather's company. "Norton's performance and the well-paced tension preceding the movie's climactic sequence provide an entertaining if slightly predictable thriller. Norton took lessons in boxing. in review of the film.[7] [9] breaking through with his 1993 involvement in Edward Albee's Fragments at the Signature Theatre Company.Edward Norton won the acting cup in 1984 and later returned to the camp's council for two years. a formerly major English language school.[14] 2 Career Norton moved to New York City and began his acting career in Off-Broadway theater. "I feel that Fight Club really.[9] He attended Yale University.[20] He packed on 30 pounds (13 kg) of muscle for his role in American History X but did not maintain the physique after production. which tells a story of a defense attorney (Richard Gere). he starred in Brett Ratner's Red Dragon as FBI profiler Will Graham and in Spike Lee's 25th Hour. it became a cult classic after its DVD release. in a way . particularly for its examination of a post-9/11 New York City.[35] and made another comedic television appearance on the Emmy award-winning ABC show Modern Family in 2010.[18] Norton won a Golden Globe Award and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.

[60] [61] Norton is 6 feet (1. a non-profit developer of affordable housing based in his hometown.[3] [57] He dated singer Courtney Love from 1996 to 1999. I'm gonna have a heart attack. Norton fielded a team of 30 runners in the New York City Marathon on November 1. such as Enterprise's Green Communities Initiative and BP's Solar Neighbors program.[59] He ended his relationships with both women.[44] He attended Ripken's ceremony at the Hall of Fame in July 2007.[47] Norton is a member of the board of trustees of Enterprise Community Partners.83 m) tall.[41] However. with proceeds going to Enterprise Community Partners and United Way.[44] and was involved in many of Cal Ripken Jr. In May 2010. including improving the quality of living in low-income communities.[3] Norton and his team raised over $1 million for the Trust. released in 2008. the role was later confirmed to have been given to Mark Ruffalo.[9] [40] He had been expected to reprise his role as the green monster in the 2012 film The Avengers."[43] Norton has stated in interviews that he is a fan of the Baltimore Orioles.[56] Norton finished the event first among celebrities with a time of 3 hours. Norton launched a website called Crowdrise. which premiered at the Sundance Film Festival and later became a sleeper hit when it went into general release.Edward Norton 80's new wave band Spandau Ballet. he made his debut as a director with Keeping the Faith.[48] [49] [50] He also put time and money toward social activist causes.[36] In 2006.[51] [52] Norton's work with the HBO documentary By the People: The Election of Barack Obama led to a soundtrack.[38] In 2000.[62] He lives in New York City.[9] [39] Norton portrayed Marvel comics superhero The Hulk in the second movie adaptation of The Incredible Hulk. the leper king of Jerusalem. which uses a social networking platform to help raise funds for charity. he starred in the independent movie The Illusionist.[9] He will also direct the film adaptation of the novel Motherless Brooklyn.[46] Norton was a strong supporter of former New York State Governor Eliot Spitzer.[42] 3 Personal life Norton is generally known for his reluctance to embrace his celebrity status. in Kingdom of Heaven. "If I ever have to stop taking the subway.[9] Norton has also done uncredited script work on some of the films he has appeared in.[45] Norton has a private pilot license and discussed his flight training when interviewed on episodes of The Late Show with David Letterman and Inside the Actor's Studio.[58] and actress Salma Hayek from 1999 to 2003. according to his interview on The Daily Show. specifically The Score.[37] and The Incredible Hulk. 2009.[55] The team included Alanis Morissette and David Blaine. He won critical acclaim for his role as Baldwin IV.[9] Frida.'s retirement activities in 2001 when he was asked to be a part of Ripken's biography for Major League Baseball (MLB). and has said.[63] Filmography .[53] Norton is president of the American branch of the Maasai Wilderness Conservation Trust.[54] To raise money for the trust. 48 minutes. Norton also participated in a 2008 Fast Company story about Enterprise's green affordable housing. He is also well-known for his support for environmental causes and renewable energy projects.

Milan — Best Feature Film (as director and producer) Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Also Uncredited Writer 1996 The People vs.Edward Norton 4 Films and awards Year Title Role Notes 1996 Primal Fear Aaron Stampler Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor Chicago Film Critics Award – Most Promising Actor Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor Society of Texas Film Critics Awards Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor Nominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role Nominated—Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor Nominated—MTV Movie Award for Best Villain Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor Chicago Film Critics Award – Most Promising Actor Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor Society of Texas Film Critics Awards Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor Chicago Film Critics Award – Most Promising Actor Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor Satellite Award for Best Actor . Larry Flynt Alan Isaacman 1996 Everyone Says I Love You Holden Spence 1998 1998 Rounders American History X Lester 'Worm' Murphy Derek Vinyard 1999 Fight Club The Narrator 2000 Keeping the Faith Father Brian Finn 2001 2002 2002 2002 The Score Death to Smoochy Frida Red Dragon Jack Teller Sheldon Mopes/Smoochy the Rhino Nelson Rockefeller Will Graham Also Uncredited Writer .Motion Picture Drama Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actor Nominated—Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor Nominated—Chlotrudis Award for Best Actor Nominated—Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor Nominated—Saturn Award for Best Actor Nominated—Blockbuster Entertainment Award for Favorite Action Team with Brad Pitt Nominated—MTV Movie Award for Best Fight Nominated—Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor Street Film Festival.

Edward Norton 2002 25th Hour Monty Brogan Sant Jordi Awards – Best Foreign Actor (Meilleur Actor Etranger) Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama 5 2003 2004 2005 2005 2006 2006 The Italian Job National Geographic's Strange Days on Planet Earth Down in the Valley Kingdom of Heaven The Illusionist The Painted Veil Steve Frazelli Host Harlan Baldwin IV Eisenheim Walter Fane San Diego Film Critics Society Awards – Special Award for body of work Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture San Diego Film Critics Society Awards – Special Award for body of work Gotham Awards – Tribute Award San Diego Film Critics Society Awards – Special Award for body of work Nominated—Independent Spirit Award for Best Lead Male Also Writer Documentary 2008 2008 2008 2009 2009 2010 2010 The Incredible Hulk Bustin Down The Door Pride and Glory The Invention of Lying Modern Family Leaves of Grass Stone Bruce Banner / The Hulk Narrator Ray Tierney Traffic Cop Spandau Ballet Bassist Izzy LaFontaine Bill Kincaid / Brady Kincaid Gerald "Stone" Creeson TV Series: 1 Episode Golden Space Needle award for Outstanding achievement in acting Director Year 2000 Title Keeping the Faith Producer Year 2000 2002 2006 2006 2008 2009 2009 Keeping the Faith 25th Hour Down in the Valley The Painted Veil Pride and Glory By the People: The Election of Barack Obama Leaves of Grass Title .

7169155. com/ ew/ article/ 0. . . Radioalice. org/ articles/ vogue97. jp/ cgi-bin/ ff20001111a1.org. Retrieved 2008-07-05. Retrieved 2009-04-28. Edward Norton. Retrieved 2009-04-28. A Murdered Archbishop. cnn. [16] Tucker. crowdrise. Doug (2009-09-10). goldenglobes. Ken (1996-04-12). Lawyers In Armani" (http:/ / movies. org/ index. ew. Retrieved 2008-04-27. [19] "HFPA — Awards Search" (http:/ / www. "Edward Norton plays marathon man to fund African conservation" (http:/ / www. co. com/ 2009/ SHOWBIZ/ 09/ 10/ ed. Retrieved 2008-04-27. . edward-norton. norton. . [18] "Primal Fear (1996): Reviews" (http:/ / www.org. Evening Standard. [23] "American History X (1998): Reviews" (http:/ / www. . . com/ factsheets/ awardsdb/ env-awards-db-search.com. . viney. Retrieved 2010-07-10. html?res=940DEED81239F930A35757C0A960958260). Josh (2009-11-02). Retrieved 2008-07-05. japantimes. html [12] "Vogue January 1997" (http:/ / www. [2] Gross. Primal Fear. .+ 1966& author=& pub=The+ Sun+ (1837-1985)& desc=Miss+ Lydia+ Rouse+ Wed& pqatl=google). uk. com/ profiles/ edward-norton/ ). nytimes. com/ movie/ primal-fear). [10] Mottram. Los Angeles Times. Alison (April 1996). [3] Zembik. Retrieved 2008-07-05. marathon/ index. org/ browse/ member/ 28790).Edward Norton 6 Music credits Music credits Year 1996 Title Song performed Everyone Says I Love You "Just You. do). com/ mem/ movies/ review. Retrieved 2009-04-28. [14] "Edward Norton" (http:/ / www. html). org/ faqs. html). Just Me" "My Baby Just Cares for Me" "I'm Thru With Love" Keeping the Faith Death to Smoochy "Ready to Take a Chance Again" "My Stepdad's Not Mean (He's Just Adjusting)" (also songwriter) "Smoochy's Methadone Song" "Smoochy's Magic Jungle Theme" "The Friends Song" (also lyrics) 2000 2002 References [1] "Edward Norton — Frequently Asked Questions" (http:/ / www. asp?NewsID=35270& Cr=biodiversity& Cr1=). edward-norton. Janet (1998-10-28). . [15] Maslin. cnn. . . The New York Times. The Austin Chronicle.0. htmlstory?searchtype=person& query=Edward+ Norton& x=0& y=0). yahoo.292059. Entertainment Weekly. CNN. com/ 2009/ SHOWBIZ/ 09/ 10/ ed. Retrieved 2009-04-28. "The Film File — American History X" (http:/ / www. nytimes. "Fast Facts on Sunday's Record-Breaking Field" (http:/ / www. 2000). . uk/ film/ article-560998-ed-takes-a-leap-of-faith. com/ movie/ contributor/ 1800018634/ bio). Vogue.com. marathon/ index. com/ movie/ review?res=9c07e4de103cf93ba15753c1a96e958260). [5] "UN names actor Edward Norton as celebrity advocate for preserving biodiversity" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-07-08.radio. nyrrmedia. html). . metacritic. 2010-10-01. un. php?option=com_content& view=article& id=210:fast-facts-on-sundays-record-breaking-field& catid=46:fast-facts& Itemid=69). com/ video/ titles/ americanhistoryx).3 San Francisco" (http:/ / radioalice. Retrieved 2009-04-28. Edward-Norton. 2010. html). hellomagazine. thisislondon. Metacritic. [6] "PODCAST: Sarah & Vinnie October 1st « Alice@97. Retrieved 2009-04-28. The Baltimore Sun. "Film Review. [17] Macor. Viney. Retrieved 2008-10-14. Retrieved 2006-12-19. com/ baltsun/ access/ 1795683702. The Darkest Chambers of a Nation's Soul" (http:/ / movies. James (September 13. com/ onlyinamerica/ norton. The New Yorker. . com/ 2010/ 10/ 01/ podcast-sarah-vinnie-october-1st/ ). newyorker. Retrieved 2009-12-01. metacritic. Golden Globes. [20] "Edward Norton" (http:/ / theenvelope. org/ apps/ news/ story.. Japan Times. Retrieved 2010-03-08.00. Janet (1996-04-03). latimes. co. Retrieved 2009-12-01. "Film Review. norton. . Retrieved 2010-10-12. Retrieved September 11. [11] http:/ / www. pqarchiver. The New York Times. [9] "Edward Norton Biography" (http:/ / movies. 1998-10-30. [7] "Latest news and profile of Edward Norton" (http:/ / www. radio. . 1996-04-03. com/ arts/ reviews/ film/ american_history_x_kaye). [13] "Norton has faith in directorial skills" (http:/ / search. . com/ edwardnorton). html). [21] Maslin. David (1998-11-09). [22] Denby. . html). html?FMT=ABS& FMTS=ABS:AI& type=historic& date=May+ 15. hellomagazine. Yahoo!. "Stuck in Low Gere" (http:/ / www. . [8] "Miss Lydia Rouse Wed" (http:/ / pqasb. 1966-05-15. New York Road Runners. . . [4] "Edward Norton on Crowdrise" (http:/ / www. "Ed takes a leap of faith" (http:/ / www. Metacritic. . Retrieved 2010-10-12.

Retrieved 2009-04-28. Donors Rallied to His Side" (http:/ / www. Retrieved March 29. jsp& c_id=mlb). 2008. Knowing When to Hold 'em and Fold 'em but Just Not When to Run" (http:/ / movies. html). html). SoulCulture. [39] Lea. 2. "As Spitzer's Popularity Fell. Metacritic.. [38] Tookey. Box Office Mojo. Rob (2005-06-29). Vogue. com/ 2004/ SHOWBIZ/ Movies/ 03/ 23/ cult. 2010-07-12. The Movie Insider. uk/ tvshowbiz/ reviews/ article-1026114/ The-Incredible-Hulk-Trust-wont-like-. com/ ). [52] Heger. Retrieved December 31. .Edward Norton [24] "American History X (1998)" (http:/ / www. [48] "Ed Norton. htm). dailystar. [44] Kubatko. . . . Retrieved 2008-07-05. cnn. Andy (2008-06-08). [40] Friedman. [30] "Edward Norton Movie Box Office Results" (http:/ / www. [34] Stark. com/ tct/ features/ index. Fast Company. co. com/ movie/ review?res=980CE2DD1F3EF932A2575AC0A96E958260). . Retrieved 2008-07-05. Elizabeth M. grist. (2007-07-26). Retrieved 2008-07-05. com. Retrieved 2008-07-05. October 15. com/ title/ tt0307901/ business). IMDB. php?ntid=45095& ntpid=1). The Capital Times. . Monica (2006-01-01). com/ 2008/ jun/ 13/ business/ fi-projector13). Retrieved 2010-10-12. "Media musings: The state of The State" (http:/ / www. fastcompany. New York Times. BP Solar and the High Line" (http:/ / www. Stephen (October 1999). org/ web/ 20080121025737/ http:/ / www. Chris (2008-06-13). Treehugger. [42] "Mark Ruffalo Confirmed As The Hulk In THE AVENGERS Movie" (http:/ / www. dailymail. Retrieved 2008-07-05. boxofficemojo. Daily News (New York). CNN: Showbiz/Movies. cnn. [31] "Fight Club (1999): Reviews" (http:/ / www. Daily Mail (London). "Hulk Star Ed's Incredible Hulk" (http:/ / www. com/ story/ ent/ movies/ review/ 2002/ 12/ 20/ 25th_hour/ index. org/ local_work/ california/ ) on 2008-01-21. . . . htm). . 1999). . Los Angeles Times. com/ celebrities/ interviews/ 509_1. . org/ web/ 20010417125217/ http:/ / mrshowbiz. . mlb. metacritic. Josh (2008-06-13). "Wanted: Edward Norton" (http:/ / www. [41] "Edward Norton ditched from The Avengers film" (http:/ / www. Box Office Mojo. Salon. films/ ). edward-norton. 2003-01-12. MrShowbiz. Retrieved 2009-04-28. com/ magazines/ business2/ business2_archive/ 2006/ 01/ 01/ 8368105/ index. Retrieved 2007-01-09. html). . . [29] Schaefer. . [43] Handelman. go. No. solarneighbors. 2010-07-25. php). Janet (1998-09-11). html). Michael (October 19. enterprisecommunity. Retrieved 2008-07-05. [36] Moore. [45] Botello. Retrieved April 28. html) on 2001-04-17. htm). [25] Maslin. 1999). Retrieved 2007-09-06. avclub. html). 2004). com/ content/ node/ 57162/ 2). com/ people/ chart/ ?view=Actor& id=edwardnorton. latimes. com/ books/ news/ 9910/ 19/ fight. Nick (March 23. Retrieved 2008-07-05. "Freeze Frame". com/ 2008/ 01/ 16/ nyregion/ 16campaign. go.com.com. AV Club. co. imdb. treehugger. [35] Thomas. David (January 1997). [46] "Inside the Actors Studio — Edward Norton". salon/ index1.com. Retrieved 2008-07-05. com/ video/ titles/ fightclub). archive. Retrieved 2008-07-05. org/ local_work/ california/ ). "Kingdom of Heaven: Director's Cut DVD Review" (http:/ / www.com (CNN): p. Retrieved 2008-07-05. Bravo. The Daily Telegraph. uk/ news/ view/ 40181/ Hulk-star-Ed-s-Incredible-Sulk/ ). . com/ files/ 2004/ 11/ ed_norton_bp_so_1. [37] "Edward Norton — A. Enterprise community. "Hollywood stars heat up solar power" (http:/ / money. Details. you won't like him. "New Stage for Norton" (http:/ / www. org/ articles/ vogue97. [53] "Magazine October 2010 Issue 149" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-04-28. [50] "Interview with Edward Norton" (http:/ / www. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. [28] Dominguez. org/ events/ newstage. edward-norton. Retrieved 2010-10-12. Retrieved 2008-07-05. com/ movies/ ?page=main& id=americanhistoryx. salon. solarneighbors. [33] "Box Office/Business" (http:/ / www. . . html). The New York Times. "25th Hour" (http:/ / dir. Jack. Club Interview" (http:/ / www. Robert (October 15.org. . enterprisecommunity. archive. boxofficemojo. nytimes. Jeff (2002-12-20). soulculture. com/ magazine/ 131/ edward-nortons-9000000000-housing-projects-thats-9-billion. nytimes. dailytelegraph. co. Archived from the original (http:/ / mrshowbiz. Retrieved December 7. org/ news/ maindish/ 2005/ 04/ 27/ little-norton/ ). 2008. Retrieved December 7. Retrieved 2008-07-05.V. "The personality of cult" (http:/ / edition. au/ news/ breaking-news/ edward-norton-ditched-from-the-avengers-film-as-producers-criticise-actors-talent/ story-e6freuyi-1225890756651). [26] Sragow. Baltimore Sun." (http:/ / www. . CNN. madison. . html). 2009. "'Fight Club' Steps into the Ring new Film's taking a beating for its Hyper-Violent content" (http:/ / www. html). Salon. . season 9. jsp?ymd=20070726& content_id=2110658& vkey=news_mlb& fext=. themovieinsider. "Brad Pitt & Edward Norton" (http:/ / web.com. Daily Star. Stephen (July 1999). Retrieved 2009-12-15. 1998-10-30. "'Fight Club': It 'Just sort of clicked'" (http:/ / www. [51] "Edward Norton" (http:/ / web. Retrieved 2010-10-12. . Grist. Gwynn" (http:/ / mlb. "The Incredible Hulk: Trust me.com. com/ celebrities/ interviews/ 509_1. uk/ blogs/ scnews/ mark-ruffalo-confirmed-as-the-hulk-in-the-avengers-movie-full-cast-appears-at-sdcc/ ). 2009. 7 . com/ reviews/ rid/ 615/ Kingdom_of_Heaven). com/ news/ article. 1999. Retrieved 2009-04-28. Retrieved 2008-07-05. Danny (2008-01-16). Roch (2001-07-08). [32] Nunziata. MLB. [49] "Edward Norton" (http:/ / www. [27] Garrett. "Film Review. 2008. 906. html). cnn.com. club. . . Inside the Actors Studio.. [47] Hakim. nydailynews. . com/ archives/ entertainment/ 1999/ 10/ 15/ 1999-10-15__fight_club__steps_into_the_. "TWIB devotes show to Ripken. . "New 'Incredible Hulk' may be bigger than old one" (http:/ / articles.

norton. com/ 2009/ SHOWBIZ/ 09/ 10/ ed.com. com/ article/ SB10001424052748703880304575236432780628948. [63] Banjo.WSJ.com.com/name/nm0001570/) at the Internet Movie Database • Edward Norton (http://movies. Wenn. html). com/ content/ runners/ ). Retrieved 2008-07-05. New York City Marathon. thedailyshow.com. . IMDB. 2000-09-21. marathon/ index.yahoo.com. "Edward Norton's Toughest Role: Fund-Raiser . [60] Rodrick. New York Times. com/ content/ sponsor/ ).com. html). nycmarathon. wsj.com" (http:/ / online.imdb.com. . htm). Comedy Central. Retrieved 2008-07-06. . Wenn. . Wenn. [58] "Courtney Love: Edward Norton saved my life" (http:/ / www. [57] "Maasai Marathon — Sponsor" (http:/ / www. imdb. 8 External links • Edward Norton (http://www.com/features/interviews/ larry-flynt-in-conversation-with-edward-norton) • Maasai Marathon (http://www. "Judd Apatow — Motion Pictures — Knocked Up – 40-Year-Old Virgin" (http:/ / www. . maasaimarathon. 2009-09-10.maasaimarathon.hustlermagazine. com/ news/ ni0060210/ ). . . com/ news/ ni0066881/ ). com/ news/ ni0067272/ ). Retrieved 2010-10-12. [62] "Ed Norton" (http:/ / www. nytimes.com/) . html). maasaimarathon. Maasai Marathon. Maasai Marathon. Retrieved 2009-12-01. Online.com/) • Crowdrise (http://www. . jhtml?videoId=127378& title=ed-norton). imdb. [59] "Salma Hayek and Edward Norton cement love on big screen" (http:/ / www. [61] "Salma Hayek to wed Ed Norton?" (http:/ / www. 2002-04-19. IMDB. com/ 2007/ 05/ 27/ magazine/ 27apatow-t. [56] "Meet the Runners" (http:/ / www.crowdrise. Shelly (2010-05-11).com. Retrieved 2008-07-06. 2001-11-29. [55] "Edward Norton to Run ING New York City Marathon with Maasai Warriors" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-07-06. The Daily Show.com/movie/contributor/1800018634) at Yahoo! Movies • Larry Flynt interviews Ed Norton (http://www. Retrieved 2008-07-05. IMDB. Stephen (2005-05-27). Retrieved 2009-12-01. Retrieved 2009-12-01. Retrieved 2009-12-01.wsj.Edward Norton [54] "Edward Norton plays marathon man to fund African conservation" (http:/ / www. . org/ norton_release. CNN. imdb. com/ video/ index. cnn. .

. who defends an altar boy.616.183 [1] Primal Fear is a 1996 American crime drama thriller film directed by Gregory Hoblit which tells the story of a defense attorney. Aaron Stampler (Edward Norton). The movie is an adaptation of William Diehl's 1993 novel. Martin Vail (Richard Gere). Steve Shagan Ann Biderman William Diehl (Novel) Richard Gere Laura Linney Edward Norton Andre Braugher John Mahoney Alfre Woodard Frances McDormand Steven Bauer Terry O'Quinn Maura Tierney James Newton Howard Starring Music by Cinematography Michael Chapman Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue David Rosenbloom Paramount Pictures April 3.Primal Fear (film) 9 Primal Fear (film) Primal Fear Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Gregory Hoblit Gary Lucchesi Howard W. 1996 130 minutes United States English $30 million $102. Jr. Koch. charged with the murder of a Catholic archbishop. Norton was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor and won a Golden Globe Award in the same category for his career-launching role.

as there is considerable evidence against Stampler and public opinion holds him almost certainly guilty. Linda. Molly Arrington Andre Braugher as Goodman Maura Tierney as Naomi Alfre Woodard as Judge Shoat . When this incident is over. whereupon Stampler grins slyly and reveals that he has been pretending to be insane the whole time. while it would make Stampler more sympathetic to the jury. Primal Fear is remade in Bollywood as Deewangee. But he didn't make up the identity of Roy. Molly Arrington." which is not something that Aaron should have been able to remember if he had "lost time. and Frances McDormand. threatening to snap her neck if anyone comes near him. a violent sociopath who calls himself "Roy. and remands him to a mental hospital. including Stampler. Venable I hope her neck is okay. Aaron says he recalls nothing of what happened in the courtroom. At first interested primarily in the publicity that the case will bring.[2] However. When Vail confronts his client and accuses him of having lied. Aaron asks him to "tell Ms. something the prosecution otherwise has lacked. The trial does not proceed well for the defense." He confesses to the murder of the archbishop and throws Vail against the wall. Vail comes to believe that his client is truly innocent. Cast • • • • • • • • Richard Gere as Martin Vail Laura Linney as Janet Venable Edward Norton as Aaron Stampler John Mahoney as John Shaughnessy Frances McDormand as Dr. injuring him.Primal Fear (film) The film also stars Laura Linney. Vail visits to tell him this news. the psychiatrist examining Aaron. stuttering altar boy accused of murdering the Archbishop. as well as his girlfriend. Aaron is subdued by courthouse marshals and is rushed back to his cell. He also learns that the archbishop had been sexually abusing altar boys. whom the cleric also had molested. much to the chagrin of the prosecutor (and Vail's former lover). with Roy taunting him from the cell. The archbishop received numerous death threats as a result. Vail walks away. 10 Plot Martin Vail is a prominent defense attorney in Chicago who jumps at the chance to represent Aaron Stampler." However. Introducing this evidence. In light of Aaron's apparent insanity. having again "lost time. is convinced he suffers from multiple personality disorder due to childhood abuse by his own father. Vail discovers that powerful civic leaders. including the District Attorney. After Venable questions him harshly. just as Vail is leaving. Vail sets up a confrontation in court. Aaron turns into Roy and charges at her. would also give his client a motive for murder. Aaron breaks down and transforms into a new persona. a young. John Mahoney. Vail cannot enter an insanity plea during an ongoing trial. he made up Aaron. Stunned and disillusioned. Janet Venable. Alfre Woodard. Stampler now admits to having murdered the archbishop. the judge dismisses the jury in favor of a bench trial and then finds Aaron not guilty by reason of mental insanity." Vail points this out. Aaron appears to have no recollection of it. have lost millions in real estate investments due to a decision by the Archbishop not to develop certain church lands.

Cinematic Depictions of Boyhood Sexual Victimization (Page four. See Gartner.com/movie/primalfear) at Metacritic Primal Fear (http://www. com/ m/ 1070992-primal_fear). Cinematic Depictions) (http:/ / www.boxofficemojo. [2] Psychologist Richard Gartner reports that as of 1999. earning a 72% "Fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes.rottentomatoes. Pictures (http:/ / www.imdb. richardgartner. Retrieved 2011-01-16. htm). [3] Primal Fear Movie Reviews.Primal Fear (film) 11 Reception Primal Fear garnered positive reviews from critics. Rotten Tomatoes. Richard.com/title/tt0117381/) at the Internet Movie Database Primal Fear (http://www. html). Primal Fear was one of only two feature films to feature male-male incest as a theme (the other film was the 1998 Danish drama The Celebration). 1999. Gender and Psychoanalysis (1999). com/ fcinematic4Z.[3] References [1] Primal Fear (1996) (http:/ / boxofficemojo. rottentomatoes.metacritic.com/m/1070992/) at Rotten Tomatoes Primal Fear (http://www. Volume 4:253-28.com/movies/?id=primalfear. Retrieved 2011-01-16. com/ movies/ ?id=primalfear.htm) at Box Office Mojo . Box Office Mojo. External links • • • • Primal Fear (http://www.

Supreme Court case Hustler Magazine v.3 million domestically. Larry Flynt is a 1996 film directed by Miloš Forman about the rise of pornographic magazine publisher and editor Larry Flynt. and his subsequent clash with the law. Larry Flynt Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Miloš Forman Oliver Stone Janet Yang Michael Hausman Scott Alexander Larry Karaszewski Woody Harrelson Courtney Love Edward Norton Richard Paul Thomas Newman Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Philippe Rousselot Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Christopher Tellefsen Columbia Pictures October 13. Larry Flynt The People vs. [2] The movie was written by Scott Alexander and Larry Karaszewski. It covers Flynt's life from his impoverished upbringing in Kentucky to his court battle with Reverend Jerry Falwell. Courtney Love and Edward Norton. The film stars Woody Harrelson. 1996 (United States) 129 minutes United States English $35 million [1] $20.The People vs. Larry Flynt 12 The People vs. . 1996 (NYFF) December 25.385 The People vs. The film grossed over $20. and is based in part on the U.300. Falwell.S.

) Ruth Carter Stapleton (Donna Hanover). a runaway-turned-stripper who works at one of his dance clubs. He argues with the activists. eventually becoming hooked on painkillers and morphine. Isaacman refuses." Isaacman agrees and argues the "emotional distress" decision in front of the Supreme Court. Woody Harrelson's younger brother) run a Hustler Go-Go club in Cincinnati. (The real Larry Flynt plays the presiding judge in a cameo appearance. While Flynt is uncharacteristically . taking away any Christian influence in its content. Before going to the psychiatric ward. but if you take a picture of it you may get your name in a magazine or maybe win a Pulitzer Prize." and tells of a sexual encounter with his mother. Flynt becomes involved in several prominent court cases. Flynt is soon in court again. Flynt seems moved and starts letting his newfound religion influence everything in his life. having drowned (possibly as the result of an overdose. he continues. which proceeds to full-blown AIDS. and is told to provide his source regarding a video tape of a drug deal. but escapes jail time when the case is thrown out on a technicality. Wishing he was dead. Flynt presses Isaacman to appeal the Falwell decision to the Supreme Court of the United States. In 1975. sex is legal. Some time later in 1987. thereby beginning his long clash with the legal system. Flynt renounces God. a Christian activist and sister of President Jimmy Carter. where he sinks into depression again. Flynt publishes a satirical parody ad where famous evangelical minister Jerry Falwell (Richard Paul) "speaks about his first time. much to the chagrin of staffers and Althea alike. he moves to Beverly Hills and spirals down into severe depression and drug use. In Flynt's absence. and as a result of it. Flynt and Isaacman are both shot by a man with a rifle while they walk outside a courthouse.The People vs. seeks out Flynt and urges him to give his life to Jesus. Flynt finds her dead in the bathtub. naturally. but not libel. he argues that murder is illegal. saying that he "wants to be remembered for something meaningful. though this is unclear in the movie). Falwell sues for libel and inflicting emotional distress. With profits down. becomes particularly smitten with Althea Leasure (Courtney Love). but sales are weak. During this time. It's only after Hustler publishes nude pictures of former first lady Jackie Kennedy Onassis that sales take off. in the hopes of attracting customers. but Flynt is paralyzed from the waist down and uses a wheelchair for the rest of his life. Because of the emotional and physical pain. anti-pornography activists. With his true love gone. He returns to an active role with the publication. during another trial in Georgia. Flynt decides to publish a "newsletter" for his club . Flynt. Flynt pleads with him. one of a number of themes the film explores. full of nude pictures of women working at the club. Althea has contracted HIV. comes enemies . and befriends a young. you can go to jail. In 1983. partially due to all the publicity surrounding the photos. attracting the attention of the media. Isaacman recovers. In 1978. Althea and Jimmy run Hustler. Falwell in 1988). however. Larry Flynt 13 Plot The film begins by showing young Larry Flynt (Cody Block) at the age of ten in the year 1953.as he finds himself a hated figure of conservative. all the while refusing to name his source. Alan Isaacman (Edward Norton). a habitual womanizer. as selling moonshine in an Appalachian region of Kentucky. During his ever-increasing courtroom antics. The newsletter soon becomes a full-fledged magazine. The jury's decision is a mixed one. Flynt fires Isaacman on the spot. in one scene. By that time. saying Flynt's manic courtroom antics humiliate him. Jimmy (played by Brett Harrelson.the first Hustler magazine. However. including Hustler content. The narrative then advances 20 years. in a case the media nickname "God versus the Devil" (actually Hustler Magazine v. Flynt is sent to a psychiatric ward. Flynt loses a smut peddling court decision in Cincinnati. Flynt makes a fortune off his sales of Hustler and other business activities. Flynt undergoes surgery to deaden several nerves. whip-smart lawyer. Flynt (played by Woody Harrelson) and his younger brother. Flynt countersues for copyright infringement (because Falwell copied his ad). Everything ends up in court in December 1984. With help from Althea and Jimmy. then throws an orange at the judge. as Flynt is found guilty of inflicting emotional distress. feels rejuvenated. but if you take a picture of that act. Althea begins to dabble in Flynt's pain medications. With all his success.

A.Drama Kansas City Film Critics Circle Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award National Board of Review of Motion Pictures: New York Film Critics Circle MTV Movie Award Satellite Award Best Film Best Supporting Actor Freedom of Expression Award Best Supporting Actress Best Breakout Performance Best Original Screenplay Best Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture Category Nominee Woody Harrelson Milos Forman Milos Forman Edward Norton Courtney Love (film) Edward Norton Courtney Love Milos Forman Edward Norton Courtney Love Milos Forman Scott Alexander and Larry Karaszewski (film) Woody Harrelson Courtney Love (film) Edward Norton Milos Forman and Oliver Stone Courtney Love Courtney Love Scott Alexander and Larry Karaszewski Courtney Love Result Nominated Nominated Won Won Won Nominated Won Won Won Won Won Won Won Nominated Nominated Nominated Won Won Won Won Nominated Won Won . when Flynt appears in federal court in Los Angeles. after the trial is over. In reality. Marshals Service provides such security in federal court. Gene Reeves Jr.Drama Best Actor in a Leading Role . the judge refers to the deputies as "marshals. County Sheriff's Department uniforms.The People vs. and Flynt's Georgia attorney. was wounded. court security is provided by Los Angeles County sheriff's deputies. Flynt is shown alone in his bedroom wistfully watching old video tapes of a healthy Althea. Larry Flynt quiet in the courtroom.Drama Best Actress in a Leading Role ..Motion Picture Best Screenplay . This would not happen in real life.S.A. County sheriff's deputies provide security for state courts in the county. Isaacson was not present at the shooting. Isaacman argues the case and wins. with the court overturning the original verdict in a unanimous decision. 14 Comparison to actual events In the scene where Flynt is shot." but they are wearing L. Also. is also wounded. The film culminates with Flynt's victory. as the U. In the film. Awards and nominations Award Academy Award Best Actor Best Director Berlin International Film Festival Boston Society of Film Critics Golden Bear Award Best Supporting Actor Best Supporting Actress Broadcast Film Critics Association Chicago Film Critics Association Best Picture Most Promising Actor Most Promising Actress European Film Award Florida Film Critics Circle Award Outstanding European Achievement in World Cinema Best Supporting Actor Best Supporting Actress Golden Globe Awards Best Director . L. his attorney.Motion Picture Best Motion Picture . Issacson.

. [2] "Milos Forman Explains Why He Made `The People Vs. Larry Flynt'" (http:/ / articles. latimes. com/ 1996-12-27/ entertainment/ 9612270059_1_larry-flynt-milos-forman-nest-and-amadeus). Movies: Estimates show John Travolta's angel film setting a Christmas week record. . [3] "The People vs. Retrieved 2010-11-23. The Los Angeles Times. Larry Flynt Screen Actors Guild Award Society of Texas Film Critics Award Southeastern Film Critics Association Writers Guild of America Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor Best Supporting Actor Best Supporting Actor Paul Selving Honorary Award Woody Harrelson Edward Norton Edward Norton Scott Alexander and Larry Karaszewski Nominated Won Won Won 15 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Woody Harrelson as Larry Flynt Courtney Love as Althea Leasure Edward Norton as Alan Isaacman Brett Harrelson as Jimmy Flynt Donna Hanover as Ruth Carter Stapleton James Cromwell as Charles Keating Crispin Glover as Arlo Vincent Schiavelli as Chester Miles Chapin as Miles James Carville as Simon Leis Richard Paul as Jerry Falwell Burt Neuborne as Roy Grutman Jan Triska (original spelling Tříska) as The Assassin Cody Block as 10-Year-Old Larry Ryan Post as 8-Year-Old Jimmy Stephen Dupree as still photographer Larry Flynt as Judge Morrissey Reception The People vs. .[3] Box office The film was a hit in limited releases. The Los Angeles Times. IGN Entertainment. 'Larry Flynt'" (http:/ / articles. Larry Flynt received generally positive reviews.7/10. 'Evita' and 'People vs. Larry Flynt Movie Reviews" (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. Based on 53 reviews collected by Rotten Tomatoes. . Retrieved 2009-10-11. com/ m/ people_vs_larry_flynt/ ). Larry Flynt' hit big in limited release. Retrieved 2010-11-02. Retrieved 2010-11-02. Rotten Tomatoes.The People vs. Chicago Tribune. the film has an overall approval rating from critics of 87%. chicagotribune. [4] "Michael: Miracle at Box Office. with an average score of 7. latimes.[4] References [1] "The Many People vs. com/ 1997-03-01/ entertainment/ ca-33508_1_larry-flynt). ." (http:/ / articles. com/ 1996-12-30/ entertainment/ ca-13846_1_box-office).

Larry Flynt (http://www. Larry Flynt (http://tcmdb.com/title/tt0117318/) at the Internet Movie Database The People vs.rottentomatoes. Larry Flynt (http://www.htm) at Box Office Mojo • The People vs.imdb.The People vs. Larry Flynt (http://www.com/movies/?id=peoplevslarryflynt.jsp?stid=443727) at the TCM Movie Database The People vs. Larry Flynt 16 External links The People vs.metacritic.com/m/people_vs_larry_flynt/) at Rotten Tomatoes The People vs.boxofficemojo.com/movie/the-people-vs-larry-flynt) at Metacritic • • • • • .allmovie. Larry Flynt (http://www.com/title/title.com/work/1:154449) at Allmovie The People vs. Larry Flynt (http://www.

Gaby Hoffmann. and Paris. Edward Norton. 1996 (USA) Running time Language 101 min. Alan Alda. Morse Music by Editing by Distributed by Miramax Films Release date(s) December 6. The film features many stars. Drew Barrymore. and Natalie Portman. Goldie Hawn.[1] . Venice. the film features a rarely used device of having songs sung by ordinary actors not known for their singing. English Everyone Says I Love You is a 1996 musical film written and directed by Woody Allen.Everyone Says I Love You 17 Everyone Says I Love You Everyone Says I Love You DVD cover Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Woody Allen Robert Greenhut Woody Allen Alan Alda Woody Allen Drew Barrymore Lukas Haas Goldie Hawn Gaby Hoffmann Natasha Lyonne Edward Norton Natalie Portman Julia Roberts Tim Roth David Ogden Stiers Dick Hyman Susan E. Tim Roth. Set in New York. It is among the more critically successful of Allen's later films. Chicago Sun-Times critic Roger Ebert ranked it as one of Allen's best. including Julia Roberts.

.com.. Jeffrey Vandermost Julia Roberts ... Mannequin Natasha Lyonne ...... Nanny Madeline Balmaceda .. Psychiatrist Patrick Cranshaw .. Cop (as Isiah Whitlock) Woody Allen . Scott Dandridge Trude Klein . Holden Spence Drew Barrymore . Frieda Goldie Hawn ... As of November 2009. Harry Winston Dancer Navah Perlman . Lane Dandridge Natalie Portman . . Laura Dandridge Lukas Haas ..' Berlin Kevin Hagan .. Von Sidell Waltrudis Buck .. Steffi Dandridge Tim Roth .. Nanny Ami Almendral .. Mannequin/Harry Winston Dancer Vikki Schnurr . Homeless Man (as Jeff Derocker) Cherylyn Jones .. Nurse Tommie Baxter .... Grandpa Isiah Whitlock... Old Woman Jeff DeRocker ."[4] ....... it enjoys an 83% "fresh" rating on RottenTomatoes. Skylar Dandridge Diva Gray . Jr...."[3] Among the film's strongest detractors was Jonathan Rosenbaum. Charles Ferry Itzhak Perlman . Mannequin Tina Paul . who described it as "creepy" and claimed "this characterless world of Manhattan-Venice-Paris....Everyone Says I Love You 18 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Edward Norton ....[2] In the New York Times...Ken Risley Reception The film was broadly liked. where love consists only of self-validation and political convictions of any kind are attributable to either hypocrisy or a brain condition..... Himself Pamela Everett ...... and it's a grisly thing to behold.... Doorman Alan Alda . Joe Berlin Billy Crudup.. Nanny Vivian Cherry . the me-first nihilism of Allen's frightened worldview is finally given full exposure.J... Janet Maslin wrote a strongly positive review. describing the film as "a delightful and witty compendium of the film maker's favorite things. Bob Dandridge Gaby Hoffmann ... Claire John Griffin .... Pianist Barbara Hollander . Djuna 'D..

Philippe Videcoq) The Helen Miles Singers 14. "Makin' Whoopee" (Donaldson.Tirome Jerome 5. Roger (2006-01-06).Billy Crudup/Sanjeev Ramabhadran 9. Just Me" (Jesse Greer.G. "I'm Through With Love" (Kahn. Livingston) . Just for the Joy of It". rottentomatoes. and Drew Barrymore. It ended its North American run with $9. "Venetian Scenes/ I'm Through With Love" (Kahn.Christy Romano 13. suntimes. "Hooray for Captain Spaulding/ Vive Le Capitaine Spaulding" (Bert Kalmar.765.Comedy/Musical at the Golden Globes. chicagoreader. "Just You.Dick Hyman/ Woody Allen 6. boosting its global gross to $25. Otto Harbach) . "Just You. dll/ article?AID=/ 20060105/ REVIEWS/ 60103004/ 1023& AID1=/ 20060105/ REVIEWS/ 60103004/ 1023). com/ m/ everyone_says_i_love_you/ ) [3] "When Everyone Sings. "My Baby Just Cares For Me" (Walter Donaldson. sung in French by a chorus of Groucho Marxes. "Match Point" (http:/ / rogerebert. [2] Rotten Tomatoes page for Everyone Says I Love You (http:/ / www.Patrick Crenshaw 12. 1996 [4] http:/ / www.893 per screen).104.714. Lew Brown. the film earned an addition $16. Sidney Mitchell) . • The title song was written by Bert Kalmar and Harry Ruby. com/ apps/ pbcs. B. "Everyone Says I Love You" (Kalmar. "All My Life" (Sam Stept.247. and was used as a recurring theme song in the Marx Brothers movie Horse Feathers (1932). Klages) . who convinced Woody Allen that her singing was too awful even for the "realistic singing voice" concept he was going for. Harry Ruby. Her voice was dubbed by Allen regular Olivia Hayman. who was told by Allen to intentionally sing worse because she sang too well to be believable as a normal person just breaking into song. Chicago Sun-Times. "Cuddle Up a Little Closer" (Karl Hoschna. Jimmy Campbell. "Recurrence/If I Had You" (Ted Shapiro. Footnotes [1] Ebert. Fud Livingston) .482.Dick Hyman And The New York Studio Players 8. Raymond Klages) . Just Me" (Salsa Version) (Greer.The Helen Miles Singers Songs heard in the film • Most of the performers sing in their own voices. Ruby) .Goldie Hawn 15.Julia Roberts 7. with two exceptions: Goldie Hawn. "Recurrence/I'm a Dreamer. Janet Maslin. Marx's theme song from Animal Crackers (1930) "Hooray for Captain Spaulding" is featured. Outside North America. Herb Magidson) .Alan Alda 10. Awards The film was nominated for Best Motion Picture .Dick Hyman/Tim Roth 11. "Chiquita Banana" (Leonard McKenzie. Its opening weekend gross was $131.819. Garth Montgomery. com/ chicago/ everyone-says-i-love-you/ Film?oid=1072583 . Allen is a well-known Groucho Marx fan.Edward Norton/ Natasha Lyonne 3. Retrieved 2011-01-01. Reg Connelly) . William Wirges) . The New York Times.Dick Hyman/ Olivia Hayman 4. Kahn) .Everyone Says I Love You 19 Soundtrack/ song information Official soundtrack 1. Matt Malneck. . Box office This film was released in North America on 8 December 1996 on three screens. Aren't We All" (Ray Henderson. "Enjoy Yourself (It's Later than You Think)" (Carl Sigman. December 6. DeSylva) . Malneck.678 ($43. Gus Kahn) .Edward Norton 2. "Looking at You" (Cole Porter) .

Directed by John Dahl and starring Matt Damon and Edward Norton.com/title/tt0116242/) at the Internet Movie Database • Everyone Says I Love You (http://www.allmovie.com/work/136611) at Allmovie Rounders (film) Rounders Rounders Movie Poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring John Dahl Ted Demme Joel Stillerman David Levien Brian Koppelman Matt Damon Edward Norton John Turturro Famke Janssen Gretchen Mol with John Malkovich and Martin Landau Christopher Young Music by Cinematography Jean-Yves Escoffier Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Language Budget Scott Chestnut Miramax Films September 11. the movie follows two friends who need to quickly earn enough cash playing poker to pay off a large debt.imdb. The term "rounder" refers to a person whose primary means of earning a living is by playing cards. .Everyone Says I Love You 20 External links • Everyone Says I Love You (http://www.000. 1998 121 minutes English French $12.000 USD Rounders is a 1998 film about the underground world of high-stakes poker.

with the notable exceptions being that the law school scenes were filmed at Rutgers Law School in Newark. the very same Russian Mobster who had cleaned Mike out of his $30.000 needed. Time passes. Mike is soon rounding again. He does not play cards. and focuses on school and work until his childhood friend Lester 'Worm' Murphy (Edward Norton) is released from prison. who owes an outstanding debt accumulated before his incarceration.O Elks Lodge on Spruce Avenue in Ridgefield Park. This is when he reveals to Mike that his debt is due to KGB. At Worm's influence. Mike eventually beats KGB in two heated heads-up matches in which he ultimately wins enough to pay off Worm's debt. After this incident. Poker player Mike McDermott (Matt Damon) loses his entire bankroll in a hand of Texas hold'em against Teddy "KGB" (John Malkovich). New Jersey. sits down to play KGB heads-up in a No-Limit Texas Hold'em game. Mike joins him in a furious race to earn the money by playing in several card games in and around New York City. However. Worm decides to leave the City. and instead. Worm is also a card player. and advises Mike to do the same. Rounders has become a cult hit.P. Mike then decides to concentrate on his law school studies while promising his girlfriend and fellow law student Jo (Gretchen Mol) to not gamble. saying goodbye to Jo and going to Las Vegas to play in the World Series of Poker Main Event. yet end up losing their entire bankroll when they are caught cheating at a poker game. Mike gets his shot at redemption as he puts his life on the line against the man who had forced him out of the game.000. despite Mike's insistence on playing the game straight. and regain his original bankroll of about $30. which interferes with his schooling and causes both internal conflict as well as turmoil with Jo. Mentor and fellow rounder Knish (John Turturro) offers a part-time job driving a delivery truck to make ends meet. Production Rounders began filming in December 1997 and was set mostly in New York. 21 Plot Based in New York City. with the help of a loan from his law school professor Petrovsky.Rounders (film) The movie opened to mixed reviews and made only a modest amount of money. and Mike is true to his promise. with the growing popularity of Texas hold 'em and other poker games. a Russian Mobster who runs an illegal underground poker room. The two come close to making the $15. Featured cast • • • • • • • • Matt Damon as Mike McDermott Edward Norton as Lester 'Worm' Murphy John Turturro as Joey Knish John Malkovich as Teddy KGB Famke Janssen as Petra Michael Rispoli as Grama Martin Landau as Abe Petrovsky Gretchen Mol as Jo . Mike refuses to flee.000 bankroll months before. repay his loan to the professor. When Worm is given a five day deadline to pay off his debt. New Jersey and the State Trooper poker game and parking lot scenes which were taped at B. In a race against time to pay off Worm's debt. The movie ends with Mike officially dropping out of law school.

com/ library/ film/ 091198rounder-film-review. "Rounders" (http:/ / rogerebert. And that's why it stands as the best poker movie ever made. Retrieved 2008-12-01. Norton's performance never really goes anywhere.[6] In his review for the San Francisco Chronicle.[7] In his review for the Globe and Mail.[1] Film critic Roger Ebert gave the film three out of four stars and wrote: "Rounders sometimes has a noir look but it never has a noir feel. amphetamine soul and a pleasing alacrity . [3] Maslin. faces disaster."[10] Sequel Ideas for a sequel are in the works. He's a nice guy with a skill". and even those who don't know a Texas hold-'em ("the Cadillac of poker") from a Texas hoedown will get a vicarious charge out of the action".. Roger (September 11. He surpasses even his eyeballrolling as Cyrus the Virus in Con Air. 1998). in which the talented hero wins. dll/ article?AID=/ 19980911/ REVIEWS/ 809110302/ 1023). "The card playing is well-staged. com/ apps/ pbcs. We might believe he can play cards. "Rounders hedges bets with Damon in the ante". [4] Wloszczyna. "Norton. USA Today: p. he's passing Pluto". "Knowing When to Hold 'em and Fold 'em but Just Not When to Run" (http:/ / www. screw-you attitude). .[10] The film drew in recent successful players such as Hevad Khan. nytimes. Mick LaSalle said of Damon's performance: "Mike should supply the drive the film otherwise lacks. gives Worm a shifty. Munching Oreo cookies. Meester sum of a beech"). splashing the pot with chips (a poker no-no) and speaking with a Russian accent that defies deciphering ("Ho-kay.[12] References [1] "Rounders" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-12-01. 1998). in his review for Rolling Stone said of John Malkovich's performance: "Of course. Chicago Sun-Times. [2] Ebert. but only Rounders really captures the energy and tension in the game. no one could guess the extent to which Malkovich is now capable of chewing scenery. suntimes. say. and then is paired off one last time against the champ". htm). Janet Maslin wrote: "Though John Dahl's Rounders finally adds up to less than meets the eye. so many years after its theatrical release. since the story is just an excuse to lead the characters from one poker table to the next". because it's not about losers (or at least it doesn't admit it is). boxofficemojo. Box Office Mojo. in the way.[2] In her review for the New York Times. Retrieved 2008-12-01.9 million domestically. that the 12-year-old Mozart needed to write symphonies. "The main problem with Rounders is that the movie never quite knows what it is about: What is the moral ante?"[8] Despite an unremarkable theatrical release. what does meet the eye (and ear) is mischievously entertaining". html). but we don't believe he needs to do it.[3] USA Today gave the film three out of four stars and wrote. It went on to make $22.Rounders (film) 22 Reaction Rounders was released on September 11. Liam Lacey wrote. 11E. 1998 in 2. but that's okay. particularly among poker enthusiasts.5 million during its opening weekend. . Rounders has a following. some speculate the film is directly responsible for the recent increase in the popularity of Texas hold 'em.[11] Rounders 2 (2012) is currently categorized as in development on IMDb.[9] There are pro poker players today who credit the movie for getting them into the game. while others believe that the substantial increase in the popularity of poker has nothing to do with the movie. and Damon doesn't. One of the best descriptions of the movie's influence comes from pro player Vanessa Rousso: "There have been lots of movies that have included poker. He's not consumed with genius.[5] Peter Travers. Gavin Griffin and Dutch Boyd. 1998).[9] In an interesting chicken or the egg situation.. .[4] Entertainment Weekly gave the film a "B" rating and Owen Gleiberman wrote. but that same increase does have everything to do with the come-lately increase in the popularity of the film. Janet (September 11. Susan (September 11. New York Times. com/ movies/ ?id=rounders.176 theaters and grossed $8. It's essentially a sports picture. . Malkovich soars so far over the top. cast in what might have once been the Sean Penn role (hideous shirts. loses.

com/ title/ tt1483018/ ) 23 External links • • • • • Rounders (http://www. com/ ew/ article/ 0.284869. [9] Tobias. C7. .rottentomatoes. this could have been a winner". . DTL).00. sfgate. 2009). Entertainment Weekly.com/movies/?id=rounders.metacritic. Peter (October 1. "Pros discuss Rounders' impact on poker" (http:/ / www. Scott (October 30.com/work/173500) at Allmovie Rounders (http://www. Globe and Mail: p. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 1998/ 09/ 11/ DD74195. Retrieved 2008-12-01.V. Rolling Stone. com/ cgi-bin/ article. [7] LaSalle.htm) at Box Office Mojo . pokerlistings. "Rounders" (http:/ / www. "If they'd played their cards right. "The New Cult Canon: Rounders" (http:/ / www. [11] (http:/ / www. San Francisco Chronicle.com/title/tt0128442/) at the Internet Movie Database Rounders (http://www. 1998). Sarah (March 4. Retrieved 2008-12-01. 1998). PokerListings. 1998).com/m/1083659-rounders/) at Rotten Tomatoes Rounders (http://www. avclub.com. Retrieved 2008-12-01. . pokerlistings. Club. . 2008). Retrieved 2009-11-25. [6] Travers.com/movie/rounders) at Metacritic Rounders (http://www.imdb. [10] Polson. ew.boxofficemojo. "Rounders" (http:/ / www. The Onion A. "Rounders Deals Out a Mediocre Hand" (http:/ / www. com/ irounders-2i-a-reality-42927) [12] (http:/ / www. Mick (September 11. html). com/ pros-discuss-rounders-impact-on-poker-37613). com/ content/ feature/ the_new_cult_canon_rounders?utm_source=imdb_rss_1).Rounders (film) [5] Gleiberman. 1998). com/ reviews/ movie/ 5948013/ review/ 5948014/ rounders). . Owen (September 18.. rollingstone. Liam (September 11. [8] Lacey. imdb.allmovie.

Both are intelligent and charismatic students.American History X 24 American History X American History X Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Narrated by Starring Tony Kaye John Morrissey David McKenna Edward Furlong Edward Norton Edward Furlong Beverly D'Angelo Avery Brooks Stacy Keach Jennifer Lien Fairuza Balk Elliott Gould Anne Dudley Music by Cinematography Tony Kaye Editing by Gerald B. 1998 119 minutes United States English $20 million [1] [1] Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue $23. Derek brutally kills two black gang members whom he catches in the act of breaking into the truck left to him by his father.127 American History X is a 1998 American drama film directed by Tony Kaye and starring Edward Norton. Greenberg Alan Heim New Line Cinema October 23. and Derek is drawn into the neo-Nazi movement. a firefighter. It was distributed by New Line Cinema. is murdered by a black drug dealer while trying to extinguish a fire in a South Central neighborhood of Los Angeles. The film tells the story of two brothers. California. Derek Vinyard (Edward Norton) and Daniel "Danny" Vinyard (Edward Furlong) of Venice Beach in Los Angeles. and is sentenced to three years in prison for . Beverly D'Angelo and Avery Brooks.875. Their father. Edward Furlong.

Eventually Derek becomes second-in-command of a neo-Nazi street gang. Lamont (Guy Torry). 25 Plot Flashbacks throughout the film show Derek's transformation into a vengeful white supremacist in Venice Beach. Having already been influenced by his bigoted firefighter father's latent racism. The film was released in the United States on October 30. Danny's history teacher and former family friend Murray reports Danny to the now principal Dr. he finds that Danny has become a white power skinhead and then tries and fails to convince him to leave the gang. 1998 and went on to gross over $23 million at the international box office. he becomes disillusioned with the gang. He tells Danny that he will no longer attend Murray's class. While still recovering from the attack.American History X voluntary manslaughter. Sweeney convinces Murray to give him another chance. Derek runs outside and shoots at the two of the men with a pistol. Sweeney will teach Danny history. Hitler's autobiography. California. such as damaging a store owned by a Korean and challenging black players to basketball games to win the court as turf. When he voices these opinions. especially over the group's friendly dealings with a Mexican prison gang member. strong sexuality and nudity. Danny informs Derek that three black men are attempting to steal Derek's dad's truck.. Lamont emerges as Derek's only true friend in prison. The police arrest Derek as he smiles at a shocked Danny. He forces him to put his mouth on the curb. and every day Dr. who further distances himself from the Aryan Brotherhood and changes his outlook on life. It was also named by Empire magazine in September 2008 as the 311th Greatest Movie of All Time. Sweeney. then brutally kills him with a curb-stomp. one of the black basketball players. For their first lesson Dr. and is part of the reason Derek stays alive as he uses what influence he has to stop the black prisoners from hurting Derek. Sweeney asks Danny to write a new paper on the events leading up to Derek's incarceration. killing the first one instantly. After about a year. Dr. Sweeney informs him of Danny's aspiration to become a neo-Nazi like Derek. Derek is driven to action when his father is shot and killed while fighting a fire in a suspected Compton drug den. he is ignored by the other white supremacists. Derek confronts and tells the leader. and then asks: "Has anything you've done made your life better?" This proves a turning point for Derek. and vows to "teach him a lesson" for trying to steal the truck his father gave him. Sweeney asserts that Derek has spent his life pursuing answers.C. tries to prevent his brother from going down the same path as he did. The D. He shoots and wounds the second man.O. David McKenna scripted the film and shooting took place in Los Angeles. Derek decides to no longer associate with them when he befriends a black prison inmate. The film is told in the style of nonlinear narrative. Derek is visited by his old English teacher Dr. Sweeney on account of Danny's history paper on Mein Kampf. His fellow neo-Nazis take notice before they savagely beat and rape him in the shower in retaliation for his leaving the gang. It was given an "R" rating by the MPAA for "graphic brutal violence including rape." Critics mostly praised the film and Edward Norton was given an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor.[2] There he joins the Aryan Brotherhood prison gang. a class they will call American History X. Danny watches in horror as this unfolds. pervasive language. and he realized that racism is pointless. Cameron Alexander (Stacy Keach). The story shows how Danny is influenced by his older brother's actions and ideology and how Derek. whom he asks for help to be paroled. After being convicted of voluntary manslaughter. Later that night at a neo-Nazi party which Derek and Danny are both attending (despite the fact that Derek made Danny promise he wouldn't go). Sweeney confides in Derek that he used to hate white people as a youth. In the evening when Derek returns home. These incidents go unnoticed by the family until Derek has an argument (involving Rodney King) with his mother's new boyfriend Murray (Elliot Gould) who is Jewish. now radically changed by his experience in incarceration. The gang commits acts of intimidation. that he will no longer associate with him and the gang and tells him to "Stay away from him and Danny" at which point . Later that night while Derek is having sex with his equally-white supremacist girlfriend Stacey (Fairuza Balk). The morning Derek is due to be released from prison. and entices young whites to join. Danny reluctantly agrees after Sweeney threatens expulsion. Derek is sentenced to three years at the California Institution for Men in Chino.

Sweeney and a police officer. Danny angrily confronts Derek. who tells him about his experiences in prison of becoming aware of the effects of racism and being raped. Robert "Bob" Sweeney Elliott Gould as Murray Stacy Keach as Cameron Alexander William Russ as Dennis Vinyard Guy Torry as Lamont Joseph Cortese as Rasmussen Jason Bose Smith as Little Henry Antonio David Lyons as Lawrence Alex Sol as Mitch McCormick Keram Malicki-Sánchez as Chris Giuseppe Andrews as Jason Cleo Adell as Lizzie Jonathan Fowler Jr. he is confronted by a young black student with whom he had a confrontation the previous day. as Jerome Christopher Masterson as Daryl Dawson Nicholas R. as surely they will be. The film ends with Danny narrating part of his paper. At school.American History X Cameron provokes and insults Derek who beats him up and knocks him unconscious before leaving his office. by the better angels of our nature. after Danny uses the urinal in the bathroom. Derek walks Danny to school before his meeting. in which he quotes the conclusion of Abraham Lincoln's first inaugural address: "We are not enemies. Derek's overweight neo-Nazi friend Seth Ryan (Ethan Suplee) runs after Derek and aims a pistol at him. Oleson as Huge Aryan Jordan Marder as Curtis Paul Le Mat as McMahon . The following morning Danny finishes his paper. and on their way they stop at a café where they are met by Dr. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. When Derek arrives. he runs into the bathroom and tearfully cradles his dead brother in his arms. and Derek gets ready for a meeting with his parole officer." 26 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Edward Norton as Derek Vinyard Edward Furlong as Daniel "Danny" Vinyard Beverly D'Angelo as Doris Vinyard Jennifer Lien as Davina Vinyard Ethan Suplee as Seth Ryan Fairuza Balk as Stacey Avery Brooks as Dr. The mystic chords of memory will swell when again touched. but friends. They tell Derek that Cameron and Seth were attacked the previous night and have been hospitalized. The confession seems to prompt a change in Danny. We must not be enemies. yet they ask him for help. The student shoots and kills Danny. During an ensuing confrontation. which Derek wrestles from him. and points it at the angry crowd before running away from the party. Derek reluctantly agrees. Derek claims no knowledge of the incidents.

Tony (2002-10-25). com/ blog/ article/ 113577/ great-roles-actors-have-turned-down. Stephen. Variety. Publications (http:/ / www. advertising). Retrieved on September 27. Yahoo Movies. com/ movie/ contributor/ 1800018634/ bio) External links • • • • • Official website (http://http://www. Film editor Jerry Greenbert was brought in to cut a third version with Edward Norton.com/m/american_history_x/) at Rotten Tomatoes .[1] Awards and nominations Edward Norton was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance as Derek Vinyard.com/movies/?id=americanhistoryx. . html). "The 25-minute black-and-white flashback begins with Norton waking up in Chino. ""It is possible that some otherwise well-disposed critics may restrain their praise.[3] He tried (and failed) to have his name removed from the credits. yahoo. org/ 5iTabjLua). [4] McCarthy. who disowns this cut and lost his bid to take his name off the picture. "A Quick Chat with Tony Kaye by Monika Maurer" (http:/ / www. and a total of $23. uk/ interviews/ kaye.Actors and Actresses .864 from 513 theaters in the United States. com/ review/ VE1117487806.[7] It grossed $6.htm) at Box Office Mojo American History X (http://www.allmovie.719..historyx. html) [9] . kamera. in knee-jerk sympathy with director Kaye. movies. boxofficemojo.[4] [5] openly telling some interviewers he tried to invoke the Alan Smithee pseudonym which the Directors Guild of America used to reserve for such cases. "American History X" (http:/ / www.com/) American History X (http://www.127 worldwide.Edward Norton Biography .boxofficemojo. 2010.273016. Retrieved 2009-03-20. April 9.Yahoo! movies (http:/ / movies. filmreference.Box Office Mojo (http:/ / www. com/ m/ american_history_x/ ). html?categoryid=31& cs=1& p=0) on 2009-07-23. html). Monika (9 1998). Retrieved 2009-07-23. [6] "Great roles actors have turned down" (http:/ / uk.imdb. which New Line rejected as it bore little resemblance to the first. When refused he then tried "Humpty Dumpty" as an alternative name.American History X 27 Production With some suggestions from New Line. guardian. Joaquin Phoenix was offered the role of Derek Vinyard but turned it down[6] Reception American History X received mostly positive reviews and Norton's performance was critically acclaimed. html). com/ Actors-and-Actresses-Mo-No/ Norton-Edward. Kaye disowned the third version as the final cut of the film. co. 83% of critics gave the film a positive review. Todd (1998-10-22). Retrieved 2009-07-23.com/work/173569) at Allmovie American History X (http://www. htm) [2] Whitty. [7] "American History X (1998)" (http:/ / www. manufactured a second heavily shortened cut. com/ ew/ article/ 0. uk/ film/ 2002/ oct/ 25/ artsfeatures. rottentomatoes. Rotten Tomatoes. . [8] . yahoo. even unwittingly." [3] Maurer. com/ movies/ ?id=americanhistoryx. ew. webcitation. [8] [9] References [1] American History X (1998) . as he did not approve of its quality. co.Films as Actor:."" [5] Kaye. Tony Kaye. . . 1999.00.rottentomatoes. the film's director." Entertainment Weekly.Edward Norton . "Losing it" (http:/ / www.com/title/tt0120586/) at the Internet Movie Database American History X (http://www. . " Down by Law (http:/ / www. The Guardian.875. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. Based on the reviews of 72 critics collected on Rotten Tomatoes. variety. angry and uncowed.

played by Pitt. 1999 139 minutes United States English $63 million $100. who hired Jim Uhls to write the film adaptation. they hired him because of his enthusiasm for the film. Fincher was one of four directors the producers considered. Marla Singer. The director and the cast compared the film to Rebel Without a Cause (1955) and The Graduate (1967). an "everyman" who is discontented with his white-collar job in American society. Fincher intended Fight Club's violence to serve as a metaphor for the conflict between a generation of young people . Norton plays the unnamed protagonist.853. Palahniuk's novel was optioned by 20th Century Fox producer Laura Ziskin. Brad Pitt. He forms a "fight club" with soap maker Tyler Durden.753 (worldwide) Fight Club is a 1999 American film adapted from the 1996 novel of the same name by Chuck Palahniuk. The film was directed by David Fincher and stars Edward Norton. and Helena Bonham Carter.Fight Club (film) 28 Fight Club (film) Fight Club Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by David Fincher Art Linson Cean Chaffin Ross Grayson Bell Jim Uhls Fight Club by Chuck Palahniuk Brad Pitt Edward Norton Helena Bonham Carter Dust Brothers Screenplay by Based on Starring Music by Cinematography Jeff Cronenweth Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue James Haygood Regency Enterprises 20th Century Fox October 15. and becomes embroiled in a relationship with him and a dissolute woman. played by Bonham Carter. Fincher developed the script with Uhls and sought screenwriting advice from the cast and others in the film industry.

After a flight home from a business trip. Fight Club failed to meet the studio's expectations at the box office. He uncovers Tyler's plans to erase debt by destroying buildings that contain credit card companies' records. but the presence of another impostor. and these attract a crowd of men. a soap salesman whom he befriended on the flight. Marla Singer (Bonham Carter). the narrator tries to shut down the project. The narrator complains to Tyler that he wants to be more involved in the organization. The fighting moves to the bar's basement where the men form a "fight club".Fight Club (film) and the value system of advertising. held by Tyler at gunpoint. and received polarized reactions from critics. The director copied the homoerotic overtones from Palahniuk's novel to make audiences uncomfortable and keep them from anticipating the twist ending. so he negotiates with her to avoid their meeting at the same groups. but Tyler suddenly disappears. It was cited as one of the most controversial and talked-about films of 1999. Tyler collapses with an exit wound to the back of his head. the narrator finds his apartment destroyed by an explosion. His doctor refuses to give him medication and advises him to visit a support group to witness more severe suffering. and they restructured Fincher's intended marketing campaign to try to reduce anticipated losses. The two engage in a fistfight. 29 Plot The nameless narrator (Norton) is a traveling automobile company employee who suffers from insomnia. and Tyler explains that they are dissociated personalities in the same body. believing him to be Tyler. realizes that in sharing the same body with Tyler. They have further fights outside the bar. He fires it into his mouth. collapsing the buildings. The narrator blacks out after the conversation. and leave them alone. and the narrator stops mentally projecting him. . and they meet at a bar. and under Tyler's leadership. He calls Tyler Durden (Pitt). A conversation about consumerism leads to Tyler inviting the narrator to stay at his place. The narrator. In one city. disturbs him. they become the anti-materialist and anti-corporate organization called "Project Mayhem". He suddenly sees Tyler Durden in his room. he himself is actually holding the gun. outside the bar he requests that the narrator hit him. The narrator calls Marla from his hotel room and discovers that Marla also believes him to be Tyler.[1] Studio executives did not like the film. Tyler and Marla become sexually involved. finds an emotional release that relieves his insomnia. but Tyler answers the call and saves her. shooting through the cheek without killing himself. More fight clubs form across the country. and Tyler warns the narrator never to talk to Marla about him. and follows evidence of Tyler's national travels to track him down. he ignores her. The film later found commercial success with its DVD release. He attempts to disarm explosives in a building. after fooling them into thinking that he is a fellow victim. he discovers from his telephone log that Tyler made calls during his blackout. When a member of Project Mayhem is killed by the police during a botched sabotage operation. The narrator attends a support group for testicular cancer victims and. and the narrator subsequently moves into Tyler's dilapidated house. The explosives detonate. Tyler controls the narrator's body when the narrator is asleep. Marla overdoses on pills and telephones the narrator for help. but Tyler subdues him and moves to a safe building to watch the destruction. Afterward. When he wakes. holding hands. a Project member greets the narrator as Tyler Durden. He becomes addicted to attending support groups and pretending to be a victim. The narrator tries to contact the police but finds that the officers are members of the Project. and the narrator and Marla watch the scene. Project Mayhem members bring a kidnapped Marla to him. which established Fight Club as a cult film.

Tyler Durden. but he becomes jealous when Tyler becomes sexually involved with Marla.Fight Club (film) 30 Themes "We're designed to be hunters and we're in a society of shopping. a Nietzschean Übermensch. he is not empathetic and does not help the narrator face decisions in his life "that are complicated and have moral and ethical implications". Fincher explained. there's nothing to fight.[8] Tyler also suggests doing something about Marla.[7] "We decided early on that I would start to starve myself as the film went on.[7] conveys an attitude that is seductive and liberating to the narrator and the members of Project Mayhem.[3] Fincher outlined the narrator's background: "He's tried to do everything he was taught to do. which is a lot of behavior which seems unhealthy and harsh to each other. but in fact does work for them—because both characters are out on the edge psychologically. The narrator is comfortable being personally connected to Tyler Durden. in a way . he literally cannot imagine a way to change his life". he has no possibilities. While Tyler is who the narrator would want to be. tried to fit into the world by becoming the thing he isn't. he has killed his parents. so for the first time we can experience .[13] he orders around the members of Project Mayhem with a megaphone similar to camp directors at Chinese re-education camps. When Tyler says this."[2] While studio executives worried that Fight Club was going to be "sinister and seditious". but it doesn't have anything to do with the compromises of real life as modern man knows it. nothing to explore.[2] the character is identified in the script as "Jack". Tyler tells him that being friends is secondary to pursuing the philosophy they have been exploring. his god. When the narrator argues with Tyler about their friendship. There's nothing to kill anymore. so he responds to his environment by creating Tyler Durden." —David Fincher [2] Fincher said Fight Club was a coming of age film. in his mind."[12] Brad Pitt said. representing the id. he arrives at a middle ground between his two conflicting selves. "Fight Club is a metaphor for the need to push through the walls we put around ourselves and just go for it. probed into the despair and paralysis that people feel in the face of having inherited this value system out of advertising."[6] The narrator seeks intimacy. "It has to do with the characters' attitudes toward a healthy relationship. like the 1967 film The Graduate but for people in their 30s. so he travels on a path to enlightenment in which he must "kill" his parents. While Tyler desires "real experiences" of actual fights like the narrator at first. he instead embraces the novelty and excitement that comes with befriending Tyler Durden. Which is: You're not really necessary to a lot of what's going on. At the start of the film. explaining. he kills his god by doing things they are not supposed to do. he would become more and more idealized as I wasted away.. He is confused and enraged.[10] He also mistakenly promotes the fight clubs as a way to feel powerful. With Tyler Durden. the narrator realizes that his desires should have been focused on Marla and begins to diverge from Tyler's path.[7] While Marla is a seductive and negativist prospect for the narrator. while [Brad Pitt] would lift and go to tanning beds. seeing too much of himself in her.[13] His impulsive nature.[4] The character is a 1990s inverse of The Graduate archetype: "a guy who does not have a world of possibilities in front of him." The narrator cannot find happiness.[12] he manifests a nihilistic attitude of rejecting and destroying institutions and value systems. In that societal emasculation this everyman [the narrator] is created.. but left nameless in the film. but he avoids it with Marla Singer.[7] The narrator pulls back from Tyler and in the end." —Edward Norton [9] The unreliable narrator is not immediately aware that Tyler Durden originated in him and is being mentally projected.[5] Uhls described the film as a "romantic comedy". and his teacher. To complete the process of maturing. the narrator has to kill his teacher. Tyler's initiatives and methods become dehumanizing. Fincher described the narrator as an "everyman".[8] Edward Norton said. "I feel that Fight Club really. It's built. it just needs to run now. nothing to overcome. "[Tyler] can deal with the concepts of our lives in an idealistic fashion. Fincher sought to make it "funny and seditious" by including humor to temper the sinister element.[11] though the narrator's physical condition worsens while Tyler Durden's appearance improves. implying that she is a risk to be removed.

. and an initial reading lasted six hours. 'This is the way we should be going'? But this movie couldn't be further from offering any kind of solution. and they used the shorter script to record its dialogue.[12] The characters. [20] Fight Club. We're so concerned with failure and success—like these two things are all that's going to sum you up at the end. They arranged unpaid screen readings with actors to determine the script's length.Fight Club (film) the pain."[14] Fight Club also parallels the 1955 film Rebel Without a Cause. "I think there's a self-defense mechanism that keeps my generation from having any real honest connection or commitment with our true feelings. Bell sent the recording to Laura Ziskin. When a new screenwriter."[5] 31 Production Development The novel Fight Club by Chuck Palahniuk was published in 1996. 20th Century Fox announced that Fincher would direct the film adaptation of Bill Mechanic. who listened to the tape and purchased the rights to Fight Club from Palahniuk for $10. Bryan Singer received the book but did not read it. head of the division Fox 2000. both probe the frustrations of the people that live in the system.[13] Fincher elaborated. He considered Peter Jackson the best choice. the film only half-accepts the revolutionary dialectic by Tyler Durden. but Jackson was too busy filming the 1996 film The Frighteners in New Zealand. The producers cut out sections to reduce the running time. the producers chose him over Henry. but we're not getting in there to play."[17] Pitt explained the dissonance. who had read Fight Club and tried to buy the rights himself. Before its publication. a 20th Century Fox book scout sent a galley proof of the novel to creative executive Kevin McCormick. finding Fight Club similar to the 1967 film The Graduate. talked with Ziskin about directing the film. The executive tasked a studio reader to review the proof as a candidate for a film adaptation. Norton said of the Beetle.[18] The fights tangibly represent a resistance to the impulse to be "cocooned" in society. "I love this idea that you can have fascism without offering any direction or solution. are reduced to "a generation of spectators". having undergone societal emasculation. "We smash it . Isn't the point of fascism to say. the narrator pulls back and rejects Durden's ideas. We're rooting for ball teams. and the Volkswagen New Beetle. he met with Ziskin and studio head [19] In August 1997. but he pursued another film. Producers Josh Donen and Ross Bell saw potential and expressed interest. Bell contacted four directors to direct the film. which Henry had adapted. but for participants to experience feeling in a society where they are otherwise numb.[19] Ziskin initially considered hiring Buck Henry to write the adaptation.[8] Fight Club purposely shapes an ambiguous message. Fincher described the narrator's immersion. the interpretation of which is left to the audience. causing an unnecessary chase for material goods that replaces the more essential pursuit of spiritual happiness.000. To repair his relationship with the studio."[16] His character also walks through his apartment while visual effects identify his many IKEA possessions. because it seemed like the classic example of a Baby Boomer generation marketing plan that sold culture back to us. leaving them to experience something valuable. "It was just the idea of living in this fraudulent idea of happiness. . but the reader discouraged it. Jim Uhls. who also rejected it. lobbied Donen and Bell for the job."[14] The violence of the fight clubs serves not to promote or glorify physical combat. Danny Boyle met with Bell and read the book.[12] When the fights evolve into revolutionary violence. The film references Calvin Klein. McCormick then forwarded the proof to producers Lawrence Bender and Art Linson.. IKEA.[15] A culture of advertising defines society's "external signifiers of happiness". He hesitated to accept the assignment with 20th Century Fox at first because he had an unpleasant experience directing the 1992 film Alien 3 for the studio.[15] Norton believed that the fighting between the men strips away the "fear of pain" and "the reliance on material signifiers of their self-worth". David Fincher.

Brad Pitt.[21] Chuck Palahniuk praised the faithful film adaptation of his novel and applauded how the film's plot was more streamlined than the book's. When Pitt was cast. 20th Century Fox offered Norton a $2. He signed a contractual obligation with Paramount to appear in one of the studio's future films for a smaller salary. believing that the film's humor came from the narrator's voice. based on the actor's performance in the 1996 film The People vs. Robert Paulson Producer Ross Bell met with actor Russell Crowe to discuss his candidacy for the role of Tyler Durden. The pieces were restored after filming concluded.. Angel Face .[28] The studio wanted to cast Reese Witherspoon.. Palahniuk recalled how the writers debated if film audiences would believe the plot twist from the novel.[21] He chose to cast Helena Bonham Carter based on her performance in the 1997 film The Wings of the Dove..[21] For the role of the nameless narrator..Fight Club (film) 32 Casting Actor Edward Norton Brad Pitt Role . but the film did not reach production. (Norton satisfied the obligation with his role in the 2003 film The Italian Job). The actor was cast in Runaway Jury.[22] Other studios were approaching Norton for leading roles in developing films like The Talented Mr.[27] The filmmakers considered Courtney Love and Winona Ryder as candidates early on. Linson was the senior producer of the two. but Fincher objected that Witherspoon was too young for the role. Fincher sought the advice of writer-director Cameron Crowe. Tyler Durden.5 million salary.[21] The director described the film without a voice-over as seemingly "sad and pathetic". who suggested giving the character more ambiguity.[26] Fincher's first choice for the role of Marla Singer was Janeane Garofalo. which the director included in the film to make audiences uncomfortable and accentuate the .[25] Pitt voluntarily visited a dentist to have pieces of his front teeth chipped off so his character would not have perfect teeth. he was concerned that his character. they'll accept the plot twist. and the studio believed Fight Club would be more commercially successful with a major star. Fincher supported including the twist. was too one-dimensional. the studio desired a "sexier marquee name" like Matt Damon to increase the film's commercial prospects. who joined the project late. Producer Art Linson. it also considered Sean Penn. grappling.[30] Fincher and Uhls revised the script for six to seven months and by 1997 had a third draft that reordered the story and left out several major elements.[29] Writing Screenwriter Jim Uhls started working on an early draft of the adapted screenplay.. which excluded a voice-over because the industry perceived at the time that the technique was "hackneyed and trite". The Narrator . Marla Singer Jared Leto Meat Loaf .[19] Pitt was looking for a new film after the failure of his 1998 film Meet Joe Black. Fincher instead considered Edward Norton a candidate for the role. taekwondo..[23] The actors prepared for their roles by taking lessons in boxing. met with another candidate. he thought that the film should have a voice-over. Norton could not accept the offer immediately since he still owed Paramount Pictures a film. Larry Flynt."[31] Palahniuk's novel also contained homoerotic overtones. Ripley and Man on the Moon. "If they accept everything up to this point. arguing.[24] and soapmaking. If they're still in the theater.. The director invited Pitt and Norton to help revise the script. and the group drafted five revisions in the course of a year. Tyler Durden Helena Bonham Carter .. When Fincher joined the film. so the studio sought to cast Pitt instead of Crowe. who objected to the film's sexual content. 20th Century Fox announced that Brad Pitt and Edward Norton were cast in the film.. they'll stay with it.5 million salary to attract him to Fight Club.[21] In January 1998. The studio signed Pitt and offered him a $17. Fincher also hired screenwriter Andrew Kevin Walker for assistance..

[24] The locations were in and around Los Angeles and on sets built at the studio in Century City. wore a 90-pound (40 kg) fat harness that gave him large breasts for the role.[24] The exterior of Tyler Durden's house was built in San Pedro.[10] Overall production included 300 scenes.[35] Makeup artists devised two methods to create sweat on cue: spraying mineral water over a coat of Vaseline. while the interior was built on a sound stage at the studio's location.[33] The final production budget was $63 million.[36] during which Fincher shot more than 1. Mechanic sought to restore Milchan's support by sending him tapes of dailies from Fight Club. the budget was increased to $50 million." was meant to suggest personal responsibility rather than homosexuality. three times the average for a Hollywood film. and complex special effects." .[32] The narrator finds redemption at the end of the film by rejecting Tyler Durden's dialectic.[8] Fincher considered the novel too infatuated with Tyler Durden and changed the ending to move away from him: "I wanted people to love Tyler. the projected budget escalated to $67 million. but the actors were required to "go full out" to capture realistic effects like having the wind knocked out of them. Milchan reinstated New Regency's financial backing. The director refused. Meat Loaf. the line. a path that diverged from the novel's ending in which the narrator is placed in a mental institution.[5] Norton drew parallels between redemption in the film and redemption in The Graduate. The interior was given a decayed look to illustrate the deconstructed world of the characters.Fight Club (film) surprise of the film's twists. There was far too much transportation going on.[1] The bathroom scene where Tyler Durden bathes next to the narrator is an example of the overtones. studied mixed martial arts and pay-per-view boxing to portray the fighters accurately.500 rolls of film. indicating that the protagonists of both films find a middle ground between two divisions of self. but I also wanted them to be OK with his vanquishing. California. but during filming."[5] 33 Filming Studio executives Mechanic and Ziskin planned an initial budget of $23 million to finance the film. who plays a member of the fight club who has "bitch tits". Fincher compared Fight Club to his succeeding and less complex film Panic Room.[36] Production designer Alex McDowell constructed more than 70 sets.[36] Marla Singer's apartment was based on photographs of the Rosalind Apartments in downtown LA. New Regency's head and Fight Club executive producer Arnon Milchan petitioned Fincher to reduce costs by at least $5 million. After seeing three weeks of filming. and using the unadulterated water for "wet sweat".[7] The filming lasted 138 days. who worked for the director on the 1997 film The Game. citing as inspiration the boxing match in which Mike Tyson bit off part of Evander Holyfield's ear.[24] He also wore eight-inch (20 cm) lifts in his scenes with Norton to be taller than him.[7] Another example is the scene at the beginning of the film in which Tyler Durden puts a gun barrel down the narrator's mouth.[19] but by the start of production. "I felt like I was spending all my time watching trucks being loaded and unloaded so I could shoot [37] three lines of dialogue.[14] Makeup artist Julie Pearce. She designed an extra's ear to have cartilage missing. "I'm wondering if another woman is really the answer we need.[34] The fight scenes were heavily choreographed. Half was paid by New Regency. 200 locations. so Milchan threatened Mechanic that New Regency would withdraw financing.

Haug assigned the visual effects artists and experts to different facilities that each addressed different types of visual effects: CG modeling.Fight Club (film) 34 Cinematography Fincher used the Super 35 format to film Fight Club since it gave him maximum flexibility in composing shots.[36] They applied a lurid style. the print was adjusted to be underexposed. Visual effects Fincher hired visual effects supervisor Kevin Tod Haug.[10] The crew took advantage of both natural and practical light at filming locations. citing cinematographer Gordon Willis's technique as the influence. which applied a mundane look to nighttime exteriors while simultaneously including a variety of colors.[36] The scenes with Tyler Durden were staged to conceal that the character was a mental projection of the nameless narrator. and he and Cronenweth drew elements from these styles for Fight Club. Fincher and Cronenweth drew influences from the 1973 film American Graffiti. makeup. we never had to play to a facility's weakness. several other techniques were applied to change its appearance. compositing." Fincher visualized the narrator's perspective through a "mind's eye" view and structured a myopic framework for the film audiences. In this way. [10] and high-contrast print stocks were chosen to create a "stepped-on" look on the print with a dirty patina.[38] . Fincher also ensured that scenes were not so strongly lit so the characters' eyes were less visible. He hired Jeff Cronenweth as cinematographer.[36] Helena Bonham Carter wore opalescent makeup to portray her romantic nihilistic character with a "smack-fiend patina". In later fight scenes.[10] The appearance of the narrator's scenes without Tyler Durden were bland and realistic. Flashing was implemented on much of the exterior night photography. to create visual effects for Fight Club.[36] On the other hand. The character was not filmed in two shots with a group of people. choosing to make people "sort of shiny". the contrast was stretched to be purposely ugly. Cronenweth's father Jordan Cronenweth was the cinematographer who worked for Fincher on the 1992 film Alien 3 but died midway through its production. Fincher moved the camera from the viewpoint of a distant observer to that of the fighter. Fincher also utilized previsualized footage of challenging main-unit and visual effects shots as a problem-solving tool to avoid making mistakes during the actual filming."[38] While Cronenweth generally rated and exposed the Kodak film stock normally on Fight Club. The scenes with Tyler were described by Fincher as "more hyper-real in a torn-down. then coordinated their efforts. Fincher explored visual styles in his previous films Seven and The Game. Technicolor's ENR silver retention was used on a select number of prints to increase the density of the film's blacks. who worked for him on The Game. and art direction. animation. He and the crew also embraced fluorescent lighting at other practical locations to maintain an element of reality and to light the prostheses depicting the characters' injuries. nor was he shown in any over the shoulder shots in scenes where Tyler gives the narrator specific ideas to manipulate him. The crew equipped the bar's basement with inexpensive work lamps to create a background glow. Fincher avoided stylish camerawork when filming early fight scenes in the basement and instead placed the camera in a fixed position.[10] Tyler appears in the background and out of focus. deconstructed sense—a visual metaphor of what [the narrator is] heading into". and scanning. like a "little devil on the shoulder". "We selected the best people for each aspect of the effects work. The filmmakers used heavily desaturated colors in the costuming. Haug explained. The director sought various approaches to the lighting setups.[7] Fight Club was filmed mostly at night and Fincher purposely filmed the daytime shots in shadowed locations. so at this point he exists only on the periphery of the narrator's consciousness. the filmmakers inserted Tyler's presence in single frames for subliminal effect.[7] Fincher explained the subliminal frames: "Our hero is creating Tyler Durden in his own mind. for example choosing several urban locations for the city lights' effects on the shots' backgrounds. In scenes before the narrator meets Tyler.

Fight Club was originally slated to be released in July 1999.[45] Outsiders attributed the delays to the Columbine High School massacre earlier in the year.[38] Midway through the film."[38] 35 Musical score Fincher was concerned that bands experienced in writing film scores would be unable to tie the movie's themes together. but the The opening scene in Fight Club that represents a brain's neural sequence was awarded by the studio in January network in which the thought processes are initiated by the narrator's [38] 1999. the camera pulls back to the outside. no group of executives could narrow them down.[44] later changed to August 6. the sequence was a three-dimensional composition of nearly 100 photographs of Los Angeles and Century City by photographer Michael Douglas Middleton.[40] and the design was detailed using renderings by medical illustrator Katherine Jones. so he sought a band which had never recorded for film. and a nontraditional score helped achieve that." The shallow depth of field was accomplished with the ray tracing process. citing a crowded summer schedule and a hurried post-production process. 1999. this time to autumn. Haug explained the artistic license that Fincher took with the shot. and with a low depth of field. recalled the response: "So many incidences of Fight Club were alarming. The studio further delayed the film's release. The pullback sequence from within the brain to the outside of the skull included neurons."[43] Nevertheless. and a hair follicle. scary.Fight Club (film) The film's title sequence is a 90-second visual effects composition that depicts the inside of the narrator's brain at a microscopic level. Fincher hired Digital Domain and its visual fear impulse. who supported the film. The company mapped the computer-generated brain using an L-system.[38] Other visual effects include an early scene in which the camera flashes past city streets to survey Project Mayhem's destructive equipment lying in underground parking lots. and computerized samples. the viewers have to start looking at the movie in a whole new way. The director explained.[46] . The network was mapped using an L-system and drawn effects supervisor Kevin Mack. and David Fincher edited the footage in early 1999 to prepare Fight Club for a screening with senior executives. He pursued Radiohead. action potentials. electronic scratches. The duo created a post-modern score that included drum loops. "Suddenly it's as though the projectionist missed the changeover.[42] Executive producer Art Linson. The final scene of the demolition of the credit card office buildings was designed by Richard Baily of Image Savant. The scene represents a turning point that foreshadows the coming rupture and inversion of the "fairly subjective reality" that existed earlier in the film.[7] but ultimately chose the breakbeat producing duo Dust Brothers to score the film."[41] Release Marketing Filming concluded in December 1998. They did not receive the film positively and were concerned that there would not be an audience for the film. Tyler Durden points out the cue mark—nicknamed "cigarette burn" in the film—to the audience. "While he wanted to keep the brain passage looking like electron microscope photography. who won an Academy out by a medical illustrator. Dust Brothers performer Michael Simpson explained the setup: "Fincher wanted to break new ground with everything about the movie. Award for Visual Effects for the 1998 film What Dreams May Come. designed in part by Fincher. was budgeted separately from the rest of the film at first. starting at his fear center and following the thought processes initiated by his fear impulse.[39] The sequence. that look had to be coupled with the feel of a night dive—wet. for the sequence. Baily worked on the scene for over fourteen months.

102 from its theatrical run in the United States and Canada and earned $100. The studio advertised Fight Club on cable during World Wrestling Federation broadcasts.[52] The film.870. the studio hired the National Research Group to test screen the film. posters. Instead. 20th Century Fox's senior vice president of creative development. the studio financed a $20 million large-scale campaign to provide a press junket. Fight Club dropped 42. trailers. by extension.[55] the concluding reels.[34] The underwhelming North American performance of Fight Club soured the relationship between 20th Century Fox's studio head Bill Mechanic and media executive Rupert Murdoch.[56] The single-disc edition included a commentary track. The board decided. The BBFC did not censor any further.[48] For the American theatrical release. 1999 release in the United Kingdom and removed two scenes involving "an indulgence in the excitement of beating a (defenseless) man's face into a pulp".753 in theaters worldwide. "The film as a whole is—quite clearly—critical and sharply parodic of the amateur fascism which in part it portrays." Home media Fincher supervised the composition of the DVD packaging and was one of the first directors to participate in a film's transition to home media." The studio developed the packaging for two months. tries to reflect an experience that you must experience for yourself.[49] Fight Club opened commercially in the United States and Canada on October 15. the promotional music video "This is Your Life".[50] The gender mix of audiences for Fight Club. which contributed to Mechanic's resignation in June 2000. believing that the placement created the wrong context for the film. grossed $37. the studio did not think the trailers marketed the film appropriately.Fight Club (film) Marketing executives at 20th Century Fox faced difficulties in marketing Fight Club and at one point considered marketing it as an art film.[42] Linson believed that the "ill-conceived one-dimensional" marketing by marketing executive Robert Harper largely contributed to Fight Club's lukewarm box office performance in the United States. the proposal was considered "a bad joke" by Fox executives.[51] Over the second weekend. 1999 and earned $11. its opening gross fell short of the studio's expectations. The package. Research testing showed that the film appealed to teenagers. argued to be "the ultimate anti-date flick". deleted scenes. the more you'll get out of it. Fincher also released two early trailers in the form of fake public service announcements presented by Pitt and Norton.853. the group predicted the film would gross between $13 million and $15 million in its opening weekend. earning $6.[59] The two-disc special edition .[47] 36 Theatrical run The studio held Fight Club's world premiere at the 56th Venice International Film Festival in September 1999. behind-the-scenes clips. and trailers for TV that highlighted the film's fight scenes. They considered that the film was primarily geared toward male audiences because of its violence and believed that not even Brad Pitt would attract female filmgoers. Internet spots.485 in 1. still galleries.035. Julie Markell. whose production budget was $63 million. and publicity materials. defeating Double Jeopardy and The Story of Us.030. limiting the release to adult-only audiences in the UK. billboards. The more you look at it. Despite the film's top placement. considering and dismissing claims that Fight Club contained "dangerously instructive information" and could "encourage anti-social (behavior)". Fincher refused to let the posters and trailers focus on Pitt and encouraged the studio to hire the advertising firm Wieden+Kennedy to devise a marketing plan.963 theaters over the opening weekend.[57] while the two-disc special edition included the commentary track.6% in revenue. fake public service announcements. The film was released in two DVD editions.[34] The film ranked first at the weekend box office. Its central theme of male machismo (and the anti-social behaviour that flows from it) is emphatically rejected by the central character in [54] The scenes were restored in a two-disc DVD edition released in the UK in March 2007. 58% of audiences were below the age of 21. The board assigned the film an 18 certificate. storyboards. said the DVD packaging complemented the director's vision: "The film is meant to make you question. The firm proposed a bar of pink soap with the title "Fight Club" embossed on it as the film's main marketing image.[53] The British Board of Film Classification reviewed Fight Club for its November 12. which Fincher protested. a fellow weekend opener. cast biographies. was 61% male and 39% female.[58] The director worked on the DVD as a way to finish his vision for the film.335.

[65] Fox Creative chose Neuron Syndicate to design the art for the format's packaging. and thought-provoking films of the year. [the DVD case] has incredible shelf-presence." He wrote of the negative opinion. such as that seen after A Clockwork Orange debuted in Britain nearly three decades previously. and the highly successful DVD release." Schickel applauded the performances of Brad Pitt and Edward Norton. Fight Club generated a $10 million profit for the studio. The Times reported the reaction: "It touched a nerve in the male psyche that was debated in newspapers across the world.[75] Richard Schickel of Time described the director's mise en scène as dark and damp: "It enforces the contrast between the sterilities of his characters' aboveground life and their underground one. and Neuron commissioned five graffiti artists to create 30 pieces of art.[47] Fight Club was released in the Blu-ray Disc format in the United States on November 17. even when it's polluted. "Fight Club is shaping up to be the most contentious mainstream Hollywood meditation on violence since Stanley Kubrick's A Clockwork Orange.Fight Club (film) DVD was packaged to look covered in brown cardboard wrapper."[60] Fight Club won the 2000 Online Film Critics Society Awards for Best DVD. trenchant satire and sensory overload" and thought that the ending was too pretentious.[68] Upon the film's theatrical release. 2009. "While Fight Club had numerous critical champions."[59] Deborah Mitchell. if not watched closely.[73] Jay Carr of The Boston Globe opined that the film began with an "invigoratingly nervy and imaginative buzz". is the symbol of life being fully lived. To put his point simply: it's better to be wet than dry. "Many loved and hated it in equal measures.[66] The Blu-ray edition opens with a menu screen for the romantic comedy Never Been Kissed starring Drew Barrymore before leading into the actual Fight Club menu screen. a negative chorus which became hysterical about what they felt to be the excessively graphic scenes of fisticuffs .[67] 37 Critical reception When Fight Club premiered at the Venice International Film Festival. called Fight Club "visceral and hard-edged". but that it [74] Newsweek's David Ansen described Fight Club as "an outrageous mixture eventually became "explosively silly". Best DVD Commentary."[70] Janet Maslin." Some critics expressed concern that the film would incite copycat behavior..[47] it also grossed $55 million in video and DVD rentals. and "a thrill ride masquerading as philosophy" that most audiences would not appreciate. reviewing for the Chicago Sun-Times.[76] Cineaste's Gary Crowdus reviewed the critical reception in retrospect: "Many critics praised Fight Club. puerile philosophizing. hailing it as one of the most exciting. blood. a better performance in other territories. the film's critical attackers were far more vocal. and packaging appeared tied with twine.[63] The DVD was one of the largest-selling in the studio's history. Another newspaper charged. so that there would be a dichotomy between the simplicity of brown paper wrapping and the intensity and chaos of what's inside.[71] Roger Ebert. the studio re-released it in 2004 because of fans' requests. the film was debated fiercely by critics. reviewing for The New York Times. A newspaper reported. the film could be misconstrued as an endorsement of violence and nihilism. She wrote that Fight Club carried a message of "contemporary manhood". is the source of life. some critics called it "irresponsible and appalling".[72] Ebert later acknowledged that the film was "beloved by most. and that.[62] When the two-disc edition went out of print. original. described the design: "From a retail standpoint. praised Fincher's direction and editing of the film."[69] Although the film's makers called Fight Club "an accurate portrayal of men in the 1990s". "We wanted the package to be simple on the outside. Markell said. The title "Fight Club" was labeled diagonally across the front. The art encompasses urban aesthetics found on the East Coast and West Coast of the United States as well as influences from European street art.[64] With a weak box office performance in the United States and Canada. not by me". even when it's carelessly spilled. They felt . but he criticized the film's "conventionally gimmicky" unfolding and the failure to make Helena Bonham Carter's character interesting. giving top ratings to the DVD's content and technical picture-and-audio quality. and Best DVD Special Features. Water.[61] Entertainment Weekly ranked the film's two-disc edition in first place on its 2001 list of "The 50 Essential DVDs". 20th Century Fox's vice president of marketing. of brilliant technique.. David Fincher got permission from Barrymore to include the fake menu screen.

[80] Though the film won none of the awards. Chuck Palahniuk. and Three Kings. "claiming to see the real psychological truth behind the John Hughes classic".[78] Helena Bonham Carter won the 2000 Empire Award for Best British Actress. Ferris Club was a mash-up of Fight Club and the film Ferris Bueller's Day Off. but it lost to The Matrix.[82] 38 Cultural impact Fight Club was one of the most controversial and talked-about films of the 1990s. Best Director. a 17-year-old who had formed his own fight club in Manhattan was charged with detonating a homemade bomb outside a Starbucks Coffee shop in the Upper East Side in May 2009.[99] In 2010.[97] In 2007. Fight Club was recognized as an innovator in cinematic form and style since it exploited new developments in filmmaking technology.[86] [87] The film's success also heightened the profile of the novel's author.[14] [83] Like other 1999 films Magnolia.[98] In 2008. and Alaska also initiated fight clubs and posted videos of their fights online.[91] The film was suspected of influencing Luke Helder. Being John Malkovich.[94] In 2004 and 2006. Best Editing. California in 2000 and had members mostly from the high tech industry. two viral mash-up videos featuring Fight Club were released. an unwilling participant from a local high school was injured at a fight club in Arlington. the organization listed Fight Club as one of the top ten films of 1999. New Jersey. leading authorities to break up the clubs. Premiere selected Tyler Durden's line. respectively. Best Actor (Edward Norton). similar to the scene in Fight Club in which a building is vandalized to have a smiley on its exterior. Helder's goal was to create a smiley pattern on the map of the United States. Fight Club was listed as one of the "50 Best Guy Movies of All Time" by Men's Journal. "The first rule of fight club is you do not talk about fight club."[77] Fight Club was nominated for the 2000 Academy Award for Best Sound Editing." as the 27th greatest movie line of all time.[95] [96] Total Film ranked Fight Club as "The Greatest Film of our Lifetime" in 2007 during the magazine's tenth anniversary. and the DVD sales of the fight led to the arrest of six teenagers.[84] After Fight Club's theatrical release.[92] On July 16.[85] and the positive reception of the DVD established it as a cult film that David Ansen of Newsweek conjectured would enjoy "perennial" fame. where matches were held on campus. readers of Empire ranked Tyler Durden first on a list of the 100 Greatest Movie Characters. several fight clubs were reported to have started in the United States.[81] The soundtrack was nominated for a BRIT Award.[79] The Online Film Critics Society also nominated Fight Club for Best Film. and Best Adapted Screenplay (Jim Uhls).[90] An unsanctioned fight club was also started at Princeton University. Fight Club was voted by Empire readers as the ninth and eighth greatest film of all time. Texas. a college student who planted pipe bombs in mailboxes in 2002. 2009.Fight Club (film) such scenes served only as a mindless glamorization of brutality. the New York City Police Department reported the suspect was trying to emulate "Project Mayhem". Washington state. to global renown. In 2006. a morally irresponsible portrayal.[93] In 2003. losing to Notting Hill. it became more popular via word of mouth. A "Gentleman's Fight Club" was started in Menlo Park.[88] Following Fight Club's release.[100] The second video Jane Austen's Fight Club also gained popularity online as a mash-up of Fight Club's fighting rules and the characters created by 19th century novelist Jane Austen. It portrayed Ferris as Tyler Durden and Cameron as the narrator. which they feared might encourage impressionable young male viewers to set up their own real-life fight clubs in order to beat each other senseless.[101] .[89] Teens and preteens in Texas.

1999).com. Chris (July 16. D. . com/ news/ Todays_Stories/ 991013/ fightclubauthor101399. "Fighting Words: An interview with Fight Club director David Fincher" (http:/ / web. com/ news/ Todays_Stories/ 991013/ fightclubauthor101399. asp?node=features/ interviews/ norton). html). . Interview 24 (5): 1071–7. Smith 1999. html). telegraph. Retrieved May 13.com.. 2009. Entertainment Weekly. . . [25] Schneller. p. html?categoryid=13& cs=1).com (ABC News Internet Ventures). 1999. 1998). com/ interviews/ chuck_palahniuk. "Interview With Fight Club Author Chuck Palahniuk" (http:/ / www. com/ ew/ article/ 0. Retrieved 2010-05-11. "Boxing Helena". Michael (1999). Retrieved March 23. salon. 1999). "Cruisin' for a bruisin'". 2007. org/ web/ 20071211235459/ http:/ / www. [30] Smith 1999. com/ celebrities/ interviews/ 509_1. archive. com/ article/ VR1117434297. pp. com/ celebrities/ interviews/ 509_1. totalfilm. com/ article/ VR1116678264. JG (November 1999). "Interview with Edward Norton". com/ article. 199–202 [34] "Fight Club (1999)" (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ ?page=main& id=fightclub. Archived from the original (http:/ / mrshowbiz. 2001. jhtml?xml=/ arts/ 2003/ 04/ 19/ bfnort. 64 "100 DVDs You Must Own". 1999). pp. com/ article. [33] Waxman 2005. Stephen (October 13." [28] "Palahniuk: Marketing 'Fight Club' is 'the ultimate absurd joke'" (http:/ / www. go. pp. Geoffrey. [2000]. go. pp. Richard (November 1999). . 2008. "Brad Pitt & Edward Norton" (http:/ / web. Retrieved April 30.F. Retrieved March 23. CNN. . [27] "The Story Behind Fight Club" (http:/ / www. DVD Talk. Retrieved March 23. Smith 1999. Stephen (July 1999). Jim (October 10. Details. 2007. uk/ arts/ main. 1999). 2007. reel. . Box Office Mojo. "Fiction for real". 61 [31] Kleinman. Salon. Eidelman. Cinefex. asp?id=198) on December 11. 2007. January 2003. 2002). asp?id=198). Robby (October 8. "Get ready to rumble". Louis B. 1997). "It's the thought that counts" (http:/ / www. pp. "Thornton holds reins of 'Horses'" (http:/ / www. "Brad Pitt and Edward Norton make 'Fight Club'". PMID 10509287. "Menace II Society". cnn. "Fighting Talk". [32] Schaefer. [14] "'Club' fighting for a respectful place in life". Star Tribune. [26] Nashawaty. "Extreme Norton". 2006. Entertainment Weekly. July 25. variety. Empire: 31. [12] Schaefer. (October 10. ABC News Internet Ventures. [23] Petrikin. doi:10. drdrew. htm). ew. . p. 2003). 2007. S. [39] Smith 1999. [8] Teasdall. March 15. [29] Johnson. October 29. [24] Garrett. html). Stephen (October 1999). html) on April 17. 2007. org/ web/ 20010416022913/ mrshowbiz. [38] Martin. [15] Hobson. Louis B. Barbara (1999).Fight Club (film) 39 Notes Hobson. 2007. 2001. "Fear factor is Fincher's forte". but she was "uncomfortable with the idea of all this sex”. Fincher wanted Janeane Garofalo. "The studio wanted Winona Ryder. Dr. [35] "It Bruiser: Julie Pearce". "A World of Hurt".1281. 2007. Retrieved November 14. Variety.com (Movie Gallery). 1999. Peter (August 1999). Retrieved March 26. "Brad Pitt loses his teeth for a "Fight"" (http:/ / www. Retrieved December 2. . Chris (January 7. Yale Herald. Damon (December 1999). go. Kevin H. Johanna (August 1999). [13] Fuller. [10] Smith 1999. Colin (March 29.83604. Thomson. 67 [18] Moses. p. Graham. com/ reel. . [36] Probst 1999 [37] Covert. (April 19. Retrieved December 2. co. Post-Tribune. Vanity Fair. Toronto Sun. 60 Wise. com/ ent/ col/ srag/ 1999/ 10/ 14/ fincher/ index1. Retrieved March 24. "Fight Club's Controversial Cut" (http:/ / web. Michael (August 19. "Edward Norton Fights His Way to the Top" (http:/ / www. Premiere. 137–151 [20] Fleming. DrDrew. archive. "Studio Report Card: Fox" (http:/ / www. Brad Pitt. (October 10. Total Film. 65 [11] O'Connor. 2007.1999. [9] Said. "Freeze Frame". go. 1999). Calgary Sun. . Retrieved March 26. [7] Fight Club DVD commentary featuring David Fincher. "Testosterama" (http:/ / www. Variety. 175–184 [22] Biskind. [17] Smith 1999. 20th Century Fox. html?categoryid=3& cs=1). . html). Edward Norton and Helena Bonham Carter. Michael (October 14. p. archive. boxofficemojo. Drew. 2009-11-20. [21] Waxman 2005. html). The Daily Telegraph. xml). org/ web/ 20010417125217/ http:/ / mrshowbiz. dvdtalk. variety. com/ features/ the-story-behind-fight-club).1053/jhsu. Sragow. Reel. MrShowbiz. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. 1999).00. 2007. [16] Slotek. Empire. Archived from the original (http:/ / mrshowbiz. drdrew. Calgary Sun. 61–62 [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] . com/ books/ news/ 9910/ 29/ fight. [19] Waxman 2005. Retrieved March 23. .com. author/ ). (January 2000). 2001. 1998). MrShowbiz. html) on April 16. club. Los Angeles Magazine.

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[58] "Fight Club Special Edition" (http:/ / www. Retrieved October 11. com/ article/ VR1117963617. . The New York Times. suntimes. boxofficemojo. 2007. com/ article/ VR1117796888. and Fears" (http:/ / www. 2007. Online Film Critics Society. . p. 1999). package makes perfect". [47] Linson 2002. Retrieved March 23. Retrieved April 28. Cineaste 25 (4): pp. html). The Times. [70] Goodwin. 2009). The New York Times. Susanne (September 18. "Zodiac" (http:/ / rogerebert. [51] Hayes. Liesl (September 12.00. . [53] Lyman. "'Fight Club' author books pair of deals" (http:/ / www. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 30. Retrieved January 7.00. 2007. . . 2007. 2007). html). dll/ article?AID=/ 20070823/ REVIEWS/ 708230308/ -1/ REVIEWS01). 2009. . 2009. The Australian. Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Gary (September 2000). "Blood. com/ apps/ pbcs. Time. [52] "Weekend Box Office Results for October 22–24. htm). [66] Bradner. Retrieved March 23. "Conditional Knockout" (http:/ / www. "L. 1999" (http:/ / www.00. Phil (November 18. 2009). 2001). Scott (April 23. variety. [73] Ebert. "PHYSICAL: Fox packaging reflects film's anti-establishment themes" (http:/ / www. [62] "The 50 Essential DVDs" (http:/ / www. . foxstore. Wendy (June 12. [42] Waxman 2005. [72] Ebert.992235. "For Fight Club and Seven. Bruce (October 25. 155 [48] Gristwood. "Fury of fists" (http:/ / www. 2007. [45] Klady. 253–273 [43] Linson 2002. com/ 2000/ 06/ 26/ business/ media-talk-changes-at-fox-studio-end-pax-hollywood. 2007. variety. nytimes. . Boston Globe. "Score one for musicians turned film composers". The Consumerist. suntimes. 1999). com/ detail. "A Fistful of Darkness". James (September 13. com/ apps/ pbcs. . Richard (October 11. time. html)..

"The personality of cult" (http:/ / edition. ISBN 978-1-58234-240-5. [97] "Ten Greatest Films of the Past Decade". guardianreview8). html). htm). uk/ technology/ 7910395/ Jane-Austens-Fight-Club-is-viral-web-video-hit. Art (May 2002). March 26. The Independent. [90] Rosenstein. 2007. USA Today. Erie Times-News. USA Today. 2008. 2000). "Oscar 2000 – Shocking? Not!". [84] Pulver. The Guardian. C. com/ 2010/ 07/ 30/ jane-austens-fight-club/ ). HarperEntertainment. org/ guyfilms. [91] "At Princeton. 2006). "I am Jane's pinching corset: We talk to the creator of 'Jane Austen's Fight Club'" (http:/ / popwatch. 2008. . . Bruce (August 1. telegraph. Nick (March 23. 2009. Retrieved April 28. Philippa (March 28. uk/ books/ 2004/ nov/ 27/ featuresreviews. co. Sharon (December 2005). htm). 42–44+. . June 6. 2006).theasc. com/ 2004/ SHOWBIZ/ Movies/ 03/ 23/ cult. Filmsite. Retrieved May 13. Tom (July 26. . com/ awards2006/ previouswinners/ 2000. Bob (March 29. April 2007. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. Newsweek. empireonline. Gavin (Sep/Oct 1999). "Now you see it" (http:/ / www. "Inside Out: Gavin Smith Goes One-on-One with David Fincher". 2009.A" (http://www. ISBN 978-0-06-054017-3. violent teen fight clubs face police crackdown" (http:/ / www. . premiere. 2000. [80] "1999 Year-End Award Nominees" (http:/ / ofcs. [79] "Sony Ericsson Empire Awards – 2000 Winners" (http:/ / www. 2005). Retrieved April 16. "Anarchy in the U. 58–62. 2007. Christopher (November 1999). Retrieved April 28. com/ pages/ awards/ 99awards).S. asp). • Waxman. . Insight on the News (News World Communications). Keith (July 30. Rotten Tomatoes. premiere. 67–68. usatoday. Retrieved June 23. pp. January 30. Retrieved July 19. Online Film Critics Society. Empire: 96. 2009. The Daily Telegraph. ew. com/ news/ nation/ 2006-07-31-violent-fight-clubs_x. 41 References • Linson. washingtontimes. uk/ film/ 2000/ nov/ 02/ features. T. Retrieved April 28. CNN. 2009. [82] "Brits 2000: The winners" (http:/ / news. Bloomsbury USA. [85] Wise. com/ news/ 2009/ jul/ 16/ starbucks-bombing-blamed-on-fight-club-fancy/ ). [93] "Starbucks bombing blamed on 'Fight Club' fancy" (http:/ / www. [89] Associated Press (May 29. 2007. American Cinematographer 80 (11): pp. Empire: 98. com/ tech/ news/ 2006-05-29-fight-club_x. "Fighting talk". filmsite. Associated Press via The Washington Times. Total Film: 98. co. 2007. 2000). archive. Rebels on the Backlot: Six Maverick Directors and How They Conquered the Hollywood Studio System. "Fight club draws techies for bloody underground beatdowns" (http:/ / www. 2004). Retrieved April 30. March 3. 2007. [94] Dirks. rottentomatoes. . Online Film Critics Society. Retrieved April 28. [87] Ansen. . com/ gallery. 2010). uk/ 2/ hi/ in_depth/ entertainment/ 2000/ brit_awards/ 625884. . 2004. 2007). AMC. asp?c=1). Retrieved April 27. . 2007. 2007. 2001. "Illegal. Rotten Tomatoes. 141–156. org/ web/ 20071114183306/ http:/ / www. aspx?section_id=66& webtrends_section=best& article_id=3713& section_prefix=best& window_id=1& gallery_id=298& page_number=1& seq=74& cnt=76). guardian.Fight Club (film) [78] Hawker. 2009. Retrieved August 5. The Guardian. com/ 100-greatest-movie-characters/ default. cnn. January 2006. . [83] "'Fight Club' author Palahniuk to participate in academic conference at Edinboro University". • Smith. The Age. Entertainment Weekly.com/magazine/nov99/ anarchy/index. rottentomatoes. What Just Happened? Bitter Hollywood Tales from the Front Line. "Fight Clubbed". Damon (November 2. aspx?section_id=66& webtrends_section=best& article_id=3713& section_prefix=best& window_id=1& gallery_id=298& page_number=1& seq=74& cnt=76) on 2007-11-14.htm). 2010. Tyler Durden" (http:/ / www. . Tim. . 2004). theguardian). co. July 16. [86] Nunziata. [81] "The OFCS 1999 Year End Awards" (http:/ / ofcs. "Is Anybody Making Movies We'll Actually Watch In 50 Years?". 2010). 2008. BBC News Online (BBC News). Empire. Premiere. . [92] Rossi. usatoday. David (July 11. [99] "The 100 Greatest Movie Characters – 1. com/ gallery. . bbc. 2010. empireonline. [95] "The 100 Greatest Movies Of All Time". [98] "The 100 Greatest Movie Lines" (http:/ / web. Retrieved March 23. Empire. films/ ). 65. • Probst. [100] Chivers. (2002-06-10). no punches pulled". co. The Philadelphia Inquirer. Film Comment 35 (5): pp. Retrieved April 1. com/ pages/ awards/ 99nominees). 2001. Retrieved July 18. Retrieved October 19. guardian. Andrew (November 27. "50 Best Guy Movies of All Time" (http:/ / www. Retrieved December 1. "Father Absence Key to Male Masculinity Crisis". "Personality crisis: David Fincher's Fight Club (1999)" (http:/ / www. [101] Staskiewicz. [96] "The 201 Greatest Movies Of All Time". . [88] Flynn. stm). html). "Jane Austen's Fight Club is viral web video hit" (http:/ / www.

com/work/180767) at Allmovie Fight Club (http://www.imdb.Fight Club (film) 42 External links • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.rottentomatoes.boxofficemojo.foxmovies.com/movie/fightclub) at Metacritic Fight Club (http://www.metacritic.allmovie.htm) at Box Office Mojo .com/movies/?id=fightclub.com/fightclub) Fight Club (http://www.com/m/fight_club/) at Rotten Tomatoes Fight Club (http://www.com/title/tt0137523/) at the Internet Movie Database Fight Club (http://www.

The film had a budget of $30. 2000. and was dedicated to his late mother. 2000 128 minutes United States English/Spanish/Hebrew $30 million $59.000.Keeping the Faith 43 Keeping the Faith Keeping the Faith Promotional movie poster for the film Directed by Produced by Edward Norton Gary Barber Roger Birnbaum Jonathan Glickman Stuart Blumberg Ben Stiller Edward Norton Jenna Elfman Anne Bancroft Miloš Forman Elmer Bernstein Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Anastas N. The film is Edward Norton's directorial debut. This film was released by Touchstone Pictures and Spyglass Entertainment. Michos Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Malcolm Campbell Spyglass Entertainment Touchstone Pictures April 14. .183 (Worldwide) Keeping the Faith is a 2000 comedy-drama film. Robin Norton.945. written by Stuart Blumberg and directed by Edward Norton. in association with Triple Threat Talent on April 14.000.

Anna's father gets a new job that results in the Reillys moving cross-country to California. She and Jake start sleeping together. The three enjoyed attending ballgames. playing sports. Meanwhile. much to his dismay. with Brian shouting encouragement at him as he runs down the street. Via flashbacks and reminiscent musings. which looks to be off to a successful start. Brian is involved in his own test of faith as he struggles with his feelings for Anna despite his vows. Unfortunately. is as vibrant as Brian and Jake remembered her. After an argument over the religious issues complicating their romance. he takes her tearful ramblings to be a confession of feelings for him. still drunk. it is. despite her workaholic tendencies. and riding the subway around the city together. however. and now shares the duties of a New York congregation with an older priest. Feeling embarrassed and rejected. He leaves and stumbles around the city. Havel. his lack of effort to find a wife often results in his mother (Anne Bancroft) and other women of his congregation setting him up on blind dates. Brian raids Anna's liquor cabinet. and calls to explain himself and offer to set things right. In its earlier days. Feelings quickly begin to run deeper than before. The film ends happily with the three childhood friends posing for a snapshot together. a fact which could compromise his relationship with his congregation and also with his mother (who disowned her other son for marrying outside the faith). . Anna Reilly (Jenna Elfman) is introduced: she met Jake and Brian in middle school. Anna turns to Brian for comfort. Fr. and he does not respond well. resulting in a confrontation with Jake that ends with the priest punching the rabbi. at which point it becomes clear that she had been taking classes to convert. but he is reluctant to be involved in a serious relationship with her because she is not Jewish. As the community center's grand opening approaches. the men's careers that prove to be the most problematic. ironically. as Anna. Jake and Anna part ways in frustration. Anna calls her old friends out of the blue and the friendship is rekindled when her company temporarily reassigns her to a New York position. Anna greets Rabbi Lewis (Eli Wallach) as he passes by and asks about their meetings together. the relationship is kept mostly secret. Apart from praying about the situation. Havel (Miloš Forman). he begins to seriously consider quitting the priesthood to pursue a romantic relationship with her. getting drunk and relating his troubles to a sympathetic bartender (Brian George). the friendship included a third party. he first assumes it to be guilt based on his vows. best friends with Brian since childhood. Between the religious conflict and their desire to spare the feelings of their mutual friend. then kisses her and admits his love.Keeping the Faith 44 Plot Father Brian Kilkenney Finn (Edward Norton) has been dedicated to his calling since he was a child. A discussion between the two men prompts Jake to go to Anna's office building (where he is on perpetually uneasy terms with the security guard). Rabbi Jacob Schram (Ben Stiller). is the youngest rabbi at his Reform synagogue. he keeps these thoughts mostly to himself. resulting in both humorous and harmful complications. Brian begins misinterpreting Anna's words and actions (some of which are subtle signals to Jake as their affair is kept under wraps) and even has an erotic dream about her. and he rushes over to her apartment. When she interrupts him. angrily cutting off her attempts to reassure him and apologize. The next day. Still unaware of what's been going on. after beating up a bully who was picking on them. as well as getting into typical mischief. along with the last days of Anna's east coast assignment. but she tells him she is in love with Jake. Jake manages to get Anna's attention from a window in the building across the street. and discussing it with Fr. the relationships begin to mend. Anna tells Jake that she wants things to be more serious between them. They surprise Brian in the middle of his karaoke number at the interfaith center. Years later. Brian stumbles into the temple and interrupts a post-bar mitzvah gathering.

External links • • • • • • Keeping the Faith [1] at the Internet Movie Database Keeping the Faith [2] at Allmovie Keeping the Faith [3] at Rotten Tomatoes Keeping the Faith [4] at Metacritic [5] Keeping the Faith at Box Office Mojo [6] Box Office Stats References [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] http:/ / www. htm http:/ / www. allmovie. com/ m/ keeping_the_faith/ http:/ / www. the-numbers. rottentomatoes. imdb. html . com/ movies/ 2000/ FAITH.671 USD in its opening weekend.078. com/ work/ 187114 http:/ / www.S. com/ title/ tt0171433/ http:/ / www. behind 28 Days and Rules of Engagement. Box office making $8. boxofficemojo. com/ movie/ keepingthefaith http:/ / www.Keeping the Faith 45 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Ben Stiller as Rabbi Jake Schram Edward Norton as Father Brian Kilkenney Finn Jenna Elfman as Anna Riley Anne Bancroft as Ruth Schram Miloš Forman as Father Havel Eli Wallach as Rabbi Ben Lewis Holland Taylor as Bonnie Rose Lisa Edelstein as Ali Decker Rena Sofer as Rachel Rose Bodhi Elfman as Howard the Casanova (the businessman in the office across the way) Brian George as Paulie Chopra (the Sikh Catholic Muslim Bar owner with Jewish in-laws) Ron Rifkin as Larry Friedman Eugene Katz as Mohel (performing the circumcision in opening sequence where Jake faints) Ken Leung as Don (the electronics store owner) Susie Essman as Ellen Friedman Catherine Lloyd Burns as Debbie Raphael Frieder as Cantor Box office The film opened at #3 at the U. com/ movies/ ?id=keepingthefaith. metacritic.

The Score (film) 46 The Score (film) The Score Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Frank Oz Gary Foster Lee Rich Scott Marshall Smith. Daniel E.000 $113. It was the final film performance for Brando and the only time he and De Niro appeared in a film together (although they had previously portrayed the same character. Taylor and Emmy-winner Kario Salem. The safe-cracking technique used in the heist was tested by the MythBusters in their 2006 episode "Crimes And Mythdemeanors 2" and deemed the technique "plausible". Angela Bassett and Marlon Brando. The screenplay was based upon a story by Daniel E. Taylor. for which they had both won Academy Awards).918 The Score is a 2001 crime thriller directed by Frank Oz and starring Robert De Niro.579. Kario Salem Robert De Niro Edward Norton Marlon Brando Angela Bassett Howard Shore Starring Music by Cinematography Rob Hahn Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Language Budget Gross revenue Richard Pearson Mandalay Pictures Paramount Pictures 13 July 2001 124 minutes English French ~ US$68. Vito Corleone. in The Godfather and The Godfather Part II respectively. Edward Norton. .000.

Nick's loyal associate who serves as security. Nick darts for the sewer entrance he came in as Jack heads back upstairs." Nick hires his associate Steven (Jamie Harrold) to hack into the Custom Houses' security system to obtain the bypass codes allowing them to temporarily manipulate the alert protocols of the system during the heist. The job. worth a $4 million pay off to Nick. Jamie Harrold as Steven. Edward Norton as Jack Teller. tucking the carrying case inside his janitor jumpsuit and slipping past the incoming police units responding to the burglary. head of security. the system's administrator for IronClad Security. Jean-René Ouellet as André. Jack calls Nick to gloat and is shocked to discover that Nick has in fact double crossed him by handing him a carrying case containing a fake scepter. Marlon Brando as Max. Cast • • • • • • • • Robert De Niro as Nick Wells. an ambitious. rigged by Jack. however. is lured into taking one final score by his fence Max (Marlon Brando). More complications arise when they're forced to move up their time-table after the Custom's House becomes aware of the true value of the scepter and adds extra CCTV camera's to monitor it while they make preparations to return it to its rightful owners. He quickly packs up the scepter in a carrying case to depart but Jack double crosses him and at gunpoint demands he hand over the scepter. Nick then meets Diane at the airport as she returns from work and she happily accepts a kiss and hug from him. Nick's flight attendant girlfriend. Max smiles as he watches a news broadcast reporting a massive manhunt being organized to find Jack. Nick reluctantly gives up the carrying case and seconds later the alarm. Max introduces Nick to Jack Teller (Edward Norton). Nick. Later. however. Nick manages to elude the security guards chasing him through the sewer tunnels and escapes. keeps the guards and other janitor's occupied while Nick fills the enormous in-floor safe containing the scepter with water and inserts and then detonates a depth charge to blow off the door.The Score (film) 47 Plot After nearly being caught on a routine burglary. Gary Farmer as Burt. thief who has infiltrated the Custom's House and gained access to information regarding the security by pretending to be an intellectually disabled janitor named "Brian. and an "unknown" accomplice. is to steal a valuable French scepter which was being smuggled illegally into the United States through Canada. alerts the entire compound to the heist. master safe-cracker Nick Wells (Robert De Niro) decides the time has finally come to retire from his illegal activities and focus on running his jazz club. the prime suspect. but was accidentally discovered and detained at the Montréal Customs House. by a corrupt system's administrator who extorts Nick for $50. . pretending to be Brian.000 for the information. promising to fully commit to their relationship if he does indeed go straight. Nick uses a sewer system tunnel to enter the Customs House basement as Jack uses the bypass codes to rig the cameras to shut off while Nick sneaks into the storage room. Nick hangs up and boards a boat with the real scepter as a shell-shocked Jack broods over his situation. a veteran thief tempted by one last score to comfortably retire. Steven is caught. Nick's flight attendant girlfriend. Angela Bassett as Diane. After making it to a bus station to flee the city. encourages this decision. Richard Waugh as Sapperstien. the inside man seeking to establish himself as a respected criminal. Taunting Jack that "every cop in the city" is now looking for him. Diane (Angela Bassett). the fence that puts together the job. Jack. albeit foolhardy. a computer hacker that obtains the security codes for the score.

711. com/ apps/ pbcs. Aintitcool. Box office raking in $19. Combined with the foreign box office. with a 62% rating among critics from mainstream sources. a film critic for Rolling Stone. rollingstone. What Went Wrong On STEPFORD. the film opened at #2 in the U.107. Time Magazine June 16. Jess. "How To Make A Score" (http:/ / www. htm External links • The Score (http://www. Norton later admitted he wasn't very fond of the script and only did the film to work with De Niro and Brando. pointed out that when "two Don Corleones team up". Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave it three and a half stars out of four.htm) at Box Office Mojo • The Score (http://www. [3] http:/ / www.[2] Most of the conversations between De Niro and Brando are improvised. he appeared in the film Superman Returns in archive footage as Superman's father Jor-El. html). Reception The film received generally positive reviews with a rating of 74% fresh on rottentomatoes. And (Of Course) Yoda!! (http:/ / www. com/ m/ 1108799-score/ [4] http:/ / www. After a July 13. including the surprise ending. 2007.com/m/1108799-score/) at Rotten Tomatoes .The Score (film) 48 Production During the production. asp?mid=2042778& afl=imdb [5] http:/ / rogerebert.imdb. edward-norton. Quick." However. Capone With Frank Oz About DEATH AT A FUNERAL. Therefore.rottentomatoes.018. com/ node/ 33610). 'I'd pay to see these guys just read from the phone book.'"[4] Instead. behind Legally Blonde. com/ reviews/ movie/ review. Diane. dll/ article?AID=/ 20010713/ REVIEWS/ 107130305/ 1023 [6] http:/ / www. org/ score/ scoretime. Box office In its first opening weekend. rottentomatoes. This film was Brando's final completed film before his death in 2004. the worldwide total is $113. 2001 opening. they started filming with an incomplete script and used several shooting methods that are usually frowned upon in the industry. aintitcool.boxofficemojo.579. somebody get a phone book.918.[3] Peter Travers. a role he played in the original 1978 film Superman and in the 1980 sequel Superman II.[6] Angela Bassett won a NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture for her portrayal of Wells' girlfriend.S. the $68 million dollar film earned a gross domestic box office take of $71.com/title/tt0227445/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Score (http://www.[1] Oz later blamed himself for the tension and cited his tendency to be confrontational rather than nurturing in response to Brando's acting style. suntimes. boxofficemojo. Two years after his death. com/ movies/ ?id=score.com August 7. Brando repeatedly argued with Oz and called him "Miss Piggy". what he had to say about it was: "There's nothing you can't see coming in this flick. he expected "the kind of movie that makes people say. calling it "the best pure heist movie in recent years."[5] Frank Oz on the DVD commentary defends the film as one in which he desired to take risks.807 USD. References [1] Cagle. [2] Capone.com.com/movies/?id=score. 2001.

In an effort to return to his life in the spotlight. Randolph finds himself unemployed. and Jon Stewart. It also stars Robin Williams. until he is disgraced by an FBI sting for ripping off parents who want their kids on the show.Death to Smoochy 49 Death to Smoochy Death to Smoochy Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Danny DeVito Andrew Lazar Peter Macgregor-Scott Adam Resnick Robin Williams Edward Norton Danny DeVito Catherine Keener Jon Stewart David Newman Music by Cinematography Anastas N.938 Death to Smoochy is a 2002 American dark comedy film directed by and starring Danny DeVito. March 29. Michos Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Jon Poll Warner Bros. He is replaced by the "squeaky clean" Sheldon Mopes (Edward Norton) and his character. Smoochy the Rhino. . Catherine Keener. Edward Norton.382. homeless. Plot "Rainbow Randolph" Smiley (Robin Williams) enjoys his career as a happily corrupt children's television host. and outcast from the television industry by his two-faced associate Marion Stokes (Jon Stewart). 2002 107 minutes United States English $50 million $8. Randolph hatches several schemes to bring down Mopes in hopes of reclaiming his time slot.

Death to Smoochy Mopes quickly finds himself losing creative control over his show to his hardened producer Nora Wells (Catherine Keener). With the help of his new agent Burke Bennett (Danny DeVito), Mopes renegotiates his contract and is named executive producer. He is approached by Irish mob boss Tommy Cotter (Pam Ferris), who wants Mopes to create a spot on his show for her cousin Spinner (Michael Rispoli), a former boxer whose numerous head injuries have left him with severe brain damage. Sheldon reluctantly adds Spinner to the show, first as a cowbell-wielding game warden, and later on as Smoochy's cousin Moochy. Rainbow Randolph sets a scheme to destroy Mopes's career and regain his show to all fail. Mopes becomes enraged to learn that Burke signed him up to star in a Smoochy ice show; he feels that the event will exploit children. Burke and Merv Green (Harvey Fierstein), the head the corrupt charity running the ice show, unsuccessfully warn Mopes from backing out of the event. Soon afterward, a disguised Randolph dupes Mopes into doing a Smoochy act at a neo-Nazi rally that is raided by the police. Smoochy is labeled a racist and fired. However, when Randolph accidentally lets it slip to Nora that he framed Smoochy, he is arrested. Smoochy's reputation and show are restored. Smoochy commits to the ice show. He decides that all proceeds will go to the drug rehab clinic he used to work at, which was closed due to lack of funding; the kids will be given free souvenirs and healthful snacks. Burke and Green retaliate by plotting to kill Mopes and hire a new host who will cooperate with their profit skimming. However, Green and his men accidentally kill Spinner in his Moochy costume; they are discovered and killed by Cotter. Meanwhile, Randolph corners Mopes and Nora in their penthouse and threatens to kill them. They talk him down and discover that he's depressed. An empathetic Mopes offers to let Randolph stay in the penthouse until he recovers. Burke and Stokes hire heroin addict Buggy Ding Dong (Vincent Schiavelli), another former host, to assassinate Mopes during his ice show. Buggy steals a backstage pass to get inside. However, Randolph, who has been summoned to the ice show, tackles Buggy just as he tries to shoot Mopes from the rafters. Randolph and Buggy struggle for the sniper rifle, until Buggy falls to his death. After Mopes realizes that Burke and Stokes set him up, he chases after Burke into an alley. He pulls a gun and threatens to kill Burke, but Cotter and her men arrive and persuade him to stop. The movie ends with Smoochy and Rainbow Randolph launching a new show together.

50

Cast
• • • • • • • • • • • • • Robin Williams as "Rainbow" Randolph Smiley Edward Norton as Sheldon Mopes/Smoochy the Rhino Danny DeVito as Burke Bennett Catherine Keener as Nora Wells Jon Stewart as Marion Frank Stokes Pam Ferris as Tommy Cotter Michael Rispoli as Spinner Dunn Harvey Fierstein as Merv Green Vincent Schiavelli as Buggy Ding Dong Danny Woodburn as Angelo Pike Tracey Walter as Ben Franks Todd Graff as Skip Kleinman Robert Prosky (uncredited) as Network chairman

Death to Smoochy

51

Production
The movie was filmed in Toronto and Hamilton, Ontario,[1] along with New York City. Including Union Station, all of the TV studio scenes were shot at the Toronto Film Studios. The scenes involving ice-skating were filmed at Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto and were choreographed and performed by Canadian figure skaters.

Reception
The film received mixed reviews from critics. One positive example included J. Hoberman of The Village Voice, who wrote that "Death to Smoochy is often very funny, but what's even more remarkable is the integrity of DeVito's misanthropic vision."[2] Though it received a wide release, playing in some 2,164 theaters its opening weekend in the United States, the film was a box office disaster, grossing $4,266,463 its opening weekend, and a mere $8,382,691 overall, with negligible foreign box office receipts.[3] Considering it had a production budget of some $50 million, Death to Smoochy was a financial flop. Danny DeVito begins the DVD audio commentary with the lines "Hello. It's Danny. It's been, um... I guess now a few months since the release of Death to Smoochy, so the mourning period is over." Williams's performance earned him a Razzie Award nomination for Worst Supporting Actor.

References
[1] "Internet Movie Database - List of Films shot in Hamilton, Ontario" (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ List?endings=on& & locations=Hamilton,+ Ontario,+ Canada). . Retrieved 2008-01-29. [2] Hoberman, Jim (2002-04-02). "Houses of Mirth" (http:/ / www. webcitation. org/ 5gq6d0ygW). The Village Voice. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. villagevoice. com/ 2002-04-02/ film/ houses-of-mirth/ 1) on 2009-05-17. . Retrieved 2009-05-17. [3] Death to Smoochy (2002) (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. com/ movies/ ?id=deathtosmoochy. htm)

External links
• • • • • Official website (http://http://www.deathtosmoochymovie.com/) Death to Smoochy (http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0266452/) at the Internet Movie Database Death to Smoochy (http://www.allmovie.com/work/259834) at Allmovie Death to Smoochy (http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=deathtosmoochy.htm) at Box Office Mojo Death to Smoochy (http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/death_to_smoochy/) at Rotten Tomatoes

Frida

52

Frida
Frida

Promotional poster
Directed by Produced by Julie Taymor Sarah Green Salma Hayek Jay Polstein Clancy Sigal Diane Lake Gregory Nava Anna Thomas Frida: A Biography of Frida Kahlo by Hayden Herrera Salma Hayek Alfred Molina Antonio Banderas Elliot Goldenthal

Screenplay by

Based on

Starring

Music by

Cinematography Rodrigo Prieto Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Françoise Bonnot Miramax Films August 29, 2002 123 minutes Canada Mexico United States English Spanish French Russian $12 million $56,298,474

Language

Budget Gross revenue

Frida is a 2002 biographical film which depicts the professional and private life of the surrealist Mexican painter Frida Kahlo. It stars Salma Hayek in her Academy Award nominated portrayal as Kahlo and Alfred Molina as her husband, Diego Rivera.

Diane Lake. She leaves him. her father brings her a canvas upon which to start painting. and subsequently sinks into alcoholism. She is impaled by a metal pole and the injuries she sustained plague her for the rest of her life. who has been granted political asylum in Mexico. she tells him she expects from him loyalty if not fidelity. Rivera cheats on her with a wide array of women. he asks for a divorce. and she ultimately dies after finally having a solo exhibition of her paintings in Mexico. with Rivera the more reluctant of the two. To help her through convalescence. Rivera refuses to compromise his communist vision of the work to the needs of the patron. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Salma Hayek as Frida Kahlo Alfred Molina as Diego Rivera Geoffrey Rush as Leon Trotsky Mía Maestro as Cristina Kahlo Ashley Judd as Tina Modotti Antonio Banderas as David Alfaro Siqueiros Edward Norton as Nelson Rockefeller Amelia Zapata as Maid Alejandro Usigli as Professor Diego Luna as Alejandro Gonzalez Arias Fermín Martínez as Painter on Bus Loló Navarro as Nanny Lucia Bravo as Auditorium Model Margarita Sanz as Natalia Trotsky Patricia Reyes Spíndola as Matilde Kahlo . Throughout the marriage. Kahlo's sister Cristina moves in with the two at their San Ángel studio home to work as Rivera's assistant. Kahlo suffers a miscarriage. and Kahlo is incarcerated in his place when he is not found. When she returns to Mexico. Rivera is temporarily a suspect. Gregory Nava. 53 Plot Frida begins with the traumatic accident Frida Kahlo (Salma Hayek) suffered at the age of 18 when a car trolley collided with a bus she was riding. When Rivera proposes to Kahlo. Diego's appraisal of her painting ability is one of the reasons that she continues to paint. Soon afterwards. Kahlo has her toes removed when they become gangrenous. She and Trotsky begin an affair. Anna Thomas and Edward Norton (uncredited) from the book Frida: A Biography of Frida Kahlo by Hayden Herrera. Rivera helps get her released. and she agrees. which forces the married Trotsky to leave the safety of his Coyoacán home. Soon afterward. Rivera asks her to remarry him. the mural is destroyed. Nelson Rockefeller (Edward Norton). While in the United States. The pair return to Mexico. as a result. It won Oscars for Best Makeup and Best Original Music Score (recipient: Elliot Goldenthal). Throughout the film.Frida The movie was adapted by Clancy Sigal. and her mother dies in Mexico. a scene starts as a painting. Kahlo discovers that Rivera is having an affair with her sister. Frida also details the artist's dysfunctional relationship with the muralist Diego Rivera (Alfred Molina). Kahlo leaves for Paris after Diego realizes she was unfaithful to him with Trotsky. The two travel to New York City so that he may paint the mural Man at the Crossroads at the Rockefeller Center. including the amputation of a leg. It was directed by Julie Taymor. The couple reunite when he asks her to welcome and house Leon Trotsky (Geoffrey Rush). then slowly dissolves into a live-action scene with actors. Her health worsens. while the bisexual Kahlo takes on male and female lovers. Trotsky is murdered in Mexico City.

• The Brothers Quay . Diego painted the mural An Abundant Earth after marrying Kahlo. • In the film. who. As Kahlo's art gained prominence. which plays in the sequence following Frida's discovery of the affair. Hardin saw Kahlo's life as very contemporary. • As portrayed in the film. is from 1958. turned early "female studio executive". a former book editor and Hollywood-based literary agent. attracting tentative interest from actresses such as Meryl Streep and Jessica Lange. Hardin "tried to sell it as an epic love story in the tradition of Out of Africa."[1] Learning of Hayden Herrara's biography of Kahlo. he completed this while still married to his previous wife. Madonna "announced her plans to star in a film based on Frida's life". and the film take place in years prior to the marriage to Happy. an emblematic tale for women torn between marriage and career.created the stop motion animation sequence depicting the initial stages of Kahlo's recovery at the hospital after the trolley accident are inspired by Day of the Dead. Kahlo miscarries in New York City.5 million. as also portrayed in the film.."[1] Optioning the book in 1988.Frida • • • • • • • Roger Rees as Guillermo Kahlo Valeria Golino as Lupe Marín Omar Rodriguez as André Breton Felipe Fulop as Jean Van Heijenoort Saffron Burrows as Gracie Chavela Vargas as La Pelona Lila Downs as Singer 54 Allusions • The passengers on the trolley Kahlo rides and that crashes with a bus are based on subjects in the painter's 1929 portrait. in reality this took place in Detroit. The recording of the song Paloma Negra. In the film. but rejection from the film studios. The nude woman he used as a subject in one of the panels in the mural was Tina Modotti and not an unknown model he has an affair with.."[1] . Frida paints Self-Portrait with Cropped Hair immediately after discovering Diego's affair with her sister Cristina Kahlo. and Robert De Niro's Tribeca Productions reportedly "envisioned a joint biography of Rivera and Kahlo. • The gown Valeria Golino wears at Kahlo's 1953 Mexican solo art exhibition is a replica of the dress her character Lupe Marín wore in Rivera's 1938 portrait of her. Nelson married his second wife Happy in 1963. the highest price ever paid at auction for a Latin American painting"[1] ). • In the film. in the mid-1980s wished to "make the transition to independent producing. said model is present. when Marín confronts Rivera about his infidelities. The affair ended in 1934 but the portrait wasn't actually painted until 1940. Marín. Rivera makes a sarcastic reference to Happy Rockefeller. The Bus. Accuracy • In real life. However. the nude woman Rivera is painting in the mural Creation was actually posed for by his wife Lupe Marín and not the unknown auditorium model as depicted. Production Development The film version of Frida Kahlo's life was initially championed by Nancy Hardin. however ("[i]n May 1990 one of Kahlo's self-portraits sold at Sotheby's for $1. her "story. • As depicted in the film. Actually.

.although not immediately a fan: 55 “ "At that age I did not like her work." ” Hayek was so set on acting the role that she sought out Dolores Olmedo Patino.[2] Filming Filming took place from April 7 through June 2001 and was shot entirely in Mexico. Some pieces were purchased from street vendors in Mexico City. but Speed joined Hardin in advocating the project. crew members stretched a canvas across a scaffold placed in front of the painter's actual artwork. 2001 on what was to become simply titled Frida.[1] Casting difficulties proved insurmountable. and nobody wanted mine. A few years later. Many things could have diminished her spirit."[1] Valdez was contacted early on by the .. and (after his death) administrator to the rights of Frida and Rivera's art. who sent "her [promo] reel to the director and phoned his office". and Puebla's historic centre.[2] By 1993 Valdez had retitled the film The Two Fridas with San Giacomo and Ofelia Medina both playing the portraitist. I heard the exact opposite--that there were too many Frida projects in development. the two took the project from HBO to Trimark and producer Jay Polstein (with assistant Darlene Caamaño). longtime-lover of Diego Rivera. and began to assemble a supporting cast. but his death further delayed the movie.[3] Raúl Juliá was cast as Diego Rivera.. The optical "illusion" of a work in progress was achieved through the canvas "flattened" by a camera shooting from a distance and therefore "blending" the edges into the fixed mural.. The Two Fridas. which Rivera had "willed.then unknown in the US . and left the then-titled Frida and Diego in August 1992 citing finances. however. Some people see only pain. Salma Hayek became interested in the role. director Luis Valdez began production on a New Line feature about Frida Kahlo starring Laura San Giacomo in the lead. hopeful that Brian Gibson (director of "What's Love Got to Do With It. and with "rising young development executive and producer" Lizz Speed (a former assistant to Sherry Lansing) intended to make a TVM.Frida In the spring of 1991. At the same time. to the Mexican people". the production faltered again. But something intrigued me. there was no interest because nobody had heard of Frida. approaching Alfred Molina for the role of Rivera in 1998. and Hayek approached Harvey Weinstein and Miramax. Other on location sites include Rivera and Kahlo's Juan O'Gorman-designed San Ángel studio house and the San Idelfonso National Preparatory School. This "makeshift 'mural'" included sketched outlines and painted portions.[2] Salma Hayek personally secured access to Kahlo's paintings from her. At Trimark. Xochimilco. There was a lot of passion and depth. Hardin approached HBO. the more I started to appreciate her work. and the more I learned. She was a fighter. bequeath[ing] the trust to Olmedo.[1] Hardin's project found itself swamped by similar ones: "When I first tried to sell the project.[8] .. it was Hayek and Miramax who began production in Spring. "She turned up backstage [of the Broadway play Art] rather sheepishly and asked if I would like to play Diego". I think what draws me to her is what Diego saw in her. Julie Taymor came onto the project as Director. Meanwhile.[4] When producer Polstein left Trimark. the story of Tina Turner" and The Josephine Baker Story) would direct.[6] Among the on location places shot were three UNESCO world heritage sites: Teotihuacan. Molina went on to gain 35 pounds to play Rivera. and the company purchased the film from Trimark. and New Line bowed to the protests. According to Molina. and after four years in development.. I found it ugly and grotesque. by then being produced by American Zoetrope. in August 2000 it was announced that Jennifer Lopez would star in Valdez's take on the story.[6] For scenes depicting Diego completing a mural. but I also see irony and humor. like the accident or Diego's infidelities.[7] Salma Hayek wore over fifty costumes as Frida. San Giacomo's casting was objected due to her non-Hispanic ethnicity.[5] Nonetheless. having "been fascinated by Kahlo's work from the time she was 13 or 14" . But [1] she wasn't crushed by anything. Replicas of the Casa Azul (Kahlo's Coyoacán house) and the RCA Building's lobby were built at Churubusco Studios in Mexico City and shot in Stage 4 there. but was ultimately told she was then too young for the role.Salma Hayek.

Honors Award Academy Awards Category Best Actress in a Leading Role Best Art Direction-Set Decoration Best Costume Design Best Makeup Best Original Music Score Best Original Song ("Burn It Blue") Golden Globes Best Performance by an Actress in a Motion Picture Drama Best Original Music Score . breathes and is painted on a giant canvas. 2002. Frida's American premiere was at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art in Los Angeles on October 14 of that year. Elliot Goldenthal Salma Hayek Elliot Goldenthal Salma Hayek Alfred Molina Julie Weiss Judy Chin. Official Selection Rationale: FRIDA is a movie about art that is a work of art in itself. 2002 at Mexico City's Palace of Fine Arts. Jackson. It had its Mexican premiere on November 8. Beatriz De Alba. as only the movies can provide. Regina Reyes Salma Hayek Alfred Molina Recipient Result Nominated Nominated Nominated Won Won Nominated Nominated Won Nominated Nominated Nominated Won Nominated Nominated American Film Institute Movies of the Year 2002. Hania Robledo Julie Weiss John E. Beatriz De Alba Elliot Goldenthal Julie Taymor.Motion Picture BAFTA Awards Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role Best Costume Design Best Make Up/Hair Screen Actors Guild Awards Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role Salma Hayek Felipe Fernández del Paso. Jackson. The film's unique visual language takes us into an artist's head and reminds us that art is best enjoyed when it moves. the film made its world premiere opening the Venice International Film Festival. John E.Frida 56 Release On August 29. National Board of Review • Top Ten Films .

miramax. uk/ film/ article-897340-details/ Fascinated+ by+ Frida/ article. co. co.544397. writingstudio. com/ article/ VR106879.imdb. writingstudio. International News. Media . co.com/frida/) Frida (http://www.Frida 57 References [1] The Book LA SUMMER 2000 Selma & Frida (http:/ / thebookla. za/ page104.rottentomatoes. za/ page84. do) [6] Page Title (http:/ / www. thisislondon.. html?categoryid=19& cs=1) [4] That Frida feeling | Culture | The Guardian (http:/ / film.com/movies/?id=frida. Accessed April 10.boxofficemojo.archive. co. html) [8] How Salma Hayek transformed into Frida Kahlo | Frida | Movie News | Movies | Entertainment Weekly (http:/ / www.. 2008 [3] Kahlo biopic gets new wakeup call .com/title/tt0120679/) at the Internet Movie Database Frida (http://www. za/ page80.org/web/*/http://www. com/ ew/ article/ 0.00. html) [5] Fascinated by Frida| Film | This is London (http:/ / www.00. html) [7] Page Title (http:/ / www.com/m/frida/) at Rotten Tomatoes . co.Variety (http:/ / www. variety. html) External links • • • • Archives of the Official site (http://web. html). guardian. writingstudio.Entertainment News. ew.388460. uk/ interview/ interviewpages/ 0.htm) at Box Office Mojo Frida (http://www. html) [2] the writing studio: adaptation frida (http:/ / www. com/ s_2000_hayek.

The film is a remake of the 1986 film Manhunter (film) where Brian Cox played the role of Hannibal Lecter. The film was directed by Brett Ratner and written by Ted Tally. by then. Hannibal Lecter. The film's story takes place before the events in The Silence of the Lambs. a role he had.298 [1] Red Dragon is a 2002 thriller film based on Thomas Harris' novel of the same name and featuring psychiatrist and serial killer Dr. . who also wrote the screenplay for The Silence of the Lambs. after Lecter's original capture and incarceration.Red Dragon (film) 58 Red Dragon (film) Red Dragon Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Screenplay by Based on Starring Brett Ratner Dino De Laurentiis Ted Tally Red Dragon by Thomas Harris Edward Norton Ralph Fiennes Anthony Hopkins Emily Watson Harvey Keitel Mary-Louise Parker Phillip Seymour Hoffman Danny Elfman Music by Cinematography Dante Spinotti Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Mark Helfrich Scott Free Productions Universal Pictures Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer October 4. 2002 124 minutes United States English $78 million $209.196. played twice before in The Silence of the Lambs and Hannibal. it stars Edward Norton as FBI agent Will Graham and Anthony Hopkins as Lecter.

" He is obsessed with a William Blake painting. Freddy Lounds (Philip Seymour Hoffman). allowing Reba to escape. severely traumatized by the experience.Red Dragon (film) 59 Plot Baltimore. where his guests might well be dining on portions of a man they knew. were removed from the bodies. Hoping to capture the killer before his next attack. He finds himself unable to shoot her. After recovering. such as the kidneys and liver. Maryland. Molly. Hannibal Lecter (Anthony Hopkins) hosts a dinner party. Further complicating the investigation is the secret correspondence between Lecter and Dolarhyde. then asks. The "Tooth Fairy" is actually a disturbed man named Francis Dolarhyde (Ralph Fiennes) who kills at the behest of an alternate personality he calls "The Great Red Dragon.the verbal abuse he suffered from his grandmother (voice of Ellen Burstyn) . Special Agent Jack Crawford (Harvey Keitel) seeks Graham's assistance. Graham feels pity for Dolarhyde. However. Lecter attacks him. Dolarhyde kills Mandy. Both men are severely wounded when Graham's wife. which bids him well and hopes that he isn't "too ugly. but his Dragon personality demands that he kill her. Graham reluctantly agrees. and they make love. saved from the wreckage of the house. Lecter for help. he concludes that he must once again consult Dr. Lecter is sentenced to life imprisonment in an institution for the criminally insane while Graham. Dolarhyde comes to Graham's home in Florida. 1980: in his townhouse. sets it on fire. waiting to speak with him. He finds her with a co-worker. Years later. This provokes Dolarhyde. he was made a monster." Dr. a gifted. kidnaps Reba and. ends the ordeal by shooting and killing Dolarhyde. He takes her home. psychiatrist Dr. he stalks seemingly random families during sequential full moons. a tabloid reporter who hounded Graham after Lecter's capture. Graham is given Dolarhyde's scrapbook. where he threatens Graham's son with a piece of broken glass. To save the boy. Lecter in the murders. who kidnaps Lounds. Edible body parts of the victims. which details the killer's tragic childhood . super-glues him to a wheelchair. retires from the FBI. Ralph Mandy (Frank Whaley). a man whom she actually dislikes. leading Graham to believe that the killer is a cannibal. Graham's wife (Mary-Louise Parker) and child (Tyler Patrick Jones) are endangered when Lecter gives Dolarhyde the agent's home address. Jealous and enraged. During the consultation and brainstorming session. Dolarhyde apparently shoots himself. in which he gives disparaging details of the FBI's profile of the killer: impotent and pathetic. and setting him on fire. then forces him to recant his allegations before biting out his tongue. he requests a first-class meal in his cell and having his book privileges returned." Graham eventually realizes that the killer knew the layout of his victims' houses from their home videos. Lecter is aware that the feds are onto him. Dolarhyde attacks Graham as the boy flees to safety. which he could only have seen if he worked for the editing company that transfers home movies to video cassette. another serial killer appears. Dolarhyde falls in love with a blind co-worker named Reba McClane (Emily Watson). The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed in Sun. Graham receives a letter from Lecter. The death of another family weighing on his conscience. Frederick Chilton (Anthony Heald) then informs Lecter that there is a young woman from the FBI (presumably Clarice Starling). Graham discovers evidence implicating Dr. Dolarhyde attempts to stop the Dragon's "possession" of him by going to the Brooklyn Museum and consuming the original Blake watercolor of "The Red Dragon. Graham slings insults at his son that are reminiscent of the ones Dolarhyde's grandmother had used against him. Nicknamed the "Tooth Fairy". which Graham found in the scrapbook. Lecter looks up. Lecter is later visited by Will Graham (Edward Norton). Dolarhyde goes to see Reba one last time. now follows him for leads on the Tooth Fairy story. Hoping to lure the Tooth Fairy into a trap. Graham gives Lounds an interview. almost disemboweling Graham before being subdued.and obsession with murder. After visiting the crime scenes. not born one. He raises the stakes: in return for his help in capturing the Tooth Fairy. with whom he has been working on a psychological profile of a serial killer. young FBI agent. At his job in a photo lab. having taken her to his house. "What is her name?" . it turns out Dolarhyde staged his own death by leaving behind the body of Ralph Mandy.

149.[4] the audience and critical reviews for Red Dragon[5] were noticeably more positive than for Hannibal. com/ m/ red_dragon/ numbers.artchive. rottentomatoes.com/movies/?id=reddragon. Pictures – Rotten Tomatoes (http:/ / www.[7] The average Rotten Tomatoes rating was "fresh" with a rating of 68%.jpg. rottentomatoes. com/ m/ red_dragon) External links • • • • • • Red Dragon (http://www. Trailers.[8] References [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] http:/ / www.Red Dragon (film) 60 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins as Hannibal Lecter Edward Norton as Will Graham Ralph Fiennes as Francis Dolarhyde Harvey Keitel as Jack Crawford Emily Watson as Reba McClane Frank Whaley as Ralph Mandy Philip Seymour Hoffman as Freddy Lounds Mary-Louise Parker as Molly Graham Anthony Heald as Frederick Chilton Ken Leung as Lloyd Bowman Frankie Faison as Barney Matthews Ellen Burstyn as Voice of Grandma Dolarhyde Reception Red Dragon was a box office success. com/ m/ 1104385-hannibal/ ?name_order=desc) (http:/ / rogerebert. htm) (http:/ / boxofficemojo. suntimes. dll/ article?AID=/ 20021004/ REVIEWS/ 210040302/ 1023) Red Dragon – Movie Reviews. php) (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ ?id=reddragon.[6] Roger Ebert gave the film 3.com/phpBB2/index.php/) William Blake's The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed in the Sun (http://www.5 stars out of 4. earning $93.allmovie. Pictures – Rotten Tomatoes (http:/ / www.imdb.rottentomatoes.boxofficemojo. htm Red Dragon – Movie Reviews.com/work/266877) at Allmovie Red Dragon (http://www.898 in the US. htm) (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. boxofficemojo. Trailers.com/m/red_dragon/) at Rotten Tomatoes The Hannibal Lecter Studiolo (http://hannibalstudiolo. com/ movies/ ?id=hannibal.html) .com/artchive/ B/blake/blake_great_red_dragon.com/title/tt0289765/) at the Internet Movie Database Red Dragon (http://www. com/ m/ red_dragon/ ?name_order=asc) (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.htm) at Box Office Mojo Red Dragon (http://www.[2] Although the film's worldwide and domestic profit margin[3] was less than its predecessor Hannibal. rottentomatoes. com/ apps/ pbcs. com/ movies/ ?id=reddragon.

Anna Paquin. Norton plays Montgomery "Monty" Brogan. who also wrote the screenplay. The film stars Edward Norton.25th Hour 61 25th Hour 25th Hour Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Spike Lee • • • • Spike Lee Tobey Maguire Julia Chasman Jon Kilik Written by Starring David Benioff • • • • • • Edward Norton Philip Seymour Hoffman Barry Pepper Rosario Dawson Anna Paquin Brian Cox Music by Terence Blanchard Cinematography Rodrigo Prieto Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Barry Alexander Brown • • 40 Acres & A Mule Filmworks Gamut Films Touchstone Pictures December 19. a convicted drug dealer who has one last day of freedom before beginning a seven-year prison sentence.928. Rosario Dawson. . Philip Seymour Hoffman. 2002 135 minutes United States English $5 million $23. Barry Pepper.503 25th Hour is a 2002 American drama film directed by Spike Lee and is based on the novel The 25th Hour written by David Benioff. and Brian Cox.

Big Daddy Kane – "Warm It Up. Frank reluctantly beats up Monty. reunites with Naturelle. Mary. his dog. Monty and Frank discuss what will happen to him in prison. Music The film's musical score was composed by Terence Blanchard. 4. As his father drives him to the prison. 3. 2009. Monty is given one last sight of freedom. his girlfriend Naturelle. until Monty feigns an attack on Jacob. While all this is happening. Frank and Naturelle also discuss how Monty got to this position. Together. [3] [4] Richard Roeper and Roger Ebert all put it on their "best films of the decade list". Monty decides to leave. 5. Jacob runs into one of his students. They all leave the club and go to a park. based on 161 [1] [2] reviews. Monty and Kostya then go to speak to a group of Russian mobsters. run by Uncle Nikolai. Monty then leaves his friends for the last time. James. Kane" Craig Mack – "Flava in Ya Ear" The Olympic Runners – "Put the Music Where Your Mouth Is" Grandmaster Melle Mel – "White Lines (Don't Don't Do It)" Liquid Liquid – "Cavern" . A. giving him a black eye. and a lot of cuts and bruises to his face. O. as Jacob comforts a hysterically sobbing Frank. He leaves. asserting that he will never come back. receiving a 78% fresh rating on Rotten Tomatoes. Frank refuses to do it. who goes with them into the club.25th Hour 62 Plot It is Monty Brogan's last day of freedom before he begins serving a 7 year long sentence for dealing drugs. Film critic Roger Ebert added this film to his "Great Movies" list on December 16. Jacob kisses Mary. starts a family. At a night club. they envision a future where he escapes imprisonment. Other songs that appear in the film (and are not included in the original score) are as follows: 1. and his father. who gives Monty some advice on how to survive in prison. saying if he goes in looking ugly he might have a chance at survival. shellshocked. He then insinuates that she might have been the one who tipped off the cops. even after continued verbal goading by Monty. but Frank accuses her of not doing anything because she got used to the life his drug money afforded. Monty then admits that he is terrified of being raped in prison. but her stunned reaction shows Jacob that making a move on her was a mistake. He plans to spend his last night with his childhood friends Jacob Elinsky and Frank Slaughtery. where Monty gives Doyle. Back home. and asks Frank to beat him up. Scott. to Jacob. and grows old. leaving Kostya at the hands of the gangsters. Monty's father arrives and says that he will take him to Otisville. broken nose. Then it is revealed that it was Kostya who sold Monty out. 2. Cast • • • • • • Edward Norton as Monty Brogan Phillip Seymour Hoffman as Jacob Elinsky Barry Pepper as Frank Slaugherty Rosario Dawson as Naturelle Riviera Anna Paquin as Mary D'Annunzio Brian Cox as James Brogan Reception The film received positive reviews by critics. and Frank promises him that they'll open a bar together once he is released.

"25th Hour review" (http:/ / www. dll/ article?AID=/ 20091216/ REVIEWS08/ 912169990/ 1004) on July 11. Retrieved July 11. [2] Ebert. Archived from the original (http:/ / rogerebert. 2009).allmovie. . webcitation. Retrieved July 11.com/movies/?id=25thhour. com/ m/ 25th_hour/ ). 2010. 2010). 2010. . Retrieved July 11. . suntimes. [4] Ebert. org/ 5r931yLtn). External links • 25th Hour (http://www. . 2010. article) on July 11. suntimes.boxofficemojo. 2010. Richard (January 1. Retrieved July 11. Chicago Sun-Times. Chicago Sun-Times. rottentomatoes. 9. "Roeper's best films of the decade" (http:/ / www. 2010. com/ news/ roeper/ 1967980. Roger (December 30.com/title/tt0307901/) at the Internet Movie Database • 25th Hour (http://www. html) on July 11.com/work/272625) at Allmovie • 25th Hour (http://www. com/ apps/ pbcs. webcitation. Chicago Sun-Times. 2009).roepers-best-films-of-the-year-010110. com/ ebert/ 2009/ 12/ the_best_films_of_the_decade. "The best films of the decade" (http:/ / www.imdb. 7. org/ 5r92Pejqk). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. [3] Roeper. Roger (December 16. Archived from the original (http:/ / blogs. webcitation.25th Hour 6.htm) at Box Office Mojo . 2010. 8. Rotten Tomatoes. 2010. suntimes. org/ 5r92dOFlB). Cymande – "Bra" Cymande – "Dove" Cymande – "The Message" Bruce Springsteen – "The Fuse" (Plays during the credits) 63 References [1] "25th Hour (2002)" (http:/ / www.

2003 United Kingdom: September 19. 2003 111 minutes France United Kingdom United States English Russian Italian German Running time Country Language . 2003 France: September 17. 2003 United States: May 30.The Italian Job (2003 film) 64 The Italian Job (2003 film) The Italian Job Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by F. Gary Gray Donald De Line Donna Powers Wayne Powers Screenplay Troy Kennedy Martin 1969 screenplay Mark Wahlberg Charlize Theron Edward Norton Seth Green Jason Statham Mos Def Donald Sutherland John Powell Starring Music by Cinematography Wally Pfister Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Richard Francis-Bruce Christopher Rouse Paramount Pictures Tribeca Film Festival: May 11.

Charlie uses Lyle's control over the Los Angeles traffic system to isolate the one truck containing the gold. Charlie is forced to call the plan off because of a local party. However. Steve and his hired security guards pursue them through Los Angeles. the money launderer is a cousin of a local Ukrainian Mafia boss (Krupa). During the credits. Critical response was generally positive. and the team split up the remaining gold and raise a toast to Stella's father as they leave Los Angeles on the Coast Starlight. but falls into a trap: Charlie has already informed the Ukrainian that Steve is the person they want. . load the gold into three Mini Coopers modified by Rob's mechanical friend Wrench (Franky G). but he figures out her real identity.070. but Steve betrays them all by taking the gold for himself. a series of scenes show what each member of the team does with their portion of the money. and Charlie gives the Ukrainian a portion of the stolen gold. The team travels to Los Angeles. Mos Def. and use hacked traffic lights to make their escape. 2003. The heist is a success."[2] Most of the film was shot on location in Venice and Los Angeles. the plot and characters of this film differ from those of its source material. except Steve. but kills him when the launderer begins asking questions about the source of the gold. Gray described the film as "an homage to the original. California to begin their surveillance of Steve's house and plan the heist. Steve attempts to sell his gold through a money launderer (Krutonog). which Lyle manages to find. and gridlocks the city. The team has tracked Steve down. Stella goes on the date with Steve. Despite the shared title.The Italian Job (2003 film) Budget Gross revenue [1] [1] 65 $60 million $176. with publications highlighting the action sequences. where canals and streets. Jason Statham. Charlize Theron. respectively. The Italian Job was theatrically released in the United States on May 30. Edward Norton. Meanwhile. However. were temporarily shut down during principal photography. The Brazilian Job. Stella is using her safe cracking expertise to break into vaults as an assistant to law enforcement personnel. A sequel. and the team manages to lose them all. he kills John Bridger and leaves the rest of the team for dead. A year later in Philadelphia. Charlie then confronts Steve and promises that he will recover the stolen gold. Steve is taken away by the gangsters. retired safecracker John Bridger (Sutherland) calls his daughter Stella Bridger (Theron) and tells her that he will participate in his final heist. Plot In Venice. and Donald Sutherland. who subsequently seeks vengeance for his cousin's murder. The film stars Mark Wahlberg.171 The Italian Job is a 2003 heist film directed by F. has reportedly been in development since 2004. Their team consists of themselves and four others: Steve (Norton) is the "inside man". and is about a team of thieves who plan to steal gold bullion from a former associate who double crossed them. and Charlie recruits Stella to participate with the team in stealing the gold from Steve since she has the required skill and motivation. Now aware that Charlie and his team are alive. Handsome Rob (Statham) is a getaway driver. and Lyle (Green) is a technical expert. Left Ear (Def) is an explosives expert. He follows Charlie. He obtains three armored trucks and a helicopter from which to monitor the trucks' transit. The team then steals the gold from the truck and escape in their trio of Mini Coopers. Seth Green. The team's initial plan is to have Steve stood up on a date with Stella—who posed as a cable repair woman to get into Steve's house and locate his safe—while the team would break into Steve's house. Steve makes preparations to move the gold. To maintain her cover. and grossed over $176 million worldwide. It is an American remake of the 1969 British film of the same name. To counter the shell game. John then meets up with Charlie Croker (Wahlberg) before setting the heist into motion. Gary Gray. which would witness the heist's execution. Produced by Paramount Pictures. but has yet to be produced as of 2011. Pennsylvania.

After reading the script for The Italian Job.The Italian Job (2003 film) 66 Production Development Neal Purvis and Robert Wade wrote a draft of a remake of the 1969 British crime comedy The Italian Job which was rejected by Paramount. and the two would confer with Gray on their ideas. he collaborated with production designer Charlie Wood on the color palette.[5] Norton took the role of Steve Frazelli.Valet Boris Lee Krutonog . and executive producer James Dyer identified the most prominent similarities as the trio of Mini Coopers used by the thieves.[7] Once principal photography began. Gray wanted a widescreen aspect ratio.[10] Wahlberg. and Gray agreed with her choice.[12] Cast List • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Mark Wahlberg – Charlie Croker Charlize Theron – Stella Bridger Donald Sutherland – John Bridger Jason Statham – Handsome Rob Seth Green – Lyle Mos Def – Left ear Edward Norton – Steve Franky G .Security Guard Julie Costello – Becky Aaron Speiser – Danielson Filming Gray and cinematographer Wally Pfister worked together to develop a visual style for the film before production began. They viewed car commercials and magazine photographs.[3] they developed a screenplay which was described by director F.[5] Green was also attracted to the project because of the script. Gray frequently utilized . The duo viewed the original film.[3] Screenwriting team Donna and Wayne Powers were subsequently commissioned to write a remake. Ronin (1998). Theron. and Statham attended special driver's training sessions at Willow Springs International Motorsports Park[11] for nearly a month during pre-production. who "fell in love with it" after reading it himself. She spent time with a safecracker in preparing for the role. which has a 2. Gary Gray as "inspired by the original. as well as the titular heist involving the theft of gold bullion."[4] Gray. as well as chase sequences from The French Connection (1971).[8] Theron was Gray's first choice for the character of Stella Bridger. despite Pfister's wishes to do so.[7] Paramount preferred that The Italian Job not be shot in anamorphic format. and Wahlberg also recommended her for the role. which neither had seen before. and The Bourne Identity (2002) as visual references.[4] Over the course of two years and through 18 drafts.[5] [9] Gray's casting director Sheila Jaffe suggested Statham for the role of getaway driver Handsome Rob. Gray contacted Wahlberg. only once "because [they] wanted to get a sense of what it was about" in regards to its tone.Wrench Olek Krupa . so they chose to shoot the film in Super 35.Yevhen Oscar Nunez .[5] [6] Some sequences of the film were storyboarded and previsualized by Gray before production began.Mashkov Martin Morales .[7] Casting Gray had been interested in working with Wahlberg since seeing his performance in Boogie Nights (1997). Powers and Powers.[7] Pfister wanted "dark textures and undertones and strong contrast".4:1 aspect ratio. due to a contractual obligation he had to fulfill.

The opening heist sequence in Venice. which was controlled by the production crew for a week. 2003.[5] [12] [16] The second unit." Gray remarked.[25] BBC .The Italian Job (2003 film) dollies.[5] [7] Three of the 32 custom-built[13] Mini Coopers used during principal photography were fitted with electric motors since combustion engines were not allowed in the subway tunnels.4/10.[5] Pedestrians had to be allowed to use the sidewalks of Hollywood Boulevard between takes.[7] Most of The Italian Job was shot on location. at sites Pfister scouted over 12 weeks during pre-production.601 in the United States and Canada and $69.[7] [11] Filming on location posed some challenges.[7] The frigid temperatures of the Italian Alps created problems during production: "The guns would jam. scenes which took place on freeways and city streets were only filmed on weekends. a hotel room. which she wrote were the stars of the film. Pfister set up seven cameras to capture the vehicle's ~30 foot (9.[12] [14] The director remarked that "[the Mini Coopers are] part of the cast.[7] Three hundred cars were used to simulate the traffic jam at the intersection of Hollywood and Highland. in addition to six deleted scenes.128.[11] 67 Release Box Office The Italian Job. 2003. the Venice canal chase sequence.070. filmed establishing shots.601 since it has been released on May 30. and the Los Angeles chase sequence over a period of 40 days. with a weighted average score of 6.941. the film grossed $19.[22] Critical reception and awards Based on 177 reviews collected by Rotten Tomatoes.[19] The Italian Job was released on DVD by Paramount Home Entertainment October 7. Among Rotten Tomatoes' "Cream of the Crop".[1] placing third in the box office. the actors did most of their own stunts. Metacritic. accordingly. 2006.457. Italy. was strictly monitored by the local authorities.[17] Paramount re-released the film on August 29. websites. but some scenes were filmed on sets. 2003. writing for Salon."[15] Gray wanted the film to be as realistic as possible. Other Mini Coopers were modified to allow for camera placement on and inside the vehicles. The Italian Job has an overall approval rating of 73 percent. and the LACMTA Red Line subway tunnel were sets constructed at Downey Studios in California. which assigns a normalized rating to reviews from mainstream critics. those are the conditions we had to work in.1 m) descent. liked the reinvention of the plot and the style and execution of the action sequences. where some scenes were shot. It earned $19.570 overseas—$176. In its opening weekend.457. Blu-ray Disc October 24.com. Theatrical run and home media The Italian Job premiered at the Tribeca Film Festival on May 11. the film holds an overall approval rating of 82 percent. specifically those involving the trio of Mini Coopers. to keep the cameras almost constantly moving. the film had grossed $106. 2003. 2006[21] and on the film's production. as of January 2010 has grossed $106. For the scene in which an armored truck falls through Hollywood Boulevard and into the subway tunnel below. and computer-generated imagery was used very sparingly. as well as Steadicams and a Technocrane.128.8/10.[18] and by the time its theatrical release closed in November 2003. the van from which the thieves survey Steve Frazelli's mansion. and was theatrically released in the United States on May 30.[24] Stephanie Zacharek.944. with a weighted average score of 6. and includes five bonus features on different aspects of [20] It was released on HD DVD August 8. and if you could imagine not being able to walk 40 feet with a bottle of water without it freezing. calculated an average score of 68 out of 100 from the 37 reviews it collected. under Alexander Witt and Josh Bleibtreu.[23] By comparison.[1] It was the highest-grossing film produced by Paramount in 2003.[16] Also.944 in its opening weekend. television and radio programs.171 worldwide. The Venice building where the film's opening heist sequence takes place. due to the high speeds the boats were driven at. which consists of popular and notable critics from top newspapers.

along with The Thomas Crown Affair (1999) and Ocean's Eleven (2001).[40] 68 Analysis Criminologist Nicole Rafter saw The Italian Job as part of a revival of the heist film at the turn of the century. gave The Italian Job 1 star out of 4.[37] The Italian Job was nominated for the 2003 Saturn Award for Best Action/Adventure/Thriller Film. comparing it positively to the 2000 remake of Gone in 60 Seconds.5 stars out of 4. giving it 2 stars out of 4. IGN named the film's Los Angeles chase sequence one of the top 10 car chases of the 21st century. as well as those of Seth Green and Mos Def.[27] Roger Ebert gave the film 3 stars out of 4..[36] Clay Cullen. The Dirty Dozen (1967). writing for Rolling Stone..[39] In April 2009. [. An element that distinguishes the team film then is that a heightened significance is afforded to the group as the means by which a given objective is attempted. writing that the action sequences and plot twists were a "vast improvement" from the original. citing the plot device of "a first task that elucidates the roles and skills of team members but which is sabotaged by betrayal. and the lack of digital effects in the action sequences. describing The Italian Job as pure but smart entertainment "plotted and executed with invention and humor".[29] Reviewer James Berardinelli also gave the film 3 stars out of 4.[41] In describing his theory of a "team film" genre.] From film to film there is variation in the extent to which particular central characters may determine events and take up screen time but team films are recognizable by their [42] insistence upon the relationship between group and goal. goal-orientation is a widely-shared plot attribute of many texts and genres and it is also the case that the overwhelming majority of films involve a plurality of interacting characters.[10] F. Jean Paul Ruggiero and Mike Massa won an award for Best Specialty Stunt at the 2004 Taurus World Stunt Awards for the boat chase through the canals of Venice. The Great Escape (1963).[32] Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly gave the film a B− grade. toss in the occasional surprise. or more specifically "brand integration"."[30] Variety's Robert Koehler compared The Italian Job to The Score (2001). describing the film as "a tricked-out remake of a heist flick that was already flat and formulaic in 1969. necessitating a re-constitution of the team. Jeremy Strong writes that The Italian Job could be categorized as such. Strong additionally makes a direct comparison between The Italian Job and Mission: Impossible. film scholar Dr.[42] He states that a team film involves a group working towards a particular objective.The Italian Job (2003 film) reviewer Stella Papamichael gave The Italian Job 4 stars out of 5. and that the Los Angeles heist sequence was "clever and preposterous". praised Norton's performance. another "finely-tuned heist pic" which also featured Edward Norton in a similar role."[42] The use of BMW's then-new line of retro-styled Minis in the film was mentioned by critics and business analysts alike as a prime example of modern product placement. However. but felt that there was a lack of logic in the film. as well as the 2001 remake of Ocean's Eleven. and wrote that the "revenge plot adds wallop lacking in the original". and said that Gray had discovered the right recipe to do a heist movie: "keep things moving. along with The Magnificent Seven (1960).[43] Film critic Joe Morgenstern called The Italian Job "the best car commercial ever". and top with a sprinkling of panache. Michael Gaines. and added that Norton's was "[t]he most perversely magnetic performance" outside of the Mini Coopers.[31] David Denby. Gary Gray won a Film Life Movie Award for Best Director at the 2004 American Black Film Festival. but felt that the Los Angeles heist sequence was "arguably stretched out too long".[38] but the award went to Kill Bill. develop a nice rapport between the leads."[28] Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle concurred.[33] New York Daily News reviewer Jack Matthews gave The Italian Job 2. both of which were also remakes of 1960s heist films.[35] Peter Travers.[26] Los Angeles Times reviewer Kevin Thomas praised the opening Venice heist sequence and the characterization of each of the thieves.[13] Stephanie Zacharek and Jack Matthews both . writing for The New Yorker." Travers enjoyed the comic relief in Green's and Def's characters. and more recently The Usual Suspects (1995) and Mission: Impossible (1996).[34] Mike Clark of USA Today also questioned the probability of the Los Angeles heist sequence and wrote that the film was "a lazy and in-name-only remake". writing that the film was "two hours of mindless escapism on a relatively skilled professional level.

(2003). "Charlize Theron" (http:/ / www.. Peter (2003-05-30). uk/ films/ 2003/ 09/ 08/ charlize_theron_italian_job_interview. . Retrieved 2008-09-16. aspx). Retrieved 2008-04-19. but in the last six years since we made [The Italian Job]. Donna (writer) et al. "Gray's Got Game" (http:/ / movies. but "a lot of things were happening with various management changes and it got tabled.[53] Neal Purvis and Robert Wade had been working on a draft of the sequel that year. . (2003). [Documentary]. [5] Gray.[56] In January 2010. [6] Stax (2003-03-17). if not all. "Seth Green" (http:/ / www.[47] and later summer 2007.. com/ articles/ 421/ 421750p1. . co. "Gray Talks Italian Job" (http:/ / movies.. Joe (2007-08-05). [10] Travers. com/ movies/ ?id=italianjob. [. BBC."[52] However. .] It's one of those things that's just sitting around. as well as most. ign. . There's enough of a fan outcry for it. bbc."[51] Producer Donald De Line revealed in June that a script for The Brazilian Job had been developed and budgeted." Describing its story. [7] Fisher. and they just keep rolling it over on IMDb.[46] However. Retrieved 2010-07-11. Pedal to the Metal: The Making of The Italian Job.[48] [49] At least two drafts of the script had been composed by August 2007. [Documentary].[50] In a March 2008 interview.[45] On March 9. Paramount's hierarchy has changed hands four times and it's never seemed to be a priority for the studio to make the movie. also writing that their presence served as a connection to the 1969 film upon which it was based. tentatively titled The Brazilian Job. Gary Gray was slated to return.[49] F. com/ 2007/ 08/ 05/ the-italian-job-2003/ ). and put it back on there when it's fully due and ready. F. "Giving The Italian Job Its Look" (https:/ / www. Green said "The Brazilian Job doesn't exist actually" and called it a "wonderful myth of IMDb. —Seth Green on the proposed sequel. the script was never finalized.. but the project had not been greenlit. com/ reviews/ movie/ 5947767/ review/ 5947768/ the_italian_job). [2] Spence D. Box Office Mojo.. and the release date was pushed back to sometime in 2006. html). they thought it would work better as a sequel to The Italian Job.. rollingstone. with a projected release date in November or December 2005. Retrieved 2008-09-15. Twohy was quoted in an interview as saying "The Brazilian Job probably isn’ happening. Gary (director) et al. Retrieved 2008-09-15. "The Italian Job" (http:/ / www. cameraguild. "The Italian Job (2003)" (http:/ / thisdistractedglobe. De Line said that "[we] have a version at Paramount that we're talking very serious about"."[58] References [1] "The Italian Job (2003)" (http:/ / www.[44] 69 Sequel There are a couple of scripts that have been written. Paramount Pictures. Principal photography was initially slated to begin in March 2005. This Distracted Globe. .. [9] Lee. Putting the Words on the Page for The Italian Job. and though the studio reportedly liked the idea. Retrieved 2008-10-10. additionally mentioning that the cast was interested in the project. Rolling Stone. he said it "starts in Brazil. [3] Valdez. bbc. of the original cast. September 7. [8] Applebaum..[25] [34] BusinessWeek reported in April 2004 that sales of the Mini in 2003—the year in which The Italian Job was theatrically released—had increased 22 percent over the previous year. html).. but has faced multiple delays.[55] That October. . was in development by the summer of 2004. Stephen (2003-09-15).[48] Writer David Twohy approached Paramount Pictures with an original screenplay entitled The Wrecking Crew. Retrieved 2008-09-13. IGN. Jason Statham said that "somebody should just erase it from IMDb. [4] Powers.[54] The Daily Record reported in September that Theron was signed up for the film.The Italian Job (2003 film) noted the cars' prominence in their reviews of the film. com/ News/ memberspotlightcustom/ member-spotlight-wally-pfister. Paramount—what can I say?" When asked about the sequel that June. boxofficemojo. co. com/ articles/ 389/ 389689p1. uk/ films/ 2003/ 04/ 02/ seth_green_the_italian_job_interview. Alana (2003-09-15). International Cinematographers Guild. shtml). 2009. Gray said that he enjoyed making The Italian Job and hoped that he would still be interested in directing the sequel if the script became finalized and mentioned that it would be dependent upon scheduling. but we just haven't been able to get the studio to greenlight it. Paramount Pictures. BBC. (2003-05-30). ign. the set up is in Rio and the picture moves to Belgium where there’ something involving diamonds. IGN. htm). I wrote it t [57] years ago. shtml). . 2008 [45] A sequel to The Italian Job. Bob (May 2003). Retrieved 2009-10-14.. . Green s stated that September that the sequel was unlikely in the near future.

"Give this American 'Italian Job' the boot" (http:/ / www. CNN. Christopher (2009-04-02). ign. [15] Gibson. php?id=126). html). Retrieved 2008-10-05. com/ archive/ 2003/ 06/ 16/ 030616crci_cinema). italian. [19] McNary. . org/ web/ 20080503082605/ http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-10-14. Paramount Pictures. [12] High Octane: Stunts from The Italian Job. net/ movies/ i/ italian_job. "De Line hire portends more changes at Par" (http:/ / www. "'The Italian Job' (2003)" (http:/ / www. com/ cgi-bin/ article. "Star-Studded Film Life Movie Awards Show Concludes 8th Annual American Black Film Festival" (http:/ / www. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. com/ apps/ pbcs. sfsite. DTL& type=movies). html). Entertainment Weekly. "The Italian Job" (http:/ / www. com/ 2003/ SHOWBIZ/ Movies/ 06/ 05/ hln. story?coll=cl-mreview). thefilmlife. bbc. Reed Business Information. .454095~1~~italianjob. BBC. ""The Italian Job"" (http:/ / dir. . 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Retrieved 2009-10-20. htm). James (2003-05-27). Taurus World Stunt Awards. php). . Hddvd. [25] Zacharek. [24] "Italian Job. "The Italian Job (2003)" (http:/ / www. Variety (Reed Business Information). NYDailyNews. 40–41. IGN. pp. job/ ). co. Jack (2003-05-30). rottentomatoes. . htm) on May 3. Retrieved 2008-09-13. [26] Papamichael. Retrieved 2008-09-13. com/ ew/ article/ 0. The New Yorker. Retrieved 2008-10-09. com/ columns/ news0402.). calendarlive. [34] Matthews. cnn.com. .com. Retrieved 2009-10-15. rottentomatoes. Bluray. reelviews. . nydailynews. [Documentary]. Retrieved 2008-10-14. . . "Behind the Scenes: The Italian Job" (http:/ / www. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional. Stella (2003-10-04). com/ releasedates_historical. com/ articles/ 969/ 969105p3. Retrieved 2009-10-14. [14] The Italian Job – Driving School. motortrend. Motor Trend. ew. . Fantasy & Horror Films. com/ article/ VR1117897479. ISBN 0071436847. ign. [20] Patrizio. [27] Thomas. "The Italian Job" (http:/ / www. Nicole (2006). [13] Donaton. Rotten Tomatoes. Variety (Reed Business Information). com/ womt/ 112_0305_mini_bts/ index. [37] "2004 Taurus World Stunt Awards: Winners and Nominees" (http:/ / www. [Documentary]. . 2008. salon. [17] "Box office and rental history for The Italian Job" (http:/ / au. Retrieved 2008-09-13. com/ story/ ent/ movies/ review/ 2003/ 05/ 30/ italian_job/ index. asp?layout=review& reviewid=VE1117920874). Retrieved 2008-10-14. ReelViews. 70 . Metacritic. variety. [31] Koehler. com/ article/ VR1117890898. Kevin (2003-05-30). [41] Rafter. Retrieved 2008-09-15. Owen (2003-05-30). Salon. com/ articles/ 455/ 455380p1.

Variety (Reed Business Information). Jeremy. Retrieved 2008-10-08. [47] McNary. "Producer Donald De Line gives Updates on House of Lies. . ign. html). squads.com. . Davidson. Retrieved 2008-10-10. Retrieved 2008-06-17. movies. com/ articles/ 110/ 1101504p1. Paul (2004-09-27). com/ article/ VR1118004869. Retrieved 2009-10-13.co. Dave (2004-11-07). Retrieved 2010-07-05. Retrieved 2008-09-17. Variety (Reed Business Information). Retrieved 2008-09-15. Retrieved 2010-07-05. "Donald De Line on Green Lantern and Brazilian Job" (http:/ / www. html).metacritic. Retrieved 2010-07-05. variety. ign. . co.uk). . Paul (2003-07-23). com/ article/ VR1117913091. "New man for the 'Job'" (http:/ / www. [43] Eisenberg. [45] Soll.allmovie. net/ news/ movienews. "Will The Brazilian Job Ever Happen?" (http:/ / www. "Brazilian Job Still On" (http:/ / au. html). "Exclusive Interview: Seth Green" (http:/ / tv. ew.com/movie/italianjob) at Metacritic The Italian Job (http://www. "Bond begins anew with scribe trio" (http:/ / www. . html). See also: Tecson. Retrieved 2008-06-17. . usatoday. com/ movies/ news/ articles/ 1519332/ 20051227/ story. Michael and McNary.com/) The Italian Job (http://www. Retrieved 2008-09-17. com/ article/ VR1117910959. "It's an Ad. Collider. Variety (Reed Business Information). IGN.htm) at Box Office Mojo The Italian Job (http://www. Rick (2009-09-21). "Par: Déjà vu all over again" (http:/ / www. html). MTV. ign. comingsoon. com/ magazine/ content/ 04_14/ b3877075_mz054. "Crews. IGN. com/ 2008/ 09/ heroes-seth. variety. elevens and dozens: The team film genre" (http:/ / kinema. Keck. [58] Lieberman. [50] Goldman. htm).boxofficemojo. Comingsoon.net. . . com/ articles/ 813/ 813574p1. Michael Eidam (2004-04-05). . [55] Fulton. html). William (2004-09-23). [56] Douglas. html). . [49] Fleming. html). Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2009-03-18. Gail. Kinema (Ontario. com/ articles/ 430/ 430101p1. . variety. com/ life/ people/ 2004-09-23-huckabees-premiere_x. IGN. Dave (2004-07-19). "Par puts vet on the 'Job'" (http:/ / www. "BMW's Mini Just Keeps Getting Mightier" (http:/ / www. BusinessWeek (McGraw-Hill). . Daniel (2002-09-02). php?id=53545). Jack (2010-01-18). [57] Giroux. Edward (2009-03-09). "Mark Wahlberg Hits The Gridiron For Role In True–Life Tale 'Invincible'" (http:/ / www. Green Lantern. Canada: University of Waterloo) (Fall 2006). sevens. ign. IGN. . uwaterloo. jhtml). Paul (2007-05-02). "Statham Talks Sequels" (http:/ / au. . IGN. "'Huckabees' stars are all 'Heart'" (http:/ / www. "Par reunites 'Job' crew" (http:/ / www. The Daily Record (DailyRecord. Retrieved 2008-09-10. Retrieved 2008-06-17. variety. [53] Douglas. dailyrecord. Edward (2009-10-05). "Seth Green talks 'Heroes' and 'Italian Job' sequel" (http:/ / hollywoodinsider. [46] Davidson. USA Today.imdb. html). [51] IGN Staff (2008-03-04). Retrieved 2009-10-14. com/ articles/ 676/ 676604p1. 71 External links • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.com/work/280180) at Allmovie The Italian Job (http://www. Retrieved 2008-10-05. IGN. Fleming. . See also: Davidson. html). com/ article/ VR1117907994. com/ articles/ 551/ 551886p1. Retrieved 2008-09-17.com/movies/?id=italianjob. IGN. Retrieved 2009-03-18. Ad World". comingsoon. "New Italian Job Looks Likely" (http:/ / movies. Michael (2009-06-12). Variety (Reed Business Information). . . "The Brazilian Job Targets Summer 2007" (http:/ / au. Lindsay (2008-09-09). ign. The Film Stage.The Italian Job (2003 film) [42] Strong. [48] Davidson. . "The Brazilian Job Is a No Go" (http:/ / movies. Retrieved 2009-10-13. movies. mtv. "[Exclusive (http:/ / thefilmstage. com/ article/ VR1117923728. "Sequel to The Italian Job Proposed" (http:/ / movies. [52] Steve Weintraub (2008-06-04). htm).rottentomatoes. . php?id=37& feature). com/ articles/ 785/ 785006p1. . Jason (2010-06-30). ca/ article. ign. Dave (2004-09-26). Eric (2007-08-17).net. Retrieved 2008-09-11. [54] Fleming. McNary. Comingsoon. html).italianjobmovie. . "Charlize Theron: I've got no problems with the signs of aging" (http:/ / www. Time (New York: Time Inc). [44] Edmonson. Retrieved 2010-04-12. asp/ aid/ 8101/ tcid/ 1). Guardians of Ga'Hoole. ign. net/ news/ movienews. Variety (Reed Business Information). Ad. com/ 2010/ 01/ 18/ exclusive-david-twohy-talks-riddick-3-and-the-brazilian-job/ ) David Twohy Talks Riddick 3 And The Brazilian Job"]. Paul (2005-12-16). variety. com/ entertainment/ interviews/ article. com/ articles/ 856/ 856850p1.com/m/italian_job/) at Rotten Tomatoes . uk/ showbiz/ celebrity-interviews/ 2009/ 09/ 21/ charlize-theron-i-ve-got-no-problems-with-the-signs-of-aging-86908-21689417/ ). html). Retrieved 2009-10-12. Michael (2005-05-31). Brandee (2005-12-27). businessweek. html). php?id=59774). and The Brazilian Job!" (http:/ / www. movies. . collider.com/title/tt0317740/) at the Internet Movie Database The Italian Job (http://www.

under the name Strange Days Ocean. dust clouds over the Atlantic. The 2004 Planet Award and many others.Strange Days on Planet Earth 72 Strange Days on Planet Earth Strange Days on Planet Earth is a four part (1 hour each) television program on PBS concerning human impact on the environment. drought in Africa. and millions more in Europe. The show was produced by Sea Studios Foundation. "Best People and Animals" award at the 2004 Jackson Hole Wildlife Film Festival. and New Zealand. External links • Home site [1] (Uses Adobe Flash) References [1] http:/ / www. • "Best" in Field Research and Scientific Exploration at The 2005 Explorers Club Documentary Film Festival. • the Greenpeace Environmental Award at the 2005 Linden Wildlife Film Festival. The series were broadcast on PBS to over 12 million viewers in the U. • • • • the prestigious Panda Award at the 2004 Wildscreen Film Festival. and respiratory problems in Trinidad Predators The role that predators play in natural ecosystems Troubled Waters Polluted waters and their effects around the world The series earned 14 major film festival honors. "Best Environment and Conservation Series" at the 2005 Japan Wildlife Film Festival. the environmental equivalent of the Academy Awards. including • Best Series at 2005 International Wildlife Film Festival.S. In 2007–2008. Strange Days on Planet Earth grew into an ongoing partnership with the National Geographic Society to bring focus on our personal connection to the planet’ life systems. the Strange Days initiative will focus on the global crisis facing our ocean. It is narrated by Edward Norton. s Invaders Invasive species and their ecological and economic impacts The One Degree Factor Climate change. pbs. org/ strangedays/ . Australia. Latin America.

Down in the Valley (film) 73 Down in the Valley (film) Down in the Valley Directed by Produced by David Jacobson David Jacobson Stavros Merjos Bill Migliore Edward Norton Adam Rosenfelt Holly Wiersma David Jacobson Edward Norton Evan Rachel Wood David Morse Aviva Rory Culkin Peter Salett David Jacobson Lynzee Klingman Edward Harrison (pseud. Evan Rachel Wood. 2005 (Cannes Film Festival) May 2006 (limited release) Running time Country Language Budget 125 minutes United States English $8. . The film made its debut in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2005 Cannes Film Festival[1] on May 13. David Morse and Rory Culkin. of Edward Norton) Written by Starring Music by Editing by Distributed by ThinkFilm Release date(s) May 13.000 US Down in the Valley is a movie starring Edward Norton. and made its limited theatrical release in North America in May 2006.000.

where she is attached to a breathing machine and remains in a coma. who is revealed to be a Hasidic Jew. his father or foster father's house. Charlie and a detective named Sheridan arrive. The next day. A shootout ensues in which Harlan guns down detective Sheridan and one of the cops. The romantically involved couple ride a horse that supposedly belongs to one of Harlan's friends named Charlie. and while at the beach. He accepts. whether intentionally or by misfiring it is not clear. by some degree. a young man. they share a passionate kiss. and that Harlan was wounded while trying to stop him. inscribed with his name. When Tobe comes home to find him. presumably.Down in the Valley (film) 74 Plot Set in modern-day San Fernando Valley of Los Angeles. in a closet. mentally unstable or delusional. The couple are held in police custody until Wade comes to pick up Tobe. imagining a Wild West style "shoot-out" scene. Tobe goes to his house and engages in sexual activities with Harlan. Harlan and Lonnie escape to a housing development under construction. having returned home long after she was expected." and scatters the ashes. the film begins with rebellious teenager October "Tobe" (Wood). She returns home the next day. Wade and Sheridan arrive with two more cops. Lonnie (Culkin). Her father's rage increases. Tobe continues to see Harlan. "Don't say anything. Tobe invites much-older Harlan to the beach. and the contents of a box. who is armed. he suspects Harlan. He attempts to talk with her. just think it. He finds Lonnie and talks him into going away. he pounds on the door and leaves visible damage. They stumble upon a Western motion picture set where filming has just begun. Wade. but slowly realizes he is deranged and tells him she doesn't want to leave her family and that he should go. It is made clear at this point that he is. Harlan is evicted from his apartment after shooting at his reflection in a mirror. her father becomes enraged and she retreats to her room. though much older than Tobe . however. threatening Harlan to leave his children alone. Tobe is holding a box that contains her former lover's ashes. who is covered in Tobe's blood. Harlan. He leaves the letter he has been narrating throughout the movie after taking multiple Jewish memorabilia. When Tobe's father returns home to find Tobe alone on her bed. he breaks into. . where he is abruptly ushered out. where Wade finds them and another shootout ensues. Upon returning. is persistent. and he manages to shatter her bedroom window. After an awkward incident at a local synagogue. then shoots himself in the side to conceal Tobe's blood and also make it look like it was Wade who had shot Tobe and then shot at him. She replies. Tobe regains consciousness at the hospital and Wade realizes that Lonnie has been taken by Harlan. Harlan shoots her in the stomach. going for a walk with her younger brother. Later on that night they go on their "real" date dancing then later meeting up with Tobe's friends for another party. she is dumbfounded. That is when he takes drugs under the influence of Tobe. Tobe goes to the beach with friends and when they stop for gasoline they are assisted by Harlan (Norton). happy to see him at first. cowboy style. He then decides to take her on a real date which involves him and Tobe taking Lonnie to get something to eat. He breaks into Tobe's house and packs a bag so they can run away. Afterwards. Harlan. Her brother asks her what they should say about him. Tobe and Lonnie (presumably a month or so later) are driven by Wade to a place where Tobe and Harlan had a pleasant day. He takes out Lonnie to shoot guns without Wade's permission and is confronted by Lonnie's father.who affects a folksy. He pursues them. Harlan shoots Charlie before riding off with Lonnie. and when she refuses to open the door. Wade rushes his wounded daughter to the hospital. He convinces Lonnie that it was really Wade who shot Tobe. At night while Harlan and Lonnie are by a fire. At that point. She tells Harlan that they should no longer see each other. Wade shoots Harlan to death to the horror of Lonnie. barely alive. who has failed an attempt at calling 911 and run away. Charlie (Bruce Dern) claims he has never met Harlan and that the horse was stolen.

festival-cannes.com. The script was written with loose scenes.com/m/down_in_the_valley/) at Rotten Tomatoes . watching the same films over and over.com) • Down in the Valley (film) (http://www. . and is considered by Jacobson himself to be some of his lighter work. html). festival-cannes. Jacobson also has noted that he and his sister were mild backgrounds for Tobe and Lonnie. He commented that there was never much to do except throw things onto the highway (which possibly inspired a deleted scene from the film titled Don't Look).com/title/tt0398027/) at the Internet Movie Database • Down in the Valley (http://www. have dirt clod fights.Down in the Valley (film) 75 Cast Actor Edward Norton Role Harlan Fairfax Curruthers Evan Rachel Wood October (Tobe) David Morse Rory Culkin Bruce Dern John Diehl Geoffrey Lewis Elizabeth Peña Kat Dennings Hunter Parrish Aviva Aaron Fors Wade Lonnie (Twig) Charlie Steve Sheridan Gale April Kris Sherri Jeremy Writing Writer David Jacobson was inspired to write this film by his childhood in the San Fernando Valley. References [1] "Festival de Cannes: Down in the Valley" (http:/ / www. which he watched seventeen times.imdb. One favorite was Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid.rottentomatoes. Retrieved 2009-12-06. External links • Official website (http://www. com/ en/ archives/ ficheFilm/ id/ 4280015/ year/ 2005.downinthevalleyfilm. and spending many hot summer days at the local cinema with friends.

2005 (Kuwait) May 6. Brendan Gleeson. Jeremy Irons.Kingdom of Heaven (film) 76 Kingdom of Heaven (film) Kingdom of Heaven Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Ridley Scott Ridley Scott William Monahan Orlando Bloom Eva Green Jeremy Irons David Thewlis Brendan Gleeson Marton Csokas Liam Neeson Edward Norton Ghassan Massoud Khaled El Nabawy Harry Gregson-Williams Jerry Goldsmith (library music) Music by Cinematography John Mathieson Editing by Studio Dody Dorn Chisako Yokoyama (director's cut) Scott Free Productions Inside Track [1] Studio Babelsberg Motion Pictures GmbH 20th Century Fox May 3.051 [2] Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Kingdom of Heaven is a 2005 action/epic film directed by Ridley Scott and written by William Monahan. . Marton Csokas. David Thewlis. Kevin McKidd. 2005 144 minutes Germany. Eva Green.652. United Kingdom English Arabic $147 million $211. It stars Orlando Bloom. Spain.

Balian protects the villagers entering the castle from Saladin's cavalry. Saladin arrives with his army to besiege Kerak and King Baldwin IV approaches with his. Edward Norton. Godfrey knights Balian and orders him to serve the King of Jerusalem and protect the helpless. The exertion of these events cause Baldwin to collapse. weakened beyond recovery. Though outnumbered. Balian notices his brother wearing the cross that his wife wore before she was to be buried. As Raynald grovels for mercy. Ghassan Massoud. which Raynald does by murdering Saladin's . Baron Godfrey of Ibelin. Imad ad-Din. A group of Crusaders arrive. After he reaches Godfrey. Godfrey asks Balian to return with him to Jerusalem. reveals that he ordered Balian's wife beheaded before burial. a customary practice for people who commit suicide. Jon Finch. The story is set during the Crusades of the 12th century. to punish him for his crime. and eventually he. Guy intends to rule after Baldwin's death and seeks to provoke a war that will allow him to dispose of the Muslims and claim the Kingdom for the Christians. A fight over the horse follows and Balian reluctantly slays the cavalier when attacked. one of them introduces himself as Balian's father. In the enemy camp. Balian gives the horse to the servant and releases him. Sibylla's six year old son Baldwin V becomes King of Jerusalem. allowing the villagers time to flee. The attack fails and Godfrey kills his nephew. Balian and his knights charge Saladin's cavalry. Upon arriving. They negotiate a Muslim retreat and Baldwin swears to punish Raynald. In Messina. Saladin assures his generals that he will reclaim Jerusalem. the King's sister Princess Sibylla. advances on Kerak. Balian becomes acquainted with Jerusalem's political arena: the leper King Baldwin IV. A French village blacksmith goes to aid the city of Jerusalem in its defense against the Muslim leader Saladin. The town priest. knowing they have affection for each other. The nephew launches a sneak attack against Godfrey. at the Loarre Castle. who releases Balian to enter Kerak. where Scott had filmed Gladiator and Black Hawk Down. In reality. leader of the Muslim forces. despite a request from Raynald to withdraw. In a fit of rage Balian kills his brother. Grief-stricken and unwilling to condemn her son to a life behind a mask. Raynald's castle. Balian refuses and the Crusaders leave. Baldwin asks Balian to marry Sibylla. Following the horse. Guy releases Raynald. forcing him onto his knees. Balian encounters the servant he freed. Segovia. retrieves the crucifix and flees the village. Saladin. is haunted by his wife's recent suicide. the nephew intends to assassinate Balian and Godfrey so that his father. Tiberias the Marshall of Jerusalem. asking him to guide him to Jerusalem. Filming also took place in Spain. soldiers led by Godfrey's nephew arrive. leaving Balian and a horse as the only survivors. his deed will gain him fame and respect from them. learning he is actually Saladin's Chancellor. who supports the anti-Muslim activities of brutal factions like the Knights Templar. After Baldwin dies. but Balian refuses because in order for the marriage to occur Guy would have to be killed.Kingdom of Heaven (film) Alexander Siddig. Balian. and her husband Guy de Lusignan. Guy and his co-conspirator Raynald of Châtillon massacre a Muslim trade caravan with the aid of the Templars. before succumbing to his injuries. Baldwin confronts Raynald. Godfrey refuses to surrender Balian.[3] 77 Plot In a remote village in 1184 France. Balian is confronted by a Muslim cavalier and his servant. Michael Sheen and Liam Neeson. Sibylla poisons her son. a blacksmith. Balian's knights are captured. Most filming took place in Ouarzazate and Ait Benhaddou in Morocco. may inherit Godfrey's barony. asking him to give him a war. The man tells him his slain master was an important knight amongst the Saracens. Palma del Río and Casa de Pilatos in Sevilla. ostensibly to arrest Balian. It becomes apparent that he is also infected with leprosy. Ávila. Balian pursues his father in the hope of gaining forgiveness and redemption for him and his wife in Jerusalem. When Balian releases the horse from the wreckage it flees in panic. A replica of medieval Jerusalem was constructed in the desert. Balian's half-brother. Sibylla succeeds her son and names Guy King of Jerusalem. but is struck by an arrow that breaks off in his body. but spares the servant. During Balian's journey to Jerusalem his ship runs aground in a storm. Baldwin beats him with his horse whip and forces Raynald to kiss his diseased hand. who is battling to reclaim the city from the Christians. The film script is a heavily fictionalised portrayal of Balian of Ibelin.

a few remaining Crusader soldiers and the townspeople. . since he is the most strident voice against a war. but Balian and his knights remain to protect the villagers. Tiberias. After a battle that lasts three days.[11] A composition of classical listings. He also releases Guy back to Jerusalem where he attacks Balian but is defeated. sung by Danielle de Niese and Bruno Lazzaretti is also used during the funeral of the King. sparing Guy as king only out of tradition. Guy and Raynald are captured. defender of Jerusalem. Guy decapitates the emissary and sends his head back to Damascus. influences. and they are commencing a new Crusade to retake Jerusalem. In the marching column of citizens. Guy has several Templars try to murder Balian. they ride toward a new life together. the heads of those responsible and the surrender of Jerusalem.[8] [9] Music The music to the movie is quite different in style and content from the soundtrack of Ridley Scott's earlier 2000 film Gladiator[10] and many other subsequent films depicting historical events. and passing by the grave of Balian's wife. It is notable for its "visually stunning cinematography and haunting music". war is agreed upon "because God wills it" and against sound advice they march into the desert to fight Saladin. juxtaposing Muslim sacred chants. Balian is joined by Sibylla.[4] Cinematographer John Mathieson created many large. their knights. rousing chorales. sweeping landscapes.[6] The cinematography and scenes of set-pieces have been described as "ballets of light and color" (as in films by Akira Kurosawa). In council. Saladin offers terms: Balian surrenders Jerusalem when Saladin offers the inhabitants safe passage to Christian lands. When Saladin's emissary relays demands for the return of his sister's body. stunning cinematography and "jaw-dropping combat sequences" based on the production design of Arthur Max. "Vide Cor Meum" (originally used by Scott in the Hannibal movie and composed by Patrick Cassidy and Hans Zimmer). After Balian returns to his village in France. he finds Sibylla who has renounced her claim as Queen of Jerusalem and other cities. supporting performances. Knowing they cannot defeat the Saracens. believing Jerusalem is lost.[7] Director Ridley Scott's visual acumen was described as the main draw of Kingdom of Heaven with the stellar. a piece of Jerry Goldsmith's "Valhalla" theme from The 13th Warrior is used. Saladin's army attacks the Crusaders and in the ensuing battle the Crusaders are annihilated. leaving Jerusalem unguarded except for Balian. During the climactic final battle scene. English knights ride through looking for Balian. Balian replies that he is the blacksmith. 78 Production Cinematography The visual style of Kingdom of Heaven emphasizes set design and impressive cinematography in almost every scene.[5] where the cinematography.Kingdom of Heaven (film) sister. they hope to hold their enemies off long enough for the Saracens to offer terms. and subtle implementation of contemporary rock/pop [10] [11] the soundtrack is largely the result of British film-score composer Harry Gregson-Williams. and battle sequences are meticulously mounted. and the man leading the knights identifies himself as King Richard I of England. Tiberias and his men leave for Cyprus. Saladin executes Raynald and then marches on Jerusalem. Balian responds that he is the blacksmith and Richard rides off.

This rating equates to "good" according to Yahoo! Movie's rating system. who plays Princess Sibylla. modelled after Godfrey de Bouillon. however. the Yahoo! Movies rating for Kingdom of Heaven was a "B" from the critics (based on 15 Reviews). culture.[12] Several actors/actresses were praised for their performances.[5] and Jeremy Irons.[14] Also commended were Eva Green. many critics had strong notions of how Balian should be acted. and "so far removed from anything that he has ever done that we see the true complexities of his talent". with the Boston Globe stating Bloom was "not actively bad as Balian of Ibelin". the actual father of Balian of Ibelin was not named Godfrey but Barisan) Ghassan Massoud as Saladin Alexander Siddig as Imad ad-Din Jon Finch as the Catholic Patriarch of Jerusalem (modelled after Patriarch Heraclius of Jerusalem) Khaled El Nabawy as Mullah Iain Glen as King Richard of England Kevin McKidd as English Sergeant (Godfrey's man-at-arms) Jouko Ahola as Odo Michael Sheen as Priest (Balian's half-brother) Nikolaj Coster-Waldau as Village Sheriff (Godfrey's nephew. quoted by The Daily Telegraph. On Rotten Tomatoes. however. but leaning towards the positive. One critic conceded that Balian was more of a "brave and principled thinker-warrior"[5] rather than a large. Balian's cousin) Critical response Upon its release. Online.[16] Although the medieval character of Balian of Ibelin is not well known to U. which means the film received "generally favorable reviews" according to the website's weighted average system. lead actor Orlando Bloom's performance generally elicited a lukewarm reception from American critics. the aggregate review site Metacritic scored the movie as a 63. but nevertheless "seems like a man holding the fort for a genuine star who never arrives". Count of Tiberias Marton Csokas as Guy of Lusignan Brendan Gleeson as Raynald of Châtillon Edward Norton as King Baldwin of Jerusalem David Thewlis as Hospitaller Liam Neeson as Godfrey of Ibelin (Balian's father. general criticism has been also divided. only 39 percent of critics gave the film a positive review. Bloom won two awards for his performance. involving connections with unknown relatives. found the film's message to be deeper than Scott's previous Gladiator. and Balian used brains-over-brawn to gain advantage in battle. strong commander. Academic criticism has focused on the supposed peaceful relationship between Christians and Muslims in Jerusalem and other cities depicted. Despite the criticism. described by The New York Times as "cool as a tall glass of water". the film was met with mixed opinions. Critics such as Roger Ebert.[5] and the Extended Director's Cut (detailed below) of Kingdom of Heaven reveals even more complex facets of Bloom's role.Kingdom of Heaven (film) 79 Cast Many of the characters in the movie are fictionalized versions of historical figures: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Orlando Bloom as Balian of Ibelin Eva Green as Princess Sibylla Jeremy Irons as Raymond. Crusader historians such as Jonathan Riley-Smith.[13] The Syrian actor Ghassan Massoud was also praised for his portrayal of Saladin. "with a measure of cool that defies her surroundings". as an "epic hero" with a strong presence.S.[15] However. Bloom had gained 20 pounds for the part. As of early 2006. called . Jack Moore described Edward Norton's acting as "phenomenal".

"[22] Screenwriter William Monahan. explaining that by editing. who said that despite the various inaccuracies and fictionalized/dramatized details considered the film a "responsible depiction of the period. so to speak. two of which are dedicated to a feature-length documentary called "The Path to Redemption. which presented the film as an adventure with a love story rather than as an examination of religious conflict. earning $47 million against a budget of around $130 million. Paul Halsall defended Scott. audience rose to their feet and applauded wildly during a scene in the film in which Saladin respectfully places a fallen cross back on top of a table after it had fallen during the three-day siege of the city. especially in the portrayal of Patriarch Heraclius of [24] When journalist Robert Fisk watched the film in a Beirut cinema.158. Madden.[20] Thomas F.[27] It's also been noted that the film was altered from its original version to be shorter and follow a simpler plot line.Kingdom of Heaven (film) the film "dangerous to Arab relations". commented against the film's presentation of the Crusades: Given events in the modern world it is lamentable that there is so large a gulf between what professional historians know about the Crusades and what the general population believes.[26] It was also a big success in Arabic-speaking countries. the DVD does not feature historians expressing more negative reactions. although Scott and some of his crew felt it was watered down. He argued that peace and brutality are concepts relative to one's own experience. However. The recurring use of "Assalamu Alaikum". published in 1825 and now discredited by academics. What you use. disaster of the film was the result of bad advertising. in drama. This "less sophisticated" version is what hit theaters.S. sentiments and perceptions. is spoken both in Arabic and English several times. it doesn't mean we didn't know it. At the time. and since our society today is so far removed from the brutal times in which the movie takes place. claiming that "historians can't criticize filmmakers for having to make the decisions they have to make. Riley-Smith further commented against the historical accuracy stating "nonsense like this will only reinforce existing myths". as a professional."[23] Caciola agreed with the fictionalization of characters on the grounds that "crafting a character who is someone the audience can identify with" is necessary in a film. and Canada. the "peace" that existed was exaggerated to fit our ideas of what such a peace would be. Among these historians is Dr. arguing that the film "relied on the romanticized view of the Crusades propagated by Sir Walter Scott in his book The Talisman. in the texts that I read. especially Egypt. [Scott is] not writing a history textbook". The historical content and the religious and political messages present have received praise and condemnation. and quite honestly there are very few of them that if I met in the flesh I feel that I would be very fond of. where a number of academics support the film's contemporary relevance and historical accuracy. but was successful in Europe and the rest of the world.. Nancy Caciola.643. Director of Saint Louis University's Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies. the traditional Arabic greeting meaning "Peace be with you".. he told the story in a way that he felt was true to the source material yet was more accessible to a modern audience." This appears to echo the sentiments of Scott himself." This feature contains an additional featurette on historical accuracy called "Creative Accuracy: The Scholars Speak". The "Director's Cut" of the film is a four-disc set. In other words. has said "If it isn't in. She said that "I. Scott insinuated that the U. it was merely a lull in Muslim-Christian violence compared to the standards of the period.. The shame of it is that dozens of distinguished historians across the globe would have been only too happy to help Scott and Monahan get it right. he reported that the Muslim Jerusalem.[21] Scott himself defended this depiction of the Muslim-Christian relationship in footage on the DVD version of the movie's extra features.S. is what plays. who is a long-term enthusiast of the period. have spent much time with medieval people. This movie only widens that gulf. with the worldwide box office earnings totaling at $211. claiming the movie was Osama bin Laden's version of the Crusades and would "fuel the Islamic fundamentalists". Scott sees this portrayal as being a contemporary look at the history."[17] [18] [19] Fellow Crusade historian Jonathan Phillips also spoke against the film. Shakespeare did the same.. John Harlow of the Times Online wrote that Christianity is portrayed in an unfavorable light and the value of Christian belief is diminished.[25] The movie was a box office flop in the U. "You've gone in there and taken 80 .

modified into French as 'Balian') founded the Ibelin family in the east. a widower over twice her age. was a close ally of Raymond.S. and the release of the Director's Cut has reinvigorated interest in the film. Nearly all reviews of the 2006 Director's Cut have been positive. just a year or two younger than Raymond. however.Kingdom of Heaven (film) little bits from everything". including a four-star review in Britain's Total Film magazine (five star being the publication's highest rating) and a perfect ten out of ten from IGN DVD. Victoria Alonso. Kingdom of Heaven found success on DVD in the U. he was a mature gentleman. however. it seems that Raymond of Tripoli attempted a coup to marry her off to him to strengthen the position of his faction. Balian of Ibelin. however. . His father Barisan (which was originally his own name.[28] Like some other Scott films. and probably came from Italy. Balian and Sibylla were indeed united in the defense of Jerusalem. and one of the most important nobles in the kingdom. not a French blacksmith. The Old French Continuation of William of Tyre (the so-called Chronicle of Ernoul) claimed that Sibylla had been infatuated with Balian's older brother Baldwin of Ibelin. Gary Brozenich) Nominations Satellite Awards: • • • • • • • • Outstanding Actor in a Supporting Role. Balian married Sibylla's stepmother Maria Comnena. but this is doubtful. Dowager Queen of Jerusalem and Lady of Nablus.. no romantic relationship existed between the two.[29] [30] [31] 81 Awards European Film Awards: • Audience Award – Best Actor (Orlando Bloom) Satellite Awards: • Outstanding Original Score (Harry Gregson-Williams) VES Awards: • Outstanding Supporting Visual Effects in a Motion Picture (Wes Sewell. Tom Wood. instead. this legend seems [32] to have been behind the film's creation of a love-relationship between Sibylla and a member of the Ibelin family. Drama (Edward Norton) Outstanding Art Direction & Production Design (Arthur Max) Outstanding Costume Design (Janty Yates) Outstanding Visual Effects (Tom Wood) Choice Movie: Action/Adventure Choice Movie Actor: Action/Adventure/Thriller (Orlando Bloom) Choice Movie Liplock (Eva Green and Orlando Bloom) Choice Movie Love Scene (Eva Green and Orlando Bloom – Balian and Sibylla kiss) Teen Choice Awards: Historical accuracy The historical origin of Orlando Bloom's character.

and according to al-Safadi in al-Wafi bi'l-wafayat. with Balian of Ibelin. He was often in conflict with Guy and Raynald.[34] Raymond of Tripoli was a cousin of Amalric I of Jerusalem. but its aftermath is depicted. Baldwin crowned Sibylla's son from her previous marriage to William of Montferrat. but lost in an election to Conrad of Montferrat in 1192. After her son's death. executed Raynald after he drank from the goblet offered to Guy. Saladin made sure that the next one. in real life. the film's Tiberias. in which Jeremy Irons' character Tiberias is seen arguing with Guy for or against war. Isabella's husband. Also. dying in 1186 at nine years of age. after Raynald's attack on one caravan. to raise her half-sister (Balian's stepdaughter). The coronation scene in the movie was. King Baldwin IV of Jerusalem.[33] The little boy reigned as sole king for one year. As already stated. but later freed. as the sultan had once made a promise never to give anything to Raynald. who reigned from 1174 to 1185. He had a claim to the throne himself. After being crowned by Patriarch Heraclius of Jerusalem (who is unnamed in the movie). Humphrey IV of Toron. Saladin did besiege Jerusalem for almost a month. in front of Baldwin IV as the final judge. in 1183. Guy and Raynald did harass Saladin's caravans. swore allegiance to Guy. but it is probably less than one hundred in a city which had tens of thousands of male inhabitants and refugees. and is generally believed to be false. In the film. and one of the Kingdom's most powerful nobles. In actuality. after threatening to destroy every building and kill the 3000–5000 Muslim inhabitants of the city. Balian knighted everyone who could carry a sword. was properly guarded: the lady came to no harm. was a leper. was not present. but was in Nablus attempting a coup. and other contemporary documents. one of Balian's officers. and so Guy did not succeed Baldwin IV immediately. Baldwin IV had a falling out with Guy before his death. Raymond III of Tripoli. Saladin allowed Balian and his family to leave in peace. she chose to crown Guy as her consort. but. Richard I of England. Balian personally negotiated the surrender of the city with Saladin. The kingdom's army was defeated at the Battle of Hattin. who had risen to their positions by marrying wealthy heiresses and through the king's favor. instead tried to advance his allies the Ibelin family. 82 William of Tyre discovers Baldwin IV's leprosy. sold him the lordship of Cyprus. a favorable account partly written by Ernoul. a sort of medieval parliament. but historical accounts say he only knighted some burgesses. 1194. partly due to the conflict between Guy and Raymond.Kingdom of Heaven (film) The events of the siege of Jerusalem are based on the Old French Continuation of William of Tyre. being childless. princess Isabella of Jerusalem.[32] The discord between the rival factions in the kingdom gave Saladin the opportunity to pursue his long-term goal of conquering it. and she claimed the throne. and his sister Sibylla did marry Guy of Lusignan. to the throne. as well as sometime regent. along with everyone else who could arrange to pay a ransom. Sibylla and Guy (to whom she was devoted) garrisoned the city. There was a Haute Cour. the battle itself is not shown in the movie. and was able to knock down a portion of the wall. Guy was imprisoned. a "high court". five-year-old Baldwin V co-king in his own lifetime. his only supporter. in which his sister was traveling. This claim is not supported by any other accounts. his accounts form the historical basis for much of the film. refusing to precipitate a civil war. however. He attempted to retain the kingship even after the deaths of Sibylla and their daughters during his siege of Acre in 1190. more of a shock: Sibylla had been forced to promise to divorce Guy before becoming queen. where he died c. with the assurance that she would be permitted to pick her own consort. The Muslims captured Guy and Raynald. . The exact number varies in different accounts. and the claim that Raynald captured Saladin's sister is based on the account given in the Old French Continuation of William of Tyre.

and accused him of taking bribes from Conrad. at the Laemmle Fairfax Theatre in Los Angeles. made much of the "From the Director of Gladiator" slogan. Ultimately. unsupported by advertising from 20th Century Fox. . as the movie implies by costuming them both in Templar surcoats: they were secular nobles with wives and families. He and his wife Maria arranged her daughter Isabella's forcible divorce from Humphrey of Toron so she could marry Conrad. This program and a Movie Real (a series by A&E Network) episode about Kingdom of Heaven were both included on the DVD version of the movie. fickle. the Lord of Beirut. Thanks to their close relationship to Sibylla's half-sister and successor. who wrote a poetic account of the crusade. This version has been widely praised. she and her two daughters died of fever in camp during the siege of Acre. It comprises a four-disc box set with a runtime of 194 minutes. The DVD of the extended Director's Cut was released on May 23. was not from France and did not return there with Sibylla. at approximately 45 minutes longer than the original theatrical cut. studio marketing executives took it to be an action-adventure hybrid rather than what Ridley Scott and William Monahan intended it to be: a historical epic examining religious conflict. and faithless. The crescent was introduced many centuries later with the Turkish Ottoman Empire. at the end of the Third Crusade. Near the end of the film and after Saladin has entered the city. Scott gave an interview to STV on the occasion of the extended edition's UK release. 83 Extended director's cut An extended director's cut of the movie was released on December 23. and is shown as a road show presentation with an overture. and thus Guy was attempting to take another city for himself. Neither Guy nor Raynald was a Templar. 2006. This is an anachronism as at that time mosques did not bear any kind of symbols on the minarets. Studio head Tom Rothman ordered the film to be trimmed down to only two hours. Ambroise. they balked at the length. with Saladin narrowly escaping. the Blu-ray release omits the roadshow elements. They were monastic military orders. simply supported by the Templars. An episode of The History Channel's series History vs. The Knights Hospitaller and Knights Templar were the most enthusiastic about fighting Saladin and the Muslims. negotiated. was a dominant force in the politics of Outremer for the first third of the thirteenth century. committed to celibacy. in their advertising campaign. Most notably.[35] The anonymous author of the Itinerarium Peregrinorum et Gesta Regis Ricardi wrote that Balian was a member of a "council of consummate iniquity". and described him as cruel. as he did not believe that a modern audience would go to see a three hour and fifteen minute movie. Maria and Balian's son John.Kingdom of Heaven (film) The movie alludes to the Battle of Montgisard in 1177. running for 189 minutes. The Third Crusade is alluded to at the end of the movie. When Scott presented the 194 minute version of the film to the studio. called Balian "more false than a goblin" and said he "should be hunted with dogs". Hollywood analyzed the historical accuracy of the film. After the pitching of this film. with Balian's help. 20th Century Fox promoted the film as an action movie with heavy elements of romance and. when he discussed the motives and thinking behind the new [36] version. Balian's relations with Richard were far from amicable. when Richard I of England visits Balian in France. of course. The young Balian of the movie thus did not exist in reality. The historical Balian had descendants by Maria Comnena. it is purportedly the version Ridley Scott originally wanted released to theaters. intermission and entr'acte. in which 16-year-old Baldwin IV defeated Saladin. The "uneasy truce" referred to in the closing scene refers to the Treaty of Ramla. because he supported Conrad against Richard's vassal Guy. the Ibelins became the most powerful noble family in the rump Kingdom of Jerusalem as well as in Cyprus in the thirteenth century. Balian. Conrad of Montferrat had denied her and Guy entry to the remaining stronghold of Tyre. 2005. he is seen watching as a crescent ornament is being raised on top of a building presumably a mosque. Maria's daughter Queen Isabella (not shown in the movie).

. but is then discovered to have leprosy. • Saladin decapitates Raynald de Châtillon instead of only cutting his throat. the Sudanese-born actor who played Imad ad-Din al-Isfahani.[38] offering a much greater insight into the motivations of individual characters. rather than emotional. • Godfrey is not only the father of Balian but the younger brother of the village lord who believes that Godfrey is looking for his own son to be Godfrey's heir in Ibelin. • It is revealed that Balian has fought in several battles in the past. and is well-known for building siege engines. His death is depicted as an act of euthanasia by his mother. in particular agitated for the release of an extended cut. is re-inserted into the film. • A dying Baldwin IV is shown refusing the last sacrament from Patriarch Heraclius. being defeated.Kingdom of Heaven (film) Rothman's decision backfired as the film gained mixed reviews (with many commenting that the film seemed "incomplete") and severely under-performed at the US box office. • The Gravedigger of Balian's wife is given more than his previous one line. 84 . As well as including more shots depicting violence and bloodshed. Both this plot point and the one above hinge on the firstborn son's right to exclusive inheritance: this is what apparently drove Godfrey to the Holy Land and the priest to begin his scheming against Balian. however. his interest in her is primarily political. which included the line "I go to pray" (featured in most trailers) is re-inserted. • The character of Baldwin V. The animosity between them is shown as originating from the priest's coveting of the firstborn Balian's meager inheritance. • Balian fights a climactic duel with Guy near the end of the film. is a skilled strategist. • A scene with Balian discussing his situation with the Hospitaller in the desert. Sibylla is then crowned queen. this is generally believed to be more historically accurate. It is this lord's son and heir who organizes the attack on Godfrey's party in the forest and is subsequently killed. after Jerusalem is surrendered and Guy has been released by Saladin (an act intended to humiliate Guy in the eyes of his former subjects). remarking that the suicide was far more of a personal choice and not an act of the devil and realizes that Sibylla is not a nurse but the Queen. He is the son of Sibylla by her first husband. • It is made clear that Guy de Lusignan knows that Sibylla is having an affair with Balian. Guy is humiliated furthermore by challenging Balian to a duel. with some reviewers suggesting that it is the most substantial Director's Cut of all time[37] and a title to equal any of Scott's other works. despite his lowly status he is very intelligent. The boy is crowned King after Baldwin IV's death. the later director's cut provides several details not present in the original theatrical release: • The village priest who taunts Balian and is killed by him is revealed to be his half-brother (his mother's son by her lawful husband). • Sibylla is portrayed much more as a corrupt princess and unpredictable as she herself stated. As in the theatrical version. the father is William of Montferrat. The Director's Cut (DC) has received a distinctly more positive reception from film critics than the theatrical release. Scott and his crew have all stated that they consider the Director's Cut to be the true version of the film and the theatrical cut more of an action movie trailer for the real film. who administers poison via the child's ear. not named in the film. Alexander Siddig. like his uncle. and then spared by Balian. shown in some of original trailers but lacking in the theatrical release.

com/ articles/ 711/ 711469p2. Retrieved 2009-08-21.com. sweeping landscapes.Box Office Data. reelviews. com/ titles/ kingdom_heaven.Kingdom of Heaven (film) 85 Notes [1] "Company Information" (http:/ / movies. Salon. . ign. com/ entertainment/ ui/ philly/ movie. . cinemareview. . philly. org/ archives/ 2005/ 05/ 29/ 093635. html): noted "Where Scott scores is in the cinematography and set-pieces. html): noted "Cinematographer John Mathieson gives us lots of great." [9] Roger Ebert. Movie News.com. dvdtown. Uncut. Volatile Territory" (http:/ / www. [34] Christopher Tyerman." [8] Nix. .com. Philadelphia Inquirer. webpage: Ebert-KoH (http:/ / rogerebert. salon. 2005-05-27." [10] Filmtracks – Kingdom of Heaven (http:/ / www.com: "Kingdom of Heaven Trivia" web:http:/ / www. SunTimes. com/ story/ ent/ movies/ review/ 2005/ 05/ 06/ kingdom/ index. [2] http:/ / www. com/ comment/ madden200505270751. beyondhollywood. html).com. web: Philly-KoH (http:/ / ae. God's War: A New History of the Crusades. BlogCritics. com/ truthisthefirstvictim. visually stunning cinematography and haunting music. html [16] Ty Burr. com/ movies/ kingdom-of-heaven/ 6137745 [3] Cinemareview.com (http:/ / www. "Kingdom of Heaven:Why Ridley Scott's Story Of The Crusades Struck Such A Chord In A Lebanese Cinema" web: Zmag. "Epic 'Kingdom' has a weak link" (review). web: BeyondHwood-KoH (http:/ / www. "Kingdom of Heaven – Salon" (review).com (http:/ / edition. 2010. dll/ article?AID=/ 20050505/ REVIEWS/ 50426001): Ebert noted "What's more interesting is Ridley Scott's visual style. the-numbers. "Kingdom of Heaven" reviews for the Chicago Sun Times [13] Jack Moore. stfrancis. Retrieved 2009-08-21. May 6. reelviews. assisted by John Mathieson's cinematography and the production design of Arthur Max. "Interview: Ridley Scott's Kingdom of Heaven" web: DarkHorizons. with vast armies surging across sun-baked sand in almost Kurosawa-like ballets of light and color. suntimes. buy. Zombietime. [19] "Kingdom of Heaven info page" (http:/ / www. 2005." [6] Carrie Rickey.com." [7] Uncut. com/ apps/ pbcs. imdb. additional horses and troops. asp?prodid=2960 [4] Richard J." [5] Stephanie Zacharek. php) [29] http:/ / dvd. which were then enhanced by CGI backgrounds. cfm?ItemID=8118) [26] "Kingdom of Heaven. darkhorizons. zombietime. nytimes. film. asp). [22] Creative Accuracy: The Scholars Speak (http:/ / www. BeyondHollywood. com/ movies/ 2005/ KINGH.Jonathan Riley-Smith" (http:/ / www. 2005. "Christian right goes to war with Ridley's crusaders" web:http:/ / www. nationalreview. hicelebs.com "Kingdom of Heaven. html) [11] SoundtrackNet – Kingdom of Heaven (http:/ / www.Production Notes" web: http:/ / www. html [31] http:/ / www. net/ albums/ database/ ?id=3743) [12] Roger Ebert. . com/ reviews/ kingdomofheaven. Retrieved 2007-01-08. net/ movies/ k/ kingdom_heaven_directors. co. com/ movie/ 294331/ Kingdom-of-Heaven/ credits). org/ content/ showarticle. com/ TRANSCRIPTS/ 0505/ 09/ i_ins. net/ movies/ k/ kingdom_heaven. cnn. zmag. "Truth is the First Victim. html?id=306852): noted "cinematography. " Ridley Scott's new Crusades film 'panders to Osama bin Laden'" The Daily Telegraph January 17. and so on. "Kingdom of Heaven Movie Review: Historically and heroically challenged 'Kingdom' fails to conquer" [17] Charlotte Edwardes. com/ news05/ kingdom2. "Hollywood on Crusade: With His Historical Epic.com. 2004 [18] Andrew Holt (2005-05-05). "Movie Review: Kingdom of Heaven" May 29. Retrieved July 30. web: BlogCritics-KoH (http:/ / blogcritics. crusades-encyclopedia. com/ reviews/ rid/ 615/ Kingdom_of_Heaven) [14] Manolha Dargis. A vast set of ancient Jerusalem was constructed to provide realistic foregrounds and locations. timesonline. washingtonpost. Review of Kingdom of Heaven. 2006. ece [25] Robert Fisk. Penguin. "Kingdom of Heaven" (review). html) [21] "Thomas F. com/ wp-dyn/ content/ article/ 2005/ 04/ 29/ AR2005042900744. page 129.nytimes. php): noted "visually and sonically beautiful. 2005-07-01. New York Times review of Kingdom of Heaven [15] James Berardinelli. com/ movies/ kingdom_of_heaven/ trivia.com (http:/ / www. html).org (http:/ / www. . supporting performances and battle sequences are so meticulously mounted. 2005. May 5. Madden on ''Kingdom of Heaven'' on National Review Online" (http:/ / www. Ridley Scott Hurtles Into Vexing. htm)" by Cathy Schultz [33] Depicted in the director's cut. 2005. com/ reviews/ kingdom-of-heaven/ 3676 [32] " Making the Crusades Relevant in KINGDOM OF HEAVEN (http:/ / www. html [28] Garth Franklin. edu/ historyinthemovies/ kingdomofheaven.com. com/ prod/ Kingdom_of_Heaven_Directors_Cut/ q/ loc/ 323/ 202308286. web: Salon-KoH (http:/ / dir. php) [27] Hicelebs. com/ title/ tt0815449/ ) [23] Bob Thompson (2005-05-01). Cast Information" web: The-Numbers. Chicago Sun Times. Crusades-encyclopedia. uk/ tol/ news/ world/ article384742. movies. Washington Post. themovieinsider. Retrieved 2009-08-21. com/ production. [20] CNN "Kingdom of Heaven" Transcript web: CNN. filmtracks. Nationalreview. "Kingdom of Heaven (2005)" (review). htm): noted "Scott's visual acumen is the main draw of Kingdom of Heaven" and "stunning cinematography and jaw-dropping combat sequences" or "stellar cinematography. [24] John Harlow. Radcliff. com/ kingdom_of_heaven/ ). html [30] http:/ / www. soundtrack. 01. web: BuyCom-Uncut (http:/ / www. Kingdom of Heaven: Director's Cut DVD Review (http:/ / www. http:/ / www.org. May 6.

com/m/kingdom_of_heaven/) at Rotten Tomatoes Kingdom of Heaven (http://www. • Runciman. James. ugo. Retrieved 2006-07-08. com/ channels/ dvd/ features/ tristanandisolde/ kingdomdvdreview. ISBN 0-521-01747-5. "Kingdom of Heaven Director's Cut Review" (http:/ / reelviews. [38] Berardinelli. com/ books?id=kA6EqrDKpWMC& pg=PA149& lpg=PA149& dq="more+ false+ than+ a+ goblin& source=bl& ots=ANJ4qtkfbU& sig=tFJvYl5lTgOcQEV7H-5-ey3m77k& hl=en& ei=GviFS6SdGoLWNsKy7Z8M& sa=X& oi=book_result& ct=result& resnum=7& ved=0CBsQ6AEwBg#v=onepage& q="more false than a goblin& f=false) [36] Ridley Scott interview (http:/ / video. .allmovie.Kingdom of Heaven (film) [35] (http:/ / books.org/us/catalogue/catalogue. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. • Hamilton. External links • • • • • Kingdom of Heaven (http://www.com/movies/?id=kingdomofheaven. pp.metacritic.imdb. Steven (1987). 403–469. net/ movies/ k/ kingdom_heaven_directors. cambridge. google.org/us/catalogue/catalogue. stv.boxofficemojo. tv/ bc/ entertainment-hotnow-20060919-interview-ridley-scott-exclusive-/ ) [37] "Kingdom of Heaven: 4-Disc Director's Cut DVD Review" (http:/ / www. Ugo. ISBN 0-521-34771-8. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.asp?isbn=0521017475).com/movie/kingdom-of-heaven) at Metacritic Kingdom of Heaven (http://www. New York: Newmarket Press. 86 References • Scott. Ridley (2005).com/work/294331) at Allmovie Kingdom of Heaven (http://www. ISBN 1-55704-661-1. . A History of the Crusades (Vol 2) The Kingdom of Jerusalem (http://www.htm) at Box Office Mojo . The Leper King and his Heirs: Baldwin IV and the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem (http://www. Kingdom of Heaven: The Making of the Ridley Scott Epic.rottentomatoes. Retrieved 2009-08-21.cambridge.asp?isbn=0521347718).com/title/tt0320661/) at the Internet Movie Database Kingdom of Heaven (http://www. Bernard (2005). html).com. Retrieved 2006-07-08. asp).

2006 (nationwide) 110 minutes United States Czech Republic English $17 million $87.892. Directed by Produced by Neil Burger Brian Koppelman David Levien Michael London Cathy Schulman Bob Yari Steven Millhauser (Short story) Neil Burger (Screenplay) Edward Norton Paul Giamatti Jessica Biel Rufus Sewell Eddie Marsan Eleanor Tomlinson Philip Glass Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Dick Pope Editing by Distributed by Naomi Geraghty Yari Film Group Releasing 20th Century Fox (DVD) August 18.388 Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue . 2006 (limited) September 1.The Illusionist (2006 film) 87 The Illusionist (2006 film) The Illusionist Nothing is what it seems.

Austria-Hungary and is seen training for this same trade. Eisenheim becomes obsessed with magic tricks after this. despite an existing belief among the people that Leopold has murdered a woman in the past. He meets Sophie at one of his performances. When Sophie comes to offer him help. He soon learns that Sophie is expected to marry the Crown Prince. She tells him that she will not marry him or have anything to do with his plan. the police come looking for Sophie. Leopold finds out from Uhl. revealing Sophie still has the locket he made for her years ago. The film premiered at the 2006 Sundance Film Festival and opened the 2006 Seattle International Film Festival. meet privately. a noblewoman well above his social class. He then begins to recount the story of Eisenheim for Crown Prince Leopold. Eisenheim (played as a young man by Aaron Johnson) meets a traveling magician along a road. it appears that he murders her in the stables. with a sword cut across her neck. Although the two are forbidden to see each other. After humiliating the Crown Prince during a private show. and expanded nationwide on September 1. Uhl observes Eisenheim's actions more closely on behalf of Leopold. Jessica Biel. leading many to believe that he possesses supernatural powers. Eisenheim purchases a run-down theater and opens a new performance. The Illusionist tells the story of Eisenheim. they meet in a secret hideout chamber in the woods. but first something must be done to stop Leopold. which if twisted correctly reveals a hidden photograph of Eisenheim. Eisenheim was born the son of a cabinetmaker in Vienna. He also falls in love with Sophie. Based loosely on Steven Millhauser's story "Eisenheim the Illusionist". They plan to flee the Empire together. using mysterious equipment and Chinese stagehands. Eisenheim and Sophie. it was distributed in limited release to theaters on August 18. Eisenheim travels the world. When she attempts to leave. played as a teenager by Eleanor Tomlinson). Leopold confronts Sophie and accuses her of being unfaithful. As Eisenheim plunges into despair and the citizens of Vienna begin to suspect Leopold of Sophie's murder. 88 Plot The film begins in medias res as Chief Inspector Walter Uhl (Paul Giamatti) moves to arrest Herr Eisenheim (Edward Norton) during what appears to be necromancy passed off as a magic show. perfecting his craft and returns to Vienna years later as a master illusionist. having recognized each other. that Sophie has met with Eisenheim. During his show. The magician performs several tricks for him and then. the Duchess von Teschen (Jessica Biel. where Eisenheim tells of his plans to go to China to learn more magic and Sophie promises to go with him. while using his engagement to her to win the Hungarian half of the Empire as well. One day when he was a teenager. He is unable to fulfil this request and the two are separated. Leopold's royal status makes any accusations against him unthinkable. who was following the couple. 2006. On the day that they are going to leave. who Sophie reveals is planning a coup d'etat to usurp the Crown of Austria from his aging father. a magician in turn-of-the-20th-century Vienna. Whilst drunk. the Emperor Franz Joseph I. Eisenheim finds his hit performance shut out of Vienna. Eisenheim prepares a new kind of magic show. Young Eisenheim makes young Sophie a unique marquetry puzzle locket. where her reflection in a mirror is "murdered". when she is volunteered by Crown Prince Leopold (Rufus Sewell) as a reluctant participant in an illusion. Eisenheim apparently summons spirits. The two hide in the secret room and Sophie begs Eisenheim to make them both disappear. both the magician and the tree he was sitting under vanish. her parents have hired Eisenheim's father as a cabinetmaker. according to various accounts.The Illusionist (2006 film) The Illusionist is a 2006 period drama written and directed by Neil Burger and starring Edward Norton. She also knows that the Crown Prince will view her as disposable if she leaves him for another man. who purportedly has a history of abuse towards women. and that he will have both her and Eisenheim followed and killed. the two consummate their relationship and realize that they are still in love. Wracked with grief. and Paul Giamatti. Unfortunately. .

He realises with a jolt that he has been pick-pocketed by a disguised Eisenheim. Uhl demands to know where the child obtained the folio.The Illusionist (2006 film) Leopold decides to attend one of Eisenheim's shows in disguise. Finally. the "Orange Tree" folio is filled with plans detailing a geared mechanism to make the tree "grow". After the chase. Uhl pleads with Eisenheim to stop such performances. Thinking he will find the solution to one of the magician's most famous tricks. the child reveals that Eisenheim had given it to him. who says someone in the theater murdered her. Inspector Uhl searches for Eisenheim at his house. "Starting in pre-production. Leopold discovers that Uhl has already informed the Emperor and the General Staff of Leopold's conspiracy to usurp the Austro-Hungarian throne. a boy runs up to hand him a folio labeled "Orange Tree". James (Freedman) became a major collaborator. He worked with Edward Norton preparing him for his stage performances and acted as a hand double in various scenes. After he takes a few steps. His contribution was enormous. In the next scene. We then return to the opening scene of the movie. Eisenheim's manager Jake Wood as Jurka Aaron Johnson as Young Illusionist (Eduard Eisenheim) Eleanor Tomlinson as Young Sophie Production The script was based loosely on "Eisenheim the Illusionist". Eisenheim's body fades and disappears like his summoned spirits. then begging Uhl to keep silent."[1] Aaron Johnson. a short story by Steven Millhauser from Millhauser's 1990 collection The Barnum Museum. During this show. As the Army arrives at his Palace to arrest him. Leopold shoots himself in despair after angrily justifying his plans to overthrow his father. who plays the teenage Eduard in the beginning of the film. After ordering. There he finds a folio labeled "Orange Tree. This time. Eisenheim is then seen walking up to a house in the country where Sophie is waiting for him. Ricky Jay. 89 Cast • • • • • • • • Edward Norton as Eisenheim the Illusionist (born Eduard Abramovich) Paul Giamatti as Chief Inspector Walter Uhl Jessica Biel as Duchess Sophie von Teschen Rufus Sewell as Crown Prince Leopold Eddie Marsan as Josef Fischer. Leopold orders Eisenheim's arrest. . but now we see that when Uhl tries to arrest him during the performance. Uhl is shown leaving the Imperial Palace. also learned how to do the ball trick seen in those scenes. Uhl reveals to Leopold that he has found evidence which links the Crown Prince to Sophie's murder: a jewel from the prince's sword and Sophie's locket that Eisenheim gave her when they were children. Director Neil Burger wrote. Michael Weber and Scott Penrose. Uhl then reaches down into his pocket. to discover the Duchess' locket is missing. designing and refining everything from small sleight of hand tricks to major narrative set pieces. but Eisenheim refuses. and gives chase following him to the train station. panicking Leopold. Magic consultancy and technical advice during the production was supplied by James Freedman. he opens it to find empty pages except for a scrap of parchment showing how to open the locket Eisenheim had given Sophie when they were young. Eisenheim summons the spirit of Sophie. brainstorming. a montage shows Uhl putting the pieces together and discovering how Eisenheim faked Sophie's death and framed Leopold for the murder.[2] The original story on which the movie is based does not include the artifice of the protagonist framing the Duke for murder." the name of one of Eisenheim's illusions which had intrigued Uhl.

exceeding its reported $16.1:39 15.0:36 9. according to him."[8] Director of Photography Dick Pope earned a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Cinematography. cinematographer for Pan's Labyrinth.[5] Jonathan Rosenbaum's review in The Chicago Reader praised Paul Giamatti's performance of "a character who feels sympathy for the magician but owes allegiance to Leopold and is therefore divided and compromised . "Life In The Mountains" . "The Accident" . in s his review for The New York Times.868.. "The Sword" . including $39. Giamatti’ performance is subtle.[3] In the first five months after it was released on DVD in January 2007.3:00 19.642 in the United States. "Eisenheim Disappears" .2:54 5. "Sophie's Ride To The Castle" .The Illusionist (2006 film) Although the film is set in Austria.2:53 12.2:05 13. the film earned $35.[4] The Illusionist received mostly positive reviews.2:50 11. "Meeting In The Carriage" . "Frankel Appears" . "The Chase" . Rotten Tomatoes classified it as 74% "certified fresh" with 173 reviews (as of December 12. "A Shout From The Crowd" . 2009). The front gates of Leopold's Vienna palace were actually the front gates of Prague Castle. "Chance Encounter" . praised Edward Norton's role. formerly the home of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.4:31 . while the scenes set in Eisenheim's childhood village were shot in Český Krumlov. "The Secret Plot" . "The Mirror" ..892.3:26 16.1:27 7. Track listing 1.3:03 20. "The Search" .5 million budget. losing at the 79th Academy Awards to Guillermo Navarro. "The Missing Gem" . "The Illusionist" ."[6] Stephen Holden.1:26 8.[7] Variety wrote that Jessica Biel "is entirely stunning enough to fight to the death over.388.2:24 2.1:09 10. expressive. "Do You Know Me" . 2008 the film has earned worldwide box office receipts of $87.2:02 17. it was filmed mostly in the Czech Republic. "perfectly fits his disturbing inscrutability". "The Orange Tree" . 90 Reception As of June 29. "Wish I Would See You Again" . All other shots were at Barrandov Studios in Prague. The city of Vienna is represented in the movie by those of Tábor and Prague. The Crown Prince's castle is actually the historical fortress of Konopiště (located near Benešov). Soundtrack The soundrack for the film was composed by Philip Glass and was released on the 15th August 2006.1:30 14. which. "The Locket" .4:11 21.3:23 4. and richly nuanced.2:48 3.1:47 6.99 million in rental revenue.2:07 18. "Sophie" . "The New Theater" .

nytimes. as well as Eisenheim's name.metacritic. prompting Eisenstein to label himself an "illusionist".com/movie/illusionist) at Metacritic • The Illusionist (http://www.co. suggest a nod to director Sergei Eisenstein (1898–1948). The character Leopold somewhat resembles Crown Prince Rudolf. Iris fades and the final montage sequence in The Illusionist.Review (http:/ / movies2. [3] The Illusionist (2006 film) (http:/ / www. htm) from Box Office Mojo.DVD / Home Video Rentals (http:/ / www. who committed suicide after killing his mistress.org/film/archives/illusionist/productionnotes. com/ 2006/ 08/ 18/ movies/ 18illu. html?categoryId=31& cs=1) from Variety magazine External links • Official website (http://http://www. Retrieved 2009-12-25.com/films/theillusionist/) • Official trailer (http://pdl.Movie .html) from Film Entertainment Magazine . The iris fade and montage were used prominently in Eisenstein's famous Bolshevik propaganda film The Battleship Potemkin. 28th January 2006. Retrieved 2009-12-25. [4] The Illusionist (2006) .com/aol/us/moviefone/movies/2006/illusionistthe_025062/ illusionistthe_trailer_01_dl.The Illusionist (2006 film) 91 Historical links Eisenheim's portrait of the Emperor seen in the palace performance scene closely relates with that of Franz Joseph I of Austria. com/ movies/ ?page=homevideo& id=illusionist.aol. variety. boxofficemojo.boxofficemojo. html?ref=movies) from The New York Times [8] The Illusionist Review from Sundance (http:/ / www. References [1] "News (Number 292)" (http:/ / www.mov) from AOL • The Illusionist (http://www.htm) at Box Office Mojo • "The Illusionist: Movie Production Notes" (http://emol. chicagoreader.uk.com/work/324037) at Allmovie • The Illusionist (http://www.imdb. [5] The Illusionist (http:/ / www. [DVD]. boxofficemojo. com/ movies/ ?id=illusionist. The "Odessa Steps" sequence in that film proved so powerful that many audiences believed they were viewing actual newsreel footage. htm). [2] Screenwriter/director Neil Burger. magicweek.stream. This incident caused an international scandal and has attracted much subsequent conjecture. com/ m/ illusionist/ ) at Rotten Tomatoes [6] Chicago Reader: Movie Reviews (http:/ / www. . Event occurs at ?. Retrieved 2009-12-25. magicweek.yarifilmgroup.com/title/tt0443543/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Illusionist (http://www. htm) at Box Office Mojo. co.allmovie. com/ features/ stories/ moviereviews/ 060818/ ) [7] The Illusionist . Audio commentary for The Illusionist. com/ review/ VE1117929353.com/movies/?id=illusionist. uk/ backissues_0250-0299/ 0292. rottentomatoes.

The screenplay by Ron Nyswaner is based on the 1925 novel of the same title by W. Naomi Watts. .273 [1] Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue The Painted Veil is a 2006 drama film directed by John Curran. 2006 (United States) December 29.The Painted Veil (2006 film) 92 The Painted Veil (2006 film) The Painted Veil Original poster Directed by Produced by John Curran Edward Norton Naomi Watts Sara Colleton Jean-François Fonlupt Bob Yari Ron Nyswaner Edward Norton (uncredited) The Painted Veil by W. Toby Jones.4 million $26. Somerset Maugham. Anthony Wong Chau Sang and Liev Schreiber appear in the leading roles.809. Somerset Maugham Naomi Watts Edward Norton Liev Schreiber Diana Rigg Toby Jones Anthony Wong Chau Sang Alexandre Desplat Screenplay by Based on Starring Music by Cinematography Stuart Dryburgh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Alexandre de Franceschi Warner Independent Pictures December 20. 2006 (China) 125 minutes China United States English $19. Edward Norton.

a married British vice consul. realising from the reply that he could be Walter's father. Five years later. Kitty volunteers her services. Just as the local cholera problem is coming under control. She is surprised to learn from the Mother Superior that her husband loves children. she replies "No one important". Upon their arrival in Mei-tan-fu. but he dies. two-week-long overland journey that would be considerably faster and much easier if they traveled by river. When he sees her with the children. Kitty meets Townsend by chance on the street. socially awkward bacteriologist Walter Fane at a party. however. devastating her.The Painted Veil (2006 film) This is the third screen adaption of the Maugham book. When her son asks who Townsend is. vain. forgive each other for their failings and get to a better place. I was very affected by it because in it I saw my own failings. their marriage begins to blossom. he seeks to punish her by threatening to divorce her on the grounds of adultery if she doesn't accompany him to a small village in a remote area of China. rejects his overtures and walks away. When Watts joined the project. Production Development Prior to 1999. being written to be close to the source material. Walter and Kitty barely speak to each other and. especially babies. He suggests the two get together and asks young Walter his age. provided Townsend will leave his wife Dorothy and marry her. but is unsure who the father is. he declines to accept. He contracts the disease and Kitty nurses him. selfish person he thought her to be. Actor Edward Norton became involved with the project in 1999. After visiting an orphanage run by a group of French nuns. Kitty meets Charles Townsend. "It's very much a story about people getting beyond the worst in themselves and figuring out how to look at each other honestly. the couple go to Shanghai. and vacuous London socialite Kitty Garstin enters into a loveless marriage with him at the urging of her domineering mother. except for a cook and a Chinese soldier assigned to guard her. he in turn realizes she is not the shallow. Walter – in love with Kitty again – assures her it doesn't matter. and the two engage in a clandestine affair. where he has volunteered to treat victims of an unchecked cholera epidemic sweeping through the area.. far removed from everyone except their cheerful neighbor Waddington. she is alone for long hours. She soon learns she is pregnant. with whom she had . she recommended director John Curran.[2] Norton explained his attraction to the project. and in this setting she begins to see him in a new light as she learns what a selfless and caring person he can be. producer Sara Colleton sought to develop a script for The Painted Veil. to take liberties with the source material. As Walter's anger and Kitty's unhappiness subside. a British deputy commissioner living with a young Chinese woman in relative opulence. she is distressed to discover they will be living in near squalour. Following a honeymoon in Venice. where the doctor is stationed in a government lab studying infectious diseases. Kitty. When Walter discovers his wife's infidelity. and she is compelled to travel to the mountainous inland region with her husband. They embark upon an arduous. which did not happen until Watts proved herself a bankable star with her performances in Mulholland Drive (2001) and 21 Grams (2003).. and she is assigned to work in the music room. Kitty begs to be allowed to divorce him quietly and he agrees. vivacious. 93 Plot Shortly after meeting earnest. When she proposes this possibility to her lover. but Walter is determined to make Kitty as unhappily uncomfortable as possible. following a 1934 film starring Herbert Marshall and Greta Garbo and a 1957 version called The Seventh Sin with Bill Travers and Eleanor Parker. The script was frequently redrafted. while shopping with her young son Walter in London. forcing Walter to set up a camp outside town. When I read it. ailing refugees from elsewhere pour into the area. and to create a feminist version."[3] The actor suggested casting Naomi Watts for the role of Kitty.

[5] Line producer Antonia Barnard states that initially the film. The actor explained of the change to the story. when the events of the Chinese nationalist movement were taking place. It's a metaphor for the way empires get crushed. "I like to think that we didn't change the book so much as liberate it. When the Chinese production company reviewed the film. explaining about Fane's confusion at the lack of gratitude for his help. agreed with the suggestion. Norton. so Norton altered the story so the character Walter Fane had a more enhanced role. "Even the Chinese crew members were amazed at the place we found. and made external some of what is internal in the novel. Guangxi. but he's the folly of empire. which served as the location for the village. "We wanted this movie to be distinctly Chinese. was going to be set in Hong Kong. "I went on the assumption that if you were willing to allow Walter and Kitty to grow. The partnership permitted a budget of $19 million for The Painted Veil. and screenwriter Ron Nyswaner relied on excerpts from historian Jonathan Spence's 1969 book To Change China. which covered the inept efforts of Western advisers during these years." According to Ron Nyswaner. with the director threatening to remove his name from the film.[3] Director John Curran suggested setting the film during 1925. seeing it as "rooted in really looking at the way that men and women hurt each other". It was like going back in time." After a search of location in Hunan province. The director did not want to build a set for the cholera-stricken village. as there were disagreements over issues in the script. like the novel." Norton described the novel as "almost unremittingly bleak" and believed that the author had thought that British colonials were unlikely to change. To detail scenes from the time period. and that adds a whole new dimension to what happens in the story. the crew shot "Shanghai for Shanghai in the period.."[2] Filming Filming took place on location in China. it was unhappy with the depiction of the Chinese uprising and the cholera victims. leading to them falling in love with each other. The director described the location. but when Stratus executive Mark Gill left to start Warner Independent Pictures. requesting that the scenes be revised.[2] The project began development at producer Bob Yari's Stratus Films.. We didn’ want it to look like a film that you could shoot in Canada or Mexico or t Italy. Gill began production of the film in partnership with Yari. a large amount of time of the film production was spent negotiating with the Chinese government for the completion of the film... instead seeking out an untouched parcel of land in China.[2] Most of the film was shot in Guilin.[4] 94 Writing Screenwriter Ron Nyswaner and actor Edward Norton collaborated on the screenplay for the film. Their pressure resulted in limiting cuts from the film to only 38 seconds' worth.The Painted Veil (2006 film) collaborated on the 2004 film We Don't Live Here Anymore.[4] Yari and Warner Independent Pictures collaborated with a Chinese partner who was granted approval over the script and the finished film. Curran. he brought the project with him. The character was also rewritten to make his peace with his wife Kitty. "Walter means well. Somerset Maugham was considered one-dimensional. He found Huang Yao. thus the story was altered so it would take place in Shanghai. Gill was later fired before the film's completion by Warner Bros. who had studied Chinese history at Yale University. however the crew realized Hong Kong of the time period would be difficult to replicate. The director's expertise with We Don't Live Here Anymore convinced Watts and Norton that he would be capable of depicting the dysfunctional relationship in The Painted Veil. you had the potential for a love story that was both tragic and meaningful. which later led to the film's marketing difficulties. Guangxi for the film."[2] Norton considered The Painted Veil to be in the spirit of films like Out of Africa (1985) and The English Patient (1996). Norton described the character Walter Fane served as "the proxy for the arrogance of Western rationalism". production president Jeff Robinov. the scouts chose the location in Guilin. The 1925 novel by author W. We just imagined it on a slightly bigger scale. Norton and Curran expressed concerns that their studio accepted the censorship too quickly. and shot London scenes in . Norton. Director John Curran commented. Norton explained.

"Walter's Mission" 13. "The Deal" 12. Porebski / L. with words by Henry Lyte. "Colony Club" 4. "Reste Avec Moi" (French translation of "Abide with Me". The following is the soundtrack listing. "River Waltz" 15. "The Funeral" 19. "The Painted Veil" 2. All of them are performed by the The Choir of the Beijing Takahashi Culture and Art Centre:[7] 1. Fane. "Death Convoy" 7. Descamps. "Promenade" 10. "From Shanghai to London" There are also three songs not listed on the official soundtrack. "Kitty's Journey" 11. Arranged by Evan Chen) 2. "Morning Tears" 16. "The Convent" 14. Piano by Roger Pouly. Arranged by Evan Chen) Cast • • • • • • • Edward Norton as Walter Fane Naomi Watts as Kitty Garstin Fane Toby Jones as Waddington Diana Rigg as Mother Superior Anthony Wong Chau Sang as Colonel Yu Sally Hawkins as Mary Liev Schreiber as Charles Townsend ."[5] 95 Music The official soundtrack is composed by Alexandre Desplat. "A la Claire Fontaine" (Vocals by N. "Kitty's Theme" 6.The Painted Veil (2006 film) Shanghai as well.[6] 1. "River Waltz" 5. Courtesy of Les Petits Minous). "Cholera" 17. "The Lovers" 9. "The Water Wheel" 8. This is heard after the funeral of Dr. "Le Furet Du Bois Joli" (Composed by Pierre De Berville. Music by William Monk. "Gnossienne No 1" (composed by Erik Satie) 3. "The End of Love" 18. 3.

The Painted Veil has ." s s Carina Chocano of the Los Angeles Times said the film "has all the elements in place to be a great epic.060. . . It's impeccable. "Any transition is not going to be ideal. the film has received a metascore of 69 out of 100 based on 33 reviews. Forster. . to paraphrase Maugham's contemporary E.[4] Box office The Painted Veil initially had a limited release in four theaters in the United States on December 20. the meager marketing campaign for the film was criticized.[9] Critical reception On the film review aggregate website Rotten Tomatoes.904 in other territories for a world wide total of $22. the s new film gives us ample opportunity to spend time with Ms. Even better. but leaves you cold. especially early on. grossing $51. 2006 in the cities Los Angeles and New York City. New York. considered generally favorable reviews. but it fails to connect. it is filled with Oscar possibilities that should be shouted from the rooftops. When The Painted Veil experienced a limited release in the United States on December 20. and Good Luck. as is the case here. Warner Independent Pictures also hosted 80 screenings of The Painted Veil in Los Angeles.086 over the opening weekend. 2007. and London as well as various Hollywood guilds to promote the film. 2006 with additional cities on January 5. before his billing gets the better of the story and he begins riding around heroically on horseback . as nicely directed by John Curran and adapted to the screen by Ron Nyswaner. the prose with the passion. Somerset Maugham's 1925 novel may carry the infectious dullness of prestige filmmaking. The lack of attention caused a half dozen people associated with the film to complain about how Warner Independent Pictures was conducting the marketing campaign. the marketing and publicity head of Warner Independent Pictures.[8] The Painted Veil ultimately grossed $8.487 in the United States and Canada and $14. was cited as a reason for the small scale of the film's marketing campaign. peaking at 287 theaters on the weekend of January 26. Watts.[11] Manohla Dargis of the New York Times said the story seems "so unlikely for modern adaptation. particularly when. Whether through craft or constitution. On the similar website Metacritic.586. Instead." Others also criticized the studio for not providing a large enough marketing budget. San Francisco. had a more successful campaign with television and newspaper ads. According to Laura Kim. An inveterate stealer and masticator of scenes. rest easy ."[4] The firing of Mark Gill. "Nobody can understand why Warner Independent Pictures is keeping this movie such a secret. . When the guy who has gotten you on board is gone. . [he] invests Walter with a petty cruelty that makes [12] his character’ emotional thaw and Kitty’ predicament all the more poignant. Mr. The Painted Veil was eventually able to expand to 23 more markets on December 29. one of the initial producers of The Painted Veil who brought it to Warner Independent Pictures.391. the film is a period piece propelled by emotions accessible to a modern audience . The Painted Veil has received a Fresh rating of 75% based [10] on 133 reviews. . tiniest vehicles . so The Painted Veil was unable to get first priority in processing. Director John Curran explained about the move to Warner Independent. Film critic Rex Reed of The New York Observer wrote. but did not finish until November. it hasn’ been refitted with a contemporary hook or allegory for audiences who wouldn’ know t t Maugham from Edna Ferber.525. Other studios were duplicating DVDs of their films for awards organizations. The film gradually expanded its showings in the United States and Canada. the delay slowed award and media recognition for the film. 2006. 2007. Norton is very fine here.The Painted Veil (2006 film) 96 Marketing The film's post-production schedule was initially slated to conclude in late summer 2006. pointing out that the previous year's Good Night. you're kind of exposed. ."[13] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone rated the film three out of four stars and commented.M. whose remarkable talent helps keep movie faith and love alive. this version of the story lulls you by turning Maugham’ distaff bildungsroman into a fine romance. even in the tinniest. . "If you're suspecting this third movie version of W.

[18] Ron Nyswaner won the National Board of Review Award for Best Adapted Screenplay and was nominated for the Independent Spirit Award for Best Screenplay but lost to Jason Reitman for Thank You for Smoking. if common. emanuellevy. All the same. "''New York Times'' review" (http:/ / movies. Todd (2006-12-14).Weekend Box Office Results" (http:/ / www. Chicago Tribune. . 2006-12-20. [14] "''Rolling Stone'' review" (http:/ / www. htm).com" (http:/ / www. "Edward Norton concentrates his passion on performing". Rotten Tomatoes. . there is a certain blandness to them as they play out. com/ movies/ ?id=paintedveil. The San Diego Film Critics Society honored him for his work in this and The Illusionist and Down in the Valley. Retrieved 2010-10-08. . com/ printedition/ calendar/ cl-et-painted20dec20.com.The Painted Veil (2006 film) the power and intimacy of a timeless love story. . Box Office Mojo. . The New York Times. Variety. Retrieved 2010-10-08. [16] Mccarthy. [8] "The Painted Veil (2006) . Despite the extremes of human experience on view."[14] Meghan Keane of the New York Sun said the film "may at times threaten to fall into an abyss of sentimentality. Rollingstone. but it manages a charming historic portrait without insulting the audience's intelligence. calendarlive. com/ arts/ letting-love-blossom-in-the-face-of-disease/ 45494/ ). .com" (http:/ / www. [11] "Painted Veil. Retrieved 2007-12-05. . com/ title/ tt0446755/ soundtrack). Retrieved 2010-10-08. boxofficemojo. and it has moments that seem mere transitions to propel the plot. [2] Charles McGrath (2006-12-10). Retrieved 2011-03-10. By all means. nytimes.0. . Movies. Retrieved 2007-12-05. whose emotional stonewalling of his wife produces a stifling of Kitty's naturally more vivacious.[17] Desplat also won an award for Best Original Score from the Los Angeles Film Critics Association for both The Painted Veil and The Queen (2006). repressed personality of Fane. [10] "The Painted Veil" (http:/ / www. "Trying to Get People to See 'Veil'". Retrieved 2010-10-08. html?nav=reviews07& categoryid=2352& cs=1& p=0). "''Variety'' review" (http:/ / www. 2007-04-26. [4] John Horn (2006-12-20).com. [15] "''New York Sun'' review" (http:/ / www. "Present scripter Ron Nyswaner makes some solid fundamental decisions. php?action=13& articleID=3666). . asp?paintedveil). com/ movies/ reviews/ the-painted-veil-20061212). Edward Norton was nominated for the Independent Spirit Award for Best Male Lead but lost to Ryan Gosling in Half Nelson.com. . 2006-12-20. . . rottentomatoes. htm). [5] "EmanuelLevy. Calendarlive."[15] Todd McCarthy of Variety thought the story "feels remote and old-school despite a frankness the two previous film versions lacked. The (2006): Reviews" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-10-08. com/ awardcentral_review/ VE1117932311. html).com.nytimes. soundtrackinfo. Retrieved 2011-01-06.7424259. the film is still dominated by the stuffy. imdb. com/ title/ tracks. ."[16] 97 Awards and honors Composer Alexandre Desplat won the 2006 Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score. "Another Encore for the Most Adaptable of Authors". [3] Terry Armour (2006-12-30). com/ article. Even the ultra-capable Norton and Watts aren't fully able to galvanize viewer interest in their narrowly self-absorbed characters. a sensation matched by the eye-catching but picture-postcard-like presentation of the settings . htm). Retrieved 2011-01-06. Imdb. Retrieved 2010-10-08. Metacritic. . metacritic. boxofficemojo. com/ movies/ ?id=paintedveil. [12] Dargis. [9] "The Painted Veil (2006)" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2007-12-05. com/ film/ titles/ paintedveil).com. BoxOfficeMojo. let it sweep you away. beginning with the telescoping down to the barest minimum the London-set opening . [13] "''Los Angeles Times'' review" (http:/ / www. [7] "Soundtracks for The Painted Veil (2006)" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. [6] "The Painted Veil (2006)" (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ ?page=weekend& id=paintedveil. com/ 2006/ 12/ 20/ movies/ 20veil. EmanuelLevy." He added. com/ m/ painted_veil/ ). . Nysun. variety. . Los Angeles Times. The London Film Critics' Circle nominated Toby Jones Best British Supporting Actor of the Year. Retrieved 2007-12-05. nysun. References [1] "BoxOfficeMojo. . rollingstone.com. personality.com. . story). the SoundtrackINFO Project. Manohla (2006-12-20).

Retrieved 2007-12-05.metacritic. 98 External links • • • • Official website (http://wip. Retrieved 2007-12-05. . org/ browse/ year/ 2006).warnerbros.com/paintedveil/) The Painted Veil (http://www. Los Angeles Film Critics Association.The Painted Veil (2006 film) [17] "The 64th Annual Golden Globe Awards (2007)" (http:/ / www. hfpa. html). archive. . [18] "2006 LAFCA Awards" (http:/ / web.com/movie/paintedveil) at Metacritic The Painted Veil (http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/painted_veil/) at Rotten Tomatoes . html) on 2007-10-11. net/ Home/ News/ 2006_lafca_awards_winners.com/title/tt0446755/) at the Internet Movie Database The Painted Veil (http://www. Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Archived from the original (http:/ / www.imdb. org/ web/ 20071011132335/ http:/ / lafca. lafca. net/ Home/ News/ 2006_lafca_awards_winners.

Malone John G. 2008 112 minutes . Editing by • • • • • • John Wright Rick Shaine Vincent Tabaillon Marvel Studios Marvel Entertainment Valhalla Motion Pictures Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Universal Pictures June 13.The Incredible Hulk (film) 99 The Incredible Hulk (film) The Incredible Hulk Promotional poster Directed by Produced by Louis Leterrier • • • • • • • • • • • • • Kevin Feige Avi Arad Gale Anne Hurd Michael J. Scotti Stephen Broussard Stan Lee Ari Arad David Maisel Jim Van Wyck Zak Penn Edward Norton (uncredited) Screenplay by Story by Based on Zak Penn • • • • • • • • • The Incredible Hulk by Stan Lee Jack Kirby Edward Norton Liv Tyler Tim Roth Ty Burrell Tim Blake Nelson William Hurt Starring Music by Craig Armstrong Cinematography Peter Menzies Jr.

Ontario in 2007. Wisconsin. the colleague and lover of his daughter Betty (Liv Tyler). 2009.551 The Incredible Hulk is a 2008 superhero film based on the Marvel Comics character the Hulk. Whenever Banner becomes angry he transforms into the Hulk. It is directed by Louis Leterrier and stars Edward Norton as Dr.The Incredible Hulk (film) Country Language United States English Portugese Spanish $150 million [1] [2] 100 Budget Gross revenue $263.831. Ross wants Banner to revive a World War II-era military supersoldier. called the Abomination in the comics. and has not transformed in 158 days. who is dating psychiatrist Leonard Samson (Ty Burrell). bringing its total film gross to $321. Banner returns to Culver University in Virginia. but succeeds Iron Man and Iron Man 2 in inverse chronology. Banner works at a soda bottling factory in Rocinha. agility.551 in worldwide box office and it made $58. which gives him enhanced strength. and to whom he is known as "Mr. where the production attempted to be environmentally friendly.280 in DVD sales. Norton rewrote the script after he signed on to star. revealing Banner's location to Ross. After Ross explains how Banner became the Hulk. the film has grossed $263. Edward Norton was initially set to reprise his role. Leterrier redesigned Roth's character. and writer Zak Penn began work on a loose sequel that would be much closer to the comics and the television series. Bruce Banner (Edward Norton). Five years later. Banner escapes by transforming into the Hulk and defeating Blonsky's team. speed.427. transforming Banner into the Hulk (voiced by Lou Ferrigno). On the run. He is also learning meditative breathing techniques from a martial arts expert (Rickson Gracie) to help regulate his pulse rate and keep his anger controlled. but his worst fears are realized when power-hungry soldier Emil Blonsky (Tim Roth) becomes a similar but more bestial creature. but rather a reboot that establishes a new back-story where Banner became the Hulk as an unwitting pawn in a military scheme to reinvigorate the supersoldier program through gamma radiation. It is the second film to be released in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. Blue". he attempts to cure himself of the Hulk before he is captured by General Thaddeus "Thunderbolt" Ross (William Hurt). which clarified the film's new back-story. Liv Tyler also stars as Betty Ross. The film outgrossed its predecessor and received generally positive reviews. Rio de Janeiro while searching for a cure for his condition.448. He becomes a fugitive from the United States Army. who sends a team to capture him led by Russian-born British Royal Marine Emil Blonsky (Tim Roth). The Hulk dispatches Ross and Blonsky's team and flees with Betty. Banner's girlfriend and General Ross' daughter. reflexes. known only as "Mr. He collaborates with a colleague on the Internet. and reunites with Betty. Despite this positive reception Marvel chose to put off a possible sequel until after 2012's The Avengers. where he first became the Hulk. Bruce Banner/the Hulk. from the comics' reptilian humanoid into a monster with bony protrusions. After Banner cuts his finger a drop of his blood ends up in one of the bottles.[4] [5] As of April 6.[3] It is not a sequel to the 2003 film Hulk. however after talks broke down he will be replaced by Mark Ruffalo for The Avengers and any subsequent sequels. The experiment fails. . Filming mostly took place in Toronto. Marvel Studios reacquired the rights to the character after the mixed reception to Hulk.[6] Plot General Thaddeus "Thunderbolt" Ross (William Hurt) meets with Dr. and injuring Betty. but tells Banner the goal of the experiment is to make human beings immune to gamma radiation. and is eventually ingested by a consumer (Stan Lee) in Milwaukee. tipped off by the suspicious Samson. Green".875. endurance and healing. Blonsky agrees to be injected with a small amount of a new super soldier serum. Before he leaves the area Banner is attacked by Ross and Blonsky's forces.427.

[15] This marks the third time Ferrigno portrayed the Hulk. the Bixby TV show. and Bruce Jones' run on the comic. Banner attempts to convince Sterns to destroy the blood supply. [13] "Edward's script has and believed they were looking to him to guide the project. Realizing that the Hulk is the only one who can stop Blonsky. however. 101 Cast Edward Norton as Dr. recalling "there [was] the wince factor or the defensive part of you that recoils at what the bad version of what that would be". into a large supply. Sterns offers to fix what has happened but Blonsky throws Sterns across the room. Thus.[10] Norton was a Hulk fan.The Incredible Hulk (film) After the Hulk reverts back to Banner.. who played Banner in the TV series. transforms into the Hulk when stressed. He turns out to be cellular biologist and college professor Dr. but cannot change back. it begins to heal and his forehead begins swelling. slightly deforming his skeleton) and a gamma treatment may turn him into an "abomination". When he met Leterrier and Marvel. because of exposure to gamma radiation.[8] while Norton reminded Kevin Feige of Bill Bixby.. who reveals that they are putting a "team" together.[16] Ferrigno also has a cameo in the film as a security guard who is bribed by Banner with a pizza. who urges them to travel to New York City to meet him. which would have been his first word. with the intention of using it to bring humans to the next evolutionary level. Blue. remarked Norton "has a similar physique [and a] similar personality". relenting only after Betty's plea. as he covets the Hulk's power. Banner convinces Ross to release him. but just because we're making a superhero movie it doesn't have to just appeal to 13-year old boys. the Hulk's only line was "Betty" at the film's ending. a grin appears on his face. Instead of trying to suppress his transformations. He is attacked by Ross' forces and taken into custody with Betty. Originally. Blonsky forces Sterns to inject him with Banner's blood. Leterrier was aware that fans wanted him to speak normally. Thirty-one days later Banner is in Bella Coola.[17] .[7] Gale Anne Hurd recalled Norton's portrayals of duality in Primal Fear and Fight Club. After a long and brutal battle through Harlem. Bruce Banner / Hulk: A genius scientist who. and fearful of the Hulk's power falling into the wrong hands. The experiment goes wrong and Blonsky mutates into a creature with strength surpassing that of the Hulk. he and Betty go on the run. Appalled by what Sterns has done. He jumps from Ross' helicopter as it hovers over the city. or excited. citing the first comic appearances. Blonsky rampages through Harlem to draw the Hulk out. the Hulk defeats Blonsky by choking him with a huge chain.). [. or merely reverse each individual transformation. who tells Banner that he has developed a possible antidote that may cure Banner's condition. who played the Hulk with Bixby.[9] Lou Ferrigno. After a successful test Sterns reveals that he has synthesized Banner's blood samples. which Banner sent from Brazil. Unconcerned. enraged.[11] He had expressed interest in the role for the first film. As his eyes turn green. British Columbia. the Hulk flees. A disgraced Ross is drinking in a bar when he is approached by industrialist Tony Stark (Robert Downey. Norton rewrote the script. Sterns warns that the combination of the supersoldier formula (on which Blonsky has overdosed. "Admittedly I'm not the most adult director. given Bruce's story real gravitas. Samuel Sterns (Tim Blake Nelson)." Leterrier said. he is attempting to initiate them in a controlled manner. peaceful moment with Betty. the adrenaline surge of the act transforming him into the Hulk."[14] Lou Ferrigno voices Hulk: During the 2008 New York Comic Con Leterrier publicly offered Ferrigno the chance to voice the Hulk for the film. as he felt the previous film "strayed far afield from a story that was familiar to people. he liked their vision. David Duchovny was a front-runner for the film before Norton's casting.[12] He initially turned down the part for this film.] which is a fugitive story". A drop of Bruce's blood falls on Sterns scar. Ed and I both see superheroes as the new Greek gods. Blonsky forces Sterns to administer the gamma charge. Jr. Banner makes contact with Mr. and added "leave me alone" and "Hulk smash!" The latter line received cheers during a screening he attended. After having a small. as his favorite depictions of the character. having also voiced the character in the 1996 animated series.

which he acknowledged as a smart move on Marvel's part.The Incredible Hulk (film) Liv Tyler as Dr. and a cellular biologist. whom he is separated from due to his condition.[24] Roth prepared for the part by learning to fire guns and break into rooms with two 102 experts. a kindly pizza restaurant owner who helps Banner."[27] Sam Elliott. Leterrier cast Hurt because "Ross is more physical. Leonard Samson: The psychiatrist in a relationship with Betty during Bruce's absence. Additional cast members include Tim Blake Nelson as the scientist Samuel Sterns.[30] He is presented as a mostly sympathetic character.[19] William Hurt as General Thaddeus "Thunderbolt" Ross: Betty's father. He did it as a favor to Marvel Studios. Martin Starr cameos as a . because when he was promoting his film he would also have to mention their other production. the late Bill Bixby appears. he lusts after the Hulk's power. and Robert Downey. Hurt found production very different from the typical "pure anxiety" of a studio movie.[22] Roth found it tough shooting the chases. he is credited as an Aikido instructor.[8] Roth enjoyed the motion capture. and no actor goes from zero to 100 as well as William. which reminded him of fringe theatre.[25] Cyril Raffaelli performed some of Roth's stunts. who portrayed Betty Ross in the 2003 film Hulk. script before Norton rewrote it. He's sacrificed [much] for that purpose.[18] Tyler and Norton spent hours discussing Bruce and Betty's life before he became the Hulk. and he hired his trainer from Planet of the Apes to aid him in portraying the monster's movement. As a teenager. when a scene featuring Bixby on his TV comedy-drama The Courtship of Eddie's Father plays on a television Banner is watching at the beginning of the film. and when Leterrier met him. whereas in the comics he was a KGB agent. Rickson Gracie has a small role as Bruce Banner's martial arts instructor.[14] but Marvel and Norton were initially reluctant to cast him.[23] Before he was cast in Punisher: War Zone. who are comic-book superhero fans. who is a fan of The Wire. cameos as Stanley. Ray Stevenson was in discussions for the role. Roth said he took the part to please his sons. he recognized [29] which was how Samson was characterized in the Burrell as the "jerk" from the 2004 Dawn of the Dead remake. who has dedicated himself to capturing the Hulk. would have liked to reprise the role. because of the "humanity and what [Banner] is going through".[28] Ty Burrell as Dr.[19] She said filming the part "was very physical. Tyler replaced actress Jennifer Connelly.[20] and compared her performance to "a deer caught in the headlights". "but I'll be looking forward to seeing this one". Tyler was attracted to the love story in the script. in a role that was written for him by Norton. Michael K. despite his Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu background. and his son is also a big fan of the character."[14] He compared Ross to Captain Ahab.[19] He especially found it difficult to run while pulled with a harness. which was used to show the injected Blonsky's 30–40 mile per hour running abilities.[23] The Hulk is Hurt's favorite superhero. reprising his role from Iron Man.[26] He described Ross as "humiliated by Hulk's conscience: he actually sees and recognizes that it's more developed than his own. finding it more akin to an independent movie. Burrell had performed with Norton in the off Broadway play Burn This in 2003. but at the expense at times of his humanity — which he occasionally recovers. because of Betty's shock at Bruce's unexpected return into her life. and was a fan of the TV show. Recognizing he is past his prime. and he also found Leterrier's ideas "very dark and very interesting". because he could not work out to show Blonsky's aging. more explosive in this movie. and she accepted the part after a day without reading the script. cameos as Tony Stark at the end of the film. who played Ross in the first film.[32] Paul Soles. but stopped as he did not want to be caught up in the controversy over its quality.[11] She was called about the role while driving to her home. Jr.[19] Tim Roth as Emil Blonsky / Abomination: A Russian-born officer from the United Kingdom's Royal Marines Commandos loaned to General Ross and the film's main antagonist.[22] Leterrier is a fan of Roth's work. Elizabeth "Betty" Ross: Bruce's girlfriend.[21] It was Roth who suggested Blonsky be a soldier.[31] Hulk co-creator Stan Lee cameos as a man who becomes ill when drinking the soda poisoned by Banner's blood. even though he's a patriot and a warrior for his country. Williams appears in the film. Roth was a fan of the 1970s TV series. and felt "it's great watching a normal Cockney boy become a superhero!". who voiced Banner in the 1966 The Marvel Superheroes cartoon. which was fun". Additionally. Tyler and Connelly had previously played sisters in the 1997 film Inventing the Abbotts. and to compare himself to it. Roth started watching the 2003 film to prepare for the part. noting it was odd seeing someone take his part.

[38] while Feige added the film would explore "that element of wish fulfillment. He was also considering the Leader and the Abomination as villains.[46] . Leterrier was reluctant as he was unsure if he could replicate Lee's style. a portmanteau of reboot and sequel. who had rewritten previous films he starred in. in the final film. "really starting the Marvel Hulk franchise".[8] Leterrier said that he planned to show Bruce Banner's struggle with the monster within him.[36] because Universal did not meet the deadline for filming a sequel. in Kevin Feige's words. which pleased the director and the studio in establishing the film as a reboot. who wrote a draft of the first film in 1996.[19] Louis Leterrier. with Universal distributing. and below is film adaptation.[44] Gale Anne Hurd noted fans dubbed the film a "requel". both sitting in a similar machine.[45] Leterrier felt audiences were left restless waiting for the character to arrive in Ang Lee's film. Captain America appears in a deleted scene frozen in ice.[8] and that the film was a unique reboot.[33] Marvel wanted the Abomination because he was the most famous enemy. Jon Favreau had taken that project.[41] He included two scenes from his 1996 script: Banner jumping from a helicopter to trigger a transformation. unlike General Ross. The novelization changes his role to Amadeus Cho. as generally audiences would have expected another forty minute origin story. said the film would follow up Hulk. and because he would be an actual threat to the Hulk. offered him the Hulk. but is so far in the background that the actor cannot be identified. Producer Gale Anne Hurd also felt the film had to meet what "everyone expects to see from having read the comics and seen the TV series". screenwriter James Schamus was planning a sequel.[42] Penn wrote three drafts. but stressed it would be more tonally similar to the TV show and Bruce Jones' run on the comic. arguing his film was like a parallel universe one-shot comic book. producer Avi Arad had a target May 2005 theatrical release date. before departing in early 2007 to direct The Grand.[37] Leterrier's primary inspiration was Jeph Loeb and Tim Sale's Hulk: Gray (a retelling of his first appearance). who enjoyed the TV series as a child and liked the The Incredible Hulk is influenced by the TV series of first film. featuring the Gray Hulk. wrote a new draft.[43] Leterrier acknowledged the only remaining similarity between the two films was Bruce hiding in South America.The Incredible Hulk (film) computer nerd college lab student.[39] Arad also said the film would be "a lot more of a love story between Bruce Banner and Betty Ross".[34] During the filming of Hulk. but Marvel explained that was not their intent. so Marvel Bill Bixby.[40] Zak Penn. and realizing he is unable to have sex with Betty. but still in the same continuity. which was a very different film to Alien. Above is Edward Norton.[8] [19] had expressed interest in directing the Iron Man the same name. He compared his script to Aliens. 103 Production Development At the time of the release of Ang Lee's Hulk.[35] On January 18. 2006 Arad confirmed Marvel Studios would be providing the money for The Incredible Hulk's production budget.[7] Marvel felt it would be better to deviate from Ang Lee's style to continue the franchise. He replicated every comic book panel that he pinned-up during pre-production. of overcoming an injustice or a bully and tapping into a strength that you didn't quite realize you had in yourself".[44] There were previous discussions to set the first act in Thailand. Norton. from the many comics he browsed. and their next film needed to be.

with low sulfur diesel as their energy source.[47] Norton deleted Rick Jones and toned down S.[42] which references Bruce Jones' story. Shooting primarily took place in Toronto.E.H. an anonymous screenwriter wrote a draft and lobbied for credit. recycled paper."[11] "Audiences know this story. china and silverware food utensils.[29] The Incredible Hulk became the first blockbuster film to receive the Environmental Media Association's Green Seal.I.[19] He also added the scene where Banner attempts to extract a cure from a flower and his e-mailing with Samuel Sterns. biodegradable soap and cleaners in the trailers and production offices." he added.[14] Filming began on July 9." He wanted to "have revelations even in the third act about what set this whole thing in motion". and I don't think in great literature and great films that explaining the roots of the story doesn't mean it comes in the beginning. locally sourced yellow pine instead of lauan for the sets.[54] . and Norton himself was an environmentalist. 2007.L. which is displayed during the end credits. the crew would clean-up within twenty minutes so business could continue as normal each day.[13] The new origin story references Ultimate Marvel's take on the Hulk.[49] who argued Norton had not dramatically changed his script. there was a week-long shoot in New York City and two weeks in Rio de Janeiro. structure and pre-existing characters over dialogue. Despite messing the street with explosives and overturned burning vehicles. which also had him created in an attempt to create super soldiers. In addition. was a popular environmental analogy." Before either Penn and Norton joined the project.[29] Afterwards. which was filmed at the University of Toronto and Morningside Park. British Columbia. and the sound department used rechargeable batteries.[42] 104 Filming Leterrier had to direct four units with a broken foot. a contractor who removed bins.[50] The crew also shot part of the Hulk and the Abomination's fight on a backlot in Hamilton. was the interior of the Brazilian factory. "I don't even like the phrase origin story. "[so] deal with it artfully. Hybrid and fuel efficient vehicles were used. The filmmakers built a glass wall over a walkway at the University for when the soldiers trap him inside to smoke out the Hulk.[25] There was also shooting in the Financial District. The wood was generally recycled or given to environmental organizations. Filming concluded in November after eighty-eight days of filming.[53] Producer Gale Anne Hurd acknowledged the Hulk.[21] Ultimately.[50] The first action sequence shot was the Culver University battle. to help cut carbon emissions and waste created during filming. Journalist Anne Thompson explained "The Guild tends to favor plot. a stainless steel mug for each production crew member. biodegradable food containers. Lapa. which was due for demolition.[29] The Incredible Hulk joined Toronto's Green-Screen initiative.[51] Other Canadian locations included CFB Trenton and a glacier in Bella Coola. being green. and paint cans were handed to waste management. cloth bags. because mayor David Miller is a Hulk fan and promised to be very helpful to the crew when closing Yonge Street for four nights in September to shoot the Hulk and Blonsky's clash at 125th Street.[29] A factory in Hamilton. the crew shot at Rocinha.D.[48] Norton rewrote scenes every day.The Incredible Hulk (film) Norton explained of his decision to ignore Lee's origin story.[52] While there. they used. Tijuca Forest and Santa Teresa. and also used zero-or low-VOC paint. The site's underground floors were used for Ross' military command center. Ontario. the Writers Guild of America decided to credit the script solely to Penn. The construction department used a sustainably harvested.'s presence.

and his skin tones.[37] Norton and Roth filmed 2500 takes of different movements the monsters would make (such as the Hulk's "thunder claps"). To make him more expressive. but overall key frame animation by Rhythm and Hues provided the necessary "finesse [and] superhero quality".[59] As a nod to the live action TV series. but Leterrier decided flopping hair imbued him with more character. depending on lighting. rather than Industrial Light & Magic.[25] Dale Keown's comic book artwork of the Hulk was an inspiration for his design. "The Hulk is beyond perfect so there is zero grams of fat.[60] . spent over a year working on a shot where Banner's gamma-irradiated blood falls through three factory floors into a bottle.[55] Others including Cyril Raffaelli provided motion capture for stunts and fights. He explained.[37] Leterrier felt the first Hulk had "too much fat [and] the proportions were a little off".[58] He originally had a crew cut.[57] Overall 700 effects shots were created. either resemble an olive or even gray slate.[29] The animators felt green blood would make his skin become darker rather than lighter.[56] Leterrier hired Rhythm and Hues to provide the CGI. in case the model was to be used for The Avengers film.[58] The Hulk's medium-length hair was modeled on Mike Deodato's art. computer programs controlling the inflation of his muscles and saturation of skin color were created.[55] His animation model was completed without the effects company's full knowledge of what he would be required to do: he was rigged to do whatever they imagined. who created the visual effects for Ang Lee's Hulk."[37] Visual effects s supervisor Kurt Williams envisioned the Hulk's physique as a linebacker rather than a bodybuilder. Visual effect company. Banner's eyes change color first when he transforms. applied to the actors' faces and strobe lighting would help record the most subtle mannerisms into the computer. all chiseled. Motion capture aided in placing and timing of movements. and his muscle and strength defines this creature so he’ like a tank.The Incredible Hulk (film) 105 Effects Leterrier cited the motion capture portrayals of Gollum and King Kong by Andy Serkis (from The Lord of the Rings and King Kong) as the standard he was aiming for. A height of nine feet was chosen for the character as they did not want him to be too inhuman.[56] Leterrier cited An American Werewolf in London as the inspiration for Banner's transformation.[58] Many of the animators and Leterrier himself provided video reference for the climactic fight.[22] after the main actors had done video referencing. Image Engine.[29] Phosphorescent face paint The Hulk faces down Emil Blonsky (Tim Roth). Williams cited flushing as an example of humans' skin color being influenced by their emotions. wanting to show how painful it was for him to change.

Rather. which was very intense for the director and composer. the Abomination and the Hulk's alley fight. although he did not see the first film. and felt ignoring that would make the Hulk come across as stupid.[61] A height of eleven feet was chosen for the character. tried to make the character behave less gracefully than the Hulk. When Banner falls from the helicopter to trigger the Hulk into fighting the Abomination. was one of Armstrong's favorite comics as a child. Armstrong was his first choice. Scotland with three sequences. Jr. Like he's much heavier. Pipes blew fire for when the Hulk strikes down the computer-generated helicopter. Norton was attached to a surface held by a bar which turned 90 degrees while the camera was pulled to the ceiling to simulate falling.The Incredible Hulk (film) Leterrier changed the Abomination's design from the comics because he felt the audience would question why he resembled a fish or a reptile. creating a creature with a protruding spine and sharp bones that he can use to stab. The filmmakers used steam and dry ice for the gas used to smoke out the Hulk. The Hulk.[51] Destruction was mostly done practically.[67] . The score was recorded over four days during late April 2008 in a chapel in Bastyr University.[21] which Zak Penn said would portray Blonsky "not [being] used to having these properties. They modeled his posture and the way he turns his head on a shark. Washington.[25] 106 Music Craig Armstrong was the arranger for Massive Attack. The majority was composed in a few weeks in Los Angeles. muscles and bones. Pete Lockett played ethnic instruments in the score. [It's all about] the humanization of these kinds of superhero characters.[66] Even the temp track consisted of Armstrong's work and similar music by others. Leterrier tried to work in the character's pointed ears."[64] Tom Woodruff. A model of a bottling machine was smashed through a wall for when the Hulk escapes with the factory. his hideousness is derived from being injected multiple times into his skin. his weight destroys the sidewalk and he's tripping. which were recorded in London and mixed together with the orchestra and electronics.[67] Armstrong began composing in his home in Glasgow. the Hulk and Betty in the cave. which surprised Marvel. and reflects light. a full animatronic was never created as it was decided it would complicate production to set up shots for a puppet and then a computer graphic. located in Kenmore. and created two busts of the Hulk and prosthetic hands to act as stand-ins for the character. showing the effects physics may actually have on [them]. California. Leterrier felt making Norton fall that distance would obviously render him unable to act.[23] The motion capture performers. and Bruce and Betty's reunion.[62] Leterrier had planned to use prosthetic makeup and animatronics to complement the computer-generated imagery that was solely used in the previous film. and they destroyed a real Humvee by dropping a weight on it when shooting the Culver University battle. His green skin is pale. but realized the Hulk would bite them off (using the example of Mike Tyson when he fought Evander Holyfield). alongside the Green Lantern.[63] The make-up artists who worked on X-Men: The Last Stand were set to portray Blonsky's gradual transformation. a band Leterrier was fond of and had collaborated with on Unleashed (2005). However.[65] An animatronic was used for Sterns' mutating head though. so it appears orange because of surrounding fire during the climactic battle. including Roth.[29] the Hulk. of Amalgamated Dynamics (who created all the costumes for the Alien films since Alien 3) was in negotiations. not knowing if he had scored an action film (he did compose 2001's Kiss of the Dragon). and we talked about how when he walks down the sidewalk. instead of "an über-human" like the Hulk.[34] The character also shares Roth's Bruce Banner's eyes turn green as he transforms into tattoos.

representing their human and monstrous forms. which becomes aggressive when he transforms.[30] Much of this back-story was unscripted and the filmmakers were never sure of including it into the final cut. He attended the premiere. Burger King also promoted the film.[67] Leterrier suggested the score be released on two discs. and the title was used for promotional puns (such as 7-Eleven's "Incredible Gulp" slurpees. like Jaws (1975). "Our healthy process [of collaboration]."[69] Marketing "We know the Hulk from 2003 didn't satisfy the fans.[42] However. Armstrong inter played the Hulk and the Abomination's themes during their battle. 2008.[71] while Sega released a video game on June 5. Armstrong played the piano for one scene featuring that piece. The Hulk's theme was meant to be iconic and simple. and a love theme. creator of the Marvel logo (with the flipping pages) and the montage detailing Iron Man's biography in that film." —Stephanie Sperber. had resulted in compressing these to the film's start. was misrepresented publicly as a 'dispute'. where flashbacks were placed across the film that the audience found too similar to Hulk.[74] . When the scene ends. Effort was made to promote the story as having a romance and a physical antagonist.[73] Following the edit dispute. where Banner comes to the Arctic to commit suicide. during the film's release he chose to do charity work in Africa. while the producers wanted the film to be under two hours. which Marvel. took part in a Jimmy Kimmel Live! sketch and would also promote the film in Japan.[17] Editor Kyle Cooper. and found scoring the action sequences similar to a dance. There is also a suspenseful theme. Banner's theme is tragic and includes parts of Joe Harnell's "The Lonely Man" theme from the television series. It has always been my firm conviction that films should speak for themselves and that knowing too much about how they are made diminishes the magic of watching them.[70] Hasbro created the toy line. and "Incredible Dad" themed Father's Day gifts at Kmart). in an instant the frozen body of Captain America is partially seen in the ice. which they released on May 3. Blonsky has a dark theme. edited together much of this footage into the opening credits. We emphasized the passion that fans still have for this character and that this is the movie people have always wanted. and had considered releasing some of these clips on the internet. This was made public. Leterrier said he did not want this scene to be lost amid the opening montage.[68] Norton dismissed this. Only when he compiled the album – and Marvel asked why they were only given one disc – did he realize they were serious. which Armstrong believed to be a joke. Universal and I refuse to let happen. executive vice-president of Universal Studios Partnerships [70] Universal and its promotional partners have tried to position The Incredible Hulk as a franchise reboot similar to Batman Begins.The Incredible Hulk (film) The Hulk and the Abomination both have two themes. and rumors spread that Norton "made it clear he won't cooperate with publicity plans if he's not happy with the final product". and we had to acknowledge that. seized on by people looking for a good story.[17] Leterrier explained a negative test screening. which was hosted by Hulk Hogan and featured Lou Ferrigno. and General Nutrition Centers used the title character as a role model for strength training. 2008. were not included in the final cut. with string glissandos on a base C note. 2008.[30] Norton and Leterrier disputed with the producers over the final running time: they wanted it to be near 135 minutes.[30] This replaced the original opening. which is and should be a private matter.[67] 107 Release Editing Seventy minutes of footage. Universal's Adam Fogleson and Norton planned a promotional tour which would avoid constant media interviews and therefore uncomfortable questions.[72] The film was promoted in an episode of American Gladiators on June 9. mostly dealing with the origin. and has been distorted to such a degree that it risks distracting from the film itself.

and equalled if the smaller budget of the first film is taken in to account. but editing by three—actually six—hands is fleet. previous film's overall gross of ten million yuan. The second film by comparison.4 million in 3. staged efficiently and with a hint of enthusiasm.638 internationally. following the disappointing response to the 2003 film. the least-necessary revival of a big screen superhero emerges as perfectly solid summer action fare in The Incredible Hulk. dropped 60% in its second weekend. Effects are in line with pic's generally pro [84] but not inspired achievements."[81] Reception As of December 25. and he still barely talks".505 theaters in the United States and Canada. Army." Rene Rodriguez of The Miami Herald applauded that the film "does a lot of things [Ang] Lee's Hulk didn't: It's lighter and faster-paced." and "penned with sporadic wit [. is still considered successful. 2009.[80] As of March 11.. which added $31 million to the total opening. Then with the new Hulk film. essentially animated climactic battle between the Hulk and the Abomination on the streets and rooftops of Harlem. "What lingers in my memory . "The relaunch of Marvel's green goliath is an improvement over director Ang Lee's ponderous 2003 Hulk in nearly every way — except that the actual Hulk still looks scarcely better than something from a video game.[1] A CinemaScore poll indicated the majority of viewers were male and graded the film an A-.[79] The film grossed 24 million Louis Leterrier promoting the film in yuan (roughly $3..The Incredible Hulk (film) 108 Box office The film was released on June 13. as well as $128. grossed $55. outgrossing the Paris in July 2008.551.1 million in its opening weekend. relative to its underpromise. and 82% of them had seen the 2003 film.[77] This surpassed the Los Angeles Times's report of expectations of a $45 million opening. and in its opening weekend. but dropped 70% in its second weekend.913 in the United States.[85] Mark Rahner of The Seattle Times wrote that.[87] Roger Ebert was not a fan of the film stating. Universal believed word of mouth will contribute to the film eventually breaking even. in theory. 2008.. and an earlier showdown between the title creature and the U. while its openings in Mexico and Russia created records for Universal.S. is the lengthy. Entertainment analyst David Davis told The Hollywood Reporter. the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported that 66% of 206 critics gave the film positive reviews (57% from selected popular reviewers)." He emphasized "it's all par-for-the-course cinematic demolition and destruction. based on 36 reviews. bringing its worldwide gross to $263.[2] The film.[76] Behind Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer.806. Todd McCarthy of Variety said. the film grossed $134. and Craig Armstrong’ ever-present s score is simultaneously bombastic and helpfully supportive of the action. ""The Incredible . The site characterized reviews as "generally favorable". 2008.[78] It also opened in thirty-eight other countries.] Visuals lean toward the dark and murky. The film outgrossed the 2003 film in South Korea. it was the second-highest gross for a film released over a Father's Day weekend. Marvel was able to underplay the importance of the success after the great success of Iron Man this summer. "The first Hulk had such high expectations after the NBC Universal merger and was supposed to be critical favorite Ang Lee's breakout commercial blockbuster. who disposes of the backstory under the opening credits and wraps up the whole thing in twenty-four minutes less than [Ang] Lee took".427. it's funnier and it embraces (instead of ignoring) the 1970s TV series that furthered the character's popularity". These are expertly staged by director Louis Leterrier.4 million) in its Chinese opening on August 26. "what seemed.[75] The previous film earned $62. which is deploying high-tech weapons including sound-wave cannons. So the new one overdelivered.[82] Metacritic reported the film received an average score of [83] 61 out of 100.[86] Lou Lumenick of The New York Post said. even though it barely passed its predecessor.620.. ranking #1 at the box office.

even if Marvel does not ask Norton to fulfill his contract. the shot indicates instead [101] Leterrier had also intended for a scene in that in the scheduled 2012 feature The Avengers. nothing in this "Hulk" sinks in deeply: its familiar genre pleasures are all on the surface. bringing its total film gross to $321.[108] . citing the positive reception to the film and having produced the Terminator series.[107] Leterrier."[88] Conversely. if there is not a sequel.O. Leterrier also stated Norton was not signed on. was introduced to set him up as a villain in a future film. it made $58. it would mean Banner finally masters control over his anger. serve as a glaring reminder of what this Hulk lacks: wit and heart.[98] Nelson is signed on to reprise the role. Scott of The New York Times opined. Hurd stated that Norton was contracted to reprise the role. it would allow them to reinterpret the Hulk himself. The first disc contains an audio commentary by Leterrier and Roth. and the third with a digital copy of the film.[104] However. the second and third film of which had a 12-year gap. marking the first time the Blu-ray case for a film is not blue.[89] A.[100] Tim Roth confirmed that Marvel has signed him for three more films. Leterrier is confident that the character will appear in The Avengers. the lead designer on The Incredible Hulk. Despite the presence of Edward Norton. Leterrier believed a sequel would not be made because of the film's box office return. "Leterrier has style. also took time to work on concepts for the Leader. or dare I say. The Incredible Hulk is definitely intended as chapter one. We left a lot out on purpose. It sidesteps the intriguing aspects of Hulkdom and spends way too much time in. thumping fights and a few bright shards of pop-cultural wit. human once more. too thoughtful. in the United States (having been available in the United Kingdom since October 13).[92] [93] 109 Home media The film was #1 in sales when released on DVD and Blu-ray on October 21.[96] So far. Christy Lemire of the Associated Press found that "the inevitable comparisons to Iron Man. by July 21. while the second comes with special features and deleted scenes. we don't feel a strong sense of Bruce Banner's inner conflict".[105] Kevin Feige said the film met Marvel's expectations and that Hulk will return. The movie's scene stealer is Tim Blake Nelson. a three-disc special edition. . There are some big.280 in home video sales. he's good with action and he's eager to give the audience its money's worth of bone-crunching battles.[91] The film was nominated for best superhero film at the 2008 National Movie Awards and for Best Science Fiction Film at the Saturn Awards.[103] but in October 2008. the thought being if there is a sequel..[99] Norton said. an actor capable of going just as deep as Robert Downey Jr. dare I say.. said in late 2009 he had changed his mind and was now amenable. "The whole thing was to envision it in multiple parts.831. imprisoned and chained in a box. once the movie leaves the atmospheric Brazilian settings.[19] Nelson hopes Marvel will ask him to reprise the role.[102] Leterrier and Roth are contracted to return. where he would become the Leader.[94] The Blu-ray edition compresses the content of the first two DVD discs onto one.The Incredible Hulk (film) Hulk" is no doubt an ideal version of the Hulk saga for those who found Ang Lee's "Hulk" (2003) too talky.[90] David Ansen of Newsweek wrote.. Still.[99] Gale Anne Hurd noted because the Leader is a cerebral villain. while the second disc contains the digital copy.[95] The package features a green border. making a comically welcome third act appearance as the unethical but madly enthusiastic scientist Samuel Sterns". he becomes a menace.[97] Aaron Sims. after having previously said he did not want to direct a sequel. the credits showing Blonsky. but for the most part this movie seems content to aim for the generic mean". 2008.[100] Ty Burrell wants to portray the superpowered Doc Samson faithfully to the comics.[100] The film has outgrossed its predecessor and Universal indicated interest in a sequel.[106] Hurd is not concerned that a sequel may not be produced until at least 2012. and a two-disc Blu-ray package. "'The Adequate Hulk' would have been a more suitable title. But not for me. but after the crossover.875. Marvel Studios' first blockbuster this summer. noisy and mindless action sequences.448. played by Tim Blake Nelson.[6] Sequel Samuel Sterns. There are widescreen and fullscreen single-disc editions."[13] Leterrier made the film's final shot of Banner ambiguous.

. . [16] Eric Moro (2008-06-09). htm). Superhero Hype!. MTV. variety. IESB. . archive. 15–16. com/ calgaryherald/ news/ entertainment/ story. 2010. Deadline. "Exclusive: Leterrier [sic (http:/ / www. movies. html). superherohype. Empire: pp. [11] Edward Douglas (2007-07-28). Retrieved 2008-07-08. iesb. com/ movies/ 2008/ HULK2-DVD. wizarduniverse. com/ RayStevensonBringsthePain/ articles/ 21031. . Superhero Hype!. aspx?src=news:feature2). deadline. "Liv Tyler loves being the Givenchy girl" (http:/ / www. Empire. .No Hulk Role for Actor" (http:/ / www. archive. [28] Jennifer Vineyard (2007-11-03). html). [6] "The Incredible Hulk . . Eric Moro (2008-06-10). Feige and Hurd on Hulk's Return"]. Retrieved 2008-07-08. "TOLDJA! Marvel & Ruffalo Reach Hulk Deal" (http:/ / www. 2010. Retrieved 2007-07-29. "Edit Bay Visit Part 1: Incredible New Footage from The Incredible Hulk!" (http:/ / www. [24] "Ray Stevenson Brings the Pain" (http:/ / web. nationalledger. [27] Jamie Portman (2008-03-05). 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html). "Incredible Hulk: Setting the Record Straight" (http:/ / weblogs. "Robert Downey Jr. html). 2008 Blu-ray Disc feature [52] "Hulk Filming at CFB Trenton" (http:/ / www. php). Retrieved 2007-04-17. archive. com/ news/ 69/ 17669. Retrieved 2008-07-17. mtv. Collider. . . . "City's film industry aim to be eco-friendly" (http:/ / www. [40] "Make Ours Marvel". com/ entertainment/ interviews/ article. Variety. IESB.com. "Making 2008's 'The Incredible Hulk' more than a shade better" (http:/ / www. [54] Libby McCarthy (2008-06-12). Designer Tells io9" (http:/ / io9. com/ movies/ news/ articles/ 1586154/ story. . [37] Bryan Cairns (2008-05-28). collider. "'Incredible Hulk' Baddie Tim Roth Offers A Glimpse Into His 'Fascinating Character' And Monstrous Alter Ego" (http:/ / www. . latimes. . Retrieved 2008-02-29. com/ news/ topnews. [61] Shawn Adler (2008-04-24). Superhero Hype!. usatoday.The Incredible Hulk (film) [31] Edward Douglas (2008-05-02). php?id=6113). IGN. . 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Director Already Have Wish List For 'Hulk 2': Iron Man. darkhorizons. . thehdroom. uk/ content. Fred (August 7. mtv. Says Hulk Director" (http:/ / moviesblog. Retrieved 2008-08-20. DVD Times. . dvdtimes. jhtml).com/work/356353) at Allmovie The Incredible Hulk (http://www. MTV Movies Blog. html). Samson.com/title/tt0800080/) at the Internet Movie Database The Incredible Hulk (http://www. darkhorizons. . co.boxofficemojo. Which Could Include Edward Norton" (http:/ / www. [100] Larry Carroll (2008-10-24).allmovie. XSI Base. ReelzChannel. com/ movie-news/ 4344/ louis-leterrier-would-like-to-make-incredible-hulk-2). and Additional Footage" (http:/ / www. php?contentid=68657). com/ articles. bbc. Variety. [107] Topel. Retrieved 9 August 2009. com/ interviews/ letterier. com/ 2008/ 11/ 21/ tim-blake-nelson-will-battle-hulk-as-the-leader-in-incredible-hulk-2-with-or-without-ed-norton/ ). 2009). Retrieved 2008-08-26. mtv. . [94] Dave Foster (2008-08-26).com. co. Retrieved 2008-08-24. [96] "The Incredible Hulk Blu-ray Packaging. Retrieved 2008-06-13. Retrieved 2008-07-04. uk/ 1/ hi/ entertainment/ 7537665.rottentomatoes. php?contentid=68589). [104] Pamela McClintock (2008-07-04). com/ 2009/ 08/ could-tim-roths-abominati. jhtml). SciFiWire.com/m/the_incredible_hulk/) at Rotten Tomatoes The Incredible Hulk (http://www.imdb. Retrieved 2008-07-24. BD-Live. dvdtimes. MTV. [95] Dave Foster (2008-08-26). mtv. Retrieved 2008-06-13. com/ 2008/ 06/ 13/ should-hulk-be-the-villain-in-the-avengers-you-decide-says-hulk-director/ ). stm). "Tim Blake Nelson Will Battle Hulk As ‘ Leader’In ‘ The Incredible Hulk 2’— With Or Without Ed Norton" (http:/ / splashpage.htm) at Box Office Mojo . 2008-08-01. "The Incredible Hulk (US BD) in October" (http:/ / www. [99] Shawn Adler (2008-06-12). php?detail=147). mtv. "Will We See The Incredible Hulk Again? Marvel President Says Yes" (http:/ / www. . variety. Retrieved 2008-10-21. "Should Hulk Be The Villain In 'The Avengers'? You Decide. [101] Shawn Adler (2008-06-13). php). "'Incredible Hulk' Producer Wants To Make A Sequel. "'Incredible Hulk' Stars. com/ movies/ news/ articles/ 1589158/ story. . . saturnawards. September 2. php) for "The Incredible Hulk""]. Dark Horizons. php). Dark Horizons. "Designing the Incredible Hulk" (http:/ / www. 2009 113 External links • • • • The Incredible Hulk (http://www. "Could Tim Roth's Abomination return in a new movie" (http:/ / scifiwire. jhtml). . MTV. [97] Larry Carroll (2008-11-21). [106] Shawn Adler (2008-10-21). com/ movies/ news/ articles/ 1597802/ story. Retrieved 2008-10-17. [102] Louis Leterrier and Tim Roth's audio commentary. 2008 DVD [103] Paul Fischer (2008-06-17). "Leterrier On More Hulk. "Exclusive Interview: Louis Letterier [sic (http:/ / www. . com/ article/ VR1117988335. Retrieved 2008-08-26. . reelzchannel. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). BBC News Online. . xsibase. . "The Incredible Hulk (R1) in October . com/ news08/ 080721k. co. com/ movies/ news/ articles/ 1597523/ story. MTV Splash Page.com/movies/?id=incrediblehulk. Retrieved 2009-03-17. Retrieved 2008-10-24. [105] Garth Franklin (2008-07-21). . "Box office outperforms expectations" (http:/ / www. com/ news/ The_Incredible_Hulk_Blu-ray_Packaging_BD-Live_and_Additional_Footage/ 3309). [93] "Nominations for the 35th Annual Saturn Awards" (http:/ / www. org/ nominations. America" (http:/ / www. The HD Room.Full details" (http:/ / www. DVD Times. 2008-08-19. Retrieved 2008-11-21. [98] Raffael Dickreuter (2008-06-14). MTV. [108] "Ryan" (no last name) "Louis Leterrier Would Like to Make Incredible Hulk 2" (http:/ / www. The Leader And More" (http:/ / www. mtv. Retrieved 2008-06-17. Academy of Science Fiction.The Incredible Hulk (film) [92] "Mamma Mia! leads film award nods" (http:/ / news. uk/ content. . Fantasy & Horror Films. .

as they relocate to Hawaii encountering obstacles. Mark Richards. including Shaun Tomson. The film follows a group of young surfers from Australia and South Africa. Ian Cairns. . Michael Tomson and Peter Townend. Clashes with the locals. 2008 Language English Bustin' Down The Door is a 2008 documentary film chronicling the rise of professional surfing in the early 70s.Bustin' Down The Door 114 Bustin' Down The Door Bustin Down The Door Promotional Poster Directed by Produced by Jeremy Gosch Monika Gosch Robart Traill Shaun Tomson Jeremy Gosch Monika Gosch Phil Jarratt Robert Traill Edward Norton Wayne Bartholomew Ian Cairns Mark Richards Shaun Tomson Michael Tomson Peter Townend Stuart Michael Thomas Written by Narrated by Starring Music by Release date(s) July 25. some of whom find the newcomers' bravado to be insulting to Hawaiian culture. Wayne 'Rabbit' Bartholomew. turf wars and massive wipeouts along the way. eventually culminate in death threats against the subjects of the film.

Bustin' Down The Door 115 Soundtrack The soundtrack includes music by David Bowie. html?categoryid=31& cs=1 [2] http:/ / www.."[2] In addition. independent. but a GREAT movie. Leonard Cohen and Them Terribles. The Stooges.com/) Fresh and Smoked Films (http://www. Not just a great surf movie.. Riding Giants and Five Summer Stories in the primo category of surf movies that rip onscreen and tell a great story".com/title/tt1129921/) at the Internet Movie Database . Eels. Bustin' Down the Door shows what happens during the most critical period in our sport's history when ego and historical problems clash.com/) MySpace Page (http://www. the picture "is certain to rank alongside Step Into Liquid. The Original Score was composed by Stuart Michael Thomas Reviews Variety gave the movie a positive review saying. com/ news/ 2008/ jan/ 17/ big-waves-beat-downs-and-birth-modern-surfing/ External links • • • • Official Site (http://www.myspace..." References [1] http:/ / www. com/ review/ VE1117937808.bustindownthedoor.a breakout film. [1] Shannon Kelley Gould of the Santa Barbara Independent writes that the picture ". variety.Delivered on all sorts of levels.freshandsmoked.imdb. pro surfer Kelly Slater calls it ".com/bustindownthedoorfilm) Bustin Down The Door (http://www.

New Line Cinema October 24. 2008 130 minutes United States Germany English $30 million $43. which includes his sons Francis. Deputy Chief Francis Tierney (Jon Voight) is the head of a multigenerational police family. Colin Farrell. Ray (Edward Norton). When four of Francis Jr.[2] . Jr. in the United States. and his son-in-law Jimmy Egan (Colin Farrell) all being police officers. who is assigned to the investigation. everything looks straight initially. 2008. and Noah Emmerich.721 [1] Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Pride and Glory is a 2008 crime drama film directed by Gavin O'Connor.Pride and Glory (film) 116 Pride and Glory (film) Pride and Glory Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Gavin O'Connor Josh Fagin Gregory O'Connor Gavin O'Connor Joe Carnahan Edward Norton Colin Farrell Jon Voight Noah Emmerich Mark Isham Music by Cinematography Declan Quinn Editing by Lisa Zeno Churgin John Gilroy Warner Bros. The film was released on October 24.440. (Noah Emmerich). It stars Edward Norton. Ray.'s guys are killed during a shootout turned bad. soon discovers something more sinister. However. Jon Voight.

Cut to Jimmy (Farrell). We find that the four officers investigating the cab here are corrupt. so he can investigate suspected corruption amongst his brothers and their fellow officers. in essence. They torch the cab and its dead driver. Jimmy and the other corrupt officers rush to find and kill Tezo. Tezo is seen in an apartment getting stitched up while watching television. Jimmy and another officer find that Tezo's cousin is in town. He shatters the mirror while still in his football uniform. only one can be reclaimed. Through this he determines that the suspect. Francis Tierney Jr. but Francis Jr. Casado walks to his Bentley GT while telling Jimmy that he is going to be killed. Jimmy seems far more stunned than the others. Francis Jr. When Ray (Norton) opposes this. which surprises Sandy. after hearing it ring in the snow. but that the hit went bad. This concerns Ray. The next day Ray is observing the crime scene with fellow officers. Ray attacks Jimmy. Jimmy is home with his wife and kids. The driver is dead. Ray is reviewing the photos and notices one of the dead gangsters from the crime scene was not wearing a belt. Speaking Spanish. an officer shoots Tezo dead. and is confronted by the dealer Casado.. While this was happening. After breaking the door down and beating him.failing to do so would expose their corruption. a gang with badges. who was not playing. The boy says the cab drive looked scared as Tezo got into the car. to make it look like Ray was the one who fired. engaging in drug use and trafficking. tells Sandy he's fired after Sandy breaks. whose picture the boy identified. Shortly after. confronts Sandy in the showers. (Noah Emmerich). but realizes he cannot do much as it was his gun that killed Tezo. the father of all three officers. Reuben "Sandy" Santiago (John Ortiz) and Eddie Carbone (Frank Grillo) in a field with the getaway cab. Francis Jr. lies and says there's no policemen in his division nicknamed "Sandy". Ray arrives to find the corrupt officers are nearly done torturing Tezo to death. and. who had paid Jimmy and his squad to kill Tezo. they learn where Tezo is. Later Ray confronts Francis Jr. and that his shoelaces were gone. He calls his older brother. Francis Jr. to tell him their half-brother Jimmy just tortured Tezo to death. After a heated encounter. He says the incident took place because the officers wanted to kill Tezo so they could work with another dealer. Angel Tezo. Officers arrive where Tezo was being stitched up. who thought he'd known all along. and finds that there was a suspect who escaped through the back of the apartment. Francis Jr. and then framed him for it. Ray realizes his step-brother Jimmy used his gun to execute Tezo. There is a potential witness. and locks himself in the bathroom. There are several people present. telling him that he and the officers in his unit are. finds the suspect's cell phone. Ray has the officers who are present to keep this quiet. so that they could start working for him.Pride and Glory (film) 117 Plot The movie focuses on a family of 2nd-generation policemen and the corruption pervading their work. which doesn't make sense to Ray yet. and escapes while his girlfriend runs screaming.. pushes Ray to lead the task-force unit investigating the incident. they grieve briefly and acknowledge that while their friends and money is gone. While everybody is celebrating. (Jon Voight). with several officers dying and Tezo escaping. Francis fires Sandy. Tezo shoots two of his friends. since it's likely this means the person was locked up shortly before the incident. Francis Tierney Sr. Along with Ray Tierney (Edward Norton) they rush to the scene and find several dead officers among dead gang-members in a shot-up apartment. was bleeding from the stomach and got into a cab. Jimmy Egan (Colin Farrell) leads the NYPD to victory in police-league football. Tezo is gone. . Ray interviews her and finds out that Tezo has a friend in the police department. and shares this information with his older brother. After the doctor stitches Tezo up he is shot dead instead of being paid. and are noticed by his friends while parking their cruiser. Fearing both Casado and the task-force. Ray interviews the boy. Ray also finds out where Tezo is (from an old confidential informant/junky). Despite being their leader. named "Sandy". seems surprised this behavior has occurred. Kenny Dugan (Shea Whigham). They set about to find Tezo before Ray (Ed Norton) and the task-force do . answers his phone to find out that several men from their unit have been killed in a deadly confrontation. and leave the scene in their cruisers.

the crowd surrounds them looking for vigilante justice. Ray. Tezo's cousin is among the people in the streets. after becoming their step-brother. After confronting Jimmy. Francis Sr. as they are out of cash and drugs. he finds that Francis Jr. wanting his children to go along with Jimmy's story. Two members of Jimmy's corrupt crew go to a liquor store. his dying wife encourages him to do what is right. Ray orders everyone out. confronts Jimmy in the bar they all go to. while the mob holds Ray back. but is furious at how far they took the corruption. intending to quickly rob it. Francis Jr.. The reporter meets him in a parking lot. in which Jimmy reluctantly tells the investigators that he witnessed Ray shoot Tezo. The film ends with Ray. Francis Jr. When Ray is walking a hand-cuffed Jimmy to his cruiser. Jimmy asks Ray to give him his weapon back. Ray gets into a fight with him. about to give testimony.'s Dept.'s watch. even if it means all this corruption happened under Francis Jr. and emerges victorious. in a room with internal affairs investigators. to the diffused hostage scene at the liquor store. against his father's wishes. intends to come clean. It goes badly. along with the now-dead Sandy. Francis Jr.Pride and Glory (film) Francis Jr.'s corruption is obvious. Despite Francis Sr. Francis Jr. Ray refuses his father's command. they decide to split up to each situation. due to all of the heat on their division. hoping to protect the department. Sandy spills everything to the reporter before shooting himself in the head. with one of the two being killed. Jimmy is surprised that Francis Jr. the other holding the store-owner hostage as both police and local gangsters looking on. and Ray speak. He sees Jimmy's interview tape. all the while the policemen are free. and Ray speak on the phone. with some of it committed by his half-brother Jimmy. is shown privileged testimony regarding Tezo's murder. Sandy. a long-time police veteran. protecting his half-brother Jimmy (and his older brother Francis' dept. finally giving into his circumstances. He tells them that he was not the one who shot Tezo. tells them the statement isn't going to go how they want it to. Francis Sr. and Ray get in a cruiser and drive off. Ray staggers away from the mob and his dead step-brother. Francis Jr. Francis is appalled that. Francis Jr refuses and leaves. successfully getting the officer to release his hostage and get in the cruiser. The next day the newspaper proclaims "Corrupt Cop Cashes-Out". With Francis Jr. and Francis Sr. having been fired. He repeatedly refuses to tell them which officer did pull the trigger. allows himself to be beaten to death by Tezo's cousin. presumably the truth now that Jimmy is dead and Francis Jr.). the two brothers diffused both situations. is mad. Jimmy offers Francis "his cut". Ray refuses. Francis Jr. that Jimmy got them into this situation. admits he allowed Jimmy and the officers some leeway. while Ray confronts Jimmy at their bar. and presumed he already knew what was happening. goes to the liquor store to talk his officer out of holding the owner hostage. everyone furious that Tezo was brutally tortured before dying. He also tells Jimmy there's no way he'll let him frame Ray for murdering Tezo. Francis Sr telling Ray to go along with it. Both the good and bad officers work to pin this corruption on the four dead policemen from the initial crime scene. Jimmy. calls a reporter to do an expose on the corrupt officers. is torn between his job and his family. 118 .

in order to publicize that the film may need a new distributor. it is an homage to my father.[3] • Noah Emmerich as Francis Tierney Jr. citing both Norton and Farrell's 2008 releases of The Incredible Hulk. Production president Toby Emmerich had been a fan of the script for several years. Carnahan cited the September 11. using corruption in the police force. Atonement.Pride and Glory (film) 119 Cast • Edward Norton as Ray Tierney[3] • Colin Farrell as Jimmy Egan[3] • Jon Voight as Francis Tierney Sr. Though it is fictional."[16] In September 2005. Emmerich had previously starred in Gavin O'Connor's Tumbleweeds and Miracle. the project was subject to a turnaround deal. and he's decided he'll only release [sure bet] films.[14] The script was optioned in June 2000 by Fine Line Features. 2001 attacks as the primary reason for the delay: "There was a moment after 9/11." O'Connor has said he will withhold delivery of his next script for New Line.[8] Lake Bell. Farrell and Emmerich to star. Hopes in 1999. and American Gangster. which was everything my father was about. and Joe Carnahan was hired to rewrite the script. and trailers for the film appeared.[14] In January 2008.[6] [7] Manny Perez. with Gavin O'Connor directing and Gregory O'Connor producing.[4] Production was set to begin in New York City in January 2006. where the notion of doing what might be deemed an anti-cop film. rather . Production on the film was expected to begin later in 2000.[4] though principal photography did not begin until the following month.[13] Gavin O'Connor described their intent: "My father was a New York City detective. and In Bruges respectively. We're all heartbroken. Quinn said the biggest challenge was "[trying] to find a fresh way to do a police drama where it feels real and not like something we've seen a hundred times before. and the studio entered negotiations with Norton."[4] They also hoped to create a film which evoked those of the 1970s. "I don't think [Shaye] believes in it. the rights were once more with New Line Cinema. a film that's not for everybody but has something to say. O'Connor held a screening at the headquarters of talent agency CAA. In February 2008. The brothers. Production was expected to start in February 2002 in New York City. Nick Nolte was originally cast in the role. a subdivision of New Line Cinema.[4] The film also features Shea Whigham. He never had the decency to call me. and also looked at the possibility of taking the film to another studio.[17] Release Pride and Glory was originally scheduled for release on March 14. which saw the rights ceded to Intermedia. specifically chairman Bob Shaye. and Declan Quinn. as a metaphor for wider institutional corruption. after the completion of Tumbleweeds.[9] Rick Gonzalez.[10] Christina Cabot. It's a birthday bash of honest cops. Warrior.[13] In 2001. particularly an attack of the NYPD. until he discovered the film's fate." Norton blamed a wider industry "paralysis" for the problems. would be grounds for hanging. he was unable to perform and was replaced by Voight. and I grew up in that world. with showings of No Country for Old Men.[11] Jennifer Ehle as Francis' wife. 2008."[12] Production Gavin O'Connor and his brother Gregory began writing the film with New York City police officer Robert A. "We've delivered something special and unique. New Line announced that it was pushing back the release until 2009. but after a chronic knee injury became too severe. whose father was a police officer.[15] The film's development was subject to further delays until 2005. He blamed internal New Line politics for the delay. saying.[18] The studio has not commented further on the delay. which angered O'Connor. and Mark Wahlberg and Hugh Jackman were in talks to star. Abby.[5] Frank Grillo and John Ortiz as police officers.[14] O'Connor said of the situation. were given "rare" access to the police department and its officers.

"Driver in pilot seat for Eye spy skein" (http:/ / www. Charles (June 26."[19] Box office As of January 28. "John Ortiz" (http:/ / www. html). Josh (January 8. Variety. Retrieved February 27.423 average. 2006). Retrieved February 27. Retrieved February 27. php?option=com_content& task=view& id=3611& Itemid=99). Michael (November 14. [8] Dodd. 2008. html). Retrieved February 27. com/ article/ VR1117947341). [5] Dodd. Variety. . [9] Gardner. . . Retrieved October 19. . "Christina Cabot" (http:/ / www. Retrieved January 9. Stacy (August 28. 2001). . Stacey (April 5. 2005). Variety. com/ article/ VR1117981505. Retrieved January 9. Variety. Variety.440. Pride and Glory did little to distinguish itself from other police procedurals. . Stacey (February 20. with the critical consensus being that the film is "Formulaic in its plotting and clichéd in its dialogue. Variety. variety. com/ awardcentral_article/ VR1117935664. variety. html). "Fine Line options cop story 'Pride'" (http:/ / www. html). . Max Payne. 2009. Retrieved February 27. Variety. 2007. com/ article/ VR1117932920. New Line Cinema. 2008. Variety. Retrieved February 27. "Inside Move: Studios leg it after injuries sideline stars" (http:/ / www. Silas (October 31. "IESB Exclusive: 12 Questions with Smokin' Joe Carnahan" (http:/ / www. Retrieved February 27. iesb. variety. prideandglorymovie. [18] McClintock. 2006). . 2008. from 2. "Shea Whigham" (http:/ / www. [14] Fleming.721 worldwide. Variety. [3] Fleming. "New Line has 'Pride'" (http:/ / www. variety. htm). "Pride and Glory' delay stirs up fray" (http:/ / www. com/ article/ VR1117939618. 2008. based on 140 reviews. [13] Lyons. com/ article/ VR1117939356). . 2007. Chris (July 24. Variety. 2005). . Retrieved August 22. Stacy (July 15. 2008. Michael (February 26. . com/ article/ VR1117938569. 2006). "Breakfast on Pluto" (http:/ / www. "Manny Perez" (http:/ / www. variety. variety. . "Frank Grillo" (http:/ / www. 2007). variety. variety. Retrieved February 27. com/ article/ VR1117941039). Retrieved October 19. 2009. com/ movies/ ?id=prideandglory. Dunkley. Michael (March 12. Variety. 2006). [11] Dodd. Retrieved October 19. Retrieved February 27.[14] 120 Reception Critical reaction The film was eventually released on October 24. [12] Marks. Soundtrack The film's original score was composed by Mark Isham. 2007. Rotten Tomatoes reported that 34 percent of critics gave the film positive reviews. html). 2008. References [1] "PRIDE AND GLORY" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. com/ article/ VR1117783021. 2008. [15] Harris. Stacy (March 6. . .[20] In North America. Pamela (January 17. variety. 2006).585 theaters with a $2. 2008. com/ article/ VR11179491). [2] "Pride and Glory — Story" (http:/ / www. html). Dana. 2008. Retrieved February 27. Variety. Cathy (November 8. html).262. 2008). Retrieved February 27. Retrieved February 27. 2000). Saw V. "New Line postpones 'Inkheart' release" (http:/ / www. variety. variety. [7] Dodd.[21] respectively. [17] Fleming. 2008. 2008. [16] Lesnick. 2008.net. and I just hope they will either find a way to give the film its due or graciously let us do it with someone else. 2006). com/ ). [4] Fleming. "'Pride' goeth at Intermedia" (http:/ / www. 2008 in United States. the film opened at #5 with $6. com/ article/ VR1117968586. com/ article/ VR1117855563. Michael (September 26. . [10] Dodd. the film has grossed $43. 2006). . html). 2008. net/ index. "Rick Gonzalez" (http:/ / www. com/ article/ VR1117929759. 2006). Box Office Mojo. . com/ article/ VR1117938677).Pride and Glory (film) than New Line Cinema: "We're a victim of the moment. Variety.396 behind High School Musical 3: Senior Year. . variety. [6] Dodd. 2008. Stacy (February 22. . variety." Farrell said he believed in the film and called the situation "bizarre". 2006). "'Fiance' engages thesps" (http:/ / www. variety. 2008). IESB. and Beverly Hills Chihuahua. Variety. Variety. com/ article/ VR1117979257). variety. html?categoryid=13& cs=1).

. .Pride and Glory (film) [19] "Pride and Glory" (http:/ / www. com/ m/ pride_and_glory/ ).com/) Pride and Glory (http://www. 2009. Rotten Tomatoes.allmovie.com/work/336719) at Allmovie Pride and Glory (http://www. Retrieved November 2. 2009.com/m/pride_and_glory/) at Rotten Tomatoes Pride and Glory (http://www.com/movies/?id=prideandglory.htm) at Box Office Mojo . the-numbers.imdb. htm). 121 External links • • • • • Official website (http://http://www. [21] "Weekend Box Office Results from 10/24 to 10/26" (http:/ / www. com/ weekend/ chart/ ?view=& yr=2008& wknd=43& p=. .prideandglorymovie.com/title/tt0482572/) at the Internet Movie Database Pride and Glory (http://www. Retrieved August 22. php). 2008. Box Office Mojo. The Numbers. boxofficemojo.rottentomatoes. rottentomatoes.boxofficemojo. [20] "Pride and Glory" (http:/ / www. Retrieved July 13. com/ movies/ 2008/ PRDGL.

2009 (TIFF) October 2. Christopher Guest Rob Lowe Tina Fey Tim Atack Written by Narrated by Starring Music by Cinematography Tim Surhstedt Editing by Studio Distributed by Chris Gill Radar Pictures Media Rights Capital Warner Bros.054. 2009 100 minutes United States English $18.5 million $32.K.454 [1] Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue [2] . Pictures (United States/Canada) Universal Pictures Focus Features(UK/International) September 14.The Invention of Lying 122 The Invention of Lying The Invention of Lying Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Ricky Gervais Matthew Robinson Ricky Gervais Dan Lin Lynda Obst Oly Obst Ricky Gervais Matthew Robinson Ricky Gervais Ricky Gervais Jennifer Garner Jonah Hill Louis C.

Mark Bellison (Ricky Gervais) is an unsuccessful lecture-film writer who is cursed with writing for the 1300s century. but is going out with him to satisfy her extremely prejudicial mother and as a favour to Mark's friend Greg Kleinschmidt (Louis C. she asks Mark how much money he has in his account. imagination and speculation do not exist resulting in the movie industry being limited to lecture-style historical readings. This film is the directorial debut of Gervais." Mark convinces Anna to go out with him again hoping she will see past his looks and weight now that he is financially secure. stopping his neighbour Frank Fawcett (Jonah Hill) from committing suicide. believing she will go into an eternity of nothingness." Some time later Anna and Mark are hanging out together in a park and Anna asks him if they marry would being rich and famous make their children not fat with snub noses. The concepts of fiction. She is terrified of death. due to his looks and unsuccessful financial situation. After the date she admits that she had a better time than she thought she would. The film stars Ricky Gervais as Mark Bellison. He becomes wealthy from the success of the film which he named "The Black Plague. He then writes a fictitious screenplay about the world being invaded by aliens in the 14th century and that the memories of all humans were erased. and Rob Lowe. making them "fat with snub noses" and Anna does not want that. he tells them.The Invention of Lying 123 The Invention of Lying is a 2009 American romantic comedy film that is written and directed by Ricky Gervais and Matthew Robinson. through "ten rules". She bluntly states to Mark that she is not attracted to him. Mark wants to lie but doesn't because of his feelings for Anna. One night he goes out on a date with the beautiful. Louis C. Meanwhile Mark's film rival Brad Kessler (Rob Lowe) pursues Anna romantically. the first human with the ability to lie. often cruel statements. he goes to the bank to close his account and use his remaining money to move out of his apartment. introducing the concept of a Heaven to her. She is still not attracted to him because if they ever have children Mark would contribute half of the heredity to their children. In this world people continually make very blunt. preventing a police officer (Edward Norton in a cameo) from arresting his friend Greg for DUI. It also stars Jennifer Garner. a "very boring" era to write about. Depressed. motivated by spite because of Mark's success. Mark tearfully makes up a comforting story about a joyful afterlife. and she dies happy while the doctors and nurses present are awed by what he says. and to satisfy their curiosity. Mark has an epiphany and tells the world's first lie. On their date Anna congratulates Mark for his success and admits that he would be a good husband and father. .K. Under pressure from Anna. Mark then gets a call that his mother had a heart attack and rushes to the hospital.K. Jonah Hill. The computer comes back online and shows his balance is $300 but the teller gives him the full $800 anyway assuming that the computer made a mistake. However Brad's blunt. television commercials being straightforward and an absence of religion. The next day Mark is fired from his job due to lack of viewer interest in his films and his landlord evicts him for being short on his $800 rent. the doctor tells him that his mother is going to die. and also helping others. and remarks that people in the real world would normally keep to themselves. After the doctors and nurses spread the word Mark soon receives worldwide attention for his supposed new information about death. since society is one of full disclosure.).. Plot The film features a high concept narrative set in an alternate reality in which there is no such thing as lying and everything said is the absolute truth. he talks to a "Man In The Sky" who controls everything and promises great rewards in the good place after you die so long as you do no more than three "bad things. There. rude manner makes Anna uncomfortable though she is still pressured by her mother to continue dating him and they become engaged. that he has $800 in his account. The teller informs him that the computers are down but. charming and wealthy Anna McDoogles (Jennifer Garner). Mark tests his discovery of lying through various means such as telling an attractive woman that the world will end unless they have sex (but later backs out by pretending to get a call from NASA). getting money from a casino.

Before the wedding Mark's friend Greg shows up and tells him that he didn't lose her yet and Mark reluctantly attends Anna and Brad's wedding. Brad and Anna both ask Mark to ask the Man in the Sky what Anna should do but Mark refuses to say anything and leaves." Anna confesses that she loves him and the two smile while holding hands. Anna walks out and Mark confesses his ability to lie and that the Man In The Sky was made up. Some time later Anna and Mark are shown married with a son. Anna struggles to comprehend the concept and asks why he didn't lie to convince her to marry him. Mark states that it "wouldn't count. who has inherited his father's ability to lie. However she does not end the engagement. She runs up to the boy and wipes away his tears while asking his name. Mark tries to convince her to not marry Brad but fails.The Invention of Lying Time passes and Anna comes to Mark to invite him to the wedding. as Greg Kleinschmidt Jonah Hill as Frank Fawcett Christopher Guest as Nathan Goldfrappe Tina Fey as Shelley Bailey Donna Sorbello Anna's mother Roz Ryan as Nurse Barbara Jeffrey Tambor as Anthony James Jimmi Simpson as Bob Scott Fionnula Flanagan as Martha Bellison Shaun Williamson as Richard Bellison Bobby Moynihan as Bellison's Assistant Martin Starr as Waiter Conner Rayburn as Son Donald Foley as Yelling Man John Hodgman as Wedding Overseer Nate Corddry as News Reporter Stephanie March as Blonde Woman on the Street Jason Bateman as Doctor (cameo) Stephen Merchant as Man at the Door (cameo) Philip Seymour Hoffman as Jim The Bartender (cameo) Edward Norton as Traffic Cop (cameo) Michael Caine as Theatre Audience Member (cameo) . he objects to the marriage. She yells at them and then they run away.K. but the officiant informs him that only the Man in the Sky can stop the wedding. Anna goes to the park she first went to with Mark and sees a slightly overweight child with an ice cream when some thinner boys come and mush his ice cream into his shirt. There. He replies 'Short Fat Brian' to which she tells him: 'you are so much more than just that' and finally realises that looks aren't everything. 124 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Ricky Gervais as Mark Bellison Jennifer Garner as Anna McDoogles Rob Lowe as Brad Kessler Louis C. wanting Anna to choose for herself.

451. Ricky Gervais.027. ComingSoon. com/ thissideofthetruth. giving the film four out of five stars. Sudbury. Ricky (2009-03). The-Numbers. websites.Box Office Data" (http:/ / www.542 internationally. . php?id=58292l). suggesting "mixed or average reviews". while Universal Pictures owns the rights to release the film outside of North America.000 copies in a couple of hours. Massachusetts and Haverhill. ign. with a worldwide gross of $31. based on a sample of 30 reviews. IGN Entertainment. television and radio programmes. com/ movies/ 2009/ INVLY. html). [4] "The Art of Lying" (http:/ / bluray.morally offensive" calling it venomous and pervasively blasphemous. the film holds an overall approval rating of 50%. . Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 57% of 163 critics have given the film a positive review. [it] is a remarkably radical comedy" while Empire gave the film 1 star out of 5 saying the "ramshackle plot detours into a hideously ill-conceived religious satire". [2] "Movie The Invention of Lying .8 out of 10. IGN Movies. com/ m/ invention_of_lying/ ). But it is also too obviously schematic. $18. [10] The film has come to gross the Toy Story/Toy Story 2 3-D double feature. the film has a rating score of 58 based on 31 reviews.. 2009. php).472 behind Zombieland. 2009-12-03. comingsoon. location shoots also took place in Quincy. rottentomatoes. [3] Gervais.251 in the United States. and $13. Obviously.[8] However. quiet. Massachusetts. Principal photography was completed in June 2008. Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs in its third weekend.793. com/ articles/ 105/ 1051539p1. "Week sixty-three — April 2009" (http:/ / rickygervais. The DVD and Blu-ray were released on January 19. .net. Retrieved 2009-12-23. Reception Reviews The film received mixed reviews from critics. 2009-08-24.[6] On Metacritic. Its world premiere occurred two weeks earlier at the 2009 Toronto International Film Festival on September 14. .461. the-numbers. Xan Brooks of The Guardian was more favourable.[3] The film was financed by Media Rights Capital and Radar Pictures and filmed primarily in Lowell. . and Surrogates in its second weekend. Retrieved 2009-05-08."[9] Box office The film opened at #5 with $7. which assigns a normalised rating out of 100 to reviews from film critics. with a rating average of 5.. [5] "The Invention of Lying" (http:/ / www. Rotten Tomatoes. which consists of popular and notable critics from the top newspapers.[7] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times awarded the film the three and a half stars out of four saying "in its amiable. He later reported on his blog the day after the Globes that the DVD sold 70. although he was critical of some aspects: "It is slick and it is funny.The Invention of Lying 125 Production The film was originally being produced under the title This Side of the Truth. North Andover. Retrieved 2009-12-23. The United States Conference of Catholic Bishops rated The Invention of Lying as "O . Release Warner Bros. net/ news/ interviewsnews. Massachusetts.912. while that romantic subplot can feel awfully synthetic at times. .[4] Gervais himself briefly promoted the DVD during his hosting duty at the 2010 Golden Globe Awards in a joking manner. owns the rights for the film's North American distribution. Tewksbury and Boston. Andover. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 2010.[5] Among Rotten Tomatoes' "Top Critics". The film was released in North America on October 2. 2009. PG-13 way.[2] [11] References [1] "The Invention of Lying: Ricky Gervais" (http:/ / www. php).

com/ film/ titles/ inventionoflying?q=the invention of lying).The Invention of Lying [6] "The Invention of Lying Reviews: Top Critics" (http:/ / www. usccb.com/movies/?id=inventionoflying. metacritic. Flixster.htm) at Box Office Mojo . org/ movies/ i/ inventionoflying. . rottentomatoes. Retrieved 2009-12-23. Retrieved 2009-12-23. com/ m/ invention_of_lying/ ?critic=creamcrop).boxofficemojo. [7] "The Invention of Lying (2009): Reviews" (http:/ / www.com/m/invention_of_lying/) at Rotten Tomatoes The Invention of Lying (http://www. .warnerbros. shtml) from United States Conference of Catholic Bishops [9] Invention of Lying review (http:/ / www. Rotten Tomatoes. uk/ film/ 2009/ oct/ 02/ the-invention-of-lying-review) from The Guardian [10] Internet Movie Database US film charts 2nd October (http:/ / www. Metacritic. imdb. com/ movies/ ?id=inventionoflying. com/ boxoffice/ ?date=2009-10-02& region=us) [11] The Invention of Lying (http:/ / boxofficemojo. co. htm) from Box Office Mojo 126 External links • • • • Official website (http://the-invention-of-lying. guardian. [8] The Invention of Lying review (http:/ / www.imdb.com/) The Invention of Lying (http://www.com/title/tt1058017/) at the Internet Movie Database The Invention of Lying (http://www.rottentomatoes.

of seasons No. The story follows the families of Jay Pritchett (Ed O'Neill). After splitting with his longtime wife. which was created by Christopher Lloyd and Steven Levitan. of episodes Executive producer(s) Steven Levitan Christopher Lloyd Los Angeles Film. Single camera 22 minutes Location(s) Camera setup Running time Production company(s) Lloyd-Levitan Productions 20th Century Fox Television Broadcast Original channel Picture format ABC 480i (SDTV) 720p (HDTV) September 23. is produced by 20th Century Fox Television and largely presented in a mockumentary style. 2009 – present External links Official Website [1] Original run Modern Family is an American comedy television series. and his son Mitchell Pritchett (Jesse Tyler Ferguson) who live in a Los Angeles-area suburban community. Jay has re-married with a much younger Colombian woman.Modern Family 127 Modern Family Modern Family Genre Sitcom Mockumentary Christopher Lloyd Steven Levitan Ed O'Neill Sofía Vergara Julie Bowen Ty Burrell Jesse Tyler Ferguson Eric Stonestreet Sarah Hyland Ariel Winter Nolan Gould Rico Rodriguez United States English 3 41 (List of episodes) Production Created by Starring Country of origin Language(s) No. they have three children. Gloria Pritchett (Sofía Vergara). his daughter Claire Dunphy (Julie Bowen). The half-hour series. Claire is a homemaker mom married to Phil Dunphy (Ty Burrell). and is helping .

It became ABC's first comedy series with a mockumentary style.[6] [7] On January 12.[23] A third season was ordered by ABC on January 10.[20] [21] [22] The series was given a full season pickup on October 8.5 million dollars and to 10 Fox affiliates during the second season. already having two shows of similar style (mockumentary).[2] [3] Early on it was named as a big contender for the 62nd Primetime Emmy Awards. Mitchell and his partner Cameron Tucker (Eric Stonestreet) have adopted a Vietnamese baby.[15] 128 Conception As Lloyd and Levitan retold stories about their families. Lily.[15] The series was also picked up for syndication by USA during the first season for 1. but decided against it. Modern Family was renewed for a third season.[9] [10] The syndication rights to the show have also been sold to USA Network and 10 Fox affiliates for a fall 2013 premiere. The series premiered on September 23. Claire (Julie Bowen) is a homemaker mom married to Phil (Ty Burrell) a real estate agent and self-professed cool dad.61 million viewers. Jay Pritchett (Ed O'Neill). it occurred to them that that could be the basis for a show. not ready to use the single-camera style of filming. 2011." They pitched the show to CBS. and Outstanding Writing for a Comedy Series for Steven Levitan and Christopher Lloyd. who with help from Jay raise her son. . They started working on the idea of a family being observed in a mockumentary style show. did not accept the series. the patriarch. decided against accepting the series until the success of the other two series decreased. 2009.[4] [5] Soon after the series was picked up for a full season on October 8. is currently in a May–December marriage with Gloria (Sofía Vergara). Lily Tucker Pritchett. resulting in the network ordering 13 episodes and adding it to the 2009–2010 fall lineup days ahead of ABC's official schedule announcement. Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series for Eric Stonestreet. Modern Family was renewed for a second season by ABC.[11] [12] [13] [14] Cast and characters Modern Family employs an ensemble cast.[14] On January 10. The Office and Parks and Recreation. ABC accepted the series and picked it up for a full season. and ABC.[18] The creators pitched it to three of the four major networks (they did not pitch it to Fox due to problems Lloyd had with the network with previous shows). Claire Dunphy and Mitchell Pritchett. NBC. which accepted it and picked it up. CBS. Manny (Rico Rodriguez II). it won the Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy Series.5 million per episode. The show revolves around three families that are interrelated through Jay Pritchett and his children. as well as two other Emmy Awards.[8] The series has received mostly positive reviews from critics and received multiple award nominations.[25] Alex. the offbeat only son.[17] Originally the camera crew would be run by a fictitious Dutch filmmaker named Geert Floortje who had lived with Jay's family as a teenage exchange student and developed a crush on Claire (while Mitchell had a crush on him). they have three children: Haley. 2010.Modern Family her raise her pre-teen son.[6] [7] On January 12.[19] Pickup The series quickly became a priority for ABC after the pilot episode tested high with focus groups. NBC.[11] [12] [13] The producers reportedly sold the show for close to $1. Lloyd and Levitan developed the series while sharing stories of their own "modern families. following its first season. Manny Delgado (Rico Rodriguez). the smart middle child[26] and Luke. 2011. ABC Entertainment President Stephen McPherson announced that Modern Family had been renewed for a second season. the stereotypical teenager. 2010. nor ready to make another large commitment.[27] Mitchell (Jesse Tyler Ferguson) and his partner Cameron (Eric Stonestreet) have adopted a Vietnamese baby.[16] The show was originally called My American Family. In 2010. 2009 to critical acclaim and was watched by 12. 2009. They later decided it could be a show about three families and their experiences. a passionate[24] mother.

[30] In Time's review the show was named "the funniest new family comedy of the year".[6] [7] On January 12. "Not since Frasier has a sitcom offered such an ideal blend of heart and smarts."[34] Robert Bianco in a later review stated "as good as it was in its first year. calling it "immediately recognizable as the best new sitcom of the fall". The Cosby Show and Friends. Robert Bianco of USA Today gave the new season four stars out of four.[33] The second season reached positive reviews much like the previous season.[28] Reception Critical reception The opening screen depicts the three families that make The first season has been met with positive reviews. 2010. due to their mockumentary formats. Entertainment Weekly gave it an A-.Modern Family 129 Family tree The characters in green have regular roles on the show.[31] It has also been compared to the 1970s series Soap. Javier Delgado Gloria Delgado-Pritchett Jay Pritchett Dede Pritchett Sarah Dunphy Frank Dunphy Manuel Alberto "Manny" Delgado Cameron "Cam" Tucker Mitchell "Mitch" Pritchett Claire Pritchett-Dunphy Phil Dunphy Lily Tucker Pritchett (b. as well as Arrested Development. Haley. saying. and Jay. and Cam. is even better in its second" positively comparing the characters to the characters from The Mary Tyler Moore Show.[8] The second season premiered September 22. 2010 airing in the same timeslot as the previous season. there isn't a weak link". Luke. It received a up the larger Pritchett clan (from left to right): Gloria. in regards to the multiple family aspect. "universal acclaimed" Metacritic score of 86 out of 100.[35] . Modern Family was renewed for a second season by ABC. Claire. Manny.[29] and Lily. Some have made comparisons to The Office and Parks and Recreation. 2009 in the 9:00pm ET timeslot. Alex.2009) Haley Dunphy Alex Dunphy Luke Dunphy Sidenote: Cameron's mom's name is Barb Tucker. or proven itself so effortlessly adept at so many comic variations. 2009. and Phil. but is rarely on the show. and unlike many shows. Mitchell. Episodes The series premiered September 23. Soon after the series was picked up for a full season of 24 episodes on October 8. from subtle wordplay to big-laugh slapstick to everything in between.[32] BuddyTV named the show the second best show in 2009 saying "Every actor is fantastic. every family is interesting.

[46] 10th on BuddyTV's Top 10 Returning Shows We're Most Excited to Come Back. Bruce Feiler called attention to how the show depicts the increasing way communications technology shapes the way people perceive others." he writes.[49] Aided by winning the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy Series the show's second season became the highest rated show on Wednesday on premiere week[50] and also rose 34% from the previous season among adults between the ages of 18 and 49. In its first season.Modern Family 130 Analysis and commentary In The New York Times. Modern Family was nominated with five Television Critics Association Awards.[45] Jason Hughes Best TV of 2009."[36] Criticism and controversy Modern Family drew criticism from the LGBT community for its portrayal of Cameron and Mitchell as not being physically affectionate with each other. Abraham Higginbotham told Feiler."[37] The episode. "[It] is surely the first family comedy that incorporates its own hashtag of simultaneous self-analysis directly into the storyline. were all nominated individually. 2010. including the depiction of a family headed by a gay couple. "I had this little flash of Phil—and me—that we are parsing our personality together externally from how people perceive us.[51] The show frequently ranked as television's top scripted series in adults 18-49 as well.[47] and on TV Guide's Our Favorite Families[48] Ratings Since its premiere. Sofía Vergara and Julie Bowen. "The Kiss" eventually aired with the kiss scene in the background which drew praise from multiple critics. Executive producer Levitan has said that it was unfortunate that the issue had arisen. Jesse Tyler Ferguson. Outstanding Writing for a Comedy Series (for the pilot episode). since the show's writers had always planned on such a scene "as part of the natural development of the show. to reinforce the idea of an ensemble cast. best comedy series and best program of the year. producers released a statement that a season two episode would address Mitchell's discomfort with public displays of affection.[38] [39] Awards and recognition In 2010."[36] The show's writers and actors agree. and the third-highest rated new show. "We used to talk about how cellphones killed the sitcom because no one ever goes to anyone's house anymore" for routine information.[44] 2nd on BuddyTV's Top Ten Best Shows of 2009. while stars of the program Ty Burrell.[43] 2nd on Time's Top Ten Best shows of 2009. Ty Burrell draws on Fran Lebowitz's observation that there is no institution other than media. The show gained nominations for best new series. the series was listed on BuddyTV's Top Ten Best Comedy Shows of 2009–2010. In response to the controversy.[41] On August 29. "Mark Zuckerberg may be a greater influence on Modern Family than Norman Lear.[55] Note: Each U. Modern Family won Outstanding Comedy Series. In 2010. even family members.[52] [53] [54] The success of the show has been positively compared to The Cosby Show.[40] Like Friends. which coincides with the completion of May sweeps. network television season starts in late September and ends in late May. the series has remained popular. "We embrace technology so it's part of the story". the show became the sixth-highest rated show in America among adults between the ages of 18 and 49. The criticism spawned a Facebook campaign to demand Mitchell and Cameron be allowed to kiss. . Eric Stonestreet. "[42] The series has also been put on multiple critics list. and Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series (Eric Stonestreet). the cast all submitted themselves in the Supporting Actor and Actress categories instead of Lead Actor and Actress for the 62nd Primetime Emmy Awards.S. The show was later also received a GLSEN Respect Award for its portrayal of "positive images and storylines that reflect a diverse America.

.com. TVbythenumbers. com/ awards_goldderby/ 2010/ 03/ emmys-modern-family-glee-tv-series-4819380572-news-story. . Cougar Town and Modern Family all get a second season . metacritic. nj. ABC. 2010  (2010-03-18). com/ shows/ modern-family [2] Wednesday broadcast finals: Modern Family down a tenth. Retrieved 2010-10-18. [15] Hibberd. 2010. . Nikki and Nellie Andreeva (June 29. 2009) (http:/ / latimesblogs. [19] Pond. Retrieved 2010-07-16.msn. [20] From Variety (May 8. .0/13 (to [58] date) References [1] http:/ / abc. 2009) (http:/ / www. html). NJ.com (2009-09-24). aspx). Retrieved 2010-09-04. tvguide. . go. html). Cougar Town. [3] From Metacritic (September 23. zap2it. com/ 2010/ 05/ 28/ dream-emmy-drama-comedy-series/ ?ew_packageID=20300978). [26] "Alex (Ariel Winter) Bio" (http:/ / abc. com/ id/ 35297872/ ns/ entertainment-television/ ).' 'Castle' plus three more ABC shows get early renewals | Inside TV | EW. . Retrieved 2010-09-04. variety. [8] "Modern Family". . [5] "?" (http:/ / ausiellofiles. Retrieved 2010-09-04. 2009) (http:/ / www. [24] "Gloria (Sofía Vergara) Bio" (http:/ / abc. com/ nominations). . com/ 2010/ 06/ 29/ oxygen-gets-glee-usa-nabs-modern-family-for-fall-2013-syndication/ 55708). msn. . "'Grey's Anatomy. 'Modern Family' To USA" (http:/ / www. 2010). com/ 2010/ 01/ 12/ the-middle-cougar-town-and-modern-family-all-get-a-second-seaso/ ). com/ tv/ shows/ modernfamily?q=Modern Family) [4] March 18.com. Retrieved 2010-09-04. aspx) [22] "ABC picks up its first series for fall (updated)" From Los Angeles Times (May 8. com/ showtracker/ 2009/ 05/ abc-picks-up-its-first-series-for-next-fall. . Bill (June 29. "Big Syndie deals: 'Glee' To Oxygen. "The Middle.' 'Modern Family. The Wrap.com. MovieWeb. Modern Family and The Middle" (http:/ / www. "Emmy Awards 2010 Winners List. com/ News/ ABC-Modern-Family-1005892. Insidetv. 2009 September 22. Retrieved 2010-11-21. [11] Gorman. 2010). . ew. TVbytheNumbers. Surprises and Omissions" (http:/ / www. com/ shows/ modern-family/ bio/ gloria/ 274489). Television Show Ratings]. com/ 2010/ 06/ big-syndication-deals-for-20th-tv-oxygen-gets-glee-usa-buys-modern-family/ ). Nielsen Ratings. Deadline Hollywood.” and “ The Middle“ (http:/ / tvbythenumbers.39 [49] #21 [49] 3.com. go. Retrieved 2010-04-27.Modern Family 131 Season Timeslot Season premiere Original airing Season finale May 19. Emmys. Bill (2010-06-29).ew. com/ shows/ modern-family/ bio/ haley/ 274499). 2009) (http:/ / www. com/ News/ ABC-Cougar-Modern-1010661. Monsters and Critics. 2010).com" (http:/ / insidetv. [18] "Modern Family: Co-creator Steve Levitan weighs in" (http:/ / www.36 (to [57] date) #5 (to date) 5. USA Today. "It's a 'Modern Family' Affair at the Emmys" (http:/ / www. com/ entertainment/ tv/ index. . TV Squad. com/ awards/ column-post/ its-modern-family-affair-emmys-19278?page=0. . Retrieved 2010-06-30. html).9/10 [58] [49] 2 #20 (to [57] date) 12.TODAYshow. [6] "ABC gives full season pickups to “ Modern Family“ “ . Retrieved 2010-08-30. 2010 May 2011 TV season Rank Viewers (in millions) 18-49 Nielsen ratings rank 18-49 Nielsen ratings 1 Wednesday [56] 9/8c September 23. 2010. October 18. Retrieved 2010-09-04. TVbythenumbers. latimes.TCA Report" (http:/ / www. Retrieved June 29. html?categoryid=14& cs=1) [21] From TV Guide (May 8. com/ shows/ modern-family/ bio/ alex/ 274503). tvsquad. com/ 2009/ 10/ 08/ ") abc-gives-full-season-pickups-to-modern-family-cougar-town-and-the-middle/ 29996) [7] Isis Abrams. [[Cougar Town (http:/ / tvbythenumbers.com.Television . "ABC Picks Up Cougar Town. . monstersandcritics.msnbc. . Retrieved 2010-07-27. com/ 2011/ 01/ 10/ greys-modern-family-castle-abc-renewal/ ). .latimes. com/ smallscreen/ news/ article_1580875. [13] "'Modern Family' to be syndicated for 2013" (http:/ / content. "Oxygen Gets ‘ Glee. Steve. "Can 'Glee' or 'Modern Family' beat '30 Rock' at the Emmys? | Gold Derby | Los Angeles Times" (http:/ / goldderby. usatoday.com. Retrieved on 2010-07-02. [16] "Modern Family Season 1: Christopher Lloyd Interview" (http:/ / www. 2010-01-14. 2010 2009–2010 2010–2011 #36 [49] 9. ssf/ 2010/ 01/ modern_family_co-creator_steve. Joel (January 12. com/ frominsidethebox/ 2010/ 01/ modern-family-cougar-town-the-middle-picked-up.tv (2010-07-08). January 12.’USA Nabs ‘ Modern Family’For Fall 2013 Syndication" (http:/ / tvbythenumbers. Today. com/ communities/ entertainment/ post/ 2010/ 10/ modern-family-to-be-syndicated-for-2013/ 1). [14] Finke. "The Middle" Picked Up (http:/ / blog. php/ Emmy-Awards-2010-Winners-List-Surprises-and-Omissions). deadline. TVGuide. go.com" (http:/ / today. "USA Network Acquires Rights To ‘ Modern Family’ (http:/ / tvbythenumbers. Zap2It. .Entertainment . "Cougar Town". [25] "Haley (Sarah Hyland) Bio" (http:/ / abc. 2010 [9] Nominations: Official Primetime Emmy Award Nominees (http:/ / www. Goldderby. Retrieved 2011-01-10.com. [10] April MacIntyre (2010-08-30). com/ 2009/ 09/ 24/ wednesday-broadcast-finals-modern-family-down-a-tenth-cougar-town-up-a-tenth-with-adults-18-49/ 28330)] up a tenth with adults 18-49 TV Ratings.1). msnbc. com/ tv/ TVGq2MLMWvjIKN/ VI0o9228q8SM28).com. com/ 2010/ 06/ 29/ " usa-network-acquires-rights-to-modern-family/ 55758). Retrieved 2010-10-29. [17] "‘ Modern Family’a freshman hit for ABC . thewrap. movieweb. com/ article/ VR1118003355. html) [23] Keller. emmys. . tvguide. go. James. ew. [12] Gorman. latimes.

. 2009 [32] Fall TV Preview 2009: Modern Family (http:/ / www. [40] "Modern Family Tops Nominations for TV Crtics Association Awards" (http:/ / www. . . The Big Bang Theory Top Week 5 Viewing" (http:/ / tvbythenumbers. [51] Gorman. Retrieved 2011-02-20. com/ 2010/ 09/ 23/ s abc-turns-in-its-strongest-wednesday-in-nearly-10-months-modern-family-opens-as-wednesday s-no-1-tv-show/ 64820). Time. buddytv. Amanda (April 13. "We have a lot of love for ABC's 'Modern Family'" (http:/ / www. [45] "?" (http:/ / www. TVbythenumbers. ABCmedianet.com. html) E! Online [33] BuddyTV Slideshow | Top 9 of '09: Best Shows of the Year (http:/ / www. . . Retrieved 2010-11-28.com. USA Today. TVGuide. com/ PhotoGallery/ Favorite-TV-Families-1024402#1024422). "ABC Turns in its Strongest Wednesday in Nearly 10 Months. Amanda (April 13. buddytv. 2010). Alan (September 30. Lie To Me. . [48] "Our Favorite TV Families" (http:/ / www. com/ ew/ article/ 0. nypost. [47] "Top 10 Returning Shows We're Most Excited to Come Back" (http:/ / www. Castle Lead Season’ Ratings Gainers. Robert (September 23. thefutoncritic. com/ slideshows/ modern-family/ top-9-of-09-best-shows-of-the-year-4795. CSI:NY. The Futon Critic. Retrieved 2010-10-29. . hollywoodreporter. com/ 2010/ 05/ full-series-rankings-for-the-2009-10-broadcast-season). "Modern Family Watch: Lips Service" (http:/ / tunedin. com/ 2009/ 12/ 08/ top-10-shows-of-2009-the-best-and-the-rest/ ). Retrieved 2010-10-26. Retrieved on 2010-07-02. htm). [30] TV Review – Modern Family (2009) (http:/ / www.9171. 2010). com/ shows/ modern-family/ bio/ luke/ 274501). com/ slideshows/ modern-family/ top-10-returning-shows-were-most-excited-to-see-31784. tvguide.00. . 2010). Ratings. abcmedianet. USA Today. Two and a Half Men. go. com/ slideshows/ modern-family/ the-best-comedies-of-the-tv-season-6773. time. com/ 2010/ 09/ 30/ modern-family-watch-lips-service/ ). NCIS. time. Credits. [41] Melillo. usatoday. [35] Bianco. BuddyTV. [44] Poniewozik. . [34] Bianco. hitfix. John "?" (http:/ / www. Dancing. Retrieved 22 June 2010. Robert (October 6. . Deadline. Modern Family. com/ listings/ 20100913abc24/ ). DWTS Top Week 6 Viewing" (http:/ / tvbythenumbers. "GLSEN TO HONOR ABC’ MODERN FAMILY" (http:/ / www. Retrieved September 13. metacritic. Glee.Season 1 Reviews. [29] "Modern Family . TVbythenumbers. Modern Family. html). [39] Sepinwall. [37] Guider. com/ uberblog/ watch_with_kristin/ b143257_fall_tv_preview_2009_modern_family. BuddyTV. Retrieved 2010-10-04. December 8. "TV Ratings Broadcast Top 25: Brett Favre. tvsquad. September 28. aspx). . time. 2010. nytimes. htm). "What 'Modern Family' Says About Modern Families" (http:/ / www. . Retrieved 2010-11-02. aspx). Retrieved 2010-10-21.com.com. deadline. 2011.1924499. aspx). HitFix. Retrieved 2010-09-23. "'Modern Family' . James (December 8. 2009) "?" (http:/ / tunedin. 1 TV Show" (http:/ / tvbythenumbers. [53] Seidman. com/ 2011/ 01/ 23/ fashion/ 23THISLIFE. [42] Rou. 2010). com/ slideshows/ modern-family/ top-9-of-09-best-shows-of-the-year-4795. Bill (October 21. . aspx). com/ 2010/ 10/ 26/ tv-ratings-broadcast-top-25-brett-favre-modern-family-two-and-a-half-men-ncis-dwts-the-big-bang-theory-top-week-5-viewing/ 69680). html).'The Kiss': PDA's are A-OK" (http:/ / www. 2010). Metacritic.20310552. [49] Andreeva. "'Modern Family' actors practicing gay kiss" (http:/ / www. [38] Poniewozik. and More at Metacritic" (http:/ / www. "These TV series are back. 132 . Entertainment Weekly. "TV Ratings Broadcast Top 25: NFL. ew. BuddyTV. 2010) Melillo. TV Guide. 2010). Retrieved on 2010-07-02. com/ blogs/ whats-alan-watching/ posts/ modern-family-the-kiss-pdas-are-a-ok). com/ 2009/ 12/ 21/ best-and-worst-tv-of-2009-jasons-list/ ).00. Bruce (January 23. [46] "Best and Worst TV of 2009: Jason's List" (http:/ / www. ‘ Modern Family’Opens as Wednesday’ No. . [28] "Episode Title: (#2ARG??) "The Old Wagon"" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-10-16. 2009. 2010). Robert (November 23. Modern Family. . com/ 2010/ 11/ 02/ tv-ratings-broadcast-top-25-nfl-modern-family-glee-ncis-dwts-top-week-6-viewing/ 70478). Tvsquad. blogs. 2010-12-15. [43] Kubicek. com/ p/ entertainment/ tv/ fam_united_stand_SbuCBeGiCcv9B8x7oxNRpL). Retrieved 2010-09-03. Retrieved 2010-10-16. Allison (October 7. Retrieved 2010-08-29. [50] Seidman. com/ assets/ pr/ html/ S 100710_20. . Retrieved 22 June 2010. blogs. 2010). com/ News/ TCA-Award-Nominations-1019206. com/ tv/ shows/ modernfamily). eonline. . Robert (October 26. "Glee. . com/ hr/ content_display/ news/ e3idbe87d2389f4477cb3cc6054ed5e5e4d).. Elizabeth (2010-08-28).Modern Family [27] "Luke (Nolan Gould) Bio" (http:/ / abc. html) Time Magazine. "?" (http:/ / www. com/ life/ television/ reviews/ 2010-10-06-returnees06_ST_N. tvguide. Retrieved 2010-10-21. . NCIS. . House Lead s Losers" (http:/ / tvbythenumbers. . Retrieved January 24. buddytv. TVbythenumbers. TVbythenumbers. New York Post. Retrieved 24 June 2010. com/ life/ television/ reviews/ 2010-11-24-modern24_ST_N. but are they better than ever?" (http:/ / www. The New York Times. Robert (November 2. Buddytv. 2010). We Kin (http:/ / www. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. Retrieved 2010-09-04. Retrieved 2010-11-24. com/ 2010/ 10/ 21/ glee-dancing-modern-family-castle-lead-seasons-ratings-gainers-csiny-lie-to-me-house-lead-losers/ 69042). James (September 31. [52] Seidman.com. aspx). . 2010). html) Entertainment Weekly [31] Yes. Retrieved 24 June 2010. 2011). usatoday. [36] Feiler. buddytv. Time. Nellie. (2010-05-27) Full Series Rankings For The 2009-10 Broadcast Season – (http:/ / www. DWTS.

. Variety. .TV Ratings for Primetime: 2010-11 Season-to-Date" (http:/ / www. Sunday Night Football.tv.html) at TV. htmlstory).Modern Family [54] Seidman.com.com/shows/modern-family) Modern Family (http://www. com/ article/ VR1118026163. com/ 2010/ 10/ 19/ tv-ratings-broadcast-top-25-modern-family-glee-greys-anatomy-glee-sunday-night-football-dwts-ncis-top-week-4-viewing/ 68590).TV Ratings. . Retrieved 2010-10-17. com/ 2011/ 02/ 18/ midseason-ratings-the-top-50-shows-so-far/ #more-34531). "Midseason ratings: The top 50 shows so far! | Inside TV | EW.tvguide. Retrieved 2011-02-20.imdb.com/detail/tv-show. com/ 2010/ 05/ 18/ abc-announces-2010-11-primetime-schedule/ 51686). "TV Ratings Broadcast Top 25: Modern Family. ew. 2010).aspx?id=8082) External links • • • • Official website (http://http://abc. 2010). Nielsen Ratings.aspx?tvobjectid=297616) at TV Guide . Glee. Retrieved 2010-10-24. [56] ABC Announces 2010-11 Primetime Schedule . Grey’ Anatomy.com (2010-05-18). 133 Press releases • "Breaking: Fox's "Virtuality" fails to lift-off while ABC's "Modern Family" gets early pick-up" from Logo (May 8.0. thefutoncritic. Retrieved on 2010-07-02.com/show/77270/summary. Robert (October 19. 2009) (http://www. "'Modern Family' is a 'Cosby' celebre" (http:/ / www. [57] "Nielsen Television . October 31.com/title/tt1442437/) at the Internet Movie Database Modern Family (http://www. [55] Weisman.com/news. Jon (October 21. Lynette (2011-02-16).com Modern Family (http://www. Insidetv. [58] Rice. com/ tv/ ratings/ zap-season-ratings.com/blog/michaeljensen/virtuality-liftoff-abc-modern-family) • "'Modern Family' first comedy to series at ABC" From The Futon Critic (May 8. Television Show Ratings (http:/ / tvbythenumbers. Glee. zap2it. html?categoryid=14& cs=1). TVbytheNumbers. 2010.com" (http:/ / insidetv. variety. Retrieved 2010-10-19.1937498.go.ew. 2009) (http://www. NCIS Top Week 4 Viewing" (http:/ / tvbythenumbers. s DWTS.afterelton. TVbythenumbers. .

2009 (TIFF) September 17. It was featured in the 2009 Toronto International Film Festival. Susan Sarandon.Leaves of Grass (film) 134 Leaves of Grass (film) Leaves of Grass Promotional poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Tim Blake Nelson First Look Studios Tim Blake Nelson • • • • • • Edward Norton Richard Dreyfuss Susan Sarandon Keri Russell Melanie Lynskey Tim Blake Nelson Music by Jeff Danna Cinematography Roberto Schaefer Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Michelle Botticelli Millennium Pictures September 14. released on September 17. is in limited release by Millennium Pictures. The film. It stars Edward Norton. 2010 (United States) 105 minutes United States English $9 million $985.[2] . 2010. Richard Dreyfuss.117 [1] [1] Leaves of Grass is an American black comedy/drama film written and directed by Tim Blake Nelson. Melanie Lynskey and Keri Russell.

Leaves of Grass (film) 135 Plot An Ivy League philosophy professor (Norton) is lured back to his home town in Oklahoma by his twin brother (also Norton) for a doomed scheme against a local drug lord (Dreyfuss) that unravels his life. Keri Russell as Janet. Brady's best friend. Jimmie Dale Gilmore. a student in love with Bill. a business partner of Brady's.[3] [4] Cast • • • • • • • • • • • Edward Norton as identical twins Bill and Brady Kincaid. Tim Blake Nelson as Rick Bolger. Bill and Brady's mother. a childhood friend of Bill's. Brady's pregnant girlfriend. Steve Earle as Buddy Fuller. a rival drug dealer of Brady's.[4] Melanie Lynskey as Colleen. Butch Hancock.[4] Lee Wilkof as Nathan Levy. Dan Yates Richard Myhill Lowell George Townes Van Zandt Lowell George John Prine Bob Dylan Steve Earle Written By "My Wildest Dreams Grow Wilder Every Day" The Flatlanders "Faithful and True" "Fat Man In The Bathtub" "Rex's Blues" "Sailin' Shoes" "Sweet Revenge" "I Shall Be Released" "Lonely Are The Free" "Boys From Oklahoma" Richard Myhill Little Feat Townes Van Zandt Little Feat John Prine The Band Steve Earle Cross Canadian Ragweed Gene Collier . Ken Cheeseman as Jimmy Fuller. Richard Dreyfuss as Pug Rothbaum. Bill's boss at the university. Susan Sarandon as Daisy Kincaid.[4] Lucy DeVito as Anne. Maggie Siff as Rabbi Renannah Zimmerman Credited songs Song Title "Stand Up" "Illegal Smile" Performer Doug Bossi John Prine Doug Bossi John Prine Joe Ely. a rival drug dealer of Brady's.

[2] Evans. com/ artman2/ publish/ movie_news/ Sarandon-and-Dreyfuss-to-smoke-Grass-16080908.com/title/tt1151359/) at the Internet Movie Database . html?categoryid=13& cs=1& nid=2564). .com) • Leaves of Grass (http://www. "Edward Norton to star in 'Grass'" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-10-04. digitalhit. com/ galleries/ 34/ 521/ ). 2010. and an extended edition is sold exclusively on Blu-Ray with an additional 46 minutes of content.leavesofgrassmovie.moviefone. variety. 2010. Variety. ca/2009/09/15/tim-blake-nelson-returns-home-in-leaves-of-grass/) External links • Official website (http://http://www. php) [5] Roger Ebert's Journal: TIFF #10 (http:/ / blogs. References [1] "Leaves of Grass (2010) – Box Office Mojo" (http:/ / boxofficemojo.com. com/ ebert/ 2009/ 09/ tiff_10_philosophy_pot_murder. suntimes. Retrieved September 26. [4] Sarandon and Dreyfuss to smoke 'Grass' (http:/ / www. Ian (2009). . Film critic Roger Ebert has since stated that he considered it his favorite of the festival. com/ movies/ ?id=leavesofgrass. retrieved 2009-12-18 [3] Michael Fleming (2007-12-04). thehollywoodnews. com/ article/ VR1117977035. "Leaves of Grass premiere at the 2009 Toronto International Film Festival" (http:/ / www. htm). Box Office Mojo. html) • Moviefone (September 14. 2009) Tim Blake Nelson Returns Home in 'Leaves of Grass' (http://www.imdb.Leaves of Grass (film) 136 Release The film premiered at the 2009 Toronto International Film Festival. DigitalHit. .[5] DVD and Blu-Ray versions of the film were released on October 12.

Edward Norton and Milla Jovovich." He takes a moment to disconnect from the game. Most of the filming was done in Washtenaw County. Michigan. saying "You keep my soul in a dungeon. then runs upstairs to the bedroom and holds their daughter out the window.Stone (2010 film) 137 Stone (2010 film) Stone Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by John Curran Holly Wiersma David Mimran Jordan Schur Angus MacLachlan Robert De Niro Edward Norton Milla Jovovich Peter Pan Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Maryse Alberti Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Country Language Budget Gross revenue Alexandre de Franceschi Mimran Schur Pictures Overture Films September 10. 2010 (TIFF) October 8.124 [1] Stone is a 2010 American drama film directed by John Curran and starring Robert De Niro. She agrees to stay but rushes to close the window. killing the bee that was a focal point earlier in the scene. . threatening to drop her if Madylyn leaves. she goes downstairs and announces she's leaving. 2010 (United States) United States English $22 million 8. "Do you think I won't? Do you think I won't?" he yells at her. After the child is asleep. A bee buzzes around the window as she stays with her girl.[2] Plot synopsis Young mother Madylyn Mabry puts her daughter to bed while her husband Jack watches golf on television.463.

[4] • Frances Conroy as Madylyn. formed in 2010 by private investor David Mimran and long-time music business executive and former Geffen Records President Jordan Schur.. During interviews with Jack Stone describes his wife Lucetta Creeson (Milla Jovovich). Jack tries to reverse the recommendation in his report. We find him at church the next day. Eventually Jack recommends Stone be granted early release.the focus of the movie being Gerald "Stone" Creeson (Edward Norton) and his possible release at year eight of a ten-to-fifteen year prison sentence. he gets rejected when he makes a drunken attempt to seduce his replacement. Stone tells of his cousin murdering his grandparents after he left the room. almost crying. seducing Jack from their first phone call and promising to continue the liaisons even after Stone is released. with the aid of producer Holly Wiersma. Jack drives to Lucetta's apartment. He explains his epiphany of a higher calling coming to him through sound. "Betsy?" he asks. Jack wakes to find the house on fire. Jack's wife. Jack roars vengeance on Stone but Madylyn stares wide-eyed. 138 Cast • Robert De Niro as Jack Mabry.. and the movie ends. while she works on a jigsaw puzzle. speaking at his brother Bobby's funeral. 'Why did you destroy my life?' and crumbles against the wall. but to no avail. a buzz is heard as we see Madylyn smoking near a park.[6] from a screenplay by Angus MacLachlan. In the closing montage. such as the buzzing of an insect. in 2003 as a staged reading. it has been performed once. Recurring religious talk-back radio almost narrates the movie.[4] • Milla Jovovich as Lucetta. Jack berates himself but still returns several times to Lucetta's apartment for sex. with Gerald "Stone" Creeson being the final caller. In 2005. Stone says softly that Jack can't kill him . Convicted of being an accomplice after the murder of his grandparents. Jack Mabry (Robert De Niro) and Madylyn (Frances Conroy) return home from church for a quiet afternoon in what appears to be an idyllic lifestyle of a long-married couple approaching retirement together. respectively. He looks up after the buzzing stops. but the buzzing fades as we return to see Jack closing the lid on the last box of belongings from his desk. He watches TV and drinks in an identical pose to his younger self in the earlier scene. At home sleeping with his gun nearby. Many Ypsilanti residents appear as extras.[2] Production The film was directed by John Curran. MacLachlan turned it into a screenplay aiming for a 2010 release. a convicted arsonist trying to assure parole. as though shocked.[3] The film was overseen by Mimran Schur Pictures. who invites Jack to have an affair with her in the hope it will help her husband's plight. Jack just stares at Madylyn in reply. and then walks away. As he and his wife rush from outside. Jack interviews inmates to report on their suitability for early release . a correctional officer who is only weeks from retirement.[4] Stone . 'Why didn't you go back to try to save them?' Lucetta is portrayed as a sex addict. Last as Jack celebrates his retirement at a bar. Stone is released and mentions to Jack that Lucetta told him of the affair.[5] Enver Gjokaj and Pepper Binkley appear as younger versions of Jack and Madylyn Mabry. obviously distressed. telling forcefully how she'll explain of bad wiring in the kitchen and rags are in the basement. Originally written by MacLachlan in 2000 as a play. confronting Stone with a revolver saying. Late that night a call wakes them. and their marriage is revealed for the lie that it is. . explaining that he only returned to set fire to the house afterwards. That afternoon as Jack and Madylyn are again sitting on the porch.Stone (2010 film) Many years later. by any means.that he doesn't have it in him. The next day. the previously idyllic conversation is gone as Madylyn mutters words of profanity and hatred towards Jack.[3] • Edward Norton as Gerald "Stone" Creeson. Jack picks up the phone and hears a woman's voice. Jack challenges Stone with the short question of.[6] Stone is the debut of Mimran Schur Pictures.

com/ content/ 2009/ jun/ 29/ top-actors-film-maclachlan-screenplay/ entertainment/ ). [4] Tatiana Siegel (May 6. newsbank. com/ s/ InfoWeb/ aggdocs/ NewsBank/ 128BFE5862586778/ 0EDEAE5BA34AF434?p_multi=AARB\). Sep 25. thaindian. com/ movie/ stone). boxofficemojo. ssf/ 2009/ 05/ robert_de_niro_edward_norton_f. [3] Tim Clodfelter. com/ newsportal/ entertainment/ de-niro-accosted-by-drunk-fan-on-movie-set_100201865. as of November 11. Retrieved August 4. mlive. 2009. Edward Norton filming new movie "Stone" at Southern Michigan Correctional Facility in Jackson" (http:/ / www.463.com. Thaindian News.com. in Dexter. . in Michigan. 2010.[11] Metacritic gave the film an average score of 57/100 based 22 reviews. com/ news/ 2009/ 05/ 08/ de-niro-and-norton-star-in-stone/ ). rottentomatoes. Retrieved November 18. Retrieved November 18. Winston-Salem Journal. 2010. . Retrieved January 25. 2010. at the end of the shoot.8/10. and. news8austin. . Metacritic. [6] "Robert De Niro and Edward Norton to star in 'Stone'" (http:/ / www. Theater in Los Angeles. Retrieved October 17. . It is unknown whether she faced criminal charges. . nsf/ article/ de-niro-accosted-by-drunk-fan_1105707). 2009. [9] "Robert De Niro . [7] "Robert De Niro.[12] The film was a box office bomb. Retrieved 2010-10-21. Retrieved November 18. got past security and accosted him. [10] "Edward Norton in Austin for premiere of 'Stone'" News 8 Austin (http:/ / www. Ann Arbor News (Ann Arbor News). with locals as extras. htm). Rotten Tomatoes. 2009. [5] "MARTIN SHEEN. . 2009. 2009. "De Niro. 2010. 2009). Retrieved 2010-10-21.com. 2009. shockya. journalnow. [8] "De Niro accosted by drunk fan on movie set" (http:/ / www. 2009. Norton to star in Stone" (http:/ / www. Pictures" (http:/ / www. Texas on September 24.[10] 139 Reception Stone has received generally mixed reviews. html). 2009. . who said she was a fan of De Niro. . The funeral service and a few outside scenes were filmed at the Church.Box Office Mojo" (http:/ / www. com/ news/ jackson/ index. "Top actors film MacLachlan screenplay" (http:/ / www2. culturaleventsinlosangeles. Prison scenes were filmed at the Southern Michigan Correctional Facility in Blackman Township.[2] also aided in the production of the film. metacritic. com/ TheaterInLosAngeles.[8] [9] Following a screening at the Toronto International Film Festival.124. [11] "Stone Movie Reviews. [12] "Stone (2008):Reviews" (http:/ / www. [2] "De Niro flick films in Ypsilanti" (http:/ / docs. com/ news. was closed for several weeks while the farmhouse scenes were shot at the historic Mast Farm house. html). shockya. htm). html?categoryid=13& cs=1). Box Office Mojo. with an average score of 5. the film has grossed US$8. com/ content/ headlines/ 274310/ edward-norton-in-austin-for-premiere-of--stone-). 2009. . contactmusic. Filming was interrupted on June 5. Filming began on May 18. Retrieved August 4. FRANCES CONROY AND BRIAN GERAGHTY TO STAR IN "THE SUBJECT WAS ROSES"" (http:/ / www. Theater in Los Angeles.[1] Awards Milla Jovovich received the Hollywood Spotlight Award for her work in Stone at 14th Annual Hollywood Awards Gala at The Beverly Hilton in Beverly Hills References [1] "Stone (2010) . .Stone (2010 film) Productions. com/ movies/ ?id=stone. com/ article/ VR1118003282.[7] The Emmanuel Lutheran Church of Ypsilanti hosted filming for two days. She was arrested and admitted to a local hospital. when an intoxicated woman. mlive. it was burned down. com/ m/ stone/ ). variety. . Retrieved November 18. Retrieved August 4.[2] Mast Road. . Stone premiered in the United States at the Fantastic Fest in Austin. ContactMusic. Review aggregate Rotten Tomatoes reports that 47% of critics have given the film a positive review based on 79 reviews.De Niro accosted by drunk fan" (http:/ / www. Winston-Salem Journal. the film's production company. Variety. 2010. which is approximately one third of its production budget.

com/movie/stone) at Metacritic Stone (http://www.html) Stone (http://www.htm) at Box Office Mojo .com/movies/?id=stone.imdb.boxofficemojo.Stone (2010 film) 140 External links • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.rottentomatoes.com/title/tt1423995/) at the Internet Movie Database Stone (http://www.stonemovie.com/m/stone/) at Rotten Tomatoes Stone (http://www.com/stone.metacritic.

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