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- Contents:

- Important notes on sisimic load effect on ASCE 7-05, Sec 12.4

- ASCE 7-05 Equivalent lateral force procedure

- Example 1: Building frame systems with ordinary steel concentric braced frame

- Example 2: Building frame systems with ordinary reinforced concrete shear wall

Important Note on seismic load effects on ASCE 7-05, Sec 12.4

1. Seismic design shall include both effective from horizontal seismic and vertical seismic force. The seismic force, E, appears in load

combinations

1.2 D + 1.0 E + L

*

+ 0.2S

0.9 D + 1.0 E

shall include both horizontal and vertical effects,

E = E

h

± E

v

(AISC 7-05 Eq. 12.4.1 & 12.4.2)

where E

h

is effect of horizontal seismic force, E

v

is effect of vertical seismic force.

2. In seismic design category, D, E, & F (except special condition in section 12.3.4.1 and 12.3.4.2), horizontal seismic load effect shall

include redundancy factor, p (= 1.3)

E

h

= p Q

E

(AISC 7-05 Eq. 12.4.3.)

where Q

E

is effect of horizontal seismic shear force calculated based on seismic base shear V, or F

p

from equation for components,

non-structural elements, etc.

3. For strength design, vertical seismic load effect shall be calculated as

E

v

= 0.2 S

DS

D (AISC 7-05 Eq. 12.4.4)

where S

DS

is seismic parameter, D is effect of dead load.

The load combinations become

(1.2+0.2S

DS

) D + p Q

E

+ L

*

+ 0.2S

(0.9- 0.2S

DS

) D + p Q

E

4. For allowable stress design, vertical seismic load effect shall be include in load combination as

(1.0 + 0.14S

DS

)D + 0.7 p Q

E

(1.0 + 0.105S

DS

)D + 0.525 p Q

E

+ 0.75 L + 0.75 (L

r

or S)

(0.6 - 0.14S

DS

)D + 0.7 p Q

E

ASCE 7-05 Equivalent lateral force procedure

Applicability

Equivalent lateral force procedure is limited to be used in

1. Seismic design category A.

2. Seismic design category B and C, (except light framed construction, see 6)

3. Regular structure with T < 3.5 T

s

in Seismic design category D, E, and F

4. Irregular structure in Seismic design category D, E, and F with horizontal irregularities Type, 2, 3, 4, and 5 and T < 3.5 T

s

.

5. Irregular structure in Seismic design category D, E, and F with vertical irregularities Type 4, 5a and 5b and T < 3.5 T

s

.

6. Light framed construction in occupancy I & II, more than 3 stories high, or occupancy III & IV, more than 2 stories high, and

regular light frame structures with T < 3.5 T

s

in seismic design caterogy D, E, and F.

where T

s

= S

D1

/S

DS

.

Procedure

1. Determine weight of building, W.

2. Determine 0.2 second and 1 second response spectral acceleration, Ss and S1 from Figure 22-1 to 22-14

3. Determine Site class from Chapter 20 or from soil report.

4. Determine site coefficient, F

a

, from Table 11.4.1.

5. Determine site coefficient, F

v

, from Table 11.4.2

6. Determine adjusted maximum considered earthquake spectral response acceleration

parameters for short period, SMS and at 1 second period, SM1.

SMS = F

a

S

s

(Eq. 11.4-1)

SM1

= F

v

S

1

(Eq. 11.4.2)

7. Determine deign spectral response acceleration parameters for short period, SDS

and at 1 second period, SD1.

SDS =(2/3) SMS (Eq. 11.4.3)

SD1 =(2/3) SM1 (Eq. 11.4.4)

8. Determine Important factor, I, from Table 11.5.1

9. Determine Seismic design category from Table 11.6-1, & 11.6-2

10. Determine Response modification factor, R. from Table 12.2-1

check building height limitation

11. Determine seismic response coefficient from Eq. 12.8-1

C

s

= SDS / (R/I)

12. Determine approximate fundamental period from Eq. 12.8-7

T = Ct h

n

x

where

h

n

is the height of building above base.

C

t

= 0.028, x = 0.8 for steel moment resisting frame,

C

t

= 0.016, x = 0.9 for concrete moment resisting frame,

C

t

= 0.03, x = 0.75 for eccentrically braced steel frame,

C

t

= 0.02, x = 0.75 for all other structural frame

13. Check if T < 3.5 S

D1

/S

DS

.

14. Determine Maximum seismic response coefficient Eq. 12.8-3 and 12.8-4

C

smax

= SD1 / [ T(R/I)] for T s T

L

C

smax

= SD1 / [T

2

(R/I)] for T > T

L

where T

L

is long-period transition period in Figure 22.15 to 22.20.

15. Minimum seismic response coefficient, Eq 12.8-5 & 12.8.6

C

smin>

0.01

If S

1

> 0.6g, C

smin

> 0.5 S1 / (R/I)

16. Determine Seismic response for strength design from 12.8-1

V = C

s

W

Example 1: Building frame systems with ordinary steel concentric braced frame

Given:

Code: ASCE 7-05 Equivalent lateral force procedure

Design information:

Weight of building, W = 500 kips

0.2 second response spectral acceleration, S

s

= 0.25

1 second response spectral acceleration, S

1

= 0.1

Long-period transition period, T

L

= 12 sec

Building frame systems with ordinary steel concentric braced frame

Building category II

Building height: 30 ft

Soil Profile: E

Requirement: Determine seismic base shear

Solution:

Site coefficient, F

a

= 2.5

Site coefficient, F

v

= 3.5

Design spectral response acceleration parameters

SMS = F

a

S

s

= 0.625 (Eq. 11.4.1)

SM1 = F

v

S

1

= 0.35 (Eq. 11.4.2)

SDS =(2/3) SMS =0.417 (Eq.11.4.3)

SD1 =(2/3) SM1 =0.233 (Eq. 11.4.4)

Seismic design category B from Table 11.6.1, category C based on Table 11.6.2.

Use category D.

From Table 12.2.1, No limit for building frame system with ordinary steel concentric braced frame

Response modification factor, R = 3.25

Important factor, I = 1 (Table 11.5.1)

Seismic response coefficient (Eq. 12.8-1)

C

s

= SDS / (R/I) = 0.128

Fundamental period (Eq. 12.8-7), C

T

= 0.02, x = 0.75

T = CT h

n

0.75

= 0.256 sec

< (3.5)(S

DS

/S

D1

) = (3.5)(0.417/0.233)=1.96 O.K.

Maximum seismic response coefficient (Eq. 12.8-3)

T < T

L

= 12 sec

C

smax

= SD1 / [(R/I) T] = 0.192

Since S

1

= 0.1 < 0.6, Minimum seismic response coefficient (Eq. 12.8-5)

C

smin

= 0.01

Seismic base shear for strength design

V = C

s

W = (0.128)(500) = 64 kips

Example 2: Building frame systems with ordinary reinforced concrete shear wall

Given:

Code: ASCE 7-05 Equivalent lateral force procedure

Design information:

Weight of building, W = 1000 kips

0.2 second response spectral acceleration, Ss = 0.5

1 second response spectral acceleration, S1 = 0.15

Soil profile class: C

Building frame systems with ordinary reinforced concrete shear wall

Building category II

Building height: 40 ft

Requirement: Determine seismic base shear for strength design

Solution:

Site coefficient, F

a

= 1.2

Site coefficient, F

v

= 1.65

Design spectral response acceleration parameters

SMS = F

a

S

s

= 0.6 (Eq. 11.4.1)

SM1 = F

v

S

1

= 0.247 (Eq. 11.4.2)

SDS =(2/3) SMS =0.4 (Eq. 11.4.3)

SD1 =(2/3) SM1 =0.165 (Eq. 11.4.4)

Seismic design category C from Table 11.6.1, category C based on Table 11.6.2.

Use category C.

From Table 12.2.1, no limit for building frame system with ordinary shear wall for category C.

Response modification factor, R = 5

Important factor, I = 1 (Table 11.5.1)

Seismic response coefficient (Eq. 12.8-1)

C

s

= SDS / (R/I) = 0.08

Fundamental period (Eq. 12.8-7), C

T

= 0.02, x = 0.75

T = CT h

n

0.75

= 0.318 sec

< (3.5)(S

DS

/S

D1

) = (3.5)(0.4/0.165)=1.44 sec O.K.

Maximum seismic response coefficient (Eq. 12.8-3)

T < T

L

= 12 sec

C

smax

= SD1 / [(R/I) T] = 0.104

Since S

1

= 0.15 < 0.6, Minimum seismic response coefficient (Eq. 12.8-5)

C

smin

= 0.01

Seismic base shear for strength design

V = C

s

W = (0.08)(1000) = 80 kips

4.105SDS)D + 0. see 6) 3.2S (0.2SDS) D QE + L* + 0.7 QE (1.0 + 0.4) where SDS is seismic parameter.2+0. and 5 and T < 3. Seismic design category B and C.6 .7 QE ASCE 7-05 Equivalent lateral force procedure Applicability Equivalent lateral force procedure is limited to be used in 1.2SDS) D + QE 4. For strength design. .14SDS)D + 0. 2.0.75 L + 0.0 + 0. For allowable stress design.3. E. D is effect of dead load. Irregular structure in Seismic design category D. vertical seismic load effect shall be include in load combination as (1.14SDS)D + 0. 3. 4.5 Ts in Seismic design category D. and F with horizontal irregularities Type.75 (Lr or S) (0. 2. Regular structure with T < 3.5 Ts. The load combinations become (1. vertical seismic load effect shall be calculated as Ev = 0.9. 12. E. and F 4. Seismic design category A.2 SDSD (AISC 7-05 Eq.525 QE + 0.0. (except light framed construction.

4.5.4. 11. E.8-1 Cs= SDS / (R/I) 12. more than 3 stories high. Determine site coefficient. Determine seismic response coefficient from Eq. from Table 11. 6. from Table 11.2 6.1 9.5 Ts . Determine site coefficient. 11. Procedure 1. more than 2 stories high. E. 5. Determine Site class from Chapter 20 or from soil report. Determine Response modification factor. SM1.6-1. or occupancy III & IV.4. SD1. Fv. Determine adjusted maximum considered earthquake spectral response acceleration parameters for short period. 11. from Table 11. and F. 12. and F with vertical irregularities Type 4. R. Determine 0. 4. Light framed construction in occupancy I & II. 5a and 5b and T < 3.6-2 10. 12.1. Determine Important factor. I. SMS and at 1 second period. and regular light frame structures with T < 3.2) 7.4-1) SM1 = Fv S1 (Eq.2-1 check building height limitation 11. SMS = Fa Ss (Eq. & 11.5 Ts in seismic design caterogy D. Ss and S1 from Figure 22-1 to 22-14 3. SDS =(2/3) SMS (Eq. Determine weight of building. 2. Determine deign spectral response acceleration parameters for short period. . SDS and at 1 second period. from Table 12.2 second and 1 second response spectral acceleration.5.8-7 T = Ct hnx where hn is the height of building above base.4. Determine approximate fundamental period from Eq. Determine Seismic design category from Table 11. W. where Ts = SD1/SDS.4) 8.3) SD1 =(2/3) SM1 (Eq. 11.4. Fa. Irregular structure in Seismic design category D.

03.20. S1 = 0. x = 0.6g.028. Determine Maximum seismic response coefficient Eq. 14.016.75 for all other structural frame 13.8.5 S1 / (R/I) 16.8 for steel moment resisting frame. Check if T < 3.02.Ct = 0.8-1 V = Cs W Example 1: Building frame systems with ordinary steel concentric braced frame Given: Code: ASCE 7-05 Equivalent lateral force procedure Design information: Weight of building. 12.75 for eccentrically braced steel frame.01 If S1 0.1 Long-period transition period.8-3 and 12.6 Csmin 0.2 second response spectral acceleration. x = 0. Ct = 0.15 to 22. Eq 12. 15. Minimum seismic response coefficient. x = 0.5 SD1/SDS. TL = 12 sec Building frame systems with ordinary steel concentric braced frame Building category II Building height: 30 ft Soil Profile: E Requirement: Determine seismic base shear . W = 500 kips 0.8-5 & 12. Ct = 0.8-4 Csmax= SD1 / [ T(R/I)] for T TL Csmax= SD1 / [T2(R/I)] for T TL where TL is long-period transition period in Figure 22. Determine Seismic response for strength design from 12.25 1 second response spectral acceleration. Ss = 0.9 for concrete moment resisting frame. x = 0. Csmin 0. Ct = 0.

R = 3.K.35 (Eq. x = 0.96 O.5)(SDS/SD1) = (3.75 T = CT hn0.1) Seismic response coefficient (Eq. 12. 12.128)(500) = 64 kips Example 2: Building frame systems with ordinary reinforced concrete shear wall Given: Code: ASCE 7-05 Equivalent lateral force procedure Design information: Weight of building.192 Since S1 = 0.75 = 0.417/0. 12.6. I = 1 (Table 11.2.5.8-7).233 (Eq. Minimum seismic response coefficient (Eq.8-3) T < TL = 12 sec Csmax= SD1 / [(R/I) T] = 0. Use category D. From Table 12.5)(0. 11.3) SD1 =(2/3) SM1 =0.4. W = 1000 kips .8-5) Csmin= 0. 11. Maximum seismic response coefficient (Eq. category C based on Table 11.01 Seismic base shear for strength design V = Cs W = (0. CT = 0.233)=1.6. Fa = 2.4.5 Design spectral response acceleration parameters SMS = Fa Ss = 0.4. Fv = 3.625 (Eq.2. 11.1 < 0.6.1. No limit for building frame system with ordinary steel concentric braced frame Response modification factor.02.4.4) Seismic design category B from Table 11.2) SDS =(2/3) SMS =0.5 Site coefficient.417 (Eq.128 Fundamental period (Eq.1.Solution: Site coefficient.1) SM1 = Fv S1= 0.25 Important factor. 12.8-1) Cs= SDS / (R/I) = 0.256 sec < (3.11.

2) SDS =(2/3) SMS =0.K.4 (Eq. 12.6 (Eq.8-7).8-5) Csmin= 0. Use category C. From Table 12.0. Fa = 1.318 sec < (3. I = 1 (Table 11.4. 12.5.1) SM1 = Fv S1= 0.6.02. 12.5)(SDS/SD1) = (3.6.08 Fundamental period (Eq. R = 5 Important factor. no limit for building frame system with ordinary shear wall for category C. category C based on Table 11.4. 11.01 Seismic base shear for strength design V = Cs W = (0.08)(1000) = 80 kips .165 (Eq. Maximum seismic response coefficient (Eq.1) Seismic response coefficient (Eq.247 (Eq.75 = 0.75 T = CT hn0. 11.1. Minimum seismic response coefficient (Eq.5 1 second response spectral acceleration.2 Site coefficient.165)=1.44 sec O. 12. x = 0. S1 = 0. 11.3) SD1 =(2/3) SM1 =0. CT = 0.104 Since S1 = 0.4.4/0. 11.2 second response spectral acceleration.5)(0.4) Seismic design category C from Table 11. Response modification factor.8-3) T < TL = 12 sec Csmax= SD1 / [(R/I) T] = 0.4.15 Soil profile class: C Building frame systems with ordinary reinforced concrete shear wall Building category II Building height: 40 ft Requirement: Determine seismic base shear for strength design Solution: Site coefficient. Ss = 0.1.2. Fv = 1.2.15 < 0.65 Design spectral response acceleration parameters SMS = Fa Ss = 0.6.8-1) Cs= SDS / (R/I) = 0.

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