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Teaching Scheme: Lectures: 3 Hrs/Week Tutorial: 1 Hr/Week Examination Scheme: Paper: 100 Marks Oral: 50 Marks
Unit I: Introduction to Signals and Systems
Definition of signals and systems, communication and control systems as examples, Classification of signals: Continuous time and discrete time, even, odd, periodic and non periodic, deterministic and non deterministic, energy and power. Operations on signals: Amplitude scaling, addition, multiplication, differentiation, integration (accumulator for DT), time scaling, time shifting and folding, precedence rule. Elementary signals: exponential, sine, step, impulse and its properties, ramp, rectangular, triangular, signum, sinc. Systems: Definition, Classification: linear and non linear, time variant and invariant, causal and non-causal, static and dynamic, stable and unstable, invertible.
Unit II: System Analysis
System modeling: Input output relation, impulse response, block diagram, integro-differential equation and state-space representation. Definition of impulse response, convolution integral, convolution sum, computation of convolution integral using graphical method for unit step to unit step, unit step to exponential, exponential to exponential and unit step to rectangular, rectangular to rectangular only. Computation of convolution sum by all methods. Properties of convolution, system interconnection, system properties in terms of impulse response, step response in terms of impulse response.
Unit III: System Analysis in Frequency Domain using Fourier Transform
Definition and necessity of CT and DT Fourier series and Fourier transforms. Analogy between CTFS, DTFS and CTFT, DTFT. CT Fourier series, CT Fourier transform and its properties, problem solving using properties, amplitude spectrum, phase spectrum of the signal and system. Interplay between time and frequency domain using sinc and rectangular signals. Limitations of FT and need of LT and ZT.
Unit IV: System Analysis in Frequency Domain using Laplace Transform
Definition and its properties, ROC and pole zero concept. Application of Laplace transforms to the LTI system analysis. Inversion using duality, numerical based on properties. Signal analysis using LT.
Unit V: Correlation and Spectral Density
Definition of Correlation and Spectral Density, correlogrm, analogy between correlation, covariance and convolution, conceptual basis, auto-correlation, cross correlation, energy/power spectral density, properties of correlation and spectral density, inter relation between correlation and spectral density.
Unit VI: Probability, Random Variables and Random Signals
Experiment, sample space, event, probability, conditional probability and statistical independence. Random variables: Continuous and Discrete random variables, cumulative distributive function, Probability density function, properties of CDF and PDF. Statistical averages, mean, moments and expectations, standard deviation and variance. Probability models: Uniform, Gaussian, Binomial. Evolution and definition of random signal through probability via random variable.
Text Books: 1. Simon Haykins and Barry Van Veen, “Signals and Systems”, 2nd Edition, Wiley India. 2. Simon Haykins, “Introduction to Analog and Digital Communications”, Wiley India. Reference Books: 1. B.P. Lathi, “Linear Systems and Signals”, 2nd Edition, Oxford University Press, 2004. 2. Charles Phillips, “Signals , Systems and Transforms” , 3rd Edition, Pearson Education. 3. Peyton Peebles, “Probability, Random Variable, Random Processes”, 4th Edition, Tata Mc Graw Hill.
6. Causal. Linear. Take any two CT and DT signals and perform the following operation Amplitude scaling. A) Sketch and write defining mathematical expression for the following signals in CT and DT a) Unit Step. Memory less. Causal. time shifting and folding 3. Linear. multiplication. time scaling. Stable. Unit Ramp B) Classify and find the respective value for the above signals Periodic / Non Periodic Energy / Power /Neither 2. Memory less. State and prove the properties of Fourier Transform.Signals and Systems (Tutorial Assignments) Tutorials are to be conducted batch wise and Matlab based 1. differentiation. Stable. And also demonstrate the interplay between the time and frequency domain. Take any example of a system in time domain and demonstrate the application of LT in system analysis 7. Express any two system mathematical expressions in impulse response form and determine whether each one of them is. b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) Rectangular Exponenetial Signum Sine SinC Traingular Unit Impulse. State and prove the properties of Lapalce Transform. integration (accumulator for DT). Invertible 5. Time in variant. Time in variant. Take rectangular and sinc signal as examples and demonstrate the applications of CTFT properties. addition. Express any two system mathematical expressions in input output relation form and determine whether each one of them is. A) a) b) c) d) e) Find the following for the given energy signal Autocorrelation Energy from Autocorrelation Energy from definition Energy Spectral Density directly ESD from Autocorrelation . Invertible 4.
mean square . Suppose a certain random variable has the CDF (Any example may be taken). standard deviation . variance of X for a given PDF.B) f) g) h) i) j) Find the following for the given power signal Autocorrelation Power from Autocorrelation Power from definition Power Spectral Density directly PSD from Autocorrelation 8. A) List and Explain the properties of CDF & PDF. . Write the corresponding PDF and find the values of P(X ≤ x) and P (a < X ≤ b ) B) Find mean.
Finite output resistance. Unit III: Bipolar Junction Transistor and Their Applications 8L BJT Biasing: Integrated Circuit biasing. Modeling MOS transistors using SPICE. Gain bandwidth product (GBW). Modeling. Effects of coupling and bypass capacitors on frequency response. breakdown effects and temperature effects. body effect. Fast recovery diodes. Small Signal Equivalent Circuit. Phototransistor. constant current source biasing. sub threshold conduction. Multistage Amplifiers. small signal amplifiers: Behavior of transistor at high frequencies. Square wave testing of amplifiers. selection of configuration of transistors in multistage amplifiers. Thermal Runaway BJT Small Signal Low Frequency Amplifiers: Small Signal Amplifier Performance in terms of hparameters. Human ear response. Analysis of DC circuits using diodes. exact analysis of BJT CB.204182: Solid State Devices and Circuits Teaching Scheme: Lectures: 4 Hrs/Week Practical: 2 Hr/Week Unit I: Diodes and Field Effect Transistors Examination Scheme: Paper: 100 Marks Practical: 50 Marks 6L Diode Circuit Analysis: Small signal and large signal diode models. specifications and applications. Thermal stabilization. Analysis of output waveform. Bode Plots. Practical transistor amplifiers. MOSFET capacitances. CC and CE Amplifiers only using h-Parameters. . Common MOSFET configurations: DC Analysis.t Device and Circuit Parameters. its characteristics. Introduction to BiCMOS Technology. Hetrojunction Bipolar Transistor. The MOSFET CS Small Signal Amplifier: Small Signal Parameters. Modified T equivalent circuit. Basic concepts. Total frequency response of an amplifier and concept of dominant pole. Optocoupler and its applications. Body effect. Switching diodes. High frequency hybrid-π CE amplifier model. CC & CB Amplifier’s performance parameters. Comparison of CE. Introduction to MOSFET as basic element in VLSI. Unit II: MOSFET Circuits 8L MOSFET DC Circuit Analysis: Common source circuit. Analysis of CS amplifier. Definitions and derivations for fα. Load Line & Modes of operation. Unit IV: Frequency Response 6L Introduction. CE short circuit current gains for T and hybrid-π models. fβ and fT. The MOSFET internal capacitances and high frequency model. Construction of n-channel E-MOSFET.r. Effect of cascading on frequency response. non ideal voltage current characteristics viz. MOSFET scaling and small geometry effects. Frequency Response of RC-Coupled Amplifier. MOSFET in VLSI: V-I characteristic equation in terms of W/L ratio. Comparison of FET with MOSFET and BJT w. method of deriving DC & AC Small signal equivalent circuit for given Amplifier. BJT High frequency. E-MOSFET characteristics & parameters. need of multistage amplifiers. Photo diodes and applications. MOSFETs : Basics of MOS Transistor Operation. DC load line.
Heat Sinks. 5th Edition. 2). Power MOSFETs. Measurement of efficiency. Current-shunt Feedback Topologies . Distortions in amplifiers.Unit V: Feedback and Oscillators 8L Negative Feedback: Introduction. Simulate Voltage-Series. ( 1 Turn ) 5. “Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design”. Analysis of Class A power amplifiers: Direct and transformer coupled power amplifier.C.A. TMH. Pucknell.Analog and Digital Circuits and Systems”.B. Classes of Audio Power Amplifiers (Class A. 1994.(DC & AC Analysis) ( 1 Turn ) 3.Nashlesky. Voltage-shunt.(1 Turn) 7. Unit VI: Large Signal Low Frequency Amplifiers 6L Power BJTs.AB. Stability of system with Feedback. “Integrated Electronics. 3rd Edition. Halkias. . “Electronic Devices and Circuits Theory”. 3 for Current series feedback topology and compare practical results with theoretical analysis. List of Practicals: 1. build and test a sensing circuit fro slotted disc used in RPM indicator. Class B & AB Push-Pull and complimentary-symmetry stages. Design. Simulate any one RC and LC oscillator.Bell. Configure the circuit build in experiment no. Voltage-series.(2 Turns) 6. 3rd Edition. 2) Millman. LC oscillators. for given specifications. Generic method for analysis of feedback amplifiers. Positive feedback and oscillators. 2. Build and test above amplifier (in experiment no. Sedra/ Smith. Design and simulate a Single stage BJT amplifier. Complimentary-symmetry power amplifier and its DC analysis. A generalized feedback amplifier. Current-series. 2006. PHI. PHI. Measure RPM using oscilloscope. Concept of Total Harmonic Distortion (THD). desirable characteristics of four basic amplifiers Performance. ( 2 Turns) 4. (1 Turn) Text Books: 1) Donald Neamaen. system specifications and demonstration of the system. Frequency stability of oscillators. TMH.9th Edition. 5th Edition. Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) David A. Voltage-Shunt and Current-Shunt feedback topologies. (1 Turn) 8. Oxford press Boylstad. Oxford.D). feedback amplifier circuits using FET and their analysis Oscillators: Introduction. Study of P. Kamran. RC Oscillators. “Basic VLSI Design”. improved input and output resistances. Gain and phase margin. Four basic amplifier types and feedback topologies. Crystal oscillators. Crystal Clock. 1999. “Microelectronics Circuits. “Electronic Devices and Circuits”.
Relation between Neper and Decibel. Z0 and γ in terms of circuit components. Definition of Laplace Transform. Effect of Rg on BW & Selectivity. . Comparison and applications of series and parallel resonant circuits. Norton’s and Maximum Power Transfer Theorems. Bandwidth. Twin T and Wein Bridge Networks as Notch Filters. Inverse Laplace Transform Techniques. Unit II: Frequency Selective Networks 7L Significance of Quality factor. HPF. General case: Resistance present in both branches. Transient response of simple electrical circuits such as RL & RC. Voltage and current variation with frequency. open and short circuit parameters Asymmetrical Networks: Image Impedance and Iterative Impedance (L-Section only). Basic Properties of Laplace Transform. L and C components. Parallel resonance: Resonant frequency and admittance variation with frequency. Network Analysis: Mesh. Bandwidth and selectivity. Unit IV: Laplace Transform and Its Applications 6L Introduction to complex frequency. Magnification factor. m derived LPF and HPF. Millers Theorem and its dual. Phase angle variations with frequency. Concept of composite filters Attenuators: Introduction to Neper and Decibel. Selectivity. (ii) Filters: Filter fundamentals. Node and Super Node analysis. Super mesh. Unit III: Filters and Attenuators 7L Classifications: Symmetrical and Asymmetrical networks. Terminating half sections. Properties of two port Network: (i) Symmetrical Networks (T and ∏ only).204183: Network Analysis Teaching Scheme: Lectures : 4 hrs/week Examination Scheme: Paper : 100 marks Unit I: Basic Circuit Analysis and Simplification Techniques 8L Voltage and Current laws (KVL/KCL). Series Resonance: Impedance. BPF and BSF. Network Theorems: Superposition. Constant K-LPF. Source transformation and source shifting. Laplace Transform of Basic R. Symmetrical T and ∏ type attenuators. Thevenin’s.
Network functions for one port and two port networks. 4th edition. 1988. “Network Lines and Fields” 2nd edition. John D. 3. 1982. PHI. Equivalent circuits. 3. Ryder. “Engineering Circuit Analysis” .E. P. “Introductory Circuit Analysis”. C. Transmission Line Equation. Pole-zeros of network functions and network stability. New Age International. Primary and Secondary line constants. “Circuit Theory Continuous and Discrete Time System. 3rd Edition.H. h. 2. Boylestead. D Roy Choudary. 2004. “Network and Systems” 1st edition.Unit V: Two Port Network Parameters and Functions 7L Terminal characteristics of network: Z. Hayt Kemmerly. 4. Charles & Merrill. 1993. Elements of Network Synthesis” PHI. Text Books: 1. Terminations of transmission lines. ABCD Parameters. . 2. Y. Applications of the parameters. Reciprocity and Symmetry conditions. Tata McGraw Hill Publications. M. W. Unit VI: Transmission Line Theory 7L Types of Transmission lines. 1955. Kuriakose. VSWR and Reflection Coefficient. Reference Books: 1. Pearson. Royal Signal Handbook on Line Communication. 5th Edition. “Network Analysis”.VanValkenburg.
k map representation of logic functions (SOP m POS forms). RTL.D and T flip-flops. minimization of logical functions for minterms and maxterms (upto 4 variables). Code converters. State assignment.NOR gates. using VHDL for basic combinational and sequential circuits. Unit V: Digital Logic Families 7L Classification of logic families . multiplexer trees. Concurrent and sequential statements. open drain output. finite state machine implementation. Architecture. Decoders . Design examples. don’t care conditions. Application of Flip flops: Registers. I2L.to – 7 segment decoder. power dissipation. NAND. Characteristics of digital ICs-Speed of operation . Demultiplexers and their use in combinational logic designs. JK. Introduction to algorithmic state machine. Conversion of flip flops. Comparison table of Characteristics of TTL. BCD . noise immunity. current and voltage parameters.204184: Digital Logic Design Teaching Scheme: Lectures : 4 hrs/week Practical : 2 hrs/week Unit I: Combinational Logic Design Examination Scheme: Paper :100 M Practical : 50 M 6L Standard representations for logic functions. Clock jitter. Clock Skew. demultiplexer trees. wired logic . look ahead carry. fan in. active pull up. open collector output. Parity generators/checkers. lock out. Counters (ring counters. Use of preset and clear terminals. ECL. wired AND. State table. unconnected inputs. twisted ring counters). CMOS.State diagram. CMOS logic – CMOS inverter. Sequence detector. Excitation Table for flip flops. MS J-K flip flop . TTL-operation of TTL NAND gate. Digital Comparator. Tri-State logic. State reduction. Clocked SR. ripple counters. Adders and their use as subtractors. operating temperatures and power supply requirements. Data objects. Shift registers. up/down counters. fan out. Quine Mc-Cluskey methods. Effect on synchronous designs. . Modeling styles. Static and dynamic hazards for combinational logic. Interfacing CMOS and TTL. Implementation. Unit IV: State Machines 7L Basic design steps. unconnected inputs. Design Examples: Arithmetic Circuits. Multiplexers and their use in combinational logic designs. synchronous counters. Mealy and Moore machines representation. Unit II: Sequential Logic Design 8L 1 Bit Memory Cell. ALU. Attributes (required for practical) (Test benches and FSM excluded). DCTL. Sequence Generators. figure of merit. Entity. Unit III: Introduction to HDLs 7L Library.
2005. PHI publication. 12th reprint TMH Publication. “Modern digital electronics” . Stephen Brown.P. 2001. Anand Kumar. PAL. expanding memory size. EPROM. Content Addressable Memory. Tata MCGraw Hill. NVRAM. A. 2004. “Fundamentals of digital logic design with VHDL” 1st edition. 3. PLA. ROM. “Digital Design: Principles and Practices”. EEPROM. “Fundamentals of digital circuits” 1st edition. RAM. Reference Books 1. Text Books: 1. DDR and QDR SRAM. 3rd edition. 3rd edition . Study of PROM. . Pearon Education. Designing combinational circuits using PLDs. Double Data Rate SDRAM. SRAM. 2. Synchronous SRAM. TMH Publication 2002. Mark Bach. 2. DRAM. B] Semiconductor memories: memory organization and operation. R. Classification and characteristics of memories. expanding memory size. Synchronous DRAM (SDRAM). 2007. “Complete Digital Design”. Jain . Wakerly Pearon.Unit VI: Programmable Logic Devices and Semiconductor Memories- 7L A] Programmable logic devices: Detail architecture. 4th reprint.
3) Functional verification of ripple counter IC and synchronous counter IC (MODN operation) N should be 2 digits. 7) D f/f and JK f/f (using synchronous and asynchronous reset inputs). Hardware assignments: 1) Design and implement combinational function using MUX and DEMUX ICs. Observe the output using logic analyzer. 9) Four bit synchronous counters using flip flop. 4) Functional verification of shift register IC and implementation of pulse train generator using the above IC. 6) Four bit ALU for minimum four arithmetic and Logical operations. 2) Design and implement single digit BCD adder using binary adder IC. . 8) Four bits UP/DOWN ripple counter using mode control. VHDL assignments (Write VHDL code and simulate) 5) Two bits digital comparator. 10) Study of various parameters of logical families and comparative study of TTL and CMOS.Practical: Digital Logic Design NOTE: Minimum 09 assignments/ Practical to be covered out of which minimum 4 to be implemented on digital boards. minimum 5 to be Simulated using VHDL code and one study experiment.
Switching characteristics. GTO: Construction. Triggering modes. step up chopper. Three phase bridge inverter for R (star) load. Power BJT: Construction. UPS. Switching characteristics. Switching characteristics. Phase control using TRIAC.AC converters: Inverter: . Steady state characteristics. Switching limits. Need for gate / base drive circuits. Effect of free wheeling diode. Operation. Unit III: Power Converters – I 7L Phase controlled Rectifiers (AC – DC converters): Concept of line & forced commutation Single phase Semi & Full converters for R & R-L loads. Transistor analogy. TRIAC: Construction. Unit II: Thyristors 8L SCR: Construction. IGBT: Construction. DC. Static characteristics.Working principle of single phase. step down chopper for R-L load.Working principle of step down chopper.On line and off line. Three phase AC voltage controller for R load. SMPS. Safe operating area. Base drive circuits for.DC converters: DC Chopper: .Power BJT. Gate Characteristics. Triggering using ICs. Applications. Static characteristics. . control strategies. SCR ratings. Gate drive circuits for Power MOSFET & IGBT. Isolation techniques: Pulse triggering. Operation. Operation. Steady state characteristics. Three phase Semi & Full converters for R load. Steady state characteristics. Bridge inverter for R & R-L load. Operation. AC – AC converters: Single phase AC voltage controller for R & R-L loads. Unit IV: Power Converters – II 7L DC . burst triggering. Second breakdown. Triggering requirements. Power MOSFET: Construction. Isolation techniques. Break down voltages. Switching characteristics. Thermal runaway. Switching characteristics. Operation. Line frequency diodes. Parallel operation. Forward and reverse bias Safe Operating Area. Triggering techniques. Turn off mechanism. Harmonic reduction .204185: Power Devices and Machines Teaching scheme: Lectures: 4 Hrs/week Unit I: Power Diodes and Transistors Examination scheme: Paper: 100 Marks 8L Power Diodes: Construction. Principle of DIAC. Operation.
BLDC: Construction. . TMH. John Willey & sons. CBS. Cotton. Induced emf & torque equations. Working & Characteristics. 2. Robbins. TMH. T. “Electrical Technology”. H. New Delhi. Different protection circuits for motors: over / under voltage / current protection. Working. “Electric Machinery & Transformer” Reference Books: 1. Stepper Motors: Types. PHI 3rd edition. Three phase induction motors: Construction. Universal Motor: Construction. 4. Unit VI: Transformers & Special Purpose Motors 6L Three phase Transformers: Different connections. Introduction to speed control of three phase IM. Ned Mohan. Rashid.C. constant current & instrument transformers AC servomotors: Construction. P. H. Working & application for encoding. M. “Power Electronics circuits devices and applications”. M. New Delhi. D. Characteristics & applications. Text Books: 1. “Power Electronics Converters applications and design” 2nd edition. 2. Guru. Sen. 2004 edition. Nagrath Kothari. Hiziroglu. Characteristics & applications. Singapore. “Electrical Machines”. Working & Characteristics. phase failure. “Modern Power Electronics”. Construction. construction of DC motors. “Power Electronics”. 5. 3.Unit V: DC & AC Motors 6L Principle of Electromechanical energy conversion. S Chand & Co New Delhi. Working. Undeland & W. Singh & K B Khanchandani. field failure protections.
Measure RPM and plot graph of speed versus armature voltage and field current. flat type cable or co-axial cable. AC phase control of SCR.II : To plot the frequency response of Twin T or Wein-bridge circuit. 7. 5. 3.204186 : Network and Power Lab Teaching Scheme: Practical: 2 Hrs/week Examination Scheme: Term Work: 50 Marks A. Attenuators: To design. Frequency selective networks . B. verification of theoretical values with practically measured values. 2. average voltage across load. 5. build and test T and ∏ attenuator for given fixed attenuation.phase sequencing and microstepping.LPF and HPF circuits. Transmission line: To measure the primary and secondary line constants of a given transmission line i. To plot speed-torque characteristic of three phase induction motor. List of experiments for Power Lab : (Any six from the list below . 6.e. Plot the frequency response for both. To study drive circuit for stepper motor. Plot attenuation Vs RL graph 6. Measurement of firing angle. To find efficiency of given UPS / SMPS. Network Theorems : To verify Thevenin’s and Maximum Power Transfer theorem for reactive circuits. To study effect of antisaturation circuit on switching time of Power BJT. To measure effect of duty cycle on average load voltage for DC chopper using power MOSFET. 8 are compulsory) 1. 7. (Resonant frequency.Observe load voltage waveform. calculations). Speed control of DC motor using armature voltage and field control method. Q and Bandwidth. . 2. Filter circuits: To design build and test constant K. 3. 8. Frequency selective networks . 4.Experiments 6.I : To build and test Series and Parallel resonant circuits. List of experiments for Network Analysis : 1. Single phase Semi converter / Full converter with R load. (Null frequency calculation) 4.
Understanding significance of 3-1/2. 2. time period. DC voltage 0-30V 3. Study of laboratory instruments Signal generator. Their method of soldering. 100kHz. hFE 6. DC current 4. 2. AC voltage mains 230V 2. Storing charging & discharging waveforms of RC circuits using DSO. Store signals at different trace locations & retrieve it. RF. BJTs. . Testing Primary & secondary testing & identification. Connect two frequency sources A & B to frequency counter & measure ratio of them. Study of Oscilloscopes Study of various controls on front panel of Dual channel analog and digital oscilloscope with the help of following1. 6. frequency ratio & external counter (Totalizer) 1. Study of Transformers and inductors Inductors types: Low power. Connect frequency generator to frequency counter. 4. Connect function generator output to DSO & observe different waveform at different frequency. MHz & measure frequency & time period. AC. Transformer Types: Power. Study of Components and Integrated Circuits Diodes. Find out propagation delay of a logic gate. 4-1/2 digits display and its relation to resolution.204187: Electronic Instruments and Tools Teaching Scheme: Practical: 2 Hrs/Week Examination Scheme: Term Work: 50 Marks 1. 1kHz. 10kHz. 4. Study of frequency counter Measurement of frequency. 3. Study of DMM Measurement of 1. 5. BJT and FET testing Understanding errors and frequency limitation in measurement with DMM. Phase measurement using XY mode 2. Audio. Pulse. high power (Chokes). Measure rise & fall times. 5. Function generator and DC regulated power supplies. Diode. Resistance 5. Set frequency of generator to 100Hz. 3. Measurement of voltage frequency & time period. Check function of timer & counter using start & stop control of frequency counter. FETs and IC packages (Leaded and surface mount). Core materials used in inductors and transformers for different frequencies. 3.
2. Multilayer. Nose pliers d. Group of 3-students should have their own tool kit with them. TMH. Note: 1. Reference Books: 1. Bosschart. specifications of instruments. Cambridge . Journal should contain write-ups prepared by students by referring to various web sites and reference books. Soldering Gun b. Double sided. datasheet of components. De-soldering strip/pump 2. “The Art of Electronics” . Soldering and de-soldering practice on general purpose PCB 4. Joshi. Breadboard wiring. “Electronic Components & Materials”. “Printed Circuit Boards Design & Technology” . Tool kit should consist of following items a.7. General PCB design considerations. 3. Winfield Hall.Build and test given circuit on breadboard. Paul Horowitz. RS catalogue for components 3. Dr. Shroff publishers & distributors 4. Operation Manuals of Instruments 5. Madhuri A. Walter C. Study of types of PCBs: Single sided. Flexible 2. Cutter c. PCB designing 1. 3.
Cauchy’s & Legendre’s DE. Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Erwin Kreyszig (Wiley Eastern Ltd. 2. S. ZT of Standard Sequences and their Inverses. N. Reference Books: 1. Work-done.C. per week SECTION I Unit I: Linear Differential Equations (LDE) (09 Hours) th Solution of n order LDE with Constant Coefficients. Pune). Fourier Integral Theorem. Theory Exam: 100 marks. Applications to Problems in Electro-Magnetic Fields Text Books: 1. Grewal (Khanna Publication. Sine & Cosine Integrals. Green’s Lemma. D. Vector Differential Operator. 2e. Irrotational and Conservative Fields. Scalar Potential. Numerical Differentiation. & Barrett L.). 3. 5. Solenoidal. Surface and Volume integrals. Modeling of Electrical Circuits. Applied Mathematics (Volumes I and II) by P. Standard Properties. 6. Runge-Kutta 4 Order Methods Unit V: Vector Differential Calculus (09 Hours) Physical Interpretation of Vector Differentiation. Introductory Z-Transform (ZT): Definition. Wylie C. 2e. Solution of Simultaneous & Symmetric Simultaneous DE. N. Advanced Engineering Mathematics. Newton’s and Lagrange’s Interpolation formulae. Stoke’s Theorem. Cauchy’s Integral Formula. Gradient. Inc. C-R Equations. Cauchy’s Theorem. Wartikar & J. Directional Derivative.207003: ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS III Theory Teaching: 04 hours per week Tutorial: 01 hour. Laurent’s Series. Engineering Mathematics by B. Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Peter V. Divergence and Curl. Conformal Mapping.) 4. 2.R. Advanced Engineering Mathematics with MATLAB. Bound of Truncation Error. Advanced Engineering Mathematics. Wartikar (Pune Vidyarthi Griha Prakashan. by M. by Thomas L. Greenberg (Pearson Education). Higher Engineering Mathematics by B. Harman. th Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations: Euler’s. Delhi). Unit II: Complex Variables (09 Hours) Functions of Complex Variables. James Dabney and Norman Richert (Brooks/Cole. Modified Euler’s. Unit III: Transforms (09 Hours) Fourier Transform (FT): Complex Exponential Form of Fourier Series. Bilinear Transformation. Application to Wave Equation. Solution of Simple Difference Equations SECTION II Unit IV: Numerical Methods (09 Hours) Interpolation: Finite Differences. O'Neil (Cengage Learning). Method of Variation of Parameters. (McGraw-Hill. 03 hrs duration Term Work: 25 marks . Numerical Integration: Trapezoidal and Simpson’s Rules. Residue Theorem. Raman (Tata McGraw-Hill). Analytic Functions.V. Thomson Learning). Fourier Sine and Cosine Transform and their Inverses. Fourier Transform. Vector Identities Unit VI: Vector Integral Calculus (09 Hours) Line. Gauss’s Divergence Theorem.
.I 6L Voltage scaling and buffer circuits.II 6L Limitations of difference amplifiers. Limitations of linear regulators. Unit IV: Applications of Op Amps.Bipolar. AC amplifiers. small signal closed loop frequency response. Current sources and current mirror circuits. Ideal and practical Op Amp comparison. Precision rectifiers. AC integrators. integrator errors. CMOS and BiCMOS. Differential amplifier and its analysis. Unit II: Op Amp Performance Parameters 6L Op Amp powering. Amplifiers with defined non-linearity. Op Amp technologies and comparison. triangular and pulse generation. Level shifter. Integrator run. set and hold modes. practical Op Amp frequency response characteristics. limitations in gain. Voltage summation. offsets. DC and AC characteristics. Schmitt Trigger. Linear voltage regulators. voltage to current conversion. integrator reset. input and output impedance. Instrumentation amplifiers and applications. Differentiator. Op Amp for square. Ideal Op Amp analysis. Op Amp comparators. current scaling. transient response characteristics. bias currents and drift. extensions to basic integrator. Peak detector. Unit III: Applications of Op Amps. noise in Op Amp.204188: Integrated Circuits and Applications Teaching Scheme: Lectures: 4 Hrs/Week Practical: 2 Hrs/Week Examination Scheme: Paper: 100 Marks Practical: 50 Marks Unit I: Operational Amplifiers Building Blocks 6L Block diagram of Op Amp. zero crossing detector. Low dropout regulators. synthesized non-linear response. Sample and hold circuits. Introduction to isolation amplifiers. closed loop stability considerations. Op Amp input and output limitations. Output stages. Common Mode Rejection Ratio of Op Amp. practical considerations in differentiator design. frequency compensation. Basic integrator. full power response. Difference amplifier configuration.
build and test RTD based bridge circuit and interface with instrumentation amplifier. 5. Oxford. Sedra Smith. Sergio Franco. . To design. 2nd Edition. PLL in locked condition. Tata McGraw hill Ltd. 8. To design. V S Kanchanabhaskaran. Pearson Education. Digital to Analog converter operation. To design and test Op Amp integrator for given frequencies 4. “Design with Operational Amplifiers and Analog Integrated Circuits”. 3. 5th Edition. FM demodulator. Active tone control. 2. 3. types and interfacing: Parallel comparator. 6. Reference Books 1. Specifications and error associated with AD converters. damping characteristics. S. Grounded and floating load. “Microelectronic Circuits”. To study effect of offset voltage on output of preamplifier using general purpose Op Amp and precision Op Amp. Sigma-delta. To design. “Microrpocessors and Interfacing”. George Clayton. first order loop. “Linear Integrated Circuits”. 2. To design. “Op Amps and Linear Integrated Circuits” . Tata McGraw-Hill. To plot DC transfer characteristic of differential amplifier. Doughlas V Hall. Ramakant A. Analog to Digital converter specifications. 1st edition. 2. frequency to voltage conversion. Phase comparators. build and test Op Amp based Wein Bridge oscillator for given frequency. lock and capture. Phased lock loop. Gaikwad. build and test Schmitt trigger and plot transfer characteristic. Dual slope. specifications interfacing and applications: DA converter operation and specifications. Operational Amplifiers”. DA applications and interfacing.Preamplifier. Salivahanan. 4th Edition. 7. Graphic equalizer. build and test V-I converter for given specifications. Design. frequency synthesizer. and filter design criteria. Text Books 1. First and second order active LPF. 3rd Edition. “Steve Winder. Interfacing AD converters. Unit VI : Active Filters And Phased Locked Loop 6L Op Amp bases audio amplifier circuits.Unit V: Signal Converters 6L Voltage to frequency conversion. 4. McGraw-Hill List of Practical 1. 4th Edition. second order loop. Newnes. HPF. Successive approximation. BPF and Notch filters. build and test half wave and full wave precision rectifier circuits for given specifications.
Unit V: Time Varying Fields and Maxwell’s equations 6L Faraday’s law. Electric Field due to continuous charge distributions. Unit III: Magnetostatics and Applications 6L Biot-Savart’s Law. Gauss’s Law. Applications of Ampere’s law. Magnetic Scalar and vectors potentials. continuity equation. Electric Dipole and Flux Lines. capacitance of parallel plate capacitors including two wire capacitors with multiple di-electrics. capacitance. dielectric constants and strength. polarization in dielectrics. Maxwell’s equations in point form and integral form. Concept of Uniform Plane Wave. Electric Flux Density. Unit VI: Numerical Electromagnetics and Applications 6L . Unit II: Applied Electrostatics 6L Electric potential.204189: Electromagnetics Teaching Scheme: Lectures: 4 hrs/week Tutorial: 1 hr /week Examination scheme: Paper: 100 Marks Term work: 25 Marks Unit I: Basic Electrostatics 6L Coulomb’s Law & Field Intensity. Forces due to magnetic field. divergence theorem. Unit IV: Boundary Conditions and Analysis 6L Conductors. Potential Gradient. Energy density in electrostatic field. Displacement current. Conducting and dielectric medium for electrostatic and magnetostatic fields. Power and Poynting theorem. Current and current Density. Time varying potential. Derivations of Biot-savarts law and Ampere’s law based on Magnetic Potential. Boundary conditions with free space. divergence. dielectrics. Ampere’s Circuital Law. magnetic dipole. Applications of Gauss’s law: some symmetric charge distributions and differential volume element. Relationship between E & V. magnetic flux density. Laplacian & poissions equation. derivations of Poisson’s and Laplace’s equations & applications. Time harmonic field.
Oxford University Press. Tata McGraw-Hill.B Madhu Sahu. SciTech. b)Application of Poission’s and Laplace’s equations. R.K Shevgaonkar. Tata McGraw-Hill. Electromagnetic Fields. b) Boundary conditions for magnetic fields. 6th Edition. N. Edminister J. 4) Applications of Ampere’s law 5) a) Boundary conditions for electrostatic fields. 3) a) Energy stored in capacitor. Text Books: 1. Hayt & Buck. 7th Edition. 2) Application of Gauss’s law. . Matthew Sadiku. Elements of Electromagnetics. Engineering Electromagnetics.A. N. 3rd Edition. 2nd Edition. Electromagnetic waves. K. Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics. Pearson Education.Tutorials 1) Application of Stoke’s theorem. 6) Power. 3.Tata McGraw-Hill. Electromagnetics. 2. 4. 2. Poynting theorem and their applications. Reference Books: 1. Rao.
Unit III: Data Structure Using Linked Organization 8L Concepts and definition of data. data object. Insertion. Non-recursive pre-order and in-order traversals. Applications of Linked lists. Arrays & Pointers (Static and dynamic allocation). Strings: Basic concepts . delete. Binary Search. Bubble sort. deletion and traversals of above data structure . Binary Trees: Create insert and traversals operations. Array of structures. passing structure to function. representation using arrays & linked list. Primitive operations on BST: Create. Functions & Pointers (Passing by reference) .204190: Data Structures Teaching Scheme: Lectures : 4 hrs/week Examination Scheme: Paper : 100 marks Practical: 2 hrs/week Unit I: Arrays & Functions in C Practical: 50 marks 6L Algorithm: How to create program. Analysis & comparison of above algorithms. Abstract Data Type and ADT of arrays. Doubly Linked List. Concept of ordered list & polynomial representation using array of structures. Queues: Definition & example. Concept of infix. Arrays: Single dimensional & Two dimensional.array as an ADT. conversion of infix to postfix expression. Concept of Circular Linked List. Sorting Methods: Selection sort. data structures and abstract data structure (ADT). Unions. Concept of Singly Linked List. How to analyze program . data type. insert. Basic terminology. BST traversals. representation of queue using array and linked list. realization of ADT in C . Insertion sort.Representation and implementation of polynomial using SLL. structures and pointers. Structures in C . Concept AVL trees and examples. Bitwise Operators. Searching Methods: Sequential Search. Binary trees. Generalized linked list: Representation of polynomial using GLL. recursive functions. Unit V: Trees 8L Difference in linear and non-linear data structure. evaluation of postfix expression and removal of recursion. applications of Queue. [implementation not expected]. circular queue. Threaded Binary trees: primitive operations. concept of priority queue. Functions: Passing parameter by value. [implementation not expected] . Unit IV: Stacks and Queues 8L Stacks: Definition & example. Unit II: Pointers & Structures in C 6L Pointers: Basic concept. Applications of stack. postfix and prefix expressions. binary search tree representation.
7) Addition and multiplication of Polynomials using Linked List. 8) Evaluation of postfix expression (input will be postfix expression) 9) Operations on Binary search tree: Create.PHI Publications ( 2nd Edition ). 2. undirected graph. Shortest path algorithm: Dijkstra’s algorithm. Insert. planar graph. 5) Sorting list of names. Tata McGraw-Hill (Third Edition) List of Practical 1) Searching methods-Linear & Binary 2) Sorting Methods-Bubble. Aaron M Tenenbaum . .Create. 9) Non recursive inorder traversal. These Programs will not be part of the practical exam/journal: 1) Multiplication of two matrices. 3) Implementation of Recursive function for finding n ! 4) Searching in a list of names. Traversal. 3) Data base Management using array of structure. Moshe J Augenstein.Programming in ANSI C.Data structures using C and C++ . 6) Implementation of stack using arrays & LL. Ellis Horowitz. 6) Conversion of Decimal Number into Binary using Bitwise Operaters.Fundamentals of Data Structures . recursive traversals.Unit VI: Graphs 6L Concepts and terminology. Text Books: 1. Delete. Reference books: 1. List of Programs Optional For Students To Strengthen the Knowledge of the Subject. DFS & BFS. 7) Implementation & Operations on Doubly Linked List 8) Convert an infix expression into postfix. representation of graph using adjacency matrix. Yedidyah Langsam. adjacency list. Sataraj Sahni. 7) Queue using array & LL. 5) Implementation of singly linked list. Prim’s algorithm.Galgotia Books source. Selection & Insertion. 2) Program on passing parameters to function by value and by reference. Search. 4) Polynomial addition using array of structure. E Balgurusamy . search. Minimal spanning tree: Kruskal. 10) Implementation of Graph using adjacency Matrix. Types of graphs—directed graph.
DSBSC – multiplier modulator. Tracking. Image Frequency Rejection. Generation of FM (Direct & Indirect Method). Noise Temperature. SSBSC & AM. Modulation Index. De-emphasis. Angle modulated systems. Generation of AM (DSBFC) and its spectrum. shot noise. IFRR. Phase Modulation. Threshold in angle modulation. . AM Broadcast technical standards. Unit III: AM and FM Receivers 6L Block diagram of AM and FM Receivers.DSBSC. Modulation index. Demodulation of SSBSC: Envelop detector FM Detection using PLL. frequency spectrum. Concept of Angle modulation. Comparison of FM and PM. Ring modulator & its spectrum. Bandwidth. partition noise. AM Detection: Rectifier detection. Low frequency or flicker noise. Envelope detection. Fidelity. Narrow band & wide band FM. switching modulator. ISB & VSB. Non linear generation. Mixers. burst noise. Signal to Noise Ratio. Thermal noise. Bessel’s Function and its mathematical analysis. Unit II: Angle Modulation 6L Instantaneous frequency. Pre emphasis & De emphasis in FM.204191: Communication Theory Teaching Scheme: Lectures: 03 Hrs/week Practical: . Friss formula for Noise Figure. Comparison of performance of AM & FM systems. their generation methods & Comparison.02 Hrs/week Examination Scheme: Paper: 100 Marks Oral: 50 Marks Unit I: Amplitude (Linear) Modulation 6L Base band & Carrier communication. Types of Noise. frequency modulation. Unit IV: Noise 5L Sources of Noise. Power relations applied to sinusoidal signals. Amplitude modulated systems. SNR of tandem connection. Super heterodyne Receiver. avalanche noise.phase modulation. Unit V: Behavior of Analog Systems in Presence of Noise 6L Base band systems. Demodulation of DSBSC: Synchronous detection. Noise Figure. SSBSC. Noise Bandwidth. Performance characteristics: Sensitivity. White Noise. Selectivity.
Electronic Communication. Taub & Schilling: Principles of Communication Systems. PAM Techniques. Differential PCM. Aliasing Effect in frequency domain. Types of sampling. Pulse Analog modulation: PAM PWM & PPM. (Flat top & Natural sampling). Delta Modulation & Adaptive DM. 7. Note: Transmitter and Receiver experiments shall mandatory be carried out at Radio Frequency (preferably above 500 KHz).Unit VI: Digital Transmission of Analog Signals 7L Band limited & time limited signals. Observe variation in total power by varying modulating signal level 4. II: Digital and Analog Communication Systems. PHI (Fourth Edition) Reference Books: 1. Tata McGraw-Hill 3.Practical diode detector. AM transmitter: Measure Total power of transmitter with the help of Spectrum Analyzer or Wattmeter. Pearson Education (Seventh Edition) List of Practical: 1. B. Build & test AM / FM Transmitter. SSB modulator using Filter method. PCM – Generation & reconstruction. reconstruction of original signal using Interpolation Filter. phase shift method & its detection 9. Class C Single Tuned amplifier. Effect of variable sampling rate. natural. P. Narrowband signals and systems. observe output waveform using Spectrum Analyzer and see the effect of Eigen values on carrier power. Fidelity. flat top. calculation of modulation index b)FM demodulator using IC 565 ( PLL based) 5.Couch. Leon W. filter cutoff. . a) Frequency modulator using varactor diode and NE 566 VCO. Aliasing & Aperture effect. Study of FM Transmitter. (Mandatory) 10. 6. Selectivity. Power of AM Wave for different modulating signal. Observe effect of change in RC time constant which leads to diagonal and negative clipping 3. Verification of Sampling Theorem. 2. Generation of DSB-SC with the help of Balanced Modulator IC1496/1596 & its detection 8. Text Books: 1. Bandwidth requirement of PCM. Dennis Roddy & Coolen . b) Envelope Detector . Communication Systems : Oxford Press Publication (Third Edition) 2. Measurement of Receiver Characteristics: Sensitivity. ((Only Block diagram treatment). Nyquist criteria.ideal. Sampling theorem in time domain. a) AM Generation (DSB-FC): Calculation of modulation index by graphical method. Lathi : Modern Digital and Analog. John Wiley & Sons (Fourth Edition) 2. Simon Haykin: Communication Systems.
Comment on the results. Rayleigh Distribution. Prove sampling Theorem. Hyper geometric Distribution. Binomial Distribution. HPF. L and C. 4. Write a C program to compute cross-correlation of the signal. Reconstruct the analog signal from its samples. Observe the output of the filter. 5. Periodic waveforms such as sine wave. Compare the steps involved in convolution operation and correlation operation and identify the difference between these two operations. C program assignments: 1. Find output of a LTI system to a given input from its impulse response. Network Analysis assignments: Following assignments should be performed in MATLAB or OCTAVE 1. impulse. signal frequency and carrier frequency. Write a C program to compute convolution of two sequences. Compute auto-correlation and cross correlation two sequences. Poisson distribution. Uniform Continuous Distribution. 5. 3. square wave. Find frequency response of a LTI system from given impulse response. Gamma Distribution. (Apply concept of Fourier series). Beta Distribution. bandwidth and Q for given values of L. 3. It should be clean noise free signal.204192: Circuit Simulation and Tools Teaching Scheme: Practical: 2 hours/ week Examination scheme: Term Work: 50 marks Following assignments should be performed in MATLAB or OCTAVE: 1. 3. 6. step. . Find resonance frequency. Generate a square wave of given frequency from fundamental frequency and its harmonics. Plot resonance curves for series and parallel resonance circuits for given values of R. Plot pole zero map and frequency response of a filter for given order ( LPF. Discrete uniform Distribution. Non-periodic waveforms such as ramp. 2. b) Generate noise corrupted in Simulink and pass it through the matched filter block. BPF and BSF ) Communication Theory assignments: a) Following assignments should be performed in MATLAB or OCTAVE 1. triangular wave. Observe the effect of variation of relevant parameters of the distribution function on the shape of following functions. Generate FM waveform for given signal amplitude and carrier frequency. C and R. 3. exponential (rising and decaying). Observe aliasing effect by varying sampling frequency. 2. Generate AM waveform for given modulation index. Write a C program to compute auto-correlation of a signal. Find first 50 samples of step response of a LTI system. Normal Distribution. (Hint: use convolution). Generate any four waveforms out of the following 2. To plot frequency response of frequency selective network (Twin T or Wein bridge) 2. Geometric Distribution. Exponential Distribution. 4.
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