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Teaching Scheme: Lectures: 3 Hrs/Week Tutorial: 1 Hr/Week Examination Scheme: Paper: 100 Marks Oral: 50 Marks
Unit I: Introduction to Signals and Systems
Definition of signals and systems, communication and control systems as examples, Classification of signals: Continuous time and discrete time, even, odd, periodic and non periodic, deterministic and non deterministic, energy and power. Operations on signals: Amplitude scaling, addition, multiplication, differentiation, integration (accumulator for DT), time scaling, time shifting and folding, precedence rule. Elementary signals: exponential, sine, step, impulse and its properties, ramp, rectangular, triangular, signum, sinc. Systems: Definition, Classification: linear and non linear, time variant and invariant, causal and non-causal, static and dynamic, stable and unstable, invertible.
Unit II: System Analysis
System modeling: Input output relation, impulse response, block diagram, integro-differential equation and state-space representation. Definition of impulse response, convolution integral, convolution sum, computation of convolution integral using graphical method for unit step to unit step, unit step to exponential, exponential to exponential and unit step to rectangular, rectangular to rectangular only. Computation of convolution sum by all methods. Properties of convolution, system interconnection, system properties in terms of impulse response, step response in terms of impulse response.
Unit III: System Analysis in Frequency Domain using Fourier Transform
Definition and necessity of CT and DT Fourier series and Fourier transforms. Analogy between CTFS, DTFS and CTFT, DTFT. CT Fourier series, CT Fourier transform and its properties, problem solving using properties, amplitude spectrum, phase spectrum of the signal and system. Interplay between time and frequency domain using sinc and rectangular signals. Limitations of FT and need of LT and ZT.
Unit IV: System Analysis in Frequency Domain using Laplace Transform
Definition and its properties, ROC and pole zero concept. Application of Laplace transforms to the LTI system analysis. Inversion using duality, numerical based on properties. Signal analysis using LT.
Unit V: Correlation and Spectral Density
Definition of Correlation and Spectral Density, correlogrm, analogy between correlation, covariance and convolution, conceptual basis, auto-correlation, cross correlation, energy/power spectral density, properties of correlation and spectral density, inter relation between correlation and spectral density.
Unit VI: Probability, Random Variables and Random Signals
Experiment, sample space, event, probability, conditional probability and statistical independence. Random variables: Continuous and Discrete random variables, cumulative distributive function, Probability density function, properties of CDF and PDF. Statistical averages, mean, moments and expectations, standard deviation and variance. Probability models: Uniform, Gaussian, Binomial. Evolution and definition of random signal through probability via random variable.
Text Books: 1. Simon Haykins and Barry Van Veen, “Signals and Systems”, 2nd Edition, Wiley India. 2. Simon Haykins, “Introduction to Analog and Digital Communications”, Wiley India. Reference Books: 1. B.P. Lathi, “Linear Systems and Signals”, 2nd Edition, Oxford University Press, 2004. 2. Charles Phillips, “Signals , Systems and Transforms” , 3rd Edition, Pearson Education. 3. Peyton Peebles, “Probability, Random Variable, Random Processes”, 4th Edition, Tata Mc Graw Hill.
Express any two system mathematical expressions in impulse response form and determine whether each one of them is. A) a) b) c) d) e) Find the following for the given energy signal Autocorrelation Energy from Autocorrelation Energy from definition Energy Spectral Density directly ESD from Autocorrelation . Invertible 4. Linear. Linear. Stable. b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) Rectangular Exponenetial Signum Sine SinC Traingular Unit Impulse. State and prove the properties of Fourier Transform. addition. Memory less. Time in variant. And also demonstrate the interplay between the time and frequency domain. Time in variant.Signals and Systems (Tutorial Assignments) Tutorials are to be conducted batch wise and Matlab based 1. Causal. Invertible 5. Take any two CT and DT signals and perform the following operation Amplitude scaling. time shifting and folding 3. Take rectangular and sinc signal as examples and demonstrate the applications of CTFT properties. multiplication. Unit Ramp B) Classify and find the respective value for the above signals Periodic / Non Periodic Energy / Power /Neither 2. integration (accumulator for DT). Take any example of a system in time domain and demonstrate the application of LT in system analysis 7. time scaling. Causal. Memory less. A) Sketch and write defining mathematical expression for the following signals in CT and DT a) Unit Step. State and prove the properties of Lapalce Transform. Stable. differentiation. Express any two system mathematical expressions in input output relation form and determine whether each one of them is. 6.
mean square . .B) f) g) h) i) j) Find the following for the given power signal Autocorrelation Power from Autocorrelation Power from definition Power Spectral Density directly PSD from Autocorrelation 8. variance of X for a given PDF. Suppose a certain random variable has the CDF (Any example may be taken). standard deviation . A) List and Explain the properties of CDF & PDF. Write the corresponding PDF and find the values of P(X ≤ x) and P (a < X ≤ b ) B) Find mean.
CC and CE Amplifiers only using h-Parameters. MOSFET in VLSI: V-I characteristic equation in terms of W/L ratio. MOSFETs : Basics of MOS Transistor Operation. Construction of n-channel E-MOSFET. Finite output resistance. sub threshold conduction. Analysis of CS amplifier. Modeling. constant current source biasing. Bode Plots.r. exact analysis of BJT CB. non ideal voltage current characteristics viz. breakdown effects and temperature effects. Practical transistor amplifiers. Total frequency response of an amplifier and concept of dominant pole. E-MOSFET characteristics & parameters. Thermal Runaway BJT Small Signal Low Frequency Amplifiers: Small Signal Amplifier Performance in terms of hparameters. BJT High frequency. Modified T equivalent circuit. Effect of cascading on frequency response. selection of configuration of transistors in multistage amplifiers. Introduction to BiCMOS Technology.t Device and Circuit Parameters. Gain bandwidth product (GBW). Unit IV: Frequency Response 6L Introduction. its characteristics. Body effect. Modeling MOS transistors using SPICE. CC & CB Amplifier’s performance parameters. High frequency hybrid-π CE amplifier model. Multistage Amplifiers. DC load line. Common MOSFET configurations: DC Analysis. Analysis of output waveform. Phototransistor. Introduction to MOSFET as basic element in VLSI. MOSFET scaling and small geometry effects. Optocoupler and its applications. specifications and applications. Effects of coupling and bypass capacitors on frequency response. Frequency Response of RC-Coupled Amplifier. body effect. fβ and fT. small signal amplifiers: Behavior of transistor at high frequencies. The MOSFET CS Small Signal Amplifier: Small Signal Parameters. Definitions and derivations for fα. The MOSFET internal capacitances and high frequency model. Photo diodes and applications. Unit III: Bipolar Junction Transistor and Their Applications 8L BJT Biasing: Integrated Circuit biasing. Thermal stabilization. Comparison of FET with MOSFET and BJT w. Comparison of CE. Small Signal Equivalent Circuit. Analysis of DC circuits using diodes. Hetrojunction Bipolar Transistor. need of multistage amplifiers. Load Line & Modes of operation. Fast recovery diodes. method of deriving DC & AC Small signal equivalent circuit for given Amplifier. MOSFET capacitances. Switching diodes. CE short circuit current gains for T and hybrid-π models. Basic concepts.204182: Solid State Devices and Circuits Teaching Scheme: Lectures: 4 Hrs/Week Practical: 2 Hr/Week Unit I: Diodes and Field Effect Transistors Examination Scheme: Paper: 100 Marks Practical: 50 Marks 6L Diode Circuit Analysis: Small signal and large signal diode models. Human ear response. Square wave testing of amplifiers. . Unit II: MOSFET Circuits 8L MOSFET DC Circuit Analysis: Common source circuit.
3rd Edition. “Integrated Electronics. Unit VI: Large Signal Low Frequency Amplifiers 6L Power BJTs. (1 Turn) 8. Generic method for analysis of feedback amplifiers. Four basic amplifier types and feedback topologies. “Microelectronics Circuits. Pucknell. LC oscillators. Current-series. Halkias. Kamran. 2. 3 for Current series feedback topology and compare practical results with theoretical analysis. Stability of system with Feedback.D). Crystal Clock. Voltage-series. ( 1 Turn ) 5. (1 Turn) Text Books: 1) Donald Neamaen. Complimentary-symmetry power amplifier and its DC analysis.(2 Turns) 6. Simulate any one RC and LC oscillator. 1999.(DC & AC Analysis) ( 1 Turn ) 3.B.Bell. Voltage-Shunt and Current-Shunt feedback topologies. “Electronic Devices and Circuits”. 2) Millman. 5th Edition. “Basic VLSI Design”.A. List of Practicals: 1. Voltage-shunt. 1994. Class B & AB Push-Pull and complimentary-symmetry stages. “Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design”. Crystal oscillators. “Electronic Devices and Circuits Theory”.9th Edition. build and test a sensing circuit fro slotted disc used in RPM indicator. system specifications and demonstration of the system. 5th Edition. Measure RPM using oscilloscope. Distortions in amplifiers. Positive feedback and oscillators.C. Analysis of Class A power amplifiers: Direct and transformer coupled power amplifier. TMH. Design. Current-shunt Feedback Topologies . 2006. Study of P. Power MOSFETs. improved input and output resistances. A generalized feedback amplifier. Measurement of efficiency. Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) David A. TMH. Gain and phase margin.Unit V: Feedback and Oscillators 8L Negative Feedback: Introduction.Nashlesky.Analog and Digital Circuits and Systems”. RC Oscillators. Heat Sinks. Oxford.(1 Turn) 7. Concept of Total Harmonic Distortion (THD). desirable characteristics of four basic amplifiers Performance. 3rd Edition. Oxford press Boylstad. 2). Simulate Voltage-Series.AB. . feedback amplifier circuits using FET and their analysis Oscillators: Introduction. for given specifications. ( 2 Turns) 4. Build and test above amplifier (in experiment no. PHI. Sedra/ Smith. PHI. Design and simulate a Single stage BJT amplifier. Frequency stability of oscillators. Configure the circuit build in experiment no. Classes of Audio Power Amplifiers (Class A.
Source transformation and source shifting. Relation between Neper and Decibel. Thevenin’s. Unit II: Frequency Selective Networks 7L Significance of Quality factor. Voltage and current variation with frequency. m derived LPF and HPF. (ii) Filters: Filter fundamentals. Inverse Laplace Transform Techniques. Comparison and applications of series and parallel resonant circuits. General case: Resistance present in both branches. Symmetrical T and ∏ type attenuators. L and C components. Selectivity. Unit III: Filters and Attenuators 7L Classifications: Symmetrical and Asymmetrical networks. Bandwidth and selectivity. Magnification factor. Parallel resonance: Resonant frequency and admittance variation with frequency. Definition of Laplace Transform. Basic Properties of Laplace Transform. Laplace Transform of Basic R. open and short circuit parameters Asymmetrical Networks: Image Impedance and Iterative Impedance (L-Section only). BPF and BSF. Phase angle variations with frequency. Node and Super Node analysis. Concept of composite filters Attenuators: Introduction to Neper and Decibel. Z0 and γ in terms of circuit components. Properties of two port Network: (i) Symmetrical Networks (T and ∏ only). Twin T and Wein Bridge Networks as Notch Filters. Norton’s and Maximum Power Transfer Theorems. HPF. Unit IV: Laplace Transform and Its Applications 6L Introduction to complex frequency. Series Resonance: Impedance. Network Theorems: Superposition. . Effect of Rg on BW & Selectivity. Terminating half sections. Millers Theorem and its dual.204183: Network Analysis Teaching Scheme: Lectures : 4 hrs/week Examination Scheme: Paper : 100 marks Unit I: Basic Circuit Analysis and Simplification Techniques 8L Voltage and Current laws (KVL/KCL). Super mesh. Transient response of simple electrical circuits such as RL & RC. Bandwidth. Network Analysis: Mesh. Constant K-LPF.
“Introductory Circuit Analysis”.H. 2. Unit VI: Transmission Line Theory 7L Types of Transmission lines. 1993. P. Elements of Network Synthesis” PHI.VanValkenburg.Unit V: Two Port Network Parameters and Functions 7L Terminal characteristics of network: Z. Y. 3.E. W. h. VSWR and Reflection Coefficient. Boylestead. Royal Signal Handbook on Line Communication. 3rd Edition. 4th edition. Charles & Merrill. 1988. M. “Network Analysis”. 2004. 1982. Primary and Secondary line constants. “Engineering Circuit Analysis” . New Age International. Text Books: 1. Pearson. “Circuit Theory Continuous and Discrete Time System. Transmission Line Equation. C. . “Network and Systems” 1st edition. Equivalent circuits. Terminations of transmission lines. Ryder. PHI. Network functions for one port and two port networks. 4. Hayt Kemmerly. ABCD Parameters. Reference Books: 1. Applications of the parameters. Kuriakose. 5th Edition. 3. 2. Reciprocity and Symmetry conditions. D Roy Choudary. Pole-zeros of network functions and network stability. John D. Tata McGraw Hill Publications. “Network Lines and Fields” 2nd edition. 1955.
multiplexer trees. minimization of logical functions for minterms and maxterms (upto 4 variables). State reduction. DCTL. BCD . Characteristics of digital ICs-Speed of operation . Comparison table of Characteristics of TTL. demultiplexer trees. Quine Mc-Cluskey methods. fan in. Unit II: Sequential Logic Design 8L 1 Bit Memory Cell. Demultiplexers and their use in combinational logic designs. Excitation Table for flip flops. Interfacing CMOS and TTL. Implementation. TTL-operation of TTL NAND gate. operating temperatures and power supply requirements. Digital Comparator. open collector output. Counters (ring counters.NOR gates. Use of preset and clear terminals. look ahead carry. Adders and their use as subtractors. synchronous counters. Architecture. Decoders . unconnected inputs. Conversion of flip flops. Effect on synchronous designs. Tri-State logic. Introduction to algorithmic state machine. k map representation of logic functions (SOP m POS forms).D and T flip-flops. Code converters. wired logic .State diagram.204184: Digital Logic Design Teaching Scheme: Lectures : 4 hrs/week Practical : 2 hrs/week Unit I: Combinational Logic Design Examination Scheme: Paper :100 M Practical : 50 M 6L Standard representations for logic functions. fan out. current and voltage parameters. Concurrent and sequential statements. twisted ring counters). Modeling styles. active pull up. State assignment. lock out. Sequence Generators. Mealy and Moore machines representation. Attributes (required for practical) (Test benches and FSM excluded). CMOS logic – CMOS inverter. wired AND. Design Examples: Arithmetic Circuits. Unit IV: State Machines 7L Basic design steps. Entity. Shift registers. Unit V: Digital Logic Families 7L Classification of logic families . don’t care conditions. . RTL. noise immunity. MS J-K flip flop . Sequence detector. unconnected inputs. Clocked SR. using VHDL for basic combinational and sequential circuits. State table. up/down counters. Unit III: Introduction to HDLs 7L Library. ALU. power dissipation. figure of merit. I2L. CMOS. open drain output. ECL. Data objects. Clock Skew. Clock jitter. Design examples. Multiplexers and their use in combinational logic designs. finite state machine implementation. JK. ripple counters. Application of Flip flops: Registers. NAND. Static and dynamic hazards for combinational logic.to – 7 segment decoder. Parity generators/checkers.
TMH Publication 2002. SRAM. Wakerly Pearon. 12th reprint TMH Publication. 2001. 2. 4th reprint. Classification and characteristics of memories. PLA. A. 3rd edition . NVRAM. expanding memory size. “Modern digital electronics” . Stephen Brown. “Digital Design: Principles and Practices”. Jain . ROM. expanding memory size. Content Addressable Memory. Anand Kumar. Pearon Education. B] Semiconductor memories: memory organization and operation. 2007. “Fundamentals of digital circuits” 1st edition. 2. Mark Bach.Unit VI: Programmable Logic Devices and Semiconductor Memories- 7L A] Programmable logic devices: Detail architecture. EEPROM. Text Books: 1. DDR and QDR SRAM. 3.P. 2005. Study of PROM. RAM. Double Data Rate SDRAM. Tata MCGraw Hill. Designing combinational circuits using PLDs. Synchronous DRAM (SDRAM). EPROM. . R. “Complete Digital Design”. PHI publication. Reference Books 1. Synchronous SRAM. DRAM. PAL. “Fundamentals of digital logic design with VHDL” 1st edition. 2004. 3rd edition.
3) Functional verification of ripple counter IC and synchronous counter IC (MODN operation) N should be 2 digits. 7) D f/f and JK f/f (using synchronous and asynchronous reset inputs). Hardware assignments: 1) Design and implement combinational function using MUX and DEMUX ICs. 8) Four bits UP/DOWN ripple counter using mode control. 9) Four bit synchronous counters using flip flop. 6) Four bit ALU for minimum four arithmetic and Logical operations. . 4) Functional verification of shift register IC and implementation of pulse train generator using the above IC. 2) Design and implement single digit BCD adder using binary adder IC.Practical: Digital Logic Design NOTE: Minimum 09 assignments/ Practical to be covered out of which minimum 4 to be implemented on digital boards. 10) Study of various parameters of logical families and comparative study of TTL and CMOS. minimum 5 to be Simulated using VHDL code and one study experiment. Observe the output using logic analyzer. VHDL assignments (Write VHDL code and simulate) 5) Two bits digital comparator.
Break down voltages. Switching characteristics. Static characteristics. Operation. Unit IV: Power Converters – II 7L DC . Switching characteristics. Switching characteristics. Harmonic reduction . Isolation techniques: Pulse triggering. Three phase bridge inverter for R (star) load. Isolation techniques.Working principle of step down chopper. SCR ratings. Operation. SMPS. Operation. Triggering modes. GTO: Construction. Bridge inverter for R & R-L load. Three phase AC voltage controller for R load. TRIAC: Construction. Turn off mechanism. Switching characteristics.AC converters: Inverter: . Need for gate / base drive circuits. burst triggering. Safe operating area. Gate Characteristics. Switching limits. Three phase Semi & Full converters for R load. Switching characteristics.DC converters: DC Chopper: . Principle of DIAC. Gate drive circuits for Power MOSFET & IGBT. Steady state characteristics. Operation. Applications. Second breakdown. Line frequency diodes. Phase control using TRIAC. step down chopper for R-L load. DC. Unit II: Thyristors 8L SCR: Construction. IGBT: Construction.204185: Power Devices and Machines Teaching scheme: Lectures: 4 Hrs/week Unit I: Power Diodes and Transistors Examination scheme: Paper: 100 Marks 8L Power Diodes: Construction. UPS.Power BJT. step up chopper. Steady state characteristics. Transistor analogy. Static characteristics. Steady state characteristics. Effect of free wheeling diode. Unit III: Power Converters – I 7L Phase controlled Rectifiers (AC – DC converters): Concept of line & forced commutation Single phase Semi & Full converters for R & R-L loads. Power BJT: Construction. Operation. control strategies. . Forward and reverse bias Safe Operating Area. Triggering techniques.On line and off line. Thermal runaway. Parallel operation. Base drive circuits for.Working principle of single phase. Triggering requirements. Power MOSFET: Construction. Triggering using ICs. Operation. AC – AC converters: Single phase AC voltage controller for R & R-L loads.
Different protection circuits for motors: over / under voltage / current protection. 3. constant current & instrument transformers AC servomotors: Construction. CBS. “Electric Machinery & Transformer” Reference Books: 1. John Willey & sons. Text Books: 1. Unit VI: Transformers & Special Purpose Motors 6L Three phase Transformers: Different connections. “Power Electronics circuits devices and applications”. Working. 2. Singapore. M. Universal Motor: Construction. Introduction to speed control of three phase IM. Guru. Working & Characteristics. Cotton. New Delhi. D. construction of DC motors. 2004 edition. field failure protections. New Delhi. Three phase induction motors: Construction. Working & application for encoding. phase failure. Characteristics & applications.C. Working. 2. “Modern Power Electronics”. Robbins. P. Rashid. H. Induced emf & torque equations. “Power Electronics Converters applications and design” 2nd edition. “Electrical Technology”. Stepper Motors: Types. S Chand & Co New Delhi. Ned Mohan. Singh & K B Khanchandani. “Electrical Machines”. T. 5. Construction. Nagrath Kothari. TMH. Working & Characteristics. Hiziroglu. H. Sen. M. Characteristics & applications. PHI 3rd edition. 4. BLDC: Construction. Undeland & W. TMH. . “Power Electronics”.Unit V: DC & AC Motors 6L Principle of Electromechanical energy conversion.
Filter circuits: To design build and test constant K. To plot speed-torque characteristic of three phase induction motor. Frequency selective networks . List of experiments for Network Analysis : 1. 8.phase sequencing and microstepping. Frequency selective networks . 5. Measurement of firing angle. 3. 2. 7. Measure RPM and plot graph of speed versus armature voltage and field current. (Null frequency calculation) 4. verification of theoretical values with practically measured values. 6. To find efficiency of given UPS / SMPS.II : To plot the frequency response of Twin T or Wein-bridge circuit. (Resonant frequency. Transmission line: To measure the primary and secondary line constants of a given transmission line i.204186 : Network and Power Lab Teaching Scheme: Practical: 2 Hrs/week Examination Scheme: Term Work: 50 Marks A. To measure effect of duty cycle on average load voltage for DC chopper using power MOSFET. average voltage across load. B. flat type cable or co-axial cable. Speed control of DC motor using armature voltage and field control method. To study drive circuit for stepper motor. . 7. AC phase control of SCR. Plot the frequency response for both. Network Theorems : To verify Thevenin’s and Maximum Power Transfer theorem for reactive circuits.Experiments 6.e. calculations). List of experiments for Power Lab : (Any six from the list below . build and test T and ∏ attenuator for given fixed attenuation. To study effect of antisaturation circuit on switching time of Power BJT. Plot attenuation Vs RL graph 6. 5. 8 are compulsory) 1.LPF and HPF circuits. Q and Bandwidth. 3.Observe load voltage waveform. Attenuators: To design. Single phase Semi converter / Full converter with R load. 2. 4.I : To build and test Series and Parallel resonant circuits.
Audio. Connect function generator output to DSO & observe different waveform at different frequency. Understanding significance of 3-1/2. MHz & measure frequency & time period. Set frequency of generator to 100Hz. 10kHz. high power (Chokes). Measurement of voltage frequency & time period. Study of DMM Measurement of 1. . Their method of soldering. Study of Components and Integrated Circuits Diodes. RF. 1kHz. Store signals at different trace locations & retrieve it. Function generator and DC regulated power supplies. 100kHz. DC current 4. 2. Pulse. Resistance 5. 4. Transformer Types: Power. hFE 6. Testing Primary & secondary testing & identification. BJT and FET testing Understanding errors and frequency limitation in measurement with DMM. 4-1/2 digits display and its relation to resolution. Study of laboratory instruments Signal generator. Study of Transformers and inductors Inductors types: Low power. 3. Study of Oscilloscopes Study of various controls on front panel of Dual channel analog and digital oscilloscope with the help of following1. AC voltage mains 230V 2. FETs and IC packages (Leaded and surface mount). Connect two frequency sources A & B to frequency counter & measure ratio of them. BJTs. Phase measurement using XY mode 2. 3. Measure rise & fall times. frequency ratio & external counter (Totalizer) 1. 2. Diode. 6. Core materials used in inductors and transformers for different frequencies. 5. Connect frequency generator to frequency counter. 4. 3. AC. time period. Find out propagation delay of a logic gate. DC voltage 0-30V 3. 5. Storing charging & discharging waveforms of RC circuits using DSO. Check function of timer & counter using start & stop control of frequency counter.204187: Electronic Instruments and Tools Teaching Scheme: Practical: 2 Hrs/Week Examination Scheme: Term Work: 50 Marks 1. Study of frequency counter Measurement of frequency.
Soldering and de-soldering practice on general purpose PCB 4. General PCB design considerations. Dr. “Electronic Components & Materials”. Journal should contain write-ups prepared by students by referring to various web sites and reference books. Cambridge . PCB designing 1. Reference Books: 1. Group of 3-students should have their own tool kit with them. Paul Horowitz. Cutter c. Flexible 2. Joshi. TMH. Operation Manuals of Instruments 5. 3. Note: 1. 3. specifications of instruments. De-soldering strip/pump 2. “The Art of Electronics” . Shroff publishers & distributors 4. Bosschart. 2. Soldering Gun b.7. Study of types of PCBs: Single sided. Double sided. “Printed Circuit Boards Design & Technology” . Madhuri A. Nose pliers d. Winfield Hall. Multilayer. Tool kit should consist of following items a. datasheet of components.Build and test given circuit on breadboard. RS catalogue for components 3. Walter C. Breadboard wiring.
Greenberg (Pearson Education). James Dabney and Norman Richert (Brooks/Cole. Engineering Mathematics by B. Directional Derivative. Theory Exam: 100 marks. Advanced Engineering Mathematics. Scalar Potential. ZT of Standard Sequences and their Inverses. Pune). Sine & Cosine Integrals. Solenoidal. Gauss’s Divergence Theorem. S. 6. Thomson Learning). Stoke’s Theorem. Newton’s and Lagrange’s Interpolation formulae. Unit II: Complex Variables (09 Hours) Functions of Complex Variables. Applications to Problems in Electro-Magnetic Fields Text Books: 1.). 5. 2e. Delhi). Applied Mathematics (Volumes I and II) by P. Numerical Integration: Trapezoidal and Simpson’s Rules. Analytic Functions. Divergence and Curl. Fourier Transform. Conformal Mapping. 3. Residue Theorem. Method of Variation of Parameters. Unit III: Transforms (09 Hours) Fourier Transform (FT): Complex Exponential Form of Fourier Series. N. Vector Differential Operator. Laurent’s Series. O'Neil (Cengage Learning). (McGraw-Hill. Irrotational and Conservative Fields. Numerical Differentiation. Grewal (Khanna Publication. per week SECTION I Unit I: Linear Differential Equations (LDE) (09 Hours) th Solution of n order LDE with Constant Coefficients. 03 hrs duration Term Work: 25 marks .C. Higher Engineering Mathematics by B. by M. 2. Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Peter V. Bound of Truncation Error.) 4. & Barrett L. by Thomas L. Wartikar (Pune Vidyarthi Griha Prakashan.207003: ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS III Theory Teaching: 04 hours per week Tutorial: 01 hour.R. 2. th Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations: Euler’s. Surface and Volume integrals. Fourier Sine and Cosine Transform and their Inverses. Cauchy’s Theorem. Wylie C. Cauchy’s & Legendre’s DE. Green’s Lemma. Advanced Engineering Mathematics with MATLAB. Gradient. 2e. Raman (Tata McGraw-Hill). Work-done. Standard Properties. Cauchy’s Integral Formula.V. C-R Equations. N. Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Erwin Kreyszig (Wiley Eastern Ltd. Harman. Vector Identities Unit VI: Vector Integral Calculus (09 Hours) Line. Solution of Simultaneous & Symmetric Simultaneous DE. Modified Euler’s. Runge-Kutta 4 Order Methods Unit V: Vector Differential Calculus (09 Hours) Physical Interpretation of Vector Differentiation. Reference Books: 1. Solution of Simple Difference Equations SECTION II Unit IV: Numerical Methods (09 Hours) Interpolation: Finite Differences. D. Inc. Advanced Engineering Mathematics. Introductory Z-Transform (ZT): Definition. Application to Wave Equation. Modeling of Electrical Circuits. Fourier Integral Theorem. Wartikar & J. Bilinear Transformation.
closed loop stability considerations. Difference amplifier configuration. Ideal Op Amp analysis. AC amplifiers. Unit II: Op Amp Performance Parameters 6L Op Amp powering. small signal closed loop frequency response. Differentiator. Output stages. Peak detector. Voltage summation. practical Op Amp frequency response characteristics. transient response characteristics. DC and AC characteristics. offsets. frequency compensation. Precision rectifiers. Differential amplifier and its analysis. Current sources and current mirror circuits. set and hold modes. bias currents and drift.204188: Integrated Circuits and Applications Teaching Scheme: Lectures: 4 Hrs/Week Practical: 2 Hrs/Week Examination Scheme: Paper: 100 Marks Practical: 50 Marks Unit I: Operational Amplifiers Building Blocks 6L Block diagram of Op Amp. CMOS and BiCMOS. AC integrators. zero crossing detector. Linear voltage regulators. voltage to current conversion. Level shifter. Introduction to isolation amplifiers. noise in Op Amp. Common Mode Rejection Ratio of Op Amp. Integrator run. full power response. Sample and hold circuits. Instrumentation amplifiers and applications. Op Amp for square. synthesized non-linear response. Low dropout regulators.I 6L Voltage scaling and buffer circuits. extensions to basic integrator. current scaling. Basic integrator. Unit IV: Applications of Op Amps. Op Amp input and output limitations. triangular and pulse generation. Unit III: Applications of Op Amps. integrator errors. practical considerations in differentiator design. input and output impedance. Ideal and practical Op Amp comparison. Amplifiers with defined non-linearity.Bipolar. Op Amp technologies and comparison. Limitations of linear regulators.II 6L Limitations of difference amplifiers. integrator reset. limitations in gain. . Op Amp comparators. Schmitt Trigger.
second order loop. To study effect of offset voltage on output of preamplifier using general purpose Op Amp and precision Op Amp. Unit VI : Active Filters And Phased Locked Loop 6L Op Amp bases audio amplifier circuits.Preamplifier. Phase comparators. Sedra Smith. “Microelectronic Circuits”. build and test V-I converter for given specifications. lock and capture. build and test half wave and full wave precision rectifier circuits for given specifications. Salivahanan. Dual slope. damping characteristics. Ramakant A. To design. Analog to Digital converter specifications. Reference Books 1. 3rd Edition. Pearson Education. build and test Op Amp based Wein Bridge oscillator for given frequency. FM demodulator. specifications interfacing and applications: DA converter operation and specifications. To design. 1st edition. 5. S. Sigma-delta. 8. first order loop. Phased lock loop. DA applications and interfacing. “Microrpocessors and Interfacing”. frequency synthesizer. Text Books 1. Doughlas V Hall. To plot DC transfer characteristic of differential amplifier. types and interfacing: Parallel comparator. 4th Edition. Newnes. To design and test Op Amp integrator for given frequencies 4. 4. Tata McGraw hill Ltd. Gaikwad. Specifications and error associated with AD converters. Digital to Analog converter operation. BPF and Notch filters. Sergio Franco. 2. “Op Amps and Linear Integrated Circuits” . “Design with Operational Amplifiers and Analog Integrated Circuits”. “Steve Winder. frequency to voltage conversion. Successive approximation. To design. To design. 2nd Edition. 7. and filter design criteria. 2. 5th Edition. “Linear Integrated Circuits”.Unit V: Signal Converters 6L Voltage to frequency conversion. PLL in locked condition. Interfacing AD converters. 3. Operational Amplifiers”. 2. First and second order active LPF. 3. HPF. V S Kanchanabhaskaran. 6. Oxford. George Clayton. Tata McGraw-Hill. McGraw-Hill List of Practical 1. build and test RTD based bridge circuit and interface with instrumentation amplifier. 4th Edition. Active tone control. Design. . Grounded and floating load. Graphic equalizer. build and test Schmitt trigger and plot transfer characteristic.
divergence. Unit V: Time Varying Fields and Maxwell’s equations 6L Faraday’s law. Applications of Gauss’s law: some symmetric charge distributions and differential volume element. Magnetic Scalar and vectors potentials.204189: Electromagnetics Teaching Scheme: Lectures: 4 hrs/week Tutorial: 1 hr /week Examination scheme: Paper: 100 Marks Term work: 25 Marks Unit I: Basic Electrostatics 6L Coulomb’s Law & Field Intensity. Applications of Ampere’s law. divergence theorem. Electric Flux Density. Unit VI: Numerical Electromagnetics and Applications 6L . polarization in dielectrics. capacitance. Maxwell’s equations in point form and integral form. Derivations of Biot-savarts law and Ampere’s law based on Magnetic Potential. dielectrics. Conducting and dielectric medium for electrostatic and magnetostatic fields. Relationship between E & V. Ampere’s Circuital Law. Potential Gradient. magnetic flux density. continuity equation. Displacement current. Current and current Density. Energy density in electrostatic field. derivations of Poisson’s and Laplace’s equations & applications. Gauss’s Law. capacitance of parallel plate capacitors including two wire capacitors with multiple di-electrics. Unit III: Magnetostatics and Applications 6L Biot-Savart’s Law. Boundary conditions with free space. Time varying potential. Forces due to magnetic field. Electric Dipole and Flux Lines. Power and Poynting theorem. Electric Field due to continuous charge distributions. Laplacian & poissions equation. Unit II: Applied Electrostatics 6L Electric potential. Time harmonic field. dielectric constants and strength. Concept of Uniform Plane Wave. magnetic dipole. Unit IV: Boundary Conditions and Analysis 6L Conductors.
Poynting theorem and their applications. R. Edminister J. Oxford University Press. Rao. Reference Books: 1. 4) Applications of Ampere’s law 5) a) Boundary conditions for electrostatic fields. Engineering Electromagnetics.Tutorials 1) Application of Stoke’s theorem. 2. Electromagnetic waves.K Shevgaonkar. . 2nd Edition. Tata McGraw-Hill. Pearson Education. Text Books: 1. 6) Power. Hayt & Buck. 2) Application of Gauss’s law. b) Boundary conditions for magnetic fields. 2. 3. 4. SciTech. K.B Madhu Sahu. 3rd Edition. 7th Edition. N. 6th Edition.Tata McGraw-Hill. Electromagnetics. b)Application of Poission’s and Laplace’s equations. Matthew Sadiku. Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics. Electromagnetic Fields. Elements of Electromagnetics.A. N. 3) a) Energy stored in capacitor. Tata McGraw-Hill.
evaluation of postfix expression and removal of recursion. Bitwise Operators. Insertion sort. Unit IV: Stacks and Queues 8L Stacks: Definition & example. Strings: Basic concepts . binary search tree representation. concept of priority queue. Bubble sort. delete. Concept of Singly Linked List. circular queue. passing structure to function. Unit III: Data Structure Using Linked Organization 8L Concepts and definition of data. Basic terminology. Abstract Data Type and ADT of arrays. Concept AVL trees and examples. Binary trees. Non-recursive pre-order and in-order traversals. [implementation not expected] . Structures in C . deletion and traversals of above data structure . Analysis & comparison of above algorithms. Insertion. Applications of stack. Binary Trees: Create insert and traversals operations. Concept of ordered list & polynomial representation using array of structures. conversion of infix to postfix expression.204190: Data Structures Teaching Scheme: Lectures : 4 hrs/week Examination Scheme: Paper : 100 marks Practical: 2 hrs/week Unit I: Arrays & Functions in C Practical: 50 marks 6L Algorithm: How to create program. Array of structures. Generalized linked list: Representation of polynomial using GLL. Concept of infix. realization of ADT in C . postfix and prefix expressions. Functions: Passing parameter by value. Unions. Arrays: Single dimensional & Two dimensional. Binary Search. insert. Unit II: Pointers & Structures in C 6L Pointers: Basic concept. data structures and abstract data structure (ADT). Doubly Linked List. BST traversals. Queues: Definition & example. structures and pointers. Concept of Circular Linked List. [implementation not expected]. Arrays & Pointers (Static and dynamic allocation).array as an ADT. applications of Queue. How to analyze program . Threaded Binary trees: primitive operations. Unit V: Trees 8L Difference in linear and non-linear data structure. representation of queue using array and linked list. Searching Methods: Sequential Search. representation using arrays & linked list. Applications of Linked lists.Representation and implementation of polynomial using SLL. data type. Functions & Pointers (Passing by reference) . Primitive operations on BST: Create. Sorting Methods: Selection sort. data object. recursive functions.
E Balgurusamy . List of Programs Optional For Students To Strengthen the Knowledge of the Subject. These Programs will not be part of the practical exam/journal: 1) Multiplication of two matrices. 7) Queue using array & LL. Text Books: 1. adjacency list. 6) Implementation of stack using arrays & LL. 2. Types of graphs—directed graph. 9) Non recursive inorder traversal. planar graph. undirected graph. Insert. Minimal spanning tree: Kruskal.Programming in ANSI C.Unit VI: Graphs 6L Concepts and terminology. . 8) Evaluation of postfix expression (input will be postfix expression) 9) Operations on Binary search tree: Create. Sataraj Sahni. Tata McGraw-Hill (Third Edition) List of Practical 1) Searching methods-Linear & Binary 2) Sorting Methods-Bubble.Create.PHI Publications ( 2nd Edition ). Prim’s algorithm. DFS & BFS. 7) Addition and multiplication of Polynomials using Linked List.Fundamentals of Data Structures . Ellis Horowitz. 3) Data base Management using array of structure. search. 3) Implementation of Recursive function for finding n ! 4) Searching in a list of names. Search. 7) Implementation & Operations on Doubly Linked List 8) Convert an infix expression into postfix. Yedidyah Langsam. Shortest path algorithm: Dijkstra’s algorithm. 5) Implementation of singly linked list. Traversal. Delete. Aaron M Tenenbaum . 2) Program on passing parameters to function by value and by reference. 4) Polynomial addition using array of structure. recursive traversals. Reference books: 1. Moshe J Augenstein. 6) Conversion of Decimal Number into Binary using Bitwise Operaters.Galgotia Books source. representation of graph using adjacency matrix. 10) Implementation of Graph using adjacency Matrix. Selection & Insertion.Data structures using C and C++ . 5) Sorting list of names.
Noise Bandwidth. SSBSC.phase modulation. Fidelity. Super heterodyne Receiver. Demodulation of SSBSC: Envelop detector FM Detection using PLL. Bessel’s Function and its mathematical analysis. Friss formula for Noise Figure. Noise Temperature. Unit II: Angle Modulation 6L Instantaneous frequency. Low frequency or flicker noise. burst noise. Selectivity. DSBSC – multiplier modulator. Types of Noise. avalanche noise. Demodulation of DSBSC: Synchronous detection. Signal to Noise Ratio. Comparison of performance of AM & FM systems. Bandwidth. Phase Modulation. Unit IV: Noise 5L Sources of Noise. Unit III: AM and FM Receivers 6L Block diagram of AM and FM Receivers. Concept of Angle modulation.DSBSC. Performance characteristics: Sensitivity. . Envelope detection. Modulation Index. switching modulator. Pre emphasis & De emphasis in FM.204191: Communication Theory Teaching Scheme: Lectures: 03 Hrs/week Practical: . shot noise. Thermal noise. frequency spectrum. Amplitude modulated systems. partition noise. frequency modulation. Noise Figure. Angle modulated systems. White Noise. Image Frequency Rejection. Generation of FM (Direct & Indirect Method). Threshold in angle modulation.02 Hrs/week Examination Scheme: Paper: 100 Marks Oral: 50 Marks Unit I: Amplitude (Linear) Modulation 6L Base band & Carrier communication. Mixers. Modulation index. Ring modulator & its spectrum. AM Detection: Rectifier detection. ISB & VSB. SNR of tandem connection. Tracking. SSBSC & AM. IFRR. Narrow band & wide band FM. Generation of AM (DSBFC) and its spectrum. Comparison of FM and PM. AM Broadcast technical standards. De-emphasis. their generation methods & Comparison. Unit V: Behavior of Analog Systems in Presence of Noise 6L Base band systems. Non linear generation. Power relations applied to sinusoidal signals.
Differential PCM. Measurement of Receiver Characteristics: Sensitivity. Generation of DSB-SC with the help of Balanced Modulator IC1496/1596 & its detection 8. Fidelity. . b) Envelope Detector . B. Sampling theorem in time domain. Observe variation in total power by varying modulating signal level 4. Tata McGraw-Hill 3. Class C Single Tuned amplifier.Couch. natural. Dennis Roddy & Coolen . a) AM Generation (DSB-FC): Calculation of modulation index by graphical method. Taub & Schilling: Principles of Communication Systems. Aliasing & Aperture effect. AM transmitter: Measure Total power of transmitter with the help of Spectrum Analyzer or Wattmeter. (Mandatory) 10. Observe effect of change in RC time constant which leads to diagonal and negative clipping 3. John Wiley & Sons (Fourth Edition) 2. filter cutoff. Lathi : Modern Digital and Analog. reconstruction of original signal using Interpolation Filter. 2. 7.ideal. Narrowband signals and systems. Communication Systems : Oxford Press Publication (Third Edition) 2. Effect of variable sampling rate. Verification of Sampling Theorem. a) Frequency modulator using varactor diode and NE 566 VCO. Text Books: 1. Nyquist criteria.Practical diode detector. Selectivity. flat top. Note: Transmitter and Receiver experiments shall mandatory be carried out at Radio Frequency (preferably above 500 KHz). Pulse Analog modulation: PAM PWM & PPM. Build & test AM / FM Transmitter.Unit VI: Digital Transmission of Analog Signals 7L Band limited & time limited signals. Delta Modulation & Adaptive DM. ((Only Block diagram treatment). (Flat top & Natural sampling). Types of sampling. SSB modulator using Filter method. calculation of modulation index b)FM demodulator using IC 565 ( PLL based) 5. Aliasing Effect in frequency domain. P. II: Digital and Analog Communication Systems. Simon Haykin: Communication Systems. Pearson Education (Seventh Edition) List of Practical: 1. 6. Bandwidth requirement of PCM. Study of FM Transmitter. Leon W. PHI (Fourth Edition) Reference Books: 1. observe output waveform using Spectrum Analyzer and see the effect of Eigen values on carrier power. phase shift method & its detection 9. PAM Techniques.Electronic Communication. Power of AM Wave for different modulating signal. PCM – Generation & reconstruction.
Generate any four waveforms out of the following 2. Rayleigh Distribution. Comment on the results. Periodic waveforms such as sine wave. 3. Beta Distribution. 3. Observe the effect of variation of relevant parameters of the distribution function on the shape of following functions. HPF. Discrete uniform Distribution. triangular wave. bandwidth and Q for given values of L. b) Generate noise corrupted in Simulink and pass it through the matched filter block. C program assignments: 1. Observe aliasing effect by varying sampling frequency. step. Reconstruct the analog signal from its samples. Geometric Distribution. Generate FM waveform for given signal amplitude and carrier frequency. square wave. Hyper geometric Distribution. Find resonance frequency. 2.204192: Circuit Simulation and Tools Teaching Scheme: Practical: 2 hours/ week Examination scheme: Term Work: 50 marks Following assignments should be performed in MATLAB or OCTAVE: 1. (Hint: use convolution). L and C. . Normal Distribution. Write a C program to compute auto-correlation of a signal. It should be clean noise free signal. 6. Uniform Continuous Distribution. Plot pole zero map and frequency response of a filter for given order ( LPF. 4. Compute auto-correlation and cross correlation two sequences. impulse. 3. signal frequency and carrier frequency. 5. Binomial Distribution. BPF and BSF ) Communication Theory assignments: a) Following assignments should be performed in MATLAB or OCTAVE 1. C and R. 4. Find first 50 samples of step response of a LTI system. Find frequency response of a LTI system from given impulse response. Plot resonance curves for series and parallel resonance circuits for given values of R. Prove sampling Theorem. Generate AM waveform for given modulation index. Non-periodic waveforms such as ramp. Poisson distribution. Write a C program to compute cross-correlation of the signal. Exponential Distribution. 2. Gamma Distribution. (Apply concept of Fourier series). Compare the steps involved in convolution operation and correlation operation and identify the difference between these two operations. Network Analysis assignments: Following assignments should be performed in MATLAB or OCTAVE 1. 3. To plot frequency response of frequency selective network (Twin T or Wein bridge) 2. exponential (rising and decaying). Find output of a LTI system to a given input from its impulse response. Observe the output of the filter. Generate a square wave of given frequency from fundamental frequency and its harmonics. Write a C program to compute convolution of two sequences. 5.
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