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Nanotechnology,Ppt by Dr.imran Aziz [Compatibility Mode]

Nanotechnology,Ppt by Dr.imran Aziz [Compatibility Mode]

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Nanotechnology,Ppt by Dr.imran Aziz
Nanotechnology,Ppt by Dr.imran Aziz

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Published by: Dr.Imran Aziz on May 07, 2011
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11/23/2013

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NANOTECHNOLOGY

Dr. MOHAMMAD IMRAN AZIZ Assistant Professor(Sr.) Department of Physics, Shibli National Post Graduate College, Azamgarh- 276001 E-mail: aziz_muhd33@yahoo.co.in

CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION NANOTECHNOLOGY BASICS SALIENT FEATURES APPROACH, CONCEPTS & STRUCTURE APPLICATIONS CONCLUSION

Nanotechnology Is Not A New Phenomenon
The Lycurgus Cup: 4th Century A.D.

Green = Reflected Light Red = Transmitted Light

Image of silver/gold nanoparticle in the Lycurgus cup
The British Museum. http://www.thebritishmuseum.ac.uk/ (March 2004)

Nanotechnology in medieval period( 17th centuary)
•The steel of Damascus blades, which were first encountered by the Crusaders when fighting against Muslims, had features not found in European steels • A characteristic wavy banding pattern known as damask, extraordinary mechanical properties, and an exceptionally sharp cutting edge. • Here we use high-resolution transmission electron microscopy to examine a sample of Damascus sabre steel from the seventeenth century and find that it contains carbon nanotubes as well as cementite nanowires.

Nature 444, 286 (16 November 2006)

“There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom”
(Richard Feynman’s Presentation – Dec 29, 1959)

Why Is NanoScience Popular Now

Development of Tools – “Seeing” and “Manipulating” at the Nano-Level Nano– STM (Scanning Tunneling Microscopy) – AFM (Atomic Force Microscopy) – Other tools

NANOTECHNOLOGY

THE REVOLUTION OF ENDLESS POSSIBILITIES

NANOTECHNOLOGY BASICS

BIG FUTURE FOR THE TINY TECHNOLOGY

UNDERSTANDING SIZE
How big (small) are we talking about?

UNDERSTANDING SIZE
1 meter

UNDERSTANDING SIZE
10 centimeters

UNDERSTANDING SIZE
1 centimeter

UNDERSTANDING SIZE
100 micrometers

UNDERSTANDING SIZE
10 micrometers

UNDERSTANDING SIZE
1 micrometer

UNDERSTANDING SIZE
100 nanometers

UNDERSTANDING SIZE
10 nanometers

UNDERSTANDING SIZE
1 nanometer

NANOMETER………..(nm)
A nanometer is one billionth of a meter (10-9 m). This is roughly ten (10times the size of an individual atom.

SO WHAT IS IT?
Nanotechnology is basically mechanisms that have been built by nanoscale components using to place every atom and molecule in a desired place

Nanofabrication: Top-Down vs. TopBottomBottom-Up
You could make one slice 1 nm size and smallest size is part of Nanostructure of bulk material

Why Is Nanotechnology So Cool?
Bulk Gold mp = 1064° C Color = gold

1 nm gold particles mp = 700 °C λmax = 420 nm Color = brown-yellow

20 nm gold particles mp = ~1000 °C λmax = 521 nm Color = red

100 nm gold particles mp = ~1000 °C λmax = 575 nm Color = purple-pink

nanostructures
Nanostructures are defined as any material which has one or more dimensions which are measured on the the scale of nanometers. This definition has been applied for structures that have a conning dimension ranging from 600 nm in size to structures which are only one or two atoms in size (less than a nanometer). These structures vary widely in form and can consist of slabs, wires, dots, rings, tubes,hollow spheres and more

Nanotubes

Nanowires

Nanoslab

Nanodots

APPLICATIONS

Nanotechnology Applications
Information Technology
• Smaller, faster, more energy efficient and powerful computing and other IT-based systems

Energy
• More efficient and cost effective technologies for energy production
− − − − Solar cells Fuel cells Batteries Bio fuels

Medicine
• Cancer treatment • Bone treatment • Drug delivery • Appetite control • Drug development • Medical tools • Diagnostic tests • Imaging

Consumer Goods
• Foods and beverages
−Advanced packaging materials, sensors, and lab-on-chips for food quality testing

• Appliances and textiles
−Stain proof, water proof and wrinkle free textiles

• Household and cosmetics
− Self-cleaning and scratch free products, paints, and better cosmetics

CONCLUSION
Improvements and developments in existing products, such as stronger and lighter materials. Potential to initiate completely new products and industries that do not exist today

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