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1997 AP Calculus AB Exam

1997 AP Calculus AB Exam

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CALCULUS AB SECTION I, Pa~t A Time-- 50 minutes Number of questions ~ 25 A CALCULATOR MAY NOT BE USED ON THIS PART OF THE EXAMINATION

.

Directions: Solve each of the following problems, using the available space for scratchwork. After examining the form of the choices, decide which is the best of the choices given and fill in the corresponding oval on the answer sheet. No credit will be given for anything w,~itten in the test book. Do not spend too much time on anY one problem.
tn this test: Unless otherwise specified, the domain of a function f is assumed to be the set of all real ~umbers x for which f(x) is a real number.
2

I. i (4xs - 6x) dx = (A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 6 (D) 36 (E) 42

2. If f(x) = x 2",]~, ~n f’(x) =

(B)
(C)

x

I

5x - 6

b

b

3. If faf(x) dx=a+ 2b, then fa (f(x)+ 5)dx= (A) a + 2b + 5

(B) 5b - 5a

(C) 7b - 4a

(D) 7b - 5a

(E) 7b - 6a

1 4. If f(x) = -x3 + x + 7’ then f’(-I) = (A) 3 (B) 1 (C) -1 (D) -3 (E) -5

5. The graph of y = 3x~ - 16x~ + 24x~ + 48 is concave down for (A) x < 0

(B) x > 0 2 (C) x<-2 or x>-g 2 (D) x <g or x>2
2 (E)~<x<2

[14]

Calculus AB ~Pa~ A

~ e~ dt =
!

(A) e-t + C

(C) e~ + C

(D) 2e" + C

(E) et +

C

~ cos ~x ) = (A) 6x~- sin(x~)cos(x3) (]3) 6x2 cos(x~) (C) sin=(x"~) (D) -6x2 sin(x3)cos(x~) (E) -2 sin(x’~)cos(x~)

Questions 8-9 refer to the following situation.

3 2 1 0 -]

bug begins to crawl up a vertical wire at time r = 0. The velocity v of the bug at time < 8, is given by the function whose graph is shown above. 8. At what ~iue of l does the bug change direction? (A) 2 (B) ~ (c) 6

(D) 7

(E) B

9. What is the total distance the bug tra~led from t = 0 to t = 8 ? (A) 14 (B) 13 (C) !1

Ca~cu~s AB ~ ’
~.

10. An ~quation oft_he line tangent to the graph of y = cos(2.~) at x = ~ ~s

11. The graph of the derivative of f is shown in the figure above. Which of the following dould be the graph of f ?

(A)

(B)

(D)

(E)

v

IB ]

12. At what point on ~he ~rap.h of y = 21-x~ is the tangent lin~ p~le! to ~e line 2x - 4y = 3 ~ .

I3. Let f be a function d~fined for all real numbers x. If intetval

f’(x) = ~-2’

]4 -~ x2] then f is decrzasing on the

(A) (-~, 2)

(B) (-=,, oo)

(C) (-2,

(D) (-2, oo)

(E) (2, ~)

14. L~t f tm a differ~ntiable function such that f(3) = 2 and f’(3) = 5. If the tangent line to the graph of f at z = 3 is used to find an approximation to a zaro of f, nat approximation is (A) 0.4 (B) 0.5 (C7) 2.6. (D) 3.4 (’E) 5.5

Calculus AB ~Part A I Y

3 2 1 O 15. The graph of the function f is shown in the figure above. Which of the following statements about f is true? (A) lim f(x)= lim f(x) (B) lim f(x) = 2

(D) lira f(x) I (E) lira f(x) does not exist.

The area of the region enclosed by the graph of y = x-’ + I and the line y = 5 is

(a) 14 T

- (~) 5-

16

(c) 28 -5

(D) 32 5-

I7. If x-~ + 3’" = 25, what is the value of ~ at the point (4, 3) ? 25 7 7 25

Calculus AB ~Part A1

18.

(A) 0

~) ~

(C) e- 1

(D) e

(E) e + I

19. If f(x) = ln[x-" - l I, then f’(#) =
(A) 2~

(B) ~

2x

(D) x2 _ I

[~]

20. The average valu~ of cos x on the interval 5] is [-3,

(A) sin 5 - sin 3
sin 5 - sin 3

sin 3 - sin 5 (C) 2 t )~D\sin3 + sin5 2

(g)

sin 3 ~- sin 5

8

21. lira ~ is

x

(A) o

0~) -~

(c) 1

(D) e

0E) honexistent

22. What are all values of .x for which the function f defined by f(x) = (x~ - 3)e-x is increasing? (A) There are no such values of x. (B) x<-I and x>3 (C) -3 < x < 1 (D) -1 < x < 3 CE) All values of x

23. If the region enclosed by the y-axis, the line y = 2, and the curve y = ~ is revolved about the , ).-axis, the volume of the solid generated is

(A) 32= -7-

(B) "-y-

16=

(C) ~

16=

(D) -~-

8=

(E) ~

24. The e×pres~ion ~
I

is a Riemann sum approximation for

1

CB)~ ~&

~ofo

!

LPartA ]

END OF PART A OF SEC-YION I YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, YOU MAY CH~CK YOUR WORK ON THIS PART ONLY. DO NOT GO ON TO PART B UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO

CALCULUS AB SECTION I, Part B Time-- 40 minutes Number of questions-- 15 A GR.~::~HtNG CALCULATOR IS REQUIRED FOR SOME QUESTIONS ON THIS PART OF THE EXAMINATION.

Directions: Solve each of the following problems, using the available space for scratchwork. After examining the form of the Choices, decide which is the best of the choices given and fill in the corresponding oval on the answer sheet. No credit will be given for anything written in the test book. Do not spend too much time on any one problem. BE SURE YOU ARE USING PAGE 3 OF THE ANS~TER SHEET TO RECORD YOUR ANS~ERS TO QUESTIONS NUMBERED 76-90. YOU MAY NOT RETURN TO PAGE 2 OF THE ANS%’ER SHEET. In this test: (1) The exact’numerical value of the correct answer does not always appear among the choices given. When this happens, select from among the choices the number that best approximates the exact numerical val~ae. (2) Unless otherwise specified, the domain of a function f is assumed to be the set of all real numbers x for which f(x) is a real number.

Copyright © 199"/College Entrance Examination Board and F_.Aumtional Testing Service. All Rights Reserved. C=rtaln t=st matzrials am copyrighted soMy in the name of E’TS.

CALCULUS AB SECTION I, Part B
Time -- ~-0 minutes Number of questions-- 15

A GRAPHING C.~LCULATOR IS REQUINED FOR SOME QUES-i’IONS ON THIS PART OF THE EXAMINATION,

Directions: Solve each of the following problems, using the available space for scratchwork. After exam ining the form of the choices, decide which is the best of the choices given and fit! in the correspondin oval on the answer sheet. No credit will be given for anything written in the test book. Do not spend too much time on any one problem. BE SURE YOU ARE USING PAGE 3 OF THE ANNWER SHEET TO RECORD YOUR ANSV~rERS TO QUESTIONS NUMBERED 76-90. YOU MAY NOT RETURN TO PAGE 2 OF THE ANSWVER SHEET. tn this test: (I) The exact numerical value of the correct answer does not always appear among the choices given. When this happens, select from among the choices the number that best approximates tt~e exact numerical value.

(2) Unless otherwise specified, the domain of a function f is assumed to be the set of all real number for which f(x) is a real number.

(C) e=
(D) eaZ(2z + 1) z=

(E)

e:X(2z- 1) 2xa

77. The graph of the function y = x~ + 6x~ + 7x - 2 cos x changes concavity at x =

(A) -1.58

(B) -1.63

(C) -!.67

(D) -1.g9

(E) -2.33

Y

oi234
3 The graph of f is shown in the fi~re above. If fl f(x) dx = 2.3 and F’(x) = f(x), then 78. F(3) - F(0) =

(A) 0.3

t’B) 1.3

(C) 3.3

(D) 4.3

(E) 53

79. I~t f be a function such that Iimf(2 + h) -f(2) _ 5 Which of the following must be true? I. f is Continuous at x = 2II. f is diffemntiable at x = 2. l~I. The derivath~ of f is continuous at x = 2. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) I only II only I and II only I ant: lII only II and : only

80. Let f be the function given by f(x) = 2e4~. For what value of x is the slope of the line tangent to the graph of f at (x, f(x)) eq~ad to 3 ? (A) 0.168 (’B)’0.276 (C) 0.318 (D) 0.342 0E) 0.551

81. A railroad track and a mad cross m right angles. An obserwr stands on the road 70 meters south of the crossing and watches an eastbound train trawling at 60 meters per second. At how many meters p~r second is the train moving away from the observer 4 seconds after it passes through the intersection? (A) 57.60 (B) 57.88 (C) 59.20 (D) 60.00 (E) 67,40

82. If )’ = 2x - 8, what is the minimum value of the product xy ? (A) .7-16 03) -~ (C) _z~
(D) 0 (E) 2

83. What is the area of the re,on in the f’g~t quadrant enclosed by the graphs of y = cos :c, y = x, and the ),-axis? (A) 0.127 (t3)-0385 (C) 0.400 (D) 0.600 (E) 0.947

84.

The base of a solid S is the region enclosed by the -graph of y = l"~’q"~n x, the line x = e, and the x-axis. If the cross sections of S perpenttieutar to the x-axis are squares, then the volume of S is 2 1

(A) -0.46

(B) 0!0

(C) 0.9l

(’D) 0.95

(E) 3.73

86. Let f(x) = "~x. If the rate of change of f at zc = es twime its rate of change at ac = 1. then l (A) ~ t~) 1 (C) ’~ ] t~) ~ (E)

Calcu|us AB ~
87, At time t >- 0, the a~-w~leration of a particle moving on the .~axis ~s =(r) = t + sin t. At t = 0, the wlo~iry of the particle is -2. For what value of r wilt the wlocity of the pro-title be z¢ro? iA) 1.02 (B) 1.48 (C) 1.15 (D) 2.gl (E) 3.14

0 ~) 3

i~ ~-0 3 13

z F(=) =--5~_ F(=) = ~
IZI. F(=) = ~ (A) ~ only

(c)!n ~
(D) I ~d

Y

88.

h(t) dt, where h has the graph shown above. Which of the following could be the Let f(x) = fa graph of f ?

(A)

v

Y

c

(c)

Y

Y

(E)

Y

a

b

c

CALCULUS AB SECTION tI Time-- 1 hour and 30 minutes Number of problems-- 6 Pement of total grade-- 50 A GRA~PHING CALCULATOR IS REQUIRED FOR SOME PROBLEMS OR PARTS OF PROBLEMS ON THIS SECTION OF THE EXAMINATION.

REMEMBER TO SHOW YOUR SETUPS AS DESCRIBED IN THE GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS.
General instructions for this section are printed on the back cover of this booklet. I. A particle moves along the x-axis so that its velocity at any time t 2 0 is given by v(t) = 3t’- - 2t - 1. The position x(t) is 5 for t = 2. (a) Write a polynomial expression for the position of the particle at any time. t > 0.

...... (b) For what values of t, 0 _< t _< 3, is the particle’s instantaneous velocity the same as its average velocity on the closed interval [0, 3]?

Calculus AB ~ (c) Find the total distance traveled by the particle from time t = 0 until time t = 3.

y

p (o, 3)
~, = f(x)

Q (~, o)
X

0

2. Let f be the function given by f(x) = 3 cos x. As shown above, the graph o’f f crosses the y-axis at point P and the x-axis at point Q. (a) Write an equation for the line passing through points P and Q.

(b) Write an equation for .the line tangent to the graph of f at point Q. Show the analysis that leads to your equation.

(c)

Find the x-coordinate of the point on the graph of f, between points P and Q, at which the line tangent to the graph of f is parallel to line PQ.

(d) Let R be the region m the first quadrant bounded by the graph of f and line segment PQ. Write an integral expression for the volume of the solid generated by reyolving the region R about the x-axis. Do not, evaluate.

Let f be the function given by f(x) = "~ - 3. (a) On the axes provided below, sketch the graph of f and shade the region R enclosed by the graph of f, the x-axis, and the vertical line x = 6.

(b) Find the area of the region R described in part

[461

Calculus A~ ~
Rather than using the line x = 6 as in part (a), consider the line x = w, where w can be any number ~eater than3. Let A (~t,) be the area of the region enclosed by the graph of f, the x-axis, and the vertical line x = w. Write an integal expression for ,4

(d) Let A(w) be as described in t:~art (c). Find the rate of change of A with respect to w when

4. Let f be the function given by f(x) = x~ - 6x"~ + p, where p is an arbitrary constant. (a) Write an expression for f’(x) and use it to find the relative maximum and minimum values of f in terms of p. Show the analysis that leads to your conclusion.

(b) For what values of t.he constant, p does f have 3 distinct rea! roots?

(c) Find the value of p such that,the average value of f over the closed interval [-1, 2] is l.

Y

3

-5-4-3 -2-1

5. The graph of a function f consists of a semicircle and two line segments as shown above. Let g be
X

the Nnction given by g(x) = ~o f(t) dr. (a) Find g(3).

(b) Find all values of x on the open interval (-2, 5) at which g has a relative maximum. Justify your answer.

Calculus AB (c) Write an equation for the line tangent to the graph of g at .r = 3 .

(d) Find the x-coordinate of each point of inflection of the graph of g on the open interval (-2, 5). Justify your answer.

51

6. Let v’(t) be the velocity, in feet per second, of a skydiver at time t seconds, t 2 0. After her d~, -2v - 32, with initial condition parachute opens, her velocity satisfies the differential equation "~ =

v(0) = -50. (a) Use separation of variables to find an expression for ~’ in terms of t, where t is measured in seconds.

(b) Terminal :velocity is defined as tim v(t). Find the terminal velocity of the skydiver to the nearest foot per second, t-~

Calculus AB ~ (c) I~: is safe to land when her speed is 20 feet per second. At what time t does she reach this speed?

END OF EXAMINATION

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