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Relationship Between Animal Farm and the Russian Revolution_edit

Relationship Between Animal Farm and the Russian Revolution_edit

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Published by Frank Gao

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Published by: Frank Gao on May 09, 2011
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Relationship between Animal Farm and the Russian Revolution

The novel Animal Farm, written by George Orwell, is a novel presenting a fictional world where animals can communicate with each other and act like humans. While most of the novel has parallels with the history of the Russian Revolution, George Orwell also discusses conspiracies and conflicts that exist between the two opposed leaders that, ironically, shared a common goal - to develop the society. The novel begins with the death of the great, old leader and eventually closes with the collapse of the new and idealistic society. In the process, fictional characters and plot elements in the novel are parallel to the historical figures and events of the Russian Revolution. The novel opens with the death of the well-respected Old Major. In the historical context, Old Major has many similar characteristics to those of the original leader of Russian communism, Lenin. Old major, similarly, has the dream that “Beasts of England, beasts of Ireland, / Beasts of every land and clime, / Hearken to my joyful tiding / Of the golden future time.” (pg. 13) Lenin studied the writings of Karl Marx, which describe the dream of a society without classes and with communal ownership of property. However, their common ideas did not last long. After the death of Old Major, two young pigs, Snowball and Napoleon, rose to be the leaders of the farm. Snowball represents the historical Trotsky, who was intelligent, cared about education, and organized the armies. On the other hand, Napoleon mirrors Stalin. For example, they started out with excellent plans and had wonderful dreams; however, later, their personal desires and wants outweighed the greater benefits and desires of the society. Starting as Lenin did, he divides the society: “Four legs good, two legs bad” (pg. 31), which has parallels in Marxist theory. And this marks the birth of

During World War II. a human.communism. Similarly. 117. the Red Army has paid a heavy price of the death of approximately 66 thousand soldiers to defend Moscow.” he said. Similarly. and modernize the USSR. Stalin chased Trotsky away with the secret police force. they both self contradict their original ideas of equality. Pilkington. electrify. during Operation Barbarossa. the animals defeated the invasion of the human with the deaths and wounds of many animals and the destruction of the windmill. Napoleon builds the windmill for the farm to electrify the farm. the pigs enjoy dinner with human beings. a group which they originally hated and opposed. Napoleon states that. They dashed straight for Snowball. 114) From this point on. 47. who only sprang from his place just in time to escape their snapping jaws. this foreshadows the future of animalism and communism. he alone will make all of the decisions. “we have our lower classes!” (pg. persuade the pigs to not worry about inequality. On the other hand. Stalin made a series of cruel purges of any political enemies. which were plans to industrialize. “If you have your lower animals to contend with. Once Snowball was chased away. At the conclusion of the novel. After the death of Lenin. Communist Russia became as corrupt as the Czarist state that it had replaced due to the shift of communism toward capitalism ideas which created a new and different . Both decisions show that “All animals are equal.” (pg. for the good of every animal.” (pg. Similarly. “… there was a terrible baying sound outside. and nine enormous dogs wearing brass-studded collars came bounding into the barn. 118) Eventually. Mr. Stalin managed to eventually defeat the Germans with the help of the Red Army and the support of his secret police force. 48) Whereas Stalin implemented the five-year plans. During the supper. but some animals are more equal than others.

Trotsky.” (pg. by George Orwell. The novel opens with the uprising of communism and closes with the collapse of communism. During the story.communism. . and Stalin are well portrayed by the fictional animals. In the mean time. the historical figures of Lenin. contains numerous parallels with the history. both the novel and history tell us that the larger benefits to the society must outweigh personal desires of the leaders in order for a country (or farm) to be successful. 120) The novel Animal Farm. and from man to pig… but already it was impossible to say which was which. “The creatures outside looked from pig to man.

Relationship between Animal Farm and the Russian Revolution Frank Gao For: Bro. O’Loughlin May 3. 2011 .

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