The First law of thermodynamics (Conservation of Energy) Change in internal energy equals heat in minus work out Internal energy- thermal and stored energies Heat in- heat transferred into the object Work out- external work done by the object

± Entropy of a thermally isolated system can t decrease ± But entropy can be redistributed within the system ± Part of the system can become hotter while another part becomes colder! . The refrigeration cycle was thought of as a heat engine operating in reverse.The Second law of thermodynamics states that heat cannot spontaneously flow from a colder location to a hotter one unless work is being done.

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