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HClO4

-

Cl

2-

S

SO42-

CO3 2-     

  

   

NH 3     

  

HCl

Ag+ 

  

  

   


NH3  
  


 
  

  

 

    

   


HCl  

Al3+ 

  

 

    

  


HCl   

!

Ba2+  

  

"
#$

Ca2+  


#  

%"
&" 

"   

 

      


 

HCl    

  

'
 
" 
  

   

  

  

 

*( 
!

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(  
    


 
  

 
)  

#  

 
 

#    

  
!  
 


 
  

 

)
#    

 

'
#  

HCl
1 

!

'

Co2+ 

!

Cr3+

)
Cu2+ 

!
+

Fe2+

H2S&",  

  

#( 

    

  

"  

  

  

HCl  

  

  

  

#

   


&- .( 
"

H3O+

#-(

K+ 

"

Li+

Mg2+  

   

HCl 

(

Na+

.(
&- 
"

&- .( 
" 

(
/0

NH4+  

  

! 

 

#1  

   



)
+

Pb2+  

  

#(  

   




!
+

Zn2+

: ‫ف‬
http://www.ac-reims.fr/datice/sc_ physiques/docs/divers/Handbook /tests_ani.pdf

òvä@õbíŒîÏ *@òîöbíŒîÐÛa@âìÜÈÛa@òjnØß

Fe3+

2