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m ³the human being in

the complexity of
health and illness was
challenging and

m ³Best of my intellect
as well as the utmost
of my humanness´
(1986, 1994)
m —aregiver for her mother who had ALS
Ń —all to nursing
m niversity of Tennessee School of Nursing
m 1964 - niversity of —alifornia, San Francisco
Ń raduate study in Medical-Surgical
Ń Received Masters
m 1964-1967 ± niversity of Tennessee
Ń irector of Nursing ± clinical research center
Ń Assistant Professor
m 1971- New York niversity
Ń raduate study for Ph..
Ń Taught (1971-1977)
m eveloped ideas as a student and colleague of
Martha Rogers
m 1977 ± Penn State
Ń Professor-in-charge of graduate study
m 1978 ± Nursing theory conference, New York
Ń 1st time she gathered her ideas on theory of health
m 1984 ± niversity of Minnesota
Ń Nurse Theorist
Ń —ontinuing the development of the theory and related
research with graduate students
m 1996
Ń Retires from teaching


m ^umans are open energy systems in continual
contact with the environment.
m ^umans are continuously active in evolving their
own patterns of ³whole´ and are intuitive.
m ³the person does not possess consciousness- the
person is consciousness´
m Newman published the ^ — theory in 1979
m ^ — theory:
Ń assumes that life is a process of expanding
„ —    —ognitive and affective awareness and
interconnectedness with the environment.
„ ^
 ºutcome of interaction with the environment
Ń —enters on life patterns
„ ^ealth is a pattern
m Nurses help clients get in touch with the meaning
of life by identifying their health patterns.
m Patterns that people see, hear and feel show and
describe relationships:
„ Relationships within the person, with other people and with
the environment.
„ Patterns depict relationship and connectedness.
m Pattern recognition is a form of caring.
Nursing: 6 


‡ —   

‡        —
m Newman¶s —hallenge to nurses:
 Ń xamine your own process of interaction

 within a relationship. This self knowledge will
 enhance your ability to sense the unfolding

  pattern in patient¶s, families, and communities.



 m —aring in the ^ — perspective is

  nonjudgmental, noninterventionist, and


 involves being with rather than just doing for.

   m By spending time with the patient, nurses
  are able to take the initiative to promote
    health, not just treat the problems caused by
± disease.

‡ iscover new rules/patterns for higher


‡ Intervention is pattern recognition

‡ ual partnership between client and nurse