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The Jat People & Dhillons in History

“Know Thy Roots”


Amarjit Singh Dhillon ( Dr. )

The Jat People & Dhillons in History
“Know Thy Roots” By Amarjit Singh Dhillon ( Dr. ) First Edition Jan., 2010 Copy Right Open

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Publisher: Indo-Canadian Friendship Society Printer : Western Printers, Anardana Chauk, Patiala

The Jat People & Dhillons in History
“Know Thy Roots”


Amarjit Singh Dhillon ( Dr. )

Dedicated to the “Sons for The Soil” everywhere and their well-wishers

Introduction Page

The Jat People 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Chapter 1
Etymology & Jats in Ancient Literature

Chapter 2
Origin & Lineage

Chapter 3
Various Writers on Origin of Jats

Chapter 4
Jat People Demographics

Chapter 5
Jat Kingdoms in Ancient India

Chapter 6
Jat Kingdoms in Medieval India

Chapter 7
The Rise of Jat Power & Jat Kingdoms in Early Modern Era

8. 9.

Chapter 8
The Jat People Today

Chapter 9
Some Important Dates
[about the lives of some Jat People]

Section II
10. Chapter 10
Brief Description of

Some Jat-Sikh Sub-Castes(Gote) ( From A to J )


Chapter 11
Brief Description of Some Jat-Sikh Sub-Castes(Gote) ( From A to J )

Dhillons 12. 13. 14. 15. Chapter 12
Dhillons: Origin & Growth

Chapter 13
Religion & Geographical Distribution of Dhillons

Chapter 14
Some Historical & Prominent Dhillons

Chapter 15
Delhi Founded By Dhillons

Dhillons of Punjab 16. 17. 18. Chapter 16
Sikh Misls (including Dhillons’ Misl)

Chapter 17
Sikh States & Sikh Principalities of Jats

Chapter 18
Dhillons of Punjab


Chapter 19
Some Dhillons Shifted to Lakhi Jungle Area


.It is rather an effort to see the social fabric of Indian Society and its ramification. 2009 . Section I includes a general and historical study of The Jat People. Rise of Jat Power and Jat People Today.Sociologically speaking.) Malton (ON). their origin & growth. I have tried to cover each and every view point about their origin---some rational and some mythical. and also for the deficiencies left therein. I have focused on the Jat People of India and particularly of Punjab. The Scholars of India and abroad have worked very hard on it. There seems to be a natural urge in evarybody to “Know One’s Roots” My intention is not to create a schism in the Society while writing on Jat People . Sikh States and Sikh Pricipalities. Section III of the Booklet is about Dhillons in general.Introduction The Jat People everywhere in the world are the sons of the soil in the true sense of the word. Section II describes some JatSikh Sub-Castes(Gotras) preceeded by remarks about Jat-Sikhs by foreign writers of 18th Century. Last but not least portion of this Section deals with the fact of history that some Dhillons shifted permanently to the Lakhi Jungle area of Punjab. the writer is obliged to all authors and unknown scholars who had put their works/views on different Websites. if any. The writer of this Book is responsible for the mistakes. origin & lineage as well as Jat Kingdoms in Ancient. There are various theories of there origin. This book has been divided into Four Sections. its etymology. The writer of this small Book on The Jat People is grateful to’ The Computer’ which has provided all the relevant material about the Jat People in general and about Dhillons in particular. it is an important segment of Social Stratification. some historical & prominent Dhillons upto the modern times. It also narrates Sikh Misls (including Dhillons’Misl). CANADA 30 August. It is an effort to see the working of common bonds within a section of the Society. This Section also deals with the view that Delhi was founded by Dhillons Section IV discribes The Dhillons of Punjab in particular. Naturally. Amarjit Singh Dhillon (Dr. Early Modern Era. This Section also includes some important dates. religion & geographical distribution.Special space has been given to a Dhillon Family of Haryana. Medieval.

He considered the Jat people to be the Xanthi. who he also considered very likely to be called the Zaths (Jats) by early Arab writers.S. Other regions include Balochistan. . living in Sind on the banks of the river Bahar. The Jat People are a 31 million strong ethnic group of people native to South Asia in mainly the Punjab region of India and Pakistan.Sir Alexander Cunningham. G. Mahendra Singh Arya believe that the shloka Jat Jhat Sanghate in famous Sanskrit scholar Panini's Astadhyayi refers to the Jat People as a Federation. connected the name of the Scythian Xanthii.The Jat People & Dhillons in History “Know Thy Roots” SECTION I The Jat People Chapter 1 Etymology & Jats in Ancient Literature Etymology of Jat The etymology of the name Jat is from the Middle Indic term jatta and ultimately from the Sanskrit jartika. Sir Alexander Cunningham noted that the early Arab writers upon their arrival in India called the Jat people Zaths. Dwivedi writes that the Persian Majmal-ut-Tawarikh mentions Jats and Meds as the descendants of Ham (son of Noah). former Director-General of the Archeological Survey of India. Yunus Jaffery believes that the Jat people have been mentioned in Shāhnāma. C. Archaeologists and writers have identified the Jat people with the ancient Getae and Scythian Massagetae. Jats in Ancient Literature Bhim Singh Dahiya states that the Jat people find a mention in Mahabharata and other ancient Indian literature. which was the name of a tribe.M. a well-known Persian epic.

This is because of the fact that by Jat we mean race/ethnic group. When we use the word Caste while describing Jat-Sikh Sub-Castes.g. Nothing can be far away from truth as this misconception. “Jat as a Caste Theory” is a misconception The biggest misconception regarding the term "Jat" is defining it as a "Caste" as per standards set by the Indian Caste System. self sufficiency. Major Jat clans. Some have moved to Western countries for economic and family reasons. They have a discrete and distinct cultural history that can be historically traced back to ancient times. race. There are over 900 million farmers in south Asia and if Jat meant farmer then all of them would call themselves Jats but they don't. physical strength. in areas which now are found in Pakistan. Gujarat. who are also found throughout the Punjab region of Pakistan . resilience. Uttar Pradesh. Martial Races were races & peoples that were naturally warlike and aggressive in battle. The Jat People follow different faiths and are engaged in different professions. . Muslim Jat clans predominated in western Punjab. Traditionally. hard working habits. we mean Gote and certainly not a part of Cast-System as such. Rajasthan. The famous Jat Regiment & The Gurkha Regiment. and possess qualities like courage. There some have risen to prominence among the immigrants in the West. orderliness.. They are a kind of ethnic group. loyalty. merging to form the Jat People. Indo-Scythian tribes of the region. tribe and a people. Muslim Jat People in Pakistan The Jat are large tribal grouping. In order to be a Jat you have to have the Jat DNA markers in your genetics. if some say "Jat means farmer-caste" correct them and their ignorance on the subject by telling them. Many uneducated or semi-educated people think Jat means farmer-caste (caste = social group) but Jat really means race (race = ethnic group). Sialkot and Gujrat were seen as strongholds of the Jats. Therefore. Shaikhupura. The fact that Jat is a Race has been widely supported by both historians and raciologists working in this field and has been discussed in detail by them. which is very different. The British Empire recruited heavily from these Martial Races for service in their Armies. A strategy that is still used today (21st century) in Armies of South Asian countries e. Haryana. Madhya Pradesh. Maharashtra. the Cheema. that "Jat means race/ethnic group not farmer-caste". fighting tenacity and have military strategy. Lahore. the districts of Gujranwala. A significant numbers of Jats began to convert to Islam from the middle ages onwards Historically. The Jat People were designated by the British Empire as a Martial Race. the fact is that Jat means race/ethnic group. The Jat People are considered to be descendants of Indo-Aryans.NWFP.

He showed how the G letter represented the J sound. Khatri. there were communities of Mulla Jats. Kalika Ranjan Quanungo’s “History of the Jat” appeared. In 1992. Gill. Bacchal and Ahlawat.Nain. Kahloon. are Jats. put a stamp on the histiography of the Jat History. such as the Jakhar. notably by Kaviraj Dr. Ghallu.Randhawa and Waraich predominated in this region. the British settled several Jats from central Punjab. creating the modern canal colony districts of Faisalabad and Sahiwal. Bajwa. Ram Swarup Joon has written another well researched book "History of the Jats" in Hindi in 1938 which was translated in English in 1967. of whom Kushans were just one clan Kaswan. In the 19th Century. not a people unto themselves. published by Dahinam Publishers. etc. and Harshavardhana were Jats. Bal Kishan Dabas. Dhandla. Bohar. on account of their alleged forced conversion to Islam during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. there were several Seraiki speaking Jat clans. Dilip Singh Ahlawat. the Kushans. They were said to be unfortunate. for the people who could not have access to the works in Hindi or Urdu. Both Jats and Rajputs from Haryana. . Dhillon. but not an inspired work. He brought out to the layman reader. Yogender Pal Shastri. at independence.Sidhu. Bhim Singh Dahiya was a historian and civil servant belonging to the Indian Revenue Service (IRS). Sonipat. he wrote the monumental book. In south of Punjab. the Second Guptas. who were said to get their name from the local Haryanwi phrase. Godara.Hukam Singh Pauria. In 1982. whom the Chinese and Western and most Indian Historians know as the Yuezhi. that Chandragupta Maurya. Dharmpal Dudi. . It is a scholarly. Sandhu. His linkage of the clan names/ Gotras to the existence of the Jats in Central Asia. It is a well-researched book and still serves as a reference book. he brought out his next book. Almost all the Mula Jat emigrated from Haryana. Samtia and Sandhila. Dandiwal. In the last 80 years quite a few other books in Hindi came on the subject. Ghuman. Makwal. The significance was that the Getae. including many from Amritsar. and Europe. into the Bar region. In what is now Haryana. Major Mulla Jat clans included the Malik.Rig Vedic Tribes and Aryans. Kanju. Capt. Khar. Daha. It has not yet been translated in to English."Jats the Ancient Rulers". as the J letter did not exist in the ancient Greek alphabet. Haryana. Gotras. published by Dahinam Publishers. are collectively referred to as Ranghar in Pakistan [ Kamboj and Sainis: Though thry are very close to the Jat People but their story is different which needs a separate Booklet ] There are now many Books on The Jat People Some of the important landmarks in History of Jat People are :It was in 1925 that Prof. Thakur Deshraj produced his book on Jat History in Hindi “Jat Itihasa” in 1934. Haryana. Sonipat. This book is a reconstruction of the History of Jats from time immemorial.Chatha. Gurdaspur and Jalandhar. clans could be traced back to the Rig Veda. Here he demonstrated how over 80 Jat Goths.

On the basis of historical facts the Jats are reported to be present in India from 3102 BC. They had to migrate from India on economic. III. physical and linguistic standards by many historians like E. Thakur Deshraj. Thakur Deshraj also tells that after the great Mahabharata war Krishna formed a democratic federation or Sangha of Clans known as Jñātisangha . Dr Natthan Singh has written a very good book on Jat History in Hindi “Jat Itihasa” which is published by Jat Samaj Kalyan Parishad Gwalior in 2004. Haryana also published it. physical. Chapter 2 Origin & Lineage 1.His third great work in the history is in the form of Book. cultural and linguistic characters Jats Aryans who inhabited the areas on the banks of Ganga-Yamuna or Sarswati-Sindhu during Vedic Civilization.Havell. II. He was also editor of second edition (1992) of the book on Jat History “Jat Itihas” written in 1934 by Thakur Deshraj.C. Dahinam Publishers. Sir Herbert Risley. Indo-Aryan Lineage Jat Habitations Vedic Period The Indo-Aryan Origin of Jats has been advocated on the basis of ethnological. Dr Natthan Singh . Sonipat. In the migration also they did not leave their language and cultural traditions.Vaidya. Qanungo. Due to political situations Jats had to migrate . Initially Vrishni and Andhaka clans were included in this Sangha and later many clans joined it. I.B. social and political reasons after Mahabharata War for some period but they returned back to India.V.History of Hindustan Vol. This view is also supported by Thakur Deshraj who writes that on the basis of ethnological. Mangal Sen Jindal etc. Dr Natthan Singh writes that Jats were the Aryans and their original homeland was 'Saptasindhu'.

Gujar The Sinsinwar Jat Rulers of Bharatpur have been recorded as Yadav. Scythians. Turkistan. Dahae and their neighbors. Historian UN Sharma has mentioned the chronology of Krishna in which starting from Sindhupal in 64th generation of Krishna to Bharatpur ruler Maharaja Brijendra Singh (1929-1948) all the rulers are mentioned as Yaduvanshi Jats. Greeks call themselves descendants of Krishna and Baladeva. Huna. They went up to Iran. Kushan. . showing various Central Asian tribes including the Massagetae. Central India and Rajasthan..from India. Arab. China vanshi also consider themselves descendants of Aryans. Sidhu Jats are also Bhatti Rajput in origin. Saurashtra. and thus Yaduvanshi in origin. The same people return to India in later periods with the names Shaka. . by Prakash Chandra Chandawat. In north-east they went upto Bihar etc.Indo-Scythian Lineage Indo-Scythian Origin Map of area around the Oxus River valley (modern name Amu Darya) Asia in 323 BC. Pahllava. Yuezhi. Punjab. Even they went to Mongolia and Siberia. Chandravanshi Kshatriyas known as Yadavas spread to Iran Sindh. 2. Afghanistan.

He stated "their name is found in Northern India from the beginning of the Christian era. DNA studies have proved that Jat people are Indo-Scythian The original home of the Jats was in Central Asia near the country we now call Ukraine. Professor B. Sir Alexander Cunningham held that the Rajputs belonged to the original Scythian stock. Former Director-General of the Archeological Survey of India. and the Jats to a late wave of immigrants from the north west. also considered the Jat People to be the Xanthii (a Scythian tribe) of Scythian stock who he considered very likely called the Zaths (Jats) of early Arab writers. due to them having many Ukrainian DNA markers & Genes. Sir Cunningham believes they "were in full possession of the valley of the Indus towards the end of the seventh century. Many recent DNA studies have provided scientific confirmation & proof that the Jats came from Ukraine.S. Deva Samhita. of Scythian race. merging to form the Jat People. Historian James Tod agreed in considering the Jat People to be of Indo-Scythian Stock.Map showing Scythia. DNA studies have proved that Jat People are Indo-Scythian. Dhillon states that Jat People are mainly of Indo-Scythian Lineage with composite mixing of Sarmatians." These people were considered by early Arab writers to have descended from Meds and Zaths. Sir Alexander Cunningham. There is also a mythlogical theory about the Origin of Jats which may be described briefly as under and also the reason behind it :- Origin of Jat People from Shiva's Lock The mythological account of Origin of Jat people from Shiva's Locks was propounded by the author of Deva Samhita. Moreover. including the Indo-Scythian region The Sindh Valley is at the base of the Zojila Pass Through which people from Central Asia came The Jat People are considered to be the descendants of Indo-Scythian tribes of the region. is a collection of Sanskrit . Goths & Jutes in “History and Study of the Jats”.

and they take their name from the matted locks (jata) of the Lord Shiva. Daksha treated Parvati with great want of respect at the sacrifice. Shiva accepted his advice and restored the burnt head of Daksha and the broken limbs were made whole. The latter's wife. bravery and industry. Russel and Hira Lal. ." Pārvatī asks. We describe that realistic history before you.hymns by Gorakh Sinha during the early medieval period. Parvati. whom none else has so far revealed." It is also mentioned that after the destruction of Daksha's sacrifice by Virabhadra and his ganas. He sent them to destroy Daksha's sacrifice and they went and destroyed it. the Jat people are the prime rulers of the earth. Another saying of the Jats is that the ancestors of the Rajputs was from Kashyapa and that of the Jats from the Shiva. their antiquity and characters of Jat people. even though she had not been invited. like gods. There is mention of Jat people in Deva Samhitā in the form of powerful rulers over vast plains of Central Asia. In the beginning these were the only two races in India. the followers of Shiva. in the shloka-17 of 'Deva Samhitā' about the origin and exploits of the Jat people. When Mahadeva heard all this he was filled with wrath and untying his matted hair (jata) dashed it on the ground. give a different version of the above anecdote in the "Brahmanical legends of origin of the Jats". was." Brahmanical legends of Origin of the Jats The two ethnologists. whence two powerful beings arose from it. so she came home and told Mahadeva about her plight. From these were descended the race of Jats. Mahadeva was unwilling to allow her. but finally consented. Shiva explains Parvati about the origin of Jat people as under: "In the beginning of the universe with the personification of the illusionary powers of Virabhadra and daughter of Daksha's gana's womb originated the caste of Jat people. so she asked Mahadeva to let her attend. he invited all the gods to present except his son-in-law Mahadeva. very eager to go. father-in-law of Mahadeva (Shiva) was performing a great sacrifice. firm of determination and of all the kshatriyā. They are. When Pārvatī asks Shiva about the origin of Jat people. the defeated gods sought Brahma and asked his counsel. The Pundits of history did not record their annals lest it should injure and impair their false pride and of the vipras and gods. Brahma advised the gods to make their peace with Shiva. which is reproduced below: "The Jats relate the legend thus.”. On the occasion when Raja Daksha. Shiva tells Parvati that: "The history of origin of Jat people is extremely wonderful and their antiquity glorious. Devasamhita records the account of Origin of the Jats in the form of discussion between Shiva and Parvati . Shiva tells her like this :"They are symbol of sacrifice. however.

Over sixty clans are named in the Rig Veda.P. Since Jats were strong followers of Shiva and were his ganas.P. Of course. Mukerjee. the rite was duly performed. 'Jata' is that it finds mention in most ancient Indian literature like Mahabharata. It was a period of unhealthy growth of blind superstitions. their historical . They are mentioned in the grammar treatise of Chandra of the fifth century in the phrase sentence “Ajay Jarto Huṇān” . this account might have been invented. had gone to sleep. There Daksha looked on him with reverence. A. Other Jat ruler who fought with him was Baladitya. Word 'Jata' should be understood as a federation of clans in the light of Panini's Ashtadhyayi. Bhim Singh Dahiya points to yet another purpose of the account. after the fall of Harsha Vardhana of the Virk gotra." The account cast a spell on the mind of the simple Jat folk and soon became popular with them. the social status of the latter groups declined and they were regarded as of lowly ranks. Ramayana and Rig Veda. The above account was set afloat during the medieval age which is marked by ascendancy of powerful Rajput warriors. who had en masse embraced Buddhism. The Brahmanical accounts wrongly interpret word jata as 'locks'. That is why when the Puranas were revised. According to him " at the end of the ancient period of Indian History great instability prevailed in the social structure of the people and great political changes were effected. Shastri the account was propounded to win back the Jats. The Linguistic and Religious Etymology about the origin of the word. Possibly to counteract the intolerable superiority assumed by the Rajputs. The Rajputs became the rulers and Jats their subject. According to him "Something must have happened in the sixth or seventh century AD. a fact very well borne out by historical data (Denzil Ibbetson:1916) consequently. which made these people (Jats) persona non grata with the new orthodox. He has mentioned many Jat clans as settled in Punjab and North west areas. This account seemed to work wonders as there are no followers of Buddhism in Jats. Reasons behind this account According to Y. particularly after Harsha Vardhana. had declined to a great extent. Shastri hints at religious purpose of the account. the political and social status of the Jats especially in Rajasthan. to Neo-Hinduism preached and propagated by Shankaracharya and his followers. and there also Vishnu appeared. A compromise was achieved between Vaishnavas and followers of Shiva. an ethno-geographer stresses its political and social purpose. which refers to the defeat of Huns by two Jat rulers under the leadership of Yasodharman.B. They were taken by pious fraud that they were born from the highest bodily part (jata) of the highest god (Shiva) where as all others are born of the lower part of Brahma.Then the Devas thanked Shiva for his gentleness. with estimates ranging from the 7th to 4th centuries BCE) has mentioned in his Sanskrit grammar known as Aṣṭādhyāyī in the form of shloka as “Jata Jhata Sanghate” This means that the terms 'Jata' and 'democratic federation' are synonymous. The famous Sanskrit scholar Panini (traditionally dated 520-460 BCE. during the course of the revival of orthodox Brahmanism.[8] In the Mahabharata as they are mentioned ‘Jartas’ in ‘Karna Parva’. the decay and death of adventure in science and thought in practical life. Whereas Y. It was a period during which "the fairy of the fortune of the Jats. and invited him to sacrifice.

details and even their names were removed therefrom. (Former Director-General of the Archeological Survey of India) wrote: "These Scythian invaders came principally from the three great tribes of Massagetae (Great Jats). (Former Director-General of the Archeological Survey of India) wrote: The Xanthii (a Scythian tribe) are very probably the Zaths (Jats) of the early Arab writers. was in the country between the Caspian Sea and the Jaxartes river (Central Asia) Arthur Edward Barstow wrote: "Greeks of Bactria (partly modern Afghanistan)." Professor J. were gradually working their way from the banks of the Oxus (River valley in Central Asia) into Southern Afghanistan and the pastoral highland about Quetta (a Pakistani city). It is from these Scythian immigrants that most of the Jat tribes are at any rate partly descended. Xanthii. whence they forced their way by the Bolan Pass. The function of this mythological account may be to ensure a more honourable antiquity and status to the Jats in comparison with others. It is perhaps to this state of affairs that the Deva Samhita refers when it records that " nobody has published the truth about the origin and activities of the Jat race. whose home at the beginning of the second century B. The meaning it conveys is that there were so many ganas of warrior tribes at the command of Virabhadra or Kartikeya. Historians Kephart. and Dahae (still exists as a Jat clan of Punjab)]. Hewitt and Waddel count the Jats among the ruling races of prehistoric times in India. This location agrees very well with what we know of the settlement of the Sakas (Scythians) on the Indian frontier. settling in the Punjab about the beginning of the first century AD. Sacaraucae." • • • • . Bingley wrote: "It is from these Scythian Immigrants that most of the Jat tribes are at any rate partly descended.C. Pettigrew wrote: "Another view holds that the Jats came from Asia Minor and Armenia in the successive invasions during the period 600 B. Chapter 3 Various Writers on Origin of Jats • Sir Alexander Cunningham. 600. Sir John Marshall." The account is obviously figurative and its use is simply allegorical.H. to A. expelled by the hordes of Scythians. Meanwhile the Medii. Jatii. whose abode was the Sivalak mountain.C." A. the son of Shiva. entered India in the second and first centuries BC and are said to have penetrated as far as Orissa (an Indian province in southeast). Getae and other Scythian races.D. through the Sulaiman Mountains into India." At another place he assumes that "the Jats were the first rulers in the vast central Asian plains as per Deva Samhita. As the Zaths were in Sindh to the west of the Indus.

" I. The former identified them with the Zanthi of Strabo (Greek Geographer of the ancient times) and the Jatii of Pliny (Roman writer) and Ptolemy (Another Greek Geographer of the ancient times)." Sir H. Some of the Syr Darya tribes also invaded North India.S." Professor T. Some scholars believe that they virtually supplanted the previous population of India (means Punjab). after the Sakas (a Scythian tribe) were repelled back from the frontiers of India. the very spot we know to have been occupied by the Yuechi." C.S. H. and there seems little doubt that by far the most numerous section of the Punjab population is of Scythian origin. Central Asia. and held that they probably entered Punjab from their home on the Oxus (in Central Asia) very shortly after the Meds or Mands (still exist as one of the Jat clans of Punjab).C." Professor P. is. The Jat tribes no doubt emigrated.J. Mahil wrote: "Jat were called Scythians.A Rose wrote: "Many of the Jat tribes of Punjab have customs which apparently point to non-Aryan origin. Gill wrote: "There is a general concensus of opinion that Jats. who also were Indo-Scythians. Elliot wrote: "These ignorant tribes (Jats) pointing to the remote Ghazni (Afghanistan) as their original seat. and left the country between India and Persia open for their occupation. who describe their ancestors as being immigrants from the west. and with them Rajputs and Gujjars were foreigners who came from their original home. Suffice it to say that both Sir Alexander Cunningham and Colonel Tod agreed in considering the Jats to be of IndoScythian Stock. in the first centuries of our era. more correctly." • • • • • • • • . Yuti. Sara wrote: "Recent excavations in the Ukraine and Crimea finds points to the visible links of the Jat and Scythians. that the Jats may be of Scythian descent. Willliams wrote: "The extent of the Scythian invasion has been variously estimated." U. not all at once. near the Oxus.M. The Jats who invaded Punjab and conquered India upto Benares were called Indo-Scythians. therefore. and it is probable that those in the North-West are among the latest importations. as Klaproth says. Daniell wrote: "Jats. or. because they were the inhabitants of the ancient country of Scythia. and who moved into Punjab about a century before Christ." Sir Mountstuart Elphinstone Grant Duff wrote: "My conclusion. but at different times.S.• Professor H. Sulimirski wrote: "The evidence of both the ancient authors and the archaeological remains point to a massive migration of Sacian (Sakas) & Massagetae (Great Jats) tribes from the Syr Darya Delta (Central Asia) by the middle of the second century B.

100." S. or Getae. General) wrote: "Alexander came to India in his capacity as the holder of the Persian throne. of Jat or Scythian origin." • • • • Chapter. and A." Sir George MacMunn (Sir and Lt." Dr. is given by the customs and geographical position of another tribe of the same stock. From his camp near Kabul (Afghanistan). whose one branch migrated as far south in Europe as Bulgaria. to come and renew their homage to their ancient Persian overlord in the person of himself. and A. outside the normal Aryan fold as late comers to India. G Singh wrote: "The Jats of Panjab. They are described as a nomadic tribe. A portion of these settlers. and a race of them. the descendants of Massagetae. Several obeyed his summons. living in wooden houses.D. They reached Punjab between 50 B. 4 Jat People Demographics The Jat People Religious Demographic . others did not.D. the Macedonian (Alexander) summoned those chiefs whom Skylax (Persian general) had conquered in the old time before.C.• J. and it has been surmised that those who did were later arrivals.C. inhabited the country on the west bank of the Indus (river).M Latif wrote: "A considerable portion of the routed army of the Scythians settled in Punjab. and settling where they found sufficient pasturage. or great (massa) Getae. Hewitt wrote: "Further evidence both of the early history and origin of the race of Jats.F. are Scythians in origin and came from Central Asia. after the old Scythian fashion. called the Massagetae. 50. " N Singh wrote: "The Scythians appear to originate from Central Asia. It seems probable that the Scythian ancestors of the Jats entered the Sindh Valley (presently in Pakistan Kashmir) between 100 B. from whom sprung the modern Jats. were called Getes. called Nomardy.

Himachal Pradesh. states by taking population statistical analysis into consideration the Jatt population growth of both India and Pakistan since 1925. Delhi. Jat people. Dhillon. . Punjab State and Pakistan Punjab Provinc. according to Professor Qanungo the population of Jatts was around nine million in South Asia and was made up of followers of three major religions as shown below.S. are mostly concentrated in the greater Punjab Region The census in 1931 in India recorded population on the basis of ethnicity. in South Asia. South Asian Map distribution of Jat people.The Jat People are mainly concentrated in the greater Punjab Region The Punjab Region is the old land which includes Haryana. Religion Hinduism Sikhism Islam Jat Population % 47% 20% 33% Professor B. In 1925.

726 22.709.365 302.153 810.302 1.036 2. the Jat population for 1988 has been estimated at 30 million.271 Central Provinces and Berar 28.845. Demographically.477 369. Jat People accounted for approximately 25% of the entire Sindhi-Punjabi speaking area. Approx Percentage 73 % 12 % 9.114 148.6 % 0.2 % 1% 0.068.473 104. Based on this number and on figures for population growth rates.992 .7 % 0.362 53.755 3.043. A regional break down of the total Jat population is given in the following table.244 581.139 187. Bingley noted. According to earlier censuses. A.993 93.972 North-West Frontier Province 76.H.135 Ajmer-Marwar 29.3 % Name of region Jat Population 1931 Jat Population 1988 Punjab Region* Rajasthan Uttar Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Balochistan 6.Professor Quanungo's figure of nine million could be translated into a minimum population statistic (1988) of 30 million.327 Bombay Presidency Delhi 54. The 1931 census in India (the most comprehensive source of information about Jat People Demographics) recorded population on the basis of ethnicity.2 % 2% 1.3 % 0. "The Jats have sent a very high percentage of their eligible men to the army".651.700 216.072 98.

to 232 B. Some of them are listed below:• .C. -298B. According to Thakur Deshraj and Cunningham. in the beginning of fifth century. He embraced Buddhism from the prevalent Vedic tradition after witnessing the mass deaths of the war of . the Kaikan Region in Sindh was in independent possession of the Jat People. Chapter 5 Jat Kingdoms in Ancient India K.C.-Rule 273 B.253 100 % *The Punjab Region includes Punjab (Pakistan). R ule 320B.C. As a result.R. • Ashoka Maurya [ Born 304 B. Some Jat historians and other writers have mentioned in various references about the Ancient Jat Kingdoms.375 31. Thakur Deshraj also mentions that the Susthan Region in Sindh was ruled by Chandra Ram.C. greatest emperors. Ashoka reigned over most of present-day India after a number of military conquestsHis reign was headquartered in Magadha (present-day Bihar. as well as the world's. India).066. Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. he is considered thr first unifier of India and the first genuine emperor. his territory extended from Punjab to Malwa and Rajasthan.] He was the founder of The Maurya Empire. Chandra Ram lost his kingdom (known as Halakhandi) to the Muslim invaders sent by Muhammad bin Qasim. Chandragupta Maurya [Born-340 B. there is evidence of the Jat Ruler Maharaja Shalinder ruling from "Shalpur" (the present-day Sialkot)..406. Chandergupta succeeded in bringing together most of the Indian sub-continent. In addition to frequent interaction with Jats (who for them represented Indians). Kanungo writes that when Muhammad bin Qasim invaded Sindh. a Jat of Hala Clan. There is no information of any important Jat State in a period of two centuries following Kushan Rule.Total 8.C. Punjab (India).] He is often cited as one of India's.C. the first Arab invasions of Persia and Sindh were met by the Jat People. However. This is indicated by the Pali inscription obtained by James Tod from village Kanswain Kota State in year 1820 AD. Jat People of the Panwhar Clan ruled Umerkot in Sindh prior to Mughal ruler Humayun.

-the latest research put as 123 A. • • • • . ruling an empire extending from Bactria to large parts of northern India in the 2nd century of the common era. Ashoka is remembered in history as a philanthropic administrator. truth. love. known in India as the Hunas.D. His main capital was at Peshawar (Purushpura) in northwestern Pakistan. tolerance and vegetarianism. ) He was a king of the Kushan Empire in Central Asia. with regional capitals at the location of the modern city of Taxila in Pakistan.) After the downfall of the Gupta Empire in the middle of the sixth century AD. Therefore.Kalinga. and spiritual achievements. ) He (very often referred to as Vikramaditya or Chandragupta Vikramaditya) was one of the most powerful emperors of the Gupta Empire. In this his father and grandfather set the precedent.D.D. His name is taken to be a title acquired by his conquests (Samudra referring to the 'oceans'). Chandragupta II: ( 375-413/15 A. Ashoka in human history is often referred to as the emperor of all ages.D.D. The Gupta empire had been weakened by the attacks of the Indo-Hephthalites. The Huns established their supremacy over the Punjab and certain other parts of Central India.) He was the king of Malwa. Samudragupta is believed to have been his father's chosen successor even though he had several older brothers. who belonged to the Pushabhukti family. during the early part of the 6th century. The northern and western regions of India passed into the hands of a dozen or more feudatories. one of them. extended his control over all other feudatories. • Samudragupta: ( 335-380 A. During his rule the Gupta Empire achieved its zenith. there was a struggle for succession in which Samudragupta prevailed. Yasodharman( early part of the 6th Century A. which he himself had waged out of a desire for conquest. ) He was ruler of the Gupta Empire and successor to Chandragupta I. some believe that after the death of Chandragupta I.the Emperor of Emperors Ashoka.-103 A. and sometimes also called the 'Napoleon of India'.D. towards the end of the 5th century. and famous for his military. Gradually. Prabhakar Vardhana. Kanishka ( 78 A. In the history of India Ashoka is referred to as Samraat Chakravartin Ashoka. the ruler of Thanesar.-647 A. political. which checked the Huna expansion in India Harshavardhana : (606 A.-151 A. Begram in Afghanistan and Mathura in India. which caused it to break up into smaller states. The period of prominence of the Gupta Dynasty is very often referred to as the Golden Age of India. in central India. He attained success by pursuing both a favorable marital alliance and an aggressive expansionist policy. Ashoka was a devotee of ahimsa (nonviolence).D. He was later dedicated to the propagation of Buddhism across Asia and established monuments marking several significant sites in the life of Gautama Buddha.D. Yasodharman defeated a Huna army in 528 and their ruler Mihirakula. North India was again split into several independent kingdoms. is considered to be one of the greatest military geniuses in Indian history.D.

He also brought the five Indies i. After Harsha's death. the husband of his sister Rajyashri and usurped the throne of Kannauj. and Thakureles. He ruled over India for 41 years. from Delhi. but remained rulers over their own kingdoms. he united the two kingdoms of Thanesar (Kurukshetra) and Kannauj and transferred his capital from Thanesar to Kannauj. Pachars. The succeeding period is very obscure and badly documented. Harsha governed his empire on the same lines a the Guptas. Eastern Punjab (present day Haryana. Ratnavali and Priyadarsika. After his death in A. a part of the modern Orissa State. His empire included territories of distant feudal kings too. Harsha first rescued his sister just as she was going to commit Sati. He wrote a full description of his journey in his book 'SI-YU-KI'. He was killed in a battle which he won against Devagupta who had killed Grahavarman.e. Chapter 6 Jat Kingdoms in Medieval India There were several small Jat States in what is now Rajasthan. These included the Garhwals of Garhmukteshwar. After his accession. Nauhwars (who ruled the area surrounding the Noh lake area near Mathura). Harsha supported the development of philosophy and literature and wrote three well-known plays Nagananda. His reign is comparatively well-documented. RajyaVardhan. They accepted his sovereignty. he defeated Sasank of Bengal. but it marks the culmination of a process which had begun with the invasion of the Hunas in the last years of the Gupta empire. Bengal. Kuntals. Toouts. Bihar and Orissa under his control. the kingdoms of the Deccan and the south became powerful. Though quite a young man. 606. At what period the Jat People established themselves in the Indian desert is not known. Bana composed an account of Harsha's rise to power in 'Harshacharita'. Harsha waged many wars. his empire died with him. Khirwars of Brij and Narsinghpur. By the 4th century they had spread up to Punjab in India.Prabhakar Vardhan was the first king of the Vardhan dynasty with his capital at Thanesar now a small town in the vicinity of Kurukshetra in the state of Haryana nearly 150 km. Meanwhile. Koīls of Kampilgarh (the area that is now Aligarh). Harsha ascended the throne at the age of 16. Halas. he proved himself a great conqueror and an able administrator. Harsha's ambition of extending his power to the Deccan and southern India were stopped by Pulakesin II. Harsha died in the year 647 AD. He also conquered Ganjam.D. Kannauj. his eldest son. Hieun Tsang was a Chinese Buddhist pilgrim who came to India during this time to collect Buddhist literature and to visit places connected with Buddhism. the Chalukya king of Vatapi in northern Mysore. At the request of his sister. thanks to his court poet Bana and Hieun Tsang. The kings he conquered paid him revenue and sent soldiers when he was fighting war. The Bikaner Region (then known as Jangladesh) in the desert region of western India was dominated by the Jat People. Kaliramnas (who ruled near Mathura). The small Jat population in the region were Jat Clans ruled by their own chiefs and largely governed by their own customary law There were several Jat rulers of small areas in North India. apparently without any heirs. Thenuas. ascended the throne. He conquered Dhruvasena of Gujarat. He was the last empire builder of ancient India. The kingdom disintegrated rapidly into small states. .

the fort was taken by Sikander Lodi in 1501 and transferred to a Muslim Governor in 1504. Singhavarma. The Bamraulia Jats moved to the region of Gwalior beyond the Chambal River. it was named as Dholdera or Dhawalpuri after him. Shiladitya.The Jat People also dominated the Malwa Region. under rulers such as Harshavardhana. one of his generals. Muneer Mohammad. In 1450. However. a Tomara Rajput Chieftain. forced the Jats of Bamrauli to leave the village in 1367. stands somewhat to the north of the site of the older town built in the 11th century by Raja Dholan (or Dhawal) Deo. the Jagir of village Bamrauli near Agra. The Jat rulers of Gohad were awarded the title of Rana. Later it developed into an important Jat State that continued till Indian Independence. Dholpur had a Raja of its own. Vishnuvardhan and Yasodharman. In 1527. the fort fell to Babur and came under the sway of the Mughals along with the surrounding country. Tomer of Gwaliar won Dhaulpur but Jats remain there Emperor. the Bamraulia Jats founded the city of Gohad near Gwalior in 1505. was transferred to the Chauhan and Kachwaha Rajputs of Bairath (near Alwar). Dholpur The present town of Dholpur. after strenuous resistance. A fortified Sarai built during the reign of Akbar still stands in the town.Modern research says in 10 th century Jats took over the control of Dhaulpur. Gohad According to the Rajputana Gazetteer. during the rule of the Tomar Rajputs in Delhi in the 11th century. After that. According to Cunningham and William Cook. Before Jats the Yadavs were rulers in buddha time. . within which is the fine tomb of Sadik Mohammed Khan. It was assigned by Emperor Akbar to the province of Agra. During Firuz Shah Tughluq's regime. which dates from the 16th century. his satrap in Agra.

or the terror-inspiring fame of great conquerors. In 1669 this race of warrior-agriculturists. They have always stood in ancient as well as medieval times like rock in the face of invaders seeking to ravage the motherland. the Jats. When encountered they showed steady courage unmindful of the carnage on the field or of the miseries that were in store for them after defeat. They have shown in all times – whether against Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni. Whenever the occasion arose they beat their ploughshares into swords and taking advantage of feeble & worn-out political structure. injustice. economic and social exploitations and was never overawed by claims of racial or tribal superiority. The Jat Power under the leadership of Churaman took a big leap forward during the rule of the imbecile successors of Aurangzeb. or against Nadir Shah and Ahmad Shah Abdali – the same propensity to fall upon the rear of a retreating army undeterred by the heaviest odds. rose against the narrow and over-centralised despotic regime of Aurangzeb.Chapter 7 The Rise of Jat People Power & Jat People Kingdoms in Early Modern Era : Expansion of the Jat Power (1680-1707) The rise of Jat Power has always taken place against tyranny. they laid the foundations of political power under several tribal chiefs. .

Nabha and Jind trace their ancestry to Jat Sardar Phul of Siddhu ancestry. The Tevatia Jat Sardar Gopal Singh left Janauli in 1705 (in Palwal) and got settled at Sihi. touching the Shivaliks in north. Apparently the appellation of dynasty "Phulkian" is derived from their common founder. Ala Singh carved out an independent principality from a petty Zamindari of 30 villages. The Jat Power under the leadership of Churaman took a big leap forward during the rule of the imbecile successor of Aurangzeb. He was brother. Badan Singh (1722–1756). mile and annual income Rs 1. Under his of Maharaja Suraj Mal and mama of Jawahar Singh. The rulers of the erstwhile states of Patiala. Jat resistance resumed. who assumed the leadership in 1714 when Banda Bahadur was engaged in the fierce battle against the Mughals. who had come from village Janauli.63. organized under the leadership of Churaman (1695–1721). Rajasthan in the south and upper courses of the Yamuna and Sutlej rivers while confronting the most trying and challenging circumstances. Churaman's nephew. Aurangzeb left behind a host of serious problems for his weak successors to deal with people highly agitated like Jat People. built the mud fort of Kuchesar in Uttar Pradesh.000/-. Patiala Patiala was a state of Siddhu Jats ancestry in Punjab. Raja Nahar Singh (1823–1858) was a notable King of this Princely State. rose to a powerful king in this dynasty. from which he extended his rule over Agra and Mathura.00. The forefathers of Jat Raja Nahar Singh had built a fort here around 1739 AD. Princely State of Ballabgarh is after his name. Charan Das's son. it expanded into a large state. Kuchesar In the mid-eighteenth century the Dalal Jats of Mandoti.Mud Fort of Kuchesar famous for tourism now a days. Its area was 5932 sq. Ram Singh had a son Ala Singh. which is more than 2000 years old. a village of Tewatia Jats in Ballabgarh at a distance of about 5 km from Ballabhgarh.Bharatpur In the disorder following Aurangzeb's death in 1707. . The name of the Jat Raja Nahar Singh will always be highly regarded among those who martyred themselves in the 1857 war of independence. Ballabhgarh The founders of the Princely State of Ballabhgarh were Tewatia Jats. Balram Singh. One of the sons of Phul. established a kingdom centered at Deeg. The small kingdom of Ballabhgarh is only 20 miles from Delhi.

Ranjit Singh's father Maha Singh was the commander of the Sukerchakia Misl and controlled a territory in west Punjab based around his headquarters at Gujranwala. 1. Phul’s descendants founded 3 States: Patiala. Patiala.Chunu 5. Chaudhary Phul Singh had six sons namely [as we have seen above]. According to another version stating descent from Jaisal.Area of the state was 1259 sq mile and annual income of Jind State was Rs 30. Jind and Nabha as stated earlier.Rudh 4. By the nineteenth century.Nabha Nabha was a state of Siddhu Jats founded by grandson of Chaudhary Phul Singh. Nabha and Jind. Jats ruled the states of Bharatpur. Dholpur. was Chaudhri of a country located at the south east of Delhi.Takhtmal.Ram Singh 3. Chaudhary Phul Singh had six sons namely. Jind Jind State in Haryana was founded by descendants of Phul Jat of Siddhu ancestry. Nabha was founded by the great-grandson of Phul in 1755.50. Sukh Chain.000/-. Ballabhgarh. Maharaja Ranjit Singh (Punjab) Maharaja Ranjit Singh (Punjab) (1780–1839) was from Sandhawalia Jat clan of Punjab and became the Sikh Emperor of the sovereign country of Punjab . who was popularly known as Aryan Peshwa. Sukh Chain's descendants ruled Jind State and Gurditta's descendants ruled Nabha State. Gurditta 2. The Jats established a reputation of being determined and sturdy. Their ancestor was Rao Khewa.000/-.Tiloka 2. The founder of this Sikh Dynasty. Tiloka had two sons namely. Phul.00. was Chaudhri of a country located at the south east of Delhi. Phul’s descendants founded 3 States: Patiala. Kuchesar.Chunu 5. Mahendra Pratap married a lady from a Jat Sikh family based in the princely state of Jind in Haryana. founder of the State of Jaisalmer in 1156. 1. Annual income of Nabha state was Rs 1. Jind and Nabha. The third son of Raja Ghansyam Singh. he was adopted by Raja Harnarayan Singh of Hathras.000/-.Takhtmal. Jhandu and 6. Phul.00. 1.Ram Singh 3. Chaudhary Phul Singh. Jhandu and 6. The most well-known ruler of this estate was the Jat nobleman. Raja Mahendra Pratap (1886–1979). Area of the state was 643 sq mile and annual income was Rs 18. Mursan Mursan State of Thenua Jats was located in the Hathras (Mahamaya Nagar) district in Uttar Pradesh. . Faridkot Faridkot state was founded by Jat Sikh of Brar gotra during Akbar's rule. Gohad.Tiloka 2.Rudh 4.

. After a seize of one month Maharaja Suraj Mal captured Agra Fort on 12 June 1761 and it remained in the possession of Bharatpur rulers till 1774. he rapidly annexed the rest of the Punjab and became undisputed ruler of northern India and the land of the five rivers. Jat Muslim in Gujarat and Mirdha Jat People (except Jat Muslims) in Madhya Pradesh. Jat of Garhwal called as Nanda Jats Dungarpur of Rajasthan .in 1739. Land reforms. Some specific clans of Jat People are classified as OBC in some states. During this period they constructed historical monuments in the Gwalior Fort Agra. Alwar . Maharaja Ratan Singh and Maharaja Kehri Singh (minor) under residentship of Maharaja Nawal Singh ruled over Agra Fort. UP .many years Jats ruled Agra. his rivals accepted him as their leader. Maharaja Jawahar Singh. Lahore served as his capital from 1799. he invaded Afghanistan. In 1802 he took the city of Amritsar. and Maharaja Chhatra Singh Rana from 1780 to 1783.In the age of Maharaja Surajmal. After Maharaja Suraj Mal.Ranjit Singh succeeded his father at the young age of 12. After several campaigns.famous in world for exporting horses] Nanda Devi in Garhwal Nandraj Jat built temple of Nanda Devi. to which Jat People have been major contributors. and he united the Sikh factions into one state. He conquered vast tracts of territory on all sides of his kingdom. Maharaja Bhim Singh Rana from 1740 to 1756. Ranjit Singh took the title of Maharaja on April 12 1801 (to coincide with Baisakhi Day).Jat rulers Maharaja Bhim Singh Rana (1707-1756) and Maharaja Chhatar Singh Rana (1757-1782) occupied the Gwalior fort twice. Chapter 8 The Jat People Today Jat People in India Jat People are considered a forward class in all the States of India with those of Punjab or Haryana origin. Jats of Mahavan attacked on Firojabad and killed the faujdar of Firojabad then rooled over it more than 30 years. Other States • • • • • • • • Saidpur (Bulandshahar)[British sources of 1857 Revolt] Peshawa (now in Aligarh)[Now a Days Royal family live in this fort. particularly the abolition of Jagirdari and Zamindari Systems. There is a haveli in the name Maharaja Nawal Singh in Agra Fort and also a Chhatri of Maharaja Jawahar Singh built in right side of Khasmahal near the Chhatri of Rosanara-Jahanara. Ranjit Singh successfully invaded Kashmir. e. have immensely contributed to the economic betterment of the Jat was Jat State in ancient times Firojbad. To secure his empire. Gwalior . and severely defeated the Pathan militias and tribes.g. In the year 1802. From the capture of Lahore in 1799. Jawahar Singh (son of Maharaja) won the fort of Alwar for a brief period. Panchayati Raj and Green Revolution.

. Recent immigration has taken place to Australia and Canada. House Costructions etc.Adult Franchise has created enormous social and political awakening among Jat People.S. Today. particularly the Indus delta and among Seraiki speaking communities in southern Punjab. Jat communities are also found in Pakistani accupied Kashmir. and U.K. Economic differentiation. Grocery Stores. Resturants. due to the large immigrant diaspora. Consolidation of economic gains and participation in the electoral process are two visible outcomes of the post-independence situation. U. during the post World War 2 labour demand. migration and mobility could be clearly noticed amongst the Jat People. the Kachhi region of Baluchistan and the Dera Ismail Khan District of the North West Frontier Province. Jat People in Pakistan A large number of the Jat People live in Pakistan and occupy dominant roles in public life in Pakistan Punjab in particular and Pakistan in general. the largest population centre is located in the Punjab Region. in Sindh.K. and there are smaller distributions across the world. However since demise of Charan Singh and Devi Lal and rise of OBC and Bahujan Samaj Party. Through this participation they have been able to significantly influence the politics of north India. Large immigration took place to the U. with Canada being a major destination point in recent years. their influence seems to be on decline. Meet Shops. In addition to the Punjab. Jat People Immigrant Diaspora A large number of the Jat people emigrated from South Asia in search of opportunities abroad starting from the early 1960s. Canada and Australia. Chapter 9 Some Important Dates [ about the lives of some Jat People] Important Dates Name of person Baba Shahmal Jat Bhim Sen Chaudhary (Beniwal) Bigga Ji Jakhar Date of Birth 5 January 1925 1301 Date of death 2000 1336 . In the immigrant diaspora major populations centres include the U.The Immigrant Jat Diaspora have adopted many professions such as Sweet Shops..S.

samvat 1472 15 March 1943 1664 1 June 1924 2 August 1953 13 May 2000 28 March 2006 October 1954 29 May 1987 6 April 2001 12 October 1968 26 October 1995 21 January 1978 18 January 2000 7 April 1943 .Bahadur Singh Bhobia Baldev Ram Mirdha(Rahd) Bhim Singh Dahiya Chaudhary Bansi Lal (Legha) Chaudhary Bhinya Ram Sihag Chaudhary Charan Singh (Tewatia) Chaudhary Devi Lal (Sihag) Chaudhary Gulla Ram (Benda) Chaudhari Kumbharam Arya (Sunda) Chaudhary Mool Chand Sihag Cheti Lal Verma (Nauhwar) Chhajju Ram Dhanna Bhagat (Harchatwal) Dr. Sahib Singh Verma (Lakra) Foolabai (Manju) 30 June 2007 1682 bhadrapada Ganga Das (Munder ) 1823 krishnashtami 1913 Garib Das (Dhankar) 1717 1778 Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon 18 March 1914 6 February 2006 Hari Singh Burdak 1884 1966 Hira Singh Chahar 17 January 1901 30 June 1993 Harveer Singh Gulia 1376 1398 Jetha Ram Dudi 13 July 1939 19 August 1994 Justice Mahavir Singh (Panwar) 14 September 1920 11 August 1997 Karmabai (Dudi) 20 January 1615 25 July 1634 Karni Ram (Meel) 2 February 1914 13 May 1952 Lothoo Nitharwal 1804 1855 Maharaja Ranjit Singh (Punjab) (Sandhawalia) 1780 1839 Maharaja Suraj Mal (Sinsinwar) 13 February 1707 25 December 1763 Maj Hoshiar Singh (Dahiya) 05 May 1936 Raja Mahendra Pratap (Thenua) 1 December 1886 29 April 1979 Pandit Jagdev Singh Sidhanthi (Ahlawat) October 1900 27 August 1979 Raja Nahar Singh (Tewatia) 21 April 1823 9 January 1858 Ram Dev Singh Gill 1922 13 May 1952 Ranabai (Dhoon) vaishakh shukla 3 sv falgun shukla 13 sv 1882 17 January 1889 29 September 1940 26 August 1927 14 September 1891 23 December 1902 25 September 1914 30 september 1883 10 May 1914 paush krishna 6 sv 1944 (1887 AD) 2 June 1921 1861 baisakh badi 3.

Nathuram Mirdha (Rahd) Pratap Singh Kairon Ramdan Dookiya Sir Chhotu Ram (Ohlan) Sardar Bhagat Singh (Sandhu) Sardar Harlal Singh (Dular) Swami Gopal Das (Kaswan) Swami Indravesh (Dhaka) Swami Keshwanand (Dhaka) Swami Omanand Sarswati (Khatri) Tejaji (Dhaulya) Tara Chand (Saharan) Thakur Deshraj 1561 (1504 AD) 20 October 1921 1 October 1901 15 March 1884 24 November 1881 28 September 1907 1901 1822 13 March 1937 1883 1910 29 January 1074 6 June 1913 shravan shukla 11. As far the origin of the Jat Sikhs or in that matter other Jats. in 1896. in his Handbook on Sikhs wrote. "The back-bone of the Sikh People is the great Jat Race. divided and sub-divided into numerous clans. samvat 1952 (1895 AD) 1627 (1570 AD) 30 August 1996 6 February 1965 24 October 1963 9January 1945 23 March 1931 1936 12 June 2006 13 September 1972 23 March 2003 28 August 1103 12 March 1958 1971 Section II Chapter 10 Some Jat-Sikh Sub-Castes ( Gote ) In Alphabetical Order [ From A to J [ Inroductory: Significant Remarks By Foreign Writers of 18th Century About Jat-Sikhs A British Officer. more strongly than any other people". The Jats are thoroughly independent in character. and assert personal and individual freedom. as against communal or tribal control. Captain Falcon. Major .

W.D. As per the A. two of the well known followers of Guru Nanak (born in 1469). Their association with Sikhism is deeply rooted. 1888 census returns figure for the total number of baptised Sikhs in India was 1. such as they are". are reckoned the best and most laborious tillers.Barstow remarked in 1928. "they are manly without false pride. a province of Pakistan or river Indus) to the southward far beyond Agra (a city in northern India). Polier (died in A. fifty of them are enough to keep at bay a whole battalion of the king's forces. wear their hair and beards in the same manner. independent without insolence. J. They thus colonized the Punjab. 1795) wrote. whose territories border on the King's were but very lately of the Jauts (Jats) and of their race and tribe ---. Regarding the characteristics of the Jat Sikhs Captain Bingley quoted Thomason in 1899. Approximately one third of Jats in South Asia. In another document Polier said. (his document dated February 17. "Originally and in general the Siques (Sikhs) are zemindars (landowners) or cultivators of land. "Considerable similarity in their (Sikhs) general customs may be traced with those of the Jauts (Jats). according to Bingley. formerly possessed many of the countries in the North India---". in some districts.L.706. (Documented during A. apparently vary. undemonstrative. in this part of India. "But what is more to be admitted is that those Seik (Sikh) Sirdars (Chiefs). light-hearted. etc.H. were Jats: Bala (a Sandhu Jat ) and Bhai Buddha (a Randhawa Jat). and their (Sikhs) permitting an interchange of marriages with the Jauts . some people say their number is as high as 85%. and of that tribe called Jatts (Jats) which. reserved in manner..909 and the Jats accounted for 66%.) said. 1798-1803) wrote. though these. who under Swrudge Mul (Suraj Mal---a powerful king of the Jats). They make up the majority of Sikhs.D. Northern Rajputana (modern Indian state of Rajasthan). This tribe of Jatts (Jats) is very numerous and dispersed in all the country from the Sind (presently. No one could be associated with them for any time without conceiving both respect and liking for them". 1794 A. but good-natured. and industrious.they have put on their iron bracelet. the difference is not material.D. "The Jaats (Jats) are said to observe some institutions similar to the Seiks (Sikhs). Francklin. The world reknown Professor Ellsworth Huntington of Yale University remarked that most of the original Sikhs belonging to the Jat background is supported by several European eyewitness account writers of the eighteenth century: Colonel A. follow Sikhism. the founder of Sikhism. Even though there are no up to date accurate available statistics. and are part of the same people. and a considerable proportion of the inhabitants of these countries are undoubtly of Scythian origin". Griffiths. "It is from these Scythian immigrants that most of the Jat tribes are at any rate partly descended. For example. and the western half of the Gangetic Doab (western part of the modern Indian state of Uttar Pardesh in northern India). though at the same time they are also noted for being of an unquiet and turbulent disposition.D.

Pur (Mandi). the tenth and the last Guru of the Sikhs. and mostly of the Jaut (Jat) tribe ----". and they began to group themselves by tribes and confederacies known as Misals…".D. 1699) by Guru Gobind Singh. and to shave their beards.(Jats) of the Doab and Harrianah (probably same as the modern Haryana state) amounts almost to a conclusive proof of their affinity of origin.D. Sular. General Sir MacMunn wrote. The Seiks (Sikhs) allow foreigners of every description to join their standard. is a gotra of Jats found in India. but excepting in the instances of the Jauts (Jats). muscular Jats…. and of a manly erect deportment. 1798-1803) wrote. Ratangarh in Kurukshetra District.Major villages being Balana. Punjab. known in classical writings as the Amateans or Antixenes . "The Seiks (Sikhs). Regarding the founding of Khalsa (baptised Sikhs or saint soldiers in A. Chaur Mastpur. 1788) said. The Jat tribes about the Sutlej and the Ravi rivers hastened to join the faith…. Francklin. No longer would they turn the cheek to their persecutor. The Jat historian Thakur Deshraj identifies them with the Amatae People of Sindh described by Megasthenes. This is an interesting observation on and appears to have some historical connection because General Sir Sykes says in his book that a large number of Jats from the Indus Valley were taken to the marches of the Tigris (river in modern Iraq) in eighth century A. (documented during A. flocked to the new brotherhood (Khalsa). and in tracing their features a striking resemblance is observable to the Arabs who inhabit the banks of the Euphrates (river in modern Iraq)". Hadana .D. Naneola. Majauli in Patiala District and Soonkh in Ropar District. "The Jats of the Punjab. . to sit in their company. Alipur. and he (Guru Gobind Singh) soon had a force which enabled him to try conclusions… …with the forces at Delhi (Emperor of India's). If indeed some regulations which are in their (Sikhs) nature purely military ----be excepted. in their person. sturdy and quarrelsome. Lt.D. Antal Jats are mainly found in the Ambala District of Haryana. Makhmailpur. it will be found. they will not consent to intermarriages----. were originally the common inhabitants of the provinces of Lahore and Multan (now both in Pakistan). Antal is a gotra in Kashyap Rajpoot also. Notable People of Antal Clan . W. Browne. Now we proceed on to Sub-Castes ( Gots ) Antal Antal. J. their aspect is ferocious. are tall. A strong religious sense did animate these warlike. that the Seiks (Sikhs) are neither more or less than Jauts (Jats) in their primitive state". (Major and who wrote the first book in English on Sikhs "History of the Origin and Progress of the Sikhs" in A. Lautan (Khurchanpur). their eyes piercing and animated. Khalaspur. "The people known by the name of Sicks (Sikhs).

Brigadier Jarnail Singh Antal. members can be found around the world. There are many villages of this gotra in Ambala district.817. some settling as far west as Sialkot. They are also found in Gujarat where they call them as Ant. Ex prof. including in the the United Kingdom. which changed over time to Atwal. SIS (India) Ltd. Hindu jats of this gotra write Ola in Rajasthan. from Vill. Punjab. After settling in West Punjab. Aulukya . Muzaffargarh and Bahawalpur in West Punjab. Originating villages are Shankar and Hakim Pur.A.055.Atval of Jats from Punjab. Jalandhar and Patiala districts of the Punjab. Jhang.200. Due to emigration during the 20th century. They are descendants of Uluka. There is unanimity among historians that Atwals used to husband camels. Vishist Seva Medal. Gurbux Singh Antal. Haryana. India. many Atwal Jats converted to Islam although most Atwals in India are Sikh. India. India Atwal Atwal or Atval or Attwal or Athwal or Ant is a clan name or Gotra of Jats from Punjab. Ludhiana. In Gurdaspur district the Aulak population is 2. and Canada. They inhabited the Ambala. what is now Pakistan. Aulakh Aulakh . Mahabharata mentions a country called Uluka. and Executive Director Corporate Affairs. Aulak population is 7. Sena Medal. Olakh Ola . Montgomery. H. In Ludhiana the Aulak population is 2. Indian Uraga was their country. Rajputs and Dalits have a common background and Atwal is a well-known and ancient sub-caste of Jats. is derived from Uluka. India Bara Singh Antal.841. Notable person from this gotra . As per grammar rules the Jat clan name name Aulakh. Rose considers Atwals to be descendants of the Panwar and that they came to East Punjab from Multan. The Mahabharata Tribe . the name of the country and King. Naneola. Chaur Mastpur.S. so they were originally known as the Oonth Wala. Members of the clan were originally based in villages in northwest India. Aula is a gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan. Ambala. In Amritsar the population of Aulak Jats is 17. It is mostly to be found in the area around the town of Ajnala and around the village of Shabazpur in Tarn-Tarn sub-district where the clan owns a cluster of 9 villages. They are Punjabi Sikh Jats. freedom fighter from vill. of Zoology Khalsa College Amritsar.Prof. Multan. the U. Olak .620 in Patiala district.Atavisavara may be identified with Jat Gotra . Atwals are also found in large numbers in Amritsar and Gurdaspur. in the Doaba region of Punjab. Lautan. Ambala. Jats. Khatris. Perhaps the Iranian Uruk. Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh.A. Majority of this clan people are Sikhs in Punjab. Ambala. ( Ex Commandant Assam Regimental Centre. In Firozpur district the Aulak population is 4.

Bulgaria means the land of the caravan (wagons) of the Balls. as Bajwat may have been named after the Falconer. the tribe also claims to be Janjua Rajputs. Bazwala or Bajwala…later on butchered by Jats. who lived at the time of Emperor Firuz Shah Tughlaq.e. Both used to rear hawks (baaz) and are reputed to have left their father's fort disguised as falconers. also interestingly during the reign of Firuz Shah Tughlaq. who owned a large estate in Multan. they are by origin Janjua Rajputs. This place is located in the Shiwalik foothills and is quite near the Indian border as well as the city of Jammu. and claim descent from Bains. which is also highly likely. name of the country Bulgaria is after the Bal Jat clan. India. Bajwas are still found mainly in Sialkot. thereby providing the clan name. and settled in the region. was ousted from Multan at the time of Sikandar Lodhi by the local Governor with whom he had quarreled. According to one of the tradition. Shalip had a number of sons who were killed fighting with him. Others (like Ibbetson) say that the joint JatRajput Bajwas claim descent from Bajwat Hills in Sialkot. Bajwa Bajwa is said to be a name of a Rajput (?) guy who liked Falcons. Pakistan There are a number of theories as to the origin of the Bains. While those in western Punjab started to convert to Islam from the 14th Century onwards. Bajwat (or Wajab) used to live in Jaisalmer in Rajasthan. From there.• Arjan Singh Aulakh : The Marshal of The Indian Air Force Bains Bains or also sometimes pronounced Wainse is a gotra (clan) of Jats found in Punjab. The founder of the Bajwa clan. According to Bhim Singh Dahiya. In Multan. At one time. and generally in the Seraiki speaking areas. India and Punjab. . Bal Bal . the correct pronounciation is Wains. Bajwa Jats had eighty-four villages in the Sialkot area. In Multan. and not Bains. but two sons named Kals and Yas managed to escape.Balyan is a gotra of Jats found in Haryana. In Sialkot. One of his descendants became the ruler of Multan. he migrated to Sialkot and Gujranwala. They claim Suryavanshi descent. The place of Bajwas' origin is Bajwat in the Sialkot and Narowal districts of Pakistan. but have spread all the way to Patiala. Mahabharata Shalya Parva in Sanskrit mentions Balas. The Bajwa ruler Raja Shalip. Bajwa today can come to mean "the bravest". who came from Sakesar. Bajwa is a prominent Jatt clan of the Punjab. The majority of the Bains in East Punjab converted to Sikhism in the 18th Century.Bala . another tradition makes Wais one of the 22 sons of Sanpal. They are descendants of Raja Bali. It is suspected that they have some degree of Greek blood as Sakala was Greek Center in ancient times. i.

Canada and United States of AmericaIt is considered to be one of the oldest Jat tribes. People belonging to the Bal gotra claim to be descendants of Suryavanshi Raja Bali. Village in Sirsa District isGigorani Bandars have a population of 3. and Gopatha Brahmana Shows them with the Ushinaras (Sibiyas).180 in Patiala district and 2.This gotra traces its origin from Ghazni (now in Afghanistan). According to "Deva Samhita". But according to Bhagvat Dutt they belong to the Anu Dynasty. Rajasthan and in Punjabi migrant communities in United Kingdom. Punjab. The Sikh Jats belonging to this gotra are found in several big villages like Sathila. Bassi/Basi is a Jat Gotra found in Punjab. These people are mentioned by Aitreya Brahmana as Vasha. Bassis are now a Jat as well as Khatri clan. This gotra started from place called Bandra . some Jats are the descendants of the daughter of Raja Daksha. Batala Bandar Bandar or Vanar is gotra of Jats. This gotra started from their ancestral people who came grom Basra [Iraq ] Other sources however say its name originates from the Persian word Bas-rāh or Bassorāh meaning "where many ways come together" Other sources however say its name originates from the Persian word Bas-rāh or Bassorāh meaning "where many ways come together" Bassi is Gotra of Jats. They are the same as Basae of Herodotus and Vaisi of Assyria. .700 Bath is a Jat clan found mainly in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India including Haryana.316 in Amritsar district in Punjab. Aitereya Brahmana places them in Madhyadesa. According to the Mahabharata (Chapter -Adi Parva) King Bali is called the grandson on the maternal side of Raja Daksha. Many historians regard Bali as the descendant of Yayati. Basra Basra is gotra of Jats. Kausitaki Upanisad places them with Matsyas. one of the Medians tribes. Bhagwat Dutt has proved that the Baluchies (of Baluchistan) are the descendant of Anu. According to B S Dhillon the population of Basi clan in Jalandhar district is 5. Several people belonging to this gotra are are found in Haryana.

Dighawali. it is claimed that without his book "Prachin Panth Parkash" the history of Sikhs would have gone untold. Sindh. Beniwal Beniwal . Pakistan. UK and they are spreading our Punjabi culture and virsa throughout the world. Maharashtra. A huge number of Batths are living in the Australia. The tribe also finds mention during the Arab attack on Sindh in the 7th century A. Veniwal . The Batth people in Pakistan belong to Islam. Kacha Pakka.440) Bhainiwals in Patiala district. The members of the Bhangoo tribe were the follower of the Buddhist faith as most of the Jat tribes were around the 7th century AD. The Bhangoo tribe held the area around Shorkot. Bahinwar. The Greek historians mention a ruler Phegelas or Phegus of a native tribe when Alexander approached the river Hyphasis (Beas) in 326 B. Vainiwal . Veniwal . a Jat of the Bhangoo tribe. Some batth people also write their name as 62 on their bikes or cars.C.The Indian Batth people belong to the Sikh religion. Mughalwala. the Bhangoos have been described as one of the original Jat tribe and the earliest inhabitants of the Jhang district. The Bhangoos were later displaced by the migration of Sials into Jhang. In 1740 Bhai Mehtab Singh Bhangoo slained Massa Ranghar and help liberate the Golden Temple from the Mughal clutches. The Bhangoo tribe was mentioned by the Greek historians. Shabeg Singh orchestrated the . is a clan or gotra of Jats in Rajasthan. Bhangu Bhangu or Bhangoo or Bhango is a Jat gotra or clan mainly found in Punjab state of North India. The ruler of the lands at the time of Mohammad Bin Kasim’s invasion of Sindh was the chief of the Bhangoo tribe called Kaka The Bhangoos were the lords of territory known as "Budhiya" around present day Sehwan. The Sials were subjects of the Bhangoo chiefs until the beginning of the 16th century AD. Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh in India. Haryana. There are (4. These villages are located in Distric tTaan Taaran near Patti. Manihala Jai Singh Wala. In the census reports of Punjab from 1883 and 1892. They were rulers in Jangladesh. Bikaner. In 1841 his grandson Bhai Rattan Singh Bhangoo finished the writing of the first documented history of Sikhs. Pitampura (Rohini) Please Note:. Harike. Kaka was the son of Kotal.There are few SC families(not Jats) in Delhi who write Beniwal as gotr/surname because they lived in Beniwal gotr villages. Sindh and Punjab Province of Pakistan. Batth. at the time of Alexander's invasion in 4th century B. [1] They are Nagavanshi kshatriya. Punjab. The expert in guerrilla warfare Gen. Ahmedpur. Kulla.C. He later achieved martyrdom in Lahore. Bhainiwal . Kular. Several members of the Bhangoo clan have rendered their lives to the service of the Khalsa. Undoubtedly. The Sikh people who are Batth use Batth word with their full name at the end eg: Sh Harbans Singh BatthThe famous villages of Batth community in Punjab are: Booh. The Batth people are found in large number in the Gurdaspur District. Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mentioned it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia. Benhival . and grandson of Bhandargu Bhangoo. Venhval .D. In Punjab (India) there are many villages with name Batth. The name is translated to Sanskrit as Bhagala or Bhagoo.

Grandson of Bhai Mehtab Singh Bhangoo. Without Rattan Singh Bhangoo's contributions Sikh history would have passed untold. Prominent Bhangoos  Bhai Mehtab Singh Bhangoo. He laid downed his life on June 6th that year defending the premises of Golden Temple. As per Jat historian Ram Sarup Joon the Bhangoos are said to be related to “Heir” tribe which migrated from the Central Asian region of Turkistan. Patiala. The descendants of Mehtab Singh Bhangoo were the part of Karor Singhia Misl not the Bhangi Misl. He took upon himself to execute the notorious Major General Shabeg Singh Bhangoo. Ropar. The existence of the Bhangoo tribe has been reported by ancient historians well before the Khalsa came to power in Punjab. =Sub Divisions The Bhangoos in some areas in Punjab are also known Bhangoo(Bhangu)-Hira. Shaheed. Peshawar and Derajat Divisions of the Panjab” he is described to be residing in Moron village. People coming from the side of Bhatinda were . Barnala).  He trained the Mukti Bahini in the Bangladesh Liberation War and Sikh separatists in Operation Blue Star. They are found in Gujarat and known as Bhatiya. Gujranwala and Sheikhupura and Jhang districts. He was an expert in guerrilla warfare. Bhangoo can be known as Rajpanggoo. The Bhangoo (Bhangu) Jats are not related to the powerful Bhangi Misl of Sikhs. The Bhangoo clan is found in Amritsar. Mansa and Hoshiapur districts of Indian Punjab. Sportsman. Gurdial Singh Bhangu. In 1890 Sardar Harnam Singh. In the Sindh province of Pakistan the Bhangoo are found in Khairpur district. Jats and Muslims in India. Shaheed.   S. Gurdaspur. A foremost and greatest of the Sikh historians. author of Prachin Panth Prakash. The Bhangoos hold large villages in the district of Amritsar [12]. Ludhiana. Massa Ranghar/Masse Khan Ranghar. a Bhangu Jat Sikh is listed in the “Chiefs and Families of Note in the Delhi. Bhangoo-Hir or Hira.fortification in the defense of Sri Akal Takht. Montgomery. Jalandhar.  Bhati Bhati or Bhatti is a clan name found in Rajputs. The Bhangoos in general they do not claim Rajput ancestry. Jalandhar. Sardar Harman Singh was considered the chief of the Bhangu clan during his time. Fatehgarh Sahib. In the Punjab Province of Pakistan they are in Sialkot. who had taken over the Harmandir Sahib 1n 1740. Narowal. Coach of Indian national women's hockey team Bhai Rattan Singh Bhangoo. Sangrur (Sunam. "Raj" is the minor family name.

Historically. Ghazni. presently Hanumangarh. Bhullars have ancestral place of worship called ‘Mari’ in Jind Riast currently district in Haryana. Bhatis had come to Jangladesh prior to 4th century when the Buddhism was at peak. 1997 & later Dy. Jalandhar. Ibbetson (2002) noted that Bhullars are believed to be the original settlers of the Punjab. Sangrur. Muktsar. According to Tod (1829). Later when the influence of Buddhism came down and Hindu religion was spreading. while a large number of Jat tribes moved from Rajasthan to Punjab and other areas of India. but were found in the area around Lahore (in Pakistan) and Amritsar. along with the Maan. Faridkot.L. Bhullars are evenly distributed in the state of Punjab with large concentration in Amritsar. under the influence of Islam. Moga. Sangrur and Bathinda Districts. There are different views on how the Bhullars entered the Punjab. Jalandhar. Moga districts. These people were known as Bhatis. Bhullar population in the current Majha region of Punjab India remained constant. • Rajinder Kaur Bhattal was the the Chief Minister of Punjab from January 21. Bhatis got divided into two categories namely 1. Jat Bhatis ruled Bhatner. Jangladesh was infertile and there was scarcity of water everywhere in this region. Jat Bhati. Ferozpur.A. Herat and Punjab they came to desert area of Jangladesh. Rajput Bhati and 2. 1996 to February 12. and in the Sangrur and Rampura in Bathinda District of Punjab India In Punjab (India) Bhullar village name is common and found in various districts such as Muktsar. Most of the Jat tribes entered the Punjab in the 5th century. Gurdaspur. Bhullar Bhullar(also spelled Bhuller or Bhular. There was a great poet of the name Bhatti in the court of Darasena IV. Tarn Taran. Muslim Bhati. Rajput Bhatis ruled Jaisalmer Bhatthal Bhattal is gotra of Jats. The word Bhati is derived from Hindi word 'Bhatkana'. Bhullar were settled mainly in the current Majha region of Punjab in large numbers. Bhattal population is mostly in in Patiala. When the people were driven away from the fertile lands of Brij. Bhatner was historically important because it was situated on route of invaders from Central Asia to India. Bhatis were initially Yadavas.called Bahttis. CM & then M. and Hayer (Heir) gotras without entering Punjab through the Rajasthan route as done by the other Jat gotras. They are related to Bhatis. and Bhatinda. The people had to wander from here to there in search of water and food. Ludhiana. Bhullars have a huge .Sir Lepel Griffin (1865) was of the opinion that the Bhullars came into the Punjab region from the present Central Asia. for centuries a few Jat tribes lived in co-existence in the current Punjab. Bathinda. This gotra started from their ancestral people who came from Bhatinda. and Patiala. Third category came into a Jat gotra or clan found in the Punjab Region of (North) India and (East) Pakistan. According to Nijjar (2008). the Jat clans moved from Central Asia to India during the period between the 5th and the 9th century.

BHAI TARA SINGH the eighteenth century Sikh martyr.146. There was a Hindu Jat king in Madhya Pardesh in 12th Century Raja Jagdeyo who came to Punjab after conquering the kingdoms on the way from M. Daska. They are primarily from the villages Khudani Kalan.P. In the attack. In Pakistan Bhullars are found in the Punjab. The village Ghudani was almost 100% wiped out in 16th century due to land rivalry. Bhular Rohi Wala. There . popularly known as Dall-Van because of its proximity to another village called Dall.600. a revenue official of Patti. Its members live in the Pakistani and the Indian Punjab. Buttar Bhuttar is Jat Gotra in Punjab. Gurdas Singh. Bhullar Mairay Wala. So he did. and we Kudani Boparais are all his descendents. to Punjab and settled his kingdom at Jarg. Chatha Chatha (also spelt as Chattha) is a Punjabi Jatt tribe that inhabit parts of Punjab in India and Pakistan. and Gill.380 in Patiala district.concentration in the Majha region mostly around the city of Amritsar in Punjab (India). they were one of the first groups of people to adopt Sikhism. along with Deol. In Gurdaspur District the Bhuttar population is 1. had received the rites of the Khalsa in the time of Guru Gobind Singh. Buttars in India follow Sikhism. in which Bhai Mani Singh led the Sikhs and in which Har Sahai. was a Buttar Jatt of the village Van. places such as Lahore and Narowal district.. Boparai Boparai are the Jat people living mostly in northern India. who migrated in the 12th century from central India (Madhya Pradesh) and settled in the catchment area of the 5 rivers. Boparai largest village Boparai Kalan in Ludhiana Punjab. Sidhu. Bhuttar population is 1. in present day Amritsar district of the Punjab. In Firozpur District the Bhuttar population is 3. Historically the Chathas were big landlords and considered to be influential persons in society. and in some other parts in the Ludhiana district of Punjab. Among Raja Jagdeyo's sons there was a son named 'Bopa Rai' ('Bopa' and 'Rai' will be read separately) and Bopa Rai is the clan's ancestor. and had taken part in the battle of Amritsar (6 April 1709). Boparais are one of the five brothers. only one young Boparai survived and he went into exile for some years only to return to claim what was his property. Buttar is a Jat clan. India is the largest village for the clan. Khudani Khurd. His father. Sahnewal. was killed at his (Gurdas Singh's) hands. Chathas are believed to be descendants of Indo-Scythian tribes. In Sialkot Bhullars have large concentration in Pasrur. Bhullar Sharif and Bhullar.

The Chahil affect Joga Singh. Dahru came from Sambhal in Moradabad . In Amritsar they say that Chahal was a son of Raja Khang. where the bards of the Karnal Chauhans still live .In the 10th from Chattha . a grandson of Prithi Rai Chauhan .the Chauhan King of Delhi .They were converted to Islam about 1600 AD .are many villages in Punjab bearing the Chattha name for example: In Pakistan. originally Joga. Chima and Sahi and that the four Jatt tribes bear these names are sprung from them. This village also called Bhopal. a grandson of Prithi Rai Chauhan . there are six prominent Chattha villages in Sahiwal. to the banks of the Chenab and married among the Jat tribes of Gujranwala . and the History of their leading family is told by Sir Lepel Griffin at page 402 ff of his Punjab Chiefs . they rose to considerable political importance under the Sikhs . Dhariwal. The people were deeply touched by the sacrifice of Joga Singh and got a Samadhi constructed here. and brother of the ancestor of the Chima . as otherwise stated . Chhina.They were converted to Islam about 1600 AD . Joga Singh who is said to be the guru (preceptor) of Chahal jats. they rose to considerable political importance under the Sikhs . where the bards of the Karnal Chauhans still live . It is said that during the times of Mughal rule. Chahal The Chahal Jats are one of the largest Jat tribes in the Punjab of India and Pakistan. and the History of their leading family is told by Sir Lepel Griffin at page 402 ff of his Punjab Chiefs . The Chahal Community used to gather yearly at . Gurdaspur. to the banks of the Chenab and married among the Jat tribes of Gujranwala . In India they are found in greatest numbers in Patiala but are numerous in Ambala. his head was chopped off.the Chauhan King of Delhi . They claimto be descended from Chattha . Their original home was Malwa. who is said to have been killed after fighting with the Mughals. The Chahal migrated to Pakhi Chahilan near Patiala and there founded Rala Joga or Joga Rala in the Malwa. on her return she found her husband not happy that she had left him alone. They later had a child ‘Joga Singh’ and not soon after he was born. Legend suggests that Manpreet Agarsen Surajbansi had four sons: Chahal. They claimto be descended from Chattha . He seized their clothes and only restored them on condition that one of them became his bride. and brother of the ancestor of the Chima . that he would never raise his voice to her. Dahru came from Sambhal in Moradabad . some 500 years ago . He pleaded with her to stay but she only came back from the sky just to feed her child. as otherwise stated . The queen of the fairy agreed to be his wife on one condition also. Chatha A Jat tribe apparently confined to Gujaranwala in which district they hold 81 villages . some 500 years ago . Joga Singh fought with the forces of Mughal rulers. who once saw some fairies bathing in a tank. His mother once left him at home while she went to the local bazaar. Ludhiana. Amritsar.In the 10th from Chattha . Chatha A Jat tribe apparently confined to Gujaranwala in which district they hold 81 villages . As you can imagine he shouted at her and to his horror she floated back to the sky’s. he agreed and they got married. During the battle. but his headless body kept on fighting until it fell down dead. son of Rajpal. Jalandhar and in Pakistan they are found mainly in Gujranwala and Sialkot.

Chhokar Chhokar is a Rajput caste of Yaduvanshi Clan of Chandravansh. Pakistan and Punjab. and Jathera (Ancestor worship) as well as previously. Another story also says that once a few persons were going to some place for business purpose. There are around 80 villages in Aligarh and Bulandshahar in U. The Chima have the peculiar marriage customs described under the Sahi Jats . There are also some Chokars who belong to the Sikh Jatt clan. They are believed to be descendants of Indo-Scythian tribes Cheemas are found among Muslim and Sikh populations. Mohtil . but many retain their old customs .P.. The bulk of the tribe embraced Islam in the times of Feroze Shah and Aurangzeb . It is a branch of Jadaun Rajputs. They stayed under a grove of trees in the premises of the Samadhi. and they are said to be served by Jogis instead of Brahmins . a Chauhan Rajput from Delhi after the defeat of Rai Tanura (Prithi Raj . and have spread both eastwards and westwards along the foot of the hills . A heavenly voice which was believed to be that of Joga Singh was heard: “ why do you die of thirst? Pick out abrick from the pond and take water”. in India the predominant section of Cheemas are Sikhs. They did likewise. They say that some 25 generations back their ancestor Chima . Historically Cheemas followed local Peer-E-Tariqat (The head of a Sufi order). Buddhism.Joga Singh's Samadhi to worships and to tribute their salute for his Sacrifice for the Community. While in Pakistan Cheemas are Muslim. Jagas have a historical record about their migration from Karauli. This Yearly gathering of community at Joga Singh's Samadhi is celebrated as 'Chauth'. and night befell them.His grandson was called Rana Kang . They are most numerous in Sialkot . but now a days Bhania purohits are said to perform their ceremonies . and "DUMNA" in the district of Ropar. found water from underneath the brick they picked up and thus they quenched their thirst. where his son Chotu Mal founded a village on the Bias in the time of Ala-ud-din . Cheema Cheema (also spelt Chìma) is a Jat clan found in Punjab.Chhokar Rajputs claim descent to Jadaun Raja of Karauli. They felt pangs of thirst at night. There are some Chhokar Rajput villages in Palwal District of Haryana as well. Muslim. but there was no source of water where from they could quench their thirst. Most of them are either Sikh. but hold 42 villages in Gujaranwala . Nagara and Chima . Those are from various parts of Punjab such as "Pasla" a district of JLD. by Muhammad of Ghor first to Kangra in the Delhi district and then to Amritsar . They are said to marry within the tribe as well as with their neighbours . Punjab . Agnostic or Atheist in their modern religious or non-religious affiliations It is one of the largest Jat tribes in the Punjab . and the youngest of his eight sons Dhol ( the name appears among the Hingra )was the ancestor of the present clans Dogal . India .

Sankatra was their ancestor. Sahnewal. They participated in the . In Haryana they are found in Hissar. a Suryavanshi Rajput. the Chhina came originally from Sindh. Mesumpur. in Pakistan. the ancestor of the Wattu. Bagga Kalan & Talwandi are also Deol villages In Jalandhar district. Chinna The Chinna are a Jat clan. Baldev Singh was involved many commissions and projects for India's independence with British Raj. Sialkot is a stronghold of the tribe. Khichipur. Kom.Benra. According to the traditions of the tribe. the ancestor of the Chhina. The Chhina at times are confused with the Cheema. Pheru. India. Mahramka and Azamka. Ludhiana and in other districts in the Malwa region of Punjab. Paani. found in the Punjab Region of India and Pakistan. A search on Baldev Singh could elaborate more on his achievements to India's independence and politics. Chak. they are descended from Jagdeo.[1] The Chhina Jat claim common descent from the Wattu tribe. Khandoor. Their main villages are Budana. Deol is the alternate name of the place 'Diraval' after which the gotra Deol gets the name. In Bahawalpur. but the two clans are entirely distinct. Their villages in that district include Chhina Bidhi Chand (Birth Place of Baba Bidhi Chand). Of his five sons. Tareka. In Pakistan. Ucha Kila) and Chhina Karam Chand. Baba Farid. Some Deol families moved to west Punjab during 1910-20. who came from an area they describe as "Saki Jungle". He was using his village name as Dumna. First Defense Minister of India was Chhokar.Sangrur. Mirachpur and Kithana. Aulakh and Deo. Jhandi's sarpanch (headman) was Kirpal Singh Chhina who was well known through out Punjab. Harsha Chhina (Vichla Kila. The Deo are distinct from the Deol clan of Jats. and Rajpal. The Deo are Muslim in Pakistan. They are primarily from the villages Boparai Kalan. India. and Sikh in India. who had two sons. Their ancestor is said to be a Mahaj. Saharanpur UP (India) and Pakistan. they are found mainly in Amritsar District. and point to the town of Zafarwal. There are two villages in Jagraon. Punjab. Their main villages are Budana. the Chhina have three septs. In Punjab. another famous Jat clan.They are found throughout the central districts of Punjab. in North India. These villages are completely dominated by the Chhina. Sohal. Haryana. Mirachpur and Kithana Deo The Deo or Dev are a gotra (clan) of Jats. District Ropar. Jandi and Rasalpur. 18th in descent from Jaypal. Their common ancestor was a Uchchir. Jind Kaithal and Bhiwani. According to other traditions. found in the Punjab region of India and Pakistan. was converted to Islam by the famous Sufi. and settled in Sialkot. Dangon. In Haryana they are found in Hissar. According to another tradition. Jind Kaithal and Bhiwani. Deol Deol is a warrior clan of the Jat people found in India Punjab. Haripur (near Adampur Doaba). Deols are mostly Sikh Jats. Jaipal. as the seat of their original settlement. Narangpur. although both claim descent from a common ancestor. Deol. all of who gave their names to Jat tribes.Baldev Singh Dumna. He died in 1961. Most of the Deol jat population is found in the district of Jalandhar. and some parts of Raikot in the Ludhiana district of Punjab.

reform movement for liberation of Gurdwara from clutches of mahants and some of them became martyrs. Bhamme Khurad. Most people from the village used to add Dhaliwal to the end of their names. Some Historians believe that the Dhaliwal people originated from afghanistan. Moga. Rakkar. They came back with his hordes and met Pachahdas near Sardulgarh. Sekhon. The population of Dhaliwal in Patiala district is 54. In Gujarat they are called as Dal. from Jaisalmer (in the modern . Then they founded Nihal Singh Wala. On the other hand the Rakkar clan can be only found in the Doaba area mainly Jalandhar along with dozens of Deol villages surrounding Rakkar villages which share a bound with one another of background. Many relocated from Dhaliwal to various parts of the world and kept the Dhaliwal surname. Many of these clans can be found mostly in the Malwa areas of Ludhiana.D. At last Baba Sidh was also slain near village Bhama. After leaving Dhar.000. Bajewala villages and later Dhaula and Tapa. The community got its name from the village named Dhaliwal. Delhi is called the capital of Saka emperor (Sakadhipa Rajadhani) Dhaliwal Dhaliwal is a caste in the Jat Sikh community in the Punjab region of India and Pakistan. The remaining members of Sidh’s army founded Bhame Kalan. They are the Dahala of Indian History and literature. Dhaliwals got their last name from the first ruler of Daulpur Maharana Deo Dhalwal. Once. Earlier they were known as Dhaulpal. Baba Sidh’s army also suffered heavily and Pachahdas kept following his army.but the clan was divided into five more sub-clans such as Boparai. Sub-Clans of Deols Deols were once known for being one of the largest jat clans in the early 1800's. Dhaliwal people settled in Jodhpur and Bangar of Rajasthan Ghaggar banks were inhabited by a Muslim section called Pachahda who were often clashing with Dandwalis and Gills and some times went ahead to disturb the Chahals of Khiala village. the Pachahda attack got really intense and the Chahals went to their maternal grandfather Sidh Dhaliwal in Bangar. It appears that this clan has settled in this area around 12th or 13th century A. Dhal (Del). Ramanandi. and Dhariwal in Majha. Dallan was the name of a scholiast on Susrauta. Dhaliwals are descendants of the hindu jat rulers of Dhaulpur jat kingdom in Rajasthan. and Deo Jat. and Faridkot. Their King Dahaladhisa (king of the Dahalas) is mentioned in Bilhan’s Vikramanka Deva Charita.and family linege Dhall Dhall or Dhull or Dhal or Dhul is gotra of Jats and is related to Dhillon. The Pachahda chief Baba Dalla was slain in the ensuing battle. Dhalliwal Bet in Kapurthala and Dhariwal in Gurdaspur. Buttar. The name changed to Dhaliwal in Doaba as well as Malwa.

Dhami surname is from the Jat caste. Their modern descendants are still called by these names and they are the Kundu and Dandha Jats in India Dhanoa/Dhnoa Dhanoa/Dhnoa is gotra of Jats found in Distt Moradabad in Uttar Pradesh and Amritsar in Punjab. Rureka. who conquered Delhi thrice. the Kasika identifies two tribes as Kaundoparatha and Dandaki. Jats of Dhanoa gotra live in this village. This clan holds many villages around the towns of Pakhowal and Jagraon and claim their ancestor was a Rajput (son of king) from Jaisalmir. andt everywhere. Dhanda Dhanda . Dhaliwals are mainly to be found in the sub-districts of Bhatinda and Bhikhi and their important septs are Mani. Dhaliwal have a population 32. Ramana. Dhami Dhami is also a popular Sikh last name. . Salamatpur is a village in District Jyotiba Phuley Nagar (Amroha) in Uttar Pradesh. They also live in Patiala District. Chack Gujran. Rajasthan. Haryana. Though since 1940's many have migrated to UK.454 in Ludhiana district. found in Gujranwala and Lahore and also large amounts in Delhi area. and Dina. Udi. Bhim Singh Dahiya mentions that a couple of Jat tribes are also mentioned in Kasika. Dhanna Bhagat was a Dhaliwal Jatt. was also a Dhaliwal. Dhamian. General Baghel Singh Dhaliwal. Dhillons are very progressive Jat tribe with many famous names. Canada & US. Rajasthan province to the south of modern Punjab. Most of the people with Dhami last name can be found around Hoshiarpur district of Punjab and Himachal Pardesh in India. Dhaliwals also trace their descent from the Chandirvanshi Rajput Rawals of Jaislmer.360 in Amritsar District of the largest and most important Jat Tribes. There are 21 villages in Hoshiarpur that have the same last name. Maharashtra. It is also a Sikh Jat Gotra.Indian state of Rajasthan) and claims Rajput origin [5]. While mentioning the six members constituting the Trigarta confederacy. Dhanoa population is 3. Piplanwala. Sikhs with this last name are in villages such as Singriwala. Dagana Kalan and other villages around Hoshiarpur District. Dhandha gotra Jats found in Punjab. Dhillon Ve ry large Jat tribe.

who was a Rajput Janjua PrinceRaja Sanpal. took service in Jammu during the rule of Sultan Firuz Shah of Delhi. There was a King Karna in the Bhin-baroliya gotra too. in the area around Sialkot. There is a group of twelve villages inhabited by Ghumans in Sangrur district. Sometime during the mid-18th century some people migrated from Nagre-Gharachon area of Sangrur to establish Sarwarpur in the Samrala tehsil of Ludhiana District. However. The main and most well known villages of that group are Nagre and Gharachon. The Ghuman village in Gurdaspur is mentioned in the Sikh history. originally hailing from Raja Dalip of Delhi. the Mahabharata and he was also the eldest son of Queen Kunti. the ruler of Malot Fort in Chakwal. this mainly due to the large number of Kings. His youngest son. thus probably an Alanic influence similar to Gill. Ghuman's tribe eventually primarily settled in Sialkot and remained as Jagirdars and a powerful tribe in the area. Ghumans also settled in the Gurdaspur district and the Sangrur districts of Punjab in India. etc. who founded various sub tribes and clans. Ghumman. PS Badal. Raja Sanpal married many wives and had many sons. Partap Singh Kairon. royalty and warriors that have come from this tribe throughout history. Canadian Nationally recognized Dietician and Actress/Model Ghumman Ghuman (also spelt Ghumman) is a clan of Jats found in Indian State of Punjab and in Pakistan. Dosanjh represents Jats who are from an Indo-Scythian background. Sometimes known as the "Raja Jats" (King Jats). in the late 19th century many of Ghumans settled around Sargodha and Faisalabad after the establishment of an irrigation system.[Dhillons will be discussed in greater details later] Dosanjh Dosanjh is a surname with origins in Punjab. etc. Mann. the first Dhillon. It is considered to be one of the oldest Jat tribes with history dating back over 4000 years The Dhillons are called the descendants of Karna . was the younger son of Raja Jodh. Notable people named Dosanjh • • Ujjal Dosanjh. Canadian politician Grace Dosanjh. Raja Jodh was the son of Raja Mal.We will dicuss it in greater detail in the later section of this Booklet. There are a significant number of Ghumans in Pakistan. Most Dhillons today trace their history back to Prince Dhillon. Ghumans are descended from Raja Sanpal. with regard to the origin. the conqueror of Makhiala. India. the grandson of Karna and great grandson of Queen Kunti. the famed royal warrior mentioned in the great Hindu epic. It is believed that the Dhillons also have Central Asian origin as European Dillons are found in England and France.Bhangi Misal. .

[see next Shergill] Goraya Gorya .W. Goraya . homeland of Massagetae..There are significant number of Ghumans in India in the area around Bhawanigarh (Dist. They are said to be descend from the Raja of Garh Mithila. Ghumans are relatively good looking people and stand out for their strong character. Strabo has also mentioned it. As per Manusamhita Yuvanashwa king married to a girl Gauri of matinara Chandravanshi clan. After Gauri's name the title of Mandhata became Gaur. As the Caspian Sea was once known as the Sea of Gillan. The Shergills are said to have come from this great tribe. Ghor . One view is that the Gill Jats are from the Caspian Sea area. They are found throughout Punjab. Goruaia was a part of Menander's empire in second century BC. Ptolemy has referred to country named Goruaia and to a town named Goraya. The Retgarhia family is a premier family in Patiala. As per W. Moreover. This country was situated in Pamir mountains. Gauru . The plural of Gill in Punjabi is Gillan. Tarn. Grewal . After their arrival in India. Samrata Mandhata was born from them. Possibly the Gaur/Gauru/Grauri Jats are same as Goraya because Ptolemy says that it was irrigated by Gauraya river (Gaur/Ghor) of the Puranas. Gaur . The Ghumans in Pakistan are Muslims. Goru . between Ludhiana and Jalandhar and named it after old principal city in Central Asia as Gorāyā.D. According to Bhim Singh Dahiya. per Sir Sikes. General Raja Gurdit Singh of the said family was General Commanding Patiala State forces and also Prime Minister (Wazir) of Patiala State during the reign of Maharaja Rajinder Singh and Maharaja Bhupinder Singh of Patiala. Ghumans in Punjab in India are Jatt Sikhs. ie Gillan De Munde. This clan can be traced back to the third century BC. founded another town on GT Road. These people are still residing in the same area. between Badakhshan and Khotan in central Asia. the Gill and Gillian presence in England may well be the result of Alanic (Massagetae) settlement in 400s A. Goria . Gill and Shergill T his is one of the largest and most important Jat Tribes. Gaurlia is gotra of Jats. Goriya .[4] Markandeya Purana mentions the Ghora and the Guruha separatel. Village Retgarh (5 km from Bhawanigarh) is a signifiacant and famous Ghuman village. This gotra Jats are found in Punjab. Gujarat and also in Mandsaur district in Madhya Pradesh.Sangrur) Punjab. these people of Gorayā clan of Jats.

This means that they were probably the most wellsettled Jats in this area. it is one of four Punjabi surnames that are unique in that aspect: Hans. and Naurangwal has a sort of local authority at the close of the 18th Century. the Garewal families of Kila Raipur. a Jatt surname from Punjab regions of India and Pakistan. and Naurangwal are the proudest of the Grewal Jats. They are one of the few "Asl Jatts" (pure) and boast to be one of the original clans of the Jat people They are known to be brave and ferocious warriors . . In the time of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. when about the middle of the 18th Century the streams that fertilised their country dried up. Grewal or Garewal.(TIGERJEET SINGH HANS WRESTLER FROM CANADA HAILS FROM VILLEGE SUJAPUR) Hans is also a section of the Khatri and Ramgarhia tribe Hayer Hayer also spelled as Hayre (pronounced Hae-ur) or sometimes also pronounced Heer are a Jat gotra (clan) found in the region of Punjab shared by India and Pakistan. Gujarwal (probably named after Grewals. Gill. thence to Punjab. Mann.HANS KHURD. scythic backround is generally associated with the these four surnames. civil. This clan hold 75 villages in Ludhiana Area. Major Barstow writes in 1928. The Hans were one of the many tribes that occupied the upland of the Neeli Bar before the start of colonization of the Punjab by the British Imperial authorities in the 19th century. Being most commonly found within Germany. Hans Hans (surname). attained independent rule over a portion of that district. They claim descent from Raja Rikh or Rick as per Barstow. as per B. and more broadly. and retained their independence till the time of the Sikhs. and are in consequence the proudest of the Jats. An aryan. Dhillon).SUJAPURMEERPUR HANS.S. where they settled in Pukka Sidhar in what is now Pakpattan District.It is also said that they emigrated from Arabia to Afghanistan. The other Jats in Ludhiana area called these Grewal Sahu meaning they were of more nobility probably since they were generally more well-to-do and their women did not work in the field with men. Grewals are generally confined to the areas mention in Ludhiana block of 75 villages. although not restrained to only these Jatt surnames Hans tribe is said to of Quraisi origin.They have held important positions in British and India. and Häyer. the Hans tribe under their chief Shaikh Qutab.KILLA HANS AND OTHERS. police services.military. Gujarwal. even today these Grewals own most of the land in these villages. The Grewal Jats of Kila Raipur. Many Grewals freely entered British service and made great soldiers. . and politics. There are quite a few HANS villeges near JAGRAON in ludhiana some of them are-: HANS KALAN.

Jaguda is mentioned in Vana Parva. Hundals claim to belong historically to Suryavanshi lineage of Rajputs. Mahabharata/Book III Chapter 48 verse 21 along with Takhar.US. found in Haryana. Majority of Hayers originate from the village of Littran. further in the north i. They are the Jakhad clan people. though there are some Hindus and Muslims. situated near Sangla Hill.Hollanwali) region of Punjab. Gujranwala. Hong Kong and in other parts of the world. Haryana. Behlolpur. Over generations. Hundals are of deemed to be of Scythian stock. Okara. Mandi Bahauddin. famous for its saffron since ages.Hayer or Hayre is generally used in the Doaba and Malwa(cities and towns of Jalandhar. Jalandhar District. Sialkot. most families have emigrated to and settled in the bigger cities of Lahore and Faisalabad. Jats.Zira . Moond Jat clans . in a village of same name. England and U. District Narowal (Previously District Sialkot) and after the settlement in and around District Faislabad. They belong to satwat vans of Chandravanshi Kshatriyas.e. Hayers or Hayres from this region were among the first Punjabis to immigrate to Canada. They are also considered to be descendants of King Jakhabhadra . Punjab. Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mentioned it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia. Jakhars are the Jāguda of Mahabharata period mentioned as saffron growing people That places them in the north of Kashmir or beyond. Hundal Hundal is a clan or gotra of Jats. Hundals in Pakistan are mostly sunni Muslims. Most scholars thus subscribe to the view that Rajputs. Like others in the varna. Narowal. Khatris and other groups of clans belong to the Kshatriya varna. Legend has it that they embraced Islam through a sufi saint based in district Sialkot Jakhar Jakhar or Jakhad is a gotra of Jats. Maharashtra. According to Bhim Singh Dahiya. One of the ancestors in Vais vansh was named Jakhar who gave the name to this gotra. In Pakistan :They are found mainly in Gujrat. They are found in Rajasthan. Central Asian region of Balkh.S. Canada. near Qila Sobha Singh. Sindh. They are also found among the South Asian immigrant communities in the UK . Hoshiarpur. Madhya Pradesh and Delhi. In Pakistan. Faisalabad and Lahore districts. most of the families belonging to this gotra of Jats originate from a village called Behlolpur. Punjab (India). It is commonly understood that the boundaries between Rajput and Jat clans are rather arbitrary and have changed over time. Most Hundals in India are Sikhs. Punjab (Pakistan). Kasur.Ferozepur . son of Virabhadra. [12] The Mahabharata Tribe .A. Like many other Jat gotras.

1967) as under: In the branch of Puru there was ‘Sanyati’ whose son was Virabhadra. Duleh ("History of the Jatt Clans". Jakh Bhadra. Pon Bhadra 2. According to author H. obtained from the records of the Bards of Dholpur. (Guru visited Malwa during his three successive trips to Kiratpur. Ram Swarup Joon has given the chronology of this gotra. In the 17th century. Jakh Bhadra is the originator of Jakhar gotra. there were 22 villages of Jawandas. Kalhan Bhadra is the originator of Kalhan gotra. Virabhadra had four sons 1.S. visited Malwa to popularise Sikhism.Mr. Brahma Bhadra was in the branch of Jakh Bhadra is the originator of Bamraulia gotra. the Jawandas settled in Bathinda. Aug 23. Panchkosi or Panjkosi is a village of Firozpur district in Punjab. translation by Gurjant Singh): The Jawanda clan derives its name from their ancestor named Jawanda. Mansa and Sangrur. Kalhan bhadra 3. The failure made him leave his state and settled in Bikaner that was known as Jangladesh. W. The Jakhar King tried but failed. Jakhar population in patiala district is 1. the brother of King Rawal Jaisal of Jaisalmer. It is the birth place of Dr Balram Jakhar (b.) .200. in his book ‘History of the Jats’ (1938. Most Jawandas are Punjabis of the Sikh faith or born to Sikh parents. • • • • Pon Bhadra is the originator of Punia gotra. Atisur Bhadra and 4. Atisur Bhadra had Ajanta Jata Shankar and his son Dahi Bhadra in the lineage. This finds a mention by Pandit Amichand Sharma in his book "Jat Varna Mimansa". when ninth Sikh Guru Teg Bahadur. Dahi Bhadra is the originator of Dahiya gotra. He was born in Jakhar Jat family of Panchkosi village of Firozpur district in Punjab. 1923). His father's name is Chaudhari Rajaram Jakhar and mother's name is Patodevi Jakhar. In the 12th century. Jawanda Jawanda is a Jat surname traditionally found in Northern India particularly in Punjab (India). They are from the lineage of Dusal. the rulers of Gohad and Dholpur They are found in Panchkosi village. who is a well known Parliamentarian and Governor of Madhya Pradesh. Crook in his book "Castes of North-west states and Avadh" has mentioned that the king of Dwarika had a huge bow and arrow and he proposed that whoever breaks this would be given a status above the king.

Ontario. Sucha Singh Soorma. who arrived in Vancouver. Amrik Singh (former kabaddi player of Gravesend). Uprooted. They are considered to be one of the most affluent Sikh families in Europe. Pakistan. Most of the Johal clan/family members now reside in England. Canada. Barnala and Malerkotla. and his son Onkarpreet Singh Jawanda One of the first of the Jawandas to come North America was Gurdit Singh Jawanda. Teja Singh. Thomas Watters (British Acting Consul General in Korea from (1887-1888) writes "----country (North-West of India) was conquered by the Yeta (White Huns). the same year the Khalsa Diwan Society was formed in Vancouver with its first temple on 1866 West 2nd Avenue. Also. Gurdit was from the village of Haripur Khalsa. Daljit Singh. He is widely admired in Punjabi culture for upholding the honour of his family by killing his sister-in-law Balbiro and her extramarital lover Ghukkar. Gurcharan Singh Jawanda who lives in Brampton. who invaded North India during A.e. Mansa. Bhai Dharam Singh Ji. slightly north of the Sutlej River. which is also in Punjab (India). this village is in Jalandhar District (this part of Punjab is also known as Doaba). Asia. United States and England. Many Jawandas now live in Canada. The village is just west of the town of Phillaur. Johal/Johl Johal ) or Johl Johal (also known as Jovals. Chand Singh Jawanda of pind Kokri Butraan now resides in Surrey. who lived in the village of Sumau (near Sangrur in the Malwa Punjab) is a Jawanda. The Yeta. the Yets or Gats apparently near the end of our fifth century. BC. Before being baptized his name was Dharam Chand Jawanda. Faridkot and Ludhiana. White Huns were a division of the Massagetae. i. in Punjab (India).Some time later the Jawandas were ruined by Muslim Sheikhs. Canada in 1906. the second of Guru Gobind Singhji's Panj Piare (five beloved followers) was a Jawanda belonging to Hastinapur (Delhi). some of the Jawandas went towards Saharanpur while others went to Bathinda (founded by Rao Bhatti). The Johals are Jat found both in Punjab. Jaspreet Singh. Muktsar. Sucha Singh is considered a folk legend (one of the famous Punjabi Kisse). also known as White Huns. Jauvla. Canada. More precisely.. Gurpreet Singh and many more all live in England. 460-470. who were a powerful . who at one time was his own best friend. America. Canada. and United States.D. Johals are cohal direct descendent's of Hepthalites. which also serves as the border with Ludhiana District. British Columbia. and N. For example Rashpal Singh. Presently they are settled mostly in the areas of Sunam. India and Punjab. Jauhal Jauhla) is a prominent Jatt family clan originally from from modern Pakistan and North India.

the name of the Jabuli tribe of the White Huns is still preserved in Zabulistan (land of Jauvla. The leader of the White Huns called "Toramana" was throned in A. as Kaleya. As time passed. Kahlon is gotra of Jats. Kalaha.D. According to Inscriptions. Furthermore. They are mentioned in the Mahabharata. the full name of the king was Maharaja ("Great King) Toramana Shaha JAUVLA (Jauhal).D. Kohalakas (Kohlis) and Mandavyas (Mandas) The original name is Kahl. In Pakistan they are based in the district . during his four journeys. Bhiwani and Karnal district in Haryana. Sir Cunningham says Jauvla was the name of their tribe or clan.) [ From K to W [ Kahlon Kale . It is called an Asura Jati with eight kings. 510. . today's Zabul) and their language called "Zauli" also still existed in the tenth century A. This clan name is known today under all the three forms. White Huns or Jauvla are the direct ancestors of dark-age times Jat clan name called "Jauhla" and modern days "Johals". Guru Nanak Dev Ji. The Mahabharata expressly makes the prophecy that the Mlecchas from Kamboja country will be kings (In India) in the Kali Age. 495 and established his capital at Sakala (modern Sialkot. Kalon . Punjab). Most of Johals now-a-days are Sikhs Chapter 11 Some Jat-Sikh Sub-Castes [Gote] In Alphabetical Order(cont.. Kaler Kaler or Kler or any other variation which remains phonetically identical is a clan of Jats found in northern areas of India and Pakistan. Balkara is a village in CH. Dadri of Bhiwani district known as Kalheran Ka Gaam (A village of Kalher's). more and more converted to Sikhism but Sikhism became a "official" religion of Johals during the time of Maharaja Ranjit Singh (Punjab). the German Kohl. In A. Mann and Kahlon are mentioned in the Markandeya Purana together as Mana. They belong to the Sikh and Islam faith. the Meerut district in Uttar Pradesh and the Sikar district in Rajasthan. Mihirakula succeeded his father as the "Great" king.D. Later. According to him. In India they are found in Punjab (more particularly Amritsar and Tarn Taran). are also said to have been of the Yue-Chi (Kushan) stock---". A few of Johals converted to Sikhism during the period of the first Sikh Guru.people in Central Asia. in the fifth century.

They are mostly found in the Ludhiana and Kapurthala districts of Punjab. Many Sikhs have originated from villages in Punjab (e. the United States.Gujrat. Pakistan. The village is approximately 5 km away from Phagwara to Jallandar side. Kang Kang . the United Kingdom. Recently many Khanguras have emigrated to Canada. The Khangura clan is almost all adherents of Sikhism. According to Dr Pema Ram the Churu town in Rajasthan was founded by Kaler Jats and it was earlier known as Kalera Bas. There is one govt school. Latala. Moreover there is a cement pipe factory in the village which distribute cement pipes for underground irrigation in all over Punjab. Bhiwani in Haryana. and have accordingly 15-25 villages. Himachal Pradesh and rajasthan in India. Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mention it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia. playgrond.just close to the Chandigarh-Jalandhar highway in Punjab about 70 kms from Chandigarh. . in Punjab. Malikpur) and have gone to foreign countries to earn money and build a better future for them and their children.) Kalher . Distt Meerut in Uttar Pradesh. Twice every year they have a ceremony (one at very next day of diwali and one in year when all other people go to their ancestor place) at this village where they even have public lunch and bull races to praise their ancestors Kang village is in the Jullundur District of Punjab and its main occupants are the Kang Jats. Gujranwala of Punjab. They also have a place of worship at this village which is only for Kang people. three Gurdwaras (two inside and other one outside the village). and there are a few in New Zealand and Italy. mostly in Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. who dwel now in Punjab Most of the people of this tribe(Kang) live in north India. Koleron gotra Jats are found in Sikar district of Rajasthan. They were inhabitants of Kanyaka forest country. They can also be found in Abbottabad and Faisalabad in Punjab. They have traditionally. Aitiana. People who came from the side of kalakuta mountain were known as Kaler.g. The village is situated very near to Phagwara bypass and National highway 1 (GT Road). been farmers. Kangri is gotra (clan) of Jats found in Punjab. Kaler. like many Jats. Bhadla (near Khanna). It is believed by many local people of Pubjab and people of Jat (Kang) tribe that their Ancestors were based at village Dholi-Moli near Balachor. Almost all of the village land is owned by them. There also is a village named Khangura. Khangura The Khanguras are a gotra of Jats from the Punjab region in India. There is a Gurdwara named Gurdwara Baba Khabe Aana Sahib in the village.

Khaira Khera . They claim descent from Lidhar.They are also found in other Districts of Punjab and in foreign countries. Khosa Khosa / Khosar is gotra of Jats found in Punjab.Khera. They are also found in other places of Punjab like Patiala. and Punjab (India) state of India. Like the Mauryas. Clan members are commonly found near Khadoor Sahib town of Amritsar. In Firozpur district the Khosa population is 9. Kheda. Naga. they were fighting the Holy Roman Empire. Kular is also a town in Punjab. It is inhabited by Jats of clans:: Beniwal Bhadu and Saran. Khara. They are descendants of Kulika . They are to be identified as the Khosar clan of the Jats. Bhim Singh Dahiya writes about Khosar that in the history of Mauryas when they were attacking southern India we come across a warlike people who are named 'Kosar'. Khehra or Khahra. In fact these Kosar people were the vanguard of the Mauryan army as per Tamil literature. Gujrat and Sialkot districts.D. In the Sixth century A.The Sialkot Lidhar claim descent from a Kilas.01667 Longitude:72.000. Khaira are a Jat clan that hail from the historical Majha area of Punjab. Kha The Khaira : are a Jat gotra (clan) found in Indian Punjab and Pakistani Punjab. Kular is a gotra of Jats. and as such his descendents became part of the Jat community. Their main villages are Lidhar in Gujrat District and Lidhar in Mandi Bahauddin District. . Pakistan. along with the Bals and the Utars. they are found mainly in Mandi Bahauddin. The Lidhar are Muslim in Pakistan and Sikh in IndiaIn Pakistan. a Rajput nobleman.78333. Alternate transliterations include Khera. Lidhar The Lidhar are a Jat clan found in the Punjab province of Pakistan. who said to have married a Jat. they were also from the north and not from the south. Latitude (DMS): 31° 1' 0 N Longitude (DMS):72° 46' 60 E. Kullar Kullar . a descendent of Lidhar. Latitude: 31.

Mahil/Mahal Mahil /Mahal is gotra of Jats.740. a village in Gurdaspur District. This gotra originated from place called Mahanargarh (मह Mahils have a population of 2. Malhi. Mahils have a population of 7. the area around Multan. as per Professor McCrindle. which in Alexander's time joined the former river below Multan-a city which owes its name to the Malloi (Malli)".Earlier based in the region around Sialkot (now in West Punjab. Lidhar Khurd and Thalla.110. Pakistan). an ancient city now in Pakistan. the Malhis were mostly rich landlords. According to B S Dhillon the population of Mahil clan in Jalandhar district is 4. Even today Malli or Malhi Jats exist in Punjab. "The Malloi (Malli or Malhi) occupied the district situated between the lower Akesines (modern Chenab river). This clan also claims its origin from the Tur Rajputs and came from the Delhi area. the Malhi clan is most famous for its association with the death of Alexander the Great.350. their main villages being Ghugh. Mahi Mahi is a Jat Gotra in Punjab. and the Hydraotes (modern Sutlej river). One such village is Kotli Soorat Malhi. the majority of Malhis migrated to Indian Punjab during the Partition of India in 1947. The clan owns four villages: Shahpuri Khurd and Shahpuri Kalan.In India. was occupied by Malli (Malhi) people. In Firozpur district the Mahil population is 1.169 in Patiala district. One of the theories concerning Alexander the Great's death has to do with the possibility of an infection of an arrow wound he suffered two years before his actual death in Persia. One of the earliest Jat clans. Thus.020 in Amritsar district. Namol (all of these three in Sunam sub-district). Lidhar Kalan. G. The present Member of Canadian Parliament. Ancient writers such as Diodorus. It is believed that there were twelve villages of the Malhi clan in the undivided Punjab between 1850-60 during British Rule. during a sally against a Mahli fortified town. also belongs to this Jat clan. they are found mainly in Jalandhar District. [1] From a historical standpoint. Malhi The Malhi is a Jat Gotra or clan from the North Indian state of Punjab and Pakistani Punjab. . and Khanpur (in Dhuri sub-district).S. In Firozpur district the Mahi population is 1.In Hoshiarpur district the Mahil population is 840. Arrian and Strabo tell us that during Alexander's invasion of Punjab.

whose forefathers had borne the brunt of every foreign invasion from the north-west. [1] The "Majhails are the stout-hearted inhabitants of the Majha belt dominated by Jat Sikhs. Punjab. Haryana. Shankpati. Thus. It seems that it is more of a Title for them. Many of these sikhs relocated from Majha to various parts of the world and kept the Majhail surname. The word "Stan" or "Sthan" in Sanskrit (ancient language of the Hindus) means place. They are daring." [2] The Majhail's were famous for their strong build and their hard-working attitude because they worked in the army or very far away from their homes in farms. which is confirmed by B.The Mann Tribe of Jat is quite interesting. Mallistan or Multan means a place where Malli live. the father of Bhakt Puranmal. Rajputs. etc. called Sahasi Rai. . The Majhail Sikhs are the descendants of "Kathians" who were known for their highest reputation for courage and skill in the art of war and whose whose legend goes back to the time of Pauravas in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE. Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh in India.[3] The forefathers of the modern Majhails are the back-bone of the Sikh people. They are called Manar in Gujarat . They are Suryavanshi kshatriyas. This is a Shiv-gotra or according to Hindus are descended from Shiva’s hair? We all know this is not the case."Multan" is the shorter version of the word "Malli-stan". courageous and honest people who worked hard in their land. the Mann last name is quite frequent in the modern Ukraine! Thus this may also be the case of Gills that the Manns may well be part of Late Massagetae or Alans! These people were also known as Saka Triguada or Pointed hat Scythians! Or even part of Goths. Cunningham and upon reading of document Chachnama – regarding the Brahmans taking the Jat throne from Rai through treachery. The Ruler of Sindh was a Jat of Rai Clan. Mann Jats are found throughout Punjab and we all know of the English and German Manns. These brave and fearless people fought many battles during the formation of Sikhism and were known for their fighting skills. Mann. Majhail The designation Majhail is associated mainly with the Jat clan of ferocious warrior Sikhs belonging to the Majha region of the North Indian state of Punjab. like Rao. The greatest sacrifice in the Sikh history was made by Majhails known as the 'Wadda Ghalughara' or the 'Great Holocaust'. Rai Maan or Mann is a gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan. a partly Scythic partly Germanic (Teutonic) people.S. Moreover.Dhillon. Banerjee. losing courage against the indiscriminate killings. was married to these people. Rai is an interesting name and is found amongst Khatri. Maan is considered to be a branch of Bhati Jats. Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mention it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia.

it may be said that the town was founded by the Jats of Mangat clan. Nijjars are found mostly in the Doaba area of Punjab. India and Pakistan.The Majhails are known for their bravery and the sacrifices they have made in the history. and in a rare alternate spelling "Nijor"] villages of Dianatpur. Most of the members of this clan are Sikhs by religion. Kathar and Dhepur were first settled by people from village of Domeli [Kapurthala district] near Phagwara. A.g. Massanian. Nagra Nagras – said to be offshoot of Chimas. Nat Nat or Natt is Jat Gotra found in Ludhiana in Punjab. Today people from the Majha belt known as Majhhis are very proud of the Majhails. Masanian. Fatehpur. Most likely the village of Dianatpur was settled during the Mogul times around 1775 when the Sikh Missals [confederations] were also in the ascendancy. now in Pakistan. This clan’s name appears in Mahabharata as Manonugat-a country in Kroncha Dvipa. Nijjaran Di Pandori are among prominent villages (pinds) in district Jalandhar of Nijjars. Raipur Arian. In due . Kathar. London (1961) and is written as Mangat (a Jat clan) in India. The four Nijjar [also spelt as Nijjher. the Chinese called the Mongols as Mengu Pronounced as Mung-nguet. Gobindpur. owned Punjab and from its name.Nat Jat Gotra in Punjab had population l. Today. at least among the Jat Sikhs In the Tang period of Chinese history.L. east of Pamirs. Mongait. Bhar Singh Pura.860 in Patiala district. Domeli (Kapurthala district) near Phagwara is also a prominent village of Nijjars. Nijjaran. The forefathers of Dianatpur village used to say that two brothers from the village of Domeli used to bring their animals in the area for grazing and built huts to stay for months at a time. According to 1911 census. Mangat is a town. This has almost exact similarity with the Chinese form. Pelican series. Nijjar Nijjar is a Jat clan from the Northern Indian state of Punjab. "Nijhar" or Nijjer. Some found in Doaba some in Patiala. Mangat Mangat is a gotra of Jats dwelling in Punjab. Kurali. the Natt Muslim Jat clan had a population of 755 in Pakistan. author of the Archeology in USSR. Mangat is a well known Jat clan name. Chomon. e. It is this word Mung-nguet which is now written as Mongait In Russia . Diantpur.

They used to attack with great courage in the war . originating from Punjab Due to migration over the last forty years. Most of them are Sikhs by religion. It is reported that three brothers travelled to the aforementioned villages. after seeing them in a state. Pannam . Pannu. mainly located in the Doaba and Majha region. The families invited the jolahas for a meal and surrounded them and set them on fire killing them. Ferdan and Kekanan hills in the north. Rai Rai . Pannam . Kandahar. Their state extended from Kashmir and Kannauj in the east. Australia. Kathar and Dhepur were tormented by the local muslim jolahas [weavers]. Makran and Kewal port in the west.The villages of origin of the Purewal clan are Shankar. They are descendants of Nagavanshi ancestor Pannaga . Pannu . New Zealand. Rai was their title. Pannu is also a common surname in Finland. and Spain. T hey are adherents of the Sikh faith. Canada.It is said that the Nijhar families of Dianatpur. Ray gotra Jats live in Jaipur district in Rajasthan. Randhawa Randhawa is a gotra of Jats found in Punjab. The place where this event took place was called “masan” and later on when people settled near the place the village was called Massanian! Pannu Pann . members of the clan can be found in many countries such as the United Kingdom.Jat gotra is also found in some villages of Hansi in Haryana and Gwalior region of Madhya Pradesh. Surat port in south. Panu is gotra of Jats found primarily in the Northern Indian States of Haryana. Paanoo . Suleyman. Rajasthan and Punjab. Malaysia. These three brothers became the founders of the Purewal clan. They are also found in Amritsar and Firozpur districts in Punjab. Kalewal Fattu and Hakim Pur. Their capital was at Alore.course they started cultivating the land and settled down and the village of Dianatpur came into being. Maharashtra. Pannu's are also found in the Malwa region specifically Ludhiana.Ihey descended from Saroya Rajputs. Sistan. Purewal Purewal is a gotra or clan of Jats found mainly in the state of Punjab in India. The Rai Dynasty rulers of Sindh were Buddhists of the Mauryan clan Jats. the United States. and settled down. Prominent People: Sawarn Singh[Purewal] who held various Portfolios in Indian Govt.

In Firozpur district the Randhawa population is 930. The people belonging to Saj and Sand gotras consider themselves to be the descendants of Mann gotra.480 in Amritsar district. which was later occupied by the Rathors. married to Kshemagupta. Tor Dheri inscription mentions a person. and a granddaughter of Lalli Jats of Kabul baseless called Brahmans. Kajal Singh is the forefather of the Kajla gotra of the Jats who mostly live in Bikaner and Haryana. Shahi are also from the Clan of Gills. in Pir Pantsal range.Randhawa. . Bhim Singh Dahiya has described about the history of this clan along with lohar Jat clan. who himself was married to a daughter of Lalli (Jat Clan) Sahi king Bhima of Kabul and Udabhanda (Und. Their settlement in India was Loharin. Randhawa have a population of 6. Notable persons from this gotra • • Baba Buddha Dara Singh Sahi Sahi / Shahi / Saj / Sand is a very old jat gotra. near modern Attock) Thus Didda was a Lohariya Jat scion. This clan is famous in Kashmir history and gave it a whole dynasty called Lohar dynasty. Kajla are gotras of Jats related with each other. Their capital was in Bikaner State. Here Shahi is a Jat clan. According to B S Dhillon the population of Randhawa clan in Jalandhar district is 3.300. The Sarans live in this area even today. The famous queen Dida.125. The descendants of their ruling family are still called Sahi Jats. His grandson Targha adopted the Sikh religion and while serving as Jathedar in Phulkian Misl ruled over Targha Pargana. In the history of Saran gotra there have been two famous men named Kajal Singh and his son Randhir Singh. The Saran gotra is a branch of Bhatti gotra and the Saran Jats are associated with the royal dynasty of Jaisalmer. The Lohar Kot-fort of Lohars-is named after them. This clan owns 116 villages and its main strength is in along the Batala border and around Mahta village in the area close to the Amritsar city. Randhir Singh founded the village of Jhandiala in 1580 in the Punjab and his descendants are called Randhawa. Saran. was daughter of Lohar Kong Simha Raja. "Yola Mira Śhāhi". Jat Muslims belonging to these gotras are found in Multan and Gujarat districts of the Western Punjab in Pakistan. Randhawa have a population of 42. In Hoshiarpur district the Randhawa population is 1.960 in Patiala district.

that the Samras had a kingdom in Sindh and were in fact one of the two main Zamindars (landlords) of Sindh. 'Samra' is a common surname of Jat Sikhs from the Indian Punjab. Salva clans in Mahabharata. Canada and U. up to 1380 A. “Hūnā Darvā Sahudakā“ contains their name as Sahuda or Sahuta. Again Suhota was the name of a famous king grandson of Bharata. Their association with Hunas. In the 1881 Census it was listed as one of the smallest of the Jat tribes. and the Taxillae (Taxak) had a famous city. Sahota are mentioned as Sahodara. Bodha. along with. a people..S. According to Sir Lepel Griffin the Sandhanwala's were descended from the Sansi Caste ". Maharaja Ranjit Singh. who says on ancient authority. The Puranic expression. Maharaja Ranjit Singh was also from this tribe. This clan was settled at one time in the lower Indus. Sambruceni.D.and from Sansi the Sindhanwalias and the Sansis have a common descent. The Sansis . if we cross to the other side of the Indus and follow its course downward we meet them . Samra Samra is a gotra of Jats. Osii (Asii). The Sandhawalia tribe was not famous before Raja Randhir Singh and Ranjit Singh.[10][11][12] Preminder Singh Sandhawalia records the family's genelogical history in his book. There are entire villages of Samra clan in the Jullunder District and in Ludhiana district of Indian Punjab. alongwith the Shura. and his family asserted lineage from this trib that originated from their ancestor Raja Shah (Salvahan). Bhadra (Madra). These people are stated to have taken refuge in the west for fear of jarasandha of Magadha. Bisambritae. Pohir Village in the Ludhiana District is almost entirely inhabited by the Samras Sandhawalia Sandhawalia is a very small tribe from Punjab..A. Megasthenes says about them that Samarabriae (Samra). son of Raja Gaj Singh of Jaisalmer. Antixeni (Antal). According to several reputed scholars.K. when many of them embraced Islam [1] The remaining Samras are now followers of Sikhism.Many of Sahotas shifted to U. They are mentioned by Farishta. In Hoshiarpur district the Sahota population is 750 They also live in Hosiarpur Ditrict. the Sikh ruler of Punjab.Sahota Sahota or Sahote is a gotra of Jats found in Himachal Pradesh. explains their foreign origin. Sir Lepel Griffin cites the origin of the Sandhwalias to be of Sansi Caste (a nomadic caste descended from Rajputs) Sandhawalia is a small royal clan consisting of landowners.

H. the Sandhus are spread all over Punjab.Nohara. Sandhus today Today. Kammeana (Faridkot). Pehowa. the Sandhus have the prominent villages of Manuke( not be confused with Manuke near Moga). Sandhus too are believed to have migrated to the province at this time. But the relationship between the nobles and the beggars. Sandhus are found in large numbers in Ambala. Some of the Majhail Sandhus migrated to the Bathinda and Mansa areas after repeated disturbances created by Muslim invaders. The Narli family which is one of the most known and widespread families of Punjab also belongs to the Sandhu clan. the Sanskrit name of the Indus river. Rose writes in his book that the Sandhus have eighty-four branches. The village of Sandhvan in Faridkot was also founded by Sandhus but later occupied by Brars. In the 1881 Census. The Sandhus are found in twenty-two villages in the area of Sirhali. In Rajashtan. Yadav says that most of the Jatt tribes came to the Punjab in eleventh century during the days of Mahmud of Ghazni. in Gurdaspur) Other villages in Gurdaspur area are Bal Purian.Maneet Sandhu. Muktsar District)". Marar Kalan (Kotkapura-Muktsar Road. In Malwa. Ramoowala Navan. The German Writer Maqsood Ahmad Naseem said that Sindhus migrated since Aariyaas migrated thousands of years ago from Middle Asia to the North-West of Indian SubContinent. Kurukshetra. Chughe Kalan. Sandhus are settled on both sides of the Satluj river in the Trans-Sutlej and the Cis-Sutlej areas. Karanapur. the word Sandhu could be a corruption of the word Sindhu. Yamunanagar. Karnal. USA.C. mostly to the UK.were the theivish and degraded tribe [sic] and the house of Sindhanwalia naturally feeling ashamed of its Sansi name invented a romantic story to account for it. known as Sindhu Naresh or "king of the Sindhus" ruled over Sindh and is believed to have been a Sandhu Jat.many of them migrated to Amritsar and Gurdaspur. K. Misharpura. Sandhuaana. Sandhus numbered at 135732 and today it is one of the largest Jat tribes in the world.A. According to the Sialkot Gazette of 1883-84. Saian Wala. there were five main branches of Sandhus. Sir Lepel Griffin's opinion is that the Sandhus came into the Punjab region from northwestern Rajputana (modern Rajasthan). Uttar Pradesh Uttranchal. Jhok Mohra. Kohar Singhwala (Near Guru Harsahai) Bharana (Ferozpur) Vire Wala. In the Mahabharata. does not seem the less certain and if history of Maharaja Ranjit Singh is attentively considered it will appear that much his policy and many of his actions had the true Sansi complexion". the Sandhus are found throughout Punjab (India).A town named Valtoha near Amritsar is inhabited predominantly by Sandhus. According to a theory. . Bhag Singh Wala. Sukhanwala (Faridkot). The noted historian. In Jalandhar the prominent Sandhu town is Rurka Kalan. They have seventeen villages in the area of Bhakna. Hanumangarh districts and in teh. Haryana. Jhoke Tehal Singh Wala. In Haryana. DuniaSandhu. Madhya Pradesh. sandhus are found in large numbers in Ganaganagar. There are many villages of the Sandhus in Ludhiana. Sakkawali. Presently. australia and Canada. Marh. along the Satluj and from Faridkot to Muktsar. Jayadratha. The Sandhu clan was the second-largest Jat clan during the 1881 census in Punjab after the Sidhu-Brars.the Sandhus migrated from Valtoha settled in Shankerpur Gurdaspur) (one of the oldest village of Sandhu Jatts near Batala. Sandhu Sandhu is one of the most well known Jat clans originating from Punjab in India and Pakistan. Koharwala (Kotkapura). This area is also known as Bahia. Some Sandhus went further to Jalandhar and Hoshiarpur in Doaba. Rajasthan. Patiala Kanianwali. It is seen that like the Narli Sandhu family many such Sandhus have moved travelled abroad.

Chandigarh. Delhi. Sangrur. There are also Sangheras from many villages.In Pakistan. the United Kingdom and Australia. Sekhons in India are found mainly in Ludhiana District. and Bathinda. Jalandhar. Kala Sangha (Kapurthala). Most of the Sangha jats lives in and around Moga. the United States. Sanghe Jagir (Jalandhar). Sanghe (Ludhiana). In Amritsar Sekhons can be found in Patti. The Sandhu tribe is a brave tribe in Pakistan known for their accomplishments in agricultureIn Gujar Khan Tehsil. Sangha represents Jats who are from an Indo-Scythian background. Hoshiarpur.Ferozepur. Nabha. In India. Australia and Europe. Sekhons in Pakistan are found mainly in Gujranwala and Sargodha districts. Canada. England.Wara Bhai (Frozepur) Dosanjh. Moga. The people of the Sekhon clan are descendants of a Ponwar Rajput named Shesh Ram. members of the Sanghera gotra are found in the states of Punjab and Haryana. Multan and Kharian. Jalandhar. Ferozepur. which was Shekho. His people came to Punjab from the Rajasthani area of Marwar around the 1100s. Sialkot. the pronounciation of the clan is Sekhu. Sanghe (Tarn Taran)Sanghe Wala (Sialkot) Sanghe Mere Wala (Muridke) Sanghe Kotshah (Kharian) Sanghera Sanghera is a gotra of the Jat people. Malerkotla. Sekhon Sekhon is a Punjabi Jatt clan found in the Punjabs region of India and Pakistan. There are some villages name populated with Sangha jat:. In Sargodha. Sangha Sangha is a Jat gotra with origins in Punjab( India ) and Punjab( Pakista )n. But the most of them belongs to Bilga (the biggest village of Panjab). Singapore. The name Sekhon is derived from his nickname. MogaJandu Singha (Jalandhar). Fatehgarh. People from the Sekhon gote[sub-caste] are known for valor and honor in battle and have been decorated in the Indian Armed Forces. Patiala. Ludhiana. Muridke. Quite a few Sekhons are settled overseas in the United States. Some came from the village Tandi. Daroli Bhai. . They are also responsible for settling the Sangrur city and vicinity. they are spread up to Sialkot and the hill areas of Gujranwala. Kapurthala.Sangheras have migrated to all corners of the globe with significant populations having settled in parts of Malaysia. The village of Kanah is owned by the Sandhu Jatts which is in Lahore. cities or maybe countries. Sanghe Khalsa (Jalandhar). Sanghera's are settled in large numbers in Gurdaspur. Amritsar. the village of Mohra Sandhu and neighbouring hamlets are held by the Sandhus.

Jattararur (Chittor) . World famous painter Amrita SherGil who was the daughter of Sikh Aristocrat Umrao Singh Sher-Gil Majithia. which is clear from Panini's shloka in grammar of Aṣṭādhyāyī The Jat historian Bhim Singh Dahiya has provided proofs of Sivi being Jats. The Majithia Rulers/Maharajas of Majha were also Shergills. This is one of the largest and most important Jat tribes found throughout Punjab.which is based on the . Kshudrakas had formed a sangha with Malavas. In the year 1933 her painting 'Young Girls'led to her election as an Associate of the Grand Salon in Paris. Shergill ji has given 20 years of seva to the sikh panth and is still a sikh leader today in uk. SR Daljit Singh Shergill has been the longest leading president in the uk of Guru Nanak Gurdwara Smethwich. Its believed that they have descended from the Raja/King of Garh Mithila. ruled by democratic system of administration known as ganatantra. Village Distribution of Shergill Jatts Patiala District :As per my knowledge there are two villages of Shergills in Patiala i. first at the Grande Chaumiere under Pierre Vaillant and later at École des Beaux-Arts. The descendants of Shiva ere called Shivi. Sukha Singh and Mehar Singh were Shergills. My belief is that the Gill Jats are from the Caspian Sea of the first gurdwara's in England. The Rulers/Maharajas of the Nishanwalia Misl.e pind Behal and Majaal. Sibi or Sivi. She trained as a painter at Paris. Sibia were the people descendants of Sibi. Samrat Ushinara's son was Shivi. Shivis formed a sangha with a big federation or sangha known as Jat.Shergill The Shergill Jatt / Jat Clan is from Punjab. Shivi was the name of a King and a gana in ancient India. Moreover. The Shergills are said to have come from this great tribe.e. also belonged to Shergill jats. The word Sher means lion in Persian. in sangrur district of punjab there are two famous villages of shergill's i. The first proof is of course the name itself. Many Shergills also use the surname Gill as they have descended from Gill clan of Jats.D. Shri Gurbax Singh Sibia. The second proof is in the name of their city . Gilla was a son of Hercules. the youngest ever and the only Asian to have received this recognition. ex-minister in Punjab Cabinet was a scion of this ancient clan. per Sir Sikes. is the original name of their ancestor and Sibiya/Sibia is derivative meaning the descendants of Sibi. This clan name is only found in the Jats and in no other population group of India. he settled in the Zira area and gave rise to the elite Shergill Jat clan of the Punjab. Sibia Sibia [ Shivi/Sibi] is a gotra of Jats. homeland of Massagetae. As the Caspian Sea was once known as the Sea of Gillan. jamsher and moranwali in Jallandhar/Nawan Shaer district is Langeri. India. These Sibia Jats are still existing. Shergill was one of the sons of Gillpal. from whom the name Gill derives. the Gill and Gillian presence in England may well be the result of Alanic (Massagetae) settlement in 400s A.

They were all Toor way back. Shor. Sidhu. Moreover. this is another proof of the fact that Mewar was under the Jats for very long time. Khosas were fighters. five Jats. Dahi. They later became Rajputs. and Jind States. Sira/Toor/Tur Sira and Khosa are from the same origin. Sant Jarnail Singh Binderanwala. These are now found mainly in Lahore.Tura : Turvas is also mentioned as a king . . Zimmer and McDonnel. Nabha. etc. the clan name Sidhu is said to have come from Bhatti Rajputs.. Turan are noted as ancient King Tura . Theirr ancester was brought out of the area on a Seedi.S. were found in Amritsar and Jalandhar. etc. took this tribe as one of the five main Aryan tribes. Also many famous Sidhu-Brars – Sham Singh Attariwala. Toor Jats claim Tomar Rajput ancestry. . Mohan Singh Tur. Dalla Brar. belonged to this clan. after they lost to revolt against them. Toor is an Agnivanshi Jat clan included in Chauhans. and (Sirha) Siras. In the Rigveda. Incidentally. Toor or Tur gotra Jats are found in Punjab and Madhya Pradesh. Sikar.e. Turya. they are expressly called Panca Jatah i. In fact. (as documented by Arab writers). Two diffrent clans emerged out of Toor. once a member of Indian Parliament. were name given to Toor Rulers near Delhi. Toor is a shortened form of Tomar. who are now known as Arya. that is Toor's. They are known by some as the most aristocratic of Jats due to their Rajas. Incidentally. Brar [ for details see Appendix I ] The Bhattis were originally its own Central Asian Tribe. Patiala. . which they claim descent from Lord Krishna.word Jatta-city of Jats.. They are justified also because the Avesta mentions these five tribes as Arya. as a dead man by well wishers and loyal soilders. Hence the names of its cities like Jaisalmer. Dhillon was Bhatti–da and became Bhatinda. Bhim Singh Dahiya has identified the Tur Jat clan with the Rigvedic Tribe . Gujranwala and Faisalbad.. and later married with Jats and became Jats. The last two are names of the Jat clan also. the town of Bhatinda according to B. Most of the Toor Jats..and Sarmat. ) . All these five tribes can be identified with the five tribes of the Jats. Sheoran. Dahiya. Cunningham think they are from Kashmir and their Capital at Gajnipur (Rawalpindi) and they are Indo-Scythians. and Aulan/Sarmata respectively. Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mentioned it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia. Sirohi. Brar is said to have come from Sidhu.( this information has been given by Sumrinder Singh Sira of Patiala ). Tur.

(Its interesting all inhabitants of these villages. They are mainly Sikh in India. Sohal is a last name used by Jat people of states of East Punjab. In India they are found in mainly in Jalandhar District. In Pakistan.Many Americans in USA tracing German ancestry have this last name. Sikhs write this last name as "sohal" for its pronounced as such when written in Gurmukhi. In Indian punjab there are many villages named "Sohal" in the district of Amritsar & Gurdaspur. The Sohal Jatts are said to be of Turkish. Majhabi sikhs or Christians write this as their last name. There are also a small numbers found in Gujrat District and Sialkot District. Athoula. Pakistan. In Europe a similar last name is written as "Sohl".Sohal Sohal is a Jat gotra (clan) found in both Punjab.e.primarily with people of German ancestry. and Muslim in Pakistan. Sohi Sohi is Jat Gotra in Punjab. which is shameless on part of these people. India and West Punjab. In Indian Punjab. Tatar and Greek origin. to say the least) One of the biggest villages is located on Amritsar Pathankot GT road few miles north of the town of Dhariwal in District Gurdaspur. It also has a Train Station on AmritsarJammu rail line. Sohal Jat sikhs are considered cousins of Aulakh Jat Sikhs and they do not marry each other. the Sohal are found mainly in Faisalabad District. India and Punjab Pakistan. and Chak Bilga in Nawanshahr District. India. Sohi population is 9. The great Kushan King "Kanishka" is said to have belonged to Sohal Jat tribe.g all over punjab we find villages named "Mannawala" all inhabitants claim themselves to be Mann and thus Jatt.000 in Patiala district . Hameedpur Kalan is an old village Sohal Jat village in Gujranwala District. with their main villages being Sohal Jagir. This is the case with other Jat castes as well. but most originate from Amritsar and Gurdaspur District in Punjab. their ancestor Sohal settled originally in a place called Mahag. Sohal Khurd and Sohal are found in Gujrat District. many of them non-jats like Tarkhans. Khatri. while the village of Sohal Kalan. Sohalpur and Sohal in Nakodar Tehsil.thus claiming a Jat decent.

Thind Kambojs are numerously found as Sikhs. There are many Kamboj clan names which overlap with those from the Jat brotherhood-again for similar reasons Besides the Jats. Sardar Atma Singh Thind.A. Ph. and a lot more. In fact. Bhupinder Singh Thind IPS. UK.Thiara Thiara is the name of a Jat clan. Khalsa College for Women. current Education Minister Punjab. Thind. Thiara clan people are residenting in and around Doaba and Malwa region of Indian Punjab including Villages of Hoshiarpur. they shifted from the tribal domain into caste domain under social. Ludhiana and Jalandhar like Khanpur Thiara. Ex Revenue/Finance Minister. Dr Amardeep Thind. former Session Judge.. are some of the well known Thinds of recent past. Northern Eastern Railways are some other distinguished Kamboj Thinds. Hindus and the Muslims. Principal Dr R.  Thind clan name is also said to be found among the Saini community. Thind. USA. M. numerous Kamboj clan names also overlap with other occupational castes like the Rajputs. Lieutenant General Rajendar Singh Thind. A. S. Thind Thind is the most prominent clan name found among the Kamboj. sports and Punjabi literature. former Excise and Taxation Commisioner (Delhi). Talwara. they eventually merged into the greater Jat brotherhood. S. Dr Upinderjit Kaur Thind.. Arains etc ---again for similar reasons. Principal Dr V.S. Ludhiana. Kshatriyas.D. Brigadier J S Thind. Ex Deputy Chief Minister of Panjab. Thiaras have spread across the world in countries such as Canada. S. Thind (Saidpur) I. Additional Director General of Police (ADGP). The Thind Kambojs are well known in the areas of agriculture. Dr Bhagat Singh Thind. . and Australia and a lot of other countries. these Jat Thinds are believed to have initially been Kamboj and.D. Brahmins. at a point in time in not too distant past. R.  Thind clan name is also said to exist in two villages in Ludhiana/Patiala district (one of the villages is Rachhin which is about 10 km from Ahmedgarh) belonging to the Jat brotherhood and another village is Mohie 7 km from Mullanpur (Ludhiana). Sardar Balwant Singh Thind. World renowned scientist of Biological Sciences Dr Kartar Singh (Panjab University) and the foremost Panjabi intellectual and writer Dr Karnail Singh (Guru Nanak Dev University) are also Thinds. Punjab. The world-famous Olympian Sardar Prithipal Singh field hockey fullback. India belong to Kamboj clan. Famous Kamboj Thinds The great patriot. saint and spiritual missionary of twentieth century. people of Northern India and Pakistan. Prof Kulwant Singh Thind. Over 95% of the total Thinds of Punjab. Amritsar. Thind. Civil Lines. military. K.Jat people living in Greater Punjab. Muradpur Naryal. Hardial Singh Thind (Saidpur). retired Deputy Chief Vigilance Officer. Phagwara. was also a Thind. soldier. geographical and temporal exigencies and therefore.

followed Guru Nanak's {Founder of Sikhism} teachings and became Sikhs at the time. Leading Punjabi novelist. was President of SGPC (the Sikh gurdwara ruling body) for 27 years until his death in 2004. Tiwanas from Punjab in India are Sikhs. in search for a fertile lands after the fall of Parmar kingdom. During the Bhakti movement in the 15th century. most popular and productive female writer of all times hails from Punjab. The 1882 census notes that the Tiwana Rajputs were the rulers of the country at the foot of the Shahpur Salt range. Rajasthan. like many other Sikhs have been part of the western migration during the last 60 years since Indian Independence. UK. India or Punjab. It is believed that Tiwanas settled in the Punjab region. Tiwanas. Tiwanas claim their ancestry from Raja Bhoj (Parmar Rajput Clan) who ruled India and had capital at Bhojpur in Madhya Pardesh. and a Punjabi play and film long da lishkara maker/director. while Tiwanas from Punjab in Pakistan are Muslim Rajputs. Tiwanas can be Sikh or Muslim based on if they are from Punjab. He served as a member of Lok Sabha (lower house) and Rajya Sabha (upper house) of Indian Parliament during his long political career. Prominent Tiwana in India  Gurcharan Singh Tohra (Tiwana) "Pope of the Sikhs" famously known as "Tohra" named after his village in Punjab. he was a 12th century Sufi preacher and saint of Punjab. were the first Indian farmers to have been awarded Padma Shri and the Krishi-Pandit honors respectively for progressive and scientific farming by the Government of India.Colonel Lal Singh Thind (Turna) . Pakistan. Tiwana Tiwana is a Jat caste that hails from the Punjab region of Pakistan and India. USA and Australia as their homes. another big and progressive landloerd of Ganga Nagar. .  Dr Dalip Kaur Tiwana. They have found opportunities in the West and made countries such as Canada. He worked for the common public 24x7 and was respected and honoured by people from all walks of life. Dr. Commonly known as Baba Farid .Those who settled in the western Punjab became Muslims by accepting Islam at the hands of Hazrat Baba Fariduddin Shakarganj. Tiwana is considered one of the founders of modern Punjabi literature. They both belong to Doaba Thind Kamboj lineage. India. All the above named Thinds belong to the Kamboj lineage. Tiwana is strictly a Rajput and Jat clan. He performed "Bhangra" dance in various Hindi Bollywood films. a very big landloerd of Rudurpur city. one of the most prominent Punjabi playwrights of all time.  Harpal Singh Tiwana. District Rampur now Udham Singh Nagar District in Uttar Pradesh and Sardar Balwant Singh Thind.

legendary Judge of the Punjab and Haryana High Court who authored the famous Tiwana Commission Report that exposed police torture in the 1980s   Tiwana Bros. Hardeep Singh (Mohali) Tiwana member SGPC since 1996 from Mohali town adjoining to Chandigarh and a renowned historical filmmaker. retired judge from Punjab and Haryana high court.He stayed member Panchyat of the village for at least 20–25 years. Dharm di Chaadar and Shaheedan de Sirtaj (www.son of Sardar Sadhu Singh Tiwana.  Sardar Sukhvinder Singh Tiwana son of Late S. Sahib Bahadur Sardar Harmohinder Singh Tiwana of Chinarthal Kalan(1927-2005) belonging to the well known respected Sardar family of the village . reputed Judge and brilliant lawyer of the Punjab and Haryana High Court who had also served as Acting Chief Justice at the time of his demise. He was well known throughout the erstwhile Patiala state for his integrity and acumen. USA Fresno Justice Iqbal Singh Tiwana.  Justice Charan Singh Tiwana.     Sardar Teja Singh Tiwana son of Sardar Sadhu Singh Tiwana. .1999.Headed the Tiwana panel to discuss the All-India Gurdwara Bill.sikhfilms. a renound personality of both the Chinarthals as well as Patiala.reputed Judge and a virtuoso lawyer.The Tiwana panel draft was accepted by the executive as well as general house of the SGPC. Sardar Dilawar Singh Tiwana of Toronto Canada son of Sardar Sadhu Singh Tiwana.He belonged to the renouned Chinarthalia family of Patiala State. To his credit are films Amar Justice Kulwant Singh Tiwana.  Ajitpal Kaur Tiwana is the first woman of Indian origin to join as an officer with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Mrs Noelle Tiwana Wheeler of California daughter of Sardar Dilawar Singh Tiwana.son of Sardar Sadhu Singh Tiwana. Sardar Harmohinder Singh Tiwana of Chinarthal kalan . Sardar Sadhu Singh Tiwana who was the first Sikh Tiwana Sessions Judge in Patiala State.B.

Sikhs and Hindus of Punjab (both in India and Pakistan) and Haryana. and Khatri are found among Muslims . In 1816. His father was a warrior in Maharaja Ranjit Singh's Army. Virk . Hari Singh Nalwa Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa (1791-1837?). This most famous of the great Sikh Generals can count the following conquests: Kasur (1807). They are also found in Gujarat where they are called as Uplana. Notable person from this clan • Hari Singh Nalwa was from this clan. He is also a prominent lecturer in British Columbia. Sialkot. in which it was asserted that had Nalwa the resources and the artillery of the British. Kashmir (1814). He held Kashmir and Peshawar as its Governor in 1834.044 in Amritsar district. with his first book titled "Akhin Ditha Samajvadi Cuba" about travels and the history of Cuba. he would have conquered the East entirely. and Khatri surname found in India and Pakistan. today the Hari Singh rupee can be found in museums in India. Canada and is highly respected by his peers. Nalwa was the only person whose name was minted on the currency of Punjab. Peshawar (1827). Sir Henry Griffin called Nalwa the "Murat of the Khalsa".  Tung Tung . Utpal or Opal is a gotra of Jats. Multan (1818). Prof. Tits and Bits wrote an editorial piece in Britain. Raja Partha purchased food grains at higher rates and sold it at rates hundreds of times higher. his son was Unmattavanti . Tunga . Uppal Jat. the great Uppal gotra Jat warrior was born at Gujranwala and was the Commander-in-chief of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. This gotra originated from Raja named Tunga of the country named Tunga settled on the river Tunga. Gurmit Singh Tiwana is an established writer. Opal population is 3. Uppal/Opal Uppal is a Jat. Tang is gotra of Jats.

Virk is a Jat clan. The epical ancestor of Virks. Virks still control the city of Sheikhupura (the ancient Virkgarh) both. Waheed-udin Virk. a majority of Virks live in the Sheikhupura district and some are scattered in Sialkot District. England). who first served in the World War II as a commissioned officer under Royal British Army. Majority and some very prominent Virk Families are concentrated in villages around Tehsil Assandh. Mahabhasya and Kashikavarti.. the Virks are the Vahilkas (they are believed to be the founders of Bahawalpur) who are mentioned in the Mahabharata and who took one-sixth of the income of the King Shalya. was the site of Virkgarh till the Mughal emperor.Virks are still strong in this area politicaly and economicaly. the father of Vishnuvardhana. They were the contemporaries of the Gupta rulers. In Punjab (Pakistan). was a king of Virk gotra. known as the Singhpuria Misl. Nawab Kapur Singh founded the Dal Khalsa and. . divided it into twelve Misls. Rock inscriptions of Yasodharman have been found in Mandsor.He was great politicion of this area and he was one of the biggest landloard of Punjab at that time and after his death in London his wealth was distributed amongst his two sons Haji Abdulkarim Virk and Haji Maqbool Hussain Virk. was a ruler of the area with its capital being the present-day city of Sialkot. the present-day city of Sheikhupura in the province of Punjab (Pakistan). Prominent Virks  Prabhjot Virk. Virks Today Today. His children and grandchildren live in Lahore. The Bijayagadh Stone Pillar Inscription of Vishnuvardhana shows that Yasodharman. District Karnal and few are temporarily living in Patiala district.Haji Shah Muhammad Virk of nabipur (virkan) Sheikhupura. Their reign in Malwa came to an end in 462 AD. the ruler of Malwa. was a Jat king of the Virk gotra ( clan).There are 132 villages in this area which belongs to virk family. Ashtadhyayi . Whether Muslim or Sikh. later. remained Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of United Punjab province from 1926 to 1946. According to Thakur Yugendrapal. He could never had his own children. Virks always took pride in being members of the Great Jats. Virks are mainly concentrated in the Karnal district of Haryana. Canada. The majority of Virks on the western side of Punjab converted to Islam while the majority of Virks on the eastern side of Punjab converted to Sikhism. The Misl that he headed was. the Virk rulers performed a big Yagya near Bayana and constructed a pillar. Raja Virk Vardhan. The famous Virk chieftan. on which they mentioned themselves as Virks. This village was. in 428 AD. Sheikhupura According to the historians. Raja Virk Vardhan built many forts. renamed as Singhpur. Jahangir built the city of Sheikhupura. they had a powerful kingdom. later. Australia. The clan is spread across the Punjab region in Pakistan and northern India. Punjab. who was the king of the Madras and ruled over Madradesa (modernday Sialkot). According to Brij Indra Bhaskar. politically and economically. He belonged to "Fyzallapur" village which remained his headquarters. In the 4th century AD. consequently. There is a small village "Virk" in Sialkot inhabited by Virk Jats. He adopted his nephew. According to the Patanjali Bhashya . Thakur Deshraj and CV Vaidya have concluded that the inscription of Bijaygarh and Mandsaur prove that Yasodharman. one can find Virk Jats on both sides of the Punjab and also in foreign countries (US. In India. Punjab (Pakistan). The eastern extent of his Raj included [Amritsar] (India) which still belongs to the Virks. and later on became a famous lawyer in Pakistan.

was a famous Jat Sikh Misl leader of warriors in the 18th century in Jathedar Teja Singh Chuharkana was a fighter against British Rule and one of the few Punjab. Karnal). The Indo-Scythians were named "Shaka" in India. and Warraich) depending on which Punjabi dialect is being used. in Amritsar district. According to historians the Sakas were the ancestors of the present day Jatt/rajput/ Waraich / Varaich clan (also spelt Wraich & Braich). Former DGP Punjab. The Waraich clan population was 38. His family currently resides in Karnal and Chandigarh Gurbaksh Singh Virk is well known jouralist from punjab presently Chief Editor of Des Pardes Weekly in U.  Kulwant Singh Virk is known as the emperor of Punjabi short story genre. Also. Varaich.  Waraich Waraich ( also spelt Varaich) is a warrior ethnic clan found in Jatts/rajputs of India and Pakistan who are descendants of Indo-Scythian tribes.   SS Virk.Waraich were valiant warriors of Indian Subcontinent same like Rajputs.  Punjab.  responsible for India's freedom from the British. one of the prominent freedom fighters in Haryana received several recognition awards from recent Presidents of India.K. Nawab Kapur Singh Virk.Navjot Singh Virk And Harmandeep Singh Virk Belongs To Royal Family India Haryana Thari  Sardar Bahadur Buta Singh Virk was a prominent lawyer from Sheikhupura and the deputy speaker of United Punjab. Braich. now Maharashtra chief of police Vikram Virk . His works have been published in Russian and Japanese. during the 1911 British Punjab Census and in the Patiala district it was 19. he also won the Indian president's prestigious Sahitya Akedemi award for Punjabi literature in 1967. but less commonly it can be spelt (Baraich.  Sardar Chattar Singh Virk Ex Chief Manager. .950 during the 1911 British Punjab Census. 2008 when his body was given state honor by the government when he died at the age of 105. Punjab National Bank was most educated person of his era  Sardar Nishan Singh Virk(village Balu. Among several awards.070. an extension on the name Saka used by the Persians to designate Scythians. was famous Jat Sikh Misl warriors leader in the 18th century in Karora Singh Virk. Varaitch. The final recognition came in on Oct 26.

After 1947 a large number of waraich clan took stay in (now) Haryana State. and Wander. Biling. Historically they are known as land owners and tenant farmers but are also considered by some as fearless warriors and to date there are large numbers of this clan are employed by both Indian and Pakistani armies. Prince Dhillon was the grandson of Mahabharat famed Karna and son of Loh Sen Karna the famed warrior mentioned in the great Hindu epic. Dulay/Dulai.The Waraich clan is mostly found in western Punjab. Dhalla. Dhandly. Kakh. Famous People: • Maharaja Ranjit Singh [ some call him Sandhanwalia. Bhatthal. Kular Mahi. Sra. Hothi. Sohi. In Indian Punjab the clan consists about 315 villages. Thiara. Romana. Khrour/d. They occupy 141 villages in Gujrat and 84 villages in Gujranwala. There was a King Karna in the Bhin-baroliya gotra too. Dhami Dhnoa. Pahil. Dhillons are settled in .Sira/Toor/Tur. Heera. Garcha. Somal. and Tung. Puar. Chohan/Chauhan. Even now. Dhanda. Gosal. Karna was killed at Kurukshetra. Srao. Baidwan. Mand. the grandson of Karna and great grandson of Queen Kunti. Pakistan in two districts Gujrat and Gujranwala. Nat. Dullet. Dhuga. Thandi. some Sansi ] Note : Inspite of my best efforts there is a scanty information about Bassi. Most Dhillons today trace their history back to Prince Dhillon the first Dhillon. Riar. In eastern Punjab in India the clan is found in large numbers in the Majha and Malwa region. Pander. Kohar. Bhinder. Jhajj. Rahal. Kooner/Cooner. Padda. Dhesi. the Mahabharata. Rai. his descendants first went to Rajasthan and then to Bhatinda in present-day Punjab. Mander. Punia. Khosa. Ratol. After Karna was killed at the Battle of Kurukshetra. SECTION III Dhillons Chapter 12 Dhillons: Origin and Growth Origin The Dhillons are called the descendants of Karna the famed royal warrior mentioned in the great Hindu epic. Pooni. Kalkat. Nagra. Khatra. This clan. the Mahabharata and he was the eldest son of Queen Kunti. Jatana. Mundi. Khaira. According to the family tree of Dhillons of Amritsar. And no information about the Sub-Castes Aujla.80% of residents of village Bhai Bakhtaur in dist bathinda are Waraich. Hansra.

Dhillon is a big Jat gotra and is not found in any other community.708 BC) Virsen (708 BC . Patiala and abroad. 800 years before Christ.424 BC) Virsen II (424 BC . After some time they migrated to the Bangar areas of Sirsa in Haryana and Bhatinda. Some of them went beyond to Ludhiana and Ferozepur.744 BC) Sarvdutt or Swarupdatt (744 BC . Hastinapur was destroyed due to changes in the course of the River Ganga. Dhillon Jats ruled Delhi again in the 8th century. They are also settled in the area of Moga. A ruler of the Dhillon Dynasty.624 BC) Kalink or Sanghraj (624 BC . the capital was changed to Magadha. Raja Dhilu (King Dihlu) founded Delhi and the dynasty ruled from there from 800 BC to 283 BC.481 BC) Raja Jiwan (481 BC . In addition. 124 rulers ruled for 4257 years 9 months and 14 Days Six dynasties ruled during this period. has in his book "Satyarth Prakash" ("The Light of Truth"). they moved towards Rajasthan. The third ruling Jat dynasty in this line was Dhillon whose descendants are the present Jat gotras. Yudhishtra. Malhis. Dosanjhs and Dhindsas who were descendants of Shah Saroa. During the reign of the fourth generation. 13 rulers of Dhillon gotra . later known as Delhi. Indraprastha and Kausambi. In 8th century. the founder of the Arya Samaj. Dhillons are linked to the royal house of the Pandavas.515 BC) Kaldahan or Kamsen (515 BC .668 BC) Singdaman or Mahipal (668BC .372 BC) This book describes the Dhillon Jat Rule from 800 BC to 350 BC. According to Radhe Lal. Ropar.595 BC) Jitmal or Tejpal (595 BC .large numbers in the areas of Bhatinda. Tomara/Toors had seized the throne and power of Delhi from Dhillons and their kinsman Sanghas. They are from among the Saroa Rajputs according to another view.389 BC) Udaybhat or Adityaketu (389 BC . Sangrur. Dhillon. who quotes 'Waqiate-panch Hazarsala. Dhilwal and Dhill. A major part of this gotra adopted the Sikh faith.ruled for about 450 years:- Some of their names are: • • • • • • • • • • • • • Raja VirMaha (817 BC . Swami Dayanand Saraswati. quoted from the famous book "Chadrika Pushtika" that from Yudhishtra to Harsha Vardhan. The first three dynasties had their capitals in Hastinapur. It is also mentioned that during the reign of the fourth generation of Yudhisthra. ruler of Hastinapur and Indraprastha. Most of the Dhillons . It is from the name of Dhillon that we have the word Dhilli or Delhi. Leaving Delhi.800 BC) Mahabal or Swarupbal (800 BC .455 BC) Virbhujang or Hari Rao (455 BC . The Dhillon Dynasty founded Delhi and ruled there from 800 BC to 283 BC (about 450 years).506 BC) Shtrumardan (506 BC .

Khayali Ram Dhillon had only one son. Jodha Singh Singh. Jhang. Jodha Singh Dhillon's son was Ch. this sword is at least from or before the times of Dada Jodha Singh. who ruled and governed in the 18th century over most of the major cities of Punjab. Lahore. Majority of the Dhillons in Sirsa. Sialkot. Hasan Abdal. Some of the Dhillons in Sialkot. One of his earliest known descendent was Khayali Ram Dhillon (that son could have been Khayali Ram himself or may be his ancestor). stories from our ancestors. Though name of that young man is not known. Among Rajputs Dhillon is also a gotra among Saroa Rajputs who were descendants of Shah Saroa of Delhi. Ambala and Karnal areas of Haryana are Sikhs.from Ferozepur went into Majha. Dhillon Sikhs founded the Bhangi Misl. The Dhillon Sikh Dynasty and their clan founded the Bhangi Misl. Among Hindus DHILLONs in KANWARI [ Hissar ] A daughter of Kanwari village from Duhan gotra (maiden surname). They chose to join and merge with the Dhillon Jats over 1000 years ago. Dei Ram Dhillon had 3 sons. Ch. who was married into Dhillon family. they are mostly Muslim. Several future generations of Ch. Multan. Chapter 13 Religion & Geographical Distribution of Dhillons Religion Dhillon Jats are mostly Sikhs and also Muslims. Instead of staying at her in-laws place. became widow at a very young age and she had one son only. Dhillons are mostly Sikh. Gujarat and large areas of central and western Panjab. Ch. Ram Chander Dhillon (eldest's name first). the ruler of Delhi in the 8th century. Ch. Legacy of these simple. Some of the Dhillons went as far as Gujjranwala. In Punjab (Pakistan). Khayali Ram's son was C. Ch. Bhera. ancestral land and a very old ancestral sword passed from one k generation to other. she returned to Kanwari to live with her parents. Lahri Singh Dhillon and Ch. Hisar. Now this ancestral sword is under the safe . Ramji Lal Dhillon. Dei Ram Dhillon. They were Ch. In Punjab (India) and Haryana. Rawalpindi. hard working ancestors of Dhillons still continue to live in the form of their offsprings. As per. including Amritsar. Her brothers and father gifted her young son land to live in village as well farming land. Lahore and Gujranwala had converted to Islam. Chiniot. Dhillons from Ludhiana went further into Doaba.

nicely framed and proudly showcased in their lounge/drawing-room at Amardeep colony in Hissar (as of 2009). This village is 13km from Rampura Phul in Bhatinda District. Almost all of the village land is owned by Jats. Lahore and Gujranwala are believed to be Dhillons. Another word for Dhillon Jats in the Punjabi language is "Dingaria". Dhillons are a very influential section of Jats. Ambala and Karnal areas of Haryana are Sikhs. Punjab. Majara Dingarian is a village situated in District Hoshiarpur. In Punjab (British India). the majority of Dhillons inhabited Amritsar and Gujranwala. Secondary Dhillon Jat Names Due to the age and size of the ancient royal Dhillon clan. majority of Dhillons were in Amritsar and Gujjranwala. chacha. etc. In the 1881 Census. This clan claim its descent from "king Karn" and the Dhillons are mainly to be found in the sub-district of Gobindgarh as well as in scattered villages of sub-districts Bhikhi and Fatehgarh. Geographical Distribution of Dhillons Punjab Population of Dhillons in Patiala was 31. Dhillons numbered at 86563 (one of the largest amongst the Jat tribes). Majority of the Dhillons in Sirsa. In joint Punjab. The most famous Dhillon 'Kairon' is probably Pratap Singh Kairon Dhillon. Majority of the Dhillons in Sialkot. tau. Those who are interested can see the Genealogy of Dhillons of Kanwari at Appendix II. These peas are especially delicious in late winter. Though residents of Kanwari are nana and mama to Dhillons but over the generations Dhillons have been so assimilated in this village that they now call other villagers as dada. There are many villages named Dhillon or Dhilwan( district (Kapurthala) in Punjab. Dhillon's are also called "Dhyani Ki Aulad" (offsprings of widowed daughter who live in same village as their mother). Harnam Singh Wala is a village with almost 95 percent have their last name as Dhillon.500. The Sikh Dhillon Jats of the village of Kairon take on the name of the village and keep the main royal Dhillon name as their fourth name. Hisar. Most of the Jats in Sialkot. The village is known for growing some of the best wheat and peas in Punjab. Sunder Singh Dhillon. it has some small number of derivative secondary family names that keep Dhillon as their main surname but have minor village name before main Dhillon surname.custody of Ch. Lahore and Gujranwala have converted to Islam. particularly Dhillon clan. For example. .

Karnal. Hisar. Dhillon Khap has 4 villages in Agra District.500. Chapter 14 Some Historical and Prominent Dhillons . and means an area inhabited by a particular clan. the word Khap is perhaps derived from the Saka word Satrapy or Khatrapy. Sangrur. Some of the Dhillons' villages are Kasel.A few Dhillon tribes in Hisar. In Jaipur they are located in Bagruwalon ka Rasta. Written references are found as far back as the Rig Veda times circa 2500 B ]. This unit of measure is found as far back as the Saka migrations/invasions circa 500 BCE into the Indian subcontinent. According to Bhim Singh Dahiya. According to B S Dhillon the population of Dhillon clan in Jalandhar district is 9.858: This clan is scattered all over the district and claims coming from the west of the Sutlej river.202: This clan as per Captain Falcon holds 140 villages in the district. Ambala.g. andKurukshetra districts of Haryana. Kairon. US. Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh in India since ancient times. however follow Hinduism. [ Khap and Sarv Khap was a system of social administration and organization in the republics of Northwestern states like Haryana. Canada. Rajasthan Dhilon Jats live in villages in Jaipur District: Gopalpura Jhadala . UK and etc. Other parallel terms are Pal. Moga. The concept of Khap is quite ancient. In Firozpur district the Dhillon population is 22.Most of Dhillons from Ludhiana and Doaba have migrated to foreign countries e. For some reasons the political unit of Khap was defined as a group of 84 villages. Khap is a term for a social . In Amritsar District the Dhillon population is 44.000. Ambala and Karnal areas of Haryana. Jawahar Nagar. Rupnagar and Patiala in Punjab (India) as well as Sirsa. Lijan. Ganasangha. Purani Basti. Dhand.political grouping and used in a geographical sense. and Gandiwind. Ganas. Jhabal. Gaggobua. Dhillons are settled in large numbers in Bhatinda. Panjwar. In Ludhiana District Dhillon population is 9. in India speak Punjabi. Today. Padri. Janapada or republic.

1 d. s.(a) • • Historical Dhillons Mai Bhago. (Harvard-U. March 5. Maharaja of Dhillon Principality (misl) & famous Royal Sikh warrior. Leader of the Indian Delegation to the Afro. Ph. M. Hari Singh Dhillon. Shrimati Iqbal Kaur. donated Bir Budha Sahib for the cattle of the gurughar. Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon.D from Harvard thesis on "India in the League of Nations and in the International Labor Organization.). on 17-2-1969. Chairman of Punjab Public Service Commission from 1960-61. MP. b. of Shri Jai Singh. Chairman of the UN Commission on Korea from 1949-50. Bhuma Singh Dhillon. one of the three of Patti pargana.A. Chairman. revenue collector over 84 villages. Giani Pritam Singh Dhillon.1903.Asian Solidarity Committee in Cyprus in 1967. 3-4-1952 to 2-4-1954. district Amritsar. 1960. Rajya Sabha. (b) • • Air Commodore Sawarnjt Singh Dhillon(Retd. Author of "Nehru-Rising. famous Sikh warrior and Sikh saint. Member. famous close associate of Netaji and member of the Indian National Army. Ganda Singh Dhillon. Star of India". Obit.). • • • • • Chhajja Singh Dhillon. insisted on hosting the marriage of Bibi Veero in his fortress during the first Sikh war of Amritsar at the cost of his office and jagir. Rajya Sabha. Raja of Dhillon Principality (misl) & famous Royal Sikh warrior. former Minster of Education for Punjab and prominent Member of the National Assembly of Pakistan. 1972 Indo-Pak War Veteran Late Major General Narinder Singh Dhillon. Died. Chaudhary Bhai Langah of village Jhubal.. Brigadier General Zulfiqar Ahmad Dhillon. appointed the first Commander of the first Sikh army raised by the sixth Guru Hargobind. Maharaja of Dhillon Principality (misl) & famous Royal Sikh warrior. • • • • . Maharaja of Dhillon Principality (misl) & famous Royal Sikh warrior. was in attendance of the fifth Guru at the time of his execution. 3-4-1954 to 2-4-1960. Prominent Dhillons Dr Anup Singh Dhillon (1903-1969). former Pakistan army General. famous Sikh Indian independence movement leader and prominent member of the Indian National Army. After Indian Independence he was the 'First Public Relations Officer' in the Indian Embassy in Washington DC. Congress (Punjab). famous Sikh warrior & Leader of Jathâ.S. Punjab Public Service Commission. Indian Independence Freedom Fighter. m. D. uncle of the celebrated Sikh woman warrior Mai Bhago. Ph. became a devoted Sikh of the fifth Guru Arjan Dev. currently Chairman Pakistan Steel Mills. 3-4-1982 to 22-11-1962 and 3-4-1964 to 28-1-1969. A. Director Military Operations 1965 Indo-Pak War Major General Muhammad Javed Dhillon. Jhanda Singh Dhillon..

. Punjabi Indian World War II hero & Veteran.. . 2009 Hardipinder Singh Badal.A. a prominent public man village Badal Gurtej Singh Badal. Atma Singh Dhillon. Lieutenant Colonel Chanan Singh Dhillon (retd). from village Ghudda. Kulwinder Dhillon. in Nasdaq. Gurdial Singh Dhillon. was Speaker of Parliament of India and Union Minster of Agriculture. Brampton.. Bob Singh Dhillon. famous and highly successful international businessman. Govt.Com. UDM-DDS 1997 Dr. famous Bollywood actress.D.D. Mangal Dhillon. Sarbjit Singh Dhillon. Harmohinder Singh Dhillon. Kuldip Singh Dhillon. Patiala (Punjab India) • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Sharanjit Singh Dhillon. Indian General Commander of Kashmir (GoC) and Master General of the Ordnance of the Indian Army. Indian Politician and Member of the Punjab Legislative Assembly. Ph. Chief-minister of Punjab (India) and former head of the Shiromani Akali Dal. Canadian politician and current member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario. famous and highly successful international businessman.S.B. was a award-winning.Punjab. and president of the ex-services league (Punjab & Chandigarh). worth over a billion dollars. 1st M. Poonam Dhillon. Indian and Sikh military war hero. Parkash Singh Badal.District Mukatsar. and president of the ex-services league (Punjab & Chandigarh). a prominent public man village Badal. Finance Minister. Ontario. 2006. He is a Punjabi Indian-Canadian Sikh billionaire property businessman (the first Indo-Canadian billionaire). famous Sikh Indian Independence Movement leader and former Chief-minister of Punjab (India). D. He is the founder and former CEO of Informatica Corporation. famous Actor.B.A. Pritam Singh Ghudda(Dhillon).D from village Ghudda Vic Dhillon.village Badal. Lieutenant General Sarabjit Singh Dhillon. Gaurav Dhillon. Maheshinder Singh Badal. 1st Diary Farm Manager of Patiala State from village Ghudda.S. Air Vice Marshal Satinder Singh Dhillon. Dr. 1st B. B.A. Medical College. Punjabi Indian World War II hero & Veteran. Indian Politician and Member of Indian Parliament. 1st Full Col. Balwant Singh Dhillon. 1st Police Officer from village Ghudda.S. Lieutenant General Joginder Singh Dhillon. U. Writer & Producer-Director. Treating the most Punjabi patients in North America through only one dental facility. • • • • • • • • • • • • Pratap Singh Kairon. a prominent public figure. a well respected in Elyria (Ohio). Amrik Singh Dhillon. prominent and well respected dentist. and Gold Medalist in M. M. From village Ghudda Amarjit Singh Dhillon(The Writer). internationally famous popular Punjabi Indian Singer.• Lieutenant Colonel Chanan Singh Dhillon (retd). Dr. Indian and Sikh military war hero. Manpreet Singh Badal.

The earliest architectural relics date back to the Maurya Period (c. Professor of Information Systems. but no coherent settlement traces have been found. The famous Iron pillar near the Qutub Minar was commissioned by the emperor Kumara Gupta I of the Gupta dynasty (320-540) and transplanted to Delhi during the 10th centur. Baltej Singh Dhillon.D. in 1169 A. 1000 BC) that some archaeologists associate with the age of the Mahabharata. H. Two sandstone pillars inscribed with the edicts of Ashoka were later brought to the city by Firuz Shah Tughluq in the 14th century. since then. Professor B. S. "It is not unlikely that this famous city derives its name from the Dhillon Jats. A village called Indraprastha existed in Delhi until the beginning of the 19th century. Dillon. Chapter 15 Delhi founded by Dhillons Delhi was the site of the magnificent and opulent Indraprastha. 300 BC). the site has seen continuous settlement. "Its (Delhi's) old name was Dhillika as is recorded in the inscription of Someswara Chauhan. Hindu texts state that the city of Delhi used to be referred to in Sanskrit as Hastinapur. an inscription of the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka (273-236 BC) was discovered near Srinivaspuri. famous scholar and author. In 1966. . first Royal Canadian Mounted Police officer to successfully legally challenged and was allowed to wear a turban in Canada. capital of the Pandavas in the Indian epic Mahabharata. Delhi was founded by Dhillon Jats: • • • According to BS Dhillon the naming of Delhi has been done after Dhillon Jats. famous Person of Indian Origin Indonesian Indian Sikh Politician. present Guru of the Radhaswamis of Beas. Baljit Singh Dhillon. Bhim Singh Dahiya also supports Qanungo's assertion by adding.• • • • • • • Gurinder Singh Dhillon. who are still found in large numbers in Delhi district". he is an internationally famous Agricultural Scientist and former Director of Research at Punjab Agricultural University. Author of "Principles of Information Systems Security" (Wiley) and Editor of Journal of Information System Security.S. The British demolished the ancient village to make way for the construction of New Delhi in the late 19th century. Excavations have unearthed shards of the grey painted ware (c. Professor Gurpreet Singh Dhillon. Dhillon is a world famous scholar on the Jat People and Chairman of Mechanical Engineering and Director of the Engineering Management Program at the University of Ottawa. Olympic Games Indian Hockey Team Captain. founded around 5000 BC. Later on the suffix "ka" was deleted and the city was named Dhilli". Professor Baldev Singh Dhillon. Professor Qanungo has written. which means "elephant-city". Archaeological evidence suggests that Indraprastha once stood where the Old Fort is today.

Sir Cunningham wrote. indirectly said that Delhi in the earlier times was called "Dhillika". Director-General of the Archeological Survey of India. Dhilo. it is probably safe to conclude that the city of Delhi was built by a Dhillon Jat king and also Dhillon Jats claim their origin from a king as per Rose. and being aware of the fact that in India. ascended the Musnud. and built the city of Dehly". That the city Dhilli was founded by a Rajah of similar name is probable enough. or Dhillon. that I have but little faith in the dates of any Hindu traditionary stories. I confess. even at the present day. conducted a comprehensive study in 1860s and published his report in the Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. As per Ferishta. we need to narrate briefly The Sikh Misls and Sikh States & Sikh Principalities :- The Sikh Misls . aided by the nobles. for it is the common custom in India. whose date is quite uncertain. "---Dehloo (Dhillon in Punjabi is pronounced as "Dhilon" or "Dhilo") the uncle of the young king. to name places after their founders". This prince. however.• A well known Indian Historian. SECTION IV Chapter 16 Dhillons of Pujab While describing Dhillons of Punjab. Romila Thapar. Taking all of the above factors into consideration."According to a popular and well known tradition. as famous for his justice as for his valour devoted his time to the good of his subjects. This tradition was adopted by Ferishta. a Persian writer of the early seventeenth century. Dilli or Dhilli (Delhi) was built by Rajah (king) Dilu or Dhilu. having deposed him. non-Jats never have clan names such as Dhilu. General Sir A. Cunningham." • • . unless they can be supported by other testimony.

and every Misl was free to act in any way it wished in the area under its control. . The Sikh misls were 'alike'.After Banda Bahader’s Rule. Each Sikh was free to join any Misl he chose. The misldhar system was ideally suited to the conditions of the time and worked well under leaders like Nawab Kapur Singh and Jassa Singh Ahluwalia. some numbering a few hundred while others could field tens of thousands of men. It combined freedom of action with the discipline of a unified command. which were known by the name of Misls. the Chief Sardars conquered different regions of the Punjab with the help of their followers and established.the expulsion of hostile foreigners from the Punjab and the fulfilment of the prophecy of Guru Gobind Singh Ji of the establishment of a Sikh state. small kingdoms. It is estimated that the total force which the Dhal Khalsa (army of veterans) could put in the field was about seventy thousand Sikhs. Only matters affecting the community as a whole were they to take orders from the Supreme Commander Nawab Kapur Singh . it channeled the energies of the fiercely independent Khalsa soldier in the service of a cause which he held dear . All these Misls were conquered later by Maharaja Ranjit Singh The Arabic word misl means 'like'. in the sense that they were considered equals. The Misls were smll companies of Sikhs .

The territory of Jammu and Pathankot was under his rule. Rupar. The heavy gun of Ahmed Shah Abdali. Sohiyan Fathegarh. Dholia. Dharam kot. The Bhangis derive their name from their addiction to 'Bhang'. The capital of this Misl was Amritsar. The Nakkai Misal . Multan. The important possessions of this Misl were Kheri Khamane. Bhatala. Ranjit Singh was married into this Misl. Beerwal and Karnala were included in his kingdom. Pindi ghep.Tara Singh Gheba was the founder of this Misl. The last chief of this Misl was Sardar Gujar Singh who was defeated by Ranjit Singh. 3.The Sikh Misls 1. Hira Singh Sidhu was the founder of this Misl. The annual income from this Misl was forty Lakhs. Jidran. Bhawalpur. Gujral.000 soldiers and annual income from the Misl was twenty Lakh Rupees. Sunehra. Nakodar. This was called 'Bhangian di-Tope’. In view of this he began to give charity to the poor and needy persons. Sharanpure. Jhanda Singh Dhillon son of Hari Singh crossed River Attak and defeated the Pathans. He had an army of 6. He was a far-sighted man He had predicted that the young man (Ranjit Singh) would disembody all the Misls. The Bhangi Misl –It was Dhillons Misl and the leader of this Misl was Sardar Hari Singh Dhillon. Sialiba. Bhrewal was its stronghold. 2. Adhran. was snatched away from the pathans and was brought to Amritsar. Pathankot. Beccani. which was in the possession of the Subedar of Lahore. Gurdaspur were also the important possessions of the Kanhiyas. Siahkot. 4. Bhunewal. Kalanaur. The Kanhaiya Misl . The Chief of this Misl plundered the territories across . Bheerakhusab.Kanhiya Singh was the leader of the Misl. Daodkhel. Jagadhri. Poothvar. Rawalpindi. This Misl had a large army numbering sixty thousand Ranjit Singh was married into this Misl also. Bundewal. Ghanghorana. Suryati. Ranjit Singh took this territory away from a careless chief and handed it over to his nephew Kharak Singh. Dera Ismail Khan. The Dale walia Misl . was its capital. Ajnala. Jhung.The leader of this Misl belonged to Nakkai. Chinyiot. Hazara.

He defeated the Nawabs of Jalalabad and Loharu. Ghaziabad. invaded and plundered Koil. a Jat of the 'Kalal' or distiller caste. Maharaja Ranjit Singh put him into prison but later pardoned him and gave him a high rank in his army. himself received Pahul from Guru Gobind Singh. The Faizalpuria Misl . 9. 11. Shahabad and Lashkari Khan were their Parganas. He received fifty thousand Rupees cash from Akbar and received the royal word. Sardar Maha Singh held the reins of 'Sardari'.The leader of this Misl was Chaudhary Daleep Singh who was a true follower of the Panth.Begha Mal Bhathi belonged to Suker Chak village. The annual income of this Misl was five Lakh. Bhugail Singh remained peacefully in Haryana till his last days with Kaithal as his Capital.Eight chiefs of this misl were killed one after an-other while serving the Panth. His son was Jodh Singh. The founder of this Misl was Sham Singh.This Misl was a branch of Larsian. The Kapurian Misl . Donda Singh was the second brother of Charat Singh. Rampur. The most powerful of the Sukar Chakia Misl was Ranjit Singh son of Maha Singh. Deep Singh Sindhu. Ambala. The Nishanawalia Misl . Sardar Sham Singh invaded Nadir Shah and occupied the territory across River Sutlej. Jhoran. The Ramgarhia Misl . This Misl lost its existence after the war of the Sikhs with the British. 5. Budha Singh was the first Sikh who receieved Pahul from Guru Gobind Singh. Ramgarhia. Gurubax Singh. 6. They took many guns from the Red Fort of Delhi. This Misal was also annexed by Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Khanna. Doraha. Basant Singh and Hira Singh were the chiefs who laid their lives for the Panth. 7.The leader of this Misl was Kapura Singh. whose heirs were known as Sandhan Wala. to get the Gurudwara Sis Ganj completed. He hailed from village Sarki. Sher Singh. He also fought against George Thompson and having crossed the River Jamuna. His son Kapura Singh converted all the Jats of these territories into Sikhs. The Ahluwalia Misl . 12. Sardar Bhughail Singh got his territory back from Raja Amar Singh of Patiala after a long and tough fight. This misl was as big as the Bhangi Misl. Afterwards. Their strong hold was Ambala.The leader of this Misl was Sadhu Singh. The Sukarchakia Misal .River Jamuna. Budha Singh. They got Lakhs of Rupees annually as the share of the Government. He was called the 'Lion of the Punjab'. The Karoria Misl . Charat Singh. His son Budh Singh constructed the sacred tank of Taran Taran at a cost of Rupees one lakh. Singhwala.The leaders of this Misl were brave and fearless. KashGanj. Bareilly.The leader and founder of this Misl was Jassa Singh Tarkhan. Sandm. They helped Guru Gobind Singh and Banda Bahadur whole heartedly against Nawab Jehan Khan. He was the founder of this Misl. Durga Singh. The Shaheedan Misl . Buddha Singh. Zika. Daleep Singh. 8. . He conquered all the Misls and founded the Sikh State with Lahore as its Capital. During the invasions they led the army as an advanced guard with the insignia of the Panth. 10. ( Aligarh) Hathras. The founder of this Misl was Sardar Gurbax Singh of Ralsian Village. Suddha Singh. But the true founder was Jassa Singh Ahluwalia so this Misl was named after him as Ahluwalian Misl. Sardar Jassa Singh was very vain and haughty. and Chandosi etc. The annual income of this Misl was forty Lakhs and the standing army was thirteen thousand.

Maharaja Bhupinder Singh. The Patiala forces secured high position in games under his leadership. After his death.13. Sardar Gajpat Singh. states Kaithal and Baghat and several Parganas belonging to Nawab of Jhajjar were given to him. Nabha . To earn his friendship Ahmed Shah returned his territory. got the title of Raja from Kabul. their ancestors. his son Yadvendra Singh succeeded to the throne and proved to be a very good ruler and administrator. having been ousted from Ghazni. Malaudh etc.The Four Ruling Chiefs of Patiala. 20. As a reward. was the founder of this state. When the leaders of the Sikh Panth. the founder of Bhati gotra. son of Chaudhary Rama. had come to India [ in Yudhishthiri Samvat 3008. Bhalaur. He married his daughter who was the mother of Ranjit Singh to Sardar Mahan Singh Sukharchakiya. Ala Singh annexed the territory of Sirhind also. seventh in the dynasty occupied a high place among other princes. He brought about improvement in all spheres. Chapter 17 Sikh States and Sikh Principalities of Jats (a) Phulkian Dynasty[ narrated earlier also in different context ] The gotra of this royal dynasty is Siddhu. According to their history.] The leader was either Bhattrak. Phool was a lucky man and his decendants founded various states like Nabha. Patiala State Patiala was one of the four big states of India. one of their leaders was Ala Singh. Later he also seized Rohtak and . Sardar Amar Singh. Raja Karam Singh of this dynasty helped the British to suppress the 1857 uprising. His son. Jind State Phool's grandson. Nodhgarh. Phulkian Misl. After Abdali's return to Kabul. or his father. Among the successors of Sidhu. Sidhu Brar belonged to the Bhati gotra.000 of his followers were killed. Bhatinda and Bhatner( Bhatnair) were named after him. became determined to extend their power. Jind. Faridkot. taking advantage of the weakness of the Mughul Dynasty. In 1773 he was victorious in the battle of Sirhind and annexed certain parts of Sirhind. In 1772 AD Emperor Shah Alam gave him the title of Raja. Jind and Farid Kot were the descendents of this Misl and ruled under British Protection over territories conquered by their ancestors. who fought against Ahmed Shah Abdali. Bhadaur. During his rule the State merged in the Indian Union. Patiala.

in the fourth generation of Phool. 1. Lord Lake granted him various parganas of Gohana. Mann Chiefs of Bhaga Chaudhary Amar Singh Mann. As a reward of helping the British in the 1857 uprisisng.000. Khurha and Shahpur. obtained a Jagir in Kapurgarh and Sangrur belonging to Chaudhary Taloka. The annual income of this state was Rs 3. Thereafter. Randhawa Chief of Khundha The ancestor of this dynasty. of Sokalgarh. came from Sidipur Lowa in Rohtak district and settled down in Gujaranwala. resident of Bhaga joined the Kanhaiya Misl and annexed the Pargana.54.30. His son Kajal Singh. Sujanpur Dharmakot and Dharampur. became the leader of a Jatha in Patiala and worked with enthusiasm and occupied the Parganas of Kowshera. Nabha State Sardar Hamir Singh. was very famous in Rajasthan. His grandson. Jafarwal. He fought two wars against Ranjit Singh. Mann Chiefs of Mughal Chak Chaudhary Ladha Mann of this dynasty. he became the Chaudhary of 22 villages. Randhawa. In the fourth dynasty Pradhan Chand's son Santosh Singh adopted Sikhism. Working in the Jatha of Sardar Jai Singh he obtained Banga Talwandi as a Jagir. extended the territories.800. Sardar Mahatab Singh of this . Faridkot State Faridkot State came into existence in the 12th generation of Phool and was founded. (c)Sikh Principalities Randhawa Chiefs of Talwandi In 1640 AD Chaudhary Randhir Chand founded the village Bhandahi on arrival from Rajputana( Rajastana) and his grandson Targha founded Talwandi. The Annual income of this State was Rs. Amir Singh. After the conquest of Sirhind the pargana of Molaudhgarh came into his share. in 1600 AD by Kapur Singh. He founded a small village named Maina.Dadri.

There is a small number that are Hindu in the Hissar[as noted before] & Kurukshetra districts. Gujrat and large areas of central and western Punjab. Siddhu Chief of Saranwali The leader of this dynasty. Multan. Kalas. Lahore. Chiniot. in this dynasty adopted Sikhism and was an important leader of the Bhangian Misl. After several generations Chaudhary Durga Das was appointed Chaudhary on behalf of the Moghals. He was a member of Bhangi Misl. Sardar Hari Singh Dhillon adopted him as his Dharmputra. they settled down in Gurdaspur and his widow daughter was married to Ranjit Singh's elder son Kharak Singh. In 1816 AD the daughter of Sardar Jodh Singh was married to Ranjit Singh. Rawalpindi. Hasan. including Amritsar. son of Kharak Singh. leader of this dynasty.dynasty occupied 82 villages due to the weakness of the Mughal Emperor. CHAPTER 18 Dhillons of Punjab The Dhillon Sikh Dynasty and their clansmen founded the Bhangi Misl. who ruled and governed in the 18th century over most of the major cities of Punjab. Hasan Abdal. In Punjab (India) and Haryana. Later Sardar Mehtab Singh occupied 82 villages due to the weakness of the Mughal Emperor. Both Sikh and Muslim descendants of Chaudhary Manga worship at his fortress. The annual income of this Jagir was Rs. . Jhang. Sandhu Chiefs of Badala Sardar Mochal Singh. we have described earlier. Dhillon Jats founded the Bhangi Misl. founded the village of Mochal near Uska. Later. Dewan Singh son of Jai Chand Jogi. His son. Dhillon Jats are mostly Sikhs. Dhillons are mostly Sikh . 36. fought fierce battles against the people of Kariya community. Sialkot. He was a member of the Bhangi Misl.000. obtained a Jagir. Chiefs of Kalas Bazwa Chaudhary Manga was a famous leader of this dynasty.

Rupnagar and Patiala in Punjab (India) as well as the Sirsa. Geographical Distribution There are many villages named Dhilwan in District Karputhla and Gurdasspur in Punjab. The most famous Dhillon 'Kairon' is probably Pratap Singh Kairon Dhillon and Dhillon ‘Badal’ is Prakash Singh Dhillon. This village is 13 km from Rampura Phul in Bhatinda District. Ambala and Karnal areas of Haryana are Sikhs. Dhillons from Ludhiana and Doaba have migrated to foreign countries e. Hisar. Dhillons numbered at 86563 (one of the largest amongst the Jat tribes) Dhillons are a very influential section of Jats. In Punjab (British India). The Sikh Dhillon Jats of the village of Kairon and Badal take on the name of the village and keep the main royal Dhillon name as their fourth name. Sangrur. . In village Chehlan in Fatehgarh Sahib District where 90% of residence are Dhillons and in village Ghungrana of District Ludhiana where are 97% of residence are Dhillons. Harnam Singh Wala is a village with almost 95 percent have their last name as Dhillon. Ambala and Karnal areas of Haryana. The village is known for growing some of the best wheat and peas in Punjab. the ruler of Delhi in the 8th century.] Today. it has some small number of derivative secondary family names that keep Dhillon as their main surname but have minor family name before main Dhillon surname. Canada. Dhillon and Deol both share the same desent warriors during the Sikh Rule. Some of The Dhillons of Punjab. In the 1881 Census. Both clans have many villages in the Ludhiana district consisting 60 combined together. For example.[ The Hindu Dhillons of Hisar have been mentioned earlier in detail. Hisar. majority of Dhillons were in Amritsar and Gujjranwala. Moga. These peas are especially delicious in late winter. In joint Punjab. Dhillons are settled in large numbers in Bathinda. US. Sardar Gurnam Singh Ghungrana Dhillon was a renowned figure of the area who used Ghungrana and kept Dhillon as fourth name. the majority of Dhillons inhabited Amritsar and Gujranwala.g. Majority of the Dhillons in Sirsa. UK etc. They chose to join and merge with the Dhillon Jats over 1000 years ago] In Punjab due to the age and size of the ancient royal Dhillon clan. due to certain reasons shifted to the Lakhi Jungle area which will be discussed in the next Chapter.[Dhillon is also a gotra among Saroa Rajputs who were descendants of Shah Saroa of Delhi.

The 5th Guru of the Sikhs Guru Arjan Dev was tortured to death in 1606 A. A section Dhillons from the village Sur Singh. which is still there near Talwandi Sabo.Kheta Singh had four sons & two daughters—Pritam Singh. Baba Ghudda. Ladha and Chanda.Balwant Singh.Jas Kaur and Pritam Kaur. Pritam Singh had one son-Harchand Singh who had two sons-Jitmohinder & Jessi. Karnal Singh had one son-Harjitpat & four daughters-Davinder. It was this period that some people. the Dhillons are having about 30 houses only ] Therefore.Gurbakhshish. These were the years of active rule of The Mughals in India and Punjab. .Sukhjit. They have one son each-Sukhbir Singh and Manpreet Singh. justice and human values.The former was known for its tyranny. including the members of Dhillon Community had to leave their houses and had come to the difficult terrain called ‘Lakhi Jungle’where there was forest all around.HarbakhshishNirmaljit and Sandal. Gahoo. This being a small village. Take Singh had two sonsDeva Singh and Mahan Singh.D.Karnail Singh.Atma Singh. Ranjit Singh Had two sons-Raghuraj Singh and Gurraj Singh.D. [ even in 2009 there are total 100/125 households in Wanger. came to a place called “Wanger” a small village.Surjit. Dhnaula and Bombiha.Harjitpal had one son-Jagjit who had one daughter Sandip.The Sikh Guru Period coincided with the region of what is called Majha area of Punjab.D. got out of Wanger and established new villages like Ghudda. despotism and autocracy and the latter a typical form of struggle for freedom. near Taran Taaran. The Mughal Rulers during these years. Baba Ghudda had three sons. Fatta etc. Guru Hargobind was imprisoned in about 1617 A. some Dhillon families .and Jaswinder.Sohat Singh Mohat Singh Mehtab Singh and Khzan Singh.Gurinder. Some Dhillons went to villages which were already established like Bajak. The entire Genealogy of Baba Ghudda will be shown in Charts in the Appendix. Khazan Singh had three sons—Keta Singh. Ladha had two sons-Kapur Singh and Take Singh.D. Bhara. on flimsy grounds . some Dhillons started shifting to other places.Baljit. Village Ghudda is 17/18 Kilometers from Bathinda on the Ghudda-Badal Road.Chapter 19 Some Dhillons Shifted to Lakhi Jungle The 16th. 17th and 18th Centuries were very difficult for the people of Punjab. particularly Jahangir’times had adopted various despotic means to deal with the Non-Muslims by which the lives of common people became very difficult. Atma Singh had four sons & four daughtersKarmjit..{this family attaches Badal as suffix to their names-Badal being a village purchased by Ghudda family in 1830 A. Harmohinder has one son-Nanak & one Daughter Nimrit. Balwant Singh had one son-Amarjit who has one son Harmohinder & two Daughters-Satinderjit and Deepinderjit. Ranjit Singh and Jagjit Singh. the 6th Guru. Bhukhian Aali.] Ladha’s second son Kapoor Singh had one son Bahadur Singh who had five sons —Bela Singh.namely.Rajinder. the ancestor of Parkash Singh Badal [ and of the writer of this Booklet---both are in 8th geration of Baba Ghudda] established a village after his name sometime during 1660-65 A. Bishan Singh and Arjan Singh.Mahan Singh’s son Fateh Singh had three sons-Buta. Raghuraj Singh had two sons-Prakash Singh(Badal)and Gurdas Singh (Badal ).

2009 when signed by the President of India. The Bill for this and other Central Universities was passed by the Parliament on Feb. . Its 1st Vice Chancellor Dr. of India who is working very hard to make this University as one of the best University of India. Jai Roop Singh.2009 & it became an Act on March 20.25.It is not less than a miracle that the only one Central University has been established in village Ghudda for which 544 acres= land has been acquired by the Punjab Government.son of a renouned Punjabi writer Professor Pritam Singh of Patiala. was appointed by the Govt.


Ragu .




He ousted the Panwar Rajputs from the area of Muktsar. When Mohammed of Ghor invaded India.Dhar's descendants are know as Pirkotias. he was given maximum support by Rao Hemraj and his followers. Kaonke. Sidhu Khiva Rao sired Sidhu Rao in around 1250. had no issue. Sidhu was also married into a Gill Jat tribe. Ghazni and Lahore were seized by the king of Bukhara (in today's Uzbekistan) after a long period.Appendix I Sidhu and Brar Clan Origin and history Sidhus are the descendants of Bhatti Rajputs. His son. but was killed. Rao Jaisal from his lineage was a renowned king who founded the state of Jaisalmer in Rajasthan. The Bhattis migrated and settled in the area of Bhatner (Hanumangarh in present-day northern Rajasthan).Bhura's descendants are known as Harikas and Brars.Roop's progeny are Rosse of the village of Tehna in Faridkot. • Jarth. a grandson of Mangal Rao. Hisar and Bathinda areas. Rao Hemraj had a dispute with his brothers which led to his settlement in Hisar in 1180. . Khiva Rao. and Hemraj A Bhatti chieftain named Devraj founded Devgarh. Devraj. Rao Hemraj built a fort in Hisar. He was the founder of the Harkike Sidhu branch. Rao Hemraj was rewarded with the control of the Sirsa. Mangal Rao.Suro's progeny are know as Meharmia. He married a girl from a Sarao Jat family. Attari. sired Brar who founded the Brar Clan. They claim Yaduvanshi descent. One of his grandsons. Jaisal. Jondhar. the elder son of Bhura. from Mathura to Ghazni. He was discarded by his community and built Khiva Khota.Hari Rao was born in the family of Sita Rao. Sidhu is the founder of the Sidhu Clan. Sidhu Rao's descendants merged back with the Jat community.Mano's descendants are settled in Malkana and Naurang villages and known as Manokes. and Khiva Rao Rao Hemraj's son Jondhar had twenty-one sons. Harike and Fattanke belong to this lineage. the second son of Sita Rao. Mangal Rao. each of whom founded a new clan. Pakistan and Afghanistan. the Bhattis ruled over the lands of Northern India. He sired six sons from this marriage: • Dahar's descendants are know as Bhaike of Kainthal and Jhumba. At one time. They are not of Brar lineage. He died in 1214. rebelled against the Delhi government.

Sidhus and Brars during the lifetime of the Sikh Gurus Balhan Akbar appointed Bhallan Brar as Chaudhry of his area. Mohan and his son Roop Chand laid their lives in 1632 during a fight with Muslim Bhattis. Mohan and Kala According to the Bathinda Gazette. The Bhullar Jats. Lakhan Pal.Bhaik4Pirkotiye5Rosse6Jaid7Manoke8Bains9Johl [A descendant of Sidhu married into a Dalit family and his progeny merged with Dalits. Bhagsar and Jhutti Patti of Bathinda. After his death in 1560. Kala along with his clan sided firmly with him. He made Bidowali in Bathinda as his stronghold. Faridkotiye and Sangharke belong to the lineage of Dull while Phoolke. Brar had six sons but only Dull and Paur could attain fame. the Choudhar (landlordship) of this area was given by the Mughals to a Sardar (Chief) named Bairam of Brar lineage. After marauding. are also found among backward castes such as Dalit castes such as Mazhabi Sikhs. The sixth Sikh Guru. He died around 1415 BC in Bidowal. By evening. He regained Bathinda after defeating the Bhattis. Binay Pal and Sehan Pal. Mehraj’s grandson Mohan was pestered by Muslim Bhattis and he left Bidowali for some time in 1618 and came to the Bathinda area. Sidhus thus. According to one description. Doda. were granted a visit to Mohan in Vikrami Samvat 1688. Lakhan Pal’s descendants are called Deonke. who considered themselves to be the original dwellers and owners of this area removed his fence and threw it into a well. When Shah Jehan’s army attacked the Guru in 1635 at Lehra near Mehraj. the same was handed over to Mehraj. He died in 1543. Kauni. Kala had marked twenty-two villages and put his fence (Morhi) into the ground. They are mostly settled in the Bahia area of Bathinda. Dull sired four sons named Ratan Pal. Guru Har Gobind. Daan Singh Wala. A happy Guru Har Gobind asked Kala Brar to fence as much land he wanted to. Ratan Pal's descendants are settled in the villages of Abloo. along with his family. Bidowali (or Bidowal) is the original village of the famed Sidhu-Brars. He was a known marauder and warrior. He had fourteen sons including Bhallan. Kotli. The Guru ended victorious. Kili.2Harike3. Mehrajke and Ghurajke are from the lineage of Paur.Thus. Brar. The enraged Timur started deforestation on a large scale. Brar had three brothers whose descendants also call themselves as Brars. Timur killed a large number of Brars and avenged his losses. When Kala complained against this to the . The Harike Sidhus also claim to be Brars although they are not. Sidhus have nine sub-clans: 1. the Brars used to take shelter in the jungles of the area. Sanghar from the lineage of Binay Pal attained eminence. He also rebelled against the Delhi government. the Brars robbed Timur in the area of Tohana in today's Haryana.] The Brars Brar was the fifth generation descendant of Sidhu. During Timur's raid on Northern India in 1398. Mohan’s son Kala was also an ardent follower of the sixth Guru. Sehan Pal's progeny is settled Nagedi Sran and Fidde while Binay Pal’s in Matta. Mehma Sarja and Kundal.

Phool founded the village of Phool and captured the areas surrounding it. Kala along with his cousins. They were baptized at the hands of the tenth Sikh Guru. He was also a Sikh but did not want to earn the ire of the Mughals. In the battle of Muktsar in 1705. He had three sons named Sukhia. He had also helped the Guru in the battle of Mehraj. answered that Faridkot is famous for TALL BRARS. your roots have reached to the other world. Kapura’s elder son Sukhia again came into power in 1720. Jind and Faridkot. from which Himachal Pradesh and Haryana were later separated due to the reorganization of Indian states on a linguistic basis. Kapura founded the town of Kot Kapura in 1661. Sema was also killed in this battle in 1710. Kapura helped Guru Gobind Singh ji in an underhand manner. Aurangzeb too dreaded the Brars and did not dare enter Malwa. Among these three. Kala founded a village and named it as Mehraj. Faridkot The ancestor of the Faridkot principality. In 1808.Guru. Kapura was slain by Isa Khan Manj in 1708. Ranjit Singh vacated this area on the behest of the British. After the Partition." Hence. Chowdhary Phool sired Tarlok Singh and Ram Singh who avenged his death from Nawab Isa Khan. Sema and Mukhia.Bhagat Singh)during his visit to Fresno CA. Nabha. Jind & Faridkot also discussed elsewhere in detail ] Sidhus and Brars had five principalities of their own in the Malwa region of the Punjab prior to the Partition. Kaithal and Faridkot. Patiala. USA. The Guru blessed Phool and Sandal with the privilege of affording to take his horse to the Ganges and Yamuna rivers for drinking water. Nabha. Mukhia killed Isa Khan and took control of the entire area. Baba Ala Singh expanded his principality far and wide. Patiala. Malerkotla and Kalsia) formed the short-lived Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU). Guru Gobind Singh. Nabha. succeeded him. Yadavindrah Singh as the Rajpramukh and the capital at the city of Patiala. . During Guru Gobind Singh's time. the Brars dominated the Malwa region of the Punjab. Bhallan was also an ardent follower of Guru Har Gobind. Maharaja Ranjit Singh captured the principality of Faridkot up to Muktsar. Phool When Guru Har Rai visited this area. Kapura. Guru Gobind Singh in his Zafarnama referred to the Brars saying that all the Brars supported him. along with three other princely states (Kapurthala. Nabha and Jind The descendants of these two brothers ruled over the principalities of Patiala. Phool and Sandal appeared for his service. These three were known as the Phoolkian principalities after Phool Brar. He died issueless in 1643. PEPSU was later incorporated into the new state of Punjab. That is why the ruler of this principality. when asked about the famous things in Faridkot . Pahara Singh sided with the British during the Anglo-Sikh Wars. with the Maharja of Patiala. Kapura was the Chaudhry of eighty-four villages. Sidhu and Brar kingdoms[Patiala. Nabha and Jind. he remarked: "Bhai Kala.One of the Deputy Commissioner's of Faridkot(S. He was an ardent Sikh and a statesman of high calibre. who was a nephew of Bhallan. These were Patiala. Baba Ala Singh died in 1765. Jind. On growing up. He was the Misldar of the Phoolkian Misl.

Bambiha Bhai. was founded by Bhai Bhagtu(he was also revered as saint).344. Hakamwala. Sidhu-Brars are more in number than other Jat clans. Sidhus have also many villages in the tehsil of Jagraon in the Ludhiana district.Kaithal The principality of Kaithal (today in Haryana).332 and the Brars at 53. Faqaarsar. Villages The progeny of Baba Jalal. Sidhus also have their villages in the area of Moga and Bagha Purana. Besides three Sidhwans.dabwali etc a majority of the villages were still closer to there homeland in kaithal till after independence and the cealing act. Hamirgarh and Ramuwala. the number of Sidhu Brars had reached up to three million[4]. Jhumba. Koir Singh Wala. Due to the 1857 Mutiny.The presented malwa with an option of governace. Thehri in the Tehsil of Muktsar were part of this principality. Dialpura. Kot Bhai. Religion All the Brars in Punjab are Sikhs. The villages of Bidowali. Bhodipura.the lords in turn generated enough income to sustain themselves and their people primarily throught economy of scale in large scale agriculture practices. Channu. Sidhu and Brar Jats are settled all over the world. Selbrah. Bhaika Kera and Kot Bhai. This state had wide areas in its control. a Sidhu-Brar founded the villages of Aaklia. By the 1991 Census. Sidhus were counted at 155.each of the villages were the manor of a greater cluster of smaller villages.kundal. Chakk Bhaika. Gurusar. . the British took over this principality in 1858.which was later picked up by the British as revenue generation module and the sardars of prominent villages were taxed rather than the entire populations. Sidhus and Brars today Presently. Sidhus are also found in a minority among Hindu Jats as well as Dalit and backward classes.The Bhaika's also presented themselves as feudal lords and hence helped sustain masses under them throught times of economical and social distress. In the 1881 Census. Bhucho.for example the three brothers from bhucho had close to 73 villages which included fatenwala. after the anexture of the state . Thehri.royal linage came to settle in The prominent villages of Bhaike Sidhus included Fafre.

MBA (Deakin Uni. Yeotmal District in Maharashtra.Computing (W. Jodha Singh Dhillon 4.1. jovial and emotional person who died in 1996/97 of heart attack in his 40s. India) under Amravati university. She has 2 daughters and one son. India). 4. 4. Ch Dei Ram Dhillon (Dei means Giver or Generous) son of Ch. Daryav Singh Dhillon. Ramji Lal Dhillon . Dharamvir Dhillon son of Ch.4. Mahavir Singh Dhillon. Daryav Singh Dhillon. Hissar.4.html. Sunder Singh Dhillon and Mrs Harpayari Devi Dhillon. innocent woman from Naurang Pura Village. very handsome. Nani Bai was then married to younger brother (Ch. Malu and Gappi) and a son4. uncles and grandfather all died when he was a small boy and being eldest among all his cousins he found himself as head of the family. Sydney).sainikaryangroup. Ch. Ch. He is now retired and spends his time in Bhiwani and Kanwari.1.2. at very tender age his father.Engg (Amravati). Ch. Ch.1. Ch. 4. Rajgarh Tehsil in Churu District of Rajasthan.Hissar. He is now retired and lives in Hissar. Lahri Singh Dhillon) of her late husband Ch. His name used to be on merit list of matric toppers (now erased) of school in Kanwari. Ram Chander Dhillon. Sunder Singh Dhillon. Ramji Lal Dhillon. He died at a young age after fathering a son called Daryav Singh Dhillon. Haryana. She married to Captain Rudra Sen Sindhu (Retired) of Sainik Aryan Group www.4. Mother of Ch. Dr.1. He is a veterinary doctor. Sunder Singh Dhillon is his younger brother. Lahri Singh Dhillon and Mrs.1. Nani Bai Dhillon. Vishal Dhillon son of Ch. Mrs Nani Bai Dhillon was first married to Ch.1. Ch Dei Ram Dhillon.1. Saraswati Devi Dhillon. born to same mother but different father. Jodha Singh Dhillon (Jodha means Brave Heart Warrior) son of Ch.He was born in Kanwari village in 1971. who died at young age after fathering Ch. She died in her 80s in May 1996 in Kanwari village under the care of her son Ch.2 Krishna Devi daughter of Ch. Ch.1. Victoria). Sunder Singh Dhillon served in Indian army. very fair-skinned youngest son of Ch Dei Ram Dhillon. Haryana. former President of Association of Veterinary Doctors of Haryana. Ramji Lal Dhillon. He died at a young age after fathering a son called Sunder Singh Dhillon.3. Sunder Singh Dhillon. Saraswati Devi Dhillon) are real sisters i. Daryav Singh Dhillon is very industrious and successful person who worked hard. Daryav Singh Dhillon. Ch. He holds Masters in Science from Kurukshetra. daughter of Mr Hans Ram Jaglan of Bidhwan village. He died at a young age after fathering a son called Mahavir Singh Dhillon.He went to government school in Kanwari village. Harpayari Devi Dhillon) and his brother Ch. Khayali Ram Dhillon 3. Mrs Nani Bai Dhillon was a simple.1.Appendix II GENEALOGY OF DHILLONs of KANWARI (8 generations) 1. Saraswati Devi Dhillon.1. She holds a Bachelor of Arts degree from Government College Hissar. MBA from Deakin . Ch. Later moved to Australia in 1995 and completed Master of Computing from University of Western Sydney. His philanthropic legacy can be seen in the girl's school of Kanwari where he built a water tank for students and water tank still bears his name. eldest son of Ch. Sunder Singh Dhillon's wife (Mrs.3. He also holds Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSC) from Haryana Agricultural University.1. Daughters are married and son is settled in Sydney Australia.e. only son of Ch. Nani Bai Dhillon. He is married to Mrs. Mrs Saroj Sindhu daughter of Ch. Daryav Singh Dhillon and Mrs.3 Ch.1. Nick name Guttu B. He also studied in village school in Kanwari as well as Senior Model Public School (Rajgargh Road. Ch. Following the jat tradition. middle son of Ch Dei Ram Dhillon. He is current President of Association of Veterinary Doctors of India ( 2009). He is now an Australian citizen and Singapore permanent resident. Harpayari Devi Dhillon (maiden surname Jaglan. Ch. Daryav Singh's wife (Mrs. son of Ch. Ramji Lal Dhillon and Mrs. She has 3 daughters (Gudiya alias Surabhi. Ch.1.2.2. Daryav Singh Dhillon and serving & obedient daughter-in-law Mrs. son of Ch. He was a very handsome.4. M. Khayali Ram Dhillon (Khayali means Dreamer or Visionary) son of UNKOWN near Jhumpa in Bhiwani District of Haryana). PhD (Uni of South Australia. From this marriage she bore a son in 1947 named Ch. Sunder Singh Dhillon.4.1. she did her schooling from Kanwari village in Haryana and her name sue to be on merit list of matric toppers (now erased). Ram Chander Dhillon. Completed Bachelor of Computer Engineering from BN College of Engineering (Pusad. Lahri Singh Dhillon.. two brothers married two sisters. Daryav Singh Dhillon.

1. Her nick name is Titu.1.1.1. Dharamvir Dhillon and Mrs Bimla Dhillon.3 Samridhi Dhillon daughter of Dr. 4. He joined Indian Army on short service commission and retired soon after.1. Kanwari and Dhillon ancestors.3.4.1. Nick name is Leela. Mahavir Singh Dhillon.1. Azad died in early. Captain Ankur Dhillon (retired) son of Dr.1. very decent. . Siki. Sunder Singh Dhillon and Harpayari Devi Dhillon. Lives in Singapore (2009).4.4. Post Graduate Diploma in Sports Coaching from NIS Patiala.1.4. Married into Solanki family of Delhi. Married and now lives in Bhiwani. She is a medical doctor. Jitendra Dhillon son of Ch.1. Nick name is Jitu.1 Yash Dhillon son of Vishal Dhillon and Mrs Seema Dhillon. Mahavir Singh Dhillon. Nick name is Nuta.4. She married to Luitanent Colonel Rakes Godara (as of 2009) and has a daughter Vishwani Godara (born in Hissar in 1999). Married into Solanki family of Delhi. Master of Sports from Kurukshetra University. He is greatly influenced and inspired by his mother towards pursuit of academic excellence and also influenced by his father-figure/uncle/tau (Ch. He works in IT industry as Regional Head/Director of Asia for large American global multinational company (as of 2009). 4.3. Mahavir Singh Dhillon. married and has a son Arayaveer. Born in 2006. Vaishali Godara daughter of Ch. She holds Black Belt in Judo and has won several national level Gold medals in Judo. Nick name Titu.1.4.e. Based in Ludhiana.1.1. Born 16 Sept 2005. She was facilitated (honoured) by Panchayat of Kanwari Village in 1987 for bringing yash (honour) to Kanwari village and Haryana State. She is currently studying in Pune. She has been awarded several honours from state government (of Haryana) as well for her services to sports (Judo). Shakti and Jitendra). Nick name Dipi. Dharamvir Dhillon and Mrs Bimla Dhillon.1 Aryaveer Dhillon son of Capt.1. Australia) and Doctor of Business Administration (University of South Australia). Nick name Basanti (given by Guttu Anna).3.4. Dharamvir Dhillon and Mrs Bimla Dhillon. respectful. Nonu.1. Dipti Solanki daughter of Dr. Late Azad Singh Dhillon son of Ch. Azad.2 Dr.1. Cutea. Nick name is Sneaky (given by parents as he sneaked into their lives as a pleasant blessing of god).1. Married and now lives in Rohtak district. Other names Monkey. Shakti Singh Dhillon son of Ch.3. Bachelors of Art from Govt College Hissar. Ankur Dhillon.1.4.1. Class 11 and 12 from jat college.2. Mahavir Singh Dhillon.2. MBBS from AFMC Pune. Mrs. A sensible. Married and now lives in Bhiwani and has business interests in Chhatis Garh.1. Daryav Singh Dhillon) in terms of connection to his roots i. Azad died in early 90s. Nutan Devi daughter of Ch.2. etc. Now he runs business empire inherited from father.1.University (Melbourne. Quiet and shy youngest baby of Dhillon brothers (Dharamvir. Vishal. emotional and extremely responsible person.

Agra. New Delhi..Some content Online on Jatland Wiki Dr Girish Chandra Dwivedi. 1978. 1912 James Todd Annals . IRS Sterling Publishers Pvt Ltd.Some content Online on Jatland Wiki by Bingley. New Delhi-1100055 History and study of the Jats .com.vsnl. A. e-mail: .Some content Online on Jatland Wiki by Dr Kanungo 1925 History of the Jats .On line book on Jatland Wiki By Jwala Sahai Printed by Lall Singh. Delhi-110052. reprinted by the Ess Ess Publications. Near Ashok Vihar. Oriental Books Reprint Corporation. Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan.) Price Rs 325/-& ISBN 81-88629-11-1 (P. Nimri commercial Centre. Near Ashok Vihar.M/S Originals (an imprint of low priced publications). First Indian Edition 1983 (Originally Published in 1829-32). Phase-IV. New Delhi-110064.On line book on Jatland Wiki by Bhim Singh Dahiya. Edited by Dr Vir Singh 2003.H. Publisher .first published in 1899 History of the Jats:Dr Kanungo . © Surajmal Memorial Education Society ISBN 81-88629-08-1 (H. url: http://www. Online Jat History Books on Jatland Wiki Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study) . A-6. Jhansi Road.) Price Rs 160/History. in Moon Press. 1980 History of the Jats . Caste and Culture of the Jats and Gujars .On line book on Jatland Wiki By Professor B.James Tod. Edited and annotated by Dr Vir Singh Publisher . Volume II (On line part of book on Jatland Wiki) (With a Preface by Douglas Sladen).lppindia. 1994 The Jats . e-mail: lpp@nde. Canada.S Dhillon Beta Publishers. 2003.Their Role in the Mughal Empire . AB/9 Safdarjang Enclave. Kalika Ranjan 1938. India. 54.Bibliography This section contains Jat history books or books related with or useful for Jats in English I.M/S Originals (an imprint of low priced publications). Delhi-110052.On line book on Jatland Wiki by Ram Swarup Joon . Nimri commercial Centre. Phase-IV.B. 1967 History of Bharatpur .

url: http://www. 2006. IRS Publisher . House History of Hindustan (Translated from Persian by Alexander Dow. by Dr Vir Singh .Some content Online on Jatland Wiki Mani Mekhala . Sonepat. ESQ.Dahinam Publishers. Ed. January 2001 291 p.Some content Online on Jatland Wiki by Bal Kishan Dabas Publisher .. Sonepat.B. Ranas of Gohad in British Records The Harsha Charita of Bana .com. Vol. $28.I. Haryana.Classical Pub.Dahinam Publishers.Shaheed Dham Trust .vsnl. Delhi The Jats:Their Origin.A Socio-Biological Study of Rural Haryana by Shashi Prabha Gupta Publisher . Haryana . 1970 By Ram Pande Publisher .Some content Online on Jatland Wiki by Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria) Publisher .Some content Online on Jatland Wiki II. Jaipur. Jaipur-2 History of Haryana saravkhap Martyrs & freedom fighers.) Price Rs 240/-& (P. 1954 .Some content Online on Jatland Wiki by Ujagar Singh Mahil.B. 1991 Political and Social History of the Jats . India. Price Rs 300/Demographic Differentials among the Rajputs and the Jats .Manthan Publications.Sanjay Prakashan. 1993 Aryan Tribes and the Rig Veda . Haryana The Jats . © Surajmal Memorial Education Society (H. Antiquity and Migrations . Haryana.) Price Rs 150/Antiquity of the Jat content Online on Jatland Wiki by Bhim Singh Dahiya. Edited by Bhim Singh Dahiya) Publisher . E 131 Atish Market.Rama Publishing House. Books with info on Jatland Wiki Bharatpur upto 1826 (A Social and Pilitical History of the Jats). 2004. By Dharmpal Singh Dudee Publisher .Their Role and Contribution to the Socio-Economic Life and Polity of North and North West India.Book is Online on Jatland Wiki Abhidhana Chintamani . Bharat Nagar Bhiwani.

Publisher - M/S Originals (an imprint of low priced publications), A-6, Nimri commercial Centre, Near Ashok Vihar, Phase-IV, Delhi-110052. e-mail:, url:, © Surajmal Memorial Education Society (H.B.) Price Rs 180/ (P.B.) Price Rs 140/The Jats - Their Role and Contribution to the Socio-Economic Life and Polity of North and North West India, Vol.II, 2006. Ed. by Dr Vir Singh Publisher - M/S Originals (an imprint of low priced publications), A-6, Nimri commercial Centre, Near Ashok Vihar, Phase-IV, Delhi-110052. e-mail:, url:, © Surajmal Memorial Education Society (H.B.) Price Rs 525/-& (P.B.) Price Rs 265/The Jats - Their Role and Contribution to the Socio-Economic Life and Polity of North and North West India, Vol.III, 2007. Ed. by Dr Vir Singh Publisher - M/S Originals (an imprint of low priced publications), A-6, Nimri commercial Centre, Near Ashok Vihar, Phase-IV, Delhi-110052. e-mail:, url:, © Surajmal Memorial Education Society (H.B.) & (P.B.) The Life and Times of Raja Mahendra Pratap, 2005 Edited by Dr Vir Singh Publisher - M/S Originals (an imprint of low priced publications), A-6, Nimri commercial Centre, Near Ashok Vihar, Phase-IV, Delhi-110052. e-mail:, url:, © Surajmal Memorial Education Society (H.B.) Price Rs 160/-& (P.B.) Price Rs 80/My Life Story - Raja Mahendra Pratap 1886-1979 Vol.I (1886-1941) Edited by Dr Vir Singh Publisher - M/S Originals (an imprint of low priced publications), A-6, Nimri commercial Centre, Near Ashok Vihar, Phase-IV, Delhi-110052. e-mail:, url:, © Surajmal Memorial Education Society (H.B.) Price Rs 400/-& (P.B.) Price Rs 200/Reminiscences of a Revolutionary- Raja Mahendra Pratap, 1999 Edited by Dr Vir Singh Publisher - Books India International, 2/35, Ansari Road, Darya Ganj, Delhi 110002, H.B. Price Rs 100/- P.B. Price Rs 50/Maharaja Suraj Mal by K. Natwar Singh Maharaja Suraj Mal, 1707-1763 - His Life and Times by Kunwar Natwar Singh Publisher: Rupa, 2001,

Rise of the Jat Power by Raj Pal Singh Publisher - Harman Pub. House Sir Chhotu Ram in Thoughts and Deeds by Balbir Singh, 1930 Publisher Jat Samaj Sewa Trust (regd.), c1994 History of Origin of Some Clans in India (with special Reference to Jats) By Mangal Sen Jindal (1992) Publisher - Sarup & Sons, 4378/4B, Ansari Road, Darya Ganj, New Delhi-110002 Agrarian Movements in Rajasthan By Dr Pema Ram Publisher - Panchsheel Prakashan, Chaura Rasta Jaipur

The Jats - Their Origin, Antiquity and Migration By Hukum Singh Pawar (Pauria) (1993) Publisher - Manthan Publications Rohtak,

Jats and Gujars Origin History and Culture By Rahul Khari Publisher: Reference Press, New Delhi Date Published: 2007

Bharatpur a Saga of Invincible Courage By CS Verma Publisher: Konark Publishers, Delhi Date Published: 2004

III. Some More Books on Jats
1. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihasa (The Modern History of Jats), Agra 1998 2. Satyarth Prakash - Swami Dayananda Saraswati. 3. History of the Jatt Clans - H.S Duleh (Translation from Original Punjabi Work "Jattan da Itihas" by Gurjant Singh).
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Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934. Dhillon, B. S., History and Study of the Jats, Beta Publishers, Canada, 1994. Bhim Singh Dahiya : Jats the Ancient Rulers, Dahinam Publishers, Sonepat, Haryana History of the Jats : Contribution to the History of Northern India (Upto the Death of Mirza Najaf Khan, 1782)/Kalika Ranjan Qanungo. Edited and annotated by Vir Singh. Delhi, Originals, 2003, xiv, 226 p., $12. Historical Evidence Chapter 1:Scythic Origin of the Rajput Race by Mulchand Chauhan Rattan Singh Bhangoo. Prachin Panth Parkash, Punjabi, Published in 1841. Bal Kishan Dabas. Political and Social History of the Jats". Sanjay Prakashan, 2001. . Dharampal Singh Dudee. Navin Jat History. Shaheed Dham Trust, Bhiwani, Haryana, India. Kanungo. History of the Jats. Natthan Singh. Jat-Itihas. Jat Samaj Kalyan Parishad, Gwalior, 2004. Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria). The Jats: Their Origin, Antiquity & Migrations. Manthan Publications, Rohtak, Haryana. K. Natwar Singh. Maharaja Suraj Mal. Prakash Chandra Chandawat. Maharaja Suraj Mal Aur Unka Yug (1745-1763). Jaypal Agencies, Agra. 1982. (in Hindi) Aadhunik Jat Itihas. Dharmpal Singh Dudee & Mahinder Singh Arya. Jaypal Agency, Agra. 1998. Ram Swaroop Joon. History of the Jats. Thakur Deshraj Jat Itihasa Maharaja Suraj Mal. Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi. 1936. (in Hindi) Girish Chandra Dwivedi The Jats - Their Role in the Mughal Empire. Surajmal Educational Society, New Delhi, India. Atal Singh Khokkar. Jaton ki Utpati evam Vistar. Jaipal Agencies, 31-1 Subashpuram, Agra, UP, India 282007. 2002. Chaudhary Kabul Singh. Sarv Khap Itihasa (History of the Jat Republic). Shoram, Muzzafarnagar, U.P. India. 1976.

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and Fairs (Chapter 3). All the chapters of the book cover substantial amount of material on Jat Sikhs and in particular Chapter 5 encompassing about one third of the book. and List of districts and tehsils (sub-districts) with their relative value as recruiting grounds and the principal tribes (Jat clans) found there in (Appendix A). Nangloi.Books on Jat Sikhs There are at least four books which are fully or partially devoted to the subject of Jat Sikhs. 1896). IV. Bath. the Scythians of the Central Asia. Ansari Road. Chaman. Sects. Districts (Areas). 1991 Mangal Sen Jindal. Bal. New Delhi-11 0002 . is devoted to Jat Sikhs and provides information on Jats in all the districts of Punjab. under the orders of the Government of India. . Major Barstow (A. 4378/4B. All of those books were written by western authors: Captain Falcon (A. Recruiting (Chapter 5). Grewal. Also the book provides information on over thirty principal Jat clans (Gill. population. Festivals. Sarv Khap Panchayat ka Rastriya Parakram (The National Role of the Jat Republic of Haryana). The information covers Jat clan names and their location. The Sikh religion (Chapter 2). Race. History of Origin of Some Clans in India (with special Reference to Jats).D. and Tribes. Classification and Geographical Distribution (Chapter 2). and Professor Pettigrew (A. Bains. Dhillon. Dhaliwal. Chahil. 1899).D. The book is made up of 121 pages and is divided into five chapters plus an appendix: History and Origin (Chapter 1). the emphasis is on Jats and also traces the history of the Jats from their forefathers. New Delhi. 1928). Virk. 1975). and Notes on recruiting (Chapter 6). B 11 Om Mandal. Arya mandal. and so on. On Race as affecting Sikhs (Chapter 3). Deol. with relation to their value for military purposes (Chapter 5). another handbook for the Indian Army on Sikhs. Darya Ganj. Captain Bingley (A.Captain Bingley In 1899 Captain Bingley compiled. Captain Falcon prepared his handbook on Sikhs for the use of regimental officers. Characteristics (Chapter 4). 2. 1.• • Nihal Singh Arya. Mann. Manners and Customs (Chapter 4).Captain Falcon Under the orders from the British India Government. a number of villages belonging to specific clans. Her.D. Chima. Religion Customs. Bhullar. This is a 142 page book and is divided into six chapters: Introductory and explanatory (Chapter 1). and List of the principal fairs held in the Sikh recruiting area (Appendix B). Sarup & Sons. India.D. Throughout the book.

Part II: Sikh Jats (Chapters. Ferozepore. This is certainly a comprehensive book on Sikhs and again its emphasis is on Jat Sikhs. 4. Hoshiarpur. etc. Pannun. Jat clans of various districts of Punjab and their population in each district as per the Census returns of A. Vertical links of a state Leader with a National Leader (Chapter 7). The Caste System (Appendix 5). Patterns of Allegiance I (Chapter 4). Distribution of Sikhs: Ethnological and Ethnographic Glossary of Castes (Chapter 3). Similarly. Sansi or Sindhanwalia.. Significant events in Jat History (Chapter 3). Sandhu.Goraya. Salient Features of the Lives of the Gurus (Founders of the Sikhism) (Chapter 4). and Jind State. Description of the "Adi Granth" (Sikh holy book) and "Daswen Padshah ka Granth" (holy book written by the tenth Guru of the Sikhs) (Appendix 2). The chapters of the book are entitled Introductory (Chapter 1). Sahota. The book covers briefly the history of the Jats from their Scythian origin. Amritsar. Sahi. The Sikh Gurdwara (Church) Act. The Sikh Religion (Chapter 5). Bajwa. Gurdaspur. Agricultural (Chapter 9). The titles of the chapters are Introduction (Chapter 1).D. Ambala. Jat characteristics. Nabha state. 1911.Professor Pettigrew The book by Professor Pettigrew published in 1975 is totally devoted to Jat Sikhs. etc. and Recruiting (Chapter 10). Randhawa. Khaira. the appendices are entitled List of districts. Patiala state. Hundal. Perspective on Community Studies (Chapter 2). 1925 (Appendix 4). Kapurthala State. Sikh Sects and Sub-Divisions of the Jat Sikhs (Chapter 6). Khosa. The districts covered are Ludhiana. Customs (Chapter 7). Rites of initiation in Sikhism (Appendix 3). The chapters are grouped into three parts: Part I: The Environment (Chapter 1). The Relationships of the Chief . Kang. Tarar. or letter of fines or restrictions on Sikhs (Appendix 6). Characteristics and Matters pertaining to village life (Chapter 8). Major Barstow revised the handbook on Sikhs by Captain Bingley upon the request of the Government of British India. Sialkot.Major Barstow In 1928. 3. Sohal. Jullundur. 2-5). showing relative value of Sikh recruiting grounds (Appendix 1). Sidhu. Chung. and The Tankha Nama. Origin of Sikhism and its History (Chapter 2). Faridkot State. and an appendix divided into eight sections. It contains 272 pages in Seventeen Chapters. Varaich. Patterns of Allegiance II-Sikh Jat Families (Chapter 5). Hissar. Gurjarnwala. Lahore. Malhi. and Aulak) and names of Punjab districts occupied by various Jat clans. Hinjra. Major Barstow's book is composed of ten chapters plus an appendix divided into six parts. and Part III: Factionalism (Chapters 6-17). The Structure of Coalitions-Factions at all levels (Chapter 6).

Factions in competition (Chapter 15). Vertical links between leaders of the faction in the local area and those at state level (Chapter 12). Relationships between village participants and local area leaders (Chapter 14). Assessment (Chapter 16).Minister (of Punjab) at state level (Chapter 8).E Translated by George Rawlinson The History of Herodotus has been divided into the following sections: Book I [299k] Book IV [230k] Book VII [286k] Book II [249k] Book V [162k] Book VIII [179k] Book III [221k] Book VI [174k] Book IX [168k] . A Rare Set of Books for General Interest The History of Herodotus By Herodotus Written 440 B. The Kairon-Rarewala (two powerful Jat Politicians) Rivalries (Chapter 9). The General Nature of Factional Rivalries in Rural Areas (Chapter 10). and Personal postscript: real people and images (Chapter 17). The factional attachments of village participants (Chapter 13). Factional Participants in the local area (Chapter 11).C.

) 5.Univ.Univ. M. (Pub. Gyani(Hons. (Pub. Lecturer Khalsa College.Chandigarh Private(Pb.Patiala (1993-97) .Admn.Development Punjabi University. 1935 Balbir High School & Birjindra College.Univ.A.) (Now a seat of Central University of Punjab) 15 December. Dist.) Amarjit Singh Dhillon (Dr. Education upto B. Bathinda(Pb. Dean of Colleges Punjabi University. Patiala Private(Pb. Patiala( 1974-93) 5. Farid Kot Mohindra College.Admn. Lecturer Village Ghudda. M.A.Chandigarh Pbi.D.) (B) Academic Work Punjabi) 6. Patiala Mohindra College. Patiala (1961-71) 3. Patiala (1958) (1960) (1964) (1953) (1987) Guru Nanak College.) 3. Director Pbi.A.Sc. (Pol.) Brief-Biodata Place of Birth : Recorded Date of Birth : (A) Education 1.Patiala (1971-74) 4. Ph.A. (History) 4. M. Guru Tegbahadur Garh (1960-61) 2. 2. Principal Khalsa College.

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