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Comedy of Errors eBook

Comedy of Errors eBook

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Published by: m_alixandrescu on May 11, 2011
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A Comedy of Errors – Second Editon

Crushing SNGs By Exploiting Your Opponents Mistakes
Copyright SNG Planet
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Welcome to the new and expanded edition of the Sit and Go Planet strategy eBook ‘A Comedy Of Errors’. In addition to updating much of the acclaimed 2007 content, this new version includes several new sections, expanded examples and – where applicable – links to more detailed articles for those wishing to follow up specific topics. The section on Tools has been removed; this information is now highlighted within the bubble play and ICM sections instead. We sincerely hope that every reader benefits from this publication. Your feedback and thoughts are always welcome at: support@sngplanet.com
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Introduction:
The vast majority of the profit you will make from poker does not come from skillful ‘moves’ or reading subtle tells, it comes from (often basic) mistakes made by your opponents. Fortunately there is one area of poker where there are quite simply more opportunities to make mistakes than in many others… lower buy-in online SNG Tournaments. This eBook begins by going through the various stages of a 1-table Sit and Go tournament, highlighting the common errors made by your opponents at each stage. We then move onto some key topics including ICM and Bankroll Management – those players serious about profiting from poker over the long term should pay particular attention to these areas. With more than 200 poker sites all offering slight variations to their 1-table tournament offerings, we have chosen the world’s most popular site, PokerStars, to standardize the chip-stack numbers and references to blind structures. We actually recommend Poker Stars for newer players as both the choice and traffic is huge compared to other sites -Marketing and Bonus code combination PSP3108 (sign-up) / STARS600 (deposit) will get your 100% to $600 bonus on first deposit. If you have not yet found out for yourself why Stars is twice as popular as even their closest rivals then click the ‘visit now’ logo right now.

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Of course, Stars is far from the only choice - you can find up to date SNG-specific reviews of many of the leading poker sites in the ‘Rooms’ section of SNG Planet: Click Here For SNG Room Reviews
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We suggest that you read all of the sections below before implementing ideas from any individual one into your game. As you go through the topics the significance of how the strategy at each stage relates to the others will become clear.

Contents:
The Early Stages: Why ‘Tight Is Right but Tighter Is Righter’
Middle Stages: Opening Up And Stealing Blinds The Bubble: Why This Is The Most Important Part Of SNG Play In The Money: Now It Is Time To Go For 1st
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Heads-Up Play: Unexploitable HU Strategy And When Not To Use It! Independent Chip Model (ICM): Math Can Seriously Improve Your Results Reading The Table And Individuals: When Betting Patterns Tell A Story Common ‘Trap Hands’And How To Play Them Bankroll Management: Why This Applies To Every One Of Us!

Added Sections In The Revised Edition:
SNG Satellites: Strategy Adjustments For 1-Table Satellites Multi-Tabling: A Great Way To Improve Your Hourly Profits Alternative SNGs: Double Or Nothing, Steps And More Final Thoughts: What It Takes To Make It As A SNG Player

This means that the flop will be seen by anywhere between 3 and 5 players on average. everyone has 1500 chips to start…here is what happens.3rd to act is Clive the Calling Station. Bet Size Errors. What should you be looking out for during those first few blind levels? This section starts with a summary of the most common errors your opponents will make in those early stages. Early Error #1 . Calling Too Much And Bluffing Too Much. While this can happen. Their logic is that it is cheap to see the flop and potentially hit a monster.The Big Blind has the mediocre Q9 off-suit.The Early Stages You have sat down in a $10 SNG at PokerStars. the risks taken do not equal the chips gained! Let us look at a couple of examples. nd h . . You decide to raise 3 times the big blind to 60. he read in a book that suited connectors are good hands… .Fred the Fish in 5th Position has 44 and calls. and this will almost always force you to throw your hand away – or play an hand which may well be 2 best from out of position. . The question is .The button has A6 off-suit but is getting 4/1 on his call and has position so calls too. the blinds are small compared to your 1500 chip stack and the usual collection of novices have sat down with you. he has K-10 of hearts and calls because they are ‘Suited’ . But this is only one reason why this hand is rarely good enough to raise under the gun – you may face a re-raise from any of the remaining 8 players. you are dealt ace-jack off suit – not a terrible starting hand but not an especially good one even in later position. Especially Out Of Position… In an average SNG your opponents will be playing a lot of hands. Common Early Stage Errors: Playing Too Many Hands. suited cards or an opponent spiking a set could spell disaster. You are first to act (under the gun) on the very first hand of a SNG. Especially Out Of Position. Pot Control And Pot Odds.what flop do you want to see here? Even flops which contain an ace are dangerous for you against 5 opponents any combination of other high cards. however he only has to put in 40 chips into a pot of 250 and he closes the betting so makes the call. the first 2 might be bluffing! .Playing Too Many Hands. Cold Calling Raises In Multi-Way Pots Post-Flop Play. and then looks at how to effectively counter them.Aggressive Andy is 6th and calls with 78 suited. Example 1. some as many as 40% of all hands dealt.

Especially In Multi-Way Pots This is a horrible play that you will see often in SNGs and is in the same group as error #1 above. there are 2 limps ahead and he also limps as does the button.Firstly let us be clear about why playing too many hands early will lose you money in the long-term. For example with a pair of 5’s you will immediately know whether you have flopped a set. The question to ask here is ‘With what hands would it be correct to cold-call a raise in a multi-way pot?’ We go through some candidates in the list below: . button calls behind. a very effective counter strategy is ‘tight is right. Against opponents who play too many hands and with the objective of maintaining fold equity. Key Concept: Fold Equity. Those hands which provide you immediate feedback on the flop are preferred over potential drawing hands. The question is what to do?? Is his Ace good? Almost never Yet people play these Ace-Rag hands again and again!! There are circumstances where it makes sense to speculate early. Discipline is key. Premium hands.Small / Medium Pairs Might Fit The Bill? If the raise is more than 10% of your (or biggest stacked opponents) stack then this is a negative expectation play. Remember you not only .Example 2. especially where there is no raise. Overplaying hands early can damage your ability to ‘steal’ pots in the vital middle and later stages. the Big Blind then raises to 60 (3* the Big Blind) and the limpers ahead call. and we would urge any SNG Player to take positive equity situations where there is limited risk involved. More on this below . opponents will call you with some surprisingly weak holdings! Starting Hand Selection In SNGs Depends On Many Factors: Check out our detailed article on the subject via this link: Click Here For The SNG Planet SNG Starting Hands Article Early Stage Error #2 – Cold Calling Raises. The flop is 4-A-6 with 3 different suits… it is checked to Fred. Maintaining fold equity is thus a primary objective as you go through the early stages. while a suited connector may leave you ‘priced in’ to calling subsequent bets with a strong draw. along with good position are the key. tighter is righter’ here. the ability to get your opponents to fold their hands. is critical to SNG success. the early stages of SNG tournaments are not the place to be bluffing a missed draw on the river. the pot odds (200 in the pot 40 to call = 5/1) are huge so Fred calls. Someone raises 3 or 4 times the Big Blind and – boom – 4 people call. Speculative hands can be played in late position. Fred Fish has A7 off suit in middle position.

With (for example) 600 chips in the pot you should be trying to win it right away – too many people try and get fancy hoping to extract more – don’t do it!! Early Stage Error #3 – Post Flop Play: Calling And Bluffing Too Much So we know that low level SNG players enter too many pots with too many hands without proper regard for position… but what about after the flop? Well if Clive Calling station entered a pot with A7 Suited and the flop comes 2 6 A you can be sure of one thing – he is not folding!! This creates many good opportunities and also some hazards. The strategy to follow here is simple. value-bet. do not over-call a raise in a multi-way pot – either fold that A-J off or re-raise that pair of Queens strongly enough to take the pot or get heads up with a single opponent. But say you have a pair of Queens? We suggest making a good size (at least 2/3rds of the pot) Continuation bet here. Raising possibilities here at the higher end – but cold calling is simply parting with chips for little or no information on the strength of your opponent’s hands.need to make the set – but also to get all of someone’s chips too… this is not going to happen every time. 2 pairs. these hands play the best (most profitably) when against a smaller pair or A-K type hand all-in pre-flop. and also re-enforces the point that it is correct to play tight early. .What About The Ace Hands… AK / AQ / AJ / A10 Or Even Lower? Well you will hit the flop 1 in 3 times with one card (assuming no-one is sharing your outs) but how do you know if your hand is good? There could be a higher ace out there. . It comes down to maintaining your Fold Equity for the all important bubble once again. Keep the risk / reward balance in your favor by raising and thinning the field.Maybe Suited Connectors Or High Cards? Again dangerous – you simply can not expect to make a profit on these calls enough times to make them worthwhile – say you flop a flush – even the greenest novice is going to stop putting money into the pot with 3 suited cards on the board! . The extra reward you might gain from seeing a multi-way flop is not balanced by the chances of someone outdrawing you.How About Premium Pairs Looking To Trap? No. If you are holding Ace-King here the solution is easy. In fact the rule of thumb to use here is make sure you have 12-to-1 odds from at least one opponent (do not count with 2 opponents stacks together as it is very rare indeed to stack 2 people at once). but if you are called . build the pot and take the guys stack. trips or a number of draws… its going to cost you money to find out.

One thing to look out for is a bet of the same size on each street. Anyone who has already limped is going to call the extra too… now there are 5 people seeing a flop – your Aces still the best hand? . and thus fold equity’ strategy. Some of the above concepts will be expanded in the sections on ‘Trap hands’ and ‘Reading your opponents’ below. However if you have a missed hand and are called you should usually shut down immediately. and effective counter strategies here can do equally huge amounts for your profits. Firstly the min-raise. these usually indicate a weak hand – but not one which has completely missed. H H Post flop play is too large a subject to cover in 10 eBooks. bets which double on each street are also worth looking out for. if you are only playing premium hands in good position you should not face too many tough post flop decisions. Early Stage Error #4 – Bet Sizes. Now we can have a look at the reverse situation. As before we need to look at what kind of hand the min-raiser could have that would justify such a move? .A Premium Hand Such As AA / KK / QQ / AKs? Why min-raise here? Anyone who would have limped is likely to call the 20 or 30 more chips. Some betting ‘tells’ will be covered in the ‘Reading Opponents’ section – here we will look at the most common errors and how to effectively counter them. Pot Control And Pot Odds This is where things get interesting… the errors made when betting are huge. whether first into a pot or min raising limpers this move is rarely correct. there is just too much danger that someone caught enough on the flop to call you down. highlighting why position is a key factor in poker games. For more on Continuation Betting: Click Here for the SNGPlanet Article on Improving Your Continuation Bet Success Rate. someone raises pre flop with their Q10 suited and misses… in a low level SNG you will see them bet and bet and bet to try and take a pot. The continuation bet is another matter – you should be making a good size raise on the flop many times when you took the lead pre-flop and have been called. The general strategy in the early levels is do not bluff!! Too many people will call to the end with nothing more than Ace high (or even less). might as well just type in the chat box ‘I missed please give me the pot!!’. Make sure you do not continuation bet into more than 2 people with a missed hand.you must slow down with the hand. let alone one. do not bet bigger on the turn hoping that someone will suddenly decide their kicker is too low… its just not going to happen!! An Ace on the flop in a low level SNG is the usually the end of your high pair – the one exception being that you can sometimes call a ‘token’ river bet if the pot is especially large These ‘missed pairs’ hands are far easier to play when acting last after the flop. Think of this as an extension of the ‘preserve your chips.

Here is an example. The error that your opponents make is usually in the other direction. often out of position. . Going back to the example earlier of the guy with A7s – people will raise and re-raise here! Now think about the hands this guys opponent could have. the thing with these hands is it is easy to lose a big pot if you get out flopped and any pot you win is likely to be a small one. straight. Raise a good amount pre flop here. your value is from flopping a hidden monster. A related concept is the bet after all the cards are out that has no chance of winning any money. most opponents will do this (see ‘Reading your opponents’ section for a note on slowplayers). a min-raise is just asking for trouble. find out what your opponent is min-raising with and re-raise them at the appropriate moment. Should you bet again? No! The reason is simple. If you see an opponent min-raising in a low level SNG you can be pretty sure they do not know what they are doing – no hand really justifies this play. they play a big pot. a better ace. it is simply a waste of chips and thus a waste of your precious fold equity to min-raise pre flop here. . you have 10-10 and get to the river against a single opponent with the board reading 8 6 5 9 J the last 2 cards put a total of 3 spades on the board. If you decide to play these hands (and we would recommend you do this rarely!) you should be putting in a decent sized raise. Obviously with a monster you want to create a large a pot as possible. narrowing the field to a single opponent and then either taking down the pot on the flop or folding if you encounter significant resistance.High Cards (AQ / AJ / KQs etc)? Again no benefit of bloating the pot pre flop. this will not happen very often so keep things as cheap as possible pre-flop.Maybe. 2 pair etc etc – why build a pot with a medium strength hand? Your objective if you find yourself in this situation should be to get to showdown as cheaply as possible. if your opponent has a flush. trips or maybe even AJ he will call – or probably raise – if you have him beaten the strong likelihood is of a fold. but premium hands are at their best when against a single opponent pre flop for a big pot. Why commit more chips than you have to pre-flop? After all there are 3 more betting rounds if you do hit. . trips. The counter strategy here is simple. with an average hand.A Non-Premium Pair? No No No! The value in these hands comes from hitting a set and taking someone’s whole stack.Suited Connectors? No again. Learning to spot these situations will save you many chips over time and chips at the table soon translate into $$$ in the bank!! . They will often fold but if they choose to play a big pot with that pair of 6’s pre flop then we are happy to oblige… Pot Control is the concept of adjusting your bet / raise sizes to create the right size of pot for your hand. You are in position and have been betting each street your opponent checks to you on the river. you will only ever be called by a better hand in this situation.

Finally for this section we will look at pot odds errors.Chasing Draws Against The Odds .Giving Odds To Drawing Hands. If the odds are worse than your chances of improving you should be inclined to fold. For now we will look at common errors in early play. With more choice and traffic than anywhere else. The concept is this. Do not forget about implied odds here . if the odds you are getting from the pot are better than the chances of your hand improving on the next card you should be inclined to call. the flush will be made approximately 1 in 4. Here is the reverse. if someone takes 2/1 odds on a 4. learn to be happy about it – this is where your profits are coming from! . Use Marketing / Bonus code combo PSP3108 (sign-up) / STARS600 (deposit) for your 100% to $600 deposit bonus. The amount of times people will call huge bets with 4 cards to a flush and one card to come is horrible!! Think about it.5 times. if you suspect an opponent has a draw you must bet enough so they are making a mistake by calling. The counter strategy is clear.5/1 chance enough times then they will go broke very quickly! Put another way for every time this opponent makes his flush and doubles his stack he will lose his stack 3 times… can be frustrating when someone outdraws you in this manner.the extra bets you might win on future betting rounds if you do make your hand. plus smooth and fast-running software you can find out what makes PokerStars the world’s most popular poker site for yourself by clicking the banner below now. there are 1000 chips in the pot on the turn and 3 spades out. H . . whether or not they call and hit this time their call will lose money over time! SNG Planet recommend PokerStars for any players serious about improving their SNG Game and H H profits. he will make a winning hand more than 1 in 4 times and is being offered 6/1 odds on that possibility – over time his call will make chips even without the possibility of more bets on the river. Frank Fish with his pair of jacks wants to extract more value from his hand and bets 200… Now the opponent holding the ace of spades and queen of hearts has 13 outs.

Any Pair or any 2 cards 10 or above and call the raise… seems reasonable at the time – you have around 50% equity against Fred’s range.The Middle Stages The middle stages of SNG tournaments provide even more opportunity for an inexperienced opponent to make mistakes. Most mistakes made here are due to adjusting. assuming you do not hit trips on the flop what are you going to do next? Leading out with a bet could work. or rather not adjusting. This stage can be described as when the blinds reach 7% to 12% of your stack. You need a bigger hand to call a raise than to raise yourself at all stages of a sit and go tournament – as you go through the middle stages towards the bubble this becomes increasingly important. but here is the rub – what hands that Fred calls with are you beating? Say . You put Fred’s range as any Ace. But hang on. which clearly illustrate why you need to be the raiser and not the caller! Let us look at it from the perspective of taking the initiative. At a full table your pair of 8’s in early position may be limped for set value*. We will look at the ‘raising’ and ‘calling’ strategy changes together. both of your stacks are equal at 1200 and you are in the BB with 88. tightening your calling requirements. at PokerStars this would be the 100/50 level. stealing blinds (which also includes the lucrative re-steals) and finally stack size awareness. There are two reasons for this. each player having a 1 in 17 chance of being dealt one. Fred fish raises in early position (short handed = middle position at a full table) for 3* the BB or 300 chips. be careful though you would not want see a raise pre flop and then 2 over cards on the flop! Let us take a 6 handed table instead. to the new circumstances of fewer players and higher blinds. You need to reduce the requirements for raising a pot to account for the reduced players. loosening your raising requirements. The main strategy adjustment your opponents misunderstand in the middle stages is that the ‘gap’ concept has become more important. there is not a significant improvement in the chances of your 8’s being the best hand. at a full table there is a reasonable chance that one or more opponents wake up with a pair. we can start with pairs. What does this mean for raising requirements?? Well. assume 6 or 7 players remain and the blinds are now 100 with the average stack up to 1750. As you will see below there are 4 key aspects to middle stage play. the chances are reasonable (though read dependant) that you will pick up the blinds with each raise… when this is 10% or more of your stack then consider it a success however strong your holding! * We would actually only recommend doing this with either deep stacks or at a particularly passive table.

The Blinds fold so the pot is now 750. You have 1700 chips on the button. Another mid-game mistake that many players make concerns failure to understand that certain hands change value as the blinds go up. This should allow you to take enough blinds to maintain a healthy stack while not taking too many risks with your own chips. So the numbers looks like this: 10 * + 1850 = + 18500 (double up) 4 * + 450 = + 1800 (win current pot. BB= 100. the correct counter strategy in the middle stages is to loosen your raising requirements yet tighten your calling requirements. Once again. . They will not hit trips. suited connectors. In fact you would not go far wrong never cold calling a raise once the raise is 10% or more of your stack. here is an example.but the reward is big when they do. being the caller quickly becomes unprofitable. depending on your opponent you might consider re-stealing with these hands – however. excludes your call) 86 * . you have to pay up to half of your remaining stack to see if he fires again on the turn… no thanks! The key to middle stage play is to be the raiser and not the caller.300 = . if your hand is not good enough to re-raise then why not throw it away instead? In the above example re-raising instead of calling puts pressure straight back on your opponent . 14 times you hit the 6! -10 of these (being generous here) you manage to get your opponents entire stack -The other 4 times you take the pot as it is 86 times you miss and fold you your opponents continuation bet.25800 (miss and fold) (18500 + 1800) – (25800)/100 = Minus 55 Chips Each Time Put it another way – each time you make this play you lose chips (and so equity). in terms of your long term this is a disaster. Small pairs. someone from EP with the same stack raises to 300 and you call with 66. and suited aces rely heavily on implied odds to win the chips. Once the blinds get to 15% of your stack throw these cards away… the math no longer works.on a 2 over card flop? You could check and see what Fred does – but surely he continuation bets into one opponent with his entire range – now what. The Middle Stages – Effective Counter Strategies So.and you still have some good winning chances those times you are called. Here is what happens if we replay 100 times. flushes or straights very often .

Did you know that many of the seats in big live tournaments including the WSOP. In this case you should consider reducing the blind steal attempts and instead re-stealing from one of the medium stacks when you are in the blinds. when a tighty raises it is time to quickly and quietly exit the hand and move on! Everyone’s chips come from somewhere on a poker table. if you never defend your blind then it will be taken each round leaving you shortstacked. If the big stack acts directly after you then stealing from others at the table will be more difficult. EPT and WPT are awarded via special 2-stage SNG tournaments known as ‘Double Shootouts’? Check our dedicated 2part strategy article at SNG Planet to find out how you could be sitting down with the pros in the next big live poker event! Click for Double Shootout Strategy – Part #1 H . Try to avoid the big stacks – it is ‘cheap’ for them to call – and the small stacks. be prepared to fold to their re-raises though. You also need to note your position relative to the other stacks. Remember not to do this with hands that can be easily dominated – Ace-rag should rerely be used for a re-steal and small pairs are also potentially dangerous here (the hands that might call you are often overpairs or aces with medium kickers – other hands are more likely to be folded). This has to have a balance – if you re-raise all in each time someone raises your blind you will be called fairly soon. The average low level SNG player will not take stack sizes into account when deciding their play.Some opponents will play too tight as the blinds increase – look out for them and raise their blinds with lesser hands. who might just take King-high and make their final stand. The people to steal from are the medium stacks at the table. they are comfortable enough not to need to take risks without good hands and will give up their blinds more easily. You should do this. particularly when it comes to picking up blinds. mid-pairs (99+) and AJ+ are all good re-steal candidates. High suited connectors. The occasional re-steal will cure this problem.

So at the bubble it makes sense to play for 1st right?? Actually No!!! Look at those numbers again. to do this you need to cash first and then think about going for the 1st place. Making decisions based on prize pool equity rather than the intuitive ‘go for 1st’ strategy is almost certainly the most profitable adjustment you can make when playing SNGs. ICM will add $$$ to your bankroll. the average stack is only 10 times the big blind – making decisions after the flop very simple indeed. More than any other part of the game you need to be aware of your opponent’s errors and capitalize on them. if you raise 3 times the big blind with a 10 big blind stack you will be ‘priced in’ to calling any re-raise by the pot odds with almost any hand you raised with. but first lets understand some common bubble errors and how to exploit them!! Common Errors Made At The SNG Bubble: Failing To Understand Why ‘Post Flop Poker’ Is Over Playing Too Tight. Bubble Error #1 – No More Post Flop Poker In order to play poker over several betting rounds. Even those players who are reluctant to use a mathematical approach themselves need to learn how this works – after all it will help you understand how many of your opponents are thinking and playing… a huge advantage in any poker game. . The first error that many players make is to misunderstand the true nature of the payout structure… most SNGs pay 50% for 1st. By the time we reach the bubble of most SNG tournaments. The section on ICM (The independent chip model) below will look into maximizing your equity in the prize pool in more detail and will also show exactly why you must fold many hands at the bubble even when you are fairly sure you are ahead of your opponents range. the jump from 4th (0%) to 3rd (20%) is exactly the same size as the jump from 2nd to 1st. This actually makes a huge difference to the optimum strategy – forget playing for 1st and start to think of the bubble as the place to maximize your equity in the prize pool. Yet Calling Too Loose Failure To Account For Stack Sizes. 30% for 2nd and 20% for 3rd.The Bubble It has been calculated that up to 65% of a players profitability in SNG tournaments comes from Bubble play. you need to have enough chips to make later betting decisions meaningful. For example.

There are times when even if you ‘know’ your opponent is pushing 2 random cards. chip stacks.You are now faced with calling 1400 to win 2900. the initial pot will represent a decent proportion of your stack at this point. Instead of raising when short-stacked you should tend to push all-in with any hand that you choose to play. Once antes kick-in this is even more important. Yet Calling Too Loose This error may appear to be a contradiction. you should still fold all but the best holdings. While inexperienced players might look at the bubble as a ‘crapshoot’ the math behind correct push / fold strategy is actually pretty advanced. the pot now 2900 . Calling too loose at the bubble has the effect of spewing this equity to players who are not in the hand – this concept is also explained in the ICM Section below. blinds and cards held – however you will need to be in a better position than simply having a ‘better hand’ than the raiser to play profitably. . SNG Planet recommend a tool called ‘SNG Wiz’ for this – this tool is used between games and will quickly turn you into a bubble play expert.Any legitimate raising hand is more than a 2-to-1 favorite over the range of hands that an average big-blind might have pushed all in with….You (2000 chips) Raise to 600 . with more than 2-to-1 pot-odds you only need to win more than 33% of the time to show a profit.The Big Blind (also with 2000 chips after posting his blind) Pushes All-in. You will have your blinds stolen by competent (and otherwise!) opponents at the bubble of SNG tournaments many times. Every situation is different in terms of opponent tendencies. . This maximizes your chances of winning the hand without a showdown – a great result.Here is an example with some basic numbers to clarify the logic of why you can not ‘play poker’ when short-stacked. a sure fire way to boost your profits. H H Bubble Error #2 – Playing Too Tight. Players who are serious about making a success of their SNGs can invest in calculators which analyze your hand histories – showing you where bubble play can be improved. however we can assure you it is not. however tempted you may be to play back with a reasonable holding. . You will need to get used to the fact that your calling requirements are tight. This is because the ‘equity’ risked is not balanced by the chips gained by winning the hand. What is more a key component of success at this stage involves accurately assigning ranges to your opponents in terms of what hands they would push or call pushes with. Click Here To Read Our Assessment Of Why We Think SNG Wiz Is The Best ICM Calculator.

. This is a very easy fold – in terms of equity in the prize pool you are risking approximately 30% to win an extra 8% to 10%.Players who know this will push all-in frequently at the bubble. a player UTG folds with 400 chips as does the button with 1600 chips. For example if an opponent will call with 20% of hands (a very loose range at the bubble of a SNG) then you can sometimes push with the top 35% when the blinds are XX or YY (we have deliberately not specified the blinds – since the numbers will change due to stack sizes of all players involved). For example. ever! Other common stack size issue at the bubble is raising with the intention of folding when your stack is too small to justify this. while folding would see the micro stack all-in next hand – make sure you do not make this mistake. A Calculator such as SNG Wiz will show you how these all-important equilibrium ranges work. leading to opponents coming over the top of your ‘standard’ raises. This can encourage players with medium strength holdings who may have folded to a larger raise to push all-in over the top. One of the central concepts in Push / Fold poker is that every range of hands an opponent might call with has a ‘optimum’ range of hands that can be pushed with. This gives you the inherent advantage that the risk / reward ratio does not stack up. rather than calling these players down loose. forcing you to fold or face an unwelcome coin-flip. you loosen up your ranges for pushing all-in yourself. One of the worst errors you will see at the bubble of a SNG tournament is that one player gets involved in a big pot with a big stacked opponent when a 3rd player is about to be blinded out. With a ‘points store’ H H offering everything from books and clothing through to electronics and vouchers. Poker Stars VIP Club is renowned as the best of any online poker room. and will cause opponents to fold a wide range of hands. the blinds are 200 / 400 ante 25 and the big stack pushes all-in for 7000 chips into your 3000 stack… you look down and see Ace-Jack. at less than 10 times the blind you should usually push all-in with any hand deemed playable. For More On Bubble Play Check Out The Detailed Section In The SNG Section Of SNG Planet. On the other hand making these same small raises with premium hands will quickly become readable. Our suggestion is. forcing the decision onto their opponents. H H Bubble Error #3 – Failure To Account For Stack Sizes. Marketing / Bonus code combo PSP3108 / STARS600 will get your 100% to $600 sign-up bonus. There are also some huge VIP freerolls each month with $20k. Check Out Stars today and find out what you have been missing out on. $50k and $100k prize pools – not to mention the new monthly $1 million turbo takedown freeroll which costs just 5000 points to enter. Limping or making small raises is also mathematically unsound in many situations.

meaning that those ‘any-2 card’ pushes may not be as profitable. H . You can loosen your calling requirements against such opponents. There are of course many similarities with bubble play.In The Money Play Many players spend time and effort to study the bubble extensively. often goes untouched. with the lowest payout guaranteed the hand values become closer than when playing at the bubble. making sure that they make the optimum plays which maximize profits. A common phenomenon is that opponents who were playing tight in order to survive the bubble will suddenly become maniacs – pushing and calling with a huge range of hands in a desperate bid to accumulate chips. however your fold equity (even for a big stack) is proportionally lower. However. Yet the period after the bubble bursts – when the paying places are decided. With shallow stacks compared to the blinds and antes the default play is usually push / fold poker.

along with a more detailed explanation. if you know you opponents likely pushing range heads up then you can counter this with a perfectly matched (mathematically speaking) calling range. now just you and 1 opponent with equal stacks of 5000. This breaks the process down into a small and easy to memorize table. as this common mistake is very easy to exploit. H H . Here is how it works. And on and on and on! Eventually we reach an equilibrium range for both people – where neither has an edge over the other. the blinds are 600 / 300 and you are first to act… what percent of hands should you be pushing here? The next hand. SB Push Range – 65% of all hands. That is there is no change your opponent can make to his ranges that will give him a mathematical edge… sounds good! However look at it this way. by playing Unexploitable poker yourself you are giving up the opportunity to exploit your opponents mistakes. can be found in a dedicated article over at SNG Planet. is that it depends!! Really this depends on your perception of your opponents ranges. But your opponent knows that you will do this and so adjusts his pushing range to exploit this – gaining an edge! Not to be outsmarted you adjust again based on the fact that you know your opponent has changed…. Pushing and calling in line with this range will make your play mathematically Unexploitable. as always in poker. you have K9 off suit… is this a call?? The answer. This. Here is an example of the Nash Equilibrium hand pushing and calling ranges based on even stacks of 5000 chips and blinds at 600/300. Read The SAGE Poker System Article On SNG Planet Now. that’s 86 off suit and better! BB Calling Range – 10 8 off suit and better! A widely used methodology which provides a simple way of using an equilibrium strategy based on assigning points to cards and adjusting for stack sizes is known as the SAGE poker system. feel there is a danger of being ‘outplayed’ or simply wish to reduce variance by employing a mechanical strategy then you can revert to what is known as ‘Equilibrium Heads – Up Strategy’. if your opponent is too tight (or too loose) this might not be the optimum strategy. Remember to make adjustments for overly-tight opponents when heads-up (by raising more often). however if you can not put your opponent on a range. this is known as the Nash Equilibrium. your opponent pushes all in.Heads-Up Play Ok.

it is used to assign a dollar value to your chip shack in a tournament situation. prize structure and estimated ranges opponents will push or call your pushes with. 4 players left with even stacks of 2500.83 Chips Lose 0 5000 2500 2500 $ Equity $0 $38. You estimate that his range is 77+ A10o+ and KQ. If you see the term +ev or +$ev this is where it originated. Chips 2500 (you) 2500 (raiser) 2500 2500 $ Equity $25 $25 $25 $25 Chips Win 5000 0 2500 2500 $ Equity $38. These numbers can seem confusing at first – which is why we recommend the free 30 day trial of SNG .33. taking the time to understand ICM will allow you understand the plays that many of your opponents are making – and thus have a better insight into the cards they may hold. The math is very similar when your opponent’s cards are unknown but you have an estimate of the range of hands which they might push all-in with. having just 45. The math is clear. someone ahead of you pushes all in… somehow you know he has A-Q. Even if you (for whatever reasons) choose to follow a different strategy.83 $30. In this case you are only a 57% favorite and will lose money every time you make this call.83 $30. and by losing you decrease your equity by $25! It should be clear that to justify this call as profitable at the bubble you need to be sure you are more than a 66.83 th Here is the key point.33 $30.An Introduction To ICM ICM stands for the Independent Chip Model.5% equity in the pot and still needing 67% to break even equity-wise. For example you hold A-J suited in the same situation and an opponent pushes. Understanding ICM is the single biggest factor in improving bubble play. Let us look at an example. should you call? Certainly not – here you are actually an underdog to your opponent’s entire range of hands. you pick up 10-10 and are thus a favorite to win the hand – with the overlay of the blinds.6% favorite to win the hand. blinds 300/150 and a standard payout of 50% / 30% / 20% with nothing for 4 . the chips you gain from this ‘coin flip’ at the bubble do not increase your equity in the prize pool enough to justify the risk. should you make the call?? NO NO NO NO NO NO NO!!! To understand why not we need to look at this situation in terms of equity (ignoring the blinds and using a $100 total prize pool for now to keep things clear). by winning you increase your equity by $13. and then to work out if a certain push or call has a positive or negative ‘expected value’ based on the stack sizes.33 $0 $30. Once you understand the dynamics of equity in the prize pool you will have a big edge on the average opponent when it comes to pushing and folding correctly. You are in the Big Blind.

In fact. Now your equity in the prize pool is higher to start with but you have proportionally more to lose. When we made the call with the 10-10 we lost some equity (real hard cash!). However.. Finally a word of warning.Wiz. So the question becomes: What Happened To The Rest Of The Equity? It gets divided among the players who are not in the hand… they are now sure of 20% as the bubble has burst and still have chances to reach 1 and 2 too – our ‘loose’ call would ‘spew’ the prize pool equity worth $11.66. will not understand ICM. They will make calls at the bubble which are – when looked at mathematically – absolutely horrible! Your task as a winning player is to identify those people who will call too light and adjust your pushing range accordingly. if you do not make at least the cost of this tool in extra profit during the free 30 days we would be very surprised. but with a mini-stack at the table. If you look at the table we used above you might notice an interesting phenomenon. you could be risking 32% of equity in this example in order to win another 10%.33 to the rest of the table – that is almost $6 each just for folding! Next we can look at the same example. whoever won the ‘coin flip’ only gained an extra $13. Whether or not you become an ‘ICM expert’. someone who is already out of the hand and has just 500 chips. particularly at the lowest levels. This allows you to play around with bubble scenarios offline which will allow you to make better bubble decisions. Click here to visit the SNG Wiz Website and find out how to start H H the 30 day free trial. The other stacks are equal. as any ICM calculator will clearly show. now you need to be around 75% favorite to win the hand before you can even consider calling – and there is only one hand that fits this description – aces! We can not stress enough that learning correct bubble play with ICM is vital to profitable SNG play. every calling range has an optimal range that you can push with and vice versa.. Remember. many of the people you are playing against. understanding your opponents is a necessary component of any winning poker strategy. To summarize: st nd Aggression + ICM + Reads = Profitable Bubble Play!! . If you see articles or forum posts dismissing this model then just imagine that those people are refusing to try and understand the plays that their opponents are making. while risking $25.

Sure. Tight players are also easy to spot. these are the opponents who think any Ace and 2 suited cards etc is worth calling a raise with. play your hands positively and you win more pots. preserving chips for when you can really use them. they limp into pots and call bets afterwards with bottom pair. look out for players who are raising a lot of hands – if you have a premium hand or hit the flop hard let them dictate the betting. here we will concentrate on the main categories found in low limit SNGs and look at how to adjust our strategy to exploit their errors. Will they check and call your bet on the flop with trips. waiting to check-raise the turn? Or will they lead out with a bet? Will they bet smaller with Aces hoping for a reraise or do they raise their standard amount?? . We are far more likely to find loose / passive players in the early stages of SNGs. never try to bluff a calling station. Players can be categorized along 3 different ‘axis’. They will continuation bet so often it is not worth leading out with a bet on many occasions. Loose vs Tight. try to steal their blinds more often than others (not every time mind!). Passive players can be weak (will fold to your bets) or the ‘calling station’ type who will call bets all the way to the river with their 66 even though there is an Ace on the flop. What you will often find with many of these tight players is once they do raise with a hand they can not fold it. Since most players will be loose you can adjust by playing tight early on. In the early stages they will play hardly any hands. Watch what players are doing when they have a monster hand and take a note of it. for example pushing all in on an Ace high flop with QQ. if you do hit a hand against one (again assuming no obvious draws on flop) bet in stages on each street – you are more likely to get their stack without scaring them off with an all in re-raise. What you need to do is keep an eye on these players when the blinds move up. Aggression is considered a good thing in poker. Passive vs Aggressive and Tricky vs Straightforward. That’s fine until you become predictable. Look out for these types. If your opponent is overly aggressive let them fire the ‘second barrel’ on the turn (assuming not too many draws on the flop) and then checkraise them. as long as these opponents think they have a chance of winning the pot they will keep firing!! Passive players like to call instead of bet. Tricky vs Straight-forward is something to take note of. look for this tendency and use it to your advantage.Reads: Individual Players And The Table Reading players could be a whole book on its own. sometimes they get lucky but most of the time they do not – resulting in a lack of Fold Equity later in the game and thus crashing out before the money. unless they open their range to adjust to the smaller field their play becomes very exploitable.

H . while an Ace King does better against one opponent as you have a greater chance of winning the pot with a bet after the flop even when you miss. its an easy call right… someone who always limps AA / KK / QQ pre flop puts in a standard raise. There is some crossover between the two areas. Another aspect of looking at the table together is to establish what bets are being called and which ones induce folds. When watching individuals look for predictable behaviors. For example you might notice that a 3*BB bet gets called by 4 or 5 players but a 4*BB bet is usually only called by 1 or 2. As the bubble approaches the fact that your opponents may get all in against each other is very important – it means that you can tighten your pushing range and make the money by default more often. For the whole table try to assess the overall looseness late in the game. a player who always checks his monsters suddenly overbets the pot on the flop – and you have a decent hand. you need to stay ahead of the blinds here. For example a small pair relying on set value needs lots of opponents on the flop. For More On Betting Patterns: Click Here To Visit The SNG Planet Article On 5 Signs Your Opponent May Hold A Weak Hand. Conversely a tight / aggressive table at the bubble dictates that you should also play aggressive poker. will someone always raise when folded to when their stack is large? Will they usually call a raise from their big blind and then fold to a bet after the flop when they miss? Will an opponent always minimum bet with a monster hand regardless of position? Will someone always call a bet after the flop but usually fold to a turn bet? Watching the table together is another aspect of getting reads. great for reads – you can now rule out those hands from their range for this hand.The trick here is to watch the betting patterns. This will allow you to adjust your own bet sizes based on what kind of hand you are holding.

Limping aces is likely to result in seeing a flop with 5 or more opponents – you are more or less giving them a free shot to outdraw you. You need to find out where you stand quickly – a strong continuation bet or re-raise will give you the information you need. If you have 2 black aces and by the turn the board reads comes 6789 all hearts and you are re-raised all in your aces are no good and must be folded! People who cling on when obviously beaten are spewing chips. checking behind to try to see a cheap or free showdown or fold to a big bet. Instead we will look at major areas of bad play and suggest some possible courses of action. You will seriously devalue your hand by slowplaying Kings – don’t do it!! The next error is the inability to let them go when an Ace flops. we will start with the slowplay which is even more horrible than with Aces. high cards. KK Again 2 errors.Common Trap Hands This section will look at specific hands that typical opponents make errors with. Firstly slowplaying them… limping aces is quite simply a horrific play! In a low level SNG people will limp behind with almost anything. Low limit SNG players play Ace-rag so often that the chances your kings are good with an ace on the flop are 50/50 at best. For every time you see someone limp aces and cleverly trap an opponent with a lesser hand you will see them out flopped twice –resulting in the player with the aces losing their stack! Aces play best against a single opponent with a high pair. If you encounter resistance then quietly give up the hand. Conserve those chips for later in the game when your fold equity is the most important factor. small pairs – you name it. make sure you raise them pre-flop and get heads up. and suggest how to capitalize on those errors. suited connectors. The only exception is at a hugely aggressive table. The other common mistake with aces is the inability to let them go after the flop. Watch for opponents who always limp aces – when they do raise pre flop you can rule out this hand and play against them accordingly. . AA There are 2 common errors your opponents will make with aces. if this is against a single opponent all the better. Limping here might give you the opportunity to re-raise all in pre flop. where every hand is raised and re-raised per flop. The problem with this is that so many players will limp in with ace-rag hands and small pairs. Poker is not an exact science – there is never any right / wrong way to play a hand.

If you do this and a single over-card comes on the flop you can be reasonably sure that your hand is still good. most of the time you win the pot immediately and when you do not the winning chances make up for this. Do not call with AK for all of your chips on the bubble unless you have a very specific read on you opponent. make this a great hand for raising late in the game. The real value in AK is two fold – it can not be easily dominated (only by AA and KK) and the ability to see all 5 cards. Beaten either by a bigger ace or a pair higher than your kicker.AK Ace King is a strong hand and should be raised pre flop when first to act or with limpers ahead. If you have 3 or more opponents when holding 10-10 and a Queen flops then your chances are much reduced. The big errors are. You should raise enough to cut down the field. On its own this is just ace-high and usually not good in a showdown. Early in the game these pairs play far better when there are fewer opponents. particularly in a multi-way pot. make a note of opponents who do this and adjust your pushing range accordingly. The biggest SNG error is calling bets when the hand misses the flop in the early game. . calling raises after the flop in multi-way pots when over-cards come (especially aces) and not re-raising with these late in the game. Take notes of opponents who play them and value bet your medium-high pairs on a non-ace flop. Be careful with these at the bubble too… yes you have an ace if called but the problem with a small kicker is you will usually be a 30% / 70% underdog when called. combined with fold equity. Most of the errors opponents make with them involve not being able to get away from them early in the game. Calling with Ace-rag at the bubble is a horrible mistake. Medium Pairs Pairs 10-10 to QQ are strong hands when played correctly. Raising at the bubble is a different matter. and not taking the initiative in a hand later (calling rather than raising). it will make you money in the long run. particularly against loose opponents when you have enough chips to put pressure back onto the other player. people overplay their ace-rag hands all the time… in the early game these hands are worse than junk and should be folded! The chances of making the 2nd best hand are simply too high. Remember that being 50/50 or even 60/40 to win a hand is a bad result at the bubble – you are giving away your equity to others who are not in the hand. Ace-Rag We already covered this in the early game section. Calling raises in pre-flop multi-way pots without sufficient implied-odds.

Later in the game you will see people call raises for 1/5 or more of their stack with baby pairs. enough to make your opponent aware that calling will risk elimination in 4 … people who flat call raises instead are asking for trouble after the flop whenever over-cards come. Think of this play mathematically. This is an error as even when you hit a set and get lucky enough to take someone’s stack it will not make up for the times you miss and have to fold after the flop. For more on Small Pair And Suited Connector hands see the article below: Click Here For SNG Planet Article On Implied Odds In Tournament Poker. they will make a flush by the river 6% of the time. each time they make the play they are losing chips. th Small Pairs And Suited Connectors Playing small pairs for set value early is a positive expectation play from late position – as long as you are fairly certain it will be cheap to see the flop. Suited Connectors are more difficult. since these hands not only rely on no re-raise pre-flop to ensure the correct implied-odds – they need very specific flops to profitably continue. H H th Suited Cards Early in a SNG you will see opponents playing any 2 suited cards for a raise. Make a note of these ‘any 2 suited’ players. We suggest that folding the lower suited connectors early is fine while gaining experience in post flop play and situations. Sure occasionally they get lucky and hit 2 pair or trips… however most of the time these hands either miss completely or end up making very expensive 2 best hands.At the bubble fold equity is king – fold equity + a strong hand is a great situation. re-raise with that pair of jacks. If you do choose to play these hands then only the strongest draws should be pursued on the flop. Combine this with reads on them to make sure you value bet their chips right into your stack!!! nd . preferably with the benefit of position on your opponents.

Sticking to established poker sites with some of the faster clearing bonuses is a safe and profitable way to boost your bankroll. For example. Our opinion is that bonuses should be a secondary consideration when choosing a site for your SNG games. The fact of the matter is that even very skilled players go on downswings. and without some bankroll management they would go broke. Visit The Main SNG Section. 90%+ of online poker players firmly believe that Bankroll Management is a topic which does not apply to them. Here are some of the best bonus offers from the largest poker sites – we recommend the fast clearing $600 at Poker Stars and then using the profits gained while clearing this to move on to some of the larger amounts – bonus snowballing! Sign Up Bonus 100% up to $600 100% up to $600 100% up to $500 200% up to $600 110% up to $550 Sign Up Code SNGPLANET PSP3108 SNGPLANET SNGPLANET H H H Full Tilt Poker H Poker Stars Titan Poker* Carbon Poker H H H General Review Full Tilt Review PokerStars Review Titan Review Carbon Review H H H H SNG Review Full Tilt SNGs PokerStars SNGs Titan SNGs Carbon SNGs H Bodog Poker H No Code Req H Bodog Review H Bodog SNGs *Titan is unfortunately not available to US players at the time of writing. H H Bankroll Management And Bonuses: A quick note on sites which offer bonuses and how this can help get your SNG Bankroll off to a flying start. If you hear someone saying that they are ‘skilled but unlucky’ at poker. Our recommendations for specific buy-in amounts range from 30 through to 100 – for more on Bankroll Management you can see several detailed articles in the SNGs section of SNG Planet. Bankroll Management The 4th Section Down In The List Of Articles. what they are really saying is that they do not fully understand the variance inherent in the game. However.Why Bankroll Management Applies To YOU?! For reasons impossible to fathom. . Whether you play a loose-aggressive style also affects the number of buy-ins required. bonuses can help you to move up levels faster and this build an exponentially larger bankroll over time. Be cautious of the very large ‘headline bonuses’ offered by some smaller rooms. In the hands of a skilled player this style can bring greater profits – however it will be more volatile. requiring a larger starting bank. Specific guidelines for SNG tournament buy-ins depend on your playing style and other personal criteria. These can be so slow to clear that you may never even get through them in time. a multi-tabling ‘pro-grinder’ has different bankroll needs than a recreational player who likes to profit from 1 or 2 tables at a time.

For up to date information on offers available at these and all of the leading poker sites. Click Here For SNG Specific Reviews. Bonus Info And The Latest Promotions At SNG Planet. H H . check out the Rooms and Bonuses section at SNG Planet.

This in turn means that your opponent’s seemingly ‘bad’ calls are often correct. Pushing late in a normal SNG relies on the fact that prize pool equity is bigger than chip equity – meaning you need a far better hand to call than to push. For those interested in this profitable form of poker there is a section dedicated to this subject at SNG Planet via the link below.SNG Satellite Strategy 1-table satellites are a popular way to qualify for the bigger buy-in online tournaments and for live events around the globe. small pairs and suited aces become more playable than in a normal SNG… the need to accumulate chips becomes more important than maintaining Fold Equity. The first thing to note is a small paradox. Your opposition in these events are less likely to understand ‘good’ Sit N Go strategy… the paradox is that this may actually benefit them! Let me explain. Satellite SNG Strategy . single table satellite structure actually means you are in more danger if you get ‘left behind’ chip-wise for the late game. your opponents will be less skilled than in the equivalent SNG. Having said that. These have a range of buy-in prices and usually have just the single paid place. This article will cover your approach to SNG Satellites and look at how late game strategy differs from a standard SNG.The Early Levels: Suited connectors. The adjustments can be summarized as the following. on average. This article gives an overview of the key strategy adjustments required for Satellite play. The key to single table satellites is to assess your opponents and work out who shows no fear and who will not commit all of their chips in case they bust out early. Most online poker sites offer Sit N Go Satellites. the gap concept (needing a better hand to call a raise than to open raise with) still holds true. while sound SNG play involves staying tight early to maintain your Fold Equity for the bubble. Implied odds are higher due to the fact that. In a Sit N Go Satellite paying one place chip equity is equal to dollar equity… meaning that as long as you feel you have an edge vs your opponents pushing range then a call is profitable. These come in various formats and pay between 1 and 3 places depending on the site. often to their larger buy-in Multi Table tournaments. Click Here To Visit The SNG Planet Satellite Strategy Section H Note: This article was first published at SNG Planet. Use the . mathematically speaking.

For US Players Full Tilt Poker – Full Tilt use a ‘Tournament Token’ Scheme for qualification into their higher by in H H MTTs. . Remember that calling ranges are lighter.The Late Game / Bubble: We already mentioned that chip equity and prize pool equity are equal when only one slot is paid. Use the reads gained from the early game – people who over-play ace-rag are more likely to call your push with such a holding! Satellite SNG Strategy . the blinds total 600. Use Bonus / Referral Code SNGPLANET for 100% to $600 sign-up Bonus. The numbers for 100 attempts assuming 3000 chip stacks after posting look like this. If we were dealing with a standard SNG bubble your opponent would need 70% vs your range to call – here he only needs to be slightly ahead. try out some of the recommended rooms below. If you push then you win 600 80% of the time and have 50% against your opponents calling range.The Middle Levels: Start raising and re-raising weak players here (those who have shown that they are able to fold). 80 Times you win 600 chips = 48000 10 Times you win 3600 chips = 36000 10 Times you lose 3000 chips. This simplifies the calculations for profitable pushes in the late game. Many Poker Rooms offer Single Table SNG Satellites. The huge number of Satellites available make this a great choice. Give your opponent a range (for example 20%). Open pushing can be effective with stacks of less than 10 Big Blinds – be aware of opponents stack sizes here (very small or very large stacks in particular). Having said that make sure you do not pot-commit yourself against weak players by raising too big a portion of your stack without solid values.early levels to watch opponents closely. = 30000 (48000+36000-30000)/100 = 5400 chips You have a large positive expectation against this opponent. count the blinds and chances if called then push! For example you have KQ and an opponent who will call with 20%. who overplays ace-rag? Who will go to showdown with weak holdings and who will fold after opening a pot? Satellite SNG Strategy . You need to maintain the chip accumulating strategy.

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Your Computer Setup: A 20 inch+ monitor (or even 2) and decent graphics card is desirable. The best of all for multi-tabling is once again Poker Stars. it is possible to do this on a laptop for sure… but comfortable? If you are multi-tabling the $30+ levels you . This is due to a combination of very smooth software and the big traffic volumes. Firstly we need to look at the question of how adding tables affects the ability to observe opponents and thus exploit their errors – after all. however you still make a profit on each game – so as long as the total is greater than the previous score you are right to add more. 12 or even 16 tables simultaneously… this section covers the basics of why and how – then gives you links to further information. 8. 1 table = 20% ROI or $2 per hour 2 tables = 15% ROI or $3 per hour 4 tables = 12% ROI or $4. yet it will almost certainly improve your hourly profits.60c per hour Multi-Tabling: The Practicalities Once we have established the extra profit that can be gained from multi-tabling we need to note a few of the ‘how to’ steps and other important information for those players wishing to go down this path.Multi-Tabling SNG Tournaments The reality of SNG play is that making a large hourly profit focusing on only one table at a time is difficult. For example… A $10 SNG Player fairly new to the game might have the following scores (assume each set takes 1 hour for simplicity). adding each table decreases your ROI by a small amount. The math is actually simple. For this reason many SNG specialists play 4. Even with a good ROI (return on investment) your expected return is low compared to cash games and multi-table tournaments.80 per hour 8 tables = 10% ROI or $8 per hour 12 tables = 8% ROI or $9. Your Site: Only the top 5 or so online poker sites will allow you to do this due to the traffic volumes available. Your Bankroll: There is an inverse relationship between your ROI and the bankroll required to avoid going broke. We recommend that multi-tablers go for the largest 100 buy-in bankroll level. that is the whole point of this eBook! Here is the bottom line: Adding tables will decrease your ROI.

When you are relatively new to poker the thought of multi-tabling can seem a little crazy.starting a new tournament as soon as each one ends or you bust. You will also need to decide both how fast you add tables as you learn.might want to secure a backup internet connection too… losing connection while 16-tabling the $33s could be a very expensive experience. With the right setup and approach this can be quickly learned – you’ll be following 9 tables. after all keeping track of all those opponents must be impossible. Click Here To See SNG Planet’s ‘How To Multi-Table SNGs Part #1’ H . taking notes on your opponents and playing post flop in no time at all! For detailed information on multi-tabling SNGs follow the link below to the SNG Planet 2-part article on this subject. We will finish this section with an important thought. coming to the front when action is required). and whether to have these ‘tiled’ (all visible on screen) or cascaded (on top of each other. Next you will need to decide between playing in ‘sets’ (starting them all at the same time) or ‘continual’ .

with opponents almost giving away their money by making basic errors. The idea is that by coming in the top 2 of a lower buy-in SNG. These are also profitable due to many opponents failing to adjust to position and the relative changes in hand values. however there are many other variations and some novel games available online. with a $3 entry and $2000 top prize. Click Here To See The SNG Planet Guide To Ultra-Turbo SNGs H Heads-Up SNGs: 2 Player poker games will benefit your hand reading skills and post flop play immeasurably – since you will be involved in so many hands. Click Here To See ‘Party Poker Steps Strategy – Part #1’ and here for ‘Poker Stars Steps Re-Arranged’ H H H H SNG Planet Blog Post Ultra / Super Turbo SNGs: Super-fast blinds and possibly super-small stacks make these games fast. you win an entry to the next level – cumulating in some big prizes for the ‘Step 6’ games. Instead of writing in detail about each one we have summarized and provided a link to the relevant article on SNG Planet – if you would like to see any other games included in this list then your thoughts / comments are welcome at support@sngplanet.Alternative SNG Tournaments Online This eBook has really concerned the standard 9 or 10 player SNGs. but with the caveat of requiring you to withstand some serious variance. Click Here For The SNG Planet Intro To Profitable Heads-Up Poker Matches H . Poker Stars offer them as satellites to the major offline tournaments around the world. Party offer these for cash. The advantage of these is that many of them attract the first-timers and inexperienced opponents – making them profitable for players who have understood the concepts outlined in a Comedy Of Errors. Yes the profit is there. Click To See ‘Double or Nothing SNGs – Part #1’ At SNG Planet H H Steps SNG Tournaments: These games were originally made famous by Party Poker and have since been introduced into both PokerRoom and Poker Stars.com H Double or Nothing SNGs: These are available at Poker Stars and feature 10 player games in which 5 of the field double their buy-in and the other half get nothing. Calling with junk. The strategy is actually similar to a onetable satellite. however it is possible to ‘exit’ with your $215 step 4 ticket and use this for any of the larger buy-in tournaments such as the Sunday Million. Our 2 article series on these concluded that the Double or Nothing SNGs are simply fantastic bankroll builders. furious and fun – the question is whether they can be profitable? Here we have to look at whether your opponents have time to make mistakes which could distribute profit to the rest of the table. over-calling raises with ace-rag and such like are all candidates.

Investing just $99 in a state-of-the-art software tool such as SNG Wiz will repay itself many times over. We would like to leave you with these final thoughts. While ‘moves’ are important. Once again. H . wanting to be told how much to raise.Comedy Of Errors – Final Thoughts We hope that you enjoyed and will benefit from the latest version of ‘A Comedy Of Errors’. make sure that you have the best choice of games. Investing in your poker career goes beyond your current bankroll. the biggest traffic and a VIP club that is renowned as the very best anywhere by getting an account at Poker Stars today – once you find out what makes this the world’s most popular site for yourself you will not want to play anywhere else! Use marketing code PSP3108 on sign-up and Bonus Code STARS600 on deposit to claim your 100% to $600 free bonus. with what hand in which position to ‘guarantee’ a profit. Many of your opponents look at poker strategy as a ‘recipe book’ type of goal. Understanding what to look for in your opponents. this thinking will only take you so far. This solid foundation of poker thinking can be built upon and will move with you as far up the levels as you have the time and inclination to travel. even if you do not wish to use these ideas yourself then it is important to understand the thought processes of opponents. Time taken to understand concepts such as ICM and SAGE will repay you many times over. and working out how to adjust your play to best profit from their mistakes is a far better framework. H H Finally.

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