The journey from New York ……….

To 100 Countries

History
Citibank is a major international bank, founded in 1812 as the City Bank of New York, later First National City Bank of New York. Citibank is now the consumer and corporate banking arm of financial services giant Citigroup, one of the largest companies in the world. As of March 2007, it is the largest bank in the United States by holdings. Its single largest shareholder is Prince AlWaleed bin Talal of Saudi Arabia, who has a 4.4% stake. Following its merger with the First National Bank, the bank changed its name to The First National City Bank of New York in 1955, then shortened it to First National City Bank in 1962, and ultimately changed it to Citibank in 1976.

Market Share
2005 Sales $83,642,000,000 2005 Net Income $24,589,000,000 2005 Year End Assets $1.50 trillion

Mission Statement
“Money isn't everything, but it can turn your dreams into reality. And the wide range of products that Citi offers can help you do just that”

Brief History
1902:  1914:  1939:  1940:  1949:  1960:  1962:  1965:  1972:  1974:  1976:  1990:  1995:  1997:  Bank celebrates 100 years of foreign exchange business. New offices in Romania and Slovakia extend Citibank’s network in central and Eastern Europe. Citibank introduces consumer banking to Pakistan, setting the standards and creating a new industry. First National City bank officially becomes Citibank. Foreign Exchange Center established in Kuala Lumpur. One year later, an uncommon Citi is only U.S. bank with branches in all nine common market countries. Vietnam office opens. Citibank begins business as first postwar, non German bank in West Berlin. Bank celebrates 150th birthday. Unwrap 7 new offices abroad, for a total of 91 in 32 countries. Citibank the world gets smaller. Five more offices opened. Bank leads in every major overseas banking services market. Citibank’s London main office, one of few in Europe who remain open during WWII, bombed in air raid. Chin up. Quickly reopens. 100 offices in 24 countries. National City becomes the first U.S. national bank to open outside the country in Buenos Aires. International Banking Corporation (Citibank bought it in 1915) opens offices in Asia.

Citibank Pakistan's Milestones
The nineties was a decade of domination and leadership for Citibank in the Pakistani marketplace and the trend continues into the new millennium. 1990  1992     1994  1995  1996   1997  Citibank wins over 35 awards under the Euro money Excellence Awards. These awards included "Best Bank" and "Best Emerging Market Bank" for two successive years. Citibank launched Pakistan's first affinity card known as the "Citibank-Shaheen Credit Card". First foreign bank to launch MasterCard in Pakistan. Citibank Home Loans is launched. Complaint Tracking System (CTS) launched. Citibank is the first Financial Institution to launch Personal Loans in Pakistan. The cards business launches the first ever Co-brand Credit Card in Pakistan with Caltex. Suzuki Car Financing private label Car Financing loan financing program. Citibank Home Loans introduces Adjustable and Fixed Rate Home Loans. CitiPhone Banking introduces Self Service Banking. Citibank launches its Intranet System in April. First bank to launch a Photo Credit Card. Self-Service Banking launched. Citibank Visa Card (Gold and Silver) is launched. Consumer Asset Business is launched. Car Financing is introduced. CitiGold Priority Banking is established. CitiPhone Banking launched. Consumer Bank was established.

1998  1999    2000     

Ethics and Social Responsibility
Citigroup takes a leadership role in helping build communities and emerging markets around the world through an extensive array of community relations and community development partnerships and programs. Citigroup is working to help improve the quality of life in communities and emerging markets where its employees and clients live and work. Citigroup believes that working to conserve and enhance environment is good a business practice. As a concerned global corporate citizen, Citigroup analyses the potential environmental impacts of its business activities and take actions to either reduce environmental risk or promote benefits. The Citi group foundation is the principal philanthropic program of Citigroup. It is the vehicle through which they can implement their missions of charitable contribution and social responsibilities .The foundation provides a wide range of support for community development and education as priorities, with smaller programs targeted to arts and culture, health and human services. Citigroup and the Issues is the series of working papers covering topics of importance to Citi group and its employees, clients and shareholders. Citigroup and the Issues provide an overview of our position and activities on topics ranging from consumer finance and fair access to insurance to the environment and diversity.

• Citigroup Environmental Affairs

• The Citigroup Foundation

• Citigroup and the issues

Citibank Community Projects
Lady Dafferin is a charity hospital, catering to women and children. Citibank Pakistan has undertaken three years support program for fund raising, which will help the hospital to put together an endowment for running expenses. Citibank had earlier pledged a donation of $100000 to be paid over three years towards assisting LUMS with the funding of their Students Aid Program.

• The lady Dafferin hospital project

• LUMS

Performance of Foreign Banks in Pakistan
Slow pace of economic activities, declining lending rates, shrinking spread and increasing competition for resource mobilization are expected to continue to keep their profit margins under pressure. Foreign exchange deposits, a strong base for these banks in the past is no longer available. Profit margin has reduced and some of the banks have posted losses. However, one can say with confidence that these losses were not the result of any sluggishness on the part of management. Working conditions changed due to shift in government policies. Recessionary trend of the economy and freezing of foreign currency accounts abated their deposit base. Declining repayment ability of borrowers disrupted their cash flow. However, listed private domestic banks have successfully intruded into the market segment previously considered to be an exclusive domain of foreign banks. The local banks made this dent by making huge investment in technology and offering superior quality service.

Marketing Offerings
Planning
Buying a Home Education Planning Home Improvement Insurance Planning Managing CreditRetirement Planning

Lines and Security Loans
Mortgages Home Equity Citi® Identity Theft Solutions

Credit Cards
Citibank Gold card

Access
Online Banking

Convenience Support
Citi MobileSM 24/7 customer support

Rewards
loyalty cards Shell Cards

Personal SafeWeb Lines & Loans Online Fraud Student Protection loans

Citibank silver card Caltex Citibank credit card Paktel Citibank credit card Citibank shaheen affinity credit card Citibank clear card

24-hour CitiPhone ATMs Banking Extended Citibank hours en branches Español Overdraft Foreign Protection Exchange Services

at

Shopping points Offering in different outlets

SWOT Analysis
Strengths
 True global organization
One of the major points, which distinguish Citibank from other banks in the market, is that this bank having its presence in major global markets. Citibank is working with great success in almost all the major countries.

 Adequate financial resources
Citigroup is basically a strong group, which operates in the financial markets around the world. It offers its products and services in many fields and this ability makes Citibank very effective and efficient. This diversified operational capability has also blessed Citibank with very sound financial position and provided it with the necessary resources needed to compete with winning combination.  Market pioneer &leader Citibank is no doubt a pioneer in introducing very effective and innovating products to its clients and it always assume the role of an innovator. Citibank is a pioneer in introducing credit card and car financing in Pakistan and is currently amongst the market leaders in the industry.  Self motivated & most competent management The field of sales management and training and development of sales teams and other staff of the Citibank is very strong and well in force.  Experienced & well-equipped verification department The basic success of a profitable transaction depends upon its credit decision. And a strong credit comes in force only when the people involved in it are satisfied about the existence of the client at the place which is stated and the degree of truth in client’s stated facts. This all depends upon the verification, which is a strong point of Citibank.

 Strongest and experienced collection department
The recovery and collection department of Citibank is exemplary and strong Checks and balances are observed which has enabled the Citibank to achieve a very favorable position regarding non-performing loans, which are at lower side.

 Having highest brand equity
The Citibank puts a lot of effort to build its brands and gives a priority to its clients, which helps in building strong brand loyalty and brand equity.

 Positioning
The Citibank is enjoying a very strong positioning in the minds of its loyal customers. Its main feature of positioning is clarity and high value products.

 Product feature
Car financing is done in the following two ways o Financing with documents o Financing without documents

 Free credit card with car loan
This is a salient feature, which was firstly introduced by Citibank. The bank offered its auto loan customers to avail a car loan and the credit card would be issued to the customer free. This scheme greatly boosted the sales of both car loans and credit cards.

Weaknesses
 Less mutual understanding of sales team
One of the major weaknesses of Citibank is the sales team, which is recruited at temporary basis and works on commission basis. This phenomenon has dual effect. At one side it stimulates the sales people to put more effort to give their maximum to have more commission. The dark side of this strategy is that harmony among the team players is missing.

 Comparatively low loyalty
Due to commission based sales people, harmony and synchronization is missing which results in lower level of loyalty among the personnel and they remain on the look out for a comparatively permanent job and quit when appropriate job is offered to them.

 Tag of long process
The Citibank practices are characterized with a process, which is very lengthy, and usual delays are observed. The process is very lengthy and duplication of information and processes is evident.

 Unsatisfactory compensation plan of DSF and DSA sales executives
The compensation plan offered to Citibank DSF and DSA is unsatisfactory and below par as compared to the benefits and salaries offered by other banks by their sales people.

 Dealership Relationship
Citibank is surprisingly lacking in customer relationship and supplier relationship. There are many dealers in Faisalabad market but the Citibank has not made a conscious effort to build long lasting relationship with them.

 High markup rate
Citibank is making valiant efforts to retain its position as a leader in financing but the competitors are making the job tough by offering a lower rate of markup as compared to the Citibank.

Opportunities
 Extending the current market or opening the segments
The bank can also penetrate in the current segments in which it is doing business very efficiently and profitably. It can also explore new horizons in the sense of expanding its markets.

 Developing new better alliances with new better insurance companies
To readjust its bargaining position with the insurance companies and provide more personalized services to its customers, Citibank can also enter into contract with one or two more well reputed insurance companies.

 Opening the new sub offices in the surrounding areas

Citibank can also explore the wide and vast market in Pakistan both geographically and demographically. This effort will require minor adjustment in the products and services. The pricing will also have to be re adjusted accordingly.

Threats
 Likely entry of new competitors
Current scenario is a golden period for banking industry in Pakistan. This has enticed many new banks to enter in Pakistan market. Now Pakistan’s consumer market is quite aware of the market conditions and the every new entry in this field will pose a potential threat for the existing banks as the supply will increase for the same volume of demand and profits are curtailed in these kind of situations.

 Volatile currency rate of Pak rupee against dollar
The Pak rupee is really volatile and there are big visible ups and downs in the currency value which reduces the purchasing power.

 Inflation
Inflation has been a major problem of Pakistani economy and this year average inflation has been above 7% which includes both food and non food inflation. This trend has made the products and services more expensive.

 Economic instability
Currently Pakistan’s economy as a whole is doing wonderfully well but the major problem with Pakistan has been that consistency is missing. There have been some nice periods in which the economy has done well but then there have been many dark periods as well.

 Threats of terrorism
This single issue has become very important in the world amid attacks on major countries by the terrorists and so called Al Qaida people and Pakistan has been in the spot light in this regard due to its geographical location and its role in war against Al Qaida and Taliban.

 Political instability
One more potential threat associated with Pakistan is its political system and the instability attributed to this system. When there is change in the political scene, changes have been done in the policies and even foreign commitments have also been dishonored.

 Interest Rates
One of the major threats, which are faced by the financial institution, is the radical change in the interest rates for the last year or so. Increase in the interest rates has curtailed the profits of the banks and non-banking financial institutions.

Challenges in future for Citi in Pakistan
The country has made a significant progress in implementing financial sector reforms and has achieved a more competitive market structure with expanding market share of private sector banks. The 21st century challenges for the Pakistani banking industry are broadly of internal and external nature. Internal challenges are the one that stem from within the banking industry and carry a profound effect on the long run robustness of the banking industry. External challenges are somewhat exogenous, being generated from the external environment of the banking industry, and require shrewd management for adaptability.

 Technical Expertise
Acquiring the technical expertise should be the focus of future human resource management given the changing paradigm of banking sector regulations. Similarly, the banking institutions are also required to carry out stress testing, a technique used around the globe by financial institutions to assess risk exposures across the institution and to estimate the changes in the value of the portfolio.

 Infrastructure Development
This success story of private sector in infrastructure development has also set challenges to the local banking industry to learn from the experience of other emerging market economies and innovate and design the different modes of infrastructure financing and the associated risk management systems.

 Human Resource Development
In today’s era human resources are as important as financial resources to any organization. The Banks need to develop their human resources for future challenges and produce professionals having the desired expertise for specialized banking like Treasury functions, SME financing and Islamic Banking etc. This is the need of the hour that banks should develop their own human resources.

 Consumer-Durable Demand
The robust growth of auto and mortgage finance in preceding two years has significantly increased the prices of these assets and thus has created inflationary pressures in the economy. In order to avoid such problems, banks have to rely more on the future income streams of the borrowers in making their credit assessment instead of the collateral value, until such time that the asset prices are rationalized.

E-Banking
Another area where still a lot of progress should be made is the E-banking. This will not only lower the transaction costs but will also help in improving the customer services. The ATM penetration ratio is still quite low in Pakistan and the efforts are needed to not only further expand the ATM network more aggressively but also to improve upon the security standards.

Value Delivery Network
Talking about Citibank, customers don’t only take it as just another bank. It’s perceived as global standard system. To keep itself in good books of customers, Citibank has formed a very nice network in order to create value for its customer and it does so by. • Creating customer delight • Mobilink sims and services for its account holders • Loyalty cards and rewards • Control-Get cash when you need it with a variable-rate credit line • Fixed-rate personal loan. • Good feedback systems • All and all its customers, intermediaries all together are also a part of its value delivery network.

Marketing Mix
Product Credit Cards Citibank Car Financing Citibank Home Finance Local Currency Accounts Corporate Banking Price Credit terms Discount Payment Period Place Location Logistics Assortments Channels Coverage Promotion Personal selling Advertising Billboards Print Media

Competitive Analysis of CITIBANK
No. Name 1 2 3 Bank Alfalah Orix Leasing Edge on Citibank Less markup rate Less equity required Edge of Citibank Less documentation Less markup rate Less markup and insurance

Askari Leasing Corporate deal, smaller tag

4 5

Pillcorp NDLC

No edge , Corporate deal No edge , Corporate deal

Less markup and insurance Less markup and insurance, less

documentation 7 8 9 Bolan Bank Union Bank Faisal Bank No edge No considerable edge No considerable edge

Customer Relationship Management
Citibank strategies, policies, procedures, services and customer relationships depart altogether work to create value for customer and provide them satisfaction to create a long time relations hip with the customer.

Customer Services
 Purpose
Citibank is committed to the prosperity & success of the company. They understand that to succeed and grow they must support with the highest level of professionalism, efficiency, technology and service.In today's environment, speed and accuracy are critical .With CitiService you only need to call one number.One number will put you straight through to a CitiService officer who will be able to handle all your customer service inquires on-line.

 Scope
To keep pace with the growing complexity of business and the industry trends, CitiService is equipped with adequate number of telephone, facsimile lines and have employed dedicated staff trained with complete knowledge of all products. Ongoing research is conducted by means of surveys and feed backs to understand and anticipate the changing needs and expectations of our customers in order to provide prime and quality service.

 Benefits
     One phone number for fast efficient service Quick and accurate response to your inquiries Regular updates on the status of your inquiries Easy access to Citibank experts Readily available product knowledge and technical support.

Market Segmentation
The Citibank has segmented its market both geographically and demographically and behavioral segmentation can also be witnessed when we have a closer look at its market. The main segmentation is based on the income level and the class of people. Corporate clients and the people relating to high class of the society are the customers of Citibank.

Positioning
The Citibank has positioned itself as the banker of elites and of those who belong to the higher class and who are very well educated and have high levels of awareness about market.

Competition
Currently Citibank is catering two kinds of competition i.e., one from banks and other from leasing companies. In banking category, one new emerging segment of Islamic banking has shown a lot of potential and this segment is offering very tough going to all.

Value proposition

Citibank provides value proposition to its customers and promises to give the set of benefits and values through its products and services. As the brand as the slogan of the company puts it, ”LET’S GET IT DONE” So through its services and products it makes sure that it doesn’t leave its customer undone.

Perceived Value
Being a member of 5th biggest bank Stand out treatment for special customers

Business Portfolio
Citibank has a very diverse business portfolio and it’s striving to expand it more globally and specially its targeting Asian and African market these days in terms of expanding its portfolio. It undertakes careful portfolio analysis in order to know about its growth matrix and recently its sticking to Cash cows in terms of regular saving accounts which are its Cash cows and its Stars are its credit cards and online services. • Cash Cows—Saving accounts • Star—Credit cards and online services • Question Marks—Mortgages and planning consultancy

Product/Market Expansion Grid
Citi Bank mostly falls in the following categories of expansion grid. • Product development • Market development While lately it has been doing downsizing in its mortgage and loans departmental services in many part of the world because of not getting significant results.

Marketing Implemention
Since the organizations are moving towards more of a decentralized system now a days, So managers in Citibank work closely with all its departs in order to ensure proper implementation of all its ideas and plans and its reaping the rewards of its strategy all over and at the same time trying to recover form the injuries of mortgages losses in past.

Company’s Internal Environment
• • Adaptive culture Product management organization

Suppliers and Marketing Intermediaries
• • • Open market Competitors Publics

Competitors Influence
Being large is not enough, organization such as Citibank also face many challenges due to its competitors and especially in Asian countries like Pakistan it really had to change its strategies to compete effectively with its customers. Especially loans without pledging, car financing add on services, credit cards extension services were a result of fierce competition faced from Standard Chartered and Bank Alfalah.

Publics Influence
• • • • • • Financial Publics Government Publics General Publics Internal publics

Customer Influence
“They say Customer is always right!” Keeping this global slogan of business globally Citibank also believes that its customer is basically the pivot which all strategies and policies go about.

Marketing Information System (MIS)
• • Citibank develops data through the help of its MIS .Its employees and procedures and equipments are integrated so tactically that controlling and international network all together doesn’t seem such a big deal All the information taken from MIS is put together in the right direction for decision regarding marketing and other policies maintaining a good balance.

Market Control
All the branches of Citibank work as an electronic hub in different parts in cities, countries and around the globe. Through this they maintain a good control over all its marketing procedures and routines and policies.

Consumer market
 Cultural Factors Citibank conducts its advertising campaigns by keeping in view the cultural values, it promotes its culture by “One City”.

Age and Life Cycle Stages Citibank focuses all age groups internationally but its focusing on more mature and professional customers in Pakistan given the economic and other factors. Occupation Customer occupation hugely determines his profitability which in turns the sercives for him given by the organization. Economic Situation A customers economic situation affect the services choice.As Citibank focuses on all classes so the prices affordability anf availability is done with the best interest of fulfilling their needs according to their income levels. Life style It reflects in customer’s pattern of living .By considering this fact Citibank is providing its services that fulfill the taste and demands of people with different lifestyles.

Buying Decision Process
          Need recognition: Need is recognized to buy a product Information search: They get information about different services by the bank. Evaluate the alternatives: The buyer evaluate the companies on the basis of the attributes the company is giving. Purchase decision: Buyer purchase their services and products. Post purchase behavior; Post purchase behavior of Citi customers is good.

Geographic segmentation
Citibank has made its branches all over the world and has branches in many cities of many countries.keeping in view the  World region  City  Country Region  Density

Segmenting International Market
For effective segmentation Citibank follows the following rules  Easily measureable  Easy access  Large enough to generate profits  Differentiable

 Actionable

Market Targeting
They target their markets by evaluating different segments and then selecting the best one.

Evaluating
Evaluation is based on the following questions  Who is competitor  What type of competitor  Who is supplier  How many suppliers  How many substitutes are available in the market  Does the new product or service match with company. Choosing Targeting Strategy They choose the required targeting strategy based on  Company resources  Product life cycle stage  Market variability  Competitor marketing strategy

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