1. Units of measurement of energy in food. (Example: She's counting to try _and /ose weight) 2.

A compound which is an essential part of living cells, one of the elements in food which you need to keep the human body working properly. (Example: Eggs are a rich source of )_ 3. A chemical substance containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. (Example: Bread, potatoes and rice are good sources of )_ 4. A white substance from plants or animals which can be used for cooking. (Example: Fry the meat and drain off the ) 5. Matter in food which cannot be digested and passes out of the body. (Example: A diet that doesn't contain enough can cause intestinal problems) 6. A fatty substance found in fats and oils, also produced by the liver and forming an essential part of all cells. (Example: If you eat too much , it can be deposited on the walls of arteries, causing them to become blocked) 7. Essential substance which is not synthesized by the body but is found in food and is needed for health and growth. (Example: He doesn't eat enough fruit and suffers from C deficiency) 8. Substance which is found in food, but which can also be dug out of the earth. (Example: What is the content of spinach?) 9. Too heavy, often as a result of eating too much. (Example; The doctor says I'm and must go on a diet) 10. The result of not having enough to eat, or the result of eating too much of the wrong sort of food. (Example: Many of the children in the refugee camp were ) 11. Receiving food. (Example: We are developing a scheme to improve in the poorer areas

Answers Page 73 Food and diet answers Task 1 1. calories 2. protein 3. carbohydrate 4. fat 5. fibre (we can also use the word roughage) 6. cholesterol 7. vitamin 8. mineral (we often talk about the vitamin or mineral content of a food) 9. overweight (if somebody is very overweight, we can say they are obese) 10. malnourished 11. nutrition (we often talk about the nutritional value of a food. The adjective is nutritious. A person who specializes in the study of nutrition and advises on diets is called a nutritionist) Note: Fats in food come under four categories: saturated fat (which contains the largest amount of hydrogen possible); unsaturated fat; polyunsaturated fat (which is less likely to be converted into cholesterol in the body); and monounsaturated fat Task 1. H 2 2. C 3. A 4. I 5. D 6. E 7. B 8. F 9. J 10. G Task 3 1. fast food 2/3. minerals / vitamins (in either order) 4 / 5. fat / carbohydrates (in either order) 6. malnutrition (the adjective is malnourished) 7. scarcity 8. harvest 9. balanced diet 10.fibre 11. fat/cholesterol 12. calories 13, Genetically modified 14. organic 15/16. salmonella / listeria (in either order) 17. food poisoning Other words and expressions which you might find useful include:

consume / consumption / underweight / eating disorder / anorexia / anorexic / bulimia / bulimic / vegetarian / vegan health foods Page 75 Children and the family answers .