# Analytical Reasoning

Topics To Be Discussed
 Deductions  Linear sequencing  Double line up  Ordering  Seating arrangements  Selections

Deductions

Introduction
Deduction means reducing two or more statements into one. Types: Reduce two statements into one Reduce more than two statements into one

UNDISTRIBUTED PREDICATE X ¥ X ¥ SUBJECT UNIVERSAL AFFIRMATIVE UNIVERSAL NEGATIVE PARTICULAR AFFIRMATIVE PARTICULAR NEGATIVE ¥ ¥ X X .DISTRIBUTED X . .

No Conclusion.  One Statement Negative. Conclusion Negative.  One Statement Particular. .  Two Particular.  The middle term must be distributed at least once. No Conclusion.  Two Negative.Rules For Deductions  Only three distinct terms.  Middle term should not come in the Conclusion. Conclusion Particular.

1 All No Some All All Some Stat. 2 All No Many Some No No Some . Not Concl All No No Some concl concl No .Rules For Deductions Stat.

Shortcuts Stat. 1 UA UN PA PN UA UA UN Stat. 2 UA UN PA PN PN PA PA Con UA No Con No Con No Con PN PA PN .

Problem 1 All pens are pots All pots are jacks. .

Deduction Answer: ³All pens are jacks´ .

Problem 2 No dogs are hens No hens are cats .

.Problem 3 All hands are legs Some hands are ears.

Deduction Answer: ³some legs are ears´ or ³some ears are legs´. .

All rates are flat.Problem 4 All bills are rates. No flat is token. .

Deduction Answer: No bills are token (or) No token is bill. .

.Problem 5 All boats are rivers All mangoes are apples. All rivers are mangoes.

Deduction Answer: All boats are apples. .

Problem 6 All clocks are fans. Some fans are walls (Infosys) .

(Infosys) .Problem 7 All shawls are carpets No carpet is pullover.

Deduction Answer: No shawl is pullover (or) No Pullover is Shawl .

Some dusters are tables (Infosys) .Problem 8 All tables are cars.

Deduction Answer: Some dusters are cars (or) Some cars are dusters .

Problem 9 Some birds are hens Some hens are trees (Infosys) .

Problem 10 No scientist is teacher Some teachers are researchers. (Infosys) .

Deduction Answer: Some researchers are not scientists .

Problem 11 All fingers are legs Some legs are hands All hands are ears .

.Problem 12 No shirt is pant. No pant is a shoe. All shoe are books.

Problem 13 No month is a year All months are hours Some hours are weeks .

Problem 14 All huts are bungalows Some bungalows are kitchens All Kitchens are drawing Room .

Problem 15

Shoes are socks Shoes are laces All laces are pages

Deduction

Linear Sequencing

Introduction
 Linear fashion means arrangement in a row.  Analyze the problem and arrange it.  Find the direct condition and start to solve, because the remaining conditions are based on the direct condition.  No condition for the particular item, shows their is possibility in answer.

Problem 1 There are five persons(A.E) in a room seated in a single row in the following manner: A does not sit immediately next to E.D. Who must sit in the middle seat of the row? . E and D sit immediately next to each other. A is to the immediate left of C.B. C is at the extreme right end of the row.C.

Linear sequencing Answer: Middle Seat : B or D .

V.Q. who is next to Q. P and R sit together and so do V and W . M and N sit in the same order at one extreme with no one to the left of_P. Whereas there are exactly four seats in between these pairs.T.O. O is their captain who makes them sit in a row. T and U sit together with T to the immediate right of S.W are 11 persons in a team.R.U.Problem 2 M.P.S.N. Cont« .

Show the arrangements possible? .Problem 2 1.How many ways of arrangements are possible? 4.How many persons sit in between S and N? 3.Who sits at fourth place? 2.

There are 2 ways of arranging. P R Q S T U V W O M N (or) P R Q S T U W V O M N . There are 6 persons between S and N 3. The fourth term is S 2.Linear Sequencing Answers: 1. 4. The arrangement possible.

Raji was between Manju and Amrita.Problem 3 Raji and her three friends were to be photographed. Mansi was to the left of Amrita. Manju was to the right of Amrita. Who was second from left in the picture? .

Linear sequencing Answer: Amrita was second from the left .

B is between F and D.Problem 4 Six persons A. E and F are standing in a row. D. E is between A and C. C. F is between which of the following pair of persons? i) B & C ii) C & D iii) A & C iv) A & B . C does not stand next to D. B. A does not stand next to either F or D.

Linear Sequencing Answer: i) C & B .

Problem 5
Asha, Babita, Chinni, Deepa, Kavitha and Fatima are standing in a row. Babita is between Fatima and Deepa. Kavitha is between Asha and Chinni. Asha does not stand next to either Fatima or Deepa. Fatima is between which of the pair of persons?

Linear Sequencing

Babita and Chinni

Problem 6
Eight varsity baseball players (G, H, J, K, L, M, N, O) are to be honored at a special ceremony. Three of these players (H, M, and O) are also varsity football players. Two of them (K and N) are also basketball players in the varsity team. In arranging the seats it was decided that no athlete in two sports should be seated next to another two-sport athlete.
Cont«

Problem 6
1. Which of the following combinations is possible in order to have the arrangement of seat assignments as planned? (a) H G KJ (b) H K J L (c) J K MN (d) J L H K (e) L K N 2. Which of the following cannot sit next to M? (a) A (b) J (c) G and J (d) K (e) L
Cont«

Before all athletes are seated there are two vacant seats on either side of N. To have the proper seating arrangement.Problem 6 3. K should sit between (a)G and H (d) J and N (b) J and M (e) J and L (c) L and N . Which two athletes may occupy these seats? (a) G and K (d) L and O (b) G and L (e) M and J (c) J and H 4.

a) H G KJ b) J b) G and L e) J and L .Linear Sequencing Answer: 1. 2. 4. 3.

C. three in each. 1.Problem 7 Six persons A. who will be the neighbours of D in the new position? a) A and C b) F and B c) Only B d) Only A e) Only C .Which of the following are sitting diagonally opposite to each other? a) F and C b) D and A c) A and C d) A and F e) A and B 2.After interchanging seat with E. D is second to the left of F. E is not at the end of any row. E and F are sitting in two rows. D. is sitting diagonally opposite to D. B is the neighbour of F. the neighbour of E.Who is facing B? 3. C. B.

Linear Sequencing Answer: 1. E 3. a) A and C . d) A and F 2.

find out who is standing in the middle? .Problem 8 In a march past. O is standing right to N and left to P. S is standing right to R and left to T. seven persons are standing in a row. Similarly. Q is standing left to R but right to P.

K is sitting next to R who is sitting on the extreme left and T is not sitting next to K. S is sitting next to P but not T. Who are sitting adjacent to S? .Problem 9 Five children are sitting in a row.

Linear Sequencing Answer: P and T .

Jayesh is to the immediate right of Alok.Problem 10 There are five friends. They are standing in a row facing South. Subodh is between Jayesh and Pramod.Who is at the extreme left end? 2.Who is in the middle? . Pramod is between Bhagat and Subodh. 1.

Subodh .Linear Sequencing Answer: 1. Alok 2.

Problem 11 Five persons A. C. if E occupies a corner position. A is on the right of C and B is on the left of D. B. D and E are sitting in a row facing you such D is on the left of C and B is on the right of E. then who is sitting in the centre? .

Problem 12 A. 1. B is at an extreme end and has E as his neighbour. D.Who is sitting to the right of E? 2. E. C.Name the person who should change places with C such that he gets the third place from the north end? . F and G are sitting on a wall and all of them are facing east. G is between E and F. C is on the immediate right of D. D is sitting third from the south end. B.

Problem 12 3. Immediately between which of the following pairs of people is D sitting? a) AC b) AF c) CE d) CF . Which of the following pairs of people are sitting at the extreme ends? a) AB b) AE c) CB d) FB 4.

4. 3. G G a) AB d) CF . 2.Linear Sequencing Answer: 1.

which was to the left of the flag of china. a)India and Australia b) America and India c) Japan and Australia d) America ad Australia . the flags of six nations were flown on the masts in the following way.Problem 13 In the Olympic Games. The flag of America was to the left of Indian tricolour and to the right of the flag of France. Find the two flags which are in the centre. The flag of Australia was on the right of the Indian flag but was to the left of the flag Japan.

Linear Sequencing Answer: a) India and Australia .

Ambassador.Fiat.Cardialc car was to the immediate right of Fargo. Maruti. seven cars of seven different companies viz. 2. was at one of the ends.Problem 14 In a car exhibition. Cont« . Bedford and Fargo were displayed in a row.Fargo was fourth to the right of Fiat 3. facing east such that: 1. Fiat.Maruti car was between Ambassador and Bedford 4. Mercedes. which was third to the left of Ambassador car. Cardilac.

Problem 14 1. Which of the following was the correct position of the Mercedes? a) Immediate right of Fargo b) Immediate left of Bedford c) Between Bedford and Fargo d) Fourth to the right of Maruti 2. Which cars are on the immediate either sides of the Cardilac car? .

On either side of the Cardilac are the Fargo and the Mercedes. .Linear Sequencing Answer: 1. Fourth to the right of Maruti 2.

Show the arrangement possible. C is sitting immediate right of E and left of B. H is sitting in seventh seat. D. who is right side of H. G is sitting four seats left of J. H. I. B. E. G and F have two persons in between where one person is I. In between E and J eight persons are sitting. F. G. . I is sitting immediate right of G. In between E and B two persons are sitting where B is sitting left of G. C.Problem 15 A. J is sitting two table right of F. J are ten persons sitting in waiting hall.

Linear Sequencing Answer: E C A/D B G I H F D/ A J .

Double Line Up .

 Form a table.Introduction  Consists of at least two different variables.  Check the Option for Elimination. .  More than one Question per passage.

S.R.W are 8 employees allocated eight different lockers numbered 1-8.V. The lockers are arranged in four rows with two lockers in each row. Lockers 1 and 2 in top row from left to right and lockers 7 and 8 in bottom row from left to right. Lockers 3 and 4 are in the second row from top arranged from right to left and so do 5 and 6. P has been given locker 1 while V has been allocated locker 8. T has locker just above that of Q which is just above that of R whereas W locker is in bottom row. Cont« .Problem 1 P.Q.U.T.

Problem 1 1. Which locker is allocated to employee Q? 3. If S is given locker 4 how many solutions are possible? . How many arrangements are possible? 4. If W and P are interchanged how does the table look like? 5. Draw the table? 2.

Table LEFT P S/U S/U W 1 4 6 7 RIGHT 2 3 5 8 T Q R V cont« .

Double Line Up Answers:  Employee Q is allocated locker 3  There are 2 arrangements possible  W would take the top row and P would take the bottom row  If S is given locker 4 there is only 1 solution possible. .

C is to be attended by two people a bearer and a supervisor.B.R are three bearers in a restaurant .Z are three supervisors and P. So form the table for the data given? . Q is at C.Y.Q.Problem 2 X. Each of the three places A. X is never at B.Y does not attend A but R is at B. P and X work together .

Double Line Up SUPERVISOR X PLACE A BEARER P Z/Y B R Z/Y C Q .

The Doctor is married to the Lawyer. U. the Accountant is the son of Q and brother of T. Salesman. Teacher. S. What is P¶s profession? (Wipro 2008) . the salesman is married to the Lady Teacher. There are two married couples in the family. T is the unmarried Engineer.T and U.Problem 3 There is a family of six persons P. Engineer and Accountant. They are Lawyer. the Lawyer is the daughterin-law of P. R. Doctor.S.Q.R. P is the Grandmother of U.

Double Line Up Answer : Profession of P is lady teacher .

The Picture are of King. Joker and Prince. The picture of palace is in blue colour frame but it is not on card S and card P which is of the queen. Q. green. red. grey. The picture of the princess is neither on card S nor on card T and is not in either the green or the yellow frame. is in the brown frame and is placed at extreme right. Card R has a picture of the king in a grey frame and it is fifth from right and next to cards Q having the picture of the Prince. T and U are frames in six different colours ± blue. S. Queen. R.Six picture cards P. Problem 4 . Palace. yellow and brown and are arranged from left to right (not necessarily in the same order. Princess.

The Picture of the joker is in which colour frame? 2.Problem 4(Cont«) 1. then at what number is the joker¶s card placed from left? . If the princess¶s card is immediately between the cards of the palace and the prince. The picture of the palace is printed on which card? 3.

Assistant Manager. D is Teller¶s step sister and Mr. Cashier. B is 22 years old. Cashier is Stenographer¶s son in law. E is Manager¶s neighbour. Ms. Mr. Ms. A is a bachelor. Teller and a Clerk. C. Cont« .Problem 5 The members of a bank are Mr. Stenographer. Mr. The positions they occupy are Manager. F. A. Mr. D. B. Mrs. E and Ms. though not necessarily in that order. Mr. The Assistant Manager is the Manager¶s grandson.

Who is cashier? 4. Who is the manager? 2. Who is the assistant manager? 3. Who is the stenographer? 5.Problem 5 1. Who is the teller? 6. Who is the clerk? .

F.Double Lineup Answer: 1. C Mr. Ms. Ms. E. B. 3. 4. D . 6. Mr. A. 2. Mrs. 5. Mr.

knows English also Mr. B. a native of Italy knows French Cont« . a Spaniard. E . C knows English and belongs to Italy Mr. A converses in Spanish & Italian Mr.Problem 6 Five executives of European Corporation hold a Conference in Rome Mr. D converses in French and Spanish Mr.

Who can act as interpreter if Mr. to be understood by maximum number of original five he should be fluent in a) English & French b) Italian & Spanish c) English & French d) French & Italian Cont« . B d) Any of the other three 2. If a 6th executive is brought in. A & Mr. D wish to converse a) only Mr.Problem 6 1. A b) Only Mr. C & Mr. B c) Mr.

Double Lineup Answer: 1. 2. d) Any of the other three. b) Italian & Spanish .

Fields. Benny. (1) Class 1 spelunkers may not attempt cave Ewell. Caeser. Fields or Hope (2) Class 2 spelunkers may not attempt Hope (3) Class 3 spelunkers may attempt any cave (4) Cave Caesar may be attempted only by spelunkers who have previously explored cave Benny (5) Cave Fields may be attempted only by spelunkers who have previously explored cave Ewell (6) Only two of the caves Benny. and Hope may be attempted by any explorer in a single tour. Fields. Dangerfield. Cont« . Ewell. Caeser. Ewell. Guinness and Hope.Problem 7 Spelunkers International offers exploring tours in eight caves: Abbott.

A class 2 spelunker who has previously explored cave Ewell may be restricted in choosing a tour by which rule's? (I) Rule(4) (II) Rule(5) (a) I only (d) II and III only (III) Rule(6) (c) I and III only (b) II only (e) I. II and III .Problem 7 1.

if she wishes to explore caves Abbott and Caesar? (a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) 5 (e) 6 .Problem 7 2. In how many different ways may a class 1 spelunker who has never explored any of the eight caves before set up a tour of three caves.

c) I and III only 2. b) 3 .Double lineup Answer: 1.

Which two cities are industrial centres? a) A and B b) E and F c) C and D d) B and F . A is not a hill station. A and D are not historical cities. C. A and B are not alike.Problem 8 There are six cities A. B and e are not historical places. D is not an industrial city. B. E and F. D. 1.

Which two cities are historical places? a) A and C b) B and F c) C and F d) B and E 3. Which city is a hill station and an industrial centre but not a historical place? a) E b) F c) A d) B e) C .Problem 8 2. Which two cities are neither historical places nor industrial centres? a) A and B b) D and E c) F and C d) B and D 4.

2. b) E and F c) C and F d) B and D a) E .Double lineup Answer: 1. 3. 4.

Cont« . R. iii)S traveled by boat whereas T traveled by Train. Bangalore and Hyderabad by five different modes of transport of Bus. Train. ii)R went to Bangalore by car and Q went to Calcutta by aero plane. Delhi.Problem 9 Five friends P. Car and Boat from Mumbai. S and T traveled to five different cities of Chennai. iv)Mumbai is not connected by bus to Delhi and Chennai. i) The person who traveled to Delhi did not travel by boat. Aero plane. Q.

The person went to Delhi traveled by? . Which of the following combinations of person and mode is not correct? a) P ± Bus b) R ± car c) T ± Aero plane d) S .Bus c) Chennai . Who is that person traveled to Delhi? 4.Boat 3.Boat 2. Which of the following combinations is true for S? a) Delhi ± Bus b) Chennai.Problem 9 1.

c) Chennai ± Boat 3. T 4.Double lineup Answer: 1. Train . c) T ± Aero plane 2.

B and A? .More than two teachers were teaching which subjects? 3. 1. C and B were teaching English and Geography.Problem 10 In a school. A and B were teaching Hindi and English.Which subject were handle by D. there were five teachers. D and A were teaching Mathematics and Hindi.Who is teaching maximum number of Subjects? 2. E and B were teaching History and French.

Double Lineup Answer: 1. B 2. English and Hindi 3. Hindi .

1. D and F are tall while the others are short. who are not wearing glasses are short? 2. B.Problem 11 Six students A. A and B are from Nehru house while the rest belong to Gandhi house. Which tall student of Gandhi house is not wearing glasses? . Which short student of Gandhi house is not wearing glasses? 3. A. E and F are sitting in the field. C and D are wearing glasses while the others are not. Which of the two student. C. D.

F . B and E 2. E 3.Double Lineup Answer: 1.

Namita does not like Dry fruits or Ice cream. Asha does not like Ice cream but brings Chocolates for Jayant in February. Asha and Tanmay are five members of a family. each member in one of these months. Kamal. Tanmay who is fond of Bengali sweets is born the next month immediately after Namita. The one who likes Pastries is born in the month which is exactly middle in the months given. They have their birth dates from January to May. Each one likes one particular item for his/her birthday out of Bengali sweets. Pastries. Ice cream and Dry fruits.Problem 12 Jayant. Cont« . Chocolates. Namita.

Problem 12 1. In which month was Kamal born? . What is the choice of Kamal? 4. What is the choice of Asha? 2. Which combination of month and item is true for Jayant? 3.

Double Lineup Answer: 1. February ± Chocolates 3. Dry fruits 2. January or May . Ice cream 4.

Shailja and Tanuja are among the dancers. one actress and three violinists. Shailja and Tanuja are all vocal musicians and two of them are also violinists. there are four dancers.Problem 13 In a group of six women. If pooja is an actress. four vocal musicians. Vanaja. Jalaja. Girija and Vanaja are among the violinists while Jalaja and Shailja do not know how to play on the violin. who among the following is both a dancer and a violinist? a) Jalaja b) Shailja c) Tanuja d) Pooja .

Double Lineup Answer: C) Tanuja .

green. Tennis and polo. D plays polo and owns a yellow colored car. Cricket. black. namely Badminton. C does not play either Tennis or Hockey and owns neither blue nor yellow colored car. white. Hockey. B. C. A plays Cricket and owns a black car. D. each one is proficient in one of the games. Each owns a different colored car.Problem 14 There are six friends A. B does not play Tennis. blue and red. . E owns a white car and plays Badminton. he owns a red colored car. namely yellow. E and F. Volleyball.

Which of the following combinations of color of car and game played is not correct? a) Yellow ± Polo b) Green ± Tennis c) Black ± Cricket d) Red ± Hockey . Which colored car F owns? 3. Who plays volleyball? 2.Problem 14 1.

b) Green .Double lineup Answer: 1. C 2.Tennis . Blue 3.

Statistics and Mathematics. History. Two of them stay in hostel. T studies Mathematics and S studies Physics.Problem 15 P. S. T and U are six students procuring their Master¶s degree in six different subjects ± English. Cont« . Physics. Q. R. R does not stay as PG and studies philosophy. Philosophy. two stay as paying guest (PG) and remaining two stay at their home. U and S stay in hostel. T stay as PG and Q stays at home. The students staying Statistics and History do not stay as PG.

Which of the following pairs of students stay at home? a) PQ b) QR c) RS d) ST .Problem 15 1. Who studies English? 2. Which subject does Q study? 4.Hostel 3. Which of the following combinations of subject and place of stay is not correct? a) English ± Hostel b) Mathematics ± PG c) Philosophy ± Home d) Physics .

Double Lineup Answer: 1. a) English ± Hostel 3. P 2. b) QR . History or Statistics 4.

Ordering .

.Types  Ordering Questions Related to the rank  Elimination Questions related to the extremes  More than one Variable use ordering .  Only one variable use elimination or ordering.

Neither M nor N is the tallest.L.O is as tall as P but taller than M.N. which is the tallest.M.P are 6 men. .Problem 1 K.O.L is taller than P but shorter than K.

Cont« . but is the most powerful.T are 5 cars. R is more powerful and faster than P but is the third costliest.Problem 2 P.Q. It is further known that T is faster and more powerful than R.which is costlier than T.R.S. P is costlier than R and faster than Q. which is more powerful than T. S is the slowest and the cheapest of all cars.

Which of the cars is the fastest? 2.Problem 2 1.Which is the costliest? 4.Which of the cars are cheaper than R? .Which of the cars has as many cars more powerful and less powerful than it? 3.

4.Ordering Answers: 1.Either of P/Q is the costliest. 3. .T is the car which has as many cars more powerful and less powerful than it.T is the fastest car.T and S are cheaper than R. 2.

3 on right and Vol.4 has Vol.5 on left.Vol.2.Problem 3 There are 6 volumes of books on a rack kept in order(i. An even numbered volume is at Vol.Vol.6 to its left and both weren't at Vol.2 and so on).5 was directly to the right of Vol.5's place.1.3's place.Vol. Give the position after the following changes were noticed.e vol. . Find the order in which the books are kept now ? (Wipro 2008).1 has Vol. vol.

Ordering Answer : Vol2. Vol5. .Vol4.Vol6.Vol3. Vol1.

but three years younger to his brother C. How old is B? .Problem 4 A is twice as old as his sister B. C will be 16 in three years.

while A belongs to the age group of six. Who is the oldest among them? . while C is three months younger to D: when E was born. C was two months old. D belongs to the age group of five.Problem 5 A is six months younger to B.

No two people can be on the same step. D Only one step is vacant (No one standing on that step) Denote the first step by step 1 and second step by step 2etc.Problem 6 There are six steps that lead from the first to the second floor. B is a step next to Mr. Mr. C. Mr. . Cont«. A is two steps below Mr.

D is on higher step than Mr. C is on the fourth step. 2. Which of the following is true? (a) Mr. C. B was on a higher step than Mr. A is on the first step. B is on the second step (b) Mr.Problem 6 1. E was on the third step & Mr. (c) A person Mr. E. If Mr. could be on the third step (d) Mr. E which step must be vacant (a) step 1 (b) step 2 (c) step 4 (d) step 5 e) step 6 . If Mr.

If there were two steps between the step that A was standing and the step that B was standing on. which step could A be on? (a) 2&e only (b) 3&5 only (c) 3&4 only (d) 4&5 only (e) 2&4 only 4. If Mr.Problem 6 3. and A was on a higher step than D . B was on step 1. A must be on step (a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) 5 (e) 6 Cont« .

3. C.Ordering Answer: 1. D is on higher step than Mr. 4. 2. (d) Mr. (a) step 1 (c) 3&4 only (c) 4 .

Comedy And Tragedy.Problem 7 A series of drama is to be arranged on all the five days of the week Monday to Friday. . Fiction should be scheduled earlier than Romance. Horror. Horror cannot immediately precede Romance. Romance. Drama contains Fiction. Comedy should come after tragedy. If Horror is arranged on Friday then what should be the sequence of the dramas.

Comedy . Tragedy. Horror .Ordering Answer: Fiction. Romance.

The carpenter cannot work on Monday or Cont« Tuesday . The work is to be finished in one stretch (Monday-Friday). She hires a plumber.Problem 8 Miss Dean wants to renovate her house. Miss Dean permits only one person to work each day. a painter. III. The interior decorator must do his job before the electrician. I. an electrician and an interior decorator. Each worker will take full day to do his job. a carpenter. The painter can work only after the plumber and the carpenter have finished their jobs II.

(d) The painter works on consecutive days. (c) The interior decorator works after the painter does. (b) The electrician works on Friday. If the painter work on Thursday.Problem 8 1. which one of the following alternatives is possible? (a) The electrician works on Tuesday. (e) Miss Dean cannot fit all of the workers in the schedule Cont« .

If the painter works on Friday which of the following must be false? (a) The carpenter may work on Wednesday (b) The carpenter and the electrician may work on consecutive days (c) If the carpenter works on Thursday.Problem 8 2. the electrician has to work on Wednesday (d) The plumber may work before the electrician does (e) The electrician may work on Tuesday .

The electrician works on Friday. If the carpenter works on Thursday. 2.(c).(b). the electrician has to work on Wednesday .Ordering Answer: 1.

and the volleyball is lighter than the football.Problem 9 The cricket ball is lighter than the hockey ball. Which is the heaviest? . The hockey ball is lighter than the football but heavier than the tennis ball.

Problem 10 Six students A. No one is in between C and D in Quants and C and A in D.I). B was just above C in D. and F participated in a selfevaluation test of Quants and Data Interpretation (D. B.I. but did not perform as well in Quants as D. Who was just below D in Quants? .? 2. C. but he scored less than D in Quants. The total marks of A in Quants was just above C and in D. just above F. Who got the highest marks in D. E.I.I.I.I. D. 1.I. F got more marks than D and E in D.

E and F are to be staged. D. i) A must be staged a day before E.Problem 11 Six plays A. ii) C must not be stages on Tuesday iii) B must be staged on the day following the day on which F is staged. The schedule of the plays is to be in accordance with the following. one on each day from Monday to Saturday. Cont« . C. iv) D must be staged on Friday only and should not be immediately preceded by B. B. v) E must not be staged on the last day of the schedule.

Which of the following plays is on Monday? a) E b) F c) C d) B e) A 3. Which of the following plays immediately follows B? a) A b) C c) D d) E e) F 2. Play D is between which of the following pairs of plays? a) B and E b) E and F c) A and E d) E and C e) C and F .Problem 11 1.

Ordering Answer: a) A b) F d) E and C .

K replaces O while O replaces L. When they were arranged in descending order for wickets taken by them. L is having first rank in one ranking and fifth in another. M¶s position remains uncharged. O was fourth while N was first. when five players were arranged in the ascending order of runs scored by them.Who has taken the lowest number of wickets? .Problem 12 At the end of a cricket series. 1.Who has scored the highest runs in the series? 2. K has scored more runs than M.

L 2.Ordering Answer: 1. O .

F. and H are eight friends. H. F is taller than A and D but Shorter than H and B. who is fourth from top. G is shorter than D but taller than A. E. G. Three of them play cricket and table tennis and two of them play football. G does not play either cricket or football. B does not play football. D. Cont« Problem 13 . B. E who does not play cricket. plays table tennis with D. The tallest does not play football and the shortest does not play cricket. Each one of them has a different height.A. C. is taller than B and is second to the tallest.

Which of the following group of friends play cricket? a) CAE b) CBF c) CBA d) None of these . What is F¶s position from the top when they are arranged in descending order of their height? 4.Problem 13 1. Who is the tallest? 2. Who is the Shortest? 3.

C A Fifth b) CBF . 4. 2.Ordering Answer: 1. 3.

B. E and F are six students in a class B and C are shorter than F but heavier than A D is heavier than B and taller than C E is shorter than D but taller than F F is heavier than D A is shorter than E but taller than F.Problem 14 i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) A. D. Who is third from the top when they are arranged in descending order of height? Cont« . 1. Who is the tallest? 2. C.

Who among them is the lightest? 4. C only e) None of these .Problem 14 3. B. C only d) F. C only c) E. C only b) D. Which of the following groups of friends is shorter than A? a) B. B. B.

2. B. D A Data inadequate F. 4. C only . 3.Ordering Answer: 1.

which company must she visit second? Cont« . She is setting up her schedule for the day according to the following conditions. R and S exactly once during the course of one day.If the sales representative visits S first. Q. P. i)She must visit M before N and R. N. 1.Problem 15 A sales representative plans to visit each of six companies M. ii)She must visit N before Q iii)The third company she visits must be P.

If sales representative visits Q immediately before R and immediately after S. she must visit Q: a) First b) second c) fourth d) fifth e) sixth .Problem 15 2. The sales representative could visit any of the following companies immediately after P except: a) S b) R c) Q d) N e) M 3. Find the order in which the sales representative visits the six companies? 4.

Ordering Answer: 1. M. P. Q 4. N. e) M 3. d) fifth . S. M 2. R.

Selections .

Introduction  Selecting a part out of whole.  Infer from the statements without Assumptions  Apply condition and select .

C will not select B  A.Shortcuts Write the condition by shortcut manner like.C . A and B together means A = B If A come B will not come A  B If B is selected A.

Y. B.M. If S selects C then J does not select L.Problem 1 Three students J. S have to select 3 subjects out of 6 subjects P.H.C. if B selects Y then S cannot select C and if J selects P then S selects H and L. if L is selected then P cannot be selected.L. If S selects L and B selects Y then which are the subjects that S cannot select? .

Selection Answer : S cannot select P and C .

Cont« .W. The team must consist of 3 boys and at least 1 girl.V.Q.T and 3 girls U.S.R. If P is selected R cannot be selected If S is selected V cannot be selected.Problem 2 A team consists of 5 members which has to be selected from 5 boys P.

If P and S are 2 boys selected then in how many ways can the team be formed? .Problem 2 1. If 4 boys are selected then which girl can never be a part of the team? 2.

Selection
1. 4 boys are selected which means that S is selected for sure. So S becomes a part of the team so V cannot be in the team. 2. If P and S form a team then the team can consist of PSQTU, PSQTW, PSQUW, PSTUW. So it can be formed in 4 ways.

Problem 3
Asha and Charu are good in mathematics and Athletics. Deepa and Asha are good in athletics and studies, Charu and Beena are good in General Knowledge and Mathematics. Deepa, Beena and Ela are good in studies and General Knowledge. Ela and Deepa are good in studies and Art.

Cont«.

Problem 3
1. Who is good in studies, general Knowledge, athletics and Arts? 2. Who is good in studies, General Knowledge and Mathematics? 3. Who is good in Athletics, General Knowledge and Mathematics? 4. Who is good in studies and General knowledge and Arts but not Athletics? 5. Who is good in studies, Mathematics and athletics?

Selection
Answer: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Deepa Beena Charu Ela Asha

Cont«. in order to see that the medicine does not explode. . Y and Z. Also certain chemicals cannot be mixed because of their reaction together. B and C and the unstable chemicals W.Problem 4 A scientist is trying to prepare a medicine using four ingredients. He can choose from the stable chemicals A. there must be two stable chemicals in it. X.

Chemical Y cannot be mixed with chemical Z. which other ingredients must be used? 2. If chemical B is rejected because of its possible side ± effects but it is decided to use chemical Z. 1.Problem 4    Chemical B cannot be mixed with chemical W. which is a possible combination of the four ingredients in the formula? . If Y is the most important chemical and must be used in the formula. Chemical C cannot be mixed with chemical Y.

B and X. A. C. W and Z / A. 2. . X. C. Z.Selection Answer: 1. A.

U.Problem 5 Four students are to be selected from T. Y. If T is selected then Z cannot be a part of the team. X. 1. What are the number of possibilities? 2. Z. If T comes in the team who are its members? .

UYX .Selection Answer: 1. 2 ways (UTXY. UZXY) 2.

E. B. F. The management is planning to open a new office in another city using 2 bookkeepers and 3 secretaries of the present staff . To do so they plan to separate certain individuals who don't function well together. G. H.Problem 6 The office staff of XYZ corporation presently consists of three bookkeepers--A. . C and 5 secretaries D. The following guidelines were established to set up the new office Cont«.

Since D and F have been competing for promotion they shouldn't form a team. Bookkeepers A and C are constantly finding fault with one another and should not be sent together to the new office as a team. Cont« .Problem 6 I. they should be separated. C and E function well alone but not as a team. D and G have not been on speaking terms and shouldn't go together. III. II. IV.

Problem 6
1. If A is to be moved as one of the bookkeepers, which of the following cannot be a possible working unit. a) ABDEH b) ABDGH c) ABEFH d) ABEGH 2. If C and F are moved to the new office, how many combinations are possible a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4 3. If C is sent to the new office, which member of the staff cannot go with C a) B b) D c) F d) G
Cont«

Problem 6
4. Under the guidelines developed, which of the following must go to the new office a) B b) D c) E d) G

5. If D goes to the new office, which of the following is/are true I. C cannot go II. A cannot go III. H must also go a) I only b) II only c) I and II only d) I and III only

Selection
Answers: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. a) ABDEH a) 1 b) D a) B d) I and III only

Problem 7
A team is to be selected from the hockey players available from the Circuit. The selection team would require at least four people. There are three coaches A,B,C and three selectors D,E,F available. But there schedules do not match . A cannot come if D is selected. If C is selected F should also be selected. If E is selected B should not be selected. What is the team? (Wipro)

Selection Answer: 1. ABCF / ACEF / BCDF / DCEF .

Hrithik and Subhash Ghai . If SRK is selected Kamal Hassan should also be selected and vice versa. What should be the team if Amitabh is selected ? (Wipro) .Problem 8 In a film festival Amitabh . If Amitabh is selected Subhash Ghai cannot be selected. The team must contain at least one actor and one director. Kamal hassan . Maniratnam and Yash Chopra are available as judges. A team of three is to be sent.SRK. If Hrithik is selected Maniratnam is also selected and vice versa.

O. Some of the criteria of selection are as follows: M and J go together O cannot be placed with N I cannot go with J N goes with H P and Q have to be together K and R go together Cont« . Q. J.Problem 9 From a group of six boys M. P. I. K a team of six is to be selected. R and five girls G. N. H.

If the team has three girls including J and K. which of the following cannot constitute the team? a) GJMOPQ b) HJMNPQ c) JKMNOR d) JKMPQR 3. the other members are? a) GMRPQ b) HNOPQ c) KOPQR d) KRMNP 2.Problem 9 1. the members of the team are? a) GHNR b) MNOG c) MORG d) NHOR . If the team consists of two girls and I is one of them. If four members are boys.

c) MORG . c) JKMNOR 3. c) KOPQR 2.Selection Answer: 1.

group A consist of 6 members M N O P Q R and group B consist of 5 members V W X Y Z. .Problem 10 Final year students plan to go for project which consist of 5 members ( 3 from A group and 2 from B group) based on the condition. i) M does not come . Z & O should come ii) X and Y remains together iii) R and V cannot go together iv) N is always go with Z v) Q always go with W Cont«. conditions for selection are. There are two groups.

If M is not there in the team. If Q is there.Problem 10 vi) O can go with V vii) O and P are together 1. the team consist of? 2. who cannot be there in that team? a) X & Y b) R & V c) V & W .

a) X & Y . OPNZV 2.Selection Answer: 1.

Seating Arrangement .

.  Draw a Shape which is given in the question and arrange them according to the conditions given.Introduction  Manner in which people are seated at a particular Place.

R.If S is not sitting between Q and R then who is sitting between Q and S? .Problem 1 P.Q.How many different arrangements are possible? 3.If S is in between Q and R what is the arrangement? 2. 1. P sits two tables to the left of R and Q sits two tables to the right of R.T are 5 people who sit in a round table.S.

.Seating Arrangement Answer: Either P is sitting when viewed anticlockwise or T and R when viewed clockwise.

One person between M & P.Problem 2 5 members are sitting on a circle. Q is immediate right of M. who is to the immediate right of O? .

who is immediate right of O means M is immediate right of O .Seating Arrangement Answer: Q is to the immediate right of M.

E and F are sitting in a closed circle facing the centre. D. C is between A and B. E is to the left of D.Problem 3 Six friends A. B.Who is to the right of C? . C. F is between E and A. 1.Who is to the left of B? 2.

Right of C is A . Left of B is D 2.Seating Arrangement Answer: 1.

Sumitha is between Lata and Asha.Who is to the left of Asha if Rajini is the fifth girl? 2. Mamta is to the right of Lata.If Sumitha and Mamta interchange their positions who will be fourth to the left of Rajani? .Problem 4 Five girls are standing in a circle facing the centre. 1.

Rajni.Seating Arrangement Answer: 1. 2. Asha .

1. he doesn't sit either opposite or beside C. Since A does not like C.Problem 5 6 people A. If D is adjacent to F then who is adjacent to C? .D. If A is beside F then who are the two neighbors of B? 2.E and F sit around a table for dinner.C.B. B and F always like to sit opposite each other.

Seating Arrangement Answer: 1. D and E 2. E and B (or) D and B .

E and F are sitting along the sides of a hexagonal table for playing a game. D.A is sitting between whom? 2. D is between A and B and is exactly opposite to C. is to the immediate right of B. F. who is sitting exactly opposite of A. C. 1.Problem 6 Six friends A. B.Who is sitting opposite B? . thought not necessarily in the same order.

D and E 2. E .Seating Arrangement Answer: 1.

D sits opposite Mr. A. 1.Problem 7 Mr. Mr. B sits right to the barber iii)The washer man is on the left of the tailor iv)Miss. C. C and Miss D are sitting around a table and discussing their trades. What are the trades of A and B? a) Tailor and Barber b) Tailor and Cook c) Barber and Cook d) Washer man and Cook . Miss B. i) Mr. A sit opposite to cook ii) Miss.

Seating Arrangement Answer: b) Tailor and Cook .

H. a lady member. is second to the left of J. I. F. There is a lady member between E and H? 1. J. J is between L and F.Who is seated between E and H? 2. G.Problem 8 Eight persons E. H. G is between I and F.How many persons are seated between K and F? 3. K and L are seated around a square table ± two on each side.Who is sitting immediate left of F? Cont« . There are three lady members and they are not seated next to each other. a lady member. a male member is seated opposite E. F.

H and J 5.Problem 8 4. Which of the following is true about J? a) J is a male member b) J is a female member . H and G c) G. G and J b) E. Who among the following are the three lady members? a) E.

J 4. Three 3. K 2.Seating Arrangement Answer: 1. E. H and G 5. J is a male member .

S and T are sitting in a circle facing the centre. Q.Problem 9 P. R is immediate left of T. P is between S and T. R.Who is to the immediate left of R? . 1.

Who is facing A? 2. B. C. D.Who among the following is facing D? a) A b) C c) E d) cannot be determined .Problem 10 A. D is between F and B. E and F are seated in a circle facing the centre. A is second to the left of D and second to the right of E. 1.

B 2.Seating Arrangement Answer: 1. b) C .

H is third to the left of B and second to the right of A. F. E. B is sitting between G and D. G and H are sitting in a circle facing centre. C is sitting between A and G and B and E are not sitting opposite to each other.Which of the following statement is not correct? a) C is third to the right of D b) A is sitting between C and F c) E is sitting between F and D. B.Who is third to the left of D? 2. 1. C. D. .Problem 11 Eight friends A.

A 2. c) E is sitting between F and D .Seating Arrangement Answer: 1.

Q is second to the left of N. O is not the neighbour of N or K and is to the immediate left of P. N. K. L is third to the right of K. 1.Which of the following pair of persons represent O¶s neighbours? a) L & N b) P & K c) M & P d) N & P Cont« . who is next to the right of L. O. M. L. P and Q are sitting around a circle facing the centre. J is not the neighbour of N.Problem 12 Eight friends J.

Who is to the immediate right of K? 3.Problem 12 2. Who is to the immediate left of O? .

J 3. M & P 2. M .Seating Arrangement Answer: 1.

B.Who is between F and D? .Problem 13 Six friends A. C is third to the left of B. C. A is between D and B and F is between C and E. D. E and F are seated in a circle facing each other.Who is between B and F? 2. 1.

Seating Arrangement Answer: 1. C . E 2.

Anuradha is adjacent to whom out of the following? a)Rashi b) Sulekha c) Abha d) Monika e) Cannot be determined . Monika is at the middle in the row. Anuradha is not adjacent to Sulekha. Rashi is adjacent to Monika. Rashi is not adjacent to Sulekha or Abha.Problem 14 Five girls are sitting in a row. Then.

Seating Arrangement Answer: 1. a) Rashi .

whose right hand neighbour is G. B enjoys having H to his left and F to his right. E is to the right of A but on the left of C. Find the member who is diagonally opposite to A. a) B b) F c) G d) H . D is between A and F and is opposite to G.Problem 15 A group of eight members sit in a circle.

Seating Arrangement Answer: 1. d) H .