SMPSRM/D Rev.

1, Sept-1999

SWITCHMODE™ Power Supply Reference Manual
ON Semiconductor
Formerly a Division of Motorola

SWITCHMODE

t Power Supplies

Reference Manual and Design Guide

SMPSRM/D Rev. 1, Sept–1999

SMPSRM

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The availability of design and application information and highly integrated semiconductor control ICs for switching power supplies allows the designer to complete this portion of the system design quickly and easily.com). ON Semiconductor has been a key supplier of semiconductor products for switching power supplies since we introduced bipolar power transistors and rectifiers designed specifically for switching power supplies in the mid–70’s. designing your first switching power supply or responsible for a make or buy decision for power supplies. SENSEFET. except those that are battery powered. and a wide choice of discrete products in surface mount packages. We identified these as SWITCHMODE products. the variety of information in the SWITCHMODE  Power Supplies Reference Manual and Design Guide should prove useful. SWITCHMODE.com 3 . It also provides real SMPS examples. and identifies several application notes and additional design resources available from ON Semiconductor. This includes our newest GREENLINE.SMPSRM Forward Every new electronic product. LLC (SCILLC). Easy Switcher and very high voltage ICs (VHVICs). A switching power supply designed using ON Semiconductor components can rightfully be called a SWITCHMODE power supply or SMPS. as well as high efficiency HDTMOS and HVTMOS power FETs. Whether you are an experienced power supply designer. HDTMOS and HVTMOS are registered trademarks of Semiconductor Components Industries. POWERTAP. This brochure contains useful background information on switching power supplies for those who want to have more meaningful discussions and are not necessarily experts on power supplies. For the latest updates and additional information on analog and discrete products for power supply and power management applications. MEGAHERTZ. rectifiers and other discrete components available from ON Semiconductor for designing a SMPS are also provided. GREENLINE. please visit our website: (http://onsemi. http://onsemi. An extensive list and brief description of analog ICs. power transistors. SMARTMOS and TMOS are trademarks of Semiconductor Components Industries. LLC (SCILLC). requires converting off–line 115 Vac or 230 Vac power to some dc voltage for powering the electronics. as well as helpful books available from various publishers and useful web sites for those who are experts and want to increase their expertise.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 First-Pass Selection of Semiconductors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Integrated Circuits for Switching Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Device Data Books and Device Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Snubbers and Clamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SMPS Examples . . . . . . . 5 Linear versus Switching Power Supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Methods of Control . . . . . . 135 ON Semiconductor Standard Document Type Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application Notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Power MOSFETs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Other Design Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Cores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Brochures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Quasi-Resonant Converters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Rectifiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Transformers and Inductors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136 http://onsemi. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Basic Converters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Power Factor Correction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Off-Line Power Supply Design and Safety Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . References for Switching Power Supply Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 The Printed Circuit Board Layout . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Power Management Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Systems Management Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SMPSRM Table of Contents Page “What Everyone Should Know About Switching Power Supplies’’ by Marty Brown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Real SMPS Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Common Topologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Literature Available from ON Semiconductor . . . . . . . . 128 ON Semiconductor Worldwide Sales Offices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Websites . . . . . . . . Books . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 30 31 36 55 55 57 57 58 Analog ICs for SWITCHMODE Power Supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Suggested Components for Specific Applications . . . . . . . . . . . .com 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Losses and Stresses within Switching Power Supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Optoisolated Voltage Feedback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Bipolar Power Transistors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

and the rectifier is back-biased. It operates by reducing a higher input voltage down to the lower output voltage by linearly controlling the conductivity of a series pass power device in response to changes in its load.com 5 . at least a watt has to be dissipated in heat. This Guide is designed to give the prospective designer an overview of all the issues involved in designing switchmode power supplies. Basic Converters Forward-Mode Converter Fundamentals The most elementary forward-mode converter is the Buck or Step-down Converter which can be seen in Figure 1. This results in a much lower power being dissipated within the supply. their relevant parameters. the inductor current begins to linearly ramp upward which is described by: i Linear versus Switching Power Supplies Historically. since there is a constant voltage source connected across the inductor. energy is being stored within the core material of the inductor in the form of flux. the input voltage is connected to the input of the inductor. provides circuit design tips. When the power switch turns off. they are cost effective in step-down applications. This removes the stored energy from the inductor. Its operation can be seen as having two distinct time periods which occur when the series power switch is on and off. The inductor current during this time is: i + L off V out * VD L t off This period ends when the power switch is once again turned on. When the power switch is on. Higher levels of integration have driven the cost of switching power supplies downward which makes it an attractive choice for output powers greater than 10 watts or where multiple outputs are desired. This headroom loss (Vdrop ⋅ Iload) causes the linear regulator to only be 30 to 50 percent efficient. magnetic and passive technologies make the switching power supply an ever more popular choice in the power conversion arena today. Current now begins to flow through the catch diode thus maintaining the load current loop. There is sufficient energy stored to carry the requirements of the load during the next off period. the input voltage of the inductor flies below ground and is clamped at one diode drop below ground by the catch diode. regardless of the input voltage. The output of the inductor is the output voltage. This then results in either large currents being passed through the power devices with a low “on” voltage or no current flowing with high voltage across the device. the linear regulator was the primary method of creating a regulated output voltage. and information on how to select the most appropriate semiconductor and passive components. Recent advances in semiconductor.SMPSRM What Everyone Should Know About Switching Power Supplies By: Marty Brown Introduction Efficient conversion of electrical power is becoming a primary concern to companies and to society as a whole. The average switching power supply exhibits efficiencies of between 70 to 90 percent. The switching regulator operates the power devices in the full-on and cutoff states. Below that point. Switching power supplies offer not only higher efficiencies but also offer greater flexibility to the designer. During this period. L on + V in * Vout L t on During the “on” period. The cost of the heatsink actually makes the linear regulator uneconomical above 10 watts for small applications. however. This results in a large voltage being placed across the pass unit with the load current flowing through it. The relationship which approximately describes its operation is: V out [ ∂ · Vin where ∂ is the duty cycle (∂ = ton/(ton + toff)) http://onsemi. That means that for each watt delivered to the load. This Guide lists the ON Semiconductor components expressly built for use in switching power supplies. The next period is the “off” period of the power switch. Regulation is accomplished by varying the on-to-off duty cycle of the power switch. It describes the basic operation of the more popular topologies of switching power supplies.

The buck converter should only be used for board-level regulation. Forward-Mode Converter Operation (Buck Converter Shown) http://onsemi.com 6 . To avoid this situation. SW LO Vin D Cout RLOAD LO ILO A Basic Forward-Mode Converter (Buck Converter Shown) ILO Vin Cout Vout RLOAD VD(FWD) (DIODE) Cout Vout RLOAD Power Switch ON DIODE VOLTAGE (VOLTS) Vin Von(SW) Power Switch OFF POWER SWITCH OFF VD(FWD) 0 POWER SWITCH ON POWER SWITCH OFF POWER SWITCH ON TIME INDUCTOR CURRENT (AMPS) IPK ILOAD(AV) IMIN DIODE POWER SWITCH DIODE POWER SWITCH TIME Figure 1. the input power source is connected directly to the load circuitry with usually produces catastrophic results. A crowbar is a latching SCR which is fired when the output is sensed as entering an overvoltage condition. but suffers from one serious shortcoming which would occur if the power switch were to fail short-circuited.SMPSRM Basic Converters (continued) The buck converter is capable of kilowatts of output power. a crowbar is placed across the output.

When the power switch turns on.5 ⋅ L ⋅ I2pk ⋅ fop > Pout + L on V in L t on The power switch then turns off and the inductor voltage flys back above the input voltage and is clamped by the rectifier at the output voltage. The current then begins to linearly ramp downward until the energy within the core is completely depleted. Its operation can also be broken into two distinct periods where the power switch is on and off. energy is being stored within the core material. Schematic of a Boost Converter http://onsemi. Its schematic can be seen in Figure 2. This causes the current to begin linearly ramping upwards from zero and is described by: i The amount of energy stored during each cycle times the frequency of operation must be higher than the power demands of the load or. Vin SW Cout RLOAD A Basic Flyback-Mode Converter (Boost Converter Shown) IL Ion Vin L Vout ILOAD Cout RLOAD Vin IOff Vout ILOAD Cout RLOAD Power Switch ON Power Switch OFF Figure 2.com 7 . Its waveform which is shown in Figure 3 is determined by: i + L off V out * V in L t off Once again. Psto = 0. the input voltage source is placed directly across the inductor. L D The boost converter should also be only used for board-level regulation.SMPSRM Basic Converters (continued) Flyback or Boost-mode Converter Fundamentals The most elementary flyback-mode converter is the Boost or Step-up Converter.

Table 1 shows the differences between the various topologies used within switching power supplies. Associated with that is the need for multiple output voltages. Some of the factors which determine the suitability of a particular topology to a certain application are: 1) Is the topology electrically isolated from the input to the output or not. The first choice that faces the designer is whether to have input to output transformer isolation. http://onsemi. The remainder of the factors involve how much stress the power semiconductors are being subjected to. the peak currents that must be sustained by the power switch grow higher which then affects the stress they must endure. Non-isolated topologies should also be used where the possibility of a failure does not connect the input power source to the fragile load circuitry. 4) Are multiple outputs required. The various areas show which topology best fits within that range of input voltage and output power that exhibits the least amount of stress on the power semiconductors. Each topology has its own merits within certain applications. The companies building their own power systems are leaning toward transformer isolation in as many power supplies as possible since it prevents a domino effect during failure conditions. Transformer isolation should be used in all other situations.com 8 . At reduced DC input voltages and at higher powers. Waveforms for a Boost Converter Common Topologies A topology is the arrangement of the power devices and their magnetic elements. 3) What is the peak current flowing through the power semiconductors.SMPSRM VFLBK SWITCH VOLTAGE (VOLTS) POWER SWITCH ON DIODE ON Vin POWER SWITCH ON TIME DIODE ON POWER SWITCH ON Von(SW) INDUCTOR CURRENT (AMPS) IPK ILOAD (AV) TIME Figure 3. Non-isolated switching power supplies are typically used for board-level regulation where a dielectric barrier is provided elsewhere within the system. 5) How much voltage appears across the power semiconductors. Figure 4 illustrates where the transformer-isolated topologies are typically used within the power industry at various power and voltage levels. Transformers provide an easy method for adding additional output voltages to the switching power supply. 2) How much of the input voltage is placed across the inductor or transformer.

0 – 500 5.5 Figure No. VDE) 1000 100 10 ÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇ ÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇ ÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇ ÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇ ÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇ ÉÉÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇ ÉÉÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇ ÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇ ÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉ ÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇ ÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉ ÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉ ÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉ ÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉ ÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉ HIGH PEAK CURRENTS.com 9 .0 – 1000* 5.0 – 600* 5. Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Topology Buck Boost Buck-Boost Half-Forward Flyback Push-Pull Half-Bridge Full-Bridge * No human access – otherwise < 42.0 Amp limit (UL. RELIABILITY IS IN JEOPARDY 10 100 1000 OUTPUT POWER (W) DC INPUT VOLTAGE (V) FLYBACK HALF BRIDGE FULL BRIDGE Figure 4.SMPSRM Common Topologies (continued) Table 1.0 – 600 50 – 1000 50 – 1000 50 – 1000 In/Out Isolation No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Typical Effic.0 2.0 1. (%) 75 78 78 75 78 72 72 69 Relative Cost 1.5 V and 8.2 2. Comparison of the PWM Switching Regulator Topologies Pwr Range (Watts) 0 – 1000 0 – 150 0 – 150 0 – 250 0 – 150 100 – 1000 100 – 500 400 – 2000+ Vin(DC) Range 5. Where Various Transformer-Isolated Topologies are Commonly Used http://onsemi.0 – 600* 5.0 1.2 2.0 1.4 1. CSA.

SMPSRM POWER SWITCH L VD 0 Vin D Cin CONTROL VFWD Vin IPK TIME Vout Cout IL 0 FEEDBACK TIME ILOAD IMIN Figure 5. The Buck/Boost Regulator Topology http://onsemi.com 10 . The Buck Regulator Topology VFLBK VSAT D ON SW ON 0 Vin Cout FEEDBACK Vout IL 0 IPK ISW ID TIME TIME D ON L D Vin Cin CONTROL VSW Q Figure 6. The Boost Regulator Topology Q CONTROL VL 0 D Vin TIME Vin Cin L Cout Vout GND IL 0 – Vout ISW ID IPK TIME Figure 7.

The Flyback Regulator Topology 2Vin Q1 T D L VSW 0 VSAT Q2 IPRI 0 IMIN IPK TIME Vin SW1 TIME SW2 Vin Cin D CONTROL Cout VO Figure 10.SMPSRM L T N1 Vin Cin CONTROL D N2 Cout Vout VSW 0 VSAT 2Vin SW ON TIME Q FEEDBACK IPRI 0 IMIN IPK TIME Figure 8.com 11 . The Push-Pull Regulator Topology http://onsemi. The Half-Forward Regulator Topology VFLBK VSAT VSW T N1 Vin Cin CONTROL SW ON TIME D N2 Cout 0 Vin Vout IPRI 0 IPK TIME Q FEEDBACK ISEC 0 TIME Figure 9.

SMPSRM L Vin B Cout Vout V in 2 XF Cin Vin CONTROL SW1 SW2 TIME VSAT IPK Q1 N2 T N1 C C FEEDBACK VSW2 0 Q2 IPRI 0 IMIN TIME Figure 11. The Half-Bridge Regulator Topology L Vin Cout Vout V in 2 VSW2 0 VSAT IPK ISW2 0 IMIN FEEDBACK TIME SW 1-4 SW 2-3 XF Cin Vin CONTROL Q1 T Q2 Q3 XF TIME Q4 Figure 12. The Full-Bridge Regulator Topology http://onsemi.com 12 .

Input The semiconductors within a power factor correction stage have some special requirements. Power Factor Corrected Input The task is to increase the conduction angle of the AC rectifiers and to make the resulting current waveform look as sinusoidal and in phase with the voltage waveform as possible. since fast current pulses are being drawn through them. the power drawn by the power supply from the line is maximized for real power as shown in Figure 14. The input capacitor.com 13 . Also the full energy potential of the AC line is not utilized. These peak currents are typically three to five times higher than the average current drawn by the power supply. In the discontinuous-mode (Pin < 200 watts). The Waveforms of a Capacitive Input Filter Figure 14. I CSMALL CONTROL 110/220 VOLTS IN FROM WALL SOCKET TO POWER SUPPLY CLARGE POWER NOT USED VOLTAGE VOLTAGE POWER NOT USED POWER USED POWER USED CURRENT CURRENT IAV IAV Figure 13. First. This produces an input voltage waveform to the PFC circuit that has a high level of ripple voltage and the boost converter draws its power directly from the line. http://onsemi. A popular method of accomplishing this is by using a boost converter prior to the actual power supply. The boost output rectifier will have to be ultrafast if the boost converter is operating in the continuous-mode. In this way. The power switch has to clear the diode’s reverse recovery charge. the 50/60 Hz rectifiers now have to be ultrafast rectifiers. just following the 50/60 Hz rectifier bridge is now less than 1 uF. The bulk input filter capacitor is now placed on the output of the boost converter. Boost-mode supplies exhibit the largest input dynamic range of all the switching power supply topologies. This causes excessive voltage drop in the wiring and imbalance problems in the three phase delivery system. I CLARGE DC OUTPUT VOLTAGE voltages down to 30 volts can be boosted to 370 volts on its output (higher than the highest expected peak operating AC crest voltage). A resulting shortcoming is that the AC line is rectified which results in high peak currents at the crests of the AC voltage as shown in Figure 13.SMPSRM Power Factor Correction The present day power supplies use a capacitive input filter when powered from the AC power line. The boost power factor correction circuit can be seen in Figure 37 on page 37. the output rectifier need not be ultrafast since there is no current flowing through the diode prior to the power switch turning on.

The results are shown in Table 2.350 0.13 0.8 80.58 0.9 4.4 5 0.0 4.6 2.7 2.1 4.77 0.9 85. 590302B03600.997 0.65 0.8 η(%) 94.93 0.59 0.6 2 0.SMPSRM Power Factor Correction (continued) Input current waveshaping is required by the regulatory agencies.996 Ifund 0. Table 2.8 80.9 95.16 3 1.09 0.8 80.61 0.1 VO 230.73 0.2 2.0 3.2 1.7 230.7 230.7 96.7 94.0 4.95 0.0 4.350 0.999 0.7 230. EE 25 Gap: 0.999 0.6 1.4 84.7 230.62 THD 2.60 VO(pp) 4. Power Factor Controller Test Data AC Line Input Current Harmonic Distortion (% Ifund) Vrms 90 100 110 120 130 138 Pin 85.7 230.350 0.7 IO 0.08 0.71 0. Figure 37 on page 37 is an 80 watt power factor correction stage for the 110 VAC line.3 85.1 PF 0.58 0. The MC33262 has a internal multiplier to make the input current waveform mimic the input voltage waveform.0 0.0 94.10 0.350 0. This design meets all the specifications of IEC1000–3–2.12 0.2 3.85 0.072″ total for a primary inductance (LP) of 320 µH Heatsink = AAVID Engineering Inc.0 DC Output T = Coilcraft N2881–A Primary: 62 turns of # 22 AWG Secondary: 5 turns of # 22 AWG Core: Coilcraft PT2510. or 593002B03400 http://onsemi.1 4.1 84. All the circuitry needed to accomplish this task is included in the MC33262 with the minimum of external components.9 2.998 0.com 14 .84 1.998 0.73 1.8 80.7 84.350 PO 80.3 95.5 1.3 7 0.3 2.350 0.8 80.

A resonant tank circuit has been added to the power switch section to ILR LR LO make either the current or the voltage “ring” through a half a sinusoid waveform. Eliminating the switching losses allows the designer to increase the operating frequency of the switching power supply with the goal of reducing size and weight. ZCS is a fixed on-time. quasi-resonant buck converter is shown in Figure 15. Acceptance of quasi-resonant technology has been slow because of some other issues presented by operating at high frequencies. variable off-time method of control. Schematic and Waveforms for a ZCS Quasi-Resonant Buck Converter http://onsemi. ZCS starts from an initial condition where the power switch is off and there is no current flowing through the resonant inductor. thus has no switching loss. Since a sinusoid starts at zero and ends at zero. Vin Cin CONTROL VSW CR D Cout FEEDBACK Vout A ZCS Quasi–Resonant Buck Converter SWITCH TURN-OFF Vin POWER SWITCH ON V SW IPK I LR VD Figure 15.SMPSRM Quasi-Resonant Converters Quasi-resonant technology is a field within switching power supplies where the design goal is to eliminate the frequency dependent switching losses within the power switch and rectifiers. the product of the voltage and current at the starting and ending points is zero. There are two quasi-resonant methods: zero current switching (ZCS) or zero voltage switching (ZVS). quasi-resonant topologies are minor modifications of the PWM topologies.com 15 . The ZCS. Schematically.

There are variations in the resonant field that promote zero switching losses such as full resonant PWM. LR LO CR Vin Cin VI/P CONTROL D FEEDBACK Cout Vout A ZCS Quasi–Resonant Buck Converter Vin V I/P POWER SWITCH TURNS ON 0 V IPK I SW V L 0 * Vout L )L R O in ILOAD in R ID Figure 16.SMPSRM Quasi-Resonant Converters (continued) In this design. and the familiar current ramp is flowing through the filter inductor. Power is passed to the output during the resonant periods. In typical designs the frequency can change 10:1 over the ZCS supply’s operating range. the frequency typically varies 4:1 over the entire operating range of the supply. to control the power delivered to the load. In a typical ZVS power supply. variable on-time method of control. So to increase the power delivered to the load. full and half-bridge topologies for the higher powers and resonant transition topologies. the frequency is high. and vise versa for decreasing loads. quasi-resonant buck converter is shown in Figure 16. When the load is heavy. both the power switch and the catch diode operate in a zero current switching mode. the amount of “resonant off times” are varied. the frequency would increase. The ZVS is a fixed off-time. For light loads. Here. The ZVS. Here the initial condition is when the power switch is on.com 16 . Schematic and Waveforms for a ZVS Quasi-Resonant Buck Converter http://onsemi. the frequency drops.

Some of these losses are controllable by modifying the circuitry. Stresses and Losses within a Bipolar Power Transistor Figure 18. voltages are transitional between full-on and cutoff states while simultaneously the current is transitional between full-on and cuttoff states. DRAIN-TO-SOURCE VOLTAGE (VOLTS) COLLECTOR-TO-EMITTER (VOLTS) VPEAK VPEAK SATURATION VOLTAGE RISE DYNAMIC TIME SATURATION CLEARING RECTIFIERS STORAGE TIME FALL TIME ON VOLTAGE FALL TIME CLEARING RECTIFIERS IPEAK RISE TIME COLLECTOR CURRENT (AMPS) DRAIN CURRENT (AMPS) IPEAK PINCHING OFF INDUCTIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE TRANSFORMER SATURATION CURRENT PINCHING OFF INDUCTIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE TRANSFORMER ON CURRENT TURN-ON CURRENT TURN-OFF CURRENT TURN-ON CURRENT TURN-OFF CURRENT CURRENT TAIL CURRENT CROWDING PERIOD INSTANTANEOUS ENERGY LOSS (JOULES) SECOND BREAKDOWN PERIOD INSTANTANEOUS ENERGY LOSS (JOULES) SATURATION LOSS TURN-ON LOSS TURN-OFF LOSS SWITCHING LOSS ON LOSS TURN-ON LOSS TURN-OFF LOSS SWITCHING LOSS Figure 17. Examples of conduction losses are the saturation voltage of a bipolar power transistor. there is a loss. or measuring the currents and voltages associated with each power component using an oscilloscope AC current probe and voltage probe. The most fragile components are the power semiconductors. Whenever there is a simultaneous voltage drop across a component with a current flowing through it.SMPSRM Losses and Stresses within Switching Power Supplies Much of the designer’s effort during a switching power supply design is spent in identifying and minimizing the losses within the supply.com 17 . the “on” loss of a power MOSFET shown in Figure 17 and Figure 18 and the forward voltage drop of a rectifier shown in Figure 19. This creates a very large V-I product which is as significant as the conduction losses. Identifying the major sources for loss can be as easy as placing a finger on each of the components. and some are controlled by simply selecting a different part. Most of the losses occur in the power components within the switching power supply. Some of these losses can also present stresses to the semiconductor power components which may affect the long term reliability of the power supply. The semiconductor losses fall into two categories: conduction losses and switching losses. Switching losses occur during the small period when a power component switches between the on and off state. Knowing where the losses arise and how to control them is important. Switching losses are also the major frequency dependent loss within every PWM switching power supply. Stresses and Losses within a Power MOSFET http://onsemi. Here.

the drive current should enter and exit the transistor fast. Some common base drive circuits are shown in Figure 20. Bipolar Power Transistors Bipolar power transistors are used in about 50 percent of the switching power supplies built today. That is. Stresses and Losses within Rectifiers There are two types of base drive: fixed base drive and proportional base drive. Proportional base drive is more expensive to implement. Very short storage time is experienced and its switching speed is substantially improved. In most switching power supplies using bipolar transistors whose output power is less than 500 watts. For better performance. At collector currents less than the maximum. This is not a problem if a reasonable thermal design is used. the objective is to have as small a collector-to-emitter voltage as possible when the transistor is “on”. Fixed base drive is where the transistor is driven with a fixed amount of “on” drive current sufficiently high to guarantee that the transistor remains saturated at the highest expected peak collector currents. For bipolar power transistors. or close to a saturated state. They offer several advantages over power MOSFETs in that they have higher breakdown voltages. Bipolar power transistors are current driven devices. excessive switching losses can also provide a lethal stress to the transistor in the form of second breakdown and current crowding failures. Within switching power supplies.SMPSRM Losses and Stresses within Switching Power Supplies (continued) The losses do provide stress in the form of heat generation within the component. and are somewhat less expensive for devices greater than 500 volts. in order to have a current flowing from the collector to the emitter. fixed base drive is typically used. proportional base drive is used. http://onsemi. To do this the designer strives to have the transistor operate in. the transistor exhibits a condition known as storage time which is a time delay during the turning off of the transistor and a slower fall time. one must drive current into the base. Care should be taken in the careful analysis of each transistor’s FBSOA and RBSOA operation. To accomplish this special attention should be given to the drive circuitry. however. so usually it is only used for high power switching power supplies. This drives the transistor to a state just under saturation at all peak currents. For the transistor to switch fast.com 18 . Saturation is defined as: I DIODE VOLTAGE (VOLTS) FORWARD VOLTAGE REVERSE VOLTAGE u hC B I IPK DIODE CURRENT (AMPS) FE FORWARD CONDUCTION CURRENT DEGREE OF DIODE RECOVERY ABRUPTNESS FORWARD RECOVERY TIME (Tfr) INSTANTANEOUS ENERGY LOSS (JOULES) REVERSE RECOVERY TIME (Trr) FORWARD CONDUCTION LOSS SWITCHING LOSS Figure 19.

Usually a low voltage auxiliary winding is used to develop this voltage.com 19 . If a voltage of greater than 5 volts is used. Common Transistor Base Drive Circuits One other consideration is from where one draws the current to drive the base of the transistor. then the loss associated with driving the base is large. http://onsemi. PASSIVE TURN-OFF TOTEM-POLE DRIVE VC VC TRANSFORMER COUPLED DRIVE PROPORTIONAL BASE DRIVE VC BAKER CLAMP Figure 20.SMPSRM Bipolar Power Transistors (continued) VC VC ACTIVE TURN-ON. For more information. refer to Application Note AN875 (“Power Transistor Safe Operating Area: Special Considerations for Switching Power Supplies”).

it is as close to a logic switching device as one can get. however. MOSFETs have some advantages over the bipolar transistor such as switching five to ten times faster than bipolar transistors and being easier to drive and use. +10 V +5 V MC34151 Figure 21. Power MOSFETs are voltage driven devices. To the novice designer. Power MOSFET Drive Circuits http://onsemi. MOSFETs can be driven directly from controller ICs that have totem pole output drivers with less than 100 nS switching times. This is because the gate of a MOSFET resembles a capacitor which must be charged and discharged in that 100 nS. That is its conductivity is determined by a voltage provided on its gate. Bipolar totem pole drives fill this need. The MC34151 (inverting) and the MC34152 (non-inverting) MOSFET driver ICs provide the drive that MOSFETs need to switch fast with an input from a logic-level source.SMPSRM Power MOSFETs Power MOSFETs are becoming increasingly more popular for use as power switches within switching power supplies. So it must be capable of sourcing and sinking at least 1. The drive source. must be a well bypassed voltage source. The MC33153 and MC33154 are specially designed gate drivers for IGBTs.com 20 . See Figure 21 for some of the common gate drives for MOSFETS.5 ampere peak currents.

0 1. Voltage-Mode Control Voltage-mode control is where only the output voltage is sensed in order to maintain its required voltage level. Voltage-Mode Control http://onsemi. These center around the parameters sensed within the switching supply. OSC REF Figure 22. The most important rectifier parameters are the forward voltage drop (Vf) and the reverse recovery time (trr). Nonetheless. the ultrafast recovery rectifiers are recommended because of their very fast reverse recovery times. it is a significant loss.0 Forward Recovery Time (nS) 1050 50 — — Rectifier Technology Fast Recovery UltraFast Recovery Megahertz Schottky Relative Cost 1. sometimes called the PWM comparator. It is actually the minority carriers being swept from the P-N junction.0 0. and current appears to actually flow backwards through the rectifier. This type of control can be recognized by the output of the error amplifier going into a comparator that compares the error voltage with the ramp created by the oscillator section of the IC. Its conduction loss is described by: graphically multiply the current and voltage waveforms from the oscilloscope times the frequency of operation. converts the error voltage into a pulsewidth modulated waveform in order to drive the power switches in a pulsewidth modulated on/off fashion. Examples of this type of controller are the MC34060A.com 21 . Table 3 shows a summary of the various rectifier technologies that are appropriate in switching power supplies.5 Reverse Recovery Time (nS) 150 75 28 <1. The rectifiers are the largest source of loss within switching power supplies. For low voltage outputs. current or voltage can be sensed to provide consistent output voltages. Schottky rectifiers are recommended because of their low forward voltage drop and their negligible reverse recovery time. The forward voltage drop creates a loss just by having a voltage across the device while high currents are flowing through it. ON Semiconductor offers switching power supply controller ICs which provide a choice of the control method. For higher output voltages. The most common voltage-mode control is a fixed frequency method of control as shown in Figure 22.5 2. This loss is minimized by selecting the rectifier with the shortest reverse recovery time (trr).SMPSRM Rectifiers Choosing the best rectifiers for any switching power supply design is an important process.0 1.6 0. Comparative Information on Rectifiers Forward Voltage (Volts) 1. one must understand the parameters that affect their efficiency. The comparator. The reverse recovery loss is where the rectifier becomes reverse biased. To choose the the best rectifier. MC34166 and TL494.6 Methods of Control There are two popular methods of control for PWM switching power supplies. P fwd loss * + fop · s Vfwd dt t+0 t on The typical method of measuring this loss is to Table 3.9 1.

variable on-time (ZVS). it is immediately detected by the controller and responds. but the amount of current that flows through the inductor or transformer. Conversely. Although it provides good output regulation (good response to changes in the output load). Current-mode controllers can be identified by the output of the error amplifier being placed into a comparator where the level of the current ramp is sensed (Is) as shown in Figure 24. Current-Mode Control FAULT VOLTAGE FEEDBACK This method of control is very fast and provides a very good transient response time. Vin REF VCO ONE SHOT LR CR OSC OUTPUT S REF Q R CURRENT FEEDBACK VOLTAGE FEEDBACK OUTPUT Figure 24. and has trouble sensing a core saturation condition. When the output demands more power. variable off-time (ZCS) or fixed off-time. Gated Oscillator Control http://onsemi. This includes either fixed on-time. the controller allows more current to enter the inductor or transformer. It exhibits the robustness of current-mode control since each pulse is current limited. it is somewhat sluggish to changes in the input voltage.com 22 . Variable Frequency. MC34025 and the MC34129. but effective method of control which is used on several of the ON Semiconductor control ICs. MC34023. The common method of current-mode control is called turn-on with clock current-mode control. Examples of these parts are the UC3842/3/4/5. MC34063A and MC34163. responding quickly to short-circuit and overload conditions without failures to the supply. Voltage-Mode Control Voltage-mode control is the traditional method. Examples of these types of parts are the UA78S40. that is. This is a voltage-mode control since only the output voltage is sensed and the output duty cycle (on or off times per second) is controlled. keeping the output voltage at its required level. The IC has a fixed frequency oscillator. but its output is gated on or off depending upon whether the output is below the needed output or above the needed output. if the input voltage suddenly changes.SMPSRM Methods of Control (continued) Another voltage-mode control method used in quasi-resonant switching power supplies is variable frequency control as shown in Figure 23. This means that the frequency of operation is determined by an oscillator whose only purpose is to start each “on” cycle. Figure 25. Current-Mode Control Current-mode control is somewhat new. Examples of control ICs for this type of control are the MC34066P(ZCS) and MC34067P(ZVS). It tends to be a very robust control method. Gated Oscillator Control Gated oscillator control is a unique. It is a form of variable frequency control with pulse-by-pulse overcurrent limiting. The typical control circuit of this type is shown in Figure 25. It senses not only the output voltage. the time it takes to respond to changes on either the supply input or output. OVERCURRENT SENSE Vin OSC CT on REF S Q R VOLTAGE FEEDBACK OUTPUT Figure 23.

and passing control signals between isolated circuits. the optoisolator’s CTR can drift with temperature and age. The inclusion of isolated outputs and voltage feedback circuits in high input voltages and off-line switching power supplies is required by the safety regulatory agencies. because of the physical limitations of the technology. Its unit is percent. Its primary parameter is the current transfer ratio (CTR). Optoisolators are used most frequently for the isolated voltage feedback circuits. The areas of common usage are analog voltage feedback across isolated power circuits. To compensate for this. DIELECTRIC BARRIER PRIMARY SIDE CONTROL IC VREF MOC8101 ERROR AMP RLIM R1 0. Opto Isolated Voltage Feedback for Off-line Switching Power Supplies http://onsemi. Optoisolators are made up of a light emitting diode (LED) and a transistor exposed to the LED’s light via a light path medium.com 23 . This will place the optoisolator inside the feedback loop and compensate for any drift that occurs within the optoisolator.01 10K Cout TL431 COMPENSATION R2 SECONDARY SIDE Vout (+) Vout RETURN Figure 26. Unfortunately. This specifies how much current one can expect from the output given a current being passed through the LED. it is recommended that the TL431 be limited to half the needed high frequency gain and then place the compensation on the second error amplifier within the controller IC.SMPSRM Optoisolated Voltage Feedback Optoisolators are utilized within switching power supplies for passing signals over isolated boundaries. an error amplifier should be placed on the output prior to the optoisolator. Since the TL431 is difficult to compensate. drive signals to floating devices. A popular circuit which accomplishes this is shown in Figure 26. One issue that faces the designer with this method of voltage feedback is how much gain is used and where to place the feedback loop compensation in the circuit since there are two error amplifiers within the loop.

5 Vin(max) 2.0 P out V in(min) 10 Vout Iout 1 Transistor Forward 2.2 P out V in(min) 2. Early procurement of these samples will avoid delivery delays within the design period.0 P out V in(min) Vin 2.0 Vout Iout Half-Bridge Vin 2.2 P out V in(min) 2. Parameters such as breakdown voltage ratings should have a margin for any voltage spikes generated by the supply. Estimating the Significant Parameters of the Power Semiconductors Bipolar Power Switch Topology Buck Boost VCEO Vin Vout IC Iout 2. The results of each of the defined parameters outlined in Table 4 should be considered as minimum parameter values.0 Vout Iout Full-Bridge Vin 1.0 P out V in(min) 1.5 P out V in(min) 3.2 P out V in(min) 2.2 P out V in(min) Vin 1.0 P out V in(min) MOSFET Power Switch VDSS Vin Vout ID Iout 2.SMPSRM First-Pass Selection of Semiconductors By using Table 4.0 P out V in(min) Vin – Vout Iout Flyback 1. Table 4.0 Vin 1.com 24 .0 P out V in(min) Vin – Vout 2.0 Vin 1.0 Vout Iout http://onsemi.0 P out V in(min) Rectifier(s) VR Vin Vout IF Iout Iout Buck/Boost Vin – Vout 2. it is possible to make reasonable choices for the power semiconductors prior to the switching power supply being designed.7 Vin(max) 2.0 Vout Iout Push-Pull 2.0 P out V in(min) 2.5 P out V in(min) 2.0 Vin 1. This allows the designer to select the most appropriate power semiconductors very early in the design cycle with a high degree of confidence. Each topology presents its own unique set of voltage and current conditions which can be predicted with reasonable certainty.0 Vin 1.

a nice linear current ramp can go from a few amps to tens or hundreds of amps thus causing the semiconductor switch to fail. For further information regarding their design. Voltage spikes are caused by a physically “loose” winding construction of a transformer. the core can enter saturation. Core saturation occurs when there are too few turns on a transformer or inductor. Spikes can cause the semiconductors to enter avalanche breakdown and the part can instantly fail if enough energy is applied. Each has its own design approach. One then needs to revisit the design and in most cases add more turns to the windings. refer to the “Practical Switching Power Supply Design” reference book. and the possibility of core saturation can arise during an abnormal operational mode. A snubber is usually the solution. Two situations arise from a poor transformer design. and the inductance value to drop drastically. Indications of this condition can be determined by placing an oscilloscope current probe on the winding and if the linear current waveform begins to exponentially rise upwards. This causes the flux density to be too high and at high input voltages or long pulsewidths.com 25 . but this lowers the efficiency of the power supply. This causes the permeability of the core to drop. It also delays the other windings from seeing the transition in the drive winding. The power supply depends upon the quick transmission of transitions in current and voltage between the transformer windings. an AC filter inductor. the leakage inductances store and release a portion of the energy inputted into a winding in the form of voltage spikes. The design and the winding technique used in the magnetic component’s design has a great bearing on the reliability of the overall power supply. Hence. it is beyond the intent of this guide. then the saturation condition is being entered.SMPSRM Other Design Considerations Transformers and Inductors The magnetic elements are the cornerstone of all switching power supply designs but are also the least understood. When the windings are physically wound distant from one another. This makes the inductor or winding stop being an AC current limiting device and it turns into a short circuit. and a DC filter inductor. Although the design of each of these magnetic components can be approached in an organized step-by-step fashion. Saturation is when the core’s cross sectional area can no longer support additional lines of flux. http://onsemi. It can also cause significant Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) problems. There are three types of magnetic components inside switching power supplies: a forward-mode transformer or a flyback-mode transformer. high voltage spikes are generated by the rate of transitions in current within the switching supply. within microseconds.

but the labor costs associated with manufacturing the transformer or inductor. One thing to keep in mind during this phase of a switching power supply design is that it is next to impossible to make a wrong choice since all of the cores can be made to work in the applications. There are many more types. POT CORE Figure 27. The three most common core types are shown in Figure 27. but generally require less labor to manufacture. & 3C85 from FerroxCube. bobbin cores offer better RFI shielding than others.com 26 . Inc. For modern switching power supplies the commonly used core materials are F. & N materials from Magnetics. E-E CORE C. K. These ferrite materials offer the lowest core losses at the operating frequencies between 80 KHz to 1. the physical volume the transformer or inductor must fit within. and the amount of RFI shielding the core must provide. but require special equipment to manufacture the transformer or inductor and more labor. Torroid cores radiate less RFI energy than many of bobbin cores.SMPSRM Other Design Considerations (continued) Cores Cores come in many shapes and sizes. or H7C4 & H7C40 materials from TDK.. Inc.0 MHz. such as the pot core and those cores derived from pot cores. When selecting the style of the core. TORROID B. Even the determinations of the number of turns should be considered a calculated guess. some ferrite. the designer should not only consider the initial cost of the core itself. Some of the important considerations when selecting a core type are core material. For transformers that require airgaps. the output power of the power supply. Torroid cores are less expensive initially. So tradeoffs abound at this stage of the design. A. 3C8. but they are all based upon these basic styles. Bobbin style cores are generally more expensive to buy. The pot core offers less wire winding area than the E-E core families. and thus may aid in the physical RFI design later in the design. Only the turns on the secondary of a transformer need to be somewhat precise in order to get the output voltages needed by the power supply. Common Core Types http://onsemi. cost. Note: Finished inductive devices are easy to order in large volume from several winding suppliers.

Typical snubber and clamp circuits are shown in Figure 28. Common Methods for Controlling Voltage Spikes and/or RFI CLAMP VOLTAGE (VOLTS) SNUBBER ORIGINAL WAVEFORM t. Here both the rate of change of the voltage and the peak voltage of the spike must be controlled. it may have too much current crowding stress.com 27 . It is useful for preventing components such as semiconductors and capacitors from entering avalanche breakdown. TIME (µsec) Figure 29. Therefore it is not very useful for reducing RFI. A clamp is used only for reducing the level of a voltage spike. Bipolar power transistors suffer from current crowding which is an instantaneous failure mode. The Effects of a Snubber versus a Clamp http://onsemi. ZENER CLAMP SOFT CLAMP SNUBBER SNUBBER SOFT CLAMP ZENER CLAMP Figure 28. the reliability of the semiconductors within the power supply is greatly jeopardized. It has no affect on the dV/dt of the transition. A snubber is used for reducing the level of a voltage spike and decreasing the rate of change of a voltage waveform. When misapplied. If a voltage spike occurs during the turn-off voltage transition of greater than 75 percent of its VCEO rating. and it lowers the spectral content of any radiated RFI thus radiating less RF energy. This has its benefits in the Safe Operating Area (SOA) of the semiconductors. The effects that these have on a representative switching waveform are shown in Figure 29. A snubber is needed to bring the transistor within its RBSOA rating.SMPSRM Other Design Considerations (continued) Snubbers and Clamps Snubbers and clamps are used for two very different purposes.

it means that the supply would be impossible to stabilize. Clearance is the separation distance between two isolated points in air. the output power return ground and the low-level control ground. One should pursue knowledgeable consultants or acquire the relevant safety specifications. • Use an isolation transformer between the wall socket and the power supply. It is recommended that a DC HIPOT test be used when testing all switching power supplies due to possible AC avalanche problems. Safety factors affect the design and construction of the power supplies. Dielectric strength is the voltage breakdown testing of all components that are connected between isolated circuits. Off-line Switching Power Supply Design and Safety Tips Any power supply that operates from an input voltage of greater than 30 VAC or 42. and approved by the relevant safety regulatory body for the anticipated market. The test consists of applying a high AC or DC voltage between the input and the output and earth ground and checking that the current conducted is less than the specified amount. Any paralleled capacitors should be laid out radially symmetric about the ripple current source which is typically a rectifier or power switch. In the U. efficiency and stability. creepage. qualified. it means a voltage drop from one end of the trace to the other which potentially can be an antenna for RFI. and in Europe VDE is the common agency. The three types of grounds are the input power return ground. The important terms used by the regulatory agencies are. When the designer is debugging an off-line power supply on the bench. it is UL. If paralleled capacitors are in a line. component reliability. Designing for safety has definite affects on the physical design of the switching power supply. Creepage is the distance between two isolated points along a surface.com 28 .S. • Do not hook the scope or test equipments between grounds. Attention should be paid to the layout around the filter capacitors. the other won’t see this level of AC current and thus won’t evenly share the ripple current. One point grounding keeps the noise sources separated from the sensitive control circuits. The lack of quality in its layout can adversely affect RFI radiation. First. clearance. Schematically it is the input filter design and the feedback and signaling design. Traces that are short and fat minimize the inductive and resistive aspects of the trace. hazard to its operator and must be inspected.5 VDC is considered a http://onsemi. The key factors are the physical separation of the input power source to the outputs and any component that allows the passing of 50/60 Hz AC current from the input to the output. several personal safety precautions must be followed. in Canada it is the CSA.SMPSRM Other Design Considerations (continued) The Printed Circuit Board Layout The printed circuit board (PCB) layout is the third most sensitive portion of every switching power supply design following the basic design and the magnetics design. These can cause high voltage transitions whenever there is a high rate of change in current flowing through the trace. Disconnect all signal wires and relocate them. There are two rules of thumb for PCB layouts: “short and fat” for all power carrying traces and “one point grounding” for the three different types of grounds within a switching power supply. all PCB traces exhibit inductance and resistance. • Float the earth ground leads on the power cords of ALL test equipments. PCB and the enclosure are affected. For traces that are too narrow for the current flowing through them. dielectric strength or Hipot. the capacitor closest to the source of the ripple current will get hot. thus reducing noise within the circuits and RFI. For operational amplifiers sharing a trace with power signals. The construction and design of the transformer.

. . . . . . . . . AC/DC Power Supply for Storage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3/5 V Two–Output SMPS . . . . 31 A list of suggested control ICs. . . . . . . . . . Typical PC Forward–Mode SMPS . Suggested Components for Specific Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .com) or local sales office for more information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .com 29 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • • • • • CRT Display System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SMPSRM SWITCHMODE Power Supply Examples This section provides both initial and detailed information to simplify the selection and design of a variety of SWITCHMODE power supplies. . . . . . . . . . Compact Power Factor Correction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Low Wattage Constant Current. . . . . . Constant Voltage SMPS . . . . . . output protection and switching regulator ICs for various topologies. . . . . The ICs for Switching Power Supplies figure identifies control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consult ON Semiconductor’s website (http://onsemi. . . . . . . . . . . . spice model information or even an evaluation board available. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . http://onsemi. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Integrated circuits identified for various sections of a switching power supply. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 W Output Flyback SMPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Imaging & Entertainment . . . . . . . . . . power transistors and rectifiers for SWITCHMODE power supplies by application. . Page ICs for Switching Power Supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 W Wide Mains TV SMPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DC–DC Conversion . Low–Cost Off–line IGBT Battery Charger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 W Stand–by . . . . 32 33 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 42 44 46 47 49 51 53 54 Real SMPS Applications 15 W 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . reference voltage. . . . . . . . AC/DC Power Supply for CRT Displays . . . . . . . . . Universal 50–Watt Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 W Wide Mains TV SMPS with 1. . . . . . . . . Lamp Ballast with Power Factor Correction (Evaluation Board) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 W Power Factor Correction Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Some of these circuits may have a more complete application note. . . . . . . . . . . . Efficient Safety Circuit for Electronic Ballast . Monitor Pulsed–Mode SMPS . . . . . AC–DC Battery Charger – Constant Current with Voltage Limit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Integrated Circuits for Switching Power Supplies . Intergrated Ciruits for Switching Power Supplies OUTPUT FILTERS POWER SWITCHES POWER FACTOR CORRECTION MC33262 MC33368 MC33260 1N400x MUR1100 MRA400x POWER FACTOR CORRECTION http://onsemi.5KExxxA MUR160 MURS160 P6SMB1x0A P6KE1x0A MBRS240L MBRS360 MBR360 MBRD360 MURS360 MUR360 MBR1100 MURHB860CT/T4 MURHF860CT OUTPUT FILTERS OUTPUT PROTECTION DC–DC CONVERSION MC3423 MC3425 MC33064 MC33164 MC33161 MC33464 MC33465 OUTPUT PROTECTION MC34063A MC34163 MC34166 MC34167 LM2574/5/6 MC33463 MC33466 SNUBBER/ TRANS– CLAMP FORMERS VOLTAGE REGULATION DC–DC CONVERSION Vref 30 PWM OSC REF STARTUP CONTROL VOLTAGE FEEDBACK MC33362 MC33363A/B MC33365 MC33369 – MC33374 SWITCHING REGULATORS SCG’s Integrated Solutions MMBZ52xx MMSZ52xx MMSZ46xx STARTUP MC44603A MC33065 MC44604 MC33023 MC44605 MC33025 MC33066 MC44608 MC33067 MC33364 UC3842B – UC3845B CONTROL TL431/A/B MC33202 MC3341 VOLTAGE FEEDBACK FIXED MC78FCxx MC78LCxx MC78BCxx MC78PCxx MC33264 LM2931 LP2950 LP2951 MC78Lxx MC79Lxx MC33160 MC33263 MC33275 MC33375 MC78Mxx MC79Mxx MC33267 MC33268 MC33269 MC78xx MC79xx MC78TXX ADJUSTABLE LM317L LM2931C LP2951 LM317M LM337M MC33269 LM317 LM337 LM350 VOLTAGE REGULATION Figure 30.com MMG05N60D MTB3N60ET4 MTD1N60E MTP1N60E MTB2N60E MTP2N60E MTP3N60E MTP6N60E POWER SWITCH SNUBBER/ CLAMP 1.SMPSRM Figure 30.

Figure 31.M. 15” Monitor Power Supplies .com DOWN USB HUB Geometry Correction MC33370 MC33363A/B IRF630 / 640 / 730 /740 / 830 / 840 31 UP USB & Auxiliary Standby AC/DC Power Supply H–Driver Line Driver V_Sync Line A. PFC Devices MC34262 MC33368 MC33260 MTP8N60E H_Sync Timebase Processor DC TO DC CONTROLLER H–Output TR MFW16212 MJL16218 UC3842/3 IRF630/740 MTP6P20E Damper Diode MUR10150E MUR5150E MUR8100E MUR4100E MUR460 S. 15” Monitor Power Supplies Video Driver Overlayed RGB R RGB G RGB HC05 CPU CORE MEMORY Monitor MCU RWM 10101100101 12C BUS On Screen Display Generator V_Sync H_Sync SYNC PROCESSOR 1280 x 1024 V_Sync H_Sync CRT B PWM or 12C RGB R G B Vertical Driver H–Driver TR IRF510/11 MTD6N10/15 http://onsemi.P.C.S Controller UC3842 MC44603/5 MC44608 Sync Signal MUR420 MUR440 MUR460 SMPSRM Figure 31.

8–pin 700 V. 75 kHz and 100 kHz options). Rds (on) = 0.25 V @ 3. Ref Figure 32. Fixed Frequency PWM.0 A Samples/Prod. Fixed Frequency (40 kHz. Follower Boost Mode. Rds (on) = 1. Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/2Q99 Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now http://onsemi. 1 A. 1 A Power Switch Variable Frequency Controller + 700 V Start–up Switch GREENLINE. Facility.0 A 600 V. Ir max = 1 uA 400 V.com 32 . 3 A. Controller + Internal Start–up. Sync. Sync. Part # MC33262 MC33368 MC33260 MC33365 MC33364 MC44603A/604 MC44605 MC44608 MC33370–4 MTP6N60E MTW14N50E MSR860 MUR440 MRA4006T3 MR856 Description PFC Control IC PFC Control IC PFC Control IC PWM Control IC PWM Control IC PWM Control IC PWM Control IC PWM Control IC High Voltage Switching Regulator MOSFET MOSFET Ultrasoft Rectifier Ultrafast Rectifier Fast Recovery Rectifier Fast Recovery Rectifier Key Parameters Critical Conduction PFC Controller Critical Conduction PFC Controller + Internal Start–up Low System Cost. Ir max = 10 uA 800 V. Prec. Vf = 1.2 V 500 V. Vf = 1. trr = 55 ns. 14 A. 8 A. or Normal Mode Fixed Frequency Controller + 700 V Start–up. 6 A. PFC with Synchronization Capability.SMPSRM Start–up Switch Rectifier + Bulk Storage Capacitor Ultrafast Rectifier + Load AC Line PWM Control IC PWM Switcher MOSFET n–outputs Prog. Facility with Low Standby Mode GREENLINE. Voltage Mode Integrated Power Switch Circuit 600 V. trr = 50 ns.4 V 600 V.1 V @ 1. AC/DC Power Supply for CRT Displays Table 5. Current–mode GREENLINE. 4 A.

Ir max = 1 uA 600 V.com 33 . AC/DC Power Supply for Storage. Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now http://onsemi. Imaging & Entertainment Table 6. < 15 W 700 V Fixed Frequency PWM. Temperature Compensated 600 V.0 A Samples/Prod. Vf = 1. trr = 55 ns. 3 A. Output up to 36 V. 6 A Rds (on) = 1. SMPS Controller 0. 6 A.4% Tolerance.2 200 V. Prog.25 V @ 3. Voltage Mode Integrated Power Switch Circuit Critical Conduction Mode. Part # MC33363A/B/65 MC33370–4 MC33364 TL431B MTP6N60E MSRD620CT MR856 Description PWM Control IC High Voltage Switching Regulator PWM Control IC Program Precision Reference MOSFET Ultrasoft Rectifier Fast Recovery Rectifier Key Parameters Controller + 700 V Start–up & Power Switch. Ref Figure 33. Prec.SMPSRM Start–up Switch Rectifier + Bulk Storage Capacitor Ultrafast Rectifier + Load AC Line PWM Control IC PWM Switcher MOSFET n–outputs Prog.

2.43 @ 2 A.8 V – 5 V. 11. 35 mW FET/3 A.com 34 . SOT 23 – 5 Leads 0. 2 A. DC – DC Conversion Table 7. 3.3. Vf = 0. 2 A. 3. 1% Tolerance 300 mA. Vf = 0. 160 mW FET/1 A. Vf = 0. 3. Available in 2. 12 V out. 7 – 40 V in.5 V Samples/Prod.3. 5 V out.SMPSRM Lo + V in – Co Control IC Lo + Load V in – Control IC Co + Vout – Load Voltage Regulation + Vout – Buck Regulator Synchronous Buck Regulator Figure 34.8 mA @ 40 V 30 V. 5 V out 0. 1 A. 8 Outputs 2.5% Tolerance Iout = 150 mA.3. VGS = 10 V t  10 seconds http://onsemi. 5 V. Now/Now Now/Now Now/2Q99 Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now (1) Continuous at TA = 25° C. Fixed Voltage IC CMOS LDO Linear Voltage Regulator Control IC w/integrated FET Synchronous Buck Regulator IC P–Ch FET w/Schottky in SO–8 N–Ch FET w/Schottky in SO–8 P–Ch FET w/Schottky in SO–8 1A Schottky in Powermite Package 1A Schottky in SMA Package 2A Schottky in SMB Package Single N–Ch MOSFET in SO–8 Single N–Ch MOSFET in DPAK Single P–Ch MOSFET in Micro 8 Package Single N–Ch MOSFET in TSOP–6 Single P–Ch MOSFET in TSOP–6 Key Parameters 150 mA. 12. 65 mW @ 10 V 20 V. Vf = 0. SOT 23L 6 Lead Package 0. 4. 100 mW FET/3 A.38 V diff. 2. 18. 90 mW @ 10 V 30 V. 5. Vf = 0.5 A(1). Ir = 1 mA @ 40 V 40 V.8 V. 5. 10 mW @ 10 V 30 V. Ir = 0. 3 A. Fast Response 20 V.46 V Schottky 30 V. 15 & adj out Digital Controlled.2 A.8 A.3.43 @ 1 A.4 mA @ 40 V 40 V. 3.7 A. Ir = 0. 6 A.3 A. 0. 12.3 V. 3 V.395 @ 1 A. Low Dropout Regulator IC Medium Dropout Regulator IC Low Dropout Regulator Low Dropout.5 mW @ 10 V 30 V. 1 A. 3.42 V Schottky 30 V.5.5 – 3 A. Vf = 0. 3.42 V Schottky 40 V. Mounted on 1” square FR–4 or G10. 3.3 A(1).1 A. Part # MC33263 MC33269 MC33275/375 LP2950/51 MC78PC LM2574/75/76 MC33470 MMDFS2P102R2 MMDFS6N303R2 MMDFS3P303R2 MBRM140T3 MBRA130LT3 MBRS2040LT3 MMSF3300 MMSF3302 MTSF2P03HD MGSF3454X/V MGSF3441X/V Description Low Noise. 1 V diff. Vcc = 7 V. 100 mW @ 4. 3. 0.

MBR2535CTL MBR2545CT MBR3045ST MBRF2545CT MBR3045PT MBR3045WT Part No.1 A + + V RRM (V) I o (A) 25 35 45 25 45 30 45 25 45 30 45 30 V RRM (V) 60 100 200 200 200 200 V RRM (V) 40 40 30 40 40 I o (A) 3 I o (A) 20 20 20 16 16 16 I o (A) 3 3 3 3 3 Package TO–220 TO–220 TO–220 TO–220 TO–218 TO–247 Package TO–220 TO–220 TO–220 TO–220 TO–220 TO–220 Package SMC DPAK Axial Axial Axial + Part No. MC33369 MC33370 MC33371 MC33372 MC33373 Part No.3 V 14 A V RRM (V) I o (A) MBR2535CTL 25 35 Part No. MBR160 V RRM (V) 60 I o (A) 1 Package Axial +3. MTB/P6N60E MTP4N80E MTW7N80E V DSS (V) 600 800 800 I p (A) 6 4 7 Package D2PAK/TO–220 TO–220 TO–220 Part No.8 A + V RRM (V) 100 Package Axial MATRIX MBR3100 MOSFET Part No. http://onsemi. MUR1xxxE Series MUR4xxxE Series MR7xxx Series 1N4937 V RRM (V) 600 1000 600 1000 600 1000 600 Figure 35. V RRM (V) IN540x Series 400 X1000 I o (A) Package 3 Axial + Part No. Package TO–220 Part No. MBRS340T3 MBRD340 1N5821 1N5822 MBR340 Part No. Typical 200 W ATX Forward Mode SMPS .com 35 –12 V 0.5 A + MBR2060CT MBR20100CT MBR20200CT MUR1620CT MUR1620CTR MURF1620CT Part No. Typical 200 W ATX Forward Mode SMPS Part No. U384X Series MC34060 TL494 TL594 MC34023 MC44608 MC44603 MC44603A Package DIP8 DIP8/TO–220 DIP8/TO–220 DIP8/TO–220 DIP8/TO–220 Package DIP8/SO–8/SO–14 DIP14/SO–14 DIP16/SO–16 DIP16/SO–16 DIP16/SO–16 DIP8 DIP16/SO–16 DIP16/SO–16 PWM IC –5 V 0. TL431 Package TO–92 X X X I o (A) Package 1 4 6 1 Axial Axial Axial Axial SMPSRM Figure 35.Part No. +12 V 6 A +5 V 22 A Voltage Stand–by Mains 230 Vac 5 V 0.

3/5 V Two–Output SMPS F1 1.0 mF R3 3.1 mF R6 22 k R7 8.0 nF Figure 36.01 mF TP1 PB1 ON/OFF C16 1.3/5 V Two–Outputs SMPS Features: Reduced part count.7 A C1 33 mF 250 V S1 C2 33 mF 250 V 1/2 IC2 CNY17F–2 TP9 D8 MBR350 + VR2 5k + 3. Devices: Part Number Description MC33374T 1.5KE200A D5 MUR160 D6 +MUR 120 D7 MBR350 + C8 C9 470 mF 470 mF 1/2 IC2 CNY17F TP7 IC3 TL431 R5 15 k L2 3.248 mm for primary inductance of 1.2 k C10 150 mF C11 1.SMPSRM Application: 15 W 3. ON Semiconductor Advantages: Complete semiconductor solution based around highly integrated MC33374T.9 k R8 330 k + C7 R9 330 k TP1 10 mF Z1 1.002” mylar tape Secondary1: 2 x 4 turns of #23 AWG.com 36 . two layers 0.6 C6 + 47 mF TP3 R2 100 C5 0.3 mH + L1 3.5KE200A MUR160 MBR350 TL431 1N5406 Transformer High Voltage Power Switching Regulator Transient Voltage Suppressor (200 V) Axial Lead Ultrafast Recovery Rectifier (600 V) Axial Lead Schottky Rectifier (50 V) Programmable Precision Reference General Purpose Rectifier (600 V) Core: E20/10/6 Ferrite Material: N67 from Siemens or equivalent Bobbin: B66206 from Siemens or equivalent Primary: 90 turns of #32 AWG. 15 W 3.3 mH R4 TP8 VR1 15 k + C4 0.002” mylar tape Auxiliary: 16 turns of #32 AWG.002” mylar tape Secondary2: 2 x 3 turns of #23 AWG.0 A D1 180 to 264 D3 or 90 to 132 VAC Input D2 D4 TP6 1N5406 C3 + R1 3. two layers 0. two layers 0. two layers 0.3 V/2 A MC 33374 TP2 TP4 TP5 + C14 150 mF C13 C12 680 mF 680 mF C15 1.002” mylar tape Gap: 0. low–cost solution.0 mF 5 V/1.307 mH http://onsemi.

SMPSRM

Application: 80 W Power Factor Controller
1 D2 RFI FILTER 92 to 138 Vac D4 ZERO CURRENT DETECTOR D1 D3 + 1.2 V 1.6 V/ 1.4 V UVLO + 13 V/ 8.0 V 16 V 10 DELAY RS LATCH 2.2 M R5 CURRENT SENSE COMPARATOR DRIVE OUTPUT 10 7 MUR130 D5 MTP 8N50E Q1 VO 230 V/ 0.35 A + 220 C3 6.7 V 5 C5 100 k R6 8 + 36 V + 1N4934 D6 100 C4 22 k R4

T

2.5 V REFERENCE

TIMER

R

20 k 1.5 V OVERVOLTAGE COMPARATOR + 1.08 V ref ERROR AMP + 10 mA Vref QUICKSTART 6 2 0.68 C1 10 pF

4 0.1 R7

1.0 M R2

0.01 C2

7.5 k R3

MULTIPLIER 3

1 11 k R1

Figure 37. 80 W Power Factor Controller

Features: Reduced part count, low–cost solution. ON Semiconductor Advantages: Complete semiconductor solution based around highly integrated MC33262. Devices: Part Number MC33262 MTP8N50E MUR130 Transformer Description Power Factor Controller TMOS Power MOSFET Axial Lead Ultrafast Recovery Rectifier (300 V)

t

Coilcraft N2881–A Primary: 62 turns of #22 AWG Secondary: 5 turns of #22 AWG Core: Coilcraft PT2510 Gap: 0.072” total for a primary inductance (Lp) of 320 mH

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SMPSRM

Application: Compact Power Factor Correction

Vcc FUSE 1N5404 AC LINE 100 nF MAINS FILTER 0.33 µF 10 µF/ 16 V + L1 MUR460 Vout

+ 1 100 nF 2 3 12 kW 120 pF 0.5 W/3 W 45 kW 1 MW 4 MC33260 8 7 6 5 1 MW 10 W MTP8N50E

100 µF/ 450 V

Figure 38. Compact Power Factor Correction

Features : Low–cost system solution for boost mode follower. Meets IEC1000–3–2 standard. Critical conduction, voltage mode. Follower boost mode for system cost reduction – smaller inductor and MOSFET can be used. Inrush current detection. Protection against overcurrent, overvoltage and undervoltage. ON Semiconductor advantages: Very low component count. No Auxiliary winding required. High reliability. Complete semiconductor solution. Significant system cost reduction. Devices: Part Number MC33260 MTP8N50E MUR460 1N5404 Description Power Factor Controller TMOS Power Field Effect Transistor (N–Channel) Ultrafast Recovery Rectifier (600 V) General Purpose Rectifier (400 V)

t

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SMPSRM

Application: Low Wattage Constant – Current Constant – Voltage SMPS
F1 C1 0.047 mF L1 DB1 + C2 10 mF P6KE200A MUR160 C3 47 pF R1 3.9 k W Np MUR120 + 5 MC33370P 6 7 8 4 C5 1 nF 3 2 1 + C4 47 mF C8 2.2 nF Naux C6 10 mF CNY17F–2 U2 2N3904 R6 2.2 W R7 22 W R8 1W R9 22 W T Ns R4 47 W MBR350 + C9 L2 3.3 mH U2 R11 2.2 k W R13 68 W C11 100 mF + C12 1 mF

330 mF

R5 100 W

1N5235B

R2 39 W

Figure 39. Low Wattage Constant–Current Constant–Voltage SMPS

Features: Constant–Current Constant–Voltage SMPS: 7.6 V/600 mA Brown–out Protection/Level Switch ON/OFF/Toggle ON/OFF. ON Semiconductor Advantages: Low component count due to high system integration level. Lower power required in standby mode. No additional circuitry required for on/off control function. Smaller circuit board area for complete power converter system solution. Low cost CICV control with an NPN transistor and Zener diode. Devices: Part Number Description MC33370P MUR160 MUR120 MBR350 2N3904 1N5271B P6KE200A 1N5235B Inductor, L1 Transformer High Voltage Power Switching Regulator Ultrafast Recitifier (600 V) Ultrafast Rectifier (200 V) Schottky Rectifier (50 V) NPN Bipolar Transistor (TO–92) Zener diode (100 V) Zener diode (200 V) Zener diode (6.8 V) 22 mH (Siemens) Common–mode choke Core Type: E13/7/4 Ferrite Material: N67 from Siemens or equivalent Bobbin: B66202 from Siemens or equivalent Primary: 133 turns of #35 AWG, three layers 0.002” mylar tape Auxiliary: 27 turns of #38 AWG, two layers 0.002” mylar tape Secondary: 8 turns of #26 AWG, triple insulated wire Gap: 0.137 mm for a primary inductance of 2.002 mH

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2 kW 2.1 W MBR360 4700 µF 100 W + 8 V/ 1.7 µF + 10 V 150 kW 470 pF MTP8N50E 10 W 270 W Lp MR852 1000 µF + 15 V/ 0.1 A + 4.7 MW + 47 µF D1 – D4 1N5404 Vin 150 µF 400 V 2W 3.3 A 1 kW 470 W 1N4934 0.8 kW 100 nF TL431 12 V 2.2 nF 10 4.2 nF 14 15 16 56 kW 10 kW 1.9 kW/6 W 120 pF 4.com 40 .7 kW 1N4148 100 nF 1N4934 1N4934 MCR22–6 45 V/ 1A 1 nF/500 V SYNC 3.8 A 22 nF MR852 220 µF + 56 kW –10 V/ 0.8 MW Vin 22 kW 47 µF 25 V + 47 kW MR856 1 µH MR856 SMT31 1000 µF + 9 8 7 10 pF 470 pF 6 MC44605P 560 kW 4 3 2 1 5 4.7 kW 100 nF VmP FROM mP 0: STAND–BY 1: NORMAL MODE Figure 40.7 µF 2.2 kW 11 + 8.7 µF+ 10 V 4.3 kW 1. Monitor Pulsed–Mode SMPS http://onsemi.SMPSRM Application: Monitor Pulsed–Mode SMPS 90 Vac to 270 Vac RFI FILTER 1 nF/500 V 1W 1 nF/1 kV MR856 47 µF 22 µH 90 V/0.5 A MOC8107 10 kW 96.2 kW 12 470 1N4148 kW 13 2.7 kW 1 kW BC237B 2.

Winding short circuit detection.com 41 . Over–temperature detection. Built–in latched disabling mode. Complete semiconductor solution.SMPSRM Features: Off power consumption: 40 mA drawn from the 8 V output in Burst mode. ON Semiconductor Advantages: Designed around high performance current mode controller. Devices: Part Number MC44605P MTP8N50E TL431 MR856 MR852 MBR360 BC237B 1N5404 Transformer Description High Safety Latched Mode GREENLINE Controller For (Multi) Synchronized Applications TMOS E–FET Power Field Effect Transistor (N–Channel) Programmable Precision Reference Fast Recovery Rectifier (600 V) Fast Recovery Rectifier (200 V) Axial Lead Schottky Rectifier (60 V) NPN Bipolar Transistor General–Purpose Rectifier (400 V) t t t G6351–00 (SMT31M) from Thomson Orega Primary Inductance: 207 mH Area: 190 nH/turns2 Primary Turns: 33 Turns (90 V): 31 http://onsemi. Vac (110 V) Vac (240 V) ³ ³ about 1 watt about 3 watts Efficiency (pout = 85 watts) Around 77% @ Vac (110 V) Around 80% @ Vac (240 V) Maximum Power limitation.

SMPSRM Application: 70 W Wide Mains TV SMPS 95 Vac to 265 Vac F1 FUSE 1.45 A D13 1N4148 D15 1N4148 C9 100 nF D12 MR856 C20 47 µF D23 47 µF L1 1 µH D7 IN4937 15 V/1.31 W R13 10 kW Figure 41.8 MW C4–C5 1 nF/1 kV R7 68 kW/1 W C16 100 µF R19 27 kW C11 100 pF R22 C12 1 nF R21 4.7 MW C1 220 mF R16 68 kW/2 W C26 4.5 A D5 MR854 C21 1000 µF 9 C8 560 pF 10 11 R18 MC44603AP 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 R3 22 kW C10 1 µF 1 kW 15 kW 180 kW Q1 MTA4N60E D8 MR854 5.6 A C30 100 nF 250 Vac LF1 RFI FILTER C19 1 nF/1 kV D1–D4 1N4007 3.com 42 .9 kW R5 2.6 kW R15 1 MW C7 10 nF 12 13 14 15 16 11 V/0.2 kW R14 47 kW R8 1 kW OREGA TRANSFORMER G6191–00 THOMSON TV COMPONENTS C14 220 pF R33 0.7 nF C15 220 pF L3 22 µH 115 V/0. 70 W Wide Mains TV SMPS http://onsemi.5 A C22 1000 µF R20 47W R9 150W R4 3.

ON Semiconductor Advantages: DIP16 or SO16 packaging options for controller. Cross regulation (115 Vac) = 0.2 V.8 V. Efficiency @ 230 Vac = 86% @ 110 Vac = 84% Load regulation (115 Vac) = 0. Devices: Part Number MC44603AP MTA4N60E MR856 MR854 1N4007 1N4937 Transformer Description Enhanced Mixed Frequency Mode GREENLINE PWM Controller TMOS E–FET Power Field Effect Transistor (N–Channel) Fast Recovery Rectifier (600 V) Fast Recovery Rectifier (400 V) General Purpose Rectifier (1000 V) General Purpose Rectifier (600 V) " " t t t Thomson Orega SMT18 http://onsemi. Frequency 20 kHz fully stable.com 43 . Meets IEC emi radiation standards. A narrow supply voltage design (80 W) is also available.SMPSRM Features: 70 W output power from 95 to 265 Vac.

3 W TV Stand–by F1 C31 100 nF 47283900 R F6 RFI FILTER C19 2N2F–Y C3 1 nF D1–D4 1N5404 R16 4.SMPSRM Application: Wide Mains 100 W TV SMPS with 1.5 A 2 3 1 2 3 J3 1 C4 1 nF D5 1N4007 R5 100 kW D6 MR856 R7 47 kΩ C17 120 pF J4 1 Isense 2 3 4 MC44608P75 R4 3.3 W TV Stand–by http://onsemi.9 kW 8 R21 47 W ON R9 100 kW R10 10 kW OFF OPT1 C19 33 nF DZ2 TL431CLP ON = Normal mode OFF = Pulsed mode R11 47 kW DZ3 10 V R8 2.27 W 8 D10 MR852 9 + C15 1000 µF/16 V R12 1 kW C18 100 nF C7 22 mF 16 V 2 11 D9 MR852 10 C16 100 pF R19 18 kW D13 1N4148 C14 + 1000 µF/35 V DZ1 MCR22–6 8 V/1 A 112 V/0.45 A 14 D18 MR856 12 C12 47 µF/250 V + C13 100 nF 16 V/1. Wide Mains 100 W TV SMPS with Secondary Reconfiguration for 1.7 MW/4 kV C11 220 pF/500 V + C5 R1 220 mF 22 kW 400 V 5W C6 47 nF 630 V 6 D7 1N4148 1 D12 1N4934 7 + 7 Vcc 6 5 R2 10 W C8 100 nF C9 470 pF 630 V D14 MR856 R17 2.2 kW 5W R3 0.4 kW Figure 42.com 44 .

Programmable pulsed–mode power transfer for efficient system stand–by mode. Complete semiconductor solution.SMPSRM Features: Off power consumption: 300mW drawn from the 8V output in pulsed mode. Stand–by losses independent of the mains value. Fail safe open feedback loop. Over–temperature detection.3W independent of the mains. Demagnetization detection. Efficiency: 83% Maximum power limitation. ON Semiconductor Advantages: Very low component count controller. Pin = 1. Protection against open loop. Devices: Part Number MC44608P75 MTP6N60E TL431 MR856 MR852 1N5404 Transformer Description GREENLINE Very High Voltage PWM Controller TMOS Power Field Effect Transistor (N–Channel) Programmable Precision Reference Fast Recovery Rectifier (600 V) Fast Recovery Rectifier (200 V) General Purpose Rectifier (400 V) SMT19 40346–29 (9 slots coil former) Primary inductance: 181 mH Nprimary: 40 turns N 112 V: 40 turns N 16 V: 6 turns N 8 V: 3 turns t http://onsemi.com 45 .

SMPSRM Application: Low–Cost Offline IGBT Battery Charger 130 to 350 V DC R1 150 D1 1N4148 C3 220 mF/ 10 V D3 R3 220 k R13 100 k C10 1 nF D4 1N4937 + C3 10 mF/ 350 V R1 120 k R5 1k MC14093 R5 1.2 k IC1 MOC8103 M1 MMG05N60D MBRS240LT3 D5 R2 1N4148 150 R11 113 k + + C2 220 mF/ 10 V + 8 V at 400 mA – 8 7 6 5 + C8 1 mF MC33341 + 1 C7 10 mF D2 12 V 0V C5 1 nF Q1 MBT3946DW R9 470 C9 1 nF R2 3.9 R9 100 2 C4 47 nF 3 4 D4 12 V R12 20 k Q5 R10 Figure 43. Space saving surface mount design. 3 Watt capability for charging portable equipment.com 46 . Low–Cost Offline IGBT Battery Charger Features: Universal ac input. Light weight. ON Semiconductor Advantages: Special–process IGBT (Normal IGBTs will not function properly in this application). Devices: Part Number MMG05N60D MC33341 MBT3946DW MBRS240LT3 MC14093 1N4937 Description Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor in SOT–223 Package Power Supply Battery Charger Regulator Control Circuit Dual General Purpose (Bipolar) Transistors Surface Mount Schottky Power Rectifier Quad 2–Input “NAND” Schmitt Trigger General–Purpose Rectifier (600 V) http://onsemi. Off the shelf components. Spice model available for MC33341.

7 nF R6 180 W C26 220 pF 15 V / 1 A D10 MR852 C25 1000 mF C24 0.1 mF D1–D4 1N4007 C2 220 mF R2 68 kW / 2 W 9 C9 C10 820 pF 1 mF 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 R18 27 kW R19 10 kW MC44603P 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 C13 100 nF R4 27 kW R9 C16 100 pF 1 kW C15 1 nF R7 180 kW R8 15 kW 220 pF 28 V / 1 A C27 1000 mF C28 0.7 kW C32 C1 100 mF R20 22 kW 5W C17 47 nF L1 1 mH D6 1N4148 R5 1.1 mF R17 10 kW MOC8101 R24 270 W R23 117.56 W// 220 pF 8V/1A D11 MR852 C21 1000 mF C22 0.com 47 .5 kW Figure 44.1 mF R15 10 kW C11 1 nF R16 10 kW MTP6N60E R10 10 W R26 1 kW C23 R14 2 X 0.5 A D5 1N4934 D8 MR856 C30 100 mF C31 0.2 kW LP C14 4. 110 W Output Flyback SMPS http://onsemi.1 mF D7 MR856 Laux D9 MR852 C29 220 pF 120 V / 0.SMPSRM Application: 110 W Output Flyback SMPS 180 VAC TO 280 VAC C3 1 nF / 1 KV RFI FILTER R1 1W/5W C4–C7 1 nF / 1000 V R3 4.8 nF TL431 R22 2.5 kW R21 C19 10 kW 100 nF C20 33 nF D14 1N4733 R25 1 kW C12 6.

Reduced frequency in stand–by mode. foldback. overvoltage detection. ON Semiconductor Advantages: Built–in protection circuitry for current limitation. Fixed frquency and stand–by mode. Precise limiting of maximum power in fixed frequency mode. demagnetization and softstart.com 48 . Automatically changes operating mode based on load requirements.SMPSRM Features: Off–line operation from 180 V to 280 Vac mains.1 V) General Purpose Rectifier (1000 V) t t t http://onsemi. Devices: Part Number MC44603P MTP6N60E MR856 MR852 TL431 1N4733A 1N4007 Description Enhanced Mixed Frequency Mode GREENLINE PWM Controller TMOS E–FET Power Field Effect Transistor (N–Channel) Fast Recovery Rectifier (600 V) Fast Recovery Rectifier (200 V) Programmable Precision Reference Zener Voltage Regulator Diode (5.

± 10%.7 nF 1200 V PTUBE = 55 W L1 1.2 nF R11 4.0 W R2 1.25 W unless otherwise noted * All capacitors are Polycarbonate.2 nF R12 4.0 mF D6 FILTER C17 47 nF 1 R5 1.0 R D8 C16 47 nF D9 630 V 8 R3 100 k/1. 63 V.7 R T1A FT063 Q3 BUL44D2 R14 2.6 mH Q2 BUL44D2 R13 2. unless otherwise noted R7 1.SMPSRM Application: Efficient Safety Circuit for Electronic Ballast C13 100 nF 250 V R18 PTC C12 22 nF C14 100 nF AGND 250 V C11 4.0 R C7 10 nF NOTES: * All resistors are ± 5%.7 R DIAC C6 10 nF D4 T1B D3 1N4007 R9 330 k R10 10 R T1C C5 0.22 mF C4 47 mF + 450 V P1 20 k C15 100 nF Q1 MTP4N50E 3 2 T2 R4 22 k 5 + D1 MUR120 C2 330 mF 25 V AGND 7 U1 MC34262 D7 4 2 6 1 630 V C1 10 nF FUSE R1 12 k LINE 220 V C3 1. 0.2 R C9 2. Efficient Safety Circuit for Electronic Ballast http://onsemi.8 M D2 MUR180E R6 1.2 M 3 Figure 45.com 49 .2 R C8 2.

4 Lamps BUL642D2 BUB642D2 MJB18004D2 MJE18004D2 MJB18204D2 MJE18204D2 Description Power Factor Controller TMOS E–FET Power Field Effect Transistor (N–Channel) Ultrafast Rectifier (200 V) Bipolar Transistor* for Electronic Lamp Ballast (400 V) General Purpose Diode (1000 V) Zener Voltage Regulator Diode (10 V) ON Semiconductor’s H2BIP process integrates a diode and bipolar transistor for a single package solution. http://onsemi. 2 Lamps 825 V 100 V 1200 V BUL642D2 BUB642D2 MJD18002D2 MJD18202D2 3. ON Semiconductor Advantages: Power devices do not have to be oversized – lower cost solution.SMPSRM Features: Easy to implement circuit to avoid thermal runaway when fluorescent lamp does not strike. Devices: Part Number MC34262 MTP4N50E MUR120 BUL44D2 1N4007 1N5240B *Other Lamp Ballast Options: 1.com 50 . Includes power factor correction.

5 W L2 C3 C4 F1 100 nF/630 V D1 GND 1N4148 C28 TL1 FLUO TUBE 0R D13 1 2 C29 R16 2. Lamp Ballast with Power Factor Correction (Evaluation Board) http://onsemi.com 51 SMPSRM GND .Application: Lamp Ballast with Power Factor Correction (Evaluation Board) 22 m F/450V D19 1N4148 C15 C26 C26 R35 10 R R1 D6 820 k 15 V GND D8 D12 C20 100 nF R19 22 R R26 100 k D13 1N4148 R20 D14 1N4148 R23 R21 100 k 100 R 1N4148 R27 470 k 1N4148 D10 D5 GND Vz 15 V C30 + GND 22 m F/25 V R36 1k C5 0R R5 R7 + 22 m F/25 V C17 C12 T1 MUR160 100 nF 220 nF C16 100 nF R10 330 k R17 2 TL2 FLUO TUBE 1 2 3 4 Vdd Vref RPH Vboot VHO N/C 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 R D4 MUR160 C11 47 nF C13 22 nF 1M R11 100 k R12 820 k CPH VOUT 5 GND Q2 MTP6N50E R8 CSWP VLO COP DTA GND STD 10 nF IOP RESET C14 470 pF/5% 6 R13 100 k 7 8 220 nF C19 15 k C25 100 nF C8 GND 100 nF Vdd Vsync 3 7 Osc Gdrive U2 MC33260 2 IS 4 Vctrl 270 pF GND 6 VS 1 100 k R4 R14 R22 82 k GND 22 R 10 GND C18 9 100 nF R25 10 k GND Q3 MTP8N50E L3 1.2 M 1N4148 100 nF/630 V 25 m F/35 V D2 C31 1N4007 R18 2.2 M 1N4007 D3 + 10 nF C27 LINE/N 1 R/2 W R32 FILTER SEMAP 27 mH/1 A GND 22 k D18 R32 1 4 3 OR U2 MC33157DW C24 GND 100 nF/450 V Q4 MTP8N50E GND 470 k + 100 nF/450 V R31 Figure 46.5 mH C22 1500 pF/ 500 V L4 1.5 mH R29 33 k R34 GND 1M 8 5 GND GND D16 1N4148 D17 1N4148 R30 R33 6800 pF/1000 V/5% 1M 33 k 3 4 R6 10 k GND R15 1M 0R R9 0R 6800 pF/1000 V/5% C7 GND R24 R28 GND 680 nF/ 630 V BRIDGE 2A/800 V R2 LINE/P 2A – TD FUSE C2 68 k/0.

SMPSRM Features : Evaluation board includes all functions for an electronic ballast Includes power factor correction ON Semiconductor advantages: Very low component count Built–in 2% voltage reference eliminates the need for external compensation over the temperature range Complete semiconductor solution Devices: Part Number MC33157DW MC33260 MTP8N50E MTP6N50E MUR160 MUR460 1N4007 Description Electronic Ballast Controller Power Factor Controller TMOS Power Field Effect Transistor (N–Channel) TMOS Power Field Effect Transistor (N–Channel) Axial Lead Ultrafast Recovery Rectifier (600 V) Ultrafast Recovery Rectifier (600 V) General Purpose Rectifier (1000 V). 2 A/800 V Bridge http://onsemi.com 52 .

com 53 .5KE200A MBR20100CT 1N5406 Description High Voltage Power Switching Regulator Axial Lead Ultrafast Recovery Rectifier (600 V) Programmable Precision Reference Transient Voltage Suppressor (200 V) TO–220 Schottky Rectifier (100 V) General Purpose Rectifier (600 V) http://onsemi.5 A) = 843. Universal 50–Watt Power Supply Features: On–Off Toggle Control: consumes only 0.5KE200A D5 MUR160 C8 470 T1 + C11 470 1/2 IC2 MOC 8103 IC3 TL431B C14 1.4% Vin = 230 Vac (lo = 3.6 + C5 50 R7 100 C4 0.0 A D1 92 to 276 D3 VAC INPUT D2 D4 R5 15 k C13 1.5 A) = 86.01 PB1 ON/OFF TOGGLE Figure 47.1 C12 150 + R4 270 R6 75 k + 15 V/3. Line Regulation within 2.9 k Z1 1.0 nF C7 0.2% ON Semiconductor Advantages: Complete semiconductor solution designed around highly integrated MC33374 Devices: Part Number MC33370 MUR160 TL431B 1.0 mV with Vin from 92 Vac to 276 Vac. lo = 3.0 – IC1 MC 33374 R3 3.5 A " Efficiency Vin = 115 Vac (lo = 3.5 A DC OUTPUT F1 3.SMPSRM Application: Universal 50–Watt Power Supply D7 MBR20100CT L1 5.6 W (115 Vac) or 0.19 W (230 Vac) with toggle off.0 mH + 1N5406 C2 50 pF + C1 100 + 1/2 IC2 MOC8103 R2 3.

Light weight. 9.2x J1 1 2 LINE 10 mF/350 V 10 V R1 220 + D2 C2 20 mF F1 D1 250R + C1 1N4140 D3 R2 4 kW D4 1N4140 R3 U1 8 7 1 ICD 6 2 R4 330 R7 2.com 54 .25 R12 10 k Figure 48. AC–DC Battery Charger – Constant Current with Voltage Limit Features: Universal ac input.7 1SO1 5 MOC0102 4 1 2 R10 100 R 22 k 1N4140 D5 R5 5 4 3 7 47 k R6 47 k C4 1 nF 2 D6 MURS160T3 Q1 MTD1N60E R8 100 T1 6 1N4140 R4 5V J2 1 2 D8 C5 + 4 kW D9 1 mF BZX84/5 V 100 mF + D7 C5 R14 22 k U2 8 7 6 5 VSI GND DO VCC CSI CMP CTA MURS320T3 BZX84/18V Line VCC MC33341 R13 12 k CSI MC33364 5 GND Vref C3 100 nF 4 C3 FL 3 1 2 3 4 C7 33 nF R11 0.SMPSRM Application: AC–DC Battery Charger – Constant Current with Voltage Limit T0.5 Watt capability for charging portable equipment. Space saving surface mount design.1 V) Zener Voltage Regulator Diode (MMSZ18T1) For details consult AN1600 t http://onsemi. ON Semiconductor Advantages: Off the shelf components Spice model available for MC33341 Devices: Part Number MC33341 MC33364 MURS160T3 MURS320T3 MTD1N60E BZX84C5V1LT1 BZX84/18V Transformer Description Power Supply Battery Charger Regulator Control Circuit Critical Conduction SMPS Controller Surface Mount Ultrafast Rectifier (600 V) Surface Mount Ultrafast Rectifier (200 V) TMOS Power MOSFET DPAK N–Channel (600 V) Zener Voltage Regulator Diode (5.

com.com 55 . AN1327 Very Wide Input Voltage Range. However. some of them will still be available only through the Motorola SPS Mfax system at 602–244–6591 or on the Motorola SPS website at http://mot–sps. Off–line Flyback Switching Power Supply AN1520 HDTMOS Power MOSFETs Excel in Synchronous Rectifier Applications AN1541 Introduction to Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor AN1542 Active Inrush Current Limiting Using MOSFETs AN1543 Electronic Lamp Ballast Design AN1547 A DC to DC Converter for Notebook Computers Using HDTMOS and Synchronous Rectification AN1570 Basic Semiconductor Thermal Measurement AN1576 Reduce Compact Fluorescent Cost with Motorola’s IGBTs for Lighting AN1577 Motorola’s D2 Series Transistors for Fluorescent Converters AN1593 Low Cost 1.com). AN873 Understanding Power Transistor Dynamic Behavior: dv/dt Effects on Switching RBSOA AN875 Power Transistor Safe Operating Area: Special Consideration for Switching Power Supplies AN913 Designing with TMOS Power MOSFETs AN915 Characterizing Collector–to–Emitter and Drain–to–Source Diodes for Switchmode Applications AN918 Paralleling Power MOSFETs in Switching Applications AN920 Theory and Applications of the MC34063 and mA78S40 Switching Regulator Control Circuits AN929 Insuring Reliable Performance from Power MOSFETs AN952 Ultrafast Recovery Rectifiers Extend Power Transistor SOA AN1040 Mounting Considerations for Power Semiconductors AN1043 Spice Model for TMOS Power MOSFETs AN1080 External–Sync Power Supply with Universal Input Voltage Range for Monitors AN1083 Basic Thermal Management of Power Semiconductors AN1090 Understanding and Predicting Power MOSFET Switching Behavior AN1320 300 Watt.0 A Current Source for Battery Chargers AN1594 Critical Conduction Mode.com. but the applications information may still be helpful in designing an SMPS. as we transition away from Motorola SPS.SMPSRM Literature Available from ON Semiconductor Application Notes These older Application Notes may contain part numbers that are no longer available. Flyback Switching Power Supply Using the MC33364 AN1600 AC–DC Battery Charger – Constant Current with Voltage Limit http://onsemi. Most of these App Notes are available through the Literature Distribution Center for ON Semiconductor at 800–344–3860 or 303–675–2175 or by email at ONlit@hibbertco. 100 kHz Converter Utilizes Economical Bipolar Planar Power Transistors The following Application Notes are available directly from the ON Semiconductor website (http://onsemi.

Logic and Discretes BR1487/D BR518/D DL128/D DL111/D DL202/D DL137/D DL135/D DL150/D DL151/D SG73/D SG388/D Device Models Device models for SMPS circuits (MC33363.SMPSRM Literature Available from ON Semiconductor (continued) AN1601 Efficient Safety Circuit for Electronic Ballast AN1628 Understanding Power Transistors Breakdown Parameters AN1631 Using PSPICE to Analyze Performance of Power MOSFETs in Step–Down. http://onsemi. Analog. power transistors. Switching Regulators Employing Synchronous Rectification AN1669 MC44603 in a 110 W Output SMPS Application AN1679 How to Deal with Leakage Elements in Flyback Converters AN1680 Design Considerations for Clamping Networks for Very High Voltage Monolithic Off–Line PWM Controllers AN1681 How to Keep a Flyback Switch Mode Supply stable with a Critical–Mode Controller Brochures Thermal Modeling & Management of Discrete Surface Mount Packages SPS Reliability/Quality Handbook Analog/Interface ICs Device Bipolar Device Data IGBT Device Data Thyristor Device Data TMOS Power MOSFET Device Data TVS/Zener Device Data Rectifier Device Data Master Selection Guide ON Semiconductor Components Selector Guide. rectifiers and other discrete products are available through ON Semiconductor’s website or by contacting your local sales office.com 56 . MC33365 and MC33370).

Lee. ON Semiconductor Series in Solid State Electronics. Multipulse Methods for Clean Power.. 1991. Power Semiconductor Devices.. and George C. Wiley. Schlect. TAB Books. Small–Signal MathCAD Design Aids. Marcel Dekker. 415–492–8443. Butterworth–Heinmann. Inc. 240 pages. H. Daniel.com 57 . Jayant. T. Inverters. 224 pages. Wiley. Irving M. Robbins. 32 tables Mitchell. John G. Power Supplies. W. 2nd Edition. Tore M. 1993. 221 pages. Verghese. Designing Magnetic Components for High Frequency DC–DC Converters.. Butterworth–Heinmann. 146 figures. William P. 2nd Edition. MA. http://onsemi. Power Electronics: Converter. Kassakian. KG Magnetics. 1995. Addison–Wesley. High Frequency Switching Power Supplies: Theory and Design. Boston. 1994. EDN Series for Design Engineers. 1996. MA.. Principles of Power Electronics. Second Edition. 1992. 1996 224 pages. Power Electronic Converter Harmonics. CA. 1990. W. G. 1994. NY. McGraw–Hill. 624 pages. Computer disk included. 238 pages Chrysiss. Switching Regulators. Brown. San Marino. C. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. Academic Press. Undeland. 115 Duran Drive. Ned. 802 pages Paice. Simplified Design of Switching Power Supplies. and Converters. McLyman. Yim–Shu.SMPSRM Reference Books Relating to Switching Power Supply Design Baliga. Derek A. Brown. 1989. e/j Bloom Associates. Applications and Design.. 1995. 738 pages. C. Mohan. B.. Marty Power Supply Cookbook. 287 pages Gottlieb. Marty.. 1993 Lenk. 433 pages. Whittington. Martin F. Computer–Aided Analysis and Design of Switch–Mode Power Supplies. 1994. 2nd Edition. EDN Series for Design Engineers. PWS Publishing Co. 479 pages. Switched Mode Power Supplies: Design and Construction. IEEE Press. San Rafael. John D.. Practical Switching Power Supply Design. Ca 94903–2317..

com/power1. http://www.ejbloom.com/ The Darnell Group (Jeff Shepard) Contains an excellent list of power electronics websites.com/ Power Corner Frank Greenhalgh’s Power Corner in EDTN http://fgl.pcim.psma.com/ Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) http://www.com/ Ridley Engineering.quantumpower. http://www.pels.com/ http://onsemi.apec–conf.org/ Dr. http://www. Inc. Bello’s Home Page SPICE simulation for switching–mode power supplies.com/ Power Quality Assurance Magazine Articles from present and past issues.com/ Quantum Power Labs An excellent hypertext–linked glossary of power electronics terms. http://powerquality. http://www. Dr.com/ Power Sources Manufacturers Association A trade organization for the power sources industry. http://www. Vincent G.smpstech.ridleyengineering.ieee.SpiceSim.org/ IEEE Power Electronics Society http://www.com/ Switching–Mode Power Supply Design by Jerrold Foutz An excellent location for switching mode power supply information and links to other sources. http://www.htm Power Designers http://www. http://www. R.html Power Control and Intelligent Motion (PCIM) Articles from present and past issues.com/ e/j BLOOM Associates (Ed Bloom) Educational Materials & Services for Power Electronics. an extensive list of manufacturer’s contact information and more.ardem.com 58 .darnell.com/ Applied Power Electronics Conference (APEC) The power electronics conference for the practical aspects of power supplies.SMPSRM Web Locations for Switching–Mode Power Supply Information Ardem Associates (Dr. Ray Ridley http://www. David Middlebrook) http://www.org/pels. http://www.powerdesigners.

http://www.edu http://onsemi.com 59 . Slobodan Cuk is both chairman of TESLAco and head of the Caltech Power Electronics Group.rudyseverns.com/ Venable Industries http://www.teslaco.SMPSRM Web Locations for Switching–Mode Power Supply Information (continued) Springtime Enterprises – Rudy Severns Rudy Severns has over 40 years of experience in switching–mode power supply design and static power conversion for design engineers. http://www.com/ Virginia Power Electronics Center (VPEC) http://www.vt.venableind.com/ TESLAco Dr.vpec.

Undervoltage and overvoltage supervisory circuits are in the System Management section. MOSFET/IGBT drivers and dedicated power management controllers) are included for reference purposes.SMPSRM Analog ICs for SWITCHMODE Power Supplies A number of different analog circuits that can be used for designing switchmode power supplies are shown on the following pages. Additional circuits that are frequently used with a SMPS design (dc–de converters. voltage references. http://onsemi.com 60 . Information about the discrete semiconductors that are shown in this brochure and other discrete products that may be required for a switching power supply can be found in the ON Semiconductor Components Selector Guide (SG388/D). These circuits are the same as those in the Power Management and System Management sections of the ON Semiconductor Components Selector Guide. Circuits used specifically for the off–line controllers and power factor controllers are in the Power Management section. voltage regulators.

. . . . . . . 72 Power Factor Controllers . The switching power supply continues to increase in popularity and is one of the fastest growing markets in the world of power conversion. . . . . . . and the ability to perform voltage step–up. . . . . . . . These advantages include significant advancements Page DC–DC Converters with Inductor . the task of voltage regulator design was tediously accomplished with discrete devices. . . 62 Off–Line SMPS Controllers . . . . . . . . . with bipolar monolithic regulators. . . . . . . . . . These devices incorporate many built–in protection features. . . . . . . .com 61 . . step–down. . They offer the designer several important advantages over linear series–pass regulators. ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS SIGNAL CONDITIONING BATTERY MANAGEMENT POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT MOTOR CONTROL INTERFACE OTHER CIRCUITS Op–Amps Lithium Battery Protection ICs Charge Controllers DC–DC Converters with Inductor Off–Line SMPS Controllers Power Factor Controllers Voltage References Linear Voltage Regulators LDO Linear Voltage Regulators MOSFET/ IGBT Drivers Dedicated Drivers Dedicated Power Mgmnt Controllers Undervoltage Supervisory Overvoltage Supervisory DC Motor Control Data Transmission Display Drivers Timers Comparators Linear Four– Quadrant Multiplier http://onsemi. . . . Today. . this task has been significantly simplified. . 93 Linear Voltage Regulators . . . improved efficiency. low dropout and adjustable type voltage regulators. . . . . . . making them virtually immune to the catastrophic failures encountered in older discrete designs. . 114 Dedicated Drivers . . . . In the past. . . . . . . . . . The designer now has a wide choice of fixed. . . . some form of voltage regulation is required. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ON Semiconductor offers a diverse portfolio of full featured switching regulator control circuits which meet the needs of today’s modern compact electronic equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Dedicated Power Management Controllers . In most electronic systems. . . . 103 MOSFET/IGBT Drivers . . . . . . and the results were quite often complex and costly. . . . . . . . . . 88 Voltage References . . . . . . . . .SMPSRM Power Management Circuits In Brief . . . . . . . . 121 in the areas of size and weight reduction. . . . . 95 LDO Linear Voltage Regulators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . and voltage–inverting functions. . . . . . .

. . . . 64 64 66 68 ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS SIGNAL CONDITIONING BATTERY MANAGEMENT POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT MOTOR CONTROL INTERFACE OTHER CIRCUITS Op–Amps Lithium Battery Protection ICs Charge Controllers DC–DC Converters with Inductor Off–Line SMPS Controllers Power Factor Controllers Voltage References Linear Voltage Regulators LDO Linear Voltage Regulators MOSFET/ IGBT Drivers Dedicated Drivers Dedicated Power Mgmnt Controllers Undervoltage Supervisory Overvoltage Supervisory DC Motor Control Data Transmission Display Drivers Timers Comparators Linear Four– Quadrant Multiplier http://onsemi. . . . DC–DC converters from ON Semiconductor cover a very wide range of output current levels from 50 mA up to 5 A and can be used in any topology. . . inverting and step–up and down. .SMPSRM DC–DC Converters with Inductor In Brief . . . . . Easy Switcher Single–Ended Controllers with On–Chip Power Switch . . . . . . . . step– down. . . . . Recent developments have used synchronous rectification and CMOS technology for better efficiency and lower current consumption. . . . . . . Page Single–Ended Controllers with On–Chip Power Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Available in multiple DIP and surface mount packages. . step–up. . . .com 62 . . Synchronous Rectification DC/DC Converter Programmable Integrated Controller . . . CMOS Micropower DC–to–DC Converters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . These products are ideally suited to provide on–board conversion in systems where the power is distributed to various elements or electronic boards. .

12. 5 Pin D2PAK –40 to +125 MC33463–K 0. –25 to +85 0 to 70.5 to 40 Adjustable 5. Range (°C) 0 to 70.250 PWM Step–Up SOT–89 –30 to +80 MC33466–L 0.3. 5 Pin D2PAK 5 Pin TO–220.3. 12.3.9 to Vout 3. On/Off Control Internal Switch Transistor.9 to Vout 3. 3.0 PWM 5 Pin TO–220.0 PFM DIP–16/SO–16 MC34165 3. 15 & Adjust.5 Device MC34060A Output Voltage (V) Adjustable Control Scheme PWM Topology Step–Up/Down & Inverting Step–Up/Down & Inverting Step–Up/Down & Inverting Step–Up/Down & Inverting Step–Up/Down & Inverting Step–Up/Down & Inverting Step–Up/Down & Inverting Step–Up/Down & Inverting Step–Down Package DIP–14/SO–14 Temp. 12. 5 0. 3. –40 to +85 0 to 70.2 PWM DIP–16/SO–16 µA78S40 2.0 to 65 Adjustable 1. 5.com 63 .5 to 40 Adjustable 1. –40 to +85 –40 to +125 Features External Switch Transistor External Switch Transistor Internal Switch Transistor Internal Switch Transistor Internal Switch Transistor Internal Switch Transistor Internal Switch Transistor Internal Switch Transistor Internal Switch Transistor. 5 Pin D2PAK DIP–8.5 PFM DIP–8/SO–8 MC34163 2. 3. 1.3.5 to 40 Adjustable 3.SMPSRM Input Voltage Range (V) 4 to 42 Output Switch Current (A) 0. 15 & Adjust. On/Off Control Internal Switch Transistor External Switch Transistor Internal Switch Transistor External Switch Transistor TL494/TL594 7 to 40 Adjustable 0. SO–16WB MC34167 7.3. –40 to +85 0 to 70.050 VFM Step–Up SOT–89 –30 to +80 MC33466–J 0.0 PWM LM2574 4. –40 to +85 0 to 70. 5 0.5 PWM LM2575 4.75 to 45 3. On/Off Control Internal Switch Transistor.050 PWM Step–Up SOT–89 –30 to +80 PWM: Pulse Width Modulation PFM: Pulse Frequency Modulation VFM: Variable Frequency Modulation http://onsemi. 5.0 PWM Step–Down 5 Pin TO–220.5 to 40 Adjustable 3. 5 0. 15 & Adjust. 5 Pin D2PAK –40 to +125 LM2576 4.75 to 45 3.3. 5 0.3.250 VFM Step–Up SOT–89 –30 to +80 MC33463–L 0. –40 to +85 0 to 70. 3.0 PWM Step–Down 5 Pin TO–220. –40 to +85 0 to 70. 0.75 to 45 3. 3.5 PFM DIP–16/SO–16 MC34166 7. –40 to +85 0 to 70.5 PFM DIP–16 MC34063A 3. 5.9 to Vout 3.0 to 40 Adjustable 1.9 to Vout 3.

convenient design of a step–down switching regulator (buck converter). Easy Switcher Single–Ended Controllers with On–Chip Power Switch The Easy Switcher series is ideally suited for easy.3 LM2574N–5 LM2574N–12 LM2574N–15 LM2574N ADJ LM2574N–ADJ TJ (°C) –40 to +125 40 Package DIP–8 DIP 8 http://onsemi.75 to 40 8. typically 6500 mA. with a minimum number of external components. SO–8 DIP–16.5 to 40 Voltage 1.0% 100 MC34163 MC33163 0 to +70 –40 to +85 0 to +70 –40 to +85 0 to +70 –40 to +85 7.05 ± 3. Minimum Operating Voltage Range (V) 2.25 ± 5.25 ± 2.0% 5. 5–Pin TO–220 Table 2.0 t IO (mA) Max 500 Operating Mode Voltage Oscillator Frequency (kHz) 52 Fixed Internal Output O tp t Voltage (V) 3. SO–16L SO 16L 2. (2) Guaranteed minimum. typically 4300 mA. (3) Guaranteed minimum.2%(1) Device µA78S40 TA (°C) 0 to +70 –40 to +85 Package DIP–16 1.05 ± 2.0% and 5.0 to 40 15 to 40 18 to 40 8 0 to 40 8.SMPSRM Table 1.25 ± 2.com 64 . Single–Ended Controllers with On–Chip Power Switch These monolithic power switching regulators contain all the active functions required to implement standard dc–to–dc converter configurations with a minimum number of external components.3 5.23 to Device LM2574N–3.5 to 40 Maximum Useful Oscillator Frequency (kHz) 100 IO (mA) Max 1500 (Uncommitted (U i d Power Switch) Operating Mode Voltage Reference (V) 1. Minimum Operating Voltage Range (V) 4.3 LM2574N 3.0 12 15 1 23 t 37 1.5 to 40 72 ± 12% Internally Fixed MC34166 MC33166 MC34167 MC33167 5–Pin D2PAK.0% MC34063A 0 to +70 DIP–8 SO–8 MC33063A –40 to +85 DIP–8 SO–8 –40 to +125 3400 (Uncommitted Power Switch) 3400(2) (Dedicated Emitter Power Switch) 5500(3) (Dedicated Emitter Power Switch) (1) Tolerance applies over the specified operating temperature range.

75 to 40 8.3 5.3 5.75 to 40 8.0 12 15 1.23 to 1 23 t 37 Device LM2575T–3.0 t 8 0 to 40 4.0 to 40 15 to 40 18 to 40 8.0 12 15 1.0 to 40 15 to 40 18 to 40 8.23 to 3.3 5. with a minimum number of external components.0 t 4.75 to 40 8.3 LM2575T–5 LM2575T–12 LM2575T–15 LM2575T ADJ LM2575T–ADJ LM2575TV 3.75 to 40 8.3 LM2576T 3.0 to 40 15 to 40 18 to 40 8 0 to 40 8. convenient design of a step–down switching regulator (buck converter).23 to 1 23 t 37 3.0 to 40 15 to 40 18 to 40 8.3 LM2576TV–5 LM2576TV–12 LM2576TV–15 LM2576TV–ADJ LM2576TV ADJ LM2576D2T 3.3 LM2576T–5 LM2576T–12 LM2576T–15 LM2576T ADJ LM2576T–ADJ LM2576TV 3.0 t 8 0 to 40 Voltage 52 Fixed Internal IO (mA) Max 1000 Operating Mode Voltage Oscillator Frequency (kHz) 52 Fixed Internal Output Voltage (V) 3.0 to 40 15 to 40 18 to 40 8.3 LM2576D2T–5 LM2576D2T–12 LM2576D2T–15 LM2576D2T–ADJ LM2576D2T ADJ TJ (°C) –40 to +125 40 Package 5–Pin 5 Pin TO–220 5 Pin 5–Pin TO–220 5 Pin 5–Pin D2PAK –40 to +125 40 5–Pin 5 Pin TO–220 5 Pin 5–Pin TO–220 5 Pin 5–Pin D2PAK http://onsemi.0 12 15 1.3 LM2575TV–5 LM2575TV–12 LM2575TV–15 LM2575TV–ADJ LM2575TV ADJ LM2575D2T 3.3 LM2576TV–3.75 to 40 8.com 65 .0 12 15 1 23 t 37 1.3 LM2575D2T–5 LM2575D2T–12 LM2575D2T–15 LM2575D2T–ADJ LM2575D2T ADJ LM2576T–3.0 t 8 0 to 40 4.75 to 40 8.3 LM2576D2T–3.3 5.3 LM2575D2T–3.23 to 1 23 t 37 3.0 12 15 1. Minimum Operating Voltage Range (V) 4.0 t 8 0 to 40 3000 4.23 to 3.23 to 1 23 t 37 3.0 12 15 1 23 t 37 1.SMPSRM Table 2.3 5.3 LM2575TV–3.0 t 4. Easy Switcher Single–Ended Controllers with On–Chip Power Switch(continued) The Easy Switcher series is ideally suited for easy.3 5.0 to 40 15 to 40 18 to 40 8 0 to 40 8.3 LM2575T 3.

Consult factory for information.0 mA • Wide Output Voltage Range of 2.5 V.0 3.1 V increments are available.0 3. Switch Drive Other voltages from 2.0 Type Int. MC33463 Series Features: • Low Quiescent Bias Current of 4. to provide regulated output voltages using a minimum of external parts. a comparator and feedback resistive divider. a driver transistor (Lx).0 µA • High Output Voltage Accuracy of ±2.5% • Low Startup Voltage of 0.5 V to 7. a variable frequency modulation (VFM) controller. except that a drive pin (EXT) for an external transistor is provided. these devices are ideally suited for battery powered computer. Switch Operating Temperature Range Package (Tape/Reel) SOT–89 (Tape) TA = –30° to +80°C 30° SOT–89 (Tape) Ext.3 5. and industrial equipment where an extension of useful battery life is desirable. MC33463H–XXKT1 D L Vin Cin Drive VFM Controller 100 kHz Oscillator Vref 3 Lx VLx Limitier 2 Output CO Q VO Rb 3 EXT Cb Vin Cin L MC33463H–XXLT1 D 2 Drive VFM Controller 100 kHz Oscillator Vref Output VO CO 1 Gnd XX Denotes Output Voltage 1 Gnd http://onsemi. The MC33463H–XXKT1 series features a highly accurate voltage reference.0 3.3 5. specifically designed for handheld and laptop applications. These devices feature a very low quiescent bias current of 4. A wide choice of output voltages are available.5 V to 7.0 µA typical.5 V Available • High Efficiency of 80% Typical • Surface Mount Package ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33463H–30KT1 MC33463H–33KT1 MC33463H–50KT1 MC33463H–30LT1 MC33463H–33LT1 MC33463H–50LT1 Output Voltage 3.9 V at 1.SMPSRM Switching Regulator Control Circuits (continued) CMOS Micropower DC–to–DC Converters Variable Frequency Micropower DC–to–DC Converter MC33463H TA = –30° to +80°C.com 66 . SOT–89 The MC33463 series are micropower step–up switching voltage regulators. an oscillator. The MC33463H–XXLT1 is identical to the MC33463H–XXKT1. in 0. consumer. Due to the low bias current specifications.

3 5.SMPSRM CMOS Micropower DC–to–DC Converters (continued) Fixed Frequency PWM Micropower DC–to–DC Converter MC33466H TA = –30° to +80°C.0 3. to provide regulated output voltages using a minimum of external parts. Switch Drive Di TA = –30° to +80°C 30° Operating Temperature Range Package (Tape/Reel) SOT–89 (Tape) SOT–89 (Tape) Other voltages from 2. A wide choice of output voltages are available. Consult factory for information. The MC33466H–XXLT1 is identical to the MC33466H–XXJT1. in 0. L MC33466H–XXJT1 D L Vin Cin 3 Lx VLx Limiter Drive PWM Controller 50 kHz Oscillator Phase Comp Soft–Start Vref 2 Output (Voltage Feedback) VO CO Vin Cin MC33466H–XXLT1 D 2 Rb 3 EXT Cb PWM Controller 50 kHz Oscillator Phase Comp Soft–Start Vref 1 Gnd Output (Voltage Feedback) VO CO Q Drive 1 Gnd XX Denotes Output Voltage http://onsemi.com 67 . and industrial equipment where an extension of useful battery life is desirable.0 Type Int. an error amplifier and feedback resistive divider.0 mA • Soft–Start = 500 µs • Surface Mount Package ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33466H–30JT1 MC33466H–33JT1 MC33466H–50JT1 MC33466H–30LT1 MC33466H–33LT1 MC33466H–50LT1 Output Voltage 3.0 3. These devices feature a very low quiescent bias current of 15 µA typical. SOT–89 The MC33466 series are micropower switching voltage regulators. these devices are ideally suited for battery powered computer. MC33466 Series Features: • Low Quiescent Bias Current of 15 µA • High Output Voltage Accuracy of ±2. consumer. The MC33466H–XXJT1 series features a highly accurate voltage reference.5 V to 7. a driver transistor (Lx). except that a drive pin (EXT) for an external transistor is provided.9 V at 1.0 3.3 5.1 V increments are available.5% • Low Startup Voltage of 0. an oscillator. Due to the low bias current specifications.5 V. a pulse width modulation (PWM) controller. specifically designed for handheld and laptop applications. Switch Ext.

and industrial equipment where accuracy. The second feature is a soft start circuit which establishes a controlled response when input power is applied and when recovering from external circuit fault conditions. This product has three additional features.SMPSRM Switching Regulator Control Circuits (continued) Synchronous Rectification DC/DC Converter Programmable Integrated Controller MC33470 TA = 0° to +75°C. consumer. to provide a high power regulated output voltage using a minimum of external parts. Voltage Regulator Module and general purpose applications.com 68 . SO–20L Package The MC33470 is a digitally programmable switching voltage regulator. This product is ideally suited for computer. MC33470 Features: • 5–Bit Digital–to–Analog Converter Allows Digital Control of Output Voltage • High Speed Response to Transient Load Conditions • Output Enable Pin Provides On/Off Control • Programmable Soft Start Control • High Current Output Drives for Synchronous Rectification • Internally Trimmed Reference with Low Temperature Coefficient • Programmable Overcurrent Protection • Overvoltage Fault Indication • Functionally Similar to the LTC1553 ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33470DW Operating Temperature Range TA = 0° to +75°C Package SO–20L http://onsemi. specifically designed for Microprocessor supply. A 5–bit digital–to–analog converter defines the dc output voltage. efficiency and optimum regulation performance is desirable. The first is a pair of high speed comparators which monitor the output voltage and expedite the circuit response to load current changes. The third feature is two output drivers which provide synchronous rectification for optimum efficiency.

com 69 .5 V PWM Comparator 90 µA En S R Q Q 190 µA Imax 2 PV CC 20 G1 9 SS Delay 8 Ifb 1 G2 3 PGnd 0.5 V 10 µA + 11 Outen 19 VCC 5 Over Temp Digitally Programmed Reference Vref VCC Over Current Detect 2.96 Vref Vref 800 µ 6 Sense 20 µA 13 Power Good PWM Latch + 1.SMPSRM Simplified Block Diagram OT 18 17 Voltage Identification 16 Code Input 15 14 VID0 VID1 VID2 VID3 VID4 7 Oscillator VCC 1.14 Vref Delay S 14 Fault AGnd 4 Compensation 10 http://onsemi.93 Vref 1.04 Vref OTA Error Amp + 1.04 Vref R + Q 0.

These regulators were designed to minimize the number of external components to simplify the power supply design.3 V 5.0 Amp Switch Reset Thermal Shutdown 7 Pwr Gnd 4 D1 L1 Vout Cout Load 1. Low Power Standby Mode • High Efficiency • Uses Readily Available Standard Inductors • Thermal Shutdown and Current Limit Protection Applications • Simple and High–Efficiency Step–Down (Buck) Regulators • Efficient Pre–Regulator for Linear Regulators • On–Card Switching Regulators • Positive to Negative Converters (Buck–Boost) • Negative Step–Up Converters • Power Supply for Battery Chargers XX = Voltage Option. 15 V. 5. featuring 60 µA (typical) standby current.SMPSRM Switching Regulator Control Circuits (continued) Easy Switcher Single–Ended Controllers with On–Chip Power Switch Step–Down Voltage Regulators LM2574N–XX TJ = –40° to +125°C.5 A Output Current • Wide Input Voltage Range: 4. the power dissipated by the LM2574 regulator is so low. especially with higher input voltages. These devices are available in fixed output voltages of 3. as well as thermal shutdown for full protection under fault conditions.3.7 k 3.0 V. 5. 15 V. Standard series of inductors optimized for use with the LM2574 are offered by several different inductor manufacturers.84 k 11. R2 = 0 Ω R2 (Ω) 1. and an adjustable output version. and ADJ for Adjustable Output Representative Block Diagram and Typical Application Unregulated DC Input Cin 1 Feedback R2 Fixed Gain Error Amplifier Comparator Current Limit +Vin 5 3. its efficiency is significantly higher in comparison with popular three–terminal linear regulators.3 k R1 1. External shutdown is included.0 V 12 V 15 V For adjustable version R1 = open. 12 V. Features • 3.5 A load with excellent line and load regulation. and Adjustable Output Versions • Adjustable Version Output Voltage Range. In most cases. The output switch includes cycle–by–cycle current limiting.0 k Sig Gnd 2 Driver Freq Shift 18 kHz 52 kHz Oscillator Latch Output 1.23 to 37 V ±4% max over Line and Load Conditions • Guaranteed 0. DIP–8 The LM2574 series of regulators are monolithic integrated circuits ideally suited for easy and convenient design of a step–down switching regulator (buck converter).. that the copper traces on the printed circuit board are normally the only heatsink needed and no additional heatsinking is required. 5.1 k 8. 3. 15 V. 1. i.3 V.3 V. All circuits of this series are capable of driving a 0. 12. and ±10% on the oscillator frequency (±2% over 0°C to +125°C). 12 V.e.75 to 40 V • Requires Only 4 External Components • 52 kHz Fixed Frequency Internal Oscillator • TTL Shutdown Capability. The LM2574 features include a guaranteed ±4% tolerance on output voltage within specified input voltages and output load conditions.com 70 .235 V Band–Gap Reference http://onsemi.0 V.1 V Internal Regulator ON/OFF ON/OFF 3 Output Voltage Versions 3. Since the LM2574 converter is a switch–mode power supply.

15 V. All circuits of this series are capable of driving a 1. TO–220 5 Leads. the power dissipated by the LM2575/6 regulator is so low. 15 V.3.3 k R1 1. D2T TJ = –40° to +125°C. especially with higher input voltages.0 A (LM2575) 3.0 k Driver Freq Shift 18 kHz 52 kHz Oscillator Latch Output 1. http://onsemi. 5.com 71 . Low Power Standby Mode • High Efficiency • Uses Readily Available Standard Inductors • Thermal Shutdown and Current Limit Protection Applications • Simple and High–Efficiency Step–Down (Buck) Regulators • Efficient Pre–Regulator for Linear Regulators • On–Card Switching Regulators • Positive to Negative Converters (Buck–Boost) • Negative Step–Up Converters • Power Supply for Battery Chargers XX = Voltage Option. 15 V.0 V. as well as thermal shutdown for full protection under fault conditions. These devices are available in fixed output voltages of 3.0 A (LM2576) Output Current • Wide Input Voltage Range: 4. 12 V. 5. 3.3 V. and ADJ for Adjustable Output Representative Block Diagram and Typical Application Unregulated DC Input Cin 4 Feedback R2 Fixed Gain Error Amplifier Comparator Current Limit +Vin 1 3.235 V Band–Gap Reference This device contains 162 active transistors. and Adjustable Output Versions • Adjustable Version Output Voltage Range of 1.3 V 5. featuring 80 µA typical standby current. that no heatsink is required or its size could be reduced dramatically. Standard series of inductors optimised for use with the LM2575/6 are offered by several different inductor manufacturers. its efficiency is significantly higher in comparison with popular three–terminal linear regulators. In many cases.e. LM2576T–XX.0 A (LM2576) load with excellent line and load regulation.0 A (LM2575) or 3. and an adjustable output version.1 V Internal Regulator ON/OFF ON/OFF 5 Output Voltage Versions 3. These regulators were designed to minimize the number of external components to simplify the power supply design. 5. and ±10% on the oscillator frequency (±2% over 0°C to 125°C). 12. D2PAK 5 Leads The LM2575/6 series of regulators are monolithic integrated circuits ideally suited for easy and convenient design of a step–down switching regulator (buck converter). R2 = 0 Ω R2 (Ω) 1.0 V. External shutdown is included. 12 V. Since the LM2575/6 converter is a switch–mode power supply. The LM2575/6 features include a guaranteed ±4% tolerance on output voltage within specified input voltages and output load conditions.0 Amp Switch Reset Thermal Shutdown 2 Gnd 3 D1 L1 Regulated Output Vout Cout Load 1. TV..1 k 8.SMPSRM Step–Down Voltage Regulators (continued) LM2575T–XX.0 V 12 V 15 V For adjustable version R1 = open.3 V. The output switch includes cycle–by–cycle current limiting. TV.75 V to 40 V • Requires Only 4 External Components • 52 kHz Fixed Frequency Internal Oscillator • TTL Shutdown Capability.23 V to 37 V ±4% Maximum Over Line and Load Conditions • Guaranteed 1. Features • 3.84 k 11. D2T. i.7 k 3.

. . . . . . . . . Page Off–line SMPS Controllers . . games. . ac–to–dc power supplies and dc–to–dc converters in the flyback topology. . . . . televisions. . . and various consumer appliances. . . . . respectively.SMPSRM Off–line SMPS Controllers In Brief . . . . . .com 72 . . 76 ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS SIGNAL CONDITIONING BATTERY MANAGEMENT POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT MOTOR CONTROL INTERFACE OTHER CIRCUITS Op–Amps Lithium Battery Protection ICs Charge Controllers DC–DC Converters with Inductor Off–Line SMPS Controllers Power Factor Controllers Voltage References Linear Voltage Regulators LDO Linear Voltage Regulators MOSFET/ IGBT Drivers Dedicated Drivers Dedicated Power Mgmnt Controllers Undervoltage Supervisory Overvoltage Supervisory DC Motor Control Data Transmission Display Drivers Timers Comparators Linear Four– Quadrant Multiplier http://onsemi. 73 Special Switching Regulator Controllers . . Applications include desktop computers. . . These high performance controllers are optimized for off–line. . peripherals. . They also have undervoltage lockout voltages which are optimized for off–line and lower voltage dc–to–dc converters.

The single–ended configurations include buck.5% Device MC34060A MC33060A TA (°C) 0 to +70 –40 to +85 Package SO–14 DIP–14 SO–14 DIP–14 1000 (Totem Pole MOSFET Drive Out ut) Output) 11.0 ± 2.0 to 40 Maximum Useful Oscillator Frequency (kHz) 200 IO (mA) Max 500 (Uncommitted Drive Output) Operating Mode Voltage Reference (V) 5.0% 5. boost.0 ± 1. These circuits operate in voltage.0 ± 2.0% 500 UC3842A UC2842A UC3843A UC2843A 0 to +70 –25 to +85 0 to +70 –25 to +85 0 to +70 –25 to +85 0 to +70 –25 to +85 0 to +70 SO–14 DIP–8 SO–14 DIP–8 SO–14 DIP–8 SO–14 DIP–8 SO–14 DIP–8 SO–14 DIP–8 SO–14 DIP–8 SO–14 DIP–8 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 11. Minimum Operating Voltage Range (V) 7.0% 5.0% 5. Table 3.0% 500 (50% Duty Cycle Limit) UC3844 UC2844 UC3845 UC2845 11.0% 5.SMPSRM Off–line SMPS Controllers These devices contain the primary building blocks which are required to implement a variety of switching power supplies. current or resonant modes and are designed to drive many of the standard switching topologies. The product offerings fall into three major categories consisting of single–ended and double–ended controllers. plus single–ended ICs with on–chip power switch transistors.0 ± 1.0% 5. They are cost effective in applications that range from 0. boost. flyback and forward converters.0% 5.0 ± 2.0 ± 2. half bridge and full bridge configurations. flyback.5 to 30 11 to 30 8.2 to 30 5.com 73 .1 to 200 W power output.5 to 30 5. The double–ended devices control push–pull. and forward converters.0 ± 1.0 ± 1.0 ± 1.0 ± 2.5 to 30 11 to 30 8.2 to 30 Current 5. Single–Ended Controllers These single–ended voltage and current mode controllers are designed for use in buck.0% 500 (Improved (I d Oscillator Specifications with Frequency q y Guaranteed at 250 kHz) UC3842B UC3842BV –40 to +105 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 http://onsemi.

0 ± 1. Single–Ended Controllers (continued) These single–ended voltage and current mode controllers are designed for use in buck.1 to 200 W power output.0 ± 2.0 ± 2.0% UC3843B 0 to +70 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 UC3843BV –40 to +105 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 5.0% 500 (50% Duty Cycle Limit) UC3844B 0 to +70 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 UC3844BV –40 to +105 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 11 to 30 5.0% Device UC2842B TA (°C) –25 to +85 Package SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 8. Minimum Operating Voltage Range (V) 11 to 30 Maximum Useful Oscillator Frequency (kHz) 500 (Improved Oscillator Specifications S ecifications with Frequency Guaranteed a 50 at 250 kHz) ) IO (mA) Max 1000 (Totem Pole MOSFET Drive Out ut) Output) Operating Mode Current Reference (V) 5.0 ± 1.0% 1000 MC34023P 0 to +70 DIP–16 MC33023DW –40 to +105 SO–16L http://onsemi.0% UC2844B –25 to +85 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 8.SMPSRM Table 3.0 ± 1.2 to 30 Current or Voltage 5. boost.5 to 30 5.2 to 30 5.com 74 .0% UC2845B –25 to +85 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 1000 Source 1500 Sink (Split Totem Pole Bipolar Drive Output) 2000 (Totem P l (T Pole MOSFET Drive Output) 11 to 18 5.0 ± 2. flyback.0% UC2843B –25 to +85 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 11. They are cost effective in applications that range from 0. and forward converters.0% MC44602 DIP–16 9.2 to 30 5.0 ± 6.1 ± 1.0 ± 1.0% UC3845B 0 to +70 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 UC3845BV –40 to +105 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 5.

and full–bridge converters.0 ± 5.com 75 .0 ± 2. Minimum Operating Voltage Range (V) 7.0% 1000 MC34066 MC33066 0 to +70 –40 to +85 DIP–16 SO–16L DIP–16 2000 MC34067 0 to +70 SO–16L DIP–16 MC33067 –40 to +85 SO–16L DIP–16 2000 (Totem P l (T Pole MOSFET Drive Outputs) 9.5% 300 TL594 0 to +70 –25 to +85 ± 500 (Totem Pole MOSFET Drive Outputs) ± 200 (Totem Pole MOSFET Drive Outputs) ±1500 (Totem P l (T Pole MOSFET Drive Outputs) 8.1 ± 1.1 ± 2.0 ± 1.0% 400 SG3525A 0 to +70 5.0% 1000 MC34025 0 to +70 SO–16L DIP–16 MC33025 –40 to +105 SO–16L (1) Tolerance applies over the specified operating temperature range.0 to 40 5.0%(1) Device TL494 TA (°C) 0 to +70 –25 to +85 Package DIP–16 DIP–16 DIP–16 DIP–16 DIP–16 5.2 to 30 Current or Voltage 5. http://onsemi. (2) Junction Temperature Range.1 ± 2. current and resonant mode controllers are designed for use in push–pull.0 to 40 Maximum Useful Oscillator Frequency (kHz) 200 IO (mA) Max 500 (Uncommitted (U i d Out uts) Drive Outputs) Operating Mode Voltage Reference (V) 5.6 to 20 Resonant (Zero (Z Current) Resonant (Zero (Z Voltage) 5.0% SG3526 0 to +125(2) DIP–18 9.SMPSRM Table 4. half–bridge. Double–Ended Controllers These double–ended voltage. They are cost effective in applications that range from 100 to 2000 watts power output.

Dual Channel Controllers IO (mA) Max ±1000 (Totem P l (T Pole MOSFET Drive Outputs) Minimum Operating Voltage Range (V) 11 to 20 Operating Mode Current Reference (V) 5. active off–line startup circuitry and a full featured PWM controller with fault protection. They also have undervoltage lockout voltages which are optimized for off–line and lower voltage dc–to–dc converters.0 ± 2.4 Ω 20W Active On–Chip 250 V FET Active On–Chip 500 V FET Active On–Chip 450 V FET Active On–Chip 450 V FET PWM. respectively. Maximum Useful Oscillator Frequency (kHz) 500 Table 5. games.6% Device MC33065 TA (°C) –40 to +85 Package SO–16L DIP–16 8. televisions. Very High Voltage Single–Ended Controller with On–Chip Power Switch This monolithic high voltage switching regulator is specifically designed to operate from a rectified ac line voltage source.SMPSRM Special Switching Regulator Controllers These high performance dual channel controllers are optimized for off–line.5 Ω 14W Adjustable up to 300 kHz DIP–16 SO–16WB 25 to +125°C MC33363B Yes Yes 700 V 1A 15 Ω 8W Adjustable up to 300 kHz DIP–16 SO–16WB 25 to +125°C MC33365 Yes Yes 700 V 1A 15 Ω 8W Adjustable up to 300 kHz DIP–16 25 to +125°C MC33369 Yes Yes 700 V 0. Applications include desktop computers. ac–to–dc power supplies and dc–to–dc converters in the flyback topology. Power Switch MOSFET Integrated Max Output Power @ V in = 92V to 265 VAC RDS(on) (typ. Fixed Frequency S Voltage Mode S S S S Adjustable up to 300 kHz DIP–16 SO–16WB 25 to +125°C * * * * MC33363A Yes 700 V 1A 7. Fixed Frequency S Voltage Mode PWM. Fixed Frequency S Voltage Mode PWM. and various consumer appliances. Included are an on–chip high voltage power switch.4 to 20 MC33065 –40 to +85 SO–16L DIP–16 Table 6.com 76 . Fixed Frequency S Fixed @ 100 kHz DIP–8 TO–220 5 25 to +125°C * http://onsemi.5A 12 Ω 12W Active On–Chip 700 V FET PWM. Fixed Frequency S Voltage Mode PWM. @ T = 25 °C) J Rectified 85 to 276 VAC Line Temperature Range Oscillator Frequency Additional Features Bulk Capacitor Voltage Sensing Capability to Sense an AC Line Brown–Out Programmable State Controller for Converter Max Drain Voltage Start–Up Package Control Scheme Peak Current Device MC33362 ONLY 110 V Opera– tion Yes Yes 500 V 2A 4. peripherals.

8 Ω 75W Fixed @ 100 kHz DIP–8 TO–220 5 25 to +125°C MC33374 Yes Yes 700 V 3. Fixed Frequency PWM.com 77 Additional Features Max Drain Voltage Start–Up Package Control Scheme Peak Current Device .5A 6. @ T = 25 °C) J Rectified 85 to 276 VAC Line Temperature Range Oscillator Frequency MC33370 Yes Yes 700 V 0.9A 12 Ω 25W Active On–Chip 700 V FET Active On–Chip 700 V FET Active On–Chip 700 V FET Active On–Chip 700 V FET Active On–Chip 700 V FET PWM. Fixed Frequency PWM. Fixed Frequency PWM.8 Ω 45W Fixed @ 100 kHz DIP–8 TO–220 5 25 to +125°C MC33372 Yes Yes 700 V 2A 4. Fixed Frequency S S S S S Fixed @ 100 kHz DIP–8 TO–220 5 25 to +125°C * * * * * Programmable State Controller for Converter Programmable State Controller for Converter Programmable State Controller for Converter Programmable State Controller for Converter Programmable State Controller for Converter MC33371 Yes Yes 700 V 1.8 Ω 60W Fixed @ 100 kHz DIP–8 TO–220 5 25 to +125°C MC33373 Yes Yes 700 V 2.SMPSRM Power Switch MOSFET Integrated Max Output Power @ V in = 92V to 265 VAC RDS(on) (typ. Fixed Frequency PWM.3A 3.0 Ω 90W Fixed @ 100 kHz DIP–8 TO–220 5 25 to +125°C http://onsemi.7A 3.

unloaded. overvoltage detection.SMPSRM Switching Regulator Control Circuits (continued) Single–Ended GreenLine Controllers Enhanced Mixed Frequency Mode GreenLine PWM Controller: Fixed Frequency.com 78 . The MC44603A has several distinguishing features when compared to conventional SMPS controllers. Current or Voltage Mode Controller • • • • • • • • Operation Up to 250 kHz Output Switching Frequency Inherent Feed Forward Compensation Latching PWM for Cycle–by–Cycle Current Limiting Oscillator with Precise Frequency Control Externally Programmable Reference Current Secondary or Primary Sensing High Current Totem Pole Output Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis High Flexibility http://onsemi. offering the designer additional protection for increased system reliability. It is optimized to operate in discontinuous mode but can also operate in continuous mode. In addition. or shorted. Standby Mode MC44603AP. DIP–16 The MC44604 is an enhanced high performance controller that is specifically designed for off–line and dc–to–dc converter applications. DIP–16. Its high current totem pole output is also ideally suited for driving a power MOSFET but can also be used for driving a bipolar transistor in low power converters (< 150 W). a demagnetization detection for reduced switching stresses on transistor and diodes. Its advanced design allows use in current mode or voltage mode control applications. DW TA = –25° to +85°C. Variable Frequency. Current or Voltage Mode Controller High Flexibility • • • • • Externally Programmable Reference Current Secondary or Primary Sensing Synchronization Facility High Current Totem Pole Output Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis Safety/Protection Features • Overvoltage Protection Against Open Current and Open Voltage Loop • Protection Against Short Circuit on Oscillator Pin • Fully Programmable Foldback • Soft–Start Feature • Accurate Maximum Duty Cycle Setting • Demagnetization (Zero Current Detection) Protection • Internally Trimmed Reference • Enhanced Output Drive GreenLine Controller: Low Power Consumption in Standby Mode • • • • Operation up to 250 kHz Output Switching Frequency Inherent Feed Forward Compensation Latching PWM for Cycle–by–Cycle Current Limiting Oscillator with Precise Frequency Control • • • • Low Startup and Operating Current Fully Programmable Standby Mode Controlled Frequency Reduction in Standby Mode Low dV/dT for Low EMI Radiations High Safety Standby Ladder Mode GreenLine PWM Controller MC44604P TA = –25° to +85°C. These features consist of a foldback facility for overload protection. a standby mode when the converter output is slightly loaded. The MC44604 offers enhanced safety and reliable power management in its protection features (foldback. and a high current totem pole output ideally suited for driving a power MOSFET. This device has the unique ability of automatically changing operating modes if the converter output is overloaded. SO–16L The MC44603A is an enhanced high performance controller that is specifically designed for off–line and dc–to–dc converter applications. The MC44604 is a modification of the MC44603. the MC44604 offers a new efficient way to reduce the standby operating power by means of a patented standby ladder mode operation of the converter significantly reducing the converter consumption in standby mode. It can also be used for driving a bipolar transistor in low power converters (< 150 W). accurate demagnetization detection). soft–start.

): Calculation of Input Power for Overload Protection • Over Heating Detection (O. Current or Voltage Mode Controller • • • • High Current Totem Pole Output Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis Low Output dV/dT for Low EMI Low Startup and Operating Current Safety/Protection Features • Current Mode Operation Up to 250 kHz Output Switching Frequency • Inherent Feed Forward Compensation • Latching PWM for Cycle–by–Cycle Current Limiting • Oscillator with Precise Frequency Control • Externally Programmable Reference Current • Secondary or Primary Sensing (Availability of Error Amplifier Output) • Synchronization Facility • Soft–Start Feature • Demagnetization (Zero Current Detection) Protection • Overvoltage Protection Facility Against Open Loop • EHT Overvoltage Protection (E.): to Prevent the Power Switch from Excessive Heating Latched Disabling Mode • When one of the following faults is detected: EHT overvoltage.L.com 79 .H. power switch over heating (O.L. excessive input power (M.S.P. The MC44605 protections provide well controlled.D.D.SMPSRM Single–Ended GreenLine Controllers (continued) High Safety Standby Ladder Mode GreenLine PWM Controller (continued) Safety/Protection Features • • • • • • • Internally Trimmed Reference GreenLine Controller: Overvoltage Protection Facility Against Open Loop Protection Against Short Circuit on Oscillator Pin Fully Programmable Foldback Soft–Start Feature Accurate Maximum Duty Cycle Setting Demagnetization (Zero Current Detection) Protection • Low Startup and Operating Current • Patented Standby Ladder Mode for Low Standby Losses • Low dV/dT for Low EMI High Safety Latched Mode GreenLine PWM Controller for (Multi)Synchronized Applications MC44605P TA = –25° to +85°C. and its high current totem pole output makes it ideally suited for driving a power MOSFET.T. Winding Short Circuit (WSCD).P.H.OVP): Protection Against Excessive Amplitude Synchronization Pulses • Winding Short Circuit Detection (W. the circuit gets definitively disabled.D. a counter is activated • If the counter is activated for a time that is long enough. Safety enhancements detect four different fault conditions and provide protection through a disabling latch. The MC44605 has several distinguishing features that make it particularly suitable for multisynchronized monitor applications. This product was optimized to operate with universal ac mains voltage from 80 V to 280 V. The MC44605 synchronization arrangement enables operation from 16 kHz up to 130 kHz.). safe power management. The latch can only be reset by removing and then re–applying power http://onsemi.H. DIP–16 The MC44605 is a high performance current mode controller that is specifically designed for off–line converters.) • Limitation of the Maximum Input Power (M.C.).

com 80 . • • • • Integrated Start–Up Current Source Lossless Off–Line Start–Up Direct Off–Line Operation Fast Start–Up • Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis • On Chip Oscillator Switching Frequency 40.SMPSRM Few External Components Reliable and Flexible GreenLine Very High Voltage PWM Controller MC44608 TA = –25° to +85°C. or 100kHz • Secondary control with Few External Components Protections • Maximum Duty Cycle Limitation • Cycle by Cycle Current Limitation • Demagnetization (Zero Current Detection) Protection • “Over VCC Protection” Against Open Loop • Programmable Low Inertia Over Voltage Protection against open loop • Internal Thermal Protection GreenLine Controller General Features • Flexibility • Duty Cycle Control • Pulsed Mode Techniques for a Very High Efficiency Low Power Mode • Lossless Startup • Low dV/dT for Low EMI Radiations ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC44608P40 MC44608P75 MC44608P100 Operating Temperature Range Package Plastic Pl ti DIP 8 DIP–8 TJ = –25° to +85°C http://onsemi. This technique enables the reduction of the stand–by power consumption to approximately 1W while delivering 300mW in a 150W SMPS. The device also features a very high efficiency stand–by management consisting of an effective Pulsed Mode operation. DIP–8 The MC44608 is a high performance voltage mode controller designed for off–line converters. 75. requires few external components while offering a high flexibility and reliability. This high voltage circuit that integrates the start–up current source and the oscillator capacitor.

com 81 .SMPSRM Representative Block Diagram Demag 1 DMG + – 50 mV /20 mV UVLO2 >24 mA >120 m A 10 mA Vi 8 Start–up Source Latched off Phase Demag Logic Output Start–up Phase 200 m A Switching Phase 0 & Stand–by Latched Phase Start–up Phase 2 mS & OSC Enable Stand–by Management OC NOC Leading Edge Blanking Output + CS – 1V 10 kHz Filter OSC Start–up Phase Switching Phase OVP UVLO1 UVLO2 OUT Disable DMG Thermal S Shutdown PWM Latch R Q Buffer V CC Management 6 V CC 1 S1 Clock & PWM 5 Driver 4 GND + – & & VPWM Latched off Phase & Stand–by S2 S3 Regulation Block Switching Phase 2 Isense 3 Control Input http://onsemi.

12. input undervoltage lockout with hysteresis.0 A SenseFET power switch. high gain error amplifier. DIP–16.0 A SenseFET Power Switch • Rectified 120 VAC Line Source Operation • On–Chip 250 V Active Off–Line Startup FET • Latching PWM for Double Pulse Suppression • Cycle–By–Cycle Current Limiting • Input Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis • Output Overvoltage Protection Comparator • Trimmed Internal Bandgap Reference • Internal Thermal Shutdown 20 W Off–Line Converter AC Input Startup Input 1 Regulator Output 8 Mirror Reg Startup VCC 3 UVLO Overvoltage Protection Input DC Output 6 RT CT Osc 7 PWM Latch S Q PWM R LEB Compensation 9 Driver OVP 11 16 Power Switch Drain Ipk Thermal EA 10 Voltage Feedback Input Gnd 4. This integrated circuit features an on–chip 500 V/2. and a trimmed internal bandgap reference. and thermal shutdown. P TJ = –25° to +125°C. 13 http://onsemi. duty cycle controlled oscillator. 5. 250 V active off–line startup FET. SOP–16L The MC33362 is a monolithic high voltage switching regulator that is specifically designed to operate from a rectified 120 VAC line source.com 82 . current limiting comparator with a programmable threshold and leading edge blanking. output overvoltage protection. latching pulse width modulator for double pulse suppression. • On–Chip 500 V. 2. This device is available in a 16–lead dual–in–line and wide body surface mount packages. Protective features include cycle–by–cycle current limiting.SMPSRM Switching Regulator Control Circuits (continued) Very High Voltage Switching Regulator MC33362DW.

AP TJ = –25° to +125°C. • On–Chip 700 V. This device is available in a 16–lead dual–in–line and wide body surface mount packages.com 83 . and a trimmed internal bandgap reference. This integrated circuit features an on–chip 700 V/1.5 A SenseFET power switch. Protective features include cycle–by–cycle current limiting. high gain error amplifier. 12. SOP–16L The MC33363A is a monolithic high voltage switching regulator that is specifically designed to operate from a rectified 240 Vac line source. 5. current limiting comparator with a programmable threshold and leading edge blanking.SMPSRM Switching Regulator Control Circuits (continued) Very High Voltage Switching Regulator MC33363ADW. duty cycle controlled oscillator. latching pulse width modulator for double pulse suppression.5 A SenseFET Power Switch • Rectified 240 Vac Line Source Operation • On–Chip 500 V Active Off–Line Startup FET • Latching PWM for Double Pulse Suppression • Cycle–By–Cycle Current Limiting • Input Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis • Output Overvoltage Protection Comparator • Trimmed Internal Bandgap Reference • Internal Thermal Shutdown AC Input Startup Input 1 Regulator Output 8 Mirror Reg Startup VCC 3 UVLO DC Output 6 RT PWM Latch CT Osc 7 S Q PWM R LEB Driver OVP Overvoltage Protection Input 11 16 Power Switch Drain Ipk Thermal Compensation 9 EA 10 Voltage Feedback Input Gnd 4. DIP–16. input undervoltage lockout with hysteresis. output overvoltage protection. 13 http://onsemi. and thermal shutdown. 1. 550 V active off–line startup FET.

SMPSRM Switching Regulator Control Circuits (continued) High Voltage Switching Regulator MC33363B TJ = –25° to +125°C The MC33363B is a monolithic high voltage switching regulator that is specifically designed to operate from a rectified 240 Vac line source. This integrated circuit features an on–chip 700 V/1. • On–Chip 700 V. 5. This device is available in a 16–lead dual–in–line and wide body surface mount packages. 13 http://onsemi. latching pulse width modulator for double pulse suppression. duty cycle controlled oscillator. and a trimmed internal bandgap reference. overvoltage protection.com 84 . input undervoltage lockout with hysteresis. current limiting comparator with a programmable threshold and leading edge blanking. Protective features include cycle–by–cycle current limiting. 450 V active off–line startup FET.0 A SenseFET Power Switch • Rectified 240 Vac Line Source Operation • On–Chip 450 V Active Off–Line Startup FET • Latching PWM for Double Pulse Suppression • Cycle–By–Cycle Current Limiting • Input Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis • Output Overvoltage Protection • Trimmed Internal Bandgap Reference • Internal Thermal Shutdown ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33363BDW MC33363BP Operating Temperature Range TJ = –25° to +125°C 25° Package SOP–16L DIP–16 Simplified Application AC Input Startup Input Regulator Output 8 6 RT CT Osc 7 PWM Latch S Q PWM R Ipk Thermal LEB Compensation 9 EA 10 Voltage Feedback Input Driver OVP Startup Reg UVLO VCC 3 Overvoltage Protection Input 11 16 Power Switch Drain DC Output 1 Mirror Gnd 4. and thermal shutdown. high gain error amplifier. 1.0 A SenseFET power switch. 12.

Each narrow body SOIC package provides a small footprint. They are optimized for low power. SO–8. high density power supplies requiring minimum board area. It has an internal 126 kHz frequency clamp which is pinned out. and a CMOS driver. Protection features include the ability to shut down switching. SO–16 The MC33364 series are variable frequency SMPS controllers that operate in the critical conduction mode. and low power dissipation.com 85 . a zero current detector to ensure critical conduction operation. and cycle–by–cycle current limiting. D1. leading edge blanking. the frequency clamp limits the maximum operating frequency. The MC33364D1 is available in a surface mount SO–8 package. preventing excessive switching losses and EMI radiation. so that the designer can adjust the clamp frequency by connecting appropriate values of resistance and capacitance. • Lossless Off–Line Startup • Leading Edge Blanking for Noise Immunity • Watchdog Timer to Initiate Switching • Minimum Number of Support Components • Shutdown Capability • Over Temperature Protection • Optional Frequency Clamp Line Restart Delay PWM Comparator FB Current Sense Leading Edge Blanking Zero Current Detector S R R Q Vref UVLO Bandgap Reference Vref Gnd Watchdog Timer Gate Thermal Shutdown Frequency Clamp Optional Frequency Clamp VCC VCC UVLO ZC Det http://onsemi. For loads which have a low power operating condition. a watchdog timer to initiate output switching. reduced component count. D2 TJ = –25° to +125°C.SMPSRM Switching Regulator Control Circuits (continued) Critical Conduction SMPS Controller MC33364D. It has an internal 126 kHz frequency clamp.7 W of power compared to resistor bootstrapped circuits. Integration of the high voltage startup saves approximately 0. The MC33364D is available in the SO–16 package. The MC33364D2 is available in the SO–8 package without an internal frequency clamp. a current sensing comparator. Each MC33364 features an on–board reference. UVLO function.

DIP–16 The MC33365 is a monolithic high voltage switching regulator that is specifically designed to operate from a rectified 240 Vac line source.SMPSRM Switching Regulator Control Circuits (continued) High Voltage Switching Regulator MC33365 TJ = –25° to +125°C. This integrated circuit features an on–chip 700 V/1. latching pulse width modulator for double pulse suppression. 13 http://onsemi. 5. 1. current limiting comparator with a programmable threshold and leading edge blanking. input undervoltage lockout with hysteresis. duty cycle controlled oscillator. 12. Protective features include cycle–by–cycle current limiting. high gain error amplifier.com 86 . bulk capacitor voltage sensing. and a trimmed internal bandgap reference. and thermal shutdown.0 A SenseFET Power Switch • Rectified 240 Vac Line Source Operation • On–Chip 450 V Active Off–Line Startup FET • Latching PWM for Double Pulse Suppression • Cycle–By–Cycle Current Limiting • Input Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis • Bulk Capacitor Voltage Comparator • Trimmed Internal Bandgap Reference • Internal Thermal Shutdown ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33365P Operating Temperature Range TJ = –25° to +125°C Package DIP–16 Simplified Application AC Input Startup Input Regulator Output 8 6 RT CT Osc 7 PWM Latch S Q PWM R Ipk Thermal LEB Compensation 9 EA 10 Voltage Feedback Input Driver BOK Startup Reg UVLO BOK 11 16 Power Switch Drain VCC 3 DC Output 1 Mirror Gnd 4.0 A SenseFET power switch. This device is available in a 16–lead dual–in–line package. • On–Chip 700 V. 450 V active off–line startup FET.

fixed frequency duty cycle controlled oscillator.0 2.9 1.7 DIP–8 Vertical Mount Straight Lead MC33370T MC33371T MC33372T MC33373T MC33374T MC33370TV MC33371TV MC33372TV MC33373TV MC33374TV MC33369T/TV MC33369AP MC33370P MC33371P MC33372P + MC33373AP DC Output 5 VCC 1 Programmable State Controller Feedback Input 2 + Pulse Width Modulator Controller Istart Power Switch Drain – This device contains 391 active transistors.8 3.8 3. Protective features include cycle–by–cycle current limiting. allowing a simple and economical power system solution for office automation. MC33371T.5 0. an on–chip 700 V SENSEFET power switch.com 87 . This device series features a programmable state controller.0 12 6.8 3. consumer. MC33374T TJ = –40°C to +150°C.5 0.0 2.0 12 12 12 6.8 3. and a high gain error amplifier with a bandgap reference for primary or secondary side regulation. and industrial products.8 3.3 0. and in flyback converter applications are capable of providing an output power in excess of 150 W with a fixed AC input of 100 V. 700 V active off–line startup FET.0 2. These devices are designed to operate directly from a rectified AC line source. or 230 V.7 3. 115 V.8 Peak Package Current (A) 0. and a non–latching thermal shutdown. State Control Input 4 Power MOSFET Switch On/Off Ground 3 http://onsemi.9 1. auto restart logic. These devices are available in economical five pin TO–220 style packages.5 2. current limiting comparator with leading edge blanking.7 3. input undervoltage lockout with hysteresis. latching pulse width modulator for double pulse suppression. MC33372T. and in excess of 90 W with a variable AC input that ranges from 85 V to 265 V.5 2. TO–220 The MC33370 series are monolithic high voltage power switching regulators that combine the required converter functions with a unique programmable state controller.8 4.SMPSRM Switching Regulator Control Circuits (continued) High Voltage Power Switching Regulator MC33370T.8 4.8 4.3 0.9 1. • Programmable State Controller • On–Chip 700 V SENSEFET Power Switch • Rectified AC Line Source Operation from 85 V to 265 V • On–Chip 700 V Active Off–Line Start–Up FET Typical Application + AC Input Snubber + + • • • • • Latching PWM for Double Pulse Suppression Cycle–By–Cycle Current Limiting Input Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis Non–Latching Internal Thermal Shutdown Enhanced Functionality Over TOP200 and TOP221 Series ORDERING INFORMATION Power Switch Device On Resistance (Ω) 12 6. MC33373T.5 2.

and any intermediary solutions can be easily implemented. . . . . . . Also. . . the solution system cost is significantly lowered. . . . The new PFC’s are developed to control Power Factor Correction pre–converters meeting IEC1000–3–2 standard requirements in electronic ballast and off–line power conversion applications. . . . Ultimately. They can be synchronized and feature very effective protection to ensure a safe and reliable operation. This flexibility makes them ideal to optimally cope with a wide range of applications. . . . . . . . . These devices are designed to work in free frequency critical conduction mode. They also optimized to offer extremely compact and cost–effective PFC solutions. The portfolio offers products that can propose a free output voltage level mode (follower boost technique) that enables a drastic size reduction of both the inductor and the power Mosfet.com 88 . . Page Power Factor Controllers . . . . 92 ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS SIGNAL CONDITIONING BATTERY MANAGEMENT POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT MOTOR CONTROL INTERFACE OTHER CIRCUITS Op–Amps Lithium Battery Protection ICs Charge Controllers DC–DC Converters with Inductor Off–Line SMPS Controllers Power Factor Controllers Voltage References Linear Voltage Regulators LDO Linear Voltage Regulators MOSFET/ IGBT Drivers Dedicated Drivers Dedicated Power Mgmnt Controllers Undervoltage Supervisory Overvoltage Supervisory DC Motor Control Data Transmission Display Drivers Timers Comparators Linear Four– Quadrant Multiplier http://onsemi. . . . . .SMPSRM Power Factor Controllers In Brief . . . 89 GreenLine Power Factor Controller . they are able to function in a traditional way (constant output voltage regulation level). . . .

0 to 16 500 5. Lockout Internal Startup Timer Device MC34261 MC33261 TA (°C) 0 to +70 –40 to +85 Package DIP–8 SO–8 DIP–8 MC34262 0 to +85 SO–8 DIP–8 MC33262 –40 to +105 SO–8 DIP–8 1500 (CMOS Totem Pole MOSFET Drive Outputs) 9.0 to 30 Maximum Startup Start p Voltage (V) 30 Reference (V) 2. Low Load Detect MC33368 –25 to +125 SO–16 DIP–16 http://onsemi. Internal Startup I lS Timer Overvoltage C Comparator.com 89 .0 ± 1. Power Factor Controllers IO (mA) Max ± 500 (Totem P l (T Pole MOSFET Drive Outputs) Minimum Operating Voltage Range (V) 9.5% Off–Line High Voltage Startup Overvoltage Com arator.4% Features Undervoltage Lockout.SMPSRM Table 7. Comparator Undervoltage Lockout. Undervoltage Lockout.5 ± 1. Timer.

1 MC34262 Zero Current Detector 1.5 V Reference UVLO 14 V 16 V Drive Output RS Latch 1. and a totem pole output ideally suited for driving a power MOSFET. DIP–8.2 V 1. cycle–by–cycle current limiting.6 V 2. quickstart circuit for enhanced startup. current sensing comparator.01 12 k Quickstart 0. a one quadrant multiplier for near unity power factor.7 V 100 k 1N4934 100 22 k 85 to 265 Vac RFI Filter T MUR460 VO 400 V/ 0.6 M 10 k http://onsemi. transconductance error amplifier.3 M Current Sense Comparator 1. input undervoltage lockout with hysteresis. MC33262 series are active power factor controllers specifically designed for use as a preconverter in electronic ballast and in off–line power converter applications. an RS latch for single pulse metering. trimmed internal bandgap reference. Also included are protective features consisting of an overvoltage comparator to eliminate runaway output voltage due to load removal. SO–8 MC33262D. These integrated circuits feature an internal startup timer for stand alone applications. DIP–8.44 A Timer R Delay MTP 14N50E 330 20 k 10 pF 0. zero current detector to ensure critical conduction operation. P TA = –40° to +105°C.1 1.5 V Overvoltage Comparator 1.SMPSRM Power Factor Controllers MC34262D.com 90 . SO–8 The MC34262. P TA = 0° to +85°C. multiplier output clamp that limits maximum peak switch current.68 Error Amp Vref 10 10 36 V 6.08 Vref 10 µA Multiplier 0. and a drive output high state clamp for MOSFET gate protection. These devices are available in dual–in–line and surface mount plastic packages.

001 R10 10 k C7 470 pF R9 10 R7 0.01 Multiplier 4 Comp C1 1.0 1. high density power supplies requiring minimum board area.5 V Q Timer R Vref Line MC33368 15 V UVLO Zero Current Detect 1.1 Vref C3 330 MTW20N50E R2 820 k 1N4744 VCC D8 12 1N4934 RS Latch R R S S Q S Set Dominant Overvoltage Comparator 7 15 V ZCD R4 22 k Gate 11 R5 1.1 Vref 5. a zero current detector to ensure critical conduction operation.7 W of power compared to resistor bootstrapped circuits.08 x Vref Frequency Clamp 13 FC 9 LEB 6 CS C8 0.0 13/8. reduced component count. SO–16 The MC33368 is an active power factor controller that functions as a boost preconverter in off–line power supply applications.2/1. and cycle–by–cycle current limiting. a transconductance error amplifier. The MC33368 also includes a programmable output switching frequency clamp. and a CMOS driver for driving MOSFETs. P TJ = –25° to +125°C.0 V Reference 3 FB R1 10 k http://onsemi. an undervoltage lockout (UVLO) circuit which monitors the VCC supply voltage. Integration of the high voltage startup saves approximately 0. Protection features include an output overvoltage comparator to minimize overshoot. The narrow body SOIC package provides a small footprint.5 k C2 0. • Lossless Off–Line Startup • Output Overvoltage Comparator • Leading Edge Blanking (LEB) for Noise Immunity • Watchdog Timer to Initiate Switching • Restart Delay Timer D2 92 to 270 Vac EMI Filter D1 16 Vref R8 1.com 91 .0 V reference.5 V R13 51 D6 C4 100 T MUR460 D5 Q1 R11 10 PGnd 10 Low Load Detect 1. and low power dissipation. DIP–16.0 M RD C9 330 µF 2 AGnd 8 1. a restart delay timer.3 M Quickstart Leading Edge Blanking Mult 5 R3 10. a current sens1N5406 D4 D3 C5 1. a one quadrant multiplier to force the line current to follow the instantaneous line voltage.0 ing comparator.SMPSRM Power Factor Controllers (continued) MC33368D. MC33368 is optimized for low power. a 5.0 1 Vref C6 0. The MC33368 features a watchdog timer to initiate output switching.

. Lamp Ballast. any intermediary solutions can be easily implemented. the solution system cost is significantly lowered. .com 92 . General Features • “Free Level’’ or Traditional Constant Output Level Mode • Switch Mode Operation: Voltage Mode • Latching PWM for Cycle–by–Cycle On–Time Control • Totem Pole Gate Drive • Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis • Low Start–up and Operating Current • Improved Regulation Block Dynamic Behaviour • Synchronization Facility • Internally Trimmed Reference Current Source Safety/Protection Features • Overvoltage Protection: Output Overvoltage Detection • Undervoltage Protection: Protection Against Open Loop • Accurate Demagnetization (Zero Current Detection) Protection • Precise and Adjustable Maximum On–Time Limitation • Over Current Protection ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33260P Temperature Range –40° to +105°C Package Plastic DIP–8 Typical Application D1 . . Designed to work in free frequency critical conduction mode. Ultimately. This flexibility makes it ideal to optimally cope with a wide range of applications. . while requiring a minimum number of external components.SMPSRM GreenLine Power Factor Controller MC33260P The MC33260 is developed to control Power Factor Correction preconverters meeting IEC1000–3–2 standard requirements in electronic ballast and off–line power conversion applications.) GreenLine is a trademark of Semiconductor Components Industries. This circuit is also optimized to offer extremely compact and cost–effective PFC solutions. In effect. . LLC (SCILLC) http://onsemi. D4 1 µF D1 1 2 Vcontrol 3 Rcs 4 CT Rs 8 Vcc + Q1 C1 Ro MC33260 7 6 5 sync Load (SMPS. it can also be synchronized and in any case. it features very effective protections to ensure a safe and reliable operation. the MC33260 also proposes a free output voltage level mode (follower boost technique) that enables a drastic size reduction of both the inductor and the power mosfet. Also able to function in traditional way (constant output voltage regulation level).

. low temperature drift. . A/D converters. . voltmeter systems. precision power supplies. temperature monitors. . and long term stability. Initial accuracies of ±1. .SMPSRM Voltage References In Brief . .0%. . and ±2. .com 93 . Uses for the references include D/A converters. ON Semiconductor’s line of precision voltage references is designed for applications requiring high initial accuracy. . . .0% mean production line adjustments can be eliminated. . . 94 ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS SIGNAL CONDITIONING BATTERY MANAGEMENT POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT MOTOR CONTROL INTERFACE OTHER CIRCUITS Op–Amps Lithium Battery Protection ICs Charge Controllers DC–DC Converters with Inductor Off–Line SMPS Controllers Power Factor Controllers Voltage References Linear Voltage Regulators LDO Linear Voltage Regulators MOSFET/ IGBT Drivers Dedicated Drivers Dedicated Power Mgmnt Controllers Undervoltage Supervisory Overvoltage Supervisory DC Motor Control Data Transmission Display Drivers Timers Comparators Linear Four– Quadrant Multiplier http://onsemi. . . and many others. Page Precision Low Voltage References . . Temperature coefficients of 25 ppm/°C max (typically 10 ppm/°C) provide excellent stability.

SO–8.0 mA.5 Ω Regline (mV) Max (Note 1) ( ) Regload (mV) Max 1. http://onsemi. 10 µA ≤ IR ≤ 1. SO–8 DIP–8 TO–92. DIP–8 Package TO–92.2 LM285Z–2.235 ± 12 mV 1.0 mA. Table 8.5 ± 38 mV 2. 3. 5.0 (Note 3) 10 (Note 5) (N SO–8. 0 mA ≤ IL ≤ 10 mA.5 MC1403B MC1403 MC1404P5 TL431C.5 to 37 100 40 50 Typ IO (mA) Max 20 Vout/T (ppm/°C) Max 80 Typ y Device 0° to +70°C LM385BZ–1. Micropower Reference Diode Dynamic Impedance (z) ≤ 1.0 Ω at IR = 100 µA. 4. 20 µA ≤ IR ≤ 1.2 LM385BZ–2. BC – TL431I. 2.5 ± 25 mV 10 25 40 5. Precision Low Voltage References Vout (V) Typ 1.5 (Note 4) (N 6.5 ± 75 mV 2. 4.com 94 . (Vout + 2. AC.0 (Note 6) Shunt Reference Dynamic Im edance Impedance (z) ≤ 0.0 ± 50 mV 2.235 ± 25 mV 2.0 (Note 2) 2.5 – 3. BI –40° to +85°C LM285Z–1. SO–8 Micro–8 Notes: 1. DIP–8. AI.5 LM385Z–2.0/4. 6.SMPSRM Precision Low Voltage References A family of precision low voltage bandgap reference devices designed for applications requiring low temperature drift.2 LM385Z–1.5 V) ≤ Vin ≤ 40 V.5 V ≤ Vin ≤ 15 V/15 V ≤ Vin ≤ 40 V.

. . . . . . 107 Special Regulators . . Page Linear Voltage Regulators . . 100 Special Voltage Regulators . . . . . . All these products are available in multiple package versions with a strong emphasis on surface mount packages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . and less noise using bipolar technology or CMOS technology for a reduction of current consumption. . and in a very wide selection of voltages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SMPSRM Linear Voltage Regulators In Brief . . . . . . . . . . New developments have included low dropout. . . from TSOP–5 or SOT23–5 leads up to D2PAK 5 leads. . . . . . 96 Micropower Voltage Regulators for Portable Applications . from low current levels of 80 mA to very high current levels of up to 5 A. . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS SIGNAL CONDITIONING BATTERY MANAGEMENT POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT MOTOR CONTROL INTERFACE OTHER CIRCUITS Op–Amps Lithium Battery Protection ICs Charge Controllers DC–DC Converters with Inductor Off–Line SMPS Controllers Power Factor Controllers Voltage References Linear Voltage Regulators LDO Linear Voltage Regulators MOSFET/ IGBT Drivers Dedicated Drivers Dedicated Power Mgmnt Controllers Undervoltage Supervisory Overvoltage Supervisory DC Motor Control Data Transmission Display Drivers Timers Comparators Linear Four– Quadrant Multiplier http://onsemi. . . . . more accuracy.com 95 . . . . . . . ON Semiconductor’s broad portfolio of voltage regulators covers the whole spectrum of current levels. . . . .

0 3. 3–Terminal Regulators.0 ±0.04 –0.0 30 35 40 30 35 40 40 1.0. these devices can be used with external components to obtain adjustable voltages and currents.0/3. 18) –24 5.0 5. SO–16L LP2950C*/AC* 3.7 2. SOP–8 DIP–8. 15. SOP–8 DIP–8. 24 –(5.0* 5. 12 15.2 0. 15. Typ. TO–220 DPAK. SOP–8 DIP–8.7 1. TO–92 DPAK. 18 20. 15) 4.0 2.2 SO–8. 0.0 1. Typ.0 4.0 2.04 ±0.2/0. Linear Voltage Regulators 25°C Tol.0 1.8 40 0. Although designed primarily as fixed voltage regulators.16 0.25 1.0.0 2. 0.0 2.0 2.1 0.0 4.0 2.0 A. 12.0/4.1 1.0 0.0 1. 9.0 0. TO–220 DPAK.0. 8. 8.04 ±0.0. 3–Terminal Regulators.2 0.0 –(12.7 1.0 12.0 2.0 8.1 0.0 2. TO–220 DPAK.0 1.com 96 .2 0.SMPSRM Linear Voltage Regulators Fixed Output These low cost monolithic circuits provide positive and/or negative regulation at currents from 100 mA to 3. SOP–8 DIP–8.0 4. DPAK.0/4.0/3. 6.0 0. TO–220 Unless otherwise noted. Regline Max (% Vout) Regload Max (% Vout) Device Vout Package Fixed Voltage. TO–220 DPAK.0 Fixed Voltage. They are ideal for on–card regulation employing current limiting and thermal shutdown.0 2.0/3. TO–92.2 – DIP–8.0 0.7 1.0.0 2. SOP–8 DIP–8.0/4.0/4.38 0.3 5.0 1.0 0.0 1. TO–92 8.0 5.0 4.0.0 4.8 1.2 0. ±% Vin Max Vin–Vout Diff. Low VDiff devices are offered for battery powered systems.2 1.0/4.0 8.04 MC78LXXC/AC/AB* MC78LXXC/AC/AB* MC78L24C/AC/AB* MC79L05C/AC/AB* MC79LXXC/AC/AB* MC79L24C/AC/AB* MC33160** 5.1 Amperes LM2931*/A–5.5 30 0. Coefficient mV (Vout) °C Table 9.0 8.07 to ±0.5 Amperes MC78MXXB*/C MC78MXXB*/C MC78MXXB*/C MC79MXXB*/C 5.0 35 35 40 35 2.2 1.04 DPAK. D2PAK. 8.0/4. TO–92 DPAK. 18 24 –5. Temp.0 8.2/0.6 1.2 0.0 8. SOP–8 DIP–16.7 1.7 1. TJ = 0° to +125°C * TJ = –40° to +125°C ** TA = –40° to +85°C http://onsemi.0.

0/1. TO–220. ±% Vin Max Vin–Vout Diff.0 20 1. TO–220 D2PAK. 3.0 – SO–8.06 to –0. TO–220 TO–220 Fixed Voltage.5 0.95 0.0 0.0/2.0 2.0.0 1.0 40 0.85 1.25 2.2 TO–220 TO–220 TO–220 Unless otherwise noted. DPAK. TO–220 D2PAK.0 35 40 20 2.04 ±0.0) –(8.3.0 2.0/2. Typ.0 4.0/2.0.0 4.0/0.0 – Fixed Voltage.4 2.04 ±0.0/2.5 Amperes MC33267* 5.0/1.0 – D2PAK.04 0. 6. TO–220 D2PAK. 8. TO–220 Fixed Voltage.125 –0. 12.0/2.0 2. 15 4.0 Amperes MC78XXB*/C/AC MC7824B*/C/AC MC79XXC/AC MC79XXC/AC MC7924C LM340/A–XX 5.0/0.2 2. 1.12 to –0. 12 15 5.0/1.0 4. 15.5 0. 3–Terminal Regulators. Linear Voltage Regulators (continued) 25°C Tol. 12.5 –0.6 0.0 1. Temp. TO–220 D2PAK.5/0. 3–Terminal Regulators. SOT–223 SO–8. 18 24 –(5.0 4. 0.0 2.58 1. 18) –24 5.0/2.0 2.3 0.com 97 . TJ = 0° to +125°C * TJ = –40° to +125°C ** TA = –40° to +85°C http://onsemi. 3–Terminal Medium Dropout Regulators. 6. 0.0/2.0/1.0 0. 12 1.0.0.0 4.5 2. 12.0.0.0/1.0/0.06 –0.0 15 0. DPAK MC34268 2.6 2.05 2.22 0.0 1. Coefficient mV (Vout) °C Device Vout Package Fixed Voltage.7 2.SMPSRM Table 9.0 1.12 D2PAK.0 4.0 2.0 35 40 35 35 40 35 2.0 4.0.0.0 4. 5.0 1. 3–Terminal Regulators.0/1. 8.3 1.5 2.3 0.0 2.0.2 –0.0 Amperes MC78TXXC/AC MC78T15C/AC LM323/A 5.0/2. Regline Max (% Vout) Regload Max (% Vout) Typ.8 Amperes MC33269–XX* 3.0 2.0 2.3 1.

05 2.02 ±1.0 Unless otherwise noted.0 3.0 ±2. TO–92 DPAK.5 100 30 0. Low Dropout Regulators LM2931*/A* 5.2 LP2951C*/AC* 3.04/0. D2PAK. DPAK.55 1. DPAK SO–8. 5.85 3.0/5. Regline Max (% Vout) Regload Max (% Vout) Typ. TO–220 SO–8.04/0.0 1.2/0.95 1.com 98 .0 5.5 SO–8.02 0. Micro–8. 12 2.0 500/10 60 0.1 0. DIP–8 SO–8.45/0. Micro–8. Typ.58 0. TO–220.0/3.0/0.8 100 37 0.0 – TO–220.SMPSRM Table 10. Medium Dropout Regulators MC33267* MC34268 MC33269–XX* 5.0/5. DIP–8 5.5 100 28.0 SO–8.0 1. Micro–8.0 0. TJ = 0° to +125°C * TJ = –40° to +125°C http://onsemi.0 1.16 1.3 5. TO–92 DPAK.3 1.38 0. TO–220.3 5. ±% IO (mA) Max Vin–Vout Diff.38 0.3.0 – D2PAK. DIP–8 SO–8.0 LM2935* 5. D2PAK LP2950C*/AC* 3. SOT–223 Fixed Voltage.2/0. Fixed Voltage Medium and Low Dropout Regulators 25°C Tol.75 0. TO–92 DPAK.0 1.0 3.0/0. TO–92 1.1 0.0 500 800 40 15 20 0.12 1. Temp. Coefficient mV (Vout) °C Device Vout Vin Max Package Fixed Voltage. DPAK.0 1.0.

02 1.0–37 3.5 1. Table 11.07 1.75 1.9 1.04/0.7 0.5 1.0 SO–8. The three–terminal devices require only two external resistors to set the output voltage.1 1.25–19 1. D2PAK TO–220. Micro–8 MC1723C# LM317M/B* LM337M/B* MC33269* LM317/B* LM337/B* LM350/B* 2.2–37 –(1.07 0. DIP–8.35 ±0.3 0.35 ±0.0 2.2–37) 1.0–37 1.5 2.033 ±0.SMPSRM Adjustable Output ON Semiconductor offers a broad line of adjustable output voltage regulators with a variety of output current capabilities.5 ±1.5 DIP–14.25 2. TO–220. TO–220.0–24 1.5 1.3 ±0.07 0. Typ.2–37 –(1. Regline Max (% Vout) Regload Max (% Vout) Typ. TO–220 TO–220 SO–8. SO–14 DPAK.12 0. Adjustable voltage regulators provide users the capability of stocking a single integrated circuit offering a wide range of output voltages for industrial and communications applications. Coefficient mV (Vout) °C Device Vout Package Adjustable Regulators LM317L/B* LM2931C* LP2951C*/AC* 2. DPAK.5 1. SOT–223 TO–220.04/0. Micro–8 SO–8. D2PAK. Adjustable Output Regulators IO (mA) Max Vin Max Vin–Vout Diff. DIP–8.com 99 .2–33 150 500 500 800 1500 1500 3000 38 40 40 18.04 0.9 0.16 0.2 0.75 40 40 35 2.35 ±2.07 0.5 1.2–37) 1.38 0.3 2. Micro–8 SO–8. TO–92 SO–8. Temp. TJ = 0° to +125°C * TJ = –40° to +125°C # TA = 0° to +70°C http://onsemi.3 ±0.5 ±0. DIP–8.4 ±0.0 0.5 0.07 0.25–29 100 100 100 40 37 28.5 0. D2PAK TO–220 Unless otherwise noted. TO–92 SO–8.02 ±0.

a driver transistor and resistors for setting the output voltage. Each device contains a voltage reference. SOT–23 5 Leads The MC78LC00 series voltage regulators are specifically designed for use as a power source for video instruments.com 100 . 5 Pin) ORDERING INFORMATION Output Voltage 3.5%) • Wide Output Voltage Range (2. or SOT–23.1 µA and a high accuracy output voltage. and battery powered equipment.1 V increments.0 Operating Temperature Range 2 Vin Package 3 VO Device MC78LC30HT1 MC78LC33HT1 MC78LC40HT1 MC78LC50HT1 MC78LC30NTR MC78LC33NTR MC78LC40NTR MC78LC50NTR SOT–89 TA = –30° to +80°C SOT–23 Vref 1 Gnd Other voltages from 2. handheld communication equipment.1 µA Typical • Low Dropout Voltage (220 mV at 10 mA) • Excellent Line Regulation (0. in 0.0 5. Consult factory for information.0 3. surface mount packages. SOT–89.0 3. MC78LC00 Series Features: • Low Quiescent Current of 1. are available upon request.3 4.0 to 6.3 4.1%) • High Accuracy Output Voltage (±2.0 3. These devices are available in either SOT–89.0 5. http://onsemi.0 V. N TA = –30° to +80°C.0 V) • Output Current for Low Power (up to 80 mA) • Two Surface Mount Packages (SOT–89. 5 pin. or SOT–23.SMPSRM Micropower Voltage Regulators for Portable Applications 80 mA Micropower Voltage Regulator MC78LC00H. 3 pin. an error amplifier. 3 Pin. The MC78LC00 series features an ultra–low quiescent current of 1.0 V to 6.

Consult factory for information.1%) • Wide Operating Voltage Range (2. an error amplifier. and a current limit circuit. in 0.0 V to 6. are available upon request. SOT–89 The MC78FC00 series voltage regulators are specifically designed for use as a power source for video instruments.0 to 6. constant voltage power supply circuit.0 5. Vref 1 Gnd http://onsemi. and resistors for setting output voltage.0 V. The MC78FC00 series voltage regulator ICs feature a high accuracy output voltage and ultra–low quiescent current.5%) • Wide Output Voltage Range (2. handheld communication equipment.0 3.0 V) • Surface Mount Package (SOT–89) ORDERING INFORMATION Output Voltage 3.3 4.1 V increments.1 µA Typical • Ultra–Low Dropout Voltage (100 mV at 10 mA) • Large Output Current (up to 120 mA) • Excellent Line Regulation (0. and allow construction of an efficient. and battery powered equipment. These devices are available in SOT–89 surface mount packages.SMPSRM 120 mA Micropower Voltage Regulator MC78FC00H TA = –30° to +80°C. a driver transistor.0 V to 10 V) • High Accuracy Output Voltage (±2.com 101 .0 Operating Temperature Range TA = –30° to +80°C 2 Vin Package 3 VO Device MC78FC30HT1 MC78FC33HT1 MC78FC40HT1 MC78FC50HT1 SOT–89 Other voltages from 2. MC78FC00 Series Features: • Ultra–Low Quiescent Current of 1. Each device contains a voltage reference unit.

SMPSRM Micropower Voltage Regulator for External Power Transistor MC78BC00N TA = –30° to +80°C.com 102 .0 5. which minimizes the standby mode current drain. Each of these devices contains a voltage reference unit. The MC78BC00 series are devices suitable for constructing regulators with ultra–low dropout voltage and output current in the range of several tens of mA to hundreds of mA.1 V increments.0 V. Consult factory for information. These devices have a chip enable function.1%/V) • High Accuracy Output Voltage (±2. SOT–23 5 Leads The MC78BC00 voltage regulators are specifically designed to be used with an external power transistor to deliver high current with high voltage accuracy and low quiescent current.1 V with External Transistor and IO = 100 mA) • Excellent Line Regulation (Typically 0.0 3. These devices are ideally suited for battery powered equipment.3 4. an error amplifier. These devices are available in the SOT–23. MC78BC00 Series Features: • Ultra–Low Supply Current (50 µA) • Standby Mode (0. 5 pin surface mount packages. a driver transistor and feedback resistors. Vref 1 Gnd CE 5 http://onsemi.2 µA) • Ultra–Low Dropout Voltage (0.5%) ORDERING INFORMATION Output Voltage 3. communication equipment and domestic appliances. are available upon request.0 Operating Temperature Range TA = –30° to +80°C Ext 2 Vin Package SOT–23 5 Leads 4 3 VO Device MC78BC30NTR MC78BC33NTR MC78BC40NTR MC78BC50NTR Other voltages from 2. and power sources for hand–held audio instruments.0 to 6. in 0.

resistors. SOT–23 5 Lead Package The MC78PC00 are a series of CMOS linear voltage regulators with high output voltage accuracy. Consult your ON Semiconductor representative. The dynamic Response to line and load is fast. low dropout voltage.com 103 . an error amplifier. which makes these products ideally suited for use in hand–held communication equipment. MC78PC00 Series Features: • Ultra–Low Supply Current: typical 35 mA in ON mode with no load • Standby Mode: typical 0.0% • Fast Dynamic Response to Line and Load • Small Package: SOT–23 5 leads • Built–in Chip Enable circuit (CE input pin) • Similar Pinout to the LP2980/1/2 and MIC5205 ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC78PC28NTR MC78PC30NTR MC78PC33NTR MC78PC50NTR Operating Temperature Range Package SOT–23 5 Leads TA = –40° to +85°C Other voltages are available. a current limiting circuit and a chip enable circuit.1 mA • Low Dropout Voltage: typical 0. for maximum board space saving.05%/V • High Accuracy Output Voltage: ±2.2 V @ IOUT = 100 mA • High Ripple Rejection: typical 70 dB @ f = 1 kHz • Low Temperature–Drift Coefficient of Output Voltage: typical ±100 ppm/°C • Excellent Line Regulation: typical 0. Block Diagram 1 MC78PCxx VIN 5 VOUT Vref 3 CE CURRENT LIMIT 2 GND http://onsemi. The MC78PC00 series are housed in the SOT–23 5 lead package.SMPSRM Micropower Voltage Regulators for Portable Applications (continued) Low Noise 150 mA Low Drop Out (LDO) Linear Voltage Regulator MC78PC00 TA = –40° to +85°C. low supply current. and high Ripple Rejection. Each of these voltage regulators consists of an internal voltage reference.

thermal shutdown and short–circuit protection provide the final product with a high degree of ruggedness. the MC33263 represents the ideal choice for sensitive circuits. no load). the MC33263 delivers up to 150 mA where it exhibits a typical 180 mV dropout. With an incredible noise level of 25 mVRMS (over 100 Hz to 100 kHz. with a 10 nF bypass capacitor). The MC33263 also excels in response time and reacts in less than 25 ms when receiving an OFF to ON signal (with no bypass capacitor). no load) • Very Low Dropout Voltage. it naturally shields the downstream electronics against choppy power lines. MC33263 Features: • Very Low Quiescent Current 170 µA (ON. With a typical DC ripple rejection better than –90 dB (–70 dB @ 1 kHz). typically 20 mV at DIout = 150 mA • Multiple Output Voltages Available • Logic Level ON/OFF Control (TTL–CMOS Compatible) • ESR can vary from 0 to 3W • Functionally and Pin Compatible with TK112xxA/B Series ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33263NW–28R2 MC33263NW–30R2 MC33263NW–32R2 MC33263NW–33R2 MC33263NW–38R2 MC33263NW–40R2 MC33263NW–47R2 MC33263NW–50R2 Operating Temperature Range Package TA = –40° to +85°C SOT23–L MC33263 Block Diagram 6 Input Shutdown 1 ON/OFF Thermal Shutdown 4 Output 3 Bypass Band Gap Reference 2 GND * Current Limit * Antisaturation * Protection 5 GND http://onsemi.SMPSRM Micropower Voltage Regulators for Portable Applications (continued) Ultra Low Noise 150 mA Low Dropout Voltage Regulator with ON/OFF Control MC33263 TA = –40° to +85°C. typical value is 137 mV at an output current of 100 mA • Very Low Noise with external bypass capacitor (10 nF). typically 25 µVrms over 100 Hz to 100 kHz • Internal Thermal Shutdown • Extremely Tight Line Regulation typically –90 dB • Ripple Rejection –70 dB @ 1 kHz • Line Transient Response: 1 mV for DVin = 3 V • Extremely Tight Load Regulation. especially in portable applications where noise performance and space are premium. 100 nA (OFF.com 104 . Additionally. Thanks to a novel concept. the MC33263 accepts output capacitors without any restrictions regarding their Equivalent Series Resistance (ESR) thus offering an obvious versatility for immediate implementation. SOT23–L Housed in a SOT23–L package.

0 MC33264DM–2. SO–8. consumer.75 V and 5.com 105 .22 µF for 4.3 MC33264DM–3. Internal current and thermal limiting protection is provided.0 V.23 V Vref 3 On/Off MC33264 52. They require only a small output capacitance for stability.33 µF for 2. 0. 95 µA in ON Mode) • Low Input–to–Output Voltage Differential of 47 mV at 10 mA.0 MC33264DM–3.0 MC33264DM–4.8 MC33264D–4.8 V Output Voltages • Internal Current and Thermal Limiting • Logic Level ON/OFF Control • Functionally Equivalent to TK115XXMC and LP2980 ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33264D–2.0 MC33264D–4. 4. and 131 mV at 50 mA • Multiple Output Voltages Available • Extremely Tight Line and Load Regulation • Stable with Output Capacitance of Only 0. and are capable of supplying output currents up to 100 mA. 3.8 V.8 MC33264DM–4.0 V Output Voltages 0. these devices are ideally suited for battery powered computer.8 MC33264D–3.0 V.3 V and 3. Micro–8 The MC33264 series are micropower low dropout voltage regulators available in SO–8 and Micro–8 surface mount packages and a wide range of output voltages.75 MC33264D–5. These devices feature a very low quiescent current (100 µA in the ON mode. DM TA = –40° to +85°C. MC33264 Features: • Low Quiescent Current (0.8 MC33264DM–3. 3.3 µA in OFF Mode. Due to the low input–to–output voltage differential and bias current specifications.0 MC33264D–3. Additionally.SMPSRM Micropower Voltage Regulators for Portable Applications (continued) Micropower smallCAP Voltage Regulators with On/Off Control MC33264D.5 k 6 Gnd http://onsemi. the MC33264 has either active HIGH or active LOW control (Pins 2 and 3) that allows a logic level signal to turn–off or turn–on the regulator output. and industrial equipment where an extension of useful battery life is desirable.3 MC33264D–3.0 Operating Temperature Range Package SO–8 TA = –40° to +85°C 40° Micro–8 1 Vin Thermal and Anti–Sat Protection 8 VO 7 Base Rint 2 On/Off 5 Adj 1.75 MC33264DM–5.1 µA in the OFF mode).

Design has been optimized for low voltage applications where transient response and minimum input voltage are critical.5V to 3. LT1585A Features: • Fast Transient Response • Guaranteed Dropout Voltage at Multiple Currents • Load Regulation: 0. These improvements make them ideal for low voltage microprocessor applications requiring a regulated 2.05% Typ • Trimmed Current Limit • On–Chip Thermal Limiting • Standard 3–Pin Power Package ORDERING INFORMATION Device LT1585ACT LT1585ACM LT1585ACT–1.com 106 .SMPSRM Micropower Voltage Regulators for Portable Applications (continued) 5A Low Dropout Fast Response Positive Adjustable and Fixed Voltage Regulators LT1585A TA = 0° to 125°C.5 TA = 0° to 125°C Operating Temperature Range Package TO–220 D2PAK TO–220 D2PAK Vin Simplified Block Diagram + – Thermal Limit Vout Adjust http://onsemi. The LT1585A is available in the industry standard 3–pin TO–220 and D2PAK power package. On–chip thermal limiting provides protection against any com- bination of overload that would create excessive junction temperatures.5 LT1585ACM–1. TO–220. D2PAK The LT1585A is a low dropout 3–terminal voltage regulator with 5A output current capability. This voltage regulator features a low dropout voltage and fast transient response. Current limits is trimmed to ensure specified output current and controlled short–circuit current.6V output with an input supply below 7V.

0 mA. D2PAK MC33267 SO–8.9 5. Fixed quiescent current is less than 3. 5. It is designed for supplying the micro–computer controlled systems especially in automotive applications.SMPSRM Special Voltage Regulators Table 12. SOT–223. Low voltage differential regulator featuring dual positive 5.0 V. TO–220 TSSOP–16 MC33269 MC33765 Special Regulators Voltage Regulator/Supervisory Table 13. SO–8 Device L4949 TO–92.com 107 . Positive regulator with 5 outputs fixed 2. Fixed and adjustable positive output voltage regulators which maintain regulation with very low input–to–output voltage differential. 800 mA regulator.0 V. SO–8 TO–220. current limit.75 Max 5.0 V voltage regulator with a very low dropout and additional functions such as power–on reset and input voltage sense. Voltage Regulators Function F nction Multifunction Very Low Dropout Voltage Regulator Low Dropout Voltage Regulator Low Dropout Voltage Regulator Low Dropout Voltage Regulator Low Dropout Voltage Regulator Low Dropout Voltage Regulator Features Feat res A monolithic integrated 5. TO–220. 500 mA regulator with on–chip power–up–reset circuit with externally programmable delay. DPAK.0 26 50 50 Min 4.3 V. D2PAK. 12 V.0 V outputs. DPAK. Positive 3. Package DIP–8.2 500 6. Positive 5.0 Max 40 Regline (mV) Max 40 Regload (mV) Max 50 TA (°C) 0 to +70 –40 to +85 –40 to +105 Suffix/ Package DIP–16. switched currents in excess of 750 mA and 10 mA standby current. http://onsemi. D2PAK * These ICs are intended for powering cellular phone GaAs power amplifiers and can be used for other portable applications as well. D2PAK LM2931 Series LM2935 TO–220. and thermal shutdown.25 IO (mA) Max 100 Vin (V) Min 7. SO–16L SO 16L TO–220. Voltage Regulator/Supervisory Vout (V) Device MC34160 MC33160 MC33267 4.8 V and 13 V.

6 V Reference Reference 16 Output Power Sense 9 Hysteresis Adjust 10 Noninverting Input 2 Inverting Input 1 Gnd 4. These integrated circuits feature a 5. It is specifically designed for appliance and industrial applications offering the designer a cost effective solution with minimal external components.com 108 .913R 0. and internal thermal shutdown for over temperature protection. pinned out 2. DW TA = –40° to +85°C.01R R Regulator 11 Output Reset 7 Chip Disable 15 2. low voltage reset comparator.0 V. DW TA = 0° to +70°C. DIP–16. These devices are contained in a 16 pin dual–in–line heat tab plastic package for improved thermal conduction.SMPSRM Voltage Regulator/Supervisory (continued) Microprocessor Voltage Regulator and Supervisory Circuit MC34160P. 100 mA regulator with short circuit current limiting. VCC 14 Thermal Shutdown 0. DIP–16. SO–16L MC33160P.6 V bandgap reference.12. Additional features include a chip disable input for low standby current. 5. SO–16L The MC34160 series is a voltage regulator and supervisory circuit containing many of the necessary monitoring functions required in microprocessor based systems. 13 IH IH “On”/“Off” 8 Power Warning 6 Comparator Output http://onsemi. and an uncommitted comparator ideally suited for microprocessor line synchronization. power warning comparator with programmable hysteresis.

the reset output is held low. This device is contained in an economical five lead TO–220 type package.25 V 3.SMPSRM Voltage Regulator/Supervisory (continued) Low Dropout Regulator MC33267T. D2PAK 5 Leads The MC33267 is a positive fixed 5. TO–220 5 Leads.25 V Output 5 20 µA Reset + 3.03 R Thermal Over Current Detector R Delay 200 + 1.0 V regulator that is specifically designed to maintain proper voltage regulation with an extremely low input–to–output voltage differential. Input 1 Reference 1. Whenever the regulator output voltage is below nominal. Due to the low dropout voltage specifications.com 109 . the MC33267 is ideally suited for use in battery powered industrial and consumer equipment where an extension of useful battery life is desirable.8 V Delay 4 Reset 2 Ground 3 http://onsemi.01 R 0. TV TJ = –40° to +105°C. This device is capable of supplying output currents in excess of 500 mA and contains internal current limiting and thermal shutdown protection. the reset output is released. A programmable time delay is initiated after the regulator has reached its nominal level and upon timeout. Also featured is an on–chip power–up reset circuit that is ideally suited for use in microprocessor based systems.

0 µA CT 4 Reset 6 + – Reset Regulator Sense Input (Si) 2 Vs 2.0 V Sense Output (So) 7 + – 1. It is designed for supplying the micro–computer controlled systems especially in automotive applications. DIP–8.SMPSRM Voltage Regulator/Supervisory (continued) Very Low Dropout Regulator L4949N. SO–8 The L4949 is a monolithic integrated 5.com 110 .0 V 2.0 V to 28 V • Transient Supply Voltage Up to 40 V • Extremely Low Quiescent Current in Standby Mode • • • • • High Precision Standby Output Voltage 5.0 V voltage regulator with a very low dropout and additional functions such as power–on reset and input voltage sense.0 V ±1% Output Current Capability Up to 100 mA Very Low Dropout Voltage Less Than 0. • Operating DC Supply Voltage Range 5.23 V 5 Gnd http://onsemi.23 Vref Sense 1.4 V Reset Circuit Sensing The Output Voltage Programmable Reset Pulse Delay With External Capacitor • Voltage Sense Comparator • Thermal Shutdown and Short Circuit Protections Output Voltage (Vout) VZ 3 8 Supply Voltage (VCC) 1 Preregulator 6. D TJ = –40° to +125°C.

the MC33765 has an independent Enable input pin for each output.0 V Typical • Internal Trimmed Voltage Reference • Vout Tolerance ±3.8 V or 3. very low dropout voltage regulator with five independent outputs which is available in TSSOP 16 surface mount package.0 V. very low quiescent current (5.11 V Typical for Output 1. The voltage regulators VR1. VR2 and VR3 have a common input voltage pin VCC1.8 V or 3. 100 Hz < f < 100 kHz) • Internal Current and Thermal Limit • 100 nF for VR1.0% at 25°C • Enable Input Pin (Logic–Controlled Shutdown) for Each of the Five Outputs • Common Enable Pin to Shutdown the Whole Circuit • Very Low Dropout Voltage (0.0 V typical but each output is capable of supplying different currents up to 150 mA for output 4. Additionally. VR4 and VR5 and 1. 3 and 5. The device features a very low dropout voltage (0.SMPSRM Voltage Regulator/Supervisory (continued) Very Low Dropout/Ultra Noise 5 Outputs Voltage Regulator MC33765 TA = 40° to +85°C. R2 Voltage Version 2. R2 MC33765DTB–30.0 mA maximum in OFF mode. The Common Enable pin has the highest priority over the five independent Enable input pins. The voltage of all five outputs is 2. TSSOP16 The MC33765 is an ultra low noise. 2. 0.0 µF for VR3 for Stability • Supply Voltage Rejection: 60 dB (Typical) @ f = 1.0 µA in OFF Mode. VR2.17 V Typical for Output 4 at Maximum Current) • Very Low Quiescent Current (Maximum 5.8 V Fixed 3. It includes also a common Enable pin to shutdown the complete circuit when not used.11 V typical for maximum output current).8 V or 3. Two versions are available: 2. * The other voltage regulators VR4 and VR5 have a common input voltage pin VCC2. 130 µA Typical in ON Mode) • Ultra Low Noise for VR3 (30 µV RMS Max.0 kHz ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33765DTB. MC33765 Features: • Five Independent Outputs at 2.0 V Fixed Operating Temperature Range TA = Package TSSOP–16 *40° to +85°C http://onsemi. Internal current and thermal limiting protections are provided.com 111 . 130 mA typical in ON mode) and one of the output (output 3) exhibits a very low noise level which allows the driving of noise sensitive circuitry.

Shut. Shut. VOUT5 100 nF (8) GND http://onsemi.com 112 . (14) VOUT1 100 nF Current Limit VCC1 (4) ON/OFF 2 Enable – + Current Limit VCC1 (13) Temp. Shut. VOUT4 100 nF (7) ON/OFF 5 Enable – + Current Limit VCC2 (9) Temp.0 mF (6) ON/OFF 4 Enable – + Current Limit VCC2 (11) Temp. VOUT2 100 nF (5) ON/OFF 3 Enable – + Current Limit VCC1 (12) Temp. VOUT3 1.25 V + Temp. Shut. Shut.SMPSRM Simplified Block Diagram VCC1 (15) CE (2) (10) VCC2 330 nF Common Enable (3) ON/OFF 1 Enable – BYPASS 100 nF Voltage Reference 1.

9 Max 20 Regline (%) 0. DPAK SCSI–2 Active Terminator Regulator MC34268D.SMPSRM SCSI Regulator Table 14. low dropout positive voltage regulator specifically designed for use in SCSI–2 active termination circuits. SCSI Regulator Vout (V) Device MC34268 Min 2. SO–8 The MC34268 is a medium current. Applications include active SCSI–2 terminators and post regulation of switching power supplies. These devices are packaged in the 8–pin SOP–8 and 3–pin DPAK surface mount power packages.0 V Dropout • Output Current in Excess of 800 mA • Thermal Protection • Short Circuit Protection • Output Trimmed to 1.85 V Output Voltage for SCSI–2 Active Termination • 1. DIP–8.com 113 .0 V dropout composite PNP/NPN pass transistor. current limiting. • 2.89 Isink (mA) 800 Vin (V) Min 3.81 Max 2. DT TJ = 0° to +125°C.3 Regload (%) 0. and thermal limiting.4% Tolerance • No Minimum Load Required • Space Saving DPAK and SOP–8 Surface Mount Power Packages Input Thermal Limiting Control Circuit Current Limit Output Ground http://onsemi.5 TJ (°C) 150 Package SO–8. This device offers the circuit designer an economical solution for precision voltage regulation. The regulator consists of a 1. while keeping power losses to a minimum.

turn–off and off–state impedance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . In these applications. .com 114 . . . . . . .SMPSRM MOSFET/IGBT Drivers In Brief . . . . . the gate drive circuit components should be selected to optimize turn–on. . . . . . . . . . . . 116 ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS SIGNAL CONDITIONING BATTERY MANAGEMENT POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT MOTOR CONTROL INTERFACE OTHER CIRCUITS Op–Amps Lithium Battery Protection ICs Charge Controllers DC–DC Converters with Inductor Off–Line SMPS Controllers Power Factor Controllers Voltage References Linear Voltage Regulators LDO Linear Voltage Regulators MOSFET/ IGBT Drivers Dedicated Drivers Dedicated Power Mgmnt Controllers Undervoltage Supervisory Overvoltage Supervisory DC Motor Control Data Transmission Display Drivers Timers Comparators Linear Four– Quadrant Multiplier http://onsemi. . . . . . . . The switching characteristics are especially important in motor control applications in which PWM transistors are used in a bridge configuration. 115 Single IGBT Driver . . Page High Speed Dual Drivers . . . The most important design aspect of a MOSFET/IGBT gate drive is optimization of the switching characteristics. . .

These devices can enhance the drive capabilities of first generation switching regulators or systems designed with CMOS/TTL logic devices. or virtually any other application requiring high speed operation of power MOSFETs. DIP–8. SO–8 These two series of high speed dual MOSFET driver ICs are specifically designed for applications requiring low current digital circuitry to drive large capacitive loads at high slew rates. They can be used in dc–to–dc converters. the low “on” state resistance of these bipolar drivers allows significantly higher output currents at lower supply voltages than with competing drivers using CMOS technology.com 115 . motor controllers.SMPSRM MOSFET/IGBT Drivers High Speed Dual Drivers (Inverting) MC34151P.7 V Drive Output A Logic Input A 2 100 k 7 Logic Input B 4 100 k 5 Drive Output B Gnd 3 http://onsemi. D TA = 0° to +70°C. In addition. SO–8 MC33152P. Both series feature a unique undervoltage lockout function which puts the outputs in a defined low state in an undervoltage condition. DIP–8. D TA = –40° to +85°C. D TA = –40° to +85°C. capacitor charge pump converters. DIP–8. DIP–8. The MC34151 series is pin–compatible with the MMH0026 and DS0026 dual MOS clock drivers. SO–8 (Noninverting) MC34152P. SO–8 MC33151P. VCC 6 MC34151 5. and can be used as drop–in replacements to upgrade system performance. The MC34152 noninverting series is a mirror image of the inverting MC34151 series. D TA = 0° to +70°C.

DIP–8.SMPSRM MOSFET/IGBT Drivers (continued) Single IGBT Driver MC33153P. brushless dc motor control. SO–8 The MC33153 is specifically designed to drive the gate of an IGBT used for ac induction motors. It can be used with discrete IGBTs and IBGT modules up to 100 A. and uninterruptable power supplies. D TA = –40° to +105°C.0 A Sink • Protection Circuits for Both Conventional and SenseIGBTs • Current Source for Blanking Timing • Protection Against Overcurrent and Short Circuit • Undervoltage Lockout Optimized for IGBT’s • Negative Gate Drive Capability VCC Output 7 S Over– Q R current Latch VEE S Q R Short Circuit Comparator Overcurrent Comparator VCC Current Sense 1 Input VEE VCC Desat. Typical applications are ac induction motor control./Blank. Comparator VEE Kelvin VCC 2 Gnd Blanking Desatur– 8 ation VCC VCC Input Gate Drive 5 Ouptut 4 3 VEE VCC VEE VCC VEE VEE 6 http://onsemi. These devices are available in dual–in–line and surface mount packages and include the following features: • High Current Output Stage : 1.com 116 .0 A Source – 2.

. . . . . . . Dedicated drivers are designed and developed for specific application like electronic ballast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .com 117 . . Ultimately the uses of these devices require a simpler system design. . . . Page Half Bridge Controller and Driver for Industrial Linear Tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 Zero Voltage Controller . . . . . . . . . 118 Power Controllers . . . . Therefore the overall system performance as well as cost is highly maintained and minimized respectively. . . . . . . These drivers are designed to meet the specific application requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 Zero Voltage Switch . 120 ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS SIGNAL CONDITIONING BATTERY MANAGEMENT POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT MOTOR CONTROL INTERFACE OTHER CIRCUITS Op–Amps Lithium Battery Protection ICs Charge Controllers DC–DC Converters with Inductor Off–Line SMPS Controllers Power Factor Controllers Voltage References Linear Voltage Regulators LDO Linear Voltage Regulators MOSFET/ IGBT Drivers Dedicated Drivers Dedicated Power Mgmnt Controllers Undervoltage Supervisory Overvoltage Supervisory DC Motor Control Data Transmission Display Drivers Timers Comparators Linear Four– Quadrant Multiplier http://onsemi. . . .SMPSRM Dedicated Drivers In Brief .

Dedicated internal comparator provides an easy lamp strike detection implementation. making it easy to set up by a single external resistor.SMPSRM Half Bridge Controller and Driver for Industrial Linear Tubes MC33157DW The MC33157DW includes the oscillator circuit and two output channels to control a half–bridge power stage. A frequency sweep between two • • • defined values makes this IC suitable for any serie resonant topologies. Dedicated Driver for Industrial Linear Tubes • • • Main oscillator is current controlled. • The strike sequence is controllable by external passive components. is provided for external usage. Designed to be used with standard setting capacitors 470 nF. Both output Mosfet are set to “OFF’’ state when RESET is zero. such a feature is useful to implement a dimming function by frequency shift. derived from the internal bandgap. the resonant frequency being independently adjustable. One of the channels is ground–referenced. • Filament preheating time control built–in. This frequency can be made different from the preheating and the steady state values. A voltage reference. Digital RESET pin provides a fast reset of the system (less than 10 µs). Adjustable dead time makes the product suitable for any snubber capacitor and size of MOSFET used as power switches. The second one is floating to provide a bootstrap operation for the high side switch. v ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33157DW Tested Operating Temperature Range TA = –40° to +85°C Package Plastic SO–16L R END SWP CSWEEP RPH CPH COP ROP ICO VDD 1 4 +Vref 15 V UULO 5 Iph 3 6 7 2 +Vref a COMPARATOR Iph Ifstrike R Iop +Vref +Vref ENABLE Dead Time CONTROL LOGIC STRIKE detection Clear INHIBIT 16 15 14 13 12 11 VHS VHO VOUT NC VLO GND BAND GAP REFERENCE +Vref (+7 V) DT adjust 8 PREHEAT & STRIKE CONTROL R R Latch Strike Detection 9 Vth C Q LEVEL SHIFTER HIGH SIDE BUFFER LOW SIDE BUFFER RESET 10 http://onsemi.com 118 . On top of that. This voltage is 100% trimmed at probe level yielding a 2% tolerance over the temperature range.

SMPSRM

Power Controllers
An assortment of battery and ac line–operated control ICs for specific applications are shown. They are designed to enhance system performance and reduce complexity in a wide variety of control applications.

Zero Voltage Switch
CA3059 TA = –40° to +85°C, DIP–14

This device is designed for thyristor control in a variety of ac power switching applications for ac input voltages of 24 V, 120 V, 208/230 V, and 227 V @ 50/60 Hz. • Limiter–Power Supply – Allows operation directly from an ac line. • Differential “On”/“Off” Sensing Amplifier – Tests for condition of external sensors or input command signals. Proportional control capability or hysteresis may be implemented. • Zero–Crossing Detector – Synchronizes the output pulses to the zero voltage point of the ac cycle. Eliminates RFI when used with resistive loads.

• Triac Drive – Supplies high current pulses to the external power controlling thyristor. • Protection Circuit – A built–in circuit may be actuated, if the sensor opens or shorts, to remove the drive circuit from the external triac. • Inhibit Capability – Thyristor firing may be inhibited by the action of an internal diode gate. • High Power DC Comparator Operation – Operation in this mode is accomplished by connecting Pin 7 to 12 (thus overriding the action of the zero–crossing detector).

VCC RS Limiter
Zero Crossing Detector

Power Supply

RL Current Boost

AC Input Voltage

DC Mode or 400 Hz Input RP Protection Circuit Triac Drive Gate

“On”/“Off” Sensing Amp * VCC

Gnd *NTC Sensor

Inhibit

External Trigger

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SMPSRM

Power Controllers
UAA2016P, D

(continued)

Zero Voltage Controller
TA = –20° to +85°C, DIP–8, SO–8

The UAA2016 is designed to drive triacs with the Zero Voltage technique which allows RFI free power regulation of resistive loads. Operating directly on the ac power line, its main application is the precision regulation of electrical heating systems such as panel heaters or irons. A built–in digital sawtooth waveform permits proportional temperature regulation action over a ±1°C band around the set point. For energy savings there is a programmable temperature reduction function, and for security, a sensor failsafe inhibits output pulses when the sensor connection is broken. Preset temperature (i.e., defrost) application is also possible. In applications where

high hysteresis is needed, its value can be adjusted up to 5°C around the set point. All these features are implemented with a very low external component count. • Zero Voltage Switch for Triacs, up to 2.0 kW (MAC212A8) • Direct AC Line Operation • Proportional Regulation of Temperature over a 1°C Band • Programmable Temperature Reduction • Preset Temperature (i.e., Defrost) • Sensor Failsafe • Adjustable Hysteresis • Low External Component Count

Failsafe 3 Sense Input + – Sampling Full Wave Logic Internal Reference

UAA2016
Pulse Amplifier 6 Output

4 Temperature Reduction

+

+

+

7 +VCC

1/2

4–Bit DAC 2 Hysteresis Adjust Voltage Reference 1 11–Bit Counter

Synchronization Supply Voltage

8 Sync

5 VEE

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SMPSRM

Dedicated Power Management Controllers
In Brief . . .
Dedicated power management controllers are designed and developed for specific applications like PDAs, Smart Card–based systems, or cellular phones. These controllers are utilizing mixed–signal processes such as SMARTMOS for improved high performance and precision characteristics. They have a high integration level and may integrate multiple analog or digital functions such as LDO voltage regulators, DC–DC converters, Analog–to–Digital converters, latches, and multiple gates.
Page Power Supply and Management IC for Handheld Electronic Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GaAs Power Amplifier Support IC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Smartcard Power Management Controller and Interface IC for Smartcard–based Systems . . . Versatile 6 Regulator Power Management Circuit for Cellular Subscriber Terminal . . . . . . . . . . 122 124 125 126

ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS

SIGNAL CONDITIONING

BATTERY MANAGEMENT

POWER MANAGEMENT

SYSTEM MANAGEMENT

MOTOR CONTROL

INTERFACE

OTHER CIRCUITS

Op–Amps

Lithium Battery Protection ICs Charge Controllers

DC–DC Converters with Inductor Off–Line SMPS Controllers Power Factor Controllers Voltage References Linear Voltage Regulators LDO Linear Voltage Regulators MOSFET/ IGBT Drivers Dedicated Drivers Dedicated Power Mgmnt Controllers

Undervoltage Supervisory Overvoltage Supervisory

DC Motor Control

Data Transmission Display Drivers

Timers

Comparators

Linear Four– Quadrant Multiplier

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SMPSRM

Power Supply and Management IC for Handheld Electronic Products
MC34280 0°C to +70°C, LQFP 32–Pins

The MC34280 is a power supply integrated circuit which provides two boost regulated outputs and some power management supervisory functions. Both regulators apply Pulse–Frequency–Modulation (PFM). The main step–up regulator output can be externally adjusted from 2.7V to 5V. An internal synchronous rectifier is used to ensure high efficiency (achieve 87%). The auxiliary regulator with a built–in power transistor can be configured to produce a wide range of positive voltage (can be used for LCD contrast voltage). This voltage can be adjusted from +5V to +25V by an external potentiometer; or by a microprocessor, digitally through a 6–bit internal DAC. The MC34280 has been designed for battery powered hand–held products. With the low start–up voltage from 1V and the low quiescent current (typical 35 µA); the MC34280 is best suited to operate from 1 to 2 AA/ AAA cell. Moreover, supervisory functions such as low battery detection, CPU power–on reset, and back–up battery control, are also included in the chip. It makes the

MC34280 the best one–chip power management solution for applications such as electronic organizers and PDAs. • Low Input Voltage, 1V up • Low Quiescent Current in Standby Mode: 35µA typical • PFM and Synchronous Rectification to ensure high efficiency (87% @200mA Load) • Adjustable Main Output: nominal 3.3V @ 200mA max, with 1.8V input • Auxiliary Output Voltage can be digitally controlled by microprocessor • Auxiliary Output Voltage: +5V @ 25mA max, with 1.8V input +25V @ 15mA max, with 1.8V input • Current Limit Protection • Power–ON Reset Signal with Programmable Delay • Battery Low Detection • Lithium Battery Back–up • 32–Pin LQFP Package

ORDERING INFORMATION
Device MC34280 Operating Temperature Range 0°C to +70°C Package 32–pin LQFP

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1 V to 2.2 M GND CAUXa c = 33n CAUXb c = 2n Rauxa r = 200 k GND http://onsemi.com 123 .2 V) LAUX L = 22u (Rs < 60 mOhm) VBAT CAUXbp c = 100u 10 V SMT tantalum Optional GND 30 V SMT tantalum VAUXEN Auxiliary Regulator 17 18 19 VAUXFBN 20 VBAT 21 VAUXBDV VAUXBASE VAUXCHG 22 23 24 N/C 16 Level Control Current Limit Control and Base Drive Q1 26 VAUXSW 25 GND Lithium Battery Backup Low Battery Detect Control and Gate Drive Startup d M1 Current Limit s Battery Lock Switch VBAT Ren r = 1000 k CMAINb c = 100p RMAINb r = 1000 k VMAINFB VBAT Optional CMAINbp c = 100u 10 V SMT tantalum GND LMAIN L = 33u (Rs < 60 mOhm) VMAIN GND VBAT RLBa r = 300 k RLBb r = 900 k GND GND PORB LOWBATSEN DGND 9 10 s M2 d 32 VMAIN 1N5817 CMAIN c = 100u 10 V SMT tantalum GND 31 VMAINSW VMAINGND 30 29 d M3 s 27 VAUXEMR GND LIBATIN N/C GND Main Regulator with Synchronous Rectifier 28 LIBATOUT 1N5818 Caux c = 30u VAUX Optional Rauxb r = 2.SMPSRM Typical Application Block Diagram CVDD c = 20u Riref r = 480 k GND IREF AGND 8 VREF 6 7 5 GND GND VREF Cpor c = 80n GND PDELAY VDD VDD 4 ENABLE 3 VBAT 2 1 R123 r=5 Power ON Reset Current Bias Voltage Reference 11 LOWBATB LIBATON LIBATCL 12 13 14 VAUXADJ 15 VAUXCON PORB LOWBAT LIBATON LIBATCL VAUXADJ VAUXCON VAUXEN VAUXFBP VAUXREF (1.

0 V) VBB Generator (Voltage Tripler) MMSF4N01HD MC33169 Gate Drive Output Priority Management RF In Power Amplifier 10 Sense Input RF Out Sense Charge Pump 7 – + 5 Negative Generator 4 – + VO Ci Cp Output (– 2. This device provides negative voltages for full depletion of Enhanced MESFETs as well as a priority management system of drain switching.0 V) C + f Rf http://onsemi.5 V or – 4.0 V.SMPSRM GaAs Power Amplifier Support IC MC33169DTB TA = –40° to +85°C. Additional features include an idle mode input and a direct drive of the N–Channel drain switch transistor. PCN and DECT.0 V version is intended for supplying RF modules for GSM and DCS1800 applications. The – 4. ensuring that the negative voltage is always present before turning “on” the Power Amplifier. TSSOP–14 The MC33169 is a support IC for GaAs Power Amplifier Enhanced FETs used in hand portable telephones such as GSM.com 124 . • Negative Regulated Output for Full Depletion of GaAs MESFETs • Drain Switch Priority Management Circuit • CMOS Compatible Inputs • Idle Mode Input (Standby Mode) for Very Low Current Consumption • Output Signal Directly Drives N–Channel FET • Low Startup and Operating Current C3 + VBB Double 12 + – – C1 VBB 11 3 Triple + C4 – Tx Power Control 9 Input 13 Idle Mode Input 6 Gnd 2 + + C2 1 VCC 14 8 VBattery (2. This product is available in one version.7 to 7. – 4.

SMPSRM Smartcard Power Management Controller and Interface IC for Smartcard–based Systems MC33560 TA = *25°C to +85°C. and several couplers may be managed in parallel.6 V • Programmable VCC Supply for 3 V or 5 V Card Operation • Power Management for Very Low Quiescent Current in Standby Mode (MC33560A: 10 µA max) t t *25° to +85°C Simplified Functional Block Diagram VBAT L1 ILIM PGND DC/DC CONVERTER PWRON INT RDYMOD CS SYNCLK ASYCLKIN INVOUT POWER MANAGER AND PROGRAMMING CARD DETECTOR DELAY CRDDET CRDCON CLOCK GENERATOR VBAT CRDVCC CRDIO CRDRST CRDC4 CRDC8 CRDCLK CRDGND IO RESET C4 C8 LEVEL TRANSLATOR http://onsemi. TSSOP–24 • Microprocessor Wake–up Signal Generated Upon Card Insertion • Self–contained DC/DC Converter to Generate VCC using a Minimum of Passive Components • Controlled Power Up/Down Sequence for High Signal Integrity on the Card I/O and Signal Lines • Programmable Card Clock Generator • Chip Select Capability for Parallel Coupler Operation • High ESD Protection on Card Pins (4 kV. The MC33560A is particularly suited to low power and portable applications because of its power saving features and the minimum of external parts required. Battery life is extended by the wide operating range and the low quiescent current in standby mode. VCClow and ICClim • All card outputs current limited and short circuit protected ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33560ADW MC33560ADTB TA = Operating Temperature Range Package SO–24WB TSSOP–24 The MC33560A is an interface IC for smartcard reader/ writer applications.8 V VBAT 6. A highly sophisticated protection system guarantees timely and controlled shutdown upon error conditions. • 100% Compatible with ISO 7816–3 Standard • Wide Battery Supply Voltage Range: 1.com 125 . It allows to manage any type of smart or memory card through a simple and flexible microcontroller interface. SO–24WB. Human Body Model) • Fault Monitoring VBATlow.

two of them delivering a voltage higher than the battery’s. ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33283FTB28.com 126 . four outputs: 10–135mA 4. TQFP–32 Finally. Despite the presence of an internal charge pump. etc. Outputs deliver 40µVRMS typical (10–100kHz) at nominal output current.R2 Operating Temperature Range Package TQFP–32 *20°C to +70°C http://onsemi.0V @ 20mA • Low–noise: 40µVRMS at nominal output levels (10Hz–100kHz) • Ultra–low reverse current in OFF mode (200nA typical) • Two–mode regulator: output 5 switches from 3 to 5V with SEL pin activated • Thermal shutdown for a rugged and reliable operation • All outputs are short–circuit proof The MC33283 is a complete power management solution for portable devices such as telephone handsets. the MC33283 gathers all the features necessary to power future portable radios. the circuit naturally shields the downstream electronics against DC choppy lines. housed in a compact Thin Quad Flat Pack TQFP–32 package. Thanks to its large scale integration.75V @ 15mA 5. • 6 regulated outputs: 2. This parameter guarantees a clean operation for battery operated devices. two–way radios. the device offers up to seven Low DropOut regulators (LDO). With a 50dB ripple rejection under 10kHz. the overall noise specification makes the circuit an ideal candidate where noise is an important feature.85V.SMPSRM Versatile 6 Regulator Power Management Circuit for Cellular Subscriber Terminal MC33283 TA = *20°C to +70°C.

5 V ON/OFF7 Vref 2 10 OUT6 ENABLE SWITCHES VCC2 ON/OFF2 ON/OFF3 ON/OFF4 ON/OFF5 ON/OFF6 Vref ON/ OFF5 R5A VCC1 Vref 6 ON/OFF3 Vref ON/OFF2 Vref R2 VCC1 4 3 31 OUT1 UVLO2 22 Vref OUT2 CBYP ENRS R3 OUT3 EN2 EN3 EN5 EN6 EN7 OUT5 R5B R7 OUT7 VS 1 IN 14 OVLO CP ENABLE VCC2 VCC_CP CHARGE PUMP 13 D1 15 B1 7 GND CP 14 Vin 1 GND http://onsemi.com 127 .SMPSRM Simplified Block Diagram VCC2 VCC2 VR1 5 mA 700 k 29 VCC1 5 VCC1 12 BUB POR 23 VR1 VCC1 UVLO2 VR1 2 mA UVLO1 UVLO1 Vref R1 VCC1 REFERENCE VOLTAGE 26 27 HIGH = UVLO ACTIVE OUT5 VOLTAGE SELECTION 28 21 20 19 30 VCC2 SEL 18 ON/OFF6 Vref R6 VCC1 OVLO VCC2 6.

. ON Semiconductor offers a wide variety of voltage supervisory circuits (Undervoltage or Overvoltage) designed for use where precise voltage limits or windows are required for reliable system operation. . . . . . . . 129 Over/Undervoltage Protection Circuit . These circuits monitor critical circuit conditions and report any violations of prescribed limits to a microprocessor. computer systems and many other products. 129 Overvoltage Crowbar Sensing Circuit . Newer supervisory circuits have utilized CMOS technology and miniature surface mount packages (SOT23–5 leads) to reduce the current consumption and the PCB board area. . . . . . 132 Undervoltage Sensing Circuit . .SMPSRM System Management In Brief . . . . 130 Micropower Undervoltage Sensing Circuits . . . . . . . . . . The microprocessor will then take appropriate action such as storing data before executing a graceful shutdown. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . are requiring system management functions which monitor voltages to ensure proper system operation. . . . . . . . . . . . industrial controls. . . . . . . . .com 128 . . . . 133 Universal Voltage Monitor . . . portable or not. . This makes them particularly suited for battery–powered applications. . Page Supervisory Circuits . . . MCU–based systems. . . . . . 134 ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS SIGNAL CONDITIONING BATTERY MANAGEMENT POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT MOTOR CONTROL INTERFACE OTHER CIRCUITS Op–Amps Lithium Battery Protection ICs Charge Controllers DC–DC Converters with Inductor Off–Line SMPS Controllers Power Factor Controllers Voltage References Linear Voltage Regulators LDO Linear Voltage Regulators MOSFET/ IGBT Drivers Dedicated Drivers Dedicated Power Mgmnt Controllers Undervoltage Supervisory Overvoltage Supervisory DC Motor Control Data Transmission Display Drivers Timers Comparators Linear Four– Quadrant Multiplier http://onsemi. . 131 Micropower Undervoltage Sensing Circuits with Programmable Output Delay . Power supplies. . . . . . . . . . . . .

6 V reference. Overvoltage trip is adjustable by means of an external resistive voltage divider. SO–8 Packages This device can protect sensitive circuitry from power supply transients or regulator failure when used with an external ‘‘Crowbar’’ SCR. Overvoltage sensing circuits which drive ‘‘Crowbar’’ SCRs are provided in several configurations from a low cost three–terminal version to 8–pin devices which provide pin–programmable trip voltages or additional features. VCC 1 200 µA 4 2 Sense 1 Current Source Vref 2. Overvoltage Crowbar Sensing Circuit MC3423P1. DIP–8. Other features include a 300 mA high current output for driving the gate of a ‘‘Crowbar’’ SCR. An over/undervoltage protection circuit is also offered.com 129 . D TA = 0° to +70°C. such as an indicator output drive and remote activation capability. A minimum duration before trip is programmable with an external capacitor. an open–collector indicator output and remote activation capability.6 V 8 Output VEE 7 Sense 2 3 5 Remote Activation 6 Indicator Output http://onsemi. The device senses voltage and compares it to an internal 2.SMPSRM Supervisory Circuits A variety of Power Supervisory Circuits are offered.

This device features dedicated over and undervoltage sensing channels with independently programmable time delays. VCC 8 OV Sense 3 OV Drive 1 200 µA UV Sense 4 IH 2.5 V Vref 12.SMPSRM Over/Undervoltage Protection Circuit MC3425P1 TA = 0° to +70°C. The undervoltage channel input comparator has hysteresis which is externally programmable. and an open–collector output for fault indication. The overvoltage channel has a high current drive output for use in conjunction with an external SCR ‘‘Crowbar’’ for shutdown.com 130 .5 µA 5 Input Section 2 UV OV DLY DLY Gnd 7 Output Section 6 UV Indicator 200 µA http://onsemi. DIP–8 Package The MC3425 is a power supply supervisory circuit containing all the necessary functions required to monitor over and undervoltage fault conditions.

a choice of output configurations between open drain or complementary MOS.1 V increments.7 V to 10 V) • Monitors Power Supply Voltages from 1. automotive and industrial equipment. MOS Reset Other voltages from 0. appliance.1 2.0 2.9 2.0 4. SOT–23 5 Leads Packages The MC33464 series are micropower undervoltage sensing circuits that are specifically designed for use with battery powered microprocessor based systems.5 0.0 2. a comparator with precise thresholds and built–in hysteresis to prevent erratic reset operation. MOS Reset TA = –30° to +80°C Open Drain Reset SOT–23 ( (3000) ) 5 Leads Compl.7 3. where extended battery life is required.9 to 6.9 2.0 V with extremely low standby current. Consult factory for information. Applications include direct monitoring of the MPU/logic power supply used in portable.7 3.8 µA at Vin = 1.7 3.5 0. These devices feature a very low quiescent bias current of 0. MC33464X–YYATZ Open Drain Configuration 2 Input 1 Reset MC33464X–YYCTZ Complementary Drive Configuration 2 Input 1 Reset Vref X Denotes Package Type YY Denotes Threshold Voltage TZ Denotes Taping Type Vref 3 Gnd 3 Gnd http://onsemi. MC33464 Features: • Extremely Low Standby Current of 0. and guaranteed operation below 1.9 V to 4.1 V to 5.0 V • High Accuracy Detector Threshold (±2.0 2.7 3. SOT–89. N TA = –30° to +80°C.0 4. in 0.5%) • Two Reset Output Types (Open Drain or Complementary Drive) • Two Surface Mount Packages (SOT–89 or SOT–23 5–Pin) Operating Temperature Range Package (Qty/Reel) ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33464H–09AT1 MC33464H–20AT1 MC33464H–27AT1 MC33464H–30AT1 MC33464H–45AT1 MC33464H–09CT1 MC33464H–20CT1 MC33464H–27CT1 MC33464H–30CT1 MC33464H–45CT1 MC33464N–09ATR MC33464N–20ATR MC33464N–21ATR MC33464N–27ATR MC33464N–30ATR MC33464N–45ATR MC33464N–09CTR MC33464N–20CTR MC33464N–27CTR MC33464N–30CTR MC33464N–45CTR Type Open Drain Reset SOT–89 (1000) Compl. A choice of several threshold voltages from 0.9 2. These devices are available in either SOT–89 3–pin or Threshold Voltage 0.0 4.9 2.0 4.8 µA typical.com 131 .0 2.5 V • Wide Input Voltage Range (0. The MC33464 series features a highly accurate voltage reference.SMPSRM Supervisory Circuits (continued) Micropower Undervoltage Sensing Circuits MC33464H.5 SOT–23 5–pin surface mount packages. are available.0 V.5 0.5 V are available.

a choice of output configurations between open drain or complementary.9 2.7 3.5 0.2 4.0 4.0 2. a comparator with precise thresholds and built–in hysteresis to prevent erratic reset operation. automotive. with 0.0 2.5 V • Wide Input Voltage Range (0. a time delayed output.0 3.5 Type Operating Temperature Range Package Open O en Drain Reset TA = –30° to +80°C 30° Compl. A choice of several threshold voltages from 0.0 µA at Vin = 3. SOT–23 5 Leads The MC33465 series are micropower undervoltage sensing circuits that are specifically designed for use with battery powered microprocessor based systems.7 V to 10 V) • Monitors Power Supply Voltages from 1.SMPSRM Supervisory Circuits (continued) Micropower Undervoltage Sensing Circuits with Programmable Output Delay MC33465N TA = –30° to +80°C.1 V increments. MOS Reset SOT–23 5 Leads Other voltages from 0. and guaranteed operation below 1.5%) • Two Reset Output Types (Open Drain or Complementary Drive) • Programmable Output Delay by External Capacitor (100 ms typ.com 132 .7 3. Consult factory for information.9 2. which can be programmed by the system designer.0 µA typical.5 V are available. This device features a very low quiescent bias current of 1. The MC33465 series features a highly accurate voltage reference. Com l. in 0. MC33465 Features: • Extremely Low Standby Current of 1.3 4.1 V to 5. are available.0 V • High Accuracy Detector Threshold (±2.0 V with extremely low standby current.9 V to 4.15 µF) • Surface Mount Package (SOT–23 5–Pin) • Convenient Tape and Reel (3000 per Reel) ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33465N–09ATR MC33465N–20ATR MC33465N–27ATR MC33465N–30ATR MC33465N–32ATR MC33465N–45ATR MC33465N–09CTR MC33465N–20CTR MC33465N–27CTR MC33465N–30CTR MC33465N–43CTR MC33465N–45CTR Threshold Voltage 0.9 to 6. where extended battery life is required.0 V. industrial and portable equipment. Applications include direct monitoring of the MPU/logic power supply used in appliance. MC33465N–YYATR Open Drain Output Configuration 2 Input 1 Reset 2 MC33465N–YYCTR Complementary Output Configuration Input RD RD 1 Reset Vref Vref 3 Gnd 5 CD YY Denotes Threshold Voltage 3 Gnd 5 CD http://onsemi. This device is available in a SOT–23 5–pin surface mount package.

0 V ± 5% system and features a tighter hysteresis specification.0 V MPU/ logic power supply used in appliance. TO–92.06 6. Standard Power Supply Supported 5. The MC34164 is specifically designed for battery powered applications where low bias current (1/25th of the MC34064’s) is an important characteristic. D–5.0 V 20 µA @ Vin = 5. Both parts feature a trimmed bandgap reference. P–5. D–3. They offer the designer an economical solution for low voltage detection with a single external resistor.0 to 12 http://onsemi. Applications include direct monitoring of the 5. SO–8 MC33164P–3.0 V ± 10% and 3. SO–8 MC33064P–5. TO–92. D–5.0 V ± 5% 2.0 V ± 5% Typical Threshold Voltage (V) 4. automotive.6 Typical Hysteresis Voltage (V) 0. DM–5 TA = 0° to +70°C. making them ideal for applications where extended battery life is required such as consumer products or hand held equipment. SO–8 MC34164P–3.0 1. and MC33X64 devices operate from –40° to +85°C. SO–8 The MC34064 and MC34164 are two families of undervoltage sensing circuits specifically designed for use as reset controllers in microprocessor–based systems. D–3.0 to 12 MC34164/MC33164 3.2 Vref 3 (4) Gnd Table 1.0 to 10 Maximum Quiescent Q iescent Input Current 500 µA @ Vin = 5.7 0. The table summarizes critical parameters of both families.0 V Device MC34064/MC33064 Package TO–92 SO–8 TO–92 SO–8 TO–92 SO–8 MC34164/MC33164 5. DM–5 TA = –40° to +85°C. TO–92.09 7. and industrial equipment. The MC34164 series covers 5.com 133 . P–5. The two families of undervoltage sensing circuits taken together. 1. DM–3. and a comparator with precise thresholds and built–in hysteresis to prevent erratic reset operation. Input 2 (2) Reset 1 (1) Pin numbers in parenthesis are for the D suffix package. D–5. TO–92.3 0. DM–5 TA = –40° to +85°C. DM–5 TA = 0° to +70°C. DM–3. cover the needs of the most commonly specified power supplies used in MCU/MPU systems. consumer.0 1. The MC34064 fulfills the needs of a 5. Key parameter specifications of the MC34164 family were chosen to complement the MC34064 series.0 V ± 5% power supplies with significantly lower power consumption.SMPSRM Supervisory Circuits (continued) Undervoltage Sensing Circuit MC34064P–5.0 V 15 µA @ Vin = 3. Undervoltage Sense/Reset Controller Features MC34X64 devices are specified to operate from 0° to +70°C. D–5.0 V ± 10% 4.02 Minimum Output Sink Current (mA) 10 Power Supply Input Inp t Voltage Range (V) 1.

D TA = 0° to +70°C.6 V 1.8 V 1.27 V + + – 1.0 V for positive voltage sensing and 4. The circuit consists of two comparator channels each with hysteresis. • Unique Mode Select Input Allows Channel Programming • Over. and window detection of positive and negative voltages. This allows over. consumer. and Window Voltage Detection • Positive and Negative Voltage Detection • Fully Functional at 2. MC33161 series are universal voltage monitors intended for use in a wide variety of voltage sensing applications.54 V Reference Channel 1 2.27 V Gnd 4 Output 2 5 Output 1 6 Vref 1 Mode Select 7 Input 1 2 Input 2 3 TRUTH TABLE Mode Select Pin 7 GND Vref VCC (>2. and two open collector outputs capable of sinking in excess of 10 mA. SO–8 MC33161P.27 V 4 2.27 V Channel 2 0. and industrial equipment. DIP–8.6 V POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE OVERVOLTAGE DETECTOR + Input –VS1 Output Voltage Pins 5. under. Case 626.8 V – + 0.0 V) Input 1 Pin 2 0 1 0 1 0 1 Output 1 Pin 6 0 1 0 1 1 0 Input 2 Pin 3 0 1 0 1 0 1 Output 2 Pin 5 0 1 1 0 1 0 Comments Channels 1 & 2: Noninverting Channel 1: Noninverting Channel 2: Inverting Channels 1 & 2: Inverting VCC 8 Input VS2 V4 V3 Gnd V1 V2 VCC Gnd –VS1 R4 R3 R2 R1 3 + VHys2 1 7 2 + + – 1. automotive.0 V for Negative Voltage Sensing • Pinned Out 2. a pinned out 2.0 V for negative voltage sensing.54 V Reference with Current Limit Protection • Low Standby Current • Open Collector Outputs for Enhanced Device Flexibility VCC 8 2. 6 VHys1 6 LED “On” VS2 5 http://onsemi. a unique Mode Select Input for channel programming.0 V for Positive Voltage Sensing and 4. Each comparator channel can be configured as either inverting or noninverting by the Mode Select Input. These devices offer the circuit designer an economical solution for positive and negative voltage detection. The minimum supply voltage needed for these devices to be fully functional is 2.54 V Reference – + 2. D TA = –40° to +85°C.54 V reference. Under.SMPSRM Supervisory Circuits (continued) Universal Voltage Monitor MC34161P. 751 The MC34161.com 134 . Applications include direct monitoring of positive and negative voltages used in appliance.

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using second–person singular (you) than is found in Reference Manuals * May contain photographs and detailed line drawings rather than simple illustrations that are often found in Reference Manuals POCKET GUIDE A Pocket Guide is a pocket–sized document that contains technical reference information. The Advance Information document displays the following disclaimer at the bottom of the first page: “This document contains information on a new product. Types of information commonly found in pocket guides include block diagrams. This document displays no disclaimer. USER’S GUIDE A User’s Guide contains procedural. The Product Preview displays the following disclaimer at the bottom of the first page: “ON Semiconductor reserves the right to change or discontinue this product without notice. XC. Addendums end with the next revision of the primary document. or some other sub–micron sized device. Individual addendum items are published cumulatively. The Technical Data document is virtually the same document as the Product Preview and the Advance Information document with the exception that it provides information that is unavailable for a product in the early phases of development (such as complete parametric characterization data). PRODUCT PREVIEW A Product Preview is a summary document for a product/device under consideration or in the early stages of development. alphabetized registers. that contains key line–item. or MC qualified. The Advance Information document is replaced with the Technical Data document once the device/part becomes fully MC–qualified.” ADVANCE INFORMATION The Advance Information document is for a device that is NOT fully MC–qualified. alphabetized instruction set. ADDENDUM A documentation Addendum is a supplemental publication that contains missing information or replaces preliminary information in the primary publication it supports. device–specific information for particular product families. Procedural information in a Reference Manual is limited to less than 40 percent (usually much less). SELECTOR GUIDE A Selector Guide is a tri–fold (or larger) document published on a regular basis (usually quarterly) by many. It replaces the Advance Information document and represents a part that is M. Specifications and information herein are subject to change without notice. not functional. pinouts. divisions. ENGINEERING BULLETIN An Engineering Bulletin is a writeup that typically focuses on a single specific solution for a particular engineering or programming issue involving one or several devices. The Product Preview exists only until an “Advance Information” document is published that replaces it.” it is not labeled as such. The Technical Data document is also a more comprehensive document that either of its earlier incarnations. etc.com 136 . fully released). Parts and/or software must already exist and be available. http://onsemi. if not all. The Product Preview is often used as the first section or chapter in a corresponding reference manual.. Some Selector Guides are published in book format and contain previously published information. A User’s Guide differs from a Reference Manual in the following respects: * Majority of information (> 60%) is procedural. APPLICATION NOTE An Application Note is a document that contains real–world application information about how a specific ON Semiconductor device/product is used with other ON Semiconductor or vendor parts/software to address a particular technical issue. and while it may be informally referred to as a “data sheet. in nature * Volume of information is typically less than for Reference Manuals * Usually written more in active voice. microcontroller.SMPSRM ON SEMICONDUCTOR STANDARD DOCUMENT TYPE DEFINITIONS REFERENCE MANUAL A Reference Manual is a publication that contains a comprehensive system or device–specific description of the structure and function (operation) of a particular part/system. alphabetized third–party vendors and their products.” TECHNICAL DATA The Technical Data document is for a product/device that is in full production (i. X. A document called “Application–Specific Information” is not the same as an Application Note. task–oriented instructions for using or running a device or product. used overwhelmingly to describe the functionality of a microprocessor.e.

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