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Additional Mathematics form 5 progression

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SPM

ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS FORM 5

MODULE 1

ARITHMETIC PROGRESSION

ORGANISED BY:

JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERI PULAU PINANG

**CHAPTER 1: ARITHMETIC PROGRESSION
**

CONTENTS

1.1 Identify characteristics of arithmetic progression 1.2 Determine whether a given sequence is an arithmetic progression 1.3 Determine by using formula: a) specific terms in arithmetic progressions b) the number of terms in arithmetic progressions 3

PAGE

2

4-5

1.4

Find a) The sum of the first n terms of arithmetic progressions b) The sum of a specific number of consecutive terms of arithmetic progressions c) The value of n , given the sum of the first n terms of arithmetic progressions.

6

1.5

Solve problems involving arithmetic progressions

7

SPM QUESTIONS ASSESSMENT

8-10 11-12

2

ANSWERS

13

PROGRESSIONS

( Arithmetic Progression)

ARITHMETIC PROGRESSION

The nth term : Tn = ___________ or Tn = ___________

The sum of the first n term: Sn = ______________ or Sn = ______________

a = _______________ d = _______________ l = _______________ n = _______________

Fill in the blank

**1.1 Identify characteristics of arithmetic progression:
**

EXERCISE 1: Complete each of the sequence below to form an arithmetic progression. a) 2, _____ , 8 , ______ , 14 , 17

3

b) -2 , -5 , ______ , -11 , ________ 1 c) -4, ______ , ______ , ,2 2 d) 2x -3 , 2x -1 , __________ , __________ , 2x + 5

**1.2 Determine whether a given sequence is an arithmetic progression
**

EXERCISE 2 : 1. Determine whether a given sequence below is an arithmetic progression. a) b) c) d) 2. 5 , 11 , 17 , 23 , ……….. -20 , -50 , -30 , -35 , ………. 1 , 4 , 9 , 16 , ……… ( ____________________ ) ( ____________________ ) ( ____________________ )

2x + y , 4x – y , 6x -3y , …… ( ____________________ )

k +3 , 2k + 6 ,8 are the first three terms of an arithmetic progression,find the value of k.

Note: If x,y and z are three terms of an arithmetic progression , y–x=z-y

3.

Given that x 2 ,5 x, 7 x 4 are three consecutive terms of an arithmetic progression W here x has a positive value. Find the value of x.

4. Given that the first three terms of an arithmetic progression are 2 y, 3 y 3 and 5y+1 . Find the value of y.

4

1.3

Determine by using formula: a. specific terms in arithmetic progressions b. the number of terms in arithmetic progressions

Tn a (n 1)d

EXERCISE 3: 1. Find the 9th term of the arithmetic progression. 2, 5 , 8 , ….. Solution: a=2 d = 5-2=3 T9 2 (9 1)3 = _______ 3. For the arithmetic progression 0.7, 2.1 , 3.5, ….. ,find the 5th term . 4. Find the nth term of the arithmetic progression 1 4, 6 ,9,..... 2 2. Find the 11th term of the arithmetic progression. 5 3, , 2,........ 2

5. Find the 7th term of arithmetic progression k, 2k + 1, 3k+2, 4k+3,….

6. Given that arithmetic progression 9 +6x , 9+4x, 9+2x, …… Find the 10th term.

5

EXERCISE 4:

6

1. Find the number of terms of the arithmetic progression a) 4,9.14,….. ,64 Tn 64 4 + (n-1)5=64 4+ 5n-5 =64 5n=65 n= 13 b) -2, -7, -12, ……, -127

2. For the arithmetic progression 5 , 8 , 11 , ……. Which term is equal to 320 ?

3. The sequence 121 , 116 , 111 , …. is an arithmetic progression. Find the first negative term in the progression.

1 1 1 c) 1,1 ,1 ,......, 4 6 3 2

d) x y, x y, x 3 y,........., x 31 y

4. Find the number of terms of the arithmetic progression a 2b,3a 3b,5a 4b,......, 23a 13b

1.4 Find a) the sum of the first n terms of arithmetic progressions. 7

b) the sum of a specific number of consecutive terms of arithmetic progressions. c) the value of n , given the sum of the first n terms of arithmetic progressions.

or

n 2a n 1 d 2 n Sn = a+ l 2 l= the n th term Sn

EXERCISE 5: 1. Find the sum of the first 12 terms of the arithmetic progression -10 , -7 , -4, …… 2. Find the sum of all the terms of the arithmetic progression 38 , 31 , 24 , …., -18

3. For the arithmetic progression 4. How many terms of the arithmetic -4 , 1 , 6 , …….find the sum of all 2, 8 , 13 ,18 , …… must be taken the terms from the 6th term to the 14th for the sum to be equal to 1575? term. Solution: Sum of all the terms from the 6th term to the 14th = S14 S5 = =

1.5 Solve problems involving arithmetic progressions. EXERCISE 6:

8

1. The 5th and 9th of arithmetic progression are 4 and 16 respectively. Find the 15th term. Solution: T5 4 a (5 1)d 4 a 4d 4 ......(1) T9 16 a+(9-1)d=16 a+8d=16 ......(2) Solve simultaneous equation to find the value of a and d, then the 15th term.

2. The 2nd and 8th terms of an arithmetic progression are -9 and 3 respectively. Find a) the first term and the comman difference. b) the sum of 10 terms beginning from the 12th term.

3. The sum of the first 6 terms of an arithmetic progression is 39 and the sum of the next 6 terms is -69. Find a) the first term and the common difference b) the sum of all the terms from the 15th term to the 25th term.

4. The sum of the first n terms is given 2 by S n 6n 3n Find a) the nth term in terms of n b) the common difference

SPM QUESTIONS:

9

1. 2003: Paper 1: (no. 7) The first three terms of an arithmetic progression are k 3, k 3, 2k 2 Find a) the value of k 3 marks b) the sum of the first 9 terms of the progression

2. 2004: Paper 1: ( no 10) Given an arithmetic progression -7, -3, 1, …. , state three consecutive terms in this 3 marks progression which sum up to 75

3. Paper 1: ( no. 11)

10

The volume of water in a tank is 450 litres on the first day. Subsequently, 10 litres of water is added to the tank everyday. Calculate the volume , in litres , of water in the tank at the end of the 7th day. 2 marks

4. 2005: Paper 1: (no. 11) The first three terms of an arithmetic progression are 5, 9, 13 Find a) the common difference of the progression b) the sum of the first 20 terms after the 3rd term.

4 marks

5. Paper 2 : ( Section A no.3) 11

Diagram 1 shows part of an arrangement of bricks of equal size.

Diagram 1 The number of bricks in the lowest row is 100. For each of the rows, the number of bricks is 2 less than in the row below. The height of each bricks is 6 cm. Ali builds a wall by arranging bricks in this way. The number of bricks in the highest row is 4. Calculate a) the height , in cm, of the wall [ 3 marks ] b) the total price of the bricks used if the price of one brick is 40 sen. [ 3 marks ]

ASSESSMENT: 1. The sequence -13,-10,-7,……,128,131 is an arithmetic progression. Find

12

a) the number of terms in the progression b) the sum of all the terms in the progression.

2.

Given that k-1 , 2k – 4 and k +5 are the first three terms of arithmetic progression. Find the common difference.

3.

Calculate how many months it will take to repay a debt of RM5800 by monthly payment of RM100 initially with an increase of RM20 for each month after that.

4. The 4th of an arithmetic progression is 18 and the sum of the first eight terms

13

of the progression is 124. Find a) the first term and the common difference b) the sum of all the terms from the 10th term to the 20th term.

5.

Sum of the first ten of the arithmetic progression is 230 and sum of ten terms after that is 830. Find the first term and the common difference.

ANSWERS:

14

EXERCISE 1: a) 5,11 b) -8,-14 1 c) 2 , 1 2 d) 2x+1,2x+3

EXERCISE 3: 1. 26 2. -2 3. 6.3 1 4. Tn 5n 3 2 5. 7k+6 6. T10 9 12 x EXERCISE 5: 1. 78 2. 90 3. 369 4. 40 ASSESSMENT: 1. a) 49 b) 2891 2. 3 3. 20 4. a) 33,-5 b) -407 5. 4,6

EXERCISE 2: 1. a) Arithmetic progression b) Not an arithmetic progression c) Not an arithmetic progression d) Arithmetic progression 1 2. k 3 3. x = 4 4. y = 5 EXERCISE 4: 1. a) 13 b) 26 c) 22 d) 45 2. T106 3. T26 4 4. 12 EXERCISE 6: 1. 34 2. a) -11,2 b) 200 3. a) a=14 , d= -3 b) -473 4. a) Tn=12n-3 b) d=12 PAST YEAR QUESTION: 1. a) k=7 b) S9 252 2. T10 29, T9 25, T8 21 3. T7 510 4. a) 4 b) 1100 5. a) 294 b) RM1019.20

15

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