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3GPP Rel-7 and Rel-8 White Paper (3G Americas)

3GPP Rel-7 and Rel-8 White Paper (3G Americas)

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Published by Amit Chakradeo

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Published by: Amit Chakradeo on Sep 05, 2008
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One of the important aspects of the EPS is the support of roaming. Within the EPS specification, there
are two documents focused on roaming aspects: TS 23.401 focuses on 3GPP access roaming (and
specifically GTP based roaming, over the S8a interface), while TS 23.402 focuses on mobility and
roaming with non-3GPP access using Proxy MIP (over the S8b interface).
Figure 15 exemplifies the roaming architecture for 3GPP access only. The roaming architecture for 3GPP
access for Home routed traffic consists of a Serving Gateway (SGW) in the visited network which links/
connects GTP based S1 interface tunnels with a GTP interface (S8a) towards a PDN GW in the home
network.

147

Ibid.

148

Ibid.

www.3gamericas.org

June 2008

p. 43

Figure 16 exemplifies the roaming architecture for non-3GPP access (via S2) via S8b based on PMIP.
Non-3GPP access connects via the S2 interfaces to either a SGW in the visited network or a PDN GW in
the home network. The connectivity via a SGW in the visited network may apply in cases where the home
network operator relies on a visited network 3GPP operator to manage the agreements with non-3GPP
access operators in the visited network. The connectivity with the Home network PDN GW is used when
there is a direct roaming agreement between visited non-3GPP networks and the Home 3GPP network.
A distinction is also made between trusted non-3GPP networks and non-trusted 3GPP networks. Non-
trusted 3GPP networks access needs to be mediated by an E-PDG (Evolved Packet Data Gateway),
which terminates IPsec tunnels from the UE. See sections 5.1.3 and 5.1.4 for discussion of the various
interfaces shown in Figures 15 and 16.

Figure 5. Roaming architecture (home routed case, 3GPP only networks)149

149

GPRS Enhancements for EUTRAN. 3GPP TS 23.401.

S6a

HSS

S8a

S3

S1-MME

S10

GERAN

UTRAN SGSN

MME

S11

Serving
SAE

G
ateway

UE “

LTE
-
Uu

EUTRAN

S4

HPLMN

VPLMN

PCRF

S7

Rx+

SGi

• Operator’s IP
Services
(e.g. IMS, PSS
etc.)

PDN
SAE
Gateway

S1-U

www.3gamericas.org

June 2008

p. 44

Figure 16. Roaming architecture (home routed case, including non-3GPP networks)150

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