Thomas Stilwell AP US History Period 3 1993 DBQ Essay During the 17th Century, the New England and

Chesapeake colonies developed very different political, social, and economic systems. This difference between New England, mainly comprised of Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island, and Chesapeake, made up of Virginia and Maryland, is caused by the difference in motivations for settlement and governing styles between the two regions. While the New England colonies were mainly settled for religious motivations, most notably by the Puritans, the Chesapeake colonies were settled for economic advancement and prosperity. Also, while the Chesapeake colonies were mainly settled by individual young men seeking a profit, the New England colonies were settled by families hoping to settle and expand. In the early 17th Century the Puritans settled in New England, forming the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Their main motives for settlement were religious, hoping to separate themselves from the English Anglican Church. On the other hand, the settlers of the Chesapeake colonies were economically driven in the search for valuable resources and labor. The Puritans created colonies that they wanted to serve as models for other American settlements. Their desire to create a ³city upon a hill´ as described by John Winthrop (Doc A) shows their motivations to create a permanent religious settlement. Although they did not push aside trade entirely, they urged traders and workmen follow a moral ethical code that would allow them to serve God and their neighbors (Doc E). The Puritans constructed their society based on their religious beliefs of intense worship and predestination of the good. They believed that they were all brought together

This shows that their motivation was to find a new place to live their lives and maintain a close relationship with God. were mainly settled by young men (Doc C). This competitive mood was very different from the society of the Puritans where everyone was ³predestined´ to be good due to their Covenant of Grace. Also. After the development of the tobacco plant in Virginia. This lack of community pride led to a shortage of firm men willing to stick by their colony. The Chesapeake colonies. the Chesapeake colonies were settled to bring in a profit rather than for religious reasons. Another difference in the affect of religion on both settlements is seen in the Maryland Toleration Acts. this difference in political soundness caused the Chesapeake colonies to be much more prone to uprisings and rebellion. In contrast. This is most likely due to the large number of servants in Chesapeake and especially due to the headright system established in Jamestown to help populate the colonies. The Chesapeake colonies encouraged religious toleration unlike the theocratic political systems of the New England colonies. extended families (Doc B). The large need for labor in Virginia for . specifically Virginia. causing a rush for land claims and ownership. business boomed. This difference caused the New England colonies to be much more politically sound than the Chesapeake Gog to harvest crops and build an ideal society (Doc D). John Smith even remarked on the gold seekers who would make false promises to get what they wanted (Doc F). New England colonies were settled by large. Another reason why the New England and Chesapeake colonies developed differently was in the people who settled there and their effects on the society. This caused these men without families to often defect to the Dutch invaders who promised them greater condition and a share of plunder (Doc G). This difference caused the Chesapeake settlers to have fewer ties to their communities. This was employed in the General Courts which regulated trade and commerce (Doc E). They also built their political system on a majority rules concept.

and social foundations. . Through the documents. which highlighted the difference in conditions for the rich and the poor in the Chesapeake colonies. This is in great contrast to the New England colonies where ³every inhabitant shall have a convenient proportion for a house lot´ and the intention was for the town to ³be composed of forty families. a better picture of this difference could be seen if an extra document detailing the commercial imports and exports of the colonies was made available. This would allow the reader to analyze how the difference in economic emphasis affected the colonies and caused them to develop differently.«rich and poor´ (Doc D). it is evident that the New England colonies developed differently than the Chesapeake colonies due to their differing motivations for settlement.tobacco and other plantations caused there to be a greater number of white servants than wealthy colonists. However. A greater sense of equality in the New England colonies undoubtedly gave them greater social stability than the Chesapeake colonies. political systems. This led to Bacon¶s Rebellion in 1676 (Doc H).

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