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Eco Efficiency pag

Eco Efficiency pag

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01/03/2013

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126.Different forms and sources of energy are defined in the appendix III.C.7.b.

127.The different forms and sources of energy relevant for companies covered by
this manual (non-energy sector only) are:

(a)Heat from

(i)The combustion of petroleum
Including:liquefied petroleum gases and methane, motor gasoline,
aviation gasoline, jet fuels, kerosene, gas/diesel fuel, heavy fuel
oil, naphtha, petroleum coke.20
(ii)The combustion of gas
Including:natural gas, gas works gas and substitute gas, coke oven
gas, blast furnace gas.
(iii)The combustion of coal and coal products
Including:coking coal (hard coal), bituminous coal and anthracite
(hard coal), sub-bituminous coal, lignite and brown coal, peat, coke
oven coke, gas coke, patent fuel and brown coal/peat briquettes
(BKB).
(iv)The combustion of biomass
Including:direct combustion of biomass, biofuels and biochemicals.
(v)The combustion (incineration) of waste
(vi)Steam

Including: district heating systems and other steam generated
outside the reporting entity
(vii)The surrounding natural systems
Including: geothermal heat (deep heat mining, including shallow
ground and ambient air heat pumps), ocean thermal heat, direct
solar heat (concentrating solar systems, passive solar heating, solar
hot water systems, solar process heat, solar space heating and
cooling).

20

Non-energy refined petroleum products used such as white spirit, industrial spirit, lubricating
oils and grease, bitumen (asphalt), paraffin waxes, mineral oils and other non-energy
petroleum products are not considered energy use.

Guidelines

31

(b)Work21

(i)Electricity (i.e. from hydropower, nuclear power station, batteries)
(ii)Pressure-volume work (e.g. steam, compressed air)
(iii)Mechanical work (e.g. rotation produced by a combustion engine, a
water wheel in a mill, a wind rotor)

128.Petrochemical feedstock use is not considered energy use.

129.Heat from the surrounding natural system, including geothermal heat, ocean
thermal heat and direct solar heat, is not accounted for.

130.The use of excess heat from third parties is not accounted for. When the
purpose of the process from which the heat originates is not heat generation,
it is regarded as excess heat.

131.For the purpose of this guideline, transport services supplied by third parties
other than subcontractors (see next paragraph) are not accounted for.22

132.Transport-related energy use includes all transports carried out as part of the
company’s business activities (transportation of goods and personnel) either
by the company itself or by a subcontractor23

in charge of a company's

transports.

(a)Vehicle transport by road shall be accounted for using the actual fuel
consumption of the vehicles used. If no fuel dataare available,
estimation values based on the technology and/or model year of the
vehicle should be used. Assumptions made should be disclosed. Table4
provides guidance.
(b)Non-road transportation, including airfreight, train freight, inland
shipping, marine shipping, passenger flights and passenger train rides
shall be accounted for using actual fuel or electricity consumption of the
mode of transport used. If no fuel data are available, estimation values
based on the technology of the vehicle should be used. Assumptions
made should be disclosed.

21

Work involves the net directed movement of matter from one location to another.

22

These services can nevertheless be disclosed separately(seeIII.C.6).

23

A subcontractor works in the name and on behalf of the company,for example rented
personnel transports, company owned or rented business jets.

A Manual for the Prepareres and Users of Eco-efficiencyIndicators

32

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