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J.E. Khaparkheda TPS K-53
FURNACE SAFEGUARD SUPERVISORY SYSTEM
y Furnace safeguard supervisory system popularly
called FSSS continuously monitors the operations related to fuel admission and some other vital parameters to ensure safety of the Boiler.
y Generally furnace oil or any kind of fuel is
susceptible to explosion hazards.
y Majority of explosion occurs during start up, shut
down and low load operations.
FURNACE SAFEGUARD SUPERVISORY SYSTEM
y There are many steps that must be followed by the operator to
admit a fuel in to the furnace safely and properly.
y In high capacity boilers, where fuel input rate is very high
major furnace explosions can result from the ignition of unburnt fuel accumulated in the first one or two seconds.
y Human reaction time to such situations is inadequate. So
there is a need for proper burner management system called as FSSS is installed in the Boilers. Every operation related to fuel admission is accomplished through FSSS.
oil elevations and flame scanner at every corner. y Relay Panels in the Relay room y Oil admission valves at every corner y Oil trip valves and re-circulation valves controlling the oil to headers . y Alarm windows on desk and panels for indicating current status of coal mills.FSSS HARDWARE y Pushbutton switches for initiating operations related to Fuel Oil and Coal admission.
pneumatic Solenoid valves Relay panels consisting of Relays. Timers and Memory Units. .FSSS HARDWARE y Limit switches sensing status of the valves in y y y y oil admission Flame scanners Pressure and Temperature switches Electro.
Logics in FSSS 1)Unit Logic 2) Elevation Logic 3) Corner Logic .
y If there is a likelihood of dangerous condition.UNIT LOGIC y It supervises the overall furnace conditions by monitoring all critical parameters of fuel firing system y Supervises furnace purge. it trips the boiler. .
ELEVATION LOGIC y Startup and stopping actions for the elevation are carried out through the elevation logic. y It also provides essential trip commands for corner logic. . y Input to this logic is from operators for start and stop commands of the elevation also trip commands from Unit logic.
e. . Oil Valves.CORNER LOGIC y It controls and supervises the corner valves i. y Trip signals from unit logic or elevation logic overrides the commands from corner logic. Atomizing Valves and Scavenge valves.
LOGIC GATES USED IN FSSS y AND GATE y OR GATE y NOT GATE & y DELAY TIMER .
AND GATE .
OR GATE .
NOT GATE .
DELAY TIMER .
FUNCTIONS OF FSSS y Furnace Purge Supervision y Igniter Control y Warm up fuel control y Pulveriser Control y Secondary Air damper Control y Flame scanner intelligence y Boiler Tripping .
. y This is the first operation that has to be carried out for lighting up the boiler. there is a possibility of accumulation of unburnt fuel in the furnace. This unburnt fuel need to be driven out prior to readmission of oil for lighting up the boiler.FURNACE PURGE y Purpose of this control is to ensure that furnace is always purged prior to Boiler Light up. y Purging is achieved by establishing a sufficient airflow by running one air cycle for predetermined time 5 minutes for 210 MW and 9 minutes for 500 MW Boilers. y When boiler trips on protection or otherwise.
All flame scanners sense no flame . All heavy oil valves closed 3. All igniters retraced in case of HEA igniters/All igniter valve closed incase of HSD Igniters 2.Furnace Purge Conditions 1. All pulverisers off 5. All Light oil valves 4. All Coal feeders Off 6.
Furnace Purge Conditions 7. Heavy oil trip valves closed 11.All hot air gates closed and cold air dampers open 5%. No Boiler trip . Igniters trip valves closed 10. 8. All auxiliary air dampers modulating 9. Light Oil Trip valves are closed 12.
Furnace Purge Control .
LDO Pressure adequate 4. y Other conditions to be satisfied are 1. LOTV Close command not persisting .LOTV Open/Close y Before Boiler light up with Light Diesel oil. All Corner Valves closed 3. LOTV must be opened by giving open command the desk. No Boiler Trip 2.
LOTV Open/Close LOTV closes when 1. Boiler trips. Close command through push button switch is initiated OR 2. After a delay of 3 seconds when any warm up oil elevation s Corner valve is NOT CLOSED . OR 3.
OR 3. After a delay of 3 seconds when any warm up oil elevation s Corner valve is NOT CLOSED AND a.LOTV Open/Close LOTV closes when 1. Close command through push button switch is initiated OR 2. Boiler trips. If LDO Pressure drops to LOW value OR b. If dP between atomizing air and LDO is low .
LOTV ON/OFF .
Pulveriser Ready Permissive 1. No Primary Air Fan Trip 5. Feeder Inlet gate Open 4. Pulveriser outlet temperature NOT HIGH 2. No Pulveriser trip . Pulveriser Discharge Valve open 6. Tramp Iron Hopper Valve Open 3.
Cold air gate open 10. Seal air valve open 9. Burner tilt horizontal AND Air Flow less than 40%. No Boiler trip AND a. . No Pulveriser stop command existing from Local or control desk 8. Any Feeder is ON OR b.Pulveriser Ready Permissive 7.
Pulv ris r ea y Permissive .
Pulveriser Ignition Permissive For Pulveriser A y Pulveriser B is running with 50% loading AND Boiler Load is More than 30% OR y Elevation AB in service with 3 out of 4 Guns established. .
Pulveriser Ignition Permissive Pulveriser B Ignition Permissive:y Pulveriser A or C running at 50% loading AND Boiler Load is more than 30% OR y Oil Elevation AB in service with 3 out of 4 guns established .
WIND BOX DAMPERS Auxiliary Air Dampers: y During furnace purge and when load is less than 30%. y When load increases beyond 30% the modulation is for a higher wind box pressure. FSSS modulates the auxiliary air dampers to maintain a low wind box Pressure. . which is achieved by closing dampers near elevation not in service.
y When heavy oil is in service.WIND BOX DAMPERS y When warm up oil is in service. then all auxiliary and fuel air damper open wide. . y When one FD fan trips. the auxiliary air is allowed to be controlled by opening depending on oil pressure. the auxiliary air damper of AB elevation opens to a predetermined position.
. the fuel air damper of that elevation is allowed to be controlled with feeder speed.Fuel air dampers: y All the air dampers are shut on elevations where there are no feeders in service. y After starting of feeder.
BOILER PROTECTIONS .
BOILER PROTECTIONS .
.OBJECTIVES ACHIEVED BY FSSS y Safe Furnace Operations. y Protective system for Boiler. y Withdrawing of Boiler safely as and when required. y Smooth Light up of Furnace.
THANK YOU .