University of Wroclaw Middle East and South Asia in International Relations Meha Lodha 5th January 2010

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History Facts Kashmir Conflict Other Issues Recent developments Nuclear Power SAARC Trivia

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Two Nation Theory ² Jinnah 1947 Partition of India Junagadh & Kashmir conflict War of 1947, War of 1965 1971 Bangladeshi Liberation War 1972 Simla Agreement 1999 Kargil War 2001 Indian Parliament Attack

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Largest country in SA New Delhi Population 1.19 b Secular democratic republic 138 m Muslims

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2nd largest country in SA Islamabad Population 180 m Islamic republic 173 m Muslims

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Administration: India 43% Pakistan 37% China 20% 5

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Part of India Supported by Govt., Hindus, Buddhists Opposed by Kashmiri Muslims Independent Kashmir Supported by some Kashmiris Opposed by India, Pakistan, China

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Part of Pakistan Supported by Govt., Muslims Opposed by Hindus, Buddhists LOC as intl. border Supported by India Opposed by Pakistan ² lesser control

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Siachen Glacier Sir Creek Baglihar project Tulbul navigation project Drug Trafficking Terrorism/Organized Crime Prisoners Roadblocks for trade and transit

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Samjhauta Express Delhi-Lahore Bus Srinagar-Muzaffarabad Bus Thar Express Indo-Pak Confederation Indo-Pak Joint Judicial Committee Indian cricket team - Pakistan Tour Release of prisoners

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´Compromiseµ 1976 (result of 1972 Simla Agreement) Discontinued Jan 2002 - Jan 2004 2007 Bombing ² 68 casualties RSS Hindus blamed for involvement

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Lashkar-e-Toiba and Jaish-e-Mohammed terrorists Casualties - 5 terrorists, 6 police and 1 civilian India-Pakistan standoff

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10 coordinated shooting & bombing Attacks in 4 days 173 people killed, 308 injured Operation Black Tornado Ajmal Kasab (LeT) undergoing trial Hampered bilateral relations

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India Nuclear program start 1st nuclear weapon test Last nuclear test NPT Signatory? 1967 1974 1998 No

Pakistan 1972 1998 1998 No

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Economic and political organization Established 1985 Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka & Afghanistan SAPTA enforced in 1995 Pakistan denies India MFN status SAFTA ² No customs duty by 2016

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Village in India named Pakistan 2005 earthquake Pakistan Indian Govt. & private sector companies 25 tonnes relief material and $ 226 k aid Indian and Pakistani cricket teams ² arch rivals Civil Visit ² Declaration at Police Station

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