CCNA Exploration 4.0.5.

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Routing Protocols and Concepts Student Lab Manual

This document is exclusive property of Cisco Systems, Inc. Permission is granted to print and copy this document for non-commercial distribution and exclusive use by instructors in the CCNA Exploration: Routing Protocols and Concepts course as part of an official Cisco Networking Academy Program.

Lab 1.5.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration
Topology Diagram

Addressing Table
Device R1 Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 S0/0/0 N/A N/A IP Address 192.168.1.1 192.168.2.1 192.168.3.1 192.168.2.2 192.168.1.10 192.168.3.10 Subnet Mask 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A 192.168.1.1 192.168.3.1

R2 PC1 PC2

Learning Objectives
Upon completion of this lab, you will be able to: Cable devices and establish console connections. Erase and reload the routers. Perform basic IOS command line interface operations. Perform basic router configuration. Verify and test configurations using show commands, ping and traceroute. Create a startup configuration file. Reload a startup configuration file. Install a terminal emulation program.

Scenario
In this lab activity, you will review previously learned skills including cabling devices, establishing a console connection, and basic IOS command line interface operation and configuration commands. You will also learn to save configuration files and capture your configurations to a text file. The skills presented in this lab are essential to completing the rest of the labs in this course. However, you may substitute the shorter version, Lab 1.5.2: Basic Router Configuration, if your instructor determines that you are proficient in the essential skills reviewed in this lab.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

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CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding

Lab 1.5.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration

Task 1: Cable the Ethernet Links of the Network.
Cable the Ethernet links for a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. The output used in this lab is from Cisco 1841 routers. But you can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces as shown in the topology. A simple way to identify the available interfaces on a router is by entering the show ip interface brief command. Which of the devices in the Topology Diagram require an Ethernet cable between them? ____________________________________________________ Step 1: Connect the R1 Router to the S1 Switch. Use a straight-through Ethernet cable to connect the FastEthernet 0/0 interface of the R1 router to the FastEthernet 0/1 interface on the S1 switch. What color is the link status light next to the FastEthernet 0/0 interface on R1? _______________ What color is the link status light next to the FastEthernet 0/1 interface on S1? _______________ Step 2: Connect PC1 to the S1 Switch. Use a straight-through Ethernet cable to connect the network interface card (NIC) of PC1 to the FastEthernet 0/2 Interface of the S1 switch. What color is the link status light next to the NIC interface on PC1? _______________ What color is the link status light next to the FastEthernet 0/2 interface on S1? _______________ If the link status lights are not green, wait a few moments for the link between the two devices to become established. If the lights do not turn green after a few moments, check that you are using a straightthrough Ethernet cable and that the power is on for the S1 switch and PC1. Step 3: Connect PC2 to the R2 Router. Use a crossover Ethernet cable to connect the FastEthernet 0/0 interface of the R2 router to the NIC of PC2. Because there is no switch between PC2 and the R2 router, a crossover cable is required for a direct link between the PC and the router. What color is the link status light next to the NIC interface on PC2? _______________ What color is the link status light next to the FastEthernet 0/0 interface on R2? _______________

Task 2: Cable the Serial Link between the R1 and R2 Routers.
In a real-world WAN connection, the customer premises equipment (CPE), which is often a router, is the data terminal equipment (DTE). This equipment is connected to the service provider through a data circuit-terminating equipment (DCE) device, which is commonly a modem or channel service unit (CSU)/ data service unit (DSU). This device is used to convert the data from the DTE into a form acceptable to the WAN service provider. Unlike the cables in the academy lab setup, the serial cables in the real world are not connected back to back. In a real-world situation, one router might be in New York, while another router might be in Sydney, Australia. An administrator located in Sydney would have to connect to the router in New York through the WAN cloud in order to troubleshoot the New York router. In the academy labs, devices that make up the WAN cloud are simulated by the connection between the back-to-back DTE-DCE cables. The connection from one router serial interface to another router serial interface simulates the whole circuit cloud.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

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CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding

Lab 1.5.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration

Step 1: Create a null serial cable to connect the R1 router to the R2 router. In the academy labs, the WAN connection between routers uses one DCE cable and one DTE cable. The DCE-DTE connection between routers is referred to as a null serial cable. The labs will use one V.35 DCE cable and one V.35 DTE cable to simulate the WAN connection. The V.35 DCE connector is usually a female V.35 (34-pin) connector. The DTE cable has a male V.35 connector. The cables are also labeled as DCE or DTE on the router end of the cable. The DTE and DCE V.35 cables must be joined together. Holding one of the V.35 ends in each hand, examine the pins and sockets as well as the threaded connectors. Note that there is only one proper way for the cables to fit together. Align the pins on the male cable with the sockets on the female cable and gently couple them. Very little effort should be required to accomplish this. When they are joined, turn the thumbscrews clockwise and secure the connectors. Step 2: Connect the DCE end of the null serial cable to the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the R1 router, and the DTE end of the null serial cable to the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the R2 router. Review the information provided below before making these connections. Before making the connection to one of the routers, examine the connector on the router and the cable. Note that the connectors are tapered to help prevent improper connection. Holding the connector in one hand, orient the cable and router connecters so that the tapers match. Now push the cable connector partially into the router connector. It probably will not go in all the way because the threaded connectors need to be tightened in order for the cable to be inserted completely. While holding the cable in one hand and gently pushing the cable toward the router, turn one of the thumb screws clockwise, 3 or 4 rounds, to start the screws. Now turn the other thumbscrew clockwise, 3 or 4 rounds, to get it started. At this point the cable should be attached sufficiently to free both hands to advance each thumbscrew at the same rate until the cable is fully inserted. Do not over-tighten these connectors.

Task 3: Establish a Console connection to the R1 Router.
The console port is a management port used to provide out-of-band access to a router. It is used to set up the initial configuration of a router and to monitor it. A rollover cable and an RJ-45 to DB-9 adapter are used to connect a PC to the console port. As you know from your previous studies, terminal emulation software is used to configure the router over the console connection. The Cisco Networking Academy Program recommends using Tera Term. However, you can also use HyperTerminal, which is part of the Windows operating system. At the end of this lab, the following three appendices are available for your reference concerning these two terminal emulation programs: Appendix 1: Installing and Configuring Tera Term for use on Windows XP Appendix 2: Configuring Tera Term as the Default Telnet Client in Windows XP Appendix 3: Accessing and Configuring HyperTerminal Step 1: Examine the router and locate the RJ-45 connector labeled Console. Step 2: Examine PC1 and locate a 9-pin male connector serial port. It may—or may not—be labeled as COM1 or COM2. Step 3: Locate the console cable. Some console cables have an RJ-45 to DB-9 adapter built into one end. Others do not. Locate either a console cable with a built-in adapter or a console cable with a separate RJ-45 to DB-9 adapter attached to one end.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

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CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding

Lab 1.5.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration

Step 4: Connect the console cable to the router and PC. First, connect the console cable to the router console port, an RJ-45 connector. Next, connect the DB-9 end of the console cable to the serial port of PC1. Step 5: Test router connection. 1. Open your terminal emulation software (HyperTerminal, Tera Term, or other software specified by your instructor). 2. Configure the software parameters specific to your applications (see appendices for help). 3. Once the terminal window is open, press the Enter key. There should be a response from the router. If there is, then the connection has been successfully completed. If there is no connection, troubleshoot as necessary. For example, verify that the router has power. Check the connection to the serial port on the PC and the console port on the router.

Task 4: Erase and Reload the Routers.
Step 1: Using the HyperTerminal session established in Task 3, enter privileged EXEC mode on R1. Router>enable Router# Step 2: Erase the configuration. To clear the configuration, issue the erase startup-config command. Confirm the objective when prompted, and answer no if asked to save changes. The result should look something like this: Router#erase startup-config Erasing the nvram filesystem will remove all files! Continue? [confirm] [OK] Erase of nvram: complete Router#

Step 3: Reload the configuration. When the prompt returns, issue the reload command. Confirm the objective when prompted. After the router finishes the boot process, choose not to use the AutoInstall facility, as shown: Would Would Press Press you like to enter the initial configuration dialog? [yes/no]: no you like to terminate autoinstall? [yes]: Enter to accept default. RETURN to get started!

Step 4: Establish a HyperTerminal Session to R2. Repeat Steps 1 through 3 to remove any startup configuration file that may be present.

Task 5: Understand Command Line Basics.
Step 1: Establish a HyperTerminal session to router R1. Step 2: Enter privileged EXEC mode. Router>enable Router#
All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 4 of 28

Step 5: Return to privileged EXEC mode with the exit command.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Step 3: Enter an incorrect command and observe the router response. ?. use the Backspace key. All rights reserved. If a command is entered incorrectly. can be entered at the prompt to display a list of available commands. keyword. Inc.5. Use the directional keys and the Backspace key to correct the command to configure terminal. the Up Arrow key on the keyboard can be pressed to repeat the last command. and then press Enter. The ^ appears at or near the point in the command string where an incorrect command. one per line. Router(config)# End with CNTL/Z. Router#comfigure terminal ^ % Invalid input detected at '^' marker. Step 4: Correct the previous command. Then make the correction. or argument was entered. Router#configure terminal Enter configuration commands. Use the Right Arrow and Left Arrow keys to move the cursor to the location where the mistake was made. and the Enter key is pressed. If something needs to be deleted. Router# Command line errors occur primarily from typing mistakes. Router(config)#exit %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console Router# Step 6: Examine the commands that are available for privileged EXEC mode. This document is Cisco Public Information. Router#? Exec commands: <1-99> Session number to resume clear Reset functions clock Manage the system clock configure Enter configuration mode connect Open a terminal connection copy Copy from one file to another debug Debugging functions (see also 'undebug') delete Delete a file dir List files on a filesystem disable Turn off privileged commands disconnect Disconnect an existing network connection enable Turn on privileged commands erase Erase a filesystem exit Exit from the EXEC logout Exit from the EXEC no Disable debugging informations ping Send echo messages reload Halt and perform a cold restart resume Resume an active network connection setup Run the SETUP command facility show Show running system information --More-All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. If a command keyword is incorrectly typed.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. A question mark. the user interface uses the caret symbol (^) to identify and isolate the error. Page 5 of 28 .

When a --More-. Enter only the character e at the command prompt and observe the results. network. View the rest of the command output by pressing the Spacebar. Page 6 of 28 . Step 7: View output. Press any other key to return to the prompt.prompt indicates that there are multiple screens of output.prompt appears. Router>e % Ambiguous command: "e" Router> Enter en at the command prompt and observe the results. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. press the Spacebar to view the next available screen.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Notice the --More-. as long as enough characters are typed for the IOS to recognize the unique command. Step 9: Press the Enter key to enter user EXEC mode. The remainder of the output will appear where the --More-. Router#exit The following output should be displayed: Router con0 is now available Press RETURN to get started.prompt appeared previously.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. The --More-. Inc. IOS commands can be abbreviated. This document is Cisco Public Information. or terminal Step 8: Exit privileged EXEC mode with the exit command.5. Router>en Router# The abbreviated command en contains enough characters for the IOS to distinguish the enable command from the exit command. telnet traceroute undebug vlan write Open a telnet connection Trace route to destination Disable debugging functions (see also 'debug') Configure VLAN parameters Write running configuration to memory. All rights reserved. press the Enter key. To display only the next line. The Router> prompt should be visible. Step 10: Type an abbreviated IOS command.at the bottom of the command output.

such as conf. Router(config)# Step 4: Configure the router name as R1. press the Tab key. Router(config)#hostname R1 R1(config)# Step 5: Disable DNS lookup with the no ip domain-lookup command. Router>enable Router# Step 3: Enter global configuration mode. Page 7 of 28 . Enter the command hostname R1 at the prompt.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Step 11: Press the Tab key after an abbreviated command to use auto-complete. All rights reserved. Router# Task 6: Perform Basic Configuration of Router R1. This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc. Step 12: Enter IOS commands in the correct mode. configuration changes cannot be made while in privileged EXEC mode. and observe the results. followed by the Tab key completes a partial command name. Step 1: Establish a HyperTerminal session to router R1. Router#configure terminal Enter configuration commands. Typing an abbreviated command.5. R1(config)#no ip domain-lookup R1(config)# Why would you want to disable DNS lookup in a lab environment? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ End with CNTL/Z. Router#hostname R1 ^ % Invalid input detected at '^' marker. Step 2: Enter privileged EXEC mode.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. For example. Router#conf Router#configure This auto-complete feature can be used as long as enough characters are typed for the IOS to recognize the unique command. This functionality of the IOS is called auto-complete. IOS commands must be entered in the correct mode. Type the abbreviated command conf. Attempt to enter the command hostname R1 at the privileged EXEC prompt and observe the results. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. one per line.

When you are finished. Use cisco as the password. Use class for the password. All rights reserved. the router expects the password as defined in the enable secret command. exit from line configuration mode. R1(config)#banner motd & Enter TEXT message. Because the enable secret is configured. In this case. The added layer of security encryption provides is useful in environments where the password crosses the network or is stored on a TFTP server. R1(config)#enable secret class R1(config)# The enable secret command is used to provide an additional layer of security over the enable password command.5. IOS commands can be removed from the configuration using the no form of the command.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. The enable secret command provides better security by storing the enable secret password using a non-reversible cryptographic function. R1(config)#no enable password R1(config)# Step 8: Configure a message-of-the-day banner using the banner motd command. ******************************** !!!AUTHORIZED ACCESS ONLY!!! ******************************** & R1(config)# When does this banner display? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Why should every router have a message-of-the-day banner? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Step 9: Configure the console password on the router. the enable password is no longer necessary. Configure an EXEC mode password using the enable secret password command. End with the character '&'. Page 8 of 28 . the router ignores the password defined in the enable password command. When both the enable password and enable secret passwords are configured. This document is Cisco Public Information.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration What would happen if you disabled DNS lookup in a production environment? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Step 6: Configure an EXEC mode password. R1(config)#line console 0 R1(config-line)#password cisco R1(config-line)#login R1(config-line)#exit R1(config)# All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Step 7: Remove the enable password. Inc.

0 R1(config-if)#clock rate 64000 R1(config-if)#no shutdown R1(config-if)# Note: The interface will not be activated until the serial interface on R2 is configured and activated. Use cisco as the password. To provide this clocking signal in the lab. This document is Cisco Public Information.1. one of the routers will need to act as the DCE on the connection.1.255. exit from line configuration mode.1/24.255.1 255. This function is achieved by applying the clock rate 64000 command on the serial 0/0/0 interface. R1(config)#interface fastethernet 0/0 R1(config-if)#ip address 192.‖ R1(config-if)#interface serial 0/0/0 R1(config-if)#ip address 192. When you are finished.2. Inc.168. changed state to up R1(config-if)# Step 12: Use the description command to provide a description for this interface. Step 14: Use the description command to provide a description for this interface. R1(config-if)#description R1 LAN R1(config-if)# Step 13: Configure the Serial0/0/0 interface with the IP address 192.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. All rights reserved.168.2. The purpose of the clock rate command is discussed further in Chapter 2. This is normally provided to each of the routers by the service provider.0 R1(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Step 10: Configure the password for the virtual terminal lines. Note: Because the routers in the labs will not be connected to a live leased line. R1(config)#line vty 0 4 R1(config-line)#password cisco R1(config-line)#login R1(config-line)#exit R1(config)# Step 11: Configure the FastEthernet 0/0 interface with the IP address 192. one of the routers will need to provide the clocking for the circuit. R1(config-if)#description Link to R2 R1(config-if)# Step 15: Use the end command to return to privileged EXEC mode. Page 9 of 28 . ―Static Routes. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0.5. Set the clock rate to 64000.1 255.168.255.255. R1(config-if)#end R1# All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. where the DCE end of the null modem cable has been connected.1/24.168.

All rights reserved.168.255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1.2/24.1/24. repeat Steps 1 through 10 from Task 6. Inc.. Save the R1 configuration using the copy running-config startup-config command.255. R1(config-if)#description Link to R1 R1(config-if)# Step 4: Configure the FastEthernet 0/0 interface with the IP address 192. Save the R2 configuration using the copy running-config startup-config command.0 R2(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0. Step 1: For R2.5. R2(config-if)#end R2# Step 7: Save the R2 configuration.0 R2(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Serial0/0/0.. This document is Cisco Public Information.3.255.1 255. changed state to up R2(config-if)# Step 3: Use the description command to provide a description for this interface. R2(config)#interface serial 0/0/0 R2(config-if)#ip address 192. changed state to up R2(config-if)# Step 5: Use the description command to provide a description for this interface. R2(config-if)#interface fastethernet 0/0 R2(config-if)#ip address 192. R1#copy running-config startup-config Building configuration.3. Page 10 of 28 . Step 2: Configure the Serial 0/0/0 interface with the IP address 192.168.2.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Step 16: Save the R1 configuration.2 255.168.. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial0/0/0. R1(config-if)#description R2 LAN R1(config-if)# Step 6: Use the end command to return to privileged EXEC mode.2. [OK] R2# All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255. [OK] R1# Task 7: Perform Basic Configuration of Router R2.168.. R2#copy running-config startup-config Building configuration.

255.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Task 8: Configure IP Addressing on the Host PCs. press the Spacebar to view the remainder of the command output.2. the command show ? provides a list of available show commands.1. The show running-config command is used to display the contents of the currently running configuration file.1.eca7. Step 1: Configure the host PC1. There are many show commands that can be used to examine the operation of the router. Configure the host PC2 that is attached to R2 with an IP address of 192.168. Configure the host PC1 that is attached to R1 with an IP address of 192.3.0 duplex auto speed auto ! interface FastEthernet0/1 mac-address 0001. examine the output of the show running-config command. This document is Cisco Public Information.1. From privileged EXEC mode on the R1 router.0 clock rate 64000 ! interface Serial0/0/1 no ip address All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.10/24 and a default gateway of 192.168.168. The list is considerably longer in privileged EXEC mode than it is in user EXEC mode.prompt appears.168.a220 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 description Link to R2 ip address 192.255.1 255. Step 2: Configure the host PC2. Step 1: Examine the show running-config command. In both privileged EXEC and user EXEC modes.255. R1#show running-config ! version 12.1 255.255.1.10/24 and a default gateway of 192.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. All rights reserved. Page 11 of 28 .3.5. Inc. If the –-More-. Task 9: Examine Router show Commands.1.3 ! hostname R1 ! ! enable secret 5 $1$AFDd$0HCi0iYHkEWR4cegQdTQu/ ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 description R1 LAN mac-address 0007.1511 ip address 192.42dd.168.168.

All rights reserved.1.eca7.0 duplex auto speed auto ! interface FastEthernet0/1 mac-address 0001.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration shutdown ! interface Vlan1 no ip address shutdown ! ip classless ! ! ! ! line con 0 password cisco line vty 0 4 password cisco login ! end Step 2: Examine The show startup-config command.3 ! hostname R1 ! ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 description R1 LAN mac-address 0007. From privileged EXEC mode on the R1 router.42dd. press the Spacebar to view the remainder of the command output. R1#show startup-config Using 583 bytes ! version 12.1 255.168.255. Page 12 of 28 .prompt appears.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. If the –-More-.255. This document is Cisco Public Information.a220 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 description Link to R2 ip address 192. Inc.2. examine the output of the show startup-config command. The show startup-config command displays the startup configuration file contained in NVRAM.5.0 clock rate 64000 ! interface Serial0/0/1 no ip address All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1511 ip address 192.255.168.1 255.255.

output hang never Last clearing of "show interface" counters never Queueing strategy: fifo Output queue :0/40 (size/max) 5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec. R1# show interfaces fastEthernet 0/0 FastEthernet0/0 is up. 0 overrun.prompt appears.168. 0 no carrier 0 output buffer failures. Last input 00:00:08. From privileged EXEC mode on the R1 router. 0 collisions. 0 no buffer Received 0 broadcasts. rely 255/255. A specific interface can be added to the end of this command to display the statistics for only that interface. output 00:00:05. 0 abort 0 input packets with dribble condition detected 0 packets output.1. 0 packets/sec 0 packets input.1/24 MTU 1500 bytes. 0 output buffers swapped out R1# Step 4: Examine the show version command. 0 runts. examine the output of the show interfaces fastEthernet0/0 command.eca7. ARP Timeout 04:00:00. 0 deferred 0 lost carrier. 0 bytes. 0 packets/sec 5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec. DLY 100 usec. BW 100000 Kbit. 0 bytes. loopback not set ARP type: ARPA.1625. 0 underruns 0 output errors. 0 throttles 0 input errors. The show interfaces command displays statistics for all interfaces configured on the router.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration shutdown ! interface Vlan1 no ip address shutdown ! ip classless ! ! ! ! line con 0 password cisco line vty 0 4 password cisco login ! end Step 3: Examine the show interfaces command. line protocol is up (connected) Hardware is Lance. This document is Cisco Public Information. 1 interface resets 0 babbles. From privileged EXEC mode on the R1 router.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. address is 0007. 0 ignored. examine the output All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. If the –-More-. press the Spacebar to view the remainder of the command output. 0 CRC. Inc. 0 frame.1511 (bia 0002. Page 13 of 28 .1bea) Description: R1 LAN Internet address is 192. The show version command displays information about the currently loaded software version along with hardware and device information. 0 giants. All rights reserved. load 1/255 Encapsulation ARPA.5. 0 late collision.

S.html If you require further assistance please contact us by sending email to export@cisco.T7.2.5. . Version 12. Importers.bin" This product contains cryptographic features and is subject to United States and local country laws governing import. A summary of U.1 unassigned 192.123-14.1. Processor board ID FTX0947Z18E M860 processor: part number 0. Version 12. distribute or use encryption. From privileged EXEC mode on the R1 router.cisco.3 interface(s) 2 Low-speed serial(sync/async) network interface(s) 191K bytes of NVRAM. By using this product you agree to comply with applicable laws and regulations.3(8r)T8.3(14)T7. and local country laws. press the Spacebar to view the remainder of the command output. mask 49 2 FastEthernet/IEEE 802.com/techsupport Copyright (c) 1986-2006 by Cisco Systems.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration of the show version command.1 OK? Method Status YES manual up Protocol up YES manual administratively down down YES manual up Page 14 of 28 up All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. export. If the –-More-. R1#show ip interface brief Interface IP-Address FastEthernet0/0 FastEthernet0/1 Serial0/0/0 192. This document is Cisco Public Information. export. If you are unable to comply with U. 31360K bytes of ATA CompactFlash (Read/Write) Configuration register is 0x2102 R1# Step 5: Examine the show ip interface brief command.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. R1#show version Cisco IOS Software.0) with 114688K/16384K bytes of memory. 1841 Software (C1841-IPBASE-M). exporters. Cisco 1841 (revision 5.S. If the –-More-. transfer and use. RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc2) Technical Support: http://www. examine the output of the show ip interface brief command.168. distributors and users are responsible for compliance with U.com. return this product immediately. The show ip interface brief command displays a summary of the usability status information for each interface. and local laws.168.com/wwl/export/crypto/tool/stqrg. All rights reserved.prompt appears.S.prompt appears. RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1) System returned to ROM by power-on System image file is "flash:c1841-ipbase-mz. Inc. Inc. laws governing Cisco cryptographic products may be found at: http://www. press the Spacebar to view the remainder of the command output. Delivery of Cisco cryptographic products does not imply third-party authority to import.cisco. Compiled Mon 15-May-06 14:54 by pt_team ROM: System Bootstrap.

168. The first ping packet failed because the router did not have an ARP table entry for the destination address of the IP packet. Sending 5. Sending 5. 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192. Step 3: Send an extended ping from R1 to PC1. type ping at the privileged EXEC prompt and press Enter.10. R1#ping 192.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. timeout is 2 seconds: . timeout is 2 seconds: !!!!! Success rate is 100 percent (5/5).) on the display indicates that the application on the router timed out while it waited for a packet echo from a target. Inc. This operation can be performed at either the user or privileged EXEC modes. The ping command is a useful tool for troubleshooting Layers 1 though 3 of the OSI model and diagnosing basic network connectivity. This document is Cisco Public Information.1. round-trip min/avg/max = 72/79/91 ms Each exclamation point (!) indicates a successful echo. 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192. the packet is dropped. When the next ping packet arrives. Each period (. receives a response.1. The router then sends an ARP request.10 Type escape sequence to abort. All rights reserved.1.1. and adds the MAC address to the ARP table.10 Repeat count [5]: 10 Datagram size [100]: Timeout in seconds [2]: Extended commands [n]: Sweep range of sizes [n]: Type escape sequence to abort. Using ping sends an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) packet to the specified device and then waits for a reply.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Serial0/0/1 Vlan1 R1# unassigned unassigned YES manual administratively down down YES manual administratively down down Task 10: Using ping. Fill out the rest of the prompts as shown: R1#ping Protocol [ip]: Target IP address: 192.1.10.168. R1#ping 192. Pings can be sent from a router or a host PC. round-trip min/avg/max = 72/83/93 ms R1# All of the pings are successful this time because the router has an entry for the destination IP address in the ARP table.168.!!!! Success rate is 80 percent (4/5). it will be forwarded and be successful.10 Type escape sequence to abort. Page 15 of 28 . Step 1: Use the ping command to test connectivity between the R1 router and PC1. Because there is no ARP table entry.168.168. Step 2: Repeat the ping from R1 to PC1. To accomplish this.5. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.

enter the following command at the Windows command prompt: C:\>ping 192. Inc. The Windows version of this command is tracert.168. timeout is 2 seconds: !!!!!!!!!! Success rate is 100 percent (10/10).168.168. This operation can be performed at either the user or privileged EXEC modes.1. 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.168.1. Step 5: Send an extended ping from PC1 to R1.1.1 Tracing route to 192.1.1. The traceroute command uses ICMP packets and the error message generated by routers when the packet exceeds its Time-To-Live (TTL). All rights reserved.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1.10 1 R1# 192.168. This document is Cisco Public Information.1 –n 10 There should be 10 successful responses from the command. round-trip min/avg/max = 53/77/94 ms R1# Step 4: Send a ping from PC1 to R1.1. R1#traceroute 192.5.1.1 Trace complete.1 The ping should respond with successful results. C:\>tracert 192. Step 1: Use the traceroute command at the R1 privileged EXEC prompt to discover the path that a packet will take from the R1 router to PC1. Page 16 of 28 .168.1.168. The traceroute command is an excellent utility for troubleshooting the path that a packet takes through an internetwork of routers.10.1 over a maximum of 30 hops: 1 71 ms 70 ms 73 ms 192. C:\> All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. ping R1 by issuing the following command: C:\> ping 192. In the Command Prompt window that opens.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Sending 10. Tracing the route to 192. Task 11: Using traceroute.1.168. It can help to isolate problem links and routers along the way.10 103 msec 81 msec 70 msec Step 2: Use the tracert command at the Windows command prompt to discover the path that a packet will take from the R1 router to PC1.10 Type escape sequence to abort. To accomplish this. From Windows go to Start > Programs > Accessories > Command Prompt.

255.txt) file and saved for later use.hq$Ds72Qz86tvpcuW2X3FqBS. All rights reserved. The configuration can be copied back to the router so that the commands do not have to be entered one at a time.168.eca7.42dd.255.255.0 clock rate 64000 ! interface Serial0/0/1 no ip address shutdown ! interface Vlan1 no ip address shutdown ! ip classless ! ! ! ! line con 0 password cisco line vty 0 4 password cisco login ! All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.a220 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 description Link to R2 ip address 192. R1#show running-config ! version 12. This document is Cisco Public Information.txt File.255.2.168.1511 ip address 192.0 duplex auto speed auto ! interface FastEthernet0/1 mac-address 0001.1 255. Page 17 of 28 .3 ! hostname R1 ! ! enable secret 5 $1$J. Router configurations can be captured to a text (.1.5.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1.1 255. Inc.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Task 12: Create a start. ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 description R1 LAN mac-address 0007. Step 1: View the running configuration of the router using the show running-config command.

choose the copy command.1 255.1.2.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration end R1# Step 2: Copy the command output. Inc. Replacing the encrypted text in the enable secret command with the appropriate password. This document is Cisco Public Information. All rights reserved.1 255. Edit the text in the Notepad file as shown below: hostname R1 ! ! enable secret class ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 description R1 LAN ip address 192.168. Notepad is typically found on the Start menu under Programs > Accessories. Some of these changes are: Adding a no shutdown command to FastEthernet and serial interfaces that are being used. Step 3: Paste output in Notepad.255. Some commands will have to be edited or added before the startup script can be applied to a router.0 no shutdown duplex auto speed auto ! interface Serial0/0/0 description Link to R2 ip address 192. Removing unused interfaces. From the Notepad Edit menu. From the HyperTerminal Edit menu. click Paste.0 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! ! ! ! line con 0 password cisco line vty 0 4 password cisco login All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.5. Open Notepad.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. Removing the mac-address command from the interfaces. Page 18 of 28 .255.255. Step 4: Edit commands. Removing the ip classless command. Select the command output.255.

select all the lines. as shown: Would Would Press Press you like to enter the initial configuration dialog? [yes/no]: no you like to terminate autoinstall? [yes]: Enter to accept default. Save the running configuration to NVRAM using the copy running-config startup-config command.txt file that was created in Notepad.. one per line. Router#configure terminal Enter configuration commands. Step 1: Erase the current startup configuration of R1. Router(config)# Step 4: Copy the commands. and answer no if asked to save changes. and then choose Edit > Copy. choose not to use the AutoInstall facility. use the show running-config command to verify that the running configuration appears as expected. In the start. [OK] R1# End with CNTL/Z. This document is Cisco Public Information.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1.. The result should look something like this: R1#erase startup-config Erasing the nvram filesystem will remove all files! Continue? [confirm] [OK] Erase of nvram: complete Router# Step 2: When the prompt returns. Task 13: Load the start. Confirm the objective when prompted. Inc.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration ! end Step 5: Save the open file in Notepad to start. RETURN to get started! Step 3: Enter global configuration mode.txt. Page 19 of 28 . issue the reload command.txt File onto the R1 Router. Step 6: Verify the running configuration. All rights reserved. Step 5: From the HyperTerminal Edit menu. Step 7: Save the running configuration. After the router finishes the boot process. Confirm the objective when prompted. choose Paste to Host. R1#copy running-config startup-config Building configuration. After all of the pasted commands have been applied. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.5.

To use Terra Term to connect to the router console. All rights reserved. If you are unsure what port to use.5.vector. ask your instructor for assistance.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. This document is Cisco Public Information. Step 3: Set Serial port parameters. Step 4: Configure settings. From the Setup > Terminal menu. Page 20 of 28 . Step 1: Open the Tera Terminal program. This setting allows command output to remain visible when the Terra Term window is resized.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Appendix 1: Installing and Configuring Tera Term for use on Windows XP Tera Term is a free terminal emulation program for Windows. It can be used in the lab environment in place of Windows HyperTerminal. and install Tera Term. open the New connection dialog box and select the Serial port.co. Tera Term can be obtained at the following URL: http://hp. Inc. Set appropriate parameters for Port in the Serial section of the Tera Term:New Connection dialog box.jp/authors/VA002416/teraterm. Normally. your connection is through COM1. check the Term size = win size checkbox. unzip it. Step 2: Assign Serial port.html Download the ―ttermp23. Terra Term has some settings that can be changed to make it more convenient to use. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.zip‖.

the scroll buffer has been changed to 1000 lines.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Step 5: Change scroll buffer number. In the example below. This document is Cisco Public Information. only the last 100 lines of output are visible.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1.5. Page 21 of 28 . From the Setup > Window menu. Inc. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. If there are only 100 lines available in the buffer. All rights reserved. change the scroll buffer number to a number higher than 100. This setting allows you to scroll up and view previous commands and outputs.

Inc. Select it and then click the Advanced button. This document is Cisco Public Information. This may be set to HyperTerminal or to the DOS-like version of Telnet embedded in the Windows operating system. you can change the Telnet client to Local Telnet Client. Windows may also be set to use the DOS version of Telnet.5. Double-click My Computer. Windows may be set to use HyperTerminal as the Telnet client. and then choose Tools > Folder Options. Step 2: Go to (NONE) URL:Telnet Protocol. In the NetLab environment. Page 22 of 28 . All rights reserved.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Click the File Types tab and scroll down in the list of Registered file types: until you find the (NONE) URL:Telnet Protocol entry. Complete the following steps to change your default Telnet client to Tera Term (or any other Telnet client): Step 1: Go to Folder Options.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Appendix 2: Configuring Tera Term as the Default Telnet Client in Windows XP Be default. which means that NetLab will open the current Windows default Telnet client.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. click Edit to edit the open action.5. In the Edit File Type dialog box. Step 4: Change the application. All rights reserved. Inc. This document is Cisco Public Information.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. the Application used to perform action is currently set to HyperTerminal. In the Editing action for type: URL: Telnet Protocol dialog box. Click Browse to change the application. Page 23 of 28 .1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Step 3: Edit the open action.

exe and close. Click OK twice and then Close to close the Folder Options dialog box.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. Page 24 of 28 .5. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Step 6: Confirm ttermpro.exe file to specify this program for the open action. This document is Cisco Public Information. Click the ttermpro.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Step 5: Open ttermpro. The Windows default Telnet client is now set to Tera Term. Browse to the Tera Term installation folder. and then click Open. Inc. All rights reserved.exe.

This document is Cisco Public Information.5.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. Page 25 of 28 . Inc.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1.

Inc. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This document is Cisco Public Information.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Appendix 3: Accessing and Configuring HyperTerminal In most versions of Windows. On the Connect To dialog box.5. Step 2: Assign COM1 port. Click OK. Some PCs have more than one COM port. Enter an appropriate description in the Connection Description dialog box and then click OK. Open HyperTerminal to create a new connection to the router. make sure the correct serial port is selected in the Connect using field.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. Page 26 of 28 . All rights reserved. HyperTerminal can be found by navigating to Start > Programs > Accessories > Communications > HyperTerminal. Step 1: Create a new connection.

5. All rights reserved. If not. set the properties to the values show in the following graphic. In the COM1 Properties dialog box under Port Setting. Page 27 of 28 . This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc. clicking Restore Defaults normally sets the correct properties. and then click OK.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Step 3: Set COM1 properties. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.

All rights reserved. Page 28 of 28 .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. Inc.5. Press Enter to get a router prompt. This document is Cisco Public Information. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. You should now have a console connection to the router.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Step 4: Verify connection.

2: Basic Router Configuration Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device R1 Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 S0/0/0 N/A N/A IP Address 192. Use the IP addresses that are provided in the Topology Diagram to apply an addressing scheme to the network devices.0 Def.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration and assumes you are proficient in basic cabling and configuration file management.255.3.10 Subnet Mask 255. Page 1 of 9 .255. All rights reserved.1 192. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state.2.0 255.5. Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A 192.0 255.1 192.255. This lab is a shorter version of Lab 1. You will then perform the initial router configurations required for connectivity. Test and verify configurations.255.1. Reflect upon and document the network implementation.255.10 192.255. Scenario In this lab activity.168.255.168. Configure and activate Ethernet interfaces. Inc.3.255.255.168. This document is Cisco Public Information.168.168.255.0 255. you will be able to: Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram.2 192.168.255.1 192.1.0 255. When the network configuration is complete. examine the routing tables to verify that the network is operating properly.168.5. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1.1 R2 PC1 PC2 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.1 192.255.2. Begin by cabling the network as shown in the Topology Diagram.0 255. you will create a network that is similar to the one shown in the Topology Diagram.3. Perform basic configuration tasks on a router.Lab 1.168.

Answer no if asked to save changes. issue the erase startup-config command. and host to router. Refer to Lab 1. Press Enter when prompted to [confirm] that you really do want to erase the configuration currently stored in NVRAM. Router#erase startup-config Erasing the nvram filesystem will remove all files! Continue? [confirm] [OK] Erase of nvram: complete Router# Step 4: Reload configuration. Save? [yes/no]: no Proceed with reload? [confirm] All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.5. issue the reload command. All rights reserved. Be sure to use the appropriate type of Ethernet cable to connect from host to switch. Answer the following questions: What type of cable is used to connect the Ethernet interface on a host PC to the Ethernet interface on a switch? ________________________ What type of cable is used to connect the Ethernet interface on a switch to the Ethernet interface on a router? __________________________ What type of cable is used to connect the Ethernet interface on a router to the Ethernet interface on a host PC? _________________________ Task 2: Erase and Reload the Routers. The output used in this lab is from 1841 routers.” for review of terminal emulation and connecting to a router.5. To clear the configuration. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces as shown in the topology. This document is Cisco Public Information. Router>enable Router# Step 3: Clear the configuration. Page 2 of 9 . When the prompt returns. “System configuration has been modified. Save?” _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ The result should look something like this: Router#reload System configuration has been modified. What would happen if you answered yes to the question. switch to router.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration if you have any trouble connecting the devices.1.2: Basic Router Configuration Task 1: Cable the Network. “Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration. Be sure to connect the serial DCE cable to router R1 and the serial DTE cable to router R2. Step 1: Establish a terminal session to router R1. Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. Step 2: Enter privileged EXEC mode.5. Inc. Refer to Lab 1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. choose not to use the AutoInstall facility. Router(config)#hostname R1 R1(config)# Step 5: Disable DNS lookup. R1(config)#no ip domain-lookup R1(config)# Why would you want to disable DNS lookup in a lab environment? _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ What would happen if you disabled DNS lookup in a production environment? _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Page 3 of 9 . Enter the command hostname R1 at the prompt. one per line. This document is Cisco Public Information. After the router finishes the boot process. Step 4: Configure the router name as R1. All rights reserved. Router#configure terminal Enter configuration commands. RETURN to get started! Step 5: Repeat Steps 1 through 4 on router R2 to remove any startup configuration file that may be present.2: Basic Router Configuration Press Enter when prompted to [confirm] that you really do want to reload the router. Step 2: Enter privileged EXEC mode. Router(config)# End with CNTL/Z.5. as shown: Would Would Press Press you like to enter the initial configuration dialog? [yes/no]: no you like to terminate autoinstall? [yes]: [Press Return] Enter to accept default. Router>enable Router# Step 3: Enter global configuration mode. Task 3: Perform Basic Configuration of Router R1. Inc. Disable DNS lookup with the no ip domain-lookup command. Step 1: Establish a HyperTerminal session to router R1.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. R1(config)#enable secret class R1(config)# Why is it not necessary to use the enable password password command? _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Step 7: Configure a message-of-the-day banner.2: Basic Router Configuration Step 6: Configure the EXEC mode password.1 255. All rights reserved. Use cisco as the password. exit from line configuration mode. Configure a message-of-the-day banner using the banner motd command.168. Use class for the password.0 R1(config-if)#no shutdown All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Configure the FastEthernet0/0 interface with the IP address 192. exit from line configuration mode. Inc.255.168. Use cisco as the password. End with the character '&'. R1(config)#line console 0 R1(config-line)#password cisco R1(config-line)#login R1(config-line)#exit R1(config)# Step 9: Configure the password for the virtual terminal lines. When you are finished. Configure the EXEC mode password using the enable secret password command. When you are finished.1/24.255.1.5. Page 4 of 9 . ******************************** !!!AUTHORIZED ACCESS ONLY!!! ******************************** & R1(config)# When does this banner display? _______________________________________________________________________________ Why should every router have a message-of-the-day banner? _______________________________________________________________________________ Step 8: Configure the console password on the router. R1(config)#line vty 0 4 R1(config-line)#password cisco R1(config-line)#login R1(config-line)#exit R1(config)# Step 10: Configure the FastEthernet0/0 interface.1. This document is Cisco Public Information. R1(config)#interface fastethernet 0/0 R1(config-if)#ip address 192. R1(config)#banner motd & Enter TEXT message.

2. Note: The purpose of the clock rate command is explained in Chapter 2: Static Routes.0 R1(config-if)#clock rate 64000 R1(config-if)#no shutdown R1(config-if)# Note: The interface will not be activated until the serial interface on R2 is configured and activated Step 12: Return to privileged EXEC mode.168. Inc.1 255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1.2: Basic Router Configuration %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0.. Page 5 of 9 .168.. changed state to up R1(config-if)# Step 11: Configure the Serial0/0/0 interface. changed state to up R2(config-if)# All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255. This document is Cisco Public Information. Configure the Serial0/0/0 interface with the IP address 192. [OK] R1# What is a shorter version of this command? ________________________ Task 4: Perform Basic Configuration of Router R2.255.2.1/24. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial0/0/0.2. R1(config-if)#end R1# Step 13: Save the R1 configuration. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0.0 R2(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Serial0/0/0.255.2/24.168.255. R2(config)#interface serial 0/0/0 R2(config-if)#ip address 192.2 255. Step 2: Configure the Serial 0/0/0 interface. Save the R1 configuration using the copy running-config startup-config command. repeat Steps 1 through 9 from Task 3. Configure the Serial 0/0/0 interface with the IP address 192.5. Set the clock rate to 64000. Step 1: For R2.168. All rights reserved. R1#copy running-config startup-config Building configuration. R1(config-if)#interface serial 0/0/0 R1(config-if)#ip address 192.2. Use the end command to return to privileged EXEC mode.

R2(config-if)#interface fastethernet 0/0 R2(config-if)#ip address 192.3. Configure the host PC2 that is attached to R2 with an IP address of 192.168.168.10/24 and a default gateway of 192.3..3.255.1 255. Configure the FastEthernet0/0 interface with the IP address 192.168.1. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.168.255. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0.1. [OK] R2# Task 5: Configure IP Addressing on the Host PCs. Step 1: Configure the host PC1. Page 6 of 9 . Inc.10/24 and a default gateway of 192. changed state to up R2(config-if)# Step 4: Return to privileged EXEC mode. Save the R2 configuration using the copy running-config startup-config command.2: Basic Router Configuration Step 3: Configure the FastEthernet0/0 interface.1. All rights reserved. R2(config-if)#end R2# Step 5: Save the R2 configuration. Configure the host PC1 that is attached to R1 with an IP address of 192.1.0 R2(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0. Use the end command to return to privileged EXEC mode. R2#copy running-config startup-config Building configuration.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1.168. Step 2: Configure the host PC2.3..168.5.1/24. This document is Cisco Public Information.

periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set C C 192.OSPF. B .EIGRP external. EX .EIGRP external. L2 .ODR. IA . Your output should look similar to the following: R1#show ip interface Interface FastEthernet0/0 FastEthernet0/1 Serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/1 Vlan1 brief IP-Address 192.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set C C 192. O .IS-IS summary. L2 . S .per-user static route o .5. su .168. * . N2 .168. M .IS-IS level-1. L1 . P . E2 .BGP D .OSPF NSSA external type 1.candidate default.static.OSPF.per-user static route o . If you do not see two routes for each router as shown in the following output. U .connected. su . Both routes are designated with a C.ODR.IS-IS.OSPF external type 2 i .OSPF external type 2 i .IS-IS level-1.IS-IS level-2 ia .2: Basic Router Configuration Task 6: Verify and Test the Configurations.0/24 is directly connected.IS-IS inter area. you are interested in seeing that both R1 and R2 have two routes. R . Step 1: Verify that routing tables have the following routes using the show ip route command.RIP.3. P .RIP.2. These are the directly connected networks that were activated when you configured the interfaces on each router.OSPF inter area N1 . U .0/24 is directly connected. M .OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 . This document is Cisco Public Information.IS-IS inter area.0/24 is directly connected.IS-IS level-2 ia .OSPF external type 1.EIGRP.connected.1 unassigned 192.1.2. FastEthernet0/0 Step 2: Verify interface configurations. Page 7 of 9 . proceed to Step 2. Another common problem is router interfaces that are not configured correctly or not activated.OSPF NSSA external type 1.mobile. FastEthernet0/0 192.168.0/24 is directly connected.EIGRP.IS-IS summary.168. B .IS-IS. IA . * . S .1.OSPF external type 1. N2 .mobile.static.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. Serial0/0/0 192. R . L1 . Inc. The show ip route command and output will be thoroughly explored in upcoming chapters. EX .OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .BGP D . For now.candidate default. E2 .168.OSPF inter area N1 . R1#show ip route Codes: C . All rights reserved. O . Serial0/0/0 -----------------------R2#show ip route Codes: C .168. Use the show ip interface brief command to quickly verify the configuration of each router’s interfaces.2.1 unassigned unassigned OK? Method Status Protocol YES manual up up YES unset administratively down down YES manual up up YES unset administratively down down YES manual administratively down down -----------------------All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.

Page 8 of 9 . Are the routers physically connected? ____________ Are link lights blinking on all relevant ports? ____________ 2. This document is Cisco Public Information. Are the interfaces “up” and “up”? ____________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.2. Test connectivity by pinging from each host to the default gateway that has been configured for that host.3. All rights reserved. Check the PCs. From the host attached to R1.2: Basic Router Configuration R2#show ip interface Interface FastEthernet0/0 FastEthernet0/1 Serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/1 Vlan1 brief IP-Address 192.2? ____________ From the router R2. is it possible to ping the default gateway? __________ From the host attached to R2. Step 4: Test connectivity between router R1 and R2.168. then both routes will be in the routing table. Are they physically connected to the correct router? (Connection could be through a switch or directly.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. Inc.2. is it possible to ping the default gateway? __________ If the answer is no for any of the above questions. then you should be able to successfully ping the default gateway.168.) ____________ Are link lights blinking on all relevant ports? ____________ 2. is it possible to ping R2 using the command ping 192.2 unassigned unassigned OK? Method Status Protocol YES manual up up YES unset administratively down down YES manual up up YES unset down down YES manual administratively down down If both interfaces are up and up. Check the cabling. Check the router interfaces using the show ip interface brief command. Check the router interfaces using the show ip interface brief command. is it possible to ping R1 using the command ping 192.168. Step 3: Test connectivity.1? ____________ If the answer is no for the questions above. Do they match the Topology Diagram? ____________ Did you configure the clock rate command on the DCE side of the link? ____________ 3.168. Verify this again by using the show ip route command. Check the PC configurations. Are the interfaces up and up? ____________ If your answer to all three steps is yes. From the router R1. Check the router configurations. troubleshoot the configurations to find the error using the following systematic process: 1. Do they match the Topology Diagram? ____________ 3.2.5. troubleshoot the configurations to find the error using the following systematic process: 1.1 unassigned 192.

1. capture the following command output to a text (. This ping should be unsuccessful. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.2: Basic Router Configuration If your answer to all three steps is yes. What is missing from the network that is preventing communication between these devices? ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Task 8: Documentation On each router. Inc. This ping should be unsuccessful.” Task 9: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. Disconnect and store the cabling. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings.5. show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief If you need to review the procedures for capturing command output. Step 3: Attempt to ping from the host connected to R2 to router R1. Step 2: Attempt to ping from the host connected to R1 to router R2.txt) file and save for future reference. This document is Cisco Public Information. Task 7: Reflection Step 1: Attempt to ping from the host connected to R1 to the host connected to R2. refer to Lab 1.5. Page 9 of 9 . “Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration. then you should be able to successfully ping from R2 to R1 and from R2 to R3. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). This ping should be unsuccessful.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. All rights reserved.

3: Challenge Router Configuration Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device R1 Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 S0/0/0 NIC NIC IP Address Subnet Mask Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A R2 PC1 PC2 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Inc. Scenario In this lab activity. you will be able to: Subnet an address space given requirements. configure each device with the appropriate basic configuration commands. This document is Cisco Public Information. You will be given one class C address that you must subnet to provide a logical addressing scheme for the network. You must first cable the network as shown before the configuration can begin. Note: Use classful subnetting for this lab. Assign appropriate addresses to interfaces and document. Reflect upon and document the network implementation. Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram. All rights reserved. use the appropriate IOS commands to verify that the network is working properly. When the configuration is complete. Test and verify configurations. Configure and activate Serial and Ethernet interfaces. The routers will then be ready for interface address configuration according to your IP addressing scheme.Lab 1. Once the network is cabled. Perform basic configuration tasks on a router. Page 1 of 4 .5. you will design and apply an IP addressing scheme for the topology shown in the Topology Diagram.

Note: The fourth (highest) subnet is not required in this lab. Step 1: Examine the network requirements. Assign the first valid host address in third subnet to the LAN interface of R2. Assign the first valid host address in first subnet to the LAN interface on R1. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. The network connected to router R2 will require enough IP addresses to support 20 hosts.0/24 address space to use in your network design. Assign the second subnet to the link between R1 and R2.1. Assign the first subnet (lowest subnet) to the network attached to R1. The link between router R1 and router R2 will require IP addresses at each end of the link.3: Challenge Router Configuration Task 1: Subnet the Address Space. Assign the last valid host address in second subnet to the WAN interface on R2.168. Assign the first valid host address in second subnet to the WAN interface on R1. 1. Assign the last valid host address in third subnet to PC2. Task 2: Determine Interface Addresses. Assign the last valid host address in first subnet to PC1. Step 2: Document the addresses to be used in the table provided under the Topology Diagram. This document is Cisco Public Information. You have been given the 192. 6. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces as shown in the topology. 2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. 4. 2. 3. Page 2 of 4 . Assign the third subnet to the network attached to R2. 1. How many subnets are needed for this network? ____________________ What is the subnet mask for this network in dotted decimal format? ____________________ What is the subnet mask for the network in slash format? ____________________ How many usable hosts are there per subnet? ____________________ Step 3: Assign subnetwork addresses to the Topology Diagram. 3. Inc. Task 3: Prepare the Network Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. All rights reserved. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers. (Note: Remember that the interfaces of network devices are also host IP addresses and are included in the above addressing scheme. 5.) Step 2: Consider the following questions when creating your network design. Step 1: Assign appropriate addresses to the device interfaces. The network consists of the following segments: The network connected to router R1 will require enough IP addresses to support 20 hosts.5.

” What is the status of the FastEthernet 0/0 interface of R1? _____________ What is the status of the Serial 0/0/0 interface of R1? _____________ What is the status of the FastEthernet 0/0 interface of R2? _____________ What is the status of the Serial 0/0/0 interface of R2? _____________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.5. Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1 and PC2 with the IP addresses and default gateways from your network design. “Basic Router Configuration. Configure the interfaces on the R1 and R2 routers with the IP addresses from your network design. 2. refer to Lab 1. This document is Cisco Public Information. 3. Answer the following questions to verify that the network is operating as expected. From the host attached to R1. Task 6: Verify the Configurations. Disable DNS lookup.3: Challenge Router Configuration Task 4: Perform Basic Router Configurations. Configure an EXEC mode password. Configure a password for VTY connections. If any of the above pings failed. All rights reserved.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. When you have finished. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of R1? __________ The answer to the above questions should be yes. Page 3 of 4 .2. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. Task 5: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses. 6. 4. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of R2? __________ From the router R2. is it possible to ping the default gateway? __________ From the router R1. 5. Perform basic configuration of the R1 and R2 routers according to the following guidelines: 1. is it possible to ping the default gateway? __________ From the host attached to R2. If necessary. Step 2: Configure the PC interfaces. Configure the router hostname. check your physical connections and configurations.5. Configure a password for console connections. Step 1: Configure the router interfaces. Configure a message-of-the-day banner. Inc.

All rights reserved. Running configuration Routing table Summary of status information for each interface All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.5.3: Challenge Router Configuration What routes are present in the routing table of R1? __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ What routes are present in the routing table of R2? __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Task 7: Reflection Are there any devices on the network that cannot ping each other? __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ What is missing from the network that is preventing communication between these devices? __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Task 8: Document the Router Configurations. capture the following command output to a text (. This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc.txt) file and save for future reference.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. Page 4 of 4 . On each router.

1 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.168.2.16.16.255.2.2 192.16.10 Subnet Mask 255.1 172.1 192.2 192.8.255.255.1.1.255.255.1 192. All rights reserved.255.1.255.3.255.3.255.255.2.1 172.Lab 2.0 255. Page 1 of 20 . Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state.0 255.168.168.1.16.2.3.0 255.10 172.0 255. This document is Cisco Public Information.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.16.0 255.1 172.0 255.16.1 172.0 255.255.168.16.0 255.255. you will be able to: Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram.255.255.255.255.1.255.255.255.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device R1 Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 R2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 R3 PC1 PC2 PC3 FA0/0 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 172.16. Inc.255. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0 255. Perform basic configuration tasks on a router.1 172.2.10 192.168.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. Configure and activate Serial and Ethernet interfaces. Answer no if asked to save changes. Clear the configuration on each of the routers using the erase startup-config command and then reload the routers. and then test connectivity between devices that are not directly connected. Erase.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration. you will create a network that is similar to the one shown in the Topology Diagram. Inc. Scenario In this lab activity. password login All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This document is Cisco Public Information. You will configure the static routes that are needed to allow communication between the hosts. Static routes must be configured on the routers for end-to-end communication to take place between the network hosts. Begin by cabling the network as shown in the Topology Diagram. enter global configuration mode and configure the basic global configuration commands including: hostname no ip domain-lookup enable secret Step 2: Configure the console and virtual terminal line passwords on each of the routers. View the routing table after each static route is added to observe how the routing table has changed.8.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Interpret debug ip routing output. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. see Lab 1. and Reload the Routers. Step 1: Use global configuration commands. Note: If you have difficulty with any of the commands in this task. Configure a static route using an intermediate address. Document the network implementation. Configure a default static route. Task 2: Perform Basic Router Configuration. Test connectivity. Compare a static route with intermediate address to a static route with exit interface. You will then perform the initial router configurations required for connectivity. On the routers.5. Use the IP addresses that are provided in the Addressing Table to apply an addressing scheme to the network devices. Gather information to discover causes for lack of connectivity between devices. Configure a static route using an exit interface. Step 2: Clear the configuration on each router. Task 1: Cable. All rights reserved. Page 2 of 20 . First test the connections between directly connected devices. After completing the basic configuration. test connectivity between the devices on the network. Configure a summary static route.

0 R1(config-if)#no shutdown R1(config-if)#description *Mar 1 01:28:04.8.214: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0. Inc. we can use the logging synchronous line configuration command.16.255. or virtual terminal line.3.255. changed state to up *Mar 1 01:16:09.255. However. R1(config)#interface fastethernet 0/0 R1(config-if)#ip address 172. auxiliary port line. changed state to up R1(config-if)#description <-. R1(config)#interface fastethernet 0/0 R1(config-if)#ip address 172.1 255.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Step 3: Add the logging synchronous command to the console and virtual terminal lines.243: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0. In other words.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.Keyboard input copied after message R1 is shown here as an example.0 R1(config-if)#no shutdown R1(config-if)#descri *Mar 1 01:16:08. description) is interrupted by these messages. you may have already experienced something similar to the following example: Note: Do not configure R1 interfaces yet. Page 3 of 20 . R1(config)#line console 0 R1(config-line)#logging synchronous R1(config-line)#line vty 0 4 R1(config-line)#logging synchronous All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16.212: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet0/0. The logging synchronous command solves this problem by copying the command entered up to that point down to the next router prompt.3. the logging synchronous command prevents IOS messages delivered to the console or Telnet lines from interrupting your keyboard input. All rights reserved. changed state to up *Mar 1 01:28:05. This command is very helpful in both lab and production environments and uses the following syntax: Router(config-line)#logging synchronous To synchronize unsolicited messages and debug output with solicited Cisco IOS software output and prompts for a specific console port line. This document is Cisco Public Information.255.242: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet0/0. Add logging synchronous to the console and virtual terminal lines on all routers.1 255. changed state to upption R1(config-if)# The IOS sends unsolicited messages to the console when you activate an interface with the no shutdown command. For example. the next command you enter (in this case.

R1. you can specify ―no timeout‖ by entering the exec-timeout 0 0 command. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved.8.16. The syntax follows: Router(config-line)#exec-timeout minutes [seconds] Syntax description: minutes—Integer that specifies the number of minutes. In a lab environment. please remove all interface commands now before proceeding.1 255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. Step 1: On R1 from privileged EXEC mode. the EXEC facility returns the terminal to the idle state and disconnects the incoming session. Cisco IOS adds a route to the routing table. To set the interval that the EXEC command interpreter waits until user input is detected. This command is very helpful because the default timeout for lines is 10 minutes.3.255. R1(config)#interface fastethernet 0/0 Configure the IP address as specified in the Topology Diagram.0 is_up: 0 state: 6 sub state: 1 line: 1 has_route: False End with CNTL/Z. for security purposes. R2 and R3 should be configured through the end of Task 2 without any interface configurations. one per line. Add exec-timeout 0 0 to console and virtual terminal lines on all routers.255. and deleted from the routing table. If no connections exist. we can use the exec-timeout line configuration command. For example. modified. Note: If you already configured IP addressing on R1. R1#debug ip routing IP routing debugging is on The debug ip routing command shows when routes are added. every time you successfully configure and activate an interface. This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc. Step 2: Enter interface configuration mode for R1’s LAN interface. R1(config)#line console 0 R1(config-line)#exec-timeout 0 0 R1(config-line)#line vty 0 4 R1(config-line)#exec-timeout 0 0 Task 3: Interpreting Debug Output. However. R1#configure terminal Enter configuration commands.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Step 4: Add the exec-timeout command to the console and virtual terminal lines. R1(config-if)#ip address 172. This command allows you to control the amount of time a console or virtual terminal line can be idle before the session is terminated. Page 4 of 20 . If no input is detected during the interval. you would not normally set lines to ―no timeout‖ in a production environment. the EXEC facility resumes the current connection. enter the debug ip routing command. R1 is shown here as an example. We can verify this by observing output from the debug ip routing command. seconds—(Optional) Additional time intervals in seconds.

but its state is False. as shown in the highlighted output.3.8.0/24 via 0. Your output may be slightly different from the example below. Did you connect the correct LAN interface? ________ An interface will not come up unless it detects a carrier detect signal at the Physical layer from another device. chan ged state to up is_up: 1 state: 4 sub state: 1 line: 1 has_route: True is_up: 1 state: 4 sub state: 1 line: 1 has_route: True The new network you configured on the LAN interface is now added to the routing table. Queue size 1 RT: interface FastEthernet0/0 added to routing table %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet0/0.0. Is the correct interface attached? ________ Your router may have more than one LAN interface. ―Router Configuration Review. or PC? ________ 2. switch. connected metric [0/0] RT: NET-RED 172. Use the following systematic process to troubleshoot your connection: 1. Check your physical connections to the LAN interface.16.0.‖ After you enter the correct command. Are all link lights blinking? ________ 3. Check link lights. In other words.0.3. Why did this occur and what steps should be taken to ensure that the route is entered into the routing table? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: Enter the command necessary to install the route in the routing table. Are the correct cables connected to the devices? ________ 4.2.1: Basic Static Route Configuration As soon as you press the Enter key. Page 5 of 20 .0/24 RT: NET-RED queued. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Has the interface been activated or enabled? ________ If you can answer yes to all the proceeding questions. If you do not see the route added to the routing table. the interface should come up. the route has not yet been added to the routing table. All rights reserved. you should see debug output. Check the cabling. Is the interface connected to another device such as a hub. Inc. This document is Cisco Public Information. If you are not sure what the correct command is. Cisco IOS debug output informs you that there is now a route.16. review the discussion in ―Examining Router Interfaces‖ which is discussed in Section 2. changed state to up is_up: 1 state: 4 sub state: 1 line: 1 has_route: True %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0. is_up: 1 state: 4 sub state: 1 line: 1 has_route: False RT: add 172. the interface did not come up.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.

255.IGRP. B .0 is_up: 0 state: 0 sub state: 1 line: 0 has_route: False As soon as you press the Enter key. 1 subnets 172.0.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set C 172.EGP i .OSPF. You can specify any valid clocking speed.16. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255.static.OSPF external type 2. L1 . S .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.2.IS-IS. O .IS-IS level-1. R1(config-if)#ip address 172.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 . I . L2 .3. o .8. FastEthernet0/0 Step 5: Enter interface configuration mode for R1’s WAN interface connected to R2.EIGRP external.2.16.OSPF external type 1.EIGRP. R1(config-if)#clock rate 64000 is_up: 0 state: 0 sub state: 1 line: 0 has_route: False Some IOS versions display the output shown above every 30 seconds. If you are not sure what the correct command is.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Step 4: Enter the command to verify that the new route is now in the routing table. one per line. changed state to down End with CNTL/Z. E .OSPF inter area N1 . but its state is False. Inc. N2 . All rights reserved.IS-IS level-2. Page 6 of 20 . Cisco IOS debug output informs you that there is now a route.0 is directly connected. review the discussion in ―Examining Router Interfaces.mobile. R1#configure terminal Enter configuration commands. U . we used 64000 bps. R .‖ which is discussed in Section 2.IS-IS inter area * . There should now be one route in the table for R1.1 255.16. This document is Cisco Public Information.OSPF NSSA external type 1.per-user static route. Use the ? to find the valid rates. ―Router Configuration Review. Why is the state of the route still False? What step must you now take to make sure that the interface is fully configured? _______________________________________________________________________ Step 7: Enter the command necessary to ensure that the interface is fully configured.connected.ODR P . R1(config)#interface Serial 0/0/0 Configure the IP address as specified in the Topology Diagram.0/24 is subnetted. Here. What command did you use? R1#______________________________________ Codes: C . Step 6: Enter the clock rate command on R1. we must specify how fast the bits will be clocked between R1 and R2. IA . E2 .‖ R1(config-if)#_____________________________ After you enter the correct command. M .candidate default.RIP.BGP D . Because R1 is the DCE side of our lab environment. you should see debug output similar to the following example: is_up: 0 state: 0 sub state: 1 line: 0 has_route: False %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Serial0/0/0. Your output should look similar to the following output. EX . ia .

R2#configure terminal Enter configuration commands.0. Has the interface been activated or enabled? ________ If you can answer yes to all the proceeding questions. as shown in the highlighted output.‖ which is discussed in Section 2. If you are not sure what the correct command is. one per line. Check your physical connections between the two WAN interfaces for R1 and R2. changed state to up is_up: 1 state: 4 sub state: 1 line: 0 RT: add 172.2. Use the following systematic process to troubleshoot your connection: 1.255. The other side of the WAN link must also be configured. even if your cable connections are correct. the interface did not come up.0/24 via 0. R1 must have the DCE side of the cable attached and R2 must have the DTE side of the cable attached. Is the interface connected to the other router’s interface? ________ 2. Page 7 of 20 . ―Router Configuration Review. you should see debug output similar to the following example: is_up: 0 state: 4 sub state: 1 line: 0 %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Serial0/0/0. End with CNTL/Z.‖ R2(config-if)#_____________________________ After you enter the correct command. Is the correct interface attached? ________ Your router has more than one WAN interface. fully configuring the WAN interface does not always guarantee that the route will be entered in the routing table. Doing this allows you to observe the debug output on R1 when you make changes on R2. R2#debug ip routing IP routing debugging is on Enter interface configuration mode for R2’s WAN interface connected to R1.2. the interface should come up. review the discussion in ―Examining Router Interfaces. establish a separate terminal session by consoling into R2 from another workstation.0. R2(config-if)#ip address 172.8.255. You can also turn on debug ip routing on R2. Are all link lights blinking? ________ 3. connected metric [0/0] RT: interface Serial0/0/0 added to routing table is_up: 1 state: 4 sub state: 1 line: 0 %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial0/0/0.0 is_up: 0 state: 6 sub state: 1 line: 0 Step 9: Enter the command necessary to ensure that the interface is fully configured. This document is Cisco Public Information. Step 8: If possible. Check the cabling. Are the correct cables connected to the routers? ________ 4. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.2 255. Inc.2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. R2(config)#interface serial 0/0/0 Configure the IP address as specified in the Topology Diagram. Check link lights. Did you connect the correct WAN interface? ________ An interface will not come up unless it detects a link beat at the Physical layer from another device. If you do not see the route added to the routing table.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Unlike configuring the LAN interface.0.16.16. All rights reserved. changed state to up is_up: 1 state: 4 sub state: 1 line: 0 The new network that you configured on the WAN interface is now added to the routing table.

OSPF external type 2 i . IA . L1 . All rights reserved.EIGRP.IGRP.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .ODR.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.IS-IS inter area. 1 subnets 172.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set C C 172.OSPF NSSA external type 1. This document is Cisco Public Information. EX .OSPF NSSA external type 1.16. Page 8 of 20 .periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set C 172. U .BGP D .IS-IS.0 is directly connected. What command did you use? R1#_________________________________ Codes: C .per-user static route o .EGP i . E2 .connected.0/24 is subnetted. Serial0/0/0 172.OSPF.per-user static route.2. IA .1: Basic Static Route Configuration Step 10: Enter the command to verify that the new route is now in the routing table for R1 and R2. O . undebug all.mobile. ia . FastEthernet0/0 R2#_________________________________ Codes: C . O . I . E .static.16.IS-IS level-2 ia .16.OSPF external type 1. P . N2 .OSPF inter area N1 . R1(config-if)#end R1#no debug ip routing IP routing debugging is off All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.candidate default. o .IS-IS.static.0 is directly connected.0.2.0/24 is subnetted. There should now be two routes in the routing table for R1 and one route in the table for R2. B . M . L1 . L2 . su .0 is directly connected.connected.EIGRP external. N2 .IS-IS level-2.RIP. S .16.3. EX .IS-IS inter area * . S .RIP.OSPF inter area N1 .16.0. U .OSPF external type 2.mobile. M .EIGRP. Serial0/0/0 Step 11: Turn off debugging on both routers using either no debug ip routing or simply.ODR P .IS-IS level-1.OSPF external type 1.8. L2 .IS-IS level-1. R . Your output should look similar to the following output.IS-IS summary.OSPF. B . * .OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 . Inc.candidate default. E2 .EIGRP external. R .BGP D . 2 subnets 172.

1.1.3. is it possible to ping the default gateway? ________ If the answer is no for any of these questions.10/24 and a default gateway of 172.168. Check the cabling.16.1. Configure the host PC1 with an IP address of 172.1.2. Step 2: Configure R3 Interfaces Console into R3 and configure the necessary interfaces according to the Topology Diagram and Addressing Table. Page 9 of 20 .168. This document is Cisco Public Information.3. Configure the host PC2 with an IP address of 172. Check the PC configurations. you should be able to successfully ping the default gateway.2.1? ________ From the router R2. Step 1: Configure the host PC1. is it possible to ping the default gateway? ________ From the host PC3. Do they match the Topology Diagram? ________ 3.16.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. Step 2: Use the ping command to test connectivity between directly connected routers. From the router R2.1.10/24 and a default gateway of 192.1? ________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. Task 6: Test and Verify the Configurations. Configure the host PC3 with an IP address of 192. Step 2: Configure the host PC2.2.16.16. From the host PC1.8.10/24 and a default gateway of 172. Step 1: Test connectivity. is it possible to ping R3 at 192. Check the router interfaces using the show ip interface brief command. Test connectivity by pinging from each host to the default gateway that has been configured for that host.1. troubleshoot the configurations to find the error using the following systematic process: 1. Step 3: Configure the host PC3.16. is it possible to ping R1 at 172. Are all relevant interfaces up and up? ________ If your answer to all three steps is yes. Inc. is it possible to ping the default gateway? ________ From the host PC2.168.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Task 4: Finish Configuring Router Interfaces Step 1: Configure Remaining R2 Interfaces Finish configuring the remaining interfaces on R2 according to the Topology Diagram and Addressing Table. Task 5: Configure IP Addressing on the Host PCs. Are the PCs physically connected to the correct router? ________ (Connection could be through a switch or directly) Are link lights blinking on all relevant ports? ________ 2.

Why? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Task 7: Gather Information.2 Serial0/0/1 192.8. Check the cabling. Inc.1 FastEthernet0/1 unassigned Serial0/0/0 172. Step 1: Check status of interfaces. Step 3: Use ping to check connectivity between devices that are not directly connected. is it possible to ping the host PC1? ________ From the host PC3. troubleshoot the configurations to find the error using the following systematic process: 1. Check the router configurations. Are the routers physically connected? ________ Are link lights blinking on all relevant ports? ________ 2. From the host PC3.1: Basic Static Route Configuration If the answer is no for any of these questions. is it possible to ping router R3? ________ These pings should all fail. All rights reserved. in the up and up state)? ________ How many interfaces are activated on R1 and R3? _______ Why are there three activated interfaces on R2? __________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.1. Has the interface been activated or enabled? ________ 4. Do they match the Topology Diagram? ________ Did you configure the clock rate command on the DCE side of the link? ________ 3.1. is it possible to ping the host PC1? ________ From the router R1. Check the router interfaces using the show ip interface brief command. This document is Cisco Public Information. Are the interfaces up and up? ________ If your answer to all three steps is yes.168. you should be able to successfully ping from R2 to R1 and from R2 to R3. R2#show ip interface brief Interface IP-Address FastEthernet0/0 172. is it possible to ping the host PC2? ________ From the host PC2.2 Vlan1 unassigned OK? YES YES YES YES YES Method manual unset manual manual manual Status Protocol up up administratively down down up up up up administratively down down Are all of the relevant interfaces on each router activated (that is. The following output is for R2.16.2.16. Check the status of the interfaces on each router with the command show ip interface brief. Page 10 of 20 .

OSPF inter area N1 .connected.16.EGP i .0/24 is subnetted. L1 .0/24 is directly connected.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .0 is directly connected.16.OSPF external type 2.static.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set C C 172. E .IS-IS inter area * .2.EIGRP. IA .OSPF. L2 .16. o . N2 .OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .IGRP.IS-IS. O .OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .16.168.0 is directly connected.IGRP. o . E . N2 . I .EIGRP.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Step 2: View the routing table information for all three routers. R .BGP D .OSPF NSSA external type 1.1.ODR P . Serial0/0/0 172. FastEthernet0/0 What networks are present in the Topology Diagram but not in the routing table for R3? ____________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. L2 .per-user static route. E2 .mobile.BGP D .candidate default.0. All rights reserved.0 is directly connected.EGP i .connected.EIGRP external.ODR Gateway of last resort is not set C C C 172. 2 subnets 172.0/24 is directly connected.IS-IS.OSPF external type 1.OSPF inter area N1 .IS-IS level-1.2.per-user static route.candidate default U . I .RIP.IS-IS level-1.EGP i . L1 . 2 subnets 172.OSPF.0/24 is subnetted.168.3.0. Serial0/0/1 192. N2 . * .0 is directly connected.EIGRP external.8. EX .16. Serial0/0/0 192. IA . FastEthernet0/0 172.RIP. M . B . * .IS-IS level-2.IS-IS level-2.16. This document is Cisco Public Information.static. o . IA .RIP. O .static.OSPF NSSA external type 1.EIGRP external.OSPF external type 1.0/24 is directly connected.OSPF inter area N1 .168.per-user static route. O . EX .connected. B .1. E2 .mobile. Inc. R .ODR Gateway of last resort is not set C C 192.2.EIGRP. U . FastEthernet0/0 What networks are present in the Topology Diagram but not in the routing table for R1? ____________________________________________________________________ R2#_________________________________ Codes: C .BGP D . M . S . R1#________________________________ Codes: C . EX .OSPF.IS-IS level-2.IS-IS level-1. B . L1 .OSPF external type 2. ia .OSPF external type 2. I . Page 11 of 20 . E . L2 . M .OSPF external type 1.OSPF NSSA external type 1.mobile. R . E2 .candidate default U . S .1.IS-IS. S . Serial0/0/1 What networks are present in the Topology Diagram but not in the routing table for R2? ____________________________________________________________________ R3#_________________________________ Codes: C .IGRP.

IGRP.0 255. Step 1: To configure static routes with a next-hop specified.16. All rights reserved.168. subnet-mask—Subnet mask of the remote network to be added to the routing table.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Why are all the networks not in the routing tables for each of the routers? _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ What can be added to the network so that devices that are not directly connected can ping each other? _________________________________________________________________________ Task 8: Configure a Static Route Using a Next-Hop Address.1.168.0/24 is directly connected. M .2.1. with what interface will R3 send the packet? All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0 192.IS-IS level-2. The subnet mask can be modified to summarize a group of networks.RIP.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .8.16. L1 . Will R3 discard the packet or forward the packet? If R3 forwards the packet. I . R .2 192.OSPF external type 1. o . This document is Cisco Public Information.255.0 [1/0] via 192. FastEthernet0/0 With this route entered in the routing table.2 R3(config)# Step 2: View the routing table to verify the new static route entry.OSPF NSSA external type 1.OSPF inter area N1 .candidate default U . configure a static route to the 172.per-user static route. Inc.1.EGP i .16. IA . * .1.16.168. E2 .mobile.1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.0/24 is subnetted.EIGRP external.OSPF.168. On the R3 router. use the following syntax: Router(config)# ip route network-address subnet-mask ip-address network-address:—Destination network address of the remote network to be added to the routing table. Serial0/0/1 192. S .0.255. Notice that the route is coded with an S. Page 12 of 20 . L2 .IS-IS level-1. R3#_________________________________ Codes: C . N2 . ip-address—Commonly referred to as the next-hop router’s IP address.0/24 will be forwarded to the next-hop router at 192. any packet that matches the first 24 left-most bits of 172.1. What interface will R3 use to forward packets to the 172.168.0/24 is directly connected.1.0 network using the Serial 0/0/1 interface of R2 as the next-hop address. R3(config)#ip route 172. O .OSPF external type 2.16.IS-IS. B . 1 subnets 172.connected.EIGRP.16.1. E .1.2.BGP D . which means that the route is a static route.0/24 network? ____________ Assume that the following packets have arrived at R3 with the indicated destination addresses.static. EX .ODR Gateway of last resort is not set S C C R3# 172.

0. the ping reply will be discarded at R2 because the R2 does not have a return route to the 192.OSPF NSSA external type 1.168.1. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.2.16.2. Serial0/0/1 192. This document is Cisco Public Information.candidate default U . O .168. is it possible to ping the host PC2? ________ This ping should be successful.0/24 is subnetted. All rights reserved. * .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.1.1 172.168. EX .2.IS-IS level-1.168.EIGRP external. R2#_________________________________ Codes: C . The pings will arrive at PC2 if you have configured and verified all devices through Task 7.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Packet 1 2 3 4 5 Destination IP 172.10 192.IS-IS level-2.1. What is the next-hop address to which R2 would send a packet destined for the 192. E . ―Gather Information.0 is directly connected.ODR Gateway of last resort is not set C C C S R2# 172. Notice that the route is coded with an S.16. Inc.per-user static route. From the host PC3.168.connected.static.IGRP.OSPF.16. L1 .3.8.0 network.OSPF external type 1.255. Step 3: Use ping to check connectivity between the host PC3 and the host PC2. R .16.0/24 is directly connected.10 Discard or Forward? _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ Interface _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ Although R3 will forward packets to destinations for which there is a route.2.BGP D . which means the route is a static route.OSPF inter area N1 . 2 subnets 172. o .0 is directly connected. configure a static route to reach the 192.2. Page 13 of 20 . Serial0/0/0 192.16. S . I .EGP i . N2 .255. is it possible to ping the host PC2? ________ These pings should fail.168. From the host PC3.2. this does not mean that a packet will arrive safely at the final destination.0/24 [1/0] via 192.2.RIP.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .1.mobile.16.168.OSPF external type 2. B .0/24 network? R2(config)#ip route 192.10 192. However.2. M .‖ PC2 will send a ping reply back to PC3.0 ________________ R2(config)# Step 5: View the routing table to verify the new static route entry.168. FastEthernet0/0 172. IA . E2 .1.16.1 Step 6: Use ping to check connectivity between the host PC3 and the host PC2. L2 . Step 4: On the R2 router.2 172.0 network in the routing table.IS-IS.0 255.EIGRP.

E .255. All rights reserved. * . E2 . R3#________________________________ Codes: C . To configure static routes with an exit interface specified. o .IS-IS level-2.168.BGP D .16.255.16. The subnet mask can be modified to summarize a group of networks.1.static. R3(config)# ip route 172. O .EGP i . Step 1: On the R3 router.candidate default U .IS-IS level-1. L2 ..0 [1/0] via 192.connected.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.0/24 is subnetted.8.0/24 is directly connected. Serial0/0/1 192.OSPF external type 1.2.IGRP. IA . configure a static route to the 172. S .2. B .2. EX .0 network using the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the R3 router as the exit interface.0 Serial0/0/1 R3(config)# Step 2: View the routing table to verify the new static route entry.0.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 . R3#show running-config Building configuration.168. FastEthernet0/0 Use the show running-config command to verify the static routes that are currently configured on R3..2. Serial0/0/1 192. exit-interface—Outgoing interface that would be used in forwarding packets to the destination network.16.OSPF inter area N1 .mobile. I . subnet-mask—Subnet mask of the remote network to be added to the routing table.168.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Task 9: Configure a Static Route Using an Exit Interface.per-user static route.0 ! interface Serial0/0/0 no ip address shutdown All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. configure a static route.1 255.1.16. N2 .IS-IS.OSPF NSSA external type 1.2. This document is Cisco Public Information. <output omitted> ! hostname R3 ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 192. use the following syntax: Router(config)# ip route network-address subnet-mask exit-interface network-address—Destination network address of the remote network to be added to the routing table.0 is directly connected.EIGRP external.OSPF. R . L1 .1.16. Inc.255.ODR Gateway of last resort is not set S S C C R3# 172. On the R3 router.OSPF external type 2.255.0/24 is directly connected.168.0 255.RIP. Page 14 of 20 . M .2 172. 2 subnets 172.EIGRP.

2 ip route 172.16.0/24 is directly connected.0/24 is subnetted.16.168.8.2. Serial0/0/0 192.255.255.candidate default U . M .EIGRP external.0 ! ip route 172. R2(config)# ip route 172.16.168.0 is directly connected.1.2.0 255.255.EIGRP.1.16. R .0 192.IGRP.OSPF. This document is Cisco Public Information. FastEthernet0/0 172. Does this mean that R2 can receive ping replies from all destinations shown in the Topology Diagram? ________ Why or why not? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ Step 5: Use ping to check connectivity between the host PC2 and PC1.RIP.255.168. On the R2 router.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. * .OSPF NSSA external type 1.1. configure a static route to the 172.1 At this point. configure a static route.1.168. S . o .IS-IS level-1.16. R2#_________________________________ Codes: C .connected.16.16. I .OSPF external type 2.3.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .OSPF inter area N1 . B . Serial0/0/0 172. E .255. Page 15 of 20 .2. E2 .255.16. 3 subnets 172. O .ODR Gateway of last resort is not set C C S C S R2# 172.0 network in the routing table. Serial0/0/1 192.1 255. L2 .1. L1 .255.0 Serial0/0/0 R2(config)# Step 4: View the routing table to verify the new static route entry.1. IA .static.0 is directly connected. N2 .per-user static route.OSPF external type 1.0 255.0 Serial0/0/1 ! end How would you remove either of these routes from the configuration? _____________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: On the R2 router. This ping should fail because the R1 router does not have a return route to the 172.EGP i . EX .3.3.BGP D .1: Basic Static Route Configuration ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 192.0.255.IS-IS level-2. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. R2 has a complete routing table with valid routes to all five networks shown in the Topology Diagram.0 255.IS-IS. Inc.0/24 [1/0] via 192.0 network using the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the R2 router as the exit interface.1.168. All rights reserved.mobile.0 is directly connected.16.

OSPF NSSA external type 1. All rights reserved.RIP. To minimize the size of the routing tables. is it possible to ping PC1? ________ This ping should be successful this time because the R1 router can return the packet using the default route. we could assume that R1 is a stub router. I . To configure a default static route.0. This means that R2 is the default gateway for R1.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 . From the host PC2. we must explicitly configure R1 with a default route before it will send packets with unknown destinations to R2.0 C C S* R1# 172.0.2. which is connected to R2. o .EIGRP external. The router and you would be overwhelmed.2. In the previous steps.0 is directly connected.mobile.0/24 is subnetted. is it possible to ping the host PC1? ________ Is there a route to the 172.0 is directly connected.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Task 10: Configure a Default Static Route.2 Note that the R1 router now has a default route. B . Serial0/0/0 172. use the following syntax: Router(config)#ip route 0. R . Otherwise. Configure the R1 router with a default route using the interface option on Serial 0/0/0 of R1 as the nexthop interface.connected.0 { ip-address | interface } Step 1: Configure the R1 router with a default route.0 0. S .2.16.0. E . the gateway of last resort. Step 3: Use ping to check connectivity between the host PC2 and PC1. Inc. more specific route to a destination.8. R1 discards packets with unknown destinations. A router uses the default static route when there is not a better. L2 . FastEthernet0/0 0.3. However.0. N2 .IGRP.16.16. This document is Cisco Public Information. M .per-user static route.2 to network 0.EIGRP.BGP D .16. E2 . Page 16 of 20 .EGP i .3. If R1 has packets to route that do not belong to any of R1 directly connected networks.0.IS-IS level-1. * .IS-IS level-2. IA .OSPF inter area N1 .0. R1#________________________________ Codes: C .0/0 [1/0] via 172.static. But could you do this for every route on the Internet? No.16.0 0.OSPF.2. R1(config)#ip route 0. you configured the router for specific destination routes.0. add a default static route.OSPF external type 1. Instead of filling the routing table of R1 with static routes.0 network in the routing table on the R3 router? ________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0. O .candidate default U .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. EX . R1 should send the packet to R2.0.0. 2 subnets 172. From the host PC3.0.16.0. and will send all unknown traffic out Serial 0/0/0. L1 .IS-IS.2 R1(config)# Step 2: View the routing table to verify the new static route entry.0.0 172.16.ODR Gateway of last resort is 172.OSPF external type 2.

O .OSPF. R3#________________________________ Codes: C .0.00000000 nd bit from the left.2 Step 2: Verify that the summary route is installed in the routing table.1.00000000 10101100. Step 3: Remove static routes on R3.0 255.16.candidate default.16. we can a common boundary at the 22 172.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.16. Serial0/0/1 192. Page 17 of 20 .0 Step 1: Configure the summary static route on the R3 router.168.3.0.per-user static route.0/16 is variably subnetted. 2 masks 172. Prefix 172. However.255. L1 . whereas the new summary will be using a /22 mask. Again. E2 .2 172.16.11111111.16.00010000. we can summarize them into one route.168.EGP i .252. ia .0/24 is directly connected.0/24 [1/0] via 192.mobile.0/22.ODR P .0.16. 3 subnets.OSPF external type 1.. The prefix portion will include 172. U . we already have two static routes to 172. is.OSPF NSSA external type 1.168. To reduce the size of the routing table.0.255.0 10101100. which makes the route lookup process more efficient.16.1.0/24 is directly connected.IS-IS inter area * .OSPF external type 2. R .0 255.168. because this would be the prefix if we turned off all the bits to nd the right of the 22 bit.0/22 [1/0] via 192.0.0 Serial0/0/1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. R3(config)#no ip route 172.00000011. E .16.connected.0/24 is directly connected. o .00000010.1.2 172.0 172.255.168. All rights reserved.2.1.OSPF inter area N1 .0 172.16. in dotted-decimal format.IGRP. R3(config)#ip route 172.BGP D . I .2.EIGRP.. They both use /24 mask.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .static.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Task 11: Configure a Summary Static Route.255.11111100. we use a mask with 22 bits turned on from left to right: Bit Mask 11111111. We could configure another static route on R3 for the 172.16.16.0/24. Mask 255. Because these networks are so close together. Looking at the three networks at the binary level.IS-IS level-2.0 255.0. This document is Cisco Public Information.00010000.1. FastEthernet0/0 Configuring a summary route on R3 did not remove the static routes configured earlier because these routes are more specific routes. N2 . doing this helps reduce the size of routing tables.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set S S S C C 172.0 network.168.1.16.0.00000001.252. S .2.IS-IS.2 R3(config)#no ip route 172.00000000 This mask.16. Inc. IA . L2 .16.3.EIGRP external.0 To mask the first 22 left-most bits.1.IS-IS level-1.00010000. B .00000000 10101100.1.0/24 and 172. Serial0/0/1 192. we can now remove the more specific /24 routes.255.255.RIP.1.0 192. M . EX .2.16.0 192.16.8. Remove the two static routes that are currently configured on R3 by using the no form of the command. The network to be used in the summary route is 172.2.

0/24. I . _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0 network on the R3 router. FastEthernet0/0 R3 now only has one route to any host belonging to networks 172. is it possible to ping the host PC1? ________ This ping should be successful this time because there is a route to the 172. Step 5: Use ping to check connectivity between the host PC3 and PC1. you have also probably encountered some problems either in your physical lab setup or in your configurations.1. Page 18 of 20 . This document is Cisco Public Information. Traffic destined for these networks will be sent to R2 at 192.0 [1/0] via 192.0.0/24 is directly connected. IA .EIGRP.IS-IS level-2.16.connected.0/24 is directly connected.3.1. 172. 172.16.16. From the host PC3.IS-IS.16.RIP.16.1. you have learned to systematically troubleshoot such problems.OSPF external type 2.OSPF inter area N1 . R . S . and the R1 router can return the packet using the default route.OSPF. R3#_________________________________ Codes: C . Serial0/0/1 192.16.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. Reflection. o . At this point. All rights reserved.0/22 is subnetted.168.168. L2 . Hopefully.2.16.3. N2 . and 172.static. Task 12: Summary.OSPF NSSA external type 1.1. Inc. E .0/24.168.ODR P .BGP D .OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .EIGRP external. EX .candidate default.EGP i .periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set S C C 172.0. ia . 1 subnets 172. O .168.8.IS-IS inter area * .2.IS-IS level-1.0.2 192. B .0/24.IGRP.mobile. and Documentation With the completion of this lab.per-user static route. U . M .1: Basic Static Route Configuration Step 4: Verify that the routes are no longer in the routing table. record any comments or notes that may help you in future labs. L1 .OSPF external type 1.2.0/24. you have: Configured your first network with a combination of static and default routing to provide full connectivity to all networks Observed how a route is installed in the routing table when you correctly configure and activate the interface Learned how to statically configure routes to destinations that are not directly connected Learned how to configure a default route that is used to forward packets to unknown destinations Learned how to summarize a group of networks into one static route to reduce the size of a routing table Along the way. E2 .

PC2 strips off the Ethernet header. PC3 then frames the packet with the source MAC address of (indicate device name) ___ _____ and the destination MAC address of (indicate device name) ______ ________. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). The IP process on PC3 encapsulates the ping packet with a source IP address of ________________ and destination IP address of ________________.5. fill in the blanks to document the process as the ping travels from source to destination.‖ 1. If you need help with this exercise see Section 1. R3 receives the bit stream on its _____________ interface. R2 strips off the header and looks up the network address __________________ in its routing table. The ICMP process on PC3 formulates a ping request to PC2 and sends the request to the IP process. Disconnect and store the cabling. 12. 9. The IP process on PC2 examines the ___________ IP address to make sure that it matches its own IP address. Because the frame is HDLC.txt) file and save for future reference. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. R3 strips off the Ethernet header. This document is Cisco Public Information. PC2 receives the bit stream on its ___________ interface. The IP process on PC2 encapsulates the ping packet with a source IP address of ________________ and destination IP address of _______________. capture the following command output to a text (. Next. Then PC2 passes the data to the ICMP process. This destination has a next-hop IP address of ________________. Task 14: Challenge In the following exercise. 11.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. Inc. 10. Page 19 of 20 . show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief If you need to review the procedures for capturing command output. (Because this is a point-to-point link. the address field in the HDLC packet contains the value 0x8F. R2 encapsulates the ping request in a frame with the source MAC address of (indicated device name) ____ _____ and the destination MAC address of (indicate device name) ________. R2 receives the frame on the ____________ interface. see Lab 1.1. 6. PC3 sends the frame out on the media as an encoded bit stream. no address is needed.4. This destination address is directly connected to the ___________ interface. 5. 7. 2. 14. 4. Because the destination MAC address matches the receiving interface’s MAC address. All rights reserved. R3 encapsulates the packet in an HDLC frame and forwards the frame out the correct interface. Task 13: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. Because the destination MAC address matches the MAC address of PC2.) 8. The next-hop IP address is reachable out interface _____________. 3. you should document your network implementation. On each router.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Finally. ―Path Determination and Switching Function. However. R2 then sends the frame out on the media as an encoded bit stream. 13. The ICMP process on PC2 formulates a ping reply to PC3 and sends the reply to the IP process. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. R3 looks up the destination network address _______________ in its routing table.8.

R3 receives the frame on the ___________ interface. R3 then sends the frame out on the media as an encoded bit stream. 17. This destination has a next-hop IP address of _____________. no address is needed. PC2 then frames the packet with the source MAC address of (indicate device name) ________ and the destination MAC address of (indicate device name) _________. PC3 receives the bit stream on its ______________ interface. 19. R2 strips off the Ethernet header. R2 looks up the destination network address _______________ in its routing table.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. The IP process on PC3 examines the _______ IP address to make sure that it matches its own IP address. Inc. Then PC3 passes the data to the ICMP process. the address field in the HDLC packet contains the value 0x8F. 25.) 20.1: Basic Static Route Configuration 15. 16.8. PC2 then sends the frame out on the media as an encoded bit stream. R2 encapsulates the packet in an HDLC frame and forwards the frame out the correct interface. This document is Cisco Public Information. However. 22. Because the destination MAC address matches the MAC address of PC3. All rights reserved. PC3 strips off the Ethernet header. 18. This destination address is directly connected to the ______________ interface. 21. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Page 20 of 20 . 24. (Because this is a point-to-point link. R2 receives the bit stream on its _____________ interface. 23. R3 strips off the header and looks up the destination network address ____________ in its routing table. ICMP sends a ―success‖ message to the requesting application. Because the frame is HDLC. R3 encapsulates the ping request in a frame with the source MAC address of (indicated device name) ________ and the destination MAC address of (indicate device name) ________. The next-hop IP address is reachable out interface ____________. Because the destination MAC address matches the receiving interface’s MAC address.

2: Challenge Static Route Configuration Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device BRANCH Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 ISP PC1 Fa0/0 S/0/0/1 NIC 209.255.8.200.225 209.252 IP Address Subnet Mask Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A PC2 Web Server NIC NIC 209.Lab 2.165.201.255.200.252 255.225 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.2 209.165.255.201. This document is Cisco Public Information.200.255.253 255.165.224 255.165. you will be able to: Subnet an address space given requirements.224 209. Assign appropriate addresses to interfaces and document.1 255.255. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255. Inc. All rights reserved. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state.255. Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram. Page 1 of 7 .255.165.

8. Scenario In this lab activity.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. Task 1: Subnet the Address Space. Inc.2. Reflect upon and document the network implementation.0/24 address space to complete the network design. Assign the second valid host address in subnet 2 to the WAN interface on HQ. Assign the first valid host address in subnet 2 to the WAN interface on BRANCH. 3. Assign subnet 1 to the LAN attached to HQ. Assign the last valid host address in subnet 1 to PC2. Assign the first valid host address in subnet 1 to the LAN interface on HQ. summary. 2. Determine appropriate static. You have been given the 192. Step 1: Assign appropriate addresses to the device interfaces. Subnet 0 will be available for future expansion. Assign subnet 2 to the WAN link between HQ and BRANCH. This document is Cisco Public Information. Assign subnet 3 to the LAN attached to BRANCH. Step 1: Examine the network requirements.0/24 network? __________ What are the network addresses of the subnets? Subnet 0: ________________________________________ Subnet 1: ________________________________________ Subnet 2: ________________________________________ Subnet 3: ________________________________________ What is the subnet mask for these networks in dotted decimal format? __________________________ What is the subnet mask for the network in slash format? __________ How many usable hosts are there per subnet? __________ Step 3: Assign subnetwork addresses to the Topology Diagram.168. and default routes.2: Challenge Static Route Configuration Perform basic configuration tasks on a router. Step 2: Consider the following questions when creating your network design: How many subnets need to be created from the 192.168.2. 1. Subnet this network to provide enough IP addresses to support 60 hosts. you will be given a network address that must be subnetted to complete the addressing of the network shown in the Topology Diagram. 3. Task 2: Determine Interface Addresses. 1. Page 2 of 7 . The addressing for the LAN connected to the ISP router and the link between the HQ and ISP routers has already been completed. Static routes will also need to be configured so that hosts on networks that are not directly connected will be able to communicate with each other. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. 4. The addressing for the LAN connected to the ISP router and the link between the HQ and ISP routers has already been completed. All rights reserved. Configure and activate Serial and Ethernet interfaces. Test and verify configurations. 4. 2.

Configure a password for console connections. Configure the interfaces on the BRANCH. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. 5. Task 5: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses. Configure an EXEC timeout of 15 minutes. 4. Perform basic configuration of the BRANCH. However. Verify that BRANCH can ping across the WAN link to HQ and that HQ can ping across the WAN link that it shares with ISP. Inc. 7. You should not have connectivity between end devices yet. 2. Configure a message-of-the-day banner. HQ. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. 8. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces as shown in the topology. 6.2: Challenge Static Route Configuration 5.8. Assign the last valid host address in subnet 3 to PC1. Configure an EXEC mode password. Step 1: Verify BRANCH and HQ connectivity. and the Web Server with the IP addresses from the table provided under the Topology Diagram. PC2. Task 6: Verify Connectivity to Next-Hop Device. Synchronize unsolicited messages and debug output with solicited output and prompts for the console and virtual terminal lines. Configure a password for VTY connections. 6. 3. HQ. Configure the router hostname. When you have finished. you can test connectivity between two routers and between and end device and its default gateway. Step 1: Configure the interfaces on the BRANCH. HQ. and ISP routers with the IP addresses from the table provided under the Topology Diagram. and ISP routers.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. Page 3 of 7 . Assign the first valid host address in subnet 3 to the LAN interface of BRANCH. Step 2: Configure the Ethernet interfaces. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. Disable DNS lookup. Task 4: Perform Basic Router Configurations. Task 3: Prepare the Network. All rights reserved. Step 2: Document the addresses to be used in the table provided under the Topology Diagram. This document is Cisco Public Information. Configure the Ethernet interfaces on PC1. and ISP routers according to the following guidelines: 1. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers.

PC2. PC2. What networks are present in the BRANCH routing table? List the networks with slash notation. ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Step 1: Consider the type of static routing that is needed on BRANCH. Task 7: Configure Static Routing on BRANCH. What networks are present in the HQ routing table? List the networks with slash notation. Page 4 of 7 . Inc. we should configure BRANCH with a default static route pointing to HQ. Step 1: Consider the type of static routing that is needed on HQ. Verify that PC1. and the Web Server can ping their respective default gateways. ________________________________________ ________________________________________ What networks are missing from the BRANCH routing table? List the networks with slash notation.8. and Web Server connectivity. ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ Can one summary route that includes all of the missing networks be created? __________ How many WAN routes are available to traffic leaving the LAN connected to BRANCH? __________ Step 2 Configure BRANCH with a default static route pointing to HQ. Because BRANCH is a stub router. Record the command to configure a default static route using the appropriate exit interface. do you think that PC1 can now successfully ping PC2? __________ Why or why not? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Task 8: Configure Static Routing on HQ. You should see a Gateway of Last Resort set on BRANCH.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. Without testing it first. All rights reserved.2: Challenge Static Route Configuration Step 2: Verify PC1. This document is Cisco Public Information. ________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3 View the routing table of BRANCH to verify the new static route entry.

Inc. Therefore. Therefore. do you think that PC1 or PC2 can now successfully ping the Web Server? __________ Why or why not? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Task 9: Configure Static Routing on ISP. In a real-world implementation of this topology. This document is Cisco Public Information. HQ must be able to route to that LAN. do you think that PC1 can now successfully ping PC2? __________ Why or why not? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Without testing it first.8.2: Challenge Static Route Configuration What networks are missing from the HQ routing table? List the networks with slash notation. However. you would not be configuring the ISP router.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. your service provider is an active partner in solving your connectivity needs. too. Configure HQ with a static route to the BRANCH LAN using the Serial 0/0/0 interface of HQ as the exit interface. All rights reserved. HQ must be able to send any traffic for which it does not have a route to ISP. Without testing it first. Record the command you used. Configure the HQ router with a default static route pointing to ISP using the next-hop IP address. Page 5 of 7 . it is important that you understand the types of errors an ISP could make that would cause your networks to lose connectivity. ________________________________________ ________________________________________ Can one summary route that includes all of the missing networks be created? __________ HQ is in a unique position as the hub router in this hub-and-spoke topology. and make mistakes. Record the command that you used. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Traffic from the BRANCH LAN destined for the Internet must pass through HQ. What kind of route would you need to configure on HQ to solve this problem? ___________________________________________________________________________________ Step 2: Configure HQ with a static route. What kind of route would you need to configure on HQ to solve this problem? ___________________________________________________________________________________ HQ is also the intermediary for any traffic from the Internet destined for the BRANCH LAN. Service provider administrators are human. ___________________________________________________________________________________ Step 4: View the routing table of HQ to verify the new static route entries. ___________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: Configure HQ with a default static route.

” What routes are present in the routing table of BRANCH? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ What routes are present in the routing table of HQ? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. ________________________________________ ________________________________________ What networks are missing from the ISP routing table? List the networks with slash notation. ________________________________________________________________________________ Note: The summary route will also include the subnet zero route that is reserved for future expansion. Answer the following questions to verify that the network is operating as expected: From PC2. Using the next-hop IP address. What networks are present in the ISP routing table? List the networks with slash notation. check your physical connections and configurations. Task 10: Verify the Configurations. “Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration. configure ISP with a summary static route that includes all of the subnets that are missing from the routing table.2: Challenge Static Route Configuration Step 1: Consider the type of static routing that is needed on ISP.8. For a review of basic troubleshooting techniques. is it possible to ping PC1? __________ From PC2. Page 6 of 7 . ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ Can one summary route that includes all of the missing networks be created? __________ Step 2: Configure ISP with a summary static route.1. Inc. see Lab 1. All rights reserved. Record the command that you used. This document is Cisco Public Information.5. is it possible to ping the Web Server? __________ The answer to these questions should be yes. If any of the above pings failed. is it possible to ping the Web Server? __________ From PC1. Step 3: View the routing table of ISP to verify the new static route entry.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.

reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings.2: Challenge Static Route Configuration What routes are present in the routing table of ISP? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ Task 11: Reflection If a default static route was not configured on BRANCH. capture the following command output to a text (.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Page 7 of 7 . Inc.8. how many individual static routes would be needed for hosts on the BRANCH LAN to communicate with all of the networks in the Topology Diagram? __________ If a summary static route was not configured on ISP. All rights reserved. Running configuration Routing table Interface summarization Task 13: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers.txt) file and save for future reference. how many individual static routes would be needed for hosts on the ISP LAN to communicate with all of the networks in the Topology Diagram? __________ Task 12: Document the Router Configurations On each router. This document is Cisco Public Information. Disconnect and store the cabling.

38.129 192.135 172.39.128 255.255.255.128 255.255.253 172.255.39.255.20. This document is Cisco Public Information.39.135 192. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state.Lab 2.20.2 192.255.168.129 172.255.1.255.252 255.20.70 Subnet Mask 255.0.0.20.20. Page 1 of 9 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved.65 192.20.0.20.255.255.168.255.1.1.129 172.128 255.192 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.129 172. .254 192.1 172.255.128 255. Inc. you will be able to: • • • • Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram.168. Discover points where the network is not converged.255.255.255.168.192 255.255.255.3: Troubleshooting Static Routes Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device BRANCH Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 ISP PC1 PC2 Web Server FA0/0 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 172.20.65 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.128 255.1.1.255.255.8.252 255.255. Load the routers with supplied scripts.168.38.128 255.

0.20. Implement solutions to network errors.129 ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 password cisco login ! end Step 2: Load the following script onto the HQ router: hostname HQ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0 0. and Reload the Routers. Answer no if asked to save changes. All rights reserved. Task 1: Cable. These scripts contain errors that will prevent end-to-end communication across the network. Step 2: Clear the configuration on each router. You will need to troubleshoot each router to determine the configuration errors. and then use the appropriate commands to correct the configurations.1.255. Clear the configuration on each of routers using the erase startup-config command and then reload the routers. Erase. Step 1: Load the following script onto the BRANCH router: hostname BRANCH ! ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.128 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 172.20. Inc. Document the corrected network. Scenario In this lab. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram.8.0. When you have corrected all of the configuration errors.0. Propose solutions to network errors.255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. Task 2: Load Routers with the Supplied Scripts. This document is Cisco Public Information.255.20.0.0 172.1 255. you will begin by loading configuration scripts on each of the routers.128 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! ip route 0.0.3: Troubleshooting Static Routes • • • • Gather information about errors in the network.129 255.1. Page 2 of 9 . all of the hosts on the network should be able to communicate with each other.255.

255.192 ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 192.253 ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 password cisco login ! end Step 3: Load the following script onto the ISP router: hostname ISP ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 192.255.254 255.255.38.255.252 no shutdown ! ip route 172.128 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 172.168.64 255. Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the host connected to the BRANCH router.0 192.0 255.168.255.0.38.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.168. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _______ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Page 3 of 9 .20.192 192.255. From the host PC1.65 255.20. This document is Cisco Public Information.20.168. is it possible to ping PC2? _______ From the host PC1. Inc.39.8. is it possible to ping the Web Server on the ISP LAN? _______ From the host PC1.254 ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 password cisco login ! end Task 3: Troubleshoot the BRANCH Router.38.255.255.129 255.255.255.2 255.39.128 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 192.1.0.168.168. All rights reserved.255.253 255.3: Troubleshooting Static Routes ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! ip route 192.38.255.255.255.

___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. apply them to the router configuration now.8. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the status of the interfaces. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again. Page 4 of 9 . All rights reserved.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above.3: Troubleshooting Static Routes Step 2: Examine the BRANCH router to find possible configuration errors. Step 4: View summary of the status information. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors? _______ If the answer is yes. Step 5: Troubleshoot the static routing configuration on the BRANCH router. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. Inc. What routes are shown in the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the routing table. This document is Cisco Public Information. Begin by viewing the routing table.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _______ Step 2: Examine the HQ router to find possible configuration errors. Inc. From the host PC2. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. From the host PC1. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above. Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. Does the information in the routing table indicate any configuration errors? _______ If the answer is yes. troubleshoot the routing table again. is it possible to ping the web server on the ISP LAN? _______ From the host PC1. is it possible to ping PC1? _______ From the host PC2. is it possible to ping PC2? _______ From the host PC1. This document is Cisco Public Information. apply them to the router configuration now.8. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of HQ? _______ Task 4: Troubleshoot the HQ Router. Step 4: View summary of the status information. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the status of the interfaces. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors? _______ If the answer is yes. Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the host connected to the HQ router. Step 7: View routing information. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. Page 5 of 9 . view routing table again. is it possible to ping the Web Server on the ISP LAN? _______ From the host PC2. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. apply them to the router configuration now. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again. All rights reserved.3: Troubleshooting Static Routes Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above.

Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. Inc. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above. Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. Does the information in the routing table indicate any configuration errors? _______ If the answer is yes. From the host PC2. Step 7: View routing information. Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. From the Web Server on the ISP LAN. Page 6 of 9 . Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the host connected to the ISP router. view the routing table again. What routes are shown in the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the routing table. is it possible to ping PC2? _______ From the Web Server on the ISP LAN. Begin by viewing the routing table. is it possible to ping PC1? _______ From the host PC2. apply them to the router configuration now. All rights reserved. troubleshoot the routing table again. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the ISP router? _______ From the host PC1. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. is it possible to ping the Web Server on the ISP LAN? _______ Task 5: Troubleshoot the ISP Router.8. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _______ Step 2: Examine the ISP router to find possible configuration errors. This document is Cisco Public Information. is it possible to ping PC1? _______ From the Web Server on the ISP LAN.3: Troubleshooting Static Routes Step 5: Troubleshoot the static routing configuration on the HQ router.

apply them to the router configuration now. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above. This document is Cisco Public Information. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors? _______ If the answer is yes. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again. Step 7: View routing information. view the routing table again. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above. Step 4: View summary of status information. Page 7 of 9 . If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. All rights reserved. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again.3: Troubleshooting Static Routes ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the status of the interfaces. apply them to the router configuration now. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. What routes are shown in the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the routing table.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. Inc. Step 5: Troubleshoot the static routing configuration on the ISP router. Begin by viewing the routing table. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step.8.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. is it possible to ping PC2? _______ From the Web Server on the ISP LAN. is it possible to ping PC1? _______ From the Web Server on the ISP LAN. troubleshoot the routing table again. Page 8 of 9 .3: Troubleshooting Static Routes Does the information in the routing table indicate any configuration errors? _______ If the answer is yes. From the Web Server on the ISP LAN.8. All rights reserved. Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. This document is Cisco Public Information. Use the space below to write a brief description of the errors that you found. Inc. is it possible to the WAN interface of the BRANCH router? _______ Task 6: Reflection There were a number of configuration errors in the scripts that were provided for this lab. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.

” All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. see Lab 1.txt) file and save for future reference. capture the following command output to a text (.5. All rights reserved. “Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration. Page 9 of 9 . • • • show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief If you need to review the procedures for capturing command output.8.1. This document is Cisco Public Information.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.3: Troubleshooting Static Routes Task 7: Documentation On each router. Inc.

Page 1 of 4 .2: Subnetting Scenario 1 Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/1 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 BRANCH1 Fa0/1 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 BRANCH2 Fa0/1 S0/0/1 PC1 PC2 PC3 PC4 PC5 NIC NIC NIC NIC NIC IP Address Subnet Mask Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.Lab 3. All rights reserved.5. This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc.

you have been given the network address 192. This document is Cisco Public Information.168. Examine the network requirements and answer the questions below.) Task 1: Examine the Network Requirements. • The link from HQ to BRANCH2 will require an IP address for each end of the link.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols Activity 3. Scenario In this lab. Determine how static routing could be applied to the network. All rights reserved. Keep in mind that IP addresses will be needed for each of the LAN interfaces.0 network into the appropriate number of subnets. The BRANCH1 LAN 2 will require 10 host IP addresses.168. (Note: Remember that the interfaces of network devices are also host IP addresses and are included in the above addressing requirements. The BRANCH2 LAN 2 will require 10 host IP addresses.2: Subnetting Scenario 1 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab. The link from HQ to BRANCH1 will require an IP address for each end of the link. The HQ LAN will require 20 host IP addresses. Subnet Number 0 1 2 First Usable Host Address Last Usable Host Address Broadcast Address Subnet Address All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. What will the subnet mask be for the subnetworks? __________________________ How many usable host IP addresses are there per subnet? __________ Fill in the following chart with the subnet information.0/24 to subnet and provide the IP addressing for the network shown in the Topology Diagram. Examine the use of the available network address space. Assign addresses and subnet mask pairs to device interfaces and hosts. The BRANCH2 LAN 1 will require 10 host IP addresses. The network has the following addressing requirements: • • • • • • The BRANCH1 LAN 1 will require 10 host IP addresses.9. Design an appropriate addressing scheme. you will be able to: • • • • • • Determine the number of subnets needed. Inc. Step 1: Subnet the 192. Page 2 of 4 .9.5. How many subnets are needed? __________ What is the maximum number of IP addresses that are needed for a single subnet? __________ How many IP addresses are needed for each of the branch LANs? __________ What is the total number of IP addresses that are needed? __________ Task 2: Design an IP Addressing Scheme. Determine the number of hosts needed.

What is the subnet address? ____________________ 5. 1. Assign sixth subnet to the WAN link from HQ to BRANCH2. All rights reserved. Step 2: Assign addresses to the BRANCH1 router. ____________________ 7. Assign the first valid host address in the HQ LAN subnet to the LAN interface. Assign seventh subnet to LAN connected to the Fa0/1 interface of HQ. Task 3: Assign IP Addresses to the Network Devices Assign the appropriate addresses to the device interfaces. When assigning the subnets. Inc. Assign the first valid host address in the BRANCH1 LAN 2 subnet to the Fa0/1 LAN interface. Assign the first valid host address in the BRANCH1 LAN 1 subnet to the Fa0/0 LAN interface. Assign fourth subnet to LAN connected to the Fa0/1 interface of BRANCH1. Assign fifth subnet to the WAN link from HQ to BRANCH1. Assign the first valid host address in the BRANCH2 LAN 1 subnet to the Fa0/0 LAN interface. Step 1: Assign addresses to the HQ router.2: Subnetting Scenario 1 Subnet Number 3 4 5 6 7 Subnet Address First Usable Host Address Last Usable Host Address Broadcast Address Step 2: Assign the subnets to the network shown in the Topology Diagram. Assign first subnet (lowest subnet) to the LAN connected to the Fa0/1 interface of BRANCH2. What is the subnet address? ____________________ 2. Page 3 of 4 . Step 3: Assign addresses to the BRANCH2 router.5. 1. What is the subnet address? ____________________ 3. Assign the last valid host address in link from HQ to BRANCH1 subnet to the WAN interface. 1. 2. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols Activity 3. keep in mind that routing will need to occur to allow information to be sent throughout the network. Assign third subnet to LAN connected to the Fa0/0 interface of BRANCH1. Assign the first valid host address in the BRANCH2 LAN 2 subnet to the Fa0/1 LAN interface. Assign the first valid host address in link from HQ to BRANCH1 subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. What is the subnet address? ____________________ Note: The highest subnet will not be required in this topology. What is the subnet address? ____________________ 4. What is the subnet address? ____________________ 6. 2. Assign the first valid host address in link from HQ to BRANCH2 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. 3. 1. This document is Cisco Public Information. 2. 3. Document the addresses to be used in the Addressing Table provided under the Topology Diagram. The subnets will be assigned to the networks to allow for route summarization on each of the routers. Assign second subnet to LAN connected to the Fa0/0 interface of BRANCH2.

5. Check to see that all devices on directly connected networks can ping each other. Assign the last valid host address in the BRANCH1 LAN 1 subnet to PC3. 5. Apply your addressing scheme. 3. All rights reserved. Assign the last valid host address in link from HQ to BRANCH2 subnet to the WAN interface. 4. Step 4: Assign addresses to the host PCs. Assign the last valid host address in the BRANCH1 LAN 2 subnet to PC2. 2.0 network are unused or unusable in this design? __________ What would the command be to add a default static route on the WAN interface of the BRANCH1 router? ___________________________________________________________________________________ Can both of the BRANCH1 LANs be summarized into one route on the HQ router? _________ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ Can both of the BRANCH2 LANs be summarized into one route on the HQ router? __________ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ Can the HQ LAN and both of the BRANCH1 LANs be summarized into one route on the BRANCH2 router? This summarized route should also include the link between the HQ and BRANCH1 routers.168.2: Subnetting Scenario 1 3. 1. Task 4: Test the Network Design. Assign the last valid host address in the HQ LAN subnet to PC1. Task 5: Reflection How many IP address in the 192. __________ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Page 4 of 4 .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols Activity 3. This document is Cisco Public Information. Assign the last valid host address in the BRANCH2 LAN 2 subnet to PC5. Assign the last valid host address in the BRANCH2 LAN 1 subnet to PC4.9. Inc.

5. All rights reserved. Inc. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 1 of 7 .3: Subnetting Scenario 2 Topology Diagram All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.Lab 3.

165.200.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols Activity 3.255. Page 2 of 7 .255.224 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.200.255. This document is Cisco Public Information.255.3: Subnetting Scenario 2 Addressing Table Device ISP Interface S0/0/0 Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 S0/1/0 Fa0/0 West S0/0/0 S0/0/1 S0/1/0 Fa0/0 East S0/0/0 S0/0/1 S0/1/0 Fa0/0 Branch 1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 Branch 2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 Branch 3 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 Branch 4 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 PC1 PC2 PC3 PC4 PC5 PC6 PC7 NIC NIC NIC NIC NIC NIC NIC 209.165.226 255.224 IP Address 209.5. All rights reserved.227 Subnet Mask 255. Inc.

Examine the network requirements and answer the questions below.16. Page 3 of 7 . The Branch 4 LAN will require 100 host IP addresses. The East LAN will require 400 hosts.5. Assign addresses and subnet mask pairs to device interfaces and hosts. Determine the number of hosts needed. Task 1: Examine the Network Requirements. Examine the use of the available network address space. you have been given the network address 172. All rights reserved.200. The HQ LAN will require 500 host IP addresses. What will the subnet mask be for the subnetworks? _________________________ How many usable host IP addresses are there per subnet? __________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Determine how static routing could be applied to the network. (Note: Remember that the interfaces of network devices are also host IP addresses and are included in the above addressing requirements. How many subnets are needed? __________ What is the maximum number of IP addresses that are needed for a single subnet? __________ How many IP addresses are needed for each of the branch LANs? __________ How many IP addresses are needed for all of the connections between routers? __________ What is the total number of IP addresses that are needed? __________ Task 2: Design an IP Addressing Scheme.165. The Serial 0/1/0 address of the HQ router is 209. This document is Cisco Public Information.227/27. Step 1: Subnet the 172. you will be able to: Determine the number of subnets needed. Inc.0. The West LAN will require 400 hosts. Keep in mind that IP addresses will be needed for each of the LAN interfaces.) The IP addresses for the link from the HQ router to the ISP have already been assigned. Design an appropriate addressing scheme. The links between each of the routers will require an IP address for each end of the link.226/27.0 network based on the maximum number of hosts required by the largest subnet.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols Activity 3.3: Subnetting Scenario 2 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.0. The Branch 3 LAN will require 100 host IP addresses.16. Scenario In this lab.200.0/16 to subnet and provide the IP addressing for the network shown in the Topology Diagram.165. The Branch 2 LAN will require 100 host IP addresses. The IP address of the Serial 0/0/0 of the ISP router is 209. The network has the following addressing requirements: The Branch 1 LAN will require 100 host IP addresses.

Assign subnet 10 to the East LAN subnet: ____________________ 11. Inc. keep in mind that routing will need to occur to allow information to be sent throughout the network. Assign subnet 15 to the Branch 4 subnet: ____________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Assign subnet 4 to the link between the Branch 1 and West routers: ____________________ 5. Assign subnet 2 to the Branch 2 LAN subnet: ____________________ 3. Assign subnet 11 to the link between the Branch 3 and East routers: ____________________ 12. You should start assigning with the second lowest subnet (subnet 1). Assign subnet 13 to the link between the Branch 3 and Branch 4 routers: ___________________ 14. Assign subnet 14 to the Branch 3 subnet: ____________________ 15. Subnet Number 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Subnet IP First Usable Host IP Last Usable Host IP Broadcast Address Step 2: Assign the subnets to the network shown in the Topology Diagram. When assigning the subnets. Page 4 of 7 . Assign subnet 1 to the Branch 1 LAN subnet: ____________________ 2. 1. All rights reserved. Note: The lowest subnet (subnet 0) will not be assigned in this lab. Assign subnet 9 to the link between the HQ and East routers: ____________________ 10.5. The subnets will be assigned to the networks to allow for route summarization on each of the routers. Assign subnet 12 to the link between the Branch 4 and East routers: ____________________ 13. Assign subnet 3 to the link between the Branch 1 and Branch 2 routers: ____________________ 4. This document is Cisco Public Information. Assign subnet 7 to the link between the West and HQ routers: ____________________ 8. Assign subnet 6 to the West LAN subnet: ____________________ 7.3: Subnetting Scenario 2 Fill in the following chart with the subnet information.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols Activity 3. Assign subnet 5 to the link between the Branch 2 and West routers: ____________________ 6. Assign subnet 8 to the HQ LAN subnet: ____________________ 9.

Step 4 Assign addresses to the Branch 1 router. Assign the last valid host address in the link from West to Branch 1 subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. Step 5 Assign addresses to the Branch 2 router. Page 5 of 7 . Step 6 Assign addresses to the Branch 3 router. 3. 2. Assign the first valid host address in the Branch 3 LAN subnet to the LAN interface. Assign the last valid host address in the link from East to Branch 3 subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. Assign the first valid host address in the HQ LAN subnet to the LAN interface. 2. 2.3: Subnetting Scenario 2 Task 3: Assign IP Addresses to the Network Devices. Assign the appropriate addresses to the device interfaces. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Assign the first valid host address in the link from Branch 1 to Branch 2 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. 4. Step 2: Assign addresses to the West router. This document is Cisco Public Information. Assign the first valid host address in the West LAN subnet to the LAN interface. 1. 1. 1. Document the addresses to be used in the Addressing Table provided under the Topology Diagram. Step 1: Assign addresses to the HQ router. 2. 1. Step 3 Assign addresses to the East router. 2. Assign the last valid host address in the link from HQ to East subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. Assign the first valid host address in the link from West to Branch 1 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. 3. Assign the first valid host address in the link from HQ to East subnet to the S0/0/1 interface.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols Activity 3. 3. 2.5. 3. 4. Assign the first valid host address in the Branch 2 LAN subnet to the LAN interface. All rights reserved. Assign the last valid host address in the link from Branch 1 to Branch 2 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. Assign the first valid host address in the East LAN subnet to the LAN interface. 1. Assign the first valid host address in the link from East to Branch 4 subnet to the S0/1/0 interface. Assign the first valid host address in the link from West to Branch 2 subnet to the S0/1/0 interface. Assign the last valid host address in the link from HQ to West subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. Assign the first valid host address in the Branch 1 LAN subnet to the LAN interface. 1. Assign the last valid host address in the link from West to Branch 2 subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. 3. Inc. 3. Assign the first valid host address in the link from Branch 3 to Branch 4 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. Assign the first valid host address in the link from HQ to West subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. Assign the first valid host address in the link from East to Branch 3 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface.

2. Assign the last valid host address in the HQ LAN subnet to PC1.0. Assign the last valid host address in the link from East to Branch 4 subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. 1. 3. 4. 6.0 network are wasted in this design? __________ What would the command be to add a default static route for your entire network design from the HQ router to the ISP router? ___________________________________________________________________________________ Can the West.3: Subnetting Scenario 2 Step 7 Assign addresses to the Branch 4 router. Assign the last valid host address in the Branch 3 LAN subnet to PC6. 2. and Branch 4 networks be summarized into one route on the HQ router? This summarized route should also include the serial links that connect the East. 7.16. Branch 3.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols Activity 3. Inc. Step 8 Assign addresses to the host PCs 1. Apply your addressing scheme. Task 4: Test the Network Design. 5. Assign the last valid host address in the West LAN subnet to PC2. and Branch 4 routers. Check to see that all devices on directly connected networks can ping each other. and Branch 2 routers. and Branch 2 networks be summarized into one route on the HQ router? This summarized route should also include the serial links that connect the West. Page 6 of 7 . Task 5: Reflection How many IP address in the 172. __________ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ Can the East. Branch 3. Assign the last valid host address in the Branch 1 LAN subnet to PC4. Branch 1. __________ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ What would the command be to add a default static route on the West router to send traffic for all unknown destinations to the HQ router? ___________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Assign the first valid host address in the Branch 4 LAN subnet to the LAN interface. Branch 1. Assign the last valid host address in the Branch 4 LAN subnet to PC7. Assign the last valid host address in the East 1 LAN subnet to PC3. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.5. 3. Assign the last valid host address in the Branch 2 LAN subnet to PC5. Assign the last valid host address in the link from Branch 3 to Branch 4 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface.

___________________________________________________________________________________ The Branch 1 router requires a static route for traffic destined for Branch 2. All other traffic should be sent to the East router using a default static route. This document is Cisco Public Information. All other traffic should be sent to the West router using a default static route. All other traffic should be sent to the West router using a default static route.5. What commands would be used to accomplish this? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ The Branch 2 router requires a static route for traffic destined for Branch 1. Inc.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols Activity 3.3: Subnetting Scenario 2 What would the command be to add a default static route on the East router to send traffic for all unknown destinations to the HQ router? ___________________________________________________________________________________ Can the Branch 1 and Branch 2 networks be summarized into one route on the West router? This summarized route should also include the serial link that connects the Branch 1 and Branch 2 routers. ___________________________________________________________________________________ Can the Branch 3 and Branch 4 networks be summarized into one route on the East router? This summarized route should also include the serial link that connects the Branch 3 and Branch 4 routers. All rights reserved. __________ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? Use the S0/0/1 interface of the East router as the exit interface. Page 7 of 7 . What commands would be used to accomplish this? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ The Branch 4 router requires a static route for traffic destined for Branch 3. __________ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? Use the S0/0/1 interface of the West router as the exit interface. All other traffic should be sent to the East router using a default static route. What commands would be used to accomplish this? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. What commands would be used to accomplish this? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ The Branch 3 router requires a static route for traffic destined for Branch 4.

This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc.4: Subnetting Scenario 3 Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 BRANCH1 Fa0/1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 BRANCH2 Fa0/1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 PC1 PC2 PC3 PC4 PC5 NIC NIC NIC NIC NIC IP Address Subnet Mask Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.Lab 3. Page 1 of 3 . All rights reserved.5.

The network has the following addressing requirements: The BRANCH1 LAN 1 will require 15 host IP addresses.168. All rights reserved. The BRANCH1 LAN 2 will require 15 host IP addresses. The BRANCH2 LAN 2 will require 15 host IP addresses. Conduct research to find a possible solution.168. Determine the number of hosts needed. The HQ LAN will require 70 host IP addresses. The link from HQ to BRANCH2 will require an IP address for each end of the link. How many subnets are needed? __________ What is the maximum number of IP addresses that are needed for a single subnet? __________ How many IP addresses are needed for each of the branch LANs? __________ What is the total number of IP addresses that are needed? __________ Task 2: Design an IP Addressing Scheme Subnet the 192.168. The link from HQ to BRANCH1 to BRANCH2 will require an IP address for each end of the link. The link from HQ to BRANCH1 will require an IP address for each end of the link.0/24 to subnet and provide the IP addressing for the network shown in the Topology Diagram. This document is Cisco Public Information. The BRANCH2 LAN 1 will require 15 host IP addresses. you have been given the network address 192. you will be able to: Determine the number of subnets needed. Keep in mind that IP addresses will be needed for each of the LAN interfaces. Can the 192. what is the number of subnets that will be available to use? __________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0/24 network into the appropriate number of subnets. Design an appropriate addressing scheme.4: Subnetting Scenario 3 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.1. Page 2 of 3 .1.1. what is the maximum number of hosts per subnet? __________ If the “maximum number of hosts” requirement is met. Scenario In this lab. Examine the network requirements and answer the questions below.5. Inc.0/24 network be subnetted to fit the network requirements? __________ If the “number of subnets” requirement is met.) Task 1: Examine the Network Requirements. (Note: Remember that the interfaces of network devices are also host IP addresses and are included in the above addressing requirements.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols Activity 3.

(Hint: We will discuss solutions to this problem in Chapter 6. Research this problem and propose a possible solution. Increasing the size of your original address space is not an acceptable solution. All rights reserved.168. This document is Cisco Public Information.4: Subnetting Scenario 3 Task 3: Reflection You do not have enough address space to implement an addressing scheme. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Successful implementation of a solution requires that: Only the 192. Page 3 of 3 .) ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Attempt to implement your solution. PCs and routers can ping all IP addresses. Inc.0/24 address space is used.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols Activity 3.1.5.

Page 1 of 5 .Lab 4. Inc. This document is Cisco Public Information. Scenario In this lab activity.1: Routing Table Interpretation Lab Addressing Table Device Interface IP Address Subnet Mask HQ BRANCH1 BRANCH2 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab. When complete. Cable and configure a network based on the topology diagram. you will be able to: • • • • • • Interpret router outputs. Draw a diagram of the network topology. you must recreate a network based only on the outputs from the show ip route command. Test and verify full connectivity. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. The show ip route command displays the current state of the routing table. Identify the IP addresses for each router.6. the outputs from the show ip route must be exactly the same as the supplied outputs. Match the addresses to the corresponding interfaces and enter the information in the above address table. Reflect upon and document the network implementation. Configure the routers and verify connectivity.

EIGRP external.168.10. .IS-IS.IS-IS level-2.RIP.168.1.2.5.168. 192.OSPF external type 2.168.0/24 [120/1] via 172. 00:00:03. S . I . IA .168. 192.0.16. E2 .4.0/16 [120/1] via 10. Serial0/0/0 192.connected.10.EIGRP. E – EGP i . S . IA .OSPF inter area N1 .IGRP.OSPF NSSA external type 1.0/24 is directly connected.168. EX .0/30 is subnetted.10.168.IS-IS.168.0/24 [120/1] via 10. 00:00:04.RIP. M .10. Serial0/0/0 192.10.mobile. Loopback2 192.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 . Loopback1 192.connected. ia .16.0/24 [120/1] via 10.100.IGRP.OSPF.IS-IS inter area * .EIGRP.252 is directly connected. U . O .7.1.168.100.0/24 [120/2] via 10.0/24 is directly connected.0/24 is directly connected.candidate default.168.253. 00:00:04. Serial0/0/0 192.0/24 [120/1] via 172. 192.10.168.0/24 [120/1] via 172.10.IS-IS level-2.OSPF.10. 00:00:03.0.16.0/24 [120/2] via 10.253. 192. L1 .10.0 is directly connected.0/24 is directly connected.6. o – ODR P .254.10.168.per-user static route. 00:00:04.candidate default.10. Serial0/0/0 192.0.OSPF external type 1.8.254. E – EGP i .0/24 is directly connected.per-user static route. 00:00:04.static.5.253.10. U . Inc. L1 . This document is Cisco Public Information. L2 .0/24 [120/2] via 10. All rights reserved. BRANCH1#show ip route Codes: C . 1 subnets 172.16.100. C C R R R C C C R R R Serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/1 Serial0/0/1 Serial0/0/1 Step 2: Examine the output from the BRANCH1 router. 192. N2 . R .3.100.10.10.8.0/24 [120/1] via 10.0.10. Serial0/0/0 172. Loopback2 192.0. R .168.10.10. I . E2 .OSPF external type 2.0/24 is directly connected.2. Loopback1 192.168. B – BGP D .0/30 is subnetted. 00:00:04.253.252 is directly connected. 1 subnets 10. Serial0/0/0 Page 2 of 5 C R C C C R R R R R R All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.253.254.OSPF external type 1.10.9. Serial0/0/1 192. 00:00:03. 00:00:04.10. Serial0/0/0 172. Serial0/0/0 192.9. HQ#show ip route Codes: C . EX . ia .IS-IS level-1.mobile.2.OSPF NSSA external type 1.168.10.IS-IS inter area * .168. N2 . L2 .0/30 is subnetted.10. Loopback0 192.3. 00:00:04.2.168.168.253.10.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .0.16.2.16. Serial0/0/0 192. 00:00:04.IS-IS level-1.7. 1 subnets 10.253.static.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Distance Vector Routing Protocols Lab 4. M .10.OSPF inter area N1 . B – BGP D . 00:00:04.4.EIGRP external.1: Routing Table Interpretation Lab Task 1: Examine the router outputs.0/24 [120/1] via 10.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set 10.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set 10.10.6. O . o – ODR P .0/24 [120/1] via 10.0/24 [120/1] via 10. Loopback0 192.6. 00:00:04. Step 1: Examine the output from the HQ router.

0/24 [120/1] via 172.IS-IS level-2.16. Serial0/0/1 192.OSPF external type 2.OSPF.1.EIGRP. This document is Cisco Public Information.IS-IS level-1.100.4.IS-IS.1.168.0/24 [120/1] via 172.per-user static route. I .1: Routing Table Interpretation Lab Step 3: Examine the output from the BRANCH2 router. Serial0/0/1 172.3.IS-IS inter area * . E – EGP i . Serial0/0/1 192. 00:00:19.IGRP. O .100.RIP.100.1.16.0/24 [120/2] via 172. N2 .100.16.168. R .16.168.100.1.mobile.168. EX .6.OSPF inter area N1 .16.0/24 is directly connected.1.16. 00:00:19. Serial0/0/1 192. Topology Diagram All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.EIGRP external. B – BGP D . Page 3 of 5 . 00:00:19. 00:00:19.0. Serial0/0/1 192. IA .OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 . BRANCH2#show ip route Codes: C .2. M .OSPF external type 1. E2 .100. Inc.0/8 [120/1] via 172.7.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set R C R R R R R R C C C 10. Serial0/0/1 192.1. S .168.6. Step 1: Draw a diagram of the network based on your interpretation of the router outputs in the space provided below.16.168.static.100.8. ia . L2 . 1 subnets 172.168.16.connected.168. 00:00:19.100. Loopback2 Task 2: Create a diagram of the network based on the router outputs. Loopback1 192. All rights reserved.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Distance Vector Routing Protocols Lab 4.1. Serial0/0/1 192.5.OSPF NSSA external type 1. Serial0/0/1 192.0/24 is directly connected. U . L1 .0/24 [120/2] via 172.168. Loopback0 192.0.0/24 is directly connected.0. 00:00:19.0 is directly connected.9. 00:00:19. o – ODR P .0/24 [120/2] via 172.1.candidate default.16.0/30 is subnetted.0/24 [120/1] via 172.

and BRANCH2 routers with the IP addresses from the Addressing Table. An example of the use of the network command is provided below. and BRANCH2 routers. RIP configuration will be covered in greater detail in a later lab activity. BRANCH1(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console BRANCH1#copy run start Step 3: Configure RIP on the HQ and BRANCH2 routers. 2500. Note: If you use 1700. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This document is Cisco Public Information. BRANCH1(config-router)#network 192. enter global configuration mode and use the router rip command. Inc.1: Routing Table Interpretation Lab Step 2: Document the interface addresses in the Addressing Table. All rights reserved.6. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. Use the router rip and network commands to configure the HQ and BRANCH2 routers to advertise directly connected networks to the other routers in the topology. return to privileged EXEC mode and save the current configuration to NVRAM.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Distance Vector Routing Protocols Lab 4. BRANCH1. DTE assignment. or 2600 routers. The basic configuration steps necessary for this lab activity are provided below. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces shown in the topology. Step 3: Configure the HQ. The RIP routing protocol will be used to advertise directly connected networks to the other routers in the topology. BRANCH1(config)#router rip BRANCH1(config-router)# Step 2: Enter the classful network addresses for each directly connected network. and DCE assignment of the Serial interfaces are at your discretion. Task 4: Configure the routing protocol for each router. using the network command. enter the classful network address for each directly connected network. To enable RIP. Page 4 of 5 . When you are finished with the RIP configuration. The clock rate. BRANCH1. Once you are in routing configuration mode. Step 1: Enable the RIP routing protocol on the BRANCH1 router.0 BRANCH1(config-router)# Be sure to configure a network statement for each network that is attached to a Serial or Loopback interface of the router.168. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers. Task 3: Create the network.1. Configure the interfaces on the HQ. the router outputs and interface descriptions will appear different.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved.1: Routing Table Interpretation Lab When you are finished with the RIP configuration. Use the ping command to verify that the router interfaces can communicate with each other. This document is Cisco Public Information. troubleshoot your IP addressing and router configuration. Page 5 of 5 . Disconnect and store the cabling. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. Task 5: Document the Router Configurations On each router.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Distance Vector Routing Protocols Lab 4. If you discover that two interfaces cannot ping each other. capture the following command output to a text file and save for future reference: • • • Running configuration Routing table – The output of the show ip route command for each of the routers should be exactly the same as the provided outputs Interface summarization Task 6: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. return to privileged EXEC mode and save the current configuration to NVRAM. Inc. Step 4: Test and verify connectivity. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet).6.

Page 1 of 15 . Scenarios • • • Scenario A: Running RIPv1 on Classful Networks Scenario B: Running RIPv1 with Subnets and Between Classful Networks Scenario C: Running RIPv1 on a Stub Network. Document the RIP configuration. Observe automatic summarization at boundary router. Configure RIP routing on all routers. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Reconfigure the network to make it contiguous. Configure and activate interfaces. Verify RIP routing using show and debug commands. All rights reserved.Lab 5.6. Propagate default routes to RIP neighbors. Configure a static default route. Gather information about RIP processing using the debug ip rip command. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state. This document is Cisco Public Information.1: Basic RIP Configuration Topology Diagram Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab. you will be able to: • • • • • • • • • • • • Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram. Perform basic configuration tasks on a router. Inc.

255.0 255.168.1.10 192.5.4.255. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces shown in the topology.2.168.0 255.168.168.255.2 192.0 255.255.255.1 192.2.255.0 255.255.255.5. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers.255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.168.168.255.168.255.1 192. or 2600 routers. Note: If you use 1700.168.1 192.0 255.1: Basic RIP Configuration Scenario A: Running RIPv1 on Classful Networks Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device R1 Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 R2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 R3 PC1 PC2 PC3 Fa0/0 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 192.168. Page 2 of 15 .1 192. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram.255.255.3.6.255.1 192.0 255.255.1. This document is Cisco Public Information.255.168. All rights reserved.1. 2500.2 192.1 Task 1: Prepare the Network.168.1 192.3.255.0 255.0 255.10 Subnet Mask 255.168.4. the router outputs and interface descriptions will appear different.0 255.3.1 192.168. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255.10 192.255. Inc.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 192.5.255.

using the network command. 5. R1(config)#router rip R1(config-router)# Step 2: Enter classful network addresses. Perform basic configuration of the R1. 3. Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1. Task 4: Configure RIP. Configure a message-of-the-day banner.6. This document is Cisco Public Information.168.168. R2. PC2. Step 1: Configure interfaces on R1. PC2. Configure the router hostname. To enable RIP.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. Use the show ip interface brief command to verify that the IP addressing is correct and that the interfaces are active. When you have finished. enter the command router rip in global configuration mode. Step 3: Configure Ethernet interfaces of PC1. 2. R2. Page 3 of 15 . Once you are in routing configuration mode. Enter router ? at the global configuration prompt to a see a list of available routing protocols on your router. R1(config-router)#network 192. Configure the interfaces on the R1. Step 1: Enable dynamic routing.1: Basic RIP Configuration Task 2: Perform Basic Router Configurations. 4.1. R2. Inc. Configure a password for console connections.0 R1(config-router)#network 192. Disable DNS lookup. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. Step 2: Verify IP addressing and interfaces. and PC3. enter the classful network address for each directly connected network. 6. Configure a password for VTY connections.0 R1(config-router)# All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.2. To enable a dynamic routing protocol. and R3 routers according to the following guidelines: 1. Task 3: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses. enter global configuration mode and use the router command. and R3 routers with the IP addresses from the table under the Topology Diagram. All rights reserved. and PC3 with the IP addresses and default gateways from the table under the Topology Diagram. and R3. Step 4: Test the PC configuration by pinging the default gateway from the PC. Configure an EXEC mode password.

0 R2(config-router)#network 192. Inc. This document is Cisco Public Information.1: Basic RIP Configuration The network command: • • Enables RIP on all interfaces that belong to this network. Step 1: Use the show ip route command to verify that each router has all of the networks in the topology entered in the routing table.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.168. If the tables are not converged as shown here. R3(config)#router rip R3(config-router)#network 192. These interfaces will now both send and receive RIP updates.2.0 R2(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R2#copy run start When you are finished with the RIP configuration.168. troubleshoot your configuration. Advertises this network in RIP routing updates sent to other routers every 30 seconds.6.5.0 R3(config-router)#network 192.168. return to privileged EXEC mode and save the current configuration to NVRAM. return to privileged EXEC mode and save the current configuration to NVRAM. When you are finished with the RIP configuration.168. Task 5: Verify RIP Routing. return to privileged EXEC mode and save the current configuration to NVRAM. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. R2(config)#router rip R2(config-router)#network 192. R1(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R1#copy run start Step 3: Configure RIP on the R2 router using the router rip and network commands.3. Routes learned through RIP are coded with an R in the routing table. All rights reserved. Did you verify that the configured interfaces are active? Did you configure RIP correctly? Return to Task 3 and Task 4 to review the steps necessary to achieve convergence.4. Step 4: Configure RIP on the R3 router using the router rip and network commands.0 R3(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R3# copy run start When you are finished with the RIP configuration.168. Page 4 of 15 .4.0 R2(config-router)#network 192.

EGP i . EX . O .168.168. Serial0/0/0 connected. Serial0/0/1 connected.0/24 192.168.4.168.2.168.0/24 192. 00:00:04. FastEthernet0/0 connected.168.168.168.2.2.IS-IS inter area * .EIGRP. ia . FastEthernet0/0 connected. I .2.1. Serial0/0/0 R2#show ip route <Output omitted> R C C C R R2# 192.2.1.168. Serial0/0/0 192.5.168.3.connected.1.0/24 192. Serial0/0/0 192.IS-IS level-1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.0/24 is directly is directly [120/1] via [120/1] via [120/2] via connected.3.0/24 192. Serial0/0/1 192.168. L1 . Serial0/0/1 192.OSPF inter area N1 .168.ODR P . The show ip protocols command can be used to view information about the routing processes that are occurring on the router.OSPF NSSA external type 1.2. FastEthernet0/0 Step 2: Use the show ip protocols command to view information about the routing processes.IS-IS level-2. o .static.3.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 . E2 . Serial0/0/1 connected.4. 00:00:04.168.2.4. Page 5 of 15 .168.1. 00:00:22.168. 00:00:18.4.0/24 192. S .168. 00:00:04. IA . Inc. B .0/24 192.6. Serial0/0/0 192. L2 .168.mobile.5.0/24 192.candidate default.IGRP. 00:00:18. This document is Cisco Public Information.OSPF external type 2. U . 00:00:18.0/24 192.0/24 192.5.1.168.0/24 [120/1] via is directly is directly is directly [120/1] via 192.1: Basic RIP Configuration R1#show ip route Codes: C .4. Serial0/0/1 192.OSPF external type 1.168.per-user static route.168. This output can be used to verify most RIP parameters to confirm that: • • • • RIP routing is configured The correct interfaces send and receive RIP updates The router advertises the correct networks RIP neighbors are sending updates All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0/24 192. Serial0/0/1 R3#show ip route <Output omitted> R R R C C R3# 192. 00:00:23.168. All rights reserved. E .0/24 [120/2] via [120/1] via [120/1] via is directly is directly 192.168. N2 .4.2.4.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set C C R R R R1# 192. M . Serial0/0/0 connected. R .IS-IS.0/24 192.2.0/24 192.2.OSPF.EIGRP external.RIP.168.2.BGP D .2.2.

168. Step 4: Discontinue the debug output with the undebug all command.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.0 in 1 hops 192. R1 builds an update to send out that interface.2.168.168.1) RIP: build update entries network 192.255. R1#undebug all All possible debugging has been turned off All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.4.255 via Serial0/0/0 (192.168.168.168. receive any version Interface Send Recv Triggered RIP Key-chain FastEthernet0/0 1 2 1 Serial0/0/0 1 2 1 Automatic network summarization is in effect Maximum path: 4 Routing for Networks: 192. next due in 16 seconds Invalid after 180 seconds.4.5.2.1. R1#debug ip rip R1#RIP: received v1 update from 192.168.168.0 network configured under RIP. R2 is sending R1 updates. Page 6 of 15 .0 Passive Interface(s): Routing Information Sources: Gateway Distance Last Update 192.168.255 via FastEthernet0/0 (192. R1 only includes the 192.6.0 in 2 hops RIP: sending v1 update to 255. Rip updates are sent every 30 seconds so you may have to wait for debug information to be displayed.0 metric 3 RIP: sending v1 update to 255.1. R1 builds an update to send to R2.168.2 on Serial0/0/0 192.168.5. R1 has one routing information source.168.168.3. Finally.168.168.168.168. All rights reserved. R1 is advertising networks 192. Because the FastEthernet0/0 interface belongs to the 192.0 192.255.1: Basic RIP Configuration R1#show ip protocols Routing Protocol is "rip" Sending updates every 30 seconds.2 120 Distance: (default is 120) R1# R1 is indeed configured with RIP.1.2. Inc.0 in 1 hops 192.1) RIP: build update entries network 192.1.2.0 network in the update.168. hold down 180.1.1.0 metric 1 The debug output shows that R1 receives an update from R2.255.2. This document is Cisco Public Information.255. flushed after 240 Outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not set Incoming update filter list for all interfaces is not set Redistributing: rip Default version control: send version 1. The update includes all networks known to R1 except the network of the interface.0 and 192. Step 3: Use the debug ip rip command to view the RIP messages being sent and received.3. Notice how this update includes all the networks that R1 does not already have in its routing table.0 metric 2 network 192.0. R1 is sending and receiving RIP updates on FastEthernet0/0 and Serial0/0/0.0 metric 2 network 192.0 metric 1 network 192. Because of split horizon.2.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1

Lab 5.6.1: Basic RIP Configuration

Scenario B: Running RIPv1 with Subnets and Between Classful Networks Topology Diagram

Addressing Table
Device R1 Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 R2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 R3 PC1 PC2 PC3 Fa0/0 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 172.30.1.1 172.30.2.1 172.30.3.1 172.30.2.2 192.168.4.9 192.168.5.1 192.168.4.10 172.30.1.10 172.30.3.10 192.168.5.10 Subnet Mask 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.30.1.1 172.30.3.1 192.168.5.1

Task 1: Make Changes between Scenario A and Scenario B
Step 1: Change the IP addressing on the interfaces as shown in the Topology Diagram and the Addressing Table. Sometimes when changing the IP address on a serial interface, you may need to reset that interface by using the shutdown command, waiting for the LINK-5-CHANGED message, and then using the no shutdown command. This process will force the IOS to starting using the new IP address.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

Page 7 of 15

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1

Lab 5.6.1: Basic RIP Configuration

R1(config)#int s0/0/0 R1(config-if)#ip add 172.30.2.1 255.255.255.0 R1(config-if)#shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Serial0/0/0, changed state to administratively down %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial0/0/0, changed state to down R1(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Serial0/0/0, changed state to up R1(config-if)# %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial0/0/0, changed state to up Step 2: Verify that routers are active. After reconfiguring all the interfaces on all three routers, verify that all necessary interfaces are active with the show ip interface brief command. Step 3: Remove the RIP configurations from each router. Although you can remove the old network commands with the no version of the command, it is more efficient to simply remove RIP and start over. Remove the RIP configurations from each router with the no router rip global configuration command. This will remove all the RIP configuration commands including the network commands. R1(config)#no router rip R2(config)#no router rip R3(config)#no router rip

Task 2: Configure RIP
Step 1: Configure RIP routing on R1 as shown below. R1(config)#router rip R1(config-router)#network 172.30.0.0 Notice that only a single network statement is needed for R1. This statement includes both interfaces on different subnets of the 172.30.0.0 major network. Step 2: Configure R1 to stop sending updates out the FastEthernet0/0 interface. Sending updates out this interface wastes the bandwidth and processing resources of all devices on the LAN. In addition, advertising updates on a broadcast network is a security risk. RIP updates can be intercepted with packet sniffing software. Routing updates can be modified and sent back to the router, corrupting the router table with false metrics that misdirects traffic. The passive-interface fastethernet 0/0 command is used to disable sending RIPv1 updates out that interface. When you are finished with the RIP configuration, return to privileged EXEC mode and save the current configuration to NVRAM. R1(config-router)#passive-interface fastethernet 0/0 R1(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R1#copy run start
All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 8 of 15

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1

Lab 5.6.1: Basic RIP Configuration

Step 3: Configure RIP routing on R2 as shown below. R2(config)#router rip R2(config-router)#network 172.30.0.0 R2(config-router)#network 192.168.4.0 R2(config-router)#passive-interface fastethernet 0/0 R2(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R2#copy run start Again notice that only a single network statement is needed for the two subnets of 172.30.0.0. This statement includes both interfaces, on different subnets, of the 172.30.0.0 major network. The network for the WAN link between R2 and R3 is also configured. When you are finished with the RIP configuration, return to privileged EXEC mode and save the current configuration to NVRAM. Step 4: Configure RIP routing on R3 as shown below. R3(config)#router rip R3(config-router)#network 192.168.4.0 R3(config-router)#network 192.168.5.0 R3(config-router)#passive-interface fastethernet 0/0 R3(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R3#copy run start When you are finished with the RIP configuration, return to privileged EXEC mode and save the current configuration to NVRAM.

Task 3: Verify RIP Routing
Step 1: Use the show ip route command to verify that each router has all of the networks in the topology in the routing table. R1#show ip route <Output omitted> 172.30.0.0/24 is subnetted, 3 subnets 172.30.1.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0 172.30.2.0 is directly connected, Serial0/0/0 172.30.3.0 [120/1] via 172.30.2.2, 00:00:22, Serial0/0/0 192.168.4.0/24 [120/1] via 172.30.2.2, 00:00:22, Serial0/0/0 192.168.5.0/24 [120/2] via 172.30.2.2, 00:00:22, Serial0/0/0

C C R R R R1#

Note: RIPv1 is a classful routing protocol. Classful routing protocols do not send the subnet mask with network in routing updates. For example, 172.30.1.0 is sent by R2 to R1 without any subnet mask information.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

Page 9 of 15

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1

Lab 5.6.1: Basic RIP Configuration

R2#show ip route <Output omitted> 172.30.0.0/24 is subnetted, 3 subnets 172.30.1.0 [120/1] via 172.30.2.1, 00:00:04, Serial0/0/0 172.30.2.0 is directly connected, Serial0/0/0 172.30.3.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0 192.168.4.0/30 is subnetted, 1 subnets 192.168.4.8 is directly connected, Serial0/0/1 192.168.5.0/24 [120/1] via 192.168.4.10, 00:00:19, Serial0/0/1

R C C C R R2#

R3#show ip route <Output omitted> R C C 172.30.0.0/16 [120/1] via 192.168.4.9, 00:00:22, Serial0/0/1 192.168.4.0/30 is subnetted, 1 subnets 192.168.4.8 is directly connected, Serial0/0/1 192.168.5.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0

Step 2: Verify that all necessary interfaces are active. If one or more routing tables does not have a converged routing table, first make sure that all necessary interfaces are active with show ip interface brief. Then use show ip protocols to verify the RIP configuration. Notice in the output from this command that the FastEthernet0/0 interface is no longer listed under Interface but is now listed under a new section of the output: Passive Interface(s). R1#show ip protocols Routing Protocol is "rip" Sending updates every 30 seconds, next due in 20 seconds Invalid after 180 seconds, hold down 180, flushed after 240 Outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not set Incoming update filter list for all interfaces is not set Redistributing: rip Default version control: send version 2, receive version 2 Interface Send Recv Triggered RIP Key-chain Serial0/1/0 2 2 Automatic network summarization is in effect Maximum path: 4 Routing for Networks: 172.30.0.0 209.165.200.0 Passive Interface(s): FastEthernet0/0 Routing Information Sources: Gateway Distance Last Update 209.165.200.229 120 00:00:15 Distance: (default is 120)

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 10 of 15

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1

Lab 5.6.1: Basic RIP Configuration

Step 3: View the RIP messages being sent and received. To view the RIP messages being sent and received use the debug ip rip command. Notice that RIP updates are not sent out of the fa0/0 interface because of the passive-interface fastethernet 0/0 command. R1#debug ip rip R1#RIP: sending v1 update to 255.255.255.255 via Serial0/0/0 (172.30.2.1) RIP: build update entries network 172.30.1.0 metric 1 RIP: received v1 update from 172.30.2.2 on Serial0/0/0 172.30.3.0 in 1 hops

Step 4: Discontinue the debug output with the undebug all command. R1#undebug all All possible debugging has been turned off

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 11 of 15

choosing to use dynamic routing only locally. we left the addressing intact from Scenario B. They should send all traffic not destined for the 172.168.0 except through R2. colleges with multiple campuses often run a dynamic routing protocol between campuses but use default routing to the ISP for access to the Internet.30. then it should send the packet to the ISP. Company XYZ is a stub network.6. R3.0/16 network—in via R2 (the gateway router) and out via R3 (the ISP).0.0 from the RIP configuration for R2.4.0/16 network pointing to R2. In some cases. remote campuses may even use default routing to the main campus.0 network to R2.0/16 major network. Page 12 of 15 . This is the same for all other Company XYZ routers (only R1 in our case). because no updates will be sent between R2 and R3 and we don’t want to advertise the 192.0.0 network. How about traffic from Company XYZ toward the Internet? It makes no sense for R3 to send over 120. All R2 needs to know is that if a packet is not destined for a host on the 172. All rights reserved.168. It makes more sense for R3 to have a static route configured for the 172.0.0 from the RIP configuration for R2.168. Remove network 192. For example.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. Task 1: Make Changes between Scenario B and Scenario C.0 network every 30 seconds.0. It doesn’t make sense for R2 to send R3 RIP updates for the 172. Inc.30. for Scenario C.0. Scenario C is a typical configuration for most companies connecting a stub network to a central headquarters router or an ISP.0.30. meaning that there is only one way in and one way out of the 172. R2 would then forward the traffic to R3. Typically. R2(config)#router rip R2(config-router)#no network 192.4. because R3 has no other way to get to 172.30. To keep our example simple.0. This document is Cisco Public Information.4. which consists of the R1 and R2 routers using the 172.000 summarized Internet routes to R2.30.4. Step 1: Remove network 192. a company runs a dynamic routing protocol (RIPv1 in our case) within the local network but finds it unnecessary to run a dynamic routing protocol between the company’s gateway router and the ISP.168.0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1: Basic RIP Configuration Scenario C: Running RIPv1 on a Stub Network Topology Diagram Background In this scenario we will modify Scenario B to only run RIP between R1 and R2.0 network to R1.30. Let’s assume that R3 is the ISP for our Company XYZ.30. subnetted with a /24 mask.

0/24 172. 00:00:16. M .30.0. R3(config)#ip route 172.0 172. R3(config)#no router rip Task 2: Configure the Static Route on R3 for the 172.0.1: Basic RIP Configuration Step 2: Completely remove RIP routing from R3.0.30.IS-IS level-1. 3 subnets is directly connected.2.EGP i .periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is 0. If the default route information is still not sent to R1. Because R3 and R2 are not exchanging RIP updates.6.1. Serial0/0/0 is directly connected. R2#show ip route Codes: C .0. E .2. B .IS-IS inter area * .OSPF.0 to network 0. we need to configure a static route on R3 for the 172. N2 .per-user static route. This command will cause the routers to immediately flush routes in the routing table and request updates from each other. Page 13 of 15 . IA . Configure this command on R2 so that the default static route information is sent to R1.0/16 network.OSPF external type 1.0/16 traffic to R2.OSPF external type 2.0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.0 255. R .RIP. O .EIGRP external. Configure a default static route on R2 that will send all default traffic—packets with destination IP addresses that do not match a specific route in the routing table—to R3.0 0.connected. R2(config)#router rip R2(config-router)#default-information originate R2(config-router)# Note: Sometimes it is necessary to clear the RIP routing process before the default-information originate command will work.static.0 serial 0/0/1 Step 2: Configure R2 to send default static route information to R1.0. U .1. This will send all 172. I . L2 . Serial0/0/0 C C R All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0/16 network.30. Task 4: Verify RIP Routing. This document is Cisco Public Information. Step 1: Use the show ip route command to view the routing table on R2 and R1. R2(config)# ip route 0.EIGRP. S .3.mobile.IGRP.BGP D .30.OSPF NSSA external type 1.30.0.30.0 is subnetted.IS-IS. FastEthernet0/0 [120/1] via 172. save the configuration on R1 and R2 and then reload both routers. Step 1: Configure R2 to send default traffic to R3.30.0.ODR P . o .0.0 serial0/0/1 Task 3: Configure a Default Static Route on R2. The default-information originate command is used to configure R2 to include the default static route with its RIP updates. try the command clear ip route * on both R1 and R2.0.0.30. First.0. Sometimes this does not work with RIP. L1 .255. Inc. E2 .0 172.0.IS-IS level-2.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 . ia .30. EX .0 172.252. All rights reserved.OSPF inter area N1 . Doing this will reset the hardware and both routers will restart the RIP routing process.candidate default.

Serial0/0/1 0. IA . N2 . B .1.2 to network 0. R1#undebug all All possible debugging has been turned off Step 4: Use the show ip route command to view the routing table on R3.0. Serial0/0/1 192. R1#show ip route Codes: C .EIGRP external. Page 14 of 15 .OSPF external type 1.2.0 metric 1 RIP: received v1 update from 172.2.1: Basic RIP Configuration C S* 192. FastEthernet0/0 Notice that RIP is not being used on R3. R .IS-IS level-2. EX .2.IGRP. The only route that is not directly connected is the static route. R1#debug ip rip RIP protocol debugging is on R1#RIP: sending v1 update to 255.0 [120/1] via 172.255.1) RIP: build update entries network 172.OSPF external type 2. Serial0/0/0 C R C R* Notice that R1 now has a RIP route tagged as a candidate default route.0/30 is subnetted.IS-IS level-1.2. 00:00:19.30. M .0/24 is directly connected.2.EGP i .4.0. L1 .mobile. E .OSPF inter area N1 . Serial0/0/1 Notice that R2 now has a static route tagged as a candidate default.0. ia .255 via Serial0/0/0 (172.30. 1 subnets 192.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.30.30.0 in 1 hops Notice that R1 is receiving the default route from R2.6.per-user static route.168. All rights reserved.168.168.0.BGP D .4.4.30.0.IS-IS inter area * .2.0/30 is subnetted.IS-IS.0/0 is directly connected.2. Serial0/0/1 192.30.0. E2 .8 is directly connected.168.static.30. I . O . 1 subnets 192.OSPF.30.0. FastEthernet0/0 0. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Inc.0 in 1 hops 172.0/24 is subnetted.EIGRP. Serial0/0/0 172. 3 subnets 172.0.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .3.OSPF NSSA external type 1.2 on Serial0/0/0 0.0/16 is directly connected.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is 172.RIP. R1 will now send default traffic to the Gateway of last resort at 172. L2 .2.0.30.2.30. o .5.0 is directly connected. 00:00:05.30. R3#show ip route <Output omitted> S C C 172.0 172.3.0.1.255. The route is the “quad-zero” default route sent by R2. Serial0/0/0 172. Step 3: Discontinue the debug output with the undebug all command.4.8 is directly connected. U .0/0 [120/1] via 172. S .connected.2.candidate default.30. which is the IP address of R2.ODR P .168. This document is Cisco Public Information.0 is directly connected.30. Step 2: View the RIP updates that are sent and received on R1 with the debug ip rip command.

All rights reserved. capture the following command output to a text file and save for future reference: • • • • Running configuration Routing table Interface summarization Output from show ip protocols Task 6: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. Inc.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. Page 15 of 15 . All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.6.1: Basic RIP Configuration Task 5: Document the Router Configurations On each router. This document is Cisco Public Information. Disconnect and store the cabling.

6. This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc. Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram.2: Challenge RIP Configuration Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device BRANCH Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 ISP PC1 PC2 PC3 Fa0/0 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC IP Address Subnet Mask Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab. Page 1 of 7 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. you will be able to: • • • Subnet an address space given requirements. All rights reserved. Assign appropriate addresses to interfaces and document them in the Addressing Table. .Lab 5.

• The BRANCH LAN will use the 10. The HQ LAN will require 50 host IP addresses.1.200. Page 2 of 7 . (Note: Remember that the interfaces of network devices are also host IP addresses and are included in the above addressing requirements. Step 1: Examine the network requirements. Assign subnet 1 in the 192.0 network to the LAN attached to the HQ router. A combination of RIPv1 and static routing will be required so that hosts on networks that are not directly connected will be able to communicate with each other.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. Verify RIPv1 operation. The link between the ISP router and the HQ router will use the 209.) Step 2: Consider the following questions when creating your network design: How many subnets need to be created from the 192.1.168.2: Challenge RIP Configuration • • • • • • Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state.168.165. Configure RIPv1 routing on all routers. The 192.168.1. The addressing for the network has the following requirements: • • • The ISP LAN will use the 209.165.168.128/27 network.224/30 network.0/24 network must be subnetted for use in the HQ LAN and the link between the HQ and BRANCH routers. Reflect upon and document the network implementation.0/24 network? __________ What is the subnet mask for this network in dotted decimal format? ___________________________ What is the subnet mask for the network in slash format? __________ What are the network addresses of the subnets? Subnet 0: __________________________ Subnet 1: __________________________ Subnet 2: __________________________ Subnet 3: __________________________ How many usable host IP addresses are there per subnet? ___________ How many usable hosts IP addresses are available in the BRANCH LAN? ____________ Step 3: Assign subnetwork addresses to the Topology Diagram. you will be given a network address that must be subnetted to complete the addressing of the network shown in the Topology Diagram.1.0 network to the WAN link between the HQ and BRANCH routers.6.202. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. 1. Assign subnet 2 in the 192. Scenario In this lab activity.10. 2. All rights reserved. Task 1: Subnet the Address Space. Configure and propagate a static default route. Test and verify full connectivity.0/23 network.2. This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc.

Configure a password for VTY connections.165.224/30 network to the WAN interface of the ISP router. Assign the last valid host address in the 209. 6.128/27 network to PC3. This document is Cisco Public Information.128/27 network to the LAN interface on the ISP router. Configure the router hostname. Assign the last valid host address in the 209. 10. 3. Configure an EXEC mode password. 4. or 2600 routers. Assign the first valid host address in the HQ/BRANCH WAN link to the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the HQ router.165. Step 2: Document the addresses to be used in the table provided under the Topology Diagram.202. Perform basic configuration in the BRANCH. 1. Assign the last valid host address in the HQ/BRANCH WAN link to the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the BRANCH router.2: Challenge RIP Configuration Task 2: Determine Interface Addresses.165. the router outputs and interface descriptions will appear different.200.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. All rights reserved. Task 4: Perform Basic Router Configurations. Configure a password for console connections. Task 3: Prepare the Network.6. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers. 2500.2. Configure a message-of-the-day banner. 9. Assign the first valid host address in the 209. 6. Configure an EXEC timeout of 15 minutes. 3.0/23 network to the LAN interface on the BRANCH router.10.165. Assign the last valid host address in the 10. Note: If you use 1700. 8. Inc. 5. 2. Disable DNS lookup. 5.2.0/23 network to PC1.202. HQ. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Assign the first valid host address in the HQ LAN network to the LAN interface of the HQ router. 8.200. and ISP routers according to the following guidelines: 1. Assign the first valid host address in the 209.10. 2. Step 1: Assign appropriate addresses to the device interfaces. Assign the first valid host address in the 10. 7. 4. 7. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. Page 3 of 7 .224/30 network to the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the HQ router. Assign the last valid host address in the HQ LAN network to PC 2. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces shown in the topology. Synchronize unsolicited messages and debug output with solicited output and prompts for the console and virtual terminal lines.

HQ. Page 4 of 7 . Task 7: Configure RIP Routing on the BRANCH Router. and ISP routers. Inc. What networks are currently present in the BRANCH routing table before RIP is configured? List the networks with slash notation. ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ What commands are required to enable RIP version 1 and include these networks in the routing updates? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have RIP updates sent out? _____________ What command is used to disable RIP updates on this interface? ____________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. However. Step 1: Verify BRANCH connectivity. All rights reserved. and ISP routers with the IP addresses from the Addressing Table provided under the Topology Diagram. Verify that PC1. Configure the interfaces on the BRANCH. Step 2: Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1. Step 1: Configure the BRANCH. You should not have connectivity between end devices yet. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. and PC3 can ping their respective default gateways. HQ. Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1. Task 6: Verify Connectivity to Next-Hop Device. and PC3. Step 2: Verify Ethernet interface connectivity. PC2. PC2. Verify that BRANCH can ping across the WAN link to HQ and that HQ can ping across the WAN link it shares with ISP.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.2: Challenge RIP Configuration Task 5: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses. you can test connectivity between two routers and between an end device and its default gateway.6. Consider the networks that need to be included in the RIP updates that are sent out by the BRANCH router. PC2. When you have finished. This document is Cisco Public Information. and PC3 with the IP addresses from the Addressing Table provided under the Topology Diagram.

6. From PC2. Page 5 of 7 .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. is it possible to ping PC3? __________ From PC1. Inc. and the link between the BRANCH and HQ routers.2: Challenge RIP Configuration Task 8: Configure RIP and Static Routing on the HQ Router Consider the type of static routing that is needed on HQ. ____________________________________________________________________________ What commands are required to enable RIPv1 and include the LAN network in the routing updates? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have RIP updates sent out? ___________ What command is used to disable RIP updates on this interface? ____________________________________________________________________________ The HQ router needs to send the default route information to the BRANCH router in the RIP updates. This document is Cisco Public Information. is it possible to ping PC3? __________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ A static default route will need to be configured to send all packets with destination addresses that are not in the routing table to the ISP router. All rights reserved. What command is needed to accomplish this? Use the appropriate exit interface on the HQ router in the command. What are the commands that will need to be configured on the ISP router to accomplish this? ISP(config)# ___________________________________________________________________ ISP(config)#____________________________________________________________________ Task 10: Verify the Configurations Answer the following questions to verify that the network is operating as expected. HQ LAN. is it possible to ping PC1? __________ From PC2. What command is used to configure this? ____________________________________________________________________________ Task 9: Configure Static Routing on the ISP Router Static routes will need to be configured on the ISP router for all traffic that is destined for the RFC 1918 addresses that are used on the BRANCH LAN. What networks are present in the HQ routing table? List the networks with slash notation.

Page 6 of 7 . All rights reserved.2: Challenge RIP Configuration The answer to the above questions should be yes.6.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. What routes are present in the routing table of the BRANCH router? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of the BRANCH router? ____________________________________________________________________________ What routes are present in the routing table of the HQ router? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ What networks are present in the routing table of the ISP router? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ What networks. This document is Cisco Public Information. including the metric. including the metric. check your physical connections and configurations. are present in the RIP updates sent from the HQ router? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ What networks. Refer to the basic troubleshooting techniques used in the Chapter 1 labs. are present in the RIP updates sent from the BRANCH router? ____________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. If any of the above pings failed. Inc.

Page 7 of 7 . Disconnect and store the cabling. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.6. Inc.2: Challenge RIP Configuration ____________________________________________________________________________ Task 11: Reflection If static routing were used instead of RIP on the BRANCH router. capture the following command output to a text file and save for future reference: • • • Running configuration Routing table Interface summarization Task 13: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. This document is Cisco Public Information. how many individual static routes would be needed for hosts on the BRANCH LAN to communicate with all of the networks in the Topology Diagram? ______________ Task 12: Document the Router Configurations On each router. All rights reserved. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings.

255.255.255. Inc.255.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 192.0 255.1.255.255.6.255.0 255.168.255.45.255.1.3: RIP Troubleshooting Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device BRANCH Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 ISP PC1 PC2 PC3 FA0/0 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 192.255.0 255.1.255.255.254 10.1.20.1 172.1 172.2. This document is Cisco Public Information.1 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.0 255.0 255.1 172.1.255.0 255.1.16.254 172.2.20.1.255.45.255.254 172. All rights reserved. Load the routers with supplied scripts.16.0 255.1 10.Lab 5.0 255.0 255.1.1 192.168.254 10. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state.20.2.16. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Page 1 of 11 .255.45.168.20.255.45.1 10.255.254 Subnet Mask 255. you will be able to: • • • Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram.255.1 10.255.45.

Static default route is configured on the HQ router and shared with the BRANCH router via RIP updates.1. RIP updates must be disabled on the BRANCH and HQ LAN interfaces. You will need to troubleshoot each router to determine the configuration errors and then use the appropriate commands to correct the configurations. Analyze information to determine why convergence is not complete.255.0 duplex auto speed auto ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 10.3: RIP Troubleshooting • • • • • • Discover where convergence is not complete. The network should also have the following requirements met: • • • • • RIPv1 routing is configured on the BRANCH router. Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. Step 1: Load the following script onto the BRANCH router.6. When you have corrected all of the configuration errors.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.1 255. Step 1: Cable a network. RIPv1 routing is configured on the HQ router. Propose solutions to network errors.168.255.255.0 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! router rip All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Step 2: Clear the configuration on each router. Page 2 of 11 . all of the hosts on the network should be able to communicate with each other. These scripts contain errors that will prevent end-to-end communication across the network. Implement solutions to network errors.254 255. This document is Cisco Public Information. Static routes for all HQ and BRANCH networks are to be configured on the ISP router. The routes must be summarized wherever possible. Answer no if asked to save changes. All rights reserved. Scenario In this lab. Task 1: Cable. Task 2: Load Routers with the Supplied Scripts.255. and Reload the Routers. Clear the configuration on each of routers using the erase startup-config command and then reload the routers. Inc.45. you will begin by loading configuration scripts on each of the routers. Erase. hostname BRANCH ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 192.1. Gather information about the non-converged portion of the network along with any other errors. Document the corrected network.

255.16.255.0 Serial0/0/1 ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 password cisco login ! end Step 3: Load the following script onto the ISP router.0.254 255. hostname HQ ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10. All rights reserved.6.1.0.1 255.255.255. hostname ISP ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.1.0.20.0.255.1 255.0.1 255.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 10.0.0. Inc.255.255.0 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! router rip passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.0 0.0.3: RIP Troubleshooting passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 10.0 duplex auto speed auto All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.2. This document is Cisco Public Information.0 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 172.0 ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 password cisco login ! end Step 2: Load the following script onto the HQ router.255.0 ! ip route 0.45.20.45. Page 3 of 11 .

20. apply them to the router configuration now.20. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors? _________ If the answer is yes.1 255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.255.0 255. This document is Cisco Public Information. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step.255.6.45. All rights reserved.3: RIP Troubleshooting no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 172. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again.0.0 Serial0/0/1 ip route 192. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _________ Step 2: Examine the BRANCH router to find possible configuration errors. Inc. is it possible to ping PC3? _________ From the host PC1. is it possible to ping PC2? _________ From the host PC1.168. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above.0 no shutdown ! ip route 10.255.254. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255. Page 4 of 11 .255.0 Serial0/0/1 ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 password cisco login ! end Task 3: Troubleshoot the BRANCH Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the Host connected to the BRANCH router.1. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.0 255. Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the status of the interfaces. From the host PC1. Step 4: View summary of the status information. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again.

What networks are shown in the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the routing table. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ What networks are included in the RIP updates? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the RIP updates that are being sent out from the router? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the RIP configuration.3: RIP Troubleshooting Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on the BRANCH router. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. Inc.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.6. Page 5 of 11 . ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This document is Cisco Public Information. All rights reserved. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.

Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. is it possible to ping PC3? __________ From the host PC2. What networks are included in the RIP updates? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. is it possible to ping the default gateway? __________ Step 2: Examine the HQ router to find possible configuration errors. Inc. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0 interface of the HQ router? __________ Task 4: Troubleshoot the HQ Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the Host connected to the R2 router. All rights reserved.6. Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors? __________ Does the information included in the RIP updates that are sent out indicate any configuration errors? _________ If the answer to either of these questions is yes. is it possible to ping PC1? __________ From the host PC2. Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the status of the interfaces. is it possible to ping PC3? __________ From the host PC1. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.3: RIP Troubleshooting Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. view the routing information again. From the host PC1. troubleshoot the routing configuration again. Page 6 of 11 . apply them to the router configuration now. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous steps. is it possible to ping PC2? __________ From the host PC1. From the host PC2. Step 7: View the routing information. This document is Cisco Public Information. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.

___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ What networks are included in the RIP updates? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the RIP updates that are being sent out from the router? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on the BRANCH router. All rights reserved. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors? _________ If the answer is yes. This document is Cisco Public Information. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. Page 7 of 11 .3: RIP Troubleshooting Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above.6. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. What networks are shown in the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the routing table. apply them to the router configuration now. Inc. Step 4: View the summary of the status information.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.

All rights reserved. apply them to the HQ router configuration now. troubleshoot the RIP configuration again. Is there a default route in the BRANCH routing table? _____________ If not. From the host PC2. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above. Step 10: View the BRANCH routing table. Step 7: View the routing information.6. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. This document is Cisco Public Information. Is there a default route in the BRANCH routing table? __________ If the answer is no.3: RIP Troubleshooting If there are any problems with the RIP configuration. apply them to the router configuration now. view the routing information again. Step 11: Attempt to ping between the hosts again.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. view the BRANCH routing table again. Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors? ________ Does the information included in the RIP updates that are sent out indicate any configuration errors? ________ If the answer to either of these questions is yes. What networks are included in the RIP updates? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Step 8: Verify that the HQ router is sending a default route to the BRANCH router. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous steps. Inc. Page 8 of 11 . troubleshoot the routing configuration again. is it possible to ping PC1? _________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. what commands are needed to configure this on the HQ router? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Step 9: If you have recorded any commands above.

Page 9 of 11 . Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors? __________ If the answer is yes. Step 5: Troubleshoot the static routing configuration on the ISP router. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above. Inc. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/1 interface of the ISP router? _________ From the host PC1.6. What networks are shown in the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. is it possible to ping PC3? _________ Task 5: Troubleshoot the ISP Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the Host connected to the ISP router. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. is it possible to ping PC1? __________ From the host PC3. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again. Begin by viewing the routing table. apply them to the router configuration now. Step 4: View the summary of the status information. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the status of the interfaces. From the host PC3. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. All rights reserved. is it possible to ping PC2? __________ From the host PC3.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. This document is Cisco Public Information. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _________ Step 2: Examine the ISP router to find possible configuration errors.3: RIP Troubleshooting From the host PC2.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. is it possible to ping PC1? __________ From the host PC3. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. Inc. Use the space below to write a brief description of the errors that you found. All rights reserved. Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. This document is Cisco Public Information. is it possible to ping PC2? _________ From the host PC3.6. troubleshoot the routing configuration again. view the routing table again. From the host PC3. is it possible to ping the WAN interface of the BRANCH router? _________ Task 6: Reflection There were a number of configuration errors in the scripts that were provided for this lab. Step 7: View the routing table. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. apply them to the router configuration now. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above. Does the information in the routing table indicate any configuration errors? _________ If the answer is yes.3: RIP Troubleshooting Are there any problems with the routing configuration? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the routing configuration. Page 10 of 11 . record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.

Page 11 of 11 .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.3: RIP Troubleshooting Task 7: Documentation On each router.txt) file and save for future reference: • • • • show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief show ip protocols If you need to review the procedures for capturing command output. All rights reserved. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. refer to Lab 1.5. Disconnect and store the cabling. Inc.1. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.6. This document is Cisco Public Information. Task 8: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. capture output from the following commands to a text (.

All rights reserved.1: Basic VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/0 HQ Fa0/1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 Branch1 Fa0/1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 Branch2 Fa0/1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 IP Address Subnet Mask Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.4. Inc. Page 1 of 5 . This document is Cisco Public Information.Activity 6.

Page 2 of 5 .) Task 1: Examine the Network Requirements.168.4. The HQ LAN2 will require 50 host IP addresses. What is the total number of IP addresses that are available in the 192.1. Determine the number of hosts needed for each subnet Design an appropriate addressing scheme using VLSM. How many IP addresses are needed for each of the BranchBranch2 LANs? _______ 5. The Branch2 LAN2 will require 12 host IP addresses. The link from HQ to Branch2 will require an IP address for each end of the link.0/24 to subnet and provide the IP addressing for the network shown in the Topology Diagram.1. you have been given the network address 192. Assign addresses and subnet mask pairs to device interfaces. Inc. Scenario In this activity. Examine the network requirements and answer the questions below. All rights reserved. Can the network addressing requirements be met using the 192.168.0/24 network? _______ 8.168. VLSM will be used so that the addressing requirements can be met using the 192. The Branch1 LAN2 will require 20 host IP addresses The Branch2 LAN1 will require 12 host IP addresses. The Branch1 LAN1 will require 20 host IP addresses. (Note: Remember that the interfaces of network devices are also host IP addresses and are included in the above addressing requirements. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that are needed for a single subnet? _______ 3.1.0/24 network? _______ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. • The link Branch1 to Branch2 will require an IP address for each end of the link.0/24 network.168.1: Basic VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design Learning Objectives Upon completion of this activity.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. The network has the following addressing requirements: • • • • • • • • The HQ LAN1 will require 50 host IP addresses. What is the total number of IP addresses that are needed? _______ 7. 1. How many subnets are needed? _______ 2. This document is Cisco Public Information. How many IP addresses are needed for each of the BranchBranch1 LANs? _______ 4. Keep in mind that IP addresses will be needed for each of the LAN interfaces. The link from HQ to Branch1 will require an IP address for each end of the link. Examine the use of the available network address space. you will be able to: • • • • • Determine the number of subnets needed. How many IP addresses are needed for each of the WAN links between routers? _______ 6.1.

Assign the next subnet to Branch1 LAN1. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 30 Step 4: Assign subnet to BRANCH1 LANs. 2. Branch1 LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Address Subnet Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address 3.168. HQ LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Address Subnet Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Step 3: Determine the subnet information for the next largest network segment or segments. Start at the beginning of the 192. In this case. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. 1. 1. the two Branch1 LANs are the next largest subnets. Start with the IP address following the HQ LAN subnets.1: Basic VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design Task 2: Design an IP Addressing Scheme Step 1: Determine the subnet information for the largest network segment or segments. How many IP addresses are needed for each LAN? _______ 2. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 3. 1. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 3 of 5 . What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 3. Inc.1. 2. the two HQ LANs are the largest subnets. In this case. Assign the first available subnet to HQ LAN1. HQ LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Address Subnet Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address 3. All rights reserved. Assign the next available subnet to Branch1 LAN2.4. 4. 1. Assign the next available subnet to HQ LAN2.0/24 network.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. How many IP addresses are needed for each LAN? _______ 2. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 2: Assign subnets to HQ LANs.

1: Basic VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design 4. In this case. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 8: Assign subnets to links. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 3. Assign the next available subnet to Branch2 LAN2. 1. How many IP addresses are needed for each LAN? _______ 2. 3. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 3. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 6: Assign subnets to BRANCH2 LANs. Branch2 LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Address Subnet Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Step 7: Determine the subnet information for the links between the routers. Branch1 LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Address Subnet Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Step 5: Determine the subnet information for the next largest network segment or segments. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. 1. 1. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.4. Assign the next subnet to the Branch2 LAN1. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. 1. All rights reserved. Branch2 LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Address Subnet Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address 2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. Start with the IP address following the Branch1 LAN subnets. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. Start with the IP address following the Branch2 LAN subnets. Inc. How many IP addresses are needed for each link? _______ 2. 2. Assign the next available subnet to the link between the HQ and Branch1 routers. Page 4 of 5 . Link between HQ and Branch1 Subnet Network Decimal CIDR Subnet Address Subnet Mask Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This document is Cisco Public Information. the two Branch2 LANs are the next largest subnets.

Step 2: Assign addresses to the Branch1 router. Assign the first valid host address in the Branch2 LAN1 subnet to the Fa0/0 LAN interface. Document the addresses to be used in the Addressing Table provided under the Topology Diagram. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. Assign the first valid host address in the link between HQ and Branch2 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. Assign the first valid host address in the link between HQ and Branch1 subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. Assign the last valid host address on the link between Branch1 and HQ subnet to the S0/0/0 interface 4. Assign the next available subnet to the link between the HQ and Branch2 routers. This document is Cisco Public Information. 2. 4. Assign the last valid host address on the link between Branch1 and Branch2 subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. 2. Assign the first valid host address on the link between Branch1 and Branch2 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. Assign the first valid host address in the Branch1 LAN1 subnet to the Fa0/0 LAN interface. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Page 5 of 5 . Inc. 1. 3. 6.1: Basic VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design 3. All rights reserved. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. Step 1: Assign addresses to the HQ router. 1. Step 3: Assign addresses to the Branch2 router. 3. 4. Assign the first valid host address in the Branch 2 LAN 2 subnet to the Fa0/1 LAN interface. Assign the first valid host address in the HQ LAN 1 subnet to the Fa0/0 LAN interface.4. 2. Assign the first valid host address in the HQ LAN 2 subnet to the Fao/1 LAN interface. 3. Assign the first valid host address in the Branch1 LAN2 subnet to the Fa0/1 LAN interface. Assign the last valid host address on the link between HQ and Branch2 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface 4. 1. Assign the next available subnet to the link between the Branch1 and Branch2 routers. Link between Branch1 and Branch2 Subnet Network Decimal CIDR Subnet Address Subnet Mask Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Task 3: Assign IP Addresses to the Network Devices Assign the appropriate addresses to the device interfaces. Link between HQ and Branch2 Subnet Network Decimal CIDR Subnet Address Subnet Mask Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address 5.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.

4. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc. Page 1 of 11 .Activity 6.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design Topology Diagram All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.

Examine the network requirements and answer the questions below. The SE-ST2 (Southeast Satellite2) LAN2 will require 125 host IP addresses. The network has the following addressing requirements: East Network Section The N-EAST (Northeast) LAN1 will require 4000 host IP addresses.0/16 to subnet and provide the IP addressing for the network shown in the Topology Diagram. The SE-BR2 (Southeast Branch2) LAN1 will require 500 host IP addresses. The WAN links between each of the routers will require an IP address for each end of the link.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design Learning Objectives Upon completion of this activity.) Task 1: Examine the Network Requirements. The S-WEST (Southwest) LAN2 will require 4000 host IP addresses.0. 1. VLSM will be used so that the addressing requirements can be met using the 172. The SE-ST2 (Southeast Satellite2) LAN1 will require 125 host IP addresses. How many subnets are needed for the WAN links between routers? _______ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Determine the number of hosts needed for each subnet Design an appropriate addressing scheme using VLSM. The SE-BR1 (Southeast Branch1) LAN2 will require 1000 host IP addresses. All rights reserved.0. The NW-BR1 (Northwest Branch1) LAN1 will require 2000 host IP addresses.4. The N-EAST (Northeast) LAN2 will require 4000 host IP addresses. This document is Cisco Public Information.0/16 network. you have been given the network address 172. The Central LAN2 will require 4000 host IP addresses. The SE-BR2 (Southeast Branch2) LAN2 will require 500 host IP addresses. Page 2 of 11 .16. Central Network Section The Central LAN1 will require 8000 host IP addresses. The SE-BR1 (Southeast Branch1) LAN1 will require 1000 host IP addresses. you will be able to: Determine the number of subnets needed. The SE-ST1 (Southeast Satellite1) LAN1 will require 250 host IP addresses. The NW-BR2 (Northwest Branch2) LAN2 will require 1000 host IP addresses. How many LAN subnets are needed? _______ 2. The SE-ST1 (Southeast Satellite1) LAN2 will require 250 host IP addresses. Keep in mind that IP addresses will be needed for each of the LAN interfaces.16. (Note: Remember that the interfaces of network devices are also host IP addresses and are included in the above addressing requirements. Inc. The NW-BR1 (Northwest Branch1) LAN2 will require 2000 host IP addresses. West Network Section The S-WEST (Southwest) LAN1 will require 4000 host IP addresses.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. Scenario In this activity. The NW-BR2 (Northwest Branch2) LAN1 will require 1000 host IP addresses.

4. East Subnet Network Address Decimal Subnet Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address 3. To keep the subnets of each of the major network sections contiguous. 2. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. begin by creating a main subnet for each of the East. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet the addressing requirement for the East network? _______ 2. __________ 7. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 5. This document is Cisco Public Information. All rights reserved.16. 1.16. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. and Central network sections. What is the total number of IP addresses that are available in the 172.0/16 network. How many IP addresses are needed for the Central portion of the network? Be sure to include the WAN links between the routers. How many total subnets are needed? _______ 4. __________ 9. How many IP addresses are needed for the East portion of the network? Be sure to include the WAN links between the routers.16. West. __________ 8. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet the addressing requirement for the West network? _______ 4.0. How many IP addresses are needed for the West portion of the network? Be sure to include the WAN links between the routers. Inc. Can the network addressing requirements be met using the 172. What is the maximum number of host IP addresses that are needed for a single subnet? _______ 5. What is the total number of IP addresses that are needed? __________ 10. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 2: Assign subnets. 1. Assign the next available subnet to the West section of the network. Step 1: Determine the subnet information for each network section. Start at the beginning of the 172. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 3.4.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design 3.0/16 network? _________ 11. What is the least number of host IP addresses that are needed for a single subnet? _______ 6.0. Assign the first available subnet to the East section of the network.0/16 network? _______ Task 2: Divide the Network into Three Subnetworks.0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. Page 3 of 11 . What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet the addressing requirement for the Central network? _______ 6.

This document is Cisco Public Information. 2. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. 1. Inc. Central LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 2. Central LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Step 3: Determine the subnet information for the Central LAN2. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 2: Assign subnet to Central LAN1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. 6. Start at the beginning of the address space designated for the Central network. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 2. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 4: Assign subnet to Central LAN2. Assign the next available subnet to the Central LAN2. 2. Use the address space that was designated for the Central network in Task 1. 1.4. Assign the next available subnet to the Central section of the network. 1. Assign the first subnet to the Central LAN1. Central Subnet Network Decimal Address Subnet Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Task 3: Design an IP Addressing Scheme for the Central Network. 1. Step 1: Determine the subnet information for the Central LAN1. Page 4 of 11 . All rights reserved. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design West Subnet Network Address Decimal Subnet Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address 5. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.

What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 4: Assign subnet to S-WEST LAN2. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. Use the address space that was designated for the West network in Task 1. Inc. This document is Cisco Public Information.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. 1. 1. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 2: Assign subnet to S-WEST LAN1. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 2. 2. 2. 1. 2. Start at the beginning of the address space designated for the West network. All rights reserved. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 6: Assign subnet to WAN link. 1. S-WEST LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Step 3: Determine the subnet information for the S-WEST LAN2.4. Step 1: Determine the subnet information for the S-WEST LAN1. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. 1. Assign the next available subnet to the S-WEST LAN2. Assign the first subnet to the S-WEST LAN1. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 2. WAN link between Central and HQ Subnet Network Decimal Subnet CIDR Subnet Address Mask Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Task 4: Design an IP Addressing Scheme for the West Network. Assign the next available subnet to the WAN link between the Central router and the HQ router. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 2.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design Step 5: Determine the subnet information for the WAN link between the Central router and the HQ router. 1. Page 5 of 11 . S-WEST LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.

All rights reserved. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 2. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. 1. 1. This document is Cisco Public Information. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. 1. Page 6 of 11 . What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 6: Assign subnet to NW-BR1 LAN1. NW-BR1 LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Step 9: Determine the subnet information for the NW-BR2 LAN1. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. 1.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design Step 5: Determine the subnet information for the NW-BR1 LAN1.4. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 8: Assign subnet to NW-BR1 LAN2. 1. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 2. Assign the next available subnet to the NW-BR2 LAN1. NW-BR1 LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Step 7: Determine the subnet information for the NW-BR1 LAN2. Assign the next available subnet to the NW-BR1 LAN2. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 10: Assign subnet to NW-BR2 LAN1. Inc. 2. NW-BR2 LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Step 11: Determine the subnet information for the NW-BR2 LAN2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 2. 1. 2. 1. 2. Assign the next available subnet to the NW-BR1 LAN1. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 2.

This document is Cisco Public Information. Assign the first subnet to the N-EAST LAN1. NW-BR2 LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Step 13: Determine the subnet information for the WAN links between the routers in the West network. All rights reserved. 1. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. 1. Step 1: Determine the subnet information for the N-EAST LAN1. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 2. 1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 2: Assign subnet to N-EAST LAN1. How many IP addresses are needed for each of these WAN links? _______ 3. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 14: Assign subnets to WAN links. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 4. How many router to router WAN links are present in the West network? _______ 2. Page 7 of 11 . WAN links between the Routers in the West Network WAN Network Decimal Subnet CIDR First Usable IP Link Address Mask Subnet Address Mask HQ to WEST WEST to S-WEST WEST to N-WEST N-WEST to NW-BR1 N-WEST to NW-BR2 Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Task 5: Design an IP Addressing Scheme for the East Network. 1. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. 1. Assign the next available subnets to the WAN links between the routers. Start at the beginning of the address space designated for the East network. 2. Use the address space that was designated for the East network in Task 1. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. 2.4. Inc.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design Step 12: Assign subnet to NW-BR2 LAN2. Assign the next available subnet to the NW-BR2 LAN2.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. 2. N-EAST LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Step 3: Determine the subnet information for the N-EAST LAN2. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 4: Assign subnet to N-EAST LAN2. All rights reserved.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design 2. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 6: Assign subnet to SE-BR1 LAN1. SE-BR1 LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Step 7: Determine the subnet information for the SE-BR1 LAN2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. N-EAST LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Step 5: Determine the subnet information for the SE-BR1 LAN1. 1.4. 1. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 2. Page 8 of 11 . Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. 1. 1. 1. Assign the next available subnet to the N-EAST LAN2. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. 2. Inc. Assign the next available subnet to the SE-BR1 LAN1. This document is Cisco Public Information. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 2. Assign the next available subnet to the SE-BR1 LAN2. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 2. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 8: Assign subnet to SE-BR1 LAN2. 1.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. 1. Page 9 of 11 . Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. Assign the next available subnet to the SE-BR2 LAN1. 1. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 2.4. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. 1. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. Assign the next available subnet to the SE-BR2 LAN2. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 2. 2. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 2. Inc. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 10: Assign subnet to SE-BR2 LAN1. 1.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design 2. 2. SE-BR1 LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Step 9: Determine the subnet information for the SE-BR2 LAN1. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 14: Assign subnet to SE-ST1 LAN1. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. SE-BR2 LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Step 13: Determine the subnet information for the SE-ST1 LAN1. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 12: Assign subnet to SE-BR2 LAN2. 1. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. 1. Assign the next available subnet to the SE-ST1 LAN1. SE-BR2 LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Step 11: Determine the subnet information for the SE-BR2 LAN2.

SE-ST1 LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Step 17: Determine the subnet information for the SE-ST2 LAN1. SE-ST1 LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Step 15: Determine the subnet information for the SE-ST1 LAN2. Assign the next available subnet to the SE-ST2 LAN1. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 2. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 2. This document is Cisco Public Information. 1. Page 10 of 11 . What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 16: Assign subnet to SE-ST1 LAN2. All rights reserved. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. 1. Assign the next available subnet to the SE-ST1 LAN2. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 18: Assign subnet to SE-ST2 LAN1. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. Assign the next available subnet to the SE-ST2 LAN2. 1. 2.4. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 20: Assign subnet to SE-ST2 LAN2. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Inc. 1. 2. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 2. 1. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. 1.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design 2. SE-ST2 LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Step 19: Determine the subnet information for the SE-ST2 LAN2.

Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. 2. WAN links between the Routers in the East Network WAN link Network Decimal Subnet CIDR Address Mask Subnet Mask HQ to EAST EAST to S-EAST EAST to N-EAST S-EAST to SE-BR1 S-EAST to SE-BR2 SE-BR2 to SE-ST1 SE-BR2 to SE-ST2 First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. 1. How many router to router WAN links are present in the East network? _______ 2. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.4. Assign the next available subnets to the WAN links between the routers. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ Step 22: Assign subnets to WAN links.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design 2. How many IP addresses are needed for each of these WAN links? _______ 3. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ 4. 1. SE-ST2 LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask CIDR Subnet Mask First Usable IP Address Last Usable IP Address Broadcast Address Step 21: Determine the subnet information for the WAN links between the routers in the East network. Page 11 of 11 .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. Inc.

Page 1 of 5 .16.0/24 172.254.240.16.000 4.0/23 172.Activity 6. This document is Cisco Public Information.224. you will be able to: • • • Discover errors in a VLSM design.000 500 2 2 2 Network Address 172. Document the corrected VLSM assignments.0/19 172.192.0/21 172. Propose solutions for VLSM design errors.128.252.0/20 172.16. All rights reserved.16.0/18 172.16.254.0/28 172.000 1.254. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Inc.8/30 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this activity.3: Troubleshooting a VLSM Addressing Design Topology Diagram Addressing Table Subnet HQ LAN1 HQ LAN2 Branch1 LAN1 Branch1 LAN2 Branch2 LAN1 Branch2 LAN2 Link from HQ to Branch1 Link from HQ to Branch2 Link from Branch1 to Branch2 Number of IP Addresses Needed 16.16.244.6/30 172.000 2.16.16.4.000 8.16.

________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. How many IP addresses are needed for the Branch1 LAN1 subnet? __________ 2. the network address 172. If the answer to the previous question is no. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses. If the answer to the previous question is no. This document is Cisco Public Information. 1.0/17 has been used to provide the IP addressing for the network shown in the Topology Diagram. You will need to troubleshoot the addressing that has been assigned for each subnet to determine where errors are present and then determine the correct addressing assignments. If the answer to the previous question is yes. VLSM has been used to subnet the address space incorrectly.4. Task 1: Examine the Addressing for the HQ LANs. Does the subnet overlap with any of the other currently assigned networks?_______ 6. How many IP addresses are available in the currently assigned subnet? __________ 3. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses. How many IP addresses are needed for the HQ LAN1 subnet? __________ 2. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses. ________________________________ Task 2: Examine the Addressing for the Branch1 LANs. Page 2 of 5 . 1. where needed. How many IP addresses are available in the currently assigned subnet? __________ 3. Will the currently assigned subnet fulfill the size requirement for the HQ LAN1 subnet? _______ 4.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. How many IP addresses are available in the currently assigned subnet? __________ 3. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses without overlapping into any other subnets.128. ________________________________ 5. ________________________________ 5. Step 1: Examine the addressing assignment for the HQ LAN1 subnet and answer the questions below: 1. How many IP addresses are needed for the HQ LAN2 subnet? __________ 2. Will the currently assigned subnet fulfill the size requirement for the HQ LAN2 subnet? _______ 4. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses without overlapping into any other subnets. Will the currently assigned subnet fulfill the size requirement for the Branch1 LAN1 subnet? _______ 4.3: Troubleshooting VLSM Addressing Design Scenario In this activity. Does the subnet overlap with any of the other currently assigned networks?_______ 6. Inc.16. If the answer to the previous question is yes. If the answer to the previous question is no. ________________________________ Step 2: Examine the addressing assignment for the HQ LAN2 subnet and answer the questions below. All rights reserved. Step 1: Examine the addressing assignment for the Branch1 LAN1 subnet and answer the questions below.

If the answer to the previous question is yes. ________________________________ Step 2: Examine the addressing assignment for the Branch2 LAN2 and answer the questions below. If the answer to the previous question is no. Step 1: Examine the addressing assignment for the Branch2 LAN1 subnet and answer the questions below.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. ________________________________ 5. How many IP addresses are available in the currently assigned subnet? __________ 3. If the answer to the previous question is yes. 1. ________________________________ 5. Inc. Will the currently assigned subnet fulfill the size requirement for the Branch1 LAN2 subnet? _______ 4. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses without overlapping into any other subnets. Does the subnet overlap with any of the other currently assigned networks?_______ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. If the answer to the previous question is yes.3: Troubleshooting VLSM Addressing Design 5. propose a new network address that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses without overlapping into any other subnets. How many IP addresses are available in the currently assigned subnet? __________ 3. Will the currently assigned subnet fulfill the size requirement for the Branch2 LAN2 subnet? _______ 4. ________________________________ Step 2: Examine the addressing assignment for the Branch1 LAN2 and answer the questions below. This document is Cisco Public Information. ________________________________ 5. Does the subnet overlap with any of the other currently assigned networks?_______ 6. How many IP addresses are needed for the Branch2 LAN1 subnet? __________ 2. Page 3 of 5 . If the answer to the previous question is no. Will the currently assigned subnet fulfill the size requirement for the Branch2 LAN1 subnet? _______ 4. ________________________________ Task 3: Examine the Addressing for the Branch2 LANs. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses. How many IP addresses are available in the currently assigned subnet? __________ 3. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses. All rights reserved. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses without overlapping into any other subnets. Does the subnet overlap with any of the other currently assigned networks?_______ 6. 1.4. If the answer to the previous question is no. Does the subnet overlap with any of the other currently assigned networks?_______ 6. How many IP addresses are needed for the Branch1 LAN2 subnet? __________ 2. How many IP addresses are needed for the Branch2 LAN2 subnet? __________ 2. 1.

propose a new network address that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses without overlapping into any other subnets. Will the currently assigned subnet fulfill the size requirement for the link between the Branch1 and Branch2 routers? _______ 4. Does the subnet overlap with any of the other currently assigned networks?_______ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Step 1: Examine the addressing assignment for the link between the HQ and Branch1 routers and answer the questions below. ________________________________ Step 3: Examine the addressing assignment for the link between the Branch1 and Branch2 routers and answer the questions below. ________________________________ Step 2: Examine the addressing assignment for the link between the HQ and Branch2 routers and answer the questions below. Inc. If the answer to the previous question is no. How many IP addresses are needed for the link between the HQ and Branch1 routers? _______ 2. Does the subnet overlap with any of the other currently assigned networks?_______ 6. All rights reserved. How many IP addresses are available in the currently assigned subnet? _______ 3.3: Troubleshooting VLSM Addressing Design 6. If the answer to the previous question is yes. How many IP addresses are available in the currently assigned subnet? _______ 3. Does the subnet overlap with any of the other currently assigned networks?_______ 6. How many IP addresses are needed for the link between the Branch1 and Branch2 routers? _______ 2. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses without overlapping into any other subnets. If the answer to the previous question is no. ________________________________ 5. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. Page 4 of 5 . ________________________________ 5. ________________________________ Task 4: Examine the Addressing for the Links between Routers. ________________________________ 5. 1. If the answer to the previous question is yes. How many IP addresses are needed for the link between the HQ and Branch2 routers? _______ 2. How many IP addresses are available in the currently assigned subnet? _______ 3. If the answer to the previous question is no. 1. 1. Will the currently assigned subnet fulfill the size requirement for the link between the HQ and Branch1 routers? _______ 4. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses. Will the currently assigned subnet fulfill the size requirement for the link between the HQ and Branch2 routers? _______ 4. If the answer to the previous question is yes.4. This document is Cisco Public Information. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses. propose a new network address that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses without overlapping into any other subnets.

000 4. ________________________________ Task 5: Document the Corrected Addressing Information.000 2. Page 5 of 5 .3: Troubleshooting VLSM Addressing Design 6.000 1. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses without overlapping into any other subnets. Record the corrected addressing information in the Addressing Table below.000 500 2 2 2 Network Address All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. If the answer to the previous question is yes. This document is Cisco Public Information.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.000 8. Inc.4. All rights reserved. Subnet HQ LAN1 HQ LAN2 Branch1 LAN1 Branch1 LAN2 Branch2 LAN1 Branch2 LAN2 Link from HQ to Branch1 Link from HQ to Branch2 Link from Branch1 to Branch2 Number of IP Addresses Needed 16.

201.0/30 209.4. Page 1 of 3 .16.128/25 172.66.0/23 172.4: Basic Route Summarization Topology Diagram Addressing Table Subnet HQ LAN1 HQ LAN2 EAST LAN1 EAST LAN2 WEST LAN1 WEST LAN2 Link from HQ to EAST Link from HQ to WEST Link from HQ to ISP Network Address 172.71.16.16.16.71. All rights reserved.16.Activity 6.70.165.64.0/24 172.0/24 172.68.4/30 172.0/23 172.16. This document is Cisco Public Information.70.0/25 172.16.69.0/30 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Inc.16.

How many left-most matching bits are present in the two networks?_______ 2. How many left-most matching bits are present in the two networks?_______ 2. Page 2 of 3 . Scenario In this activity.4.4: Basic Route Summarization Learning Objectives Upon completion of this activity. 1. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format?______________________________________________ Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format?______________________________________________ Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address. The subnetting and address assignments have already been completed for the network segments. 1. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format?______________________________________________ Task 2: Determine the Summary Route for the EAST LANs. What are the matching bits for the two networks? ______________________________________________ 2. Step 1: List the EAST LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format. ______________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. you will be able to: Determine summarized routes that can be used to reduce the size of routing tables. Add zeroes to make up the remainder of the network address in binary form. Inc. Step 1: List the HQ LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format. What are the matching bits for the two networks? ______________________________________________ 2. 1. Add zeroes to make up the remainder of the network address in binary form. Task 1: Determine the Summary Route for the HQ LANs. 1. you have been given the network shown in the Topology Diagram. All rights reserved. Determine summarized routes that can be used to reduce the number of entries in routing tables. This document is Cisco Public Information. LAN1______________________________________________ LAN2______________________________________________ Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. LAN1______________________________________________ LAN2______________________________________________ Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. ______________________________________________ 3.

and WEST LANs in binary format. EAST. LAN1______________________________________________ LAN2______________________________________________ Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. What are the matching bits for the two networks? ______________________________________________ 2.4: Basic Route Summarization 3. 1. This document is Cisco Public Information. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format?______________________________________________ Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address. HQ Summary Route______________________________________________ EAST Summary Route______________________________________________ WEST Summary Route______________________________________________ Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format?______________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. and WEST LANs. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format?______________________________________________ Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. How many left-most matching bits are present in the three networks?_______ 2. 1. Page 3 of 3 .4. Step 1: List summary networks for the HQ. ______________________________________________ 3. ______________________________________________ 3. 1. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format?______________________________________________ Task 4: Determine the Summary Route for the HQ. EAST. Add zeroes to make up the remainder of the network address in binary form. Step 1: List the WEST LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format. Inc. What are the matching bits for the three networks? ______________________________________________ 2. 1. All rights reserved. How many left-most matching bits are present in the two networks?_______ 2. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format?______________________________________________ Task 3: Determine the Summary Route for the WEST LANs. Add zeroes to make up the remainder of the network address in binary form.

This document is Cisco Public Information.5: Challenge Route Summarization Topology Diagram All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.Activity 6. Inc.4. All rights reserved. Page 1 of 9 .

7.228/30 192. Page 2 of 9 .6.208/28 192.200/30 192.192/29 192.7.7.5.168.4.168.168.192/30 192.7. All rights reserved.192/30 192.0/26 192.0/27 192.4.168.4.7.168.4.128/27 192.168.4.5: Challenge Route Summarization Addressing Table Subnet S-WEST LAN1 S-WEST LAN2 Link from WEST to N-WEST Link from WEST to S-WEST Link from HQ to WEST NW-BR1 LAN1 NW-BR1 LAN2 NW-BR2 LAN1 NW-BR2 LAN2 Link from N-WEST to NW-BR1 Link from N-WEST to NW-BR2 CENTRAL LAN1 CENTRAL LAN2 Link from HQ to CENTRAL N-EAST LAN1 N-EAST LAN2 Link from EAST to N-EAST Link from EAST to S-EAST Link from HQ to EAST SE-BR1 LAN1 SE-BR1 LAN2 SE-BR2 LAN1 SE-BR2 LAN2 SE-ST1 LAN1 SE-ST1 LAN2 SE-ST2 LAN1 SE-ST2 LAN2 Link from SE-BR2 to SE-ST1 Link from SE-BR2 to SE-ST2 Link from S-EAST to SE-BR2 Link from S-EAST to SE-BR1 Network Address 192. Inc.5.6.168.196/30 192.4.208/29 192.5.0/25 192.200/29 192.224/30 192.228/30 192.168.64/26 192.232/30 192.4.216/29 192.5.168.72/30 192.4.168.7.0/27 192.168.32/27 192.4.7.160/27 192.7.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.168.168.168.64/30 192.168.168.168.5.7.168.128/26 192.6.168.168.4.168.168.4.192/28 192.160/27 192.168.168.224/30 192.168. This document is Cisco Public Information.32/27 192.4.7.168.68/30 192.168.7.4.168.128/27 192.168.236/30 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.168.

Inc. Step 1: List the NW-BR1 LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 2. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks?_______ 2. LAN1 ____________________________________________ LAN2 ____________________________________________ Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. How many left-most matching bits are present in the two networks?_______ 2. 1. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address.5: Challenge Route Summarization Learning Objectives Upon completion of this activity. 1. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 3 of 9 . Task 1: Determine the Summary Route for the S-WEST LANs. All rights reserved. Step 1: List the S-WEST LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format. Determine summarized routes that can be used to reduce the number of entries in routing tables. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Scenario In this activity. you will be able to: • Determine summarized routes that can be used to reduce the size of routing tables. The subnetting and address assignments have already been completed for the network segments. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address.4. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Task 2: Determine the Summary Route for the NW-BR1 LANs. 1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. you have been given the network shown in the Topology Diagram. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 2. LAN1 ____________________________________________ LAN2 ____________________________________________ Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. 1.

All rights reserved. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address. Use the networks listed below to determine a summary route for the Northwest portion of the network. 1. 1. Page 4 of 9 . Step 1: List the Northwest network segments in binary format. Step 1: List the NW-BR2 LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks?_______ 2. 1. This document is Cisco Public Information. LAN1 ____________________________________________ LAN2 ____________________________________________ Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route.5: Challenge Route Summarization Task 3: Determine the Summary Route for the NW-BR2 LANs. Inc. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 2. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Task 4: Determine the Summary Route for the Northwest Portion of the Network. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks?_______ 2.4. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. 1. NW-BR1 Summary NW-BR2 Summary Link from N-WEST to NW-BR1 Link from N-WEST to NW-BR2 ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route.

What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Task 6: Determine the Summary Route for the Central Portion of the Network. CENTRAL LAN1 CENTRAL LAN2 Link from HQ to CENTRAL ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address. This document is Cisco Public Information. S-WEST Summary N-WEST Summary Link from WEST to N-WEST Link from WEST to S-WEST Link from HQ to WEST ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. 1. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 2. Use the networks listed below to determine a summary route for the West portion of the network. Page 5 of 9 . 1. 1. Use the networks listed below to determine a summary route for the Central portion of the network.4. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks?_______ 2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 2.5: Challenge Route Summarization Task 5: Determine the Summary Route for the West Portion of the Network. 1. Inc. All rights reserved. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks?_______ 2. Step 1: List the Central network segments in binary format. Step 1: List the West network segments in binary format.

LAN1 ____________________________________________ LAN2 ____________________________________________ Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 2. 1. All rights reserved. Step 1: List the SE-BR2 LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Task 9: Determine the Summary Route for the SE-BR2 LANs. 1. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks?_______ 2. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 2. Step 1: List the SE-BR1 LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format. Inc.5: Challenge Route Summarization Task 7: Determine the Summary Route for the N-EAST LANs. This document is Cisco Public Information. LAN1 ____________________________________________ LAN2 ____________________________________________ Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. 1.4. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks?_______ 2. 1. LAN1 ____________________________________________ LAN2 ____________________________________________ Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks?_______ 2. Step 1: List the N-EAST LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Page 6 of 9 .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Task 8: Determine the Summary Route for the SE-BR1 LANs. 1. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address.

What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 2. This document is Cisco Public Information. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Task 11: Determine the Summary Route for the SE-ST2 LANs. Step 1: List the SE-ST1 LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format. All rights reserved. 1. Page 7 of 9 . 1. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address.4.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. Step 1: List the SE-ST2 LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 2. LAN1 ____________________________________________ LAN2 ____________________________________________ Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address. Inc.5: Challenge Route Summarization Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Task 10: Determine the Summary Route for the SE-ST1 LANs. 1. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks?_______ 2. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 2. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks?_______ 2. 1. LAN1 ____________________________________________ LAN2 ____________________________________________ Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. 1.

Use the networks listed below to determine a summary route for the East portion of the network. S-EAST Summary N-EAST Summary Link from EAST to N-EAST Link from EAST to S-EAST Link from HQ to EAST ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. 1. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address. Page 8 of 9 .5: Challenge Route Summarization Task 12: Determine the Summary Route for the Southeast Portion of the Network. Inc. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 2. Step 1: List the Southeast network segments in binary format. 1. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Task 13: Determine the Summary Route for the East Portion of the Network. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks?_______ 2. 1. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Use the networks listed below to determine a summary route for the Southeast portion of the network. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks?_______ 2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. Step 1: List the East network segments in binary format. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. SE-BR1 Summary SE-BR2 Summary SE-ST1 Summary SE-ST2 Summary Link from SE-BR2 to SE-ST1 Link from SE-BR2 to SE-ST2 Link from S-EAST to SE-BR1 Link from S-EAST to SE-BR2 ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route.4.

What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. West. 1. Page 9 of 9 . This document is Cisco Public Information.4. Use the networks listed below to determine a summary route for the entire network. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 2. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks?_______ 2. Inc. 1. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Task 14: Determine the Summary Route for the Entire Network. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. 1. and Central summary routes in binary format. Step 1: List the East. EAST Summary WEST Summary CENTRAL Summary ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format?____________________________________________ Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address.5: Challenge Route Summarization Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address.

16. All rights reserved.0/21 172.58.16.0/18 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this activity. Inc.16.52. WEST. Page 1 of 3 .6: Troubleshooting Route Summarization Topology Diagram Addressing Table Router HQ HQ WEST WEST EAST EAST ISP WEST LANs EAST LANs HQ LANs EAST LANs HQ LANs WEST LANs HQ.16.0/23 172.0/20 172. you will be able to: • • • Discover errors in route summarization. Propose solutions for summarized routes.16.32.16. This document is Cisco Public Information. and EAST LANs Summary Route Network Address 172.4.48. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0/19 172.Activity 6.56. Document the corrected summarized routes.32.0/23 172.30.0/21 172.16.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR

Activity 6.4.6: Troubleshooting Route Summarization

Scenario
In this activity, the LAN IP addressing has already been completed for the network shown in the Topology Diagram. VLSM has been used to subnet the address space. The summary routes that are shown in the Addressing Table below the Topology Diagram are incorrect. You will need to troubleshoot the summary routes that have been assigned to determine where errors are present and determine the correct summary routes where needed.

Task 1: Examine the Summary Routes on the HQ Router.
Examine the summary routes on the HQ router and answer the questions below. 1. What is the summary route for the WEST LANs? ________________________________ 2. Is this summary route correct? _______ 3. If the route is not correct, what is the correct summary route for the WEST LANs? ________________________________ 4. What is the summary route for the EAST LANs? ________________________________ 5. Is this summary route correct? _______ 6. If the route is not correct, what is the correct summary route for the EAST LANs? ________________________________

Task 2: Examine the Summary Routes on the WEST Router.
Examine the summary routes on the WEST router and answer the questions below. 1. What is the summary route for the HQ LANs? ________________________________ 2. Is this summary route correct? _______ 3. If the route is not correct, what is the correct summary route for the HQ LANs? ________________________________ 4. What is the summary route for the EAST LANs? ________________________________ 5. Is this summary route correct? _______ 6. If the route is not correct, what is the correct summary route for the EAST LANs? ________________________________

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

Page 2 of 3

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR

Activity 6.4.6: Troubleshooting Route Summarization

Task 3: Examine the Summary Routes on the EAST Router.
Examine the summary routes on the EAST router and answer the questions below. 1. What is the summary route for the WEST LANs? ________________________________ 2. Is this summary route correct? _______ 3. If the route is not correct, what is the correct summary route for the WEST LANs? ________________________________ 4. What is the summary route for the HQ LANs? ________________________________ 5. Is this summary route correct? _______ 6. If the route is not correct, what is the correct summary route for the HQ LANs? ________________________________

Task 4: Examine the Summary Route on the ISP Router.
Examine the summary route on the ISP router and answer the questions below. 1. What is the summary route for the HQ, WEST, and EAST LANs? ________________________________ 2. Is this summary route correct? _______ 3. If the route is not correct, what is the correct summary route for the HQ, WEST, and EAST LANs? ________________________________

Task 5: Document the Corrected Summary Routes.
Record the corrected summary routes in the Addressing Table below.

Router HQ HQ WEST WEST EAST EAST ISP WEST LANs EAST LANs HQ LANs EAST LANs HQ LANs WEST LANs

Summary Route

Network Address

HQ, WEST, and EAST LANs

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

Page 3 of 3

Lab 7.5.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab
Topology Diagram

Addressing Table
Device Interface Fa0/0 R1 Fa0/1 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 R2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 S0/0/1 R3 Lo0 Lo1 Lo2 PC1 PC2 PC3 PC4 NIC NIC NIC NIC IP Address 172.30.1.1 172.30.2.1 209.165.200.230 10.1.0.1 209.165.200.229 209.165.200.233 172.30.100.1 209.165.200.234 172.30.110.1 172.30.200.17 172.30.200.33 172.30.1.10 172.30.2.10 10.1.0.10 172.30.100.10 Subnet Mask 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.252 255.255.0.0 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.240 255.255.255.240 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.0.0 255.255.255.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.30.1.1 172.30.2.1 10.1.0.1 172.30.100.1

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

Page 1 of 12

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2

Lab 7.5.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab

Learning Objectives
Upon completion of this lab, you will be able to: Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram. Load provided scripts onto the routers. Examine the current status of the network. Configure RIPv2 on all routers. Examine the automatic summarization of routes. Examine routing updates with debug ip rip. Disable automatic summarization. Examine the routing tables. Verify network connectivity. Document the RIPv2 configuration.

Scenario
The network shown in the Topology Diagram contains a discontiguous network, 172.30.0.0. This network has been subnetted using VLSM. The 172.30.0.0 subnets are physically and logically divided by at least one other classful or major network, in this case the two serial networks 209.165.200.228/30 and 209.165.200.232/30. This can be an issue when the routing protocol used does not include enough information to distinguish the individual subnets. RIPv2 is a classless routing protocol that can be used to provide subnet mask information in the routing updates. This will allow VLSM subnet information to be propagated throughout the network.

Task 1: Cable, Erase, and Reload the Routers.
Step 1: Cable a network. Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. Step 2: Clear the configuration on each router. Clear the configuration on each of routers using the erase startup-config command and then reload the routers. Answer no if asked to save changes.

Task 2: Load Routers with the Supplied Scripts.
Step 1: Load the following script onto R1. ! hostname R1 ! ! ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.30.1.1 255.255.255.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface FastEthernet0/1 ip address 172.30.2.1 255.255.255.0 duplex auto
All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 2 of 12

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2

Lab 7.5.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab

speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 209.165.200.230 255.255.255.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! router rip passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface FastEthernet0/1 network 172.30.0.0 network 209.165.200.0 ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end

Step 2: Load the following script onto R2. hostname R2 ! ! ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10.1.0.1 255.255.0.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 209.165.200.229 255.255.255.252 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 209.165.200.233 255.255.255.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! router rip passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 10.0.0.0 network 209.165.200.0 ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end

Step 3: Load the following script onto R3.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

Page 3 of 12

1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab hostname R3 ! ! ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.0 ! interface Loopback1 ip address 172.1 255.255. R2#show ip interface brief Interface IP-Address FastEthernet0/0 10. This document is Cisco Public Information.200.255.0 ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end Task 3: Examine the Current Status of the Network.255.165.255.30. Inc.252 no shutdown ! interface Loopback0 ip address 172.100. Although a discussion of IP CEF is beyond the scope of this course. you may disable IP CEF by using the following command in global configuration mode: R2(config)#no ip cef From the R2 router.255.1 FastEthernet0/1 unassigned Serial0/0/0 209.30. you will need to disable IP CEF to obtain the correct output from the ping command.5.255.110.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 209.255. Step 1: Verify that both serial links are up.30.200. how many ICMP messages are successful when pinging PC1? All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.240 ! interface Loopback2 ip address 172.200.200.255.1.234 255.30.229 Serial0/0/1 209.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.255.240 ! router rip passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 172.233 Vlan1 unassigned OK? YES YES YES YES YES Method manual manual manual manual manual Status Protocol up up administratively down down up up up up administratively down down Step 2: Check the connectivity from R2 to the hosts on the R1 and R3 LANs.30. The two serial links can quickly be verified using the show ip interface brief command on R2.0.33 255.165.17 255.0 network 209.255.200. Note: For the 1841 router.0. Page 4 of 12 . All rights reserved.165.165.200.1 255.

232 is directly connected.200. 172.0 subnets are physically and logically divided by at least one other classful or major network—in this case.0 is directly connected. Classful routing protocols like RIPv1 summarize networks at major network boundaries.165. therefore.200.200.30. This document is Cisco Public Information. From the PC1. Because the route to 172. Serial0/0/1 Step 5: Examine the routing table on the R1 router. is it possible to ping PC4? __________ What is the success rate? __________ From the PC4. is it possible to ping PC3? __________ What is the success rate? __________ Step 4: View the routing table on R2.165. there are two entries for this network in the R2 routing table.30.0/16 is subnetted.1.30. is it possible to ping PC3? __________ What is the success rate? __________ From the PC1.228 is directly connected.30. R2#show ip route Output omitted C R C C 10. R1#show ip route All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Serial0/0/0 209.0. the two serial networks 209.0. Serial0/0/1 209.200.0.0. Inc.0.200. 1 subnets 10. All rights reserved. Page 5 of 12 . is it possible to ping PC2? __________ What is the success rate? __________ From the PC1.200. The R2 routing table only shows the major classful network address of 172.0/16 network.234. The 172.165. Both R1 and R3 will be summarizing 172. Because the routing metric is the same for both entries.0—it does not show any of the subnets for this network that are used on the LANs attached to R1 and R3.200.0.30. and because R1 does not have any specific routes for the 172.0.30.165.30. is it possible to ping PC2? __________ What is the success rate? __________ From the PC4.232/30.0.0/16 [120/1] via 209.0.228/30 and 209. the router alternates the routes that are used when forwarding packets that are destined for the 172.0.0.165.30.0 subnets on R3.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab _______________________________________________________________________ From the R2 router.30. Serial0/0/0 [120/1] via 209. 2 subnets 209. 00:00:15.0/16 is directly connected.165. Both R1 and R3 are configured with interfaces on a discontiguous network.0.30. FastEthernet0/0 172. 00:00:24. packets destined for the R3 LANs will not be forwarded properly. how many ICMP messages are successful when pinging PC4? ______________________________________________________________________ Step 3: Check the connectivity between the PCs. Both the R1 and R3 are advertising routes to the 172.0.0/24 subnets to 172.230.0/30 is subnetted.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.0/16.0.165.5.0/16 network.

165.30. 2 subnets 172. Loopback0 172.200.30.229.233.200. R1 and R3 are not receiving any information about the 172. Serial0/0/1 209. 172. and 172.200.165.228 metric 1 RIP: sending v1 update to 255.30.30.30. This document is Cisco Public Information. 2 subnets 209.0.110.30.0 in 1 hops RIP: received v1 update from 209.165.0 metric 1 network 209.30.0 is directly connected.165.0.0/8 [120/1] via 209.0 network: 172. Serial0/0/0 209.200.30.165.0/8 [120/1] via 209.200. with 1 hop.0 subnet routes.200.0.0/30 is subnetted.200.255.200.165.234 on Serial0/0/1 172.165.200.0.30. Serial0/0/1 Step 7: Examine the RIPv1 packets that are being received by R2. R3 only shows its own subnets for 172.165. from both R1 and R3.0/24 is directly connected. 4 subnets.2. 172.0.200.100/24.0 LAN and the two serial connections to R1 and R3.0/24 is directly connected.200. FastEthernet0/0 172.30.0. Loopback2 209.200.32/28. Serial0/0/1 172. Use the debug ip rip command to display RIP routing updates.0 in 1 hops R2 is sending only the routes for the 10. 2 masks 172. Serial0/0/0 Step 6: Examine the routing table on the R3 router. FastEthernet0/0 172.30.30.0. FastEthernet0/1 209.228 is directly connected.0. R3 does not have any routes for the 172.255 via Serial0/0/1 (209.30.229) All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. no subnet mask information is sent in the update.30.30.5. Serial0/0/0 172.30. All rights reserved.0 is directly connected.0.200. 2 subnets 209. 00:00:02. R2 is receiving the route 172. Loopback1 172.200.200.0/24 is subnetted.200.0/16 is variably subnetted. Because these are equal cost metrics.110/24. 00:00:02.230 on Serial0/0/0 172.255 via Serial0/0/0 (209.255. both routes are added to the R2 routing table. R3#show ip route Output omitted R C C C C R C 10.16/28 is directly connected.255.0/30 is subnetted. 00:00:19.1.233) RIP: build update entries network 10.228 [120/1] via 209.0.0.232 is directly connected.165.165.232 [120/1] via 209.233.0.30.165.32/28 is directly connected. Page 6 of 12 . Inc.165.0.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab Output omitted R C C C R 10.0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. RIP: sending v1 update to 255.16/28.165.30. Because RIPv1 is a classful routing protocol.229.200.165.100.200.165. R2#debug ip rip RIP protocol debugging is on RIP: received v1 update from 209.0 subnets on R1. 00:00:19.255.0.200.0.0.

just like RIPv1.0.0 metric 1 network 209.200.0 Passive Interface(s): FastEthernet0/0 FastEthernet0/1 Routing Information Sources: Gateway Distance Last Update 209.229 120 Distance: (default is 120) All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0. turn off the debugging. hold down 180. show ip protocols. The debug ip rip.165.165. Page 7 of 12 .5.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. This document is Cisco Public Information. R2#undebug all Task 4: Configure RIP Version 2. The output of the show ip protocols command for R1 is shown below. except that the subnet mask is included in the update.200.0 209.165.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab RIP: build update entries network 10.30. receive 2 Interface Send Recv Triggered RIP Key-chain FastEthernet0/0 2 2 FastEthernet0/1 2 2 Serial0/0/0 2 2 Automatic network summarization is in effect Maximum path: 4 Routing for Networks: 172. flushed after 240 Outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not set Incoming update filter list for all interfaces is not set Redistributing: rip Default version control: send version 2. However.232 metric 1 When you are finished. Inc. R1# show ip protocols Routing Protocol is "rip" Sending updates every 30 seconds.0. Step 2: Verify that RIPv2 is running on the routers. R2(config)#router rip R2(config-router)#version 2 R1(config)#router rip R1(config-router)#version 2 R3(config)#router rip R3(config-router)#version 2 RIPv2 messages include the subnet mask in a field in the routing updates. next due in 7 seconds Invalid after 180 seconds. by default RIPv2 summarizes networks at major network boundaries. All rights reserved. and show run commands can all be used to confirm that RIPv2 is running.200. This allows subnets and their masks to be included in the routing updates. Step 1: Use the version 2 command to enable RIP version 2 on each of the routers.

Inc.0/16 is subnetted.2. 1 subnets 10.200. Serial0/0/1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0.228 is directly connected.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.0/16 is variably subnetted.0.165.0. Serial0/0/0 172.232 is directly connected. FastEthernet0/0 172.30.200.165.0 subnets on R3.200.165.200.5.165.0/24 is directly connected.228 [120/1] via 209.0 and does not show any of the subnets for this network. R2#show ip route Output omitted C R C C 10. Serial0/0/0 209.165. FastEthernet0/1 209.0.0.30.0 is directly connected.30.200. R2 still shows two equal cost paths to the 172.0. 00:00:16.0 subnets on R1.0.0 network.32/28 is directly connected. 2 subnets 209.1.100.0 is directly connected.30. FastEthernet0/0 172.0/30 is subnetted.0/8 [120/1] via 209.0.30.200. Page 8 of 12 .0.165. 00:00:08.0.0/24 is subnetted.200.0.0/16 [120/1] via 209.233.165.0/30 is subnetted.0 network. 00:00:07.200. All rights reserved.200.30.30.232 [120/1] via 209.165. R2 still shows only the major classful network address of 172.165. Serial0/0/1 R1 still shows only its own subnets for the 172. Loopback0 172.30. Serial0/0/0 R3 still only shows its own subnets for the 172.30. 2 subnets 209. Serial0/0/0 [120/1] via 209. Loopback2 209. R3 still does not have any routes for the 172.30.200.229.0.165. 00:00:09.30. 2 subnets 209.0/8 [120/1] via 209. 2 subnets 172.200.232 is directly connected. 4 subnets.0.165.165.30.30.200. Loopback1 172.200.200. Serial0/0/1 172. Serial0/0/1 209. 00:00:09.30.200. R1 still does not have any routes for the 172. R1#show ip route Output omitted R C C C R 10.234. This document is Cisco Public Information. R3#show ip route Output omitted R C C C C R C 10.165.1.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab Task 5: Examine the Automatic Summarization of Routes.229.200.110.230.0/24 is directly connected. The LANs connected to R1 and R3 are still composed of discontiguous networks.165. 2 masks 172.0. Serial0/0/0 209.233.228 is directly connected.30.0 is directly connected.0/16 network in the routing table. FastEthernet0/0 172.16/28 is directly connected.0.0/30 is subnetted.0.200. Serial0/0/1 209. 00:00:16.165.

Task 6: Disable Automatic Summarization.1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.0/16 [120/1] via 209.1.0/24 [120/1] via 209.0. The routers will no longer summarize routes at major network boundaries.165. Serial0/0/0 [120/1] via 209. Task 7: Examine the Routing Tables. 7 subnets.230.0/16 is variably subnetted.234.200.5. Serial0/0/1 172. All rights reserved.30.200.165. what routes are in the RIP updates that are received from R3? __________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ R3 is not sending any of the 172. The no auto-summary command is used to turn off automatic summarization in RIPv2. This is why R2 and R1 are not seeing the 172.0.0.230.0.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab Use the output of the debug ip rip command to answer the following questions: What entries are included in the RIP updates sent out from R3? ___________________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ On R2. This document is Cisco Public Information.0 is directly connected. 3 masks 172.0. The LANs connected to R1 and R3 should now be included in all three routing tables.0.0 subnets—only the summarized route of 172.30. .0/16. 00:01:56. FastEthernet0/0 172.0/16 is subnetted.0 subnets on R3. including the subnet mask. Inc. R2#show ip route Output omitted C R R 10.0.30.200. 00:01:28. R2(config)#router rip R2(config-router)#no auto-summary R1(config)#router rip R1(config-router)#no auto-summary R3(config)#router rip R3(config-router)#no auto-summary The show ip route and ping commands can be used to verify that automatic summarization is off.30. 1 subnets 10.30. 00:00:08.30. Serial0/0/0 Page 9 of 12 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.165. Disable auto summarization on all routers.0.

0.228 is directly connected.30.110.30.30. FastEthernet0/0 172.228 [120/1] via 209.0.30. Serial0/0/1 172. Serial0/0/1 172. Serial0/0/0 209. 00:00:21. 00:00:08.200.200.234.232 is directly connected. 00:00:21.200.200.200.32/28 [120/2] via 209.0.233.0/24 [120/1] via 209.165.0/16 [120/1] via 209.0.0/16 is variably subnetted. 2 subnets 209.30.200.200.200.200. 2 subnets 209. Loopback2 209. 00:00:08. 00:00:08.30. 00:00:21.0/24 [120/1] via 209. 2 masks 10.200.100.30.1.30.30. Serial0/0/0 10.0/30 is subnetted.200.165.0/24 [120/2] via 209.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab R R R R R C C 172.200. This document is Cisco Public Information.200.0.0/24 is directly connected.165.230. 00:02:13.30.0/8 is variably subnetted.165.200.0/8 [120/1] via 209.2.0.165.0/24 is directly connected.0/24 is directly connected.234.30.229.165.229. 00:00:08.0. 6 subnets. Serial0/0/0 172.0.0/24 [120/2] via 209.0/16 is variably subnetted.200.233.200.200.165. Serial0/0/1 10.229.0. Loopback0 172.165.165.1. Serial0/0/0 209.30. Serial0/0/0 172.229.2.200.200. Serial0/0/1 209.100. 00:00:08. 00:00:08. Serial0/0/0 172.30.200. Serial0/0/0 172.200.165. 2 subnets 209.165.233.30.232 is directly connected.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.165.1.200.233.110.0/24 [120/2] via 209.200.234.200.165.200.233.0/8 [120/1] via 209.200. FastEthernet0/0 172.32/28 [120/1] via 209.110.5. 2 subnets. 2 subnets.232 [120/1] via 209. 00:00:08.200.0/24 is directly connected.30.229.0/24 [120/2] via 209. Serial0/0/1 172. Serial0/0/0 R3#show ip route Output omitted R R R R C C C C R C 10.0/30 is subnetted.0/16 [120/1] via 209. FastEthernet0/1 172.0/30 is subnetted.100. Serial0/0/1 172.200.165. Serial0/0/0 172.165.165. Serial0/0/0 209.16/28 [120/2] via 209.165.165.165.165.200. Serial0/0/1 172. All rights reserved.0. Serial0/0/1 Use the output of the debug ip rip command to answer the following questions: What entries are included in the RIP updates sent out from R1? __________________________________ __________________________________ _____________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.165.200. 00:00:21.16/28 [120/1] via 209.0. 00:02:28.30.2.30.16/28 is directly connected. 00:00:21.229.1.0/24 [120/1] via 209.228 is directly connected.165. 00:00:08.165.0/8 is variably subnetted.0.30.229. Loopback1 172. 2 masks 172. Inc. 6 subnets. Serial0/0/1 172.200.32/28 is directly connected.200. Serial0/0/1 R1#show ip route Output omitted R R C C R R R R C R 10. 2 masks 10. 2 masks 172. Serial0/0/1 209.165.165.165. 00:00:08. Page 10 of 12 . 00:00:21.234.30.

All rights reserved. is it possible to ping PC3? __________ What is the success rate? __________ From PC1.5.1. show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief show ip protocols If you need to review the procedures for capturing command output. From R2. how many ICMP messages are successful when pinging PC4? ______________________________________________________ Step 2: Check the connectivity between the PCs.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. Step 1: Check connectivity between R2 router and PCs.5. refer to Lab 1. This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc. is it possible to ping PC4? __________ What is the success rate? __________ From PC4. Page 11 of 12 . is it possible to ping PC2? __________ What is the success rate? __________ From PC4. From PC1. capture the following command output to a text (. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.txt) file and save for future reference. what routes are in the RIP updates that are received from R1? __________________________________ __________________________________ _____________________________________________ Are the subnet masks now included in the routing updates? __________ Task 8: Verify Network Connectivity.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab On R2. is it possible to ping PC3? __________ What is the success rate? __________ Task 9: Documentation On each router. how many ICMP messages are successful when pinging PC1? _____________________________________________________ From R2. is it possible to ping PC2? __________ What is the success rate? __________ From PC1.

For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet).5. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab Task 10: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 12 of 12 . All rights reserved. Inc. Disconnect and store the cabling. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings.

Page 1 of 8 .Lab 7.2: RIPv2 Challenge Configuration Lab Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/0 BRANCH Fa0/1 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 HQ Fa0/1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 ISP PC1 PC2 PC3 PC4 PC5 Fa0/0 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC NIC NIC IP Address Subnet Mask Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved.5. Inc. This document is Cisco Public Information.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. The BRANCH LAN1 will require 30 host IP addresses. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state.168. Inc.168. The addressing for the network has the following requirements: The ISP LAN will use the 209.40.165.202.) Step 2: Consider the following questions when creating your network design: How many subnets need to be created from the 192.2: RIPv2 Challenge Configuration Lab Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab. The link between ISP and HQ will use the 209. Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram. Configure routers including RIP version 2. A combination of RIP version 2 and static routing will be required so that hosts on networks that are not directly connected will be able to communicate with each other. The HQ LAN2 will require 50 host IP addresses. All rights reserved.168. you will be able to: Create an efficient VLSM design given the requirements.40. Assign appropriate addresses to interfaces and document the addresses. Test and verify full connectivity. This document is Cisco Public Information.165. Verify RIP version 2 operation.0/24 network? __________ What subnet mask will be used for the HQ LAN1 subnet? ____________________ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? __________ What subnet mask will be used for the HQ LAN2 subnet? ____________________ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? __________ What subnet mask will be used for the BRANCH LAN1 subnet? ____________________ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? __________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Step 1: Examine the network requirements. Page 2 of 8 .0/24 network must be subnetted using VLSM for all other addresses in the network. Configure and propagate a static default route. The BRANCH LAN2 will require 12 host IP addresses.128/27 network. The link between HQ and BRANCH will require an IP address at each end. The HQ LAN1 will require 50 host IP addresses. (Note: Remember that the interfaces of network devices are also host IP addresses and are included in the above addressing requirements.224/27 network. Task 1: Subnet the Address Space. you will be given a network address that must be subnetted using VLSM to complete the addressing of the network shown in the Topology Diagram.200. Scenario In this lab activity.0/24 network? _________ How many total IP addresses are required from the 192. Reflect upon and document the network implementation. The 192.5.40.

224/27 network to PC5.40.40.165.0 network to the BRANCH LAN2 subnet. Page 3 of 8 .128/27 network to the WAN interface of ISP. What is the network address of this subnet? ____________________ 4. Assign the last valid host address in the BRANCH LAN1 network to PC 1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.168. Inc. 3.200. What is the network address of this subnet? ____________________ Task 2: Determine Interface Addresses. 7. Assign the first valid host address in the BRANCH LAN2 network to the LAN2 interface of BRANCH.202. Assign the first valid host address in the HQ LAN2 network to the LAN2 interface of HQ.0 network to the BRANCH LAN1 subnet.128/27 network to the Serial 0/0/1 interface of HQ. 5. Assign subnet 0 of the 192. 9. 6.40. Assign the last valid host address in the 209. Assign the last valid host address in the BRANCH LAN2 network to PC 2. What is the network address of this subnet? ____________________ 2. 10. 4.2: RIPv2 Challenge Configuration Lab What subnet mask will be used for the BRANCH LAN2 subnet? ____________________ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? __________ What subnet mask will be used for the link between the HQ and BRANCH routers? ____________________ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? __________ Step 3: Assign subnetwork addresses to the Topology Diagram.165. 11. Assign the first valid host address in the BRANCH LAN1 network to the LAN1 interface of BRANCH.40. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Assign the first valid host address in the 209.168.202. Assign the first valid host address in the HQ/BRANCH WAN link to the Serial 0/0/0 interface of HQ. 13. Assign the last valid host address in the HQ/BRANCH WAN link to the Serial 0/0/0 interface of BRANCH. Assign the first valid host address in the HQ LAN1 network to the LAN1 interface of HQ. Assign the last valid host address in 209.165. All rights reserved. What is the network address of this subnet? ____________________ 3. Assign the first valid host address in the 209.224/27 network to the LAN interface on the ISP router. 14. Assign subnet 2 of the 192. 12. This document is Cisco Public Information.0 network to the HQ LAN2 subnet. 8.168. Assign subnet 1 of the 192. 1.168. Assign the last valid host address in the HQ LAN1 network to PC 3.40.0 network to the HQ LAN1 subnet. Assign the last valid host address in the HQ LAN2 network to PC 4.5. Assign subnet 4 of the 192. 1. Assign subnet 3 of the 192. What is the network address of this subnet? ____________________ 5.165.200. 2. Step 1: Assign appropriate addresses to the device interfaces.0 network to the link between the HQ and BRANCH routers.168.

HQ. PC2. 4.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. Perform basic configuration of the BRANCH. Task 3: Prepare the Network. Task 6: Verify Connectivity to Next-Hop Device. Inc. 7. Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1. you can test connectivity between two routers and between an end device and its default gateway. Configure an EXEC timeout of 15 minutes. Configure a message-of-the-day banner. 3. Configure an EXEC mode password. and ISP with the IP addresses from the Addressing Table provided under the Topology Diagram. Step 2: Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1. Step 1: Verify BRANCH connectivity. Configure a password for console connections. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. and ISP routers.5. 2. HQ. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces as shown in the topology. 6. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. Synchronize unsolicited messages and debug output with solicited output and prompts for the console and virtual terminal lines. However. 5. 8. Task 5: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses Step 1: Configure the BRANCH. PC3. PC2. and ISP routers according to the following guidelines: 1. PC3. You should not have connectivity between end devices yet. and PC5 with the IP addresses from the Addressing Table provided under the Topology Diagram. 2500. Note: If you use 1700. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. Configure a password for VTY connections. PC4. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers. Task 4: Perform Basic Router Configurations. Verify that BRANCH can ping across the WAN link to HQ and that HQ can ping across the WAN link it shares with ISP. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. When you have finished.2: RIPv2 Challenge Configuration Lab Step 2: Document the addresses to be used in the table provided under the Topology Diagram. Configure the router hostname. the router outputs and interface descriptions will appear different. HQ. and PC5. Page 4 of 8 . Disable DNS lookup. Configure the interfaces on BRANCH. PC4. or 2600 routers.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. PC2. Page 5 of 8 . All rights reserved.5. ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ A static default route will need to be configured to send all packets with destination addresses that are not in the routing table to ISP.2: RIPv2 Challenge Configuration Lab Step 2: Verify that PC1. What networks are present in the HQ routing table? List the networks with slash notation. This document is Cisco Public Information. and PC5 can ping their respective default gateways. Consider the networks that need to be included in the RIP updates that are sent out by BRANCH. Consider the type of static routing that is needed on HQ. What command is needed to accomplish this? Use the appropriate exit interface on HQ in the command. PC4. ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ What commands are required to enable RIP version 2 and include the connected networks in the routing updates? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have RIP updates sent out? __________ What command is used to disable RIP updates on these interfaces? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ Task 8: Configure RIPv2 and Static Routing on HQ. What networks are present in the BRANCH routing table? List the networks with slash notation. PC3. _______________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Inc. Task 7: Configure RIPv2 Routing on the BRANCH Router.

2: RIPv2 Challenge Configuration Lab What commands are required to enable RIP version 2 and include the LAN1 and LAN2 networks as well as the link between HQ and BRANCH in the routing updates? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have RIP updates sent out? __________ What command is used to disable RIP updates on these interfaces? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ HQ needs to send the default route information to BRANCH in the RIP updates. This document is Cisco Public Information. your service provider is an active partner in solving your connectivity needs. What are the commands that will need to be configured on the ISP router to accomplish this? _______________________________________________________________________ Task 10: Verify the Configurations. Static routes will need to be configured on ISP for all traffic that is destined for the RFC 1918 addresses that are used on the BRANCH LANs. Refer to your basic troubleshooting techniques used in the Chapter 1 labs. HQ LANs. If any of the above pings failed. Therefore. is it possible to ping the PC5? __________ The answer to the above questions should be yes. and make mistakes. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. check your physical connections and configurations. Inc. All rights reserved. and the link between the BRANCH and HQ routers. too. What command is used to configure this? _______________________________________________________________________ Task 9: Configure Static Routing on the ISP Router. you would not be configuring the ISP router.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. Page 6 of 8 . is it possible to ping the PC5? __________ From PC4. it is important that you understand the types of errors an ISP could make that would cause your networks to lose connectivity.5. Answer the following questions to verify that the network is operating as expected: From PC1. Service provider administrators are human. However. Note: In a real-world implementation of this topology. is it possible to ping PC3? __________ From PC1.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. This document is Cisco Public Information. All rights reserved.5. Page 7 of 8 . Inc.2: RIPv2 Challenge Configuration Lab What routes are present in the routing table of the BRANCH router? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of BRANCH? ________________________________________ What routes are present in the routing table of the HQ router? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ What networks are present in the routing table of ISP? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ What networks are present in the RIP updates sent from HQ? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.

5. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. Page 8 of 8 . All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). This document is Cisco Public Information. Disconnect and store the cabling.txt) file and save for future reference. Running configuration Routing table Interface summarization Task 13: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. capture the following command output to a text (.2: RIPv2 Challenge Configuration Lab What networks are present in the RIP updates sent from BRANCH? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ Task 11: Reflection Why is it necessary to use RIPv2 instead of RIPv1 with this network design? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Task 12: Document the Router Configurations On each router.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. Inc.

1 192.4.4.192 255.0 255.255.138 Subnet Mask 255.16.129 172.2.252 255.229 172.16.129 209.200.0.255.255.252 255.165.252 255.255.1.254.1 172.16.0.168.168.255.255.1 209.4.255.225 209.0 255.10 172.0.168.255.255.Lab 7.5.255.128 255.1. This document is Cisco Public Information.128 255.254.10 192.1.255.4.200.2.16.1 172. Page 1 of 12 .200.1 192.1.0 255.255.165.128 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.255.16.255.4.16.16.1 172.168.255.129 209.255.255.252 255.128 255.168.138 172.254. Inc.129 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.128 255.192 255.1.255.200.255.255.226 172.10 172.2.0 255.16.16.255.16.165.230 172.10 192.1 172.255.1 192.168.16.165.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/0 HQ Fa0/1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 BRANCH1 Fa0/1 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 BRANCH2 Fa0/1 S0/0/1 PC1 PC2 PC3 PC4 PC5 PC6 NIC NIC NIC NIC NIC NIC IP Address 192.255.128 255.255.255.254.16.255.1. All rights reserved.255.255.4.

These scripts contain errors that will prevent end-to-end communication across the network. All rights reserved.16.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab. Load the routers with supplied scripts. and then use the appropriate commands to correct the configurations.255. Propose solutions to network errors. RIPv2 routing is configured on the BRANCH1 router. and HQ LAN interfaces.16. This document is Cisco Public Information. Analyze information to determine why convergence is not complete. and Reload the Routers. BRANCH2. Clear the configuration on each of the routers using the erase startup-config command and then reload the routers.1 255.0 duplex auto All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. You will need to troubleshoot each router to determine the configuration errors. Answer no if asked to save changes. you will begin by loading configuration scripts on each of the routers. Step 2: Clear the configuration on each router. RIP updates must be disabled on the BRANCH1.254. The network should also have the following requirements met:.255.1 255. Erase. Page 2 of 12 . Task 1: Cable.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface FastEthernet0/1 ip address 172.254. Scenario In this lab. Task 2: Load Routers with the Supplied Scripts Step 1: Load the following script onto the BRANCH1 router: hostname BRANCH1 ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172. Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. Step 1: Cable a network. Document the corrected network.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. When you have corrected all of the configuration errors. you will be able to: Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram. RIPv2 routing is configured on the BRANCH2 router.5.0. RIPv2 routing is configured on the HQ router. Gather information about the non-converged portion of the network along with any other errors. Implement solutions to network errors. Inc. all of the hosts on the network should be able to communicate with each other.2. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state.

0 network 209.255.255.165.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.200.129 255.255.255.0 ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end Step 2: Load the following script onto the BRANCH2 router.16.226 255.255.128 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 209.252 no shutdown ! router rip version 2 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface FastEthernet0/1 network 209.0.165.5. Inc.128 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface FastEthernet0/1 ip address 172.200.4. All rights reserved.165.165. hostname BRANCH2 ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.4.255.255.0 ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1 255.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 209.230 255.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! router rip passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface FastEthernet0/1 network 172.200.16.255. Page 3 of 12 .200.16. This document is Cisco Public Information.

225 255.5.255. is it possible to ping PC2? __________ From the host PC1.255. is it possible to ping PC3? __________ From the host PC1.129 255.252 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 209.1 255.1. hostname HQ ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 192.252 no shutdown ! router rip version 2 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface FastEthernet0/1 network 192.255.165.168.168. Inc.255.165.1.255.200.168. is it possible to ping PC5? __________ From the host PC1.192 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 209. From the host PC1.255. All rights reserved. Page 4 of 12 .255.200.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab Step 3: Load the following script onto the HQ router.1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. is it possible to ping the default gateway? __________ Step 2: Examine BRANCH1 to find possible configuration errors.229 255.200.0 ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end Task 3: Troubleshoot the BRANCH1 Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the Host connected to BRANCH1.128 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface FastEthernet0/1 ip address 192.165.255.0 network 209. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. This document is Cisco Public Information. Are there any problems with the configuration of the interfaces? ____________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.

____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above.5. Inc. Step 4: View summary of the status information. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. Page 5 of 12 .3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces. This document is Cisco Public Information. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. apply them to the router configuration now.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on BRANCH1. What networks and routes are shown in the routing table? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the routing configuration. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors? __________ If the answer is yes. All rights reserved.

Inc. This document is Cisco Public Information. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above.5.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. Step 7: View the routing information. All rights reserved. Page 6 of 12 . If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous steps. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. apply them to the router configuration now. What networks and routes are shown in the routing table? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors? __________ Does the information included in the RIP updates that are sent out indicate any configuration errors? __________ If the answer to either of these questions is yes. troubleshoot the routing configuration again.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab Are there any problems with the routing table that could be due to errors on other parts of the network? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ What networks are included in the RIP updates being sent from BRANCH1? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the RIP updates that are being sent out from the router? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any additional problems with the RIP configuration. view the routing information again.

record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. Inc. This document is Cisco Public Information.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.5. is it possible to ping the default gateway? __________ Step 2: Examine the HQ router to find possible configuration errors. Page 7 of 12 . From the host PC1. is it possible to ping PC3? __________ From the host PC1. is it possible to ping PC4? __________ From the host PC1. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above. is it possible to ping PC5? __________ From the host PC3. Step 4: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on HQ.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. Are there any problems with the configuration of the interfaces? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces. From the host PC3. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. apply them to the router configuration now. is it possible to ping PC1? __________ From the host PC3. All rights reserved. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the HQ router? __________ Task 4: Troubleshoot HQ Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the host PC3. What networks and routes are shown in the routing table? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table? ____________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.

Step 7: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous steps. is it possible to ping the default gateway? __________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Inc. All rights reserved. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ What networks are included in the RIP updates? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the RIP updates that are being sent out from HQ? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the RIP configuration. Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors on HQ? __________ Does the information included in the RIP updates that are sent out indicate any configuration errors on HQ? __________ If the answer to either of these questions is yes. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 5: If you have recorded any commands above. Page 8 of 12 . apply them to the router configuration now. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the routing table. is it possible to ping PC5? __________ From the host PC3. This document is Cisco Public Information.5. is it possible to ping PC1? __________ From the host PC3. view the routing information again. Step 6: View the routing information. troubleshoot the routing configuration again. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. From the host PC3.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.

Step 4: View the summary of the status information. is it possible to ping PC1? __________ From the host PC3.5. apply them to the router configuration now. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This document is Cisco Public Information. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above. is it possible to ping the default gateway? __________ Step 2: Examine BRANCH2 to find possible configuration errors. Page 9 of 12 . record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors? __________ If the answer is yes. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab Task 5: Troubleshoot BRANCH2 Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the Host PC5. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again. Are there any problems with the configuration of the interfaces? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces. is it possible to ping PC6? __________ From the host PC5. From the host PC5. All rights reserved. Inc. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.

5. All rights reserved. apply them to the router configuration now. Inc. Begin by viewing the routing table.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. What networks are being received in the RIP updates? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. is it possible to ping PC1? ___________ From the HQ router. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. Are there any problems with these routing updates? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the routing configuration. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 7: If you have recorded any commands above. is it possible to ping PC6? __________ From the host PC5. is it possible to ping the default gateway? __________ From the HQ router. Page 10 of 12 . is it possible to ping PC1? __________ From the host PC3. From the host PC5. Step 8: Attempt to ping the hosts again. This document is Cisco Public Information. What networks and routes are shown in the routing table? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 6: Examine the routes that are being sent out in the routing updates from BRANCH2.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on BRANCH2. is it possible to ping PC5? ____________ Step 9: Examine the routing updates that are being received on BRANCH2.

apply them to the router configuration now. Step 12: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. view the routing table again. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Use the space below to write a brief description of the errors that you found. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. is it possible to ping PC3? __________ From the HQ router. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. is it possible to ping PC1? __________ From the host PC5. Page 11 of 12 . ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Do these commands need to be applied only to BRANCH2.5. Step 11: View the routing information. is it possible to ping PC5? __________ Task 6: Reflection There were a number of configuration errors in the scripts that were provided for this lab. is it possible to ping PC3? __________ From the host PC1. is it possible to ping PC6? __________ From the host PC5. Inc. is it possible to ping PC1? __________ From the HQ router.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with these routing updates? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the routing configuration. From the host PC5. troubleshoot the routing configuration again. or do they also need to be applied to any other routers in the network? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 10: If you have recorded any commands above. Does the information in routing table or routing updates indicate any configuration errors? __________ If the answer is yes.

3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Task 7: Documentation On each router. capture the following command output to a text (. All rights reserved. show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief show ip protocols If you need to review the procedures for capturing command output.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. Page 12 of 12 . Inc.5.5. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet).txt) file and save for future reference. Disconnect and store the cabling. This document is Cisco Public Information.1 Task 8: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. refer to Lab 1.

In the first scenario. In the second scenario. Enable classless routing and investigate classless routing behavior. Page 1 of 10 . All rights reserved.Lab 8. you will be able to: Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram. you will examine classful and classless routing behavior. Scenarios In this lab activity. you will examine level 1 and level 2 routes in the routing table. Inc. Modify the configuration to reflect static and default routing. This document is Cisco Public Information. Scenario A: Level 1 and Level 2 Routes Scenario B: Classful and Classless Routing Behavior All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Enable classful routing and investigate classful routing behavior. Perform basic configuration tasks on a router.1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Process Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.4. there are two separate scenarios. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state. Determine level 1 and level 2 routes.

1 172.255.0 255.255.255.2.4.16.1.0 255.1.0 255.168.255.255.255.3.1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Proccess Scenario A: Level 1 and Level 2 Routes Topology Diagram Addressing Table Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.255.255.255.255. or 2600 routers.0 255.2 192.1 192.16. All rights reserved.16.255.0 255.16. Page 2 of 10 .1.2 172.1 172.16.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.255.255.16.2.4.255.4.1 172.0 255.16.3.255.168. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces shown in the topology.1 172.16.0 R2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 R3 PC1 PC2 PC3 Fa0/0 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC Task 1: Prepare the Network.3. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16.255.1 Device R1 Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 IP Address 172.1. 2500. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram.4. This document is Cisco Public Information.10 172.255.255.0 255.16.10 172.1.255.255.1 172.16.10 Subnet Mask 255.0 255. the router outputs and interface descriptions will appear different. Note: If you use 1700.0 255.1 172. Inc.

6.1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Proccess Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers. R2. Task 2: Perform Basic Router Configurations. Configure the interfaces on the R1. Configure a message-of-the-day banner. Step 3: Configure Ethernet interfaces of PC1. Task 4: Configure RIP. Page 3 of 10 .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8. Configure a password for VTY connections. Configure a password for console connections. Inc. and PC3 with the IP addresses and default gateways from the table under the Topology Diagram. Use the show ip interface brief command to verify that the IP addressing is correct and that the interfaces are active. R2. and PC3. Configure the router hostname. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. When you have finished. Include network statements for each of the directly connected networks. and R3. Step 1: Configure interfaces on R1. Configure RIP version 1 routing on each of the routers. Configure an EXEC mode password. Perform basic configuration of the R1. 4. Disable DNS lookup. Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1. and R3 routers according to the following guidelines: 1. Step 4: Test the PC configuration by pinging the default gateway from the PC. 2. Task 3: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses. Step 2: Verify IP addressing and interfaces. This document is Cisco Public Information. PC2. R2. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. and R3 routers with the IP addresses from the table under the Topology Diagram. PC2.4. 5. 3. All rights reserved.

16.3. R1# show ip route <Output omitted> Gateway of last resort is not set C R1# 172. Page 4 of 10 .2.16.1.16.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8. R1#debug ip routing IP routing debugging is on Step 3: Shut down the Serial0/0/0 interface and observe the debug output.0 RT: NET-RED 172.0/24 RT: del 172. Inc.168.1.2.2. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.2.3.16. rip metric [120/1] RT: delete network route to 172.0/24 RT: del 192.1.168.0. changed state to down RT: del 172.16.16.0.0 RT: NET-RED 172.0/24 Step 4: View the routing table on the R1 router and observe the changes that occurred when the Serial0/0/0 interface was disabled. R1(config-if)#shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Serial0/0/0.2.2.3. connected metric [0/0] RT: delete network route to 172.1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Proccess Task 5: Observe Routes Being Deleted and Added to the Routing Table. rip metric [120/1] RT: delete network route to 192. 1 subnets 172.16.0/24 is subnetted.0 via 0. FastEthernet0/0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Step 1: View the routing table on the R1 router.0 via 172.2.16.16. changed state to administratively down RT: interface Serial0/0/0 removed from routing table %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial0/0/0.0.0.16.1.0 RT: NET-RED 192.4.0 via 172.0 is directly connected. What networks are shown in the routing table? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Step 2: Use the debug ip routing command to observe changes in the routing table as they occur on the R1 router.168.

2.0/24 [120/1] via 172.16. 3 subnets 172.0/24 via 172.3. rip metric [120/1] RT: NET-RED 192.168.1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Proccess Step 5: Enable the Serial0/0/0 interface and observe the debug output.2.16. This document is Cisco Public Information.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.168.0/16 NEW rdb: via 172.16.0/24RT: SET_LAST_RDB for 192.0/24RT: SET_LAST_RDB for 172.16.2.0/24 is directly connected.1. FastEthernet0/0 172.0/24 added first? _________________________________________________________________________ Why is there a delay before the other routes are added? _________________________________________________________________________ Step 6: Disable the debug output with either the no debug ip routing or the undebug all command.0. Inc.1.2. 00:00:14.2.2 RT: add 172.4. R1#show ip route <Output ommited> Gateway of last resort is not set C C R R R1# 172.0/24 [120/1] via 172.2.3.0.2.16.16.16.0/24 via 0.168.16. All rights reserved.2.0/24 Why is the route to 172.16.2.2.0/24 is subnetted.2.0/24 is directly connected.16. Task 6: Determine Level 1 and Level 2 Routes Step 1: Examine the R1 routing table.16.2.0/24 via 172.0.16. R1(config-if)#no shutdown RT: SET_LAST_RDB for 172. connected metric [0/0] RT: NET-RED 172.2 RT: add 192.0/24 NEW rdb: is directly connected RT: add 172.1. rip metric [120/1] RT: NET-RED 172.16.2.0.0.0/24 NEW rdb: via 172.1. Serial0/0/0 192.1.16. Page 5 of 10 .16. Serial0/0/0 Which of these routes are level 1 routes? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.2. Serial0/0/0 172.16.2.168. 00:00:14.16.3.

Inc.4. All rights reserved. Page 6 of 10 .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8. This document is Cisco Public Information.1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Proccess ________________________________________________________________ Why are these routes level 1 routes? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Are any of the level 1 routes ultimate routes? _________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Why is this route an ultimate route? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Are any of the level 1 routes parent routes? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Why is this route a level 1 parent route? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Which of the routes are level 2 routes? ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ Why are these routes level 2 routes? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.

R3(config)#no router rip R3(config)#ip route 172. This document is Cisco Public Information.0. Include the default-information originate command in the configuration so that the default static route is included in the RIP updates. R2(config)#ip route 0.0 255.0.4. All rights reserved.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.168.0 Serial0/0/1 Step 2: Remove the 192.0.255. Page 7 of 10 .1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Proccess Scenario B: Classful and Classless Routing Behavior Topology Diagram Task 1: Make Changes between Scenario A and Scenario B Step 1: Remove the RIP configuration from R3 and configure a static route to 172.168.0.0 Step 3: Add a static default route to R3 on the R2 router. Inc.0.0 0. R2(config)#router rip R2(config-router)#no network 192.16.0.1.0 Serial0/0/1 R2(config)#router rip R2(config-router)#default-information originate All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0/16.16.0 network from the R2 RIP configuration.0.1.

0 is directly connected..2. Page 8 of 10 . Since the destination address matches the parent route.0 is directly connected.16.. Serial0/0/1 0.1.3.1.16.4.4.10.0.16.. FastEthernet0/0 192. This document is Cisco Public Information.16. timeout is 2 seconds: . The route lookup process on the R2 router searches the routing table and finds that the first 16 bits of the destination address are a match with the parent route 172.0 to network 0.16. R1 R1(config)#no ip classless R2 R2(config)#no ip classless R3 R3(config)#no ip classless Step 2: Examine the routing table on the R2 router.0/0 is directly connected. 100-byte ICMP Echos to 172.0/16 parent network? ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.10 Type escape sequence to abort. Inc. 00:00:00.4.2. R2#ping 172.0/16.0.16. Serial0/0/0 172. What are the child routes of the 172. Sending 5.0.0. R2#show ip route <output omitted> Gateway of last resort is 0.0. the child routes are checked. 4 subnets 172.0.0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.0..16. All rights reserved. Serial0/0/0 172.0.1.16. Serial0/0/1 R C C C S* R2# Step 3: Ping from R2 to PC3 and observe the results.0 [120/1] via 172.168. Success rate is 0 percent (0/5 ) The ping is unsuccessful because the router is using classful routing behavior.0/24 is subnetted.0 172.1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Proccess Task 2: Enable Classful Routing Behavior on the Routers Step 1: Use the no ip classless command to configure the route lookup process to use classful route lookups.16.0/24 is directly connected.

16. 4 subnets 172.0.1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Proccess How many bits in the destination address must match in order for a packet to be forwarded using one of the child routes? ________ Does the destination address of the ping packets match any of the child routes of 172.10.168. Sending 5. Serial0/0/0 172.16.0.1. and the packet will be dropped.0. Notice that the routing table is the still the same even though the router configuration has been changed to use classless routing behavior. Task 3: Enable Classless Routing Behavior on the Routers Step 1: Use the ip classless command to reenable classless routing. 00:00:00.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.4.0.3. Inc.4.0 is directly connected.0/24 is directly connected.0.4.2.16. R2#show ip route <output omitted> Gateway of last resort is 0.0 to network 0.16.2. it will not be used.0.0 [120/1] via 172. This document is Cisco Public Information. R1 R1(config)#ip classless R2 R2(config)#ip classless R3 R3(config)#ip classless Step 2: Examine the routing table on R2. timeout is 2 seconds: !!!!! Success rate is 100 percent.0 R C C C S* R2# 172. R2#ping 172.16. round-trip min/avg/max = 28/28/28 ms The ping is successful this time because the router is using classless routing behavior. Serial0/0/1 0. Page 9 of 10 . All rights reserved.0/16? ________ Since the no ip classless command has been used to configure the R2 router to use classful routing behavior.0/24 is subnetted.1. Serial0/0/1 Step 3: Repeat the ping from R2 to PC3 and observe results.16. Even though there is a default static route configured.0 is directly connected. once a level 1 match is found the router will not search beyond the child routes for a lesser match.10 Type escape sequence to abort. Serial0/0/0 172. 100-byte ICMP Echos to 172.0. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1.16. FastEthernet0/0 192.0/0 is directly connected.0.16.

0/24 subnet route and the 172.0/16 parent route. 2 masks 172.1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Proccess The destination address of the packet is a match with the level 1 parent route 172.0/0 is directly connected.4. R3#show ip route <output omitted> Gateway of last resort is not set S C C R3# 172.0.16. Serial0/0/1 172.0/16 but there is not a match with any of the child routes of this parent route. Serial0/0/1 Since there is a default route configured on the R2 router.0. the default route will always match.0/24 is directly connected. but the route is still a match.16.0/24 is directly connected. both the 172. This document is Cisco Public Information. All rights reserved. the router will now continue to search the routing table for a route where there may be fewer bits that match. R3 uses the 172.16. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Serial0/0/1 Notice that in the routing table for R3.0.0.0/16 classful network route are level 2 child routes of the 172.0/16 is variably subnetted.0. 2 subnets.16.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.0/16 is directly connected.1.4. In this case. Step 4: Examine the routing table on R3 to determine how the traffic generated by the ping command is returned to R2. if no other route matches.0. Inc. this route is used to forward the packets to PC3. FastEthernet0/0 192.0/16 child route and forwards the return traffic out Serial 0/0/1 back to R2. S* 0.16.168.4.16. In classless routing behavior. Since classless routing behavior is configured. which means that no bits need to match. The mask of a default route is /0. Page 10 of 10 .0.0.16.16.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Page 1 of 8 . Perform basic configuration tasks on a router.2: Show IP Route Challenge Lab Addressing Table Device Interface IP Address Subnet Mask R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab. This document is Cisco Public Information. All rights reserved. Determine level 1 and level 2 routes.Lab 8.4. Determine router interface addressing based on outputs. you will be able to: Determine network topology based on the outputs from the show ip route command. Inc. Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram.

Serial0/0/1 172. N2 . L1 .0.2. you will determine the topology of a network using the outputs from the show ip route command. 00:00:09. U . Step 1: Examine the output from the R1 router.1.static.10.0.2. Then you must build and configure the network based on the outputs. The DTE and DCE assignment is at your discretion. 5 masks 172.4.8 is directly connected.OSPF NSSA external type 1.10. R .10. FastEthernet0/1 172.10.0/25 is directly connected. 00:00:09.connected.10.10. Serial0/0/1 172.12 [120/1] via 10. Serial0/0/0 172.per-user static route.1. Loopback0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16.0 [120/1] via 10.IS-IS inter area * . EX .10.10.16. Loopback0 0.32/28 [120/2] via 10.10.0.10. Serial0/0/0 172.16.16. Page 2 of 8 .10. This document is Cisco Public Information.0/26 [120/2] via 10.OSPF external type 2. 00:00:09.0/30 is subnetted.mobile.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.EIGRP.0. 00:00:09. 4 subnets 10.0/0 is directly connected. L2 .128/26 [120/1] via 10.10. Task 1: Examine the router outputs.1. the outputs from your network must match those given below. M . E2 .3. O . 00:00:09. Serial0/0/1 10.OSPF external type 1.10.10.EIGRP external. 10 subnets.1. Serial0/0/1 172. 00:00:09. E – EGP i .OSPF.16. B – BGP D . 00:00:09.0.10.10.10. Serial0/0/0 10.10.10.0/27 is directly connected.6.6.16. o – ODR P .2: Show IP Route Challenge Lab Scenario In this lab activity.10.64/27 [120/1] via 10.IS-IS level-2. All rights reserved. Inc.10.168. 00:00:09.10. When complete.10.IS-IS level-1. Serial0/0/1 172.10.16. S .6.3.0/24 is directly connected.6.10.10.16.candidate default.10.4.4. Serial0/0/1 192. You must draw a topology diagram and determine the interface addressing on each router.10. Serial0/0/0 10. Serial0/0/0 172.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set R C C R C R R R R C R R R R C S* 10.IGRP. Serial0/0/0 172.16.0/27 [120/1] via 10.16.10. R1#show ip route Codes: C .OSPF inter area N1 .128/25 [120/2] via 10. 00:00:09. ia .6.192/29 [120/2] via 10.3.IS-IS.10.10.10.10. I .OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 . IA .16.0/16 is variably subnetted.RIP. 00:00:09.4 is directly connected. FastEthernet0/0 172.192/26 [120/1] via 10.

OSPF external type 2. N2 .1.OSPF external type 1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.2.10.2. Serial0/0/0 172.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is 10.0/26 is directly connected. U .10. B – BGP D .10.128/25 [120/4] via 10.0. Serial0/0/0 172.10. Serial0/0/0 10. 00:00:04. o – ODR P . B – BGP D . 00:00:04. 00:00:04. 10 subnets.candidate default.IGRP.10.10.16. 00:00:04.4.per-user static route.192/29 is directly connected. 00:00:04.EIGRP external.192/26 [120/1] via 10. M .16.10.2.IS-IS level-1.0.RIP.IS-IS inter area * . R3#show ip route Codes: C .168. Inc. Serial0/0/0 172.10.10. Serial0/0/0 10.12 [120/3] via 10. L1 .10.connected. N2 .IS-IS.mobile. IA .10.0 C R R R R R R C R R R C R R R R* 10.4. 00:00:04.IGRP. Serial0/0/0 Step 3: Examine the output from the R3 router.0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. L2 .10. Serial0/0/0 192.1.10.10. EX .2.10. Serial0/0/0 172.OSPF external type 1.10.128/26 [120/1] via 10.0. E2 . All rights reserved.16.2: Show IP Route Challenge Lab Step 2: Examine the output from the R2 router. L1 .10.16. 00:00:04. I . FastEthernet0/0 172. R . S . O .10.10. FastEthernet0/1 172.EIGRP external.3.OSPF.0.10.3.10.1.0.candidate default.16.10.1. O .0/24 [120/2] via 10. This document is Cisco Public Information. o – ODR P .10.mobile.10.0/16 is variably subnetted.0/25 [120/2] via 10.2. L2 .OSPF external type 2.2.static.16. 4 subnets 10.2.4 [120/1] via 10.16.10.4. R2#show ip route Codes: C .2 to network 0.per-user static route.3.10.2. E – EGP i .0/27 [120/2] via 10.IS-IS level-1.10.EIGRP.OSPF NSSA external type 1.0 is directly connected. U .OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .8 [120/2] via 10.10.IS-IS inter area * .OSPF inter area N1 .OSPF NSSA external type 1.10. EX . E2 .0.5 to network 0. 00:00:04.EIGRP.RIP.16.0.OSPF.10.0/27 [120/3] via 10. ia . I .IS-IS level-2.static. 5 masks 172.OSPF inter area N1 . Serial0/0/0 10.10. E – EGP i . 00:00:04.0.10.connected. Serial0/0/0 172. Serial0/0/0 172.32/28 [120/4] via 10.0.16.16. M .10.2. Serial0/0/0 172.10. R . ia .10.2.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .0/30 is subnetted.10.2. 00:00:04. 00:00:04.IS-IS.IS-IS level-2. Page 3 of 8 . 00:00:04.10.2. Serial0/0/0 0.2. IA . 00:00:04. S .periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is 10. Serial0/0/0 172.10.64/27 [120/3] via 10.2.2.16.0/0 [120/2] via 10.

Serial0/0/1 172.mobile.10. Serial0/0/0 172.10.static.10. N2 . Serial0/0/0 10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.128/25 [120/1] via 10.16.10.1. 5 masks 172. 00:00:14. M .10.0/0 [120/1] via 10.4 [120/1] via 10. FastEthernet0/1 172.10.10. 10 subnets.10.0/16 is variably subnetted.0/24 [120/1] via 10.10. 00:00:04. 10 subnets.0/25 [120/1] via 10.10.10.0/26 [120/3] via 10.10.16.10.IS-IS inter area * . Serial0/0/0 172.5.0 is directly connected. Serial0/0/0 172.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .10. This document is Cisco Public Information.10.0.1.OSPF.1. Serial0/0/0 10.10. Serial0/0/1 172. Serial0/0/0 172. All rights reserved.16. Inc.16.10. 00:00:17. 00:00:14.10.192/26 [120/2] via 10.IS-IS. 4 subnets 10.1. R . Serial0/0/0 10.10.10. 00:00:04. 00:00:14. Serial0/0/0 172. Serial0/0/1 172. 00:00:14.8 is directly connected.4 is directly connected.10.9.OSPF inter area N1 .10.10.EIGRP. Serial0/0/0 172.32/28 [120/1] via 10.0.10.0/25 [120/1] via 10.2.16. O .5.12 [120/2] via 10. Serial0/0/1 172. FastEthernet0/1 172.10. 00:00:04.2. Serial0/0/0 172.16.OSPF external type 2. 00:00:04.0/27 [120/1] via 10.10.4.5.10.5. 00:00:14. 00:00:03.16.192/29 [120/1] via 10.IS-IS level-1.2: Show IP Route Challenge Lab C C R R R R C R R R C R R R R R* 10.10.16.10.0/30 is subnetted.9 to network 0.10.5.9. S .3.3.10.5.3.12 is directly connected.64/27 is directly connected.10. 00:00:04.9.128/26 [120/2] via 10.10.0.10. Serial0/0/0 192.connected.3.192/26 is directly connected. o – ODR P .0.EIGRP external.1.0 [120/2] via 10.16.RIP. 00:00:04.9.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is 10. 00:00:14. Serial0/0/0 Step 4: Examine the output from the R4 router. 00:00:17. L1 .candidate default.10. FastEthernet0/0 172. Serial0/0/0 0.10.0/16 is variably subnetted.10. 00:00:04.16.OSPF NSSA external type 1.10.OSPF external type 1. Serial0/0/0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.192/29 [120/3] via 10.168.IS-IS level-2.10.5.16.10.0/30 is subnetted. FastEthernet0/0 172.9.16. 00:00:14.10. Serial0/0/0 10.0.10. Serial0/0/0 0.5. Serial0/0/1 10.10.10.1. L2 .2. EX .1.1.0. Serial0/0/0 172. 00:00:14.0. 4 subnets 10. Page 4 of 8 .4.5.128/25 [120/3] via 10.168.10.10.8 [120/1] via 10.16. Serial0/0/0 172.10.16.10.10. 5 masks 172.10.0 R R C C R R R R C R R R C R R R* 10.9.10. I .10.2.16.16.0/27 [120/2] via 10.0/27 is directly connected. Serial0/0/0 172.10.16. ia .1.10. Serial0/0/0 172.3.10. Serial0/0/1 192.16.per-user static route.10.9.10.16.64/27 [120/2] via 10. 00:00:14.0. E2 .4.32/28 [120/3] via 10. U .0.0/24 [120/1] via 10.0.IGRP. Serial0/0/0 10.1. IA .14.16.0. 00:00:04. B – BGP D .5.10.10.14. 00:00:04. 00:00:03. R4#show ip route Codes: C .0/0 [120/1] via 10.10.10.0. E – EGP i .4. 00:00:14.10.16.4.3.16.9.10.10.0/27 [120/1] via 10.9.0/26 [120/1] via 10. Serial0/0/0 172.10.9.10.128/26 is directly connected. 00:00:04.

Serial0/0/0 172. FastEthernet0/1 172. Serial0/0/0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Serial0/0/0 172.0/30 is subnetted. 00:00:21.IS-IS level-2. R5#show ip route Codes: C .16.static.2. Serial0/0/0 10. 00:00:21.10.connected.10.64/27 [120/1] via 10. O .16. N2 .16. B – BGP D .4.13.3.10.16. E – EGP i .13.13.10.10.128/26 [120/3] via 10.32/28 is directly connected.16.1. L2 .16. 00:00:21.10.12 is directly connected.4.13.10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8. Inc.1.10. Serial0/0/0 172.10.10.IGRP.0.192/29 [120/4] via 10.2.10.10.192/26 [120/3] via 10.13 to network 0.10.0/25 [120/2] via 10.16. 00:00:21. R .10.mobile.10.0/27 [120/1] via 10.10.10.0/27 [120/2] via 10. Serial0/0/0 172.EIGRP. 00:00:21. 4 subnets 10.16.EIGRP external. Serial0/0/0 172. Serial0/0/0 10.0.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .10.0/26 [120/4] via 10.10.10.10.10.0 [120/3] via 10.10. Serial0/0/0 172.13.13. 00:00:21. 5 masks 172.OSPF NSSA external type 1.IS-IS level-1.0. FastEthernet0/0 192.1. 00:00:21.0/16 is variably subnetted.2: Show IP Route Challenge Lab Step 5: Examine the output from the R5 router. Serial0/0/0 0. 00:00:21.4.10. Serial0/0/0 172.8 [120/1] via 10. This document is Cisco Public Information.0.IS-IS.0/0 [120/2] via 10. 00:00:21.13. IA . ia . 10 subnets. 00:00:21. 00:00:21. Serial0/0/0 172.3.0. U . 00:00:21. Serial0/0/0 10.10.1. I .0.per-user static route. M .168.candidate default.13.10.16.10.13. 00:00:21.10.10.13.13.13.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is 10.10.OSPF.0/24 [120/2] via 10. L1 . EX . E2 .OSPF external type 2.OSPF external type 1.10.10.0.10.128/25 is directly connected.16.RIP. All rights reserved.4 [120/2] via 10. Serial0/0/0 172. S .13. Page 5 of 8 . o – ODR P .OSPF inter area N1 .3.IS-IS inter area * .10.10.0 R R R C R C R R R R R R R C R R* 10.16.10.

All rights reserved. Step 1: Draw a diagram of the network based on your interpretation of the router outputs in the space provided below.4. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.2: Show IP Route Challenge Lab Task 2: Create a diagram of the network based on the router outputs. Page 6 of 8 . Inc. This document is Cisco Public Information.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.

2: Show IP Route Challenge Lab Step 2: Document the interface addresses in the Addressing Table. How many total networks/subnets did R2 learn from its neighbors? __________ Where would R2 send packets to networks not currently in its routing table? Why? ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Step 3: Configure the appropriate routing protocol for each router and advertise all directly connected networks. Step 1: Build the topology diagram in Packet Tracer. This document is Cisco Public Information. Task 4: Identify Routing Processes. All rights reserved. Inc.4. Step 1: Examine the R1 routing table. What are the IP addresses of the directly connected neighbors of the R1 router? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ Which routes did R1 learn from the directly connected neighbors? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ Step 2: Examine the R2 routing table. Step 2: Configure the interfaces with the appropriate IP address and subnet mask. Page 7 of 8 .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8. Use 1841 or 2811 routers. Task 3: Build and Configure the Diagram using Packet Tracer. Step 4: Verify that configurations match the router outputs from Task 1.

All rights reserved. How many routers must a packet pass through to get from R5 to network 172. Page 8 of 8 .10.0/0 [120/2] via 10.10.10.0. Serial0/0/0” at the end of the R2 routing table represent? ______________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: Examine the R3 routing table. 00:00:04. Which network is the furthest distance from R4 and how many hops away is it? _____________________________________________________________ How many usable host addresses are on the network furthest from R4? __________ Step 5: Examine the R5 routing table.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.2.10.13? _____________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This document is Cisco Public Information.2.0/26? __________ Why is the “Gateway of last resort” for R5 listed as 10.0. Which Level 2 routes did R3 learn about from its neighbors? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ Which networks are directly connect to R3? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ Step 4: Examine the R4 routing table. Inc.16.2: Show IP Route Challenge Lab What does the statement “ R* 0.4.

3.16.1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16.255.168.255.255.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/0 R1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 R2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Lo1 Fa0/0 R3 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 PC1 PC2 PC3 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 172.1 172.168.2 192.5 172.1.10.255.10.168.255.10 172.255.9 10.1.255. Page 1 of 15 .6 192.6.255.1.2.255.255.255.255.16.0 255.1. All rights reserved.1.255.10 192.16.0 255. This document is Cisco Public Information.255.252 255.16.255.252 255.16.10.1 172.1 172.1 192.2.252 255.0 255.255.168.255.Lab 9.252 255.255.16.1 192.255.1.255.255.2.255. Inc.0 255.1.168.168.10 172.255.1 192.10 Subnet Mask 255.252 255.252 255.0 255.252 255.16.168.255.255.3.1 192.10.1.255.

Disable automatic summarization. 5. All rights reserved. Configure the interfaces on the R1. you will be able to: Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state. R2. Page 2 of 15 . Configure a static default route. Task 1: Prepare the Network. Perform basic configuration tasks on a router. where all traffic that is not destined for the local network will be sent. 6. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram.6. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Verify EIGRP routing using show commands. 4. Configure a password for console connections. Task 2: Perform Basic Router Configurations. Configure a message-of-the-day banner.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. and R3 routers. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces shown in the topology. Propagate default route to EIGRP neighbors. Document the EIGRP configuration. Configure the router hostname. R2. Disable DNS lookup. you will learn how to configure the routing protocol EIGRP using the network shown in the Topology Diagram. Configure an EXEC mode password. and R3 routers according to the following guidelines: 1.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab. Some segments of the network have been subnetted using VLSM. Inc. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers. Configure EIGRP routing on all routers. and R3 routers with the IP addresses from the table under the Topology Diagram. Task 3: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses. 3. This will allow VLSM subnet information to be propagated throughout the network. Perform basic configuration of the R1. This document is Cisco Public Information. Configure manual summarization. Scenario In this lab activity. Step 1: Configure the interfaces on the R1. A loopback address will be used on the R2 router to simulate a connection to an ISP. 2. Configure a password for VTY connections. Configure and activate interfaces. EIGRP is a classless routing protocol that can be used to provide subnet mask information in the routing updates. R2.

16.3 R1(config-router)# When you are finished with the EIGRP configuration for R1.0.0. configure the classful network 172.252 ------------------0. Page 3 of 15 . return to privileged EXEC mode and save the current configuration to NVRAM.0.0 to be included in the EIGRP updates that are sent out of R1. 3 Subtract the subnet mask Wildcard mask R1(config-router)# network 192. R1(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R1# All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16.0.255.255. Note: Think of a wildcard mask as the inverse of a subnet mask. Use the show ip interface brief command to verify that the IP addressing is correct and that the interfaces are active.0 classful network. Use the wildcard-mask option with the network command to advertise only the subnet and not the entire 192. Use the router eigrp command in global configuration mode to enable EIGRP on the R1 router.0.168.0.255: 255.0. R1(config)#router eigrp 1 R1(config-router)# Step 2: Configure classful network 172. 0.255. Step 3: Configure Ethernet interfaces of PC1. Step 3: Configure the router to advertise the 192. To calculate the inverse of the subnet mask. and PC3 with the IP addresses and default gateways from the table under the Topology Diagram.255.10. PC2. EIGRP updates will be sent out of the FastEthernet0/0 and Serial0/0/0 interfaces because they are both on subnets of the 172. Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. This document is Cisco Public Information.255 – 255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.4 0.255.16. Once you are in the Router EIGRP configuration sub-mode.168.16. PC2.0 network.10. Enter a process ID of 1 for the autonomous-system parameter.6.255.252 is 0.3. and PC3.16. 0.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab Step 2: Verify IP addressing and interfaces.10.255. Step 1: Enable EIGRP. Inc. R1(config-router)#network 172.255.4/30 network attached to the Serial0/0/1 interface.0 R1(config-router)# The router will begin to send EIGRP update messages out each interface belonging to the 172.168. subtract the subnet mask from 255. All rights reserved. Task 4: Configure EIGRP on the R1 Router. When you have finished.0.0. The inverse of the subnet mask 255.0 network.0.

0 R2(config-router)# %DUAL-5-NBRCHANGE: IP-EIGRP 1: Neighbor 172.0.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab Task 5: Configure EIGRP on the R2 and R3 Routers. When you are finished.168.0.168.0. When you are finished.16.9 (Serial0/0/1) is up: new adjacency R3(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This document is Cisco Public Information.0. 2. Include the wildcard masks for the subnets attached to the Serial0/0/0 and Serial 0/0/1 interfaces.5 (Serial0/0/0) is up: new adjacency R3(config-router)#network 192. Use the wildcard-mask option with the network command to advertise only the subnet and not the entire 192. 3.3 R3(config-router)# %DUAL-5-NBRCHANGE: IP-EIGRP 1: Neighbor 192. 4. R3(config)#router eigrp 1 R3(config-router)#network 192.16.3.168. return to privileged EXEC mode. 1. Step 1: Enable EIGRP routing on the R2 router using the router eigrp command.10.10.168. Use the classful network address for the network attached to the FastEthernet0/0 interface. return to privileged EXEC mode. R2(config-router)#network 172. Page 4 of 15 .3 R3(config-router)# %DUAL-5-NBRCHANGE: IP-EIGRP 1: Neighbor 192.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.1 (Serial0/0/0) is up: new adjacency Notice that DUAL sends a notification message to the console stating that a neighbor relationship with another EIGRP router has been established. R2(config)#router eigrp 1 R2(config-router)# Step 2: Use the classful address 172.0.0.0 classful network. Use a process ID of 1.0 to include the network for the FastEthernet0/0 interface.168.1.3 R2(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R2# Step 4: Configure EIGRP on the R3 router using the router eigrp and network commands.8/30 network attached to the Serial0/0/1 interface.168.10. Use a process ID of 1. All rights reserved.0.8 0. 1.0 R3(config-router)#network 192.10. 2. What is the IP address of the EIGRP neighbor router? ________________________________________ What interface on the R2 router is the neighbor adjacent to? ________________________________________ Step 3: Configure the R2 router to advertise the 192.10.10.6.16.168.4 0. R2(config-router)#network 192.0. Inc.8 0.10.168.

On the R1 router.16. Notice that the information that was configured in Task 5.0.6.3. use the show ip eigrp neighbors command to view the neighbor table and verify that EIGRP has established an adjacency with the R2 and R3 routers.168.16.10. The IP addresses of the adjacent neighbors are also shown. R1#show ip protocols Routing Protocol is "eigrp 1 " Outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not set Incoming update filter list for all interfaces is not set Default networks flagged in outgoing updates Default networks accepted from incoming updates EIGRP metric weight K1=1.3. On the R1 router.10. use the show ip protocols command to view information about the routing protocol operation. R1#show ip eigrp neighbors IP-EIGRP neighbors for process 1 H Address Interface 0 172. K5=0 EIGRP maximum hopcount 100 EIGRP maximum metric variance 1 Redistributing: eigrp 1 Automatic network summarization is in effect Automatic address summarization: Maximum path: 4 Routing for Networks: 172.10. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. You should be able to see the IP address of each adjacent router and the interface that R1 uses to reach that EIGRP neighbor.0 192.168. K2=0. This document is Cisco Public Information.168. is shown in the output. Step 1: View neighbors.2 90 4811399 192. the process ID must be the same on all routers for EIGRP to establish neighbor adjacencies and share routing information.6 R1# Ser0/0/0 Ser0/0/1 Hold Uptime (sec) 10 00:36:51 11 00:26:51 SRTT (ms) 40 40 RTO 500 500 Q Cnt 0 0 Seq Num 13 4 Step 2: View routing protocol information. K4=0. DUAL sends a notification message to the console stating that a neighbor relationship with another EIGRP router has been established. process ID. K3=1. Remember.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab R3# Notice that when the networks for the serial links from R3 to R1 and R3 to R2 are added to the EIGRP configuration.4/30 Routing Information Sources: Gateway Distance Last Update 172. Inc. Page 5 of 15 .6 90 5411677 Distance: internal 90 external 170 Notice that the output specifies the process ID used by EIGRP.16. such as protocol. All rights reserved. Task 6: Verify EIGRP Operation. and networks.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.2 1 192.

IGRP.3. U .16.OSPF inter area N1 . R1#show ip route Codes: C .16. N2 .IS-IS. 172. Step1: View the routing table on the R1 router.8/30 [90/2681856] via 192.EIGRP. o . 01:06:07.16. Serial0/0/1 192. This document is Cisco Public Information. Serial0/0/0 172.0. Also notice that EIGRP has automatically included a summary route to Null0 for the 172.0.0/24 192. Because of automatic summarization. Null0 192. Because R3 is getting two equal cost routes for 172.10.10. R . B . D C D C 172.168.168. 01:06:07.0/16 is variably subnetted.16. 01:06:18.1. Serial0/0/0 The 192.168.6.4/30 is directly connected.2. 01:16:19. 3 subnets. All rights reserved. The routing table for R3 shows that both R1 and R2 are automatically summarizing the 172.16.0. 01:16:20.IS-IS level-2. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.IS-IS inter area * .2. L2 .0/16 route does not actually represent a path to reach the parent network.16.0.IS-IS level-1.OSPF external type 1.168.0/24 is variably subnetted.3.16.0/16 is a summary.16.0/16 network and sending it as a single routing update. EX .periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set D C D C D D C D R1# 172.10.0/16 parent network is variably subnetted with three child routes using either a /24 or /30 mask. O . Serial0/0/1 [90/2681856] via 192. EIGRP routes are denoted in the routing table with a D.0/24 is 192.OSPF external type 2. 4 subnets. Serial0/0/1 192.10.2.0/16 network.0.4/30 192.16. 2 masks is a summary.8/30 variably subnetted.168.0/24 [90/2172416] via 172.0/24 172.16.16. FastEthernet0/0 172.168.0/30 is directly connected. 2 masks 192. 192. 3 masks is a summary.3.16.10. I .16. Serial0/0/0 192.16. M .168.16.3. which stands for DUAL (Diffusing Update Algorithm). Serial0/0/1 D C D Step 2: View the routing table on the R3 router. it is sent to the Null0 interface.168.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab Task7: Examine EIGRP Routes in the Routing Tables. 01:06:07. Serial0/0/0 is directly connected.0/16 does not match one of the level 2 child routes.0/24 is a summary. which is the routing algorithm used by EIGRP.0/16 172.0/30 variably subnetted.1.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 . 01:16:19.0/16 is 172.10.static.0. 3 masks 172.6. Null0 172.0. R1 and R2 are not propagating the individual subnets.0.0/24 [90/2172416] via 192. L1 .candidate default. E .0/24 is directly connected.1.0. E2 . Page 6 of 15 . both routes are included in the routing table.168.10.0/24 Network is also variably subnetted and includes a Null0 route.0. If a packet destined for 172.EIGRP external.16.0/16 from both R1 and R2.6. IA .10. Inc.16.10. The 172. FastEthernet0/0 [90/2172416] via 172.per-user static route.ODR P .10.0/24 172. S . Null0 is directly connected. Null0 is directly connected. 01:06:07.OSPF.connected.mobile.RIP. 3 subnets.0.EGP i .6.BGP D . Serial0/0/1 Notice that the 172.10. 4 subnets.16.0/16. 01:16:20.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. ia .168.2.10.168.168.OSPF NSSA external type 1.16.168.

BW 1544 Kbit.16.10. line protocol is up (connected) Hardware is HD64570 Internet address is 172.6. and load. 01:15:22. loopback not set.10. Use the show interface serial0/0/0 command to view the EIGRP metric information for the Serial0/0/0 interface on the R1 router. Serial0/0/1 192. the link between R1 and R2 will be configured with a bandwidth of 64 kbps.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab R3#show ip route <output omitted> D C D C C R3# 172. rely 255/255. Serial0/0/0 [90/2172416] via 192. delay.10. Null0 192.16.10.168. 3 subnets.0/24 is a summary.1/30 MTU 1500 bytes.8/30 is directly connected. 01:15:22.10.0/24 is directly connected.168. the bandwidth metric will default to 1544 Kbits. Notice the values that are shown for the bandwidth. For this lab.168. 01:15:35.3. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. R1 router: R1(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R1(config-if)#bandwidth 64 R2 router: R2(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R2(config-if)#bandwidth 64 R2(config)#interface serial0/0/1 R2(config-if)#bandwidth 1024 R3 router: R3(config)#interface serial0/0/1 R3(config-if)#bandwidth 1024 Note: The bandwidth command only modifies the bandwidth metric used by routing protocols.0/24 is variably subnetted. keepalive set (10 sec) <output omitted> Step 2: Modify the bandwidth of the Serial interfaces.1.9. 2 masks 192. Step 1: View the EIGRP metric information. All rights reserved.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. Inc. Serial0/0/1 Task 8: Configure EIGRP Metrics. not the physical bandwidth of the link.168.0. Serial0/0/0 192.168. the bandwidth will need to be changed so that the EIGRP metric can be calculated correctly.4/30 is directly connected. On most serial links. R1#show interface serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/0 is up.5. load 1/255 Encapsulation HDLC.0/16 [90/2172416] via 192. and the link between R2 and R3 will be configured with a bandwidth of 1024 kbps. reliability. Page 7 of 15 .10. FastEthernet0/0 192. This document is Cisco Public Information. If this is not the actual bandwidth of the serial link.168. Use the bandwidth command to modify the bandwidth of the Serial interfaces of each router. DLY 20000 usec.

168.0.168. line protocol is up (connected) Hardware is HD64570 Internet address is 192.168.0/24 is variably subnetted. DLY 20000 usec.0 is directly connected.1. Page 8 of 15 . Serial0/0/1 C 192. 1 subnets 10. line protocol is up (connected) Hardware is HD64570 Internet address is 172. Serial0/0/0 D 192.10.3. FastEthernet0/0 C 172. Serial0/0/0 C 172. 00:00:11.10. BW 1024 Kbit. DLY 20000 usec. BW 64 Kbit.1. load 1/255 Encapsulation HDLC. keepalive set (10 sec) <output omitted> Note: Use the interface configuration command no bandwidth to return the bandwidth to its default value.168. loopback not set.10.16.0.1. rely 255/255. R2#show ip route <output omitted> 10.10. DLY 20000 usec. This document is Cisco Public Information. 00:00:52.0.16.0/24 [90/3014400] via 192.0/30 is subnetted.1/30 MTU 1500 bytes.10.16.10/30 MTU 1500 bytes. BW 64 Kbit.16. Step 1: Examine the successors and feasible distances in the routing table on R2. line protocol is up (connected) Hardware is HD64570 Internet address is 172.10. R1#show interface serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/0 is up. Serial0/0/1 R2# C All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16.0/30 is directly connected. Serial0/0/1 192. Null0 D 172. 3 subnets. Use the show ip interface command to verify that the bandwidth value of each link has been changed.10.10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. Task 9: Examine Successors and Feasible Distances.168.0/24 is directly connected. load 1/255 Encapsulation HDLC. keepalive set (10 sec) <output omitted> R2#show interface serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/0 is up.10.4/30 [90/3523840] via 192. 00:00:52. All rights reserved. 2 masks D 192.16. 00:00:11.16. keepalive set (10 sec) <output omitted> R3#show interface serial0/0/1 Serial0/0/1 is up. loopback not set.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab Step 3: Verify the bandwidth modifications.168. rely 255/255.6.16.3.2/30 MTU 1500 bytes. load 1/255 Encapsulation HDLC.0/16 is a summary. Loopback1 172.3.8/30 is directly connected. Null0 D 192. 00:00:11.0/24 [90/40514560] via 172.2.168. loopback not set.0/24 is a summary. 3 masks D 172. Inc.1.3. 4 subnets.0/16 is variably subnetted. rely 255/255.0.1.168.

10. 3 masks 172. R1 must satisfy the feasibility condition.0 Network.10. A feasible successor is a neighbor who has a viable backup path to the same network as the successor.2. Null0 C 192.0.10. 00:42:59.1.0/24 is a summary.16. What is the IP address and name of the successor router in this route? ________________________________________ Feasible distance (FD) is the lowest calculated metric to reach that destination.0/24 is directly connected.16. FastEthernet0/0 172. 2 masks D 192.0/16 is variably subnetted. Serial0/0/1 D 192. The feasibility condition (FC) is met when a neighbor’s reported distance (RD) to a network is less than the local router’s feasible distance to the same destination network. In order to be a feasible successor.0. 00:43:00.3.10.2.16.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.0/24 [90/40514560] via 172.168.1.168. 4 subnets. All rights reserved.6.4/30 is directly connected. This document is Cisco Public Information.0/30 is directly connected.168.16. 3 subnets.0/24 is variably subnetted.1.8/30 [90/3523840] via 192.6. What is the feasible distance to the network that PC1 is on? ________________________________________ Task 10: Determine if R1 is a Feasible Successor for the Route from R2 to the 192. Serial0/0/1 R1# D C D C D What is the reported distance to the 192.16. Serial0/0/0 192. Inc.6.0 network? ________________________________________ Step 2: Examine the routing table on R2. A successor is the least-cost route to the destination network. 00:42:20. Page 9 of 15 .16.0/16 is a summary. Step 1: Examine the routing table on R1.3.10. Serial0/0/0 172. 00:42:26.168.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab Step 2: Answer the following questions: What is the best path to PC1? ____________________________________________________________________________________ A successor is a neighboring router that is currently being used for packet forwarding.168.10.1. Serial0/0/1 192. The IP address of a successor is shown in a routing table entry right after the word “via”.0/24 [90/2172416] via 192. R2#show ip route <output omitted> All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. R1#show ip route <output omitted> 172.168. Null0 172.168. 00:42:20. FD is the metric listed in the routing table entry as the second number inside the brackets.168.

0/24 is a summary.1. Serial0/0/1 via 172.0.1.10. 00:00:11. 00:00:52.0. Null0 172.0.168. 3 subnets. 00:00:11. Serial0/0/0 P 192.0.10.0/24 is variably subnetted.Query. 1 successors.16. 1 successors. Serial0/0/0 P 192.2. FD is 3014400 via 192.0/30.10.0/24.16. Serial0/0/1 192.0/24 [90/3014400] via 192. 2 masks 192.16.10.3. Loopback1 172.0/24.Reply status P 172.0 network? ________________________________________ Would R2 consider R1 to be a feasible successor to the 192. 1 subnets 10.16. Null0 P 192. R2#show ip eigrp topology IP-EIGRP Topology Table for AS 1 Codes: P .1 (41026560/2172416). 00:00:11.0 network. FD is 28160 via Connected.0/24.10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.168.10 (3523840/2169856). Page 10 of 15 . Use the show ip eigrp topology command to view the EIGRP topology table on R2.0/24.1. 4 subnets.1.16.168.2. FastEthernet0/0 P 172.0/30 is subnetted.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab C D D C C D D D C R2# 10. Serial0/0/1 192. 00:00:52. Null0 P 172.10. FastEthernet0/0 172. Q . FD is 40512000 via Connected. Serial0/0/1 What is the feasible distance to the 192.16.168. Serial0/0/1 R2# Step 2: View detailed EIGRP topology information.16.168.Passive.8/30.1.Reply. Serial0/0/1 P 172. U . FD is 40514560 via 172. FD is 3011840 via Connected.168. 1 successors.1 (40514560/28160).10. 1 successors.168.10 (3014400/28160).0/16. Inc.16.0.168. Step 1: View the EIGRP topology table.168.16.0 network? _______ Task 11: Examine the EIGRP Topology Table. FD is 3523840 via 192.10.0/30 is directly connected.1.10. 1 successors.1.0. Use the [network] parameter of the show ip eigrp topology command to view detailed EIGRP topology information for the 192.168. Serial0/0/0 P 192.10.1.Update.10.1. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.3. 1 successors. Serial0/0/0 172.168.168.16.4/30. 1 successors. R .16.168. Null0 192. r . This document is Cisco Public Information.3.10.0 is directly connected.0/24 is directly connected. 3 masks 172.4/30 [90/3523840] via 192.10.16.Active. FD is 3011840 via Summary (3011840/0). FD is 28160 via Summary (28160/0).8/30 is directly connected. 1 successors. A .3.3.16.6.168.0/24 [90/40514560] via 172.168. All rights reserved.0/16 is variably subnetted.0/16 is a summary. Serial0/0/0 192.

16.168. and 172.0/24. Page 11 of 15 .16. Route is Internal Vector metric: Minimum bandwidth is 64 Kbit Total delay is 40100 microseconds Reliability is 255/255 Load is 1/255 Minimum MTU is 1500 Hop count is 2 R2# How many successors are there for this network? ________________________________________ What is the feasible distance to this network? ________________________________________ What is the IP address of the feasible successor? ________________________________________ What is the reported distance for 192. 1 Successor(s).1.6. Query origin flag is 1.1.10.0/24 subnets.16. from 192. FD is 3014400 Routing Descriptor Blocks: 192.0/24 State is Passive.0. All rights reserved.168.3.168.16.0 from the feasible successor? ________________________________________ What would be the feasible distance to 192.0/16 through the R1 router.168.1.3.10 (Serial0/0/1).16.2.0 IP-EIGRP (AS 1): Topology entry for 192.10. Notice that R3 is not receiving individual routes for the 172. Step 1: Examine the routing table of the R3 router.168.1. This will cause packets that are destined for the 172.3.2. This document is Cisco Public Information. Send flag is 0x0 Composite metric is (3014400/28160).1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab R2#show ip eigrp topology 192.0/24 network to be sent through the R1 router instead of being sent straight to the R2 router. Instead.0 if R1 became the successor? ________________________________________ Task 12: Disable EIGRP Automatic Summarization.1 (Serial0/0/0).16. the routing table only has a summary route to the classful network address of 172.16.1. R3#show ip route <output omitted> All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Inc. Send flag is 0x0 Composite metric is (41026560/2172416).168. from 172.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.10.0/24.1. 172. Route is Internal Vector metric: Minimum bandwidth is 1024 Kbit Total delay is 20100 microseconds Reliability is 255/255 Load is 1/255 Minimum MTU is 1500 Hop count is 1 172.

168.10.10. 1 successors. FastEthernet0/0 192. 01:21:54.0/16. 1 successors. FD is 2169856 via Summary (2169856/0).16.10. Serial0/0/1 Step 3: Disable automatic summarization on all three routers with the no auto-summary command.4/30 is directly connected.5. 1 successors.10.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab D C D C C R3# 172.Active.5) the only successor for the route to the 172.2. Null0 P 172. 172.168. 3 subnets. This document is Cisco Public Information.10. Null0 192. U .168.16.8/30. Notice that individual routes for the 172. FD is 28160 via Connected. Serial0/0/1 P 192.16. FD is 2169856 via Connected.10.10.6.1.8/30 is directly connected.16. R1(config)#router eigrp 1 R1(config-router)#no auto-summary R2(config)#router eigrp 1 R2(config-router)#no auto-summary R3(config)#router eigrp 1 R3(config-router)#no auto-summary Step 4: View the routing table on R1 again.0.0/24 is a summary.0/16 [90/2172416] via 192. and 172. 01:21:47.0/24.Reply.168. Serial0/0/1 Why is the R1 router (192. Serial0/0/0 via 192.Query.16.0.0/16 network? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Notice that the reported distance from R2 is higher than the feasible distance from R1.168. r .Update.0/24.0/24 subnets are now present and the summary Null route is no longer listed. R3#show ip route <output omitted> All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0/24. R .168. All rights reserved. Page 12 of 15 .1.9 (3014400/28160).Reply status P 192.Passive.10.0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. Serial0/0/0 192. FD is 2172416 via 192.168. 1 successors.5 (2172416/28160). FD is 3011840 via Connected.3. A .0/24 is directly connected. Serial0/0/0 P 192. R3#show ip eigrp topology IP-EIGRP Topology Table for AS 1 Codes: P . Q .0/24.0/24 is variably subnetted.10. FastEthernet0/0 P 192. 1 successors.10.16.168. 2 masks 192.168.168.168.168.1.10. Inc. Serial0/0/0 192.4/30.168.

0/16 is 172.0 networks to the EIGRP configuration on R3. R3(config)#interface loopback1 %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Loopback1.6.10. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback2.168. FastEthernet0/0 172.1.168.0/30 is directly connected.168.2.4/30 is directly connected.168. Serial0/0/1 Task 13: Configure Manual Summarization.0/24 is variably subnetted.0/30 variably subnetted.4/30 is directly connected. Serial0/0/1 [90/41024000] via 192. Serial0/0/0 192.168.10.0 and 192. 3 subnets.255.168.6.168. 00:02:37.0.168.168.168.168.10.0/24 [90/2297856] via 192.2. Serial0/0/1 192. 3 masks [90/2172416] via 192.5. 2 masks 192.168.0/24 is directly connected. R3(config)#router eigrp 1 R3(config-router)#network 192.255. Serial0/0/1 192.3. 3 subnets. 00:01:07.168.5. 2 masks 192.2. Serial0/0/1 192.0 R3(config-if)# Step 2: Add the 192.10.255. 4 subnets. Step 1: Add loopback addresses to R3 router.10.16.1 255.0 R3(config-router)#network 192.1.0/24 is directly connected.168.168.2. changed state to upR3(config-if)#ip address 192.168.0/24 [90/3526400] via 192.168. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback1.1/24.168.16.168.10.168.0/16 is variably subnetted. Serial0/0/1 172.6. changed state to up R3(config-if)#ip address 192.1 255. 00:02:39. Serial0/0/0 [90/3014400] via 192.10.3. to the R3 router.3.3.6.0/24 [90/2297856] via 192. These virtual interfaces will be used to represent networks to be manually summarized along with the 192.3.168. Add two loopback addresses.168. All rights reserved.6.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. Serial0/0/1 [90/41024000] via 192. View the routing table on the R1 router to verify that the new routes are being sent out in the EIGRP updates sent by R3.16.0/24 is variably subnetted.168. Serial0/0/0 192.1.10.3.9.8/30 is directly connected.0/24 [90/2172416] via 192. Serial0/0/0 192. 00:00:57.16.16.10. 4 subnets.168.10. FastEthernet0/0 192.6.168.1/24 and 192.10. Inc.10.10. Serial0/0/1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1.2. R1#show ip route <output omitted> C D C D D D C D R1# 172. 00:15:07.16.168. 00:02:39. 192.0 Step 3: Verify new routes. 00:15:07.2.8/30 [90/3523840] via 192. 00:02:37.0/24 LAN.0 R3(config-if)#interface loopback2 %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Loopback2.1.16.2. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 13 of 15 .9.168. Serial0/0/1 192.10. 3 masks 172. 00:15:07.255.0/24 172.16.10.168.0/24 172.0.3.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab D D D C C C R3# 172.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP

Lab 9.6.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab

Step 4: Apply manual summarization to outbound interfaces. The routes to the 192.168.1.0/24, 192.168.2.0/24, and 192.168.3.0/24 networks can be summarized in the single network 192.168.0.0/22. Use the ip summary-address eigrp as-number networkaddress subnet-mask command to configure manual summarization on each of the outbound interfaces connected to EIGRP neighbors. R3(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R3(config-if)#ip summary-address eigrp 1 192.168.0.0 255.255.252.0 R3(config-if)#interface serial0/0/1 R3(config-if)#ip summary-address eigrp 1 192.168.0.0 255.255.252.0 R3(config-if)# Step 5: Verify the summary route. View the routing table on the R1 router to verify that the summary route is being sent out in the EIGRP updates sent by R3. R1#show ip route <output omitted> C D C D C D R1# 172.16.0.0/16 is variably subnetted, 4 subnets, 3 masks 172.16.1.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0 172.16.2.0/24 [90/3526400] via 192.168.10.6, 00:15:07, Serial0/0/1 172.16.3.0/30 is directly connected, Serial0/0/0 192.168.0.0/22 [90/2172416] via 192.168.10.6, 00:01:11, Serial0/0/1 192.168.10.0/24 is variably subnetted, 3 subnets, 2 masks 192.168.10.4/30 is directly connected, Serial0/0/1 192.168.10.8/30 [90/3523840] via 192.168.10.6, 00:15:07, Serial0/0/1

Task 14: Configure and Distribute a Static Default Route.
Step 1: Configure a static default route on the R2 router. Use the loopback address that has been configured to simulate a link to an ISP as the exit interface. R2(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 loopback1 R2(config)# Step 2: Include the static route in EIGRP updates. Use the redistribute static command to include the static route in the EIGRP updates that are sent from the R2 router. R2(config)#router eigrp 1 R2(config-router)#redistribute static R2(config-router)# Step 3: Verify the static default route. View the routing table on the R1 router to verify that the static default route is being redistributed via EIGRP. R1#show ip route <output omitted>

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

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CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP

Lab 9.6.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab

Gateway of last resort is 192.168.10.6 to network 0.0.0.0 192.168.10.0/30 is subnetted, 2 subnets 192.168.10.4 is directly connected, Serial0/0/1 192.168.10.8 [90/3523840] via 192.168.10.6, 01:06:01, Serial0/0/1 172.16.0.0/16 is variably subnetted, 3 subnets, 2 masks C 172.16.1.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0 D 172.16.2.0/24 [90/3526400] via 192.168.10.6, 01:05:39, Serial0/0/1 C 172.16.3.0/30 is directly connected, Serial0/0/0 D*EX 0.0.0.0/0 [170/3651840] via 192.168.10.6, 00:02:14, Serial0/0/1 D 192.168.0.0/22 [90/2172416] via 192.168.10.6, 01:05:38, Serial0/0/1 C D

Task 15: Documentation
On each router, capture the following command output to a text (.txt) file and save for future reference. show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief show ip protocols

Task 16: Clean Up
Erase the configurations and reload the routers. Disconnect and store the cabling. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet), reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

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Lab 9.6.2: Challenge EIGRP Configuration Lab
Topology Diagram

Addressing Table
Device Interface Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Lo1 Fa0/0 BRANCH1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 BRANCH2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 PC1 PC2 PC3 NIC NIC NIC IP Address Subnet Mask Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

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CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP

Lab 9.6.2: Challenge EIGRP Configuration Lab

Learning Objectives
Upon completion of this lab, you will be able to: • • • • • • • • • Create an efficient VLSM design given requirements. Assign appropriate addresses to interfaces and document. Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state. Configure routers including EIGRP. Configure and propagate a static default route. Verify EIGRP operation. Test and verify full connectivity. Reflect upon and document the network implementation.

Scenario
In this lab activity, you will be given a network address that must be subnetted using VLSM to complete the addressing of the network shown in the Topology Diagram. A combination of EIGRP routing and static routing will be required so that hosts on networks that are not directly connected will be able to communicate with each other. EIGRP must be configured so that all IP traffic takes the shortest path to the destination address.

Task 1: Subnet the Address Space.
Step 1: Examine the network requirements. The addressing for the network has the following requirements: • The 172.16.0.0/16 network must be subnetted to provide addresses for the three LANs. • • • • • The HQ LAN will require 500 addresses. The BRANCH1 LAN will require 200 addresses. The Branch 2 LAN will require 100 addresses.

The loopback address representing the link between the HQ router and the ISP will use the 209.165.200.224/30 network. The 192.168.1.16/28 address space must be subnetted to obtain the addresses for the links between the three routers.

Step 2: Consider the following questions when creating your network design: How many subnets need to be created from the 172.16.0.0/16 network? _______ How many total IP addresses are required from the 172.16.0.0/16 network? _______ What subnet mask will be used for the HQ LAN subnet? _______________________________________ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? _______ What subnet mask will be used for the BRANCH1 LAN subnet? ___________________________________ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? _______ What subnet mask will be used for the BRANCH2 LAN subnet? ___________________________________ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? _______ What subnet mask will be used for the links between the three routers? ___________________________
All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 2 of 8

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP

Lab 9.6.2: Challenge EIGRP Configuration Lab

What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on each of these subnets? _____ Step 3: Assign subnetwork addresses to the Topology Diagram. 1. Assign subnet 0 of the 172.16.0.0/16 network to the HQ LAN subnet. What is the network address of this subnet? ________________________________________ 2. Assign subnet 1 of the 172.16.0.0/16 network to the BRANCH1 LAN subnet. What is the network address of this subnet? ________________________________________ 3. Assign subnet 2 of the 172.16.0.0/16 network to the BRANCH2 LAN subnet. What is the network address of this subnet? ________________________________________ 4. Assign subnet 0 of the 192.168.1.16/28 network to the link between the HQ and BRANCH1 routers. What is the network address of this subnet? ________________________________________ 5. Assign subnet 1 of the 192.168.1.16/28 network to the link between the HQ and BRANCH2 routers. What is the network address of this subnet? ________________________________________ 6. Assign subnet 2 of the 192.168.1.16/28 network to the link between the BRANCH1 and BRANCH2 routers. What is the network address of this subnet? _________________________________

Task 2: Determine Interface Addresses.
Step 1: Assign appropriate addresses to the device interfaces. 1. Assign the first valid host address of the 209.165.200.224/30 network to the Loopback interface on the HQ router. 2. Assign the first valid IP address of the HQ LAN network to the LAN interface of the HQ router. 3. Assign the last valid IP address of the HQ LAN network to PC2. 4. Assign the first valid IP address of the BRANCH1 LAN network to the LAN interface of the BRANCH1 router. 5. Assign the last valid IP address of the BRANCH1 LAN network to PC1. 6. Assign the first valid IP address of the BRANCH2 LAN network to the LAN interface of the BRANCH2 router. 7. Assign the last valid IP address of the BRANCH2 LAN network to PC3. 8. Assign the first valid IP address of the HQ to BRANCH1 link network to the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the HQ router. 9. Assign the last valid IP address of the HQ to BRANCH1 link network to the Serial0/0/0 interface of the Branch router. 10. Assign the first valid IP address of the HQ to BRANCH2 link network to the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the HQ router. 11. Assign the last valid IP address of the HQ to BRANCH2 link network to the Serial0/0/1 interface of the Branch router. 12. Assign the first valid IP address of the BRANCH1 to BRANCH2 link network to the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the BRANCH1 router. 13. Assign the last valid IP address of the BRANCH1 to BRANCH2 link network to the Serial0/0/0 interface of the BRANCH2 router.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

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This document is Cisco Public Information. However. Configure an EXEC timeout of 15 minutes. and BRANCH2 routers. Disable DNS lookup. Step 1: Configure the interfaces on the HQ. HQ. Configure a message-of-the-day banner. 2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. and ISP routers according to the following guidelines: 1. Step 1: Verify connectivity of routers. you can test connectivity between two routers and between an end device and its default gateway. 4. Configure a password for console connections. BRANCH1. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Synchronize unsolicited messages and debug output with solicited output and prompts for the console and virtual terminal lines. When you have finished. Task 6: Verify Connectivity to Next-Hop Device. Configure the router hostname. Inc. Configure an EXEC mode password. and PC3 with the IP addresses from the Addressing Table provided under the Topology Diagram. Step 1 Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. BRANCH1. All rights reserved. Step 2: Configure the Ethernet interfaces. Step 2: Verify connectivity of PCs. Step 2 Clear any existing configurations on the routers. Perform basic configuration of the BRANCH1. BRANCH1.2: Challenge EIGRP Configuration Lab Step 2: Document the addresses to be used in the table provided under the Topology Diagram. Configure a password for VTY connections. 6. PC2. Page 4 of 8 . You should not have connectivity between end devices yet. Verify that PC1. 3. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces shown in the topology. PC2. Task 3: Prepare the Network. Task 4: Perform Basic Router Configurations. and BRANCH2 routers can ping each of the neighboring routers across the WAN links. BRANCH2. Verify that the HQ. Task 5: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses. and PC3 can ping their respective default gateways. Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1. Configure the interfaces on the HQ.6. and BRANCH2 routers with the IP addresses from the table provided under the Topology Diagram. 7. 8. 5.

What directly connected networks are present in the BRANCH1 routing table? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ Will these networks need to have the subnet mask information included in the network statements? __________ What commands are required to enable EGIRP and include the connected networks in the routing updates? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ What command is required to enable EGIRP to include the VLSM information instead of summarizing routes at the classful boundary? ________________________________________ Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have EIGRP updates sent out? __________ What command is used to disable EIGRP updates on these interfaces? ________________________________________ Task 8: Configure EIGRP and Static Routing on the HQ Router.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.2: Challenge EIGRP Configuration Lab Task 7: Configure EIGRP Routing on the BRANCH1 Router. Page 5 of 8 . All rights reserved. What command is needed to accomplish this? ________________________________________ What directly connected networks are present in the HQ routing table? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ Will the networks of the HQ LAN and the links between the BRANCH1 and BRANCH2 routers need to have the subnet mask information included in the network statements? __________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. A static default route will need to be configured to send all packets with destination addresses that are not in the routing table to the loopback address representing the link between the HQ router and the ISP.6. Consider the networks that need to be included in the EIGRP updates that are sent out by the BRANCH1 router. Inc. Consider the type of static routing that is needed on HQ. This document is Cisco Public Information.

6. Inc.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. What command is used to configure this? ________________________________________ Task 9: Configure EIGRP Routing on the BRANCH2 Router.2: Challenge EIGRP Configuration Lab What commands are required to enable EGIRP and include the appropriate networks in the routing updates? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ What command is required to enable EGIRP to include the VLSM information instead of summarizing routes at the classful boundary? ________________________________________ Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have EIGRP updates sent out? __________ What command is used to disable EIGRP updates on this interface? ________________________________________ The HQ router needs to send the default route information to the BRANCH1 and BRANCH2 routers in the EIGRP updates. This document is Cisco Public Information. Consider the networks that need to be included in the EIGRP updates that are sent out by the BRANCH2 router. Page 6 of 8 . All rights reserved. What directly connected networks are present in the BRANCH2 routing table? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ Will these networks need to have the subnet mask information included in the network statements? __________ What commands are required to enable EGIRP and include the connected networks in the routing updates? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ What command is required to enable EGIRP to include the VLSM information instead of summarizing routes at the classful boundary? ________________________________________ Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have EIGRP updates sent out? __________ What command is used to disable EIGRP updates on these interfaces? ________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.

All rights reserved. is it possible to ping the PC3? __________ The answer to the above questions should be yes. This document is Cisco Public Information. What EIGRP routes are present in the routing table of the BRANCH1 router? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of the BRANCH1 router? ________________________________________ What EIGRP routes are present in the routing table of the HQ router? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of the HQ router? ________________________________________ What EIGRP routes are present in the routing table of the BRANCH2 router? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of the BRANCH2 router? ________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. check your physical connections and configurations.2: Challenge EIGRP Configuration Lab Task 10: Verify the Configurations. Page 7 of 8 .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. If any of the above pings failed. Inc. Refer to your basic troubleshooting techniques used in the Chapter 1 labs. Answer the following questions to verify that the network is operating as expected: From PC1. is it possible to ping PC2? __________ From PC1.6.

Disconnect and store the cabling. Page 8 of 8 .0. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. Task 12: Document the Router Configurations.0. • • • Running configuration Routing table Interface summarization Task 13: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. This document is Cisco Public Information. All rights reserved. On each router. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). Inc.16.2: Challenge EIGRP Configuration Lab Task 11: Reflection Why is it necessary to use disable automatic summarization with this network design? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If the routes in the routing table are summarized at the classful network boundary 17. the paths between the three routers will all have an equal cost and packets may not be sent using the route with the least hops. capture the following command output to a text (. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings.6.txt) file and save for future reference.

18.255.240 255.130 209.18.1 172.192.255.137 172.240 255.255. Page 1 of 11 .202.18.0 255.202. This document is Cisco Public Information.202.18.165.64.255.0 255.192.100.6.138 209.255.1 172.64.133 172.255.14 172.252 255.202.18.18.255.202.128.255.255.255.202.134 172.255.255.165.165.255.255.129.18.128.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 BRANCH1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 BRANCH2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 PC1 PC2 PC3 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 172.252 255.255.165.1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.129.252 255.1 209.255.255.255.Lab 9.165.255.129. All rights reserved.255.129 209.252 255.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172. Inc.252 255.18.165.18.128.100 172.0 255.255.252 255.10 Subnet Mask 255.255.1 209.1 209.

Document the corrected network. Propose solutions to network errors. Step 1: Load the following script onto the BRANCH1 router: hostname BRANCH1 ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab. Clear the configuration on each of the routers using the erase startup-config command and then reload the routers.129. Answer no if asked to save changes.1 255.18. Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. EIGRP routing is configured on the BRANCH2 router. These scripts contain errors that will prevent end-to-end communication across the network.6.240 duplex auto speed auto ! All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Load the routers with supplied scripts. and then use the appropriate commands to correct the configurations. Erase. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state. and HQ LAN interfaces. BRANCH2. EIGRP routing is configured on the HQ router.255. Page 2 of 11 . You will need to troubleshoot each router to determine the configuration errors. Task 2: Load Routers with the Supplied Scripts. The network should also have the following requirements met: • • • • • EIGRP routing is configured on the BRANCH1 router. Discover where communication is not possible. Step 2: Clear the configuration on each router. you will begin by loading configuration scripts on each of the routers. This document is Cisco Public Information. All EIGRP routers must use a process ID of 1. EIGRP updates must be disabled on the BRANCH1. Inc. all of the hosts on the network should be able to communicate with each other. Scenario In this lab. Task 1: Cable. you will be able to: • • • • • • • • • Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram. When you have corrected all of the configuration errors.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. All rights reserved.255. and Reload the Routers. Analyze information to determine why communication is not possible. Step 1: Cable a network. Implement solutions to network errors. Gather information about the misconfigured portion of the network along with any other errors.

165.0.129.132 0.7 no auto-summary ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end Step 2: Load the following script onto the BRANCH2 router: hostname BRANCH2 ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.0.128.252 no shutdown ! router eigrp 1 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 172.165.165.202.3 network 172.202.0 0.202.255.138 255.255.0 0.128 0.0.134 255. All rights reserved.128.137 255.136 0.0.3 ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1 255. Inc.18.165.0.202.165.255.0.136 0.202.0.130 255.255.165.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 209.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 209.0.3 network 209.255.255.0.202. This document is Cisco Public Information.255 network 209.0.18.255. Page 3 of 11 .18.202.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 209.0.202.6.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 209.255.255.0.252 no shutdown ! router eigrp 2 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 209.255.165.3 network 209.165.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.

0.64. is it possible to ping PC2? _______ From the host PC1.132 0. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _______ Step 2: Examine the BRANCH1 router to find possible configuration errors.255.3 network 209.133 255.1 255. From the host PC1.165.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.165.202.192.18.202. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.202.129 255.165.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab ! end Step 3: Load the following script onto the HQ router: hostname HQ ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.128 0. All rights reserved.202.64. Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the Host connected to the BRANCH1 router.0.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 209.255. Page 4 of 11 .255.165.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! router eigrp 1 passive-interface Serial0/0/0 network 172. This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc.0.252 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 209.0 network 209.18.255.255.6.0. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. is it possible to ping PC3? _______ From the host PC1.3 no auto-summary ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end Task 3: Troubleshoot the BRANCH1 Router.

3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab Are there any problems with the configuration of the interfaces? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces. This document is Cisco Public Information. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors on the BRANCH1 router? _______ If the answer is yes. _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. Step 4: View summary of the status information. Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on the BRANCH1 router. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. All rights reserved. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again.6. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. Inc. Page 5 of 11 . _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ Are there any connectivity problems that could be due to errors on other parts of the network? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. apply them to the router configuration now. What routes are shown in the routing table? _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table or the EIGRP configuration? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the EIGRP configuration.

is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the HQ router? _______ Task 4: Troubleshoot the HQ Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the host PC2.6.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. This document is Cisco Public Information. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _______ Step 2: Examine the HQ router to find possible configuration errors. Step 7: View the routing information. All rights reserved. is it possible to ping PC3? _______ From the host PC2. troubleshoot the routing configuration again. is it possible to ping PC3? _______ From the host PC1. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors on the BRANCH1 router? _______ Does the information in the EIGRP topology table indicate any configuration errors on the BRANCH1 router? _______ If the answer to either of these questions is yes. From the host PC2. Inc. Are there any problems with the configuration of the interfaces? Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous steps. Page 6 of 11 . is it possible to ping PC2? _______ From the host PC1. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the HQ router? _______ From the host PC1.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab What connected networks are shown in the EIGRP topology table of the BRANCH1 router? _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ Are there any problems with the connected networks in the EIGRP topology table? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above. What routes are shown in the routing table? __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. is it possible to ping PC1? _______ From the host PC2. From the host PC1. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. apply them to the router configuration now. view the routing information again.

This document is Cisco Public Information. All rights reserved. Page 7 of 11 . view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. apply them to the router configuration now.6. What routes are shown in the routing table? ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table or the EIGRP configuration? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on the HQ router. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab Are there any problems with the configuration of the interfaces? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces. Step 4: View summary of the status information. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors on the HQ router? _______ If the answer is yes. Inc.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.

is it possible to ping PC2? _______ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. view the routing information again. is it possible to ping PC1? _______ From the host PC2.6. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors on the HQ router? _______ Does the information in the EIGRP topology table indicate any configuration errors on the HQ router? _______ If the answer to either of these questions is yes. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the BRANCH2 router? _______ From the host PC2. All rights reserved. Inc. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the BRANCH2 router? _______ Task 5: Troubleshoot the BRANCH2 Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the Host PC3.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. Page 8 of 11 . This document is Cisco Public Information. From the host PC2. is it possible to ping PC1? _______ From the host PC3.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab If there are any problems with the EIGRP configuration. From the host PC3. ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Are there any connectivity problems that could be due to errors on other parts of the network? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ What connected networks are shown in the EIGRP topology table of the HQ router? ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the connected networks in the EIGRP topology table? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above. is it possible to ping PC3? _______ From the host PC2. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous steps. apply them to the router configuration now. troubleshoot the routing configuration again. Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. Step 7: View the routing information.

apply them to the router configuration now. Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on the BRANCH2 router.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab From the host PC3. All rights reserved. Page 9 of 11 . ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again. ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step.6. What routes are shown in the routing table? ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table or the EIGRP configuration? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the EIGRP configuration. This document is Cisco Public Information. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors on the BRANCH2 router? _______ If the answer is yes.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. Are there any problems with the configuration of the interfaces? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces. Step 4: View summary of the status information. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. Inc. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _______ Step 2: Examine the BRANCH2 router to find possible configuration errors.

troubleshoot the routing configuration again. From the host PC3.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab Are there any connectivity problems that could be due to errors on other parts of the network? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ What connected networks are shown in the EIGRP topology table of the BRANCH2 router? ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the connected networks in the EIGRP topology table? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above. is it possible to ping PC1? _______ From the host PC3. Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors on the BRANCH2 router? _______ Does the information in the EIGRP topology table indicate any configuration errors on the BRANCH2 router? _______ If the answer to either of these questions is yes.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous steps. What routes are shown in the routing table? ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. is it possible to ping PC2? _______ From the host PC3. view the routing information again. Page 10 of 11 . is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the BRANCH1 router? _______ From the host PC3. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved.6. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the BRANCH1 router? _______ Task 6: Reflection There were a number of configuration errors in the scripts that were provided for this lab. Inc. Use the space below to write a brief description of the errors that you found. Step 7: View the routing information. apply them to the router configuration now. This document is Cisco Public Information.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 11 of 11 . Disconnect and store the cabling. capture the following command output to a text (.1 Task 8: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. • • • • show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief show ip protocols If you need to review the procedures for capturing command output. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). All rights reserved.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.txt) file and save for future reference.5.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Task 7: Documentation On each router. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. Inc. refer to Lab 1.6.

In the first scenario.6. there are two separate scenarios. OSPF is a classless routing protocol that can be used to provide subnet mask information in the routing updates. The segments of the network have been subnetted using VLSM. Page 1 of 24 . You will also learn to use the OSPF election process to determine the designated router (DR). All rights reserved. Inc. This document is Cisco Public Information. you will be able to: Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state Perform basic configuration tasks on a router Configure and activate interfaces Configure OSPF routing on all routers Configure OSPF router IDs Verify OSPF routing using show commands Configure a static default route Propagate default route to OSPF neighbors Configure OSPF Hello and Dead Timers Configure OSPF on a Multi-access network Configure OSPF priority Understand the OSPF election process Document the OSPF configuration Scenarios In this lab activity. you will learn how to configure the routing protocol OSPF using the network shown in the Topology Diagram in Scenario A. This will allow VLSM subnet information to be propagated throughout the network. backup designated router (BDR).1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. and DRother states.Lab 11. you will learn to configure OSPF on a multi-access network. In the second scenario.

168.0 255.252 255.16.10.16.252 255.168.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Scenario A: Basic OSPF Configuration Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/0 R1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 R2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 R3 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 PC1 PC2 PC3 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 172.255.6 192.0 255.20 10.10. All rights reserved.1 192.17 10.255.168.10.255.240 255.1.255.10 172.16.16.255.16.1.240 255.1.255.33 192.255.10 172.1 172.1.9 172.10.10.255.255. Inc.255.16.1 192.252 255.255.248 255.255.33 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.2 192.252 255.6.168.255.35 Subnet Mask 255.1.255.17 192.10.255.255.1.10. Page 2 of 24 .168.10. This document is Cisco Public Information.252 255.168.5 10.248 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.255.255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.10.10.255.255.255.255.252 255.255.255.10.10.

Step 2: Verify IP addressing and interfaces. Use the show ip interface brief command to verify that the IP addressing is correct and that the interfaces are active. Task 3: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses. and R3 routers according to the following guidelines: 1. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Enter a process ID of 1 for the process-ID parameter. Page 3 of 24 . be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. and PC3 with the IP addresses and default gateways from the table under the Topology Diagram. Configure a password for console connections. and R3 routers with the IP addresses from the table under the Topology Diagram.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. R1(config)#router ospf 1 R1(config-router)# Step 2: Configure the network statement for the LAN network. Task 2: Perform Basic Router Configurations. Configure the router hostname. Configure a message-of-the-day banner. Configure a privileged EXEC mode password. Disable DNS lookup. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces shown in the topology. Inc. PC2. 5. the router outputs and interface descriptions will appear different. R2. Task 4: Configure OSPF on the R1 Router Step 1: Use the router ospf command in global configuration mode to enable OSPF on the R1 router. 6. 2. PC2.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Task 1: Prepare the Network. or 2600 routers. All rights reserved. Configure the interfaces on the R1. Step 4: Test the PC configuration by pinging the default gateway from the PC. 3. When you have finished. Configure a password for VTY connections. Note: If you use 1700. Step 3: Configure Ethernet interfaces of PC1. 2500. Step 1: Configure interfaces on R1. and PC3.6. R2. and R3. R2. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers. Perform basic configuration of the R1. This document is Cisco Public Information. 4.

10. the wildcard mask in OSPF is required.10.0.10.16 0.168.16/28 to be included in the OSPF updates that are sent out of R1.0/24 in the OSPF updates.0. Page 4 of 24 .10. R1(config-router)# network 192. This document is Cisco Public Information.0 0.168.0/30 network attached to the Serial0/0/0 interface. The OSPF network command uses a combination of network-address and wildcard-mask similar to that which can be used by EIGRP. Use a process ID of 1.0/30 network attached to the Serial0/0/0 interface.0.255 area 0 R2(config-router)# Step 3: Configure the router to advertise the 192. Exchange Done All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved.3 area 0 R1(config-router)# Step 5: When you are finished with the OSPF configuration for R1.168.0.4/30 network attached to the Serial0/0/1 interface. Inc.3 area 0 R1(config-router)# Step 4: Configure the router to advertise the 192.1.10.6.10.168. configure the LAN network 172.10.1. R1(config-router)# network 192.168.10.5 on Serial0/0/0 from EXCHANGE to FULL. Unlike EIGRP.16.15 area 0 R1(config-router)# Step 3: Configure the router to advertise the 192.0 0.0.0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Once you are in the Router OSPF configuration sub-mode.10.4 0.3 area 0 R2(config-router)# 00:07:27: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.10. Nbr 192.0.168.0. 0 will be used for the OSPF area ID in all of the network statements in this topology.0.0. R1(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R1# Task 5: Configure OSPF on the R2 and R3 Routers Step 1: Enable OSPF routing on the R2 router using the router ospf command. Use an area ID of 0 for the OSPF area-id parameter. R1(config-router)#network 172.0 0. R2(config-router)#network 192. R2(config)#router ospf 1 R2(config-router)# Step 2: Configure the router to advertise the LAN network 10.168.10.16. return to privileged EXEC mode. R2(config-router)#network 10.

6.0.7 area 0 R3(config-router)#network 192.10.168. return to privileged EXEC mode. R2(config-router)#network 192. Exchange Done R3(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R3# Notice that when the networks for the serial links from R3 to R1 and R3 to R2 are added to the OSPF configuration.3 area 0 R3(config-router)# 00:18:01: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. Cisco routers derive the Router ID in one of three ways and with the following precedence: 1.168.10. 2.0.5 on Serial0/0/0 from LOADING to FULL.10. Inc. IP address configured with the OSPF router-id command. When you are finished.32 0. the router ID for each router is determined by the highest IP address of any active interface. When you are finished. Step 1: Examine the current router IDs in the topology.0.8/30 network attached to the Serial0/0/1 interface. 3.0. Loading Done R3(config-router)#network 192.168. Configure the router to advertise the three directly connected networks. Highest active IP address on any of the router’s physical interfaces.1. the router sends a notification message to the console stating that a neighbor relationship with another OSPF router has been established. Task 6: Configure OSPF Router IDs The OSPF router ID is used to uniquely identify the router in the OSPF routing domain.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Notice that when the network for the serial link from R1 to R2 is added to the OSPF configuration.0. Step 4: Configure the router to advertise the 192.168. A router ID is an IP address. Highest IP address of any of the router’s loopback addresses. Nbr 192.3 area 0 R2(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R2# Step 5: Configure OSPF on the R3 router using the router ospf and network commands. All rights reserved.3 area 0 R3(config-router)# 00:17:46: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.168.8 0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.9 on Serial0/0/1 from EXCHANGE to FULL. Nbr 192. the router sends a notification message to the console stating that a neighbor relationship with another OSPF router has been established. Page 5 of 24 .10.10.4 0. Use a process ID of 1.0.0. return to privileged EXEC mode.10.8 0. What is the router ID for R1? ____________________ What is the router ID for R2? ____________________ What is the router ID for R3? ____________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16. Since no router IDs or loopback interfaces have been configured on the three routers. R3(config)#router ospf 1 R3(config-router)#network 172.0.168. This document is Cisco Public Information.

168.255.10.255 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This document is Cisco Public Information. and show ip ospf interfaces commands.10 Number of areas in this router is 1.1.255 R2(config)#interface loopback 0 R2(config-if)#ip address 10.1.2.2 255.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. maximum is 1 Last flood scan time is 0 msec.3.10 Supports only single TOS(TOS0) routes Supports opaque LSA SPF schedule delay 5 secs.1 255.3 255. Adjacent neighbor count is 0 Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) <output omitted> R3# Step 2: Use loopback addresses to change the router IDs of the routers in the topology.33/29. Hello 10.255.3.255. Priority 1 Designated Router (ID) 192. Area 0 Process ID 1. Wait 40.168. maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 0. flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1. Cost: 1 Transmit Delay is 1 sec. 1 normal 0 stub 0 nssa Maximum path: 4 <output omitted> R3#show ip ospf Routing Process "ospf 1" with ID 192. Dead 40.168. Retransmit 5 Hello due in 00:00:00 Index 1/1. Network Type BROADCAST.255 R3(config)#interface loopback 0 R3(config-if)#ip address 10. R3#show ip protocols Routing Protocol is "ospf 1" Outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not set Incoming update filter list for all interfaces is not set Router ID 192. Interface address 172.255. State DR.10. R1(config)#interface loopback 0 R1(config-if)#ip address 10. show ip ospf.1.10.10.6.255.33 No backup designated router on this network Timer intervals configured. line protocol is up Internet address is 172.16. Hold time between two SPFs 10 secs <output omitted> R3#show ip ospf interface FastEthernet0/0 is up.10. Page 6 of 24 .1. Router ID 192.255. Inc.10.16. All rights reserved.2.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab The router ID can also be seen in the output of the show ip protocols.

2.2.3 Serial0/0/1 10. If this command is not available.2. and then use the reload command to restart each of the routers.1. When a new Router ID is configured. continue to Task 7.10.1. All rights reserved.4.1.1 Serial0/0/0 Pri 0 0 State FULL/ FULL/ Dead Time 00:00:36 00:00:37 Address 192. use the clear ip ospf process command.168.. Inc.2.10.3. for this to take effect If this command is used on an OSPF router process which is already active (has neighbors).2 Serial0/0/0 Pri 0 0 State FULL/ FULL/ Dead Time 00:00:30 00:00:33 Address 192.10.5 Step 5: Use the router-id command to change the router ID on the R1 router. the new router-ID is used at the next reload or at a manual OSPF process restart.168.3 Serial0/0/1 10.3.3.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Step 3: Reload the routers to force the new Router IDs to be used.6 192.168.168. R1#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Interface 10. what is the router ID for R2? ____________________ When the router is reloaded. R1(config)#router ospf 1 R1(config-router)#router-id 10. it will not be used until the OSPF process is restarted.10 192.10.6. This document is Cisco Public Information. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.10.9 192. When the router is reloaded. To manually restart the OSPF process.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Page 7 of 24 .2 R2#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Interface 10.3. what is the router ID for R3? ____________________ Step 4: Use the show ip ospf neighbors command to verify that the router IDs have changed.168.4.1 R3#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Interface 10.168.1.1 Serial0/0/0 Pri 0 0 State FULL/ FULL/ Dead Time 00:00:34 00:00:38 Address 192.10. Note: Some IOS versions do not support the router-id command. Make sure that the current configuration is saved to NRAM. what is the router ID for R1? ____________________ When the router is reloaded.2 Serial0/0/1 10.4 Reload or use “clear ip ospf process” command.

4.3 0 FULL/Serial0/0/1 R1# Dead Time 00:00:32 00:00:32 Address 192. R1(config)#router ospf 1 R1(config-router)#no router-id 10. R1(config-router)#end R1# clear ip ospf process Reset ALL OSPF processes? [no]:yes R1# Task 7: Verify OSPF Operation Step 1: On the R1 router.6.3 Serial0/0/1 10.6 Step 2: On the R1 router.4.4 Reload or use “clear ip ospf process” command. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.2 0 FULL/Serial0/0/0 10.4. neighbor ID.168. such as protocol.10.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab R1#(config-router)#end R1# clear ip ospf process Reset ALL OSPF processes? [no]:yes R1# Step 6: Use the show ip ospf neighbor command on router R2 to verify that the router ID of R1 has been changed.10.10.3.4. and the interface that R1 uses to reach that OSPF neighbor. R2#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Interface 10.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. You should be able to see the neighbor ID and IP address of each adjacent router. The IP addresses of the adjacent neighbors are also shown. use the show ip protocols command to view information about the routing protocol operation. and networks. Restarting the OSPF process forces the router to use the IP address configured on the Loopback 0 interface as the Router ID.10. is shown in the output.3. Use the show ip ospf neighbor command to view the information about the OSPF neighbor routers R2 and R3. process ID.168.2 192. All rights reserved.1 Step 7: Remove the configured router ID with the no form of the router-id command. This document is Cisco Public Information.168.10 192.4 Serial0/0/0 Pri 0 0 State FULL/ FULL/ Dead Time 00:00:36 00:00:37 Address 192.2. Page 8 of 24 . Notice that the information that was configured in the previous Tasks.3.2. for this to take effect Step 8: Restart the OSPF process using the clear ip ospf process command.3. Inc. R1#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Pri State Interface 10.

0.1/32 is directly connected. Page 9 of 24 . N2 .0. 2 masks 10.168.connected.168.168.0.3.32/29 [110/65] via 192.0.candidate default.1.OSPF NSSA external type 1.6.16. O .10.per-user static route.EIGRP external.1.15 area 0 192.3 area 0 Routing Information Sources: Gateway Distance Last Update 10. R1#show ip route Codes: C .3 110 00:11:43 Distance: (default is 110) R1# Notice that the output specifies the process ID used by OSPF. R .OSPF external type 2. Task8: Examine OSPF Routes in the Routing Tables View the routing table on the R1 router.10.10.168.EIGRP. 2 masks 172.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab R1#show ip protocols Routing Protocol is "ospf 1" Outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not set Incoming update filter list for all interfaces is not set Router ID 10. Serial0/0/0 192.10. 00:01:02.0/30 is subnetted. I . ia .0.1. OSPF routes are denoted in the routing table with an “O”.1. Serial0/0/0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.IGRP.6.0.0 is directly connected.168.1. E . the process ID must be the same on all routers for OSPF to establish neighbor adjacencies and share routing information. 00:01:02.10. 1 normal 0 stub 0 nssa Maximum path: 4 Routing for Networks: 172.OSPF external type 1.10.8 [110/128] via 192. L1 .168.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .0/8 is variably subnetted.0. Serial0/0/1 [110/128] via 192.EGP i .4 0.16.16/28 is directly connected.1 Number of areas in this router is 1.168. Remember. IA .168. Serial0/0/0 172. M .OSPF. 3 subnets 192.0/16 is variably subnetted.2.IS-IS level-2.2.10.0.168.16 0. This document is Cisco Public Information.2.0.6.IS-IS level-1. U .10.3. 00:01:12.2. L2 . Serial0/0/1 192.IS-IS inter area * . Serial0/0/1 192.10.4 is directly connected.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set C O C O C C O R1# 10.1.RIP. Loopback0 10. o . 2 subnets.10. All rights reserved.static. 2 subnets.16. FastEthernet0/0 172. E2 .16.mobile.1.10. S . 00:01:12.10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.2 110 00:11:43 10. B BGP D . Inc.ODR P .OSPF inter area N1 .0/24 [110/65] via 192.168. EX .0 0.IS-IS.3 area 0 192.

Serial0/0/0 Step 2: Use the show interfaces serial0/0/0 command on the R1 router to view the bandwidth of the Serial 0/0/0 interface. 00:17:06.10. This document is Cisco Public Information.8 [110/128] via 192. BW 1544 Kbit.16.1. Serial0/0/0 172. 00:17:06.10. output never. 00:16:56. R1 router: R1(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R1(config-if)#bandwidth 64 R1(config-if)#interface serial0/0/1 R1(config-if)#bandwidth 64 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.168.10.16/28 is directly connected.4 is directly connected. keepalive set (10 sec) Last input never.0/8 is variably subnetted. Page 10 of 24 .168.10. Loopback0 10.6.10.168. 64 kbps. If this is not the actual bandwidth of the serial link.32/29 [110/65] via 192.1.0.0/24 network.1.16.0. Serial0/0/1 192.10.10.6.1/32 is directly connected.168. Serial0/0/1 [110/128] via 192.168. line protocol is up (connected) Hardware is HD64570 Internet address is 192.0/16 is variably subnetted. Task 9: Configure OSPF Cost Step 1: Use the show ip route command on the R1 router to view the OSPF cost to reach the 10. 2 masks 172. Step 3: Use the bandwidth command to change the bandwidth of the serial interfaces of the R1 and R2 routers to the actual bandwidth.0/24 [110/65] via 192.1. Serial0/0/1 192.10.2. the bandwidth will need to be changed so that the OSPF cost can be calculated correctly.10. All rights reserved. the bandwidth metric will default to 1544 Kbits.168.16. DLY 20000 usec. 00:16:56.6. FastEthernet0/0 172. output hang never Last clearing of "show interface" counters never Input queue: 0/75/0 (size/max/drops).168. 2 subnets. 2 subnets. 3 subnets 192. rely 255/255.168.168.0/30 is subnetted. 2 masks 10.1/30 MTU 1500 bytes.0.10. loopback not set.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. load 1/255 Encapsulation HDLC. Inc.10. Total output drops: 0 <output omitted> On most serial links.0 is directly connected.2. R1#show interfaces serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/0 is up. Serial0/0/0 192. OSPF does not automatically summarize at major network boundaries.10. R1#show ip route <output omitted> C O C O C C O R1# 10.10.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Notice that unlike RIPv2 and EIGRP.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF

Lab 11.6.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab

R2 router: R2(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R2(config-if)#bandwidth 64 R2(config)#interface serial0/0/1 R2(config-if)#bandwidth 64 Step 4: Use the show ip ospf interface command on the R1 router to verify the cost of the serial links. The cost of each of the Serial links is now 1562, the result of the calculation: 108/64,000 bps. R1#show ip ospf interface <output omitted> Serial0/0/0 is up, line protocol is up Internet address is 192.168.10.1/30, Area 0 Process ID 1, Router ID 10.1.1.1, Network Type POINT-TO-POINT, Cost: 1562 Transmit Delay is 1 sec, State POINT-TO-POINT, Timer intervals configured, Hello 10, Dead 40, Wait 40, Retransmit 5 Hello due in 00:00:05 Index 2/2, flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1, maximum is 1 Last flood scan time is 0 msec, maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 1 , Adjacent neighbor count is 1 Adjacent with neighbor 10.2.2.2 Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) Serial0/0/1 is up, line protocol is up Internet address is 192.168.10.5/30, Area 0 Process ID 1, Router ID 10.1.1.1, Network Type POINT-TO-POINT, Cost: 1562 Transmit Delay is 1 sec, State POINT-TO-POINT, <output omitted> Step 5: Use the ip ospf cost command to configure the OSPF cost on the R3 router. An alternative method to using the bandwidth command is to use the ip ospf cost command, which allows you to directly configure the cost. Use the ip ospf cost command to change the bandwidth of the serial interfaces of the R3 router to 1562. R3(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R3(config-if)#ip ospf cost 1562 R3(config-if)#interface serial0/0/1 R3(config-if)#ip ospf cost 1562 Step 6: Use the show ip ospf interface command on the R3 router to verify that the cost of the link the cost of each of the Serial links is now 1562. R3#show ip ospf interface <output omitted>

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CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF

Lab 11.6.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab

Serial0/0/1 is up, line protocol is up Internet address is 192.168.10.10/30, Area 0 Process ID 1, Router ID 10.3.3.3, Network Type POINT-TO-POINT, Cost: 1562 Transmit Delay is 1 sec, State POINT-TO-POINT, Timer intervals configured, Hello 10, Dead 40, Wait 40, Retransmit 5 Hello due in 00:00:06 Index 2/2, flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1, maximum is 1 Last flood scan time is 0 msec, maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 1 , Adjacent neighbor count is 1 Adjacent with neighbor 10.2.2.2 Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) Serial0/0/0 is up, line protocol is up Internet address is 192.168.10.6/30, Area 0 Process ID 1, Router ID 10.3.3.3, Network Type POINT-TO-POINT, Cost: 1562 Transmit Delay is 1 sec, State POINT-TO-POINT, <output omitted>

Task 10: Redistribute an OSPF Default Route
Step 1: Configure a loopback address on the R1 router to simulate a link to an ISP. R1(config)#interface loopback1 %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Loopback1, changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback1, changed state to up R1(config-if)#ip address 172.30.1.1 255.255.255.252 Step 2: Configure a static default route on the R1 router. Use the loopback address that ha been configured to simulate a link to an ISP as the exit interface. R1(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 loopback1 R1(config)# Step 3: Use the default-information originate command to include the static route in the OSPF updates that are sent from the R1 router. R1(config)#router ospf 1 R1(config-router)#default-information originate R1(config-router)#

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CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF

Lab 11.6.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab

Step 4: View the routing table on the R2 router to verify that the static default route is being redistributed via OSPF. R2#show ip route <output omitted> Gateway of last resort is 192.168.10.1 to network 0.0.0.0 10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 2 subnets, 2 masks 10.2.2.2/32 is directly connected, Loopback0 10.10.10.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0 172.16.0.0/16 is variably subnetted, 2 subnets, 2 masks O 172.16.1.16/28 [110/1563] via 192.168.10.1, 00:29:28, Serial0/0/0 O 172.16.1.32/29 [110/1563] via 192.168.10.10, 00:29:28, Serial0/0/1 192.168.10.0/30 is subnetted, 3 subnets C 192.168.10.0 is directly connected, Serial0/0/0 O 192.168.10.4 [110/3124] via 192.168.10.10, 00:25:56, Serial0/0/1 [110/3124] via 192.168.10.1, 00:25:56, Serial0/0/0 C 192.168.10.8 is directly connected, Serial0/0/1 O*E2 0.0.0.0/0 [110/1] via 192.168.10.1, 00:01:11, Serial0/0/0 R2# C C

Task 11: Configure Additional OSPF Features
Step 1: Use the auto-cost reference-bandwidth command to adjust the reference bandwidth value. Increase the reference bandwidth to 10000 to simulate 10GigE speeds. Configure this command on all routers in the OSPF routing domain. R1(config-router)#auto-cost reference-bandwidth 10000 % OSPF: Reference bandwidth is changed. Please ensure reference bandwidth is consistent across all routers. R2(config-router)#auto-cost reference-bandwidth 10000 % OSPF: Reference bandwidth is changed. Please ensure reference bandwidth is consistent across all routers. R3(config-router)#auto-cost reference-bandwidth 10000 % OSPF: Reference bandwidth is changed. Please ensure reference bandwidth is consistent across all routers. Step 2: Examine the routing table on the R1 router to verify the change in the OSPF cost metric. Notice that the values are much larger cost values for OSPF routes. R1#show ip route <output omitted>

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CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF

Lab 11.6.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab

Gateway of last resort is 0.0.0.0 to network 0.0.0.0 10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 2 subnets, 2 masks C 10.1.1.1/32 is directly connected, Loopback0 O 10.10.10.0/24 [110/65635] via 192.168.10.2, 00:01:01, Serial0/0/0 172.16.0.0/16 is variably subnetted, 2 subnets, 2 masks C 172.16.1.16/28 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0 O 172.16.1.32/29 [110/65635] via 192.168.10.6, 00:00:51, Serial0/0/1 172.30.0.0/30 is subnetted, 1 subnets C 172.30.1.0 is directly connected, Loopback1 192.168.10.0/30 is subnetted, 3 subnets C 192.168.10.0 is directly connected, Serial0/0/0 C 192.168.10.4 is directly connected, Serial0/0/1 O 192.168.10.8 [110/67097] via 192.168.10.2, 00:01:01, Serial0/0/0 S* 0.0.0.0/0 is directly connected, Loopback1 R1# Step 3: Use the show ip ospf neighbor command on R1 to view the Dead Time counter. The Dead Time counter is counting down from the default interval of 40 seconds. R1#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Pri State Interface 10.2.2.2 0 FULL/Serial0/0/0 10.3.3.3 0 FULL/Serial0/0/1 Dead Time 00:00:34 00:00:34 Address 192.168.10.2 192.168.10.6

Step 4: Configure the OSPF Hello and Dead intervals. The OSPF Hello and Dead intervals can be modified manually using the ip ospf hellointerval and ip ospf dead-interval interface commands. Use these commands to change the hello interval to 5 seconds and the dead interval to 20 seconds on the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the R1 router. R1(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R1(config-if)#ip ospf hello-interval 5 R1(config-if)#ip ospf dead-interval 20 R1(config-if)# 01:09:04: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1, Nbr 10.2.2.2 on Serial0/0/0 from FULL to DOWN, Neighbor Down: Dead timer expired 01:09:04: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1, Nbr 10.2.2.2 on Serial0/0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached After 20 seconds the Dead Timer on R1 expires. R1 and R2 loose adjacency because the Dead Timer and Hello Timers must be configured identically on each side of the serial link between R1 and R2. Step 5: Modify the Dead Timer and Hello Timer intervals. Modify the Dead Timer and Hello Timer intervals on the Serial 0/0/0 interface in the R2 router to match the intervals configured on the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the R1 router.

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CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF

Lab 11.6.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab

R2(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R2(config-if)#ip ospf hello-interval 5 R2(config-if)#ip ospf dead-interval 20 R2(config-if)# 01:12:10: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1, Nbr 10.1.1.1 on Serial0/0/0 from EXCHANGE to FULL, Exchange Done Notice that the IOS displays a message when adjacency has been established with a state of Full. Step 5: Use the show ip ospf interface serial0/0/0 command to verify that the Hello Timer and Dead Timer intervals have been modified. R2#show ip ospf interface serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/0 is up, line protocol is up Internet address is 192.168.10.2/30, Area 0 Process ID 1, Router ID 10.2.2.2, Network Type POINT-TO-POINT, Cost: 1562 Transmit Delay is 1 sec, State POINT-TO-POINT, Timer intervals configured, Hello 5, Dead 20, Wait 20, Retransmit 5 Hello due in 00:00:00 Index 3/3, flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1, maximum is 1 Last flood scan time is 0 msec, maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 1 , Adjacent neighbor count is 1 Adjacent with neighbor 10.1.1.1 Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) R2# Step 6: Use the show ip ospf neighbor command on R1 to verify that the neighbor adjacency with R2 has been restored. Notice that the Dead Time for Serial 0/0/0 is now much lower since it is counting down from 20 seconds instead of the default 40 seconds. Serial 0/0/1 is still operating with default timers. R1#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Pri State Interface 10.2.2.2 0 FULL/Serial0/0/0 10.3.3.3 0 FULL/Serial0/0/1 R1# Dead Time 00:00:19 00:00:34 Address 192.168.10.2 192.168.10.6

Task 12: Document the Router Configurations.
On each router, capture the following command output to a text file and save for future reference: Running configuration Routing table Interface summarization Output from show ip protocols

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reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Task 11: Clean Up.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Page 16 of 24 . For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). This document is Cisco Public Information. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Disconnect and store the cabling.6. All rights reserved. Inc. Erase the configurations and reload the routers.

This document is Cisco Public Information.255.1. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers.255.168. Inc.22 192.168.1.168.31. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces shown in the topology.255.255.255.255.168.33 Subnet Mask 255. All rights reserved.6.255 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A R2 R3 Task 1: Prepare the Network.31.31.11 192.1.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Scenario B: Configure OSPF on a Multi-access Network Topology Diagram Device R1 Interface Fa0/0 Loopback1 Fa0/0 Loopback1 Fa0/0 Loopback1 IP Address 192.0 255.0 255. Page 17 of 24 .168. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1. In this topology we have three routers sharing a common Ethernet multiaccess network. 192. 2500.255. or 2600 routers.255.0 255. Note: If you use 1700.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.3 192.1 192.255 255.2 192.168.255.255 255.255. Each router will be configured with an IP address on the Fast Ethernet interface and a loopback address for the router ID.168. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram.0/24.255.255. the router outputs and interface descriptions will appear different.

Configure the router hostname. R3#show ip ospf interface FastEthernet0/0 is up. This can happen as the routers are powered-on or when the OSPF network command for that interface is configured. Step 1: Use the router ospf command in global configuration mode to enable OSPF on the R3 router. Configure a message-of-the-day banner.168. R2. Page 18 of 24 .6. When you have finished. 2.1. 4.255 area 0 R3(config-router)#end R3# Step 2: Use the show ip ospf interface command to verify that the OSPF has been configured correctly and that R3 is the DR. All rights reserved. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.168. Disable DNS lookup. Use the show ip interface brief command to verify that the IP addressing is correct. Configure the router to advertise the 192. line protocol is up Internet address is 192. R2. Configure a password for VTY connections Task 3: Configure and Activate Ethernet and Loopback Addresses Step 1: Configure interfaces on R1. This document is Cisco Public Information. and R3 routers according to the following guidelines: 1. Use the show ip interface brief command to verify that the IP addressing is correct and that the interfaces are active. 5. Task 4: Configure OSPF on the DR Router The DR and BDR election process takes place as soon as the first router has its interface enabled on the multiaccess network.0/24 network. 3. Area 0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.3/24. and R3 routers with the IP addresses from the table under the Topology Diagram. Inc. R3(config)#router ospf 1 R3(config-router)#network 192. Configure the OSPF process on the router with the highest router ID first to ensure that this router becomes the DR. Configure the Ethernet and Loopback interfaces on the R1. Configure a password for console connections. and R3. When you have finished. it will not become the DR or BDR even if it has a higher OSPF interface priority or router ID than the current DR or BDR.0 0.168. Perform basic configuration of the R1. Use an area ID of 0 for the OSPF area-id parameter in the network statement. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router.0. Configure a privileged EXEC mode password. If a new router enters the network after the DR and BDR have already been elected.1.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Task 2: Perform Basic Router Configurations. Enter a process ID of 1 for the process-ID parameter. Step 2: Verify IP addressing and interfaces. 6. R2.0.1.

Retransmit 5 Hello due in 00:00:07 Index 1/1. maximum is 1 Last flood scan time is 0 msec. Area 0 Process ID 1.1.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Process ID 1.168. Cost: 1 Transmit Delay is 1 sec.31.168. Network Type BROADCAST.0. Adjacent neighbor count is 0 Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) R3# Task 5: Configure OSPF on the BDR Router Configure the OSPF process on the router with the second highest router ID next to ensure that this router becomes the BDR. Wait 40. Interface address 192.168. Retransmit 5 Hello due in 00:00:03 Index 1/1. flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1.33. Router ID 192. State BDR.2 Timer intervals configured.168. Wait 40.255 area 0 R2(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R2# 00:08:51: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. Interface address 192.3 No backup designated router on this network Timer intervals configured. R2#show ip ospf interface FastEthernet0/0 is up. Page 19 of 24 . Use an area ID of 0 for the OSPF area-id parameter in the network statement.31. Enter a process ID of 1 for the process-ID parameter.168.1. Nbr 192. the neighbor relationship is formed. Configure the router to advertise the 192. Dead 40. Network Type BROADCAST. R2(config)#router ospf 1 R2(config-router)#network 192.33.31.3 Backup Designated Router (ID) 192.33.33 on FastEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL.0 0. Inc.168. Router ID 192. flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1. State DR. Priority 1 Designated Router (ID) 192. Cost: 1 Transmit Delay is 1 sec. All rights reserved. It may take up to 40 seconds for the R3 router to send a hello packet. maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 0. Dead 40.22.1.31.1.168.22.168.1.0.1.2/24. Hello 10. maximum is 1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Priority 1 Designated Router (ID) 192.31. When this packet is received. This document is Cisco Public Information.168.168.168.168. Step 2: Use the show ip ospf interface command to verify that the OSPF has been configured correctly and that R2 is the BDR. Step 1: Use the router ospf command in global configuration mode to enable OSPF on the R2 router. line protocol is up Internet address is 192.6.0/24 network.31. Interface address 192. Hello 10. Loading Done Notice that an adjacency is formed with the R3 router.

Interface address 192.31. Dead 40.1.168. Notice that R3 is the DR.3 Task 6: Configure OSPF on the DRother Router Configure the OSPF process on the router with the lowest router ID last.6. It may take up to 40 seconds for both the R2 and R3 routers to each send a hello packet. Cost: 1 Transmit Delay is 1 sec. Router ID 192.1.168. R1#show ip ospf interface FastEthernet0/0 is up.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.0.168. This document is Cisco Public Information. Exchange Done Notice that an adjacency is formed with the R2 and R3 routers.168.168. maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 1. Nbr 192.1. line protocol is up Internet address is 192. Inc.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Last flood scan time is 0 msec.168.168.3 (Designated Router) Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) R2# Step 3: Use the show ip ospf neighbors command in global configuration mode to view information about the other routers in the OSPF area. Page 20 of 24 .168. All rights reserved.168. Interface address 192.168. Wait 40. Area 0 Process ID 1. Configure the router to advertise the 192.168.31. Loading Done 00:16:12: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.255 area 0 R1(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R1# 00:16:08: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. Nbr 192.0. Use an area ID of 0 for the OSPF area-id parameter in the network statement. Network Type BROADCAST. R2#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Pri State Interface 192. Step 1: Use the router ospf command in global configuration mode to enable OSPF on the R1 router.1.168. Adjacent neighbor count is 1 Adjacent with neighbor 192. Priority 1 Designated Router (ID) 192.31.31. Enter a process ID of 1 for the process-ID parameter.1/24. R1(config)#router ospf 1 R1(config-router)#network 192.2 Timer intervals configured.1.33.0/24 network.31. Retransmit 5 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.168.33 on FastEthernet0/0 from EXCHANGE to FULL.11.0 0.33 1 FULL/DR FastEthernet0/0 Dead Time 00:00:33 Address 192.31.1. Hello 10.22 on FastEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL. Step 2: Use the show ip ospf interface command to verify that the OSPF has been configured correctly and that R1 is a DRother.1.22.3 Backup Designated Router (ID) 192. This router will be designated as DRother instead of DR or BDR. State DROTHER.

31.1. flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1.168.168. This document is Cisco Public Information.31.2 192.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 2.31.31.168. Page 21 of 24 . R1(config)#interface fastEthernet0/0 R1(config-if)#ip ospf priority 255 R1(config-if)#end Step 2: Use the ip ospf priority interface command to change the OSPF priority of the R3 router to 100.6. This is the highest possible priority. Adjacent neighbor count is 2 Adjacent with neighbor 192.168. Inc. The FastEthernet0/0 interfaces of each of the routers can be shut down and re-enabled to force an OSPF election. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1. Notice that R3 is the DR and R2 is the BDR. A priority of 0 causes the router to be ineligible to participate in an OSPF election and become a DR or BDR. R2(config)#interface fastEthernet0/0 R2(config-if)#ip ospf priority 0 R2(config-if)#end Step 4: Shut down and re-enable the FastEthernet0/0 interfaces to force an OSPF election.33 1 FULL/DR FastEthernet0/0 Dead Time 00:00:35 00:00:30 Address 192. R1#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Pri State Interface 192.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Hello due in 00:00:00 Index 1/1. maximum is 1 Last flood scan time is 0 msec. Shut down the FastEthernet0/0 interface on each of the three routers.3 Task 7: Use the OSPF Priority to Determine the DR and BDR Step 1: Use the ip ospf priority interface command to change the OSPF priority of the R1 router to 255. All rights reserved. R3(config)#interface fastEthernet0/0 R3(config-if)#ip ospf priority 100 R3(config-if)#end Step 3: Use the ip ospf priority interface command to change the OSPF priority of the R2 router to 0.22 1 FULL/BDR FastEthernet0/0 192. Notice that as the interfaces are shut down the OSPF adjacencies are lost.33 (Designated Router) Adjacent with neighbor 192.168.22 (Backup Designated Router) Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) R1# Step 3: Use the show ip ospf neighbors command in global configuration mode to view information about the other routers in the OSPF area.

31. Nbr 192.22 on FastEthernet0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached 02:17:22: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.31.168.33 on FastEthernet0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached R2: R2(config)#interface fastethernet0/0 R2(config-if)#shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0. changed state to administratively down %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0.168. This document is Cisco Public Information. Nbr 192.31.168. Page 22 of 24 . changed state to administratively down %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0.168.22 on FastEthernet0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached 02:17:22: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Nbr 192.11 on FastEthernet0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached R3: R3(config)#interface fastethernet0/0 R3(config-if)#shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0. changed state to down 02:17:22: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. It may take up to 40 seconds for the R2 router to send a hello packet.31.6. Nbr 192. All rights reserved. R2(config-if)#no shut R2(config-if)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R2# Step 6: Re-enable the FastEthernet0/0 interface on the R1 router. changed state to down 02:17:06: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.31.168.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab R1: R1(config)#interface fastethernet0/0 R1(config-if)#shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0. Nbr 192.33 on FastEthernet0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached 02:17:06: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. changed state to up All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.11 on FastEthernet0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached Step 5: Re-enable the FastEthernet0/0 interface on the R2 router. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0. changed state to administratively down %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0. Inc. Notice that an adjacency is formed with the R2 router.168. R1(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0. changed state to down 02:17:22: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.31. Nbr 192.

Exchange Done Step 9: Use the show ip ospf interface command on the R3 router to verify that R3 has become the BDR.6. Router ID 192. Area 0 Process ID 1. changed state to up R3(config-if)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console 02:37:32: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab R1(config-if)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R1# 02:31:43: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. Priority 100 Designated Router (ID) 192.1. Network Type BROADCAST.11 on FastEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL.168.168.31. R3#show ip ospf interface FastEthernet0/0 is up.1 <output omitted> All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Exchange Done Step 7: Use the show ip ospf neighbor command on the R1 router to view the OSPF neighbor information for that router.31.22 0 FULL/DROTHER FastEthernet0/0 R1# Dead Time 00:00:33 Address 192. State BDR. This document is Cisco Public Information.31. Loading Done 02:37:36: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. Inc. line protocol is up Internet address is 192.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.31.168. Page 23 of 24 .11. R3(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0.168. Nbr 192. All rights reserved.2 Step 8: Re-enable the FastEthernet0/0 interface on the R3 router. Nbr 192. Notice that an adjacency is formed with the R1 and R2 routers.168. Nbr 192.22 on FastEthernet0/0 from EXCHANGE to FULL. the R2 router has been set to a state of DRother because the OSPF priority has been set to 0. Interface address 192.33. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0. R1#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Pri State Interface 192. Cost: 1 Transmit Delay is 1 sec.168.22 on FastEthernet0/0 from EXCHANGE to FULL.3/24.168.168.1.31. Notice that even though the R2 router has a higher router ID than R1.1.168.31. It may take up to 40 seconds for both the R1 and R2 routers to each send a hello packet.

6.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Task 8: Document the Router Configurations. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Inc. capture the following command output to a text file and save for future reference: Running configuration Routing table Interface summarization Output from show ip protocols Task 9: Clean Up. All rights reserved. Disconnect and store the cabling. This document is Cisco Public Information. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). Erase the configurations and reload the routers. On each router. Page 24 of 24 .

Page 1 of 10 . This document is Cisco Public Information.1 255.6.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Lo1 Fa0/0 Branch1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 Branch2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 10.255.10. Inc.Lab 11. All rights reserved.10.252 IP Address Subnet Mask Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A PC1 PC2 PC3 NIC NIC NIC All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255.

Step 2: Consider the following questions when creating your network design.10. Page 2 of 10 . This document is Cisco Public Information. The 172. Inc. you will be given a network address that must be subnetted using VLSM to complete the addressing of the network shown in the Topology Diagram.0/30 network. A combination OSPF routing and static routing will be required so that hosts on networks that are not directly connected will be able to communicate with each other. All rights reserved.0.20. Step 1: Examine the network requirements.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.0.0/16 network must be subnetted to provide addresses for the LANs and serial links.0/16 network? ________ How many total IP addresses are required from the 172. Task 1: Subnet the Address Space.0.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab. The addressing for the Network has the following requirements.20.6. o The HQ LAN will require 8000 addresses o The Branch1 LAN will require 4000 addresses o The Branch2 LAN will require 2000 addresses o The links between the routers will require two addresses for each link The loopback address representing the link between the HQ router and the ISP will use the 10. How many subnets need to be created from the 172.10. you will be able to: Create an efficient VLSM design given requirements Assign appropriate addresses to interfaces and document Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state Configure routers including OSPF Configure and propagate a static default route Verify OSPF operation Test and verify full connectivity Reflect upon and document the network implementation Scenario In this lab activity.0/16 network? ____________ What subnet mask will be used for the HQ LAN subnet? ________________________ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? __________ What subnet mask will be used for the Branch1 LAN subnet? ___________________ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? __________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. OSPF area ID of 0 and process ID of 1 will be used in all OSPF configurations.20.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.0. Inc. 5. This document is Cisco Public Information. What is the network address of this subnet? ___________________________ 5. What is the network address of this subnet? _________________ 2. 2.0/16 network to the link between the Branch1 and Branch2 routers. Assign subnet 0 of the 172. 6. Page 3 of 10 . All rights reserved. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Assign subnet 4 of the 172.0/16 network to the HQ LAN subnet.20. Assign subnet 1 of the 172.0. 3.0.0.10.6. Assign the first valid IP address of the Branch1 LAN network to the LAN interface of the Branch1 router.20. What is the network address of this subnet? ______________________ 4.20. Assign subnet 3 of the 172. 1.20. Assign appropriate addresses to the device interfaces.20. What is the network address of this subnet? ____________________ Task 2: Determine Interface Addresses. Assign the first valid host address in the 10.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab What subnet mask will be used for the Branch2 LAN subnet? _____________________ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? __________ What subnet mask will be used for the links between the three routers? ____________________ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on each of these subnets? ________ Step 3: Assign subnetwork addresses to the Topology Diagram.0/16 network to the link between the HQ and Branch2 routers. 4. Assign the last valid IP address of the Branch2 LAN network to PC3.0.0/16 network to the link between the HQ and Branch1 routers. What is the network address of this subnet? ______________________ 3.0/16 network to the Branch1 LAN subnet.0. Assign subnet 2 of the 172. Assign the last valid IP address of the HQ LAN network to PC2.0/30 network to the Loopback 1 interface on the HQ router. 7. Assign the last valid IP address of the Branch1 LAN network to PC1. Assign subnet 5 of the 172.10.20. Assign the first valid IP address of the Branch2 LAN network to the LAN interface of the Branch2 router. What is the network address of this subnet? ___________________________ 6.0/16 network to the Branch2 LAN subnet. 1. Assign the first valid IP address of the HQ LAN network to the LAN interface of the HQ router.

9. 3. 11. All rights reserved. Disable DNS lookup.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab 8. Task 3: Prepare the Network. Configure an EXEC timeout of 15 minutes. Inc. 7. 2. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Assign the first valid IP address of the HQ to Branch2 link network to the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the HQ router. Configure a password for VTY connections. Perform basic configuration of the BRANCH. Assign the last valid IP address of the Branch1 to Branch2 link network to the Serial0/0/0 interface of the Branch2 router. Configure a message-of-the-day banner. 5. Assign the first valid IP address of the HQ to Branch1 link network to the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the HQ router. Synchronize unsolicited messages and debug output with solicited output and prompts for the console and virtual terminal lines. 13. 4. Configure an EXEC mode password. 6. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces as shown in the topology. This document is Cisco Public Information.6. Assign the last valid IP address of the HQ to Branch1 link network to the Serial0/0/0 interface of the Branch router. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. Assign the first valid IP address of the Branch1 to Branch2 link network to the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the Branch1 router. Page 4 of 10 . 8. 12. Configure the router hostname. Document the addresses to be used in the table provided under the Topology Diagram. 10. Configure a password for console connections.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. and ISP routers according to the following guidelines: 1. Task 4: Perform Basic Router Configurations. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers. HQ. Assign the last valid IP address of the HQ to Branch2 link network to the Serial0/0/1 interface of the Branch2 router.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. and Branch2 routers with the IP addresses from the table provided under the Topology Diagram. and PC3 with the IP addresses from the table provided under the Topology Diagram. What commands are required to accomplish this? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Step 4: Configure the correct bandwidth for the serial interfaces on the Branch 2 router. Step 3: Configure the correct bandwidth for the serial interfaces on the Branch 1 router. Step 2: Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router.6. PC2. Step 1: Configure the interfaces on the HQ. When you have finished. All rights reserved. Page 5 of 10 . Inc. This document is Cisco Public Information. What commands are required to accomplish this? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Branch1.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab Task 5: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses.

Step 1: Verify that the HQ.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab Step 5: Configure the correct bandwidth for the serial interfaces on the HQ router. What directly connected networks are present in the Branch1 routing table? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ What commands are required to enable OSPF and include the connected networks in the routing updates? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. However. Step 2: Verify that PC1.6. Inc. What commands are required to accomplish this? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Task 6: Verify Connectivity to Next Hop Device. Branch1. Page 6 of 10 . you can test connectivity between two routers and between and end device and its default gateway. All rights reserved. You should NOT have connectivity between end devices yet. Task 7: Configure OSPF Routing on the Branch1 Router. and Branch2 routers can ping each of the neighboring routers across the WAN links. and PC3 can ping their respective default gateway. This document is Cisco Public Information. PC2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Step 1: Consider the networks that need to be included in the OSPF updates that are sent out by the Branch1 router.

Page 7 of 10 . Inc.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. All rights reserved. A static default route will need to be configured to send all packets with destination addresses that are not in the routing table to the loopback address representing the link between the HQ router and the ISP.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have OSPF updates sent out? ____________ What command is used to disable OSPF updates on these interfaces? _____________________________________________________________________________ Task 8: Configure OSPF and Static Routing on the HQ Router. Step 1: Consider the type of static routing that is needed on HQ. This document is Cisco Public Information.6. What command is needed to accomplish this? _____________________________________________________________________________ What directly connected networks are present in the HQ routing table? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Will the networks of the HQ LAN and the links between the Branch 1 and Branch2 routers need to have the subnet mask information included in the network statements? __________ What commands are required to enable OSPF and include the appropriate networks in the routing updates? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have OSPF updates sent out? ____________ What command is used to disable OSPF updates on these interfaces? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. What command is used to configure this? _____________________________________________________________________________ Task 9: Configure OSPF Routing on the Branch2 Router. Refer to your basic troubleshooting techniques used in the [Chapter 1] labs. What directly connected networks are present in the Branch2 routing table? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ What commands are required to enable OSPF and include the connected networks in the routing updates? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have OSPF updates sent out? ____________ What command is used to disable OSPF updates on these interfaces? _____________________________________________________________________________ Task 10: Verify the Configurations Answer the following questions to verify that the network is operating as expected.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab The HQ router needs to send the default route information to the Branch1 and Branch2 routers in the OSPF updates. Page 8 of 10 . Step 1: Consider the networks that need to be included in the OSPF updates that are sent out by the Branch2 router. check your physical connections and configurations.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. is it possible to ping PC2? ____________ From PC1. If any of the above pings failed. This document is Cisco Public Information. is it possible to ping the PC3? ___________ The answer to the above questions should be ‘yes’.6. From PC1. Inc. All rights reserved.

Page 9 of 10 . This document is Cisco Public Information. All rights reserved.6. Inc.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab What OSPF routes are present in the routing table of the Branch1 router? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of the Branch1 router? _____________________________________________________________________________ What OSPF routes are present in the routing table of the HQ router? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of the HQ router? _____________________________________________________________________________ What OSPF routes are present in the routing table of the Branch2 router? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of the Branch2 router? _____________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.

What are the hops in the route to PC3? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Is this the least number of hops that can be used to reach PC3? ____________ If the answer is no. why is a path with more than the minimum amount of hops used? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Task 12: Documentation On each router. Page 10 of 10 . Inc. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings.6.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. refer to Lab 1.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab Task 11: Reflection On PC1. show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief show ip protocols If you need to review the procedures for capturing command output.1 Task 13: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. capture the following command output to a text (. use the tracert command to examine the route that is used between PC1 and PC3.5.txt) file and save for future reference. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. Disconnect and store the cabling. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet).

16.10.7.16.255.252 255.0 255.255.1 172.254.10 172.254.4.7.0.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Lo1 Fa0/0 Branch1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 Branch2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 PC1 PC2 PC3 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 10.255.252.10.129 10.10.255.9 10.252 255.255.252.10.5 209.6.0 255. Inc.255.4.10.255.254 10.2 172. Page 1 of 11 .10.1 172.16.254.252 255.7.252 255.255.16.16.255.255.165.0 255.1 10.Lab 11.6.7.254 Subnet Mask 255.255.202.252 255.10.5.255.255.255.3.7.255.0.255.1 172.6 10.7.1 172.16.255.0 255.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 10.1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.6.255.10.0 255.255.255.7.252 255.1 10. This document is Cisco Public Information.254.252 255. All rights reserved.10.254 10.

Analyze information to determine why communication is not possible. The network should also have the following requirements met: • • • • • • • OSPF routing is configured on the Branch1 router. All OSPF routers must be in area 0. This document is Cisco Public Information. The HQ router must redistribute the default route to the Loopback interface in the routing updates. Task 2: Load Routers with the Supplied Scripts Step 1: Load the following script onto the Branch1 router: hostname Branch1 ! no ip domain-lookup ! All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Step 1: Cable a network. All OSPF routers must use a process ID of 1. Implement solutions to network errors. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Task 1: Cable. and Reload the Routers. you will begin by loading configuration scripts on each of the routers. and then use the appropriate commands to correct the configurations. Discover where communication is not possible. Inc. Document the corrected network. OSPF updates must be disabled on the LAN and Loopback interfaces. Propose solutions to network errors. When you have corrected all of the configuration errors. These scripts contain errors that will prevent end-to-end communication across the network. Gather information about the misconfigured portion of the network along with any other errors. Answer no if asked to save changes. OSPF routing is configured on the HQ router. Clear the configuration on each of the routers using the erase startup-config command and then reload the routers. You will need to troubleshoot each router to determine the configuration errors. All rights reserved. all of the hosts on the network should be able to communicate with each other. Erase. OSPF routing is configured on the Branch2 router. Step 2: Clear the configuration on each router. Load the routers with supplied scripts. you will be able to: • • • • • • • • • Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram. Page 2 of 11 . Scenario In this lab. Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram.6.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.

4.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.0.0.0. Page 3 of 11 .16.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 172.252 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 172.6.255.255.3 area 0 ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end Step 2: Load the following script onto the Branch2 router.7.16.255.255.10.0 0.9 255.3 area 0 network 10.255.8 0.7.16.0.7.3 area 0 network 172.2 255.4.0 0.255.0. Inc.7.10. hostname Branch2 ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10.10.255.254.6.16.1 255.1.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 172. All rights reserved.8 0.16.10.10 255.0.3.6 255.0.255 area 0 network 172.4 0.0.255.7.3 area 0 network 172.252 ! router ospf 1 log-adjacency-changes passive-interface Serial0/0/1 network 172.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10.1 255.6.254.7.0 0.252 no shutdown ! router ospf 1 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 10.7.255.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 172. This document is Cisco Public Information.0.255.16.16.7.16.0.255 area 0 ! ip classless ! line con 0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.

is it possible to ping PC3? __________ From the host PC1.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 172.0 0.0.252.255 area 0 ! ip classless ip route 0.0.255.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab line vty 0 4 login ! end Step 3: Load the following script onto the HQ router.255.255. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.0.6.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! interface Loopback1 ip address 209. Inc.0.16. is it possible to ping PC2? __________ From the host PC1.255. is it possible to ping the default gateway? __________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.7.0 0.10.0.7.0 0.3 area 0 network 172.4 0.16.255.16.0.202.1 255.0.10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.252 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 172.0.0. Page 4 of 11 .1 255.0 loopback1 ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end Task 3: Troubleshoot the Branch1 Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the Host connected to the Branch1 router.165.255.5 255. From the host PC1.7.129 255.252 ! router ospf 1 log-adjacency-changes passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface Loopback1 network 172.7. hostname HQ ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10.0.16.10.3 area 0 network 10.7.255.

Inc. Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces. From the host PC1. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again. Page 5 of 11 . ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above. This document is Cisco Public Information. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. or will it be necessary to troubleshoot the configurations on the other two routers to correct the errors? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 6: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on the Branch1 router.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Step 2: Examine the Branch1 router to find possible configuration errors.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. is it possible to ping PC2? __________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.6. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. All rights reserved. Step 4: View summary of the status information. What routes are shown in the routing table? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors on the Branch1 router. apply them to the router configuration now. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors on the Branch1 router? __________ If the answer is yes.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Page 6 of 11 . is it possible to ping PC1? __________ From the host PC2.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab From the host PC1. From the host PC2. All rights reserved. is it possible to ping the default gateway? __________ Step 2: Examine the HQ router to find possible configuration errors. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. is it possible to ping PC3? __________ From the host PC2. apply them to the router configuration now. Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again. is it possible to ping PC3? __________ From the host PC1.6. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors on the HQ router? __________ If the answer is yes. Step 4: View summary of the status information. This document is Cisco Public Information. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the interface status that could be due to errors on other parts of the network? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the HQ router? __________ From the host PC1. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Inc. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the HQ router? __________ Task 4: Troubleshoot the HQ Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the host PC2.

All rights reserved. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems on the HQ router that could be due to errors on other parts of the network? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. This document is Cisco Public Information.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on the HQ router. What routes are shown in the routing table? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Use the show running-configuration. Are there any additional problems with the OSPF configuration? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the OSPF configuration. show ip protocols. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. Inc.6. Page 7 of 11 . and show ip ospf neighbor commands to view information about the OSPF configuration on the HQ router.

Inc. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous steps. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. apply them to the router configuration now. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors on the Branch router? __________ If the answer is yes. apply them to the router configuration now. Page 8 of 11 . troubleshoot the routing configuration again. is it possible to ping the default gateway? __________ From the host PC3. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the Branch2 router? __________ Task 5: Troubleshoot the Branch2 Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the Host PC3. is it possible to ping the Serial0/0/1 interface of the Branch 2 router? __________ Step 2: Examine the Branch2 router to find possible configuration errors. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. All rights reserved.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above. Step 4: View summary of the status information. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the Branch2 router? __________ From the host PC2. Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors on the HQ router? __________ If the answer to either of this is yes. Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces. Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. From the host PC3. is it possible to ping PC3? __________ From the host PC2.6. is it possible to ping PC1? __________ From the host PC3. This document is Cisco Public Information. view the routing information again. From the host PC2. Step 7: View the routing information. is it possible to ping PC2? __________ From the host PC3. is it possible to ping PC1? __________ From the host PC2.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.

What routes are shown in the routing table? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Use the show running-configuration. This document is Cisco Public Information. show ip protocols. Page 9 of 11 . view the routing information again. Step 7: View the routing information. Inc. troubleshoot the routing configuration again. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on the Branch2 router. Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors on the Branch2 router? _________ If the answer to this question is yes. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.6. apply them to the router configuration now. Are there any problems with the OSPF configuration? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the OSPF configuration. and show ip ospf neighbor commands to view information about the OSPF configuration on the Branch2 router. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous steps. All rights reserved.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above.

From the host PC3.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab What routes are shown in the routing table? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. This document is Cisco Public Information.5. All rights reserved. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the Branch1 router? __________ From the host PC3. • • • • show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief show ip protocols If you need to review the procedures for capturing command output. Use the space below to write a brief description of the errors that you found. refer to Lab 1.txt) file and save for future reference.6. Inc.1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. is it possible to ping PC1? __________ From the host PC3. is it possible to ping PC2? __________ From the host PC3. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the Branch1 router? __________ Task 6: Reflection There were a number of configuration errors in the scripts that were provided for this lab.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Task 7: Documentation On each router. Page 10 of 11 . capture the following command output to a text (.

3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Task 8: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. This document is Cisco Public Information. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Inc. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. All rights reserved. Disconnect and store the cabling.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Page 11 of 11 .6. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet).

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