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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 8.1 8.2 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 DECLARATION PREFACE

PARTICULAR

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EXECUTIVE SUMMERY INTRODUCTION OF GARMENT INDUSTRY COMPANY PROFILE COMPANY AT A GLANCE ORGANIZATION CHART PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT PLANT LOCATION & LAYOUT PRODUCTION PROCESS HUMAN RESOURCE DEPARTMENT MARKETING DEPARTMENT SPECIAL PROJECT REPORT ANALYSING KIDS MARKET & DEMAND ANALYSIS CLOTHING AND APPAREL OVERVIEW ANALYSING KIDS WEAR MARKET SIZE & GROWTH IN ORGANIZED MARKET INDIA:KIDS ARE KING IN APPAREL MARKET SEGMENTING THE KIDS MARKET & POSITIONING BUSINESS MODEL OF “IRIS” FUTURE GOWTH RATE DEMAND ANALYSIS SITUATION ANALYSIS SECONDERY INFORMATION CONDUCT MARKET SURVEY DEMANDING KIDS EFFECTIVE DEMAND ASSUMPTION

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REASONS BEHIND EFFECTIVE DEMANG IMPLIMENTATION SCHEDULES (Mile Stone) BIBLIOGRAPHY

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PREFACE
________________________________________________________________________ There is always a gap between theory and practice i.e. knowledge and its application. Someone has said that “knowledge is power “but looking in the present scenario it does not stand good today, simply acquiring knowledge does not fulfill the need to becoming an effective and efficient manager. Thus the above saying can rightly be transformed to “Application of knowledge is power”. To bridge these gap practical concepts is required. It is the application of the knowledge acquired in the classroom. Its provide Conceptual skill in the ability to understand the complexities of the overall organization. This is an opportunity to get clear those bookies ideas and concepts and thereby assimilate managerial knowledge.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
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Summer training is a great exposure for me to touch the practicality of the business.

With that objective in mind I have selected IRIS INTERNATIONAL (A complete garment stitching unit) as a place for my summer training. Reason behind selecting the garment unit is the interest in textiles & garments industry. Mr.Binith Chhawcharia has provided very useful information regarding Fabric, Thread Matching, Cutting, Stitching, Quality checking, etc.

The major part of our summer training was toward launching the new product in the Kidswear market. (As the spending per child is increased, high disposable surplus, increasing nuclear family). People are diverting towards branded & Quality product. At the training we spent 15 days for the general information & more then 35 days spent for analyzing Kidswear market. KIDSWEAR MARKET

ORGANISED PLAYERS

UNORGANISED PLAYERS

Company wanted to form the strategy to position themselves in between the above two players. So the company need sound & analytical information of the present market.

INFORMATION COLLECTION:-

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I have done informal & formal study of Marketers, Retailers, Wholesalers, Manufacturers, Garment Fairs and Customers. Survey of more than 10 distributors Survey of more than 50 retailers Meet 2 manufacturers (Mumbai & Ahm.) 180 consumers (Respondents) Attended 2 GARMENT FAIR (Mumbai & Ahm.) Malls (10 acres, 120 brand factory, Gallops, West Side, Life Style, company outlets, unorganized shop) Cross Word Apparel magazine Website As my formal survey I met 180 respondents (Mothers & Children) for understanding their buying behavior, preferences, liking etc. SAMPLE SURVEY: Sample Size: Sample Method: Event Selection: Subjective: Survey Instrument: 180 Convenience Unrestricted Non-Probability Questionnaire

Based on the survey I worked on my special Topic that is ANALYSING KIDS MARKET & DEMAND ANALYSIS. During my analysis I have identify the demand of …JEANS (47%), CARGOS (27%), and CAPRI (26%), also forecasted the Future Growth of the Market.

CLOTHING AND APPARELS
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________________________________________________________________________ The clothing sector is the final stage of the textile value chain and the maximum value addition takes place at this stage. Clothing sector is an export intensive sector and contributes about 49 percent to total textile exports. The clothing sector is low investment and highly labours intensive industry. An investment of Rs. 1 lakh in the sector creates 68 jobs. This industry also has a women friendly employment orientation and provides employment to large number of women. In fact 38 percent of the total employment in clothing sector is accounted for by women. In countries such as Bangladesh, such employment has brought a major social change in the society. This sector is environment friendly as it is least polluting and it could provide employment to the rural population, as this sector does not need sophisticated skill sets. to the growth of this sector. Considering the strengths of this industry, particularly in terms of employment and export, there is needed to provide thrust

The clothing industry is fragmented and pre-dominantly in the small-scale sector. Major manufacturers have at least 20-30 units each. The reason for this could be attributed to the SSI reservation policy which was in vogue till 2001 for woven apparels and up to March 2005 for knitwear. The quota policy which prevailed during the quota regime also did not encourage consolidation of the units. However, subsequent to quota phase out and de-reservation, the process of consolidation has started but momentum is slow due to prevailing labour laws.

COMPANY PROFILE
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“Our Goal at iris international is sustainable value creation by focusing on core business that demonstrates market leading characteristics.” OWNER’S BACKGROUND MR. BINITH CHHOWCHHARIA Established his own garment factory in 2004. His involvement in textile industry started in 2002. He is skilled in strategic planning, with the emphasis on implementation. His other fields of expertise include management of change, service quality, marketing and positioning. He is armed with an MBA degree and CFA Certificate. BUSINESS DESCRIPTION

IRIS INTERNATIONAL Ahmedabad took its first step in 2004, with a plant area of 10000 square feet; the factory houses 100 imported sewing machines and employs more then 120 workers. Its monthly turnover varies from 20 thousand to 25 thousand pieces depending on the style of the garment. IRIS INTERNATIONAL began its journey in manufacturing of men’s bottom wear, with a small but significant project to supply premium quality for the common man. In little over 3 years IRIS INTERNATIONAL has grown as a leading manufacturer in bottom wear. Technology - IRIS INTERNATIONAL today develops and manufactures technologically advanced, high-performance and cost-efficient men’s bottom, to meet the diverse needs of customers all around the country. IRIS INTERNATIONAL offers customers' end-to-end both formal and casual solutions, including stitching, designing, pattern mapping, problem identification, quality measurement etc. At IRIS INTERNATIONAL, service means the ability to recognize, anticipate and concentrate on the specific needs of our customers. Both our business strategy and day-to-

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day operations are based on the feedback we get from our customers and we have built and grown IRIS INTERNATIONAL one satisfied customer at a time. The Company’s philosophy from the beginning has been to offer outstanding delivery of garments, the highest quality products and the best customer service available. It is this formula that continues to propel the Company forward and contributes to its steady growth.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PRODUCT AND CLIENT PRODUCT

Casual Pants Formal Pants Denims Cargos CLIENTS Kirloskar, Oxford street, Rockport, Arvind Mill M2M, Reliance Retail NEW PRODUCTS IRIS INTERNATIONAL aims to expanding its product line with models customized to meet customer needs and develop its own brand for kids wear. In addition to this, IRIS INTERNATIONAL aims to improve the cost efficiency of manufacturing kids wear through technology enhancements, and optimizing locations.

VISION

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Our vision is to provide the most popular and comprehensive brand in bottom wear, and to provide appropriate and cost-efficient garments for the benefit of our customers. MISSION Our mission is to provide an attractive range of bottom wear. We will achieve this by optimum use of technology, labour and other resources. ” To provide Quality and customer satisfaction” “Launch a brand for the common man by 2008” BUSINESS EXCELLENCE Our business excellence program is targeted at achieving ever-higher levels of quality in all our products and services. COMPANY’S VALUE FOUNDATIONAL VALUES Integrity and Honesty Innovation Customer Orientation Accuracy Commitment Enthusiasm Responsiveness RESULTANT BENEFIT VALUES Customer Service Excellence Empowerment Community Benefit Achievement Competitive Edge Market Leader

BUSINESS STRATEGY

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Launch a brand for the common man by 2008. The kids wear market currently has a growth rate of 10 per cent. What makes this market segment attractive however, is the current low brand penetration rate of 8 per cent in this market, which creates a huge potential for branding in kids wear. The above trends indicate the huge potential of the kidswear market in terms of both branding and specialty retailing. However the key success factors for both new brand and retail entrants will be product differentiation and retail experience. Savvy marketing and interactive promotions with kids, in addition to the product and retail offer shall be the key to success in this category. Apparel, by its very nature, thrives on variety and more so in the case of kids. Besides kids have a natural tendency to outgrow their clothes very fast, necessitating change, which in this case implies new offerings. This raises two issues, one of range and second of pricing: a combination of the two thus determining the future of the brand. In a market that is dominated by the unorganized sector.

MANUFACTURING SETTINGS

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DISCRIPTION OF MACHINES

NO. OF MACHINES

Single Needled Stitching Machines (JUKI & BROTHER, Japan) Two Needled Stitching Machines 5-Thread Over Lock Machines Button Hole (DURKOP) And Button Stitching Machine Layer Cutting Machines.(JUKI) Fabric Checking Table Additional Machines Such As Flat Lock, Interlock Steam Press. Thread Sucking Machine Hydraulic Cutting Machine Computerized Embroidery Machines (Janome, Japan) F.O.A (Feed Of The Arm) (BROTHER) Fusing Machine Loops Making Machine (KANSAI, Japan)

63 4 4 3 2 3 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 2

DELIVERING QUALITY IRIS INTERNATIONAL is focused on delivering excellence in performance and flexibility and to exceed customers’ expectations in quality, delivery and service. We are committed to focusing on our customers, delivering superior quality and offering the industry’s best operations anywhere in the world. Even more, we realize customer

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satisfaction drives our business, and we are unyielding in our promise to meet their expectations in quality, delivery and performance. At IRIS INTERNATIONAL we have a team of passionate, talented and dedicated employees who are committed to flawless service and corporate integrity. MANAGEMENT TEAM IRIS International has an excellent management team, who are always ready and willing to dedicate toward the company. Management teams consist of skilled and well trained administrative, operational, as well as marketing people. Nearly 10 to 12 people are smartly handling the complex process of stitching. CONTACT INFORMATION BINITH CHHOWCHHARIA IRIS INTERNATIONAL 279/A, Dhanraj Hiralal Compound, Opp. Roopali Dyeing, Narol Char Rasta, Ahmedabad- 382 445 (Guj.) (India) Email: Phone: iris_garment@yahoo.com (F) +91-079-65439255 (R) +91-079-6525142

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COMPANY AT A GLANCE

Company Name: Country/Territory: Legal Representative/CEO: Year Established: Address:

IRIS INTERNATIONAL Ahmedabad, India. Mr. Binith Chhawchharia 2004 IRIS INTERNATIONAL 279/A, Dhanraj Hiralal Compund, Opp. Roopali Dyeing, Narol Char Rasta, Ahmedabad- 382 445. (Guj.) (India)

Corporate Status: Products/Services We Offer: Business Type: Geographic Markets: Current Customers: Brand Names: No. of Employees: No. of Adm. Staff: Annual Sales Range. Quality Control:

Sole Proprietor Stitching of Casual and Formals Bottom wear. Manufacturing and Job-work Ahmedabad. Arvind Mills, Reliance, Iscon, Anand apparels, Expert Attire More than 120 People 5 - 10 People 3 crore In House

ORGANISATION CHART
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Owner

Adm. Dept.

Prod. Dept.

Mkt. Dept.

Fin. Dept.

Assistant

Supervisor Workers Helpers

Assistant

Manufacturing units present at all levels of value chain
Raw materials Cotton, wool, silk, jute Fibres and yarn Grey fabric  Knitting  Weaving Processed fabric  Dyeing  Finishing Home textiles Garments

Petrochemicals

Manmade fibre/ filament yarn*

Production unit

Spinning mills

Weaving/ knitting units handlooms, powerlooms, hosiery units

Hand processing units, independent power processing units, units attached to mills

Garments & home textile producers

Composite Mills *Includes viscose staple fibre, polyester staple fibre, acrylic filament yarn, nylon filament yarn, polyester filament yarn staple fibre, viscose

Source: Industry Research www.imacs.in

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6 © IMaCS 200 30-07 Printed May 6 Page

PLANT LOCATION

Plant location means where the plant should be located for maximum operating economy and effectiveness. IDEAL LOCATION Various models are available which help identify a near ideal location.

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Company is choosing their location as per the Weber’s theories of PLANT LOCATION. According to him while choosing location one may classify the factors into 2 broad categories i.e. - Primary & Secondary. Materials and labour are constitute of Primary Sector while Banking, Insurance, communication facilities etc. constitute of Secondary Sector. The most relevant Primary factors in the location decision: AVAILABILITY OF RAW MATERIALS AVAILABILITY OF LABOUR AVAILABILITY OF POWER AVAILABILITY OF WATER & WASHING TRANSPORT FACILITIES AVAILABILITY OF SUPPORTING INDUSTRIES (THREADS & TRIMS) AVAILABILITY OF RAW MATERIALS As the Ahmedabad is hub of textile industries and that’s why company get advantage of cheep raw materials market as well as market for finished goods. As we are doing jobwork so the requirement of fabrics is continuous for production process.

AVAILABILITY OF LABOUR Labour is key factor in production process. Majority of Indian garment industries (Job workers) are less capital intensive so the trained and technical workers are required for the mass production and quality product. In Ahmedabad required labour are easily available, so the cost of training and educating the labours can be eliminate. AVAILABILITY OF POWER Uninterrupted power supply increases the efficiency of machines and improves the quality of products. Continuous supplies of electricity from the TORRENT in Ahmedabad have lead to mass production.

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AVAILABILITY OF WATER & WASHING Water is life blood of every industry, so the need of water in garment sector arises for the washing and pressing of clothes. Water is easily available from the NAROL GIDCAhmedabad. AVAILABILITY OF SUPPORTING INDUSTRIES Manufacturing of the garment requires many supporting activities like threads, buttons, zips etc. These subsidiaries industries help in achieving the desired goal. The presence of these supporting industries attract for setting the stitching unit in Ahmedabad. The most relevant SECONDARY factors in the location decision: FINANCE FACILITIES Finance is backbone of every company. Availability of proper finance is also important as labour and material. Finance required in fixed assets as well as in working capital for smooth operation. In Ahmedabad many financial institutions and banks which are providing finance for same.

TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES Transportation facilities are required in the garment industries for transportation of rawmaterials and finished goods. As the IRIS INTERNATIONAL is mainly dealing with jobwork, so the need of washing requires better availability of transport. National High-way no. 8 and Railways are very near to unit lead to minimization of transportation cost and delay. COMMUNICATION FACILITIES Communication is the process of sending of information from one place to another place and from one person to another. IRIS has its own intercom within the unit and also having

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good facilities of internet in the unit. Apart from these IRIS also having good facilities of couriers and fax for minimizing human efforts and cost.

PLANT LAYOUT

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3

4

1

5

F L O O R 2

F L O O R 1
OFFICE

2

F I N I S H I N G & P A C K A G I N G

C U T T I N G T A B L E

C U T T I N G T A B L E ROLLS

MAIN GATE

ROLLS

GATE -1

L U M P

MAIN OFFICE

Waste

Thread

TOILET

Zipper
Accessories

SPECIALIZED MACHINES

SINGLE NEEDLE MACHINES

S PRODUCTION PROCESS

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CUTTING DEPARTMENT STITCHING DEPARTMENT WASHING DEPARTMENT FINISHING DEPARTMENT PACKAGING DEPARTMENT DISPATCH DEPARTMENT

CUTTING DEPARTMENT

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Inward

Programming

Layering

Marking

Cutting

STITCHING DEPARTMENT
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SortingNumbering

Thread matching

Stitching

Front Making

Back Making

Jati Making

Pocket Attaching

Design Of Front

Theli finishing

Zippers

Seat Over Lock /F.O.A

Theli finishing Pairing

Seat Top

Side Over Lock

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Side Top

Inside Over Lock/F.O.A

Belt Attaching

Belt Finishing

Bottom Hemming

Bartach (Loops)

Eye Hole

Buttoning

Final checking of unwashed pieces

Washing

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Thread cutting & loops cutting

Pressing

Final finishing

Packing

Storing / Delivery

CUTTING PROCESS: -

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Once the desired design is selected, patterns from the design are cut from heavy paper or cardboard. Up to 80 different sizes are possible from one pattern. The pieces of Fabric are then cut with high speed cutting machines from stacks 100 layers thick. Excluding rivets, buttons, and zippers, a pair of cotton trousers contains about ten different pieces, from the pockets to the leg panels to the waistband and belt loops. Once the pieces are cut, firstly they are sorted on the basis of size and color and based on that it is classified into different numbers.

STITCHING PROCESS: Sewing is done in assembly line: - Stitching process gets start from attaching “Jati” i.e. attaching piece of cloth with pocketing. Then it is given to front makers, who attach it with the front part of pant. Then this part is given for attaching Zipper. On the other hand backside of pant is made simultaneously. Both the parts i.e. front and back are paired and is given for side- inside over lock, and then belt attaching, belt finishing ( in which size label is kept and is properly stitched), bottom hemming, loops making, Bartek (loops are attached), Button holing, buttoning are done. Finally trouser is ready for washing and is checked by quality checker and alteration is done wherever it is needed. The whole lot is sent for washing.

FINISHING PROCESS: After washing, the process of finishing starts with thread cutting in which unwanted threads is removed by manual cutters. Then ironing is done to those pants for giving final touch. They are placed into a large pressing machine that steam irons the entire garment at once in about a minute.

PACKING PROCESS: -

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A size tag is punched into the material and the trousers are folded, stacked, and placed in boxes according to style, color, and size before being sent to the warehouse for storage. When the trousers are selected to be sent to a store, they are put in large shipping cartons and sent on freight trains or trucks.

QUALITY CONTROL: Poor cloth is sold as damaged. Fabric is also tested for durability and its tendency to shrink. Samples of cloth are washed and dried several times to see how they wear. Cotton trousers are also inspected after they are completed. If a problem can be corrected, the trousers are sent back for re-sewing. The pair is then inspected again and passed. The buttons are inspected to ensure that they and the buttonholes are of the proper size; the snaps, buttons, and rivets are checked for durability and their ability to withstand. The zippers must be strong enough to withstand the greater pressures of heavy cloth, and their teeth durability must be checked as well. Subjecting a sample zipper to a lifetime of openings and closings does this.

INPUTS AND OPERATION: Fabric (Raw material) Pocketing (Polyester & cotton) Accessories Zippers Threads Button Rivets

MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT: Trolley

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INTRODUCTION:Human resource management is not only to recruite, select and procures the employee but to maintain them effectively. Handling Human Resource is an activity like caring a plant. H.R.D. considered all the aspects relating to planning, job analysis, procurement, training and development, incentive, wages, salary, industrial relation and decision making in complex H.R. problems.

H.R. IN GARMENT: Textile industry is a traditional industry of the India. It can also be called as a heritage of the India. Strong research of each processing increase the confidence of proprietor for setting up the unit. Garment in India is back born of the Indian industry. The company called IRIS INTERNATIONAL is doing job-work in the product called Men’s bottom wear. Garment industry requires semi labour intensive technology for making the cloths. So the need of labour always in front of mgt. Mgt have many advantages in having labour intensive factor like, less capital required, employment generation, and having own business to work upon. The problem in garment having labour intensive is, less availability of skilled man power, absenteeism, increasing expense on training and hiring new employee. The major problem is in procuring & maintaining the labour for longer time.

HUMAN RESOURCE PLANNING: HR Planning needs to implement. Planning is the foundation of policy and objective. Ms. GEETABEN who overlooking the activities of human resource. They plan for the long term requirement and technical specialty.

JOB ANALYSIS :- (DEFINING THE JOBS)
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Based on the demand of the factory, HR manger identifies the need of employee for the specific job. Job Evaluation Title of the job Designation Working environment Working hours Material & machine Special equipments Job Specification Experience Education & qualification Technical knowledge Skill & behavior Etc

Based on the above criteria the department starts the process of recruiting and hiring employee through different sources. Consider the following aspect.  How much experience the worker having?  Types of machinery and work need to do.  Limitations of the workers.

RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION:Recruiting labour (skilled, semi-skilled & unskilled) require special attention. IRIS INTERNATION recruits the people whenever they find the shortage of delay in work. For recruitment they give advertisement through: Local publication News paper Advertisement on board where many labour passing through. Internal sources Selection is based on the Job Requirement & Demand. Selection is process in which the recruitment is based on the success of trial.

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CRITERIA FOR SELECTION: Machine trial Special task completion Trial based on waste

ORIENTATION & PLACEMENT: Orientation is required to make labour familiar with the staff, supervisor and offcource about the company and policies of company. Mrs. Geetaben introduces new workers with the other employee, supervisors and guides them whenever they need. It creates the confidence and belongingness in the labour which increases the productivity and minimizes the absenteeism and waste.

TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT: Training is providing to those labour that lacks in the skill, requires special training. TRAINING TECHNIQUES: ON-THE-JOB training is being provided to the new workers or present workers. Apprentice New machine trial Training based on waste

PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL: -

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Performance appraisal is a process of appraising the performance & work. In IRIS the work is being done based on piece and fixed rate so the workers are being given targets and they need to complete in specified time. Incentive is being provided Provide motivation in the form of training to become a supervisor.

WAGES AND SALARY: Wages and salary is not the motivation but satisfying for the employee. Iris International providing the two way wages. Piece wage to skilled and semi-skilled workers. Fixed wage to unskilled and semi skilled workers. TYPES OF WORKERS AND THEIR PAYS: Types of Wages: Pieces Wages Jati Front making Zippers attaching Inside Side Seat top Belt attaching Bartach Eye hole F.O.A.(Feed of The Arm) Back & cut pocket Bottom hemming SAFETY: Better place for working requires proper environment which reduces the accident, noise, and waste. Supervisor is being instructed for the safety assurance. INDUSTRIAL RELATION: Fixed Wages Pocket finishing Back pocket attached Paring Screening Layering Helpers Loops making Cutting master Store keeper

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Company is maintaining the healthy relations with the internal as well as external sources. The promoter of IRIS Mr. Binith Chhawchharia has good relation with suppliers of the fabric, executives of the giant companies, officers of the financial institute and other govt. administrative. Mrs. Geetaben having excellent name & relationship with the labour market as well as customers in the market. It helps in a healthy operation and creates goodwill in the market.

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SEGMENTATION
Men’s Bottom Wear Casual Formals 4 P’S OF THE IRIS INTERNATION PRODUCT PRICE PROMOTION 33

PLACE

SPECIAL REPORT ON ANALYSING MARKET & DEMAND ANALYSIS
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OF THE KIDS WEAR MARKET

CLOTHING AND APPAREL OVERVIEW
The clothing sector is the final stage of the textile value chain and the addition takes place at this stage. Contributing about 49 percent to total textile exports maximum value

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An investment of Rs. 1 lakh in the sector creates 6-8 jobs_women friendly employment orientation (38 %). Environment friendly sector as it is least polluting HRD needs of Clothing Industry It is estimated that the apparel industry needs 5 lakh trained workers 4.5 lakh operators, 0.22 lakh jobbers, 0.11 lakh pattern makers, 0.11 lakh technicians / quality controllers and 0.06 lakh managers would be required.

ANALYSING KIDS WEAR MARKET
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SIZE AND GROWTH OF THE ORGANISED KIDSWEAR MARKET
Children love playing dress-up. It’s especially fun when they are trying out their parent’s clothes, way larger than their size.

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It’s a big game Little ‘game’ is worth Rs. 13,000 crore in India according to research firm KSA Techno Park. The kids’ segment contributes 30% per cent of the Rs 43,000 crore readymade apparel markets. The organized kids’ retail market is worth about Rs 3000 crore. Growth rate of 10 per cent, current low brand penetration rate of 8 per cent in this market, which creates a huge potential for branding in Kidswear The market is dominated by a Unorganized sector.

INDIA: KIDS ARE THE KING IN APPAREL MARKET

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Kids apparel’s estimated market of 13,000 crore, out of which 3,000 crore is of branded products, has caught the attention of brands like Pantaloon, Raymond, Spykar, DS Corporation and Milou, which are setting up special stores for the kids category. Trends have changed that are quite visible once you go for shopping. Children who were earlier taken to the places such as museums and zoos are now being taken to shops and malls. With 14 retail outlets at its disposal, DS Corporation plans to expand its number of outlets to 50 in the next five years. Pantaloon in association with Gini & Jony is soon going to enter the kids apparel market. Raymond already has a store in Ahmedabad named Zapp and plans to open 14 more stores across the country. International kids wear brands such as Tommy Hilfiger, Freelook Junior, Adam Kids, Walt Disney and Benetton are also making efforts to foray into India mainly by taking the tieup route with Indian companies. What is more enterprising is the fact that even denim companies like Spykar, Pepe Jeans and Killer are venturing to take a pie of the cherry. Baqar Nagvi of KSA Technopark informed that 20 percent annual growth of branded kids wear market has caught the fantasy of branded companies, which want a share in market. Lilliput, Li'l Tomatoes, Pooh, Catmoss, Kids' Studio, Little Kangaroo, Lee Kids, Weekender Kids and Mother's Touch are other brands being retailed in India Naqvi revealed that Canz claimed as the largest selling kids wear brand in Europe is going to be launched in India in a 50:50 joint venture with Pro Fashion.

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CAPTURE THE CHILD’S MIND AND THE PARENT’S WALLET
The kids’ wear market, which has been assessed at Rs13,000 crore with Rs 3,000 crore being branded, can easily be described as the next growth industry with a large young working population and increasing number of double income families with high disposable surplus. A cursory analysis of the kids buying behaviour indicates that they are an independent customer group displaying considerable ‘pester power’ that they have inculcated and now seem to be exerting. Additionally, kids are highly self conscious and can be easily affected by peer pressure, at a very young age, and thus can be very demanding, often at the cost of the parent’s peace of mind if not their pockets. It is not uncommon to hear a kid throw a tantrum to the effect…” I don’t want to wear this….” Apparel, by its very nature, thrives on variety and more so in the case of kids. Besides kids have a natural tendency to outgrow their clothes very fast, necessitating change, which in this case implies new offerings. This raises two issues, one of range and second of pricing: a combination of the two thus determining the future of the brand. In a market that is dominated by the unorganised sector, the biggest threat to Spunkywear is likely to be from this segment, both in terms of range and low prices. The ability of this segment to churn out designs at a fantastic pace should not be under estimated. In the niche segment, where Spunky is most likely to position itself, its competition is likely to be from brands like Lilliput, Lil-Tomatoes, Gini & Jony and in the slightly higher age groups from other brands such as Bennetton, Walt Disney, Freelook etc. Much therefore will depend on the positioning Spunkywear wishes to adopt which in turn will depend on the level of differentiation it is able to establish. Apart from this Spunkywear will need to allocate a sizable promotional budget to gain eyeballs and create a ‘pull’ for itself. With the emergence of kids TV channels, the fight for eyeballs is likely to be intense, more so given that viewing time for a kid is restricted to a couple of hours in the

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late afternoon or early evening. Hence innovative promotions, which encourage the child’s involvement, are more likely to find acceptance. The brands next challenge will be retailing. Although the global brand has standalone stores overseas selling a maze of kids’ apparel and accessories, the challenge in India will be to create a market presence. The options before the brand are exclusive stores – company owned or franchised or a presence in multi-brand stores. Spunkywear is said to have its presence in India through retailing adult wear. Assuming the brand enjoys enough leverage, it could explore the franchising route for quicker and low cost market presence. A pre-requisite for franchising would, however, be the range of products in its basket to make the franchise operations viable. Much would, therefore, depend on the product mix. Alternatively a multi brand outlet (MBO) would be the only real option. Within a MBO, to keep its brand identity intact, it could explore ‘shop-in-shop’ arrangements which would allow focused selling by trained company sales personnel and help build on the brand equity, should it at a later stage consider moving to franchising or company managed stores. The marketing task will therefore lie in capturing the imagination of the child with trendy designs and of the parent with value based pricing. Incase a family is “captured” early enough in the buying life cycle of the child by creating adequate ‘pull’, chances are the family could remain loyal to the brand during the life cycle of the kid, provided the two considerations of range and pricing are well managed.

ALL DRESSED UP AND READY TO GO!
Children love playing dress-up. It’s especially fun when they are trying out their parent’s clothes, way larger than their size. However, this seemingly little ‘game’ is worth Rs

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7,310 crore in India according to research firm KSA Technopak. The kids’ segment contributes 17 per cent of the Rs 43,000 crore readymade apparel market. The organised kids’ retail market is worth about Rs 500 crore. The growth rate of the segment is estimated at 10 per cent per year, though the brand penetration is only 8 per cent. This is comprised of a medley of brands ranging from those offered by retailers to exclusive brands by select manufacturers. Some retailers have gone from the multi-brand outlet (MBO) model to launching their own brands, realizing the potential of the bludgeoning kidswear market - which comes as no surprise as children hold the most promise as a demographic segment for marketers. Take Shoppers’ Stop, which markets kidswear under the STOP brand, though it retails other brands too. In a recent joint venture with India’s fastest growing kidswear brand, Giny & Jony, Pantaloon will set up a retail chain for the brand. Pantaloon currently has about 70 outlets in India comprising of hypermarkets like Big Bazaar, Pantaloon outlets and Food Bazaars. In fact, Pantaloon s the largest retailer of kidswear in the country. RETAILING Retailing for the kids wear category has traditionally been an offshoot of retailing for men's and women's garments. Even today, most kids' shopping is done from large family multi-brand outlets selling men's or women's garments or both. The most popular retail format for shopping for kids' garments has been MBO's. With very few brands in this category, exclusive brand outlets have been few and the concept of specialty stores, has been at best sketchy, till now. However, with increasing kid power, there have been changes in the retail landscape for kids. The change has primarily been driven by the consumer's demand for 'Retail experience' at all levels. Consequently, there has been a shift in shopping from MBO's to department stores, which stock a varied range as also provide the retail experience.

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Department stores have contributed towards segregating and building niche categories like infant wear, kids formal wear, kids ethnic wear, swim wear, casual wear, pre teen wear by stocking a wider range of merchandise and differentiating between them at the retail store level. Department stores have further taken the lead in creating 'Retail experience' in this segment, through having play-areas and kids' oriented promotions within the store like the recent Back- to-School promotion by Lifestyle. Another key trend is the emergence of specialty stores in niche categories like Infant wear e.g. Jus' Bon & Kids, Baby Shop etc. MARKETING Marketing for kidswear brands in India has not evolved due to few brands and lack of brand orientation amongst customers. Majority of the advertising/ communication for kids' brands has been targeted towards women. Today, however kids' power in influencing purchase decisions not only for own purchases but also for adult purchases has been recognized and subsequently marketers are spending large amounts on advertising for kids. Also with the popularity of brands, newer options of marketing like T.V advertising and promotions are being used. Example Weekender advertises on the 'Cartoon Network' a channel exclusively for kids' for its brand' Toon World'. Apart from advertising, they also run special promotions like Kid Fashion shows in collaboration with the 'Cartoon Network'. The above trends indicate the huge potential of the kidswear market in terms of both branding and specialty retailing. However the key success factors for both new brand and retail entrants will be product differentiation and retail experience. Savvy marketing and interactive promotions with kids, in addition to the product and retail offer shall be the

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key to success in this category.

SEGMENTING THE KIDS MARKET AND OUR POSITIONING

IRIS’s products are targeted at the middle and upper middle class segment with a price range between Rs 395 and Rs. 795 We have our own Designers working on designs for the seasons. Kidswear too has similar seasons like apparel for men and women with the only difference being that in winter, kids need a larger number of warm clothes.

BUSINESS MODEL OF THE COMPANY IRIS INTERNATION

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We will operate through franchisees, shop-in-shops, company outlets and multi-brand stores (MBO). About 50 % of the business will be generated through direct selling (Mfg to retailers) whereas the rest is through the other channels (Through Agent). Commissions paid to Agent about 2-5%...Conditioned to repay half or full money, if it defaults. We will outsource the stitching, Washing, Finishing, Pressing and packing from the local market to reduce the complexity of task. We have the special Team of Designers who will continuously work on creative & innovative design.

STRATEGY OF MAINTAINING FUTURE GROWTH RATE

Capacity of 300-400 pieces garment per day, proposed to increase 400-500 pieces per day next year. The total investment in the business is about Rs. 3 crore. 10000 pieces per months in the 1st year.

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Company is expected to grow at 10% (11000 pieces p.m) in the next year as the total market is growing at the same rate.

DEMAND ANALYSIS

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SITUATION ANALYAIS
In order to get “Feel” of the relationship between product and its market, we had informally talk to Customers, Competitors, Retailers, Distributors, Manufacturer, Middlemen others in the industry.

We Learn From Organized & Unorganized Market About.. Different Segments in Kidswear Different Price Range, Influencer, Accessories, Pick season, Franchisee terms, Rented or Owned, Contract Terms, Offer Prices Organized Market

COLLECTION OF SECONDARY INFORMATION
Visited Cross word for finding Brand Name for the Proposed Company

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Visited Bits cape IT Solution at Ambawadi for the Development of Web Site & Hosting it to the server Indian Apparel market & Its Growth drivers through Different web sites. Secondary information, though useful, often does not provide a comprehensive basis for market and demand analysis.

CONDUCT OF MARKET SURVEY
Census Survey—Entire Population is covered Sample Survey---Sample f population is contacted, observed and relevant information is gathered. Steps in Sample Survey… Define the Target Population—Parents & Children Select Sample Size--- Convenience (180 Respondents) Freedom to choose whomever we find (Unrestricted) Develop the Questionnaire Obtain Information from the Respondent

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(Interviewed Personally) Scrutinize the Info Gathered Analysis & Interpretation

KIDS CAN BE VERY DEMANDING

How frequently do you purchase cloths for kids in a year?

DEMANDING KIDS
No's Of Respondent 100 80 60 40 20 0 3-Mth 6-Mth 2 9-Mth 10 12-Mth
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94 75

Period of Buying

Based on the above findings the kids can be seen as very demanding. Every 3 to 6 months they require clothes. Kids’ natural tendency to outgrow their cloths fast Necessitate change, which in this case implies new offering

EFFECTIVE DEMAND ASSUMPTION

Effective Demand
100 80
Percentage

88 50 50

60 40 20 0 47% Jeans

27% Cargo

26% Capry

0 0% Dungree

Product Mix

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Out of the 180 respondent we got 188 responses, because of the multiplicity of the choices. The above analysis show the demand of an individual product, like we are proposed to produced 10000 pieces clothes per months… Out of the above we would divide according to prevailing market demand such as 47% (4700 pieces p.m.) of Jeans, 27% (2600 pieces p.m) Cargos and 26% ( 2600 pieces p.m) Capri.. No dungaree would de produced by the company as such no demand.

REASONS BEHIND EFFECTIVE DEMAND

Large young working population Increasing no’s of double income family High disposable surplus, increases spending per children Kids are independent Highly self conscious They can easily affected by peers pressures. They can be very demanding. ( Thrives on Variety)

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IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE
(MILESTONE HERE)

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The implementation schedule is anticipated about one year.
Phase 1

Idea Generation Idea Screening

Phase 2

Phase 3 Market & Demand Analysis Feasibility Analysis Project Report & Appraisal Registration Obtaining Loan Organizing Working Infrastructure Establishing Contacts With Parties, Buyer, & Market Agency

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

July

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

Survey of More Than 10 Distributors Survey of More Than 50 Retailers Meet 2 Manufacturers (Mumbai & Ahm.) 180 Consumers (Respondents) Attended 2 GARMENT FAIR (Mumbai & Ahm.) Malls (10 Acres, 120 Brand Factory, Gallops, Pyramid, West Side, Life Style, Company Outlets, Unorganized Shop) Cross Word

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Apparel Magazine Website

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