Effi-Cycle

SAE North India Section

© Efficycle C/o SAEINDIA

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....................................... 6 Participating in the Competition ............................... 8 3.....4 2..............................1................. 8 4.......................................................1.................................................................................................................1 2.............. 7 3.........................................................................................1............2 1....................... 8 4................. Analysis............. Vehicle Eligibility ............................ 6 Violations on Intent ....... 6 Eligibility Limits .................... 7 3..... 5 Competition Summary .................................................................1 1........ 6 Rules Compliance ....... 7 3. EffiCycle SAE INDIA Rules and Organizing Authority .............1 4............................................ 5 Purpose ....2 Faculty Advisor ............ 6 General Authority ...............1.....3 1.......7 Registration Procedure: ....1............................................6 2.................................................................................................... 8 3................................ 5 Rules Validity ..........................................................................2........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 2 ......................................................................... 5 Vehicle Design...........1.......... 7 3.............................................................................. 8 3..................8 3............................................................................... 6 Understanding the Rules..................................... 5 Authority of the Rules ..................................................................................... 7 3.............................................2 Responsibilities ......................................... 6 3..............5 2..................................................................................Rules for Efficycle SAE INDIA’10 Table of Contents 1...2 4....................................................................2...............................4 Driver’s License ......4 2..................................................................... 6 2................................................................ 6 Right to Impound ................................................................ Eligibility ........... 7 3...................................6 Medical Insurance .. and Construction ............................2......................................................................1 Introduction. 7 3...........................................................3 Limitations ...................1 Student Status ..............................................................................................................3 Student Developed Vehicle ............1 Status ..............................3 2...........................7 2........................................................................................................................5 Liability Waiver ..3 Age ........................2 SAE Membership ..2 2............... 8 Professional Assistance ................................................................................................. 8 Information Sources .....................1...................................... 5 3.........

............................... 9 Kinetic Energy Storage Devices ...............................................................2 Aim ................................... 9 Maximum vehicle dimension ................ 13 7......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................4.................. 10 Control ........ 10 Vehicle Integrity ........................................................4 4......... 10 Aerodynamic Modifications .1 Design Report Format ................. 10 Utility Requirement for Maneuverability Event ...................................................................................................................11 5........................................................................................................................................... 10 6..................................................................3 Design Presentation . 13 Description ............................................ 11 5............................................3 5..................................................... 11 6.......................... Sprint Event...............................8 5........10 Drive Train ...................... 11 6... 12 8....................5 4......................................1 5....... 11 6.................................................................... 12 Time and Place .......................................2............................................................................. Design Event .......1 7....................Prohibited ...3 8.......................................................... 9 Power .......1 6.............................................. 10 Rollover protection.12 Kit Vehicles...............................2 8..................................................... 10 Vehicle Roll Over requirement.. 11 6.......................................................................................................2..........................Page limit .................................................................................................................................................................................... 12 Goal ...................2 7.......... Vehicle Requirements......................4 5...................................................2 Design Report............................ 9 Brakes.......... Maneuverability Event................................................... 9 Maximum Entries per college ................ 13 Time and Place ............................................................................. 9 Registration Fees*....3 7............................. 8 Student Fabrication ............................................... 12 6..................... 9 5......... 12 Sprint Course Description .................. 8 Registration ..................5 5...................................................................................3 Design Report Submission ......................7 5........................ 9 Vehicle Configuration . 11 Marks/ Weightage (reports 60 pts + presentation 40 pts) .........................................................................2 5....................................................................................................6 4............................ 11 Design Report .........................................6 5..............................................................9 5............................................................. 13 3 ..................................................................................2. 12 Goal ......................................................................................................7 4........1 8..........................................................8 5................................................................................

.......................................................................1 9.................................................................................................................. 14 College Name .............. 14 Drivers Training..................................................................2 9.............9. 13 9.....................................................2 10................................... 14 4 .. 15 Rider Clothing/safety ...................4 10........................................ 14 Fairing ............................................................................................................................................................................. 14 Tally Board ......................................................3 10..........................................................................................................................................................................................9 Goal........................................................... Circuit event ... 14 EffiCycle SAE INDIA Logo .................................................6 10........................................................ 15 10................5 10...........................3 10....................................................... Rules for Dynamic Events ............................... 13 Circuit Course Description ....................... 15 Rider Rules ...................8 10. 13 Timing Area ...................... 14 Vehicle Identification..................7 10......................1 10.............................................................. 13 Time and Place ..........................

1.  Ambiguities or questions concerning the meaning or intent of these rules will be resolved by the Efficycle SAE Rules Committee. Teams are expected to have full participation from all concerned people. The vehicle would be evaluated for its design and performance and the teams compete against each other. The cumulative scores of all the events would decide the overall ranking of the teams in the event. and design of all vehicles entered by a college must be performed solely by current SAE INDIA student members of that college. Only fabrication assistance for things requiring outside assistance is allowed. performance. SAE or by the individual competition organizers as appropriate.2 Purpose Provide an opportunity for engineering students by setting up a trend of using ecofriendly vehicles in India and come up with some innovative designs.1 Introduction Efficycle is an intercollegiate design competition for undergraduate and graduate students where teams have to design and fabricate an energy efficient entirely human powered three-wheeled vehicle.1. The vehicle would be capable to be driven simultaneously as well as alternatively by two drivers. validating and fabricating a three wheeled vehicle driven by two drivers.1 Authority of the Rules The Efficycle SAEINDIA Rules are the responsibility of the Efficycle SAE Rules Committee and are issued under the authority of SAE INDIA. SAE or the other Efficycle SAE organizing bodies shall be considered part of and shall have the same validity as these rules. EffiCycle SAE INDIA Rules and Organizing Authority 2. Overview 1.  Official announcements from the Efficycle SAE Rules Committee. 2. The vehicle must be aerodynamic. 1. work in multidisciplinary teams. reliability and ease of operation. and Construction The research. 1. analysis. Analysis. highly engineered and ergonomically designed. Students have to tackle real world engineering problems.4 Vehicle Design.3 Competition Summary The Competition includes designing. practice design for manufacturability and manage a full product development cycle of life. The design should be commercially viable as a product and should be attractive to the consumers because of its visual appearance. 5 .

required for the efficient operation of the event or the EffiCycle SAE. 2. faculty advisors and other associated representatives are required to cooperate with and follow all instructions from competition organizers. team members as individuals. members of the teams as individuals. 3.2. 2. Questions about the intent or meaning of a rule may be addressed to the EffiCycle SAE INDIA Organizing Committee or by the individual competition organizers as appropriate. the team. faculty advisors and other representatives of a registered college who are present on-site at a competition are considered to be “Participating in the competition” from the time they arrive at the event site until they depart from the site at the conclusion of the competition or earlier by withdrawing. interpretation and understanding the rules of the competition.1 Eligibility Limits Eligibility limited to undergraduate and graduate students to ensure that this is an engineering competition rather than a race.8 General Authority SAE and the competition organizing bodies reserve the right to revise the schedule of the competition and/or interpret or modify the competition rules at any time and in any manner that is in their sole judgment. faculty advisors and other associated personnel agree to comply with and be bound by these rules and all the rule interpretations or procedures issued or announced by SAE.2 Rules Validity The Efficycle SAE Rules posted on the SAE website and dated for the calendar year 2010 – 2011 of the competition are the rules in effect for the competition. 2.4 Understanding the Rules Teams are themselves responsible for reading.7 Right to Impound EffiCycle SAE and other competition organizing bodies reserve the right to impound any on-site registered vehicle at any time during the competition for inspection and examination by the organizers. officials and technical inspectors. 6 . 2. the Efficycle SAE INDIA Organizing Committee and the other Organizing bodies. 2. 2.6 Violations on Intent The violation on intent of a rule will be considered a violation of the rule itself. All team members. officials and judges.3 Rules Compliance By entering Efficycle SAE INDIA.5 Participating in the Competition Teams. Eligibility 3.

7 Registration Procedure: Teams are required to register online at the EffiCycle SAE INDIA website www.3. then the students are advised to form an SAE Collegiate Club in their colleges. 3.5 Liability Waiver All on-site participants. 3. the participating college must have an active SAE Collegiate Club.1. If not. and phone number).1.saeindia.saenis. relationship. policy/ID number.effi. college ID or any other substitute alternate document for a photographic identification. Team members who have graduated during the seven (7) month period prior to the competition remain eligible to participate. including students.1.6 Medical Insurance Individual medical insurance coverage is required and is the sole responsibility of the participant.2 SAE Membership Team members. telephone number)  Emergency contact data (point of contact (parent/guardian. Note: More information regarding the SAE Membership and Collegiate Clubs can be found at www.1. government issued driver’s license. the proof of which (such as Membership card) is required at the competition.3 Age Team members must be at least eighteen (18) years of age. 3. In addition.org. 7 . 3. spouse). faculty and volunteers. are required to sign a liability waiver upon registering on-site.1 Student Status Team members must be enrolled as degree seeking undergraduate or graduate students in a college or university. failing which they will not be registered for the event.1.org 3. 3. The students shall bring their proof of active membership at the event.1. For non drivers. A Maximum of 8 members are allowed per team to participate in the competition.1. At the time of on-site registrations.  Medical insurance (provider. No medical Insurance will be provided by EffiCycle SAEINDIA. faculty advisor and other representative must be member of SAE INDIA.4 Driver’s License Team members (at least 2) who will drive the vehicle at any time during the competition must hold a valid. all participants must provide the following documents –  A valid driving license issued by the Government as a photographic proof for the Drivers.

8 .5 Kit Vehicles. Faculty Advisors may not fabricate nor assemble any components.3 Limitations Faculty Advisors should not design any part of the vehicle nor directly participate in the development of any documentation or presentation. nor assist in the preparation. 3. In Brief – Faculty Advisors may not design.1 Student Developed Vehicle Vehicles entered into competitions must be conceived. 4. Vehicle Eligibility 4. students should themselves perform all fabrication tasks whenever possible. designed. professional fabricators.3 Professional Assistance Professionals should not make design decisions. EffiCycle SAE INDIA is intent of the SAE Collegiate Design Series competitions to provide direct hands-on experience to the students. automotive engineers.2 Faculty Advisor Each team is supposed to have a Faculty Advisor appointed by the university. maintenance. racers. Those vehicles found to be professionally made will be disqualified from the competition. Additionally.2 Information Sources The student team may use any literature or references related to vehicle design and information from professionals or from academics as long as the information is given as a part of discussion of available alternatives with their pros and cons. technicians machinists or related professionals. build or repair any part of the car. testing or operation of the vehicle.4 4.2. 4.1 Status 3. 4.3.2. 4.2. drawings or fabrication. Therefore. 3. The Faculty Advisor is required to accompany the team to the competition and will be considered by competition officials to be the official university representative.2 Responsibilities Faculty Advisors may advise their teams on general engineering and engineering project management theory and act as guide to them for this project. fabricated and maintained by the student team members without direct involvement from professionals.Prohibited Student Fabrication Vehicles fabricated from a kit or published designs are ineligible to compete.

4. and potential or any other type of energy stored at the start). Further a fee of 10. Vehicle Requirements 5. Power assist devices installed should have the ability of charging itself while the vehicle is in motion. 4. kinetic.000 INR will be charged per entry upon subsequent qualification into the main event. 5.).6 Registration The teams are required to register at the EffiCycle SAE INDIA website: www.4 Kinetic Energy Storage Devices Teams are allowed to use only mechanical KERS systems in their vehicles. Registration fees is non refundable. 5. cooling fans.3 Power Vehicles must be driven solely by human power and cannot be assisted by non-human power sources (batteries etc. each team must be required to get their storage devices checked for the type and details of the energy stored (chemical.3 cm (6’3”) height and weighing 113. During the safety inspection each team must be prepared to explain on the features of safety of the storage device.8 Registration Fees* A registration fee of 2.7 Maximum Entries per college Only one entry per college is allowed in the final event. Only Control devices. Prior to each event.2 Maximum vehicle dimension Vehicles participating in the completion can have a maximum dimension of 86 inch x 44 inch (L x B). 5.4. All updates would be put up on the website and it’s the responsibility of the teams to check for the updates. KERS is allowed to be used only during the race and teams are not allowed to keep the system 9 . 5.000 INR will be charged towards the pre-qualification stage. of at least of 190. can be powered from mechanical or electrical sources of energy. especially in case of a high speed incident. The vehicle must be capable of carrying two riders. powered aerodynamic devices. Internal Combustion engines and solar cells are excluded from the competition.1 Vehicle Configuration The vehicle must have three wheels that should not be in a straight line. Procedures to pay the fees are listed on the competition website.org. etc.4 kg (250 lb). electrical.saenis. However multiple teams may enter the prequalification stage.effi. Teams whose vehicles present an unacceptable risk in the perception of the judges will not be allowed to utilize the energy storage device in the competition.

5.in a charged state during start. Teams using batteries and onboard electrical will be scrutinized by judges for safety of their occupants and vehicle. These guards/shields must extend around the periphery of the belt or chain. Drivers will be asked to apply the brakes. wheels. or other power transmission devices. must be shielded. 5. from the metal / chips that may fly apart due to centrifugal force. 5. All wheels are required to be locked during this test. 5. also design should be able to protect driver during side impact.) are permitted. by the volunteers.8 Control All vehicles must be controlled mechanically by the rider(s) and should have solid member / guards protected for minor accident. Rollover over protection system could be applied in any form given the desired purpose is solved. They must be mounted with sound engineering practice.9 Vehicle Integrity No vehicle may discard any part after the vehicle is in motion. and sprocket. chain.11 Utility Requirement for Maneuverability Event Vehicles participating in the main event are required to carry a load of 50 kg in their vehicle during the maneuverability event.10 Drive Train Normal operating components involved in the drive train (chain sprockets.5 Brakes All vehicles are required to have brakes on all wheels. 5. Brakes may be tested by pushing the vehicle in forward direction. 5. to prevent injury to the driver or bystanders. 5. Vehicles need to have a proper mounting system with a clamp to carry a sand bag of dimension 20 inches x 12 inches with 10 . Teams can use both hydraulic and non hydraulic brakes that satisfy the minimum defined criteria of locking of brakes in a static condition. Any vehicle found with unsafe part during judging will be disqualified for the event. Teams will be inspected at the start of event for checking the state of energy storage system.6 Vehicle Roll Over requirement The EffiCycle Structure/frame must be able to keep the driver and occupant safe by absorption of energy in case of accidents. etc. in order to resist vibration. chains.7 Rollover protection Each vehicle must be equipped with rollover protection system to keep riders safe in case of accidents irrespective of whether the vehicle is open or having a roof. Rollover protection system should be able to absorb energy during collision to minimize head and neck injuries during collision. All moving parts such as belts.

1 Aim The aim of the Design Event is to present an opportunity for the engineering students to develop an innovative human powered vehicle design. design criteria. CFD.  Safety: Should include analysis of potential hazards to both occupants and observers inherent in operating vehicles of this type in a general competition and describes the features incorporated in the vehicle to mitigate those hazards.2.2. document it and present it to a panel of judges who will evaluate the design.Page limit The design report should not exceed 10 pages (excluding the cover page) 11 . Any team found compromising with the rule will be penalized by the judging committee. Teams can be asked to produce a explanation for the design modifications and results of performance enhancement achieved due to corresponding modification.2 Design Report. and examples of additional calculations and analyses used in the design process. customer requirements  Analysis: This section should include a structural analysis of the rollover and side protection systems.1 Design Report Format Design Report format will be made available online at the EffiCycle SAE INDIA website and the teams shall follow the specified format only. etc. Conclusions should describe how the results were used to improve the design. The design analysis and result should be clearly mentioned. The process should include the  Design description: Design objectives.2 Design Report The Design report should explain in detail about the design process used in designing of each of the system’s involved in the team’s EffiCycle SAE INDIA vehicle. examples of computer aided analyses such as FEA. 6. design calculations. if found falling out during race or the vehicle found with possibility of risk will not be allowed to participate in event further. Teams can make minor changes in fairing after approval from judges during competition. 6. Design assessment consists of two events: Design Report and Design Evaluation 6. 5. Design Event Marks/ Weightage (reports 60 pts + presentation 40 pts) 6.thickness of 6 inches. design alternatives considered. but any component. Teams can also use movable aerodynamic modification in their vehicles.12 Aerodynamic Modifications Teams are allowed to use fairing on outer body to decrease the drag and make it more aerodynamic efficient.. 6. The load should be properly clamped during the event and hung load would not be allowed.

Starting line will mark the beginning of run up area followed by a line marking the start to time trap zone. Sprint Event 7. All vehicles will be asked to line up in an order of their registration number sequence and will be allowed to move in course only when signaled.2 Time and Place The Sprint Event will be held on day 1 of the competition at around 8.30 AM at a location specified by the host organization. smooth. pits. energy storage and reuse mechanism. 6. It should include such topics as chassis and fairing development. Each day in case of late submission will carry a penalty of reduction in 10 % marks of total marks awarded. braking system and ergonomics. cracks. aerodynamics. and level paved surface of suitable width and clear of obstacles. preceded by a 300 meter "run-up" section and followed by a "run-down" section of at least 200 meters in length. The exact starting time may vary due to prevalent weather conditions. 7. The course shall be clearly marked to indicate the following points:       Staging area Starting line (300 meters to time trap) 100 meters to time trap Beginning of time trap End of time trap End of course 12 . 7.3 Sprint Course Description The course will consist of a straight.6. The presentation should include a general description of the vehicle and those special features that set it apart from other designs.3 Design Report Submission Reports should be submitted by the last date as given on the website. or potholes. emphasizing work that was accomplished after the design report was submitted.3 Design Presentation The design presentation provides an opportunity for teams to discuss the design process and to highlight the special features of its vehicle.2. 7.1 Goal The goal of the Sprint Event is to provide engineering students a stage to demonstrate the maximum speed capability of their human powered vehicles in a non race condition. The timed portion of the course shall be of 100 meters straight in length.

to their vehicle and then to line up in an order of their registration number sequence and will be allowed to move in course only when allowed.1 Goal The goal of the circuit Event is to provide engineering students a stage to demonstrate the racing capability of their human powered vehicles and drivers in race condition. 9. Circuit event 9. The exact starting time may vary due to prevalent weather conditions. Up and down grades are encouraged. leveled and paved surface of suitable width and full of obstacles.  Starting line  Beginning of time trap  End of time trap  End of course 9.3 Circuit Course Description The competition will take place over a continuously paved course that includes turns in both directions and straight sections designed to demonstrate the advantage of the vehicles' aerodynamic fairings. The time trap portion of the course shall be maneuverability track full of bends and turns for approx.2 Time and Place The circuit Event will be held on day 2 of the competition at around 9.3 Description The course will consist of a smooth. The winner selection will be time-based. 8. The course shall be clearly marked to indicate the following points. The course shall be clearly marked to indicate the following points: 13 . Teams will be asked to load 50 kg. Starting line will mark the beginning of run up area followed by a line marking the start to time trap zone. 9.1 Goal The goal of the Maneuverability Event is to provide engineering students a stage to demonstrate the maneuverability as well as utility capability of their human powered vehicles in a non race condition.30 AM at a location specified by the host organization.2 Time and Place The Maneuverability Event will be held on day 1 of the competition around 13:30 PM at a location specified by the host organization. 200 meters in length. The Lap length will be greater than 1 KM. provided during the event. 8.8. Maneuverability Event 8. The exact starting time may vary due to prevalent weather conditions.

Each vehicle will be assigned a number. The number. in case of unavailability of driver during training session any team member can represent his team.4 Fairing All vehicles in all classes of the competition shall be equipped with a full or partial fairing to improve the aerodynamics and/or provide weather protection. hazards. 10. the vehicle will be removed from the competition until they are repaired. located at the end of the speed trap.5 Vehicle Identification Vehicle Number and Logos . and EffiCycle SAE INDIA logo must be clearly visible from both sides of the vehicle.2 Tally Board The Host Organization will provide the staff a "tally board" on which vehicle speeds and standings can be posted. 10.1 Timing Area The timing and scoring area.   Starting area 30 meters before turn Pit area 10. whose decision regarding participation will be final and without consideration of fees paid. If these are lost or obscured.3 Drivers Training All drivers who will participate in the sprint and dynamic Event must attend the Drivers training session when called on event day. Rules for Dynamic Events These rules comply with both sprint and circuit race events 10. the team may file an appeal with the Judging Team. This fairing must cover sufficient area on both sides and in front to provide adequate space for clearly displaying the vehicle number. The meeting will clarify operating procedures and signals and will identify courses features.6 College Name All vehicles must display their college name or initials on each side of the vehicle in characters at least 10. Any team that is not represented during this session would not be allowed to participate in race. In cases of unavoidable absence. will be off limits to spectators and all others except the competition officials and the event timing staff. Teams should contact the EffiCycle SAE INDIA competition organizers. If a vehicle number is obscured during the endurance race any laps run without a number will not be counted. SAE logo. 10. The "tally board" will be separated from the timing area. and college identification.1 cm (4 inch) high. 10. college name. 14 . 10. landmarks and penalties which can be applied on team in case of not being driven safely.

 Riders are required to wear shoes and gloves while driving. feeding tubes.10. This logo will also be provided by SAE INDIA. subject to requirement and decision of inspecting authority.  Riders should have his eyes protected while driving either by visor in helmet or by separate safety glasses.  Clothing intended for cycling use or to decrease wind resistance is allowed (skinsuits).8 Rider Clothing/safety Any rider/team found unsafe in the opinion of the inspectors. the rider must stop or proceed on foot thereon with the bike until the bicycle is replaced or repaired. A rider may ride a bicycle with a flat tire or other mechanical problems. Moving riders may not be tethered by electrical wiring. oxygen tubes. or imposition of punitive penalties when directed by an EffiCycle SAE INDIA Official. would not be allowed to take part in dynamic event until approved by respective inspectors. by bicycle.       15 . The time required for such stops will not be deducted from the rider’s time. 10. A rider may proceed on foot along the track as long as the bicycle is present (carried. A rider separated from his bicycle may not proceed along the race route. but may travel backward by any means along the route. or pushed). Riders are advised NOT to wear loose clothing during the dynamic events.9 Rider Rules  A rider may not receive any type of push-off from another person or vehicle. Use of knee and elbow guards and shin guards is compulsory.  Vehicle should be free from any kind of sharp edges and protrusions that can harm the rider or crew members. Riders must not block or impede the progress of another competitor. or anything else) from a crew member or another person. for rider safety. Commercially available safety harnesses are accepted.  The use of a cyclist helmet is compulsory. or other attachments either to a vehicle or pedestrian. dragged. 10. Exception: Team riders may push or sling another teammate when exchanging riders while cycling.7 EffiCycle SAE INDIA Logo An EffiCycle SAE logo must be displayed on both sides of the vehicle. If a Race Official deems the problem unsafe. A rider may not receive pacing of any form within sight of the rider (on foot.  The riders to be secured to their vehicles by safety harness. Riders must stop for drug or medical testing.

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