Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.foxitsoftware.com Design Calculation only.

For evaluation VOLUMN-III Detailed Engineering Design of Chargahawa River Bridge

B.

Design of Substructure
1.1. Materials and its Properties: Concrete: Reinforcement: M20 Fe415

1.0 Design Data:

Basic Permissible Stresses of Concrete as per IRC : 21-2000: Permissible direct compressive stress, σco = Permissible flexural compressive stress, σc = Maximum Permissible shear stress, τmax =

5.0 Mpa 6.67 Mpa 1.8 N/mm2

Basic Permissible Stresses of Reinforcing Bars as per IRC : 21-2000: Permissible Flexural Tensile stress, σst = 200 N/mm2 Permissible direct compressive stress, σco
= 170 N/mm2

Design of Data: Modular Ratio = Neutral axis depth factor, n = (mσc)/( mσc+σst) = Lever arm factor, j = (1-n/3) = Moment of resistance coefficient, R = ½ x n x j x σc = Unit weight of materials as per IRC : 6-2000: Concrete (cement-Reinforced) = Macadam (binder premix) = Water = Backfill = 1.2. Geometrical Properties: Effective Span of Bridge Deck = Total length of each Span = Angle of internal friction of backfill Approach slab Length, L Width, B Depth, D Size of bearing Length Width Thickness High Flood Level, HFL Mean scour depth from HFL Lowest Bed Level Bottom level of abutment Clearance above HFL Top level of abutment Depth of superstructure Total height of abutment h1 = 4.59 m h2 = 0.26 m

10.98 0.268 0.911 0.814

2.4 2.2 1.0 1.92

t/m3 t/m4 t/m5 t/m6

18.0 m 18.60 m

=
= = = = = = = = = = = = = =

29 degree 3.5 m 7m 0.26 m 400 mm 250 mm 50 mm 1002.15 m 3.28 m 997 m 999.600 m 0.9 m 1003.00 m 1.4 m 4.85 m Fig.20

b1 = b2 =

1m 0m

Unique Engineering Consultancy (P) Ltd

Page 1

8 t 6.3.473 from bottom of abutment. eccentricity of load Moment due to live load = (11.14 t = 0.6 m Distance of bearing center from back of abutment Eccentricity of DL & LL from superstructure acting through bearing.8*12.954 C.68 0.8 t 6.81 0. Total dead load from superstructure on each abutment.00 P2 P3 P4 0.08 t Dead load from superstructure.13 t-m AiYi 4.00 0.55 m 0.5+6.25 m 20.9 m 7. in longitudinal direction.125 m 30.95 6.00 1.4 t 11.4. 11.8 t Fig.06 t = = = 10.20 4.foxitsoftware.26 t = 1.82 Weight (t) 49.com Design Calculation only. LL on abutment from right side impact factor Max LL including Impact.13 t-m 0. PLL Moment due to eccentric load In transverse direction.00 63.05 t Weight of bearings.00 0.5+6.25 m 0. Ai (m2) P1 3. PDL = 85.46 0.3625 3. of the abutment stem Elements Area.4 m 3.05 1. expansion joint etc.188 = 81.5 1.8 t 6.05 m Cap overhang.8*3. For evaluation VOLUMN-III Detailed Engineering Design of Chargahawa River Bridge h3 = h4 = h5 = h6 = 1.9 m 0.8*9. Min.45 m 0.G. Calculation of Loads and Moments Due to Dead Load = 81. e= 0.47 1. 21 Max.00 m 0.50 7.35 m 0.2 b3 = b4 = b5 = b6 = b7 = 0.64 t-m Moment due to DL of superstructure about CG of abutment = Due to Live Load Live load from superstructure: Due to IRC Class A wheel load. y = 0.G.00 0. = 4.63 Xi (m) 0.50 0.125 Yi (m) 1. x = e= Moment about back face = 1. Calculation of weight and C.58 0.5+6.00 3.00 7.26 t-m Unique Engineering Consultancy (P) Ltd Page 2 .50 1.8+6.26 0.5)/18 = 68. length of cap = Length of abutment shaft = m 6.47 1. from back of abutment.125 m 10.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.12 AiXi 1.4*18+11.50 0.8*6.4 t 6.4*16.15 m 1.

188 41. 23 Max. PLL Moment due to eccentric load In transverse direction.00 Longitudinal force / bearing = 1. eccentricity of load Moment due to live load = 20+20x14. eccentricity of load Moment due to live load = 70x(20-1.42xh1 = Magnitude of surcharge.16 t 3.e.32 t/m2 2. LL on abutment from right side impact factor Max LL including Impact. in longitudinal direction.2xγs = Horizontal force due to surcharge = qxh1xtan (45-φ/2)xt = Which acts at a distance from abutment base = h1/2 Moment due to earth pressure about abutment base = = Weight of backfill behind the abutment resting on foundation = 2 Due to Temperature Variation Maximum temperature variation.42 t 1. PLL Moment due to eccentric load In transverse direction. 22 Max.35 m 14.2x70 = 14 t Unique Engineering Consultancy (P) Ltd Page 3 .76 t-m 0.295 m 0.0 t 151.159 Unbalanced force at the bearing = This force acts at the bearing level. 70 t Fig.5γs×h1 2 34.8)/20 = = = = = = 63. at a distance from pier base = Moment due to temperature variation = 10. δ = 4. i.10 70.304 t/m2 25. q = 1. α = 1.8/20 = = = = = = = 0. in longitudinal direction.00 Depth of bearing = 50.053 The total resistance offered by bearing = = 3.68 Shear Mdulus of bearing material.com Design Calculation only.70 t 1.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.52 t-m Due to IRC Class AA Wheeled Vehicle.45 m t-m o Due to Braking Effect Effect due to class A loading = 0. LL on abutment from right side impact factor Max LL including Impact.80 t 1.46 t-m Due to Earth Pressure Horizontal force due to earth pressure ×tan2(45o-φ/2)×t 48. T = 25 Coefficient of thermal expansion.17 t-m 0.33 t 5.45 t-m = Which acts at a distance from abutment base = 0.93 m 2. Elongation . G = 1.foxitsoftware. 20 t 20 t Fig.35 m 24. For evaluation VOLUMN-III Detailed Engineering Design of Chargahawa River Bridge Due to IRC Class AA Tracked Vehicle.17E-05 Max.07 t 8.90 C /m/oC mm Mpa mm t t 3.

51 4.31 322.90 151.22 0.72 Backfill 0 0.90 16. Design vertical load = 229.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.48 7.45 267.38 2.00 1.83 B: (N+T+S) 229.288 1.15 Abutment shaft P1 49.06 16.12 Approach slab 15.00 2.31 As per standard design practice. Case Vertical load (t) Horizontal force (t) Moment (t-m) A: (N+T) 229.74 90.82 14 3.14 81.K.82 229.86 322.00 2.79 3.70 10.97 1.45 0.29 Total 164.95 0.90 267.16 73.83 54. since it would not be critical due to high moment of inertia of abutment. For evaluation VOLUMN-III Detailed Engineering Design of Chargahawa River Bridge This acts at distance above deck level And at a distance from abutment base Moment due to braking about abutment base = = = 1.63 Horizontal force (t) Moment (t-m) 10.41 107.13 0. Description Superstructure DL LL including Impact Self wt.86 Summary of Loads and Moments The summary of loads and moments are tabulated below.00 Abutment shaft P4 6.00 Abutment shaft P3 7.70 t-m Due to Seismic force Description Total Load Seismic Lever arm (m) (t) Load (t) Superstructure DL 85.82 107. of abutment Braking effect Temperature Earth Pressure Sub Total Seismic Force Total Vertical load (t) 85. The transverse forces and moments are not considered.06 63.00 0.82 t Design moment = 267.82 90. and checked for case B. Clear cover to reinforcement = Effective depth provided = 910 σ st M = × j× d Page 4 Unique Engineering Consultancy (P) Ltd .00 54. as given below.64 10.68 4.53 4.05 m 84.com Design Calculation only.00 84.60 4. design of abutment would be carried out for case A.00 0.83 t-m Depth of section required = M Rb = 75 mm mm 691 mm < 910 O. Therefore stresses are checked in longitudinal direction only.69 Design of abutment stem section Abutment section will be designed for case A and the section adequacy will be checked for case B.50 Abutment shaft P2 0.14 8.33 7.foxitsoftware.69 229.2 m 6.41 Moment (t-m) 35.

03 O. 1.26 O.K.75 N/mm2 < 300 O.K.33 19.52 4.80 Earth Pressure 16. O.64 Live load (LL) 81. Ast = 38 Provide mm2 and spacing 16 Provide area of steel. τv = 0. 100Ast/bd = Shear strength increment factor = 1+5P/(Agxfck) = 1.31 t 0.125 10. NO CURTAILMENT IS DONE At Rear side Reinforcement Provide 16 mm φ bars @ 150 mm c/c at rear side of the abutment.68 Temperature load 3.14 N/mm2 0.5 > τv Design shear strength of concrete.com Design Calculation only. Check for stresses for case B Bending Moment = 322. Check for shear at the bottom of the abutment cap.17 N/mm2 < 0.45 Corresponding shear stress = O. Provided nos of bars = 90.08 m from base of abutment.125 10. giving area of steel = Actual point of curtailment = 3.13 Breaking load 14 4.K.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.K.foxitsoftware.12 57.12 18.26 1.K. τc = 0.17 Surcharge 14. Tension reinforcement required at different level along the height of abutments.67 1. Horizontal force = 107.14 0.083 < 1.06 0.69 t-m Stress in steel = 208. Ast = nos.90 t Design horizontal force = Corresponding shear stress. τv = 0. Design of abutment cap: Vertical reaction due to Unique Engineering Consultancy (P) Ltd Page 5 .30 % Percentage area of tension steel.16 t Total horizontal force at the bottom of the cap = = 1000 mm Depth of abutment = 893 mm Effective depth. d < tc Corresponding shear stress. For evaluation VOLUMN-III Detailed Engineering Design of Chargahawa River Bridge Area of steel required for tension. = 7436 mm2 Provide 23 numbers 25 mm φ bars and 0 numbers 11290 mm2 20 mm φ bars.51 Total 120.93 m above base of abutment Load Type Lever arm (m) Moment Load (t) DL of Superstructure 85. 17. giving 48 9651 mm2. 150 mm c/c at the front side of the abutment.16 1.94 Overall depth of abutment = 1000 mm Effective depth of abutment = 893 mm Area of tension reinforcement req. of 182 mm φ bars @ 25 σ st M = × j× d 16160 mm2 18653 mm φ bars giving area of steel = mm c/c.

com Design Calculation only. giving area of steel.52 m2.125 m 0. one at 20 mm from top and the other at 100 mm from top of abutment cap each consisting of 8 mm φ bars @ 100 mm c/c in both directions. at both top and bottom layers in both ways. area of steel required /m of cap = 2250 mm2 (for both top and bottom layer). And provide 10 mm φ bars @ 200 mm c/c as distribution bar.foxitsoftware.304 t/m2 Horizontal force due to surcharge = q×(h3-h2)×tan2(45o-φ/2) = Which acts at a distance from backwall base = 0.2 >2 8.1 m2.38 t Live load including impact. C= C 0 × A1 A2 C0 = 6. Check for bearing stresses The allowable bearing pressure with nearly uniform distribution on the loaded area of a footing or base under a bearing or column shall be given by following equation. PDL/3 = 28.5γs×(h3. dispersed largest concentric area similar to A2 A1 = 0.25 MPa.4 the two layers of mesh reinforcement. For evaluation VOLUMN-III Detailed Engineering Design of Chargahawa River Bridge Dead load.4998 m Which acts at a distance from backwall base = Magnitude of surcharge. Design of Backwall: 2 2 o Horizontal force due to earth pressure = 0.02 t = 55. clause 710. As per IRC:78-2000.54 < C O.K. Unique Engineering Consultancy (P) Ltd Page 6 . giving area of steel.h2) ×tan (45 -φ/2) = 0. Ast = 753 mm2. Ast = 606 mm2 Provide 12 mm φ bars @ 150 mm c/c.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www. q = 2. Α1/Α2 = 5. Ast = 2680 mm2. The load acting on the wing walls would be earth pressure and is designed to withstand a live load equivalent to surcharge of 1.84 Mpa And. Provide 16 mm φ bars @ 150 mm c/c.47 t/m 0. PLL/3 = 27.595 m Self weight of backwall /m width = 0.2 m height of earth fill according to IRC:78-2000.10. They are joined together through 30 cm x 30 cm fillets.14 t-m/m Effective depth of backwall = 194 mm Area of steel required. permissible direct compressive stress in concrete 0.40 t Total vertical reaction Providing minimum area of steel @ 1% assuming cap thickness 225 mm.95 t/m Moment due to earth pressure about backwall base = 0. C = Actual compressive stress = 5. shall be provided directly under the bearings.34 t-m/m Total Moment = 2. loaded area A2 = Therefore.714 t/m Live load on back wall considering class AA loading = 10 t This acts at a distance from backwall toe = 0.80 t-m/m Moment due to self weight and LL = 1. Design of Return wall: Return wall will be monolithic with the backwall.

The wing wall would be properly anchored to the abutment. Ast = 1340 mm2.45 0.84 t Acting at a distance from wing wall bottom Moment due to earth pressure Depth required Effective depth provided Area of steel required h1 = h2 = h3 = h4 = b1 = 1.92 Friction resistance = t However as additional factor of safety.K.24 Assuming maximum cavitation of 1. b1 = Top width of sttoper. Maximum shear force = 73.4 m 250 mm 2 Average value of earth pressure = 0. backwall and cap. In the fillet at the joint provide nominal reinforcement of 10 mm φ bars @ 200 mm c/c. which is complicated.8 m m m m Horizontal force acting on the stopper above pier cap @ 10% of vertical load= 7.com Design Calculation only.624 = t/m Weight of pavement 0. It should be designed on the basis of elastic base theory.35 = N/mm2 Percentage area of steel = 0.foxitsoftware.3 0.20 in worst case. For evaluation VOLUMN-III Detailed Engineering Design of Chargahawa River Bridge 2. assuming an extra lateral force in excess of frictional resistance taking αR = 0.63 % Permissible shear stress = N/mm2 > actual shear stress O. Fs = 15. h1 = Length of sttoper. giving area of steel.30 m 0.2) = = = = = ×tan (45 -φ/2) 2 o 0.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.89 t 3. Ast = 1910 mm φ bars @ 150 mm2.4 0.94 t 11. Self weight /m width 0.97 t Difference = Unique Engineering Consultancy (P) Ltd Page 7 . Design of Approach Slab: The approach slab is resting over the abutment and the other end supported by the soil underneath.365 Design of RCC Stoppers: Base width of sttoper.K.176 = t/m Maximum live load 11.2m behind the abutment. Hence the dimensions and reinforcement is provided as per the standard design practice.7125 m 3.44 = t/m2 Total udl t/m = 12. 0. Maximum bending moment = 22. in both direction Provided area of steel. b2 = Height above abutment cap.65 m 1.4 kN/m Shear stress 0. l = 0.2 m 1.03 kN-m/m Effective depth of slab required = 164 mm Effective depth provided = 212 mm Area of steel required = 751 mm2 mm φ bars @ Provide 16 150 mm c/c both top and bottom.68 t-m/m 178 mm 194 mm 1369 mm2 < Provided O. Provide 16 mm f bars @ 150 mm c/c.25 m Thickness of return wall assumed = = 1.5γs×(h1/2+h2/2+1. And provide 12 mm c/c as distribution bar in vertical direction.

45 0.K.59 0.87 m -0. bed level h8 = MSL below min. Area of steel provided = 716 mm2 = N/mm2 Max.280 m 998.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.73 m 1. Water depth in the river = Water depth near the abutment = Proportionate scour depth near the abutment Elevation of MSL near abutment = Lowest Bed Level = Elevation of top of foundation base = Bottom level of foundation = h1 h2 h3 h4 h5 = = = = = 4.1 m Unique Engineering Consultancy (P) Ltd Page 8 . HFL = Maximum depth of scour from HFL = Elevation of maximum scour level (MSL) = Max.226 Provide nominal shear reinforcement of 8 mm φ bars @ 100 mm c/c.79 t-m 166 mm Effective depth required = 342 mm Effective depth provided = 287 mm2 Area of steel required = Provide 12 mm f bars @ 150 mm c/c. Shear stress.foxitsoftware.600 m 998.28 m 3. = = = = = = = = = = 1002.26 1.2 Geometrical Properties: High Flood Level. Design of abutment footing (Piles) 4.500 m 4 CL of Bearing 3 HFL 1 MSL 2 LBL h6 = HFL above MSL.2 m 3.28 m 998.com Design Calculation only.00 m m m m m O. h11 = 0. tv 0.28 m 5. h9 = Top of foundation base below MSL.15 m -1.280 m 3.87 m 997 m 999. p = 0.05 m 3. h7 = HFL above min.87 m 3. bed level.4 3.26 N/mm2 > tv Permissible minimum shear strength of concrete =0. h10 = Depth of pile cap.15 % Percentage area of steel provided. For evaluation VOLUMN-III Detailed Engineering Design of Chargahawa River Bridge Moment at the base of stopper = 1.

14 t = Backwall 6.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.00 t = Abutment cap 7.55 m 1.1 1 3. depth of fixity.000 m 17.70 t = Approach slab 15.86 t Loss in weight due to Buoyancy Depth of abutment shaft below HFL Abutment width at HFL Loss in weight of abutment shaft Loss in weight of soil behind abutment Loss in weight of soil in front of abutment = = = = = 2.35 m 0.68 t = Soil behind abutment 196. and.15 0.9 0.59 t 56. S = Modulus of subgrade reaction.76 t Due to Live Load Maximum live load including impact = 81. Lf 0. m Calculation of vertical load on foundation base Due to Dead Load Superstructure 85.25 m 0.4 3.com Design Calculation only. For evaluation VOLUMN-III Detailed Engineering Design of Chargahawa River Bridge b1 = b3 = b4 = b5 = b6 = b7 b8 b9 b10 b11 b12 = = = = = = 1.46 kg/cm2 13. b13 = 7.foxitsoftware.15 7.1 m m m m m m Foundation base length.00 t Unique Engineering Consultancy (P) Ltd Page 9 .00 t Total = 360.5 3.9 m 0.95 t = Abutment shaft 49.9 from figure 1 and 2.0 m 0.2 m Abutment base length Foundation projection beyond abutment stem Total width of foundation Angle of internal friction of soil Safe bearing capacity of soil Load bearing capacity of pile = Numbers of piles along longitudinal dirrection = Numbers of piles along transverse dirrection = Total numbers of piles = Diameter of piles = Length of piles = Soil Type : Clayey Silt 40 t 6.92 t 0.06 t Due to self weight of foundation base = 136.2 29 0 m m m degree t/m2 4 4 m m 16 700 mm 16 m Determination of depth of fixity of piles: Unconfined compressive strength.55 m 0.2 kg/cm2 = = 7 4.29 t = Soil in front of abutment = 0. K = Lf/d Therefore.

07 t-m Moment iii) Due to soil fill in front of abutment = 0.395 m 232. For evaluation VOLUMN-III Detailed Engineering Design of Chargahawa River Bridge Total buoyant force on abutment Buoyant force on foundation base Calculation of Moments at Foundation Base Level Due to superstructure DL+LL Total superstructure DL+LL Eccentricity of load about pile cap transverse axis Corresponding moment Superstructure DL Moment at foundation toe due to DL Due to Abutment + Soil filling DL A.13 m Lever arm = -7.32 t 3.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.00 t-m -421.00 Load = 1.02 t = = = = = 166.57 t-m Unique Engineering Consultancy (P) Ltd Page 10 .14 t Load = -0.03 m 25.00 Moment Total moment due to abutment + soil filling DL = = = 78.63 t Load = -0.19 t 0m 0.06 t 57.55 Lever arm = 0.64 t-m Moment ii) Due to Backfill and approach slab = 133.00 t-m 85.00 t Load = 2m Lever arm = 0. Maximum Load Condition i) Due to abutment body = 63.70 t Load = -2.foxitsoftware.00 t-m Moment Total moment due to abutment + soil filling DL = B.25 t-m iii) Due to soil fill in front of abutment = 0.93 t Load = -2.95 t-m Moment ii) Due to Backfill and approach slab = 196.1 m Lever arm Moment = -281.1 m Lever arm = -413. No LL + Buoyancy Condition i) Due to abutment body = 85.03 t-m -291.com Design Calculation only.42 t 3.89 t-m Due to Earth Pressure Earth pressure Lever arm Surcharge Lever arm Total Moment = = = = = 48.14 t 0.13 m Lever arm = -10.

00 1.14 7.33 7. Description Load (t) 85.16 3.38 2.45 0.14 8.4 10.76 36.60 4.29 109.92 #DIV/0! Summary of Moments and Forces Vertical Loads Case I Case II Case III Max. Along longitudinal direction for maximum load condition Load (t) Description Seismic Load (t) Lever arm 85. Buoyancy+No LL Case I + Seismicity Load 360.22 41.26 15.375 Moment (t-m) 35.29 1.76 DL from superstructure + abutment 282.72 Backfill 196.15 3.46 0.90 t m t-m t m t-m Due to Seismic Forces: A.75 2.80 #DIV/0! 3 4.89 5.94 4.58 7.41 8.97 1.51 4.foxitsoftware.00 2.68 4.74 73.03 18.51 0.06 Live load 81.53 578.00 7.42 #DIV/0! 2.74 73.125 4.63 1.83 136.67 2.00 0.31 96.73 0.74 14 14 Earth Pressure Tractive effort or braking Unique Engineering Consultancy (P) Ltd Page 11 .79 0. Case of buoyancy and no live load Moment (t-m) 35.76 136.00 Abutment shaft P3 7.37 0.93 7.95 Seismic Load (t) Lever arm (m) Superstructure DL Abutment shaft P1 above HFL Abutment shaft P1 below HFL Abutment shaft P2 above HFL Abutment shaft P2 below HFL Abutment Cap P3 Abutment backwall P4 Approach slab Backfill above HFL Backfill below HFL Total 6.00 0. Buoyancy+No LL Case I + Seismicity Load 73.17 The seismic load will be lesser than that for N+T case due to submerged part of the sub structure which will be under buoyancy.85 1.95 0.05 84.70 19.67 2.15 Superstructure DL Abutment shaft P1 49.63 3.68 339.00 Abutment shaft P4 6.70 360.79 3.67 Horizontal Forces Description Description Case I Case II Case III Max.67 Total 362.38 2.875 2.1 Total 360.375 3.86 DL of foundation base 79.12 Approach slab 15. For evaluation VOLUMN-III Detailed Engineering Design of Chargahawa River Bridge Due to Longitudinal forces: a) Due to tractive effort or braking Which acts at a distance above foundation bottom Moment due to tractive effort or braking about foundation base b) Force due to resistance in bearings due to temperature Which acts at a distance above foundation bottom Moment due to tractive effort or braking about foundation base = = = = = = 14 6.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.33 2.45 24.08 B.06 578.50 Abutment shaft P2 0.48 7.53 10.22 51.com Design Calculation only.53 4.72 4.86 81.70 3.97 33.28 79.00 0.

02 t 12.37 18.7 m L/D = 22.869 N/mm2 N/mm2 < Unique Engineering Consultancy (P) Ltd Page 12 . σco = Permissible flexural compressive stress. -291.32 Case III Case I + Seismicity -291.50 N/mm2 N/mm2 Mpa (in steel) 3.57 84.47 Unit T T t-m Case I Case II Max.72 t-m < < 40.70 10. Load Buoyancy+No LL 80.00 t 17.31 Case I Max. t O.68 -53.K. σco = Permissible Flexural Tensile stress.17 t 54. Least radious of gyration.16 40.57 -59.com Design Calculation only.20 0.44 -8.41 131.67 t 0.76 1.00 t 11.K. L = 16 m Diameter of pile. σst = Maximum compressive stress in concrete = 3.16 76.90 3.24 Case III Case I + Seismicity 80.90 171.75 Case II Buoyancy+No LL 0. Permissible direct compressive stress.00 40.86 > 12 Hence the pile is designed as long column. D = 0.16 90.28 -213.70 10.62 t 4.02 t 21.90 3.35 12. vertical loads to be taken by piles = 80.5 cm Reduction coefficient for reduction of stress values is given as.25-L/48B) = 0.37 t Loads on each pile due to vertical load = = 5. cr = (1.89 232.24 -29.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www. For evaluation VOLUMN-III Detailed Engineering Design of Chargahawa River Bridge Temperature effect Seismic Force Total Resulting Moments Description Superstructure DL+LL Abutment +Soil filling DL Earth pressure Tractive effort or braking Temperature effect Seismic force Total Summary of loads Cases Vertical Horizontal Moment 3.65 Case: I Deducting the bearing capacity of pile cap as a open footing.62 10.03 232.foxitsoftware.57 84.34 t 0.37 50. r = 17.89 -421. Axial load on extreme pile due to moment Axial load on second row of pile due to moment = = Resultant compressive force on extreme pile Resultant tensile force on extreme pile = Resultant compressive force on second row of pile= Coefficient of friction between concrete and clay = = Friction resistance of cap Horizontal force on each pile = Moment on each piles = Design of piles: Length of pile.16 154.87 5.00 -291.774 Safe stress are.90 -384.00 t O.03 232.89 -421.

we get.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.16 N/mm2 0.72 t-m 48.45 N/mm2 O. For evaluation VOLUMN-III Detailed Engineering Design of Chargahawa River Bridge Provide minimum area of compression steel @ Asc = 4811 25 = = = = = = 15 nos. Provide Unique Engineering Consultancy (P) Ltd Page 13 . Using dia.K.27 t-m O. bars. giving area of steel = 2. 90. and Mu/fckD3 Mu M = Working moment. of Provide Check for combined stress: Percentage area of steel provided. 10 mm ties.49 t 65.K.12% = 9900 mm2 20 mm dia bars @ 150 mm c/c.400 0. 145577 mm3 we have the volume of one tie = If p be the pitch of the ties in mm. Shear stress due to horizontal force = Permissible shear strength of concrete = Lateral Reinforcement: Lateral reinforcement should be 0. From chart.com Design Calculation only.120 0.25 %.K.088 0. 90.12 82.3 t-m Bending moment due to moment on steam 609. Distribution reinforcement @ 0.K.091 0.100 0.29 N/mm2 0.2% of the gross volume.72 From chart. Case: C Axial load on extreme pile due to moment Resultant compressive force Resultant tensile force Horizontal force on each piles = Moment on each piles = Pu/fckD2 = = = = = = 6. pt p/fck d'/D Pu/fckD2 1. > 30.106 72.77 t-m At face of abutment = = 233. provided area = 33469 mm2 at both top and bottom.27 t-m 0. dreq = 999 mm Adopt 1030 mm effective depth and overall depth = 1100 mm 32466 mm2 Area of steel required along width of cap = Using 25 mm dia.48 t-m 0. and Mu/fckD3 Mu M = Working moment.88 t-m 0. Shear stress due to horizontal force = Permissible shear strength of concrete = t-m O.00 t O. > 54.00 t < 30. p = mm ties at 160 384845 p 189 mm mm c/c in the main body of the pile. giving area of stee = 15708 mm2.32 t-m 54.foxitsoftware.18 t 27.0 t-m Maximum bending moment = The effective depth required is given by.91 t-m 375. then Volume of pile per pitch length = Hence equating. 7363 mm2 mm φ bars. spacing would be 113 mm Provede 25 mm dia bars @ 120 mm c/c.56 N/mm2 O. At center of cap = 312. Hence provide dia 10 Design of Pile Cap: Maximum bending moment in the pile cap due to vertical load.K.K.00 t O.07 t < 0.

716 Check for punching shear along pile. tc = Shear reinforement is required.23 t Shear force = Shear stress.28 % N/mm2 < tv 1571 mm2 legged vertical tirrups.72 Punching shear strength.13 N/mm2 N/mm2 > tv Safe. 57. tc = N/mm2 > tv Safe.foxitsoftware. Assuming 10 mm dia 20 And spacing of stirrups.43 0. For evaluation VOLUMN-III Detailed Engineering Design of Chargahawa River Bridge 413.49 t Shear force = 20. Check for punching shear along pier. tc = 0. S = 163 Maximum spacing of stirrups. Punching shear strength.com Design Calculation only.53 N/mm2 Percentage area of steel.69 t Shear force = bo = 5435. then Asv = mm 189 mm legged vertical tirrups @ 160 mm c/c. Unique Engineering Consultancy (P) Ltd Page 14 .10 N/mm2 0.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.32 m bo = tv = 0. tv = 0. pt = Permissible shear strength of concrete. 269.0 m tv = 0. Provide 10 mm dia = 4 0.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful