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Zirconiated, White, AC Welding applications. Better start up than Pure Tungsten, Balls up well and has a more stable arc than Pure Tungsten. Better current carrying capacity and high resistance to contamination during welding.
LANTHANATED Tungsten Color Code BLACK, GOLD or BLUE, is suitable for AC & DC welding applications. Lanthanated, Black, AWS Class EWLA-1.5, AC & DC welding applications. Non-Radioactive Good arc characteristics in ac/dc applications. Applications: carbon & stainless steel, nickel alloys and titanium. CERIATED Tungsten Color Code GREY or ORANGE, are best suited for low amperage DC welding applications. Ceriated, Grey, An excellent alternative to Thoriated tungsten especially in low amperage welding. Takes 10% less current to start and has a very stable arc. PURE Tungsten Color Coded GREEN, are best suited for AC Tig welding applications. Pure Tungsten, Green, AWS Class EWP, AC welding applications. Least expensive of all electrodes. Applications: aluminum and magnesium alloys. THORIATED Tungsten Color Code RED, YELLOW, MAUVE or ORANGE, is best suited for DC Tig welding applications. 2% Thoriated, Red, AWS Class EWTH-2, DC welding applications. The most common type of electrode used today. Applications: carbon & stainless steel, nickel alloys and titanium.
SELECTING THE BEST TUNGSTEN COMPOSITION
To correctly prepare your tungsten electrode for welding you must first select the composition and diameter best suited for your application. Below listed are the 5 most commonly produced tungsten welding electrodes for TIG DC, TIG-AC, and Plasma welding:
PURE TUNGSTEN (EWP Classification) (Green Stripe)
2% CERIATED TUNGSTEN (EWCe Classification) (Grey or Orange Stripe)
http://www.shopfloortalk.com/forums/attachment.php?attachmentid=15533[1/13/2010 10:39:06 AM]
Current levels in excess of those recommended for a given electrode size and tip configuration will cause the tungsten to erode or melt.040 15-80 n/a 1/16 70-150 10-20 3/32 150-250 15-30 1/8 250-400 25-40 5/32 400-500 40-55 3/16 500-750 55-80 1/4 750-1000 80-125 All values are based on the use of argon as the shielding gas. Inches EWP.com/forums/attachment. along with shield-gas cup diameters recommended for use with different types of welding power.1% ZIRCONIATED TUNGSTEN (EWZr Classified) (White or Brown Stripe) 1% THORIATED TUNGSTEN (EWTh-1 Classification) (Yellow Stripe) 2% THORIATED TUNGSTEN (EWTh-2 Classification) (Red Stripe) LANTHANATED TUNGSTEN (EWL Classified) (Black or Blue Stripe) TABLE 1: TYPICAL CURRENT RANGES FOR TUNGSTEN ELECTRODES. Amps Reverse Polarity Direct Current. EWPTh-2.010 up to 15 n/a 0. Other current values may up to 15 5-15 10-60 50-100 100-160 150-210 200-275 250-350 325-450 be employed depending on up to 15 up to 15 up to 15 5-20 10-20 5-20 15-80 20-30 20-60 70-150 30-80 60-120 140-235 60-130 100-180 225-325 100-180 160-250 300-400 160-240 200-320 400-500 190-300 290-390 500-630 250-400 340-525 the shielding. Straight Polarity Direct Current. Those with a ground finish have been centerless ground to remove surface imperfections.. EWTh-2 EWP. Amps High-Frequency Balanced Wave AC. Amps Electrode Dia. Electrodes with a clean finish have been chemically cleaned to remove surface impurities after the forming operation.php?attachmentid=15533[1/13/2010 10:39:06 AM] . EWP EWPTh-1. EWZr EWP EWPTh-2. Amps High-Frequency Unbalanced Wave AC.shopfloortalk. EWZr 0. This table provides a useful guide for selecting the correct electrode for specific applications involving different current levels and power supplies. ELECTRODE SIZES AND CURRENT CAPACITIES Tungsten and thoriated tungsten electrode sizes and current ranges are listed in Table 1. EW-rh-2 EWPTh-1. Tungsten particles may fall into the weld pool http://www. type of equipment. EWTh-1. gas. EWTh-1. and application. Electrodes are produced with either a clean finish or ground finish.020 5-20 n/a 0.
These electrodes were developed as possible replacements for thoriated electrodes because cerium. and greater resistance to contamination of the weld. EWTh-1 (Yellow Stripe). EWLa Electrode Classification. They are not often used with AC because it is difficult to maintain the balled end. They are the electrode of choice for AC welding because they combine the desirable arc stability characteristics and balled end typical of pure tungsten with the current capacity and starting characteristics of thoriated tungsten. EWLa-1. The EWTh-1. EWTh-3 and EWTh-4 electrodes were designed for DCEN applications. The EWLa-1. respectively. The thoria provides about 20 percent higher current-carrying capacity. EWCe-2 electrodes will operate successfully with AC or DC. or Lanthanated electrodes. Thoriated tungsten electrodes are superior to pure tungsten electrodes in several respects. which provides good arc stability.php?attachmentid=15533[1/13/2010 10:39:06 AM] . They have higher resistance to contamination than pure tungsten. EWTh-2 (Red Stripe). without splitting the electrode. a given electrode diameter on DCEP would be expected to handle only 10 percent of the current possible with the electrode negative. Direct current with the electrode positive requires a much larger diameter to support a given level of current because the tip is not cooled by the evaporation of electrons but heated by their impact. but they do not provide the arc initiation and arc stability characteristics of thoriated. 5% and 2 % lanthanum oxides (La203). evenly dispersed through their entire lengths. EWTh-2. referred to as lanthana. Ceriated. http://www. the tip is cooled during the electrode negative cycle and heated when positive. With these electrodes. The level of radiation has not been found to represent a health hazard. To prevent identification problems with these and other types of tungsten electrodes. EWTh-2. balled end. Thorium is a very low-level radioactive material. that lanthanum is not radioactive.and become defects in the weld joint. Pure tungsten electrodes are used mainly with AC for welding aluminum and magnesium alloys. The EWCe-2 electrodes are tungsten electrodes containing 2 percent cerium oxide (CEO2). The advantages and operating characteristics of these electrodes are very similar to the Ceriated tungsten electrodes. and the arc is more stable than with pure tungsten or Zirconiated tungsten electrodes. These electrodes contain 1%. arc starting is easier. They may also be used with DC. if welding is to be performed in confined spaces for prolonged periods of time. EWZr Electrode Classification (White or Brown Stripe). As a result.com/forums/attachment. 1. EWTh-3 and EWTh-4 electrodes contain 1 %. referred to as ceria. In general. Pure tungsten electrodes (EWP) contain a minimum of 99. With alternating current. The currentcarrying capacity of pure tungsten electrodes is lower than that of the alloyed electrodes. In general. Zirconiated tungsten electrodes have welding characteristics that generally fall between those of pure and thoriated tungsten. the current carrying capacity of an electrode on AC is between that of DCEN and DCEP. 3 % and 4 % thorium oxide (THO2) called thoria. special precautions relative to ventilation should be considered. The user should consult the appropriate safety personnel EWCe Electrode Classification (Gray or Orange Stripe) Tungsten electrodes were first introduced into the United States market in the early 1980's. they are color coded. Compared with pure tungsten. EWTh-3 (Mauve Stripe) and EWTh-4 (Orange Stripe) Electrode Classifications The therm-ionic emission of tungsten can be improved by alloying it with metal oxides that have very low work functions. EPP Electrode Classification (Green Stripe). the electrodes are able to handle higher welding currents without failing.5 and EWLa-2 electrodes were developed around the same time as the Ceriated electrodes and for the same reason. The EWTh-1. also called rare earth. unlike thorium. These advantages of ceria improve with increased ceria content. Zirconiated tungsten electrodes (EWZr) contain a small amount of zirconium oxide (ZrO2). Running a current too low for a specific electrode diameter can cause arc instability. The tip of the EWP electrode maintains a clean. Therefore. Thorium oxide is one such additive. They maintain a sharpened tip configuration during welding. the Ceriated electrodes exhibit a reduced rate of vaporization or burn-off. which is necessary with AC welding. Two types of thoriated tungsten electrodes are available. with no intentional alloying elements. which is desirable for welding steel. is not a radioactive element. generally longer life. or if electrode grinding dust might be ingested. 2 %.shopfloortalk.5 percent tungsten. it is about 50 percent less than that of DCEN. However.
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