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,slk pkg¡
pkg¡w jkt eSa - -
lUr flikgh jSnkl
Hkkx 1
v/;k; 1 thouh
1 -1 lUr ijEijk
1 -2 tUe % ifjokj rFkk 'kknh
1 -3 uke % jfonkl ;k jSnkl
1 -4 x`gLFkh lUr
1 -5 /keZ izpkj ,oe nh{kk
1 -6 mudh gR;k D;ksa dh xbZ-
v/;k; 2
2- jSnkl dkSu %
2 -1 HkDr jSnkl ;k xq: jSnkl
2 -2 lUr flikgh
2 -3 uSfrd] lkekftd o jktuSjktuSfrd Økafrdkjh
v/;k; 3
3- czkã.koknh pkysa
3 -1 fiNys tUe esa czkã.k gksus dh dFkk
3 -2 ikjl iRFkj rFkk eksgjsa nsus okyk Hkxoku dkSu\
3 -3 xaxk esa iRFkj dk lkfyxjke rSjkus dh dFkk
3 -4 xaxk }kjk lqikjh ysus rFkk daxu nsus dh dFkk
3 -5 viuh Nkrh phj dj tusÅ fn[kkus dh dFkk
v/;k; 4
4- jSnkl gekjs jketh nljFk dk nljFk dk lqr ukagha
v/;k; 5
xq: dkSu % jkekuUn ;k jSnkl
v/;k; 6
ehjk ds izHkq % d`".k ;k jSnkl
v/;k; 7
jSnkl % fgUnw ;k ckS)
Hkkx 2
v/;k; 8
vafre y{; % lÙkk izkfIr
v/;k; 9
vkn”k
vkn”kZ
n”kZ jkT; % jke jkT; ugha cfYd csxeiqjk
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lefiZr
lknj lefiZr
vknj.kh; Jh yybZ flag ;kno]
¼v”kksd iqLrdky; >ha>d] dkuiqj½ dks
ftUgksaus ckck lkfgc dk eqfDr lans”k ?kj ?kj dks igqapkus ds fy,
viuk loZLo U;kS
U;kSNkoj
Nkoj dj fn;k-
fn;k-

izLrkouk
nfyr lekt us Hkkjr ekrk dks vusdksa liwr fn, gSa- ;g dguk Hkh xyr ugha gksxk fd Hkkjr ekrk ds
99 izfr”kr liwr ek= nfyr lekt lsa iSnk gq, gSa- Hkkjr ds bUgha liwrksa esa lsa nfyr lUrksa dk uke lclsa
vxz.kh gS ftUgksaus Hkkjrh; lekt dks lgh ekxZn”kZu djk;k gS- dgus dks rks rqylh] lwjnkl dks Hkh lUr dgk
tkrk gS ysfdu okLro esa ,sls yksx dfo ek= Fks- mudh jpukvksa esa dgha uSfrdrk dh ckr ugha gS- rqylh dgrk
gS tks jke dks ugha Hktrk mls ije nq”eu ekuk tkuk pkfg, pkgs og fdruk Hkh Hkyk vkneh D;ksa u gks-
lqjnkl dgrk gS tks d`".k dk HkDr ugha og vkneh gh ugha gS- uSfrdrk dh f”k{kk vxj fdlh us nh gS rks os
nfyr lekt ds lUr gh gSa- ftrus Hkh lUr iSnk gq, nfyr lekt esa lsa gh gq,- f}tksa esa lsa rks rqylh tSls iSnk
gq, gSa ftUgksaus viuh ek¡ rd ds fy, dg fn;k % ukjh rkM+u dh vf/kdkjh-
Hkkjr dh lUr ijEijk vFkkZr Je.k laLd`fr Hkxou cq) lsa 'kq: gqbZ] egkRek jko.k }kjk ijoku p<+h
rFkk lrxq: jSnkl] dchj] pks[kkesyk] cqYys”kkg] ukud vkfn lUrksa }kjk vkxs c<+kbZ xbZ- gesa ;g dgus esa drbZ
dksbZ f>>d ugha gS fd ge Hkkjfr;ksa esa tks Hkh uSfrdrk vkSj lPpkbZ vkt fo|eku gS og flQZ vkSj flQZ nfyr
lUrksa ds iz;kl dk gh Qy gS vU;Fkk czkã.k/keZ ds xzUFkksa & xhrk] osn] iqjk.k vkSj czkã.kokn ds uk;dksa &
rqylh] euq] ukjn] ;kKoYD; ;k n;kuUn tSlksa us rks gesa vuSfrdrk vkSj deZdkaMksa ds ek;ktky esa gh Qalk;k
gS- ,sls yksxksa ds fy, tw, esa NksVs HkkbZ dh ifRu dks nkao ij yxkus okyk /kwrZ vkt Hkh Þ/keZiq=ß gS- tw, esa gkjs
/ku ds fy, HkkbZ;ksa lsa yM+uk Þ/keZ ;q)Þ gS- n;kuUn xSj&iq#’k lsa O;fHkpkj djds lUrku iSnk djus ;kfu *fu;ksx*
dks /keZ crkrk gS- og dgrk gS fu;ksx dk fojks/k djuk gh iki gS- nfyr lUrksa us ge Hkkjrh;ksa dks lgh /keZ dh
jkg fn[kkbZ gS- vr% lgh dgk x;k gS **nfyr nfyr lUr u gksrs txr esa rks ty ejrk
ejrk lalkj**
kj
nfyr lekt ds egku lUrksa esa lsa nks uke lwjt vkSj pkan dh rjg lnk lsa pedrs vk jgs gSa- os nks
uke gSa lrxq# dchj vkSj lrxq# jSnkl- gekjs ,sls lUr&flikfg;ksa ds izfr czkã.koknh ys[kdksa us dbZ izdkj dh
Åy tywy ckrsa QSyk j[kh gSa- bUgha ckrksa dk fuokj.k djus ds fy, geus dqN cjl igys iatkc lsa Nius okys
v[kckj Þturd ygjß esa lrxq# jSnkl ij dqNsd ys[k fy[ks Fks- lekt us mu ys[kksa dks cgqr ljkgk Fkk- rc
dqN yksxksa us ;g jk; Hkh nh fd bu ys[kksa dks iqLrd dh 'kDy nh tkuh pkfg,-
bl iqLrd esa yhd lsa gV dj geus dqN rF;ksa dks mtkxj fd;k gS- tclsa geus nfyr lUrksa dh ck.kh
i<+h gS] dqN iz”uksa us gekjs foosd ij ckj ckj nLrd nh gS- tSls fd %
1- D;k gekjs lUrksa dks okLro esa ÞfgUnwß vFkkZr czkãf.kd fgUnw dgk tk ldrk gS\
2- D;k mudk dk;Z{ks= ek= /kkfeZdrk rd gh lhfer gS\
3- D;k mudh f”k{kkvksa dk nk;jk ek= nfyr oxZ rd gh lhfer gS\
4- gekjs lUrksa dks ÞviuhÞ tkfr ek= rd fdlus vkSj D;ksa lhfer fd;k\
5- ,d ckr ftlus gesa lclsa T;knk gSjku fd;k og ;g gS fd jSnkl lkgsc us D;ksa dgk %
ÞvNwr jkt fcNM+s nq[k ik;kß rFkk
Þ,slk pkgwa jkt eSa] feyS lHkh dks vé]
NksVs cM+s le clSa jSnkl jgS izlé-é- ß
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gekjs fopkj esa vc rd ftruh Hkh iqLrdsa xq: jSnkl ij fy[kh xbZa gSa muesa fdlh Hkh ys[kd us muds
jktuhfrd Kku ij ppkZ dh gh ugha gS- lHkh ys[kdksa us mUgsa ek= ,d lekt lq/kkjd vFkok /keZ lq/kkjd ds
:i esa gh is”k fd;k gS- jk/kkLokeh Msjs tSls izdk”kdksa us rks muesa ek= Hkxoku dh HkfDr gh <wa<h gS tcfd
okLrfodrk ;g gS fd xq: jSnkl us nfyr jkt dh izkfIr dk u dsoy vkgoku fd;k cfYd bl vge y{; dh
izkfIr ds fy, fy, vius izk.kksa dk cfynku Hkh fn;k-
fn;k- dqNsd i<+s fy[ks fo}ku dgs tkus okys ys[kdksa us Hkh muds
ÞvNwr jktÞ ekaxus vkSj ÞcsxeiqjkÞ clkus ds vkgoku rd dks Hkxoku dh HkfDr lsa tksM+ fn;k gS- ;g csgn
vQlksl dh ckr gS!
nks “kCn nfyr fo}kuksa lsa % gesa ,slk yxrk gS fd vf/kdrj nfyr fo}kuksa us Hkh muds fopkjksa dks lgh
vFkksZa esa le>us dh dksf”k”k gh ugha dh gS- tks dqN 'kqDykvksa] prqosZnh;ksa vkSj 'keksZa us i<+k fn;k] mUgksaus mls gh
rksrs dh rjg jV dj lquk fn;k- ;g vR;ar nq[k dh ckr gS- tc geus igys igy bl in dks i<+k rks gesa
;dhu gh ugha gqvk fd vkt rd Hkkjr ds gtkjksa nfyr izksQSlj Hkh bldk lgh vFkZ ugha dj ik, gSa- ckck
lkfgc dk igyk vkns”k gh ;gh gS fd f”kf{kr cuks- D;k bldk vFkZ ek= ;g gS fd ge , ch lh i<+ tk,a] d
[k x i<+ tk,a- D;k gekjs xq:vksa us tks dqN dgk] mls lgh Hkko lsa le>uk f”kf{kr gksuk ugha gS! ckck lkfgc
us dgk % xqyke dks ;g crk nks fd og xqyke gS rks og vktknh ds fy, cxkor dj nsxk! bl dk vFkZ ;g
ugha gS fd ge xqyke <wa<usa tk,a vkSj mUgsa crk,a fd os xqyke gS- muds bl vkns”k dks lh/kk lk vFkZ gS fd
nfyr lekt ds yksx fnekxh rkSj ij czkã.kokn ds xqyke gS- mUgsa vktkn djks- mnkgj.kr% jke us nfyrksa ds
iwoZt lUr “kEcwd dh gR;k bl ckr ij dj nh Fkh fd mUgksaus f”k{kk izkIr djus dk Þvijk/kß fd;k Fkk- nfyrksa
ds f”k{kk ds vf/kdkj dks dqpyus okys gR;kjs dks vxj nfyr ÞHkxokuÞ ekusa rks ;g mudh fnekxh xqykeh dh gh
fu”kkuh gS-
vr% nfyr lekt esa tks i<sa fy[ks yksx gSa mudk QtZ curk gS fd vius lekt dks bl xqykeh dk
,glkl djok,a- fo”ks’kdj nfyr v/;kidksa dk ;g iq.; drZO; gS fd os bl vkns”k dk iw.kZr;k ikyu djsa- i<+
fy[k dj Hkh vxj gesa gekjh xqykeh dk ,glkl ugha gksrk rks ,slh i<+kbZ dks f”kf{kr gksuk rks fcYdqy ugha dgk
tk ldrk- vkt Hkh lSadM+ksa nfyr v/;kid ,sls gSa tks xka/kh] foosdkuUn n;kuUn tSlksa ds xq.k xkrs gSa- mudh
f”k{kkvksa dks vfuok;Z ekurs gSa- ftu yksxksa us nfyrksa dks dqpyus ds fu;eksa dks /keZ crk;k] mudh f”k{kkvksa dks
vfuok;Z crkuk] fuf”pr :i esa gekjh fnekxh xqykeh dh gh fu”kkuh gS-
Hkkjr dh rks ckr gh NksM+ks] nqfu;k dh ,slh dksbZ leL;k ugha gS ftldk gy vEcsMdjokn esa ugha gS-
fQj Hkh ge xka/khvksa] n;kuUnksa ;k foosdkuUnksa dks flj ij ykns ?kwers gSa rks bldk ,d gh dkj.k gS fd ge
f”kf{kr ugha gq, gSa- ;g fcYdqy oSlk gh gS tSls ge xq: jSnkl ds Þ,slk pkgwa jktÞ dks /kkfeZd “yksd crk nsrs gSa
rFkk muds csxeiqjk clkus ds lius dks vykSfdd dYiuk eku ysrs gSa-!! ,sls esa yk[kksa gtkjksa nfyrksa dk i<+k
fy[kk gksuk gesa O;FkZ yxk-
bl ckr us gekjs fny vkSj fnekx nksuksa dks >a>dksj fn;k fd lUr gksrs gq, Hkh mUgksaus Þjktß D;ksa ekaxk-k-
gekjs fopkj esa mUgksaus ;g ckrsa ;wa gh ugha dgha gSa- bl “yksd ds ihNs mudh xgu lksp rFkk lans”k fNis gaS-
ftl tekus esa nfyrksa dk eq[; ekxZ ij vkuk Hkh iki le>k tkrk Fkk ml le; muds }kjk jkt ekaxuk] ,d
pkSadkus okyh ckr gS- muds ,sls “yksdksa ij lHkh fo}kuksa fo”ks"kdj nfyr ys[kdksa dks vo”; fopkj djuk pkfg,-
xq: jSnkl vU; nfyr lUrksa lsa nks ckrksa lsa fHké gSa% igyh rks ;g fd mUgksaus nfyrksa lsa vkgoku fd;k
fd os viuk [kks;k gqvk ÞjktÞ fQj lsa izkIr djsa vkSj csxeiqjk clk;sa- nwljh ckr ;g fd mudh gR;k dh xbZ-
lUr dchj muds ledkyhu rFkk lefopkjksa okys muds /keZ HkkbZ Fks- mUgksaus viuh ok.kh esa czkã.kokn ij xq:
jSnkl lsa dgha vf/kd rh[ks izgkj fd;s exj xq: jSnkl dh gh gR;k dh xbZ- ;g fopkjus dk fo"k; gS fd mUgksaus
,slk D;k dgk ;k D;k fd;k fd czkã.kksa dks mudh gR;k djds gh larks"k gqvk- ,slk D;ksa gqvk] bl fo"k; ij
nfyr fopkjdksa dks vo”; [kkst djuh pkfg,-
gekjs fopkj esa mudh gR;k djus ds nks dj.k gSa % igyk ;g fd mUgksaus {k=k.kh ehjk dks nh{kk nh- ehjk
dks nh{kk nsdj mUgksaus og fd;k ftlds fy, lfn;ksa lsa nfyr oafpr dj fn, x, Fks ;kfu fo|k i<+us vkSj
i<+kus dk vf/kdkj- tgka mUgksaus ehjk dks nh{kk nsdj czkã.kksa ds ÞloZJs"BÞ gksus ds nkos dks u"V fd;k] ogha
mudh dekbZ ij Hkh vk?kkr fd;k- ,d iy ds fy, ml le; dh dYiuk djsa tc nfyr dk Ldwy ds ikl lsa
xqtjuk Hkh vijk/k Fkk] ml le; mUgksaus ,d {k=k.kh ehjk dks nh{kk nsus dh fgEer dh- mudk ;g dke fdlh
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Hkh Økafr lsa de ugha Fkk- mudk ;g dne lqHkk"k pUnz cksl }kjk vktkn fgUn QkSt dk xBu ;k ljnkj Hkxr
flag }kjk vaxzst vlSEcyh esa ce QSadus ds dne lsa c<+dj Økafrdkjh Fkk- nwljk dkj.k muds }kjk jkt ;k lÙkk
ekaxus dk vkgoku gS- ftl le; nfyr dks 'kgj ;k xkao ds vUnj jgus dk vf/kdkj ugha Fkk ml le; viuk
jkt ekaxuk lpeqp fgEEr dk dke Fkk-
xq: jSnkl tkurs Fks fd nfyrksa dk dY;k.k dsoy nks ckrksa lsa gks ldrk gS igyk Kku izkfIr vkSj nwljk
jktuhfrd 'kfDr- ckck lkfgc }kjk nfyrksa dks viuh vktknh ds fy, fn;k eU= % f”kf{kr cuks] laxfBr cuks
vkSj la?k"kZ djks] okLro esa xq: jSnkl dk gh fn;k gqvk vkns”k gS- ckck lkfgc us nfyrksa dks rFkkdfFkr Åaph
tkfr okyksa ds cjkcj oksV dk vf/kdkj fnyok dj xq: jSnkl ds ml l lius
ius dks lkdkj djus dh uhao j[kh gS
ftlesa mUgksaus nfyr jkt ysdj csxeiqjk clkus dh ckr dh gS- nfyrksa dh la[;k rFkkdfFkr Åaph tkfr okyksa
ls cgqr cgqr vf/kd gS- tc nfyrksa dh la[;k vf/kd gS rks muds oksV Hkh vf/kd gSa- vr% 'kh?kz gh lÙkk muds
ikl fQj lsa ykSV dj vkus okyh gSgS- bls dksbZ Hkh jksd ugha ldrk!! ;g fu;fr gS!! lc dks ;g tku ysuk
pkfg,-
pkfg,-
gekjh ;g iqLrd muds bUgha vkns”kksa dks nfyrksa rd igqapkus dk ,d NksVk lk iz;kl gS- vkSj 'kk;n
,slk dguk Hkh xyr ugha gksxk fd bl fn”kk esa gekjk iz;kl loZizFke gS-
fdlh Hkh Økafr dks nckus gsrq czkã.k/kfeZ;ksa us lnk viuh lke] nke] n.M] Hksn dh uhfr dks viuk;k gS-
_f"k n/khfp lsa ysdj xka/kh rd mudh ;g uhfr vuojr pyh vk jgh gS- ;gh uhfr viuk dj mUgksaus vusdksa
cq)] 'kacj] jko.k] ,dyO;] v”kksd] jSnkl vkSj vEcsMdj feVk;s gSa- vr% ;g gSjkuh dh ckr ugha gS fd nfyrksa ds
vkfn iq#"kksa dk gR;kjk gksus ds ckotwn jke vkt Hkh vla[; nfyrksa dk Hkxoku ekuk tkrk gS- vaxzstksa ds fy,
izFke fo”o ;q) esa Hkkjrh; ohjksa dks cfy p<+kus okyk xka/kh] 1942 esa rHkh vius vkdkvksa dks ns”k NksM+us ds fy,
dgrk gS tc ckck lkfgc dks Je eU=h cuk;k x;k- vkt mlh xka/kh dks nfyr m)kjd crk;k tkrk gS-
czkã.koknh ys[kdksa us xq: jSnkl o vU; nfyr lUrksa ds ckjs esa Åytywy ckrsa QSyk j[kh gSa rkfd yksx
mudh vly f”k{kkvksa dks Hkwy dj bu csdkj dh ckrksa esa my>s jgsa- izpkj rU= ij mudk dCtk gS lks viuh
ckr yksxksa rd igqapkus esa mUgsa dksbZ #dkoV ugha vkrh- geus izLrqr iqLrd esa lUr jSnkl ds O;fDrRo ds pkjksa
vksj czkã.kokfn;ksa }kjk mxk, >kM+ >a[kkM+ dks gVkus dk iz;Ru fd;k gS- Hkkjr esa nfyr fo}kuksa dh deh ugha gS-
gekjk iw.kZ fo”okl gS fd lfn;ksa lsa ftl ckr dks czkã.koknh /kwrZ ys[kdksa us NqikbZ gS mls os t:j m/kkM+saxs-
nfyr lUrksa ds Kku dk lw;Z vf/kd fnuksa rd czkã.kokfn;ksa ds vkMEcj ds cknyksa ds ihNs Nqik;k ugha tk
ldsxk-
gesa iw.kZ fo”okl gS fd lrxq# jSnkl dk cfynku O;FkZ ugha tk,xk- tSls nsoksa }kjk ,d j{kd ¼jk{kl½
'kghn djus ij mlds [kwu lsa lSadM+ksa j{kd iSnk gks tkrs Fks oSlk gh vkt xq: jSnkl ds [kwu lsa yk[kksa flikgh
iSnk gks jgs gSa- vc muds flikgh vafre fot; dh vksj vxzlj gSa- bl fot; dks dksbZ ugha jksd ldrk!! nfyrksa
dk jkt fQj lsa vk,xk!!
ueks cq)k;! t; Hkhe!!
dqynhi dqekj
jkt dqekj

v/;k; 1
1-1 lUr ijEijk
Hkkjr esa nks fopkj/kkj,a vFkok nks laLd`fr;ka lfn;ksa lsa pyh vk jgha gSa- ,d czkãf.kd fopkj/kkjk ftlds
iz.ksrk czkã.k _f"k vkSj nso Fks vkSj nwljh Je.k laLd`fr ftlds l`td xkSre cq) Fks- _Xosn dky ;kfu
lR;;qx lsa 'kq: gqbZ czkãf.kd laLd`fr dk eq[; ukjk Fkk & [kkvks] ihvks vkSj ,s”k djks- czkã.k _f"k vkSj nso
ml tekus esa ;Kksa esa [kwc 'kjkc ¼lkse½ ihrs Fks] ;K vfXu esa i”kq Hkwu dj [kkrs Fks vkSj fL=;ksa lsa O;fHkpkj djrs
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Fks- czkã.k _f"k blh deZdkaM dks lukru /keZ dk uke nsrs Fks- muds xzUFk ,slh ?kVukvksa vFkok deZdkaMksa lsa Hkjs
iM+s gSa- Je.k xkSre cq) rFkk egkohj tSu us bl czkãf.kd vukpkj ds fo#) lQyrk iwoZd vkokt mBkbZ-
mUgksaus czkãf.kd vukpkj ds foijhr Je.k laLd`fr dk >.Mk cqyan fd;k ftlesa uSfrdrk vkSj lnkpkj dks gh
thou dk vk/kkj ekuk tkrk gS- mUgksaus ek= uSfrd vkpj.k dks gh /keZ ekuk- ;K] cfy] rhFkZ Luku] tkfr Hksn
vkfn dks mUgksaus v/keZ dgk- yksx czkãf.kd lukru /keZ dks NksM+ dj mudh 'kj.k esa vk,- lezkV v”kksd ds
le; iwjk Hkkjr gh ugha cfYd iwjk ,sf”k;k ckS) /kehZ gks x;k Fkk-
rc igyh lnh bZlk iwoZ ;kfu vc lsa yxHkx 2200 lky igys] tc czkã.kokn viuh vafre lkalsa fxu
jgk Fkk] rc czkãf.kd lukru /keZ ds czkã.kksa us lkft”k jph- mUgksaus gR;kjs czkã.k iq’;fe= ds lkFk fey dj
fxjksg cuk;k vkSj /kks[ks lsa lezkV v”kksd ds ikS= lezkV o`gnFkZ dk dRy dj fn;k- jktlÙkk ij dkfct gksus ds
ckn czkã.kksa ds bl fxjksg us iqu% vius lukru /keZ dh LFkkiuk djus dh dksf”k”k dh- gR;kjk czkã.k iq";fe=
jktk cuk fn;k x;k- mlus xÌh ij cSBrs gh ckS)ksa dks dRy djus dk Qjeku tkjh dj fn;k- vf/kdrj ckS)
tku cpk dj taxyksa igkM+ksa ij tkdj cl x,- vkt taxy esa jgus okyh tutkfr;ksa ds yksx mUgha ckS)ksa ds
oa”kt gSa- bl dRysvke ds ckotwn og gR;kjk yksxksa ds O;ogkj esa jp cl pqds ckS) /keZ dks lekIr ugha dj
ldk- mnkgj.kr% xkSre cq) us ihiy ds isM+ ds uhps Kku izkIr fd;k Fkk- ckS)ksa ds fy, ihiy vfr ifo= isM+
gS- fdlh Hkh czkã.k xzUFk esa ihiy dh iwtk dk o.kZu ugha gS- os dsoy “ke”kku ?kV esa gh ihiy mxkrs gSa- fQj
Hkh vkt iwjs Hkkjr ds yksx ihiy dh iwtk djrs gSa vkSj ihiy ds isM+ dks dkVuk mruk gh iki le>rs gSa
ftruk fd xk; dks dkVuk- ;g ckr bl rF; dks n”kkZrh gS fd ge Hkkjrh;ksa esa vHkh rd cq) /keZ dk vUr ugha
gqvk gS-
gekjs laLdkjksa esa ;g Je.k laLd`fr ds gh va”k gSa fd ge ihiy dks ifo= ekurs gSa- xk; dks ifo=
ekurs gSa oukZ vkt Hkh egkHkkjr esa rks 2000 xk;sa jkstkuk dkV dj czkã.kksa dks f[kykus okys jfUrnso dks
egknkuh dgk tkrk gS! vkfn dky lsa ysdj vkt rd bu nks laLd`fr;ksa ds chp la?k"kZ pyk vk jgk gS- ckck
lkfgc us fcYdqy lR; vkSj lVhd dgk gS fd Hkkjr dk bfrgkl ckS) ¼Je.k½ vkSj ckãf.kd ¼lukru½
laLd`fr;ksa ds la?k"kZ dk bfrgkl ek= gS- bl la?k"kZ dh dM+h xkSre cq) lsa ysdj ckck lkfgc vEcsMdj rd pyh
vkbZ gS- chp esa egkRek jko.k] lezkV v”kksd] lUr dchj] lUr jSnkl] egkRek T;ksfrck Qwys vkfn vusdksa
Økafrdkfj;ksa us lR; vfgalk dh bl e”kky dks vkxs c<+k;k gS- gj ckj lke nke n.M Hksn dh uhfr dk lgkjk
ysdj czkã.k ml e”kky dks /khek djus esa lQy jgs gSa ijUrq vc ckck lkfgc }kjk izTtofyr e”kky dHkh
/kheh ugha gksxh- vkSj og fnu nwj ugha tc lUr flikgh jSnkl dk liuk iwjk gksxk%
Þ,s,slk pkgwa jkt eSa] feyS lHkh dks vé!
NksVs cM+s le clSa] jSnkl jgS izlé!!

1-2 thouh
thou ;k=k % mudk tUe cukjl ds ikl eaMwvk Mhg uked ,d xkao esa gqvk- muds firk dk uke
j?kqjke rFkk ekrk dk uke djek nsoh Fkk- mudk tUe ek?k lqnh iUnzg foØe laor 1460 esa gqvk ;kfu vc lsa
yxHkx 600 lky igys mudk tUe gqvk- muds firk tkfr ds vk/kkj ij nfyr lekt dh ohj tkfr ÞpekjÞ lsa
lEcaf/kr Fks- xq: jSnkl us Lo;a dks <sM] dqV ck<yk dgk gS rFkk xoZ lsa dgk gS-
mudh ifRu dk uke yksuk nsoh Fkk- os ru vkSj eu lsa vfr lqUnj Fkha- muds uke dk eU= ÞnqgkbZ yksuk
ekbZ dh & NwÞ vkt Hkh mÙkj Hkkjr ds ?kjksa esa cPpksa dh utj mrkjus ds fy, cksyk tkrk gS- tSls ekrk yksbZ us
lUr dchj dk lkFk fn;k vkSj ekrk jeknsoh us ckck lkfgc dk lkFk fn;k oSls gh ekrk yksuk us xq: jSnkl dk
gj dne lkFk fn;k- muds ,d iq= Hkh Fks ftudk uke fot;nkl Fkk-
gks”k laHkkyrs gh mUgsa vius lekt ds lkFk gks jgs vU;k; lsa nks pkj gksuk iM+k- mudks Hkh os lc d"V
lgus iM+s tks ,d 'kwnz vFkok vNwr dks lgus iM+rs gSa- bUgha vU;k;ksa us muds Hkhrj vktknh dh fpaxkjh
izTtofyr dh- mlh le; esa mUgsa dk”kh esa gh lrxq# dchj dk lkFk fey x;k- dgrs gSa fd ,d vkSj ,d
X;kjg gksrs gSa ysfdu vktknh ds ijokus ,d vkSj ,d fey dj X;kjg lkS ds leku gks tkrs gSa- nksuksa lUrksa us
fey dj nfyr lekt esa vktknh dh ygj txkbZ-
6

muds }kjk pykbZ xbZ vktknh dh ygj iwjs Hkkjr esa QSy xbZ- Hkkjr ds dksus dksus lsa nfyr lUrksa us
czkã.kokn ds fo#) vktknh dk fcxqy ctk fn;k- /keZ ds uke ij fd, tk jgs vukpkj dks czkã.kksa dks NksM+uk
iM+k- vkt *fgUnw /keZ* ds uke ij tks dqN feyrk gS mlesa czkãf.kd lukru /keZ dk dqN Hkh va”k “ks’k ugha gS-
nfyr lUrksa }kjk dh xbZ Økafr dk gh urhtk gS fd vkt ds fgUnw /keZ esa ;K cfy] [kqys O;fHkpkj]
O;fHkpkj] fu;ksx]
“kjkc[kksjh dk ukeksfu”kku Hkh ugha cpk gS- ysfdu czczkã.kksa us viuh lukru lke nke dh uhfr viukrs gq, bl
/keZ ij Hkh viuk dCtk dk;e j[kk gS- vr% jke tSls gR;kjs rFkk d`’.k tSls O;fHkpkjh Hkh Hkxoku cuk fn, x,
gS-
dgrs gSa xq: jSnkl lkS lky lsa T;knk mez rd th,- brus cjlksa rd mUgksaus vius /keZ dk izpkj fd;k-
czkã.k /keZ ds vukpkj ds fo#) [kqy dj cksys- ladjkpk;Z rd muds rdZ ds vkxs fVd ugha ik;k- dFkk gS fd
mlus xq: jSnkl vkSj xq: dchj lsa /keZ ij cgl dh- var esa og gkj x;k mlus tehu ij yEcs ysV dj ;kfu
n.Mor gksdj nksuksa nfyr lUrksa ds vkxs ekFkk jxM+k- xq: jSnkl dks ,d “yksd bl ?kVuk dk lk{kh gS- mUgksaus
dgk % vc foiz iz/kku frfg djS naMofr] rksjs uke lj.kkb jSnklk!!
czkã.k oSls rks mulsa thr ugha ik,- vr% vUr esa mUgksaus vius lke nke n.M Hksn ds QkewZys esa lsa n.M
dk lgkjk ysrs gq, ykBh M.Mksa lsa geyk djds mudh gR;k dj nh- nfyr vktknh dh ,d vkSj e”kky dkfryksa
us cq>k nh exj mudh vkokt dks os nck ugha ik,- vkt Hkh mudh vkokt xq: xzUFk lkfgc dh ck.kh ds :i
esa xwat jgh gS-
1-3 uke & jSnkl ;k jfonkl
mUgsa nks ukeksa lsa tkuk tkrk gS % jfonkl vkSj jSnkl- czkã.k xzUFkksa Hkfo"; iqjk.k vkfn esa mUgsa jfonkl
dgk x;k gS- vU; lHkh xzUFkksa esa mUgsa jSnkl gh dgk x;k gS- fl[kksa ds xq: xzUFk lkfgc esa mUgsa ÞjfonklÞ
vknjiwoZd dgk x;k gS D;ksafd iatkch esa jSnkl dguk vViVk vkSj cqjk yxrk gS- czkãf.kd xzUFkksa esa mUgsa
jfonkl /kks[kk nsus ds fy, dgk x;k gS D;ksafd czkã.koknh ys[kd jfonkl dk vFkZ jfo dk nkl ;kfu czkã.kksa ds
lw;Z uked nso dk mikld crk dj djrs gSa- mUgsa **jfonkl** dg dj czkã.koknh yksx ,d lkFk rhu f”kdkj
djrs gSa %
1- igyk ;g fd os fn[kkok djrs gSa fd muds eu esa ,d nfyr xq: ds izfr vknj dh Hkkouk gS
ftlds dkj.k os mUgsa jSnkl dgus dh ctk, vknj lsa jfonkl dgrs gS- muds vuqlkj *jSnkl* rks *jfonkl* dk
fcxM+k gqvk :i gS- vr% vke nfyr *cq) jke* dks *cq/kq* dgus okys ;g fn[kkok djrs gSa fd os vknj lsa *jSnkl*
dks *jfonkl* dgrs gSa-
2- nwljk ;g fd mUgs ^jfo nkl^ crk dj os ;g vFkZ djrs gSa fd ^jfonkl* dk vFkZ gS ^jfo dk nkl*-
rc os nkok djrs gSa fd xq: jSnkl muds jfo ;kfu lw;Z uked nso ds mikld Fks tcfd lPpkbZ ;gh gS fd
xq: jSnkl us dHkh Hkh fdlh Hkh fgUnw nsork dh iwtk rks NksM+ks] uke Hkh ugha fy;k-
fy;k- ,sls vFkZ djds os ;g izpkj
djrs gSa fd tSls xq: jSnkl lw;Z ds nkl Fks muds ekuus okys nfyrksa dks Hkh pkfg, fd os czkãf.kd nso lw;Z dh
iwtk djsa- ysfdu ogh ^fo}ku^ y{ke.k dk vFkZ y{k $ e.k vFkkZr Þyk[k e.k otu okykÞ] fo”okfe= dk vFkZ
fo”o$vfe= vFkkZr nqfu;k Hkj dk nq”eu ugha djrs vkSj u gh fo".kq dk vFkZ fo"k $ v.kq vFkkZr Þd.k d.k esa
tgj okykÞ ugha djrs- oSls Hkh xq: jSnkl tSls ln~pfj= lUr ml lw;Z ds nkl gks gh ugha ldrs ftlus
cykRdkj djds dqavkjh dqUrh ds d.kZ iSnk fd;k vkSj u gh ml lw;Z ds nkl gks ldrs gSa ftls ,d cUnj dk
cPpk fuxy x;k Fkk-
3- rhljk ;g fd os yksx mUgsa jfonkl ;kfu muds lw;Z dk nkl crk dj ;g izpkj djrs gSa fd xq:
jSnkl ÞfgUnwÞ Fks- ysfdu lPpkbZ lgh gS fd mUgksaus ckck lkfgc dh rjg iw.kZ :i lsa czkã.k/keZ dk R;kx dj
fn;k Fkk- mUgksaus viuh ok.kh esa leLr czkãf.kd nsoksa vkSj muds xzUFkksa dh /kfTt;ka mM+k nh gSa- mUgksaus Li"V
dgk %
jSnkl gekjs jketh nljFk ds lqr ukgha]
jke je jg~;ks geha esa] clS dqVqEc ekghaa!!
vFkkZr eSa ftl jke dk uke ysrk gw¡ og n”kjFk dk csVk jke ugha gS- esjk jke rks esjs
jkse jkse esa clk gqvk gS rFkk iwjh nqfu;k esa lek;k gqvk gS-
7

mUgksaus viuh ck.kh esa Lo;a dks ÞjSnklÞ gh dgk gS- blfy, geus mudk uke xq: jSnkl gh ekuk gS vkSj
gekjk ekuuk gS fd ge lc ds fy, ;gh csgrj gS fd mUgsa xq: jSnkl gh dgsa rkfd lqUnj uke ds pDdj esa
ge mudk vlyh :i gh u xaok nsa-
1-4 x`gLFkh lUr
Hkxou cq) us tc viuk u;k /keZ pyk;k rks mUgksaus /keZ izpkj ds fy, ,d ubZ laLFkk dk 'kqHkkjaHk fd;k-
mUgksaus fHk{kq la?k dh LFkkiuk dh- bllsa igys Hkkjr esa /keZ dk izpkj djus okys fHk{kq ugha gksrs Fks- fHk{kq ;kfu os
yksx tks /keZ dk izpkj djus ds fy, viuk ikfjokfjd thou NksM+ nsrs Fks- os taxyksa esa ugha tkrs Fks cfYd xkaoksa
'kgjksa esa jg dj ogha yksxksa esa lnkpkj dk izpkj djrs Fks- os yksx dekbZ dk /kU/kk ugha djrs Fks- vr% viuk isV
Hkjus o ru <dus ds fy, ogha x`gLFk yksxksa lsa [kkuk diM+k vkfn Hkh[k esa ekaxrs Fks- Hkh[k ekaxus ds dkj.k mUgsa
fHk{kq dgk tkrk Fkk- muds fy, nks fu;e cgqr l[r Fks igyk rks ;g fd os ek= mruk gh [kkrs Fks ftruk mUgsa
igys ?kj lsa fHk{kk esa fey tkrk Fkk- ,d ?kj lsa de feyus ij os vxys ?kj vkSj vf/kd [kkuk ekaxus ugha tk
ldrs Fks vkSj u gh [kkuk vxys oDr ds fy, tek djds j[k ldrs Fks- nwljk fu;e ;g Fkk fd os dksbZ lEifÙk
tek ugha dj ldrs Fks- diM+s Hkh vf/kd lsa vf/kd nks tksMh+ j[k ldrs Fks- os czkãf.kd *lUrksa* dh rjg
vkyh”kku dkjksa esa ugha ?kwe ldrs
ldrs vkSj u gh egyuqek vkJeksa esa jg ldrs gSa-
bl rjg Hkxou ds /keZ dks ekuus okys nks izdkj ds yksx Fks- ,d x`gLFk tks ifjokj ds lkFk jgrs gq,
lnkpkj dk thou fcrkrs Fks- nwljs fHk{kq tks vius ifjokj dks NksM+ dj yksxksa esa l)eZ dk izpkj djrs Fks- tgka
x`gLFk Lo;a dek dj [kkrs Fks] fHk{kq mulsa Hkh[k ekax dj thou fcrkrs Fks- dsoy fHk{kq gh ckS) la?k ds lnL;
gksrs Fks- fHk{kqvksa dk eq[; dke yksxksa esa xkao xkao ?kwe dj lnkpkj dk izpkj djuk gksrk Fkk- nksuksa gh izdkj ds
ckS) lnkpkj dk thou fcrkus esa ,d leku gksrs Fks- fHk{kqvksa dks D;ksafd la?k esa jguk iM+rk Fkk vr% mUgsa
lnkpkj ds fu;eksa dk vf/kd l[rh lsa ikyu djuk gksrk Fkk-
xq: jSnkl rFkk vU; nfyr lUrksa us Hkxou cq) }kjk cuk, fu;e esa dqN ifjorZu fd;k- mUgksaus fHk{kq
vkSj x`gLFk dks ,d txg bDdBk dj fn;k- mUgksaus iwjh rjg vkn”kZ ckS) x`gLFk dh rjg thou fcrk;k exj
/keZ izpkj fHk{kqvksa dh rjg fd;k- oss ikfjokfjd thou dk R;kx fd, fcuk fHk{kqvksa dh rjg l)eZ ds izpkj esa
yxs jgs vkSj fHk{kq jgrs gq, Hkh x`gLFk dh rjg lnkpkj dh dekbZ lsa viuk rFkk ifjokj dk isV ikyrs jgs-
vk/kqfud Hkk"kk esa dgsa rks lHkh nfyr lUr x`gLFk&fHk{kq Fks ;k fHk{kqd&x`gLFk Fks ;kfu ^,d esa nksuksa^ Fks-
dqN yksx muds thou dh rqyuk czkã.k /keZ ds izpkjd czkã.k _f"k;ksa lsa Hkh djrs gSa rFkk mUgsa _f"k
rd dg nsrs gSa- ysfdu nfyr lUrksa dks _f"k dguk mudk vieku djus ds leku gS D;ksafd _f"k;ksa dh thou
'kSyh vkSj lUrksa ds thou 'kSyh esa mruk gh vUrj gS ftruk vUrj jkr vkSj fnu esa gS rFkk ftruk vUrj /keZ
vkSj v/keZ esa gS-- gekjs nkos dks lgh fl) djus ds fy, vkxs ge czkãf.kd _f"k;ksa vkSj lUrksa dh thou”kSyh
dk rqyukRed Lo:i ns jgs gSa-
1- lclsa eq[; vUrj rks muesa ;gh gS fd czkã.k _f"k vukpkjh vkSj ,s;k”k gksrs Fks- czkã.kksa ds gtkjksa
_f"k;ksa esa <awa<us lsa Hkh ,slk ,d _f"k ,slk ugha feyrk ftlus nfyr lUrksa dh rjg lnkpkj iw.kZ thou O;rhr
fd;k gks- czkã.k xzUFk Lo;a xokg gSa fd czkã.k _f’k;ksa dk eq[; dke ;K esa i”kq ekj dj [kkuk] lkse uked
“kjkc ihuk vkSj fu;ksx ¼O;fHkpkj½ }kjk dks /keZiq= iSnk djuk gh Fkk- muesa lsa vusdksa _f’k gfFk;kj lIykbZ djus
dk dke Hkh djrs Fks-
2- czkã.k _f"k;ksa us dHkh Hkh esgur djds jksth jksVh ugha dekbZ- ges”kk gh os jktkvksa ds nku ij iyrs
jgs- muds fy, nku ÞfHk{kkÞ ugha Fkh cfYd nku mudk vf/kdkj Fkk- tks jktk mUgsa ewag ekaxk nku ugha nsrk Fkk
mudh fgalk rd dk f”kdkj gksrk Fkk- jktk gjh’kpUnz dh dgkuh rks lHkh tkurs gSa fd czkã.k _f"k dks nku nsus
ds fy, mls D;k dqN djuk iM+k Fkk-
3- czkã.k _f"k ;k rks QkeZ gkÅl tSls vkJeksa esa jgrs Fks ;k fQj jktkvksa ds njckj esa egkeU=h vFkok
vekR; gksrs Fks vkSj lkjh lÙkk muds gkFkksa esa gksrh Fkh- mUgksaus dHkh Hkh nfyr xq:vksa dh rjg lU;klh okyk
thou ugha fcrk;k-
4- ftrus Hkh czkã.k _f"k gq, os lHkh deZdkaMksa dks gh /keZ crk dj ykxksa dks xqejkg djrs jgs- fdlh Hkh
czkã.k _f"k us dHkh Hkh lnkpkj dh ckr ugha dh- ;K esa dkSu lk eU= cksyuk gS dkSu lk ugha] cfy okys i”kq
8

dks dkSu lk eU= i<+ dj dkVuk gS] fu;ksx djrs le; “kjhj ij rsy eyuk gS ;k ugha] ,slh ckrksa dks gh os /keZ
crkrs Fks- mudh utj esa ;qf)"Bj tSlk izk.kh Þ/kekZRekÞ Fkk rks lUrksa dh utj esa ,slk vkneh yTtkghu tqvkjh
Fkk-
5- yxHkx lHkh czkã.k _f"k osn dks Hkxoku dh fdrkc ekurs Fks exj lHkh nfyr lUrksa us osnksa dks O;FkZ
dh fdrkcsa crk;k- lrxq: dchj us rks ;gka rd dg fn;k Þv/keZ dks /keZ crkoS osnÞ-Þ xq: jSnkl us dgk pkjksa
osn fd, [k.Mksfr]r] tu jSnkl djs M.Mksfr!
6- ekal [kkuk] 'kjkc ihuk vkSj ijkbZ fL=;ksa lsa O;fHkpkj djuk czkã.k _f"k;ksa dk eq[; /kU/kk Fkk- vkuUn
jkek;.k dh ckr ij ;dhu dj ysa rks n.Md ou esa jgus okys czkã.k _f"k rks jke dk lqUnj “kjhj Hkh Hkksxus
ds fy, rS;kj gks x, Fks- ;g rks jke dks ekSds ij mfDr lw> xbZ vkSj mlus mu czkã.k _f’k;ksa dks vxys tUe
ds fy, cqd dj fy;k- vxys tUe esa jke rks d`".k cu x;k vkSj os _f"k xksfi;ka cu xbZa- d`".k us xksfi;ksa ds
lkFk D;k xqy f[kyk,] lHkh tkurs gSa- ,sls gh gksrs Fks czkã.k _f"k- 'kk;n gh dksbZ ,slk czkã.k _f"k gksxk
ftlus dqdeZ u fd, gksa- blds foijhr nfyr lUrksa us vius thou dk gj iy lnkpkj esa fcrk;k- mUgksaus dHkh
Hkh ,slk dqN ugha fd;k tSlk czkã.k _f"k fd;k djrs Fks-
lrxq# dchj dh ,d lk[kh gS tks czkã.k _f"k;ksa ds thou ij lVhd cSBrh gS
Þlk/kks i.Ms fuiq.k dlkbZ]
cdjh ekj HksM+ dks /kk;s] fny esa njn u vkbZ!
djs vLuku fryd yxk,] fof/k lksa nso iqtkbZ]
vkre ekj iyd esa fculs] :f/kj dh unh cgkbZ!
vfr iquhr Å¡ps dqy dfg,] lHkk esa vf/kdkbZ]
bulS nh{kk gj dksbZ ekaxS] galh eksgs vkoS HkkbZ!
iki dVu dh dFkk lqukoS] dje djkoS uhpk]
Mwcr nksÅ ijLij nh[kk] xgs ckafg te [khapk!
vFkkZr ;K djus okys ;kfu cfy nsus okys czkã.k iwjs dlkbZ gSa- cdjh HksM+ xk; vkfn dks ;K esa
dkVrs muds fny esa tjk lh Hkh n;k ugha mitrh- muds [kwu dh ufn;ka cgk nsrs gSa- os ugkrs rks 'kkL=ksa esa
fy[kh fof/k ds vuqlkj gh gS rFkk oSls gh nso iwtk djrs gSa- ;kfu mu 'kkL=ksa esa ugkus vkSj iwtk djus dh rks
fof/k gS ysfdu thoksa ij n;k djus dh fof/k ugha gS- os viuh vUrkZRek dks ,d iy esa ekj dj dj Hkwy tkrs gSa-
os Lo;a dks Åapk vkSj ifo= dqy dk crkrs gSa rFkk yksxksa ds lkeus cM+k gksus dk nkok djrs gSa ysfdu muds
dke cgqr uhp gSa- mulsa yksx /keZ dh nh{kk ekaxrs gSa rks eq>s galh vkrh gS D;ksafd os ckrsa rks iki dkVus dh
djrs gSa ysfdu dke v/keZ okys djkrs gSaS- vr% tks ,sls dke djus okys yksx rFkk mudk lgkjk ysus okys nksuksa
lkFk gh Mwcsaxs-
tks dqN dchj lkfgc us mijksDr lk[kh esa dgk gS og v{kj”k% czkã.k _f"k;ksa ij lgh cSBrk gS-
egkHkkjr vkSj vU; czkã.k xzUFk bl ckr dk lcwr gS fd mUgksaus bruh la[;k esa xk,a [kkbZa gSa fd vxj tkap dh
tk, rks vkt ds le; esa Hkh 'kq) czkã.k ds [kwu esa xk; ds [kwu ds va”k vo”; feysaxs- egkHkkjr esa jafrnso
uked jktk dh dgkuh gS tks 2000 xk,a jkstkuk dkV dj czkã.kksa dks f[kykrk Fkk- dHkh dHkh rks chl gtkj
xk,a rd ,d fnu esa dkV dj czkã.kksa dks f[kyk nsrk Fkk- ogka xk;ksa dh gfÏ;ksa vkSj [kkyksa dk bruk cM+k
igkM+uqek <sj yx x;k fd mulsa fjlus okyk [kwu unh dh rjg cgus yx x;k- bl unh dk uke peZorh ¼peM+s
okyh½ unh iM+ x;k- vkt dy bls pEcy unh ds uke lsa tkuk tkrk gS- nfyr lekt dk dksbZ Hkh Hkh lUr ,sls
czkã.k _f"k;ksa tSlk funZ;h vkSj vukpkjh ugha Fkk-Fkk- vr% nfyr lUrksa dh rqyuk fdlh Hkh czkã.k _f"k lsa djuk
mu lUrksa dk vieku djus ds leku gS-

1-5 /keZ izpkj vkSj nh{kk


Je.k laLd`fr ds yksxksa esa lnk lsa gh lRlax djus dh izFkk jgh gS- Hkxou cq) dks ftl ?kj Hkh cqyk;k
tkrk Fkk ogka Hkkstu djus ds ckn os /keZ dk mins”k nsrs Fks - “kke dks lHkh fHk{kq o x`gLFk fey cSBrs Fks rFkk
lnkpkj D;k gS /keZ D;k gS ,slh ckrksa ij fopkj fd;k djrss Fks- le; ds lkFk ;gh ifjikVh lRlax dgh tkus
9

yxh- mUgha dh ijEijk dk fuoZgu djrs gq, lrxq# dchj vkSj lrxq# jSnkl lRlax fd;k djrs Fks- Hkxou cq)
dh rjg os bu lRlaxksa esa os uSfrdrk vkSj lnkpkj dk izpkj djrs Fks- czkã.k /keZ ds fdlh Hkh xzUFk esa lRlax
djus dk izko/kku ugha gS- muds xzUFk dsoy ;K djus] rhFkZ ugkus vkSj czkã.kksa dks nku djus ds deZdkaMksa dks
gh /keZ crkrs gSa- xq: jSnkl viuh lRlaxksa esa czkã.k/keZ ds xzUFkksa vkSj deZdkaMksa dks R;kxus rFkk Hkxou cq) ds
uSfrdrk] lnkpkj vkSj fuokZ.k ds ekxZ ij pyus dh izjs .kk nsrs Fks-
;g vk”p;Z dh ckr gS fd Hkxou cq) ds ckn dsoy lrxq: jSnkl us gh vU; yksxksa dks /keZ nh{kk nsdj
viuk f”k’; cuk;k gS- cq) dh rjg mUgksaus Hkh yksxksa lsa czkã.kokn NqMo+ k;k vkSj vius /keZ dh nh{kk nh- ml
le; ;g dk;Z czkã.kksa ds fy, lh/kh pqukSrh Fkh D;ksafd lfn;ksa lsa dsoy czkã.k gh /keZ ij dCtk fd, cSBs Fks-
tSls Hkxou cq) /keZ dk izpkj djus ds fy, vusd LFkkuksa ij x, oSls gh xq: jSnkl Hkh Hkkjr ds vusdksa LFkkuksa
ij viuk /keZ izpkj djus x,- ;gka rd fd gSnjkckn fLFkr ,syksjk esa ,d ÞlUr jSnkl dq.MÞ Hkh ik;k tkrk gS
rFkk fr#ifr eafnj ds ikl Hkh buds uke dk dq.M cuk gqvk gS- ¼xq: jSnkl % jk-Lokeh 36½
mUgksaus mÙkj Hkkjr esa vusdkssa LFkkuksa fo”ks"kr% ;wih fcgkj iatkc jktLFkku vkfn esa /keZ izpkj fd;k-
vktdy muds vf/kdrj f”k’; bUgha LFkkuksa esa vf/kd la[;k esa ik;s tkrs gSa- jktLFkku ds fprkSM+ dh jkuh >kyh
ckbZ rFkk ehjk ckbZ us Hkh muds /keZ esa nh{kk yh- jkuh >kyh ckbZ us rks mudk /keZ Lo;a rd lhfer j[kk ysfdu
ehjk ckbZ jSnkl&/keZ dk izpkj djus ij mrj vkbZ- ifj.kkeLo:i mls Hkh vius xq: dh rjg czkã.kksa ds gkFkksa
viuh tku xaokuh iM+h-
mudk /keZ izpkj vFkok lRlax eq[;r% nks fo"k;ksa ij dsfUnzr gksrk Fkk % igyk ;g fd lnkpkj] uSfrdrk
okyk /keZ viukvks rFkk nwljk ;g fd vukpkj vuSfrd czkã.k /keZ dk R;kx djks- ckck lkfgc vEcsMdj us Hkh
xq: jSnkl okyh 'kSyh viukbZ Fkh- mUgksaus Hkh czkã.kokn dh cf[k;k m/ksM+ nha rFkk lkFk esa cq) /keZ ds uSfrd
vkpj.k dk izpkj Hkh fd;k-
mudk lclsa eq[; izpkj gksrk Fkk fd %
∗ yksx czkã.k/keZ dks NksM+sa- tkfr izFkk dh Åap uhp dks NksMsa+-
∗ xaxk Luku] eks{k] Jk)] ;K] osn iqjk.k vkfn lHkh csdkj dh phtsa gSa- bulsa nwj jguk pkfg,-
pkfg,-
∗ yksx Je.k /keZ viuk,a rFkk fuokZ.k izkIr djsa-
∗ yksx gj izdkj dh vukpkj iw.kZ jhfr fjoktksa] deZ dkaMksa dks R;kx nsa-
∗ jktuhfrd lÙkk ds fcuk ckdh lkjh 'kfDr;ka csdkj gSa- nfyrksa dks okLrfod eqfDr rHkh feysxh
tc os viuk fNuk gqvk jkt fQj lsa izkIr djs djsaxs rFkk csxeiqjk clk,axs-
czkã.k /keZ % xq: jSnkl yksxksa lsa czkã.k/keZ NksM+us ds fy, dgrs Fks- czkã.k /keZ dk vFkZ gS og /keZ tgka
czkã.k tkfr esa iSnk gksus okyk izk.kh Åapk ;k egku le>k tkrk gS pkgs og xq.kksa ds uke ij 'kwU; gks- ;K
djuk] cfy nsuk] osnksa esa fo”okl djuk] jke d`".k vkfn dks Hkxoku ekuuk] eks{k izkfIr ds fy, rhFkksZa ij ugkuk
vkSj i.Mksa dks nku nsuk] dFkk lquuk vkfn czkã.k/keZ ds eq[; deZdkaM gSa- xq: jSnkl vkSj xq: dchj us [kqy
dj bu ckrksa dk [k.M.k fd;k- mUgksaus yksxksa lsa vkgoku fd;k fd os ,sls /keZ dks NksM+ nsa- lrxq: dchj us dgk
%
vatu czãk ladj banz] vatu xksfi;ksa lax xksfcan!
dgS dchj dksbZ fcjyk tkxS] vatu NksM+ fujatu ykxS!!
vFkkZr czãk] f”ko rFkk mudk jktk bUnz rFkk d`".k o xksfi;ka lHkh vka[kksa ls fn[kus okys vke izk.kh gSa-
bUgsa Hkxoku ugha dgk tk ldrk- ogh Kkuh gS tks bUgsa NksM+ dj vka[kksa lsa fn[kkbZ u nsus okys lnkpkj :ih
Hkxoku ds ihNs yxrk gS-
mUgksaus yksxksa lsa vkgoku fd;k fd os vuSfrd dk;Z NksM+sa] mu yksxksa dks R;kxsa ftUgksaus vukpkj iw.kZ dke
fd, gSa- mUgksausa yksxksa lsa uSfrd dke djus vkSj mu yksxksa dk vuqlj.k djus dks dgk ftUgksaus lnkpkjh thou
th;k gS- czkã.kokn vFkok oSfnd /keZ vFkok lukru /keZ esa uSfrdrk ds fy, dksbZ txg ugha gS- ogka fNi dj
yksxksa dks ekjus okyk e;kZnk iq#"k dgk tkrk gS] tw, esa vius NksVs HkkbZ dh ifRu dks nkao ij yxkus okyk ogka
/kekZRek dgk tkrk gS] 2000 xk,a jkstkuk dkV dj czkã.kksa dks f[kykus okyk ogka ij egknkuh dgk tkrk gS] tw,
10

ds /ku ds fy, yM+us ejus dks izsfjr djus okys vins”kksa dh iqLrd mudk lclsa egku /keZ xzUFk gS] xq.kksa dh
ctk, tUe ds dkj.k ogka vkneh Åapk ;k uhpk fxuk tkrk gS- lrxq: jSnkl vkSj muds /keZ HkkbZ lrxq# dchj
us czkã.kokn ds bu fl)karksa dh lnk fuank dh gS] [k.Mu fd;k gS- vr% tks yksx bu lUrksa ds f”k’; gSa mUgsa
czkã.k /keZ ds ;g lc <dkslys NksM+ nsuk pkfg,-
Je.k /keZ % mUgksaus yksxksa lsa vkgoku fd;k fd os Je.k /keZ ;kfu lUrksa dk ekxZ viuk,a- mUgksaus Li"V
“kCnksa esa Hkxou cq) ds /keZ vFkkZr fuokZ.k izkfIr dk vkgoku fd;k- *fujatu* Hkxou cq) ds fy, iz;ksx fd;k
tkrk gS D;ksafd mudk /keZZ vFkkZr lnkpkj vka[kksa lsa ns[kus dh ctk, eu lsa djus dk dke gS- nfyr lUrksa us
ogh dqN djus dks dgk tks Hkxou cq) us crk;k Fkk- cq) /keZ esa fuokZ.k dks loksZÙke fLFkfr ekuk x;k gS- nfyr
lUrksa us Hkh Hkxou cq) ds fuokZ.k ds fl)kar dks ije in crk;k- mUgksaus dgk%
jSnkl lksbZ lk/kq Hkyk] ftl eu ekafg ugha vfHkeku!
g"kZ] 'kksd tkus ugha] tkus lq[k nq[k ,d leku!!
dgs jSnkl lquks js lUrks] ;g in gS fuokZ.k]
;g jgL; dksm [kkStS cw>S] lksb lUr lqtku!!
?k`r dkj.k nf/k eFkS l;k.k! thor eqDr lnk fuokZ.k!!
vFkkZr xq: jSnkl ds vuqlkj mls gh lk/kq dgk tk ldrk gS ftlds eu esa vfHkeku ugha gS- ,sls lk/kq
[kq”kh xeh lq[k nq[k dks ,d leku viukrs gSa- ;gh fuokZ.k dh fLFkfr gS- jSnkl th lHkh lUrksa dks vkgoku djrs
gSa fd ml fuokZ.k dks izkIr djsa ftls lUr lqtku vFkkZr Hkxou cq) us [kkstk gS- tSls ngh dks eFk dj ?kh
fudkyk tkrk gS oSls gh Hkxou cq) us fuokZ.k dk jkLrk [kkstk gS- tks lUr thrs th eqDr gksus dks jkLrk <wa<
ysrk gS ogh Kkuh lUr gS- vr% tks fuokZ.k dk in ugha <wa<rk og ek= Hkxok/kkjh gS lk/kq ;k lUr dgyokus ds
;ksX; ugha gS-
dqy feyk dj lUrksa dk /keZ ogh gS ftls Je.k /keZ dgk tkrk gS- Hkxou cq) }kjk crk, x, lnkpkj]
fuokZ.k rFkk e/; ekxZ ds v/;;u ds fy, gh vla[; fons”kh ;k=h Hkkjr vk,-- vkt rd ftrus Hkh fons”kh ;k=h
Hkkjr esa f”k{kk xzg.k djus vk, gSa] os lc ds lc ek= ek= muds Je.k /keZ dk v/;;u djus gh vk, gSa- vkt rd
fdlh fons”kh ;k=h us Hkkjr esa vkdj xhrk iqjk.k ;k osn ugha i<+k vkSj u gh vius lkFk buesa lsa fdlh fdrkc
dks vius lkFk ysdj x;k gS- lHkh fons”kh ;k=h vius lkFk nfyrksa }kjk jfpr f=fiVd dh iqLrdsas gh i<+us vk,
rFkk bUgha dks vius lkFk ysdj x, gS-
Je.k /keZ uSfrdrk] lnkpkj vkSj lPpkbZ dk jkLrk gS- vlgk; dh lgk;rk djuk] nqf[k;ksa ds nq[k
ckaVuk] i”kqvksa ij n;k djuk] cM+ksa dk vknj djuk vkfn lHkh uSfrd ckrs Je.k /keZ }kjk gh fl[kkbZ xbZa gSa-
lUrksa dk fu’dke
fu’dke dje % xq: jSnkl us fcuk ykyp fd, x, dke dks gh /keZ crkrs gq, dgk %
lkS cjl jgks txr esa] thor jg dj djks dke!
jSnkl dje gh /kje gS] dje djks fu’dke!!
vFkkZr vkneh pkgs lkS lky th, ysfdu mls thrs th dke djuk pkfg, D;ksafd dje gh /keZ gS- tgka
rd fu’dke dje djus dh ckr gS xq: jSnkl ds vuqlkj tks dke ykykp dh Hkkouk ds fcuk fd, tkrs gSa]
ogh fu’dke dje dgykrs gSa- tkfr vkSj o.kZ ds ca/ku lsa ijs gV dj fd, x, dk;Z Hkh fu’dke dje gS- vxj
,d nfyr f”k{kk xzg.k djrk gS rks ;g fu’dke dje gS- czkã.k vxj ukyh lkQ djus dk dke djrk gS rks
;g mldk fu’dke dje gS- vr% ftrus Hkh nfyr ljdkjh ukSdjh esa gSa] xq: jSnkl ds vuqlkj] lHkh ds lHkh
fu’dke dje dj jgs gSa- czkã.k/keZ }kjk cukbZ xbZ tkfr izFkk vkSj muds fu/kkZfjr dkeksa lsa ckgj dke djuk gh
fu’dke dje gS- czkã.k/keZ ds vuqlkj viuh tkfr ds fu/kkZfjr dke djuk gh /keZ gS-
ckrsa cukbZ tkrh gSa fd xhrk esa fcuk Qy dh bPNk ds deZ djus dh f”k{kk nh xbZ gS- dFkkokpd Vhoh
jsfM+;ks ij xyk QkM+ QkM+ dj fpYykrs gSa fd d`’.k us fu”dke deZ djus dh lykg nh gS- ysfdu lPpkbZ blds
foijhr gS- og rks vtqZu dks tw, esa gkjs /ku ds fy, mlds nknk] ekek] ukuk o xq: dkss ekjus dh ckrsa dgrk gS-
lkFk esa ;g Hkh dgrk gS fd vxj og yM+kbZ esa thr x;k rks jkT; feysxk vkSj vxj ej x;k rks LoxZ esa lhV
feysxh- vr% og vtqZu dks Hkh fcuk Qy dh bPNk ds dke djus dks ugha dgrk- vr% tks yksx xhrk esa fu”dke
deZ djus vFkok fcuk Qy dh bPNk ds dke djus dh ckrsa djrs gSa os fuf”pr :i esa ;k rks /kwrZ gSa ;k ew[kZ gSa-
11

oSls Hkh ;g lPpkbZ gS fd nqfu;k dk dksbZ Hkh dke fcuk Qy ds fopkjs ugha fd;k tkrk- xhrk dk ikB
djus vkus okyk czkã.k Hkh igys viuh nf{k.kk r; djds ?kj lsa pyrk gS- vkneh lkal Hkh ysrk gS rks Lo;a dks
ftUnk j[kus ds fy, ysrk gS-

1-6 mudh gR;k dh xbZ ! D;ksa \


f}tksa ds gkFkksa nfyrksa dk dRy gksuk dksbZ ubZ ckr ugha gS ysfdu dbZ lfn;ksa ds ckn ,slk gqvk fd
czkã.kksa us fdlh nfyr uk;d dh gR;k dh gks- vke nfyr rks fuR; gh mudh fgalk vkSj 'kks"k.k dk f”kdkj
gksrk vk jgk gS exj dbZ cjlksa ckn ,slk gqvk fd muds uk;d dh u`”kal gR;k dh xbZ gks- lfn;ksa igys jke us
egkRek jko.k vkSj lUr 'kEcwd dh gR;k dh Fkh- mudh gR;k djus ds ihNs mldk mÌs”; Fkk Hkkjr esa vk;ksZa dh
vuSfrd] v”yhy ;fKd laLd`fr ds izlkj esa vkus okyh #dkoVksa dks nwj djuk- fQj dbZ lfn;ksa ckn lezkV
v”kksd ds oa”kt lezkV o`gnFkZ dh gR;k dh xbZ- dkj.k Fkk Hkkjr lsa cq) /keZ dks gVk dj czkã.k /keZ dh iqu%
LFkkiuk djuk-
mijksDr nksuksa gR;kvksa us Hkkjr ds bfrgkl dk #[k gh cny dj j[k fn;k Fkk- egkjkt jko.k dh gR;k
u gksrh rks Hkkjr lsa czkãf.kd nqjkpkj dHkh dk lekIr gks x;k gksrk- vkt czkã.k /keZ chrs tekus dh ckr gks
x;k gksrk- Hkkjr lsa czkã.kksa dk <dkslyk] /kks[kk/kM+h dHkh ds lekIr gks pqds gksrs- egkRek jko.k us Hkkjr lsa
vukpkjh czkã.k /keZ dk yxHkx lQk;k dj fn;k Fkk- mudh gR;k ds ckn czkã.kokn fQj lsa thfor gks mBk-
,sls gh lezkV v”kksd ds 'kklu dky esa tc czkã.k /keZ viuh vafre lkalsa fxu jgk Fkk rc gR;kjs
iq";fe= dh vxqokbZ esa czkã.kksa us muds iksrs lezkV o`gnFkZ dh gR;k dj nh- mudh gR;k djus ds ckn czkã.kksa
us Hkkjr esa ckS)ksa dks dRysvke fd;k- mUgksaus Hkkjr lsa cq) /keZ dk uke yxHkx lekIr dj fn;k Fkk- ml le;
czkã.kksa us x;k esa ml ihiy ds isM+ dks Hkh tyk dj u"V dj fn;k ftlds uhps cSB dj Hkxou cq) us u;k
/keZ [kkstk Fkk- czkã.kksa }kjk iwjs Hkkjr esa cq) fogkj Hkh u"V dj fn, x,-
vkt iwjs Hkkjr esa czkã.kksa }kjk u’V fd, x, ckS) eBksa ds vo”ks’k feyrs gSa- gfj;k.kk esa Hkh vusd LFkkuksa
ij ,sls vo”ks"k feyrs gSa- ,slk gh ,d LFkku vxzksgk gS- ogka cq) Lrwi ds vo’ks"k feys gSa ysfdu D;ksafd ehfM;k
;kfu izpkj ds lk/kuksa ij czkã.k/kfeZ;ksa dk dCtk gS] blfy, mUgksaus bl >wB dk izpkj dj j[kk gS fd ;g
LFkku fdlh vxzlsu uked cfu;s jktk dh uxjh Fkh- ;g jktk dc gqvk dgka gqvk dksbZ lcwr fdlh ds ikl
ugha gS- ysfdu izpkj ds lk/ku muds ikl gksus ds dkj.k mUgksaus >wB dks lp cuk j[kk gS vkSj lp ¼cq) Lrwi½
dks >wB ¼vxlsu dh uxjh½ cuk j[kk gS-
lezkV o`gnFkZ dh gR;k ds yxHkx iUnzg lkS lky ckn xq: jSnkl dh gR;k dh xbZ- xq: jSnkl dh gR;k
djus ds ihNs Hkh dksbZ lk/kkj.k dkj.k ugha Fks- czkã.kksa us lksph le>h j.kuhfr ds vuq:i gh mudh gR;k dh-
mudh gR;k djus ds ihNs eq[; dkj.k bl izdkj lsa Fks %
igyk dkj.k ;g Fkk fd xq: jSnkl us czkã.k /keZ dks vlk/kkj.k pqukSrh nh Fkh- mUgksaus lrxq# dchj ds
lkFk fey dj osnksa] iqjk.kksa] xhrk] jke] d`".k vkfn dk [k.M.k fd;k- ;K] Jk)] eafnjksa esa iwtk ikB vkfn gj
czkãf.kd deZdkaM dk mUgksaus rdZ ds lkFk [k.Mu fd;k- ;K cfy] xaxk Luku] rhFkZ ;k=k] fi.M nku vkfn gj
deZ dkaM dks mUgksaus v/keZ crk;k- muds }kjk czkã.kokn ds fo#) pyk;k x;k vkanksyu taxy dh vkx dh
rjg iwjs Hkkjr esa QSy x;k- ikfdLrkuh iatkc lsa py dj xq: ukud rd mulsa feyus dk”kh rd x, vkSj
mudh ck.kh ysdj ykSVs- vkt muds vkanksyu dks ^HkfDr ygj^ dg dj NksVk dj fn;k tkrk gS- czkã.kokn ds
fo#) mudk vkanksyu ljnkj Hkxr flag tSls j.k ckadjq ksa }kjk pyk, x, vktknh vkanksyu lsa de ugha Fkk-
euq lsa ysdj ladj rd gj czkã.k usrk xyk QkM+ dj fpYykrk vk jgk gS fd osn /keZ dk ewy gSa- osn
/keZ dh tM+ gSa- osn ugha rks czkã.k/keZ Hkh ugha jg ldrk- n;kuUn Hkh fpYykrk jgk fd osn dky esa ykSV pyks-
vkt gj czkãf.kd VhOkh pSuy osnksa dk Kku c?kkj jgk gS- ysfdu osnksa dh lPpkbZ ckck lkfgc us ,d ykbZu esa
c;ku dh gS- mUgksaus dgk % osnksa esa ew[kZrk ds flok; dqN ugha gS- gekjs fopkj esa ckck lkfgc us ,slk dg dj
osnksa dk dqN fygkt fd;k gS D;ksafd okLrfodrk ;g gS fd osnksa esa flok; v”yhyrk ds dqN ugha gS- blfy,a
lrxq# dchj us dgk % v/keZ dks /keZ crk,a osn! muds /keZ HkkbZ jSnkl th us dgk% pkjksa osn fd, [k.Mksfr tu
jSnkl djs M.Mks
M.Mksfr!
12

czkã.kksa ds /keZ ij pksV lh/ks lh/ks muds /kU/ks ij pksV Fkh- vr% xq: jSnkl dk ftUnk jguk muds /kU/ks
;kfu /keZ ds fy, [krjk Fkk- vr% mUgksaus ogh fd;k tks xq.Mksa dk fxjksg viuk /kU/kk cpkus ds fy, djrk gS-
mu xq.Mkuqek czkã.kksa us mudk dRy dj fn;k-
iz”u mBrk gS fd xq: dchj us rks czkã.kksa ij xq: jSnkl lsa dgha T;knk rst geys djrs Fks] mUgksaus rks
czkã.kksa dks *dlkbZ* rd dg fn;k Fkk ysfdu mu ij czkã.kksa us geyk ugha fd;k- bldk ,d gh dkj.k gS fd
bfrgkl xokg gS fd czkã.kksa us ges”kk detksj dks yrkM+k gS rFkk cyoku ds ryos pkVs gSa- lrxq: dchj
^eqfLye^ eka cki dh vkSykn Fks rFkk ml le; Hkkjr ij eqlyekuksa dh gdwer Fkh- ^eqfLye^ dchj ij geyk
djus dk ifj.kke czkã.k vPNh rjg tkurs Fks- vr% mUgksaus flQZ ^detksj^ nfyr ij gh geyk djus dh cgknqjh
fn[kkbZ-
nwljk dkj.k % mudks “kghn djus dk nwljk dkj.k ;g Fkk fd mUgksaus nfyrksa dks f”k{kk nsuk “kq: fd;k
Fkk-
Fkk- mUgksaus 34 v{kjksa dh xq#eq[kh fyfi cukbZ rFkk mlh fyfi esa viuh ck.kh dh jpuk dh- dh- Hkkjr ds vf/kdrj
lUrksa us Hkh viuh ck.kh dh jpuk djus ds fy, blh fyfi dks viuk;k- nsoukxjh R;kx dj mUgksaus blh fyfi
esa nfyrksa dks f”k{kk nh- lfn;ksa ckn nfyrksa ds ?kj esa Kku dk izdk”k gqvk- nfyrksa ds ?kj esa Kku dk izdk”k
czkã.kksa dks vlguh; Fkk- mUgsa irk Fkk fd nfyr vxj i<+ fy[k x, rks mUgsa xqyke cuk, j[kuk laHko ugha
gksxk-
xq: jSnkl }kjk nfyrksa dks f”k{kk nsuk czkã.k/keZ ij nksgjk vk?kkr Fkk- ,d rks muds lkjs /keZ xzUFk] osn
lsa ysdj lR;kFkZ izdk”k rd] ,d lqj esa fpYykrs gSa fd nfyrksa dks f”k{kk ugha nh tkuh pkfg,- nwljs muds lkjs
/keZ xzUFk laLd`r esa fy[ks x, gSa- lkjs czkã.k usrk nkok djrs gSa fd laLd`r ifo= Hkk’kk gS] nsorkvksa dh Hkk’kk gS-
xq#eq[kh esa nfyrksa dks f”k{kk nsdj mUgksaus u dsoy czkã.k xzUFkksa dh /kfTt;ka mM+k nh cfYd mudh ^ifo=
laLd`r^ Hkk’kk dh bTtr dks Hkh u’V dj fn;k- laLd`r ,slh Hkk’kk gS ftldk isVSaV gq, fcuk Hkh ;g vkfn dky
lsa dsoy czkã.kksa dh Hkk’kk gS- vkt rd mudk /kU/kk blh Hkk’kk esa gks jgk gS- fy[kus dks rks rqylh us Hkh
jkepfjr nslh Hkk’kk esa fy[kk Fkk exj og czkã.k Fkk- vr% czkã.kksa us vius HkkbZ dks rks c[“kk fn;k exj ,d
nfyr dks gh “kghn dj fn;k-
rhljk dkj.k % mudh gR;k djus dk rhljk rFkk eq[; dkj.k Fkk fd mUgksaus lrxq# dchj ds lkFk
fey dj yksxksa lsa czkã.k/keZ NksM+us vkSj Je.k /keZ viukus dk vkgoku fd;k- fd;k- tc nfyr lekt ds yksxksa us
mulsa f”k{kk ysdj czkã.k/keZ dks R;kxk vkSj Je.k /keZ dks viuk;k rks czkã.kksa dks ;g vlguh; yxk- exj tSls
gh xq: jSnkl us {k=k.kh ehjk dks vius /keZ esa “kkfey “kkfey fd;k rks czkã.kksa dks viuk fdyk fgyrk utj vk;k-
nfyrksa dks rks czkã.k/keZ oSls gh ijk;k le>rk Fkk exj {kf=; rks mudh vkenu dk eq[; lk/ku Fks- vxj
{kf=; {k=kf.k;ka gh nfyr lUrksa dh “kj.k esa pys tkrs rks czkã.kksa dk rks “kfDr larqyu gh fcxM+ tkrk- vr%
ek= nks {k=kf.k;ksa ds /keZ ifjorZu djrs gh mUgksaus xq: jSnkl dh gR;k dj nh-
czkã.k tkurs Fks fd {kf=;ksa lsa c<+ dj ^oQknkj^ mUgsa dksbZ ugha fey ldsxk- czkã.k tkfr ds vorkj
ij”kq us vius tekus esa {kf=;ksa dk cPpk cPpk vius Qjls lsa dkV Mkyk Fkk- mlus rks {k=kf.k;ksa ds xHkZ esa iy
jgs cPps rd dkV Mkys Fks- leLr uj {kf=;ksa ds ekjs tkus ds ckn fo/kok {k=kf.k;ka fu;ksx djokus ds fy,
czkã.kksa ds vkxs gkFk tksM+s [kM+h jgrh Fkha- egkHkkjr dh dFkk ds vuqlkj rc czkã.kksa lsa xHkZorh gksdj {k=kf.k;ksa
us {kf=; dqy dks vkxs c<+k;k- vius iwoZtksa dh ,slh nqxZfr djus ij Hkh vkt rd {kf=; czkã.kksa ds HkDr cus
gq, gSa rks mu lsa c<+ dj vkSj dkSu oQknkj gks ldrk gS-
nfyr vkSj {kf=; pkgs viuk bfrgkl Hkwy pqds gSa exj czkã.kksa dks iwjk bfrgkl ;kn Fkk- mUgsa irk Fkk
fd xq: jSnkl us vxj {kf=;ksa dks mudk bfrgkl crk fn;k rks mUgsa cpkus okyk dksbZ ugha feysxk- mUgsa ;g Hkh
irk Fkk fd xq: jSnkl vxj lezkV v”kksd dh rjg cq) /keZ QSykus esa dke;kc gks x, rks dksbZ muds /keZ dks
dksfM+;ksa ds Hkko Hkh ugha iwNsxk- vr% mUgksaus ogh fd;k tks yxHkx 1500 lky igys mUgksaus lezkV o`gnFkZ ds
lkFk fd;k Fkk- mUgksaus xq: jSnkl dh Hkh gR;k dj nh-
pkSFkk dkj.k % xq: jSnkl us lrxq# dchj ds lkFk fey dj nfyrksa dks f”k{kk nh rFkk yksxksa esa Je.k
/keZ dk izpkj izlkj Hkh fd;k ysfdu ,d dke esa os lrxq# dchj lsa Hkh nks dne vkxs fudy x,- mUgksaus
nfyr lekt dks psrk;k fd dsoy nfyr lekt ds yksx gh vly es Hkkjr ds “kkld jgs gSa- flU/qk lH;rk
vFkkZr nfyr lH;rk lsa ysdj ekS;Z dky rd Hkkjr ij dsoy vkSj dsoy nfyrksa dk “kklu jgk gS- lezkV o`gnFkZ
13

dh gR;k ds ckn mudk jkt Nhu fy;k x;k vkSj mUgsa xqyke cuk fn;k x;k- xq: jSnkl ;g ,sfrgkfld lPpkbZ
tkurs Fks- vr% mUgksaus nfyrksa dks muds bfrgkl lsa ifjfpr djok;k-
 mUgksaus dgk fd nfyr Hkkjr ds vlyh “kkld gSa- Hkkjr ij lnSo nfyr dgh tkus okyh tkfr;ksa dk
jkt jgk gS-
mUgksaus dgk%
ujir ,d flagklu lks;k] lius Hk;k fHk[kkjh!
vNwr jkt fcNM+s nq[k ik;k]
ik;k] lksbZ nlk HkbZ gekjh!!
 vc czkã.kksa us nfyrksa dks xqyke cuk j[kk gS- nfyr vius nhu vFkkZr /keZ lsa nwj gks x, gSa- czkã.k/keZ
mudk /keZ ugha gS- os cksys %
ijk/khu dk nhu D;k] ijk/khu csnhu!
jSnkl nkl ijk/khu dks lc gh le>sa ghu!!
 nfyrksa dh eqfDr dk ,d gh jkLrk gS fd os vius xys lsa xqykeh dk Qank mrkjsa rFkk viuk fNuk
gqvk jkt fQj lsa izkIr djsa rFkk viuk csxeiqjk clk;sa- mUgksaus dgk %
ijk/khurk iki gS tku ysoks js ehr!
jSnkl nkl ijk/khu dks dkSu djs gS ijhr!!
,slk pkgwa jkt eSa feyS lcu dks vé!
NksVs cM+s le clSa] jSnkl
nkl jgS izlé!!
nfyrksa dks f”k{kk nsus vkSj jktuhfrd 'kfDr izkIr djus dk vkgoku djuk] ,slh ckrsa Fkha tks czkã.kokn
dk fdyk fQj lsa /oLr dj ldrh Fkha- vr% czkã.kksa us mudh ckrksa dk vf/kd izpkj gksus lsa igys gh mudh
gR;k dj nh- mudh fprk esa mudh ck.kh Hkh tyk nh xbZ- vkt muds uke ij fey jgh ck.kh esa vf/kdrj
muds }kjk jfpr ugha gS- mnkgj.kr% mUgksaus Li"V :i esa jke iq= nljFk dks viuk jke ugha ekuk fQj Hkh
muds uke lsa ,sls in ik, tkrs gSa tks ml jke dh rkjhQ esa ?k<+s x, gSa- ,sls in mudh gR;k ds ckn mudh
ck.kh esa ?kqlsM+ fn, x, rkfd muds vkanksyu dks lekIr fd;k tk lds-
czkã.k viuh bl f?kukSuh pky esa lQy gksrs fn[kkbZ ns jgs gSa- vkt dksbZ Hkh nfyr gesa mudh
jktuhfrd lw>cw> ij ppkZ djrk gqvk ugha feyrk- ;g vKkurk nfyr lekt ds fy, ?kkrd gks ldrh gS- -
vr% nfyrksa dk ;g ikou drZO; gS fd os xq: jSnkl ds la?k’kZ rFkk cfynku dks O;FkZ u tkus nsa-

v/;k; 2
jSnkl dkSu
2-1 jSnkl % xq: ;k HkDr
,d iz”u gesa ckj ckj dpksVrk gS fd nfyr lUrksa ds uke ds vkxs ÞHkDrÞ dh gh mikf/k D;ksa yxkbZ
tkrh gS- ,slk D;ksa gS fd mUgsa HkDr jSnkl] HkDr dchj] HkDr ukenso] HkDr pks[kkesyk vkfn gh dgk tkrk gS-
tcfd rqylh dks lUr f”kjkse.kh] ladjkpk;Z dks txnxq: vkfn dh mikf/k;ka iznku dh tkrh gSa pkgs xq.kksa vkSj
lnkpkj esa ;g yksx xq: jSnkl ;k lrxq: dchj ds vkxs 'kwU; lsa Hkh deÙkj Fks-
dqN dFkkokpd ;g rdZ nsrs gSa fd HkDr rks Hkxoku lsa Hkh c<+ dj gksrk gS- blfy, bu lUrksa
ds uke ds vkxs HkDr yxkus lsa mudk lEeku c<+rk gS- mUgsa HkDr dgus ij mUgsa Hkxoku lsa Hkh cM+k crk;k
tkrk gS- dqN yksx ;g Hkh rdZ nsrs gSa fd mUgksaus Hkxoku dh HkfDr dh Fkh- vr% mUgsa HkDr dgk tkrk gS-
;g lc [kks[kys vkSj 'kjkjr iw.kZ rdZ gSa- nfyr lUrksa dks HkDr dgus okys mUgsa blfy, HkDr ugha dgrs
fd os nfyr lUrksa dks Hkxoku lsa c<+dj ekurs gS cfYd os mUgsa blfy, HkDr dgrs gSa D;ksafd ÞHkDrÞ “kCn
NksVsiu dk |ksrd gS- mUgs HkDr dgus okys ;g lksp gh ugha ldrs vFkok lgu gh ugha dj ldrs fd ,d
^nfyr* dks ^xq:^ Hkh dgk tk, D;ksafd nfyr lekt lsa iSnk gksus ds dkj.k gekjs lUr pkgs fdrus Hkh xq.kh D;ksa
u gksa] os yksx mUgsa <s< gh le>rs gSa- vxj nfyr lUrksa dks HkDr dgus okys mUgsa Hkxoku lsa c<+dj le>rs rks
14

vkt eafnjksa esa ek= nfyr lUrksa dh ewfrZ;ka gksrh] muds vukpkjh nsoksa vkSj Hkxokuksa dh ugha! lh/kh lh ckr gS
tks cM+k gks mlh dh ewfrZ yxuh pkfg,- vxj HkDr cM+k gksrk gS rks mlh dh ewfrZ yxuh pkfg,- ysfdu ,slk
dgha ugha gS- czkã.kksa ds fdlh Hkh eafnj esa fdlh Hkh nfyr lUr dh ewfrZ ugha yxh gS-
,d ckr vkSj Hkh gS vxj HkDr dk vFkZ Hkxoku lsa c<+dj gS rks czkã.koknh vius yksxksa ds vkxs HkDr
D;ksa ugha yxkrs- D;ksa os ladjkpk;Z dks HkDr ladjkpk;Z ugha dgrs- mls rks txn~xq: dgk tkrk gS- D;ksa HkDr
n;kuUn] HkDr foosdkuUn] HkDr jke] HkDr d`".k] HkDr nzks.k vkfn ugha dgk tkrk- lh/kh lh ckr gS ÞHkDrÞ
NksVsiu dk |ksrd gS rFkk tks yksx nfyr lUrksa dks HkDr dgrs gSa os /kwrZrk iwoZd mUgsa ,slk dgrs gSa vFkok ml
ekufld jksx dh otg lsa dgrs gS tks mUgsa ;g crkrk gS fd nfyr ÞuhpÞ gksrs gSa- lks mUgsa xq: ugha dgk tkuk
pkfg,-
fl[kksa ds nl xq: gq,- muesa xq: ukud rks dk”kh Hkh vk, rFkk lrxq# dchj vkSj lrxq: jSnkl lsa
feys Hkh Fks- dk”kh esa bu rhuksa xq:vksa us feydj czkã.koknh <dkslyksa ds fo#) vkokt mBkbZ Fkh- xq: xksfcUn
flag us rks lrxq# dchj ds “kCn Þlwjk lksbZ lgkfj;s tks yM+S nhu ds gsr] iqjtk iqjtk gks; HkksbZa jgS dcgq u
NksMs [ksrÞ dks vius thou esa iwjh rjg mrkj fy;k Fkk- blh fl)kar ds vk/kkj ij mUgksaus ^[kkylk iUFk* dh
LFkkiuk dh vFkkZr ,sls yksxksa dh QkSt cukbZ tks v/keZ vkSj vU;k; ds fo#) rc rd tw>rs jgs tc rd mudk
jkse jkse “kghn ugha gks x;k- mudh blh [kkylk QkSt esa vusdksa nfyr ohjksa us xq: dchj ds vkns”k dks lp
dj fn[kk;k Fkk-
lrxq# dchj ds “kCn lsa izsj.kk ysdj Hkkjr dk uD”kk cny nsus okys n”ke firk xq: xksfcan flag dks
vkt dksbZ Hkh vkneh ^HkDr^ dgus dh fgEer ;k fgekdr ugha dj ldrk- D;ksa\ D;ksafd fdlh dks Hkh HkDr
crkuk mls NksVk crkuk ;k mldh csbTtrh djus ds leku ekuk tkrk gS- vkSj D;ksafd czkã.k /keZ nfyrksa dks
dqÙks] fcYyh vkfn lsa T;knk ugha ekurk vr% czkã.koknh yksx nfyrksa ds xq:vksa dks Þxq:Þ eku gh ugha ldrs
vkSj u gh mUgsa xq: cqyk ldrs gS- blfy, os mUgsa ek= HkDr dg dj cqykrs gSa-
n”ke xq: xksfcan flag us vius dk;Zdky esa leLr Hkkjr ds lUrksa dh ck.kh dks ladfyr fd;k vkSj
mudkss ^xq: xzUFk lkfgc^ esa 'kkfey fd;k- mUgksaus yxHkx gj nfyr lUr % jSnkl] dchj] ukenso] cqYys”kkg]
Qjhn vkfn dh ck.kh dks xq: xzUFk lkfgc esa ntZ fd;k- mUgksaus ;g Hkh vkns”k fn;k fd muds ckn xzUFk lkfgc
dks gh xq: ekuk tk,xk- mUgksaus vkns”k fn;k % lc fl[kksa dks gqDe gS] xq: ekU;ks xzUFk- Fk- bl rjg mUgksaus mu
lHkh lUrksa xq: cuk fn;k ftudh ck.kh xq: xzUFk lkfgc esa ntZ gS- vr% tc fl[k /keZ ds usrk bu lUrksa dks
HkDr dg dj lEcksf/kr djrs gSa rks os u dsoy xq: xksfcan flag ds vkns”k dh mYya?kuk djrs gSa cfYd xq:
xUFk lkfgc dh Hkh csvnch djrs gSa D;ksafd os lUrksa dh ck.kh dks rks xq: eku dj ekFkk Vsdrs gSa ysfdu mlh
ck.kh ds jpukdkjksa dks NksVk crkrs gq, mUgsa ^HkDr^ dg dj lEcksf/kr djrs gSa-
;gka ,d ckr vkSj Hkh /;ku nsus ;ksX; gS fd fl[k /keZ ds laLFkkid xq: ukud nso Hkh xq: jSnkl dh
ck.kh dks Hkh xk;k djrs Fks- ¼jk/kk Lokeh Msjk d`r % xq: jSnkl 25½ tks yksx jSnkl th dh ck.kh xkus okys izFke
ikr”kkg ukud nso dks rks xq: dg dj cqykrs gSa vkSj ogh yksx jSnkl th dks tc ^HkDr^ dg dj cqykrs gSa rks
vius fnekxh i{kikr dk lcwr nsrs gSa-
nfyr lUrksa dks ^cM+siu* esa HkDr dgus dk rdZ fcydqy xkaf/k;kuk rdZ gS- tSls xka/kh us vNwrksa dks ew[kZ
cukus ds fy, ^gfjtu* ¼Hkxoku dh vkSykn½ uke fn;k] oSls gh os yksx gSa tks nfyr lUrksa dks ÞcM+kÞ crkus ds
fy, mUgsa ^HkDr^ dgrs gSa- tSls dksbZ Hkh czkã.k ;k xka/koknh Lo;a dks gfjtu dgyokuk lgu ugha djrk oSls gh
dksbZ Hkh O;fDr tks nfyr lUrksa dks HkDr dgrk gS vius lUrksa] _f"k;ksa] nsoksa dks HkDr dgyokuk lgu ugha
djrk- lh/kh lh ckr gS ^HkDr^ oSlk gh “kCn gS tSlk “kCn ^gfjtu^ gS- tSls gfjtu dk vFkZ 'kwnz ;k vNwr ;kfu
*uhp^ gS oSls gh HkDr dk vFkZ Hkh ^VqPpk lk lk/kq^ gS-
czkã.k/keZ esa Hkxoku dgs tkus okyk] txnxq: dgs tkus okyk ;k _f"k egf"kZ vkfn dgs tkus okyk dksbZ
Hkh izk.kh nfyr lUrksa tSlk pfj=oku vkSj Kkuoku ugha gS- nfyr lekt ds lUr muds Hkxokuksa] nsoksa vkfn lsa
Kku] deZ] pfj= vkfn gj fygkt esa mulsa c<+ dj gSa- vr% ,sls egku lUrksa dks tks HkDr dgrk gS og fuf”pr
:i lsa mUgsa NksVk crkrk gS] uhp crkrk gS vkSj mUgsa xkyh nsrk gS- nfyr lekt }kjk bls lgu ugha fd;k
tkuk pkfg, fd dksbZ Hkh muds lUrksa dks xkyh ns-
15

pfj= esa] fpUru esa] djeksa esa jke d`".k tSlk dksbZ Hkh czkãf.kd izk.kh nfyr lUrksa ds cjkcj ugha gS
ysfdu dksbZ mudh lPpkbZ Hkh crk ns rks czkã.koknh gaxkek epk nsrs gSa- nfyrksa dks Hkh pkfg, fd vius xq#vksa
ds izfr vuknj dks lgu ugha djsa- os vius xq#vksa dks xq: gh cksysa rFkk nwljksa dks Hkh mUgsa vknj ds lkFk xq:
dgus dks fy, izsfjr djsa-

2-2 lUr&flikgh
Je.k laLd`fr ds iz.ksrk xkSre cq) ds ledkyhu egkohj Lokeh tSu Fks- mUgksaus vfgalk dks ije /keZ
dgk- os vutkus esa Hkh fdlh tho dks ekjuk iki le>rs Fks- cq) Hkh vfgalk fiz; Fks ysfdu mUgksaus Lo;a dh j{kk
ds fy, rFkk ns”k ,oe lekt dh j{kk ds fy, fgalk ds mÙkj esa ÞfgalkÞ djuk iki ugha ekuk- muds vuqlkj
viuh rFkk vU; izkf.k;ksa dh tku cpkus ds fy, geykoj dks pksV igqapkuk iki ugha gS-
mulsa nks dne vkxs tkdj mUgha ds f”k’; egkjkt jko.k us fujhg i”kqvksa dks ;Kksa esa dRy djus okys
_f"k;ksa dks Hkh ekjuk iki ugha le>k- egkjktk jko.k rFkk muds vuq;k;h ;Kksa esa mUgha czkã.k _f"k;ksa dh cfy
p<+k nsrs Fks tks ogka xk;] fgj.k tSls eklwe i”kqvksa dh cfy nsrs Fks- ,sls fgalke;h ;Kksa dks ÞfNnz
fNnz okys ;Kß dgk
tkrk Fkk- Hkxou okfYedh us Hkh viuh jkek;.k esa ,sls ;Kksa dks j{kdksa }kjk u"V fd;s tkus dh ckr dgh gS-
n”kjFk us jke dks iSnk djus ds fy, fd, x, ;Kksa dks egkjkt jko.k ds j{kdksa lsa cpkus ds fy, fo”ks’k izca/k
fd, Fks-
lekt esa D;ksafd ek= czkã.k gh i<+s fy[ks gks ldrs Fks- vr% nfyrksa dh vui<+rk dk mUgksaus iwjk Qk;nk
mBk;k- mUgksaus bfrgkl dks iwjh rjg rksM+ ejksM+ dj is”k fd;k- jk{klksa okys lkjs dke Lo;a czkã.k _f"k;ksa vkSj
muds nsoksas us fd;s ysfdu czkãf.kd ys[kdksa }kjk egkRek jko.k vkSj mudh j{k lsuk dks cnuke dj fn;k x;k-
blh Je.k laLd`fr ds izokg esa lUr jSnkl gq,- mUgksaus bl ckr dks le>k fd fcuk jktuhfrd 'kfDr ds 'ks"k
lHkh 'kfDr;ka
'kfDr;ka csdkj gSg- blhfy, mUgksaus ;g dgk %
,slk pkgwa jkt eSa] feyS lHkh dks vé]
NksVs cM+s le clSa] jSnkl jgS izlé!!
xq: jSnkl us vius liuksa ds jkT; dks csxeiqjk dk uke fn;k- csxeiqjk vFkkZr ,slk jkT; tgka Åap
uhp] 'kks"k.k vkfn dk dksbZ xe ugha gksxk- lUr jSnkl dh ok.kh i<+ dj ,slk vkHkkl gksrk gS fd mUgksaus bl
ckr dks tku fy;k Fkk fd Hkkjr ij lnk lsa 'kwnzksa ¼vkt ds tekus esa ftUgsa vuqlwfpr tkfr] tutkfr o fiNM+k
oxZ dgk tkrk gS-½ dk jkt jgk gS vkSj tSls gh ;g lÙkk mulsa fNuh mudk lc dqN fNu x;k- mUgksaus cM+s
ekfeZd <ax lsa dgk gS %
Þujir ,d flagklu lks;k] lius Hk;k fHk[kkjh!
vNwr jkt fcNM+s nq[k ik;k] lksbZ n”kk
n”kk HkbZ gekjh!!
vFkkZr nfyrksa dh gkyr ml jktk tSlh gks jgh gS tks flagklu ij cSBs cSBs lks x;k gks rFkk lius esa
fHk[kkjh cu x;k gks- tSls jktk vlyh;r esa pkgs jktk gh gS ysfdu lius esa fHk[kkjh cu dj nq[kh gksrk gS oSlk
gh nfyrksa ds lkFk gks jgk gS- viuk vNwr jkt fcNM+ tkus ij os nq[kh gks jgs gSa- tSls uhan lsa tkxrs gh jktk
ds nq[k dk vUr gks tk,xk oSls gh viuk vNwr jkT; izkIr djrs gh nfyrksa dk nq[k nwj gks tk,xk-
bl la?k’kZ esa xq: dchj us mudk iwjk lkFk fn;k- bu nfyr lUrksa }kjk fd, x, la?k’kZ dk C;kSjk vkt
miyC/k ugha gS ysfdu mudh ck.kh bl ckr dk lcwr gS fd muds usr`Ro esa nfyrksa us ,dtqV gksdj la?k’kZ
fd;k Fkk- muds dqNsd in bl ckr ds lk{kh gSa fd ;g la?k’kZ vkeus lkeus dh VDdj tSlk Fkk- rHkh m; le;
mUgksaus nfyrksa dks tkxus vkSj la?k’kZ djus dk vkgoku fd;k- xq: jSnkl cksys %
ijk/khu dk nhu D;k] ijk/khu
ijk/khu csnhu!
jSnkl
kl nkl ijk/khu dk]
dk]s lc gh le>sa ghu!!
ijk/khurk iki gS tku ysoks js ehr!
jSnkl nkl ijk/khu lsa dkSu djS gS ijhr!!
16

lUr flikgh dchj lkgsc us nfyrksa dks yydkjk- os cksys %


xxu nekek ckt;k] iM+;k fu”kkuS ?kko]
[ksr cqgkjS lwjek] eq> ejus dk pko!!
lwjk lksbZ ljkfg
ljkfg;s
jkfg;s] tks yM+S nhu ds gsr!
iqjtk iqjtk dV Hkksa; fxjs] rcgq u NksMs [ksr!!
r!!
vFkkZr la?k’kZ dk uxkM+k ct pqdk gS- fu”kkus ij pksV gks pqdh gS- vkt ogh lwjek dgyk,xk tks j.k{ks=
esa viuk dkS”ky fn[kk,xk- ohj “kwjohj ogh dgykus ds ;ksX; gS tks vUr le; rd la?k’kZ djsxk- “kjhj ds VqdM+s
VqdM+s gks tkus ij Hkh tks eSnku esa MVk jgsxk ogh ohj ljkguh; gS!!
bl izdkj dk vkgoku igkM+ dh danjkvksa esa eks{k ds fy, riL;k djus okyk _f’k ugha dj ldrk- ,slk
vkgoku ek= vktknh ds ijokus] vktknh ds flikgh gh dj ldrs gSa- bl rjg dk vkgoku djds nfyr xq#vksa
us lUr gksus ds lkFk lkFk flikgh gksus dk izek.k Hkh ns fn;k gS- mUgksaus xq: xksfcan flag dh rjg pkgs 'kL=
ugha mBk, exj N% lfn;ksa igys tc nfyr dk eq[; lM+d ij vkuk Hkh iki Fkk ml le; mu nfyr
lUr&flikfg;ksa }kjk nfyr jkt izkfIr dk vkgoku de lkgfld dne ugha Fkk-
bl vktknh ds vkgoku dk urhtk ;g gqvk fd tc os /keZ izpkj ds fy, jktLFkku ds uxj fprkSM+
vk, gq, Fks rks ogka ds czkã.kksa us ykfB++;ksa lsa mu ij geyk dj fn;k vkSj mUgsa egkRek jko.k dh rjg 'kghn
dj fn;k- tSls czkã.koknh jke ds xqxksZa us yadk dks tyk dj u"V dj fn;k Fkk oSls gh mu czkã.kksa us lUr
flikgh jSnkl ds lkFk mudh ok.kh dks Hkh vkx dh HksaV p<+k fn;k- tSls tfy;kaokyk ckx esa vaxzstksa us fugRFks
Hkkjrh;ksa dks ?ksj dj dRy fd;k Fkk oSls gh mu czkã.kksa us lkS lkyk o`) xq: jSnkl dks ?ksj dj “kghn dj
fn;k-

2-3 Økafrdkjh jSnkl


xq: jSnkl ij vusdksa iqLrds fy[kh xbZ gSa- yxHkx lHkh ys[kdksa us mUgsa ek= ,d /kkfeZd lUr dh rjg
is”k fd;k gS- 'kk;n ,dk/k us mUgsa lekt lq/kkjd Hkh dg fn;k gS- mu ij fdrkcsa fy[kus okys dkystksa
fo”ofo|ky;ksa ds izksQSlj rd Hkh gSa exj mu izksQSljksa us Hkh vf/kdrj us Hkh iwokZxzg vFkok cUn fnekx lsa mu
ij fdrkcsa fy[kh gSa- mUgksaus jSnkl dks ek= ÞlUrß vFkok Þ/kkfeZd xq:Þ ekuk gS- mUgksaus xq: jSnkl ds vUnj
>kad dj ns[kus dh dksf”k”k dh gh ugha gS- irk ugha D;ksa mu ys[kdksa us muds bu vkgokuksa dks vuns[kk dj
fn;k %
,slk pkgwa jkt eSa------
ijk/khurk iki gS--------
vNwr jkt fcNM+s nq[k ik;k ------------ rFkk
csxeiqjk 'kgj dks uke -- - - -
/kkfeZd Økafrdkjh % fuf”pr :i esa xq: jSnkl /kkfeZd xq: Fks ysfdu os Þ<dkslys djus okys xq:Þ ugha
Fks- mUgksaus dHkh Hkh Hkxok diM+s iguus] ekyk iguus] fryd yxkus] de.My mBkus vkfn ds <dkslys ugha fd,-
mUgksaus rFkk lrxq: dchj us fey dj /keZ ds uke ij fd, tk jgs vukpkj ds fo#) vkokt mBkbZ- mUgksaus bl
ckr dk Hkjiwj izpkj fd;k fd czkã.k ftl pht dks /keZ crk jgs gSa og vly esa v/keZ gS- czkã.k/keZ ds eq[;
LrEHk Fks %
∗ osn lclsa cM+h /keZ vkSj Kku dh iqLrdsa gSa-
∗ fdrus Hkh iki djks xaxk rFkk nwljh ufn;ksa esa ugkus lsa lHkh iki /kqy tkrs gSa-
∗ tkfr izFkk Hkxoku dh cukbZ gqbZ gS- vr% Hkxoku us gh czkã.kksa dks Åapk vkSj 'ks"k lHkh dks uhpk
cuk;k gS-
∗ ;K djuk] cfy nsuk /keZ gS-
∗ czkã.k dks nku nsuk vfuok;Z gS- Jk) vkfn dk;ksZa esa czkã.kksa dks Hkkstu f[kykus lsa iq.; feyrk
gS-
17

∗ xq: /kkj.k djuk % czkã.k /keZ esa gjsd vkneh ds fy, xq: /kkj.k djuk t:jh Fkk- czkã.k us
Lo;a dks tUetkr xq: ?kksf’kr fd;k gqvk Fkk
∗ gj vkneh esa ,d vkRek gksrh gS- mls eks{k rHkh feysxk tc czkã.kksa dks oSrj.kh ikj djus ds
fy, xk; nku nh tk,xh vkfn-
xq: jSnkl us czkã.kksa ds lHkh <dkslyksa dk fojks/k fd;k- rdZ vkSj dkj.k nsdj mUgksaus ;g fl) fd;k
fd czkã.k ftl dke dks /keZ crk jgs gSa okLro esa og v/keZ gS- og ek= mudh jksth jksVh dekus dk lk/ku gS-
mudk /keZ yksxksa dks xqejkg djus csodwQ cukus dk tfj;k gS- mUgksaus esgur djds jksth jksVh dekus vkSj
lnkpkjh thou thus dks gh /keZ ekuk- mUgksaus dgk%
jSnkl fut gkFk esa] jk[kks jkach vkj!
lqfdjrh esjk /keZ gS] rkjsxk ikj!!
/keZ dk vlyh :i crkrs gq, lUr jSnkl us tks dqN dgk mls foLrkj lsa v/;k; 7 esa fn;k tk jgk gS-
la{ksi esa xq: jSnkl us uSfrdrk] esgur] lqdfjrh] lnkpkj dks gh /keZ ekuk- xaxk Luku] Jk)] ;K] osn] xhrk
vkfn lHkh dks mUgksaus iwjh rjg lsa udkj fn;k- ,sls <dkslyksa dks mUgksaus ^v/keZ* crk;k- mUgksaus Je.k /keZ dks gh
viuk /keZ ekuk rFkk mlds fuokZ.k ds ekxZ dks gh thou dk y{; ekuk- ekuk-
lkekftd Økafrdkjh % okLro esa /keZ D;k gS] ;g crkus ds lkFk lkFk mUgksaus ;g Hkh ekxZ n”kZu fd;k fd
gekjk lekt dSlk gksuk pkfg, vkSj gekjk lkekftd thou dSlk gksuk pkfg,- muds le; esa czkã.kksa us lekt
esa fuEu eq[; dqjhfr;ka QSyk j[kha Fkh %
⇒ tkfr izFkk vkSj NwvkNwr % nfyrksa ds lkFk i”kqvksa lsa Hkh cnrj crkZo fd;k tkrk Fkk-
⇒ L=h dks ujd dk }kj crk;k tkrk Fkk- rqylh tSls czkã.k ys[kd ljsvke mUgsa ek= ÞrkM+u dh
vf/kdkjhÞ ?kksf"kr dj jgs Fks- ;g izFkk vkt Hkh ÞHktuÞ ds :i esa czkãf.kd eafnjksa esa xkbZ tkrh gSa
fd L=h dks Hksn ugha crk, tkus pkfg,-
⇒ “kqHk v”kqHk ?kM+h rFkk eqgqrZ vkfn dk fopkj djuk-
⇒ xq: /kkj.k djuk- ozr iwtk vkfn djuk-
xq: jSnkl us mijksDr lHkh ckrksa dk [k.Mu fd;k- mUgksaus tkfr dh ctk, xq.kksa ds vk/kkj ij gh fdlh
dks NksVk ;k cM+k ekuusa dk vkns”k fn;k- os cksys %
jSnkl tUe ds dkj.ks] gksrk u dksbZ uhp!
uhp!
uj dks uhp dj Mkys g] g]S vksNs djeksa dh dhp!!
czkã.kksa ds rFkkdfFkr cM+siu dks pqukSrh nsrs gq, xq: jSnkl us dgk %
jSnkl cke.k uk iwft, tks gksoS xq.kghu!
iwft, pj.k p.Mky ds tks gksoS xq.k izoh.k!!
xq: dchj rks dqN T;knk gh Li’V dg x,- os cksys %
tks rw cke.k cke.kh tk;k rks vk.k ckV D;ksa ugha vk;k!
vFkkZr rw vxj cke.kh ds iSnk gksus ds dkj.k gh czkã.k gksus dk nkok djrk gS rks rq>s vke vkneh dh
rjg ek¡ ds xHkZ lsa iSnk ugha gksuk pkfg, Fkk cfYd fdlh vU; jkLrs lsa iSnk gksuk pkfg, Fkk-
bu lUrksa dh ;g ckrsa ml czkã.koknh lkekftd O;oLFkk ds fcydqy foijhr Fkha tks ;g vkns”k nsrh gS
fd 10 lky dk czkã.k lkS lky ds {kf=; lsa Hkh ÞcM+kÞ gS- vr% lkS lky ds cqtqxZ {kf=; dks Hkh nl lky ds
czkã.k cPps ds vkxs n.Mor gksuk pkfg,- tc {kf=; dh ;g gkyr Fkh rks vke nfyr rFkk oS”; dh gkyr dk
rks lgt vanktk yxk;k tk ldrk gS- vkt bDdhloha lnh esa Hkh] pkgs vufxur dkuwu muds i{k esa gSa ijUrq
nfyr tc bl O;oLFkk ds fo#) vkokt mBkrs gSa rks mUgsa [kwu nsdj dher pqdkuh iM+rh gS- ,slh O;oLFkk ds
fo#) N% lkS lky igys vkokt mBkuk] fdlh ÞØkafrÞ lsas de ugha Fkk-
Hkkjr esa Hkxou cq) igys lUr Fks ftUgksaus L=h dks /keZ esa nh{kk nh Fkh oukZ mulsa igys rks czkã.kokn esa
ÞL=hÞ ¼jEHkk] esudk] moZ”kh] fryksrek½ ek= xÌh cpkus ds fy, LiykbZ djus dh oLrq,a gksrh Fkha- czkã.k xUFk ,sls
18

fdLlksa lsa Hkjs iM+s gSa tgka czkã.kksa ds Hkxokuksa ds jktk bUnz us viuh xÌh cpkus ds fy, _f’k;ksa dks fL=;ka
LiykbZ dha- ;gka rd fd jke us ;fr] czãpkjh dgykus okys guqeku rd dks yM+fd;ka lIykbZ dh-
bl O;oLFkk dks iyVrs gq, Hkxou cq) us L=h dks ek¡ dk ntkZ fn;k- vEcikyh dk fdLlk lHkh tkurs
gSa fd ml csgn lqUnj yM+dh dks vk;Z lekt }kjk tcju loZ&HkksX;k ;kfu Þos”;kÞ cuk;k x;k Fkk- vk;Z lekt
ds yksx lqUnj L=h ikus ds fy, dqÙkksa dh rjg yM+rs Fks- vr% vk;Z lekt ds Bsdsnjksa us bl yM+kbZ lsa cpus ds
fy, vEcikyh dks Þ,d ifrÞ dks lkSaius dh ctk, vk;Z lekt ds lkjs ujksa dks lkSai fn;k- tks tc pkgs mllsa
;kSu lEca/k cuk ldrk Fkk- ,slh “keZukd ?kVuk nqfu;k esa vkSj dgha Hkh ugha feyrh-
vk;Z lekt }kjk tcju os”;ko`fr dh vkx esa >ksadh xbZ vEcikyh dks Hkxou cq) us cq) /keZ esa nh{kk
nsdj fHk{kq la?k esa “kkfey fd;k- mUgksaus vk;ksZa }kjk os”;k cukbZ xbZ vEcikyh dks ÞvEck ek¡Þ cuk;k- mUgksaus ,d
loZ HkksX;k Þos”;kÞ dks loZ iwtuh; Þek¡Þ dk ntkZ fn;k- mUgha dh ijEijk dks fuHkkrs gq, xq: jSnkl us ÞvHkkxh
fo/kokÞ ehjk dks ÞlkSHkkX;orh lk/kohÞ cuk;k- ehjk dh /keZ nh{kk Hkxou cq) lsa yxHkx 2000 lky ckn Hkkjr esa
fdlh L=h dks nh xbZ nh{kk Fkh Fkh- ftl le; rqylh tSlk czkã.k ljsvke iwjh L=h tkfr dks xkfy;ka ns jgk Fkk] Fkk]
ml le; ,d L=h] L=h] og Hkh {k=k.kh fo/kok]
fo/kok] dks /keZ nh{kk nsuk fdlh Økafr
fr lsa de ugha Fkk-
Fkk- tSls vEcikyh fHk{kq.kh
cu dj /keZ izpkj esa tqV xbZa oSls gh ehjk Hkh Je.k /keZ ds izpkj esa tqV xbZa- xq: f”k’;k dh ;g czkã.k/keZ dks
[kqyh pqukSrh Fkh ftldh dher nksuksa dks vius izk.kksa dh cfy nsdj dj pqdkuh
kuh iM+h-
xq: jSnkl us ftl tekus esa fo/kok ehjk dks nh{kk nh] ml le; Hkkjr Hkj esa vkSj [kkldj jktLFkku esa
fo/kok dks ifr dh yk”k ds lkFk ftUnk tyk fn;k tkrk Fkk- bl lkekftd dqjhfr dks czkã.k/keZ dk
iwjk leFkZu gkfly Fkk- ml tekus esa fo/kok gks tkuk lclsa cM+k xqukg Fkk- pkgs blesa cspkjh ifRu dk dksbZ nks’k
ugha gksrk Fkk- rc fo/kok ds fy, nks gh jkLrs gksrs Fks- igyk ifr dh yk”k ds lkFk ftUnk ty ejuk- nwljk flj
eqaMok dj lQsn oL= igu dj ?kj ds va/ksjs dksus esa iM+s jguk- ,d rhljk jkLrk Hkh Fkk- fdlh rhFkZ LFkku ijs
pys tkuk rFkk i.Mksa dh gol dk f”kdkj gksuk- ,sls gkykrksa esa fo/kok L=h dks Je.k /keZ esa “kkfey dj /keZ
izpkj esa yxkuk ,d ubZ Økafr dk lw=ikr djus tSlk Fkk-
vius nhid vki cuks % tSls Hkxou cq) us dksbZ xq: ugha cuk;k oSls gh jSnkl th us Hkh fdlh dks
viuk xq: ugha cuk;k- mUgksaus cq) ds Þv vr% nhiks Hko%Þ vFkkZr viuk nhid vki cuks] ds fl)kar dks viuk;k-
tSls vkt czkã.koknh fopkj/kkjk okys vusdksa xq: viuh viuh nqdkusa [kksy dj cSBs gSa tgka Fkksd esa yksxksa dks
uke nku fn;k tkrk gS- oSlk gh Hkxou cq) rFkk xq: jSnkl ds le; ij Hkh gksrk Fkk- bl vokaNuh; ijEijk ds
foijhr cq) vFkok muds Je.k /keZ ds lUrksa us dHkh fdlh dks viuk xq: cukuk mfpr ugha le>k- mUgksaus u
fdlh dks xq: cuk;k vkSj u gh fdlh ds Þxq:Þ cus-
lHkh Je.k lUrksa us yksxksa dks lnkpkj dh jkg fn[kkbZ- mUgksaus yksxksa lsa viuk ÞukeÞ ugha jVok;k- cq)
us Li’V dgk fd os ekxZnkrk gSa eqfDrnkrk ugha gSa- mUgksaus fcuk ykx yisV ds dgk fd os uko pykuk crk
ldrs gSa ftlus ikj tkuk gks mls uko Lo;a pykuk iM+sxh- ;g yksdksfDr fd ^LoxZ tkus ds fy, Lo;a ejuk
iM+rk gS^ cq) /keZ ds vuq:i gS- blds foijhr czkã.k/keZ esa fcuk xq: /kkj.k fd, eqfDr lEHko ugha gS- ogka
czkã.k rks tUetkr xq: gS gh! jke ds ifjokj us rks czkã.k xq: of”k’B dks ?kj ij gh iky j[kk Fkk- blh dh
rtZ ij ladjkpk;Z us pkj eB cuk,- vkt Hkkjr ds gj xyh ekSgYys esa ÞMsjsÞ [kqys gq, gSa tks ek= uke ysrs gh
eks{k dh xkjUVh nsrs gSa- xq: jSnkl us ,sls yksxksa lsa cp dj jgus dk vkgoku fd;k vkSj lnkpkj dk jkLrk Lo;a
r; djus dh ckr dgh-
jktuhfrd Økafrdkjh % xq: jSnkl dh gR;k dh xbZ- vxj xq: jSnkl ek= /kkfeZd lUr gksrs rks czkã.kksa
dks mudh gR;k djus dh Þvko”;drkÞ ugha iM+rh- bfrgkl lk{kh gS fd lrxq# dchj vkSj lrxq# jSnkl us gj
dke da/ks lsa da/kk feyk dj fd;k- lrxq# dchj us rks czkã.kksa dh Hk.Mh djus esa dksbZ dlj ugha NksM+h Fkh-
mUgksaus viuh ck.kh esa czkã.kksa dh feÍh iyhn dj nh Fkh- mUgksaus rks ;gka rd dg fn;k Fkk % vxj rw cke.k
cke.kh tk;k rks vk.k ckV D;ksa ugha vk;k- vFkkZr vxj rw cke.kh ds tUe ysus ek= lsa vius vki dks czkã.k
¼czãk dk vax½ dgykrk gS rks rq>s tUe Hkh ek¡ ds xHkZ dh ctk, fdlh vU; jkLrs lsa ysuk pkfg, Fkk-
jSnkl lkfgc us rks fQj Hkh bl ygts lsa czkã.kksa dks ugha nqRdkjk- vr% ;g fopkjus dh ckr gS fd ,slk
D;k dkj.k Fkk fd de rh[kk cksyus okys ij Hkh mu ij tkuysok geyk gqvk! bl geys esa os 'kghn gks x,-
fQj tc mudh fprk tyh rks mudh ck.kh Hkh lkFk esa tyk nh xbZ-
19

bldk ,d dkj.k ;gh gS fd xq: jSnkl us nfyrksa lsa vkgoku fd;k Fkk fd os vius [kks;k gqvk jkt
fQj lsa izkIr djsa- mUgsa irk Fkk fd jktuhfrd “kfDr ds fcuk “ks’k lkjh “kfDr;ka csdkj gks tkrh gSa- mUgksaus
nfyrksa dks vkn”kZ jkT; ;kfu csxeiqjk clkus dk vkgoku Hkh fd;k- mUgksaus ftl csxeiqjk uked vkn”kZ jkT; dh
:ijs[kk nh gS og muds fo”kq) jktuhfrd Kku dh ifjiDork dks n”kkZrh gS- csxeiqjk esa jktk lsa ysdj iztk
rd ds vf/kdkjksa o drZO;ksa dk o.kZu mUgksaus fd;k gS-
csxeiqjk mudh dYiuk ek= ugha Fkh cfYd ,d gdhdr Fkh- mUgksaus nfyrksa dks le>k;k fd os dHkh
Hkkjr ds “kkld gksrs Fks- vc os xqyke cuk fy;s x, gSa- vr% os viuh ijk/khurk lsa NqVdkjk ik;sa rFkk viuk
nfyr jkT; ;kfu csxeiqjk clk;sa- mUgksaus nfyrksa dks psrk;k%
jktk ,d flagklu ij lks;k] lius esa gqvk fHk[kkjh!
vNwr jkt fcNM+us ij nq[k ik;k] ,slh n”kk gqbZ gekjh!!
ijk/khurk iki gS] tku ysoks js ehr!
jSnkl nkl ijk/khu lsa dkSu djs izhr!!
nfyrksa dks jktuhfrd Kku nsuk vkSj mulsa viuk [kks;k gqvk jkt fQj lsa izkIr djus dks dguk] czkã.kksa
dh vlyh jx ij pksV Fkh- lezkV o`gnFkZ dh gR;k djus ds ckn czkã.k Hkkjr dh lÙkk ij dkfct gq, Fk-s xq#
jSnkl lsa 1500 lky igys czkã.kksa ds ,d fxjksg us gR;kjs iq";fe= dh vxqokbZ esa nfyrksa lsa jktlÙkk Nhuh Fkh-
czkã.k lfn;ksa lsa lÙkk lq[k Hkksxrs vk jgs Fks- os fdlh Hkh dher ij lÙkk lsa gVuk ugha pkgrs Fks- tc xq:
jSnkl us nfyrksa lsa viuk vNwr jkt LFkkfir djus dk vk vkgoku fd;k rks ;g czkã.kksa ds fy, [krjs dh ?kaVh
Fkh-
Fkh vkSj ,d nfyr mu dh lÙkk dks pqukSrh ns ;g rks os dnkfi lgu ugha dj ldrs Fks- vr% viuh n.M dh
j.kuhfr ds vuq:i mUgksaus xq: jSnkl dh gR;k dj nh-
czkã.kksa ds fy, xq: jSnkl dh gR;k dksbZ igyh gR;k ugh Fkh- mUgksaus vius nq”eu dks lekIr djus ds
fy, pkj izdkj ds uqL[ks cuk j[ks gSa- 1- lke 2- nke 3- n.M 4- Hksn- bu lHkh uqL[kksa dks geus viuh
iqLrd ÞFkw czkã.koknÞ esa foLrkj lsa of.kZr fd;k gS- ;gka budk vFkZ ge la{ksi esa ns jgs gSa-
1- lke % dgkor gS fd vxj nq”eu xqM+ fn;s ej tk, rks tgj nsus dh t:jr ugha gksrh- lke
czkã.k /keZ dh dqN ,slh gh uhfr gS- lke dk vFkZ gS cjkcjh djuk] rkjhQ djuk ;k mlds lkFk fey tkuk-
tgka mUgsa nq”eu Lo;a lsa vf/kd cy”kkyh feyrk gS rks bl uhfr ds vuq:i os lke dk lgkjk ysrs gSa- os mllsa
nksLrh dj ysrs gSa] ;gka rd fd mlds ryos Hkh pkV ysrs gSa- jke us blh uhfr dk lgkjk ysrs gq, viuh [kksbZ
ifRu dks izkIr djus ds fy, okuj tkfr ds yksxksa lsa Hkh ÞlekurkÞ dj yh- vaxzst rdM+s fudys rks muds ryos
pkV fy;s- vdcj dqN vf/kd rkdroj fudyk rks mls viuh csfV;ka rd lkSai nha-
vkj ,l ,l xzqi okyh ikfVZ;ka tc vius eap ij ckck lkfgc dk fp= yxkrh gSa rks os Hkh blh uhfr dk
lgkjk ysrh gSa- muds eu esa nfyrksa ds izfr pkgs ogh tgj Hkjk gksrk gS tks muds /keZ xzUFk fl[kkrs gSa exj oksV
ikus ds fy, os ckck lkfgc dk fp= vius yhMjksa ds *cjkcj* yxk ysrs gSa- blh uhfr ds rgr lclsa ?kkrd dke
os ;g djrs gSa fd os vius Þnq”euÞ ds vanj ?kql tkrs gSa vkSj fQj tSls gh ekSdk feyrk gS mls u"V dj nsrs gSa-
czkã.k dqekfjy HkÍ] ukxktqZu vkfn vusdksa czkã.kokfn;ksa us cq) /keZ dks u"V djus ds fy, blh uhfr dk lgkjk
fy;k Fkk- lke uhfr ds rgr os igys rks ckS) ÞcuÞ x,- tSls gh mUgsa ekSdk feyk mUgksaus cq) /keZ esa czkã.kokn
dk tgj QSykuk “kqw: dj fn;k- mUgksaus cq) dks cykRdkjh fo’.kq dk vorkj crkuk “kq: dj fn;k- vius /keZ
okys deZdkaM cq) /keZ esa Hkh ?kqlsM+ fn,- urhtk ;g jgk fd czkã.k/keZ dks lclsa vf/kd tksjnkj VDdj nsus
okyk /keZ Lo;a czkã.koknh deZdkaMksa esa my> x;k- vkt vusdksa ckS) eBksa esa fHk{kq ogh deZdkaM djrs fey tk,axs
ftudk Hkxou cq) us fojks/k fd;k Fkk- blh uhfr ds rgr czkãf.kd ys[kdksa us nfyr lUrksa dchj jSnkl vkfn
dks Þczkã.kÞ crkuk “kq: dj fn;k gS-
2- nke % mudh nwljh uhfr gS nke- lh/ks likV “kCnksa esa bldk vFkZ gS fj”or [kksjh- iSlk nsdj ;k
iSlk ysdj viuk dke fl) djuk- tc czkã.k ujflEgkjko us viuh xÌh cpkus ds fy, fojks/kh ny ds usrkvksa
dks nke nsdj oksV [kjhns rks mlaus blh czkã.koknh uqL[ks dks vktek;k Fkk- “ks’k czkã.k/keZ esa rks czkã.k dks nke
nsdj fdlh Hkh nsork dks [kq”k djk;k tk ldrk gS] fdlh Hkh xzg dks 'kkar djok;k tk ldrk gS- nke dh
[kkfrj rks xaxw czkã.k us xq: xksfcan flag ds nks lkfgctknksa dks ftUnk nhokj esa fpuok fn;k Fkk- nke dh
[kkfrj ghs czkã.k _f"k vthxrZ Lo;a vius gkFkksa lsa vius gh csVs dks ;K esa dkVus dks rS;kj gks x;k Fkk- nke
20

dh uhfr ds rgr gh rks cgqrsjs nfyr ,e ih] ,e ,y , dks czkã.koknh nyksa us fcdkm eky cuk fn;k gS- nke
ysdj gh rks “kjhj f”kokth dks czkã.kksa us mls N=ifr {kf=; ?kksf’kr dj fn;k Fkk- nke ,slh pht gS czkã.kksa ds
fy,!!
3- n.M % n.M dk vFkZ gS ltk nsuk] ekjuk ihVuk- czkã.kksa us ;g uqL[kk lclsa vf/kd nfyrksa ij
viuk;k gS- nfyrksa dks vius uhps nck, j[kus ds fy, czkã.kksa us n.M dh uhfr dk gh lgkjk fy;k gS- egkjk"Vª
ds is”kokvksa us nfyrksa dks nf.Mr djus ds fy, mUgsa vkns”k fn;k fd os tc Hkh cktkj esa vk,a rks vius xys esa
gkaMh rFkk dej esa >kM+w yVdk dj vk,a rkfd Fkwduk gks rks gkaMh esa Fkwdsa vkSj >kMw lsa iSjksa ds fu”kku feVkrs
pysa- ekykckj ds bykds esa nfyr fL=;ksa dks cktkj esa vkrs le; dej lsa Åij dk cnu uaxk gh j[kuk iM+rk
Fkk- ckgj okyksa ij 'kk;n gh fdlh czkã.k us ,slk n.M dk uqL[kk viukus dh fgEer dh gks- ckgjh
vkØe.kdkfj;ksa ds ;k rks mUgksaus ryos pkVs ;k fQj nke ysdj ns”k lsa xÌkjh dh- euqLe`fr o vU; czkãf.kd
xzUFk nfyrksa dks n.M nsus dk dqfo/kku gh rks gSa-
4- Hksn % Hkkjr dk bfrgkl tc Hkh Ldwyksa dkWfytksa esa i<+k;k tkrk gS rks ckj ckj ;gh ckr nksgjkbZ
tkrh gS fd vaxzstksa us Hkkjr ij 'kklu djus ds fy, viuh ÞQwV Mkyks vkSj jkt djksÞ dh uhfr dk lgkjk
fy;k- vxj czkã.k /keZ ds bfrgkl ij utj Mkysa rks czkã.kksa us Hksn vFkkZr ÞQwV Mkyks vkSj jkt djksÞ dh uhfr
dks ml le; vius /keZ dk fgLlk cuk fy;k Fkk tc vaxzst iSnk Hkh ugha gq, Fks- vxj osnksa dh jpuk ds ckjs esa
n;kuUn dh ckr dks lR; eku ysa rks czkã.kksa dh Hksn dh uhfr mlh fnu cu xbZ Fkh ftl fnu nqfu;k cuh
D;ksafd n;kuUn ds vuqlkj czãk us osn vkSj nqfu;k ,d gh fnu cuk;s Fks- vkSj ;g Hkh ,d lPpkbZ gS fd _Xosn
esa gh vkneh lsa vkneh dk Hksn djus okyh o.kZ Hksn dk vkns”k fn;k x;k gS- mlh osn esa viuk /keZ ugha ekuus
okyksa dks ekj nsus dh izkFkZuk Hkh dh xbZ gS-
jke us rks ÞQwV Mkyks vkSj jkt djksÞ dh uhfr viukrs gq, lclsa igys lqxzho dks ckyh lsa rksM+k-foHkh"k.k
dks egkRek jko.k lsa rksM+k- d`".k us blh uhfr ds rgr dkSjoksa vkSj ikaMoksa dks ,d ugha gksus fn;k- czkã.kksa dh
bl ÞQwV Mkyks vkSj jkt djksÞ dh uhfr dk lclsa cM+k mnkgj.k rks gekjs lekt esa O;kIr tkfr izFkk gS- vkt
vkcknh dk 90 izfr”kr gksrs gq, Hkh nfyr 15 izfr”kr dk vkj{k.k ikus dks Hkh rjl jgs gSa- czkã.k nks ,d
izfr”kr gksrs gq, Hkh iwjs Hkkjr ij dCtk tek, cSBs gSa D;ksafd nfyrksa dh gtkjksa tkfr;ka vkil esa yM+ jgh gSa
vkSj czkã.k nfyrksa dks dqpyus esa *,d* gSa-
czkã.kksa us xq: jSnkl ij lke nke n.M Hksn pkjksa uhfr;ka viukbZ gSa- lke dh uhfr ds rgr mUgksaus xq:
jSnkl dks fiNys tUe esa vius tSlk czkã.k crk;k gS- muds jke ¼lnkpkj½ dks viuk jke iq= nljFk crk;k gS-
nke rks muds /keZ dk eq[; vk/kkj gh gS- ÞpekjÞ dks vius tSlk czkã.k crkus dk dkj.k ;gh gS fd tks yksx
lUrksa & jSnkl] dchj] ukud vkfn dh ck.kh lqu dj czkã.kokn lsa nwj pys x, gSa] mudks fQj lsa vius ?ksjs esa
fy;k tk, rkfd mulsa gks jgh dekbZ cUn u gks- vkt ,sls yk[kksa yksx fey tk,axs tks Lo;a dks dchjiUFkh ;k
jSnkfl;s dgykrs gSa exj deZdkaM os lkjs ogh djrs gSa ftuds fo#) bu nksuksa lUrksa us viuk lkjk thou yxk
fn;k- vkt nfyrksa ds ?kjksa nqdkuksa ij xq: jSnkl] ckck lkfgc vEcsMdj vkfn ds dyS.Mj yxs fey tk,axs ftu
ij os fuR; /kwi cÙkh Hkh djrs gSa exj lkFk dh lkFk os jke dh ewfrZ ds vkxs Hkh ekFkk jxM+ ysrs gSa ftlds fy,
xq: jSnkl us dgk % jSnkl gekjs jketh] nljFk dk lqr ukagh-h - - - Þ vius e`rdksa dh vfLFk;ka gfj}kj] dk”kh
;k iz;kx Hkh ys tkrs gSa ftuds fo#) lHkh lUrksa fo’ks"kdj lrxq# dchj us ges”kk izpkj fd;k-
n.M dh uhfr viukrs gq, mUgksaus xq: jSnkl dh gR;k dh- mudh gR;k lsa igys lsa gh lgesa gq, nfyrksa
dk gkSlyk fcYdqy gh iLr gks x;k- vkSj urhtk ;g gqvk fd mudh gR;k ds ik¡p lkS lkyksa ckn rd fdlh
nfyr us czkã.kksa ds fo#) vkokt mBkus dh fgEer ugha dh- muds ckn méhloha lnh esa flQZ egkRek T;ksfrck
Qwys us czkã.kksa ds vU;k; ds fo#) vkokt mBkus dh fgEer dh-
Hksn dh uhfr ds rgr mUgksaus ek= xq: jSnkl vkSj dchj dks gh Þczkã.kÞ crk;k gS fdlh vU; lUr dks
ugha- bllsa dbZ nfyr ,sls gSa tks xq: jSnkl dks vU; nfyr lUrksa lsa fHké vkSj Åapk ekurs gSa- blh uhfr ds
rgr mUgksus izpkj djds nfyrksa dks ;g euok fn;k gS fd jSnkl rks ek= pekjksa ds xq: gSa- dchj tqykgksa ds]
ukenso Nhfi;ksa ds rFkk ckfYedh ek= Hkafx;ksa ds xq: gS- ;gka rd fd ckck lkfgc dks Hkh ek= pekjksa dk usrk
cuk fn;k x;k Fkk- bl Hksn uhfr dks le; jgrs gh Hksnk Jh dka”kh jke us- mUgksaus bfrgkl esa igyh ckj ,slk
fd;k tks igys dHkh ugha gqvk Fkk- mUgksaus nfyr lekt ds lHkh lUrksa vkSj uk;dksa dks iwjs nfyr lekt dh
21

vekur cuk;k- bfrgkl esa 'kk;n igyh ckj ,slk gqvk fd Hkxoku okfYedh vkSj xq: jSnkl dh t;afr eukus ds
fy, lHkh nfyr tkfr;ksa ds yksx bDdBk gq,- muds bl midkj dks nfyr lekt dHkh ugha Hkqyk ik,xk-
czkã.kksa dh Hksn dh uhfr dk ,d gkL;Lin mnkgj.k vHkh ns[kus dks feyk- *n fgUnw* dh 4ekpZ 2007 dh
[kcj ds eqrkfcd nf{k.k Hkkjr ds eafnj esa ,d fons”kh ukxfjd us izos”k dj fy;k- ogka cSBs iqtkfj;ksa us gks gYyk
epk fn;k fd eafnj vifo= gks x;k gS- urhtu mu czkã.k iqjksfgrksa us dbZ dfoaVy izlkn x<ksa esa QSad fn;k-
mudh ;g dk;Z ;g n”kkZrk gS fd czkã.kksa vkSj vU; yksxksa esa Hksn gksrk gS- czkã.k Js"B gksrs gSa Åaps gksrs gSa]
dsoy os gh iqjksfgr gksus ds dkj.k ml izlkn dks ns[k ldrs gSa] cuk ldrs gSa- ;gh uhfr os nfyrksa ds lkFk
viukrs vk, gSa- lfn;ksa lsa ;gh uhfr gksus ds dkj.k vc nfyr Hkh ;g ekuus yx x, gSa fd dsoy czkã.k
iqjksfgrkbZ djus ds l{ke gS] ;ksX; gS- bl rjg Hksn uhfr ds gFkd.Mksa ds dkj.k os loksZPprk ds f”k[kj ij Lo;a
dks fVdk, gq, gSa-
v/;k; 3
czkã.koknh pkysa
czkã.kksa us viuh lke nke n.M Hksn dh uhfr vuq:i czkã.kksa us nfyr lUrksa fo”ks"kr% xq:
jSnkl vkSj xq: dchj dk vlyh Lo:i lekIr djus ds fy, vusd pkysa pyh gSa- vkt ds le; esa xq: jSnkl
“kkjhfjd :i esa gekjs lkFk ugha gSa- dsoy mulsa tqM+h ?kVuk,a vkSj mudh ck.kh gh gekjs ikl ekStwn gSa- vr%
viuh mijksDr uhfr ds vuq:i czkã.k mUgsa “kghn djus ds ckn vc mudh ck.kh o f”k{kkvksa dks lekIr djus
dh dksf”k”k esa gSa- bl j.kuhfr ds rgr mUgksaus dqN fdLls dgkfu;ka ?k<+ yh gSa rkfd os xq: jSnkl dks gj rjg
lsa lekIr dj nsa-

3-1 fiNys tUe esa czkã.k gksus dh dFkk


lclsa igyk fdLlk rks muds tUe ds lkFk gh tksMk+ x;k gS fd fiNys tUe es xq: jSnkl czkã.k Fks-
jkekuUn mudk xq: Fkk- vUurnkl d`r jSnkl izpbZ dh dFkk ds vuqlkj ,d ckj mUgksaus ek¡l [kk fy;k Fkk-
vr% jkekuUn us mUgsa Jki ns fn;k fd os pekj ds ?kj iSnk gks tk,a- vr% os pekj ds ?kj iSnk gks x,- ,d vU;
dFkk Hkxreky ds vuqlkj Hkh os fiNys tUe esa czkã.k Fks- ,d ckj mUgksaus pekj ds ?kj lsa fHk{kk ykdj jkekuUn
dks f[kyk nh ftllsa jkekuUn dk /;ku ugha yx ik;k- vr% mlus xqLls esa xq: jSnkl dks vxys tUe esa pekj
ds ?kj iSnk gksus dk Jki ns fn;k- vr% os bl tUe esa pekj ds ?kj iSnk gks x,-
vkxs dFkk gS fd pekj ds ?kj iSnk gksus ij Hkh mUgsa vius fiNys tUe esa czkã.k gksuk ;kn jgk- vr%
tUe ysus ds ckn mUgksaus viuh ÞpekjÞ ek¡ dk nw/k ugha ih;k- varr% jkekuUn vk;k vkSj mlus ckyd jSnkl ds
ekrk firk ds fiNys iki ekQ dj fn,- rc ”kq) fd, tkus ds ckn ckyd jSnkl us viuh tUenk;h ek¡ dk nw/k
ih fy;k-
bl dFkk dh lR;rk ij fVIi.kh djus lsa igys ge ;g dguk pkgsaxs fd ftl fdlh us Hkh ;g fdLlk
?k<+k gS og egk/kwrZ gS] dehuk gS] gjkeh gS- dqN yksxksa dks bu ”kCnksa ds iz;ksx ij vkifÙk gks ldrh gS ysfdu
lPpkbZ ;gh gS- dksbZ Hkh lh/kk lknk vkneh ,slk fdLlk cuk gh ugha ldrk- ,sls fdLls egk/kwrksaZ vkSj gjkfe;ksa ds
fnekx esa gh mitrs gSa-
lh/ks lkQ “kCnksa esa xq: jSnkl dks bllsa cM+h xkyh nh gh ugha tk ldrh fd os brus d`R?ku Fks fd
mUgksaus viuh ml ek¡ dk nw/k ugha ih;k ftlus ukS eghus mUgsa vius xHkZ esa ikyk-ikyk- bl rF; dks lHkh tkurs gSa
fd xHkZ esa cPpk [kkuk ugha [kkrk cfYd ek¡ ds [kwu ij gh ftUnk jgrk gS- ek¡ ds [kwu lsa gh cPps dk vax vax
curk gS- fdruh vugksuh ckr gS fd mUgksaus ek¡ ds xHkZ esa jg dj ukS eghus rd ek¡ dk Þ[kwu rks ih;kÞ exj
mlh ek¡ dk nw/k ugha ih;k- ,sls vglkuQjkeks”k] ,sls d`r?ku ugha Fks lUr jSnkl!!
tgka rd bl dFkk esa dgh xbZ ckrksa dh lPpkbZ dh ckr gS rks bl dFkk esa rhu ckrsa dgh xbZ gSa-
1- igyh ;g fd xq: jSnkl fiNys tUe esa czkã.k Fks vkSj vius ÞikiÞ ds dkj.k pekj ds ?kj iSnk
gq, Fks-
22

2- nwljh ;g fd jkekuUn uke dk czkã.k xq: jSnkl dk xq: Fkk vkSj og bruk egku Fkk fd og
Jki Hkh ns ldrk Fkk vkSj iki ekQ Hkh dj ldrk Fkk vkSj
3- rhljh ;g fd vkneh dk iqutZUe gksrk gS-
bu ckrksa dh lPpkbZ ij gh bu dFkkvksa dh lPpkbZ fuHkZj djrh gS- vr% budk foospu vko”;d gS-
lclsa igys bl ckr dks ysrs gSa fd os fiNys tUe esa czkã.k Fks vkSj ekal [kkus dk iki djus ds dkj.k pekj ds
?kj iSnk gq, Fks-
igyh ckr % igyh dFkk ds vuqlkj xq: jSnkl us ,d ckj ek¡l [kk fy;k Fkk- bl dkj.k mUgsa czkã.k lsa
pekj cuuk iM+k- vxj ,d ckj gh ekal [kkus lsa Þczkã.kÞ vxys tUe esa pekj cu tkrk gS rks vkt ds le; esa
Hkkjr esa dksbZ czkã.k cpuk gh ugha pkfg, Fkk D;ksafd osn dky lsa ysdj vc rd czkã.kksa us brus vf/kd tkuoj
ekj dj [kk, gSa fd muesa lsa dksbZ Hkh ÞpekjÞ cuus lsa cp ugha ldrk Fkk- ekal [kkus lsa gh vxj czkã.k pekj
cu tkrs rks lr;qx esa gh czkã.kksa dk chtuk”k gks tkuk pkfg, Fkk D;ksafd reke iqjkus czkã.k xUFk bl ckr dk
lcwr gSa fd lr;qx esa lHkh ekal [kk;k djrs Fks- ;gka rd fd xk; Hkh [kk;k djrs Fks- vkt ds tekus esa iSnk gq,
osn HkDr n;kuUn dks Hkh ;g ekuuk iM+k fd lr;qx esa yksx ;K esa cw<+h xk; ekj dj [kkrs Fks-
blfy, vxj ;g dFkk lp gksrh rks vc rd rks lkjs Þczkã.kÞ dHkh ds ÞpeZdkjÞ cu pqds gksrs- vkt
iwjs Hkkjr ds lHkh efUnjksa ij flQZ pekj gh iqjksfgr gksus pkfg, Fks D;ksafd ekal [kkdj *czkã.k* rks cpuk ugha
pkfg, Fkk- vr% eafnjksa ij flQZ fiNys tUe ds czkã.kksa ;kfu bl tUe ds pekjksa dk gh jkt gksuk pkfg, Fkk-
bl dFkk ds vuqlkj os gh vly esa iqjkus czkã.k gSa- okLro esa ,slk dqN Hkh ugha gS vr% ;g dFkk >wB ds
flok; dqN Hkh ugha gS-
,d ckr vkSj Hkh gS fd vxj ekal [kkus lsa czkã.k vxys tUe esa pekj cu tkrk gSa rks D;k dksbZ crk
ldrk gS fd tokgj yky usg:] bfUnjk xka/kh] jktho xka/kh fdl pekj ds ;gka iSnk gq, gSa- bUnz vfXu vkfn nso
{kf=; ekus tkrs gSa- bUnz rks ,d ckj esa chl ¼xk;½ cSy [kk tkrk Fkk- vfXu rks loZHk{kh Fkk- jke y{e.k us rks
i”kq ekj dj taxy gh [kkyh dj fn, Fks] Hkhe rks Vksdjs Hkj Hkj dj ekal [kkrk Fkk- dksbZ crk ldrk gS fd os
lc ej dj fdl tw.kh esa iSnk gq, gSa- czkãf.kd tkfr O;oLFkk ds vuqlkj ;g lc {kf=; Fks ;kfu czkã.k lsa
uhph tkr okys- vr% tc Þczkã.kÞ ekal [kkus ij ÞpekjÞ cu tkrk gS rks ;g rks tkfr O;oLFkk esa pekj lsa Hkh
uhph lh<+h ;kfu p.Mky ;k “koikd ds ?kj iSnk gq, gksaxs-
,d ckr vkSj Hkh gS vxj czkã.k ekal [kkus lsa peZdkj curk gS rks cfu;k rks ekal [kkdj i”kq gh curk
gksxk- lks xka/kh fdl i”kq ds :i esa iSnk gqvk dksbZ czkã.k crk ldrk gS D;ksafd og Lo;a viuh vkRedFkk esa
fy[krk gS fd tc og baxySaM i<+us ds fy, x;k rks ogka mlus nk: ih] ekal [kk;k vkSj j.Mhckth dh! oSls
xka/kh dks rks cgqr T;knk vUrj ugha iM+k gksxk D;ksafd bl tUe esa Hkh og nfyrksa ds fy, vius dkeksa esa Þ”kSrkuÞ
lsa de ugha Fkk- vxj og ugha gksrk rks vkt nfyr Hkkjr ds “kkld gksrs!!
,d ckr vkSj Hkh /;ku nsus ;ksX; gS fd bl dFkk ds vuqlkj xq: jSnkl dks ,d ckj gh ekal [kkus ds
dkj.k czkã.k lsa pekj cuuk iM+k- rc rks tks czkã.k fuR; gh ekal [kkrs Fks mudk D;k cuk gksxk\ v”oes/k ;K
rks dbZ eghuksa rd pyrs Fks- ogka czkã.k _f’k ;K esa dkVs x, i”kq dk ekal izkIr djus ds fy, dqÙkksa dh rjg
yM+rs Fks rFkk iwjs ;K ds nkSjku lSadM+ksa i”kq dkV dj [kk tkrs Fks- bl rjg dqÙkksa dh rjg fuR; ekal [kkus okys
czkã.k _f’k fdl tw.kh esa iSnk gq, dksbZ ugha crkrk- xq: jSnkl ds lkFk gh ;g i{kikr D;ksa\
nfyr bl dFkk dks lR; eku ldrs gSa vxj czkã.k xzUFkksa esa ;g dFkk,a Hkh gksa fd bUnz] vfXu] jke]
fo”okfe= of”k’B vkfn ekal [kkus ds ckn Qyka Qyka p.Mky ds ?kj iSnk gq,- vxj budh dFkk,a ugha cuh gS rks
xq: jSnkl ij dFkk cukuk /kwrZ vkSj dehus yksxksa dk dke gS-z
nwljh dFkk gS fd xq: jSnkl us pekj ds ?kj lsa fHk{kk ykdj jkekuUn dks f[kyk nh Fkh ftllsa mldk
/;ku ugha yxk- lks mlus Jki nsdj mUgsa pekj ds ?kj iSnk dj fn;k-
ftl fdlh us ;g dFkk cukbZ mlus iwjs peZdkj lekt ¼pekj] eksph] tfV;k] jSxj vkfn½ dks ÞikihÞ
?kksf’kr fd;k gS- okLro esa ,slh dFkk cukus dk mÌs”; ek= nfyr lekt dks uhpk fn[kkuk gksrk gS- ,slh dFkk
jpus okys ;g n”kkZrs gSa fd nfyr lekt ds yksx iki dh iSnkokj gSa- ;g fdLlk iwjs nfyr lekt vkSj fo”ks’kr%
peZdkj lekt dks ,d xkyh gS fd peZdkj brus ?kfV;k gksrs gSa fd mudk vé [kkdj dksbZ Hkxoku dh HkfDr
Hkh ugha dj ldrk- vxj dksbZ vutkus esa Hkh mudk vé [kk ys rks og Hkh /;ku yxkus yk;d ugha jgrk- vkSj
23

vxj dksbZ czkã.k nfyr lsa fHk{kk Hkh ys ys rks og Hkh vius #rcs lsa fxjdj pkj o.kksZa lsa ckgj lh/kk vNwr gh
cu tkrk gS-
bl dFkk esa lclsa cM+k >wB rks ;gh gS fd jkekuUn bruk egku Fkk fd og fdlh dks Jki Hkh ns ldrk
Fkk- ftl vkneh dk eu fdlh tkfr fo”ks’k dk vé [kkus lsa gh Mksy tkrk gks og fuf”pr :i lsa lUr rks ugha
gks ldrk- vxj nfyr ds vé esa gh nks’k gksrk rks xq: jSnkl brus cM+s lUr dSls cu ik;s- jkekuUn rks pekj
dk vé [kkdj ,d ckj esa gh viuh HkfDr [kks cSBk- jSnkl th us lkjh mez pekj dk Hkkstu fd;k mudh HkfDr
D;ksa ugha xbZ- lks [kksV vé esa ugha Fkk [kksV jkekuUn esa Fkk-
bl dFkk dks lR; ekusa rks ckcw txthou jke ds ;gka [kkuk [kk pqds usg:] iVsy] xka/kh vkfn dk irk
ugha D;k cuk gksxk-
vly lUr rks Hkxou cq) Fks ftuds lEidZ esa vkdj vkezikyh us os”;ko`fr NksM+ nh] vaxqfyeky us
Mkdqfxjh NksM+ nh- vxj ÞpekjÞ dk [kkuk [kkrs gh fdlh dh lUrfxjh pyh tk, rks ,sls vkneh dks rks lUr
dgk gh ugha tk ldrk- vr% tks lUr ugha gS og Jki rks D;k fdlh dks vk”khZokn nsus ds ;ksX; Hkh ugha gksrk-
vkSj ftldh lUrfxjh
lUrfxjh pekj dh jksVh [kkus lsa pyh tk, mlesa pekjksa ds iki ekQ djus dh “kfDr rks gks gh
ugha ldrh-
ldrh-
,d ckr ;g Hkh lkspus dh gS fd tc mlus Þczkã.k jSnklÞ dks Þpekj jSnklÞ cuk gh fn;k Fkk rks og
muds tUe ysus ds ckn muds ?kj D;k ysus x;k\ og jSnkl th dk ekek rks yxrk ugha Fkk fd cgu ds csVk
gksus ij Hkkr@NwNd ysdj ogka tkuk iM+k- tc mlus Lo;a czkã.k gksrs gq, Hkh Þczkã.k jSnklÞ dk rks ÞikiÞ ekQ
ugha fd;k rks pekj jSnkl ds firk th lsa mldh D;k fj”rsnkjh Fkh fd og muds Hkh iki ekQ djus pyk vk;k-
tgka rd xq: jSnkl ds pekj gksus dh ckr gS rks blds fy, mudh viuh ck.kh lsa c<+ dj vkSj lcwr
ugha gS- xq: jSnkl us Lo;a dks rks pekj dgk gh gS cfYd viuh lkrksa ihf<+;ksa dks pekj crk;k gS- vxj os
fiNys tUe esa czkã.k gksrs rks os vius iwoZtksa dks Hkh pekj D;ksa crkrs- vxj ,slk gksrk rks os viuh ck.kh esa
t:j ;g fy[krs fd os bl tUe esa rks pekj gSa exj fiNys tUe esa czkã.k Fks- ysfdu os xoZ lsa dgrs gSa fd
mudh vkSj muds iwoZtksa dh fo[;kr tkfr pekj gS-
lrxq# jSnkl viuh ck.kh esa vius ckjs esa bl izdkj lsa dgrs gS%
 ukxj tuk esjh tkfr fo[;kr pekjk !
 esjh tkfr dqV cka<yk] <ksj <ksora k furfg cukjl vklk iklk!
 dg jSnkl [kkyl pekjk] tks gelgjh lks ehr gekjk !
 tkfr vksNh] ikfr vksNh] vksNk dke gekjk
jktk jke dh lsok u dhUgh] dg jSnkl pekjk!
 pejVk xkaB u tkus yksx xBkoSa iufga!
 tkds dqVqac ds <s< lc <ksj <qora s
 esjs jeb;s jax ethB dk] dg jSnkl pekj!
 rqe lj.k jktk jke pUn dg jSnkl pekj!
bu “yksdksa esa xq: jSnkl fcuk ykx yisV ds vius dks [kkfyl pekj crk jgs gSa ftuds [kkunku ds
lHkh yksx cukjl ds vklikl lsa ejs gq, i”kq <ksrs Fks- os vius vki dks pejVk vkSj <s< dgus lsa Hkh ladksp ugha
djrs! vr% ;g czkã.kokfn;ksa dk nq”izpkj gh gS fd os czkã.k Fks- os ;g Hkh nq”izpkj djrs gSa fd lrxq# dchj
Hkh jkekuUn dh d`ik lsa fo/kok czkã.kh ds iSnk gq, Fks- vr% os Hkh czkã.k gh gSa- vxj ,slh dFkk ?k<+us okys
czkã.k bu lUrksa dks lpeqp czkã.k ekurs gSa rc rks mUgsa xq: jSnkl vkSj xq: dchj dh ewfrZ;ka gj efUnj esa
yxkuh pkfg, D;ksafd muls c<+dj rks dksbZ czkã.k lUr gqvk gh ugha gS- ewfrZ yxkus ds le; rks ;g lUr
nfyr djkj ns fn;s tkrs gSa ysfdu muds uke ij dekbZ djuh gks] muds eafnjksa ij dCtk djuk gks rks mUgsa
czkã.k ?kksf’kr dj fn;k tkrk gS-
24

nwljh ckr % dkSu jkekuUn


nwljk ckr ;g fd xq: jSnkl dHkh Hkh fdlh jkekuUn uked czkã.k ds f”k’; ugha jgs- ;g eu?k<+ar
fdLlk gS fd lrxq: jSnkl ;k lrxq# dchj us jkekuUn dh f”k’;rk xzg.k dh gS- vxj vkt fo”o fgUnw ifj’kn
;k vkj ,l ,l okys ckck lkfgc dk fp= vius nQrjksa esa yxk ysrs gSa rks bldk vFkZ ;g ugha gS fd ckck
lkfgc muds lkFk dke djrs Fks- oSls gh fdLlk cukus ek= lsa dksbZ fdlh dk xq: ugha cu tkrk- jkekuUn esa
bruk xq.k] bruh vDy] bruk pfj= vo”; gksuk pkfg, Fkk fd og lrxq# dchj jSnkl tSls egkiq#’kksa dk xq:
cu ldrk- ftl vkneh us dHkh unh u ns[kh gks og fdlh dks rSjuk D;k fl[kk;sxk! tks pekj dh jksVh [kkus lsa
gh viuk Kku /;ku xaok cSBs og fo}ku pekj dks D;k Kku /;ku ns ik;sxk!!
jkekuUn us Lo;a viuh ,d lk[kh esa ;g ekuk gS fd lrxq# dchj us mls lgh jkg fn[kkbZ vkSj og
muds crk, jkLrs ij py jgk gS- mlus viuh lk[kh esa lrxq# dchj dks viuk xq: viuk ekXn”k ekXn”kZ
n”kZd ekuk gS-
vkSj rks vkSj lrxq# dchj lsa nh{kk ysdj jkekuUn xq: jSnkl ds pj.kksa esa Hkh ysV x;k Fkk- Lo;a xq: jSnkl us
viuh ck.kh esa bl ckr dk [kqyklk fd;k gS- mUgksaus dgk gS %
vc foiz iz/kku frfg djS naMofr] rksjs uke lj.kkb jSnklk!!
vFkkZr vc czkã.kksa dk iz/kku ¼jkekuUn½ jSnkl th dh “kj.k esa vk;k gS rFkk muds iSjksa yksV jgk gS bl
fo’k; ij foLrkj lsa ppkZ geus v/;k; 5 ¼xq: dkSu jkekuUn ;k jSnkl½ esa dh gS-
rhljh ckr % iqutZUe dk fl)kar
bu fdLlksa dgkfu;ksa esa tks lclsa ?kkrd ckr dgh xbZ gS og ;g gS fd vkneh dk iqutZUe gksrk gS
rFkk tSls dke mlus fiNys tUe esa fd, gSa mlh vk/kkj ij mldk ;g tUe gksrk gS- tks bl tUe esa xjhc]
nfyr] chekj gS mlus fiNys tUe esa Þcqjs deZÞ fd, gSa- tks vehj gSa rFkk Åaph tkfr ds gSa mUgksaus fiNys tUe
esa Þeksrh nku fd,Þ gSa-65
czkã.k/keZ dk ;g fl)kar xhrk ds v/;k; 2 “yksd 22 esa fn;k x;k gS tgka d`".k us vtqZu lsa dgk] Þgs
vtqZu] rw tw, esa gkjh lEifÙk okfil ikus ds fy, vius HkkbZ] cU/kq] xq:] pkpk] rk;k] nknk] ukuk] ekek vkfn
lcdks ekj ns D;ksafd fd vkRek ,d “kjhj lsa nwljs “kjhj esa oSls gh pyh tkrh gS tSls euq"; QVs iqjkus oL=
mrkj dj u, oL= igu ysrk gS- blfy, rsjs }kjk ekjs tkus ij Hkh os ejsaxs ugha D;ksafd mudh vkRek,a nwljk
“kjhj izkIr dj ysaxh-
euq Le`fr o vU; Le`fr;ksa esa vusdksa “yksd gSa tks ;g dgrs gSa fd ftUgksaus “kwnz ¼os tkfr;ka tks tusÅ
/kkj.k ugha djrh½ o.kZ esa tUe fy;k gS mUgksaus fiNys tUe esa cqjs deZ fd;s gSa vFkkZr “kkL=ksa ds vuqlkj deZ ugha
fd, gSa] czkã.kksa dks xksnku ugha fd;k gS vkfn- bu lHkh fu;eksa dh lclsa eq[; ckr ;g gS fd ;g fu;e czkã.k
ij ykxw ugha gksrs- czkã.k pkgs dqN Hkh djs mls iki ugha yxrk-yxrk- tSls vkx lc dqN Hk{k djds Hkh ifo= jgrh
gS oSls gh czkã.k dqN Hkh [kkdj rFkk dqN Hkh djds ifo= jgrk gS- og dqN Hkh djs mls vxys tUe esa ;k rks
LoxZ feysxk ;k fQj lsa czkã.k dk tUe feysxk- ;g NwV ek= iqjksfgrkbZ djus okys czkã.kksa dks gh ugha feyrh
cfYd gj ml izk.kh dks feyrh gS ftlus czkã.k o.kZ esa tUe fy;k gks-
czkã.k/keZ ds iqutZUe dk fl)kar rHkh [kjk ekuk tk ldrk gS vxj og rhu dlkSfV;ksa ij [kjk mrjs- os
rhu dlkSfV;ka gSa %
1- lclsa vge ;k eq[; ckr ;g gS fd D;k lpeqp esa iqutZUe gksrk gS\ vxj iqutZUe gksrk gS rks og
fdl pht dk gksrk gS\ ;kfu vkneh dk gksrk gS ;k vkRek dk gksrk vFkok fdlh vU; oLrq dk gksrk gS-
2- nwljk eqÌk gS fd D;k dksbZ crk ldrk gS fd fdl vkneh dk dgka iqutZUe gqvk gS\
3- vkSj rhljk eqÌk gS fd D;k dksbZ crk ldrk gS fd dkSu dkSu ls dke djus ij vkneh vxys tUe
fdl :i esa gksrk gS\
1- iqutZUe % lfn;ksa lsa czkã.koknh yksx vkRek vkSj mlds iqutZUe dk izpkj djrs vk jgs gSa- muds
}kjk gj jsfM+;ks] gj v[kckj] gj LVst ij bl fl)kar dk bruk vf/kd izpkj fd;k x;k gS fd ;g ckr yksxksa
ds fnyks fnekx esa bl dnj jp cl xbZ gS fd dksbZ tYnh lsa lkspus dks Hkh rS;kj ugha gksrk gS fd D;k okLro
esa iqutZUe gksrk gS ;k czkã.k/kehZ yksx mUgsa xqejkg dj jgs gSa-
25

Hkxou cq) ds le; Hkh yksx vkRek vkSj iqutZUe ds elys ij mulsa ekxZ n”kZu ds fy, vkrs Fks- rc
vkRek ds vfLrRo lsa badkj djrs gq, mUgksaus dgk fd bl /kjrh ij pkj egkHkwr vFkkZr egkrRo gSa & i`Foh]
ty] vfXu vkSj ok;q- gekjk “kjhj bUgha pkj rRoksa lsa cuk gS % i`Foh ;kfu gekjs “kjhj dk ekal gfÏ;ka vkfn] ty
;kfu [kwu ew= vkfn] vfXu ;kfu “kjhj dh xehZ vkSj ok;q ;kfu gekjh lkalsa- dksbZ ,d rRo Hkh vxj ge esa lsa
de gks tk, rks thou dk vUr gks tkrk gS- Hkxou cq) us Li’ Li’V :i esa dgk fd bu pkj rRoksa ds vfrfjDr
gekjs “kjhj esa dksbZ vkRek uke dh dksbZ pht ugha gksrh gS- egkohj Lokeh us Hkh “kjhj esa vkRek ;k ije vkRek
gksus dks [k.Mu fd;k-
fd;k-
Hkxou cq) us dgk fd tc vkneh dh e`R;q gksrh gS rks ;g pkjks rRo vius vius egkrRoksa esa fey tkrs
gSa vkSj izk.kh dk vUr ;k lekié gks tkrk gS- Je.k laLd`fr ds ,d vkSj egkd.kZ/kkj lrxq# dchj us Hkxou
cq) dh blh ckr dks vius vUnkt esa bl izdkj lsa dgk gS%
ty esa dqEHk gS] dqEHk esa ty gS] ckgj Hkhrj ikuh!
QwVk dqEHk ty esa ty lek;k] ;g lr dgSa Kkuh!!
bl lk[kh esa lrxq# dchj us vke thou dh mnkgj.k yh gS- tSls unh lsa ikuh Hkjrs le; tc eVdk
ikuh esa Mwcksrs gSa rks ,slh fLFkfr gks tkrh gS fd eVdk ikuh lsa Hkj tkrk gS rFkk lkFk gh eVdk ikuh ds vUnj
gh gksrk gS- ;kfu Þikuh eVds ds vanj vkSj eVdk ikuh ds vanjÞ okyh fLFkfr gks tkrh gS- ;gh fLFkfr lalkj esa
izk.kh vkSj pkj egkrRoksa dh gS- izk.kh ds vUnj pkjksa rRo gS vkSj og pkjksa rRoksa lsa f?kjk gqvk gS- tSls ?kM+k QwVrs
gh mlds vUnj dk ikuh unh ds ikuh esa lek tkrk gS oSls gh izk.kh ds ejrs gh mlds rRo Hkh bu egkrRoksa esa
lek tkrs gSa- os vkxs cksys %
ekVh esa ekVh feyh] feyh ikSu lsa ikSu!
eSa rksgs cw>ksa iaMrk] nksuksa esa ejk dkSu!!
vFkkZr vkneh ds ejus ij mldk “kjhj feÍh esa fey tkrk gS rFkk lkalsa gok esa fey tkrh gSa- os czkã.kksa
dks pqukSrh nsrs gq, iwNrs gSa fd crkvks nksuksa esa lsa dkSu ejk- vFkkZr dksbZ ^lekIr^ ugha gqvk- ek= vkneh ds rRo
vius egkrRoksa esa lek x, ftls ge eR;q dgrs gSa-
;g lk[kh vkRek ds vfLrRo dks udkjrh gS D;ksafd vkRek ds ckjs esa czkã.k/keZ dh loksZPp iqLrd xhrk
dk dguk gS fd vkRek ij fdlh pht dk vlj ugha gksrk- og oSls dh oSls jgrh gS- vr% og u fdlh esa
lekrh gS vkSj u gh dksbZ mlesa lekrk gS- izk.kh ds “kjhj ds pkj rRo vius egkrRoksa esa oSls gh lek tkrs gSa
tSls dchj lkgc us dgk fd ty esa ty lekrk gS xq: jSnkl us Hkh viuh iwjh ck.kh esa dgha Hkh vkRek ds
vfLrRo dks Lohdkj ugha fd;k gS-
lrxq# dchj rFkk lrxq# jSnkl us ekuo “kjhj esa ,slh vkRek ds gksus dks ugha ekuk tks diM+ksa dh rjg
“kjhj cny ysrh gS- os ekurs gSa fd vPNs cqjs] xyr lgh dk Kku djokus okyh gekjk tehj ;kfu vUrjkRek
gksrh gS- vUrjkRek vkSj vkRek fcYdqy vyx vyx phtsa gSa- czkã.k/keZ esa rks ek= vkRek gksrh gS tks ,d “kjhj
dks NksM+ dj nwljs esa pyh tkrh gS- lUrksa dh dsoy vUrjkRek gksrh gS tks mUgsa fcuk HksnHkko ds ljcr ¼iwjs
lalkj½ dk Hkyk djus dks izsfjr djrh gS- czkã.kokfn;ksa ds vUrjkRek ugha gksrh- vxj muds vanj vUrjkRek gksrh
rks /keZiq= dgs tkus okyk ;qf/k”Bj vius NksVs HkkbZ dh choh dks tw, ds nkao ij ugha yxkrk] jke iwjs fnuksa dh
xHkZorh lhrk dks ejus ds fy, taxy esa ugha fQadokrk] fo’.kq vius nq”eu dks gjkus ds fy, mudh ifRu o`ank lsa
cykRdkj u djrk] f”ko ;K esa fgLlk u fn, tkus ij vius llqj dks u ejokrk- bu vUrjkRek&foghu _f”k;ksa]
Hkxokuksa] uk;dksa us ,sls vla[; dqdeZ fd, gSa!!
,d vk”p;Z tud ckr Hkxou cq) us dgh gS- os dgrs gSa fd ÞiqutZUeÞ gksrk gS- muds vuqlkj ;g
iqutZUe fdlh vkRek dk ugha gksrk cfYd laLdkjksa dk gksrk gS- vDlj ge ikrs gSa fd cPpk vius firk ;k nknk
tSlk gksrk gS- tSls laLdkj ¼xq.k ;k voxq.k½ mlds cki nknk esa gksrs gSa oSls cgqrsjs ;k dqNsd laLdkj cPps esa Hkh
gksrs gSa- cq) dgrs gSa ;g ml vkneh ds laLdkjksa dk iqutZUe gS- fHk{kq ukxlsu us bls vkSj vf/kd Li’V djrs gq,
dgk fd tSls ,d nhid lsa nwljk nhid tykrs gSa rks igys nhid ds izdk”k dk nwljs nhid esa iqutZUe gks
tkrk gS-
26

cq) ;k jSnkl tSls lUrksa ds iqutZUe ds fl)kar esa vkRek dh vko”;drk ugha gksrh- u eks{k dh vkSj u
gh deZdkaMksa dh t:jr gksrh gS- vr% ;g dguk ljklj >wB gS fd xq: jSnkl fiNys tUe esa jkekuUn ds psys
Fks vkSj jkekuUn ds Jki nsus ij os pekj ds ?kj iSnk gks x,-
czkãf.kd iqutZUe ds fl)kar ds vuqlkj ejus ij vkneh ds “kjhj lsa vkRek fudy tkrh gS ,d u,
“kjhj esa pyh tkrh gS- vr% bl fl)kar ds vuqlkj vkRek dk gh iqutZUe gksrk gS 'kjhj dk ugha- oSls Hkh ;g
lPpkbZ gS fd ge e`rd “kjhj dks tyk nsrs gSa- vr% “kjhj rks iqutZUe ys gh ugha ldrk- vkRek vkSj iqutZUe ds
fl)kar ij xhrk lclsa Åaph iqLrd crkbZ tkrh gS- mlds vuqlkj vkRek ds eq[; xq.k bl izdkj lsa gSa%
1- vkRek iwjs “kjhj esa O;kIr gS-
2- vkRek u ejrh gS u tUe ysrh gS-
3- vkRek dks vkx] ikuh] gfFk;kj vkfn u"V ugha dj ldrs-
4- tSls vkneh iqjkus diM+s mrkj dj u, /kkj.k dj ysrk gS oSls gh vkRek cw<k “kjhj R;kx dj u;k
“kjhj /kkj.k dj ysrh gS-
5- e`R;q gksus ij vkRek “kjhj lsa fudy tkrh gS- vr% “kjhj u"V gks tkrk gS vkRek ugha-
bl fl)kar ij ,d lh/kk lk iz”u rks ;gh gS fd ejus ij “kjhj rks ;gha tyk fn;k tkrk gS vkSj vkRek
ij fdlh pht dk vlj ugha gksrk gS rks iki ;k iq.; dk Qy dkSu Hkksxrk gS- ,d iy ds fy, vxj ge xq:
jSnkl dh iqutZUe dh dgkuh dks lR; eku ysa rks ekal [kkus dk iki rks muds fiNys czkã.k “kjhj us fd;k Fkk
tks mudh e`R;q gksus ij u"V gks x;k- vkRek ij rks fdlh pht dk vlj gksrk ugha lks bl tUe esa ltk rks
u, “kjhj dks feyh ftldk dksbZ dlwj gh ugh Fkk!! rks czkã.k jSnkl dks ekal [kkus dh ltk dgka feyh\ ltk
rks pekj jSnkl dks feyh ftUgksaus dksbZ iki fd;k gh ugha Fkk-
vkRek dks ekuus okys lHkh yksx xhrk dh bl ckr lsa lger gksaxs fd ek= thfor “kjhj esa gh vkRek
gksrh gS e`r “kjhj vFkok futhZo oLrq esa vkRek ugha gksrh- ;g Hkh ekuus dh ckr gS fd ek= thfor phtsa gha
tUe ysrha] c<+rh gSa] vius tSls iSnk djrh gSa vkSj ejrh gSa- e`r phtsa u rks iSnk gksrh gSa u c<+rh gSa u vius
tSlh vkSj iSnk djrh gSa rFkk u gh ejrh gSa- ;g Hkh ,d rF; gS fd futhZo oLrq dHkh Hkh thfor ugha gksrh
ysfdu thfor izk.kh dHkh u dHkh ejrk vo”; gS-
bl iwjs fl)kar esa lclsa vge lPpkbZ gS fd vkt rd ;g dksbZ ugha crk ik;k fd fdlh Hkh izk.kh ds
“kjhj esa vkRek vkrh dSls gS- mnkgj.kr% ;g dksbZ ugha crkrk fd czkã.k jSnkl ds “kjhj lsa vkRek fudy dj
dSls pekj jSnkl ds “kjhj esa vkbZ vFkok dSls d`'.k] .k] jke]
jke] ladjkpk;Z ;k gege lc ds “kjhj esa vkbZ-
ge bl ckr dk [kqyklk djrs gSa- ;g lHkh dk ekU; rF; gS fd gj vkneh dh 'kq#vkr xHkZ lsa gksrh gS-
xHkZ dh “kq#vkr uj ds 'kqØk.kq vkSj eknk ds fMEc ds feyus lsa gksrh gS- vxj 'kqØk.kq vkSj fMEc esa lsa dksbZ Hkh
e`r gks rks xHkZ dh “kq#vkr ugha gksrh- dksbZ czkã.k xzUFk] dksbZ czkã.k fo}ku ;g ugha crk ikrk fd vkRek vkneh
ds 'kqØk.kq lsa vkrh gS ;k fMEc lsa vkrh gS- vxj vkRek 'kqØk.kq lsa vkrh gS rks xHkZ dh 'kq#vkr fcuk eknk ds gh
gks tkuh pkfg, vFkok e`r fMEc lsa Hkh gks tkuh pkfg,- vxj vkRek eknk ds fMEc lsa vkrh gS rks fcuk uj ds
'kqØk.kq lsa gh xHkZ dh 'kq#vkr gks tkuh pkfg,- vFkok e`r “kqØk.kq lsa Hkh xHkZ dh “kq#vkr gks tkuh pkfg,- exj
,slk ugha gksrk- ge lHkh vkSj reke vius iwoZt ftUnk 'kqØk.kq vkSj ftUnk fMEc ds feyus lsa gh iSnk gq, gSa-
vxj os nksuksa gh thfor gSa rks bldk lh/kk lk vFkZ gqvk fd nksuksa esa vkRek gS D;ksafd fcuk vkRek ds
dksbZ ftUnk ugha jg ldrk- vkSj vxj dksbZ dgs fd ftUnk jgus ds fy, vkRek dh t:jr ugha gS rks xhrk ds
700 “yksdksa dh ckrsa O;FkZ dh yQkth gS- vxj ge fcuk vkRek ds thfor “kqØk.kq ;k fMEc lsa iSnk gq, gSa rks rks
gesa ftUnk jgus ds fy, Hkh vkRek dh t:jr ugha gS- vxj fMEc vkSj 'kqØk.kq nksuksa esa vkRek gS rks vkneh esa nks
vkRek,a gksuh pkfg, D;ksafd xhrk ds vuqlkj vkRek ij fdlh pht dk vlj ugha gksrk rks nks vkRek,a ,d nwljs
esa ?kqldj ,d ugha gks ldrha- bl rjg lsa izk.kh ds “kjhj esa vkRek ds izos”k dk dksbZ jkLrk dksbZ lk/ku ugha gS-
vr% vkRek dk fl)kar dksjh /kks[kk/kM+h gS ftlds cy ij czkã.k lfn;ksa lsa yksxksa dks mYyw cukrs vk jgs gSa-
vkRek vkSj iqutZUe ds ckjs esa dqNsd vU; iz”u Hkh gSa ftudk dksbZ mÙkj ugha ns ik;k- mnkgj.kr%
♦ vxj vkRek iwjs “kjhj esa O;kIr gS rks tc nq?kZVuk esa vkneh dk gkFk iSj dV tkrk gS rks D;k vkRek
Hkh ywyh yaxM+h gks tkrh gS- vxj ugha gksrh rks brus fgLls dh vkRek dgka pyh tkrh gS-
27

♦ vxj vkRek iwjs “kjhj esa O;kIr gS rks ,slk D;ksa gSa fd xyk dVus lsa gh vkneh D;ksa ejrk gS gkFk iSj
dVus lsa D;ksa ugha ejrk- tc vkRek ij fdlh pht dk vlj ugha gksrk rks “kjhj esa fctyh dk djaV yxus lsa
vkRek dks D;k ijs”kkuh gksrh gS fd og “kjhj dks R;kx nsrh gS-
♦ vkneh lkal ysrs le; vkDlhtu vanj [haprk gS vkSj dkcZu Mkb vkDlkbM ckgj fudkyrk gS-
vkDlhtu Hkh gok gS vkSj dkcZu Mkb vkDlkbM Hkh gok gS- vkDlhtu feyus ij vkRek “kjhj ugha R;kxrh
ysfdu dkcZu Mkb vkDlkbM lsa vkneh dh e`R;q gks tkrh gS vFkkZr vkRek “kjhj R;kx nsrh gS- ,slk D;ksa gS
tcfd vkRek ij rks fdlh pht dk vlj ugha gksrk-
♦ ,d ckj ds oh;Zikr esa djksM+ksa thfor 'kqØk.kq gksrs gSa- muesa lsa ek= ,d gh 'kqØk.kq dke vkrk gS 'ks"k
lHkh ej tkrs gSa- vc D;ksafd gjsd thfor oLrq esa vkRek gS rks mu lHkh “kqØk.kqvksa esa Hkh vkRek gS- czkã.kksa ds
deZ ds fl)kar ds vuqlkj gj izk.kh ;kfu vkRek dk tUe mlds fiNys tUe ds deksZa ij fuHkZj djrk gS- rks ,sls
dsl esa ;s 'kqØk.kq fcuk dqN deZ fd, ej tkrs gSa rc vxys tUe esa bu 'kqØvksa dh vkRekvksa dk dkSu lh tw.kh
esa tUe gksrk gS] D;k dksbZ Hkh xhrk Kkuh crk ldrk gS!!
♦ tc vkneh ejrk gS rks mldh yk”k dk nkg laLdkj dj fn;k tkrk gS- vkRek ij fdlh pht dk
vlj ugha gksrk rks iqutZUe esa fiNys tUe ds Qy Hkksxus ds fy, rks cprk gh ugha gS- lks Qy fdldks feyrk
gS- vxys tUe okys “kjhj dk rks dksbZ dlwj gh ugha gksrk] mls ltk fiNys “kjhj ds dkeksa dh D;ksa feyrh gS\
♦ xhrk dgrh gS fd th.kZ gksus ij tSls ge u, diM+s /kkj.k djrs gSa oSls gh cpiu ds ckn tokuh
vkSj cq<+kik vkus ij “kjhj th.kZ gksus ij vkRek u;k “kjhj /kkj.k dj ysrh gS- xhrk esa dgha Hkh cpiu ;k Hkjh
tokuh esa ejus dh ckr ugha dgh xbZ gS- dsoy “kjhj th.kZ gksus ij gh vkRek }kjk “kjhj R;kx djus rFkk u;k
“kjhj /kkj.k djus dh ckr dgh xbZ gS- vxj ,slk gksrk rks yksx Hkjh tokuh esa gh D;ksa ejrs gSa] dbZ rks cpiu
esa gh ej tkrs gSa tc muds “kjhj dks [kjksap Hkh ugha vkbZ gksrh- ,slk D;ksa gS!!
♦ czkã.kksa ds Hkxoku euq dk dguk gS fd tks czkã.k Jk) esa ek¡l ugha [kkrk og ejdj 21 ckj i”kq
dh tw.kh esa tUe ysrk gS- ¼euq 5-25½ Hkxreky dgrk gS fd ekal [kkus lsa czkã.k vxys tUe esa pekj cu tkrk
gS- vktdy czkã.k Jk) esa ekal ugha [kkrs- bl rjg rks lkjs ds lkjs czkã.k ;k rks i”kq cu dk tUe ysrs ;k
fQj pekj cu dj tUe ysrs- ,sls esa czkã.k rks dksbZ cpuk gh ugha pkfg, Fkk- ysfdu czkã.k rks vkt Hkh iSnk
gks jgs gSa- rc >wB dkSu cksy jgk gS euq ;k Hkxreky!!
ge esa lsa dksbZ Hkh xhrk dh ;g ckr eku dj fd “kjhj ejrk gS vkRek ugha ejrh] vius HkkbZ cU/kqvksa dks
iSls ds fy, ugha ekj ldrk- vly esa rks d`".k pkgrk Fkk fd vtqZu vius HkkbZ ca/kqvksa dks ekj ns] cl vkSj dqN
ugha- blhfy, mlus xhrk ds ek/;e lsa vtqZu ij vyx vyx iSra js vktek, Fks fd og fdlh rjg lsa yM+us
ejus dks rS;kj gks tk,- vkt czkã.kksa us mldh vkx yxkm ckrksa dks Kku dk lkxj cuk j[kk gS-

2- D;k dksbZ crk ldrk gS - - - -


iqutZUe ds fl)kar dks [kjk ;k [kksVk fl) djus ds fy, nwljh dlkSVh gS fd D;k dksbZ lcwr ds lkFk
crk ldrk gS fd dkSu vkneh ejus ds ckn dgka iSnk gqvk- ftrus Hkh iqutZUe ds fdLls dgkfu;ka gSa mu lHkh
esa vkneh Hkkjr esa ejus ds ckn Hkkjr esa gh iSnk gks x;k- xq: jSnkl ds fdLls esa rks os fiNys tUe esa Hkh
cukjl esa jgrs Fks- bl tUe esa os fQj lsa cukjl esa gh iSnk gks x,- vkSj rks vkSj mudk xq: Hkh ugha cnyk!!
fdruh gSjkuh dh ckr gS fd ,d ÞpekjÞ dk rks mUgsa irk yx x;k fd mUgksaus iqutZUe dgka fy;k gS
ysfdu vkt rd fdlh ladjkpk;Z] fdlh czkã.k _f"k] fdlh nso] fdlh Hkxoku] fdlh vorkj dk dHkh dksbZ
ftØ ugha vkrk fd os fdl nfyr ds ;gka iqutZUe fy, cSBs gSa- czkã.kksa dks de lsa de vius ladjkpk;ksZa dks rks
fjdkMZ j[kuk gh pkfg, Fkk- n;kuUn foosdkuUn xka/kh tSls muds ÞegkuÞ usrk gq, gSa de lsa de mudk rks irk
djuk pkfg, Fkk fd os fdl tw.kh esa pys x,- czkã.kksa ds rks HkSal vkSj x/ks Hkh Kku c?kkjrs gSa- muds usrk dgha
Hkh] fdlh Hkh tw.kh esa iSnk gq, gksrs] de lsa mudk Kku rks iqu% lquusa dks fey tkrk!!
vxj dksbZ ;g dgs fd bu yksxksa dks eks{k fey x;k gS rks os fuf”pr :i esa >wB cksy jgs gSa- 21 ckj rks
mudk l`f"V ikyd gh iSnk gks fy;k- vHkh rks mlus xhrk esa oknk dj j[kk gS fd og tUe ysus dks rS;kj cSBk
28

gS cl mls /keZ dh gkfu gksus dh izrh{kk gS- ns[kks vc dc ;qf/k”Bj vius NksVs HkkbZ dh choh dks fQj lsa dc
nkao ij yxkrk gS dc tw, esa viuk gkjk jkT; okfil ekaxrk gS dc fQj tqvkfj;ksa dh yM+kbZ gksrh gSa rc dgha
tkdj /keZ dh gkfu gksxh- rc muds Hkxoku dks fQj lsa tUe ysuk iM+sxk- rc rd rks muds Hkxoku dks Hkh eks{k
ugha gS- tc mls gh eks{k ugha feyk gS rks bu xjhcksa dks dgka lsa eks{k fey ik,xk-
lclsa gSjkuh dh ckr rks ;g gS fd Hkxreky tSls VqPps ls fdLlsdkjksa dks rks xq: jSnkl ds iqutZUe dk
irk py x;k exj xq: jSnkl Lo;a bllsa vUtku jgs- mUgksaus viuh ck.kh esa vius iqutZUe dh dgha dHkh dksbZ
ckr ugha dh gS- vxj mudk iqutZUe gqvk gksrk rks os Hkh t:j bldk viuh ck.kh esa mYys[k djrs- xq: jSnkl
us viuh ck.kh esa vusdksa LFkkuksa ij viuh tkfr dk mYys[k fd;k gS- vius lkFkh lrxq# dchj dk o.kZu fd;k
gS tc os viuh ck.kh esa budk mYys[k dj ldrs gSa rks] vxj lp gksrk rks] vius ÞiqutZUeÞ dk Hkh t:j o.kZu
djrs- budk ftØ u gksuk ;g n”kkZrk gS fd ;g eu?kM+Ur fdLlk gS-
vly esa iqutZUe vkSj eks{k dsoy czkã.kksa dh vkenu dk lk/ku gS- bllsa vf/kd vkSj dqN ugha- os
vkRek vkSj eks{k ds uke ij lfn;ksa lsa yksxksa dks csodwQ cukrs vk jgs gSa vkSj vHkh rd cuk jgs gSa- bldk gy
dsoy ,d gS tSlk ckck lkfgc us crk;k gS fd lHkh /keZ xzUFkksa dks ifo= ekuuk cUn fd;k tk,- lHkh xzUFkksa ij
ifCyd esa cgl gksuh pkfg,- tks xzUFk lPpkbZ uSfrdrk rdZ ij [kjs u mrjsa mUgsa xgjs leqnz esa nQu dj fn;k
tkuk pkfg,-
3- fdl dke lsa dkSu lk tUe
iqutZUe ds fl)kar dks ij[kus dh lclsa vge dlkSVh gS fd D;k dksbZ crk ldrk gS fd dkSu lk dke
vFkkZr deZ djus ij vkneh D;k cu dj iqutZUe ysrk gS- czkã.k xzUFkksa esa bl ckjs esa vusdksa fu;e fn;s x;s gSa-
vr% xq: jSnkl ds ckjs esa iqutZUe ds fdLls dks mUgha fu;eksa ds vUrxZr ij[kuk iM+sxk-
lclsa igyk fu;e gS fd czkã.k dqN Hkh [kk ys dqN Hkh dj ys mls iki ugha yxrk- ¼euq 9-318½ vr%
tc mls iki gh ugha yxrk rks mls ltk Hkh ugha nh tk ldrh- lks ftl vkneh ds [kkrs esa ÞikiÞ gh ugha jgs
rks ;k rks og eks{k izkIr djsxk ;k fQj LoxZ esa jgsxk- xq: jSnkl D;ksafd ÞfiNys tUeÞ esa czkã.k Fks mUgsa rks eks{k
;k LoxZ lsa dksbZ jksd gh ugha ldrk Fkk- vxj mUgsa LoxZ feyk vkSj os LoxZ esa ,d ÞiyÞ Hkh jgrs rks dbZ
gtkjksa lkyksa ckn /kjrh ij iSnk gksrs D;ksafd LoxZ esa rks czãk dh ?kM+h pyrh gS ftlds vuqlkj gekjh /kjrh ds
1 djksM+ 19 yk[k 80 gtkj lky dk ogka ,d fnu gksrk gS- vkSj vxj mudk eks{k gh gks x;k rks iqutZUe dk
loky gh iSnk ugha gksrk- lks ;k rks euq >wBk gS ;k Hkxreky tSls fdLlkdkj-
nwljk fu;e gS fd czkã.k dks ekal f[kykus lsa gj izdkj ds ij fHké fHké iq.; feyrs gSa rFkk fHké fHké
le; rd feyrs gSa- ekalksa vkSj mulsa feyus okys iq.;ksa dh lwfp bl izdkj lsa gS- ¼euq 3-267&272½
lwvj ¾ 10 ekl i{kh ¾ 5 ekl cdjh ¾ 6 ekl dkaVs okyh eNyh ¾ vuar dky
eNyh ¾ 2 ekl cdjk ¾ 12 ekl fp= e`x ¾ 7 ekl xsaMk ¾ vuar dky
fgj.k ¾ 3 ekl [kjxks”k ¾ 11 ekl dkyk e`x ¾ 8 ekl yky cdjk ¾ vuar dky
es<k ¾ 4 ekl dNqvk ¾ 11 ekl :: e`x ¾ 9 ekl HkSalk ¾ 12 ekl
euq ds vfrfjDr iqjk.kdkjksa us nsfo;ksa dh lwfp Hkh nh gS tks dNq, lsa ysdj vkneh rd dk ekal [kkus lsa
,d eghus lsa ysdj ,d yk[k lky rd [kq”k jgrs gSa- tc ekal [kkus lsa muds nsoh] nsork vkSj Hkxoku [kq”k
gksrs gSa rks ,sls esa rks Þczkã.kÞ jSnkl dks ltk gks gh ugha ldrh-
mijksDr
Dr lHkh dslksa esa ,slk dgha izko/kku ugha gS fd czkã.k ekal [kkdj pekj ds ?kj iqutZUe ysxk-k- vr%
ftlus Hkh ;g dgkuh cukbZ eux<+ar cukbZ gS rFkk /kwrZrk iwoZd cukbZ gS- nfyrksa dks ,sls yksxksa lsa lko/kku jguk
pkfg, rFkk tgka Hkh ,slh dFkk,a dh tkrh gksa mudk mudk MVdj fojks/k djuk pkfg,-
pkfg,-
vxj vkneh vPNs dke ;k iq.; deZ djus ij vxys tUe esa czkã.k curk gS rFkk cqjs dke ;k iki deZ
djus ij “kwnz curk gS rks ckck lkfgc vEcsMdj] ckcw txthou] jkefcykl ikloku] cwVk flag vkfn “kwnz iSnk
gksdj Hkh D;ksa brus Åaps vksgnksa rd igqaps fd cM+s cM+s czkã.k vf/kdkfj;ksa Hkh muds lkeus flj >qdkuk iMrk
Fkk- Kkuh tSy flag vkSj Js); d-s vkj- ukjk;.ku nfyr lekt esa iSnk gksdj Hkh dSls Hkkjr ds loksZPp vklu
vFkkZr jk"Vªifr ds in rd igqap ik, ftUgsa czkã.k lsukifr Hkh lY;wV ekjrs Fks- D;ksa vkt Hkkjr ds eq[;
U;k;/kh’k ds in dks ,d nfyr egkiq#"k lq’kksfHkr dj jgs gSa ftudk dgk ,d ,d “kCn Hkkjr dk loksZPp dkuwu
29

gS- vxj iki dh ltk ds rkSj ij gh vkneh ÞuhpÞ tkfr esa iSnk gksrk gS rks ;g lc yksx brus mPp inksa rd
D;ksa igqaps- iq.; deZ djus lsa gh vxj dksbZ foiz ds ?kj iSnk gksrk gS rks vkt vla[; czkã.k D;ksa vikfgt gSa]
D;ksa os Hkh[k ekax dk ftUnk gS!! vr% dqy feyk dj iqutZUe dk fl)kar dksjh cdokl gS tks /kwrZ czkã.k/kfeZ;ksa
us /kkfeZd dgs tkus okys xzUFkksa esa ?kqlsM+ j[kh gS rkfd mudh jksth jksVh pyrh jgs!
Lo;a czkã.k xzUFkksa esa ,slh vusdksa mnkgj.k gSa tks ;g fl) djrh gSa fd czkã.kksa us ÞiqutZUeÞ dk fl)kar
viuh djrwrksa vFkok dqdeksaZ dks fNikus ds fy, ?k<+k gS- mnkgj.k ds fy, d`’.k vkSj xksfi;ksa ds iqutZUe dh
dFkkvksa dks gh ysa- muds fiNys tUe dh dFkk dqN bl izdkj lsa gS- tc jke ou esa x;k rks ogka ds czkã.k
_f"k mldk lqUnj “kjhj ÞikusÞ ds fy, m)r gks mBs- rc jke us mUgsa dgk fd og mudh bPNk vxys tUe esa
d`".k cudj iwjh djsxk- vxys tUe esa jke iqutZUe ysdj d`".k cuk x;k vkSj czkã.k _f"k;ksa us xksfi;ksa ds :i
esa iqutZUe fy;k- d`".k us xksfi;ksa ds lkFk D;k fd;k lHkh dks irk gS- vr% czkã.k _f"k fdl izdkj lsa jke dk
lqUnj “kjhj ÞikukÞ pkgrs Fks ;g ckr crkus dh t:jr ugha gS-
czkã.kksa us d`".k vkSj xksfi;ksa ds iqutZUe dh dFkk blfy, ?k<+h rkfd muds voS/k lEca/kksa ij inkZ Mkyk
tk lds oukZ Þ{kf=; HkxokuÞ dks Þ”kwnz HkxokuÞ cuus dk dksbZ dkj.k ugha gS rFkk czkã.k _f"k;ksa dks Hkh “kwnz
xksfi;ka cu dj iqutZUe ysus dk dksbZ dkj.k ugha gS- Hkxoku vkSj czkã.k rks iki] iq.;] iqutZUe ds fl)kar lsa
ijs gSa fQj os D;ksa ÞuhpÞ o.kZ esa iSnk gq,- os rks lHkh czkã.k cu dj Hkh ,s”k dj ldrs Fks-
,slk gh dqN fdLlk guqeku dk jkek;.k ds mÙkjdkaM esa fn;k x;k gS- guqeku dh ek¡ dk uke vatuh
Fkk- og dsljh dh C;kgrk ifRu Fkh- ,d fnu og ugk /kks dj ?kj lsa fudyh- mls iou uked nso us ns[k fy;k-
iou mldh lqUnjrk ij jh> x;k- mlus vatuh lsa laHkksx ;kpuk dh- vatuh bl “krZ ij mllsa 'kkjhfjd lEca/k
cukus ds fy, jkth gqbZ fd og mlds vius tSlk cy”kkyh iq= iSnk djsxk- rc mu nksuksa us og fd;k tks
Hkkjrh; lekt esa Hkk- n.M lafgrk ds v/khu O;fHkpkj dgk tkrk gS- dgrs gSa fd og f”ko dk vorkj ;kfu
iqutZUe gS- ;gka Hkh ;gh iz”u mBrk gS fd vxj guqeku f”ko dk iqutZUe gh Fkk rks og oS/k ek¡&cki ds lEca/kksa
lsa iSnk D;ksa ugha gqvk- og O;fHkpkj lsa gh iSnk D;ksa gqvk- D;k iou dh ifRu cka> Fkh ;k dsljh uiqald Fkk tks
bu nks dks voS/k tksM+k cukuk iM+k!! vr% ;g iqutZUe dh dgkfu;ka cukus dk ,dks,d mÌs’; vius nsoksa dh
djrwrsa <kaiuk vkSj yksaxksa dks csodwQ cukuk ek= gS!!
,sls gh jke dk fdLlk gS tks fd fo".kq dk iqutZUe gS- og Hkhs uiqald n”kjFk dh ifRu;ksa ds czkã.k
_f"k _’;J`ax }kjk iSnk fd;k x;k- ¼leq jru yky caly½ _’;J`ax fj”rs esa n”kjFk dk tokbZa ;k tekrk Hkh
gS- blh ckr ij dchj lkfgc us pqVdh yh- os cksys %
ns[kks yksxks jke dh lxkbZ]s
ge cguksbZ] jke gekjk lkyk]
gefg cki] jke iqr gekjk
vkFkkZr gs yksxks] jke dk lxkiu ns[kks] eSa jke dk cguksbZ gw¡s vkSj jke esjk lkyk yxrk gS- eSa gh jke dk
cki Hkh gw¡ rFkk jke esjk iq= Hkh gS- ;g ckr mUgksaus _";J`ax dh vksj lsa dgh gS D;ksafd og fj”rs esa jke dk
thtk Hkh yxrk Fkk- vxj bl “yksd ds vk/kkj ij dksbZ ;g dgkuh ?k<+ ys fd fiNys tUe esa lrxq# dchj
_";J`ax Fks rFkk mUgksaus gh jke dks iSnk fd;k Fkk] rks fuf”pr :i esa ;g mldk nhekxh fnokfy;kiu gh
gksxk!!
ckck lkfgc ds vuqlkj Hkkjr esa Økafr u gksus dk dkj.k ;gh iqutZUe vkSj deZ dk fl)kar gS- czkã.kksa us
;g izpkj dj j[kk gS fd gekjk ;g tUe gekjs fiNys tUeksa ds deksZa dk Qy gS- bl tUe esa gesa tks lq[k nq[k
fey jgs gSa os lHkh gekjs fiNys tUeksa ds dkj.k gS-
vr% bl fl)kar ds dkj.k gh tks xjhc] nfyr] etnwj vkfn “kksf"kr lekt gS mlus ;g eku fy;k gS
fd mUgksaus fiNys tUe esa cqjs dke vFkok iki deZ fd, Fks blfy, bl tUe esa esa os mldh ltk Hkqxr jgs gSa-
blfy, mUgksaus dHkh Hkh vius lkFk gks jgs vU;k; ds fo#) vkokt mBkus dh dksf”k”k ugha dh- czkã.kokn us
muesa Økafr rks nwj la?k"kZ djus dk ekÌk Hkh lekIr dj fn;k- bldk ,d ifj.kke ;g Hkh gqvk fd “kksf"kr lekt
u rks czkã.kksa ds vU;k; ds fo#) cksyk vkSj u gh rc cksyk tc fons”kh vkØe.kdkfj;ksa us Hkkjr vkSj Hkkjrh;ksa
dks jkSan Mkyk- urhtk ;g gqvk fd Hkkjrh; yksx 2000 lky rd fonsf”k;ksa dh xqykeh pqipki viuh uh;fr eku
dj lgrs jgs-
30

3-2 ikjl ;k lksus dh eqgjsa nsus okyk Hkxoku dkSu


xq: jSnkl ds ckjs esa czkã.kokfn;ksa us tks nwljk fdLlk cuk j[kk gS og gS fd Hkxoku us mudh xjhch
ij rjl [kkdj mUgsa ikjl iRFkj nsuk pkgk rkfd os ftruh bPNk gks mruk lksuk cuk ysa vkSj viuh xjhch nwj
dj ysa- ysfdu xq: jSnkl us flQZ esgur djds dh [kkus ckr dgh vkSj ikjl iRFkj ugha fy;k- rc Hkxoku
jkstkuk vkrk vkSj muds NIij esa ikap ;k lkr lksus dh eqgjsa j[k tkrk ftllsa xq: jSnkl dk xqtkjk gks tkrk
Fkk-
loZizFke rks ftl fdlh us Hkh ;g fdLlk cuk;k gS og ;k rks egk/kwrZ gS D;ksafd ;g dgkuh Hkh xqM+ esa
tgj fNik dj nsus ds leku gS- bl dgkuh ds ek/;e lsa mlus ,d rhj lsa nks f”kdkj fd, gSa- igyk rks mlus
;g ckr QSykus dh dksf”k”k dh gS fd xq# jSnkl czkã.k _f"k;ksa dh rjg eq¶r dh [kkus okys Fks- nwljk ;g fd
os fdlh czkãf.kd Hkxoku dks viuk Hkxoku ekurs Fks- ;g nksuksa ckrsa gh xq: jSnkl ds pfj= ij lh/kk vk?kkr
gSa-
lHkh tkurs gSa fd lrxq# dchj vkSj muds gelgjh lrxq# jSnkl us Hkxou cq) }kjk crk, x, x`gLFk
vkSj fHk{kq ds thou dk lekos’k ,d gh txg dj fn;k Fkk- lUr dchj vkSj lUr jSnkl igys lUr Fks tks dek
dj [kkrs Fks vkSj igys x`gLFk Fks tks fHk{kq okyk lknk thou fcrkrs Fks- ;g dFkk muds mlh Lo:i dks u"V
djus ds fy, cukbZ xbZ gS-
bl dFkk dh lR;rk dks bu nks dlkSfV;ksa ij ij[kk tk ldrk gS-
• D;k lpeqp dksbZ ikjl uked oLrq gksrh gS ftlds Nwus ek= lsa yksgk Hkh lksuk cu tkrk gS-
• czkã.kksa dks dkSu lk Hkxoku mUgsa jkstkuk lksus dh eqgjsa nsdj tkrk Fkk-
ikjl iRFkj dh vlR;rk % lclsa igys rks ;gh >wB gS fd dksbZ ikjl uke dk iRFkj Hkh gksrk gS ftlds
Nwus ek= lsa yksgk lksus esa cny tkrk gS- nqfu;k ds fdlh Hkh dksus esa ikjl iRFkj ugha ik;k tkrk- ,slk iRFkj u
dHkh Fkk vkSj u gS- ,sls iRFkj dh dgkuh lclsa igys vjc ns”kksa ÞvyQ ySykÞ uked dgkuh laxzg esa iuih- tc
ogka lsa eqxy o vU; geykoj Hkkjr vk, rks muds lkFk ;g dgkfu;ka Hkh Hkkjr vk xbZa- Hkkjr esa fdLls
dgkfu;ksa dk izpyu gS- iqjk.k egkHkkjr fdLls gh rks gSa- lks fdlh /kwrZ us ;g fdLlk xq: jSnkl ds lkFk tksM+
fn;k fd czkã.kksa dks dksbZ Hkxoku mUgsa ikjl nsus vk;k ysfdu tc os ikjl ysus ds fy, jkth u gq, rks mUgsa
eqgjsa nsuh vkjEHk dj nha-
;gka ,d ckr /;ku nsus ;ksX; gS fd fdlh Hkh iqjk.k egkHkkjr ds fdLls esa ikjl dk mYys[k ugha gS
rFkk dgha Hkh lksus dh eqgjksa dk ftØ Hkh ugha gS- vr% ;g dFkk,a muds lkFk rc tksMh+ xbZa tc fons”k lsa
fons”kh geykojksa ds lkFk Hkkjr vkbZ- -
oSKkfud utfj;s lsa ns[ksa rks ,slh ?kVuk gksuk laHko gh ugha gS fd fdlh pht ds Nwus ek= lsa yksgk lksus
esa cny tk, D;ksafd yksgk vkSj lksuk ewyHkwr :i esa vyx vyx /kkrq,a gSa- fdlh Hkh <ax lsa yksgs dks lksus esa
rcnhy ugha fd;k tk ldrk- vkt tkiku vejhdk vkSj Hkkjr nqfu;k esa lclsa vf/kd foKku izxfr okys ns”k gSa
exj bu ns”kksa esa fdlh Hkh oSKkfud us yksgs lsa lksuk cukus dk iz;kl djuk rks nwj dh ckr gS fdlh us ,slk
djus dh dHkh ckr Hkh ugha dh gS- ;g fl) djrk gS fd ,slk gksuk laHko gh ugha gS-
vkt ds le; esa cPpk cPpk tkurk gS fd bl czãk.M esa ikbZ tkus okyh gj oLrq ijek.kqvksa lsa cuh
gqbZ gS- izR;sd ijek.kq esa izksVksu vkSj bySDVªksu gksrs gSa- fdlh ijek.kq esa bu nksuksa dh fo”ks"k la[;k ml dh izd`fr
fu/kkZfjr djrh gS- mnkgj.kr% vxj fdlh ijek.kq esa nksuksa dh la[;k ,d ,d gS rks og gkbMªkstu dk ijek.kq gS
vxj mlesa 47&47 gSa rks og pkanh dk ijek.kq gS- lksus esa budh la[;k 79&79 gS rFkk yksgs esa 26&26 gSa- ;kfu
vxj yksgs dks lksuk cukuk gks rks mlds izR;sd ijek.kq esa 53&53 izksVksu vkSj bySDVªksu vkSj feykus iM+saxs- vkSj
rks vkSj yksgs vkSj lksus ds ijek.kqvksa ds lkbt vkSj Hkkj esa Hkh varj gksrk gS- vr% yksgs dks lksus esa cnyuk fdlh
Hkh gkyr esa laHko ugha gS-
oSls Hkh ,d xzke lkus vFkok yksgs esa djksMk+ sa ijek.kq gksrs gSa- ,d ,d ijek.kq dks vkxs rksM+uk vkSj fQj
muds izksVksu vkSj bySDVªksu dks cnyuk drbZ laHko ugha gS- vxj ,slk laHko gksrk rks fdlh Hkh ns”k dks fons”kksa
31

lsa dtkZ ysus dh t:jr gh ugha Fkh- cl og nks pkj ,slh iz;ksx”kkyk,a cuk ysrk vkSj yksgs dks lksuk cuk;s
tkrk- exj ,slk djuk dgha Hkh lEHko ugha gS- u igys Fkk vkSj u vkt gS- vr% foKku dh n`f"V lsa yksgs dks
lksus esa cnyuk dksjh xIi gS-
vc nwljh rFkk vf/kd egRoiw.kZ ckr fd dkSu lk czkãf.kd Hkxoku xq: jSnkl dks ikjl nsus vk;k Fkk
;k dkSu lk Hkxoku muds >ksaiM+s ds NIij esa lksus dh eqgjsa j[k tkrk Fkk- czkã.k/keZ esa rks djksM+ksa Hkxoku gSa-
eq[; Hkxoku muds ik¡p gSa & f=nso ;kfu czãk] fo".kq vkSj egs”k rFkk jke vkSj d`".k- blds vfrfjDr bUnz]
v#.k o#.k vkfn Hkh Fks ysfdu mudks rks czkã.k gh nQu dj pqds gSa- lks eqgjsa nsus esa mudk gkFk gksuk laHko
gh ugha gS- vr% ckdh ik¡p dh tkap dj ysrs gSa-
1- czãk % og eqgjsa ugha ns ldrk D;ksafd mldk ;g fjdkMZ jgk gS fd ftrus Hkh mlds ojnku nsus
ds fdLls cus gSa muesa gj txg mldk ojnku [kf.Mr gqvk gS- mlus ges”kk ojnku nsus esa Hkh Bxh dh gS-
gfj.;df”iq gks ;k egkRek jko.k gksa ;k dksbZ vkSj gks buds ckjs esa ftrus Hkh fdLls cus gSa mldk fn;k ojnku
Hkh dHkh iwjk ugha gqvk- blfy, tks vkneh viuh nh gqbZ tqcku gh iwjh ugha ldrk rks mllsa ;g mEehn djuk
gh fujk/kkj gS fd og fcuk ekaxs fdlh dks dqN ns nsxk- lkFk esa ;g Hkh rF; gS fd xq: jSnkl us czãk ds
vfLrRo dks gh udkj fn;k gS- mUgksaus mls ek= dfYir uke ekuk gS- vr% vfLrRoghu czãk rks eqgjsa nsus okyk
Hkxoku ugha gks ldrk-
2- fo".kq % fo".kq dk fjdkMZ gS fd mlus ges”kk flQZ czkã.kksa dks gh /ku fn;k gS- pkgs ckSuk cu dj
lezkV cfy dks ekjk gks ;k ekrk o`ank lsa cykRdkj djds lezkV tkya/kj dh gR;k dh gks- mlus ges”kk gh czkã.k
fojksf/k;ksa lsa /ku Nhuk gS rFkk czkã.kksa dks fn;k gS- lks og xq: jSnkl dks rks eqgjsa ns gh ugha ldrk ftUgksaus
czkã.kksa vkSj czkã.k/keZ dh feÍh iyhn dj nh Fkh- fo’.kq rks xq: jSnkl dks ekaxus ij Hkh eqgjsa ugha ns ldrk
ftUgksaus lkjh mez czkã.kksa ds fo#) la?k"kZ fd;k gS] fcuk ekaxs nsus dk rks loky gh iSnk ugha gksrk-
3- egs”k % egs”k vFkok f”ko dks mlds llqj n{k us ;K esa lsa fgLlk ugha fn;k ;kfu ;K esa tks
p<+kok vk;k n{k us f”ko dks mlesa lsa fgLlk ugha fn;k- lks f”ko us mls ejok fn;k- fcYdqy oSls gh tSls
vktdy xq.Ms gQrk u feyus ij ekjdkV epk nsrs gSa oSls gh f”ko ds vknfe;ksa us n{k ds ;K esa ekjdkV epk
nh- lks tks vkneh fgLlk u feyus ij llqj dks gh ekj nsrk gks mllsa ;g mEehn Hkh ugha dh tk ldrh fd
og fdlh xSj dks jkstkuk lksus dh eqgjsa ns nsxk-
4- jke % lHkh tkurs gSa fd jke gR;kjk Fkk- mlus fcuk otg 'kwnz lUr 'kEHkwd dh gR;k dh Fkh
ftl le; os lk/kuk esa yhu Fks- mudk dlwj ek= bruk Fkk fd os 'kwnz o.kZ lsa lEca/k j[krs Fks- tc jke ;g
ckr gh lgu ugha dj ldrk Fkk fd dksbZ nfyr O;fDr lUr cudj lk/kuk dj lds] ogh jke lUr “kEcwd ds
oa”kt xq: jSnkl dks lksus dh eqgjsa ns nsxk] ,slk lkspuk Hkh ew[kZrk gS- jke }kjk lUr “kEcwd dh gR;k fd, tkus
ij gh xq: jSnkl us yydkj dj dg fn;k Fkk] ÞjSjSnkl gekjs jketh nljFk dk lqr ukaghÞ- h ;g ckr Hkh lHkh
tkurs gSa fd jke lksus ds e`x cus ekjhp dks ekjus Hkkx fy;k Fkk- vxj mlds ikl lksuk gh gksrk rks og lhrk
dks ogha lksus dk e`x cuk dj ns nsrk- u og e`x ds ihNs Hkkxrk] u lhrk xk;c gksrh vkSj u jkek;.k dk
yQM+k gqvk gksrk- Hkxoku ckfYedh us lkQ fy[kk gS fd jke “kwnzksa vkSj oS”;ksa lsa /ku ysdj czkã.kksa dks nsrk Fkk-
vr% ,sls izk.kh lsa mEehn gh ugha dh tk ldrh fd og xq: jSnkl dks lksuk ns nsxk-
5- d`".k % jSnkl izpbZ esa dFkk gS fd d`".k ;g eqgjsa jSnkl lkgsc ds NIij esa j[krk Fkk- ;g cM+h
vthc lh ckr gS xq: jSnkl us d`".k dks bl yk;d gh ugha le>k fd ml ij viuh iwjh ck.kh esa ,d v{kj
Hkh fy[ksa] mlh d`".k dh dFkk cu xbZ fd og jSnkl lkgsc dks eqgjsa nsrk Fkk- lkspus dh ckr gS fd jSnkl lkgsc
us d`".k ij ,d v{kj Hkh D;ksa ugha fy[kk- mldk dkj.k gS d`".k dh pfj=ghurk- mlus fuR; viuh ekeh jk/kk
lsa O;fHkpkj fd;k] viuh cgu lqHknzk dks vius nksLr vtqZu ds gkFkksa mBok fn;k] egkHkkjr dk #dk #dk;k ;q)
fQj lsa djok fn;k- ftUnxh Hkj v”yhy gjdrsa dha- blfy, xq: jSnkl us mls bl dkfcy gh ugha le>k fd
ml ij dqN fy[krs-
gka] muds gelgjh lrxq# dchj us t:j ,slk dgk%
yksx dgsa rq>s xkscj/ku/kkjh] rkdkS eksgs vpEHkks Hkkjh!
v"Vdqy ijcr tkds ix dh jSauk] lkrksa lkxj vatu uSuk!!
32

vFkkZr tc yksx d`".k dks xkso/kZu uked igkM+ dks mBk ysus ds fdLls ds dkj.k Hkxoku dgrs gSa rks
eq>s vpEHkk gksrk gS D;ksafd Hkxoku rks og gS ftlds vkxs iwjh /kjrh ds ioZr iSj dh /kwy ds d.k ds leku gSa
rFkk lkrksa leqnzksa dk ikuh mldh vk¡[k ds dkty esa vk tkrk gS-
tgka rd bl ckr dk lEca/k gS fd d`’.k us jSnkl th dks eqgjsa lIykbZ dh rks ;g dksjh cdokl gS
D;ksafd loZizFke rks d`’.k ,d dgkuh dk ik= ek= gS- og u dHkh gqvk vkSj u dHkh gksus dk gS- vxj mls lR;
eku Hkh ysa rks Hkh og lSadM+ksa lky igys ekjk tk pqdk Fkk- nwljs vxj mlds ikl ikjl gh gksrk rks og ikaMoksa
dks ns nsrk ftllsa os eupkgk lksuk cuk ysrs vkSj mUgsa twvk [ksyus ds fy, nzksinh dks nkao ij yxkus dh
t:jr gh ugha iM+rh- cspkjs ikaMoksa dks /ku dh [kkfrj viuk iwjk dquck rks u ekjuk iM+rk- oSls Hkh vxj ikaMoksa
us twvk [ksyus dk /keZ dekuk gh Fkk rks Hkh ftruk lksuk ;k /ku os gkjrs mruk vkSj cuk ysrs- ;qf/k"Bj dks de
lsa de mldh cgu nzksinh dks rks tw, ds nkao ij u yxkuk iM+rk- mlus nzksinh dks rHkh nkao ij yxk;k Fkk
tc mlds ikl nkao ij yxkus ds fy, /ku ugha cpk Fkk- vxj d`".k ds ikl ikjl ;k lksuk gh gksrk rks og
de lsa de viuh cgu dks rks cpk gh ldrk Fkk- jSnkl th dks eqgjsa nsus dh ctk, ikaMoksa dks ns nsrk- oSls Hkh
vxj og ikjl ;qf/k"Bj dks ns nsrk rks czkã.kksa dk /keZiq= lkjh mez twvk [ksyus dk /keZ dekrk jgrk vkSj
czkã.k/keZ vkleku dh ÅaPpkb;ka Nw ysrk!!
;g Hkh lkspus dh ckr gS fd tc Þczkã.kÞ jSnkl iki djus ij ÞpekjÞ jSnkl cuk fn, x, Fks rks
czkã.kksa dk Hkxoku ,d ÞikihÞ dks ikjl vFkok eqgjsa nsus D;ksa vk;k-
vkSj D;k czkã.kksa ds Hkxoku dks ;g irk ugha Fkk fd czkã.k/keZ ds vuqlkj dksbZ Hkh nfyr vius ikl
/ku ugha j[k ldrk- muds /keZ xzUFk dgrs gSa fd nfyr ds ikl /ku ugha jgus fn;k tk,- vxj nfyr ds ikl
/ku jgsxk rks og czkã.k dks rax djsxk- czkã.k rax gksxk rks czkã.k/keZ dh gkfu gksxh- czkã.k/keZ dh gkfu gksxh
rks muds Hkxoku dks vkuk iM+sxk- lks ,d vksj rks og czkã.k/keZ dks cpkus dh ckrsa dj jgk gS rFkk nwljh vksj
Lo;a gh muds /keZ dh gkfu djus ij rqyk gqvk gS!! cM+h vthc ckr gS!!
vtqZu us mlds dgus ij viuk iwjk dquck ekj fn;k] xq: dks Hkh ekj fn;k] voS/k gh lgh cM+s HkkbZ d.kZ
dks Hkh ekj fn;k- iwjs [kk.Mo ou ds L=h iq#"k cPps tyk dj ekj fn, rks Hkh d`".k us mls ikjl ugha fn;k vkSj
u gh eqgjsa nha- ¼gka] viuh cgu t:j mls mBok nh½ ysfdu xq: jSnkl us mls uke ysus yk;d Hkh ugha le>k
rks Hkh og mUgsa eqgjsa nsus vk x;k] og Hkh ejus ds ckn- ,slk djus esa d`".k dh D;k etcwjh Fkh bldk dksbZ mÙkj
ugha ns ikrk-
, lh ih vkSj ladjkpk;Z tSls czkã.k pkSchlksa ?k.Vs mldk tki djrs jgrs gSa] jk/kk vius ifr dks
uiqald cuk dj mlds lkFk jgus yx xbZ] ,sls ,lhihvksa vkSj jk/kkvksa dks rks og dHkh ikjl ;k eqgjsa nsus ugha
vk;k] nfyr jSnkl th lsa mldh ,slh D;k fj”rsnkjh Fkh fd mUgsa ikjl gh nsus vk x;k- ,slh dFkk cukus okys
us fcydqy gh vius fnekxh fnokfy;kiu dk lcwr ns fn;k- ;k iatkch esa dgsa rks cs”kehZ nh gn gh ykgrh!
ykur gS ,slh dFkk cukus okys ij!!
3-3 xaxk esa iRFkj dk lkfyxjke rSjkus dh dFkk
xq: jSnkl ds ckjs esa ,d vU; dFkk gS fd xq: jSnkl fdlh lkfyxjke dh iwtk dj jgs Fks rks czkã.kksa
us bl ckr ij ,rjkt fd;k- muesa >xM+k gqvk vkSj ekeyk jktk rd igqap x;k- jktk us QSlyk fd;k fd nksuksa
i{k lkfyxjke dks xaxk esa rSjk;saxs ftldk lkfyxjke ikuh esa rSj x;k ogh lkfyxjke dk lPpk iqtkjh
dgyk,xk- nksuksa i{kksa us xaxk esa ckjh ckjh lsa lkfyxjke dks NksM+k- czkã.kksa dk lkfyxjke Mwc x;k exj jSnkl
lkgsc dk rSj dj mudh xksn esa vkdj cSB x;k-
;g dgkuh Hkh fdlh /kwrZ vkSj /kks[ksckt vkneh dh cukbZ gqbZ gS- foKku ds vk/kkj ij Bksl iRFkj dks
dksbZ Hkh ikuh esa Mkys og Mwcsxk gh- vkt pkgs fdrus Hkh jSnkfl;s] fdrus gh czkã.k fdruk Hkh tksj yxk ysa]
iRFkj dks dksbZ ugha rSjk ldrk- Bksl iRFkj dh ewfrZ pkgs lkfyxjke dh gks] pkgs Hkxou cq) dh gks] og ikuh
ij rSj ldrh gh ugha- Bksl iRFkj u dHkh rSjk gS vkSj u dHkh dksbZ rSjk ldrk gS-
/keZ ;k tkfr dk Hkh iRFkj ds rSjus ;k Mwcus lsa dksbZ lEca/k ugha gS- uSfrdrk vuSfrdrk dk Hkh bl ckr
lsa dksbZ lEca/k ugha gS- iRFkj pkgs dksbZ pekj Mkys] pkgs czkã.k Mkys] pkgs ladjkpk;Z Mkys ;k dchj lkgsc Mkysa]
vFkok dksbZ fHk{kq Mkys] pksj Mkys ;k flikgh] ikuh esa Bksl iRFkj Mwcsxk gh- /keZ ;k tkfr] uSfrdrk vuSfrdrk dks
iRFkj ds rSjus Mwcus ds lkFk tksM+uk /kwrZ ;k ikxy vknfe;ksa dk dke gS-
33

tgka rd bl dgkuh dk lEca/k gS rks bl dgkuh dks >wB lkfcr djus ds fy, xq: jSnkl dh ck.kh gh
lclsa cM+k lk{; gS- os dgrs gSa %
rks³w+a u ikrh] iwtaw u nsok!
fcu ikFkj] d:a gfj lgt lsok!!
vFkkZr eSa u rks dHkh Qwy ifr;ka rksM+ dj fdlh nso dh iwtk djrk gwa vkSj u gh fdlh iRFkj ds
Hkxoku dh iwtk djrk gwa- eSa rks ml Hkxoku dh lgt lsok djrk gwa- lgt lsok dk vFkZ gS lR; deZ djuk-
lHkh lUr ekurs gSa fd lHkh vknfe;ksa dk tUe blhfy, gqvk gS os lalkj esa izse HkkbZpkjs vkSj uSfrdrk dk lans”k
QSyk ldsa- ;gh gfj dh lgt lsok gS-
pj.k ikrky lhl vklekuk!
lks Bkdqj dSls ewfrZ lekuk!!
mlds iSj ikrky rd rks flj vkleku rd lek;k gqvk gS vFkkZr Hkxoku bl /kjrh ds dksus dksus esa
lek;k gqvk gS- bruk cM+k Hkxoku NksVs ls iRFkj esa dSls lek ldrk gS-
tgka rd lkfyxjke dk lEca/k gS] gesa ugha ekywe og dkSu lk Hkxoku gS- iatkc esa rks lkfyxjke ifRu
ds HkkbZ dks dgrs gSa- vc dgkuhdkj us jSnkl lkgsc lsa mudk dkSu lk lkfyxjke iqtok;k gS] ogh tkus! gka]
jSnkl lkgsc us fcYdqy Li"V :i esa dg fn;k gS fd os fdlh Hkh Hkxoku dks ugha iwtrs- mUgksaus rks lnk ewfrZ
iwtk] xaxk Luku vkfn ik[k.Mksa dk fojks/k fd;k Fkk- mUgksaus dgk%
ikrh rksM+S iwt jpkoS] rkju rju dgS js!
ewjr esa clS ijeslj] ikuh esa dkgs u rjS jsjs!!
>wBh ek;k] tx Mgdk;k] rhu rki ngS js!!
vFkkZr czkã.k Qwy iÙks rksM+ dj rFkkdfFkr Hkxoku dh iwtk dk <ksax jpkrs gSa- ml Hkxoku dks Hko
lkxj ikj djkus okyk crkrs gSa- vxj Hko lkxj lsa ikj yxkus okyk Hkxoku iRFkj dh ewfrZ esa clrk gS rks og
ewfrZ ikuh esa D;ksa ugha rSjrh-
rh- iRFkj dh ewfrZ ikuh esa D;ksa Mwc tkrh gS- bu czkã.kksa us >wB ik[k.M dk tky
QSyk j[kk gS vkSj nqfu;k dks Bx jgs gSa- ;s yksx rhuksa izdkj ¼eu] opu vkSj deZ½ dh vkx esa ty jgs gSa- vFkkZr
ewfrZ esa nqfu;k ds rSjkus okys Hkxoku dks crk dj ;s yksx eu lsa /kks[kk dj jgs gSa] opu lsa >wB cksy jgs gSa rFkk
deZ lsa iki dj jgs gSa-
tc xq: jSnkl Lo;a ewfrZ vkSj ewfrZ&iwtk nksuksa dk [k.Mu djrs gSa rFkk ewfrZ iwtk djokus okyksa dks eu
opu rFkk deZ lsa ikih crkrs gSa rks tks yksx xq: jSnkl dks ewfrZ iwtd crkrs gSa os Hkh de ikih ugha gSa- xq:
jSnkl dks ewfrZ iwtd crkus okys mrus gh /kwrZ gSa ftrus /kwrZ os yksx gSa tks Hkxou cq) vkSj ckck lkfgc dks
fgUnw crkrs gSa-
vr% ;g fcYdqy /kwrZ yksxksa dk izpkj gS fd xq: jSnkl dHkh xaxk Luku dks x, vFkok fdlh lkfyxjke
dks iwtrs Fks- mUgksaus dHkh Hkh czkã.k/kehZ deZdkaM ugha fd,- os rks ykskxsa dks Hkh jksdrs Fks fd ,sls ik[k.Mksa lsa cp
dj jgsa- vkt ogh iki muds flj e<uk /kwrZ vknfe;ksa ds dke gSa-
3-4 xaxk }kjk lqikjh ysus rFkk daxu nsus dh dFkk
,sls gh muds ckjs esa ,d vU; dFkk cukbZ xbZ gS fd ,d ckj ,d czkã.k xaxk rhFkZ dks tk jgk
Fkk- og xq: jSnkl lsa feyus dks vk;k rks mUgksaus ,d lqikjh xaxk esa vfiZr djus dks mls nh ysfdu lkFk esa ;g
Hkh dgk fd lqikjh xaxk esa rHkh viZ.k djuk vxj xaxk Lo;a vius gkFk lsa lqikjh ys- czkã.k us oSlk gh fd;k-
xaxk us gkFk c<+k dj lqikjh ys yh vkSj cnys esa jSnkl th dks nsus ds fy, mls ,d daxu fn;k- czkã.k ds eu
esa csbekuh tkx mBh- mlus /ku ikus ds ykyp esa og daxu jktk dks ns fn;k- jkuh dks daxu cgqr ilan vk;k-
mlus czkã.k lsa oSlk gh nwljk daxu ykus dks dgk- rc og czkã.k xq: jSnkl ds ikl vk;k vkSj ekQh ekaxh-
jSnkl th us rjl [kkdj viuh peM+k fHkxksus dh dw.Mh vFkok dBkSrh dks m?kkM+k rks xaxk ogka izdV gqbZ vkSj
mlus oSlk gh ,d vkSj daxu mUgsa ns fn;k- czkã.k us og daxu jkuh dks nsdj viuh tku cpkbZ-
;g dFkk Hkh eux<+ar gS- vxj fdlh us jSnkl th dks ÞegkuÞ crkus ds fy, ,slh dFkk ?k<+h gS rks og
dFkkdkj lpeqp fnekx lsa ikxy gS- vxj fdlh us ;g dFkk xq: jSnkl dks xaxk iwtd crkus ds fy, fy[kh gS
rks og vkneh lpeqp /kwrZ gS- dqN i<+s fy[ks vFkok fo}ku nfyrksa dks gekjs }kjk ,sls “kCn iz;ksx djus ij
34

'kk;n dqN vkifÙk gks ldrh gS ysfdu geus tks dqN Hkh dgk gS og 'kr izfr”kr lgh gS- ,slh dgkfu;ka ,sls
/kwrZ gh cukrs gSa rFkk mudk edln yksxksa dks xqejkg djuk gh gksrk gS- gekjs fopkj esa yksxksa dks xqejkg djus
okyk /kwrZ gh dgykrk gS-
tgka rd bl fdLls dh lR;rk dk iz”u gS rks bl fdLls ds igys “kCn lsa ysdj vUr rd >wB gh >wB
lkQ >yd jgk gS- lclsa igyk >wB rks ;g gS fd dksbZ czkã.k nfyr ds ?kj x;k- vkt ds tekus esa Hkh dksbZ
czkã.k i.Mk fcuk etcwjh ds fdlh nfyr ds ?kj ugha tkrk gS- tgka rd gesa Kku gS xq: jSnkl dk fookg
nfyr ifjokj esa gh gqvk Fkk- vr% og czkã.k mudk lkyk ;k llqj rks yxrk ugha Fkk fd xaxk tkrs gq, mulsa
feyus vk x;k gks- lks igyk >wB rks ;gh gS fd og czkã.k xq: jSnkl lsa feyus vk;k- ftl tekus esa jkekuUn
tSlk czkã.k Hkh insZ dh vksV djds nfyrksa lsa ckr djrk Fkk rkfd og nfyr dks ns[kus ek= lsa vifo= u gks
tk,- ml tekus esa dksbZ czkã.k fcuk dkj.k fdlh nfyr ds ?kj pyk tk, ,slk lkspuk Hkh vlaHko gS- dksbZ
dFkkdkj ;g ftØ ugha djrk fd ml czkã.k dks ,slh D;k etcwjh Fkh fd og nfyr cLrh esa jSnkl th ds ?kj
x;k rFkk ,slh cLrh esa x;k tgka eqnkZ i”kq <ksus okys yksx jgrs Fks-
nwljk >wB ;g gS fd jSnkl th us xaxk esa vfiZr djus ds fy, ml czkã.k dks lqikjh nh- ;g ,d
lPpkbZ gS fd ftl rjg lsa ckck lkfgc us lkjh mez czkã.k/keZ vkSj xka/khokn ds fo#) la?k"kZ fd;k oSls gh
jSnkl th vkSj dchj lkgsc us vius tekus esa czkã.k/keZ lsa VDdj yh Fkh- muds gj ik[k.M ds fo#) yksxksa dks
tkx`r fd;k Fkk- lks jSnkl th }kjk xaxk esa vfiZr djus ds fy, lqikjh nsuk mruk cM+k >wB gS ftruk dksbZ ;g
dgs fd ckck lkfgc fuR; xaxk esa Luku djrs Fks- xq: jSnkl us viuh iwjh ck.kh esa ges”kk xaxk Luku] ewfrZ iwtk
o vU; deZdkaMksa dk fojks/k fd;k Fkk- vr% vkt dksbZ ogh deZdkaM muds eRFks e<+s rks ;g rks mldh /kwrZrk gh
gS-
rhljk >wB ;g gS fd ml czkã.k dks irk Fkk fd xq: jSnkl vNwr gSa rFkk muds }kjk NwbZ xbZ lqikjh
ysuk Hkh mlds /keZ esa egkiki gS- fQj Hkh og muds ?kj lqikjh ysus x;k] cM+h vugksuh ckr gS- vkt bDdhloha
lnh esa Hkh tc nfyr gfj}kj esa vfLFk foLtZu ds fy, tkrs gSa rks czkã.k i.Ms muds }kjk fn, x, iSls xaxk ds
ikuh esa /kksdj gh viuh vaVh esa Mkyrs gSa- vr% ftl tekus esa czkã.k rqylh ljsvke ?kks’k.kk dj jgk Fkk fd
nfyrksa dks ekjuk ihVuk pkfg, ml tekus esa dksbZ czkã.k muds ?kj lqikjh ysus pyk tk, ;g rks gks gh ugha
ldrk- vr% ;g vlaHko ckr gS fd bruk dqN gksus ij Hkh og czkã.k u dsoy muds ?kj vk;k cfYd muds
gkFk lsa lqikjh Hkh ys yh!! ;g mruh gh vlEHko ckr gS ftruh vugksuh ckr ;g gS fd lwjh] xka/kh vMokuh ;k
oktisbZ nfyr vkj{k.k ds fy, ej.k ozr ij cSB tk,-
;gka ckr Hkh fopkj.kh; gS fd dkSu ls jktk dks ml czkã.k us daxu HksaV fd;k- czkã.k xzUFk bl ckr
dh eukgh djrs gSa czkã.k lsa rksgQk ;k VSDl fy;k tk,- vr% dksbZ Hkh fgUnw jktk rks bruh fgEer dj ugha
ldrk Fkk fd og ÞHkwnsoÞ ;kfu /kjrh ds ekfyd czkã.k lsa daxu ys ys- vxj fdlh jktk us daxu ysus dh
fgEer dj Hkh yh rks Hkh og czkã.k dks ÞltkÞ dh /kedh ugha ugha ns ldrk Fkk fd og mls mlds lkFk dk
nwljk daxu vkSj ykdj ns- fdlh eqfLye ;kfu ^eysPN^ jktk dks daxu rks D;k vlyh czkã.k dksbZ pht ns ugha
ldrk Fkk- vr% ftl fdlh Hkh ikxy ;k /kwrZ us ;g fdLlk ?k<+k og ^czkã.k^ uked izk.kh ds dk;ns dkuwuksa lsa
ifjpr ugha Fkk- lks ,slk fdLlsdkj >wBs fdLls gh cuk,xk-
pkSFkk >wB ;g gS fd xaxk ,d unh gS dksbZ vkSjr ugha gS ftlds fd gkFk ikao gksa- ;g ckr jSnkl th dks
Hkh irk Fkh- vr% ;g dguk fd mUgksaus lqikjh bl 'krZ ij nh fd xaxk Lo;a gkFk c<+k dj ys rHkh nsuk] Hkh
vlkspuh; gS- ;g rks vkSj Hkh cM+k >wB gS fd xaxk us vius gkFk lsa lqikjh yh vkSj vius gkFk lsa gh daxu fn;k-
vkt Hkh Hkkjr xaxkiwtd czkã.kksa vkSj xSj czkã.kksa lsa Hkjk iM+k gS- muesa lsa dksbZ gkFk dh rks ckr gh NksM+ks dksbZ
xaxk dk uk[kwu Hkh ugha fn[kyk ldrk- xaxk unh ds u igys dHkh dksbZ gkFk Fks u vc gSa vkSj u gh dHkh gks
ldrs gSa-
vxj xaxk ds gkFk gh gksrs rks de lsa de og bruk rks dj gh ldrh Fkh ;k dj Hkh ldrh gS fd tks
yksx mlesa Mwc dj ej tkrs gSa mUgsa rks cpk ysrh-h- de lsa de eklweksa dks rks cpk gh ldrh gS- mUgsa rks mBk
dj fdukjs ij j[k gh ldrh gS- ysfdu xaxk us ,slk dHkh ugha fd;k- vr% og Hkh vke ufn;ksa ukyksa dh rjg
ikuh dk nfj;k gS- vxj mlds gkFk gh gksrs rks og vius esa iM+us okys dpjs dks rks ckgj QSad nsrh- jkek;.k esa
of.kZr lhrk dh eér dks lgh eku ysa rks gtkjksa lkyksa rd i.Mksa us mlesa ekal 'kjkc dh HksaV p<+okbZ gS] xaxk
35

mls rks lgu u djrh- de lsa de vktdy jkstkuk Vuksa ds fglkc lsa mlesa gfÏ;ka Mkyh tk jgh gSa mUgsa rks
ckgj QSad ns-
tgka rd xaxk }kjk jSnkl th ds fy, daxu nsus dh ckr gS rks ;g Hkh cukoVh ckr gS D;ksafd gj L=h
iq#"k tkurk gS fd daxu dHkh Hkh *,d* ugha iguk tkrk- dkuksa ds >qedksa ;k iSjksa dh ik;y dh rjg daxu
ges”kk tksM+s esa gksrs gSa rFkk nksuksa gkFkksa esa gh igus tkrs gSa- ysfdu dFkkdkj vxj ;g fdLlk cukrk fd xaxk us
,d tksM+h daxu ns fn;k rc rks fdLlk ogha lekIr gks tkrk D;ksafd jkuh dks nwljk daxu ekaxus dh t:jr gh
ugha iM+rh- vr% dgkuh vkxs c<+kus ds fy, mlus ,slk fdLlk cuk;k fd xaxk us ,d gh daxu fn;k- xaxk }kjk
,d gh daxu nsuk ;g n”kkZrk gS fd dFkkdkj us tkucw> dj ,slh >wBh dFkk cukbZ gS-
bl dFkk esa lclsa cM+k >wB vkSj /kks[kk ;g gS fd /kwrZ dFkkdkj mUgsa xaxkiwtd crkus dh /kwrZrk dj jgk
gS tcfd lPpkbZ ;g gS fd xq: jSnkl us dHkh Hkh xaxk ;k xaxkty dks ifo= ugha ekuk- mls vykSfdd ugha
ekuk- xaxk ds ckjs esa xq: jSnkl dk dguk gS fd xaxkty vxj 'kjkc esa feyk;k tk, rks og mldk u”kk
lekIr ugha djrk- xaxk dk ikuh vxj tgj esa feyk;k tk, rks og mldk ?kkrdiu lekIr ugha djrk- vr%
tc xaxkty tgj vkSj 'kjkc dks gh csvlj ugha dj ldrk rks og fdlh ds iki D;k de djsxk!! os cksys%
lqjk vifo= frfu xaxkty vkfu,] lqjlfj feyr ugha gksr vku!
eknd vifo= dj ekfu, tSls dkxndj djr fopkj
vFkkZr tSls “kjkc vifo= gS oSls gh xaxkty gS- tgj esa feydj ;g mls csvlj ugha djrk- vr% bls
u”khyk vkSj vifo= ekuk tkuk pkfg,- xzUFk fy[kus okyksa dks bl ij fopkjuk pkfg,- ;kfu xaxk dks ifo=
crkus dh dgkfu;ka cukus okyksa dks bl rF; ij fopkj djuk pkfg,-
tSls osnksa ds le; esa czkã.k ;Kksa esa i”kq ekj dj [kkrs Fks oSls gh xq: jSnkl ds tekus esa Hkh i.Ms
ljsvke ;Kksa esa i”kqvksa dh cfy nsrs Fks- dchj lkgsc dh lk[kh bl ckr dh lk{kh gS-
Þi.Ms fuiq.k dlkbZ lk/kks i.Ms fuiq.k dlkbZÞ
HksM ekj cdjh dks /kkoS eu esa n;k uk vkbZ!
i.Ms fuiq.k dlkbZ lk/kks i.Ms fuiq.k dlkbZÞ
izkphu dky ;kfu igyh lnh rFkk mlds ckn rd czkã.k ;Kksa esa lkse uked “kjkc Hkh ihrs Fks- osn lsa
ysdj iqjk.k rd lkse dh Lrqfr djrs ugha Fkdrs- gks ldrk gS jSnkl dchj lkgscku ds tekus esa Hkh i.Ms lkse
ihrs gksa rFkk mls xaxkty esa rS;kj djrs gksa- blhfy, xq: jSnkl us xaxkty dks lqjk dh rjg vifo= crk;k
gks- mudh ck.kh czkã.kksa us tyk nh Fkh- vr% bl fo’k; esa mudh vkSj ck.kh miyC/k ugha gSa-
tgka rd jSnkl th }kjk viuh dBkSrh esa xaxk cgkus dh ckr gS rks ;g Hkh cukoVh ckr gS rkfd xq:
jSnkl dks xaxkiwtd fl) fd;k tk lds- viuk dekbZ dk /kU/kk tkjh j[kus ds fy, czkã.k ;gka rd ÞfxjÞ
ldrs gSa fd os viuh ifo=re dgs tkus okyh xaxk dks Hkh pekj dh peM+k o iqjkus twrs fHkxksus dh dwaMh esa
gksus dh dFkk cuk ldrs gSa- vxj dBkSrh esa gh xaxk gS rks D;k dksbZ czkã.k pekj dh dBkSrh dk ikuh oSls gh
ih ldrk gS tSls og xaxkty ihrk gS- vxj xq: jSnkl dh dBkSrh esa gh xaxk gksrh rks os czkã.k dks xaxk esa
Mkyus ds fy, lqikjh D;ksa nsrs- os ogha viuh dBkSrh esa lqikjh Mky ysrs vkSj daxu fudky ysrs-
vkSj ;g Hkh lkspus dh ckr gS fd czkã.k euq dk vkns”k gS fd nfyrksa ds ikl /ku ugha jgus fn;k tk,-
vxj fdlh ds ikl /ku vk Hkh tk, rks jktk mllsa lksuk Nhu ys- vius Hkxoku ds vkns”kksa dh mYya?ku djrs
gq, xaxk us jSnkl th ds fy, lksus ds daxu ns fn,! vk”p;Z dh ckr gS!! gka] ml czkã.k us vius iwoZtksa ds
fu;eksa dk iwjk ikyu fd;k vkSj daxu jSnkl th dks nsus dh ctk, jktk dks gh ns fn;k-
vr% dqy feyk dj ;g dgkuh dFkkdkj dh /kwrrZ k ds lkFk lkFk mlds fnekxh fnokfy;siu dk Hkh
n”kkZrh gS- bl >wBh dFkk lsa jSnkl th rks xaxkiwtd lkfcr ugha gksrs vU;Fkk dFkkdkj dh /kwrZrk vkSj ikxyiu
t:j lkfcr gksrs gSa- tSls ,d >wB dks fNikus ds fy, gtkj >wB vkSj cksyus iM+rs gS oSls gh dFkkdkj us ,d
>wB dks lp cukus ds fy, ckj ckj dgkuh esa >wB ij >wB dk lgkjk fy;k gS-
bl dFkk dk lR; % bl dFkk esa vxj dksbZ lR; gS rks bruk fd czkã.k /ku ikus ds fy, vius /keZ lsa
Hkh nxk dj ldrk gS- vius /keZxzUFkksa dh voekuuk dj ldrk gS- vekur esa [k;kur dj ldrk gS-
36

xaxk gekjh ek¡ % ;g vVy lR; gS fd xaxk unh Hkkjrokfl;ksa dh ek¡ gS- tSls ek¡ viuk nw/k fiyk dj
cPpksa dks ikyrh gS xaxk us gesa lfn;ksa lsa viuk ikuh fiyk dj ikyk gS- gekjs [ksrksa dks ikuh fn;k gS- vé
mitk;k gS- vxj Hkkjr esa xaxk unh u gksrh rks vkt Hkkjr dk vk/kk Hkkx jsfxLrku gksrk- xaxk us gesa thou
fn;k gS- blfy, og gekjh ek¡ gS- Hkkjr dh ftruh Hkh ufn;ka gSa os lc gekjh ek¡ gSa- mUgha dh cnkSyr ge
Hkkjrh; ftUnk gSa] vkckn gSa- vxj Hkkjr esa ufn;ka u gksrha rks vkt Hkkjr vkSj lgkjk jsfxLrku esa dksbZ varj
ugha gksrk-
xaxk ds ikuh dks ysdj ,d oge ;g QSyk;k x;k gS fd xaxk dk ikuh ifo= gS D;ksafd ;g cjlksa rd
lM+rk ugha gS- xaxk ds ikuh ds u lM+us dk dkj.k bldh ifo=rk ugha cfYd mlds ikuh esa feyh xa/kd dh
ek=k gS- fdlh Hkh ikuh esa xa/kd feykus lsa og lM+rk ugha gS- ;g fcydqy oSlk gh gS tSls vktdy fMCck can
[kk| inkFkZ feyrs gSa- ?kj ij lqcg cukbZ xbZ lCth jkr rd ckl tkrh gS ysfdu mlh lCth esa tc xa/kd tSls
rRo feyk fn, tkrs gSa rks og Hkh eghuksa [kjkc ugha gksrh- ;gh dkj.k xaxk ds ikuh ds lkFk gS- vke yksxksa dks
bldk irk ugha lks czkã.kksa us dFkk cuk yh fd xaxk ifo= gS rFkk LoxZ lsa vkbZ gS-
fdrus 'keZ vkSj nq[k dh ckr gS fd ufn;ksa ds izfr gekjs bl vglku dks Hkh czkã.kksa us dekbZ dk lk/ku
cuk fy;k gS- ge ufn;ksa dks ek¡ dgrs gSas D;ksafd os gesa thounk;h ty nsrh gS vkSj czkã.kksa dks ns[kks os brus
uhp gSa fd gekjh bl vkLFkk dks gh viuh dekbZ dk lk/ku cuk, cSBs gSa- txg txg rhFkZ cuk j[ks gSa- mu
rhFkZ LFkkuksa dk unh lsa dksbZ ysuk nsuk ugha fQj Hkh izpkj djds ogka dekbZ ds vÏs [kksy j[ks gSa- vc bykgkckn
esa xaxk vkSj teuk cgrh gqbZ vkil esa fey xbZa rks blesa vuks[kk D;k gks x;k- ikuh gS <yku esa cgsxk gh-
tehu esa ugha rks leqnz esa rks lc us fey gh tkuk gS- ysfdu czkã.kksa us <dkslyk cuk fn;k fd ;g lclsa ifo=
rhFkZ gS- pkgs fdlh us ftUnxh Hkj fdrus Hkh iki fd, gksa tks ;gka ej tk,xk og lh/kk LoxZ tk,xk!! pkykd
nqdkunkj dh rjg czkã.k vius rhFkZ LFkku Hkh lksp le> dj cukrs gSa- xaxk teuk ds feyus ij rks rhFkZ cuk
fy;k ysfdu leqnz esa dksbZ rhFkZ ugha cuk;k tgka lc dh lc ufn;ka vkdj fey tkrh gSa- mUgsa irk gS leqnz ij
rhFkZ ;kf=;ksa dk vkuk nq”dj gS-

3-5 viuh Nkrh esa tus


tusÅ fn[kkuk
,sls gh muds ckjs esa ,d vU; fdLlk gS fd xq: jSnkl vke czkã.kksa dh rjg iwtk ikB vkfn djus yx
x, rks czkã.kksa us mUgsa lsa jksdk- ekeyk jktk ds njckj rd igqapk- czkã.kksa us osn fof/k vuqlkj /kkj.k fd, x,
vius tusÅ lcwr ds rkSj ij fn[kk, fd os czkã.k gSa vr% czkã.k 'kkL=ksa vuqlkj flQZ os gh iwtk ikB dk ldrs
gSa vkSj jSnkl th D;ksafd 'kwnz gSa blfy, os iwtk ikB ugha dj ldrs- rc xq: jSnkl us Lo;a dks czkã.k fl)
djus ds fy, viuh Nkrh phj dj mlesa fNis lkr jax ds tusÅ fn[kk,- czkã.k gkj x, vkSj jSnkl th dks
deZdkaM djus dh vuqefr fey xbZ-
;g fdLLkk Hkh nks dkj.kksa lsa >wBk gS- igyk rks bl ckr lsa fd fdlh Hkh vkneh ds “kjhj esa tusÅ uke
dh pht gksrh gh ugha gS- dksbZ fdruk Hkh cM+k czkã.k gks] lUr gks vFkok nsork gks fdlh esa Hkh 'kkjhfjd :i
tusÅ ugha gksrs- Hkxoku us fdlh Hkh izk.kh ds “kjhj ds vanj tusÅ ugha cuk, gSa- vr% dksbZ Hkh vkneh vius
“kjhj esa lsa fudky dj tusÅ fn[kk gh ugha ldrk- tusÅ czkã.kksa dk cuk;k gqvk ik[k.M ek= gS-
nwljk >wB ;g gS fd xq: jSnkl us lnk czkãf.kd deZdkaM dh fuUnk dh gS- mUgksaus ges”kk tusÅ vkSj
tusÅ /kkjdksa dh fuank dh gS- mUgksaus dHkh Hkh tusÅ] fryd vFkok ,sls fdlh Hkh czkãf.kd ik[k.M dks ugha
viuk;k- vr% ;g loky gh iSnk ugha gksrk fd os fdlh dks viuk lhuk phj dj tusÅ fn[kk,a- mUgksaus >wBh
czkãf.kd “kku dk vUr djrs gq, dgk%
jSnkl cke.k vkSj p.Mky esa ukfga vUrj tku!
nksuksa esa ,d gh jDr ekal gS nksuks ,d leku!!
mUgksaus tkfr dh ctk, vkneh ds xq.kksa ij cy nsrs gq, dgk %
jSnkl cke.k uk iwft, tks gksoS “khy xq.k ghu!
ghu!
iwtks pj.k p.Mky ds] tks gksoS xq.k ijoh.k!!
ijoh.k!!
czkãf.kd vkMEcjksa dh ctk, mUgksaus uSfrd dk;Z djus ij cy fn;k- os cksys %
37

jSnkl tUe ds dkj.ks gksr u dksm uhp!


uj dks uhp djs Mkjs gS vksNs djeksa dh dhp!!
okLro esa bu dFkkvksa dk ,d gh edln gS fd nfyrksa esa bl ghu Hkkouk dks cuk, j[kk tk, fd os
rqPN izk.kh gS rFkk muesa dksbZ fo}ku gks gh ugha ldrk- os ;gh ekurs jgsa fd fo}ku] lUr] xq: vkfn flQZ vkSj
flQZ czkã.kksa esa gh iSnk gks ldrs gSa- vxj dksbZ bl tUe esa nfyr ds ?kj iSnk gks Hkh x;k rks og t:j fiNys
tUe esa czkã.k jgk gksxk- blh j.kuhfr ds vk/kkj vk/kkj ij vkt czkã.koknh vkj{k.k ds fo#) vkokt mBk jgsa gSa-
mudk ekuuk gS fd nfyr v;ksX; gksrs gSa- tcfd lPpkbZ ;gh gS fd vkt rd Hkkjr esa ftrus Hkh lUr gq, gSa]
ftrus Hkh flikgh gq, gSa] ftrus Hkh oSKkfud gq, gSa] ftrus Hkh lezkV gq, gSa] lcds lc nfyr tkfr;ks
tkfr;ksa lsa Fks!!
bu dgkfu;ksa esa pkgs czkã.k *gkj x,* gksa ysfdu okLrfodrk esa os thr x, gSa- os vius edln esa
dke;kc gks x, gSa- mudk y{; nfyrksa dks vius ek;ktky esa Qalk, j[kuk gS ftlesa os lQy gks x, gSa- mudk
edln nfyrksa dks muds lUr flikfg;ksa dh ck.kh lsa nwj djuk Fkk ftlesa Hkh os dke;kc gks x, gSa bldk lcwr
;g gS fd dbZ “kgjksa esa jSnkl&eafnj cuk, x, gSa tgka fuR; jke d`’.k dh vkjfr;ka xkbZa tkrh gSa- dbZ eafnjksa
okys rks LiS”ky gfj}kj rd dh ;k=k fudkyrs gSa- xq: jSnkl ds lkFk bllsa cM+k vU;k; vkSj D;k gksxk fd
ftu ik[k.Mksa dk mUgksaus fojks/k fd;k ogh ik[k.M nfyr yksx mUgha dk uke ysdj dj jgs gSa-
yxHkx lHkh nfyrksa us vius ?kjksa esa ,slh gh rLohjsa Vkax j[kh gSa tgka xq: jSnkl xaxk fdukjs cSBs gSa]
dBkSrh esa lsa daxu fudky dj czkã.k dks ns jgs gSa ;k fQj viuk lhuk phj dj czkã.k gksus dk lcwr tusÅ
fn[kk jgs gSa- fdlh Hkh rLohj esa mudk ;g vkns”k ugha Nik gksrk Þ,slk pkgwa jkt eSa - - -Þ tks fd mudk vlyh
lansn”s k gS-
dqNsd rLohjksa esa d`".k dh QksVks Hkh Nki j[kh gksrh gS tcfd lPpkbZ ;g gS fd d`".k tSlk pfj=ghu
vkSj /kks[ksckt vkneh xq: jSnkl tSls egku lUr ds fy, dHkh iwtuh; ugha jgk- jSnkl th ds eu esa d`".k dh
^dnz^ bruh Fkh fd viuh iwjh ck.kh esa dgha Hkh mUgksaus mldk uke ysuk Hkh xokjk ugha fd;k- vr% tks yksx xq:
jSnkl ds lkFk d`".k dh rLohj Nkirs gSa os fuf”pr :i esa egk/kwrZ gSa nfyrksa ds nq”eu gSa D;ksafd os mUgsa xqejkg
dj jgs gSa-
nfyrksa dks bu >wBs Qanksa lsa cpuk pkfg,- tks O;fDr [kqn dks nfyr dgrk gS mls le>uk pkfg, fd
nfyr lUrksa flikfg;ksa us mUgsa nks gh dke crk, gSa% igyk usdh vkSj lPpkbZ dh jkg ij pyks- nwljk viuk
[kks;k gqvk jkt fQj lsa izkIr djks- jktuhfrd lÙkk ds fcuk nfyrksa dh gkyr ugha lq/kj ldrh ldrh-- xq: jSnkl ds
blh ewy eU= dks ckck lkfgc us bl izdkj lsa dgk gS %
f”kf{kr cuks] la?k"kZ djks] laxfBr cuks rFkk laln ij dCtk djks
djks!!
lHkh lUrksa uss /keZ ds ckjs esa dqN lka>h ckrsa dgh vkSj ekuh gSa %
∗ mUgksausa peRdkj fn[kkus okyksa dk u dsoy [k.M.k fd;k cfYd mudk fojks/k Hkh fd;k-
∗ lHkh lUr u rks ewfrZ iwtd Fks u xaxk iwtd Fks- mUgksusa ewfrZ iwtk djokus okyksa dks eu] opu deZ
lsa tyus okys ¼ikih½ crk;k-
∗ lHkh lUrksa us ÞjkeÞ dk uke fy;k vkSj lHkh us Li’V dgk fd jke iq= nljFk mudk jke ugha gS-
∗ mUgksaus xaxk ty dks dHkh Hkh ifo= ugha ekuk vkSj u gh xaxk esa Luku djus esa /keZ ekuk-
∗ mUgksaus /keZ ds uke ij fd, tk jgs lc izdkj ds deZ dkaMksa vkSj ik[kaMksa dk fojks/k fd;k-
∗ mUgksaus osn] iqjk.k] xhrk] czãk] fo".kq egs”k vkfn lHkh dk [k.Mu fd;k- vr% tc dqNsd rLohj
Nkius okys nfyr lUrksa dh rLohj ds lkFk tkucw> dj d`".k vkfn dh rLohj Hkh cuk nsrs gSa] rks
,slk djus okys yksx lpeqp /kwrZ gSa-
∗ lHkh lUr xSj&czkã.k ;k nfyr Fks- D;k ;g gSjkuh dh ckr ugha gS fd ,d Hkh lUr czkã.k ugha Fkk Fkk-
fQj Hkh czkã.k reke /keZ LFkyksa ij dCtk fd, cSBs gSa!
∗ lHkh lUrks
lUrksa us Hkxou cq) dk ekxZ viukrs gq, lnkpkj dks gh ÞbZ”ojÞ dk ntkZ fn;k-fn;k- lHkh lUrksa us
fdlh l`f’VrkZ] l`f’Vikyd vkSj l`f’Vfouk”kd bZ”oj ds vfLrRo lsa badkj fd;k-
fd;k-
38

vr% tks Hkh yksx nfyr lUrksa ds lkFk czkãf.kd Hkxoku tksMr+ s gSa vFkok czkãf.kd deZdkaM tksM+rs gSa
,sls yksx iwjh ekuork rFk [kkkldj nfyr lekt ds nks’kh gSa- ,sls /kwrZ yksx nfyr lekt }kjk ltk nsus ds
;ksX; gSa-

v/;k; 4
jSnkl gekjs jketh nljFk dk lqr ukagha
czkã.kksa us fdLls dgkfu;ksa esa gh xq: jSnkl dks czkã.k/kehZ ugha crk;k gS cfYd muds fe”ku esa Hkh ?kkr
yxkbZ gS- jSnkl th dh ck.kh i<+ dj lkQ fn[krk gS fd mUgksaus czkã.kksa ds lHkh xzUFk % osn] iqjk.k] xhrk]
mifu"kn] jkek;.k] egkHkkjr vkfn i<+ fy, Fks- mUgksaus lHkh czkãf.kd nsoh nsoksa Hkxokuksa dh djrwrsa tku yha Fkha-
blfy, tgka Hkh mUgksaus budk ftØ fd;k gS ogka budk [k.Mu gh fd;k gS- bl fo"k; ij bl iqLrd esa
vko”;drk vuqlkj mudh ck.kh nh xbZ gS-
vktdy cktkjksa esa tks rLohjsa vFkok fdrkcsa vk jgha gSa mlesa lHkh nfyr xq:vksa ds lkFk f[kyokM+
fd;k x;k gS- mnkgj.kr% tgka Hkh Hkxoku okfYedh dk fp= Nkik tkrk gS ogka muds lkeus ,d fdrkc [kqyh
gksrh gS ftl ij os fy[k jgs gksrs gSa Þj?kqdqy jhr lnk pyh vkbZ] izk.k tk,a opu u tkbZÞ tcfd lPpkbZ ;g gS
fd mUgksaus dHkh Hkh j?kqdqy dks lPpk ugha crk;k- mUgksaus rks viuh jkek;.k esa ;g lPpkbZ crkbZ gS fd j?kqdqy
esa fdlh us Hkh dHkh Hkh vius opuksa dk ikyu ugha fd;k gS vkSj viuk opu rksM+ dj dHkh fdlh j?kqdqfy;s ds
izk.k ugha x, gSa- pkgs og nljFk gks ftlus dSdsbZ ds cki dks ;g opu fn;k Fkk fd dsoy dSdsbZ ds xHkZ lsa
tUek iq= gh xÌh dk okfjl gksxk ysfdu tc xÌh nsus dk oDr vk;k rks dSdsbZ ds iq= Hkjr dks ufugky Hkst
fn;k x;k vkSj jke dks xÌh lkSai nh xbZ- pkgs og jke gks ftlus ou esa tkrs gq, opu fn;k Fkk fd og ou esa
tho gR;k ugha djsxk] ekal ugha [kk,xk ysfdu mlus taxy esa brus fujhg tho ekjs fd ft/kj lsa og fudyrk
Fkk taxy ds tkuojksa esa =kfg =kfg ep tkrh Fkh-
,sls gh lrxq# dchj ds lkFk fd;k x;k gS- mudh gj rLohj esa muds ekFks ij d`".k ekdkZ eksjia[k
cuk;k x;k gksrk gS tcfd mUgksaus d`".k dh gj txg Hk.Mh dh gS- vktdy rks ,d fp= vkSj tksM+ fn;k x;k
gS- czkã.kksa dk ,d HkSal jaHkkus tSlk csdkj dk “kCn gS ÞvksaÞ- tc vksa dks yEck djds cksyk tkrk gS rks ,slk
yxrk gS tSls HkSal jaHkk jgh gks- bl vksa dk dksbZ vFkZ ugha gS ysfdu nqfu;k dks csodwQ cukus ds fy, czkãf.kd
^fo}kuksa^ us bl ij iksFks fy[k ekjs gSa- vktdy mUgksaus lrxq# dchj dks Hkh bldh pisV esa ys fy;k gS- muds
fp= ds lkFk cM+s Å dh 'kDy cukbZ xbZ gksrh gS ftlesa lsa fdj.ks fudy dj dchj lkgsc ij iM+ jgh gksrh gS
tcfd lPpkbZ ;g gS fd mUgksaus gj izdkj ds czkãf.kd nsoh] nsork] Hkxoku] ;K] fryd] vkse tSls ik[k.M dh
/kfTt;ka mM+k nh Fkha- ;g lrxq# dchj gh Fks ftuds pj.kksa esa vkdj jkekuUn tSls ls ?ke.Mh czkã.k us viuk
ekFkk Vsd fn;k Fkk vkSj mlus dchj lkgsc dks viuk xq: ekudj lc czkãf.kd ik[k.M NksM+ fn, Fks-
leLr czkãf.kd Hkxokuksa dk [k.Mu djrs gq, dchj lkgsc cksys %
bZ”oj] ukjk;.k] gfj] jke] d`".k] ?ku”
?ku”;ke!
czãk] fo".kq] egs
egs”k] lc ek;k
ek;k dfYir uke!!
,sls gh xq: jSnkl lsa /kks[kk fd;k x;k gS- tgka lUr dchj us [kqYye [kqyk osnksa iqjk.kksa rFkk czkãf.kd
ik[k.Mksa dh vkykspuk dh] muds gh gelgjh lUr flikgh jSnkl us vNwr jkt dh ekax djds czkã.kksa dh uhan
mM+k nh Fkh- czkãf.kd fo}ku lnk lsa gh jke jkT; dk jkx vykirs jgs gSa tgka flQZ vkSj flQZ czkã.kksa dk gh
opZLo gksrk gS- tgka jktk dks v”oes/k ;K djus gksrs Fks vkSj viuh ifRu rd czkã.kksa dks laHkksx ds fy, lkSaiuh
iM+rh Fkh!! /ku eky vyx lsa nsuk gksrk Fkk- blfy, xq: jSnkl us vius gelgjh dchj lkgsc ds lkFk fey
dj mUgksaus jke iq= nljFk dk [k.Mu fd;k- ;g ,d rF; gS fd lHkh lUrksa us jke dk uke fy;k gS ysfdu
fdlh Hkh lUr us jke iq= nljFk dks viuk jke ugha ekuk gS-
dchj lkgsc us dgk %
jke txr esa pkj gSa!
,d jke nljFk dk csVk!
,d jke ?kV ?kV esa FksVk!
39

,d jke dk ldy ilkjk!


lUrksa dk jke gS lc lsa U;kjk!!
vFkkZr yksx pkj izdkj ds jkeksa dks ekurs gSa- ,d jke og gS tks nljFk dk csVk crk;k tkrk gS-
,d jke og gS tks uSfrdrk dgykrk gS vkSj tc dksbZ xyr dke djrk gS rks dgk tkrk gS fd mldk rks jke
gh fudy x;k- ,d jke gekjk /kjrh vkdk”k gS ftlds fcuk dksbZ ftUnk ugha jg ldrk- vkSj lUrksa dks jke bu
lclsa c<+ dj gS- mudk jke fuokZ.k dk ije in gS ftls izkIr djds vkneh dks lkjh nqfu;k ,d yxrh gS-
dksbZ Å¡pk ugha dksbZ uhpk ugha- bl rjg lsa lUrks
lUrksa dk jke og jke ugha ftls nljFk dk csVk dgk tkrk gS-
mUgksaus vkxs fQj dgk % jke dchjk ,d gSa] dgu lquu esa nks;!
xq: xzUFk lkfgc esa ntZ gS % jke x;ks jko.k x;ks tkdks tx esa uke vFkkZr nljFk dk csVk jke Hkh ej
x;k gS vkSj ¼egkRek½ jko.k Hkh ej x, gS ftudk nqfu;k Hkj esa uke gS-
xq: jSnkl us gj izdkj dh vVdyksa dks fojke nsrs gq, Li"V dgk %
jSnkl gekjs jketh nljFk dk lqr ukagha!
jke je jáks geha esa] clS dqVqEc ekagha!!
vFkkZr ge lUrksa ds jketh og jke ugha gS tks nljFk dk csVk dgk tkrk gS- lUrksa ds jke rks mUgha ds
vanj jp cl jgs gSa- mudk jke mulsa vyx ugha gSa- mudk jke u dsoy muesa clk gqvk gS cfYd iwjh nqfu;k esa
lek;k gqvk gS-
bl rjg jke iq= nljFk dks fdlh Hkh lUr us viuk jke ugha ekuk- ekuk- dsoy rqylh us jke iq= nljFk
dks viuk jke ekuk Fkk D;ksafd tSls jke us lhrk vkSj l:iu[kk ij vR;kpkj fd, oSls gh rqylh us iwjh L=h
tkfr dks xkyh nh- rqylh cksyk % ukjh rkM+u dh vf/kdkjh vFkkZr L=h dsoy ekjihV djus lsa gh Bhd jgrh gS-
ukjh pkgs rqylh dh ek¡ gks] cgu gks vFkok ifRu gks] rqylh ds vuqlkj os ekjihV djus lsa gh dkcw esa jgrh gSa!
jke us l:iu[kk ds rks ukd dku dVok, vkSj iwjs fnuksas dh xHkZorh lhrk dks taxy esa fQadok fn;k- mlds
HkDr rqylh us iwjh ukjh tkfr dks xkyh ns nsh! vc ,sls uhp dks dksbZ lUr dgs rks ;g mldh /kwrZrk dh
fu”kkuh gh gS-
rqylh ;gha pqi ugha jgk- og vkxs cksyk %
Hkzkrk] firk] iq= mjxkjh] iq#"k euksgj fuj[kr ukjh!
gksb fody eufga u jksdh] ftfe jfoefu nzo jfcfg fcyksdh!!
rqylh dgrk gS fd ukjh iq#"k dh lqUnjrk ns[krs gh ml ij eksfgr gks tkrh gS pkgs og mldk HkkbZ]
firk vFkok isV lsa tUek
tUek iq= gh D;ksa u gks- tSls lw;Z dh xehZ esa eD[ku fi?ky tkrk gS oSls gh lqUnj uj dks
ns[krs gh ukjh dk eu rM+i mBrk gS-
mlus ;g Hkh dgk %
ukjh lqHkko lR; lc dgfga] voxq.k lnk vkB mj jgfga!
lkgl vu`r piyrk ek;k] Hk; vfoosd vlksp vnk;k!!
vFkkZr lHkh czkã.k fo}kuksa us lR; dgk gS fd ukjh ds vkB xq.k gSa tks lnk mlds isV esa jgrs
gSa & fgEer] >wB] papyrk Ny] Mj] ew[kZrk] vifo=rk vkSj funZ;rk-
rqylh ds okfjlksa lsa iwNk tk ldrk gS fd D;k czkã.kksa dh nsfo;ka Hkh ,slh gh gSa! ,d lhrk ds ckjs esa
rks ge nkos lsa dg ldrs gSa fd og ,slh ugha Fkh- ckdh nso ifRu;ka] _f"k ifRu;ka] gks ldrk gS rqylh ds dgs
vuqlkj vukpkj djus dh fgEer j[krh gksa] >wB cksyrh gksa] ,d txg fVdrh u gksa] vius ifr;ksa lsa csoQkbZ
djrh gksa ;k fe=ksa dks /kks[kk nsrh gksa] Mjiksd gksa] ew[kZ gksa] jk/kk dh rjg viuk ifr NksM+ dj Hkakts d`".k lsa
vifo= lEca/k cukrh gksa] ;k dkyh nqxkZ vkfn dh rjg ekuo [kwu ihus okyh funZ;h gksa- ysfdu dqNsd ,slh
Mk;uksa dh otg lsa iwjh ukjh tkfr dks xkyh nsuk rks Bhd ugha gS-
,slk yxrk gS rqylh ds ifjokj esa ukfj;ka ,slh gh gksrh Fkha- ogka czkãf.kd lR;;qx dh rjg czãk okyk
gky gksrk gksxk- tSls czãk us viuh csVh ij uh;r [kjkc dj yh oSls gh yxrk gS rqylh ds ifjokj esa fdlh
L=h us vius csVs ij uh;r [kjkc dj yh gksxh! rHkh rqylh us ek¡ csVs ds ifo= fj”rs ij Hkh NhaVkd”kh dh gS-
40

vius [kkunku dh dqNsd vksNh ukfj;ksa dh otg lsa iwjh ukjh tkfr dks cnuke djus okyk rqylh vU/ks dw,a esa
Mkyus ;ksX; gS-
tgka rd xq: jSnkl dk lEca/k gS muds lkFk czkã.k/kfeZ;ksa us gj izdkj lsa /kks[kk fd;k gS- mudh
f”k{kkvksa dks lekIr djus ds fy, >wBs fdLls rks cuk, gh vc muds fp= ds lkFk Hkh /kks[kk fd;k tk jgk gS-
,d rks mudh rLohj esa mudk tks fp= cuk;k gksrk gS muds gkFk esa ,d fpV idM+kbZ gksrh gS ftl ij ÞjkeÞ
fy[kk gksrk gS nwljs mudh dqfV;k esa d`".k dk fp= cuk;k gksrk gS- vr% tks yksx xq: jSnkl dks ueu djrs gSa
mUgsa etcwju d`".k vkSj jke dks Hkh ueu djuk iM+ tkrk gS- vr% ;g tkuuk t:jh gS fd jke vkSj d`".k dSls
pfj= ds izk.kh Fks vkSj nfyr lUr muds ckjs esa dSlh jk; j[krs Fks-
igys d`".k dks ysrs gSa- la{ksi esa mlds djukesa bl izdkj lsa gSa%
∗ d`".k dks vxj okluk dk iqryk dgsa rks dksbZ cM+h ckr ugha gksxh- egkHkkjr] Hkkxor] czãkoSorZ
iqjk.k vkfn i<+ dj yxrk gS fd mlus viuh tUe nsus okyh ek¡ ds flok; fdlh Hkh vkSjr lsa 'kkjhfjd lEca/k
cukus lsa ugha pwdk- bu xzUFkksa ds vuqlkj jk/kk ;”kksnk ds lxs HkkbZ jk;.k dh ifRu Fkh- vr% fj”rs esa d`".k dh
ekeh yxrh Fkh D;ksafd og ;”kksnk dk nw/k ihdj gh cM+k gqvk Fkk- nksuksa us fuR; laHkksx djus ds fy, jk;.k dks
uiqald cuk fn;k Fkk- ¼czãkoSorZ iqjk.k½
∗ tgka Hkh d`".k jgk mlus ogka dh fL=;ksa lsa vuSfrd lEca/k cuk,- xksfi;ka vius nw/k ihrs cPpksa]
lks;s gq, ifr;ksa dks NksM+ dj mlds lkFk je.k djus vk tkrha Fkha- dqN rks bruh vkokjk Fkha fd ?kj okyksa ds
jksdus lsa Hkh ugha #drh Fkha-
∗ ,slk ugha fd mlus xSjksa dh cgu csfV;ksa ds lkFk gh ,slk fd;k- tc nkao yxk rks mlus viuh
cgu lqHknzk dks Hkh ugha c[“kk- og dgha vkSj 'kknh dj jgh Fkh tks d`".k dks eatjw ugha Fkh- vr% mlus ,u 'kknh
ds oDr vtqZu ds gkFkksa viuh cgu mBok nh- vtqZu dks viuh pepkfxjh dk bllsa vPNk Qy vkSj D;k fey
ldrk Fkk!!
∗ mlds okluke;h dFkkvksa esa ugkrh gqbZ xksfi;ksa ds diM+s mBkus dh dFkk 'kkfey gS- bl dFkk dks
dFkkokpd iwjs vkuUn ds lkFk lqukrs gSa fd tc d`".k us mu xksfi;ksa ds diM+s mBk fy, rks os dSls FkksMk+ FkksM+k
djds ikuh lsa ckgj vkbZa vkSj dSls muds lkjs vax d`".k us ns[ks- iwNk tk ldrk gS fd vxj dksbZ mudh cgu
csVh ds lkFk ,slk djs rks !!rks D;k os mls Hkxoku eku ysaxs vkSj viuh cgu csVh ds uaxs gksus dh dFkk Hkh ,sls
gh ets ysdj lquk,axs-
∗ dkSjo vkSj ikaMo] [kkldj ;qf/k"Bj uhpre fdLe dk tqvkjh Fkk- mlus tw, ds nkao esa u dsoy
/ku nkSyr gkjh cfYd vius NksVs HkkbZ dh ifRu rd nkao ij yxk nh- ,sls csxSjr dks /keZjkt dgk tkrk gS-
vkt dksbZ ,slk dke dj ys rks yksx gh mldk ewag dkyk djds x/ks ij cSBk dj brus twrs ekjsa fd mldh
lkjh twvkfxjh fudy tk,- [kSj dkSjoksa us nzksinh rks ykSVk nh exj /ku okfil ugha fd;k- nksuksa i{kksa esa >xM+k
gks x;k- ukScr ejus ekjus dh vk xbZ- vtqZu cksyk eSa ¼tw, esa gkjs gq,½ /ku ds fy, vius xq: nknk ukuk ekek
HkkbZvksa dks ugha ek:axk ysfdu d`".k us mls xhrk dh ,slh iÍh i<+kbZ fd mudk lkjk [kkunku gh rckg djok
fn;k- vxj xhrk esa dgh mldh ckrsa nqfu;k okys eku ysa rks I;kj izse lsa fdlh Hkh >xM+s dk fuiVkjk dksbZ u
djs vkSj dqNsd fnuksa esa lkjh nqfu;k dkSjo ikaMoksa dh rjg yM+ ejsa!!
∗ d`".k us xhrk esa dgk fd og iki djus okyksa dks oS”; vkSj 'kwnz tw.kh esa iSnk djrk gS- vxj
,slk gS rks og Lo;a 'kwnz D;ksa iSnk gqvk- vxj oS”; vkSj 'kwnz iki ;ksfu gSa rks fcM+yk tSls oS”; djksM+ifr D;ksa gSa]
vxj mUgksaus iki gh fd;s gSa rks os brus cM+s dkj[kkuksa ds ekfyd D;ks gSa- tgka vusdksa czkã.k mudh pkdjh
djrs gSa- 'kwnz vxj iki;ksfu gSa rks ckck lkfgc lc czkã.kksa lsa vf/kd i<+s fy[ks fo}ku D;ksa gSa] ckcw txthou
jke mi iz/kku eU=h rd D;ksa cu ik;s] J)s; ds vkj ukjk;.ku jk"Vªifr vFkkZr rhuksa lsukvksa ds phQ dekaMj
D;ksa cu ik, tgka czkã.k lsukifr dks Hkh mUgsa lY;wV ekjuk iM+rk Fkk- ekU;oj ckykd`".ku Hkkjr ds loksZPp
U;k;/kh’k D;ksa cus ftudk ,d ,d “kCn dkuwu gksrk gS!! vr% xhrk esa dksjh cdokl gS vkSj dqN ugha!!!
∗ d`".k dk f<a<ksjk ihVk tkrk gS fd mlus xhrk esa vkRek dk Kku fn;k gS- mlds vuqlkj vkRek
ij gok] ikuh] vkx] rhj] ryokj vkfn fdlh pht dk vlj ugha gksrk gS- iwNk tk ldrk gS fd ejus ij ge
41

“kjhj rks ;gha tyk nsrs gSa vkRek ij fdlh pht dk vlj ugha gS rks iki dh ltk dkSu ikrk gS\ vxj ltk
vxys tUe ds “kjhj dks feyrh gS rks ml cspkjs dk D;k dlwj gS\ vkpk;Z prqjlsu us lgh dgk gS fd ftl
fdlh us Hkh xhrk jph gS mlus czkã.kksa ds fy, lkjh mez dh jksth jksVh dk izcU/k dj fn;k gS-
∗ mlus vtqZu ds lkFk fey dj [kkaMo ou esa jgus okys gtkjksa uj] ukfj;ksa cPpksa cw<+ksa dks vkx esa
ftUnk tyk fn;k- tks cPps ;k toku vkx lsa cpdj ckgj fudys mUgsa Hkh idM+ dj mu nksuksa us okfil vkx
esa QSad fn;k- vkt dksbZ ,slk djrk rks fuf”pr :i esa Qkalh ij yVdk fn;k x;k gksrk!!
d`".k dh bUgha djrwrksa ds dkj.k xq: jSnkl vkSj muds gelgjh xq: dchj us viuh iwjh ck.kh esa d`".k
dk uke Hkh ugha fy;k gS- mUgksaus mls bl yk;d Hkh ugha le>k fd mldh Hk.Mh rks djrs- dsoy ,d “yksd esa
dchj lkgsc us vU; czkãf.kd nsoksa ds lkFk mls Hkh dfYir ik= crk fn;k gS- cl d`".k dh bruh gh vgeh;r
Fkh bu lUrksa dh utj esa- vr% mudh rLohj ds lkFk d`".k dk fp= cukus okys /kwrZ gSa- os yksxksa dks fo”ks"kdj
nfyrksa dks xqejkg djrs gSa fd nfyr lUrksa dk d`".k tSls vksNs izk.kh lsa Hkh lEca/k Fkk- vr% ,slh dYiuk djuk
Hkh vijk/k gS fd bu lUrksa us d`".k dks Hkxoku ekuk-
tgka rd jke dk lEca/k gS mlesa vkSj d`".k esa bruk gh varj gS fd tgka d`".k us fdlh dh Hkh cgu
csVh ugha NksM+h jke tM+ lsa gh uiqald cki dh uiql a d vkSykn Fkk- lk<s lrkbl lky lhrk ds lkFk jg dj og
cki dh rjg cka> gh jgk- og u dsoy ru lsa cka> Fkk cfYd eu lsa Hkh uiql a d Fkk- mlds eu esa n;k] izse]
oQk vkfn dk ukeksfu”kku Hkh ugha Fkk- mlus taxyksa ds fujhg izk.kh bl dnj ekjs fd ft/kj lsa Hkh og xqtjrk
Fkk m/kj ds i”kqvksa esa HkxnM+ ep tkrh Fkh- lhrk ds lkFk ftl funZ;rk lsa mlus O;ogkj fd;k mldh felky
nqfu;k esa nwljh ugha feyrh! lgh dgk x;k gS %
ftuds fgjnS ugha izse jl] djrs ugha ln~dke!
dchjk ,sls iq#’k lalkj esa tUesa ejs csdke!!
loZizFke ;g ,d rF; gS fd Hkxoku okfYedh us lclsa igys jkek;.k fy[kh Fkh- muds ckn vusdksa yksxksa
us jkedgkuh fy[kh- mudh jke;.k esa cgqr NsM+NkM+ dh xbZ gS- tgka mUgksaus jke dks ek= ,d vke vkneh dh
rjg fpf=r fd;k Fkk ckn esa mudh jkek;.k esa vU; v/;k; Hkh tksM+ fn, x,- lk/kkj.k ls izk.kh jke dks vorkj
crkus dh dksf”k”k dh xbZ- okfYedh jkek;.k esa jke rqPN lk izk.kh gS tks viuh ifRu ds [kks tkus ij tksj tksj
lsa jksrk gS] fgj.k dks lksus dk le> dj mlds ihNs Hkkxrk gS tcfd cPpk Hkh ;g tkurk gS fd dksbZ Hkh
thfor izk.kh /kkrq dk ugha gks ldrk!
jkek;.k esa jke dk pfj= ns[ksa rks ge jke dks 'kkjhfjd] ekufld o uSfrd :i esa ,d ?kfV;k izk.kh ikrs
gSa- blhfy, Hkxoku okfYedh us tgka ix ix ij egkjktk jko.k dks egkRek] egkrstLoh crk;k gS jke dks dHkh
,slk ugha dgk- ;gka rd fd lhrk ds eq[k lsa Hkh jke dks iq#"k ds Hks"k esa L=h ¼ukenZ ½ dgyok;k gS- jke ds
thou ds eq[; dkjukesa bl izdkj lsa gSa-
gjkeh tUe % czkãf.kd xzUFkksa ds vuqlkj jke dk tUe dkS”kY;k vkSj n”kjFk ds feyu lsa ugha gqvk
cfYd czkã.k _f"k _’;J`ax vkSj dkS”kY;k ds feyu lsa gqvk gS- jke ds tUe ds le; n”kjFk rks fcYdqy cw<+k
gks pqdk Fkk- dgk tk ldrk gS vxj jke dk tUe czkã.k _f"k _’;J`ax vkSj dkS”kY;k ds uktk;t lEca/kksa ls
gqvk gS rks blesa iSnk gksus okys cPps ;kfu jke dk D;k nks"k gS- blesa jke dk nks"k ;g gS fd mls fo".kq dk
vorkj crk;k tkrk gS rFkk mlus iwjh ;kstuk cuk dj tUe fy;k Fkk fd /kjrh ij iSnk gksdj mlus egkRek
jko.k dh gR;k djuh gS- tc og ;kstuk cuk dj gh iSnk gqvk Fkk rks de lsa de cki rks enZ pqurk rkfd
mldh ek¡ dks mls iSnk djus ds fy, xSjksa lsa lEca/k u cukus iM+rs- vkSj mldh ek¡ us lEca/k Hkh fdllsa cuk, &
_’;J`ax lsa tks fj’rs esa nljFk dk taokbZ Fkk!!
dchj lkgsc us jke ds tUe ij pqVdh yh- os cksys %
ns[kks yksxks jke dh lxkbZ]s
ge cguksbZ] jke gekjk lkyk]
gefg cki] jke iqr gekjk
vFkkZr jke dk ¼lxkiu½ fj”rk ns[kks- _’;J`ax jke dk thtk yxrk gS rFkk jke mldk lkyk yxrk
gS- fQj ogh mldk cki cuk gS rFkk jke mldk tUe fn;k csVk gS- ,slk lxkiu gS jke dh fj”rsnkjh esa!! !!
42

,sls uktk;t fj”rs okys dks dkSu lUr viuk jke ekusxk!!
jke tUe dh dFkk jkek;.k ds ckydk.M esa of.kZr gS- 'kknh ds cgqr lky chr tkus ij Hkh nljFk cki
ugha cu ikrk- rc og v”oes/k rFkk iq=sf"V rFkk v”oes/k ;K djrk gS- jkek;.k esa fcydqy Li"V fy[kk gS fd
bu ;Kksa esa reke 'kkL= fof/k;ka dh xbZ rFkk dksbZ Hkh fof/k Hkwys lsa Hkh ugha NwVh!!
;tqosZn esa v”oes/k ;K djus dh fof/k nh xbZ gS tks fd csgn v”yhy gS- ge vkxs bls ;FkklaHko
'kkyhurk lsa crkus dh dksf”k”k dj jgs gSa- v”oes/k ;K esa ,d ?kksMk+ NksMk+ tkrk gS- og dbZ txgksa ij ?kwe dj
tc okfil vkrk gS rks mls ;K osnh ij dkV dj Hkwuk tkrk gS rFkk lkse uked 'kjkc ds lkFk [kk;k tkrk gS-
lcds lc _f"k] ;teku o jkfu;ka viuk viuk fgLlk [kkrs gSa- ml le; ;teku ds dgus ij iVjkuh rFkk
eq[; _fzRod lcds lkeus 'kkjhfjd lEca/k cukrs gSa- ;teku eq[; _fRod lsa dgrk gS fd esjh jkuh dh Vkaxs
mBkvks vkSj mldh ;ksfu esa viuk fyax Bwl a ks- rc iVjkuh dgrh gS fd dksbZ mllsa laHkksx ugha djrk rks tokc
esa vU; jkfu;ka dgrh gS fd mldh ;ksfu rks oh;Z lsa Hkjh iM+h gS fQj Hkh og D;ksa nq[kjkrh gS- mlds ckn vU;
jkfu;ksa ds lkFk Hkh ,slk gh dqN gksrk gS- bl ;K esa iVjkuh dkS”kY;k Fkh] eq[; _fRod _’;J`ax Fkk rFkk
;teku n”kjFk Fkk- ckn esa ,d yky ewagk izk.kh jkfu;ksa dks i;l nsrk gS- jkfu;ka i;l Þxzg.kÞ djrs gh
Þvfpjs.kÞ xHkZorh gks xbZa- i;l dk vFkZ oh;Z Hkh gksrk gS rFkk [khj Hkh gksrk gS- Þvfpjs.kÞ dk vFkZ gS fcuk nsjh
ds- iwjs ;K esa ;teku dks czãpk;Z dk ikyu djuk gksrk Fkk- vr% jke o HkkbZ;ksa ds xHkZ esa vkus esa n”kjFk dk
dgha dksbZ ;ksxnku ugha gS-
ckck lkfgc us jke ds tUe dks voS/k ekuk gS- lfjrk eqDrk ds laiknd J)s; fo’oukFk us mlds tUe
dks _’;J`ax vkSj dkS”kY;k ds fu;ksx dh mit ekuk gS- muds vuqlkj vxj lk/kkj.k ;K gh djokuk Fkk rks cw<s+
_f"k dks Hkh rks cqyk;k tk ldrk Fkk- gÍs dÍs _’;J`ax dks gh D;ksa cqyk;k x;k- vkSj mls taxy lsa ykus ds
fy, os”;k,a Hksth xbZa- ftl _f"k dks os”;k,a ysdj vk,a og D;k xqy f[kyk,xk lgt dYiuk dh tk ldrh gS-
voS/k thou % jke dk tUe gh voS/k ugha Fkk mlds thou Hkj ds dke Hkh voS/k Fks- iatkch Hkk"kk esa
dgk tk, rks mlds dke gjkehiu okys Fks- fgUnksLrkuh Hkk"kk esa mldk vkok vkSj [krkuk nksuksa År Fks- mlus
tks dkjukesa fd, os bl izdkj lsa gSa%
1 rkM+dk dh gR;k % izkphu le; esa czkã.k _f"k oSls gh ;K fd;k djrs Fks tSlk jke ds tUe ds
le; v’oes/k ;K fd;k x;k Fkk- ;kfu czkã.k _f"k vkSj muds nso ;K dh vkx esa ekal Hkwu dj [kkrs Fks] 'kjkc
ihrs Fks rFkk ;teku ifRu ;k vU; vkSjrksa lsa ogha ;K LFky ij O;fHkpkj djrs Fks-
egkjktk jko.k us iwjs Hkkjrh; izk;}hi ¼Hkkjr] ikd] vQxkfuLrku] cekZ yadk dacksfM;k vkfn½ ij
'kklu LFkkfir dj j[kk Fkk- vk;ksZa ds yxHkx lHkh nsork dgs tkus okys jktk muds v/khu Fks ;k mudh dSn es
Fks- egkjktk jko.k us Þj{k laLd`frÞ dh LFkkiuk dh Fkh ftldk y{; Fkk ouksa] tkuojksa rFkk ekuo lnkpkj dh
j{kk djuk- blfy, mUgksaus iwjs Hkkjr esa ,sls ohHkRl vkSj v”yhy ;Kksa ij ikcanh yxk j[kh Fkh- ,sls ;Kksa dks os
fNnz okys ;K dgrs Fks- tgka dgha Hkh dksbZ mUgsa fNnz okys ;K djrk fey tkrk Fkk muds flikgh ml czkã.k
_f"k rFkk ;teku dks mlh ;K dh vkx esa >ksad nsrs Fks tgka os i”kq dh cfy p<+krs Fks- bllsa czkã.k _f"k;ksa
dk [kkuk ihuk vkSj ,s;k”kh can gks xbZ Fkh-
rkM+dk egkjktk jko.k dh NksVh cgu Fkha rFkk v;ks/;k rFkk fefFkyk ds vklikl ds ,fj;k dh bUpktZ
Fkha- mUgksaus ogka lsa vxLR; o fo”okfe= tSls vukpkjh _f"k;ksa dks [knsM+ fn;k Fkk- rc fo”okfe= n”kjFk ds ikl
lgk;rk ekaxus vk;k- n”kjFk us jke dks mlds lkFk Hkst fn;k- lukru czkã.k/kfeZ;ksa dh utj esa vkSjr dk dHkh
dksbZ egRo ugha Fkk- vr% tSls gh jke dks rkM+dk fn[kkbZ nha mlus mudh rhj ekj dj gR;k dj nh- fQj
mudh yk”k ds lkFk og fd;k tks ,d nfjank Hkh djrk gqvk f>>drk gS- mlus muds Lru dkVs vkSj fQj
muds xqIrkax esa ryokj ?kqlsM+ dj mudk “kjhj phj fn;k- ,slk nfjank Fkk jke!! ,sls jke dk uke xq: jSnkl ysa]
,slk lkspuk Hkh iki gS-
2 Hkjr lsa HkkbZ&?kkr % jkek;.k esa jke [kqn crkrk gS fd n”kjFk us dSdsbZ ds cki dks opu fn;k Fkk
fd dSdsbZ dh dks[k lsa tUek iq= gh v;ks/;k dk okfjl cuk;k tk,xk- jke us fQj Hkh vius tqM+oka HkkbZ lsa ?kkr
fd;k vkSj vius cki ds lkFk fey dj Hkjr dh xSj ekStwnxh esa v;ks/;k dh xÌh gfFk;k yh- ;g rks ,su ekSds
ij eUFkjk us dSdsbZ dks psrk fn;k oukZ jkek;.k dh dgkuh dqN vkSj gh cu tkrh- Hkjr bruk HkkbZ HkDr Fkk fd
43

og jke dks xÌh nsus ds fy, mls okfil ykus ds fy, taxy esa Hkh x;k- jke ,slk uhp fd mlus ,sls HkkbZ ds
ihB esa Nqjk ?kksaik-!!
3 ckfy dh gR;k % viuk dke fudkyus ds fy, czkã.k/kehZ fdl gn rd fxj ldrs gSa bl dk
mnkgj.k jke }kjk dqfu;ksftr <ax lsa dh xbZ ckfy dh gR;k gS- tc jke us fNi dj ckfy dh gR;k dh rc
rd nksuksa ,d nwljs dks tkurs Hkh u Fks- ;kstuk cuk dj] vUtku ckfy dks /kks[ks lsa ekjuk] ckck lkfgc ds
vuqlkj (cold blooded murder) ;kfu B.Ms fnekx lsa lks> le> dj fd;k x;k dRy Fkk- jke vxj ckfy
ds lkeus vkdj yM+rk rks 'kk;n jkek;.k dh dgkuh dk ogha var gks tkuk Fkk-
4 lUr 'kEcwd dh gR;k % jke tc ou lsa okfil vk;k rks vius cki }kjk fn, x, opu fd Hkjr
gh xÌh dk okfjl gksxk] dks njfudkj djrs gq, og rqjar xÌh ij dkfct gks x;k- rc czkã.kksa us mls crk;k fd
,d 'kwnz lk/kuk dj jgk gS- 'kwnz dks lukru czkãf.kd /keZ esa i<+us fy[kus o HkfDr djus dk vf/kdkj ugha gS-
jke us viuh gR;kjh ryokj fudkyh vkSj pqids lsa tkdj lk/kuk esa yhu lUr 'kEcwd dh gR;k dj nh- ,sls
nfyr gR;kjs dks xq: jSnkl ;k xq: dchj dHkh Hkh viuk ÞjkeÞ ugha eku ldrs!
5 lhrk dh gR;k % lkjh jkek;.k esa vxj vk;Z i{k esa ,d Hkh lPpk ik= gS rks og lhrk gS- og
'kq: lsa ysdj vUr rd jke ds izfr oQknkj jgh gS- lhrk ds le; esa vk;Z ukfj;ka dqfr;ksa dh rjg vkokjk gksrh
Fkha- d`".k jk/kk vkSj xksfi;ksa dk pfj= bldk izek.k gS- dqUrh] nzksinh vkfn vU; mnkgj.ksa gSa- ml le; esas lhrk
dk vius ru vkSj eu lsa uiqald ifr dh vksj 'kq) oQknkjh fn[kkuk lhrk ds pfj= dh egkurk dks n”kkZrk gS-
mlds leLr thou esa ek= ,d ?kVuk gS tgka ml ij ykaNu yx ldrk gS- tc egkjktk jko.k czkã.k dk os”k
/kkj.k djds mls ysus vk, rc mUgksaus lhrk ds vax vax dh ,sls rkjhQ dh tSls ,d ifr viuh ifRu dh dj
ldrk gS- bl ij lhrk us dksbZ vkifÙk ugha dh- ysfdu lhrk dk ;g nks"k ekQ fd;k tk ldrk gS D;ksafd blesa
xyrh lhrk dh ugha Fkh cfYd ml le; esa czkã.k dks vf/kdkj gh brus vf/kd Fks fd og fdlh dh Hkh cgu]
csVh] ifRu dks dqN Hkh dg ldrk Fkk rFkk mlds lkFk dqN Hkh dj ldrk Fkk- czkã.kksa ds /kkfeZd dgs tkus
okys xzUFkksa esa ;gka rd vkns”k fn, x, gSa fd tc Hkh dksbZ czkã.k fdlh ds ;gka esgeku cu dj vk, rks mls
jkr dks L=h is”k dh tk,-
,slh oQknkj ifRu dks jke us ejus ds fy, rc ou esa fQadok fn;k tc og xHkZorh Fkh- mlus ek= dqN
gh fnuksa ckn yo dq”k dks tUe fn;k Fkk- jkstkuk i”kq dkVus okyk dlkbZ Hkh xHkZorh HksM+ cdjh vkfn dks ugha
ekjrk- xkaoksa esa gh ugha 'kgjksa esa Hkh vxj vkt Hkh ?kj ds vklikl dqfr;k ;k fcYyh cPps ns ns rks iwjs ekSgYys
okys mls Hkkstu nsuk viuk /keZ le>rs gSa- jktLFkku xqtjkr vkfn esa vxj cPps nsus ds fy, dqfr;k fdlh ds
?kj esa ?kqjh [kksn ys rks ?kj okys mls gVkrs ugha gSa cfYd mls cjdr ekurs gSa- vkSj jke ,slk funZ;h fd mlus
iwjs fnuksa dh viuh ifRu dks taxy esa fQadok fn;k-
y{e.k us tc mls crk;k fd og jke ds vkns”k ij mls taxy esa NksM+us vk;k gS rks lhrk ;g lqu dj
csgks”k gks xbZ- y{e.k us mldh vksj ns[kk Hkh ugha vkSj mls csgks”k NksM+ dj okfil vk x;k- mlds ckn jke us
dHkh Hkh lhrk ds ckjs esa ugha lkspk- mlus ;g eku fy;k fd og rks ej [ki xbZ- flQZ tc v’oes/k ;K dk
?kksM+k idM+us dh ?kVuk gqbZ rHkh jke dks irk pyk fd lhrk ftUnk gS- mlus viuh vksj lsa dHkh Hkh lhrk dh
[kcj ugha yh- vUr esa lhrk us jke ds nq[kksa lsa rax vkdj vkRegR;k gh djyh!!
,sls ?kfV;k pfj= okys jke dks jSnkl lkgsc rks D;k dksbZ Hkh lUr viuk Hkxoku ugha eku ldrk ldrk-- ,slksa
dks rks mlds tSls gh Hkxoku eku ldrs gSa tks dgsa % ukjh rkM+u dh vf/kdkjh- xq: jSnkl us tgka tgka jke dk
uke fy;k gS mudh ck.kh bl izdkj lsa gS-
 tkfr vksNh ikfr vksNh] vksNk tUe gekjk!
jktk jke dh lsok u dhUgh] dgS jSnkl pekjk!!
vFkkZr pkgs esjh tkfr ?kfV;k crkbZ tkrh gS esjk dke ?kfV;k crk;k tkrk gS rks Hkh eSa jSnkl ?kks"k.kk
djrk gw¡ fd eSaus jke iq= nljFk dh lsok ugha dh gS vFkok ugha djuh gS- tc jSnkl lkgsc ,slh ?kks"k.kk djrs gSa
rks ,slk yxrk gS tSls lUr 'kEcwd cksy jgs gksa fd vks jke pkgs rw eq>s ekj ns fQj Hkh eSa rsjh lÙkk Lohdkj ugha
d:axk!
 jke u tkuwa ] u Hkxr dgkma] lsok d:d:a u nklk!
;ksx] ;K] xq.k] dqN u tkuwa] rkrs jgwa mtklk!!
44

vFkkZr eSa jke iq= nljFk dks ugha tkurk vkSj u gh tkuuk pkgrk gwa- eSa mldk HkDr Hkh ugha
dgyokuk pkgrk] eSa mldh lsok Hkh ugha djuk pkgrk] u gh eSa mldk nkl gwa- eSa czkã.k/keZ ds N% n”kZuksa
¼ehekalk];ksx]U;k;]fo’ks"kd]lka[;]osnkar]½ dks ugha ekurk] ;K tSls deZdkaM dks ugha ekurk] f=xq.k dks ugha ekurk-
blfy, esjs esa mYgkl gS] [kq”kh gS Kku dk izdk”k gS-
 jSnkl gekjs jketh nljFk dk lqr ukagha!
jke je jáks geha eSa clS dqVqEc ekagha!!
bl “yksd dk vFkZ Åij fd;k tk pqdk gS- jSnkl th us fcuk ykx yisV ds lh/kk dg fn;k gS fd jke
iq= nljFk mudk jketh ugha gS- mudk jke rks mudh vUrjvkRek gS tks mUgs lnekxZ ij ys tkrh gS vkSj
ftlds dkj.k lkjh nqfu;k fVdh gqbZ gS-
 jSnkl gekjk jke tksb] lksb gS jgeku!
dkck dklh
dklh tkus ;gh nksÅ leku!!
vFkkZr jSnkl th ds jke rks jgeku gS ;kfu lclsa cM+k n;kyq gSa- jke iq= nljFk dk n;k jge lsa dgha
nwj nwj dk Hkh ukrk ugha Fkk- muds jke ds fy, dkck vkSj dklh ,d tSls gSa vFkkZr og lHkh yksxksa dks ,d
leku le>rk gS pkgs os fdlh Hkh /keZ] uLy] tkfr lsa gksa- vkneh dk ,slk jke mldh vUrjvkRek gh gksrh gS-
jktLFkku o vklikl ds bykds esa vkt Hkh vuSfrd dke djus okys dks ;gh dgk tkrk gS fd mldk rks jke
gh fudy x;k- vr% jke dk vFkZ uSfrdrk lnkpkj gS ftldk jke iq= nljFk lsa dksbZ ysuk nsuk ugha gS-
 jSnkl gekjk jke rks ldy jáks Hkjiwj
jkse jkse eS je jáks] jke elwd u nwj!!
vFkkZr jSnkl th dk jke rks iwjh dk;ukr esa O;kIr gS vkSj muds jkse jkse esa Hkh jp cl jgk gS- jke
mulsa jÙkh Hkj Hkh nwj ugha gS- jke iq= nljFk rks nfyrksa ds utnhd Hkh ugha vk ldrk- vxj vk,xk rks flQZ
mUgsa dRy djus vk,xk tSls mlus lUr 'kEcwd dks dRy fd;k ;k fQj mlds psyksa us xq: jSnkl dk dRy
fd;k- ,slk jke iq= nljFk nfyr ds jkse jkse esa clus dHkh ugha vk,xk vkSj u gh dksbZ nfyr ,sls jke dks
vius jkse jkse esa clus nsxk-k-
jSnkl th dk jke dkSu% xq: jSnkl rFkk vU; lHkh nfyr lUrksa us ÞjkeÞ dk uke fy;k gS ysfdu mudk
ÞjkeÞ czkãf.kd jke ugha gSa- LokHkkfod gS fd dqN yksx ;g iwNsa fd rc bu lUrksa dk jke dkSu gS- jSnkl th
dgrs gSa %
dgS jSnkl eSa rkgh dks iwtaw]] tkdS xkao] Bkao] ukao ugha dksbZ!
eu gh iwtk] eu gh /kwi] eu gh lgt l:i]! l:i]!
iwtk vpZuk u tkuaw jke rksjh] dg jSnkl ;g xfr eksjh!! h!!
vFkkZr eSa ml jke dks iwtrk g¡w tks fdlh ,d xkao esa ugha jgrk ftldk dgha ,d txg fBdkuk ugha gS
rFkk ftldk ,d uke ugha gS- lnkpkj ds jkLrs ij l/kk gqvk eu gh lUrksa dk ^jke^ gksrk gS- tc vkneh dk
eu ln~ekxZ ij yx tk, rks mls iwtk vpZuk dh t:jr ugha jgrh- jSnkl lkgsc rks Li"V dgrs gSa fd os jke
iq= n”kjFk dh iwtk vpZuk rks fcydqy ugha djrs gSa- ;gh mudh xfr gS] uhfr gS-
lUrksa ds jke dks yksx lnkpkj] uSfrdrk] vUrjvkRek] vUr%dj.k] lPpkbZ vkfn ukeksa lsa tkurs gSa- tSls
gh vkneh xyr dke djus dks rS;kj gksrk gS og ÞjkeÞ mls jksd nsrk gS ;k Vksd nsrk gS- vxj dgha xyrh gks
Hkh tk, rks xyrh djus ds ckn og mlesa i”pkrki dh Hkkouk Hkh iSnk dj nsrk gS- ;gh lUrksa dk jke gS- ;g
ogh *jke* gS ftls yksx vuSfrd dke djus ij dgrs gSa *bldk rks jke fudy x;k*-
blds foijhr jke iq= nljFk dk xkao v;ks/;k gS fBdkuk mldk ?kj gS vkSj mldk ,d gh uke jke gS-
i”pkrki dh rks ckr gh NksM+ks czkãf.kd jke rks funksZ"k lUr 'kEcwd dk xyk dkV dj gkFk Hkh ugha /kksrk! ckfy
dks fNi dj rhj ekjus ds ckn ckfy dh bruh rkM+uk lquus ij Hkh mlds eu esa dgha eyky ugha gksrk! lhrk
tSls ifo= ukjh dks vkSj og Hkh iwjs fnuksa dh xHkZorh dks ou esa fQadokrs le; mlds eu esa dgha Hkh n;k ugha
mitrh! jk{klksa ds cgqr ls fdLls gSa exj muesa lsa dksbZ ,slk ugh gqvk ftlus xHkZorh L=h dks ,sls ejus dks
etcwj fd;k gks- u gh lUrksa dk jke czkã.kksa ds vorkj ij”kqjke dh rjg gksrs gSa tks xHkZorh fL=;ksa ds isV QkM+
45

dj ogka iy jgs cPps vius ij”kq lsa dkV Mkyrk gks- bl fdLe ds ^jke^ czkã.k /keZ esa gh gksrs gSa] lUrksa ds
ugha!
xq: jSnkl us fuEu in esa vius jke dk iw.kZ [kqyklk fd;k gS- os dgrs gSa%
HkkbZ js] jke dgka eksgs crkvks!
lrjke rkds fudV u vkvks!
jke dgr lc tx Hkqykuk] lks ;g jke u gksb!
dje vdje]
vdje] 'kqHk v”
v”kqHk ukagh] djrk ukao lks dksb!
ftl jke gks lc tx tkuS] Hkje Hkwys js HkkbZ!
vki vkiu rks dksbZ u tkuS] dgS dkSu lks tkb!
fujatu fujkdkj fujysih fujfodkj fulklh!
ul ukM+h tl lks dg xkosa] gj gj vkoS gk¡lh!
vcju cju :i ugh tkdS] D;k dg d:a cM+kbZ!
vy[k jke tkdks BkSj u dksb] D;k u dgwa le>kbZ!
Hku jSnkl mnkl rkfg rs] fQjrk tx fcljkbZ!
dsoy drkZ ,d lgh flj] lÙkjke rsfg ukabZ!!
bl lk[kh esa xq: jSnkl us vius jke dk Lo:i rks crk;k gh gS lkFk esa vius eu dh ihM+k dks Hkh
O;Dr fd;k gS- os dgrs gSa fd vlyh jke lR; lnkpkj gS- ftl jke iq= n”kjFk dks jke crk dj yksxksa dks
csodwQ cuk;k tk jgk gS ml jke dks ^lR; lR; jke^jke^ ds lkFk er feykvks- og jke iq= nljFk lUrksa dk jke ugha
gS- ftl jke iq= n”kjFk dks 'kqHk vkSj v”kqHk] dj.kh; vkSj vdj.kh; dkeksa dk irk ugha gS mldks czkã.k /kks[ks
lsa txr dk jke crk jgs gSa- ¼jke ds 'kqHk v”kqHk dke Åij crk, tk pqds gSa-½ tks dke djrs le; vPNs vkSj
cqjs dk varj ugha djrk og Hkyk nqfu;k dk tkudkj ¼Hkxoku½ dSls gks ldrk gS-
os vkxs lUrksa ds jke ds xq.k crkrs gSa fd mudk jke fujatu fujkdkj vkfn gS- jke iq= n”kjFk esa ;g
xq.k ugha gSa- os dgrs gSa fd tc czkã.k mls jke crkrs gSa rks mUgsa BBk dj g¡lh vkrh gS rFkk mUgsa mnklh Hkh
gksrh gS fd yksx vlyh jke dks Hkwy x, gS- lUrksa ds jke esa fuEu xq.k gksrs gSa-
∗ fujatu % vFkkZr tks vka[kksa lsa fn[kkbZ u ns- lUrksa dk jke vk¡[k lsa u fn[kkbZ nsus okyh oLrq ugha gS-
mls dsoy eu ds Hkhrj eglwl fd;k tk ldrk gS- mls vy[k ;kfu ns[kk u tk ldus okyk Hkh dgrs gSa-
Hkxou cq) dks fujatu dgk x;k gS ftUgksaus 'kjkc us ihus okyksa ¼vlqjksa½ dks laxfBr xfBr djds czkã.kokn dk uk” uk”k
fd;k Fkk-
Fkk-
∗ fujkdkj % lUrksa ds jke dks dksbZ vkdkj okyh oLrq Hkh ugha gS- czkã.kksa us tSls jke vkSj d`".k dks
vkneh dk vkdkj fn;k gS oSls gh mUgksaus vius dbZ Hkxokuksa dks lwvj] eNyh] dNqvk vkSj v/kZi”kq ds vkdkj esa
Hkh cuk;k gqvk gS- lHkh lUr ,sls vkdkj ¼vly esa fodkj½ okys yksxksa dks ÞHkxokuÞ ugha ekurs- os mUgsa vkn”kZ
ekuo rd ugha ekurs ftuds dkeksa dk vuqdj.k fd;k tk,- os vius jke dk vkdkj okyk gksus dk [k.Mu djrs
gSa D;ksafd lPpkbZ vkSj lnkpkj fdlh vkdkj ds eksgrkt ugha gksrs-
∗ fujysih % lUrksa dk jke eksg ek;k lsa nwj gksrk gS- mudk jke lnkpkj vkSj lPpkbZ gS- lnkpkj vkSj
lPpkbZ fdlh lsa Hkh fyIr ugha gksrs- lUrksa dk jke n”kjFk ds iq= jke dh rjg xÌh esa fyIr ugha gksrk- d`’.k dh
rjg xksfi;ksa esa fyIr ugha gksrk- mlds }kjk tks Hkh dke fd, tkrs gSa] os fcuk ykyp] fcuk Mj fcuk HksnHkko ds
fd, tkrs gSa- lUr ftls jke ekurs gSa og Hkxou cq) dh rjg eksg ek;k dke okluk yksHk ykyp Mj vgadkj
vkfn lsa fujysi gksrk gS- lUrksa ds ÞjkeÞ dh rqyuk vxj fdlh “kjhj /kkjh lsa dh tk ldrh gS rks nks gh ekuo
gSa ,d rFkkxr cq) vkSj nwljs egkohj Lokeh- mudk thou lc izdkj ds nks’kksa lsa fujysi Fkk-
∗ fujfodkj % ;g ,slk xq.k gS tks czkã.kksa ds lkjs ds lkjs Hkxokuksa dh feÍh iyhn dj nsrk gS- lUrksa
dk jke fcuk cqjkbZ;ksa ds gksrk gS- lnkpkj vkSj lPpkbZ dHkh Hkh cqjkbZ ds lkFk ugha jg ldrs- czkã.kksa ds ftrus
Hkh Hkxoku gq, gSa mUgksaus ,d lsa c<+ dj ,d vuSfrd /kU/ks fd, gSa- czãk us viuh csVh vkSj iksfr;ksa lsa nqjkpkj
fd;k] fo".kq us o`ank lsa cykRdkj djds mudh gR;k dh] f”ko us dke okluk esa fyIr gksdj viuk fyax iqtok;k]
d`".k us viuh ekeh jk/kk vkSj vM+ksl iM+ksl dh xksfi;ksa ds lkFk [kqye[kqyk okluk dk [ksy [ksyk- jke dh
46

djrwrsa Åij nh gh tk pqdh gSa- 'ks"k nsoksa vkSj _f"k;ksa dh djrwrsa ÞFkw czkã.koknÞ uked iqLrd esa foLrkj lsa nh
xbZ gSa- lUrksa dh bl dlkSVh ij ek= cq) vkSj egkohj [kjs mrjrs gSa-
∗ fulklh % vke vkneh rc rd ftUnk jgrk gS tc rd mldh lkal pyrh gS- lUrksa ds jke dk
thou lkal ij fuHkZj ugh djrk- lPpkbZ lnkpkj gj txg thfor jgrs gSa pkgs xgjk leqnz gks ;k pkan gks tgka
gok ugha gksrh- ysfdu czkãf.kd jke rks lj;w esa Mwc dj ej x;k Fkk D;ksafd ikuh esa Mwcus lsa mldh lkalsa cUn
gks xbZa Fkha-
∗ vcj.k] vBkSj % lUrksa dk jke fdlh o.kZ ;k tkfr fo”ks"k esa tUerk ;k ejrk ugha gS- og dgha ,d
¼BkSj½ txg fo”ks"k lsa ca/k dj Hkh ugha jgrk- jke iq= nljFk dk BkSj v;ks/;k Fkh- mldh tkfr j?kqdqy Fkh- o.kZ
{kf=; Fkk- vr% og lUrksa dk jke ugha gks ldrk-
∗ lÙkjke % tSlk fd Åij crk;k x;k gS fd jSnkl th ds jke lnkpkj vkSj lPpkbZ gSa- mUgksaus mldk
uke lÙkjke fn;k gS- lÙk ;kfu lnkpkj] lPpkbZ vkSj og gkSlyk ftllsa vkneh lR; ij vfMx jgrk gS- Hkkjr
ds vusd Hkkxksa esa yksx lR; ij vfMx jgus ds fy, ÞlÙkÞ “kCn dk iz;ksx gh djrs gSa-
vr% dqy feyk dj jke iq= n”kjFk fdlh Hkh <ax lsa lUrksa dk jke ugha gS- tc og mudk jke ugha gS
rks mu nfyrksa dk jke Hkh ugha gS ftuds m)kj ds fy, bu lUrksa us vius izk.kksa dh ckth rd yxk nh-
bl lk[kh dh vafre in ÞHku jSnkl mnkl rkfg rs- - - Þ esa jSnkl th us vius eu dh O;Fkk@nnZ dks
c;ku fd;k gS- os dgrs gSa fd yksx vlyh lR; jke dks Hkwy dj >wBs jke iq= nljFk dks viuk jke ekuus yxs
gS] blfy, mudk eu mnkl jgrk gS- ,slk nnZ gj nfyr egkiq#"k us >syk gS ftUgksaus nfyrksa ds gdksa ds fy,
viuk thou U;kSNkoj fd;k gS- czkã.k/keZ dh lke nke n.M Hksn dh uhfr ds vkxs os vdlj cscl ykpkj gks
x, yxrs gSa- egkRek jko.k lsa ysdj egkRek T;ksfrck rFkk ckck lkfgc vEcsMdj rd lHkh us ;g nq[k >syk gS-
muds ckn ekU;oj yybZ flag ;kno] ckcw txthou jke] dka”kh jke] mfnr jkt] oh Vh jkt”ks[kj] ykyw izlkn
;kno] diqZjh Bkdqj] jke foykl ikloku vkfn lHkh nfyr usrkvksa us ;g O;Fkk >syh gS ;k >sy jgs gSa-
;g O;Fkk] ckck lkfgc ds “kCnksa esa] xqykeh dh gS- nfyrksa dh 'kkjhfjd xqykeh ds lkFk lkFk fnekxh
xqykeh us lHkh nfyr Øafrdkfj;ksa dks O;fFkr fd;k gS- ekU;oj oh Vh jkt”ks[kj ds Þnfyr ok;lÞ dk izR;sd
vad mudh bl O;Fkk dk izdV djrk gS- ckck lkfgc ds vuqlkj fdlh Hkh lq/kkjd ds fy, lclsa dfBu dke
xqyke yksxksa dks ;g crkuk gS fd os xqyke gSa- fnekxh rkSj ij xqyke yksxksa dks mudh xqykeh dk ,glkl
djokuk vkSj Hkh vf/kd dfBu dk;Z gS- i<+s fy[ks nfyr yksxksa dks Hkh ;g le>kuk nq"dj gS fd jke iq= n”kjFk n”kjFk
muds iwoZtksa dk dkfry gS- og mudk Hkxoku ugha gS- vxj vkt nfyr ;g ckr le> ysa fd jke iq= n”kjFk n”kjFk
mudk jke ugha gS rks v;ks/;k dk elyk lqy>us esa 24 ?k.Vs Hkh ugha yxsaxs D;ksafd vkt rd ,slk dHkh ugha
gqvk fd fdlh czkã.k us vius /keZ dh [kkfrj vius izk.kksa dh ckth yxkbZ gks- vxj nfyr bl elys elys lsa nwj gks
tk,a rks la?k"kZ djus okyk dksbZ cpsxk gh ugha-
bUgha ckrksa lsa lHkh nfyr lq/kkjd O;fFkr gq, gSa D;ksafd nfyrksa us ges”kk ml /keZ vkSj mu rFkkdfFkr
Hkxokuksa ds fy, viuh cfy nh gS ftUgksaus lfn;ksa lsa mudks ekjk] ihVk ywVk gS- ,d iy ds fy, xq: jSnkl dh
O;Fkk dks eglwl djds ns[ksa tc os dgrs gSa & jSnkl mnkl rkfg rs] fQjrk tx fcljkbZ- fdruk nnZ gS mudh
ckr esa tc os dgrs gSa eSa mnkl gw¡ D;ksafd nfyr viuk bfrgkl Hkwy dj HkVd x, gSa- vxj vkneh esa vkRek
gksrh rks vkt t:j mudh vkRek nq[kh gks jgh gksrh fd ge nfyr ml jke dks Hkxoku eku jgs gSa ftlus gekjs
iwoZtksa dh gR;k dh gSs mu lHkh dks nq[k bl ckr dk gS fd czkã.k gekjs lekt esa izgykn vkSj foHkh"k.k iSnk
dj gh ysrs gSa-
bl O;Fkk dk dkj.k vkSj gy
nfyrksa dh 'kkjhfjd vkSj fnekxh xqykeh lsa lHkh lq/kkjd nq[kh gq, gSa] Hkhrj rd O;fFkr gq, gSa- fQj Hkh
mUgksaus nfyr vktknh ds fy, la?k"kZ fd;k gS- vius fcNM+s gq, vNwr jkt dks izkIr djus ds fy, viuk [kwu
rd cgk;k gS- nfyr ,sls D;ksa gSa bl fo"k; esa xq: jSnkl dgrs gSa %
lk/kks] vfo|k vfgr dhu!
rkrs foosd nhi Hk;k eyhu!!
47

vFkkZr vui<+rk us gekjk csgn vfgr fd;k g]S gkfu dh gS- fo|k u feyus ij gekjk foosd detksj
iM+ x;k gS vkSj ge vPNs cqjs] xyr lgh] vius ijk;s dh igpku djuk Hkh Hkwy x, gSa-
ckck lkfgc us viuh iqLrd Þ”kwnz dkSu Fks\Þ esa fl) fd;k gS fd igys dsoy rhu o.kZ gksrs Fks& czkã.k]
{kf=; vkSj oS”;- oS”; nq/kk: xk; dh rjg gksrs Fks- czkã.k tc pkgs mulsa /ku ys ysrs Fks- mUgksaus dHkh Hkh
czkã.kksa dh ywV [klksV dk fojks/k ugha fd;k- {kf=; yM+kds rks gksrs gh Fks lkFk esa os gfFk;kj Hkh j[krs Fks- vius
'kkjhfjd vkSj gfFk;kjksa ds cy ij os lnk czkã.kksa dks uhpk fn[kkrs jgrs Fks D;ksafd czkã.k gfFk;kj Nwuk Hkh iki
le>rs Fks-
rc ij’kqjke uked czkã.k us gfFk;kjksa ds egRo dks igpkuk- mlus gfFk;kj /kkj.k fd,- lclsa igys
mlus viuh ek¡ dk dRy fd;k- mlds ckn /kjrh ij lsa {kf=;ksa dk chtuk”k dj fn;k- og bruk Øwj vkSj
funZ;h Fkk fd mlus xHkZorh {k=kf.k;ksa dh dks[k QkM+ dj mlesa iy jgs cPps rd vius Qjls lsa dkV Mkys-
blh czkã.k&{kf=; la?k"kZ ds pyrs czkã.kksa us {kf=;ksa dk miu;u laLdkj can dj fn;k- izkphu dky esa miu;u
laLdkj rc fd;k tkrk Fkk tc cPpk fo|k izkfIr ds fy, xq:dqy esa tkrk Fkk- miu;u laLdkj esa cPps ds
“kjhj ij tusÅ /kkj.k djok;k tkrk gS- {kf=;ksa dk miu;u laLdkj can gks x;k rks muds fy, fo|k izkfIr dk
vf/kdkj Hkh lekIr gks x;k- vr% mUgsa lekt esa pkSFkk o.kZ 'kwnz cuk fn;k x;k-
fo|k u feyus lsa D;k gqvk % f”k{kk ;k fo|k fdlh Hkh lekt ds ftUnk jgus vkSj izxfr djus dk
ewyk/kkj gS- nqfu;k esa ftruh Hkh ifjokj gSa] ftruh Hkh tkfr;ka gSa] ftrus Hkh ns”k gSa muesa flQZ ogh izxfr dj
lds gSa ftUgksaus f”k{kk izkIr dh gS- vaxwBk Nki ifjokj dHkh Hkh jkt ifjokj ugha jg ik, gSa- vui<+ tkfr;ka dHkh
Hkh jktlÙkk ij dkfct ugha jg ikbZ gSa-
Hkkjr ds bfrgkl esa vkfn dky lsa ysdj igyh lnh rd Hkkjr ij dsoy 'kwnzksa dk jkt jgk gS- lezkV
v”kksd ds oa”kt lezkV o`gnFkZ dks dRy djds czkã.k igyh ckj lÙkk ij dkfct gq,- lÙkk ij viuk dCtk
cuk, j[kus ds fy, mUgksaus nks dke fd, %
igyk dke rks mUgksaus ;g fd;k fd Hkkjr dk izkphu bfrgkl tks fd vly esa nfyr bfrgkl Fkk]
mUgksaus mls u"V dj fn;k- pUnzxqIr ekS;Z ds le; esa ;wukuh Hkkjr esa vkdj cl x, Fks- mUgksaus muds ckn dk
dqN bfrgkl cpk fy;k gS oukZ mllsa igys dk nfyrksa dk D;k bfrgkl gS dksbZ ugha tkurk-
nwljk dke mUgksaus ;g fd;k fd nfyrksa dks f”k{kk nsuk can dj fn;k- egkohj ,dyO; tSls vxj fdlh
rjg dqN gquj lh[k tkrs Fks rks mUgsa viax dj fn;k tkrk Fkk- dksbZ vxj i<+uk fy[kuk lh[k tkrk Fkk rks mls
csjgeh lsa ekj fn;k tkrk Fkk- vxj dksbZ czkã.k n;k djds fdlh nfyr dks i<+kus dh xyrh dj Hkh ysrk Fkk
rks ml czkã.k dk Hkh cqjk gky dj fn;k tkrk Fkk-
f”k{kk u feyus dk urhtk ;g gqvk fd nfyr viuk bfrgkl Hkwy x,- cjlksa ds tqYe lg lg dj os
Lo;a dks ykpkj] uhp vkSj iki ;ksfu ekuus yx x,- blh ckr ij xq: jSnkl us viuh mnklh O;Dr dh gS-
blhfy, xq: jSnkl dks dguk iM+k % fo|k vfgr dhu] rkrs foosd nhi Hk;k eyhu- eyhu- fo|k ds }kj can gksus ij
nfyrksa ds lkFk D;k gqvk] bldk lVhd fp=.k egkRek T;ksfrck Qwys us bl izdkj lsa fd;k gS %
fo|k fcu xbZ efr]
efr fcu xbZ uhfr]
uhfr fcu xbZ xfr]
xfr fcu x;k foÙk]
foÙk fcuk pjejk;s 'kwnz]
,d vfo|k us fd,
brus vuFkZ!!
vFkkZr nfyrksa dks fo|k nsus ij ikcanh ds dkj.k mudh efr ;kfu vDy] Kku] le> dh lekfIr gks xbZ-
Kku u jgus lsa gekjh uhfr ;kfu dke djus dk <ax] nq”eu lsa yM+us dk <ax vkfn lc dqN lekIr gks x;k-
tc nfyr Lo;a dks ikyus vkSj nq”eu lsa VDdj ysus ds ;ksX; ugha jgs rks mudh xfr ;kfu rjDdh #d xbZ- os
gj {ks= esa fiNM+ x,- xfr u gksus ds dkj.k muds ikl /ku lEifÙk ugha jgh- tc muds ikl iSlk gh ugha jgk
rks jksVh Hkh ugha jgh vkSj nfyr pjejk x,] VwV x,- Lo;a dks ftank j[kus ds fy, nfyrksa dh dqN tkfr;ka
pksjh pdkjh ij mrj vkbZa dqN os”;ko`fr ij rks dqN nklrk ij mrj vkbZa- /ku u gksus ds dkj.k nfyr czkã.kksa
48

}kjk fd, tk jgs tqYeksa ds fo#) la?k"kZ djus ds yk;d Hkh ugha jgs- ,d vui<+rk us gekjk bruk cM+k vfgr
vuFkZ dj fn;k gS-
xq: jSnkl dh O;Fkk dks tkudj egkRek T;ksfrck Qwys us nfyrksa dk izFke y{; fo|k izkfIr crk;k- blh
y{; dh izkfIr ds fy, mUgksaus Hkkjr esa igyk Ldwy [kksykk-- yM+fd;ksa ds fy, Hkkjr esa igyk Ldwy mudh
/keZifRu lkfo=h Qwys us [kksyk Fkk-
Fkk- bUgha lriq#"kksa dk vuqlj.k djrs gq, ckck lkfgc us vkns”k fn;k % f”kf{kr
cuks] la?k"kZ djks vkSj laxfBr cuks!!
vr% nfyr lekt dk ;g ikou drZO; curk gS fd vius xq#vksa dk cfynku O;FkZ u tkus nsa- xq:
jSnkl tSls Økafrdkjh ftu ckrksa lsa O;fFkr gSa] nfyr mUgsa R;kxsa- os ml jke iq= nljFk dks R;kxsa ftls lUrksa us
R;kx fn;k gS- ml jke iq= nljFk ds /keZ dks R;kxsa ftls lUr frykatfy ns pqds gSa- os lUrksa }kjk viuk, x,
lR;] U;k;] lnkpkj ij vk/kkfjr Je.k /keZ dks viuk,a-

v/;k; 5

xq: dkSu & jkeuUn ;k jSnkl th


,d ckr dk cgqr tksj 'kksj lsa izpkj fd;k tkrk gS fd jkeuUn uked czkã.k xq: jSnkl dk xq: Fkk-
fdlh Hkh Ldwy dh fdrkc gks] fdlh v[kckj esa dksbZ ys[k Nirk gks] dksbZ usrk LVst ij [kM+k gksdj jSnkl th
dks J)katfy nsrk gks] gj txg ;g ckr t:j crkbZ tkrh gS fd jkekuUn uke dk czkã.k mudk xq: Fkk- ,slh
txgksa esa jSnkl th dh ck.kh esa lsa pkgs ,d “yksd u crk;k tk, ysfdu ;g t:j crk;k tkrk gS fd jkekuUn
oS".ko lEiznk; lsa Fkk vkSj oS".ko lEiznk; okys fo".kq vkSj mlds vorkjksa dks Hkxoku ekurs gSa-
jkekuUn dks jSnkl th dk xq: crkuk bruk gh cM+k >wB gS ftruk ;g dguk fd xka/kh us nfyrksa dks
vkj{k.k fnykus ds fy, iwuk dh ;jonk tsy esa vkej.k vu”ku fd;k Fkk- jkekuUn ds ckjs esa tks tkudkjh
feyrh gS og bl izdkj lsa gS%
∗ fd og cukjl dk jgus okyk Fkk-
∗ fd og tkfr lsa czkã.k Fkk- czkã.kksa esa lsa dkSu lk czkã.k & xksLokeh] ik.Ms] fprikou] f}osnh]
prqosZnh vkfn dkSu lk Fkk] bldk irk ugha pyk gS-
∗ fd og oS".ko lEiznk; dk czkã.k Fkk tks fo".kq dks lclsa cM+k Hkxoku ekurk gS rFkk f”ko vkSj czãk
dks mllsa NksVk ekurk gS- og fo".kq ds lkjs vorkjksa tSls jke d`".k vkfn dks Hkxoku ekurk Fkk-
∗ fd og dÍj czkã.k Fkk rFkk vNwrksa 'kwnzkas dh Nk;k lsa Hkh nwj jgrk Fkk- Fkk- 'kwnz ds n”kZu gks tkus ij
fQj lsa xaxk esa Luku djrk Fkk- vxj fdlh 'kwnz lsa ckr djuh iM+ Hkh tk, rks insZ dh vksV esa jg
dj ml 'kwnz lsa ckr djrk Fkk fd dgha 'kwnz fn[kkbZ ns tkus ij mldh vk¡[k u ÞeSyhÞ gks tk,!
∗ fd og osnksa] iqjk.kksa o vU; czkãf.kd 'kkL=ksa esa iwjk fo”okl j[krk Fkk- xaxk Luku tSls ik[k.Mksa dks
eks{k nk;d ekurk Fkk-
∗ fd rqylh ekyk iguuk] ekFks ij vaxzsth dk ;w U cukuk] gkFk esa M.Mk idM+ dj j[kuk vkfn lkjs
vkMEcj djrk Fkk-
iz”u mBuk LokHkkfod gS fd bl ckr ds D;k lcwr gks ldrs gSa fd bl izdkj dk vkpj.k djus okyk
czkã.k jkekuUn lUr jSnkl dk xq: Fkk- jkeuUn dks xq: ekuus vFkok u ekuus ds fy, pkj izdkj ds lcwrksa dk
fo'ys"k.k vko”;d gS %
1- igyk lcwr Lo;a xq: jSnkl dh ck.kh gS- vr% mldk fo”ys’k.k djuk vo”;d gS fd og bl
fo’k; ij D;k dgrh gS-
49

2- nwljk lcwr jkekuUn dh ck.kh gS fd og xq: jSnkl ds ckjs esa D;k dgrh gS-
3- rhljk lcwr ;g gS fd ml le; ds lUrksa o vU; ys[kdksa dh ck.kh rFkk ml le; dh vU;
fyf[kr lkexzh bl lanHkZ esa D;k dgrh gS-
4- pkSFkk lcwr ¼circumstancial evidence) vFkkZr gkykr ij vk/kkfjr gks ldrs gSa tks ;g
bafxr djrs gksa fd xq: jSnkl vkSj jkekuUn esa dSlk lEca/k gks ldrk gS-

1- xq: jSnkl dh ck.kh esa xq: dk o.kZu % ugha gS-


xq: jSnkl dk xq: dkSu gS bl ckr dk lclsa cM+k vkSj iDdk lcwr Lo;a mudh ck.kh lsa c<+ dj dksbZ
vU; ugha gks ldrk- xq: xzUFk lkfgc esa xq: jSnkl dh ck.kh muds thrs th 'kkfey dj yh xbZ Fkh rFkk ogka
mudh ck.kh fyf[kr :i esa laHkky dj j[kh xbZ gS- vr% mlesa fdlh gsj Qsj dk loky ugha mBrk- xq: xzUFk
lkfgc esa ntZ mudh iwjh ck.kh esa dgha jkekuUn
jkekuUn dk uke Hkh ugha gS- tc jke iq= nljFk dks mUgksaus viuk jke
ugha ekuk rks mUgksaus lhuk Bksd dj dgk % ÞjSnkl gekjs jketh nljFk dk lqr ukaghÞ- vxj jkeuUn mudk xq:
gksrk rks os ;g dgus esa Hkh ladksp ugha djrs fd jkekuUn mudk xq: gS- mudh ck.kh esa jkekuUn dk uke gh u
gksuk ;g n”kkZrk gS fd mudk vkil esa dksbZ fj”rk ugha Fkk-
vr% mudh ck.kh ds vk/kkj ij ;g dgk tk ldrk gS fd jkekuUn lsa mudk xq: psyk rks D;k fdlh
izdkj dk Hkh fj”rk ugha Fkk-
2- jkekuUn dh ck.kh esa jSnkl th dk uke % dgha ugha gS-
jkekuUn dh dksbZ ck.kh miyC/k ugha gS- mldk ek= ,d ^“kCn^ xq: xzUFk lkfgc esa ntZ gS- mlesa dgha
Hkh jSnkl th dk uke ugha gS- jkekuUn lEiznk; dh ,d vU; iqLrd Þjke iVyÞ gS- mlesa jkekuUn ds 52 psyksa
ds uke fn, x, gSa ysfdu mu 52 esa xq: jSnkl dk uke ugha gS- vr% bllsa ;g fl) gksrk gS fd jSnkl th
ml czkã.k jkekuUn ds f”k";ksa esa 'kkfey ugha Fks- tSls ehjk xq: jSnkl dh psyh Fkh rks mlus viuh ck.kh esa iwjs
tksj 'kksj lsa mUgsa viuk xq: ekuk gS- mlus dgk%
Egkjks eu ykX;ks lrxq# esa] vc u jgwaxh vVdh!
xq: feY;k jSnkl EgkuS] nhuh Kku dh xqVdh!!
3- ml le; ds lUr %
xq: jSnkl ds le; Hkkjr esa vusdksa lUr gq, gSa- xq: ukud nso rks mulsa :&c&: ;kfu vkeus lkeus
cSB dj feys Hkh Fks rFkk mudh ck.kh mulsa ysdj x, Fks- lrxq: dchj rks muds gelgjh gh Fks] fe= Fks] /keZ
HkkbZ ;k lgh dgsa rks fe”ku HkkbZ Fks D;ksafd nksuksa dk fe”ku ,d gh Fkk % czkã.k/keZ dk vUr djuk!! czkã.k/keZ
dqNsd deZdkaMksa vkSj <dkslyksa ds flok; dqN ugha gS- nksuksa lUrksa us czkã.k/keZ ds leLr deZdkaMksa vkSj
<dkslyksa dk [k.Mu fd;k- os pkgrs Fks fd budk vUr gks- vxj czkã.kokn esa lsa deZdkaMksa vkSj <dkslyksa dk
vUr gks tk, rks mlesa lsa 'ks"k dqN cpsxk gh ugha-
ml le; tks vU; lUr gq, os gSa % f=ykspu] /kék] cs.kh] 'ks[k Hkhdu] t; nso] ijekuUn] ihik] l/kuk]
lSu vkfn- bu lHkh lUrksa dh ck.kh xq: xzUFk lkfgc esa ntZ gS rFkk mlesa fdlh us Hkh ;g ughs dgk fd xq:
jSnkl dk fdlh jkekuUn lsa dksbZ lEca/k Fkk- vr% ftl le; xq: jSnkl Hkkjr Hkwfe ij jgs ml le; ds fdlh
Hkh O;fDr vFkkZr Lo;a mUgksaus] jkeuUn us rFkk vUl lUrksa us ;g ugha dgk fd xq: jSnkl fdlh jkekuUn uked
czkã.k ds psys Fks- vr% mUgsa jkekuUn dk psyk crkuk >wB gS] xyr ckr gS-
4- Circumstancial evidence vFkkZr ifjfLFkfr ewyd lk{; %
xq: jSnkl ds rRdkyhu lk{;ksa ds vk/kkj ij ;g Li"V gksrk gS fd xq: jSnkl vkSj jkekuUn esa dksbZ
fdlh fdLe dk fj”rk ugha Fkk- ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds vk/kkj ij fo”ys"k.k djus ij ;g rF; lkeus vkrk gS fd
vxLR; lafgrk] Hkxreky vkSj fiz;knkl dh Vhdk esa xq: jSnkl dks czkã.k jkekuUn dk psyk crk;k x;k gS- oSls
rks lh/ks lcwr gksus ij ifjfLFkfr; lk{kksa dh dksbZ egRo ugha jg tkrk ijUrq mudk fo”ys"k.k Hkh ;gh fl)
djrk gS fd xq: jSnkl vkSj jkekuUn esa bruk varj gS fd mudk xq: psys dk lEca/k gksuk dYiuk esa Hkh lEHko
ugha gS-
50

loZizFke bu xzUFkksa esa lsa dksbZ Hkh xq: jSnkl dk ledkyhu ugha gS- vr% Åij fn, x, i{kksa ds lkeus
budk dksbZ ewY; Hkh ugha gS- fgUnh lkfgR; ds bfrgkl ds tkus ekus fo}kuksa vkpk;Z ij’kqjk prqosZnh ¼mÙkjh Hkkjr
dh lUr ijEijk½ Mk- cnzh ukjk;.k ¼jkekuUn leiznk; vkSj fgUnh lkfgR; ij mldk izHkko½ us Hkh ;g fl)
fd;k gS fd xq: jSnkl vkSj jkeuUn esa dksbZ fj”rk ugha Fkk-
Mk- ;qxs”oj ds vuqlkj ¼dchj lexz i` 153½ jkekuUn lEiznk; esa nh{kk dk vf/kdkj dsoy fojDrksa ;kfu
?kj ckj NksM+ dj lU;klh cuus okyksa dks gh Fkk vkSj jkekuqt lEiznk; esa nh{kk dk vf/kdkj dsoy xÌh/kkjh
czkã.k dks gh Fkk- blh rjg lsBh nEifr ¼jk/kkLokeh C;kl }kjk izdkf’kr % lar dchj½ us ekuk gS fd jkekuUn
vkMEcj vkSj ik[k.M iw.kZ thou thrk Fkk exj lrxq# dchj ds lEidZ esa vius ds ckn og lgh jkg ij vk
x;k-
Mk- ;qxs”oj ds dgs vuqlkj xq: jSnkl nh{kk ds vf/kdkjh ugha Fks D;ksafd os u rks fojDr Fks vkSj u gh
xÌh/kkjh czkã.k- lsBh nEifr ds vuqlkj jkekuUn us lrxq: dchj ds dgs vuqlkj viuk thou cny fy;k- fQj
Hkh ;qxs”oj vkSj lsBh tSls ys[kd mu nksuksa lUrksa dks jkeuUn dk psyk dgsa rks ;g mudh /kwrrZ k gh gS-
jkekuUn dk ,d psyk Fkk vuUr nkl- mlus xq: jSnkl ij ,d iqLrd ¼jSnkl izpbZ½ fy[kh- mlesa izlax
vk;k gS fd fprksM+ dh jkuh us iwjs Hkkjro"kZ esa fdlh ,sls lUr egkiq#"k dh ryk”k dh tks mls eu dh 'kkafr ns
lds rks pkjksa fn”kkvksa esa <aw<us ij mls cukjl esa nks lUr feys % ,d pekj tkfr ds lUr jSnkl rFkk nwljs
tqykgk tkfr ds lUr dchj! jkuh >kyh cukjl vkrh gS rFkk lUr jSnkl lsa feyrh gS rFkk mUgsa viuk xq:
/kkj.k dj ysrh gS-
fdruh vthc ckr gS fd jkuh >kyh dks rks jkekuUn lUr gh utj ugha vk;k vkSj czkã.koknh ys[kd
mls jSnkl dchj ljh[ks egkiq#"kksa dk xq: crkus dh ?k`"Vrk djrs gSa-
,d ckr vkSj Hkh fopkjus ;ksX; gS fd xq: ds gksrs psyk fdlh dks ÞukeÞ ;kfu nh{kk ugha ns ldrk- xq:
jSnkl }kjk ehjk vkSj jkuh >kyh dks nh{kk nsuk ;g fl) djrk gS fd os jkeuUn ds psys ugha Fks- vxj os
jkekuUn ds psys gksrs rks mu nksuksa fL=;ksa dks nh{kk nsus dk vf/kdkj jkekuUn dk curk Fkk vkSj ogh nh{kk nsrk-
xq: jSnkl }kjk ehjk vkSj jkuh >kyh dks nh{kk nsuk ;g fl) djrk gS fd xq: jSnkl jkekuUn ds psys ugha Fks-
fopkj/kkjk % xq: jSnkl vkSj jkeuUn dh fopkj/kkjk esa fnu jkr dk vUrj gS- tSls lUr vkSj ik[k.Mh esa
vUrj gksrk gS oSlk gh vUrj xq: jSnkl vkSj jkeuUn esa gS-
 jkekuUn dÍj czkã.k Fkk- “kwnz dh “kDy ns[kuk Hkh mlds fy, iki Fkk- jSnkl th ds fy, Þ,d uwj lsa
lc tx mitk] dkSu cke.k dkSu lwnk ¼”kwnz½Þ dk fu;e Fkk- mUgksaus dgk %
ÞjSsnkl tUe ds dkj.ks] gksrk ugha
ugha dksb uhp!
uj dks uhp dj Mkys gS] vksNs djeksa dh dhp!!
jSnkl czkã.k u iwft, tks gksos xq.kghu!
iwft, pj.k p.Mky ds tks gksos xq.k izoh.k!!
jkeuUn vksNs dje ;kfu /keZ ds uke ij ik[k.M djus okyk izk.kh Fkk- fQj Hkh og viuh tkfr dk
ÞÅapsÞ gksus dk ?ke.M djrk Fkk- nksuksa esa dghs dksbZ esy gh ugha! jkekuUn ds foijhr jSnkl th dgus
okys %
jSnkl cke.k vkSj paMky esa uk gh varj tku!
lc ?kV ,d tksr gS] lc esa ,d Hkxoku!!
vxj czkã.k jkekuUn mudk xq: gksrk rks xq: jSnkl czkã.kksa ds fo#) bl izdkj lsa ugha cksyrs! lks
;k rks jkekuUn czkã.k ugh Fkk ;k fQj og xq: jSnkl dk xq: ugha Fkk-
 jkekuUn czkã.k/keZ ds oS”.ko lEiznk; lsa lEca/k j[krk Fkk- ekFks ij vaxsth Hkk”kk ds ;w “U” vkdkj
dk fryd yxkuk mlds fy, vfuok;Z Fkk- czkã.k/keZ dk nwljk lEiznk; “kSo lEiznk; Fkk tks f”ko dks
lclsa cM+k Hkxoku ekurk Fkk vkSj ekFks ij rhu ydhjsa yxkuk /keZ le>rk Fkk- nksuksa lEiznk; vkil
esa oSls gh yM+rs ejrs Fks tSls ,d xyh ds dqÙks nwljh xyh ds dqÙkksa lsa yM+rs gSa- xq: jSnkl ds fy,
lkjh dk;ukr gh ,d gS- dksbZ fdlh lEiznk; dk ugha- muds fy, lHkh euq’; Þekuo lEiznk;Þ ds gSa
rFkk ekuork gh lcdk /keZ gS!
51

 og osnksa] iqjk.kksa o vU; czkãf.kd “kkL=ksa esa iwjk fo”okl j[krk Fkk- xaxk Luku dks eks{k nk;d ekurk
Fkk- xq: jSnkl bu lc ik[k.Mksa lsa u dsoy nwj jgrs Fks cfYd lc ykskxsa lsa bu ik[k.Mksa lsa cpus ds
fy, Hkh dgrs Fks- mudk dguk gS %
pkjksa osn fd, [akMksfr] tu jSnkl djS MaMksfr!!
vFkkZr eSa jSnkl pkjksa osnksa dk [k.Mu djrk gwa rFkk bl ckr dk f<a<ksjk iwjh nqfu;k esa ihVrk gw¡-
bl “yksd dk vFkZ ,slk Hkh gksrk gS fd pkjksa osnksa dk [k.Mu djus lsa yksx brus [kq”k gS fd os muds
lkeus n.Mor iz.kke djrs gSa- lUr dchj vkSj jSnkl th ds tekus esa i.Ms jkstkuk lSadM+ksa HksM+]
cdfj;ksa vkSj HkSalksa dh cfy osn&fof/k
&fof/k vuqlkj nsrs Fks- vr% tc jSnkl th us osnksa dk fojks/k fd;k rks
Hkys yksxksa us n.Mor ¼tehu ij Nkrh ds cy ysV dj½ iz.kke djds mudk lRdkj fd;k-
 xq: jSnkl ds fy, lknk] lPpk] lnkpkjh thou thuk /keZ gS ftl esa dksbZ ykx yisV ugha gksrh]
dksbZ fn[kkok dksbZ vkMEcj ugha gksrk- jkekuUn ds fy, fryd yxkuk] xaxk esa fof/k lsa vkSj eqgwrZ ds
fglkc lsa Mqcdh yxkuk] ;K djuk gh /keZ Fkk- lknxh lPpkbZ jkekuUn ds czkãf.kd /keZ dk dHkh
fgLlk ugha jgh-
 ck.kh % xq: jSnkl] xq: dchj vkfn lHkh lUrksa us viuh viuh ck.kh dh jpuk dh gS ftlesa lekt
dks lgh ekxZ ij pyus dh izsj.kk feyrh gS- jkekuUn us fdlh ,slh ck.kh dh jpuk ugha dh tks ;g
dgs fd lnekxZ ij pyuk gh /keZ gS-
xq: jSnkl vkSj jkeuUn dh f”k{kkvksa vkSj dk;Zdykiksa esa gj dne ij dsoy varj gh ugha gSa cfYd
fojks/k Hkh gS- uhps fn;k x;k rqyukRed pkVZ bl ckr dks n”kkZrk gS % ¼dchj lexz i` 154½

jkekuUn ds dk;Zdyki o fopkj/kkjk xq: jSnkl ds dk;Zdyki o fopkj/kkjk


jkekuUn dk oSjkxh ¼yM+kdw½ laxBu gS- tks Hkh lUrksa ds fy, vfgalk gh /keZ gS- lUrksa dks yM+kbZ
mldk psyk cus mls oSjkxh cuuk iM+rk gS- lsa D;k dke!! yM+kbZ rks Mkdqvksa ds fy, t:jh
gS- ;k fQj xhrk ds vuqlkj tqvkfj;ksa ds fy,
yM+kbZ Þ/keZÞ gS-
mldk eU= gS Þjka jkek; ue%Þ ftldk fd gj xq: jSnkl us dHkh Hkh bl rjg ds O;FkZ “kCnksa dk
jkekufUn;s dks tki djuk gksrk gS- tki ugha fd;k- jke iq= n”kjFk dks fdlh Hkh
lUr us viuk jke ugha ekuk- xq: jSnkl us rks
Li"V dgk % jSnkl gekjs jketh nljFk dk lqr
ukafg!
jkekuafn;ksa ds fy, rqylh dh ekyk iguuk rFkk xq: jSnkl us ,sls fQtwy ds ik[k.Mksa dks v/keZ
iwtk esa “ka[k dh iks iksa djuk t:jh gS- ekuk gS- muds vuqlkj ckgjh vkMEcj /kU/kk djus
okyksa ds fy, gSa-
lkfyxzke vkSj xkserh pØ /kkj.k djuk t:jh muds vuqlkj lnkpkjh ekuo ds fy, fdlh pØ]
g-S xÌk] Qjlk vkfn /kkj.k djuk t:jh ugha gS-
eafnj esa fo’.kq dks n.Mor iz.kke djuk rFkk jke viuh iwjh ck.kh esa fo’.kq] guqeku o lhrk dk
y{e.k lhrk guqeku dh iwtk djuk t:jh gS- dgha uke Hkh ugha fy;k- muds fy, ,sls yksxksa dks
mlds lEiznk; esa lhrk dh Jh ¼y{eh½ ds :i iz.kke rks D;k uke ysuk Hkh nwj dh ckr gS- jke
esa iwtk dh tkrh gS- ds fy, Li’V dgk fd jke iq= nljFk mudk
jke ugha gS-
fdlh Hkh ozr okys fnu pkSchl ?k.Vs Hkw[kk jguk Hkxou cq) dh rjg Hkw[ks jgus dks csodwQ vkneh
t:jh gS- dh fu”kkuh ekuk-
ekFks ij pUnz fcUnq rFkk fryd yxkuk t:jh gS xq: jSnkl lnk lknk thou th,- mUgksausa dHkh
rFkk vaxsth esa ;w vkdkj dk fu”kku cukuk Hkh Hkh FkkscM+k jaxus tSls ik[k.M ugha fd, vkSj vius
52

t:jh gS- tVk j[kuk rFkk ;K dh HkLe yxkuk f”k’;ksa lsa Hkh vkgoku fd;k fd ,sls ik[k.M djus
t:jh gS- lsa xqjst djsa-
n.M/kkj.k djuk] xs#vk oL= iguuk rFkk osn /keZ dh fu”kkuh ds rkSj ij dHkh Hkh gkFk esa n.M
ikB djuk t:jh gS- vFkkZr M.Mk ugha idM+k- ges”kk lkns oL= igus
rFkk Hkxou cq) dh rjg osnksa dk [k.Mu fd;k-
/kkfeZd f”k{kk mlh dks nh tkrh Fkh tks mllsa mUgksaus iwjh ekuork dks lnkpkj dh f”k{kk nh-
nh{kk ysrk Fkk- fcuk psys cus f”k{kk ugha nh viuh f”k{kk,a fdlh tkfr fo”ks’k rd lhfer ugha
tkrh Fkh- dsoy f}t gh mlds psys cu ldrs j[kha- fdlh Hkh tkfr dk dksbZ Hkh izk.kh mudh
Fks vkSj f”k{kk ys ldrs Fks- f”k{kk,a viuk ldrk gS-
jkekuafn;ksa ds fy, laLd`r dks ifo= Hkk’kk mUgksaus laLd`r dk fojks/k fd;k rFkk lnk Hkxou
ekuuk t:jh gS- yksd Hkk’kk esa /keZ izpkj djuk cq) dh rjg vke cksy pky dh Hkk’kk esa viuh
mfpr rFkk t:jh ugha ekuk- ckr dgh o mlh esa viuh ck.kh jph-
jkeuUnh dÍj czkã.koknh oS".ko laxBu gS tks jkekuUn ds foijhr jSnkl th jgeku ¼n;koku½
eqfLye dks eysPN ¼?kfV;k vifo=½ le>rk gS- vkSj jketh ¼lnkpkj½ dks ,d gh ekuus okys Fks-
jkekuUn tSls yksx vius Lo&/keZ ds yksxksa dks o dgrs Fks %
Hkh vNwr eku dj mudks ns[kuk Hkh iki le>rs jke jghe nksuksa esjs eu clSa] dgha [kkstu u tkbZ!
gSa- vr% eysPNksa ds jghe dks jke leku le>uk eanj elftn ,d gSa bu esa vUrj ukfga!
muds fy, laHko gh ugha gS- jSnkl gekjk jke lksfg gS jgeku!
dkck dklh tkuksa nksuksa ,d leku!!

lPpkbZ
okLro esa lPpkbZ] ;g gS fd jkekuUn lrxq: dchj dk psyk Fkk- Fkk- cgqr ls yksxksa ;g ckr lquus esa 'kk;n
vViVh yxs exj lPpkbZ ;gh gS fd lrxq# dchj dh 'kj.k esa vkdj jkekuUn us iwjk dk;Zdyki gh cny
fy;k Fkk- jkekuUn dk ,d gh in xq: xzUFk lkfgc esa gS ftlesa mlus Lo;a ;g ekuk gS fd xq: dchj ds
lEidZ esa vkdj mls thou dh lgh jkg fey xbZ gS rFkk og vius xq: ij cfygkjh tkrk gS-
jk/kkLokeh lRlax ds lsBh nEifr o vU; ys[kdksa us bl ckr dks iwjh rjg Lohdkjk gS fd jkekuUn >wBs
vkMEcj rFkk ik[k.M iw.kZ dk;Z fd;k djrk Fkk- 'kwnzksa dks nwj lsa ns[kuk Hkh iki le>rk Fkk- fQj ,d fnu
mldk lkeuk lrxq: dchj lsa gks x;k- fdnoUrh gS fd dchj lkgsc xaaxk ?kkV ij cSBs Fks fd jkekuUn Luku
djds okfil tk jgk Fkk rks og dchj lkgsc lsa Vdjk x;k- tc mls irk pyk fd Vdjkus okyk rks 'kwnz gS rks
mlus dchj lkgsc lsa Hkyh cqjh dgh vkSj og czkã.k 'kq) gksus ds fy, okfil ugkus py fn;k- rc mldk eku
enZu djrs gq, dchj lkgsc cksys % vxj rw cke.k cke.kh tk;k rks vku ckV D;ksa ugha vk;k!!
bl ckr ij f[ké gksdj jkekuUn us lrxq# dchj lsa cgl dh- mlus czkã.k tkfr] osn iqjk.k] ;K] xaxk
Luku vkfn vkMEcjksa dks egku crkrs gq, lrxq: dchj lsa cgl dh- rc czkã.kksa dk vlyh :i crkrs gq,
dchj lkgsc cksys %
i.Ms fuiq.k dlkbZ]
lk/kks ik.Ms fuiq.k dlkbZ!
HksM+ ekj cdjh dks /kkoS] eu esa n;k u vkbZ!
tSls Hkxou cq) ds lkeus Mkdw vaxqfyeky dh cksyrh can gks xbZ Fkh oSls gh lrxq# dchj ds lkeus
jkekuUn dh lkjh gsdM+h fudy xbZ- og vius [kkyh <dkslyksa vkSj ik[k.M iw.kZ vkMEcjksa ds ne ij vf/kd nsj
rd muds lkeus fVd ugha ik;k- vUr esa jkeuUn gkj x;k vkSj dchj lkgsc ds pj.kksa esa fxj iM+k-
rc dchj lkgsc us mls /keZ dk vlyh vFkZ le>k;k- dchj lkgsc lsa /keZ dk okLrfod vFkZ tku dj
mlds eu lsa czkã.kius dh eSy nwj gks xbZ- mlus lrxq: dchj dks viuk xq: eku fy;k- dgk tkrk gS fd
53

mudh “kj.k esa vkdj jkekuUn us lkjs ik[k.M vkMEcj NksM+ fn,- xq: dchj dks viuk xq: /kkj.k djds mlus
lrxq# dchj dh Lrqfr bu “kCnksa esa dh%
dr tkb, js ?kj ykxks jaxq] esjk fpr u pyS eu Hk;ks iaxq!
,d fnol eu HkbZ meax] f?kl pUnu pksvk cgqr lqqxa/k!!
iwtk pkyh czã BkbZa] lks czã crk;ks x# eu ekfga!
tgka tkb;s rgka ty i[kku] rw iwj jáks lHk leku!
osn] iqjk.k lHk ns[ks tksbZ] ogka rks tkb;s tks ;gka u gksbZ!
Lfrxq# eSa cfygkj rksj] ftu ldy Hkje dkVs eksj!
jkekuUn jer czã] xq# dk lcn dkVs dksfV dje!!
vFkkZr dgka tkÅa esjk fpr Mksy jgk gS rFkk eu viax gks x;k gS- ,slk D;ksa gqvk bldk mÙkj nsrs gq,
jkekuUn dgrk gS fd ,d fnu eSaus] tSls fd czkã.k vDlj djrs gSa] ekFks ij lqxaf/kr pUnu yxk dj czã dks
iwtus x;k rks jkLrs esa lrxq# ¼dchj½ fey x,- mUgksaus le>k;k fd Hkxoku rks eu ds Hkhrj gh gS vkSj og iwjh
nqfu;k esa O;kIr gS- osn iqjk.k esa Hkxoku ugha gS- lrxq# lsa lPpk Kku ikdj eSa cfygkjh tkrk gwa ftUgksaus esjs
lkjs Hkze feVk fn, gS- xq: ds Kku us esjs lkjs lansg feVk fn, gS-
jkekuUn dks Kku nsus dh ?kks"k.kk Lo;a lrxq: dchj us Hkh dh gS- mUgksaus dgk % dklh dklh esa ge izxV Hk,]
jkekuUn psrk,! k,! vFkkZr dk”kh esa esjk tUe gqvk gS tgka eSaus jkekuUn dks psrk;k gS vFkkZr mls Kku fn;k gS-
lrxq: dchj lsa nh{kk ysus ds ckn jkeuUn dk xq: jSnkl lsa Hkh feyuk gqvk- mulsa Hkh /keZ dh ckrsa
lquh- nksuksa /keZ HkkbZ;ksa esa dksbZ vUrj ugha tku dj og muds vkxs Hkh n.Mor gks x;k- xq: jSnkl ds “yksdksa esa
bl ckr dk irk pyrk gS fd jkekuUn mudh 'kj.k Hkh vk;k Fkk- os dgrs gSa %
esjh tkfr dqV cka<yk] <ksj <qora k fur gh cukjl vklk iklk!
vc foiz iz/kku frfg djS naMofr]
ofr rksjs uke lj.kkb jSnklk!!
vFkkZr eS jSnkl uhph tkfr dk le>k tkrk gw¡ rFkk esjs tSls yksx jkstkuk cukjl ds vklikl ejs gq,
i”kq <ksrs gSa- vc ns[kks czkã.kksa dk iz/kku eq>s n.Mor iz.kke dj jgk gS vkSj esjh 'kj.k esa vkrk gS-
jkekuUn ds lkFk lkFk mlds nwljs czkã.k psys Hkh xq: jSnkl dh 'kj.k esa vk,- jSnkl th dgrs gSa%
tkds
tkds dqVqac ds <s<] lc <ksj <qora s fQjSa vkt cukjl vklk iklk!
vkpkj lfgr foiz djsa n.Mofr] fru fru ruS jSnkl nklku nklk!!
vFkkZr essjs ifjokj ds lHkh yksx cukjl ds vkl ikl ejs gq, i”kq <ksrs Fks vkt mlh vNwr ds vkxs lHkh
czkã.k n.Mor iz.kke djrs gSa-
xq: jSnkl dh izkphure thouh ÞvFk dFkk jSnkl izpbZÞ esa Hkh o.kZu gS fd jkeuUn us xq: jSnkl lsa /keZ
ds ckjs esa cgl dh rFkk mulsa gkj x;k rFkk mUgsa viuk xq: Lohdkj fd;k- ¼”yksd 213½
vr% bl izdkj jkekuUn us lrxq# dchj vkSj xq: jSnkl nksuksa dks viuk xq: ekuk gS-

jSnkl th dk xq: dkSu\


;g iz”u mBuk LoHkkfod gh gS fd jSnkl th dk okLro esa xq: dkSu Fkk! ;g ,d vk”p;Z vFkok lq[kn
gSjkuh dh ckr gS fd yxHkx fdlh Hkh nfyr lUr dk dksbZ xq: jgk gh ugha- Hkxoku okfYedh lsa ysdj
ckck lkfgc vEcsMdj rd fdlh Hkh nfyr lUr us xq: /kkj.k fd;k gh ugha- xq: /kkj.k djus dh
ijEijk ek= czkã.kksa esa fo|eku Fkh- nfyrksa esa xq: ugha cukus dh ijEijk dks Hkxou cq) lsa tksM+k tk ldrk gS-
tSls Hkxou cq) us fdlh dks viuk xq: ugha cuk;k oSls gh mUgha dh Je.k ijEijk ds nfyr lUrksa us fdlh dks
viuk xq: ugha cuk;k- Hkxou cq) us viuk /keZ izpkj djrs gq, dgk fd os ekxZ nkrk gSa eqfDr nkrk ugha gSa-
oSls gh nfyr lUr lekt ds ekxZ n”kZd cus- vr% mUgsa u rks eqfDrnkrk xq: /kkj.k djus dh t:jr Fkh vkSj u
gh fdlh dk eqfDrnkrk xq: cuus dh t:jr Fkh-
tSls Hkxou cq) us lnkpkj vkSj lPpkbZ dks viuk ekxZn”kZd ¼xq:½ ekuk oSls gh lrxq# jSnkl us Hkh
lnkpkj vkSj lPpkbZ dks viuk fe”ku cuk;k- os cksys%
54

 tu jSnkl jke jax jkrk] xq: izlkn ujd ugha tkrk!


vFkkZr eSaus lnkpkj dks viuk xq: cuk fy;k gS vkSj eSa usd dke djrk gwa blfy, vc eSa ujd ugha
tkÅaxk- lh/kh lh ckr gS fd xq: jSnkl dHkh ik[k.Mksa o vkMEcjksa esa ugha iM+s- LoxZ ujd ds pDDjksa esa u os
[kqn iM+s vkSj u gh fdlh dks Mkyk- muds vuqlkj cqjs deZ djus okys dk thou ;gha ujd cu tkrk gS- vPNs
dke djus okys ds fy, ;gha LoxZ gS- vki fdlh dks Hkh xq: /kkj.k dj yks] cqjs dk Qy cqjk vkSj vPNs dk Qy
vPNkbZ vo”; feysxk-
 ek/kks xq:] lc tx psyk
 uhp dks Åap djS] esjk xksfoan dkgq rs u MjS!
vFkkZr Hkxoku lcdk xq: gS- ogh cPps dks nw/k ihuk crkrk gS- Hkw[k yxus ij jksuk fl[kkrk gS- vU/ks dks
ogh jkLrk lq>krk gS- vkSj lclsa cM+h ckr ;g gS fd og uhp vkneh dks Hkh lncqf) nsrk gS- vxj ,slk ugha
gksrk rks uhp rkdroj fdlh dks lrkus lsa ugha f>>drk- og Hkh lPpkbZ lsa Mjrk gS- dsoy Hkxoku gh fdlh lsa
ugha Mjrk D;ksa fd og lnekxZ ij pyus rFkk lHkh pykus okyk gksrk gS-
lUr jSnkl ds gelgjh lrxq# dchj us Li"V dgk %
xq: dks ekul tks fxus fxus] pj.ke`r djs
djs iku!
os uj ujd esa tk,axs] tUe tUe gks; Loku!!
xq: ekul dfjtS] rs uj dfg, va/k!
gksa; nq[kh lalkj esa] vkxs te dk Qan!!
lUr dchj ,sls vkneh dks QVdkjrs gSa tks Þeuq";Þ dks xq: ekurk gS vkSj mlds iSj /kks, gq, ikuh dks
ihrk gS- os dgrs gSa ,slk vkneh fuf”pr :i lsa ujd esa tkus ds yk;d gS rFkk dqÙks dh tw.kh esa iSnk gksuk
pkfg,- tks vkneh nwljs vkneh dks viuk xq: ekurk gS mls vU/kk le>k tkuk pkfg,- ,sls ew[kZ thrs th nq[kh
jgrs gSa rFkk tYn gh ekSr ds paxqy esa Hkh Qalrs gSa-
dqN yksx /kwrZrk iwoZd ek/kks ;k xksfoan dk vFkZ czkã.kksa ds dkeh rFkk yEiV exj Hkxoku dgk tkus
okyk d`".k dj ldrs gSa exj lPpkbZ ;gh gS fd xq: jSnkl us d`".k dks mldh djrwrksa dh otg lsa bl yk;d
gh ugha le>k fd viuh iwjh ck.kh esa mldk ftØ Hkh djrs!! jkekuUn ds deZ ,sls ugha Fks fd og xq: jSnkl
dk ek/kks ;k xksfoan ;kfu xq: cu ldrk gks!
vr% mijksDr rF;ksa lsa ;g Li"Vr% fl) gksrk gS fd xq: jSnkl dk dksbZ xq: ugha Fkk- jkekuUn rks Lo;a
mudh 'kj.k vk;k Fkk- tSls Hkxou cq) us vkRe eaFku ds tfj, fcuk xq: Kku izkIr fd;k oSls gh xq: jSnkl
dks Kku feyk- tSls cq) us ?kj ?kj tkdj 'khy] d#.kk] lnkpkj ds Kku dk izpkj fd;k xq: jSnkl us Hkh ?kj
?kj tkdj 'khy] d#.kk] lnkpkj dh tksr tykbZ- oSls Hkh lnkpkj d#.kk vkSj 'khy dk ekxZ viukus ds fy,
fdlh vkMEcj fdlh deZdkaM dh vko”;drk ugha gksrh- vkSj tc vkMEcj vkSj deZdkaM dh t:jr ugha rks
Þxq:Þ dh Hkh t:jr ugha gksrh- bl ekxZ ij tks lclsa cM+k lnkpkjh gS ogh lcdk xq: gksrk gS-

v/;k; 6
ehjk ds izHkq % fxfj/kj ;kfu xq: jSnkl
ehjk dk uke /;ku esa vkrs gh ,d lwjr vk¡[kksa ds lkeus mHkjrh gS % ,d yko.;e;h L=h] xksjk jax]
[kqys cky] xys esa ekyk] gkFk esa rkuiqjk vkSj ru ij xs#vk ;k lQsn oL= vkSj eq[k lsa Hktu xkrh gqbZ- czkã.kksa
us dqN ,slh gh Nfo ehjk dh cuk j[kh gS-
Ldwyksa dh fdrkcksa esa rFkk vU; txg ehjk dh thouh crkbZ tkrh gS fd tc og 4&5 lky dh Fkh rHkh
mlus d`".k dks viuk ifr eku fy;k Fkk- ijUrq cM+h gksus ij mldh 'kknh dq[;kr jk.kk ds HkkbZ Hkkst jkt lsa
dj nhs tkrh gS- fookg ds ikap lky ckn gh og fo/kok gks tkrh gS vkSj d`".k dks ikus esa tqV tkrh gS- jk.kk dks
;g lgu ugha gksrk- og mls ekjuas ds iz;kl djrk gS exj lQy ugha gks ikrk- bu ckrksa lsa rax vkdj ,d
fnu og ?kj lsa Hkkx tkrh gS rFkk Hkkjr Hkj dk Hkze.k djrh gqbZ }kjdk igqap tkrh gS- jk.kk mls ykus ds fy,
55

czkã.kksa dh Vksyh Hkstrk gS- czkã.k tkdj ehjk dks feyrs gSa- vxys fnu czkã.kksa us ykxksa dks crk;k fd ehjk rks
d`".k dh ewfrZ esa lek xbZ gS rFkk ewfrZ ds Åij ehjk dh dsoy vks<uh feyh gS-
ehjk dh gR;k dh xbZ %
dksbZ Hkh le>nkj vkneh bl dgkuh dks lR; ugha eku ldrk- dksbZ fdlh Hkh ÞHkxokuÞ dk fdruk Hkh
cM+k HkDr D;ksa u gks og mldh iRFkj dh ewfrZ esa fdlh Hkh gkyr esa ?kql gh ugha ldrk] lekus dh ckr rks
cgqr nwj dh gS- vke vkneh dh rks ckr gh NksM+ks] czkã.kksa ds pkj ladjkpk;Z gSa ftudk #rck Hkxoku ds cjkcj
ekuk tkrk gS] muesa lsa Hkh dksbZ iwjk rks D;k viuh ,d vaxqyh Hkh fdlh Hkh ^Hkxoku^ dh ewfrZ esa ?kqlk dj ugha
fn[kk ldrk- bl dgkuh dk lh/kk lk vFkZ gS fd mu czkã.kksa us ehjk dh gR;k dh] mldh yk”k dks fBdkus
yxk;k vkSj mldh vks<uh d`".k dh ewfrZ ij Mky dj dgkuh cuk nh fd ehjk rks mldh ewfrZ esa lek xbZ gS-
vius fojksf/k;ksa dks bl rjg fBdkus yxkuk mudk lukru fu;e gS] /keZ gS- muds /keZ xzUFk ,slh ?kVukvksa lsa
iVs iM+s gSa- mudk dksbZ Hkh Hkxoku ,slk ugha gS ftlds gkFk esa gfFk;kj u gksa vkSj ftlus /kks[ks lsa yksxksa ds dRy
u fd;s gksa- jke us /kks[ks lsa gR;k,a djds jkek;.k Hkj nh rks d`’.k us /kks[ks lsa dh xbZ gR;kvksa lsa egkHkkjr gh Hkj
nh-
ehjk ds dRy lsa ,d vR;ar vge loky iSnk gksrk gS fd ehjk dh gR;k D;ksa dh xbZ- vxj ,d iy ds
fy, eku Hkh ysa fd og d`".k dh iwtk djrh Fkh rks ;g mldh gR;k dk dkj.k ugha curk gS D;ksafd gtkjksa
jktiwrkfu;ka d`".k dh iwtk djrh Fkha- vxj d`".k iwtk gh mldh gR;k dk dkj.k gksrk rks bu jktiwrkfu;ksa dks
Hkh ehjk tSlh ltk feyuh pkfg, Fkh- ysfdu ehjk ds bykok fdlh vU; dks rks dRy ugha fd;k x;k- tSls
egkRek jko.k dh gR;k djus ds ihNs lhrk gj.k dksbZ dkj.k ugha Fkk D;ksafd mudh gR;k dh ;kstuk lhrk ds
tUe lsa cgqr igys gh cuk yh xbZ Fkh- oSls gh ehjk dh gR;k ds ihNs Hkh mldk rFkkdfFkr d`".k izse Hkh dksbZ
dkj.k ugh Fkk D;ksafd vxj ehjk ?kjckj NksM+ dj d`".k ds xhr xkrh Fkh rks blesa rkssa czkã.kksa dks rks Qk;nk gh
Fkk D;ksafd og rks d`".k izpkj djds muds xzkgd ¼HkDr½ gh c<+k jgh Fkh- jk.kk us vxj ehjk dks ejokuk gksrk rks
og xqaMs Hkstrk ;k vius flikgh Hkstrk- og bl dke ds fy, czkã.kksa dks D;ksa Hkstrk! vr% ;g gR;k fdUgha vU;
dkj.kksa lsa rFkk czkã.kksa }kjk dh xbZ-
bl gR;k dk ,d ek= dkj.k Fkk % ehjk }kjk xq: jSnkl lsa nh{kk ysuk ;kfu mudk f” f”k";Ro xzg.k djuk
vkSj mudh psyh cuuk- cuuk ,d 'kwnz }kjk ,d jktiwrkuh] ftUgsa {kf=; Hkh crk;k tkrk gS] dks f”k{kk nh{kk nsuk
czkã.kksa ds fy, ,d [kqyh pqukSrh Fkh- ;g pqukSrh muds czkã.k/keZ vkSj nku nf{k.kk nksuksa dks Fkh- vxj 'kwnz gh
Kku nsus cSB tk,axs rks fQj czkã.kksa dks dkSu iwNsxk] mUgsa nf{k.kk dgka lsa feysxh- vxj czkã.k/keZ dh tM+
czkã.k gh Hkw[kksa ej x, rks /keZ dks dkSu cpk,xk- vxj 'kwnz gh Kku ckaVus yx x, rks osn] iqjk.k] Le`fr;ka] xhrk
vkfn rks ek= jÌh dk <sj gh cu dj jg tk,axs D;ksafd muesa ntZ “kwnz&izrkM+uk ds fu;e rks csdkj gks tk,axs-
blfy, czkã.kksa us ogh fd;k tks 1500 lky igys nfyr lezkV v”kksd ds ikS= lezkV oqgnFkZ ds lkFk buds
cqtqxksZa us fd;k Fkk- mUgksusa xq: jSnkl vkSj ehjk nksuksa dh gR;k dj nh rkfd yksxksa dks lcd feys fd czkã.kksa
dh jksth jksVh esa jksM+s vVdkus okyksa dk D;k gJ gksrk gS-
,d dgkor gS fd ,d >wB dks vxj lkS ckj lp crk dj izpkj dj fn;k tk, rks yksx mls lpeqp
lp eku ysrs gSa- czkã.k/keZ us ,sls lSadM+ksa >wBh ckrksa dks lPpkbZ cuk j[kk gS- bldk ,slk gh >wB mUgksaus ehjk ds
ckjs esa QSyk fn;k gS- tgka xq: jSnkl dh gR;k djds mUgs fiNys tUe dk ckzã.k ?kksf"kr dj fn;k x;k] ogha
ehjk dh gR;k djds mls d`".k dh HkDr ?kksf"kr dj fn;k x;k- tcfd lPpkbZ ;g gS fd xq: jSnkl viuh lkrksa
ihf<+;ksa dks nfyr ekurs gSa vkSj ehjk us d`".k dk dHkh uke Hkh ugha fy;k- fy;k- vxj og czkã.kksa ds yEIV Hkxoku
dk uke gh ysrh rks ekjh ugha tkrh- tkrh- mlus ÞjSnkl pekjÞ
pekjÞ dk uke fy;k vkSj ekjh xbZ!
fdrus nqHkkZX; vkSj 'keZ dh ckr gS fd vkt ehjk dks mlh /keZ ds ,d Hkxoku dh HkDr crk;k tkrk gS
ftlds fo#) ehjk vkSj muds xq: lUr jSnkl nksuksa us la?k"kZ fd;k- okLro esa ;gh czkã.kksa dk lukru /keZ jgk
gS fd mUgksaus lnk jktk dks ekj dj ^jktk vej jgs* dk ukjk yxk;k gS- lezkV gfj.;df”iq dh gR;k djds
muds csVs dks izâykn dks fo".kq dk HkDr ?kksf"kr dj fn;k x;k tcfd mUgha ds xzUFk lk{kh gSa fd u dsoy
izâykn us cfYd muds csVksa iksrksa rd us czkãf.kd nsoksa lsa VDdj yh rFkk viuh ekr`Hkwfe mulsa vktkn djokbZ-
mUgksaus xq: jSnkl dh gR;k djds mUgsa fiNys tUe dk czkã.k ?kksf"kr dj fn;k- fcydqy blh uhfr ds rgr
56

njckj lkfgc ve`rlj ds vdky r[r lkfgc dks /oLr djds Lo;a mldk fuekZ.k djok fn;k rkfd vkus okys
bfrgkl esa os ;g ntZ djok ldsa fd njckj lkfgc muds }kjk cu;k x;k gS-
blh uhfr ds rgr gj czkãf.kd ys[kd ;g rF; iwjh rjg lsa Nqikrk vk;k gS fd ehjk us lrxq: jSnkl
lsa nh{kk yh Fkh- vxj ge osn iqjk.kksa esa of.kZr fefFkgkl dks NksM+ nsa rks 'kk;n xq: jSnkl igys nfyr lUr Fks
ftUgksaus czkã.kksa ds nh{kk nsus ds ,dkf/kdkj dks u dsoy pqukkSSrh nh cfYd mls lQyrk iwoZd u"V Hkh fd;k- fd;k-
lrxq# dchj us vius /keZ HkkbZ jSnkl th dk iwjk lkFk fn;k- nksuksa nfyr lUrksa us ,d ubZ Økafr dk lw=ikr
fd;k- lfn;ksa igys nfyrksas dk Ldwy ¼vkJe½ dh rjQ ns[kuk Hkh vijk/k ?kksf"kr dj fn;k x;k Fkk- fdlh Hkh
nfyr dks fdlh vkJe esa nkf[kyk ugha feyrk Fkk- vxj dksbZ dqN fo|k vftZr dj Hkh ysrk Fkk rks egkohj
,dyO; dh rjg viax cuk fn;k tkrk Fkk- czkã.kksa us lnk lsa gh nfyrksa dks nck dj vius pePpksa dks Åij
mBk;k gS- egkHkkjr ds vuqlkj egkohj ,dyO; ml le; ds loZJs"B /kuq/kZj ¼/kuq"k ck.k pykus okys½ Fks- ysfdu
czkã.k nzks.k vius pePps vtqZu dks lclsa cM+k /kuq/kZj ?kksf"kr djuk pkgrk Fkk- egkohj ,dyO; ds gksrs ,slk
djuk lEHko ugha Fkk- vr% ml /kwrZ czkã.k us egkohj ,dyO; ds nk,a gkFk dk vaxwBk dkV fy;k!! ,slk nfyrksa
ds lkFk lfn;ksa rd gksrk vk;k! mUgs i<+us ugha fn;k x;k vkSj tks tSls rSls djds i<+ ik;k mls egkohj
,dyO; dh rjg ukdkjk dj fn;k x;k ;k fQj lUr “kEcwd dh rjg ekSr ds ?kkV mrkj fn;k x;k-
xq: jSnkl vkSj xq: dchj us bl vU;k; dks lekIr djus dk chM+k mBk;k- mUgksaus nfyrksa dks Kku
izkfIr ds fy, izsfjr fd;k rFkk Lo;a Hkh Kku ckaVus ds fy, vkxs vk,- mulsa igys fiNys lSadM+ksa lkyksa lsa ,slk
djus dh fgEer dksbZ ugha dj ik;k Fkk- mUgksaus nfyrksa dks crk;k fd fcuk Kku ds dqN Hkh gkfly ugha fd;k
tk ldrk-
ldrk xq: jSnkl }kjk nfyrksa dks f”k{kk nsuk vkSj mllsa c<+ dj xSj nfyrksa dks Hkh nh{kk nsuk czkã.kksa ds
fy, [krjs dh ?kaVh Fkh- vr% czkã.kksa us viuh lfn;kssa dh vktekbZ lke nke n.M Hksn dh uhfr ds rgr mudk
dRy dj fn;k-
vkt D;ksafd lkjs jsfM+;ks] Vh oh] v[kckj] ;gka rd fd U;k;y; Hkh czkãf.kd dCts esa gSa- vr% gj Vhoh
jsfM+;k]s v[kckj okyk xyk QkM+ QkM+ dj fpYyk jgk gS fd ehjk rks d`".k dh izsfedk Fkh- mlh ds I;kj esa
nhokuh Fkh- os lc ds lc lPpkbZ tkurs gSa fd ehjk ds izHkq fxj/kj ukxj xq: jSnkl ds vykok dksbZ ugha gS-
fQj Hkh os >wB ij >wB cksys tk jgs gSa fd ehjk dk d`".k lsa lEca/k Fkk- xq: jSnkl dk uke ysrs mudh thHk
tyus yx tkrh gS- bl >wB ds f[kykQ vxj dksbZ U;k;y; esa tk, rks czkã.koknh tWt ;gh dgrk gS fd ;g
lc vkLFkk dh ckrsa gSa vkSj bUgsa rdZ ij ugha rksyk tk ldrk- ysfdu vxj dksbZ muds Hkxokuksa dh lPpkbZ
[kksy ns rks ;gh tWt mls /kkfeZd Hkkoukvksa dks Bsl crk dj ltk lqukus esa ihNs ugha jgrs! czkãf.kd nsoksa ds
dqd`R;ksa dks /kkfeZd ekus tkvks rks ;g vkLFkk gS] d`".k ds viuh ekeh jk/kk lsa O;fHkpkj ds fdLlksa dks /kkfeZd
ekuuk vkLFkk gS] jke }kjk viuh iwjs fnuksa dh xHkZorh ifRu dks taxy esa fQadokus ds tkfyekuk dqd`R; dks
/kkfeZd dguk vkLFkk gS ysfdu tc dksbZ lPpkbZ ij lsa inkZ mBkus dh fgEer dj ys rks gaxkek gks tkrk gS-
vxj >wB cksyuk czkã.k /keZ esa ^vkLFkk^ gS rks ;g nfyrksa dh Hkh rks vkLFkk gS fd muds xq:vksa dks
viekfur djus okyksa dks os 'kkh”kk fn[kk,a- vxj czkã.k lrxq: dchj ij ykaNu yxk, fd og rks fo/kok dh
uktk;t vkSykn gSa rks nfyrksa Hkh gd gS fd os muds Hkxokuksa dh lPpkbZ crk,a- vkSj og lPpkbZ crk,a tks
muds xzUFkksa esa ekStwn gS- mnkgj.kr% guqeku dh ek¡ vatfu dsljh uked O;fDr dh ifRu Fkh- dsljh dh xSj
ekStwnxh esa vatfu us iou uked O;fDr lsa O;fHkpkj fd;k ftllsa mls xHkZ jg x;k vkSj mllas guqeku iSnk
gqvk- lHkh tkurs gSa fd n”kjFk ds cPps iSnk ugha gksrs Fks- mlus vius taokbZa lsa ;K djok;k vkSj mllsa dgk
fd og dkS’kY;k dh Vkaxsa QSyk dj mldh ;ksfu esa viuk fyax Mkys- ;K ds nkSjku jkfu;ka xHkZorh gqbZa- bllsa
jke iSnk gks x;k- ,slh vkSykn dks ge Hkkjrh; ÞgjkehÞ dgrs gSa- ,sls iSnk gq, czkãf.kd Hkxokuksa] _f"k;ksa vkfn
dh fxurh vla[; gS-
vr% vc czkã.kksa dks ;g lh[k ysuk pkfg, fd 'kh”ks ds ?kjksa esa cSB dj yksgs ds ?kjksa ij iRFkj ugha ekjs
tk ldrs- mUgsa ;g lPpkbZ Hkh Lohdkj dj ysuh pkfg, fd Hkkjr esa vkt ds fnu tks lR;] lnkpkj] uSfrdrk
ckdh gS og ek= nfyr lUrksa dh otg lsa gS vkSj ;g Hkh eku ysuk pkfg, fd czkã.kksa us vkt rd fdlh lUr
dks iSnk ugha fd;k gS- ehjk D;ksafd lUr Fkh blfy, og fdlh czkãf.kd lUr vFkok czkãf.kd Hkxoku dh psyh
gks gh ugha ldrh-
57

ehjk dksbZ cgqr egku lUr ugha Fkh- vr% mldk xq: jSnkl dh f”k";k gksuk vius vki esa dksbZ vge
ckr ugha gS ysfdu vge ckr ;g gS fd vkt lsa 500 lky igys tc 'kwnz dk lM+d ij vkuk Hkh vijk/k Fkk]
'kwnz }kjk f”k{kk dh ckr djus ij mldh thHk dkV nh tkrh Fkh] f”k{kk ds nks “kCn dku esa iM+rs gh mlds dkuksa
esa [kkSyrk gqvk rsy Mky fn;k tkrk Fkk] fdrkcksa dh vksj ns[k ysus ek= lsa mudh vka[ksa QksM+ nh tkrh Fkha-
ml le; xq: jSnkl us ;g fgEer fn[kkbZ fd mUgksaus u dsoy nfyrksa dks f”k{kk nh cfYd ,d jktiwrkuh rd
dks nh{kk ns Mkyh- vkt vktknh ds 60 lky ckn Hkh ehjk ds jktLFkku esa gh vusdksa xkaoksa esa nfyr nwYgk ?kksM+h
ij cSB dj xkao lsa ugha xqtj ldrk- tjk lkspsa 500 lky igys nfyrksa dh D;k gkyr jgh gksxh- ml le;
xq: jSnkl us ,d nfyrksa dks gh ugha jktiwrksa rd dks f”k{kk nsus dk egku dk;Z fd;k- ,sls Fks xq: jSnkl!!

ehjk vkSj jSnkl th ds vkilh lEca/k


ehjk xq: jSnkl lsa :c: feyus okys dqNsd [kq”kulhcksa esa lsa ,d Fkh- tSls nw/k esa fey dj ikuh Hkh nw/k
cu tkrk gS oSls gh ehjk xq: jSnkl lsa feydj ÞjSnklhÞ gh cu xbZ- lUr jSnkl lsa fey dj ehjk dh ekuks lc
bPNk,a iw.kZ gks xbZa- ehjk dh ck.kh lk{kh gS fd og xq: jSnkl dks viuk xq:] Hkxoku] fe=] Hksnuk lc dqN
ekurh Fkh-
Fkh- ehjk us dgk%
[kkstrh fQ:a Hksnuk] ?kjdks u dksbZ djS c[kku!
lrxq# feyS jSnkl EgkuS] nhUgh lqjr lgnku!! ¼iatkc lkSjHk i`- 14½
vFkkZr eSa ehjk ,slk ekuo <wa< jgh Fkh ftls vius eu ds Hksn crk ldwa- esjs tkuus okys] ?kjokys dksbZ Hkh
,slk ugha ftllsa esa vius fny dh ckr dg ldwa- vc eq>s lrxq: jSnkl fey x, gSa ftUgksaus eq>s lgh jkg
fn[kkbZ gS-
ehjk ds mijksDr “yksd esa dqN fo”ks"k “kCnksa dk iz;ksx gqvk gS & Hksnuk] ?kjdks] c[kkfu] lqjr vkSj
lgnkfu- bu jktLFkkuh Hkk"kk ds bu “kCnksa dk [kkl vFkZ gS-
Hksnuk% og izk.kh ftllsa dksbZ vius Hksn Nqik ugha ldrk ;k Nqikuk ugha pkgrk- ,slk izk.kh ,d gh gksrk
gS ftls Hkxoku dgk tkrk gS- ;k fQj dqN gn rd ifr ifRu esa Hksn lka>s gksrs gSa- ehjk ds tekus esa gh lkbZ
cqYys 'kkg tSls lwQh lUr gq, Fks ftUgksaus Lo;a dks Hkxoku dh ifRu ds :i esa eku dj HkfDr dh Fkh- vr% ehjk
us tc xq: jSnkl dks viuk Hksnuk dgk rks mUgsa viuk lc dqN ekuk % og Hkxoku ftllsa og vius eu dk
nq%[k dg ldrh Fkh-
?kjdks % ;kfu dksbZ Hkh vke tkudkj lsa c<+dj djhch tkudkj- jktLFkku esa tc Hkh ifjokj esa fdlh
[kkl fo"k; ij dksbZ fu.kZ; ysuk gksrk gS rks iwjk ifjokj ¼;kfu nknk ukuk ekek ek¡ cki ifr HkkbZ csVk vkfn lc
ds lc½ vkSj ftrus djhch tkudkj ¼iqjksfgr] iM+kslh] fj”rsnkj½ gksrs gSa os lc fey cSB dj QSlyk djrs gSa- ,sls
yksx Þ?kjdkÞ dgs tkrs gSa- ehjk dks ?kjdksa esa lsa ,slk dksbZ feyk ftllsa og vius eu ds nq%[k [kksy lds- mls
dsoy lrxq: jSnkl gh ,sls feys ftllsa mlus vius eu dh ckr dgh-
c[kkfu % fdlh ckr dks iwjs foLrkj lsa crkuk- mnkgj.kr% Hkxoku] /keZ tSls “kCnksa dks ysa- lHkh vius
fglkc lsa tkurs gSa fd /keZ D;k gS] Hkxoku dkSu gS- czkã.kksa ds vuqlkj jke d`".k vkfn Hkxoku gSa vkSj muds
dke /keZ gSa- mudh iwtk djuk] nku nsuk vkneh dk /keZ gS- tc eu esa ,sls iz”u mBrs gSa fd D;k jke d`".k
tSlksa us tks dqdeZ fd;s mUgsa Hkxoku dgk tk ldrk gS ;k iRFkj ds vkxs ?k.Vh ctkus esa /keZ dSls gS vFkok
eafnj ds nku ij i.Ms ,s”k djrs gS rks D;k ;g /keZ dk dke gS\ rc dksbZ ,slk pkfg, tks bu iz”uksa dk lgh
vkSj lVhd mÙkj ns lds- tks gj izdkj dk lansg nwj dj lds- blds fy, O;k[kku pkfg,] c[kkfu pkfg,! xq:
jSnkl us ehjk dks lR; /keZ dh f”k{kk nh ;kfu c[kku fd;k-
lqjr % lqjr ;kfu gks”k- vkneh lqjr esa nks phtksa ds ckn vkrk gS- ,d rks uhan lsa tkxus ds ckn rFkk
nwljk csgks”kh ds ckn- ,d vkSj <ax lsa Hkh lqjr vkrh gS ftls dgk tkrk gS lqjr fBdkus ykuk ;kfu fcxM+s gq,
dks lq/kkjuk- xq: jSnkl us ehjk dh lqjr txkbZ rFkk czkã.kksa dh lqjr fBdkus yxkbZ tks /keZ ds uke ij Bxh
dj jgs Fks- jSnkl th ds lEidZ esa vk dj ehjk us lc izdkj ds czkãf.kd ik[k.M NksM+ fn,- og cksyh %
esjks eu ykX;ks lrxq# lSa] vc uk jgwaxh vVdh!
vVdh!
xq: feY;k jSnklth EgkuS] nhuh Kku dh xqVdh!!dh!!
58

lgnkfu % fdlh dks dqN nsdj vius tSlk cuk ysuk- tSls xq: jSnkl us ehjk dks lqjr dk nku fn;k
vkSj vius tSlk cuk fy;k- os cksys % rksfg eksfg] eksfg rksfg vUrj dSlk! dud dfVd] ty rjax ds tSlk!!
vFkkZr rsjs esjs vkSj esjs rsjs esa ogh vUrj gS tks lksus vkSj xgus esa rFkk ikuh vkSj mldh ygjksa esa gksrk gS- ,slk
gh lgnku mUgksaus ehjk dks fn;k-
ehjk vkxs cksyh %
>a>k] i[kkot]
i[kkot] u os.k ctkor] >kyj u >adkj!
dklh uxj dj pkSd eSa] EgkuS feY;k jSnkl!!
vFkkZr ehjk dks xq: jSnkl dk”kh ftls vktdy cukjl ;k okjk.klh Hkh dgk tkrk gS] esa feys- lclsa
eq[; ckr ;g Fkh fd mUgksaus dksbZ vkMEcj ;k ik[k.M ugha dj j[kk Fkk- czkã.k _f"k ;k i.Ms vkfn tgka Hkh
fVdrs gSa ogka <ksy uxkM+s ctkuk] 'ka[k Qwaduk vkSj ukp xkus dk iwjk 'kksj gksrk gS- jSnkl th lPps lUr Fks- mUgsa
,sls <ksy <ekdksa dh t:jr gh ugha Fkh- ogka u Me: Fkk vkSj u gh nsonkfl;ksa ¼/kkfeZd os”;kvksa½ ds ik;y dh
>adkj Fkh-
oS".kksa ds eafnj esa tkuk gks ;k fdlh vU; rhFkZ ij gj txg yksx 'kksj epkrs gq, tkrs gSa- lkspus dh
ckr gS fd vxj oS".kksa ek¡ gS rks mls feyus ds fy, mlds csVksa dks bruk 'kksj 'kjkck djus dh D;k t:jr gS-
ek¡ lsa feyus ds fy, csVs dks nqfu;k dks lqukuk drbZ t:jh ugha gksrk- ,sls gh xq: dks firk ekuk x;k gS-
vkSykn dks vius firk lsa feyus ds fy, Hkh fdlh vkMEcj dh t:jr ugha gksrh- vr% ehjk dks xq: jSnkl lsa
feyus ds fy, fdlh <ksy uxkjs vFkok 'ka[k dh iks iksa djus dh t:jr ugha iM+h- “kksj djus dh t:jr flQZ
mUgsa gksrh gS tks /keZ ds uke ij /kU/kk djrs gSa- os 'kksj djds vius xzkgd c<+krs gSa fcydqy oSls gh tSls Vhoh
ij foKkiu nsdj O;kikjh vius xzkgd c<+krs gSa-
>adkj % ehjk }kjk iz;ksx fd, x, >adkj “kCn ij fo”ks"k /;ku nsus dh t:jr gS- lHkh tkurs gSa fd
fL=;ksa }kjk ikaoksa esa igus tkus okyh ik;y ctus dh vkokt dks >adkj dgk tkrk gS- czkã.kksa ds vusdksa eafnjksa
esa nsonkfl;ka ukprh gSa- lh/ks lkQ “kCnksa esa mulsa os’;k okys dke fy, tkrs gSa- nf{k.k Hkkjr esa ;syEek uked
L=h dk eafnj gS- ogka ds czkã.kksa us viuh okluk iwfrZ ds fy, ,d vQokg ;k Hkze QSyk j[kk gS fd tks Hkh
nfyr ogka viuh vO;Ld dqavkjh yM+dh mUgsa lkSaisxk mldh euksdkeu iwjh gksxh- ogka flQZ nfyrksa dh csfV;ka
gh Lohdkj dh tkrh gSa- czkã.k] jktiwr] cfu;s vkfn dh yM+dh ogka HksaV esa Lohdkj ugha dh tkrh-
ftl fnu ,slh yM+dh dks igyh ekgokjh vkrh gS mldh 'kknh eafnj ds Hkxoku lsa dj nh tkrh gS-
ml yM+dh lsa lqgkxjkr eukus ds fy, tehankjksa] i.Mksa vkSj jbZlksa esa cksyh yxrh gS- tks lclsa vf/kd cksyh
ÞnkuÞ nsrk gS ogh vius ÞHkxoku dh ifRuÞ lsa lqgkxjkr eukrk gS- mlds ckn tc rd os toku jgrh gSa
nsonkfl;ka cu dj fnu esa eafnj esa ukprh gSa rFkk jkr dks i.Mksa] rhFkZ;kf=;ksa vkfn dh gol iwfrZ djrh gSa-
muds /kU/ks dh dekbZ eafnj dh vkenu gksrh gS-
tc ubZ toku nsonkfl;ka vk tkrh gSa rks iqjkuh cw<+h nsonkfl;ksa dks mBk dj eafnj lsa ckgj QSad fn;k
tkrk gS- rc os [kqys esa os”;ko`fr djus ij etcwj gksrh gSa- cl mUgsa bruk gh vUrj iM+rk gS fd vc mudh
vkenu eafnj dk fgLlk ugha gksrk!! vxj nsonklh ds yM+dh iSnk gks tk, rks og Hkh nsonklh curh gS rFkk
fQj ogh tehankj vkSj i.Ms mldh Hkh cksyh yxkrs gSa- vr% laHko gS fd cgqr ckj Þvly ckiÞ us gh viuh csVh
dh cksyh nh gks rFkk czãk dh rjg vius gh [kwu lsa iSnk csVh lsa ewag dkyk dj fy;k gks!! ;gh czkã.k /keZ gS!
blhds fo#) lHkh lUrksa % jSnkl] dchj] ehjk] ukenso] ukud] ihik vkfn us vkokt mBkbZ Fkh-
,slh nsonkfl;ka ;k eq¶r dh os”;k,a tc ukprh gSa rks mudh ik;yksa lsa >adkj iSnk gksrh gS- ehjk dk
dguk gS fd mls xq: jSnkl lsa feyus ds fy, >adkj djus dh t:jr ugha iM+h- xq: lsa feyus ds fy, cscsVh
cuuk iM+rk gS ukpus okyh os”;k ;k ugha!! fdrus nq%[k vkSj 'keZ dh ckr gS fd vkt mlh ehjk dks czkã.kksa ds
,;k”k d`".k dh HkfDruh crk;k tkrk gS rFkk fdLls dgkfu;ka cuk dj mls d`".k ds vkxs ukpus okyh crk;k
tkrk gS- xq: jSnkl dh psyh gksus dh ltk ds rkSj ij czkã.kksa us mls cnuke djus ds fy, ,slh dgkfu;ka
cukbZ gSa- ehjk jktiwrkuh Fkh blfy, mldh fygkt dj nh xbZ vxj dgha og vU; tkfr lsa gksrh rks fuf”pr
:i esa nsonklh ¼os”;k½ ?kksf"kr dj nh xbZ gksrh!
ehjk us vkxs dgk %
cu ijcr rhjFk nsoyk] yk] <wa<k pgqa fnl nkSj!
59

ehjk Jh
Jh jSnkl “kj.k
“kj.k fcu]
fcu] Hkxoku
Hkxoku vkSj u Bkj!! sj!!
vFkkZr ehjk us Hkxoku dks pkjksa fn”kkvksa ds taxyksa] igkM+ksa rhFkksZa eafnjksa esa <wa<k ysfdu mls jSnkl th dh
'kj.k esa vkdj gh irk pyk fd Hkxoku dgha vkSj ugha gS- lk/kkj.k lsa fn[kus okys bl “yksd esa ehjk us iwjs
czkã.kokn dk [k.Mu dj fn;k gS-
ou % lHkh tkurs gSa fd ou] ioZr] rhFkZ vkSj nsoky; czkã.k/keZ ds LrEHk gSa- czkã.kksa ds lHkh _f"k ouksa
esa jgrs Fks- lPpkbZ ;g gS fd os _f"k ogka ij vius vkJeksa ;kfu QkeZ gkmlksa esa ,s;k”kh djrs Fks- czkãf.kd
'kkL=ksa ds vuqlkj 50 lky dk gks tkus ij gj lukruh dks ou esa tkuk vfuok;Z gS- oSls vkt rd ,d Hkh vke
czkã.k ou esa jgus ugha x;k D;ksafd mls vkt ogka og ,s;k”kh ugha feyrh tks _f"k vius QkeZ gkmlksa ij djrs
Fks- mnkgj.kr% Hkjr tc v;ks/;k okfl;ksa dks lkFk ysdj jke lsa feyus x;k rks jkLrs esa czkã.k _f"k Hkkj}kt dk
vkJe ;kfu QkeZ gkml vk;k- og ogka Bgj x;k- ogka ml _f"k us Hkjr ds lkFk tkus okys gj vkneh dks lkr
lkr os”;k,a is”k dh tks enksZa dh ekfy”k djus] mcVu yxkus vkSj ugykus esa ,DliVZ Fkh! dksbZ Hkh mUgsa NksM+
dj jke dks feyus ds fy, vkxs tkus dks rS;kj ugha gqvk- Hkjr mUgsa Mjk /kedk dj vkxs vius lkFk ysdj
x;k- iwNk tk ldrk gS fd og of”k’B vxj lk/kw Fkk rks mlds ikl bruh yM+fd;ka dgka lsa vkbZa-
ioZr % muds lkjs nso nsfo;ka igkM+ksa ij jgrs Fks- oS".kksa pkeq.Mk Tokyk vkSj irk ugha fdruh gh nsfo;ka gSa
ftuds vÏs igkM+ksa ij gh gSa- f=ewfrZ esa lsa ,d f”ko vkSj mldh choh ikoZrh rks dSyk”k uked igkM+ ij gh jgrs
gSa exj muds fyax ;ksfu uhps eSnkuksa esa iqtok;s tkrs gSa- guqeku vkSj d`".k rks igkM+ oSls gh mBk, ?kwers jgrs Fks
tSls vktdy yksx eksckby Qksu fy, ?kwers jgrs gSa-
rhFkZ % rhFkksZa dk ik[k.M rks czkã.k/keZ dh lkalsa gSa- rhFkksZa ds ckjs esa cgqr lh vQokg QSykbZ gqbZ gSa fd
iz;kx esa ugkus lsa eks{k fey tkrk gS] dk”kh esa ugkus lsa LoxZ feyrk gS] gfj}kj esa ugkus lsa Hkxoku fey tkrk
gS vkfn- rhFkksZa lsa dekbZ us gh czkã.kokn dks cpk j[kk gS- vxj rhFkksZa dh dekbZ u gksrh rks czkã.kokn dHkh dk
bfrgkl cu pqdk gksrk-
nsoyk % nsoky; ;kfu eafnj mudh dekbZ ds vÏs gh gSa- vxj iwjs Hkkjr ds eafnjksa dh dekbZ dk VksVy
yxk;k tk, rks Hkkjr ljdkj dh dqy vkenu lsa de ugha cSBsxh!! nf{k.k ds dbZ eafnjksa esa rks vkneh dh HkfDr
vkSj yXu dh ctk, mldh tsc ds vk/kkj ij n”kZu dh ykbusa yxrh gSa- dqN yk[k #i, nsus okyk ewfrZ ds ikl
tk ldrk gS] gtkj nsus okyk nwj lsa ekFkk Vsd ldrk gS lkS ipkl nsus okyk cl nwj lsa pyrs gq, mls ns[k
ldrk gS- czkã.kksa dh 'kkfrjrk pkykdh ns[kks fd yksx fQj Hkh ml ewfrZ dks ekFkk Vsdus vkrs gSa ftlds ikl
mUgsa fcu iSlksa ds tkus gh ugha fn;k tkrk-
czkãf.kd rhFkksZa dk [k.Mu djus ds fy, gh lrxq# dchj vafre le; esa exgj pys x, Fks ftlds ckjs
esa dgk tkrk Fkk fd ogka ejus okyk udZ esa tkrk gS- dchj cksys vPNs ;k cqjs dke djus lsa LoxZ ;k ujd ;gha
fey tkrk gS- mudh rjg gh ehjk cksyh bu dekbZ vkSj ,s;k”kh ds vÏksa ;kfu ioZr] eafnjksa] rhFkksZa ij Hkxoku
ugha gS- og cksyh Hkxoku rks xq: jSnkl tSls lPps lUr ds opuksa esa gS] deksZa esa gS- mlus dgk fd czkãf.kd
vkMEcjksa % ou esa tkuk] eafnj dh ?kafV;ka ctkuk] xaxk teuk esa Mqcdh yxkuk] dFkk,a djuk] ;K djuk vkfn lsa
eqfDr ugha feyrh- ;g lc rks ik[k.M gS tks czkã.ksa us viuh jksth jksVh pykus ds fy, cuk j[ks gSa-
xq: jSnkl dh Lrqfr esa ehjk us dgk%
esjks eu ykX;ks lrxq# lSa] vc uk jgwaxh vVdh
xq: feY;k jSnklth EgkuS] nhuh Kku dh xqVdh
ehjk lrxqj nso dh djS oanuk vkl
tks psru vkre dj~;k]k] /ku Hkxoku jSnkl!!
xqVdh % ehjk us vius mijksDr inksa esa Li"V fd;k gS fd mlds izHkq xq: jSnkl gh gSa vU; dksbZ ugha-
igys “yksd esa mlus dgk gS fd mldk eu xq: jSnkl esa je x;k gS D;ksafd mUgksaus mls Kku dh xqVdh nh gS-
vc Kku feyus ij og dgha ij vVdh ugha jgsaxh- bl “yksd esa ÞxqVdhÞ “kCn fo”ks"k egRo j[krk gS- xqVdh ;k
Þ?kwaVhÞ uotkr cPps dks nh tkrh gS-
czkãf.kd ijEijk ds vuqlkj tc Åaph tkfr okys tusÅ /kkj.k djrs gSa rks mudk nwljk tUe gksrk gS
vkSj os Þf}tÞ dgykrs gSa- ckS)] Je.k vFkok lUr ijEijk ds vuqlkj tc dksbZ O;fDr fHk{kq curk gS rc mldk
nwljk tUe gksrk gS rFkk ml fnu lsa mldh vk;q fxuh tkrh gS- ckn esa fHk{kq cuus okyk igys okys lsa de mez
60

dk ;kfu NksVk ekuk tkrk gS pkgs og fdlh Hkh tkfr dk gks- czkãf.kd ijEijk esa czkã.k dk cPPkk pkj lky dk
gksus ij] {kf=; dk vkB lky rFkk oS”; dk ckjg lky dk gksus ij tusÅ /kkj.k djrk gS- vr% czkã.k gj gky
esa nwljksa lsa Åij gh cuk jgrk gS-
ehjk dk dguk gS fd lUr jSnkl us mldks Kku dh ?kwaVh nh gS vFkkZr xq: jSnkl dh psyh cuus ij
mldk nwljk tUe gqvk gS- vke yksx ,slk ekurs gaS fd tks O;fDr cPps dks igyh ?kwaVh nsrk gS cPps dk LoHkko
oSlk gh cu tkrk gS- jktLFkku xqtjkr ds yksxksa esa rks cqjs LoHkko okys dks rkuk Hkh fn;k tkrk gS fd mls fdlh
cqjs vkneh us ?kwaVh nh gS- blfy, ?kwaVh cgqr lksp le> dj fnyokbZ tkrh gS- vr% tc ehjk us xq: jSnkl lsa
?kwaVh yh rks pkjksa fnlkvksa esa iwjh Nkuchu djus ds ckn gh mlus ,slk dne mBk;k-
vkRe vki % ehjk us xq: jSnkl dks Hkxoku ekuk gS D;ksafd mUgksaus mls vkRe Kku fn;k gS- vkRe Kku
vkRek dk Kku ugha gS cfYd ;g Hkxou cq) dk lansn”s k gS ftls lUrksa us vkxs c<+k;k gS- Hkxou cq) us dgk %
vÙk nhiks Hko% vFkkZr viuk nhid vki cuks- viuk Hkyk cqjk [kqn lkspks [kqn viuk ekxZ pquks- os cksys fd
vkneh vkSj i”kq esa ,d gh varj gksrk gS fd vkneh uSfrd vkSj vuSfrd dk;ksZa dh igpku dj ldrk gS i”kq esa
,slk le> ugha gksrh- vr% vkneh dks viuk uSfrd ekxZ Lo;a pquuk pkfg,- lUr bls ÞvkRe vkiÞ txkuk dgrs
gSa- vr% tc ehjk dgrh gS fd xq: jSnkl us mlesa vkRe vki txk;k gS rks mldk dguk ;gh gS fd vc og
viuk Hkyk cqjk Lo;a lksp ldrh gS- xq: jSnkl us mls fdlh vkRek ;k Hkxoku ds n”kZu ugha djok,-
jkspd vU/k Hk;kud R;kX;ks] Kku ;FkkjFk ik;ksth
ehjk izHkq jSnkl lj.k yS] vkre vki txk;ks th!!
bl “yksd esa ehjk us rhu phtsa rks R;kxus dh ckr dh gS rFkk xq: jSnkl dh 'kj.k esa tkdj vkre
vki txk dj lPpk Kku izkIr djus dh ckr Hkh dgh gS- ;g jkspd] vU/k vU/k vkS
vkSj Hk;kud D;k gSa blh ds ihNs
ehjk dh lPpkbZ NqikbZ xbZ gS-
jkspd] vU/k vkSj Hk;kud % ehjk us dgk gS fd xq: jSnkl dh 'kj.k esa tkdj mlus bu rhu phtksa dk
R;kx dj fn;k gS- bu rhu dks tkuus ds fy, ;g tkuuk t:jh gS fd xq: jSnkl dh 'kj.k esa vkus lsa igys
ehjk D;k djrh Fkh ftls mlus mudh 'kj.k esa vkus ds ckn R;kx fn;k- ehjk dh dFkk gS fd cpiu esa og d`".k
dh HkfDruh Fkh- 'kknh ds dqN gh lky ckn og fo/kok gks xbZ Fkh- llqjky okyksa us rax fd;k rks og ?kjckj
NksM+ dj fudy xbZ- Kku vkSj 'kkafr dh ryk’k esa ?kwerh gqbZ og dk”kh vk xbZ tgka mldh eqykdkr xq: jSnkl
lsa gks xbZ-
xq: jSnkl ds lEidZ esa vkus ds ckn ehjk dk ogh gky gqvk tks tkSgjh ds lEidZ esa vkus ij dPps ghjs
dk gksrk gS- xq: jSnkl us mls rjk”k dj mlesa Nqih lkjh dh lkjh cqjkbZ;ka fudky nha] ftrus izdkj ds jkspd]
vU/k vkSj Hk;kud czkãf.kd fopkj mlesa Fks lHkh mlus R;kx fn,-
jkspd % czkã.kokn lnk lsa gh vU/kfo”okl] vukpkj vkSj vuSfrd fu;eksa dk laxzg jgk gS- izkphu dky
esa ;Kksa esa lc izdkj ds vukpkj gksrs Fks- egkHkkjr dky esa Hkh gj izdkj ds vukpkj gq,- NksVs HkkbZ dh ifRu dks
tw, esa gkjus okys dks /keZ iq= dgk x;k- jkek;.k esa viuh iwjs fnu dh xHkZorh ifRu dks taxy esa fQadokus okys
dks Hkxoku dgk x;k- ,sls gh d`".k ds O;fHkpkj dh dFkkvksa dks jkspd cuk dj is”k fd;k x;k-
czkã.k/keZ esa ik[k.M ds flok; dqN Hkh ugah gS- muds dqN jkspd ik[k.M bl izdkj lsa gSa %
∗ fd vxj czkã.kksa dks nku nksxs rks LoxZ feysxk- LoxZ esa pkSchlksa ?k.Vs vIljkvksa ¼os”;kvksa½ dk ukp
pyrk jgrk gS- eq¶r dh ¼lkse½ nk: feyrh gS- eky iw, vyx lsa feyrs gSa-
∗ Jk) esa tks dqN [kkus iguus ds fy, czkã.k dks nksx ogh dqN nkuh ds firjksa dks feysxk-
∗ d`".k ds jk/kk lsa vuSfrd lEca/kksa dks cM+s euksgj <ax lsa is”k fd;k x;k gS- d`".k yhyk i<+us okyksa
dks gj izdkj dk vkuUn vkrk gS- /keZ dk /keZ gks tkrk gS rFkk dkeqdrk dk Hkh dke iwjk gks tkrk
gS-
ehjk dgrh gS fd xq: jSnkl lsa nh{kk ysus ds ckn mlus czkã.kokn ds lHkh jkspd ik[k.M R;kx fn, gSa-
mlus LoxZ ujd vkSj d`".k dh jkspd yhyk,a lHkh R;kx nh gSa- LoxZ dh dYiuk vkSj d`".k dh dkeqd yhykvksa
ds vfrfjDr czkã.k/keZ esa dqN Hkh jkspd ugha gS-
61

vU/k % vU/kfo”okl dk gh nwljk uke czkã.kokn gS- vkfndky esa czãk }kjk /kjrh cukus ds >wB lsa ysdj
bDdhloha lnh esa ewfrZ;ksa }kjk nw/k ihus rd czkã.kksa dk bfrgkl vU/kfo”oklds dkeksa lsa gh Hkjk iM+k gS- xaxk esa
Mqcdh yxkus lsa iki nwj gksus dh ckr gks] ;K esa ekjus okys i”kq dk LoxZ esa tkus dh ckr gkss] Jk) esa czkã.k
dks gyok iwjh f[kykus dh ckr gks] eafnj esa ?k.Vh ctkus dh ckr gks- nsonkfl;ksa ¼os”;kvksa½ dk eafnj esa ukpuk
gks] lc vU/kfo”okl dk gh Qy gSa- ;g lc u gks rks czkã.kokn gh ugha jgsxk! xq: jSnkl dh 'kj.k esa vkdj
ehjk us lc ik[k.Miw.kZ vU/kfo”okl R;kx fn, Fks-
Hk;kud % izkphu dky esa dqN ns”kksa ;k lH;rkvksa esa Øwjrk Hkh /keZ dk vax Fkh- vkpk;Z prqjlsu us viuh
iqLrd Þlksuk vkSj [kwuÞ esa fcydqy lgh dgk gS fd ftrus yksx /keZ ds uke ij ekjs x, gS mrus yksx
egkejfj;ksa lsa Hkh ugha ejs gksaxs- czkã.kksa dk izkphu bfrgkl osnksa lsa 'kq: gksrk gS rFkk iqjk.kksa ij lekIr gksrk gS-
muds gjsd xzUFk esa Hk;kud lsa Hk;kud ;q)ksa] lkft”kksa vkSj dRyksa dk o.kZu gS- d`".k }kjk #dk #dk;k ;q) iqu%
HkM+dok dj yk[kksa uj ukfj;ksa dk ejokuk D;k de Hk;kog gS- jke }kjk iwjs fnuksa dh xHkZorh lhrk dks taxy esa
fQadokuk de Hk;kud ugha gS- jfUrnso }kjk jkstkuk nks gtkj xk;sa dkV dj czkã.kksa dks f[kykuk fdls Hk;kud
ugha yxsxh- _Xosn esa rks euq"; dh cfy nsus ds ,d lsa T;knk fdLls ekStwn gSa- ;K esa vkneh dks dkV dj
mldk ekal Hkwu dj [kkuk fdls Hk;kog ugha yxsxk-
xq: jSnkl dh 'kj.k esa vkdj ehjk us vkRe Kku ikdj bu lc izdkj ds czkãf.kd ik[k.Mksa dks R;kx
fn;k- mudh N=Nk;k esa jg dj ehjk us thou dk ;FkkFkZ tkuk- /keZ D;k gS bl ckr dks tkuk- mlus tkuk fd
Hktu xkuk] <ksy ihVuk] ik;y ctkuk] cfy nsuk & ;s lc /keZ ds uke ij ik[k.M gSa-
ehjk ds fxfj/kj ukxj dkSu % ehjk ds dqN Hktu xk, tkrs gSa ftlesa fxfj/kj ukxj dk uke vkrk gS-
czkãf.kd ys[kd mldk vFkZ djrs gSa fd ;g fxfj/kj ukxj czkã.kksa dk d`".k uked Hkxoku gS D;ksafd fxfj/kj
mlh dk uke gS-
;g cM+k csgqnk lk rdZ gS- vxj uke ds feyus ek= lsa ,slk gksus yx tk, rc rks cgqr xM+cM+ gks
tk,xh- vxj uke ,d tSls gksus ij ehjk dk fxfj/kj d`".k gS rks D;k Hkkjr esa vkt ds fnu ftrus n”kjFk uke
okys vkneh gSa os lHkh jke ds cki gSa ;k ftrus Hkh oklnso gSa os d`".k ds cki gSa- vxj bu ukeksa okys yksx jke
;k d`".k ds cki ugha gSa rks ehjk ds fxfj/kj ukxj Hkh d`".k ugha gS- lR; vkSj rF; ;gh gS fd xq: jSnkl dh
'kj.k esa vkdj ehjk us dHkh dHkh fdlh czkãf.kd Hkxoku dk uke ugha fy;k- fy;k- mlus czkã.k/keZ vkSj mlds lHkh nsoh
nsork Hkxoku vkMEcj iwtk ikB lHkh R;kx fn, Fks- vr% ehjk ds fxfj/kj ukxj dks d`’.k crkuk /kwrZrk gh gS-
ehjk us dgk%
ehjk uS xksfcan feY;k th] feY;k xq: jSnkl ¼xq: jSnkl jk/kk Lokeh Msjk 24½
vFkkZr ehjk dk dguk gS fd tc mls xq: jSnkl feys rks mls xksfcan fey x,- d`’.k ds dbZ ukeksa esa lsa
,d uke xksfoan Hkh gS- n”ke xq: xksfcUn flag dk uke Hkh xksfcUn gh gS ysfdu fdlh fl[k fo}ku us vkt rd
;g ugha dgk fd bl “yksd esa ehjk us xq: xksfcan flsg dk uke fy;k gS- fl[k lPpkbZ dguk vkSj lquuk viuk
/keZ ekurs gSa- ysfdu czkã.k /keZ esa rks /keZ iq= mls dgrs gS tks >wB cksy dj nwljksa dh gR;k djrk gS- vr% ,sls
gh /kwrZ ^/keZ iq=ksa^ us ;g ckr QSyk j[kh gS fd ehjk ds fxfj/kj xq: jSnkl ugha Fks cfYd d`’.k Fkk-
bl “yksd esa ehjk us Li’V :i lsa xq: jSnkl dks viuk xksfcan dgk gS- vr% mlus tc Hkh vius
Þfxfj/kj ukxjÞ dj Lej.k fd;k gS rks mlus ek= vius xq: jSnkl dks gh ;kn fd;k gS ftUgsa og xqVdh nsus
okyk Hksnuk ekurh gS-

ehjk ds thou lsa tqM+s dqN fdLls


xq: jSnkl dh rjg ehjk ds lkFk Hkh dqN fdLlsa tqM+s gq, gSa fd jk.kk us mls ekjus ds dbZ ;Ru fd,
exj og gj ckj cp xbZ- tgka Lo;a ehjk us viuh ck.kh esa xq: jSnkl dks viuk izk.k j{kd crk;k ogha czkã.kksa
us viuh /kwrZrk fn[kkrs gq, xq: jSnkl dh txg d`".k dks mldk izk.k j{kd cuk fn;k gS- czkã.kksa us bu
f?kVukvksa dh lPPkkbZZ dks Hkh rksM+ ejksM+ dj j[k fn;k gS-
62

jk.kk }kjk tgj nsus dh dFkk


ehjk ds ckjs esa ;g dFkk vke izpfyr gS fd ehjk }kjk jkst jkst dh lRlax o lUrksa ds vkus tkus lsa
rax vkdj mlds tsB jk.kk us mls ekjus ds fy, mlds ikl tgj dk I;kyk Hkstk- ehjk us tgj ih fy;k exj
mlds “kjhj esa tgj dk vlj ugha gqvk- czkã.kksa us dFkk tksM j[kh gS fd ehjk us d`".k dk uke ysdj tgj dk
I;kyk ih fy;k- blfy, ml ij tgj dk vlj ugha gqvk-
bl dFkk dk lp >wB tkuus ds fy, nks izdkj ds izek.k gks ldrs gSa- igyk izR;{k nwljk ehjk dh
ck.kh- izR;{k esa rks ;g izek.k gS fd vkt ds fnu Hkkjr esa yk[kksa d`’.k HkDr gSa- yk[kksa jk/kk,a gSa- ,d vkneh rks
vHkh dqN fnu igys iqfyl dh ukSdjh NksM+ dj jk/kk cuk gS- buesa lsa dksbZ ,d Hkh d`’.k dk uke ysdj ?kkrd
tgj ihdj fn[kk ns- vxj og tgj ihdj d`’.k dk uke ysus lsa cp ldrk gS rks ekuk tk ldrk gS fd ehjk
Hkh mldk uke ysdj cp xbZ- ehjk dks gq, ;qx ugha chrs gSa- og Hkh dfy;qx esa iSnk gqbZ Fkh vc Hkh ogh
dfy;qx gS- vr% vxj rc peRdkj gkss ldrk Fkk rks vc Hkh gksuk pkfg,-
nwljs izek.kksa esa Lo;a ehjk dh ck.kh lsa c<+ dj dksbZ lcwr ugha gks ldrk- bl ?kVuk ij ehjk us dgk %
ehjk EgkuS ekjuS jk.kk jkSI;ks tky
fcl O;kI;ks u ckijks /ku Hkxoku jSnkl!
vFkkZr ehjk dk dguk gS eq>s ekjus ds fy, jk.kk us tky fcNk;k ysfdu Hkxoku jSnkl dh eSa /kU;oknh
gwa fd mUgksaus tgj dks esjs esa ÞckijusÞ gh ugha fn;k-
bl “yksd esa nks “kCn /;ku nsus ;ksX; gSa- ehjk dgrh gS fd eSa cfygkjh tkrh gwa Hkxoku jSnkl ds
ftudh otg lsa tgj ÞO;kI;kÞ rFkk ÞckiqjkÞ ugha- ^O;kI;k ugha^ dk vFkZ gS O;kIr ugha gqvk ;kfu QSyk ugha vkSj
ckiqjk ugha dk vFkZ gS vk;k ugha ;k iwjk ugha iM+k- vr% bl “yksd dk vFkZ gqvk fd jk.kk us rks tgj ns fn;k
Fkk exj xq: jSnkl dh otg lsa tgj iwjk ugha iM+k ;k iwjs “kjhj esa O;kIr ugha gqvk vFkkZr QSyk ugha-
,slk dSls laHko gqvk] bldk mÙkj tkuus ds fy, Hkxoku cq) ds fHk{kq la?k dks tkuuk t:jh gS- lHkh
tkurs gSa fd Hkxoku cq) us fHk{kq la?k dh LFkkiuk dh- fHk{kqvksa dks /keZ izpkj ds fy, taxyksa ufn;ksa igkM+ksa dks
ikj djds xkao xkao ?kweuk iM+rk Fkk- jkLrs esa mUgsa gj izdkj dh ck/kk,a ikj djuh iM+rh Fkh- vr% 'kkjhfjd :i
lsa LoLFk jgus ds fy, mUgsa ;ksx lh[kuk iM+rk Fkk rFkk chekjh lsa cpus ds fy, nslh tM+h cwfV;ksa dk Kku Hkh
j[kuk iM+rk Fkk- iSny ?kweus ds dkj.k os cgqr ckj lkai fcNqvksa dk f”kdkj Hkh gks tkrs Fks- vr% mUgsa muds tgj
dk bykt djuk Hkh lh[kuk iM+rk Fkk-
xq: jSnkl Hkxou cq) dh Je.k laLd`fr ds gh lUr Fks- os Hkh viuk /keZ izpkj djus xkao xkao ?kwes Fks-
vr% os Hkh tgj dks csvlj djus dk bykt tkurs Fks- tc jk.kk us ehjk dks tgj fn;k rks xq: jSnkl us vius
bykt lsa ml tgj dks “kjhj esa QSyus ;kfu O;kIr ugha gksus fn;k- mUgha ds bykt dh otg lsa tgj iwjs “kjhj
esa ckiqjk ugha ;kfu iwjh rjg ugha QSyk vkSj ehjk cp xbZ-
bl “yksd esa ,d ckr /;ku nsus ;ksX; gS fd blesa dgha Hkh fdlh peRdkj dh ckr ugha dh xbZ gS- xq:
jSnkl us tgj jksdus esa dksbZ peRdkj ugha fd;k gS- mUgksaus ,d oS| dh rjg tgj dk bykt fd;k gS- xq:
jSnkl Lo;a peRdkjksa vkMEcjksa vkSj ik[k.Mksa dk [k.Mu djrs gSa rFkk fojks/k djrs gSa- vr% vxj dksbZ ,slk dgs
fd mUgksaus peRdkj ds cy ij tgj mrkj fn;k rks ;g xyr c;kuh gksxh- xq: jSnkl vke bUlku dh rjg gh
Fks( cl muesa nks xq.k vU; yksxksa lsa c<+ dj Fks % ,d lnkpkj nwljk gkSlyk ;k fgEer-
ehjk ds tgj mrkjus okyh bl ?kVuk dks d`".k ds lkFk tksM+uk /kwrZ yksxksa dk dke gS- igyh ckr rks
;g gS fd d`".k flQZ ,d dkYifud ik= gS- og u dHkh iSnk gqvk vkSj u dHkh iSnk gksus okyk gS- vxj og iSnk
gqvk Hkh Fkk rks ehjk ds tUe lsa dbZ lky igys ,d f”kdkjh ds tgjhys rhj lsa ekjk tk pqdk Fkk- ehjk ds le;
mldk ukeks fu”kku Hkh ugha Fkk- vxj mlesa ehjk dk tgj de djus dh 'kfDr Fkh rks [kqn D;ksa rhj ds tgj lsa
ej x;k- dksbZ dgs fd d`".k ds tks rhj yxk og fcuk tgj ds Fkk rks ;g dguk xyr gS D;ksafd yksx rks iwjk
iSj dV tkus ij Hkh ugha ejrs fQj d`".k dSls rhj dh uksd yxrs gh ej x;k- vxj rhj esa tgj ugha Fkk rks
blesa ejus okyh rks dksbZ ckr gh ugha Fkh-
jk.kk ds tgj ds okj lsa cpus ds ckn ehjk us xq: jSnkl ds lEeku esa ;g in dgs%
ehjk] Egkjs lUr gSa] eSa lUrka jh nkl
63

psru lÙkk lSu ;s nh[kr xq: jSnkl!!


vFkkZr ehjk dk ,yku gS fd og lUr jSnkl muds gks x, gSa rFkk og mudh nkl ¼f”k";k½ cu xbZ gS
D;ksafd xq: jSnkl izR;{k esa mls Þpsru lÙkkÞ fn[kkbZ ns jgs gSa- psru lÙkk dk vFkZ gS ftls lc dqN dk Kku gks
;kfu tks cq) gks-
ekrk firk dqVac dchyk lc eryc dk xjth]
ehjk dk izHkq Fke gh Lokeh Jh jSnkl lrxq# th!!
xq: jSnkl dh laxr djus ij ehjk dks mlds lHkh ifjokj okyksa us R;kx fn;k Fkk- blfy, ehjk us mu
lc dks eryc ds xjth ;kfu LokFkhZ dgk- jSnkl th us u dsoy mldh tku cpkbZ cfYd mls lgh jkg Hkh
fn[kkb-Z blfy, mlus jSnkl th dks viuk izHkq] viuk Lokeh lc dqN ekuk- lh/kh lh ckr gS tc ehjk xq:
jSnkl dks gh viuk izHkq vkSj Lokeh eku jgh gS rks nwljs vxj d`".k dks mldk izHkq crk,a rks ;g lh/k lh/ks
mudk dehukiu gS-
,d ckr vkSj Hkh gS fd vxj ehjk dk tgj d`".k us mrkjk rks ,sls rks Hkkjr esa vusdksa d`".k HkDr gSa tks
gj lky tgj ihdj ;k tgj fn, tkus ij vFkok lkai ds dkVus vkfn lsa ej tkrs gSa rks d`".k mUgsa D;ksa ugha
cpkrk\ d`".k xhrk esa cdokl djrk gS fd 'kwnz] L=h vkSj oS”; iki ;ksfu vFkkZr iki dh vkSykn gSa- vr% ;g
iwNk tk ldrk gS fd og iki ;ksfu dh psyh dks rks D;ksa cpkus vk;k ysfdu czkã.kksa vkSj muds psys psfy;ksa dks
D;ksa cpkus ugha vkrk\
ehjk dks jk/kk dk vorkj crkuk % /kwrZrk dh pje lhek
vktdy ,d u;k fjokt pyk gS fd ehjk dks jk/kk dk vorkj crk;k tkus yxk gS- vDlj dFkk djus
okys ,slh dFkk,a lqukrs gSa fd ehjk fiNys tUe esa jk/kk Fkh rFkk ckn esa ehjk cu dj iSnk gks xbZ- dqNsd d`".k
HkDr viuh oSc lkbVl ij Hkh ehjk dks jk/kk dk gh iqutZUe ;k vorkj crk jgs gSa-
ehjk dks jk/kk dk :i ;k iqutZUe ;k vorkj crkus okys ije /kwrZ gSa- blds dkj.k gSa %
1- jk/kk ,d dkYifud ik= gS- mldh dYiuk ek= d`".k dh ,s;k”kh dh dgkfu;ka ?k<+us ds fy, dh xbZ-
,d iy ds fy, vxj ;g eku ysa fd og gqbZ Fkh rks Hkh og =srk ;qx esa iSnk gqbZ vkSj rHkh ej xbZ-
vxj czkãf.kd dky x.kuk lsa fglkc yxk,a rks =srk ;qx dbZ yk[kksa lky igys lekIr gks fy;k-
bfrgkldkjksa dh ckr ekusa rks Hkh ehjk ds tUe lsa de lsa de nks rhu gtkj lky igys jk/kk dk [kkRek
gks pqdk Fkk- vr% tc ehjk gqbZ ml le; jk/kk dk ukeksfu”kku Hkh ugha cpk Fkk- Hkxou cq) vkSj Je.k
lUrksa us lR; dgk gS fd vkneh pkj egkrRoksa ¼i`Foh] ty vfXu] ok;q½ ds va”kksa lsa cuk gqvk gS rFkk tc
og ejrk gS rks pkjksa rRo vius pkjksa egkrRoksa esa fey tkrs gSa- vxj ,d iy ds fy, ;g eku ysa fd
vkRek gksrh gS rks bldk vFkZ gqvk fd jk/kk dh vkRek gtkjksa lkyksa rd Hkwruh cu dj HkVdrh jgh!
fgUnqvksa esa ejus ij “kjhj rks tyk gh nsrs gSa- vU; dgha ,slk ftØ vk;k ugha fd jk/kk ej dj dgha vkSj
iSnk gks xbZ- lks dbZ lfn;ksa rd jk/kk dh vkRek ;wa gh fcuk “kjhj ds HkVdrh jgh- ;g rks jk/kk lsa cgqr
vU;k; gS! og rks ,d fnu Hkh d`".k lsa eSFkqu fd, fcuk ugha jg ikrh Fkh- blhfy, rks mlus vius ifr
jk;.k dks uiqald dj fn;k Fkk- lks fcuk “kjhj ds rks mls cM+h leL;k [kM+h gks xbZ gksxh! iqutZUe Hkh
fy;k rks ehjk tSlh lk/oh ds “kjhj esa!! ml cspkjh dh dbZ lfn;ksa dh okluk dh I;kl dHkh 'kkar gks
gh ugha ikbZ gksxh-
2- jk/kk pfj=ghurk vkSj O;fHkpkj dk nwljk uke gS- ehjk lnpfj= dh ewjr gS- cq) dgrs gSa fd vkneh ds
laLdkjksa dk iqutZUe gksrk gS- tSls nhid dk laLdkj gS izdk”k QSykuk- tc ,d nhi lsa nwljk nhi
tyk;k tkrk gS rks igys nhid ds izdk”k ;kfu laLdkj dk iqutZUe gks tkrk gS- jk/kk ds dsl esa mlds
ejus ij mldk “kjhj rks tyk gh fn;k x;k Fkk- vr% dksbZ dgs fd ehjk esa jk/kk ds laLdkjksa dk
iqutZUe gks x;k rks ,slk laHko ugha gS D;ksafd jk/kk ds tks *laLdkj* Fks oSls laLdkjksa dk iqutZUe rks
os”;kvksa vkSj dqYVkvksa esa gh gksrk gS D;ksa fd os gh jk/kk dh rjg cnpyu gksrh gSa- ehjkvksa esa jk/kkvksa ds
laLdkj ugha iuirs- ÞehjkÞ dHkh Hkh] dSls Hkh] dgha Hkh Þjk/kkÞ gks gh ugha ldrh- vkSj tks jk/kk gS og
dHkh Hkh ehjk ugha gks ldrh-
3- laLdkj vkSj “kjhj gh ugha ehjk vius /keZ esa Hkh jk/kk lsa fcYdqy myV Fkh- jk/kk d`".k dh j[kSy Fkh-
ehjk xq: jSnkl dh psyh Fkh- fdlh Hkh lUr us dHkh Hkh d`".k dks Hkxoku rks D;k vkneh Hkh ugha ekuk-
64

vr% tc xq: us d`".k dks dqN ugha ekuk rks psyh Hkh D;ksa ekuus yxh- lUrksa dk /keZ ges”kk czkã.kokn
dk fojks/k djrk jgk gS- ehjk us rks rky Bksd dj dgk fd mlds Hkxoku rks xq: jSnkl gSa- vr% /keZ ds
vk/kkj ij Hkh ehjk dHkh Hkh jk/kk dk vorkj rks D;k mlds tSlh Hkh ugha gks ldrh-
4- czkã.k/keZ ds eq[; iqjk.kksa esa lsa ,d czãk oSorZ iqjk.k ds vuqlkj jk/kk dk ifr jk;.k uked vkneh Fkk
tks fd ;”kksnk dk lxk HkkbZ Fkk- vr% jk;.k d`’.k dk lxk ekek gqvk rFkk jk/kk mldh lxh ekeh yxh-
,sls esa tks vkSjr vius Hkkats ds lkFk ,s;k”kh djus ds fy, vius ifr dks uiqald cuk ns mldh rqyuk
ehjk lsa djuk /kwrZrk dh gn gS- vxj ehjk jk/kk tSlh gh gksrh rks fo/kok gksus u gksus dk mls dksbZ varj
gh ugha iM+uk pkfg, Fkk- ,d ifr ej x;k rks D;k jk.kk tSls mls lSadM+ksa fey tkrs- mls egy NksM+
dj jSnkl th tSls Qdhj dh >ksaiM+h esa vkus dh dksbZ t:jr ugha Fkh!!
vr% ehjk fdlh jk/kk dh vorkj ugha gS vkSj u gh fdlh d`’.k dh HkfDruh gS- ehjk ds izHkq] ehjk ds
fxfj/kj ukxj jSnkl th gSa d`".k ugha gS- ,sls in tgka ehjk }kjk d`".k dh Lrqfr dh xbZ crkrs gSa os lc ;k rks
czkã.kksa }kjk jp dj ehjk ds uke fd, x, gSa vFkok tgka ehjk us xq: jSnkl dk uke fy;k czkã.k ys[kdksa us
ogka vFkZ dk vuFkZ djds jSnkl th dh txg d`".k dk uke ?kqlsM+ fn;k- f”k{kk vkSj izpkj ds lk/kuksa ij lnk lsa
gh mudk dCtk jgk gS lks mUgsa >wB dks lp cukus esa T;knk dfBukbZ ugah gqbZ- ysfdu os Hkwy x, fd >wB dh
fdruh Hkh /kwy mM+kvks] lR; dks lw;Z dks lnk <d dj ugha j[kk tk ldrk!!

v/;k; 7

lUr jSnkl % fgUnw ;k ckS)


nfyr lUrksa ds thou lsa tqM+k lclsa vge] lclsa egRoiw.kZ loky gS fd D;k lrxq# jSnkl] lrxq:
dchj tSls lUrksa dks ÞfgUnw /kehZÞ dgk tk ldrk gS\ gekjk ekuuk gS fd ;g lk/kkj.k iz”u ugha gSa D;ksafd blh
iz”u ds mÙkj esa nfyrksa dk Hkfo"; fNik gS- vxj nfyr lUr ÞfgUnw/kehZÞ Fks rks mUgksaus czkã.k/keZ ;k fgUnw /keZ ds
fo#) la?k"kZ D;ksa fd;k\ nwljs “kCnksa esa ÞfgUnq/kehZÞ gksrs gq, mUgsa la?k’kZ duus dh t:jr gh D;k Fkh-\ ;gka ;g
/;ku j[kuk pkfg, fd mudk la?k’kZ dHkh Hkh n;kuUn] foosdkuUn ;k xka/kh dh rjg <dkslyk ugha Fkk-
vxj os fgUnw/kehZ ugha Fks rks czkã.kokn ds fo#) mudk la?k’kZ fuf”kpr :i lsa rFkkxr cq) }kjk
czkã.kokn ds fo#) “kq: fd;s x, la?k’kZ leku Fkk- vxj mUgksaus cq) ds leku czkã.kokn dks frykatfy nsdj
yksxksa dks Hkh l/keZ ds ekxZ ij pyus ds fy, izsfrr fd;k rks os nfyr tks mudks viuk xq:] viuk Hkxoku
ekurs gSa os vkt Hkh fgUnw/kehZ D;ksa cus gq, gSa\ tks nfyr gj lky bu lUrksa dh cjlh eukrs gSa os D;ksa vkt Hkh
Þczkã.kÞa dks vius /keZ dk Bsdsnkj ekus cSBs gSa-
xq: jSnkl ÞfgUn/kehZwÞ Fks ;k ugha bl iz”u dk mÙkj nks ckrksa ij fuHkZj djrk gS % igyh ;g fd
fgUnw/kehZ gksus dk D;k vFkZ gS rFkk nwljh ;g fd xq: jSnkl viuh ck.kh esa /keZ ds ckjs esa D;k fopkj j[krs gSa-
ÞfgUnw
fgUnw cuke fgUnw/kehZÞ % ckck lkfgc ds vuqlkj lc /keksZa esa lsa ;g crkuk lclsa dfBu gS fd
fgUnw/kehZ fdls dgk tk ldrk gS- nqfu;k Hkj ds /keksZa esa ÞfgUnw /keZÞ dks NksM+ dj 'ks"k lHkh /keksZa dh lh/kh
ifjHkk"kk gS- ckS) og gS tks Hkxoku cq) dks viuk vkn”kZ ekus vkSj /kEEin ds vuqlkj thou fcrk,- tSu og gS
tks egkohj Lokeh dks viuk vkn”kZ ekus vkSj vfgalk ds fl)kar vuqlkj viuk thou fcrk,- fl[k og gS tks
nl xq:vksa esa vkLFkk j[ks rFkk xq: xzUFk lkfgc ds vuqlkj viuk thou fcrk,- eqfLye og gS tks iSxEcj
lkfgc ij fo”okl djs vkSj dqjku esa vkLFkk j[ks-
fgUnw ds ckjs esa ,slh dksbZ lh/kh ifjHkk"kk ugha gS- ;gka osnksa dks iwtus okyk Hkh fgUnw/kehZ gS rFkk osnksa dks
dqÙkksa dh Hkksa Hkksa dgus okyk Hkh fgUnw/kehZ gS- jk/kk dks ijdh;k ¼os”;k½ dgus okyk Hkh fgUnw/kehZ gS rFkk jkst lqcg
'kke jk/ks jk/ks tius okyk Hkh fgUnw/kehZ gS- czãk dks csVhpksn dgus okyk Hkh fgUnw/kehZ gS rFkk mls l`f’VdrkZ dgus
okyk Hkh fgUnw/kehZ gS- loky mBrk gS fd fgUnq/kehZ ,slk D;ksa gS\
bl loky dk mÙkj gS fd ÞfgUnw fgUnw gksukÞ vkSj ÞfgUnw/kehZ gksukÞ nks vyx vyx phtsphtsa gSa- fdlh dk fgUnw
gksuk ;k u gksuk /kkfeZd gksus dh ctk, ÞlkekftdÞ lkekftdÞ rFkk HkkSxksfyd vf/kd gS- ,d vkneh tks fd fgUnw dgk
65

tkrk gS lqcg mB dj eafnj Hkh tk vkrk gS] jkLrs esa vxj efLtn ;k xq#}kjk ;k fxjtk vk tk, rks ogka Hkh
flj uok ysrk gS- brokj dks ppZ Hkh tk vkrk gS rFkk ohjokj dks ihj ckck dh njxkg ij Hkh ekFkk Vsd vkrk
gS- bZn ij lsobZ;ka Hkh cuk ysrk gS rks fØlel ij dsd Hkh [kk ysrk gS rFkk nhokyh ij iVk[ks Hkh QksM+ ysrk gS-
vr% fgUnw gksuk fdlh /keZ dh fu”kkuh fu”kkuh ugha gS-
ÞfgUnwÞ “kCn okLro esa /kkfeZd “kCn gS gh ugha- ;g rks fonsf”k;ks ”k;ksa }kjk leLr Hkkjrh;ks
Hkkjrh;ksa ds fy, iz;ksx
fd;k x;k “kCn gS- og Hkkjrh; pkgs fgUnw/kehZ gks] fl[k gks] ckS) gks] tSu gks ;k vU; /kehZ gks- mUgksaus iwjs Hkkjr
dks fgUnksLrku dgk rFkk Hkkjrh;ksa dks fgUnw dgk- dgk- ;g rks czkã.kksa dh pkyckth vkSj tkylkth gS fd mUgksaus
vius lukru vFkok oSfnd /keZ dk uke fgUnw/keZ j[k fy;k tcfd muds fdlh Hkh /keZ xzUFk esa fgUnw “kCn
ugha gS!! bl rjg fgUnw/keZ nqfu;k dk ,d ek= /keZ gS ftlds xzUFkksa esa vius /keZ dk uke gh ugha gS- czkãf.kd
/keZ ds osnksa iqjk.kksa xhrk esa ÞfgUnwÞ “kCn dk u gksuk bl ckr dks lkfcr djrk gS fd ÞfgUnwÞ ,d fons”kh uke gS-
vkt Hkh Hkkjr lsa ckgj Hkkjrh;ksa dks fgUnw gh dgk tkrk gS pkgs og eqfLye gks ckS) gks ;k fgUnw/kehZ gks-
izkphu dFkk dgkfu;ka rFkk bfrgkl bl ckr dk lcwr gSa fd Hkkjr esa txg txg ywVekj] jkgtuh o
Bxh vke ckr Fkh- fgUnw “kCn dk Qkjlh vFkZ Hkh Bx pksj Mkdw gh gS- tSls iatkc gfj;k.kk esa vkt ds le; ;wih
fcgkj lsa dke djus vkus okys lHkh etnwj fdLe ds yksxksa dks ÞHkbZ;kÞ dgk tkrk gS pkgs og fdlh Hkh tkfr ;k
/keZ lsa lEca/k j[krk gks- iatkch esa ÞHkbZ;kÞ dk vFkZ gh etnwj cu x;k gS! fcYdqy oSls gh fonsf”k;ksa us Hkkjrh;ksa
dks ÞfgUnwÞ ;kfu pksj dgk- gks ldrk gS mUgksaus dsoy czkã.kksa dks fgUnw dgk gks ysfdu ckn esa mUgksaus iwjs Hkkjr
dks ;gh uke ns fn;k-
bl xkyh esa Hkh czkã.kksa dks Nqik gqvk ojnku fey x;k- muds /keZ ds pkj LrEHkksa esa lsa ,d ÞvFkZÞ ;kfu
/ku dekuk Hkh gS- tc fonsf”k;ksa us lkjs Hkkjrh;ksa dks fgUnw dg dj xkyh nh rks iwjs Hkkjr ds yksxksa dks vius
paxqy esa djus ds fy, czkã.kksa us vius /keZ dk uke gh fgUnw/keZ j[k fy;k- f”k{kk ij dsoy mudk gh vf/kdkj
Fkk- vr% tSlk mUgksaus yksxksa dk i<+k;k] oSlk yksxksa us eku fy;k- bl rjg lsa fgUnw uke lkjs Hkkjrh;ksa ds fy,
iz;ksx fd;k tkus yxk- pkgs og Hkkjrh; fdlh Hkh tkfr uLy vFkok /keZ dk gks- bllsa ;g gqvk fd osn dks
iwtus okyk vkSj osn dks dqÙks dh HkkSa HkkSa crkus nkuksa /keksZa ds yksx ÞfgUnwÞ dgs tkus yxs-
fiNys dqNsd lfn;ksa lsa fgUnw uke dsoy czkã.k/keZ rd lhfer dj fn;k x;k gS- vr% vkt fgUnw vkSj
fgUnw/kehZ dk vFkZ ,d leku gks x;k gS- ysfdu vc fQj lsa budks vyx djus dh t:jr gS D;ksafd tclsa
chtsih ;kfu czkã.k tkfr ikVhZ dks lÙkk feyh gS mUgksaus fgUnw dks fgUnw/kehZ esa cnyus dk dke fd;k gS- bldk
lcwr xqtjkr o vU; txgksa ij gq, naxs gSa- bu naxksa esa fuR; njxkg ij ekFkk jxM+us okys fgUnwvksa us Hkh
fgUnw/kehZ cu dj vkxtuh ywVekj vkSj gR;k,a dh gSa-
gekjs fopkj esa fdlh Hkh /keZ dks vius fy, ÞfgUnw ÞfgUnwÞ “kCn iz;ksx djus dh eukgh gksuh pkfg,-
pkfg,- dkuwu }kjk
;g ikcanh yxuh pkfg, fd czkã.k vius /keZ dks ÞfgUnwÞ ugha dgsaxs- oSls Hkh fdlh Hkh czkã.k xzUFk esa fgUnw “kCn
ugha gS- ogka /keZ ds fy, lukru ;k oSfnd /keZ dk iz;ksx gqvk gS- vr% czkã.kksa dks pkfg, fd os vius /keZ dk
uke czkã.k /keZ ;k oSfnd /keZ ;k lukru /keZ j[ksa- mudk mudk /keZ ÞfgUnwÞ ugha gS- vkj ,l ,l] f” f”ko lsuk rFkk
fo”
fo”o fgUnw ifj"kn okys yksx tks ckcjh efLtn rksM+ dj jke eafnj cukus dh ckr djrs gSa os okLr okLro
Lro esa os
ÞfgUnwÞ ugha gSa os okLro esa czkã.k /kehZ gSa-
vc ge vius ewy iz”u ij vkrs gSa fd D;k xq: jSnkl tSls lUrksa dks fgUnw/kehZ vFkkZr czkã.k/kehZ dgk
tk ldrk gS- bl iz”u dk mÙkj nsus ds fy, czkã.k/kehZ fgUnw dh ifjHkk"kk tkuuk t:jh gS- jk/kkd`".ku ds
vuqlkj ¼czkã.k/kehZ½ fgUnw og gS tks pkjksa o.kksZa dks ekus] pkjksa vkJeksa dks ekus vkSj pkj iz;kstu iwjs djs- osnksa dks
/keZ dk ewy vk/kkj ekus- ¼/keZ vkSj lekt i` 109&111½ euq dk Hkh dguk gS fd osn gh /keZ dk vk/kkj gSa- ¼euq
2-6½
mijksDr ifjHkk"kk ds vk/kkj ij czkãf.kd fgUnw og gS %
1- tks pkjksa o.kksZa ;kfu czkã.k] {kf=;] oS”; vkSj 'kwnz ds foHkktu vkSj mudh Å¡p uhp dks oS/k ekus-
2- tks pkj vkJeksa ;kfu czãp;Z] x`gLFk] okuizLFk vkSj lU;kl dks ikyu djs-
3- tks pkj iz;kstu ;kfu /keZ] vFkZ] dke vkSj eks{k dh izkfIr dk ;Ru djs-
4- osnksa dks loksZPp ekus- mUgsa /keZ dk vk/kkj ekus-
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gekjs fopkj esa fdlh Hkh czkã.k/kehZ dks vius /keZ dh bl ifjHkk"kk ij dksbZ vkifÙk ugha gksuh pkfg,- bu
ekin.Mksa ds vk/kkj ij xq: jSnkl tSls lUrksa dh czkãf.kd fgUnw gksus ij[k dh tk, rks ;g Li"V gks tk,xk fd
lPpkbZ D;k gS-
1- pkj o.k
o.kksZa esa fo”okl % czkãf.kd fgUnw gksus ds fy, ;g t:jh gS fd og pkj o.kksZa ds fl)kar dks ekus-
og ekus fd lekt ds pkj Hkkx gSa czkã.k] {kf=;] oS”; vkSj 'kwnz- lkFk esa ;g Hkh ekus fd ;g pkjksa o.kZ Øe lsa
lclsa Åapk] mllsa uhpk] mllsa uhpk vkSj lclsa uhpk o.kZ gS- og ;g Hkh ekus fd o.kZ fu/kkZj.k tUe ds vk/kkj
ij gksrk gS- czkã.k dk cPpk lclsa Å¡ph tkr okyk ;kfu czkã.k curk gS pkgs mlsa fdrus Hkh voxq.k gksa vkSj
'kwnz dk cPpk 'kwnz ;kfu uhph tkfr dk gh curk gS pkgs mlesa fdrus Hkh xq.k D;ksa u gksa-
czkã.k _f"k;ksa vkSj uk;dksa us ,d nwljs ds fo#) cgqr dqN dgk gS- os vkil esa dqÙkksa dh rjg yM+s Hkh
gSa- exj tc Hkh 'kwnzksa dk neu djus dh ckr vkbZ gS os lHkh ,d lsa c<+ dj ,d tkfye lkfcr gq, gSa- lHkh
czkã.kks
ã.kksa us lnk 'kwnzksa dks tkuoj lsa Hkh cnrj ekuk gS- dqÙks fcfYy;ka mudh jlksbZ rd tk ldrs Fks exj 'kwnz
dh fuxkg iM+us ij gh os vifo= gks tkrs gSa- jkekuUn rks 'kwnz dks ns[krs gh nqckjk Luku djus pyk tkrk Fkk-
_Xosn ds iq#"klwDr lsa ysdj xka/kh ds ys[kksa rd gj czkã.koknh us tkfrokn dk leFkZu fd;k gS- ;g
LokHkkfod gS fd tgka tkfrokn gksxk ogka Åap uhp Hkh gksxh vkSj tgka Åap uhp gksxh ogka NwvkNkr Hkh gksxh-
osn esa tkfrokn dks Hkxoku dh jpuk crk;k x;k rks xhrk esa d`".k us Qrok fn;k fd iki dh vkSykn oS”;
vkSj 'kwnz o.kZ esa iSnk gksrs gSa- jke us 'kwnz gksdj lk/kuk djus ds tqeZ esa 'kwnz lUr 'kEcwd dh xyk dkV dj
gR;k dj nh Fkh- /kwrZ nzks.k czkã.k us loZJs"B /kuq/kZj ¼/kuq"k pykus esa fuiq.k½ 'kwnz ,dyO; dk vaxwBk dkV fy;k
Fkk rkfd og vius psys ¼czkã.k oh;Z lsa iSnk½ vtqZu dks loZJs"B /kuq/kZj lkfcr dj lds- xka/kh dgrk Fkk fd
o.kZ O;oLFkk ;kfu tkfrokn fgUnw /keZ dh tku gS- vxj tkfrokn lekIr gks x;k rks fgUnw /keZ gh lekIr gks
tk,xk- Le`fr;ksa us rks /kwrZrk vkSj tkfyeius dh lkjh gnsa ikj dj nha- muds ys[kdksa us rks “kwnzksa ds fo#) ,sls
fu;e cuk, fd i<+ dj :g dkai mBrh gS-
jk/kkd`".ku tSls yksx bls /keZ dk vax crk,a vkSj ,slk vkneh gekjs Hkkjr dk jk"Vªifr cu tk,] xka/kh
bls /keZ dh tku crk, vkSj ns”k dk cki dgyk,] ;g ge lc ds fy, cgqr gh 'keZ dh ckr gS! czkã.kokn
dk ,d vkSj /kwrZ flikgh rqylh dgrk Fkk%
iwft, foiz 'khy xq.k Kku ghuk!
'kwnz u xq.k Kku izoh.kk!!
vFkkZr czkã.k dks iwtk tkuk pkfg, pkgs og pfj=ghu gks] voxq.kksa lsa Hkjk gks vkSj Kku lsa [kkyh gks
ysfdu 'kwnz dk vknj ugha fd;k tkuk pkfg, pkgs og xq.kksa vkSj Kku esa fdruk Hkh Åapk D;ksa u gks!! ;gh
czkã.k/keZ@czkãf.kd fgUnw /keZ dk lkj gS!
lHkh tkurs gSa fd xq: jSnkl vkSj muds gelgjh lUr dchj us o.kZ O;oLFkk vkSj tkfr izFkk rFkk blds
ekuus okyksa ds ij[kps mM+k fn, Fks- ;g rks nfyrksa dh vKkurk gh Fkh fd os bu Økafrdkfj;ksa ds vkanksyu dks
tkjh ugha j[k ik, oukZ czkãf.kd fgUnw /keZ rks dHkh dk bfrgkl dh ckr cu pqdk gksrk- mUgksaus dgk %
jSnkl ,d gh cwan lsa] Hk;ks lc foLrkj!
foLrkj!
ew[kZ gSa tks djsa o.kZ vo.kZ fopkj!!
vFkkZr lHkh dk tUe ,d gh <ax lsa ;kfu firk ds oh;Z lsa gqvk gS- vr% os yksx tks o.kZ O;oLFkk dh ckrsa
djrs gSa os lc ew[kZ gSa- vFkkZr lUr 'kEcwd dk gR;kjk jke] oS”; vkSj 'kwnzksa dks iki;ksfu dgus okyk d`".k]
NwvkNkr ds fu;e cukus okyk euq vkSj o.kZ O;oLFkk dk leFkZd ladjkpk;Z lcds lc ew[kZ gSa-
jSnkl czkã.k vks paMky esa ugha vUrj tku
lc esa ,d tksfr gS lc ?kV ,d Hkxoku!!
jSnkl cke.k u iwft, tks gksoS xq.kghu!
iwft, pj.k paMky ds tks gksoS xq.k izoh.k!!
vFkkZr tUe ds vk/kkj ij czkã.k vkSj paMky esa dksbZ vUrj ugha gS D;ksafd Hkxoku us gh lHkh dks iSnk
fd;k gS rFkk lHkh esa mlh dh T;ksfr gS- ek= tUe ds dkj.k czkã.k dks Åapk eku dj mlds pj.k ugha Nwus
pkfg,- vxj paMky xq.koku gks rks mlds pj.k t:j Nwus pkfg,-
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jSnkl tUe ds dkj.ks gksr u dksbZ uhp


uj dks uhp dj Mkys gS vksNs djeksa dh dhp!!dhp!!
vFkkZr fdlh tkfr ;k o.kZ fo’ks"k esa tUe ysus lsa dksbZ NksVk ;k cM+k ugha gks tkrk- dsoy cqjs dkeksa dh
otg lsa gh vkneh uhp cu tkrk gS- czkã.k /keZ ds uke ij /kks[kk djds ywVus dk vksNs lsa vksNk dje djrs
gSa exj os tUe ds dkj.k Lo;a dks Åapk crkrs gSa- lrxq: dchj us lVhd dgk gS %
lk/kks i.Ms fuiq.k dlkbZ] cdjh ekj HksM+ dks /kk;s] fny esa njn u vkbZ!
djs Luku fryd yxk,] fof/k lksa nso iqtkbZ] vkre ekj iyd esa fculs] :f/kj dh unh cgkbZ!
vfr iquhr Å¡ps dqy dfg,] lHkk esa vf/kdkbZ] bulS nh{kk gj dksbZ ekaxS] galh eksgs vkoS HkkbZ!
iki dVu dh dFkk lqukoS] dje djkoS uhpk] Mwcr nksÅ ijLij nh[kk] xgs ckafg te [khapk!
HkSalk c/ks lks “krjh dgkoS] os D;k buls NksVs] dgS dchj lquks HkkbZ lk/kks] pkj tqx czkã.k [kksVs!!!
vFkkZr czkã.k iDds dlkbZ gSa- ;K esa cfy nsrs oDr cdjh HksM+ lcdks ekj ysrs gSa- muds fny esa rfud
Hkh n;k ugha vkrh- Luku djds fryd yxk dj vius nsoksa dh iwtk djrs gSa- viuh vUrj vkRek dks ,d iy
esa ekj dj Hkqyk nsrs gSa- [kwu dh ufn;ka cgk nsrs gSa- Lo;a dks vfr ifo= dqy dk crkrs gSa rFk gj lHkk esa
viuk jkSc tekrs gSa- ,sls uhp yksxksa lsa tc yksx nh{kk ekaxrs gSa rks eq>s mudh vDy ij galh vkrh gS- czkã.k
dgrs gSa fd dFkk lquus lsa iki dV tkrs gSa ysfdu ykxksa lsa uhp dke djokrs gSa- vr% czkã.k vkSj muds psys
nksuksa Mwcsaxs- {kf=; dkSu lsa de gSa os Hkh HkSla s dh gR;k djrs gSa- gs yksxks lquks] eSa dchj dgrk
dgrk gwgwa fd tc lsa
/kjrh cuh gS czkã.k [kksVs gh [kksVs gSa-
vr% tc xq: jSnkl us o.kZ O;oLFkk] tkfrokn vkSj NwvkNkr dks lekIr djus dh ckr dh rks lh/ks rkSj
ij mUgksaus czkãf.kd fgUnw /keZ dks lekIr djus dh ckr dh gS vkSj tks fdlh /keZ dks u"V djus dh ckr djs
og ml /keZ dks ekuus okyk rks gks gh ugha ldrk- blfy, bl ekin.M ;k bl vk/kkj ij xq: jSnkl dks
fgUnw/kehZ ugha dgk tk ldrk-
2- pkj vkJe % czkã.k /keZ ;kfu czkãf.kd fgUnw /keZ xzUFkksa dk Qrok gS fd vkneh dks vius thou dks
pkj vkJeksa ds vuqlkj fcrkuk pkfg,- czkã.k/keZ dk lafo/kku euq Le`fr ds vuqlkj vkneh dh vk;q 100 gS-
blesa igys 25 lky vkneh dks czãp;Z viukuk pkfg,] xq#dqy esa tkdj osn i<+us pkfg,- vxys 25 lky esa
'kknh djds x`gLFk cu tkuk pkfg,- 50 lky dk gksus ij ou esa tkdj jgus yx tkuk pkfg, vkSj 75 lky
dk gksus ij lU;klh cu tkuk pkfg,-
;g vkJeksa dk fl)kar 'kq: lsa var rd cksxl gS- osn rks iphl lky D;k 25 feuV Hkh i<+us dh pht
ugha gSa- osnksa dh ^egkurk^ ds ckjs esa ckck lkfgc dk ,d okD; gh dkQh gS- mUgksaus dgk % osnksa esa ew[kZ [kZrk ds
flok; dqN ugha gS- gekjs fopkj esa ckck lkfgc ds bl dFku esa FkksM+s ls ifjorZu dh vko”;drk gS- buds ckjs
esa dgk tkuk pkfg, fd osnksa esa flok; ew[kZrk vkSj v”yhyrk ds dqN Hkh ugha gS- osnksa ds vf/kdrj Hkkx ,sls gSa
tks fd dksbZ Hkh lH; iq#’k viuh ek¡ cgu ds lkeus rks D;k vdsyk Hkh ugha i<+ ldrk-
tgka rd iPphl lky rd czãpkjh jgus dk iz”u gS rks iPphl lky dk gksus rd dksbZ fgUnw nso ;k
Hkxoku czãpkjh pkjh jgk gks] ,slk gesa dksbZ Hkh ugha feyk-
feyk- muds lHkh nso vkSj _f’k yxHkx d`’.k ekdkZ dke djrs
gh ik;s tkrs gSa- ?kj esa vkSj okuizLFk ;kfu ou esa tkdj Hkh vk;Z xqyNjsZ gh mM+krs Fks- ÞlU;klhÞ dk pksyk
/kkj.k djds Hkh muds _f’k ,s”k gh djrs Fks-
tgka rd xq: jSnkl dk lEca/k gS mUgksaus dHkh Hkh czkãf.kd vkJeksa dks ugha ekuk- NksVh mez esa gh
mudh 'kknh gks xbZ Fkh- ,d csVk Hkh muds ?kj iSnk gqvk-- lU;klh dk pksyk /kkj.k djus djus dh ctk, mUgksaus
Hkxou cq) ds lRlax djus ds ekxZ dks viuk;k rFkk lRlax djus dh izFkk dks fQj lsa iquthZfor fd;k- fdlh
Hkh czkã.k xzUFk esa lRlax djus dk izko/kku rks D;k ftØ rd ugha gS- lRlax djus dh izFkk viukuk xq:
jSnkl dks czkãf.kd fgUnw /keZ lsa nwj [kM+k dj nsrh gS- x`gLFk jg dj Hkh Hkksx foyklksa lsa nwj jguk dsoy
nfyr lUrksa dk gh dfj”ek Fkk- oukZ czkã.k _f"k rks lU;klh dk os”k /kk.k djds Hkh tkuojksa rd dks viuh
gol dk f”kdkj cukus lsa ugha pwdrs Fks- egkHkkjr dk lkjk fdLlk gh bl ckr lsa vksr izksr gS fd ikaMoksa ds
cki us ,d czkã.k _f’k dks ,d fgj.kh lsa dqdeZ djrs gq, jksd fn;k Fkk-
xq: jSnkl us dHkh Hkh bu czkãf.kd czkãp;Z dks ugha viuk;k- pkj vkJeksa ds ik[k.Mksa dh ctk, mUgksaus
Hkxoku cq) ds lnkpkj ds ekxZ dks gh viuk;k- bl vk/kkj ij Hkh xq: jSnkl czkãf.kd fgUnw/kehZ ugha gSa-
68

3- pkj iz;kstu % czkã.k /keZ ds pkj iz;kstu mldh jh<+ gSa- muds pkj iz;kstu ;kfu mÌs”; gSa % /keZ] vFkZ]
dke vkSj eks{k-k- vFkkZr czkã.k /keZ ds vuqlkj gj czkãf.kd fgUnw dks pkfg, fd og Þ/keZÞ ds vuqlkj pys] vFkZ
;kfu iSlk] /ku dek,] dke ;kfu lSDl ;k okluk dk vkuUn mBk, vkSj vUr esa ej dj eks{k izkIr djs- bu
pkjksa iz;kstuksa dk xq: jSnkl ds thou pfj= lsa rqyuk djus ij ;g irk py ik,xk fd os bu pkj czkãf.kd
iz;kstuksa dk fdruk ikyu djrs Fks-
igyk iz;kstu % /keZ %& %& czkãf.kd fgUnw /keZ dk igyk iz;kstu Þ/keZÞ gS ysfdu ogka /keZ dk vFkZ dHkh Hkh
uSfrdrk ugha jgk- ogka dHkh Hkh lnkpkj dks /keZ ugha dgk x;k- x;k- ogka {kf=; ds fy, tw, esa gkjh lEifÙk okfil
izkIr djus ds fy, vius fj”rsnkjksa dks ekjuk /keZ gS- czkã.kksa dks f[kykus ds fy, xk; dkV dj idkuk ^/keZ^ gS-
czkãf.kd fgUnw /keZ ds xzUFkksa esa Þ/keZÞ dh mnkgj.ksa bl izdkj lsa gSa-
- ;qf)"Bj czkã.kokn dk /keZjkt ¼/keZ dk jktk½ dgk x;k gS- ,slk Hkh ekuk x;k gS fd mldk opu /keZ dk
opu gS- mlh ;qf)"Bj ds opu vuqlkj tc cM+s HkkbZ dk eu NksVs HkkbZ dh ifRu ij Mksy tk, rks ml L=h
dks lHkh HkkbZ;ksa }kjk fey dj Hkksxuk ^^/keZ^^ gS- ¼e Hkk v-195-13½
- ek¡ pkgs Hkh[k dks ckaVus ds fy, dgs ysfdu vxj lHkh HkkbZ vius ,d HkkbZ dh ifRu lsa O;fHkpkj djsa]
nqjkpkj djsa rks og lukru /keZ gS-
- vxj ifr viuh ifRu dks fdlh vU; lsa lgokl djus dks dgs rks ;g czkã.kksa dk izkphu /keZ gS- lukru
/keZ gS- ¼e Hkk 121-3½
- iwoZdky ¼egkHkkjr lsa igys dk le;½ lR;;qx esa fL=;ka dkSek;ZkoLFkk esa ¼”kknh lsa igys½ gh vusdksa iq#"kksa lsa
eSFkqu djrh Fkh D;ksa fd ml le; lR;;qx dk ;gh /keZ Fkk- ¼e Hkk 121-122½
- ckyd “osrdsrq dh ek¡ dks ,d czkã.k idM+ dj ys tkrk gS rFkk cykRdkj djrk gS rks og vius cki _f"k
mÌkyd lsa fourh djrk gS fd mldh ek¡ dks cpk;k tk, rks _f"k dgrk gS ;g gekjk ^^lukru /keZ /keÞ gS fd
czkã.k fdlh dh Hkh ek¡] cgu] csVh lsa dHkh Hkh] dgha Hkh viuh okluk feVk ldrk gS- ¼vkfn-122½
- cM+k gksus ij blh _f"k 'osrdsrq us fu;e cuk;k fd tks L=h vius ifr ds dgus ij fu;ksx ¼xSj enZ lsa
laHkksx@cykRdkj½ djus lsa bUdkj djsxh rks ;g ^^v/keZÞ gksxk rFkk mls Hkzw.k gR;k dk iki yxsxk- ¼vkfn-
122½ leq 1-19
- NksVs HkkbZ dh ;qok] lqUnj fo/kok ¼ifRu½ lsa lekxe {kf=;ksa dk Þlukru /keZÞ gS- ¼vkfn 103-25½
- czkã.k v”oes/k ;K esa ?kksM+s ds lkFk iVjkuh ds lekxe dks Þ/keZÞ crkrs gaS- ¼cky dkaM 14-33½ bl ckr dh
iqf"V n;kuUn Hkh djrk gS ¼l-iz- 286 leqYykl 11½
- n;kuUn ds vuqlkj L=h }kjk xSj iq:"k lsa “kkjhfjd lEcU/k cuk dj lUrku iSnk djuk /keZ gS- ¼l-iz- 112
leqYykl 4½ ifr pkgs thfor gks ikaMw dh rjg] vFkok ej x;k gks fofp=oh;Z dh rjg vFkok L=h vHkh
dqavkjh gks fonqj dh ek¡ dh rjg! lHkh izdkj ds O;fHkpkj czkã.kokn esa /keZ gS!!
- eSFkqu djrs le; ifr vxj ej tk, rks ifRu dks mlds lkFk ty dj lrh gks tkuk pkfg, rkfd og
vxys tUe esa mldh vr`Ir dkeokluk iwjh djus dk /keZ fuHkk lds- ;g izkphu lukru /keZ gS-¼vkfn 124½
- vxj ck;ha tka?k ij dkeklDr L=h vkdj cSBs rks mllsa lekxe /keZ gS- mldh okluk vr`Ir NksM+uk v/keZ
gS- vxj og nk;ha tka?k ij cSBs rks mls csVs dks dke iwjk djus ds fy, lkSai fn;k tkuk pkfg,- ¼vkfn 97½
xaxk tc “kkaruq ds cki dh tka?k ij vkdj cSBh rks mlus ,slk gh /keZ fd;k Fkk-
- d`".k vtqZu dks tw, esa gkjh lEifÙk o jkT; iqu% izkIr djus ds fy, yM+us ejus ds fy, dgrk gS fd vxj
og ,slk ugha djsxk rks bllsa /keZ vksj uhfr dh gkfu gksxh- vr% tw, esa gkjh lEifÙk ds fy, yM+uk ejuk
vk;ksZa dk /keZ Fkk] lukru /keZ!! ¼xhrk 2-33½
- dkyh dks HksaV nsrs le; cfy dks jLlsa lsa cka/k dj mldk flj dkV dj [kwu dey ds iÙks esa j[k dj nsuk
/keZ gS- ¼ckck lkfgc [k.M 4-123½
- dher ysdj dU;k fdlh dks nsuk /keZ gS ,slk Lo;a czãk dk ekuuk gS- ¼vkfn 112-9½
69

- mÙkj jkepfjr ds pkSFks vad ds vuqlkj osn ds Kkuh vfrfFk vFkkZr czkã.k ds fy, nks lky rd dh cfN;k
;k cM+s cSy dks idk dj f[kykuk /keZ dk;Z gS- ¼leq 6-154½
- dkekrqj L=h dks ekaxus ij Hkksx ugha ns rks v/keZ gksrk gS- ¼vkfn 83-32½ mlds lkFk ,d jkr fcrkuk /keZ gS
¼214½
- fL=;ka LoNan vfu;af=r gSa os dqavkjh gksrs gq, Hkh fdlh lsa Hkh Hkksx djsa ;gh lukru /keZ gS- ¼vkfn 122½ ikaMw
us crk;k fd ;g /kkkfeZd fl)kar lukru gS- dq: esa vc Hkh ,slk gh gS rFkk ;gh izkphu lukru /keZ dqUrh
dks lw;Z us crk;k Fkk-
Fkk- ¼vkfn 1112½ ¼jkt 84½
- viuh ifRu vFkok nklh vius fe= dks m/kkj nsuk /keZ gS- ¼m|ksx ioZ 45½ ¼vuq”kklu ioZ 2½ ?kj vk, vfrfFk
¼czkã.k½ lsa viuh ifRu dk lekxe djokuk /keZ gS- Hkh"e dgrk gS ,slk djokus okys iq:"k dks LoxZ dk lq[k
feyrk gS- ¼ogh 2½ ;kfu ifRu dh nYykfxjh djus okys dks LoxZ!
- iq:"kksa }kjk vusdksa fL=;ksa lsa lEca/k cukuk /keZ gS- ¼vkfn 158½
- n{k us viuh dU;k vius cki dks czãk dks HksaV dj nh- czã us mlds lkFk Hkksx djds ukjn iSnk fd;k- nl
izpsrkvksa vkSj lkse us viuh csVh lsa dqdeZ fd;k vksj n{k iztkifr iSnk fd;k- iztkifr ds tc lUrku iSnk
gqbZ rks mlus 27 dU;k,a vius cki dks cPps iSnk djus ds fy, ns nha!! ¼gfjoa’k 2½--¼jkt 75½
egkHkkjr esa oS”kEik;u us ;g dgkuh tuest; dks lqukbZ rks og cksyk fd czãk vkSj mlds csVksa }kjk ;g
v/keZ D;ksa fd;k x;k rks oS”kEik;u cksyk ml le; ¼lÙk;qx esa½ vk;ksZa dk ;gh /keZ Fkk Fkk-- czkã.k blh dks /keZ
crkrs gS-a ¼gfjoa’k 3½--¼jkt 75½
- e`r ifr ds lkFk ty ejuk izkphu lukru /keZ gS- ¼vFkoZ 18-3-1½ ¼leq3-72½
- czkã.k lsa fu;ksx djokus ij /keZ gksrk gS- vU; lsa djokus ij /keZ dk uk’k gksrk gS- ¼euq 9-64½
- of”k"B tc Hkxoku okfYedh ds vkJe esa x;k rks mudh cfN;k ekj dj [kk x;k- /keZ lw= fy[kus okys bls
/kkfeZd deZ crkrs gSa- ¼leq 6-154½
- vcks/k ckfydk lsa chp unh ds cykRdkj djus okys dks /keZK vFkkZr /keZ dk Kkrk dgk x;k gS- ¼vkfn 97½
- /keZKksa ¼czkã.k /keZ ds ,DliVZ½ dk dguk gS fd {kf=;ksa }kjk “kknh ds e.Mi esa lsa o/kq dk cyiwoZd gj.k
vPNk dke gS /keZ gS- ¼e Hkk 121-221½ vr% “kknh ds fy, fdlh dh cgu csVh dks vxok dj ysuk v/keZ ugha
gS- rHkh rks rFkkdfFkr czãpkjh Hkh"e us vack vkSj mldh nks cguksa dks “kknh ds eaMi lsa tcju mBk fy;k
Fkk- ,slk vkneh vk;ksZa dk firkeg ¼cki dk cki½ dgyk;k- d`".k us “kknh ds le; viuh cgu lqHknzk
'kknhlqnk vtqZu ds gkFkksa vxok djk nh- og Hkxoku dgyk;k- fo".kq us lk/oh o`ank lsa tcju cykRdkj fd;k
rks og iztkikyd Hkxoku dgyk;k- guqeku us jke lsa lksyg dqvkajh deflu yM+fd;ka yh rks og ;fr]
czãpkjh dgyk;k- iou us guqeku dh ek¡ vatfu lsa O;fHkpkj djds guqeku dks iSnk fd;k rks og nsork
dgyk;k- f”ko lnk okluk esa Mwck jgus ds dkj.k fyax cuk fn;k x;k- og loZuk”kd Hkxoku dgyk;k- ;gh
czkã.kksa dk /keZ gS! lukru /keZ!!
- jke us tc lUr 'kEcwd dh xyk dkV dj gR;k dh rks nsoksa us bls /keZ dk dke crk;k vkSj ml ij Qwyksa
dh o"kkZ dh-
- euq ¼5-44½ Hkh dgrk gS fd osn gh /keZ gS- n;kuUn Hkh dgrk gS fd tks dqN osn esa gs og lc /keZ gS- pkgs
bl esa uj cfy i”kq cfy xk; ?kksM+s ekj dj [kkus dh ckr gks okluk dk uaxk ukp gks 'kjkc ihuk gks lc
/keZ gS czkã.kksa dk lukru /keZ!!
- d`".k dk dguk gS ¼1-40½ fd tc /keZ u"V gks tkrk gS rc o.kZladj cPps iSnk gksrs gS- vr% ,d tkfr okyh
L=h dks viuh tkfr ds iq#"k lsa gh lEca/k cukus pkfg,- tgka nks fHké tkfr;ksa ds L=h iq#"k us cPps iSnk
fd;s ugha fd /keZ u"V gqvk le>ks- ,slh lUrku dqy?kkrh vkSj dqy dks ujd esa ys tkus okyh gksrh gS- vxj
xhrk lgh gS rc rks bfUnjk xka/kh us lpeqp /keZ dk uk”k fd;k gS- d`".k ds vuqlkj rks jktho xka/kh vkSj
lat; xka/kh nksuksa dqy?kkrh gSa-
70

- egkHkkjr esa jktk uy dh dFkk gS fd og egk/kehZ jktk Fkk- fuR; twvk [ksyrk Fkk- fuR; ;Kksa esa i”kq dkV
dj czkã.kksa dks ijkslrk Fkk- czkã.kksa ds vuqlkj mlus dksbZ dke Hkh /keZ ds fo#) ugha fd;k ysfdu ,d
fnu fcuk ewrs la/;k djus cSB x;k- cl /keZ dk uk”k gks x;k- /keZ dk uk”k gqvk rks mldk Hkh uk”k gks x;k-
og tw, esa lc dqN gkj x;k- cl choh cph mls ysdj og taxy esa pyk x;k- lks ewr dj la/;k djuk
/keZ gS fcuk ewrs la/;k djuk v/keZ gS-
- Hkjr xÌh dk vlyh gdnkj Fkk- mlds cki us xÌh jke dks nsus dh lkft”k dh ysfdu ukdke jgk- jke
y{e.k lhrk ds lkFk ou esa pys x;k- Hkjr xÌh ij ugha cSBk cfYd jke dks eukus ou esa x;k- mls ns[k
dj y{e.k us jke lsa dgk bldh otg lsa rq>s xÌh ugha fey ikbZ gS blfy, bls ekjus esa v/keZ ugha gksxk-
vr% ftl vkneh lsa dksbZ gkfu gksrh gks mls ekjuk /keZ gS- pkgs blesa mldh dksbZ xyrh u gks- ¼v;ks/;k
96½
- vlyh czkã.k /keZ dh ifjHkk"kk vk;ksZa ds firkeg Hkh"e us nh gS- mldk dguk gS fd cyoku euq"; ftl
pht dks /keZ crykrk gS ogh /keZ gS D;ksa fd yksx mls /keZ eku ysrs gSa- detksj tks /keZ crykrk gS og
rkdroj ds crk, /keZ ds uhps nc tkrk gS- ¼lHkkioZ 69- 69-15½ ;gh dkj.k gS fd jke d`".k cyoku Fks blfy,
muds dqdeZ Hkh /keZ dgykrs gSa- lUr cyghu Fks mudk /keZ czkã.kksa ds v/keZ ds uhps nc x;k- czkã.kksa us
vius v/keZ dks cuk, j[kus ds fy, ges”kk rkdr dk lkFk fy;k- blfy, igys mudk xk; [kkuk Hkh /keZ
Fkk vkSj vc xk; iwtuk Hkh /keZ gSgS!!
xq: jSnkl us vius thou esa dHkh Hkh ,sls deZdkaM ;k ik[k.M ugha fd, ftUgsa czkã.k ^/keZ^ crkrs gSa-
muds fy, /keZ vkSj lnkpkj esa dksbZ vUrj ugha gS tcfd czkãf.kd /keZ esa lnkpkj dk /keZ lsa dgha nwj dk
Hkh fj”rk ugha gS- vr% czkã.kksa ds /keZ vkSj lUrksa ds /keZ esa mruk gh vUrj gS ftruk jkr vkSj fnu esa gksrk
gS-
blfy, Þ/keZÞ ds vk/kkj ij xq: jSnkl czkãf.kd fgUnw ugha dgs tk ldrs-
nwljk iz;kstu % vFkZ %& vFkZ ;kfu iSlk cukuk czkã.k/keZ dk eq[; dke gS- ftruk /ku vkt ds fnu
czkãf.kd eafnj dek jgs gSa mruk /ku rks Hkkjr ljdkj Hkh ugha cuk jgh gksxh- cPpk cPpk tkurk gS fd
/ku ;k nf{k.kk nsdj czkã.k lsa dqN Hkh myVk lh/kk dke djok;k tk ldrk gS- nqfu;k esa flQZ czkã.k gh
,d ,slh dkSe gS tks cPps ds tUe lsa igys gh nf{k.kk ysuk 'kq: djrk gS rFkk ejus ij nkg laLdkj djokus
ds Hkh iSls ysrk gS rFkk vkneh ds ej tkus ds ckn Hkh mlds okfjlksa lsa x#M+ ikB vkSj Jk) ds uke ij
nf{k.kk cVksjrk jgrk gS- ,slk og blfy, djrk gS D;ksafd iSlk dekuk muds /keZ dk eq[; mÌs’; gS-
czkã.k dks /ku vkfn nku nsus ds fu;e %
∗ dfy;qx esa nku iz/kku gS- nku dsoy czkã.k gh ys ldrs gSa- ¼euq 1-86½
∗ lalkj esa tks dqN gS lc czkã.kksa dk gh gS- ¼euq 1-100½ vr% og fdlh dk Hkh /ku ys ldrk gS-
∗ vxj jktk dks ykokfjl /ku fey tk, rks vk/kk Lo;a j[kss vk/kk czkã.k dks ns ns- vxj czkã.k dks
ykokfjl /ku fey tk, rks og lkjk gh j[k ys- ¼euq 8-37&38½
∗ tks vkneh vius dek;s x, /ku esa lsa czkã.k dks nku ugha djrk] og pksj rFkk ikih gS- mls czãgR;kjs
ds leku ekuk tkuk pkfg,- ¼ikjk’kj 12-16½
∗ czkã.k ij dksbZ tqekZuk] dksbZ VSDl ugha yxk;k tk ldrk- ¼euq 7-133]8-380½ lfn;ksa lsa pys vk jgs blh
fu;e ds rgr vkt Hkh mu ij vk;dj] fcØh dj vkfn ugha yxrk-
∗ czkã.k dk ewag ySVj ckWDl dh rjg gS- tSls mlesa Mkyh xbZ fpëh ukfer O;fDr dks fey tkrh gS oSls
gh czkã.k ds ewag esa gO; ¼;K dk vé ek¡l ?kh vkfn½ Mkyus ij nsorkvksa dks fey tkrk gS rks dO;
¼Jk) esa rS;kj Hkkstu½ Mkyus lsa firjksa dks fey tkrk gS- ¼euq 1-95½
∗ jktk tks /ku czkã.k dks nku esa nsrk gS mls jktk ds ikl lsa dksbZ pksj pqjk ugha ldrk] “k=q Nhu ugha
ldrk- blfy, jktk dks pkfg, fd og czkã.kksa dks [kwc nku ns- ¼euq 7-82½
∗ vfXu esa nh xbZ vkgwfr lsa rks vPNk gS fd czkã.k dks gh nku dj fn;k tk, D;ksafd mls fn;k x;k nku
u rks uhps fxjrk gS u lw[krk gS vkSj u gh u"V gksrk gS-¼euq 7-83½
71

gfj}kj] iz;kx] dk”kh vFkok fdlh Hkh vU; rhFkZ LFkku ij nf{k.kk ekaxus ds uke ij ftruh ywV ogka ds
czkã.k i.Ms djrs gSa] mllsa lHkh fgUnw nks pkj gks pqds gSa- czkã.kokn ds myV xq: jSnkl us dHkh fdlh lsa
nku ugha fy;k- ekaxus dh rks dYiuk Hkh ugha dh tk ldrh- lUr jSnkl esgur djds [kkus esa fo”okl j[krs
Fks- mudk dguk gS%
jSnkl ifjJe dj [kkb;s[kkb;s] tks ns ikj yxk,!
usd dekbZ tks djs dHkh u fu’Qy tk,!
jSnkl fut gkFk esa] jk[kks jkach vkj!
lqfdjrh esjk /keZ gS] rkjsxk ikj!!
lHkh tkurs gSa fd xq: jSnkl peZdkj Fks- yksx pkgs muds dke vkSj mudh tkfr dks vksNk crkrs Fks
exj mUgsa esgur djds vius gh dke lsa dek dj [kkus esa xoZ eglwl gksrk Fkk- blfy, os dgrs Fks fd
vius gkFk esa vius vkStkj j[kks rFkk usd dekbZ djds [kkvks- blh lsa dY;k.k gksxk-
vr% xq: jSnkl fdlh Hkh <ax lsa lukru /keZ okys fgUnw ugha gks ldrs-
rhljk iz;kstu % dke %& czkãf.kd fgUnqvksa esa dgus dks rks pkj iz;kstu gSa ysfdu ftruk vey czkã.kksa
vkSj muds nsoksa _f"k;ksa us ÞdkeÞ ij fd;k gS mruk fdlh vkSj ij ugha fd;k- blfy, lR; dgk tk, rks
dke ;k okluk czkã.k/keZ dk lclsa eq[; y{; jgk gS- czãk us viuh csVh lsa cykRdkj djds tks ^dke^ “kq:
fd;k Fkk vkt rd ds czkã.k bl ^dke okluk^ ds pDdj esa my>s gq, gSa- czkã.k/keZ esa ÞdkeÞ dk ifr
ifRu ds lEca/kksa ;k vkSykn iSnk djus lsa drbZ lEca/k ugha gS- muds dke dk vFkZ ek= i”kqor okluk lsa gS-
tSls i”kq viuh okluk feVkus esa fdlh fj”rs vFkok fdlh insZ dh t:jr ugha le>rs oSls gh czkãf.kd nso]
_f"k vkSj i.Ms iqtkfj;ksa us fdlh fdLe dh dksbZ fygkt ugha j[kh- Lo;a czkã.k xzUFk bl ckr dk lcwr gSa-
∗ czãk lsa 'kq: djsa rks mlus viuh csVh vkSj iksfr;ka ugha c['kha-
∗ fo".kq us ifrozrk o`ank lsa cykRdkj fd;k rFkk mUgsa vkRegR;k djus ij etcwj fd;k-
∗ egs”k vFkok f”ko ges”kk viuh ifRu ds lkFk dke deZ esa fyIr ik;k x;k- ;gka rd fd tc Hk`xq mllsa
feyus x;k rks og vius *dke* esa eLr Fkk- vr% Hk`xq us mls fyax cu tkus dk Jki ns fn;k- vkt
djksM+ksa fgUnw ml “kkfir fyax dks iwtrs gSa-
∗ lhrk tc egkRek jko.k ds ikl yadk esa Fkh rks ihNs lsa jke us okluk esa va/ks gksdj tks gk; rkSck epkbZ
og cs”kehZ dh gn gS-
∗ d`".k us rks cs”kehZ D;k vuSfrdrk dh lHkh gnsa ikj dj nha- jk/kk mldh ek¡ leku ekeh yxrh Fkh
ftlds lkFk og fuR; 'kkjhfjd lEca/k cukrk Fkk- vkt czkã.k eafnjksa esa d`".k dh ifRu #Def.k dh ewfrZ
ugha yxkrs cfYd dqYVk jk/kk dh ewfrZ yxkrs gSa rkfd vU; jk/kk,a vk,a rks mudk Hkh dke pyrk jgs-
vxj Hkkxor dks lp eku ysa rks d`".k ds bykds esa 'kk;n gh dksbZ cpk gksxk ftl dh cgu csVh vkSj
ifRu dh bTtr lsa og ugha [ksyk- oukZ rhu djksM+ vBkjg gtkj vkB dh lwfp rks ogka fo|eku gh gS!
∗ [ktqjkgks vkSj txékFk ds os”;k?kjksa dks eafnj dk uke fn;k tkrk gS- tSlh ewfrZ;ka ogka cuh gqbZ gSa oSlh
dke okluk esa fyIr ewfrZ;ka rks os”;k?kjksa esa Hkh ugha ikbZ tkrha-
∗ czkãf.kd vk;Z lqUnj vkSjr ds brus nhokus gksrs Fks fd og fdlh ,d dh choh cu dj ugha jg ldrh
Fkh- lqUnj L=h dks uxjo/kq ;kfu iwjs xkao dh choh cuk fn;k tkrk Fkk- vEckikyh ,slh gh vHkkfxu Fkh
ftls vR;kf/kd lqUnj gksus ds dkj.k iwjs uxj dh HkksX;k ;kfu os”;k cuuk iM+k Fkk- Hkxou cq) us mls
fHk{kq.kh cuk dj vHkkfxu vEcikyh lsa vEck ek¡ cuk;k-
∗ vIljk,a nso lekt dh Lis”ky os”;k,a gksrh Fkha- mudk dke nsoksa dh dke okluk feVkuk gksrk Fkk- tSls
yhMj viuh dqlhZ cpkus ds fy, vksNs gFkdaMs viukrs gSa oSls gh nso viuk dke fudkyus ds fy, bu
vIljkvksa dks _f"k;ksa vkfn dks Hkh lIykbZ dj nsrs Fks- ;g czkã.k/keZ gh gS ftlds ÞnsorkÞ yM+fd;ka
lIykbZ dk dke djrs Fks ysfdu mlds ckotwn Hkh ÞHkxokuÞ cus gq, gSa-
72

∗ nqfu;k ds fdlh Hkh /keZ esa os”;ko`fr dks czkã.k/keZ tSlh ekU;rk ugha nh xbZ gS- czkã.k/keZ esa rks os”;k,a
vkSj nsfo;ka ,d leku gSa- jke dks iSnk djus okyk czkã.k _f"k _’;J`ax dks taxy lsa ckgj ykus ds
fy, os”;kvksa dks Hkstk x;k- mudh v”yhy vnk,a ns[k dj gh og czkã.k _f’k viuk vkJe NksM+ dj
dqÙks dh rjg jky Vidkrk muds ihNs ihNs egy rd vk x;k- d`".k ds fryd ds le; bUnz us eFkqjk
dh os”;kvksa ds fy, vU; yksxksa ds cjkcj lksuk fn;k Fkk- ¼gfjoa”k v/;k; 55½
∗ czkã.k xzUFk i<+us cSBks rks yxrk gS dksbZ _f"k viuh ek¡ ds rks iSnk gqvk gh ugha vkSj u gh fdlh _f"k
us viuh ifRu ds lUrku iSnk dh gS- gj dksbZ os”;kvksa lsa gh iSnk gqvk yxrk gS rFkk os”;kvksa ds ihNs
gh Hkkxrk utj vkrk gS-
∗ czkã.k /keZ esa dke okluk dh lclsa cM+h felky f”ko gS- nkok fd;k tkrk gS fd mlus dkenso dks u"V
dj fn;k Fkk ysfdu f”ko vkSj ikoZrh ges”kk okluk deZ esa gh yxs jgrs Fks- blfy, Jki ds dkj.k os
fyax&;ksfu ds :i esa /kjrh ij vk fxjs- vkt mudk fyax&;ksfu gj czkãf.kd eafnj dh 'kku gS-
∗ dke vFkkZr okluk ;k lSDl dk czkãf.kd /keZ esa bruk vf/kd egRo Fkk fd tc nsonr us ;g dgk fd
og fdlh L=h lsa ;kSu lEca/k ugha cuk,xk rks lkjs vk;Z lekt esa rgydk ep x;k- bls ÞHkh"k.k izfrKkÞ
dk uke fn;k x;k vkSj ,slh ckr djus okys dks Hkh"e uke fn;k x;k- oSls ns[kk tk, rks Hkkjr ds
jk"Vªifr vkSj iz/kku eU=h ,sls O;fDr gks pqds gSa ftUgksaus iwjh mez 'kknh gh ugha dh vkSj os yksx pfj= esa
Hkh"e lsa yk[k ntsZ Åaps gSa- ysfdu dke rks czkã.k/keZ dh tM+ gS vr% vxj fdlh us dg fn;k fd og
L=h lsa laidZ ugha cuk,xk rks czkã.kksa ds fy, egku dk;Z gks x;k!!
∗ ;g czkã.kksa ds dke okluk ds /keZ dk gh ikyu Fkk fd tc jke ou esa tkus yxk rks mlds cki us
mlds lkFk os”;k,a Hkstus dk izca/k Hkh fd;k- ¼v;ks/;k dkaM 36½ vr% czkãf.kd fgUnqvksa dk fcuk lSDl
fcuk os”;kvksa ds xqtkjk ugha gks ldrk-
∗ dke okluk czkã.k /keZ esa bl dnj gkoh gS fd L=h fo”ks"kdj ijkbZ vkSjr lsa eSFkqu dks rhFkZ crk;k
x;k- fuEu lwfp bl ckr dh |ksrd gS fd czkã.k gj izdkj dh L=h lsa lEca/k cukus esa rhFkZ ftruk
iq.; le>rs Fks-% ¼#nzk;key rU=½ ¼vk;Z uhfr i`- 15½
L=h dh fdLe rhFkZ ds leku
jtLoyk % iq"dj
pkaMkyh % dk”kh
pekfju % iz;kx
/kksfcu % eFkqjk
ukbZu % gfj}kj
os”;k % v;ks/;k
gekjs fopkj esa bl eqÌs ij xq: jSnkl dks ysdj fdlh fdLe dh fVIi.kh dh vko”;drk gh ugha gS- xq:
jSnkl ds lnkpkjh pfj= vkSj czkã.k /kehZ yksxksa ds okluke;h thou dh rqyuk fdlh Hkh fglkc lsa dh gh ugha
tk ldrh- tSls lUr jSnkl Fks oSls czkã.koknh dHkh gks gh ugha ldrs vkSj tSls czkã.koknh gSa oSls lUr dHkh gks
gh ugha ldrs!! xq: jSnkl ds dke okluk ij dqN in bl izdkj lsa gSa%
ftuds fgjns lÙk cls] iap nksl ukafg! fg!
fg
jSnkl os uj Åaps Hk,] le> ;s eu ekafg!!
vFkkZr ftuds ân; esa lPpkbZ clrh gS muds eu esa ikap nks"k ugha clrs vkSj ftuds eu esa ikap nks"k
ugha gSa os vkneh egku gSa- ;g ikap nks"k gSa % dke] Øks/k] yksHk] eksg vkSj vgadkj! vr% jSnkl th ds vuqlkj
ftuds eu esa dke clrk gS os uhp iq#"k gSa- czkã.k /keZ dk dksbZ Hkh Hkxoku dksbZ Hkh nso vkSj dksbZ Hkh _f"k]
lUr jSnkl ds ekin.M ij [kjk ugha mrjrk! bruk dqN gksus ij Hkh dksbZ mUgsa czkãf.kd ÞfgUnwÞ dgs rks ;g
mldh uhprk gh gS!!
vr% bl dlkSVh ij Hkh xq: jSnkl czkãf.kd fgUnw ugha gSa-
73

pkSFkk iz;kstu % eks{k %& eks{k gj czkãf.kd fgUnw dh pkg gS] ije y{; gS- iSnk gksrs gh gj fgUnw ds
fnekx esa ;g ckr cSBk nh tkrh gS fd mlds “kjhj esa ,d vkRek gS tks fd ijekRek lsa fcNqM+ dj vkbZ gS- ;g
“kjhj mldh dSn gS- gj vkneh dk ije y{; gS fd tSls gh vkRek “kjhj dh dSn lsa vktkn gks og ijekRek lsa
fey tk,- ijekRek lsa feyu ;kfu eks{k gks tk,-
czkã.k/keZ esa eks{k dk /kU/kk bruk tcjnLr Qy Qwy jgk gS fd bruk rks fcy xsVl dk dEI;wVj
flLVe Hkh ugha c<+ jgk gksxk- czkã.kksa ds reke eafnj] rhFkZ LFkku] unh rkykc lc ds lc eks{k dh xkjaVh nsrs
gSa- ,d ckj laxe esa Mqcdh yxkvks lkr tUeksa rd eks{k ikvks- gfj}kj esa Mqcdh yxkvks lh/ks cSdq.B esa tkvks]
osadVsloj] ckyk] f=ifr] cnzh vkfn ds eafnjksa esa nku djks vkSj ikiksa lsa eqfDr ikvks- tc iki ugha jgs rks LoxZ esa
vIljkvksa ds lkFk ,s”k djus lsa dkSu jksdsxk! ,sls czkã.k gh gSa tks iSls ysdj LoxZ esa lhV dh xkjaVh nsrs gSa!!
ekr`dk Hksn ra= esa f”ko viuh choh lsa dgrk gS fd efnjk ihus lsa czkã.kksa dks eks{k feyrk gS- eSa rq>s
,d egku lR; crkrk gw¡ fd tks czkã.k 'kjkc vkSj eSFkqu esa yxk jgrk gS og f”ko cu tkrk gS- tSls ikuh esa
ikuh fey tkrk gS oSls gh 'kjkc ihus okyk czkã.k czãk esa fey tkrk gS- ¼;kfu mls eks{k fey tkrk gS½ pkoy
lsa cuh 'kjkc ¼lqjk½ ihus lsa vkneh lqjRo ¼nsoRo½ izkIr djrk gS- blhfy, ;g lqjk dgykrh gS- ¼igsyh 14½
xq: jSnkl us viuh ck.kh esa yksxksa lsa vkgoku fd;k fd os bu ik[k.Mksa lsa cp dj jgsa- mudh ck.kh esa
eks{k lEca/kh fuEu ckrs ikbZa tkrh gS %
1- mUgksaus viuh iwjh ck.kh esa dgha Hkh eks{k izkfIr dh bPNk tkfgj ugha dh gS-
2- mUgksaus dHkh fdlh lsa ;g ugha dgk fd os eks{k izkfIr dk ;Ru djs- mUgksaus dHkh Hkh y[k pkSjklh
;ksfu tSlh cdokl ckrsa ugha dh gSa-
3- mUgksaus vkneh vkSj Hkxoku dks ^,d^ djds ekuk gS- os dgrs gSa %
rksfg ekfg] eksfg rksfg varj dSlk] dud dfVd ty rjax ds tSlk!
vFkkZr gs Hkxoku] rsjs esjs esa vkSj esjs rsjs esa oSlk gh varj gS tSls lksus vkSj mllsa cus gq, tsojksa
esa gksrk gS ;k fQj tSls ikuh vkSj mlesa mBus okyh ygjksa esa gksrk gS- tSls muesa dksbZ varj ugha oSls gh
vkneh vkSj Hkxoku esa varj ugha gS- tc varj gh ugha rks eks{k fdl ckr dk!
os vkxs cksys % izHkq th rqe nhid ge ckrh] rqe eksrh ge /kkxk] rqe rhjFk ge tkrh!
vFkkZr Hkxoku vkSj vkneh dk esy oSlk gh gS tSls nhid vkSj ckrh dk] eksrh vkSj /kkxs dk rFkk
rhFkZ vkSj ;k=h dk- fcuk nhid ds ckrh csdkj gS rks fcuk ckrh ds nhid fdlh dke dk ugha] tc rd
/kkxk u gks eksrh dh ekyk ugha cu ldrh] eksrh u gks rks vdsyk /kkxk fdlh dher dk ugha gS- fcuk
;kf=;ksa ds rhFkZ dh 'kksHkk ugah rks rhFkZ ugha rks ;k=k ugha gks ldrh-
vr% tc Hkxoku vkSj vkneh ,d nwljs ds iwjd gSa rks vkneh dks eks{k dh t:jr gh ugha gS-
eks{k dh t:jr rks rc iM+s tc vkneh Hkxoku lsa nwj gks!! vxj vkneh nwj gks Hkh tk, rks Hkh czkã.kksa
ds QSyk, ik[k.Mksa lsa rks eks{k feyus lsa jgk- muds gelgjh lÙkxq# dchj us czkã.kksa ds eks{k ds /kU/ks
ij lVhd fVIi.kh dh gS- mUgksaus dgk%
os D;ksa dklh rtSa eqjkjhA
rsjh lsok pksj Hk;s cuokjhAA
tksxh trh rih lU;klh] eB nsoy cfl ijlS dklhA
rhu ckj ts fur izfr UkUkgkoSa] dk;k Hkhrfj [kcj u ikoSaA
nsoy nsoy Qsjh nsfga] ukao fujatu dcgqa u ysgha ghaA
pju fcjn dklh dw u nSgaw] dg dchj Hky ujdfg tSgwaA
vFkkZr dk”kh esa clus okys i.Ms pksj gSa- os Hkxoku ds uke ij eks{k dk /kU/kk djrs gq, pksj lsa ekfyd
cu cSBs gS- gj izdkj ds czkã.koknh & ;ksxh] czãpkjh] riLoh vkSj lU;klh ;gka eafnjksa esa Msjk Mkys cSBs gSa- os
jkstkuk rhu ckj xaxk esa Luku djrs gSa fd bllsa mUgsa eks{k fey tk,xk- yksx buds pDdjksa esa iM+ dj eafnj
eafnj Qsjs Mky jgs gSa- ysfdu os yksx lnkpkj dk uke ugha ysrs ftllsa mUgsa okLro esa 'kkafr feysxh- eSa pkgs
ujd esa pyk tkÅa exj ,slh Bxksa dh dk”kh esa ugha vkÅaxk-
74

xq: jSnkl Hkh vius gelgjh tSls gh Fks- mUgksaus Hkh eks{k ds /kU/ks dk iwjh rjg lsa [k.Mu vkSj fojks/k
fd;k- os eks{k ds /kU/ks dks bruk vksNk le>rs Fks fd mUgksaus viuh ck.kh esa dgha Hkh eks{k izkIr djus dh ckr
ugha dh gS- mUgksaus cl bruk dgk fd lnkpkjh dke gh esjk /keZ gS vkSj ;gh eq>s eqfDr fnyk,xk-
jSnkl fut gkFk esa] jk[kks jkach vkj!
lqfdjrh esjk /keZ gS] rkjsxk Hko ikj!!
vr% bl vk/kkj ij Hkh mUgsa czkãf.kd fgUnw/kehZ ugha dgk tk ldrk-
4- osnksa dk /keZ % czkã.k _f"k vafxjk lsa ysdj czkã.k jk"Vªifr jk/kkd`".ku rd lHkh czkã.kksa dk ,d gh er
gS fd osn /keZ dh tM+ gSa- vxj osn ugha rks /keZ ugha gS- vktdy ,d u;k QS”ku pyk gS fd lkjs oSKkfud
QkewZys Hkh osnksa esa <w<s tkus yxs gSa- jkdsV] dEI;wVj] ,sVe ce] clsa] dkjsa] daMkse] ulcanh & lc dqN osnksa esa
[kksts tk jgs gSa- vr% vktdy osn /keZ ds lkFk lkFk Kku vkSj foKku ds Hkh lkxj cuk, tk jgs gSa-
osnksa esa Kku dh ckr djsa rks osnksa esa bruk Kku gS fd czkãf.kd nsoksa ds ikl ydM+h dk ,d ik= ¼crZu½
Fkk ftlesa Mky dj os ;K dk lkeku [kkrs Fks- nsoksa dks og crZu NksVk iM+rk Fkk- ,d c<bZ us mlds lkFk dk
cM+k crZu cuk fn;k ;k mlh esa tksM+ yxk dj mls cM+k cuk fn;k- cl ml c<+bZ ds ÞKkuÞ dk gYyk ep x;k
vkSj ml c<+bZ dks ÞegkKkuhÞ eku fy;k x;k vkSj mls ÞnsoÞ dh mikf/k ns nh xbZ- ;g ydM+h dk ik= oSlk gh
Fkk tSls vktdy ge i”kqvksa dk pkjk Mkyus ds fy, ydM+h dh [kqjyh cukrs gSa- [kqjyh cukus cukus okyk tgka
egkKkuh gS ml lekt ds Kku dh lgt dYiuk dh tk ldrh gS-
lalkj dk NksVs lsa NksVk edku rFkk cM+s lsa cM+k egy ;k fdyk bZaVksa lsa cuk gS- laLd`r Hkk"kk esa ÞbZ
ÞbZaVÞ
“kCn gh ugha gS vkSj iwjs czkãf.kd xzUFkksa esa dgha Hkh bZaV “kCn ugha vk;k gS- dgus dh vko”;drk ugha fd tks
yksx bZaV dks ugha tkurs mUgksaus vius edku ?kkl Qwl ds gh cus gksaxs- vkSj ;g Hkh dgus dh vko”;drk ugha
fd ?kkl Qwl lsa >ksaiM+s curs gSa egy ugha- tks yksx bZaV cukuk ugha tkurs Fks muds ckjs esa ;g dgk tk, fd os
jkdsV cuk ysrs Fks rks ;g ikxyiu gh gS-
,d czkãf.kd dFkk gS fd bUnz us vfgY;k lsa O;fHkpkj fd;k- mlds ifr us bUnz dks Jki fn;k fd
mlds v.Mdks"k fxj tk,a- og ÞukenZÞ cu x;k- nsoksa us oj fn;k vkSj mlds cdjs ds v.Mdks"k mx vk,- og
fQj lsa ÞenZÞ cu x;k- jk/kk vkSj d`".k fuR; jaxjfy;ka eukrs Fks- jk/kk ds ifr us fojks/k fd;k rks nksuksa us fey
dj mls uiqald cuk fn;k- ,slh dFkkvksa ds vk/kkj ij vxj czkã.koknh Þfo}kuÞ nkok djsa fd muds osnksa 'kkL=ksa
esa ulcanh dh fof/k;ka crkbZ xbZ gSa rks muds ÞKkuÞ vkSj /kwrZrk dh lgt dYiuk dh tk ldrh gS- cl ,sls gh
Kku dh ckrsa gSa osnksa esa czkãf.kd 'kkL=ksa esa-
osnksa esa /keZ % lclsa eq[; ckr osnksa esa of.kZr Þ/keZÞ dh gS- gj czkã.koknh dh rjg n;kuUn Hkh xyk QkM+
dj ,syku djrk gS fd osn lqizhe gSa] lclsa egku gSa] bZ”ojh; Kku gSa- mldk vk;Z lekt rks vkt Hkh ;gh
dgrk gS fd osn dky esa ykSV pyks vkSj viuk thou osnksa ds vuqlkj vkSj vuq:i O;rhr djks- euq dk Hkh
dguk gS fd osn lukru /keZ dk ewy gSa- osn ugha rks /keZ ugha-
lHkh czkã.koknh ys[kd ekurs gSa fd osn lR;;qx esa jps x, Fks- ;g Hkh ekU;rk gS fd lR;;qx vkSj
dfy;qx ijLij fojks/kh ;qx gSa- tks ckr lR;;qx esa gksrh Fkh og vc dfy;qx esa ugha gksrh vkSj tks vc dfy;qx
esa gksrh gS og lR;;qx esa ugha gksrh Fkh- jk/kkd`".ku us osnksa dk /keZ crkrs gq, dgk gS fd dfy;qx esa ikap phtksa
dh eukgh dh xbZ- ¼/keZ vkSj lekt i`-186½
1- ;K dh vfXu dks yxkrkj tyk, j[kuk
2- xks&gR;k djuk- xkses/k ;K djuk-
3- Jk) ;k fir`iwtk ds volj ij ekal [kkuk-
4- fu;ksx }kjk lUrku iSnk djuk-
5- lalkj R;kx djuk vFkok lU;kl /kkj.k djuk-
;g ikap dke dfy;qx esa cUn fd, x, rks bldk vFkZ gqvk fd ;g ikapksa dke 'ks"k rhuksa ;qxksa %
lR;;qx] =srk vkSj }kij esa /keZ gksrs Fks- ;g ikapksa dke lR;;qx ;kfu ml le; Hkh gksrs Fks tc osn gh /keZ gksrs
Fks- ladkjkpk;Z us dfy;qx esa lU;klh cuus ij yxh ikcanh gVk nh- vr% vc dfy;qx esa Hkh yksx lU;klh cu
ldrs gSa- okLro esa ns[kk tk, rks ;gh ikap dke osnksa dk /keZ gSa- vr% bu dkeksa dk D;k vFkZ gS rFkk nfyr
lUrksa [kkldj xq: jSnkl dk bl ckjs esa D;k er gS bl ij fopkj fd;k tkuk t:jh gS-
75

;K % osnksa ds /keZ dh tku


osn czkã.k/keZ dk ewy gSa vkSj ;K osnksa dk ewy gSa- vxj osnksa esa lsa ;K fudky fn, tk,a rks 'ks"k dqN
cpsxk gh ugha- ;K vkSj osn ,d nwljs ds iwjd gSa- dksbZ le; Fkk fd ;K gh czkã.k/keZ dh tku gksrs Fks- gj
jktk dks viuh lÙkk cuk, j[kus ds fy, ;K djus gh iM+rs Fks- gjsd ;K esa osn fof/k ds vuqlkj de lsa de
lksyg czkã.k _f"k ¼_fRod½ cqykus t:jh Fks- dksbZ Hkh ;K bllsa de fxurh esa _f"k;ksa }kjk djus dk fo/kku
ugha Fkk- euq dk vkns”k Fkk fd ;Kksa esa cgqr [kpkZ gksrk gS- blfy, flQZ /kuoku gh ;K djsa-
;K dk bfrgkl % vkt ftl rjg ds ;K fd, tkrs gSa os oSfnd ;K ugha gSa- vkt ds le; esa ;K dk
iwjk Lo:i gh cny x;k gS- vktdy vkx esa ?kh Mky dj tks ;K fd, tkrs gSa os oSfnd ;K ugha gSa- izkphu
dky esa ;K dk ewy mÌs”; vusd yksxksa }kjk bDdBs gksdj lUrku iSnk djuk gh gksrk Fkk- egkjkt jko.k }kjk
jksds tkus rd vk;Z yksx ;Kksa esa 'kjkc ihrs Fks] ;K vfXu esa ekal Hkwu dj [kkrs Fks rFkk fL=;ksa lsa lkewfgd
lekxe djrs Fks] egkRek jko.k us ,sls ;Kksa dks ÞfNnzksa okys ;KÞ dk uke fn;k rFkk os ,sls ohHkRl vkSj v”yhy
;K djus okys _f"k;ksa dks ltk nsrs Fks- ekuuh; dk”khukFk fo”oukFk jktokM+s us viuh iqLrd ÞHkkjrh; fookg
laLFkk dk bfrgklÞ esa ;K dk vlyh vFkZ fn;k gS-
;K dk vlyh vFkZ % lkewfgd dke okluk % jktokM+s egksn; ds vuqlkj laLd`r Hkk"kk dk “kCn Þ;KÞ
nks “kCnksa ;t $ u~ ds esy lsa cuk gS- ;t dk vFkZ gS xeu djuk] tUe nsuk] laHkksx djuk- u~ bls cgqopu cuk
nsrk gS- vr% ;K dk vFkZ gqvk cgq cgqr lkjs yksxksa }kjk ,d txg bDdBs gksdj xeu djuk] cPps iSnk djuk- djuk- ;g
czkã.k/keZ ds bfrgkl dh lPpkbZ Hkh gS fd muds _f"k ;Kksa esa ,df=r gksdj lcds lkeus cPps iSnk djus dk
dke gh fd;k djrs Fks- jke ds tUe ds fy, fd, x, ;K bl ckr dk lcwr gSa- nzqin nzksinh tSls vufxfur
yksx ;Kksa esa gh iSnk gq, gSa- jktokM+s egksn; ds vuqlkj izkphu dky esa vk;Z iwoZt vkx dh /kwuh ds pkjksa vksj
,df=r gksrs Fks- xqIrkaxksa ds ckjs esa ckrsa djrs Fks rFkk ogha ij xHkkZ/kku Hkh djrs Fks- bu rhuksa fØ;kvksa ds fy, os
;K “kCn dk iz;ksx djrs Fks- muds vuqlkj ;Kksa esa tks vHknz v”yhy ckrsa dh tkrha Fkha ogh v”oes/k ;K ds
eU= Hkh cuk, x, gSa-
izkphu oSfnd vk;ksZa esa ;K dk vFkZ L=h lsa ;kSu lEca/k cukuk gh Fkk- czkã.kksa dk lclsa izkphu mifu"kn
c`gnkj.;d ¼6-12-3½ vkSj NkanksX; ¼5-8-1½ esa ;K dk ;gh vFkZ fd;k x;k gS- buds vuqlkj L=h gh ;K dh vfXu
gS] mldh ;ksfu Tokyk gS] vkneh dk fyax lfe/kk ¼;K dh ydM+h½ gS] vkd"kZ.k /kwavk gS] izos’k vaxkj gSa] vkuUn
fpaxkjh gSa] oh;Zikr gh vkgwfr gS- blh lsa xHkZ Bgjrk gS-
mifu"knksa esa ;K dk fn;k gqvk mijksDr vFkZ fdlh ckr dh dksbZ xqatk;”k gh ugha NksM+rk fd osnksa ds
/keZ esa ;K esa D;k fd;k tkrk Fkk-
;gka ;g Li"V djuk Hkh t:jh gS fd oSfnd vk;ksZa esa gj L=h ds fy, nl iq= iSnk djuk vfuok;Z Fkk-
vkt ds le; esa Hkh n;kuUn oSfnd Qrok tkjh djrk gS fd gj L=h nl iq= iSnk djs- vxj mldk ifr ej
tk, ;k cPps iSnk djus esa vleFkZ gks tk, rks mls mPp dqy ¼czkã.kksa½ lsa cPps iSnk djus pkfg,! ¼lR;kFkZ
izdk”k 4½ lks vxj fdlh dks ;g 'kadk gks fd ;K esa bruh fL=;ka dSls vk ikrh gksaxh] fuewZy gks tkrh gS
D;ksafd mUgsa nl iq= iSnk djus gh gksrs Fks-
gR;kjs ij’kq jke dh dFkk lp ekusa rks tc mlus {kf=;ksa dk loZuk”k dj fn;k Fkk ¼mlus leLr {kf=;
uj vius dqYgkM+s lsa dkV fn, Fks- ;gka rd fd {k=kf.k;ksa ds xHkZ esa iy jgs cPps Hkh fudky dj dkV fn, Fks!½
rks {k=kf.k;ka czkã.kksa ds vkxs ykbu yxk dj [kM+h jgrh Fkha fd og mulsa lekxe dj ys rkfd muds iq= iSnk
gks tk, vkSj og Lo;a rks eks{k dh vf/kdkfj.kh cu tk, vkSj mldk iq= vius firjksa dks ikuh nsus yk;d gks
tk,-
czkã.kksa dk vk;Z lekt dh fL=;ksa ij fdruk ncnck Fkk] og bl ckr lsa Hkh tkfgj gksrk gS fd tc
egkjkt jko.k czkã.k dk os”k cuk dj lhrk gj.k ds fy, x, rks mUgksaus lhrk ds vax vax dh oSlh gh rkjhQ
dh tSls ,d ifr viuh ifRu dh dj ldrk gS- czkã.kksa ds Hkxoku dgs tkus okys jke dh choh lhrk Hkh
Þczkã.kÞ ds eq[k lsa vius vaxksa dh rkjhQ lqu dj [kq”k gqbZ rFkk mUgsa Qy esos HksaV fd,- lks tc Hkxoku dgs
tkus okys vkneh dh choh Hkh czkã.kksa ds paxqy lsa vktkn ugha Fkh rks vke L=h us rks ;K esa ykbu yxkuh gh
Fkh-
76

;K esa 'kjkc % _Xosn esa ipklksa v/;k; lkse jl ¼Hkkax ;k 'kjkc½ dh Lrqfr esa fy[ks x, gSa- ;K esa lkse
uked 'kjkc ihuk Hkh vfuok;Z Fkk- jktokM+s egksn; ds vuqlkj czkã.k _f"k vkSj ;K esa Hkkx ysus okys blfy,
lkse ihrs Fks D;ksafd os ekurs Fks fd lkse lsa oh;Z iSnk gksrk gS rFkk mlds u”ks esa eLr gksdj jfrfØ;k [kqy dj
dh tk ldrh gS- lkFk esa lkse ihus lsa lekxe djus dh bPNk Hkh c<+rh gS- ¼i`- 125½ os ;g Hkh dgrs gSa fd
iztkifr ¼xkao dk eqf[k;k½ ;K dk vk;kstu djds lHkh tokuksa dks ,dlkFk cqyk dj vius lewg dh fL=;ksa lsa
lekxe djokrs Fks rkfd vf/kd iztk iSnk gks lds-
vr% osnksa dk /keZ ;gh Fkk fd ;K fd, tk,a rkfd lc fey dj cPps iSnk dj ldsa- ;K esa iSnk cPps
fdlh ,d dh lUrku ugha gksrs Fks cfYd iwjs dchys ;k lewg dh lUrku ekus tkrs Fks- 'kk;n rHkh lsa ;g
dgkor cuh gS fd cPps lc ds lak>s gksrs gSa- gks”k esa jg dj lcds lkeus lekxe djuk gjsd bUlku ds cl
dh ckr ugha gS- vr% lkse ds u”ks esa /kqr gksdj ;Kksa esa ,sls dqdeZ fd, tkrs Fks-
;K esa ekal Hk{k.k % ;K esa czkã.k _f"k;ksa dks ihus ds fy, 'kjkc fey tkrh Fkh rFkk Hkksxus ds fy,
fL=;ka rks ,sls esa ekal u [kk;k tk,] ,slk gksuk rks muds fy, vugksuh Fkh- vr% oSfnd /kehZ czkã.k _f"k ;K esa
MV dj 'kjkc ihrs Fks] ;K dh vkx esa i”kq Hkwu dj [kkrs Fks rFkk ogha eneLr gksdj fL=;ksa lsa lekxe djrs Fks-
czkã.k ;K esa gj izdkj dk ekal Hkwu dj [kkrs Fks- uj ekal] xksekal rFkk ?kksMs+ dk ekal mudk loZfiz; [kk| Fkk- Fkk-
blds vfrfjDr os HksM+ cdjh xSaMk fgj.k] lc izdkj ds i{kh rFkk ikuh esa jgus okys tho lHkh dqN os ;K dh
vfXu esa Hkwu dj [kk tkrs Fks- jke dks iSnk djus ds fy, fd, x, ;K esa 300 ds djhc i”kq] i{kh vkSj typj
[kwaVksa ds cka/ks x, Fks ftudks ckn esa dkV dj rFkk ;K dh vkx esa Hkwu dj [kk;k x;k-
;K esa ujekal Hk{k.k % _Xosn esa nks txgksa ij ;K esa vkneh dh cfy nsus dk mYys[k vk;k gS- ,d
txg rks 'kqu%”ksi uked ckyd dh cfy dk izlax gS- dFkk gS fd ;K esa dkVus ds fy, ,d ckyd dh t:jr
Fkh- bl ckyd dks mldk czkã.k cki [kwc lkjh xk;sa ysdj ;K esa dkVus ds fy, csp nsrk gS- ysfdu ml
eklwe dks dksbZ tYYkkn Hkh ;K esa dkVus dks rS;kj ugha gksrk rks ogh czkã.k _f"k /ku ysdj mls dkVus dks Hkh
rS;kj gks tkrk gS ysfdu vUr esa izFke tSu rhFkZadj mls cpkus esa dke;kc gks tkrs gSa- nwljs izlax esa _Xosn ds
nlosa e.My esa ,d iq#"k dh cfy nsus dk iwjk fdLlk gS- jkek;.k ds ckydkaM esa Hkh ujcfy dh dFkk gS-
;K esa xksekal % xksekal czkã.kksa dk lclsa fiz; Hkkstu Fkk- vxj czkã.k xzUFkksa esa fy[kh ckrksa dks lR;
eku ysa rks czkã.kksa us bruh xk,a dkV dj [kkbZ gSa fd vkt Hkh tkap dh tk, rks vlyh czkã.k ds [kwu esa xk;
ds ekal ds xq.k feysaxs! osnksa dh odkyr djus okyk n;kuUn Hkh ;g Qrok nsrk gS fd cw<h+ vkSj cka> xk;sa ;K
esa dkV dj [kkbZ tkuh pkfg,!!
lukru ;k czkã.k /keZ ds pkjksa o.kksZa ds yksx ets lsa xk; dk ekal [kkrs Fks- ¼izkphu Hkkjr esa xksekal 22½-
euq Le`fr ¼5-39½ ds vuqlkj ;K dh tyrh gqbZ vkx esa xk; o vU; i”kqvksa dks dkV dj Hkwuk tkrk Fkk- fQj
mlds VqdM+s fd, tkrs Fks rFkk czkã.k 'kkL=ksa esa fn, x, fo/kku ds vuqlkj mldk caVokjk gksrk Fkk- yxHkx iwjh
xk; ;k i”kq czkã.k _f"k [kk tkrs Fks- ;teku ds gkFk dsoy iwaN thHk o isMw dk Hkkx vkrk Fkk-
vxj egkHkkjr esa ntZ jfUrnso dh dgkuh dks lp eku ysa rks og jkstkuk nks gtkj xk;sa dkV dj
czkã.kksa dks f[kyk nsrk Fkk- dHkh dHkh rks chl gtkj xk;sa Hkh dkV dj f[kyk nsrk Fkk- czkã.kksa us egkHkkjr esa
jfUrnso dks egknkuh dg dj i”kalk dh gS-
osnksa esa bUnz % lclsa cM+k Hkxoku osnksa ds vuqlkj og lc czkãf.kd Hkxokuksa o nsoksa dk jktk gS- _Xosn
dk Qrok gS fd mlds fy, ,d ckj esa 15&20 cSy idk, tk,a rFkk mls 'kjkc lsa ykn fn;k tk,- dgk tkrk
gS ;Fkk jktk rFkk iztk ;kfu tSlk jktk oSlh iztk- tc jktk gh ,d ckj esa iUnzg cSy [kk tk,xk rks ckdh
iztk us rks xk,a [kkuh gh Fkha- tks lekt tSlk vkpj.k djrk gS ;k tSlk dqN [kkrk ihrk gS oSlh gh og dgkorsa
cuk ysrk gS- vktdy dgkor gS xktj ewyh dh rjg dkV nsuk- osnksa ds le; esa bruh xk,a [kkbZ tkrh Fkha fd
ml le; dgkor Fkh % xk; dh rjg dkV nsuk-
;K cuke gou
egkRek jko.k us
us gou djus dk fu;e cuk;k
egkjkt jko.k us vkLVªsfy;k lsa ysdj Hkkjr tkiku rd viuk lkezkT; LFkkfir fd;k- mUgksaus vius
lkezkT; esa ,sls v”yhy vkSj ohHkRl ;K cUn djus ds vkns”k tkjh fd,- mUgksaus ;K esa ekjs tk jgs i”kqvks
vksa dh
77

j{kk ds fy, rFkk ogka fd, tkrs O;fHkpkj lsa fL=;ksa dh j{kk ds fy, Þj{k Þj{k laLd`frÞ dh uhao j[kh-j[kh- mUgksaus ukjk
fn;k Þo;e~ j{kke%Þ vFkkZr ge j{kk djsaxs- mUgksaus rhu dke lclsa egku fd, ftuds fy, Hkkjrh; lekt mudk
lnk _.kh jgsxk%
1- mudk igyk egku dke Fkk ohHkRl o v” v”yhy ;Kksa dks lekIr djuk vkSj mldh txg gou djus dh
izFkk pykuk-
pykuk ;K esa de lsa de 16 czkã.k _fRod vkrs Fks tks fd ;teku ds i”kq rks pV dj gh tkrs
Fks mldh cgu] csVh] choh rd dh bTtr ij gkFk Mky ysrs Fks- mUgksaus 16 _fRodksa ds ;K dh txg
dsoy ,d vkneh }kjk gou djus dh izFkk pykbZ- bl izFkk esa lclsa cM+h ckr ;g Fkh fd gou djus ds
fy, fdlh czkã.k dh t:jr ugha gksrh Fkh- dksbZ Hkh vkneh fcuk tkfr cU/ku ds Lo;a ;K dj ldrk
Fkk- mUgksaus czkãf.kd osnksa dh txg vius osn cuk, ftlesa mUgksau gou djus dh fof/k fu/kkZfjr dh-
guqeku tc yadk x;k rks mlus ogka gj ?kj lsa gou dk /kwavk mBrs ns[kk Fkk- egkjktk jko.k us
v”yhy o cfy okys ;Kksa dks og ÞfNnz okys ;KÞ dk uke fn;k- muds j{kdx.k ,sls fNnz okys ;K
djus okys czkã.k _f"k;ksa dks dkV dj mlh ;K dh vkx esa >ksad fn;k djrs Fks- nljFk us jke dks
iSnk djus ds fy, tks ;K fd, Fks mlesa mlus fo”ks"k izcU/k fd, Fks fd mlds fNnz okys ;Kksa dks dksbZ
j{kd u"V u dj ns-
2- mudk nwljk egku dke Fkk Þ,d enZ ,d vkSjr dh 'kknhÞ dk fu;e cukuk rFkk fookg izFkk pykuk-
bl rjg mUgksaus /keZ ds uke ij fd, tk jgs O;fHkpkj ij jksd yxkbZ- egkHkkjr esa Þ/keZiq=Þ ;qf/k"Bj
¼okLro esa v/keZ iq=½ crkrk gS fd iqjkus tekus ¼lR;;qx½ esa vk;Z fL=;ksa ij dksbZ jksd ugha Fkh- os fdlh
lsa Hkh ;kSu lEca/k cuk ldrh Fkha- ;gh vk;ksZa dk lukru /keZ gS- tSls guqeku dh eka vatfu us vius ifr
dsljh dh ctk, iou lsa O;fHkpkj djds guqeku dks iSnk fd;k] vfgY;k us bUnz lsa lEca/k cuk,] czãk
dh csVh iksfr;ksa us vius nknk pkpk lsa ;kSu lEca/k cuk,- lclsa gSjkuh dh ckr gS fd _f"k fo”okfe=
vkSj mlds llqj esa ifRu;ksa dh vnyk cnyh gks xbZ Fkh- muds cPps iSnk gks x, rc mUgsa viuh xyrh
irk yxh vkSj mUgksaus viuh viuh ifRu okfil cnyh!!
vk;Z ftls Lo;aoj dgrs Fks vly esa ogka nqYgu nkao ij gh yxkbZ tkrh Fkh- dksbZ Hkh 'krZ thrks vkSj
nqYgu dks ys tkvks- 'krZ esa Hkkx ysus okyk cw<+k] jksxh] ;k igys lsa gh 'kknh’kqnk Hkh gks ldrk Fkk- nqYgu
dks 'krZ thrus okys ds lkFk tkuk gh iM+rk Fkk- mlesa mldh gka ;k uk dk loky gh ugha mBrk Fkk-
egkjkt jko.k us nqYgu dks nkao ij yxkus okys Lo;aoj dh bl Øwj izFkk dks cUn fd;k rFkk ,d L=h
,d iq#"k dh 'kknh dk fu;e cuk;k- vkt tks Hkkjr esa fookg djus dks tks fjokt gS fd igys yM+dh
ns[k dj vkrs gSa fQj ckjkrh tkdj o/kq dks ysdj vkrs gSa ;g egkRekegkRek jko.k }kjk pykbZ xbZ j{k&foo
j{k&fookg
i)fr ds vuq:i gh gS- fookg ds le; fn, tkus okys lkr opu Hkh egkRek jko.k }kjk cuk, x, gSa-
dgk tkrk gS fd mUgksaus vius osn cuk,- muds ;gh osn gSa fd ,d L=h ,d iq#"k dk lEca/k gks] fookg
gks] lkr Qsjs gksa] lkr opu gksa- oukZ czkãf.kd vk;Z ;k rks jke vkSj vtqZu dh rjg viuh chfo;ka nkao
ij thr dj ykrs Fks ;k fQj d`".k dh rjg m/kky dj ykrs Fks-
3- mUgksaus rhljk egku dke ;g fd;k fd mUgksaus vius j{k&laLd`fr ds yksxksa esa fo/kok fookg dh izFkk
pykbZ- tc j{k laLd`fr ds ekuus okys ckfy dk dRy gqvk rks mldh ifRu rkjk us lqxzho ds lkFk ?kj
clk fy;k- tc Lo;a egkjkt jko.k dk dRy gqvk rks egkjkuh eanksnjh us foHkh’k.k ds lkFk ?kj clk
fy;k- ysfdu tc d`".k ejk rks mldh chfo;ka vkSj j[kSysa viuk isV ikyus ds fy, os”;ko`fr djus ij
etcwj gqbZa- dqUrh eknzh tSlh vusdksa vk;Z fo/kok,a gSa tks lkjh mez fo/kok gh cuh jgha- ysfdu czkãf.kd
lekt esa vknfe;ksa ij ;g ikcanh ugha Fkh- tc ikoZrh vius cki ds ;K eaMi esa ty ejh rks f”ko us
mldh NksVh cgu dks rqjar viuk fy;k- og lkjh mez jaMqvk ugha jgk- vkt tks fo/kok L=h iqu% fookg
djus dh lksprh gS ;g lc egkRek jko.k dh gh nsu gS- Hkkjr dk L=h lekt lnk mudk _.kh jgsxk-
muds eu esa L=h ds izfr bruh bTtr Fkh fd tc os lhrk dks ys x, rks mls vius jfuokl esa ugha
j[kk cfYd vyx lsa nwljs ?kj esa j[kk- jke dks tc 'kd gqvk fd lhrk dk xHkZ mldk ugha gS rks mlus
mls fcuk crk, taxy esa fQadok fn;k- ;gh vUrj gS j{k laLd`fr ¼lnkpkj½ vkSj vk;Z laLd`fr ¼vukpkj½
esa!
78

blh fy, Hkxoku okfYedh us tc jkek;.k esa v;ks/;k vkSj fdf"da/kk ds dLcksa dk o.kZu fd;k rks bu v/;k;ksa
dks Þv;ks/;k dkaMÞ rFkk Þfdf"da/kk dkaMÞ uke fn;k ysfdu tc mUgksaus egkRek jko.k dh yadk uxjh dk o.kZu
fd;k rks mls yadk dkaM dh ctk, ÞlqUnj dkaMÞ uke fn;k- fn;k-
egkRek jko.k dh rjg gh xq: jSnkl us ;Kksa dk fojks/k fd;k vkSj mu osnksa dk [k.Mu fd;k tks ;Kksa
dks /keZ crkrs Fks- mUgksaus dgk %
pkjksa osn fd, [k.Mksfr]
r] tu jSnkl djs M.Mksfr!!
vFkkZr eSa jSnkl pkjksa osnksa dk [k.Mu djrk gwa rFkk bl ckr dk gj txg f<a<ksjk ihVrk gwa- dqNsd
txgksa ij ÞM.MksfrÞ dh txg Þn.MksfrÞ “kCn Hkh mYys[k Hkh fd;k x;k gS- vr% tgka Þn.MksfrÞ dk iz;ksx gqvk
gS ml in dk vFkZ gqvk fd pkjksa osnksa dk [k.Mu djus ds dkj.k yksx muds lkeus n.Mor iz.kke djrs gSa-
,slk lEHko Hkh gS D;ksafd muds le; esa czkã.k i.Ms osnksa ds vk/kkj ij fuR; i”kqvksa dh cfy nsrs Fks- bllsa yksx
cgqr nq%[kh Fks-
muds gelgjh lrxq# dchj us Li"V dgk %
- va/k lks nji.k osn iqjk.kk
- v/kje dks /kje crkoSa osn
- vtkes/k] xkses/k ;K v’es/k ujes/k] dgS dchj v/keZ dks /keZ crkoSa osn!!
tho guS fgalk djS izxV iki flj gks;] fuxe lqu ,sls iki dh] lqjx x;k uk dks;!!
vFkkZr osnksa vkSj iqjk.kksa dh mruh gh mi;ksfxrk gS ftruh vU/ks vkneh ds fy, niZ.k dh gksrh gS- osnksa esa
ftl dke dks /keZ dgk x;k gS og okLro esa v/keZ gS- ;K esa cdjk dkVuk] xk; dkVuk] ?kksM+k dkVuk vkSj
vkneh dks dkVuk v/keZ gS ysfdu osn bl v/keZ dks /keZ crkrs gSa- tho dh gR;k djuk iki gS pkgs ;K esa djks
;k dlkbZ[kkus esa djks- tho gR;k dk iki gR;kjs ds flj yxrk gh gS- osnksa] iqjk.kksa vkSj Hkkxor esa tks ;K esa
i”kq dkVus ¼cfy nsus½ dh dFkk,a gSa os iki dh dFkk,a gSa- ,slh dFkk lqu dj dksbZ LoxZ ugha tk ldrk-
mUgksaus ;K esa i”kq ekj dj [kkus dk fojks/k djrs gq, dgk%
vadqj [kk, lks ekuo] ekal [kk, lks Loku!
thfor dks tks eqnkZ djs mls jk{kl tku!!
os vkxs cksys %
tSls ek¡l ilq dh] oSls ek¡
ek¡l uj dh] :f/kj :f/kj ,d lkjk!
ilq ekl Hk[ks lc dks;] ujfga u Hk[ks
Hk[ks fl;kjk !!
ekVh dh djs nsoh nsok] dkV dkV tho nsb;k !
tks rsjs gS lkaps nsoh nsok] [ksr pjr D;ksa u ysb;k !!
dgS dchj tks dqN fd;k ftH;k ds LokjFk] cnyk ijSxk nsb;k!!
osnksa esa flQZ i”kq ekjus dh gh dFkk,a ugha gSa cfYd yk[kksa uj ukfj;ksa dks dRy djus dh Hkh dFkk,a gSa-
n;kuUn dk dguk gS fd Hkxoku us osn vkSj nqfu;k ,d gh fnu cuk, gSa- og rks vc thfor ugha gS- vr%
mlds psyksa lsa iwNk tk ldrk gS fd vxj ftl fnu nqfu;k cuh mlh fnu osn cus rks osnksa esa bUnz }kjk tks
yk[kksa vknfe;ksa dks ekjus dk ftØ gS os mlus nqfu;k cuus lsa igys dSls ekj fn,!
xq: jSnkl ds gelgjh xq: dchj us lkQ dgk%
fgUnw eq, jke dfg] eqlyeku [kqnk;! dgS dchj lks thork] nqbZ esa dHkh u tk,!!
vFkkZr fgUnw rks jke dgrs ej fy, vkSj eqfLye [kqnk dg dj ej fy,- dchj lkfgc dk dguk gS fd
ogh thfor cpsxk tks nksuksa lsa nwj jgsxk-
Hkxrh nzfoM+ mith % lrxq# dchj us ,d vk”p;Ztud ckr vkSj dgh- os cksys % Hkxrh nzfoM+ mith- mith-
muds vuqlkj Hkxrh dh ijEijk nf{k.k Hkkjr esa iSnk gqbZ rFkk iwjs Hkkjr esa mUgksaus gh mls QSyk;k gS- lHkh tkurs
gSa fd egkRek jko.k nzfoM+ Fks- ftu ohHkRl o v”yhy deZdkaMksa dk lUrksa us fojks/k fd;k gS] egkRek jko.k us
vius jkT; esa ogh deZ dkaM cUn djk dj okLrfod /keZ dh uhao j[kh Fkh- lks dchj lkgsc ds dgus vuqlkj
Hkxrh dh ijEijk nzfoM+ ;kfu egkRek jko.k lsa vkjEHk gqbZ gS- Hkxrh dh lclsa egRoiw.kZ miyfC/k vfgalk gS-
79

vfgalk dk fdlh Hkh czkãf.kd nsork ;k Hkxoku lsa dHkh dksbZ okLrk ugha jgk- vr% Hkxrh dk czkã.kokn lsa Hkh
dksbZ okLrk ugha gS-
leLr lUrksa dh ck.kh
ck.kh esa esa ,d vk”p;Ztud ckr ikbZ tkrh gS fd lHkh us viuh ck.kh esa Li’V :i lsa
jke iq= nljFk dks viuk jke ekuus lsa badkj fd;k ysfdu fdlh Hkh lUr us egkRek jko.k dks cqjk ugha crk;k
gS- ;g cM+h vk”p;Z okyh ckr gS fd fdlh Hkh lUr us mudh cqjkbZ ugha dh gS- vxj fdlh us muds ckjs esa dqN
dgk Hkh gS rks cl bruk gh dgk gS fd cy”kkyh gksrs gq, Hkh le; ds pØ esa mUgsa ijkt; dk ewag ns[kuk iM+k-
vxj bl ckr dks ge xq: dchj ds mijksDr c;ku ds lkFk ns[ksa rks ,slk vkHkkl gksrk gS fd lUrksa dks egkRek
jko.k }kjk viukbZ xbZ Je.k ijEijk dk irk Fkk- dchj lkgsc us vius vankt esa [kqyklk dj fn;k fd Hkxrh
dh ijEijk egkRek jko.k ds ns”k esa mith gS-
blh in esa vkxs dgk x;k gS fd jkekuUn mls ysdj vk;k- ,slk rks lEHko gh ugha gS- jkeuUn vkSj
nzfoM+ Hkxrh dk dgha esy gh ugha gS- Hkxrh lUrksa dh ijEijk gS] dÍj czkã.kokn jkekuUn dh ijEijk gS- nksuksa
dk dgha dksbZ lEca/k gh ugha gS- ;g rks fQj Hkh ekuk tk ldrk gS fd HkSal ds ewag lsa fdlh us osn eU= cqyok
fn, D;ksafd u rks fdlh dks HkSal ds jaHkkus dk vFkZ irk pyrk gS vkSj u gh fdlh dks osn eU=ksa ds vFkZ dk irk
pyrk gS ysfdu jkeuUn }kjk Hkxrh ysdj vkuk oSls gh gS tSls ;g dguk fd vejhdh cSyxkM+h ij cSB dj
pkan ij x,!! gka] ;g fcYdqy lR; gS fd osn rFkk ;K fojks/kh nzfoM+ Hkxrh dk gh izpkj lrxq# dchj vkSj
lrxq: jSnkl us fd;k Fkk-
Jk) esa xksekaekal [kkuk % lR;;qx vFkok osnksa ds le; czkã.k /keZ dk ,d fu;e vkSj Hkh Fkk- og ;g fd czkã.k
fdlh ds firk dh ekSr ij fi.Mnku djus ds le; ;teku lsa Hkjiwj ekal dk vkuUn mBkrs Fks- fo”o ds ,d
ek= fgUnw jkT; usiky esa ;g izFkk vkt Hkh tkjh gS- dqN le; igys usiky ujs”k ds fi.Mnku ds le; ogka
czkã.kksa us ek¡l [kkdj bl izFkk dks iwjk fd;k Fkk- czkã.kksa dk lafo/kku dgs tkus okyh euqLe`fr ds vuqlkj Jk)
esa czkã.kksa dks ek¡l ijksluk vfuok;Z gS- euq ds vuqlkj ÅaV dks NksM+ dj ,d vksj nkarksa okys lHkh i”kq Hk{;
vFkkZr [kk;s tk ldrs gSa- ¼5-18½ vxj dksbZ czkã.k vFkok ;teku Jk) ds le; fof/k iwoZd ek¡l ugha [kkrk rks
og 21 ckj i”kq;ksfu esa iSnk gksrk gS- ¼5-35½- czkã.kksa dk xks&ek¡l [kkuk vuojr pyrk jgs] blds fy, mUgksaus
;Fkksfpr fu;e cuk,- xkSre /keZ lw= ¼7-16-25½ ds vuqlkj Jk) esa xks&ek¡l [kkus lsa firj ,d lky rd r`Ir
jgrs gSa- ¼leq 3-80½ bldk vFkZ ;g gqvk fd ;teku gj lky Jk)ksa esa czkã.kksa dks xks&ek¡l f[kykrk jgs rkfd
muds firj r`Ir jgsa- ok;q iqjk.k ds vuqlkj xksek¡l [kkdj firj vf/kd izlé gksrs gSa- ekdZ.Ms; iqjk.k ds vuqlkj
xk; dk ek¡l [kkus lsa firj 10 eghus rd r`Ir jgrs gSa- ¼xksek¡l 71½
ejus ds ckn dksbZ firj curk Hkh gS ;k ugha] dksbZ ugha tkurk- vr% Jk) esa czkã.kksa dks xks&ek¡l f[kykus
lsa firj r`Ir gksrs gSa ;k ugha] dksbZ ugha tkurk ijUrq bruk fuf”pr gS fd Jk) esa czkã.kksa xks&ek¡l [kkdj [kwc
r`Ir gksrs Fks- Jk) esa xks&ek¡l ds vfrfjDr vU; tkuojksa dk ek¡l [kkus lsa firjksa dks fdruh r`fIr feyrh gS]
mldh lwfp bl izdkj lsa gS% ¼euq 3-267&272½
lwvj ¾ 10 ekl i{kh ¾ 5 ekl cdjh ¾ 6 ekl dkaVs okyh eNyh ¾ vuar dky
eNyh ¾ 2 ekl cdjk ¾ 12 ekl fp= e`x ¾ 7 ekl xsaMk ¾ vuar dky
fgj.k ¾ 3 ekl [kjxks”k ¾ 11 ekl dkyk e`x ¾ 8 ekl yky cdjk ¾ vuar dky
es<k ¾ 4 ekl dNqvk ¾ 11 ekl :: e`x ¾ 9 ekl HkSalk ¾ 12 ekl

czkã.kksa dh bl ekal yksyqirk ds fo#) lkjs nfyr lUrksa us vkokt mBkbZ- dchj lkfgc us vius fny
dh ckr bl izdkj lsa dgh-
vadqj Hk[ks lks ekuok] ek¡l Hk[ks lks Loku]
thor
thor dks eqjnk djs] lksb jkdl ijeku!
vFkkZr vé [kkus okyk bUlku gS rFkk ekal [kkus okyk dqÙks ds leku gS- tks vkneh thfor izk.kh dks ekj
nsrk gS ogh jk{kl gS-
fu;ksx ;kfu /kkfeZd O;fHkpkj % czkãf.kd fgUnw /keZ esa ,d izFkk ,slh gS tks mls nqfu;k Hkj ds vU; /keksZa
lsa vyx djrh gS- og izFkk gS fu;ksx izFkk- fu;ksx dk lh/ks “kCnksa esa vFkZ gS % xSj enZ lsa ;kSu lEca/k cuk dj
80

lUrku iSnk djuk- jke] guqeku] osnO;kl] d.kZ vkSj ikaMo bldh eq[; mnkgj.k gSa- nqfu;k ds vusdksa /keZkf/kdkjh
gq, gSa ftUgksaus /keZ dh vkM+ esa fL=;ksa dk ;kSu 'kks"k.k fd;k gS exj nqfu;k esa dsoy czkã.k/keZ gh ,slk flLVe gS
ftlesa O;fHkpkj dks /keZ dk uke ns j[kk gS- czãk lsa ysdj n;kuUn rd gj czkã.k/kehZ bl f?kukSuh izFkk dh
odkyr djrk gS- ckdh ns”kksa esa tSls tSls turk le>nkj gksrh xbZ ogka lsa ,sls /keksZa dk uk”k gks x;k pkgs og
jkse gks ;k ;quku gks- ogka ds yksx vius iwotksZa }kjk fd, x, bu dqdeksZa dks vkt ?k`.kk dh utj lsa ns[krs gSa-
;g flQZ czkã.k/keZ ;k czkãf.kd fgUnw /keZ gh gS tgka ,sls O;fHkpkjh vkt Hkh nsork vkSj Hkxoku dg
dj iwts tkrs gSa- vkt Hkh n;kuUn dk ÞlR;kFkZ izdk”kÞ fu;ksx dh odkyr djrk gS- vkt Hkh n;kuUn dk vk;Z
lekt gj L=h dks nl iq= iSnk djus dk oSfnd vkns”k nsrs gq, dgrk gS fd vxj mldk ifr lUrku iSnk
djus esa vleFkZ gS rks og czkã.kksa lsa fu;ksx ¼O;fHkpkj½ djds lUrku iSnk djs- fdlh Hkys vkneh us mllsa iwNk
fd ;g O;fHkpkj rks iki gS- n;kuUn us mÙkj fn;k iki rks fu;ksx jksdus esa gS- ¼leqYykl 4½ gSjkuh dh ckr gS
fd vkt vk;Z lekt ds cM+s cM+s inkf/kdkjh djksM+ksa ds vk;Z lekt eafnj cuk dj BkB dj jgs gSa ysfdu muesa
lsa dksbZ Hkh vius xq: dk lPpk Hkxr ugha gS- n;kuUn ds uke ij dekbZ djus dks lHkh rS;kj gSa exj dksbZ Hkh
viuh cgu] csVh ;k ifRu dk fu;ksx ugha djokrk tcfd muds Hkxoku ds vuqlkj fu;ksx u djokuk iki gS!!
leLr nfyr lUrksa us /keZ ds uke ij fd, tk jgs ukjh 'kks"k.k dk fojks/k fd;k & pkgs og lrh izFkk
gks ;k fu;ksx izFkk gks ;k rqylh izFkk ¼ukjh rkM+u dh vf/kdkjh½ gks- lHkh nfyr lUrksa us ukjh dks ek¡ dgk-
Hkxoku okfYedh us ek¡ ds pj.kksa esa LoxZ crk;k rks xq: jSnkl us mls ohj vkSj lUr tuuh dgk- vkSj ;g rks
dYiuk lsa Hkh ckgj dh ckr gS fd xq: jSnkl ,sls czkã.k/keZ dks viuk /keZ ekusa tks ukjh dks ek= Hkksx dh oLrq
ekurk gks-
bZ”oj esa fo”okl%
fo”okl% czkã.kokn dk ,d eq[; vk/kkj gS fd ;g bZ”oj esa fo”okl j[krk gS- muds rhu eq[;
Hkxoku gSa & czãk] fo".kq vkSj egs”k- mudk nkok gS fd czãk us l`f"V cukbZ] fo".kq mls cuk, gq, gS rFkk f”ko
mldk uk”k djrk jgrk gS- bu rhuksa us dbZ ckj /kjrh ij tUe ;k vorkj Hkh fy;k gS ysfdu fdlus dkSu dkSu
lk vorkj fy;k gS czkã.k xzUFk gh bl ckr ij ,d nwljs ds fojks/kh gSa- ,d iqjk.k esa nl vorkj crk, x, gSa
rks nwljs esa 21 vorkj crk, x, gSa- dbZ ckj ,slk Hkh gqvk gSa fd ,d Hkxoku dk vorkj nwljs Hkxoku ds
vorkj lsa yM+us ejus ds fy, ;q) Hkh dj cSBk- dbZ ckj ,slh Hkh dFkk,a ?k<+h xbZa fd ,d gh Hkxoku ds nks
vorkj vkil esa fHkM+ x,- czkã.k xzUFk ,sls fdLLkksa lsa Hkjs iM+s gSa fd muds rhuksa Hkxoku jkstkuk gh vkil yM+rs
jgrs Fks fd ogh lclsa cM+k gS-
xq: jSnkl vkSj muds gelgjh xq: dchj us dHkh Hkh fdlh Hkh czkãf.kd Hkxoku dks Hkxoku ugha ekuk!
mUgksaus Li"V :i lsa lnkpkj vkSj lPpkbZ dks gh Hkxoku dk ntkZ fn;k- bruk gh ugha xq: jSnkl us rks Hkxou
cq) dh rjg dHkh bZ”oj esa Hkh fo”okl O;Dr ugha fd;k- fd;k- mUgksaus Hkxoku vkSj Lo;a dks ,d nwljs dk iwjd
crk;k- os cksys % rksfg eksfg vUrj dSslk] dud dfVd tyrjax ds tSlk- vFkkZr Hkxoku vkSj muesa dksbZ vUrj
ugha gS- tSls lksusvkSjmllsacus tsoj esa dksbZ vUrj ugha gksrk- ikuh vkSj mlesa mBus okyh ygjksa esa dksbZ vUrj
ugha gksrk oSls gh vkneh vkSj Hkxoku esa dksbZ vUrj ugha gksrk- lUrksa ds Hkxoku dks ujcfy] xkscfy] lkse jl
vkfn dh t:jr ugha gksrh-
muds gelgjh xq: dchj us Hkh bZ”oj ds vfLrRo dks lkQ rkSj ij Lohdkj ugha fd;k- mUgksaus rks Lo;a
dks ijekRek dk :i ?kksf"kr fd;k gS- os cksys %
jke dchjk ,d gSa dgu lquu esa nks;!
ge gh vki dchj dgkok-
dgkok- ¼dchj lexz 158½
fu’d’kZ % xq: jSnkl dh ck.kh lsa fuEu rF; Li"V gksrs gSa fd %
1- mUgksaus pkjksa osnksa dk [k.Mu fd;k ftl dkj.k yksxksa us mudks n.Mor iz.kke fd;k-
2- mUgksaus mu ckrksa dks v/keZ crk;k ftUgsa osn /keZ crkrs gSa- vr% mUgksaus lh/ks lh/ks osnksa dks v/keZ
dh iqLrds crk;k-
3- mUgksaus ;K] ri] ;ksx vkfn lHkh czkãf.kd ik[k.Mksa dk [k.Mu fd;k-
4- mUgksaus czkã.k/keZ dh tku o.kZ O;oLFkk ;kfu czkã.k lclsa Åapk rFkk 'kwnz lclsa uhpk gS] bl
er dk cwjh rjg enZu fd;k-
81

5- mUgksaus pkjksa vkJeksa esa lsa fdlh dks Hkh ugha viuk;k vkSj u gh fdlh lsa mUgsa viukus ds fy,
dgk-
6- mUgksaus czkã.kokn ds pkjksa iz;kstuksa & /keZ vFkZ dke vkSj eks{k dk iwjh rjg lsa [k.Mu fd;k-
7- eafnjksa] vorkjksa] f=ewfrZ] nsoksa] czkã.kksa lHkh dks >wB vkSj /kks[kk crk;k-
8- mUgksaus jke iq= n”kjFk dks rks fljs lsa gh udkj fn;k- vU; czkãf.kd nsoksa dks bl yk;d gh
ugha le>k fd ml ij nks ykbusa rks fy[krs!
bl rjg dqy feyk dj czkãf.kd fgUnw dgs tkus ds leLr i{kksa dk mUgksaus [k.Mu dj fn;k- vr% xq:
jSnkl fdlh Hkh izdkj lsa fgUnw/kehZ ugha Fks- tks yksx mUgsa tku cw> dj czkã.k/kehZ crkrs gSa vFkok mudk xaxk o
jke vkfn lsa ukrk tksM+rs gSa os fuf”kpr :i lsa /kwrZ gSa-

xq: jSnkl % Je.k laLd`fr ds /ot okgd


Hkkjr esa izkphu dky lsa nks laLd`fr;ka pyh vk jgh gSa- ,d Je.k vFkok lUr laLd`fr ftlds eq[; /ot
okgd Hkxou cq) vkSj egkohj Lokeh Fks- bl laLd`fr dk ukjk Fkk lnkpkj vkSj uSfrd thou loZJs"B gS- nwljh
laLd`fr czkã.kokn dh Fkh ftlds eq[; /ot okgd _f"k vkSj nso Fks- mudk ukjk Fkk [kkvks] ihvks vkSj ,s”k
djks- czkã.k _f"k;ksa vkSj nsoksa esa lsa ,dk/k dks NksM+ dj 'ks"k lHkh 'kjkc] “kckc vkSj dckc ;kfu lqjk] lqUnjh
vkSj lkfe"k ds Hkksxh Fks- mUgksaus /keZ ds uke ij vukpkj QSyk j[kk Fkk- egkohj vkSj cq) us yxHkx v<kbZ gtkj
lky igys czkã.k laLd`fr ij yxke yxkbZ vkSj yksxksa dks lnkpkj vkSj lPpkbZ dh jkg fn[kkbZ-
lezkV v”kksd us Hkxoku cq) ds lnkpkj ds lans”k dks iwjh nqfu;k esa QSyk fn;k- ml le; czkã.k/keZ
viuh vafre lkalsa ys jgk Fkk- vukpkjh ;K cUn gks pqds Fks- rc czkã.kksa us viuk fpj ifjfpr jkLrk viuk;k-
mUgksaus lezkV v”kksd ds ikS= lezkV o`gnFkZ dh gR;k dj nh- czkã.k iq";fe= jktk cu cSBk- mlus ckS)ksa dk
dRysvke fd;k ysfdu yksxksa us lnkpkj dk ekxZ ugha NksMk+ - rc czkã.kksa us ubZ pky pyh- mUgksaus ;Kksa esa cfy
nsuk cUn dj fn;k- ijL=h xeu ij Hkh vadq”k yxk;k- ysfdu le; ds lkFk tSls tSls mudh lÙkk ij idM+
etcwr gqbZ os fQj lsa vius iqjkus jkLrs ij vk x,- xqIrdky ;kfu pkSFkh lnh bZLoh esa ogh ohHkRl vkSj v”yhy
;K fQj lsa 'kq: dj fn, x,- /keZ ds uke ij vukpkj fQj lsa iuius yxk-
xq: jSnkl ds le; Hkh czkã.k /keZ ds uke ij cgqr ls vukpkj djrs Fks- cfy dsoy ;Kksa esa gh ugha nh
tkrh Fkh cfYd vc rd mUgksaus dkyh nqxkZ tSlh nsfo;ka Hkh ?k<+ yh Fkha] mUgsa Hkh i”kq cfy ds lkFk lkFk ekuo
cfy Hkh nh tkus yxh Fkh- v”oes/k ;K esa ;teku ifRu dk ?kksMs+ lsa lekxe t:jh cuk fn;k x;k Fkk- Lo;a
n;kuUn ekurk gS fd xksj[kiqj dh jkuh ,sls gh /kkfeZd dkaM esa ekjh xbZ Fkh-
lrxq# jSnkl vkSj muds gelgjh lrxq# dchj us czkã.kokn dks feVkus ds fy, Hkxoku cq) dh jkg
viukbZ- mUgksaus czkã.k/keZ ds vukpkj ds fo#) Je.k laLd`fr dk lnkpkj dk nhi tyk;k- iwjs Hkkjr esa nfyr
lUrksa us vius vkfn xq: Hkxou cq) dh vkokt dks iquthZfor fd;k fd vukpkjh czkã.k/keZ dk uk”k gks- lHkh
lUrksa us yksxksa dks /keZ dh ogh jkg crkbZ tks Hkxou cq) us crkbZ Fkh- ;g uksV djus okyh ckr gS fd czkã.kksa
ds pkj osn] vBkjg iqjk.k] k.k] ,d lkS vkBvkB mifu"kn]
mifu"kn] ,d xhrk rFkk nks egkdkO; gSa- buesa lsa fdlh Hkh xzUFk esa
dgha Hkh lnkpkj ij pyus dh f” f”k{kk ugha nh xbZ gS- bu xzUFkksa dks dksbZ Hkh uk;d lnkpkjh ugha gS- lHkh us
czkã.kksa dks nku nsus] xaxk esa Mqcdh yxkus vkSj ;K cfy vkfn ik[k.Mks
ik[k.Mksa o deZdkaMksa dks gh /keZ crk;k gS-
lHkh lUrksa dh rjg xq: jSnkl us Hkh Hkxoku cq) }kjk crk, x, lnkpkj ds ekxZ dks gh /keZ ekuk- cq)
/keZ vkSj lUr jSnkl dh ck.kh dh rqyuk djus ij ;g Li"Vr% fl) gks tkrk gS fd xq: jSnkl lPps ckS) Fks-
vkxs fn;k x;k mudh rFkk Hkxou cq) dh ck.kh dk rqyukRed lkj bl ckr dh iqf"V djrk gS-
lUrksa dh HkfDr ;kfu Hkxoku cq) dk e?;e ekxZ
Hkxou cq) ds /keZ dks e/;e ekxZ dk /keZ dgk tkrk gS- mUgksaus dgk fd fdlh ckr dh vfr djus ij
gh vkneh dks nq[k gksrs gSa- mUgksaus dgk fd vkneh dks bruk Hkksyk Hkh ugha gksuk pkfg, fd gj dksbZ mls feBkbZ
dh rjg gM+i dj tk, vkSj u gh bruk cqjk gksuk pkfg, fd gj dksbZ mls tgj dh rjg ijs QSad tk,- cq)
rkuiqjs dh mnkgj.k nsrs gq, le>krs Fks fd tSls rkuiqjs dh rkjsa vf/kd <hyh dj nh tk,a ;k fQj cgqr T;knk
dl nh tk,a rks nksuksa gh fLFkfr;ksa lqj ugha fudysaxs- blh rjg vkneh dks e/;e ekxZ viukuk pkfg,-
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mnkgj.kr% fgalk djus ds ckjs esa os cksys fd fcuk dkj.k i”kqvksa ;k vkneh dks ekjuk iki gS- vr% ;Kksa esa i”kq
ekjuk vkSj mUgsa [kkuk iki gS- ysfdu vxj dksbZ tkuoj vkneh ij geyk dj ns rks viuh tku cpkus ds fy,
mls ekjuk iki ugha gS- vkneh dgha taxy vkfn esa HkVd tk, vkSj [kkus dks dqN u feys rks Lo;a dks ftUnk
j[kus ds fy, i”kq dks ekj [kkuk iki ugha gS ysfdu thHk ds Lokn ds fy, fdlh Hkh izk.kh dks ekj dj [kkuk
iki gS- vius Hkxou cq) dk lans”k vkxs QSykrs gq, dchj lkgsc cksys %
ekVh dh djs nsoh nsok] dkV dkV tho nsb;k !
tks rsjs gS lkaps nsoh nsok] [ksr pjr D;ksa u ysb;k !!
dgS dchj tks dqN fd;k ftH;k ds LokjFk] cnyk ijSxk nsb;k!!
vkt tks ge Hkkjrh; chp dk jkLrk pquus dh ckr djrs gSa ;g Hkxou cq) dk gh lans”k gS ftls Je.k
laLd`fr ds lUrksa us gh ge rd igqapk;k gS- lUr dchj us dgk%
dchj e/; vax tsdks jgS] rks frjr u ykxs ckj!
nqbZ nqbZ vax lsa ykfx djS] Mwcr
cr gS lalkj!!
vFkkZr tks vkneh e/;e ekxZ viukrk gS mls lalkj ds nq[kksa lsa NqVdkjk ikus esa nsj ugha yxrh ysfdu
tks vkneh nksuksa fdukjksa ij pyrk gS og Mwc tkrk gS- nksuksa fdukjs ;kfu Hkksx vkSj lU;kl] ikjl vkSj ekVh]
ve`r vkSj tgj vkfn-
xq: jSnkl lUr Fks- vr% gj dksbZ izpkfjr djrk gS fd mUgksaus HkfDr dh- ysfdu mudh HkfDr czkã.koknh
Hkxok/kkfj;ksa dh rjg ugha Fkh- mUgksaus dHkh fdlh ewfrZ dh iwtk ugha dh- mUgksaus dHkh fdlh eafnj esa ?k.fV;ka
ugha ctkbZa- mUgksaus dHkh xaxk esa Luku ugha fd;k- dHkh ;K ugha fd;k dHkh ozr ugha fd;k- rks iz”u mBrk gS
fd mUgksaus dSlh HkfDr dh- mUgksaus ogh fd;k tks Hkxou cq) us dgk- mUgksaus lnkpkj dk ikyu fd;k- vusd
ys[kd mudh HkfDr dks lxq.k fuxqZ.k ds “kCn tky esa my>krs gSa ysfdu lPpkbZ ;gh gS fd mUgksaus dHkh Hkh
fdlh Hkxoku dh ÞiwtkÞ ugha dh! muds vuqlkj Hkxoku rks vkneh ds vanj clrk gS- lks ckgj okys Hkxoku dh
iwtk dh gh ugha tk ldrh- pkgs og lxq.k gks ;k fuxqZ.k gks! os cksys %
- rksfg eksfg varj dSlk] dud dfVd ty rjax ds tSlk! k vFkkZr esjs vkSj Hkxoku esa dksbZ vUrj ugha gS
tSls lksus vkSj tsoj esa rFkk ikuh vkSj mldh ygjksa esa dksbZ vUrj ugha gksrk oSls gh Hkxoku vkSj
bUlku gS-
- tks rqe nhid rks ge ckrh vFkkZr eSa vkSj Hkxoku ,d nwljsa ds iwjd gSa-
- eu gh iwtk eu gh /kwi] eu gh lgt l:i! iwtk vpZuk u tkuwa rsjh] dgS jSnkl ;g xfr eksjh!!
bruk dqN dgus ds ckotwn Hkh mUgsa fdlh Hkxoku dk HkDr crk;k tk, rks nq[k dh ckr gS- mudh
HkfDr dsoy lnkpkj] lPpkbZ vkSj larks"k ds ekxZ ij pyus dk gh uke gS- HkfDr ds uke ij vkMEcj vkSj
ik[k.M djus okyksa ds ckjs esa os dgrs gSa%
,slh Hkxrh u gks; js HkkbZ]
jke uke fcu tks dqN dfj;sdfj;s] lks lc Hkje dgkbZ]
Hkxfr u jl nk nku] Hkxfr u dFkk Kku]
Hkxfr u ou esa tkbZ] Hkxfr u xqQk [kqnkbZ]
Hkxfr u bUnzh cka/kk] Hkxfr u tksx lk/kk]
Hkxfr u funzk lk/ks] Hkxfr u cSjkx cka/ks]
Hkxfr u vkgkj ?kVkbZ] Hkxfr u osn cM+kbZ]
Hkxfr u ewaM eqaMk,] Hkxfr u ekyk fn[kk
fn[kk,]
Hkxfr u pju /kqyk,] Hkxfr u equh dgk,]
vkiks x;ks rc Hkxfr ikbZ]
,slh Hkxfr gS esjs HkkbZ!!
dg jSnkl vkRe fFkj HkbZ] rcfg lc fuf/k ikbZ!! !!
vFkkZr bl dks HkfDr ugha dgrs tc jke uke ds fcuk dqN fd;k tk,- ;gka Li"V dj nsa fd mUgksaus gj
izdkj dh 'kadk dks nwj djrs gq, dgk gS % jSnkl gekjs jke th nljFk dk lqr ukafg! g vr% tc xq: jSnkl jke
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uke dh ckrsa djrs gSa rks mudk dguk dk rkRi;Z gksrk gS fd ge lnkpkj dh ckrsa djsa- jke iq= nljFk dk uke
os ugha ysrs- os vkxs dgrs gSa nku nsuk] dFkk lquuk] ou esa tkuk] xqQk esa jguk] ;ksx }kjk bfUnz;ksa dks cka/kuk]
Hkxok /kkj.k djuk] uhan u ysuk] ozr djuk] osnksa ds xq.k xkuk] flj eqaMkuk] ekyk Qsjuk] czkã.kksa ds iSj /kksuk]
equh dgykuk vkfn vkMEcj Hkxfr ugha gSa- tc vkneh Lo;a dks la;r dj ysrk gS ;kfu fuokZ.k dh fLFkfr esa ys
vkrk gS vkSj tc og LokFkZ R;kx nsrk gS ;kfu cgqtu dk Hkyk lksprk gS mlh dks HkfDr dgrs gSa-
xq: jSnkl us HkfDr dh tks ifjHkk"kk nh gS og fcydqy Hkxou cq) ds /keZ dh ifjHkk"kk lsa esy [kkrh gS-
Hkxou cq) us ?kj R;kx nsus ds ckn N% lky rd bl ckr ij euu fd;k fd vkneh dks nq[k D;ksa gksrs gSa rFkk
mUgsa dSls nwj fd;k tk ldrk gS- ;gh muds Kku dk vk/kkj gS- mUgksaus fdlh Hkxoku dh riL;k ugha dh Fkh-
mudk Hkh ;gh vkgoku Fkk fd vkneh dks ek= vius Hkys dh ctk, cgqtu ds Hkys ds fy, dke djuk pkfg,-
cgqtu ds Hkys ds fy, x, dkeksa dks gh mUgksaus /keZ ekuk- Hkxoku cq) us Þcgq cgqtu fgrk; cgqtu lq[kk;Þ dk
vkgoku fd;k Fkk tks fd muds /keZ dk ewy vk/kkj gS-
1- Hkxou cq) ds pkj lR; % Hkxou cq) us dgk bl nqfu;k esa pkj lR; gSa %
igyk lR; ;g gS fd nqfu;k esa gj izk.kh dks dksbZ u dksbZ nq%[k vo”; gS- cq) ds blh eU= dks nksgjkrs
gq, xq: ukud nso us dgk % ukud nqf[k;k lc lalkj-
nwljk lR; gS fd nq%[kksa dk dkj.k r`".kk gS- r`".kk ;kfu dHkh u lekIr gksus okyh bPNk,a- vkneh dh
dqN t:jrsa vFkok vko”;drk,a gksrh gSa- tSls gh os t:jrs iwjh gksrh gSa vkneh larq"V gks tkrk gS rFkk
vkSj vf/kd ikus dh bPNk ugha jgrh- tSls jksVh ds fy, Hkw[k yxrh gS rFkk Hkkstu [kkrs gh 'kkar gks
tkrh gS- “kjhj esa ikuh dh deh gksus ij I;kl yxrh gS rFkk ikuh ihrs gh I;kl 'kkar gks tkrh gS-
ysfdu r`".kk ds ekeys esa myVk fglkc gS- ftruk vkneh ikrk gS mruh gh r`".kk c<+rh gS- /ku] vksgns
;k rkdr dh r`".kk dHkh 'kkar ugha gksrh- blh fy, vkneh vkSj vf/kd ikus ds pDdj esa nq[kh gksrk gS-
rhljk lR; gS fd dksbZ nq[k vykSfdd ugha gS- lHkh nq[k blh nqfu;k ds gSa rFkk ;gha nwj fd, tk ldrs
gSa- dksbZ Hkh nq[k ykbZykt ugha gS ;kfu dksbZ nq[k ,slk ugha gS fd mldk lek/kku u gks- gj nq[k nwj
fd;k tk ldrk gS- r`".kk ij dkcw ikuk nq[kksa lsa NqVdkjk ikus dk lh/kk jkLrk gS- nq[kksa lsa cpus ds fy,
Hkxou cq) us dgk fd vkneh gj oLrq dks de lsa de xzg.k djs- vFkkZr de lsa de oLrqvksa dks vius
ikl j[ks- ftruh T;knk oLrq,a vkneh ds ikl gksaxh muds [kksus dk mruk gh vf/kd nq[k gksxk- blfy,
vkneh U;wure lsa xqtkjk djs- Qdhj ;k fHk{kq ds ikl flQZ viuk “kjhj gksrk gS blfy, mlss flQZ vius
“kjhj dk nq[k gksrk gS jktk iwjs ns”k dk ekfyd gksrk gS vr% mlss iwjs ns”k dk nq[k gksrk gS- dgha ck<+
vk tk,] dgha cxkor gks tk, ;k dksbZ nq”eu geyk dj ns jktk dks lkjs gh nq[k >syus iM+rs gSa-
pkSFkk lR; gS fd nq[kksa dks nwj djus dk jkLrk gS fd v"Vkafxd ekxZ viukvks- v"Vkafxd ekxZ Hkxou cq)
dh nqfu;k dks nh xbZ vueksy lkSxkr gS- vkt tks ge lnkpkj] lPpkbZ] lcz] larks"k dh ckrsa djrs gSa os
lc blh v"Vkafxd ekxZ ds gh fgLls gSa-
2- v"Vkafxd ekxZ % v"Vkafxd ekxZ ;kfu vkB vaxksa okyk jkLrk- r`".kk dks nwj djus ds fy, Hkxou cq) us
fuEufyf[kr vkB lh/ks vkSj ljy ekxZ crk, gSa-
igyk vax % lgh n`f"V %& Hkxou cq) ds vuqlkj nq[k dk ,d dkj.k gS % euq"; esa vKku] vfo|k
vFkok va/kfo”okldk gksuk- fo|k izkfIr lsa vKku vkSj va/kfo”okl lsa iSnk gksus okys nq[kksa dk uk”k gksrk
gS- lk/kkj.k lh mnkgj.k ysa- vui<+ vkneh fdlh Hkh ljdkjh nQrj esa tkrk gqvk ?kcjkrk gS ysfdu i<+s
fy[ks vkneh dks ,slh dksbZ ijs”kkuh ugha gksrh- va/kfo”oklh vkneh chekj gksus ij >kM+ Qwad djokus cSB
tkrk gS vkSj nq[k ikrk gS- lgh le> okyk vkneh lgh MkDVj ;k oS| lsa bykt djok ysrk gS- vr%
Kku izkfIr nq[k nwj djus dk lk/ku gS-
Hkxou cq) us /keZ vkSj lR; dh ifjHkk’kk nsrs gq, cksys fdlh ckr dks blfy, er viukvks fd ,slk /keZ
xzUFkksa esa dgk x;k gS] vFkok ,slk fdlh cM+s vkneh us dgk gS] vFkok ,slk lfn;ksa lsa yksx djrs vk jgs
gSa- fdlh ckr dks viukus yk;d /keZ vkSj lR; rHkh ekuks tc og cgqtu ds fgr esa gks rFkk vkidks
Lo;a vius foosd lsa Hkyh eglwl gksrh gks-
lrxq# jSnkl us Hkxou cq) dh ckr nksgjkrs gq, dgk %
vfo|k vfgr dhu] rkrs foosd nhi Hk;k
Hk;k eyhu!
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tgka va
va/kfo”okl
kfo”okl gks;] ogka lÙkiq#"k ukafg!!
jSnkl lÙk lksbZ tkfu,] tks vuqHko gks eu ekafg!!
vFkkZr vKku vfgr djrk gS mllsa vPNs cqjs dh ij[k djus okyh cqf) eUn iM+ tkrh gS rFkk tgka
vU/kfo”okl gks ogka lPps vkneh dk okl ugha gksrk- va/kfo”oklksa esa iM+ dj vkneh Lo;a rks nq[kh gksrk
gh gS vkSj nwljksa dks Hkh nq[k nsrk gS- lR; ogh gS tks vkneh vius eu lsa vuqHko djrk gS
nwljk vax % lgh ladYi %& Hkxou cq) ds v"Vkafxd ekxZ dk nwljk vax gS fd vkneh ;g ladYi djs
fd og ek= vPNkbZ ds fy, viuh bPNk,a j[ksxk- cqjs dkeksa lsa vius vki dks nwj j[ksxk- xq: jSnkl dh
iwjh ck.kh Hkxou cq) ds blh ewy eU= ds bnZ fxnZ ?kwerh gS- os cksys % uj dks uhp dj Mkys gS vksNs
djeksa dh dhp!
rhljk vax % lgh ok.kh %& Hkxou cq) ds v"Vkafxd ekxZ dk rhljk vax gS fd vkneh dks lR; cksyuk
pkfg, vkSj ftruh t:jr gks mruk gh cksyuk pkfg,- >wBh] O;FkZ vkSj ew[kZrkiw.kZ ckrsa lquus vkSj djus
okys nksuksa dks nq[k nsrh gSa- pqxyh {kf.kd jksekap nsrh gS exj vUr esa lcdks nq[k gh nsrh gS] xkyh
ges”kk lHkh dks nq[kh djrh gS- cq) cksys yksxksa dks bl izdkj dh ckrsa ugha djuh pkfg,]
xq: jSnkl us Hkxou cq) dk vuqlj.k djrs gq, dgk %
cksyr cksyr c<+S O;kf/k]
O;kf/k] cksy vcksy tkoS!
ckSyS cksy vcksy--- rc gh ewy xokoS!!
tks vBlB rhjFk ugkoS] }knl flyk iqtkoS!
tks dwi rM+k nokoS] djS fuUnk lc fcjFkk
fcjFkk tkoS!
vFkkZr vf/kd cksyus lsa dys”k gksrk gS rFkk dke dh ckr Hkh csdke pyh tkrh gS- vkSj vxj dksbZ u
djus ;ksX; ckrsa djrk gS rks viuh bTtr xaokrk gS- vr% vkneh dks lksp le> dj lgh cksyuk
pkfg,- pkgs dksbZ nqfu;k Hkj ds rhFkZ ugk ys] lHkh nsoksa dh iRFkj dh ewfrZ;ksa ds vkxs ekFkk jxM+ ys pkgs
dw,a Hkj dj nku ns ysfdu tks vxj og nwljs yksxksa ds ckjs esa >wBh ckrsa ¼fuUnk½ djrk gS rks lc O;FkZ
tkrk gS-
pkSFkk vax % lgh dke %& Hkxou cq) ds v"Vkafxd ekxZ dk pkSFkk vax gS fd vkneh dks lgh dke djus
pkfg,- mldk O;ogkj nwljs yksxksa ds lkFk oSlk gh gksuk pkfg, tSlk og pkgrk gS fd nwljs yksx mlds
lkFk djsa- vr% gj vkneh dks pkfg, fd lnkpkjh dk;Z djs rFkk lcds lkFk vPNk O;ogkj djs- xq:
jSnkl us cq)&opu dks gh nksgjkrs gq, dgk % lR;] larks"k] lnkpkj(lnkpkj( thou ds ;s ewy vk/kkj!
ikapoka vax % usd dekbZ %& Hkxou cq) ds v"Vkafxd ekxZ dk ikapoka vax gS fd vkneh dks usd dekbZ
djuh pkfg,- vius [kwu ilhus dh dekbZ lsa viuk vkSj vius ifjokj dk isV Hkjuk pkfg,- nwljs ykxksa
dk gd ugha ekjuk pkfg,- detksj dk 'kks"k.k ugha djuk pkfg,- xq: jSnkl us viuh ck.kh esa dgk%
jSnkl Je dj [kkb;s] tks yks ikj yxk,!
usd dekbZ tks djs dHkh u fulQy tk,!!
Je dks bZ”oj tku ds tks iwiwtS fnu jSu!
jSnkl mls lalkj esa feys lnk lq[k pSu!!
vFkkZr esgur djds [kkus esa gh 'kkafr feyrh gS- usd dekbZ gd gyky dh dekbZ dk Qy ges”kk
feyrk gS vkSj vPNk Qy feyrk gS- mUgksaus yksxksa lsa eafnj esa ?k.fV;ka ctkus dh ctk, esgur djus dks
gh Hkxoku dh vlyh iwtk ekuus dk vkgoku fd;k gS- tks vkneh vius [kwu ilhu dh dekbZ djds
[kkrk gS mls fnu vkSj jkr pkSchlksa ?k.Vs lq[k pSu feyrk gS-
;gka ;g dguk xyr ugha gksxk fd czkã.kksa ds fdlh xzUFk esa usd dekbZ djus dh f”k{kk ugha nh
xbZ gS- ogka rks twvk [ksyus okys dks Hkxoku dk ije fe= ;k HkDr dgk x;k gS- ogka egkiki dh dekbZ
djus okys dks Hkh czkã.kksa dks nku nsus ij eks{k dh xkjaVh nh xbZ gS-
NBk vax % lgh iz;Ru %& Hkxou cq) us dgk fd vkneh dks pkfg, fd og vius eu] opu vkSj deZ lsa
fdlh dk cqjk u djs- vFkkZr u fdlh dk cqjk lkspks] u fdlh dks cqjk cksyks vkSj u fdlh dk cqjk djks-
,sls gh vius eu opu vkSj deZ lsa cqjh bPNkvksa dks gVkvks rFkk usd bPNkvksa dks c<+kvks- bl
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cq)&opu dks nksgjkrs gq, xq: jSnkl dgrs gSa % lkapk lqefju uke fclklk] eu opu deZ dgS jSnkl!!
vFkkZr eu opu deZ lsa lPps ekxZ ij pyuk gh Hkxoku dk uke ysuk gS-
lkroka vax % lgh Le`fr %& Hkxoku cq) us dgk fd eu gh lc phtksa dk dsUnz gS- gekjs lHkh vPNs vkSj
cqjs dke eu }kjk gh lapkfyr gksrs gSa- vr% gj bUlku dks pkfg, fd pg vius eu dks lnkpkj ij
,dkxz djs- vkneh vius eu esa lnk dq”ky fopkj cuk, j[ks rFkk vdq”ky fopkjksa dks R;kx djs- xq:
jSnkl dgrs gSa%
eu gh iwtk] eu gh /kwi] eu gh lgt l:i!
lks eu phUg tks eu dks [kk,] fcu nkSMs+ fryksd lek,!
tks eu cka/kS lksbZ cka/k]k] vekol esa T;ksa nh[kS pkan!!
vFkkZr vkneh dk eu gh Hkxoku ds leku gS- eu dks dkcw djuk gh mldh iwtk gS- mu fopkjksa dks
dkcw esa djks tks eu dks cgdkrs gSa- cqjs fopkj vkneh dks HkVdkrs gSa- nqfu;k Hkj dh oLrq,a ikus ds fy,
vkneh dks ykykf;r djrk gS- tks vkneh vius eu dks dkcw esa dj ysrk gS mlds thou lsa nq[k oSls gh
nwj gks tkrs gSa tSls va/ksjh jkr esa panzek ds vkus lsa va/ksjk Hkkx tkrk gS-
vkBoka vax % lgh lekf/k %& Hkxou cq) us dgk fd Åij crk, x, lkr dk;Z djus esa ikap
ck/kk,a eu dks fopfyr djrh gSa % yksHk] }s"k] vkyL;] 'kd vkSj vfu”p;- bu ikapksa dks eu dh
lekf/k vFkok ,dkxzrk }kjk nwj fd;k tk ldrk gS- tc vkneh dk eu iDds rkSj ij ,dkxz gks
tk, rFkk eu lsa yksHk }s"k dh Hkkouk fudy tk, rks ;g lekf/k dh voLFkk dgykrh gS- Hkxou
cq) ds blh lans”k dks vkxs c<+krs gq, xq: jSnkl cksys %
lR;] larks"k] vkSj lnkpkj] thou ds gSa vk/kkj!
jSnkl os uj Hk;s nsork] ftUg R;kxs iap fodkj!!
ikapksa Fkfdr Hk;s tgka] fFkfr ikbZ ogka !!
vFkkZr tgka ;g ikapksa jksx Fkd tkrs gSa vFkkZr vkneh ij viuk vlj djuk NksM+ nsrs gSa ogha vkneh
ÞfFkfrÞ ;kfu fLFkjrk ik ysrk gS- fLFkjrk rHkh gksrh gS tc eu dkcw esa gks tkrk gS- ;gh lekf/k dh
fLFkrh gS-
czkãf
ãf.kd
.kd riL;k
riL;k cuke Jef.kd lekf/k % ;g nksuksa ,d tSlh oLrq ugha gSa- muesa fnu jkr dk varj gS-
riL;k dk vFkZ gS vklu esa cSBuk vkSj dbZ lkyksa rd muds fdlh Hkxoku dk uke tirs jguk- fQj
,d fnu czãk ;k mudk dksbZ nwljk Hkxoku vkrk gS vkSj mls ojnku nsrk gS- riL;k lsa mB dj og
izk.kh fuf”par gksdj og lkjs dqdeZ djrk gS tks vke vkneh djus dh lksprk Hkh ugha- lkjs czkã.k xzUFk
,sls fdLlksa lsa Hkjs iM+s gS- tSls ukjn us riL;k djus ckn pqxy[kksjh esa dlj ugha NksM+h] nqokZlk us
xqLlk ugha NksM+k] dke okluk rks fdlh _f"k us u dHkh riL;k lsa igys NksM+h vkSj u gh riL;k ds
ckn NksM+h!
Jef.kd lekf/k dk ewy gS fd vkneh vius eu dks dkcw djs rkfd og mls lgh ekxZ lsa u HkVdk,-
eu dks vius cl esa djus ds fy, fdlh vklu esa cSBus dh vko”;drk ugha gksrh vkSj u gh fdlh dk
uke tius dh t:jr gksrh gS- eu dh lekf/k vFkkZr eu dks lk/kus dk dk;Z cgqtu fgr ds fy, fd;k
tkrk gS vFkkZr eu dks cqjs dkeksa lsa cpus rFkk usd dke djus ds fy, lk/kk tkrk gS tcfd riL;k
dsoy fut LokFkZ ds fy, dh tkrh gS- czkãf.kd xzUFkksa esa ftrus Hkh riL;k ds fdLls gSa lcds lc fuft
ykHk ds fy, fd;s x, gS-
3- ik¡p Hkzkafr;ka % Hkxou cq) ds le; Hkh /keZ ds uke ij czkã.k cgqr ik[k.M rFkk vU;k; djrs Fks- ml
le; ;K djuk mudk eq[; dk;Z Fkk- os jkstkuk lSadM+kas i”kq ;K esa dkV dj [kk tkrs Fks- vktdy
mUgksaus ;K esas ekal [kkuk rks NksM+ fn;k gS exj mudk eks{k vkSj vkRek ijekRek dk /kU/kk vkt Hkh tkjh
gS- Hkxou cq) us bu lc dqdeksZa ds fo#) vkokt mBkbZ- mUgksus /keZ ds uke ij dh tk jgh ikap Hkzkafr;ksa
lsa yksxksa dks cp dj jgus dk vkgoku fd;k- os ikap Hkzkafr;ka gSa%
igyh Hkzkafr % osn %& czkã.kksa us igyh Hkzkafr ;g QSyk j[kh gS fd osn Hkxoku }kjk cuk, x, gSa rFkk
muesa fy[kh ckrksa dks ekuuk /keZ gS- osnksa esa ;K ds le; nk: ihuk] i”kqvksa dks ;K dh vkx esa Hkwu dj
86

[kkuk vkSj ijkbZ L=h lsa ;kSu lEca/k cukuk /keZ dgk x;k gS- ?kj vk, esgeku [kkldj osnK czkã.k dks
e/kqidZ f[kykuk vfuok;Z Fkk vkSj dksbZ Hkh e/kqidZ fcuk ekal ds ugha cu ldrk Fkk- mUgksaus iwjs Hkkjr dks
dlkbZ?kj cuk j[kk Fkk- cq) us ,sls dqdeZ djkus okys osnksa dks Hkxoku dh txg /kwrksZa dh jpuk crk;k-
mUgksaus osnksa dks iFk foghu taxy rFkk fcuk ikuh ds rkykc ds leku crk;k- xq: jSnkl cksys pkjksa osn
fd, [k.Mksfr tu jSnkl djS n.Mksfr!
vkt ds le; esa n;kuUn us osnksa ij vk/kkfjr vk;Z lekt uked laLFkk dh LFkkiuk dh gS- mlus osnksa ds
fu;eksa vuqlkj thou pykus ds fy, vk;Z lekft;ksa ds fy, ,d iqLrd ÞlR;kFkZ izdk”kÞ Hkh fy[kh-
ysfdu vkt rd dk fjdkMZ gS fd fdlh Hkh vk;Z lekth us osnksa vFkkZr lR;kFkZ izdk”k ds vuqlkj thou
ugha fcrk;k-
fcrk;k- n;kuUn xyk QkM+ QkM+ dj fpYykrk jgk exj fdlh fdlh vk;Z lekth us viuh cgu csVh lsa
fu;ksx }kjk 10 iq= iSnk ugha djok,!! dk”k n;kuUn lrxq# dchj dh ckr eku ysrk % v/keZ dks /keZ
crkoSa osn!
nwljh Hkzkafr % Hkxoku %& Hkxou cq) ds le; vusdksa yksx muds ikl tkrs Fks rFkk iwNrs Fks fd bl
lalkj dks fdl us cuk;k gS rFkk dkSUk bls pyk jgk gS- Hkxou vDlj ,slh ckrksa dk tokc ugha fn;k
djrs Fks- mudk dguk Fkk fd ;g lc fQtwy vFkok O;FkZ dh ckrsa gSa- vkneh dks lnkpkjh thou thus ds
fy, fdlh Hkxoku dh t:jr ugha gS- Hkxoku ds uke ij flQZ ik[k.M vkSj ywV dh tkrh gS- ykxksa ds
ckj ckj iwNs tkus ij mUgksaus vkRek vkSj ijekRek nksuksa ds vfLrRo lsa badkj dj fn;k-
xq: jSnkl rFkk xq: dchj tSls lUrksa us Hkxoku ds gksus u gksus ij vius vkfn xq: Hkxou cq) dk
vuqlj.k fd;k- mUgksusa viuh ck.kh esa ,sls Hkxoku ds vfLrRo lsa badkj fd;k ftldh bPNk ds fcuk iÙkk
Hkh ugha fgy ldrk- lHkh lUrksa us mu yksxksa dks Hkxoku ekuus lsa badkj fd;k ftUgsa czkã.k/keZ esa Hkxoku
ekuk x;k gS- mUgksaus Li’V dgk fd ,slh ckrsa djus okys yksx nwljksa dks csodwQ cuk dj mUgsa ywV jgs gSa-
mUgksaus yksxksa lsa Hkxoku ds pDdjksa esa iM+us dh ctk, ekuo ds lkFk Hkyk djus dk vkgoku fd;k- mudh
rjg xq: jSnkl us viuh iwjh ck.kh esa dgha Hkh Hkxoku }kjk nqfu;k cukus ;k pykus dh ckr ugha dh gS-
Hkxoku ds Lo:i ds ckjs esa xq: jSnkl cksys %
eu gh iwtk eu gh /kwi eu gh lgt l:i!
iwtk vpZuk u tkuwa rsjh] dg jSnkl ;g xfr xfr esjh!
Je dks bZ”oj tku ds tks iwts fnu jSu!
jSnkl ,sls yksxksa dks feys lnk lq[k pSu!!
rhljh Hkzkafr % vkRek %& czkã.kksa dh jksth jksVh vkSj ,s;k”kh dk eq[; lk/ku vkRek dk izpkj gS- gj izdkj
dk czkã.k dFkkdkj] ladjkpk;Z vkSj egkjkt vkRek ds uke ij yksxksa dks xqejkg fd, tk jgk gS- Hkxou
cq) us dgk fd vkRek uke dh dksbZ pht ugha gksrh- vxj “kjhj esa vkRek gksrh Hkh gS rks ;g “kjhj ds
lkFk gh tUerh gS rFkk lkFk gh ej tkrh gS- vkRek dk ;gh eks{k gS- vkRek ds eks{k ds fy, dksbZ Hkh
vkMEcj djuk ew[kZrk gS- mUgksaus yksxksa lsa vkgoku fd;k fd os vkRek ijekRek ds iziapksa lsa nwj jgsa rFkk
viuk thou usd dekbZ djds “kkafr ds lkFk fcrk;sa-
Hkxou cq) dk vuqlj.k djrs gq, xq: jSnkl us viuh iwjh ck.kh esa dHkh Hkh vkRek vkSj mlds eks{k dh
ckr ugha dh- mUgksaus dHkh Hkh fdlh vkRek ds fdlh ijekRek ds pj.kksa esa yhu gksus dh ckr ugha dh-
muds vuqlkj ;g O;FkZ dh ckrsa gSa- dsoy lnkpkj dk thou thuk gh bUlkuh;r gS- os cksys %
lR;] larks"k] vkSj lnkpkj] thou ds gSa vk/kkj!
jSnkl os uj Hk;s nsork] ftUg R;kxs iap fodkj!!
pkSFkh Hkzkafr % tkfr %& czkã.k/keZ dh pkSFkh Hkzkafr gS fd Hkxoku us vkneh dh tkfr;ka vkSj mi&tkfr;ka
cukbZ gSa- bl tkfr izFkk esa czkã.k lclsa Js"B rFkk 'kwnz lclsa uhps gS- xq: jSnkl ds vuqlkj ekuoksa esa
tkfr ds vk/kkj ij Åap uhp cukuk Hkxoku dk dke ugha gS- ,slk djuk ek= 'kSrku dk dke gS- czkã.kksa
us vius ykHk ds fy, tkfr izFkk cuk j[kh gS- os cksys %
jSnkl tUe ds dkj.k gksrk ugha dksbZ uhp!
uj dks uhp dj nsrh gS] vksNs djeksa dh dhp!!
87

tkr tkr esa tkr gS T;ksa dsys ds ikr !


jSnkl ekul
ekul u tqM+ lds tc rd tkr u tkr!
ikapoha Hkzkafr % iqutZUe %& czkã.kksa us ;g ckr QSyk j[kh gS fd gj vkneh dk iqutZUe gksrk gS rFkk gekjk
;g thou fiNys tUe ds deksZa ds vk/kkj ij curk gS- bl tUe esa ftrus Hkh oS”; vkSj 'kwnz gSa mu lcus
fiNys tUe esa iki fd, gSa- czkã.k dks fdlh fdLe dk iki yxrk gh ugha gS- blfy, og fdrus Hkh iki
djys og dHkh Hkh uhph tkfr esa iSnk gksxk gh ugha- Hkxou c)q us vkRek ds vfLrRo dks udkj fn;k-
mUgksaus dgk fd “kjhj esa dksbZ vkRek ugha gksrh- vxj gksrh Hkh gS rks ;g “kjhj ds lkFk gh lekIr gks
tkrh gS- “kjhj pkj rRoksa dk cuk gS% i`Foh ty vfXu vkSj ok;q- ejus ij ;g pkjksa rRo vius egkrRoksa esa
fey tkrs gSa-
xq: jSnkl us Hkh viuh ck.kh esa dgha Hkh vkRek ijekRek ds feyu vFkok iqutZUe dh ckr ugha dh gS- os
cksys % rksfg eksfg vUrj dSlk] dud dfVd] dfVd] tyrjax ds tSlk! vFkkZr Hkxoku vkSj vkneh oSls gh ,d gSa
tSls lksuk vkSj mllsa cus xgus ;k ikuh vkSj mlesa mBus okyh ygjsa- tc Hkxoku vkSj vkneh esa dksbZ
vUrj gh ugha gS rks vkRek dk ijekRek esa lekus ;k fQj lsa tUe ysus dk loky gh iSnk ugha gksrk- mu
ds gelgjh xq: dchj fLFkfr dks fcydqy lkQ djrs gq,%
ty esa dqaHk gS dqaHk esa ty gS] ckgj Hkhrj ikuh!
QwVk dqaHk ty esa ty lek;k] ;g rF; dgsa Kkuh!!
vFkkZr tSls ikuh Hkjrs gq, ?kM+k ikuh ds vanj gksrk gS rFkk ?kM+s ds vanj ikuh gksrk gS- oSls gh vkneh bl
nqfu;k esa jgrk gS- tks pkj rRo ¼i`Foh] ty vfXu ok;q½ mlds “kjhj esa gSa] ogh rRo mlds pkjksa vksj gSa-
tSls ?kM+k QwVus ij vUnj dk ikuh mlds ckgj okys ikuh lsa fey tkrk gS oSls gh vkneh dh e`R;q gksus
ij mlds rRo vius egkrRoksa esa fey tkrs gSa- vkneh ds pkj rRo gSa % gkM&ekal] [kwu] xehZ rFkk lkalsa
tks Øe”k % i`Foh] ty vfXu vkSj ok;q uked egkrRoksa esa fey tkrs gSa-
4- iap”khy % Hkxou cq) us bl fo”o dks iap”khy ;kfu ikap izdkj ds Hkys dke djus dk ojnku fn;k gS-
lUrksa us muds bl lans”k dks ?kj ?kj rd igqapk;k gS- muds iap”khy gSa %
1½ vfgalk viukvks- fgalk u djks-
2½ pksjh u djks] twvk u [ksyks vFkkZr nwljksa dh pht ij uh;r [kjkc u djks-
3½ pfj=oku cuks- O;fHkpkj u djks-
4½ lR; cksyks- >wB u cksyks-
5½ u”ks u djks-
;g vk”p;Z dh ckr ugha gS fd czkã.k/keZ dh fdlh Hkh fdrkc esa mijksDr fu;eksa ij pyus dks ugha dgk
x;k gS- ogka ;K esa i”kq ekj dj [kkus dks vfgalk dgk x;k gS- muds Hkxoku dk ÞvorkjÞ ij”kq xHkZ esa
iy jgs cPpksa rd dks fudky dj dkV nsrk gS- czkã.k/keZ ds egkuk;dksa dk eq[; /kU/kk twvk [ksyuk gh
jgk gS- czkã.k/keZ ds _f"k;ksa vkSj Hkxokuksa & czãk] iou d`".k vkfn us O;fHkpkj dh lkjh lhek,a ikj dj
nha- czãk us viuh csVh iksfr;ksa dks rks d`".k us rks viuh ekeh jk/kk rd dks ugha c['kk- egkHkkjr esa
mudk Hkxoku gh yksxksa lsa >wB cksyus ij etcwj djrk gS- muds /keZ esa vke /kkj.kk gS fd yM+kbZ] izse
vkSj tku cpkus ds fy, >wB cksyuk pkfg,- pkfg,- ftUnxh dk gj dke bu rhu Hkkxksa esa ckaVk tk ldrk gS-
vr% czkã.k/keZ esa vkneh gj oDr >wB cksy ldrk gS!! u”ks djus ds ckjs esa czkã.k/keZ lsa c<+dj dksbZ /keZ
ugha gS- ogka lkse uked nk: osnksa ds eq[; Hkxokuksa esa lsa ,d gS- mudk dksbZ Hkh ;K fcuk lkse ih, ugha
gks ldrk- vr% czkã.k/keZ Hkxou cq) ds iap”khy ”khy ds fl)kar ds fcydqy foijhr gS-
iap”khy dk v{kj’k% ikyu djrs gq, lHkh lUrksa us lnkpkj dks thou dk vk/kkj crk;k- xq: jSnkl cksys%
lR;] larks"k] vkSj lnkpkj] thou ds gSa vk/kkj!
jSnkl os uj Hk;s nsork] ftUg R;kxs iap fodkj!!
Hkkjr ds izFke iz/kku eU=h tokgj yky usg: us Hkh Hkxou cq) ds iap”khy ds fl)kar vk/kkj ij nqfu;k
esa 'kkafr LFkkiuk ds fy, iap”khy dk lans”k fn;k- ekuoksa dh rjg gh iap”khy esa ns”kksa dks lnkpkj dh
f”k{kk nh xbZ- ns”kksa ds fy, iap”khy ds ikap fu;e bl izdkj lsa cuk, x,-
88

1- gj ns”k dh lhekvksa vkSj izHkqlÙkk dk vknj djuk-


2- fdlh ns”k ij geyk ugha djuk
3- fdlh Hkh ns”k ds vkarfjd ekeyksa esa n[ky ugha nsuk-
4- lHkh ns”kksa dks cjkcj ekuuk rFkk lcds Hkys ds fy, dke djuk-
5- 'kkafriw.kZ <ax lsa fey tqy dj jguk-
5- fuokZ.k % cq) /keZ esa fuokZ.k dk fl)kar foy{k.k gS- fuokZ.k dk fl)kar cq) /keZ ds flok; nqfu;k ds fdlh
Hkh /keZ esa ugha
ugha gS- fuokZ.k dk fl)kar cq) /keZ dk vk/kkj gS rFkk ;gh fl)kar bls czkã.k/keZ ds fo#)
[kM+k djrk gS- cq) /keZ dk lkjk n”kZu fuokZ.k izkfIr lsa vksr izksr gS- fuokZ.k ugha rks cq) /keZ ugha-
Hkxou cq) ekurs Fks fd vkneh lq[k vkSj nq[k ds izHkko lsa fcydqy vNwrk ugha gks ldrk- lq[k
nq[k lsa izHkkoghu flQZ cstku oLrq gh gks ldrh gS] thfor izk.kh ugha- muds vuqlkj fuokZ.k dk vFkZ gS
thrs th nq[kksa lsa NqVdkjk izkIr djuk-
djuk- ;g eu dh og fLFkfr gS tgka vkneh lq[k vkSj nq[k lsa cgqr
vf/kd izHkkfor ugha gksrk-k- ;g rHkhrHkh gksrk gS tc vkneh r`".kk lsa NqVdkjk ik ysrk gS- lq[k ikdj og
mM+rk ugha rks nq[k ikdj og fopfyr ugha gksrk-k-
xq: jSnkl vkSj muds gelgjh lrxq# dchj us Li"V “kCnks “kCnksa esa fuokZ.k izkfIr dks thou dk eq[; y{;
crk;k-
crk;k- mUgksaus dgk %
jSnkl lksbZ lk/kq Hkyk] ftl
ftl eu ekafg ugha vfHkeku!
g"kZ] 'kksd tkus ugha] tkus lq[k nq[k ,d leku!!
xq: jSnkl ds vuqlkj mls gh lk/kq dgk tk ldrk gS ftlds eu esa vfHkeku ugha gS- ,sls lk/kq [kq’kh xeh
lq[k nq[k dks ,d leku ysrs gSa- ;gh fuokZ.k dh fLFkfr gS tc vkneh [kq’kh xeh lsa cgqr T;knk izHkkfor
ugha gksrk-
dgs jSnkl lquks js lUrks] ;g in gS fuokZ.k]
;g jgL; dksm [kkStS cw>S] lksb lUr lqtku!!
vFkkZr jSnkl th lHkh lUrksa dks vkgoku djrs gSa fd fuokZ.k dks [kkstsa- tks lUr thrs th eqDr
gksus dks jkLrk <wa< ysrk gS ogh Kkuh lUr gS- vr% tks fuokZ.k dk in ugha <wa<rk og ek= Hkxok/kkjh gS
lk/kq ;k lUr dgyokus ds ;ksX; ugha gS-
?k`r dkj.k nf/k eFkS l;k.k! thor eqDr lnk fuokZ.k!!
vFkkZr tSls ?kh izkIr djus ds fy, ngh dks eFkk tkrk gS oSls l;k.ks vkneh thou dh lPpkbZ;ksa dks eFk
dj thrs th fuokZ.k izkIr djus ds fy, dgrs gSa- vr% xq: jSnkl Hkxou cq) ds crk, fuokZ.k ds ekxZ dks
loksZÙke ekurs Fks rFkk mls viukuk le>nkj vknfe;ksa dks dke crkr gSas-
dqN /kwrZ ys[kd Hkxou cq) ds fuokZ.k ds fl)kar dks czkãf.kd eks{k ds tSlk crkus dh dksf”k”k djrs gSa-
tcfd nksuksa vyx gh ugha cfYd ,d nwljs ds foijhr Hkh gSa- eks{k dHkh Hkh thfor vkneh dks ugha fey
ldrk vkSj fuokZ.k dHkh Hkh ej dj izkIr ugha fd;k tk ldrk- ldrk- fuokZ.k ges”kk gh thrs th izkIr fd;k
tkrk gS! eks{k dk xksj[k/kU/kk ejus ds ckn gh “kq: gksrk gS-
6- {kf.kdokn % Hkxou cq) dk {kf.kdokn dk fl)kar vkRek ijekRek dh vejrk dks udkjrk gS- muds
vuqlkj nqfu;k dh gj oLrq gj {k.k cny jgh gS rFkk vius vUr dh vksj c<+ jgh gS- bl fl)kar dks
vfuR;okn Hkh dgk tkrk gS- Hkxou cq) ds vuqlkj gj oLrq vfuR; gS- vfuR; dk vFkZ gS gj le; ,d
tSlh u jgus okyh- cq) mnkgj.k nsdj crkrs gSa fd cPpk tUe ysrs gh e`R;q dh vksj c<+us yxrk gS-
mlds “kjhj esa ifjorZu gksrs gSa- og cPps lsa toku vkSj fQj cw<k+ gksdj e`R;q dks izkIr gks tkrk gS- mldk
“kjhj gj {k.k cny jgk gksrk gS- Hkxou cq) us dgk fd vxj vkRek gS ;k Hkxoku gS rks og Hkh bl
fu;e lsa vNwrk ugha gks ldrk- mUgsa Hkh ckdh oLrqvksa dh rjg gj {k.k cny dj viuk vUr izkIr djuk
gh iM+rk gS- nqfu;k esa dksbZ vej ugha gS dksbZ fuR; ugha gS-
Hkxou cq) ds vfuR;okn ds fl)kar dks iwjh rjg le>krs gq, ij xq: jSnkl us dgk %
fcu nsn[ks
s[ks mitS ugha vklk] tks nhlS lks gksbZ fcuklk!!
89

vFkkZr tks pht gesa Þfn[krhÞ ugha gS mlds gksus dh vk”kk ugha dh tk ldrh vkSj tks fn[krh gS mldk
vUr gksuk fuf”pr gS- bl in esa Þns[ksÞ ;k ÞnhlSÞ dk vFkZ gS ftldk gesa vkHkkl gksrk gS- fdlh oLrq dk
vkHkkl djus ds fy, vkneh ds ikap Kkusfnz;ka rFkk ,d foosd ;k eu gksrk gS- xq: jSnkl ds vuqlkj
ftl oLrq dk gesa bu N% ds ek/;e lsa vkHkkl ugha gksrk mldk vfLrRo ugha gS- vkRek ;k ijekRek dk
vkHkkl vxj gesa bu N% ek/;e lsa gks tk, rks mudk vfLrRo gS- vxj ugha gksrk rks mudk vfLrRo ugha
gS- lclsa egRoiw.kZ ckr mUgksaus ;g dgh fd ftl pht dk gesa vkHkkl gksrk gS mldk vUr gksuk fuf” fuf”pr
gS- vr% vxj vkRek gS rks og Hkh uk”koku gS- bl rjg os Hkh Hkxou cq) dh ckr dks gh nksgjkrs gSa-
os cq) ds {kf.kdokn dks gh foLr`r djrs gSa tc os dgrs gSa %
Qy dkju Qwy cujkbZ ! Qy ykxk rc Qwy fcykbZ!!
Kku dkju dje vfHkvkl! Kku Hk;k rks djefg ukl!!
vFkkZr gj oLrq esa ifjorZu oSls gh vkrk gS tSls isM+ ij igys Qwy yxrk gS fQj mllsa Qy curk gS-
Qy cuus ij Qwy lekIr gks tkrk gS- Kku izkfIr ds fy, vkneh vH;kl djrk gS rFkk Kku feyus ij
vkneh ds deksZa ¼vKkurk½ dk uk”k gks tkrk gS- tSls vkneh cPps lsa cw<k+ gks tkrk gS ysfdu mlesa fdlh
iy Hkh ifjorZu gksrk fn[kkbZ ugha nsrk oSls gh isM+ ij Qwy ,d gh iy esa ugha mx vkrs vkSj u gh Qwyksa
ls Qy curs fn[kkbZ nsrs gSa- ysfdu tSls cPpk cw<k+ gksdj vius vUr dks izkIr djrk gS oSls gh Qy Qwy
vius vUr dks izkIr djrs gSa-
czkã.k/keZ esa yxHkx gj oLrq lukru gS- dHkh u cnyus okyh! muds dsoy Hkxokuksa ds uke vkSj ekWMy
cnyrs gSa- osnksa esa bUnz lclsa cM+k Hkxoku Fkk rks iqjk.k dky esa fo".kq vkSj f”ko egku gks x,- vkt bUnz
dks dksbZ tkurk gh ugha] fo".kq ek= ;nk dnk ;kn fd;k tkrk gS- vktdy ekrk,a T;knk izpfyr gks jgh
gSa- muds Hkxoku ?kj ds vanj cSB x, gSa- Hkxokuksa dh chfo;ksa] lkfy;kas ;k iqf=;ksa us ekspkZ laHkky fy;k gS-
mijksDr rF;ksa lsa Li"V gS fd xq: jSnkl us Hkh Hkxou cq) ds lnkpkj] lPpkbZ vkSj larks"k ds ekxZ dks gh
/keZ ekuk- ftl pht dks cq) us vkMEcj ekuk xq: jSnkl us Hkh mu ckrksa dk [k.Mu fd;k- osn] ;K] iwtk ikB
dks cq) us csdkj crk;k rks jSnkl th us Hkh mudk frjLdkj fd;k-
,d ckr ckj ckj eu esa mBrh gS fd Hkxou cq) dh f”k{kkvksa dk v{kj”k% ikyu djus ds ckotwn jSnkl
th dh ck.kh esa bl ckr dh ?kks’k.kk D;ksa ugha gS fd Hkxou cq) muds ekxZ n”kZd gSa- mUgksaus tc jke iq= nljFk
dks viuk jketh ugha ekuk rks mUgksaus lhuk rku dj ?kks’k.kk dj nh % jSnkl gekjs jketh nljFk dk iqr ukafg!
ysfdu mUgksaus vius vkfn xq: dk uke ysus esa <hy D;ksa fn[kkbZ] bl iz”u us gesa fopfyr fd, j[kk-
xq: jSnkl dh ck.kh Hkh iw.kZ :i esa miyC/k ugha gS D;ksafd xq: jSnkl dh gR;k djds mudh fprk esa
mudh ck.kh Hkh tyk nh xbZ- muds dqNsd in xq: ukud nso tc dk”kh esa mulsa feyus x;s rks vius lkFk ys
vk, Fks- mudh ck.kh ds os gh in vkt izekf.kd :i esa miyC/k gSa ysfdu fQj Hkh mudh ck.kh esa dqN in ,sls
gSa tks Li’V :i lsa ;g n”kkZrs gSa fd xq: jSnkl Hkxou cq) dks viuk Hkxoku ekurs Fks- xq: jSnkl cksys %
vtkfey] xt] xf.kdk rkjh dkVh dqatj Qkal !
,sls nqjefr eqDr fd,] rw D;ksa u rjS jSnkl!!
vFkkZr ftl egku iq#’k us vtkfey ;kfu vaaxqfyeky tSls gR;kjs dks lgh jkg fn[kk nh gks] xf.kdk
vFkkZr vEcikyh dks mlds ujdh; thou lsa eqfDr fnyk nh gks rFkk gkFkh ds iSj esa pqHkh Qkal fudky dj mls
pSu fnyk fn;k gks] ,sls egk iq#’k ¼Hkxou cq)½ lsa jSnkl tSls lUr fuf”pr :i lsa eqfDr dh vk”kk dj ldrs
gSa-
vtkfey dh dFkk lHkh tkurs gSa fd mldks fdlh czkã.k us mls crk;k fd ujes/k lclsa Jzs’B ;K gS-
mls eqfDr dk ekxZ ;g crk;k x;k fd og ,d gtkj ujes/k djs- vr% ml us euq’; ekjus “kq: dj fn,- yksxksa
us tc fojks/k fd;k rks og taxy esa tkdj fNi x;k rFkk tks Hkh vkneh mls fey tkrk mls cfy ns nsrk- cfy
fn, x, vknfe;ksa dh fxurh dk fglkc j[kus ds fy, mlus ,d rjhdk viuk;k fd og mldh vaxqyh dkV
dj /kkxs esa fijks ysrk Fkk rFkk mls ekyk dh rjg xys esa Mkys j[krk Fkk- fcydqy oSls gh tSls vkt Hkh dkyh
nsoh viuh uXurk <dus ds fy, euq’;ksa ds gkFkksa dh ekyk igus jgrh gS- vaxqfy;ksa dh ekyk iguus ds dkj.k
mldk uke vaxqfyeky iM+ x;k- tc Hkxou cq) dks ;g ckr irk pyh rks os ml taxy dh vksj x, tgka
vaxqfyeky jgrk Fkk- og viuh vknr ds vuq:i Hkxou cq) dks ekjus nkSM+k exj mudks fuMj [kM+k ns[k dj
90

og gdkcdk jg x;k- rc Hkxou cq) us ml vtkfey dks eqfDr dh lgh jkg crkbZ- vtkfey ujes/k NksM+dj
ujlsok esa yx x;k- ;g dFkk tku dj dj xq: jSnkl cksys % uhp lsa Å¡
Å¡p djS] esjk xksfcan dkgq lsa uk MjS!
blh rjg vEck ek¡ dh dFkk gS- vk;ksZa esa ;g jhr Fkh fd os vius cPpksa dks [kkldj yM+fd;ksa dks iSnk
gksrs gh ;wa gh QSad tkrs Fks- lhrk] “kdqUryk vEck vkfn eq[; mnkgj.k gSa- vke ds isM+ ds uhps feyus ds dkj.k
mudk uke vEcikyh j[k fn;k x;k- toku gksus ij os csgn [kwclwjr cu xbZa- vk;Z laLd`fr ds yksx lqUnj L=h
dks ikus ds fy, dqÙkksa dh rjg yM+rs Fks- vr% vEcikyh ds fy, yM+kbZ u gks] blds fy, gy ;g fudkyk x;k
fd mUgsa iwjs uxj dh HkksX;k cuk fn;k x;k- mUgsa tcju os”;ko`fr esa >ksad fn;k x;k- Hkxou cq) us mUgsa
os”;ko`fr lsa eqfDr fnykbZ rFkk mUgsa Þos”;k vEcikyhÞ lsa ÞvEcs ek¡Þ cuk fn;k-
blh izdkj gkFkh dh dFkk gS fd ,d ckj ,d gkFkh ds iSj esa Qkal yx xbZ- mllsa rM+irk gqvk og
rksM+ QksM+ epkus yx x;k- Hkxou cq) dks tc ;g ckr irk pyh rks mUgksausa ml gkFkh dks dkcw esa fd;k rFkk
mlds iSj esa lsa Qkal fudky nh- gkFkh “kkar gksdj fopjus yx x;k-
vr% bl in esa xq: jSnkl us Li’V :i lsa Hkxou cq) dks viuk eqfDr ekxZ nkrk ekuk gS- muds flok;
fdlh us Hkh Hkh vaxqfyeky ¼vtkfey½] xf.kdk ¼vEcikyh
¼vEcikyh½
vEcikyh½ vkSj gkFkh dks muds d’Vksa lsa eqfDr ugha nh-
nh- czkã.k xzUFk
rks os”;ko`fr dh rkjhQ esa Hkjs iM+s gSa- muds ;gka rks LiS”ky fdLe dh os”;k,a vFkkZr vIljk;sa rks lh/ks LoxZ esa
nsoksa vkSj Hkxokuksa ds lkFk je.k djrh gSa- lks mudk rks dksbZ Hkxoku ;k nso rks xf.kdk rkjd gks ugha ldrk-
fujatu ;kfu cq) % bfrgkl xokg gS fd lezkV v”kksd ds ikS= o`gnFkZ dh gR;k djus ds ckn czkã.kksa us
cq) /keZ dks lekIr djus ds fy, lke nke n.M Hksn gj izdkj ds gRFkd.Ms viuk,- ckS)ksa dk dRysvke fd;k
x;k- vusd czkã.k ÞfHk{kqÞ cu x, rFkk cq) /keZ dk Lo:i fcxkM+us ds fy, blesa rU= eU= ;kfu rkaf=d okn
?kqlsM+ fn;k- bl rU=okn dks lekIr djus ds fy, ÞukFkÞ iUFk dk mn; gqvk- ukFk fHk{kqvksa dh rjg thou
fcrkrs Fks-
ukFk iaFk ds yksx ÞfujatuÞ dks viuk Hkxoku ekurs Fks- mudk ukjk Þvy[k fujatuÞ vius vki esa
foy{k.k gS D;ksafd vy[k vkSj fujatu dk vFkZ gS vk¡[k lsa fn[kkbZ u nsus okyk!! ;gka loky ;gh mBrk gS fd
vxj bu nksuksa “kCnksa dk vFkZ ,d gh gS rks ,d gh vFkZ ds nks “kCnks “kCnksa dks mUgksaus viuk eq[; ukjk D;ksa cuk;k-
cuk;k-
bldk
bldk mÙkj ;g gS fd vy[k dk vFkZ gS tks vk¡[kksa lsa ns[kk u tk lds vkSj fujatu dk vFkZ gS Hkxou cq)!! )!!
czkã.k xzUFkksa esa dFkk gS fd Hkxou cq) us ÞfujatuÞ ds uke lsa vlqjksa dh lsuk cuk dj nsoksa lsa la?k’kZ
fd;k-
fd;k- czkãf.kd dFkk ds vuqlkj bl la?k’kZ esa fujatu ;kfu cq) vkSj vlqj gkj x,- dgus dh t:jr ugha fd
;g ,d ,sfrgkfld rF; gS- Hkxou cq) us nk: ehV [kkus okys ,s;k”k nsoksa vkSj muds ,tSUV czkã.kksa ds fo#)
la?k’kZ fd;k Fkk- Hkxou cq) us viuh f”k{kkvksa esa dgk gS fd “kjkc lc cqjkb;ksa dh tuuh gS D;ksafd vU; u”ks
djds vkneh ek= Lo;a dks gkfu igqapkrk gS ysfdu “kjkc ihdj og u dsoy Lo;a dk uqdlku djrk gS cfYd
iwjs lekt dks ijs”kkuk djrk gS-
bl lPpkbZ dks vc czkã.k ys[kd Hkh Lohdkj djus yx x, gSa fd ÞvlqjÞ dk vFkZ Þlqjk u ihus okysÞ
gS- fuf”pr :i esa Hkxou cq) us lqjk u ihus okys ¼vlqjksa½ dk la?k ¼lsuk½ cuk dj czkã.k/keZ ds ik[k.Mksa ds
fo#) la?k’kZ fd;k Fkk- Hkxou cq) fuf”pr :i lsa fot;h jgs Fks exj tc czkã.kksa us /kks[ks lsa lezkV o`gnFkZ dh
gR;k djds lÙkk gfFk;kbZ rks mUgksaus bl izdkj dh dFkk,a ?k<+ yha-
blh fujatu uke dk tki ukFk djrs Fks rFkk blh uke dk tki xq: jSnkl] xq: dchj rFkk vU; nfyr
lUr fd;k djrs Fks- lrxqj dchj cksys %
nsoy nsoy Qsjh nsfga] ukao fujatu dcgqa u ys ysbZaA
dgS dchj
dchj fcu fujatu ljuk] lal lkxj ekfga ejuk!
vFkkZr tks yksx eafnjksa ds pDdj yxkrs gSa ysfdu fujatu dk uke ugha ysrs ,sls yksx ejrs ne rd
la”k; ;kfu nqfo/kkvksa lsa eqfDr ugha ik ldrs-
os vkxs cksys %
lqjx ujd lsa nwj já] fujatu ds izlkn!
pju dey dh ekSt esa] jgqa var vkfn!!
fgUnw ew, jke dfg] eqlyeku dg [kqnk;!
91

dchj lksbZ thork] tks nqb esa dHkh u tk;!!


vFkkZr tks O;fDr LoxZ ujd vkfn ik[k.Mksa lsa nwj jgrk gS og Hkxou cq) dh “kj.k esa jgrk gS rFkk
“kq: lsa ysdj vUr rd vkuUne; jgrk gS- fgUnw jkejke dgrs ej x, vkSj eqLyeku [kqnk dk uke tirs gSa-
lUrksa dk dguk gS fd vlyh ftUnxh ogh th jgk gS tks bu nksuksa ls nwj jgrk gS ;kfu tks cq) dh “kj.k
tkrk gS- dchj lkgsc bu nksuksa lsa bl fy, cp dj jgus dks dgrs gSa D;ksafd nksuksa gh /keksZa ds geykojksa us
ckS)ksa dk dRysvke fd;k Fkk-
vius fujatu Hkxou cq) dh Lrqfr djrs gq, xq: jSnkl us dgk%
uke fujatu NksM+ dj] djS vku dh vkl!
os uj teiqj tk,axs lR; dgs jSnkl!!
vFkkZr tks yksx fujatu cq) ds /keZ dk ekxZ R;kx dj vU; deZdkaMksa esa /keZ dh vk”kk djrs gSa os yksx
fuf”pr :i lsa csdkj esa gh ej tk,axs- tks tUek mlus ejuk rks gS gh] pkgs dksbZ vPNk gks ;k cqjk gks- vr% tc
xq: jSnkl dgrs gSa Þos uj teiqj tk,axsÞ rks muds dgus dk rkRi;Z bruk gh gS fd os yksx O;FkZ gh viuk
thou fcrk dj bl nqfu;k esa ej tk,axs- xq: jSnkl fdlh LoxZ ujd esa fo”okl ugha djrs- vr% teiqj tk,axs
dk vFkZ ;g ugha gS fd os ^ujd esa tk,axs^- bldk vFkZ ;g vo”; gS fd Hkxou cq) ds l/keZ dk ekxZ NksM+us
yksx nq[kh gksdj th;saxs rFkk nq[kh gh ejsaxs-
vugn ukn fujUrj] tgka fnu jSu gksb!
tu jSnkl fujatu efgek jgk leksb!!
^vugn ukn* fuokZ.k dh fLFkfr gS tgka vkneh lq[k nq[k] okluk] yksHk eksg] vius ijk, tSls cU/kuksa lsa
vyx gks tkrk gS- lwQh lUrksa dh eLrh fuokZ.k dh fLFkfr gS- xq: jSnkl dgrs gSa fd os ml fujatu dh efgek
xkrs gSa ftlus vugn ukn ;kfu fcuk <ksy uxkM+ksa ds laxhr iSnk fd;k gS- gj lUr us bl fLFkfr dks vuqHko
fd;k gS- lrxq# jSnkl] dchj ukud ihik lSu vkfn lHkh lUrksa us fuokZ.k dh fLFkfr dk vkuUn fy;k gS- tc
xq: ukud ^rsjk rsjk^ djds viuk lc dqN yqVk nsrs gSa rks ;g fuokZ.k dh fLFkfr gS tgka vkneh vius ijk;s dk
Hksn Hkwy tkrk gS- fuokZ.k dh fLFkfr esa vUnj lsa laxhr ygfj;ka mBrh gSa ftls lUrksa us vugn ukn dk uke
fn;k gS-
ehu fiihy rts nksuksa iaNh dh u djS vkl! vkl!
lju fujatu uke dh] vk;ks tu jSnkl!!
vFkkZr lrxqj jSnkl dgrs gSa fd mUgksaus ikuh] /kjrh vkSj vkleku esa jgus okys thoksa dh ^vkl^ NksM+ nh
gS rFkk vc os fujatu ds uke dh “kj.k esa vk x, gS-
bl in esa xq: jSnkl us nks cgqr egRoiw.kZ ckrsa dgha gSa- igyh ;g fd mUgksaus rhuksa izdkj ds thoksa dh
vkl NksM+ nh gS vkSj nwljh ;g fd tu jSnkl fujatu dh “kj.k esa vk;s gSa- rhuksa izdkj ds thoksa dks NksM+us dk
vFkZ gesa jkek;.k o vU; czkãf.kd xzUFkksa ds lanHkZ esa ns[kuk iM+sxk- jkek;.k esa jke dks iSnk djus ds fy, ftl
;K dks fd;k x;k Fkk mlesa rhuksa izdkj ds lSadM+ksa thoksa dks ;K osnh ij dkV dj mldh vkx esa Hkwu dj
[kk;k x;k Fkk- jSnkl&dchj dky esa Hkh i.Ms ,slk gh djrs Fks- blhfy, dchj lkgsc us dgk Fkk %i.Ms i.Ms fuiq.k
dlkbZ] lk/kks i.Ms fuiq.k dlkbZ] HksM ekj cdjh dks /kkoS] eu esa n;k u vkbZ] lk/kks i.Ms fuiq.k dlkbZ!!
xq: jSnkl dgrs gSa mUgksaus ,sls ik[k.Miw.kZ /keZ dks R;kx fn;k gS rFkk vc os vius ^tu* ;kfu yksxksa ds
lkFk fujatu ;kfu Hkxou cq) dh “kj.k esa vk x, gS- tks dqN xq: jSnkl us vius bl in esa dgk gS ckck
lkfgc vEcsMdj us 14 vDrwcj 1956 esa ogh djds fn[kk;k gS!!
xq: jSnkl us vkxs dgk %
vfoxr ukFk fujatu nsok] eSa rks d:a rsjh lsok!
cka/kwa u c/ku] Nkma u Nk;k]
Nk;k] rksfga
fga lsowa fujatu jk;k!
flo] ludkfn var u ik;k] czãk [kkstr tUe xaok;k!! k;k!!
vFkkZr dHkh u feVus okys vius Lokeh fujatu dh eSa lsok djrk g¡w- eSa ;K essa dkVus ds fy, i”kq ugha
cka/krk] vius fy, egy ugha cuokrk] f”ko] czãk vkfn czkãf.kd nsoksa dks [kkstuk viuk tUe xaokus ds leku gS-
vr% vc eSa bu lc dks R;kx dj cl fujatu dh “kj.k esa vk x;k g¡wa-
92

jSnkl jSu dh uhan rt] fnol u dfj; Lokn!


uke fujatu lqefj;s] NksM+ ldy izfrokn!!
vFkkZr jSnkl th dk dguk gS fd vkneh dks pkfg, fd og lc okn fookn NksM+ dj Hkxou cq) dh
“kj.k esa vk tk,- vkneh vkyL; R;kxs rFkk thHk ds Lokn esa u iM+s- thHk ds Lokn esa iM+ dj gh rks czkã.kksa
vkSj muds nsoksa us HkkjrHkwfe xk;ksa lsa yxHkx [kkyh dj nh Fkh- xq: jSnkl vius vkfn xq: ;kfu Hkxou cq) dh
rjg yksxksa dks efr nsrs gSa fd os Hkxoku vkSj vkRek ds okn fookn esa u iM+sa- mUgsa cl ekuo /keZ dk ikyu
djuk pkfg,-
mijksDr rF;ksa lsa Li’V gS fd xq: jSnkl iDds cq) /kehZ Fks- os Hkxou cq) vkSj muds /keZ esa iw.kZ vkLFkk
vkSj fo”okl j[krs Fks- mUgksaus u dsoy Lo;a czkãf.kd fgUnw /keZ R;kxk cfYd vius f”k’;ksa dks Hkh czkã.k/keZ ds
ik[k.Mksa lsa eqfDr fnykbZ- lkFk gh mUgksaus vke yksxksa lsa Hkh vkgoku fd;k fd os l)eZ dk ekxZ pqusa- ljsvke
osnksa dk [k.Mu djuk] pk.Mky vkSj czkã.k dks ,d leku crkuk] fuokZ.k dks ftUnxh dk ije in crkuk rFkk
fujatu cq) dh Lrqfr djuk mUgsa iDdk ckS) lkfcr djrs gSa- muds vkSj ckck lkfgc ds thou esa bl ekekys esa
dksbZ vUrj ugha gS- vr% tks yksx mUgsa fgUnw crkrs gSa vFkok mUgsa czkãf.kd nsoh nsoksa ds mikld crkrs gSa os
fuf”pr :i lsa /kwrZ gSa-

Hkkx 2
v/;k; 8
ije y{; % jktuhfrd lÙkk izkfIr
csxeiqjk clkuk
lUr jSnkl ds fo"k; esa ,d ckr lclsa vf/kd gSjku djrh gS fd ÞlUrÞ gksdj mUgksaus dHkh Hkh eks{k dh
pkg ugha dh ysfdu mUgksaus nfyr 'kklu izkIr djus dh pkg vo”; izdV dh- ;g csgn pkSadkus okyh ckr gS
fd lUr gksrs gq, Hkh mUgksaus nfyrksa lsa jktuhfrd lÙkk izkIr djus dk vkgoku fd;k rFkk ;g Hkh psrk;k fd
dHkh Hkkjr ij nfyrksa dk jkt Fkk- vNwr jkt fNu tkus ds dkj.k gh nfyrksa dh bruh cqjh n”kk gks jgh gS-
xq: jSnkl us vkgoku fd;k gS fd nfyr oxZ viuk [kks;k gqvk 'kklu fQj lsa izkIr djsa vkSj tc rd os viuk
fNuk gqvk jkt fQj lsa izkIr ugha djrs mudh n”kk n”kk lq/kjus okyh
okyh ugha gS- mUgksaus dgk fd nfyrksa dk ije y{;
;gh gS fd os viuk fNuk gqvk 'kklu fQj lsa izkIr djsa-
ckck lkfgc vEcsMdj xq: jSnkl dh izfrewfrZ gh Fks- tks dqN ckck lkfgc us fd;k vFkok dgk] mu lc
esa os xq: jSnkl dh djuh vkSj dFkuh dks gh nksgjk jgs Fks- ckck lkfgc vkSj xq: jSnkl dk thou la?k"kZ yxHkx
,d tSlk gS- nksuksa egkekuoksa us nfyrksa dks u dsoy lkekftd cjkcjh rFkk /kkfeZd vktknh fnyokus ds fy,
la?k"kZ fd;k fd;k cfYd nksuksa us jktuhfrd lÙkk fnyokus ds fy, Hkh la?k"kZ fd;k- jSnkl th us czkã.k/keZ ds
vU;k; ds fo#) vkokt mBkbZ rFkk mlds gj xzUFk] gj nso] gj Hkxoku dks >wBk lkfcr fd;k rks ckck lkfgc
us Hkh osnksa dks Þew[kksZa dh fdrkcÞ crk;k rFkk laln esa euqLe`fr tyk dj ogh dqN fd;k- xq: jSnkl us
czkã.k/keZ R;kx dj ftl /keZ dks viukus dh ckr dgh ckck lkfgc us mlh Je.k /keZ dks vaxhdkj fd;k- xq:
jSnkl us vNwrjkt LFkkfir djds csxeiqjk clkus dh ckr dh rks ckck lkfgc us vusd izdkj ds fojks/kksa ds
ckotwn gj nfyr dks gj czkã.k vkSj /kuoku ds cjkcj oksV dk vf/kdkj fnyok;k rkfd os oksV ds tfj, lÙkk
ij dkfct gks ldsa-
vr% dqy feyk dj ckck lkfgc vkSj xq: jSnkl ds thou vkSj la?k"kZ esa dksbZ [kkl varj ugha gS- lkQ
dgk tk, rks nksuksa nfyr egkiq#"k ,d leku lUr vkSj ,d leku jktuhfrK gSa- nksuksa us czkã.kokn R;kx dj
Je.k laLd`fr dh odkyr dh vkSj nksuksa us ,d leku nfyrksa ds fy, jktuhfrd lÙkk izkIr djus dk vkgoku
fd;k- varj dsoy ,d jgk fd tgka czkã.k xq: jSnkl dh gR;k djds mudh ck.kh tykus esa lQy gks x, ogha
nfyr psruk ds vkxs os ckck lkfgc dks os Nwus dh fgEer Hkh ugha dj ik,-
iz”u mBuk LokHkkfod gh gS fd lUr gksrs gq, Hkh mUgksaus nfyrksa ds fy, jkt ekaxus dh bPNk D;ksa dh!
bldk dkj.k gS fd xq: jSnkl egkfo}ku Fks- muds le; esa fdlh Hkh nfyr ds fy, laLd`r lh[kuk vlaHko Fkk
93

ysfdu mUgksaus dSls Hkh gks czkã.k xzUFkksa dk v/;;u fd;k rFkk mudh okLrfodrk tkuh- xhrk] osn] iqjk.k dh
vlyh;r tkuus ds ckn gh mUgksaus mudk [k.Mu fd;k- osn iqjk.k vkfn i<+ dj gh os tku ik, fd nfyr
dHkh Hkkjr ds 'kkld Fks] /kkfeZd xq: Fks] oSKkfud vkfn lHkh dqN Fks ysfdu fQj mulsa lÙkk Nhu yh xbZ- mUgsa
nkl cuk fn;k x;k- xq: jSnkl dk dguk gS fd nfyr rc lsa ysdj vc rd nkl gSa- mUgksaus nfyrksa dks viuh
nklrk feVkus vkSj fQj lsa vktknh izkIr djus ds fy, ,d gh eU= fn;k fd os viuh fNuh gqbZ jktuhfrd
lÙkk dks fQj lsa izkIr djsa vkSj Hkkjr dks viuk csxeiqjk cuk,a-
xq: jSnkl ds jktuhfrd Kku vFkok jkt ekaxus dk lans”k pkj rF;ksa ij vk/kkfjr gS-
igyk rF; % Hkkjrh; bfrgkl dk xkSjo nfyr gS-a
nwljk rF; % orZeku esa nfyr xqyke gSa-
rhljk rF; % nfyrksa dh vktknh dh dqath jktuhfrd lÙkk lÙkk izkIr djus esa gh gS-
pkSFkk rF; % vktknh izkIr djus vkSj mls cpk, j[kus dk dk jkLrk gS % f”kf{kr cuks] laxfBr cuks vkSj
la?k"kZ djks-

izFke rF; % Hkkjrh; bfrgkl dk xkSjo % nfyr tu


Hkkjr dk bfrgkl % ckck lkfgc ds vuqlkj Hkkjr dk bfrgkl czkã.k vkSj Je.k laLd`fr;ksa ds vkilh
la?k"kZ dk gh bfrgkl gS- czkã.k laLd`fr dk vFkZ gS czkã.kksa ds vkMEcj vkSj ik[k.Miw.kZ deZdkaM rFk muds nsoksa
Hkxokuksa] _f"k;ksa] egk _f"k;ksa dh djrwrsa- Je.k laLd`fr dk vFkZ gS egkohj] cq)] ukud] dchj] jSnkl] cqYys”kkg]
Qjhn] ihik] ukenso] rqdkjke tSls lUrksa dk crk;k gqvk ekxZ- lquusa esa pkgs cqjk yxs ysfdu ;g lPPkkbZ gS fd
czkã.kksa ds yxHkx lkjs ds lkjs Hkxoku] _f"k vkSj nso vukpkjh Fks] ,s;k”k Fks- vkt ge xoZ lsa dgrs gSa fd
izkphu Hkkjr fo”o dk xq: gksrk Fkk] fons”kksa lsa yksx ;gka Kku dh ryk”k esa vkrs Fks- bl izdkj lsa xoZ djus esa
czkã.k/keZ ;k mlds /keZxzUFkksa ;k mlds fo}kuksa dk dgha dksbZ gkFk ugha gS- vkt rd dksbZ fonsfons”khkh ;k=h Hkkjr esa
osn] iqjk.k] xhrk ;k Hkkxor i<+us ugha vk;k vkSj u gh vkt rd dksbZ fons fons”khkh ;k=h ;gka lsa vius lkFk czkã.kksa
ds fdlh Hkh xzUFk dks ysdj x;k gS- lcds lc ;k=h cq) /keZ ds v/;;u ds fy, vk, rFkk vius lkFk ckS)
xzUFk gh ysdj x,-x,- cq) /keZ lnk lsa gh vczkã.kksa vkSj nfyr oxZ dk /keZ jgk gS- vr% ;g nfyr gh Fks ftudh
otg lsa Hkkjr fo”fo”o dk xq: cuk rFkk xkSjo cuk-cuk-
Hkkjr dk bfrgkl flU/kq lH;rk lsa vkjEHk gksrk gS- flU/kq lH;rk ds tud 'kwnz vkSj of.kd Fks- cfu;ksa
dks if.kd dk crk;k tkrk gS- vc lsa gtkj lky igys rd cfu;s vkSj 'kwnzksa nfyrksa esa jksVh csVh dk fj”rk Hkh
gksrk Fkk- ;gka rd fd vc lsa yxHkx ipkl lkB lky igys cuh fQYe esa fn[kk;k x;k gS fd czkã.k cfu;s ds
gkFk yxs yÏw [kkuk Hkh iki le>rs Fks- vr% dqy feyk dj flU/kq lH;rk nfyrksa dh gh lH;rk Fkh-
yadk vkSj flU/kq lH;rk % vkfndfo ckfYedh us viuh jkek;.k ds lqUnj dkaM esa yadk uxjh dk o.kZu
fd;k gS- yadk uxjh dh cukoV dk tks mYys[k mUgksaus fd;k gS og flU/kq lH;rk ds uxj eksutksnM+ks vkSj
gM+Iik lsa gwcgw feyrk gS- guqeku us ogka pkSM+h lM+dsa Åaps Hkou rFkk xxupqach pSR; ¼ckS) eafnj½ ns[ks Fks- mlus
,d pSR; dks rks u"V Hkh fd;k Fkk- ogka ds yksxksa dks tyk dj ekjk Fkk- fcYdqy ,slk gh n`’; flU/kq lH;rk ds
uxjksa esa feyrk gS- vr% ckfYedh jkek;.k okLro esa flU/kq lH;rk dk gh o.kZu gS vkSj egkjktk jko.k flU/kq
lH;rk ds gh lezkV Fks-
dqN nslh o fons”kh fo}kuksa dk ekuuk gS fd vk;Z ckgj lsa vk, vkSj mUgksaus flU/kq lH;rk dks u"V dj
fn;k rFkk Hkkjr ds ewy fuokfl;ksa dks nf{k.k dh vksj [knsM+ fn;k- bl fo"k; ij ckck lkfgc us xgu v/;;u
fd;k- muds vuqlkj vk;Z fdlh tkfr dk uke ugha gS cfYd ,d laLd`fr dk uke gS- vk;Z laLd`fr ds yksx
[kkvks] ihvks vkSj ,s”k djks ds fl)kar ij pyus okys yksxksa dk fxjksg Fkk- blesa nslh vkSj fons”kh lHkh izdkj ds
yksx 'kkfey Fks- egkRek jko.k us bl ,s;k”k vk;Z laLd`fr dh djrwrsa jksdus ds fy, vkns”k tkjh fd, Fks- vkpk;Z
prqjlsu ds vuqlkj egkjkt jko.k us vkLVªsfy;k lsa ysdj Hkkjr vkSj tkiku rd viuk 'kklu dk;e fd;k Fkk-
/keZ ds uke ij ,s;k”kh djus okys _f"k;ksa dks os c['krs ugha Fks- egkjktk tkyU/kj Hkh muds gelgjh Fks- ,sls
94

nfyr jktkvksa us vk;Z laLd`fr dh djrwrksa ij l[rh lsa ikcUnh yxkbZ Fkh- blh dkj.k ;kstukc) <ax lsa mudh
gR;k dj nh xbZ-
Hkkjr esa fonsf”k;ksa dk vkxeu fons”kh geykoj fldUnj ds geyksa lsa “kq: gqvk- ikSjl tSls jktkvksa dks
gjk dj os lÙkk ij dkfct gq,- ;s ogh yksx gSa ftUgsa ge vkt vk;Z dgrs gSa- bUgha dh laLd`fr dks ge
czkã.koknh laLd`fr dgrs gSa- czãk] fo".kq] bUnz] v#.k o#.k lc buds gh nso gSa- bUgha yksxksa us ;gka ds ns”knzksgh
o ykyph czkã.kksa lsa fey dj Hkkjr ij dCtk fd;k- ekU;oj eqnzkjk{kl us vius [kkstiw.kZ xzUFk ¼/keZ xzUFkksa dk
iquikZB½ esa lkfcr fd;k gS fd czkã.k vly esa vczkã dh fu’dkf”kr lUrku gSa tks HkVdrs gq, Hkkjr vk, vkSj
viuh “kkfrj pkyksa }kjk lÙkk ij dkfct gks x,-
tSls vaxzstksa us Hkkjr ij dCtk djds Lo;a dks ÞykV lkgcÞ vFkkZr Åaps yksx dgyokuk 'kq: dj fn;k
Fkk] oSls gh bu ;qukfu;ksa o jkseuksa us Hkh Hkkjr ij dCtk djus ds ckn Lo;a dks Åapk ;kfu Þvk;ZÞ dgyokuk
'kq: dj fn;k- czkã.k/keZ esa dHkh Hkh ns”kizse dh Hkkouk ugha jgh- mudk xzUFk egkHkkjr dgrk gS fd tks jktk
rxM+k gks mlh dh th gtwjh djuh pkfg,- blfy, tc Hkh mUgsa vdcj tSlk rxM+k jktk feyk os mlds ryos
pkVus yx x,- jkseuksa dh laLd`fr viuk dj rks mudh ikapksa maxfy;ka gh ugha os rks lkjs ds lkjs ?kh esa Mwc x,-
fons”kh vk;Z laLd`fr viuk dj mUgsa lqjk] lqUnjh vkSj lEifÙk dk Hkjiwj vkuUn feyk- bu fonsf”k;ksa us czkã.kksa
lsa fey dj Hkkjr ds izkphu bfrgkl dks gh u"V dj fn;k- vkt dksbZ tku gh ugha ldrk fd flU/kq lH;rk
dc dSls u"V gqbZ- fdlus u"V dh-
vk;Z laLd`frfr vFkok czkã.k laLd`fr gekjh Hkkjrh; laLd`fr ugha gS D;ksafd %
∗ vk;Z laLd`fr ds yksxksa esa cki&csVh] cgu&HkkbZ] pkpk&Hkrhth vkfn esa ;kSu lEca/k gks tkrs Fks-
czãk&ljLorh]¼cki csVh½ ;e&;eh]¼HkkbZ cgu½ /keZ&n{kk] ¼pkpk Hkrhth½ jk/kk&d`’.k]¼ekeh Hkkatk½
jke&lhrk¼lexks=h HkkbZ cgu½ blds izeq[k mnkgj.k gSa- ewy Hkkjrh;ksa esa ,slk u rc gksrk Fkk vkSj u vc
gksrk gS- muds fy, ,slk lEca/k izkphu dky esa Hkh iki Fkk] vc Hkh iki gS- czkã.kksa ds osnksa o egkHkkjr
esa ,sls fj”rs cukuk Þ/keZÞ ekuk x;k gS-
∗ vk;Z laLd`fr dh L=h ds fy, cPps iSnk djus ds fy, fookg djuk t:jh ugha gksrk Fkk ¼dqUrh dh
rjg½ rFkk 'kknh”kqnk L=h ds fy, vius ifr lsa gh xHkZorh gksuk Hkh t:jh ugha Fkk- og fdlh Hkh xSjenZ
lsa xHkZorh gks ldrh Fkh- ¼guqeku dh ek¡ vatfu dh rjg tks fd dsljh dh fookfgrk Fkh ysfdu iou lsa
xHkZorh gksdj guqeku iSnk fd;k½ Hkkjrh; ekU;rkvksa ds vuqlkj ,slh lUrku gjkeh dgh tkrh gS ysfdu
czkã.k ;k vk;Z laLd`fr esa ,slh lUrku Hkxoku gS!
∗ vk;Z laLd`fr dh gj L=h ds fy, iq= iSnk djuk t:jh Fkk- vxj mldk ifr ej tkrk Fkk ;k iq= iSnk
djus esa vleFkZ gksrk Fkk rks czkã.k ml L=h ds iq= iSnk djrs Fks- bl izFkk dks vk;Z fu;ksx izFkk dgrs
Fks- egkHkkjr esa fu;ksx dks vk;ksZa dk lukru /keZ crk;k x;k gS- vk/kqfud dky dk n;kuUn Hkh fu;ksx
u djus dks iki dgrk gS- egkHkkjr vkSj iqjk.k i<+ dj ,slk yxrk gS fd 'kk;n gh dksbZ czkã.k _f"k
o Hkxoku gksxk tks vius vlyh cki ds }kjk iSnk fd;k x;k gS oukZ lcds lc fu;ksx dh gh mit gSa-
∗ vk;ksZa esa twvk [ksyuk /keZ Fkk- muds izkphure xzUFk _Xosn esa Hkh twvk [ksyus dk o.kZu gS- ;gka rd fd
muds pkjksa ;qxksa ds uke Hkh tw, ds iklksa ij gh vk/kkfjr gSa- czkã.kksa ds pkj ;qx gSa % lR; ;k d`r] =srk]
}kij vkSj dfy ;qx- ;g pkjksa muds tw, ds iklksa ds Hkh uke gSa- vk;Z lekt esa ikalk QSadus okys ftl
tqvkjh dk d`r ikalk iM+rk Fkk mls lkjs dk lkjk eky feyrk Fkk] =srk iklk iM+us ij rhu pkSFkkbZ eky
iklk QSadus okys dks rFkk ckdh lkeus okys tqvkjh dks feyrk Fkk] }kij iklk iM+us ij nksuksa dks vk/kk
vk/kk eky feyrk Fkk rFkk dfy iklk iM+us ij QSadus okys dks ,d pkSFkkbZ rFkk lkeus okys dks rhu
pkSFkkbZ eky fey tkrk Fkk- blfy, czkã.kksa us dgk fd d`r;qx ;k lr;qx Þ/keZÞ ds pkjksa ik, gksrs Fks]
=srk esa rhu ik, gksrs gSa] }kij esa nks rFkk dfy;qx esa dsoy ,d ik;k gh cprk gS-
∗ vk;Z ;K djrs Fks ftlesa de lsa de lksyg czkã.k _f"k;ksa lsa iqjksfgrkbZ djokuk t:jh gksrk Fkk- ;g
lksyg nfjans ;teku ds i”kq rks pV dj gh tkrs Fks mldh cgu csfV;ksa dh bTtr Hkh ugha c['krs Fks-
Je.k laLd`fr ds d.kZ/kkjksa egkohj Lokeh rFkk Hkxou cq) us bu cqpM+[kkuk ekdkZ ;Kksa dk fojks/k fd;k-
vkfn rhFkZadj _"kHkukFk us rks ujcfy ds eaMi lsa ckyd 'kqu%”ksi dks NqM+ok;k Fkk- 'kqu%”ksi dh dFkk lssa
95

rks lHkh tkurs gSa fd ml eklwe cPps ds cki ¼czkã.k _f"k vthxrZ½ us /ku ds cnys esa mls ;K esa
dkVus ds fy, csp fn;k Fkk- vkSj tc tYykn Hkh ml eklwe dks ;K esa dkVus ds fy, rS;kj ugha gq,
rks og czkã.k _f"k vkSj vf/kd /ku ysdj ml ckyd dks dkVus ds fy, Hkh rS;kj gks x;k- lHkh
czkãf.kd nso ;k Hkxoku cPps ds ueZ ekal esa lsa fgLlk ikus ds fy, jky Vidk jgs Fks- cPps dh ph[k
iqdkj lqu dj rhFkZadj vk, vkSj mUgksaus ckyd dks cpk fy;k- mUgha dh Je.k laLd`fr ds uk;d
egkjktk jko.k us ,sls ;K cUn fd;s vkSj mldh txg gou djus dh izFkk pykbZ ftlesa fdlh Hkh
iqjksfgr dh t:jr ugha gksrh- dksbZ Hkh vkneh vdsyk gou dj ldrk gS- egkRek jko.k dh uxjh esa gj
?kj esa gou gksrk Fkk- guqeku us yadk ds gj ?kj lsa gou dk /kwavk mBrs ns[kk Fkk-
∗ vk;Z ;k czkã.k laLd`fr esa 'kjkc ihuk /keZ gS- osnksa esa lkse uked 'kjkc rks mudk eq[; Hkxoku gS- vkt
Hkh dkyh ds eafnjksa esa nk: ehV dk p<+kok p<+rk gS- vk;Z Hkxokuksa dk jktk bUnz rks [kq”k gh mu yksxksa
lsa gksrk Fkk tks mlds fy, ,d ckj esa iUnzg cSy idkrs Fks vkSj mlds da/ks ij 'kjkc dh e”dsa ykn nsrs
Fks- yxHkx lkjs czkãf.kd Hkxoku] nso vkSj _f"k u”ks esa /kqr jgrs Fks- blds foijhr Je.k laLd`fr ds
uk;d cq) dgrs Fks fd 'kjkc ihuk lclsa cM+k iki gS-
∗ vk;Z laLd`fr esa L=h ek= nks dke vkrh Fkh- ,d enZ dh okluk “kkar djuk vkSj nwljk rksgQs ds :i esa
vknku iznku gksuk- czkã.k xzUFk ,sls funsZ”kksa lsa Hkjs iM+s gSa fd L=h dHkh Hkh fdlh Hkh iq#’k dks “kkjhfjd
lEca/k cukus lsa euk ugha dj ldrh- tks fL=;ka pfj=ghuk gksrh Fkha muds fy, dgk x;k Fkk fd fL=;ka
vius tkjksa lsa okluk dk [ksy [ksydj nwf’kr ugha gksrha- fL=;ksa fo”ks’kdj dqavkjh yM+fd;ksa dh nYYkfxjh
gj nso gj Hkxoku djrk Fkk- gesa ,slk dksbZ nso] czkã.k _f’k ;k Hkxoku ugha feyk ftlus rksgQs esa
yM+fd;ka yh u gksa vFkok fdlh dks nh u gksa- nwljs “kCnk “kCnks
Cnksa esa dksbZ ,slk nso] dksbZ Hkxoku dksbZ _f’k
ftlus nYYkfxjh u dh gks! nYykfxjh Hkkjrh; laLd`fr ugha gS- ;g vk;Z laLd`fr gS-
∗ vk;Z laLd`fr dk vU; eq[; dke os”;ko`fr Fkk- vEcikyh dks tcju os”;ko`fr esa >ksadus dk dke vk;Z
laLd`fr dh fo”ks’krk gS- izkphu jktuhfr”kkL= ÞvFkZ”kkL=Þ esa ,d iwjk v?;k; bl fo’k; ij fy[kk x;k
gS fd os”;kvksa lsa fdruk VSDl fy;k tk,] dc fy;k tk,- tSls vkt ds le; x`g] fons”k vkfn iwjs
ea=ky; gksrs gSa oSls gh vk;Z “kklu esa jktk ds ikl iwjk Þos”;k ea=ky;Þ gksrk Fkk- vusd vQlj os”;k
foHkkx esa dke djrs Fks- os”;kvksa dk bruk vknj gksrk Fkk fd d`’.k dk tc fryd fd;k x;k rks
os”;kvksa dks czkã.kksa ds cjkcj lksuk nku fn;k x;k- jke dks iSnk djus okys _”;J`ax dks Hkh os”;k,a gh
taxy lsa ckgj ysdj vkbZa Fkha- vFkZ”kkL= i<+ dj rks ,slk yxrk gS fd vk;ksZa esa os”;ko`fr u djuk
vijk/k Fkk-

tc bl laLd`fr ds yksx Hkkjr esa vk, rks ml le; Hkh mudk fojks/k gqvk Fkk- dqNsd czkã.k _f"k;ksa
dks NksM+ iwjk Hkkjr buds fo#) Fkk ysfdu bu fonsf”k;ksa us lke nke n.M Hksn dh uhfr viukrs gq, viuk
tky QSykuk tkjh j[kk- egkjktk jko.k vkSj muds lkfFk;ksa us bl laLd`fr dk fojks/k fd;k rks mudh gR;k dj
nh xbZ- mudh flU/kq lH;rk ds uxjksa dks rgl ugl dj fn;k x;k- cq) vkSj egkohj us tu vkanksyu pyk;k
vkSj os lQy Hkh jgs- yksxksa us iwjs vknj ds lkFk Je.k laLd`fr dks viuk fy;k- lezkV v”kksd us cq) /keZ ds
lnkpkj] lPpkbZ vkSj larks"k ds lans”k dks ?kj ?kj rd igqapk fn;k- vk;Z vFkok czkã.k laLd`fr ds yksxksa dks ;g
lgu ugha gqvk- vr% czkã.kksa ds ,d fxjksg us iq";fe= 'kqax uked gR;kjs dh enn lsa lezkV o`gnFkZ dh gR;k
dj nh vkSj Hkkjr esa fQj lsa czkã.k laLd`fr dk /kkok cksy fn;k- fQj lsa ohHkRl vkSj v”yhy ;K 'kq: gks x,-
Hkkjr fQj ,s;k”kksa ds paxqy esa Qal x;k- ;gh Hkkjr dk bfrgkl gS!

nfyrks
nfyrksa dk Lof.kZe bfrgkl % xq: jSnkl
xq: jSnkl dh ck.kh i<+ dj ;g vkHkkl gksrk gS fd mUgksaus osn iqjk.k o vU; czkãf.kd xzUFkksa dk xgu
v/;;u fd;k Fkk- xq: jSnkl us lclsa egRoiw.kZ ckr ;g dgh fd nfyrksnfyrksa dk bfrgkl xkSjoe;h jgk gS- izkphu
Hkkjr esa nfyr oxZ ds yksx Hkkjr ds 'kkld gksrs Fks- Hkkjr dk xkSjo gksrs Fks- Hkkjr dk fons”kksa esa tks eku
96

lEeku cuk Fkk og nfyr tkfr;ksa ds lUrksa] oSKkfudksa vkSj jktkvksa dh otg lsa cuk Fkk- ftl le; Hkkjr lksus
dh fpfM+;k dgykrk Fkk ml le; Hkkjr ij nfyrksa dh lÙkk Fkh-
izkphu Hkkjr dk bfrgkl flU/kq lH;rk lsa 'kq: gqvk vkSj lezkV o`gnFkZ dh gR;k ij lekIr gks x;k-
gekjs ikl dsoy rdZ vkSj vuqeku gh gSa fd flU/kq lH;rk ds uxj egkjktk jko.k ds lkezkT; dk gh fgLlk Fks-
ysfdu bl ckr esa dgha dksbZ 'kd ugha gS fd flU/kq lH;rk dh l`tuk djus okys ogh yksx gSa ftUgsa vktdy
'kwnz dgk tkrk gS- vr% Hkkjr ds bfrgkl dh 'kq:vkr nfyrksa lsa gh gksrh gS- flU/kq lH;rk ds ckn uUn oa”k ds
yksxksa us Hkkjr ij viuk lkezkT; LFkkfir fd;k- os Hkh nfyr tkfr lsa Fks- uUn oa”k ds ckn ekS;Z lkezkT; LFkkfir
gqvk- ekS;Z Hkh nfyr Fks- muds oa”kt vkt Hkh fnYyh ds jSxjiqjk vkSj iwjs jktLFkku] xqtjkr o ;wih esa cgqla[;k
esa ik, tkrs gSa- ekS;ksZa ds ckn fonsf”k;ksa dk jkt jgk- muds ckn xqIr jktk vk, tks tUe lsa ÞnfyrÞ Fks ysfdu
dkeksa lsa czkã.koknh Fks- mUgksaus vk;ksZa dh vukpkjh laLd`fr dks fQj lsa thfor dj fn;k- mUgksaus fQj lsa vusdksa
v”oes/k ;K 'kq: fd,- mUgksaus dksbZ lM+d dksbZ /keZ”kkyk ugha cuokbZ] dksbZ dwvka ugha [kqnok;k exj czkã.kksa dks
[kwc nku fn;k urhtu czkã.koknh bfrgkldkjksa us bls Hkkjr dk Lo.kZ ;qx djkj ns fn;k- xqIr jktkvksa ds vUr
gksus ds ckn rks iwjs Hkkjr ij dHkh fdlh Hkh Hkkjrh; jktk dk 'kklu ugha jgk-
vr% iwjs Hkkjr ns”k ij tc Hkh ,d jktk dk jkt jgk rks og ek= nfyr oxZ lsa gh Fkk- v;ks/;k tSls
xkao ds ÞpØorhZÞ {kf=; jktk fdLls dgkfu;ksa esa gh gksrs Fks- xq: jSnkl us Hkh viuh ck.kh esa blh lPpkbZ dks
mtkxj fd;k gS- viuh ck.kh esa nfyrksa ds bfrgkl ds ckjs esa mUgksaus dgk%
1- ge cM+ dfc]
dfc] dqyhu]hu] ge iafMr ge tksxh lU;klh!
Kkuh]
Kkuh] xq.kh]
kh] lwj] ge nkrs] ;g cqf) dHkh u uklh!!
ge nfyr cM+s dfo] jktk] nk”kZfud] ;ksxh vkSj lU;klh gksrs Fks- ge Kkuh] xq.kh] 'kwjohj rFkk nkuh gksrs
Fks- gekjh cqf) dHkh Hkh uk”kd ugha jgh- vFkkZr nfyrksa usa dHkh Hkh viuh cqf) dk iz;ksx uk”k djus ds fy, ugha
fd;k- izkphu Hkkjr dk xkSjo ge lsa gh cuk Fkk-
2- lk/kks] vfo|k vfgr dhu] rkrs foosd nhi Hk;k eyhu !
vFkkZr vfo|k ¼vui<+rk] vKku½ us gekjk cgqr vfgr gkfu dh gS- vui<+rk ds dkj.k gekjh lkspus]
le>us o ij[kus dh 'kfDr eUn iM+ xbZ gS- ;g gekjh vfo|k gh gS fd gekjs ;qxiq#"k lUr 'kEcwd ds gR;kjs
dks vkt vusdksa nfyr Hkxoku ekurs gSa- xq: jSnkl us blh vfo|k dks nwj djus ds fy, dgk Fkk % jSnkl gekjs
jketh nljFk dk lqr ukafg!
3- ujifr ,d flagklu lks;k] lius Hk;k fHk[kkjh!
vNwr jkt fcNM+s nq[k ik;k] lksbZ nlk HkbZ gekjh!!
vFkkZr tSls ,d jktk flagklu ij lks tk, vkSj lius esa fHk[kkjh cu dj nq[kh gksrk gS oSls gh vNwr
jkt fNu tkus lsa ge nq[kh gks jgs gSa- ;g “yksd vius vki esa foy{k.k gS- bl “yksd esa xq: jSnkl us cgqr dqN
dg fn;k gS- os dgrs gSa fd flagklu vkt Hkh gekjk gh gS] cl tkx`r gksus Hkj dh nsj gS- vfo|k dh uhan lsa
ckgj vkus dh t:jr ek= gS- vkt tks gekjh n;uh; n”kk gks jgh gS mldk dkj.k gelsa gekjk vNwr jkt
fcNM+uk gh gS- vius jkt dks fQj lsa izkIr dj yks ogh jax yx tk,axs!!
4- jt Hkqtax izlax tSls gS] vc dqN eeZ tuk;k!
vfud dVd tSls Hkwfy iM+S] vc dgrs dgu u vk;k!!
vFkkZr tSls jLlh dks lkai le>us dh Hkwy gks tkrh gS oSlk gh gekjs lkFk gqvk gS- vc gesa lPpkbZ dh
dqN le> vkus yxh gS- vusd lsukvksa ftrus gekjs yksx vius y{; lsa HkVds gq, gSa- vc tc eSa mudks le>krk
gwa rks os dgrs gSa fd igys rks mUgsa fdlh us ,slk crk;k gh ugha-
xq: jSnkl us bl in esa viuh rFkk nfyr lekt dh ihM+k O;Dr dh gS- xqyke gksrs gq, Hkh mUgsa viuh
xqykeh dk ,glkl ugha gS- vius nq[kksa dks os viuh uh;fr eku cSBs gSa- ckck lkfgc us Hkh vusdksa ckj blh ihM+k
dks >syk Fkk- ekuuh; dk”kh jke us Hkh vusdksa ckj LVst ij [kM+s gksdj dgk % rqlha cUns c.ktks] ckfd;ka uwa rka
cUns nk iqr vkika c.kk ykaxs!! vFkkZr gs nfyrks lpsr gks tkvks vxj rqe lq/kj gks tkrs gks rks ckfd;ksa dks rks
ge vius vki Þlq/kkjÞ ysaxs! vkt rks fQj Hkh nfyr fo|k izkfIr djds dqN tkx`r gks x, gSa ysfdu vius le;
esa yksxksa dks le>kus esa xq: jSnkl dks okdbZ cgqr ihM+k >syuh iM+h gksxh- nfyrksa dks ;g le>kuk fd mudh
n;uh; gkyr ds ftEesokj muds deZ ugha cfYd czkã.kksa dh pkysa gSa] cgqr esgur dk dke gS-
97

5- ,slk pkgwa jkt eSa] feyS lcu dks vé!


NksVs cM+s le clSa] jSnkl jgS izlé!!
vFkkZr eSa jSnkl ,slk jkt pkgrk gwa tgka lc dks jksVh diM+k vkSj edku feys- tgka tkfr dh Åap uhp
u gks vkSj lHkh yksx cjkcj jgrs gksa rFkk tgka lnkpkjh [kq”k jg ldrs gksa-
Åij xq: jSnkl ds ikap inksa dk ljy vFkZ fn;k x;k gS- vxj bu “yksdksa dks ,d nwljs dk iwjd eku
dj ns[kk tk, rks ;g ckr lkQ tkfgj gksrh gS fd xq: jSnkl us ;g tku fy;k Fkk nfyr Hkkjr ds ekfyd jgs
gSa rFkk Hkkjr dk xkSjo mulsa gh cuk Fkk- viuh [kksbZ gqbZ lÙkk dks iqu% izkIr djuk gh muds nq[kksa dk bykt gS-
lclsa igys in esa xq: jSnkl us tks dqN dgk mls gh vk/kqfud dky ds nfyr uk;d nksgjkrs gSa- muds
vuqlkj nfyr tkfr;ksa esa lsa vusdksa cM+s dfo] jktk] nk”kZfud] ;ksxh] lU;klh] Kkuh] xq.kh] 'kwjohj rFkk nkuh gq,
gSa- gekjh cqf) dHkh Hkh uk”kd ugha jgh vFkkZr nfyrksa us dHkh twvk [ksy dj egkHkkjr ugha epkbZ- iSfj;j
jkekLokeh] egkRek T;ksfrck Qwys] ckck lkfgc vEcsMdj] ckcw dka”kh jke vkfn lHkh nfyr usrkvksa us vius Hkk"k.kksa
rFkk iqLrdksa esa blh rF; dks mtkxj fd;k gS-
dfo % Hkxoku ckfYedh Hkkjr gh ugha nqfu;k ds loZJs"B vkSj vkfn dfo gq, gSa- mUgksaus jkek;.k dh
l`tuk dh- mudh foy{k.k fo}rk dk lcwr ;g gS fd mUgksaus lkjh jkek;.k vuq"Vqi NUn esa fy[kh gS- mUgksaus
jkek;.k esa jke dks ,d lk/kkj.k vkneh dh rjg is”k fd;k gS rFkk egkjktk jko.k dks ,d egkRek dh rjg is”k
fd;k gS- tc jkek;.k dks izflf) fey xbZ rks czkã.kokfn;ksa us jke dks vius Hkxoku dk ÞvorkjÞ cukus ds fy,
jkek;.k esa dqN v/;k; ?kqlsM+ fn,- Hkxoku okfYedh us D;ksafd vuq"Vqi NUn viuh fo}rk lsa Lo;a cuk;k Fkk
vr% ckn esa tks v/;k; tksM+s x, mudk ys[kd Hkxoku okfYedh dh rjg vuq"Vqi NUn ugha cuk ik;k-
ifj.kke&Lo:i czkã.kksa }kjk tksM+s x, v/;k; vkSj “yksd nwj lsa oSls gh vyx fn[kkbZ ns tkrs gSa tSls nw/k esa
iM+h eD[kh fn[kkbZ nsrh gS- lHkh fo}ku ekurs gSa fd igyk v/;k; cky dkaM ckn esa tksMk+ x;k ftlesa jke dks
vorkj crk;k x;k gS- ,sls gh mÙkj dkaM ckn esa tksMk+ x;k gS ftlesa dbZ izdkj dh dFkk,a gSa- ,sls gh mudh
jkek;.k esa og “yksd tksM+k x;k ftlesa ;g dgk x;k fd pksj vkSj ckS) dks ,d tSlh ltk feyuh pkfg,-
Hkxoku okfYedh ds ckjs esa lclsa vf/kd vkgr djus okyh ckr ;g dh xbZ fd mUgsa czkã.k xzUFkksa esa
Mkdw dkfry vkfn crk;k x;k- ,slk czkã.k/kfeZ;ksa dh lksph le>h j.kuhfr ds rgr fd;k tkrk gS- tks Hkh
nfyr dqN cuds fn[kkrk gS] ;g yksx mudk pfj= guu dj nsrs gSa- Hkxoku okfYedh dks ÞMkdwÞ ?kksf"kr dj
fn;k] lrxq# dchj dks ÞvoS/kÞ lUrku ?kksf"kr dj fn;k] xq: jSnkl dks fiNys tUe esa ikih czkã.k ?kksf"kr dj
fn;k- Hkxou cq) dks cykRdkjh fo".kq dk vorkj ?kksf"kr dj fn;k- dksbZ gSjkuh ugha gksuh pkfg, vxj dqNsd
fnuksa esa ;gh yksx ckck lkfgc dks dfyd vorkj gh cuk nsa!!
lPpkbZ ;g gS fd Hkxoku okfYedh ,d vR;ar d#.kk”khy lUr Fks- fdlh f”kdkjh }kjk ,d uj i{kh dks
ekj nsus ij eknk i{kh foyki dj mBh- ml i{kh dk foyki lqu dj mudk eu bruk nq[kh gqvk fd mUgksaus
jkek;.k dh jpuk dj Mkyh ftlesa mUgksaus ml i{kh dk nq[k ,d L=h ¼lhrk½ ds ek/;e lsa c;ku fd;k- lhrk
dks mlds eka cki us iSnk gksrs gh [ksrksa esa QSad fn;k] tc og N% cjl dh Fkh mlds ikyd cki ¼tud½ us mls
nkao ij yxk fn;k fd dksbZ Hkh /kuq"k mBkvks vkSj mls ys tkvks- tc og jkuh cuus okyh Fkh rks mls cuokl
fey x;k- tc og eka cuus okyh Fkh vkSj ftl le; mls ifr dh lokZf/kd vko”;drk Fkh rc mls taxy esa
fQadok fn;k x;k- lhrk dh dgkuh i<+ dj ikBd dks ogh nnZ eglwl gksrk gS tks Hkxoku okfYedh us ejrs gq,
i{kh dks ns[kdj eglwl fd;k Fkk-
ftu yksxksa us muds ckjs esa ,slh viekutud ckrsa vius /keZ xzUFkksa esa fy[kha mu ij ykur gS dksfV
dksfV ykur!! ,slh dFkk,a cukus okys vius fxjscku esa ugha >kadrs- muds _f"k;ksa us ,d lsa c<+ dj ,d dqdeZ
fd, gSa] muds Hkxokuksa us gn ntsZ ds vukpkj fd, gSa- xSjksa dh rks NksM+ks mUgksaus viuh cgu csfV;ka rd ugha
NksM+ha- lkjh nqfu;k tkurh gS fd czãk us viuh csVh lsa dqdeZ fd;k Fkk] jk/kk d`".k dh lxh ekeh gS ftllsa og
fuR; eSFkqu djrk Fkk] f”ko dke okluk esa vU/kk gksdj eksfguh cus fo".kq ds ihNs Hkkx fy;k Fkk- ;g rks 'kqØ
gqvk fd Hkkxrs Hkkxrs mldk oh;Z lf[yr gks x;k oukZ irk ugha fo".kq f”ko ds fdrus cPpksa dh eka cu tkrk!
guqeku lhrk dks lkQ crkrk gS fd jke ds fyax u gksus ds leku ¼fgtM+k½ gS ysfdu mls iq#"kksÙke dgk tkrk
gS- guqeku ds ek¡ vatfu dk ifr dsljh gS ysfdu vatfu iou uked nso lsa O;fHkpkj djrh gS ftllsa mlds
98

xHkZ jg tkrk gS rFkk guqeku iSnk gksrk gS- Hkkjrh; yksx tkurs gSa fd xSj cki dh vkSykn dks D;k dgk tkrk gS-
mudh ;g lwfp vUrghu gS- blfy, nfyr egkiq#"kksa ds ckjs esa cdokl djus lsa igys mUgsa vius fxjscku esa
>kad ysuk pkfg,- mUgsa jktLFkkuh dgkor lsa lh[k ysuh pkfg, fd roks rks ckSyS lks ckSyS] pky.kh Hkh ckSyS theS
dkSrj lks cst! ;kfu rok rks cksys lks cksys] ns[kks Nyuh Hkh cksyrh gS ftlesa bDgrj lks Nsn gSa!!
gksus dks rks egkHkkjr dk ys[kd O;kl Hkh vk/kk 'kwnz gS ysfdu mlus vxj egkHkkjr fy[kus dk xq.k
ik;k rks fuf”pr :i lsa viuh 'kwnz ek¡ lR;orh lsa gh vk;k D;ksafd cki ds xq.kksa ds vuq:i rks mlus cykRdkj
djds ikaMw vkSj /k`rjk"Vª gh iSnk fd,-
izl) dfo dkyhnkl Hkh “kwnz Fks- vxj os czkã.k gksrs rks rqylh dh rjg viuh jpukvksa esa vius cki
nknkvksa dks czkã.k crkrs] vius iwjs [kkunku dk bfrgkl crkrs rFkk lkFk esa viuh jpukvksa esa czkã.kksa vkSj
muds nsoksa dh Lrqfr djrs exj mudh jpukvksa lsa ,slk dqN Hkh ugha feyrk tks ;g n”kkZrk gks fd os czkã.k Fks-
lclsa vge ckr ;g gS fd czkã.kksa dh jpuk;sa ges”kk vukpkj dk i{k ysdj mls /keZ crkus dk izpkj djrh gSa
ysfdu nfyr ys[kdksa dh jpuk;sa ges”kk bu ckrksa lsa nwj jgrh gSa- xhrk tSlh czkãf.kd jpuk;sa tw, dh lEifÙk
ds fy, yM+us ejus dks /keZ crkus dk vins”k nsrh gSa] euqLe`fr tkfr ds vk/kkj ij lekt dks ckaVus dks /keZ
crkrh gSa- dkyhnkl dh jpukvksa esa ,slh ckrksa dk vHkko ;g n”kkZrk gS fd os czkã.k ugha Fks-
dYg.k ftUgksaus d”ehj dk bfrgkl fy[kk] ck.k cÍ ^^dknEcjh^^
^^ tSls egkdkO; ds jfp;rk] fo’.kq xqIr
iapra= o fgrksins”k ds jfp;rk vkfn lHkh “kwnz Fks- czkã.k dqy esa rks nks gh ux iSnk gq, gSa ,d Fkk euq ftlus
iwjs Hkkjr dks tkfr izFkk vkSj NwvkNkr ds iki lsa dyafdr dj fn;k rFkk nwljk Fkk rqylh ftlus iwjh L=h
tkfr dks xkyh nh-
dqyhu % vFkkZr jkt ?kjkus okys yksx- xq: jSnkl tkurs Fks rFkk bfrgkl xokg gS fd vkfn dky lsa
ysdj pkSFkh lnh rd Hkkjr ij ek= 'kwnz dqy ds yksxksa dk jkt gh jgk gS- ¼jk/kkd`".ku % /keZ vkSj lekt i~
156½ iqjk.kksa esa pkgs yk[k fdLls dgkfu;ka gksa fd lw;Zoa”kh vkSj pUnzoa”kh {kf=; pØorhZ jktk gksrs Fks ysfdu
gdhdr ;gh gS fd nljFk tSlk pØorhZ jktk v;ks/;k tSls xkao dk jktk gksrk Fkk ftlds ikl ek= ,d lqea=
uke dk ukSdj gksrk Fkk tks mldk jFk Hkh gkad ysrk Fkk rFkk eU=h cu dj lykg Hkh ns nsrk Fkk- ftl jktk ds
eU=h vkSj jFkoku ds dke ,d gh vkneh djrk gks rks lgt vuqeku yxk;k tk ldrk gS fd og fdruk cM+k
pØorhZ jktk gksxk-
uUnoa”k] ekS;Z oa”k vkSj xqIr jktkvksa ds 'kwnz gksus ij fdlh dks dksbZ 'kd ugha gS- lezkV v”kksd tSlk
iztkikyd jktk u dHkh gqvk vkSj u dHkh gks ldrk gS- vr% xq: jSnkl us nfyrksa dks dqyhu crk dj lPpkbZ
dks gh mtkxj fd;k gS-
nk”
nk”kZfud % Hkxou cq) nqfu;k ds loZJs’B nk”kZfud gq, gSa- os mlh {kf=; dqy lsa gSa ftlus czkã.kksa ds
fo#) la?k’kZ fd;k Fkk rFkk gkj tkus ij Þ”kwnzÞ cuk fn, x, Fks- vkt vf/kdrj “kwnz mUgha ds oa”kt gSa- mUgha ds
la?k esa lsa egkRek jko.k dk mn; gqvk- xq: jSnkl us viuh ok.kh esa egkRek jko.k dk rks ftØ ugha fd;k exj
jke iq= nljFk dks t:j viuk jketh ugha ekuk- ;g ckr cgqr gSjku djus okyh gS fd fdlh Hkh nfyr lUr
us egkRek jko.k dh cqjkbZ ugha dh gS vkSj lHkh ds lHkh lUrksa us jke iq= nljFk dks viuk jke ekuus lsa badkj
fd;k gS! ;g vge rF; gS- gekjs fopkj esa nfyr fo}kuksa dks bl ij lathnxh lsa xkSj djuk pkfg, fd ,slk
D;ksa gS fd lUrksa us jke iq= nljFk dks rks nqRdkj fn;k exj egkRek jko.k ij pqIih D;ksa lk/k x,!!
vFkZ “kkL= ds jfp;rk dkSfVY; dks Hkh czkã.k ?kksf’kr fd;k x;k gS- dFkk cukbZ xbZ gS fd mudk uUnoa”k
ds jktk lsa >xM+k gks x;k rFkk mlus viuh pksVh [kksy dj izfrKk dh fd og ml “kwnz jkT; dks lekIr dj
nsaxs- rc mUgksaus “kwnz ckyd pUnzxqIr dks ^jktk jktk^ [ksyrs ns[kk vkSj mUgsa Vªsfuax nsdj ;ks)k cuk fn;k- ckn esa
mUgksaus ex/k ds uUnoa”k ij geyk djds mls u’V dj fn;k-
,slh ckrsa dksjh dYiuk ds flok; dqN ugha gSa- tSls czkã.kksa us xq: jSnkl dks czkã.k/kehZ fl) djus ds
fy, Lo;a ds gkjus okys fdLls ?k<+ fy;s oSls gh mUgksaus dkSfVY; dks czkã.k fl) djus ds fy, ;g fdLlk ?k<+
fy;k- tcfd lPPkbZ ;g gS fd ekS;Z dky esa dksbZ Hkh Hkkjrh; pksVh ugha j[krk Fkk- Fkk pksVh j[kus dk fjokt NVh
lkroha lnh esa “kq: gqvk- vr% ;g fdLlk cksxl gS- oSls Hkh pUnzxqIr ukx oa”kh jkt?kjkus lsa Fks- vr% mUgsa jktk
cuus ds fy, fdlh czkã.k dh lgk;rk dh t:jr gh ugha Fkh- dkSfVY; mUgha dh rjg “kwnz dqy lsa Fks- muds
vFkZ “kkL= lsa czkãf.kd /keZ dh cw ugha vkrh- vxj os czkã.k gksrs rks vius iwjs [kkunku dk bfrgkl fy[krs-
99

blh rjg jktk d`’.kjko ds eU=h rsukyh jke Fks ftUgksaus ix ix ij czkã.k/keZ dk uk”k fd;k-
izfl) xf.krK vk;Z vk;Z HkÍ Hkh “kwnz Fks ftUgksaus iwjs fo”o dks Þ0Þ “kwU; dk Kku fn;k-
fn;k- mudk [kkstk gqvk ;g ^0^ gh
gS ftlds vk/kkj ij vkt dEI;wVj dke dj jgs gSa-
ikbZ ¼π½
¼ dk ewY; Hkh nfyr xf.krK cq)k;.k us igys igy Kkr fd;k- vr% ;g vk”p;Z dh ckr ugha
fd flU/kq lH;rk ds uxjksa dh lHkh lM+dsa vkSj xfy;ka xf.kr ds vuqikr lsa cukbZ xbZ gSa- HkkLdj us bl ckr dh
x.kuk dh fd /kjrh fdrus le; esa lw;Z dk pØ yxkrh gS- tc czkã.kksa dks lw;Z nso dqUrh dks xHkZorh cuk jgk
Fkk] nfyr lH;rk ds yksx vlyh lw;Z dk Kku <wa< jgs Fks- lw;Z xzg.k pUnz xzg.k dc vkSj dSls yxsaxs] bu iz”uksa
dk mÙkj <wa< jgs Fks-
;ksxh lU;klh % lUr lEcwd] mikfy muds ledkyhu lHkh lUr] nfyr dqy lsa Fks- dchj nknw n;ky]
ukenso] Qjhn] ukHkknkl] cqYys”kkg] iYVw] ijes"Bh] lSu] /kék] xksjkth] dqckth] flaxkth] tksxk ijekuUn] rqdkjke]
chBy o lkoark] pks[kkesyk] j?kqth] ukud] T;ksfrck esa lsa dksbZ Hkh czkã.k ;k {kf=; dqy lsa ugha Fkk- lcds lc
^uhph tkfr^ okys Fks- czkã.k tkfr esa rks rqylh tSls iSnk gq, gSa ftlus viuh ek¡ cgu rd ds fy, dg fn;k %
ukjh rkM+u dh vf/kdkjh!
'kwjohj % egjktk jko.k lsa nfyr “kwjohjksa dh xkFkk “kq: gksrh gS tks vkt rd vuojr pyh vk jgh gS-
,dyO;] bUnz dks thrus okys es?kukn] pUnz xqIr ekS;Z] >ydkjh ckbZ] xq: xksfcUn flag ds ikap I;kjs /keZ flag
¼[k=h½] n;k flag ¼dyky½] fgEer flag ¼[kkrh½] eksgde flag¼Nhih½] lkfgc flag ¼ukbZ½ vkfn lsa gksrh gqbZ ljnkj
Hkxr flag] djrkj flag ljkHkk rFkk m/ke flag dEcksv rd ;g ohjksa dh xkFkk fcuk #ds py jgh gS- dksbZ
czkã.k ml lHkk esa xq: dk I;kjk cuus ugha vk;k ftudh [kkfrj xq: xksfcUn flag us viuk viuk lkjk oa”k U;ksNkoj
dj fn;k-
fn;k- czkã.k rks ,sls d`R/ku Fks fd ,sls egku iq#"k ds csVksa dks xaxw uked czkã.k us /ku dh [kkfrj ljfga ljfgan
dh nhokjksa esa fpuok fn;k Fkk-Fkk-
Kkuh % lqJqr] pjd rFkk thod “kwnz vFkkZr nfyr lekt lsa Fks- mUgsa ltZjh ;kfu “kY; fpfdRlk dk firk ekuk
tkrk gS- ftl tekus esa ¼vxj BsB xkao okyh Hkk’kk esa dgk tk,½ vk;ksZa dks taxy tkdj gkFk /kksus dh vDy ugha
Fkh rFkk tc os i”kqvksa dh rjg cPps iSnk djus dk dk;Z djrs Fks ml le; nfyr lekt dh flU/kq lH;rk esa
lqJqr rFkk thod tSls oS| tUe ys jgs Fks tks ml tekus esa Hkh vk¡[k rFkk fnekx dk vkizs”ku rd dj nsrs Fks-
vk;qZosn mUgha dh pykbZ gqbZ fpfdRlk i)fr gS- muds ikl 125 lsa vf/kd fpfdRlk ds vkStkj ik;s x, gSa-
flU/kq lH;rk ds uUnoa”kh ukx jktkvksa }kjk fo”o dh izFke ;wfuoZflVh ;kfu fo”ofo|ky; r{kf”kyk r{kf”kyk bZlk
lsa 700 lky igys LFkkfir fd;k Fkk- Fkk- mUgksaus gh ukyUnk fo”ofo|ky; blds 300 lky ckn cuok;k- cuok;k- ;gka fo”o
Hkj ds ns”kksa lsa vk, 20 gtkj fo|kFkhZ ,d lkFk i<+rs Fks- ;gh og le; Fkk tc Hkkjr lksus dh fpfM+;k dgykrk
Fkk-
Fkk- bu fo”ofo|ky;ksa dks gR;kjs czkã.k ã.k iq’;fe= us rqM+ok fn;k Fkk D;ksafd dksbZ Hkh fo|kkFkhZ ;gka czkã.k/keZ ds
xzUFk i<+us ugha vk;k Fkk-Fkk- D;k ;g xoZ dh ckr ugha gS fd lHkh fons”kh fo|kkFkhZ ;gka cq) /keZ gh lh[kus vk,
rFkk vius lkFk dsoy ckS) xzUFk gh ysdj x;s- ,d Hkh fo|kFkhZ vius lkFk Fkks FkksFks Kku dh Mhaxsa ekjus okys
czkã.k/keZ dh xhrk] iqjk.k]
k.k] osn ;k mifu’kn dks ysdj ugha x;k!! x;k!!
nkuh % d.kZ dks tUe nsus okys ekacki pkgs ?kfV;k jgs gksa ysfdu mls ikyk ,d dqEgkj us Fkk- 'kwnz ds
laLdkjksa dh otg lsa gh og nkuohj d.kZ dgyk;k- oukZ mlh ds ek¡ ds tk;s ;qf?k"Bj us nku rks D;k djuk Fkk
tw, esa vius NksVs HkkbZ dh ifRu rd dks gkj x;k- vkSj vc dfy;qx esa ckck lkfgc tSlk nkuh dgka feysxk
ftUgksaus iwuk iSDV djds xka/kh dks thou dk nku ns fn;k- dgha ckck lkfgc us nku u fn;k gksrk rks xksMls dh
xksfy;ka [kjkc u gksrha!
;g ,d vk”p;Ztud lPpkbZ gS fd Hkkjrh; lekt esa ftruh Hkh uSfrdrk] Kku] n”kZu dh ckrsa gqbZ gSa os
lHkh nfyr lekt ds yksxksa dh nsu gSa- vkSj ;g nfyr lekt ds fy, xkSjo dh ckr gS fd vkt rd ftrus Hkh
fons”kh Hkkjr esa f”k{kk xzg.k djus vk, gSa] os lc ds lc ek= muds Je.k /keZ dk v/;;u djus gh vk, gSa-
vkt rd fdlh fons”kh ;k=h us Hkkjr esa vkdj xhrk iqjk.k ;k osn ugha i<+k vkSj u gh vius lkFk buesa lsa
fdlh fdrkc dks vius lkFk ysdj x;k gS- lHkh fons”kh ;k=h vius lkFk nfyrksa }kjk jfpr f=fiVd dh iqLrdsas
gh vius lkFk ysdj x, gS- czkã.kokfn;ksa us rks flQZ deZdkaMksa vkSj ik[k.Mksa dks gh /keZ crk;k gS- Je.k /keZ
uSfrdrk] lnkpkj vkSj lPpkbZ dk jkLrk gS- vlgk; dh lgk;rk djuk] nqf[k;ksa ds nq[k ckaVuk] i”kqvksa ij n;k
djuk] cM+ksa dk vknj djuk vkfn lHkh uSfrd ckrs Je.k /keZ }kjk gh fl[kkbZ xbZa gSa-
100

xq: jSnkl dk ,d vU; “yksd Hkh gS ftls gj ys[kd us] pkgs og nfyr gks lo.kZ gks] fo”of|ky; dk
izksQSlj gks ;k lk/kkj.k dFkkokpd gks] lHkh us mlss xq: jSnkl }kjk Hkxoku dks lEcksf/kr fd;k ekuk gS- mudk
“yksd gS%
tc ge gksrs gSa rks rqe ukafg!
tc rqe gksrs gks rks ge ukafg!!
vc req gh rqe gks] ge ukafg!!
geus viuh iqLrd esa lUrksa lHkh ds “yksd lk/kkj.k fgUnksLrkuh Hkk"kk esa fy[ks gSa rkfd fdlh dks le>us
esa vf/kd dfBukbZ u gks- vr% mijksDr “yksd dk vFkZ vklkuh lsa le> vkus okyk gS- mudk dguk gS fd tc
ge gksrs gSa rks rqe ugha gksrs- tc rqe gksrs gks rks ge ugha gksrs- vc flQZ rqe gh rqe gks ge ugha gSa-
vU; fo}ku bldk HkkokFkZ djrs gSa fd xq: jSnkl us ;g iafDr;ka Hkxoku dks lEcksf/kr dh gSa fd tc
rd esjs esa vgadkj Fkk eSa Lo;a dks gh ekurk Fkk rqEgsa ugha ekurk Fkk- tc eSaus Hkxoku dks eku fy;k rks esjk
vfHkeku lekIr gks x;k- blfy, vc gs Hkxoku rqe gh rqe gks ge ugha gSa-
gesa ;g dgus esa jÙkh Hkj Hkh ladksp ugha gS fd tks fo}ku bl “yksd dk vFkZ bl izdkj lsa djrs gSa
mUgksaus xq: jSnkl dks le>k gh ugha gS- muds la?k"kZ] muds y{; dks le>k gh ugha gS- ftl fdlh us Hkh bl
“yksd ds vFkZ dks Hkxoku lsa tksM+k gS] mlus czkã.kokn dk p”ek igu dj ,slk fd;k gS- ftl edln ds fy,
lUr flikgh jSnkl us vius thou dk cfynku fn;k] ,slk vFkZ ml edln ds foijhr gS- blds dkj.k gSa %
1- xq: jSnkl vkSj muds gelgjh xq: dchj us dHkh Hkh jgL;oknh ckrs ugha dh gSa- mUgksaus tks dguk gksrk
Fkk Hkxou cq) dh rjg lh/ks likV Li"V “kCnksa esa dgrs Fks- mUgsa jke iq= nljFk ilUn ugha Fkk rks
mUgksaus lkQ dgk jSnkl gekjs jke th nljFk dk lqr ukafg- g czkã.k dks Åapk ugha ekuk rks Li"V dgk %
tks rw cke.k cke.kh tk;k rks vku ckV D;ksa ugha vk;k- tc mUgksaus Hkxoku lsa ckr dh rks Li"V dgk
izHkq th rqe panu ge ikuh] rqe nhid ge ckrh- vxj ;g in Hkh Hkxoku lsa dguk gksrk rks os lkQ
rkSj ij Hkxoku dk uke ysrs vkSj lkQ dgrs izHkqth tc rqe gksrs rks eSa ukafg-
2- xq: jSnkl Lo;a vkSj Hkxoku esa dHkh dksbZ varj ugha ekurs- mudk ekuuk Fkk % rksfg eksfg varj dSlk
dud dfVd tyrjax ds tSlk- vFkkZr gs Hkxoku rsjs vkSj esjs esa dksbZ varj ugha gS oSls tSls lksus vkSj
mllsa cus tsojksa esa dksbZ varj ugha gksrk tSls ikuh vkSj mlesa mBus okyh ygjksa esa dksbZ vUrj ugha
gksrk- lUr dchj us dgk % jke dchjk ,d gS dgu lquu esa nks;! tc os Hkxoku vkSj Lo;a esa varj gh
ugha ekurs rks ,sls “kCn Hkxoku dks dgus dh t:jr gh ugha gS-
3- mUgksaus nfyrksa ds fy, jktuhfrd lÙkk ekaxh] nfyrksa dk jkT; csxeiqjk clkus dk vkgoku fd;k- bl
la?k"kZ esa mUgksaus vius izk.kksa dh ckth Hkh yxkbZ- muds }kjk nfyr jkT; ekaxus vkSj bl edln ds fy,
nfyrksa dks f”kf{kr djus ds tqeZ esa czkã.kksa us mudh ykBh M.Mksa lsa ihV ihV dj gR;k dj nh vkSj
mudh ck.kh Hkh tyk nh- vxj xq: jSnkl ;g “kCn Hkxoku lsa dgrs rks czkã.kksa dks mUgsa dRy djus dh
otg ugha curh Fkh-
4- ;g iafDr;ka ml in ds lkFk vkbZ gSa tgka xq: jSnkl us nfyrksa dks vNwr jkT; fNu tkus dh ckr
crkbZ gS- tgka mUgksaus bl ckr dk vQlksl tkfgj fd;k gS fd nfyr mulsa dgrs gSa fd vNwr jkt ds
ckjs esa igys rks fdlh us mudks crk;k ugha- tgka mUgksaus jLlh dks lkai le>us dh Hkwy djus dh ckr
crkbZ gS- vr% ogka Hkxoku dks ,slk dgus dh dksbZ rqd ugha curh-
5- vr% xq: jSnkl us ;g “kCn lh/ks lh/ks czkã.kksa dks dgs Fks fd tc v”kksd dky esa gekjh lÙkk Fkh rks
rqEgkjk vU;k; ugha pyrk Fkk- Fkk- rqEgkjh gSfl;r ugha ds cjkcj Fkh-
Fkh- tc muds ikS= lezkV o`gnFkZ dh gR;k
djds rqeus eus nfyr jkT; Nhuk rks mlds ckn rqe gh rqe gks- gekjk dqN Hkh ugha jgk- jgk- rc lsa ysdj vkt
rd rqe czkã.k gh lÙkk ij dkfct gks ge nfyrksa dks dqN Hkh ugha gS- tc xq: jSnkl us ,slh ckrksa dk
izpkj fd;k rc czkã.kksa us viuh lke nke n.M Hksn dh uhfr esa lsa n.M dk lgkjk ysrs gq, mudh
gR;k dj nh fcYdqy oSls gh tSls lfn;ksa igys mUgksaus lezkV o`gnFkZ dh gR;k dh Fkh-
101

6- bl “yksd esa xq: jSnkl us ÞgeÞ dk iz;ksx fd;k gS tcfd lHkh lUr vgadkj ds fy, ÞeSaÞ dk iz;ksx
djrs gSa- xq: jSnkl us tc Hkh viuh ck.kh esa ÞgeÞ dk iz;ksx fd;k gS rks iwjs nfyr lekt ds fy,
iz;ksx fd;k g-S
mijksDr lHkh inksa dks feyk dj ,d ckr lkQ gksrh gS fd tc ÞgeÞ geÞ nfyrksa dh lÙkk Fkh rks Hkkjr ds
yksx xq.kh]
kh] Kkuh Fks- mlh
mlh le; gh fons fons”khkh fo}ku ;gka Kku izkfIr ds fy, vkrs Fks- os flQZ ÞgekjkÞ Kku gh ysus
fons”khkh fo}ku vk, vkt rd muesa lsa ,d Hkh vius lkFk osn iqjk.k ;k xhrk
vkrs Fks- Hkkjr esa gtkjksa yk[kksa fons
ysdj ugha x;k-
x;k- dgha Hkwys HkVds lsa Hkh dksbZ izlax ugha vkrk fd Qyka fons fons”khkh vk;k vkSj mlus ;gka Hkkjr esa
czkã.kxzUFk i<+s ;k tkrs le; vius lkFk fdlh czkã.k xzUFk dks ys x;k- x;k- lcds lc fons fons”khkh dsoy vkSj dsoy
Je.k /keZ dk v/;;u djus vk, rFkk lUrksa dh ck.kh gh ysdj x, x,--
lks tc jSnkl th ;g fo|k dHkh u uklh dgrs gSa rks bldk vFkZ ;gh gS fd gekjh fo|k lnkpkj dh
fo|k gS ftldk dksbZ uk”k ugha dj ldrk- vke ds isM+ ds lkFk fdrus Hkh vkd mx ysa os vke dh cjkcjh dHkh
ugha dj ldrs!! tc Hkkjr ij nfyrksa dks 'kklu Fkk rHkh Hkkjr lksus dh fpfM+;k dgykrk Fkk- tc ;gka oSfnd
;K djds i”kq ekjs tkrs Fks ;k d`".k }kjk ,d tqvkjh lsa nwljs tqvkjh dks ekjus dk xhrk Kku fn;k tkrk Fkk
ml le; dk Hkkjr lksus dh fpfM+;k ugha dgykrk Fkk- le; lk{kh gS vkSj lk{kh jgsxk % nfyr lÙkk ykSVsxh
vkSj Hkkjr fQj lsa lksus dh fpfM+;k cusxk-k-

nwljk rF;
nfyr xqyke gSa!
ijk/khurk iki gS] tku ysoks js ehr!
xq: jSnkl us tks nwljk rF; mtkxj fd;k og ;g gS fd nfyrksa lsa mudk jkt Nhu fy;k x;k gS-
mudk i<+us fy[kus ugha fn;k tkrk- muds le; nfyrksa dh gkyr cgqr gh cqjh vkSj n;uh; Fkh- csxkjh NwvkNwr
ml le; pje lhek ij Fkh- xq: jSnkl dgrs gSa fd nfyr xqyke gS- nfyrksa dh nq[k rdyhQsa ns[k dj mudk
eu nzfor gks mBk- os cksys %
nkfjn ns[k dj gj dksb glSa ,slh nlk gekjh
ml le; lsa ysdj vc rd nfyrksa dh gkyr esa cgqr vf/kd vUrj ugha vk;k gS- orZeku esa /ku vkSj
lkeF;Z gksrs gq, Hkh nfyr vkt Hkkjr ds vusdksa Hkkxksa esa nwYgs dks ?kkssM+s ij lokj djds ugha ys tk ldrs- ckcw
txthou jke }kjk mn?kkVu dh xbZ ewfrZ;ka xaxkty lsa /kksdj ifo= dh tkrh gSa- vHkh lu 2007 esa v[kckjksa esa
,d vksj x.krU= fnol eukus [kcjsa Fkha rks nwljh vksj fgekpy dh [kcj yxh Fkh fd ljdkj }kjk Ldwy esa tks
nksigj dk [kkuk fn;k tkrk gS ogka nfyr cPPkksa dks crZu vius ?kj lsa ykus iM+rs gSa rFkk mUgsa ckdh cPpksa lsa
nwj cSBk dj [kkuk fn;k tkrk gS- xq: jSnkl dgrs gSa ;gh xqykeh gS- nfyrksa dks fcuk dlwj ds ltk nh tk jgh
gS vkSj nfyr pqipki lgu fd, tk jgs gSa] pqipki vR;kpkj lgus dh izo`fr dks gh rks xqykeh dgrs gSa-
ckck lkfgc ds vuqlkj xqykeh nks izdkj dh gksrh gS- 'kkjhfjd xqykeh rFkk fnekxh xqykeh- 'kkjhfjd
xqykeh dk lh/kk lk vFkZ gS csxkjh- vFkkZr tgka vkneh dks etcwjh esa dke djuk iM+rk gS rFkk mls dke ds
cnys esa dqN Hkh ugha fn;k tkrk- bl xqykeh lsa NqVdkjk ikuk cgqr T;knk dfBu ugha gksrk- ysfdu tgka
vkneh fnekxh rkSj ij xqyke gks tk, mls xqykeh lsa vktkn djokuk csgn dfBu gksrk gS D;ksafd fnekxh rkSj
ij xqyke vkneh ;g ekuus dks gh rS;kj ugha gksrk fd og xqyke gS-
fnekxh rkSj ij xqyke gksus dh dqNsd dM+oh mnkgj.ksa gSa %
 jke iq= nljFk us nfyr lUr 'kEcwd dh iwtk djrs le; xyk dkV dj gR;k dj nh- mudk
dlwj ;g Fkk fd 'kwnz gksrs gq, Hkh mUgksaus Lo;a f”k{kk izkIr dh rFkk nfyrksa dks f”k{kk nsus dk dke
fd;k Fkk- mu ij >wBk vkjksi yxk;k x;k fd mudh f”k{kk izkIr djus lsa czkã.k dk csVk ej x;k
gS- vxj nfyrksa }kjk f”k{kk ysus lsa gh czkã.kksa ds csVs ejrs gSa rks vc rd rks Hkkjr esa ,d Hkh
czkã.k ugha cpuk pkfg, Fkk- muds csVs rks dHkh ds ej fy, gksrs- nfyrksa dh fnekxh xqykeh dk
lcwr ;g gS fd ,sls fueZe gR;kjs dks os Hkxoku ekurs gSa-
102

 gtkjksa lkyksa lsa nfyrksa ij tqYe gksrs vk, gSa exj mUgksaus bls viuh fdLer ;k uh;fr ekuk gqvk
gS- os ;g eku cSBs gSa fd mudh n;uh; gkyr blfy, gS fd mUgksaus fiNys tUe esa cqjs deZ fd,
Fks- mUgksaus dHkh Hkh ugha lkspk fd vxj vPNs deZ djus lsa gh Åaph tkfr feyrh gS rks fQj Åaph
tkfr ds yksx Hkh ywys yaxM+s va/ks vikfgt D;ksa iSnk gksrs gSa- vxj cqjs deksZa dh otg lsa gh vkneh
nfyr ds ?kj iSnk gksrk gS rks nfyr ds ?kj iSnk gksdj Hkh ckck lkfgc vEcsMdj nqfu;k ds lclsa
vf/kd i<+s fy[ks O;fDr D;ksa cu ik,] D;ksa os Hkkjr ds dkuwu eU=h cu ik,- D;ksa os euqLe`fr dk
uk”k djds viuk lafo/kku cuk ik,- D;ksa ekuuh; ds vkj ukjk;.ku Hkkjr ds jk"Vªifr curs gSa vkSj
loZJs"B jk"Vªifr dgs tkrs gSa- ekuuh; ds th ckykd`".ku lclsa de mez ds Hkkjr ds loksZPp
U;k;/kh’k curs gSa ftudk ,d ,d “kCn dkuwu gS- xhrk rks oS”;ksa vkSj nfyrksa lc dks iki ;ksfu
vFkkZr fiNys tUe esa iki djus okys crkrh gS- bu tkfr;ksa ds vusdksa O;fDr mPp vf/kdkjh gSa
ftUgsa muds czkã.k pijklh lqcg 'kke lY;wV ekjrs gSa- vxj czkã.k iq.; djus ij iSnk gksrk gS rks
mls iki ;ksfu dks D;ksa lY;wV ekjus iM+rs gSa-
 mudh fnekxh
fnekxh xqykeh dh ,d mnkgj.k ;g Hkh gS fd mUgksaus dHkh ugha lkspk fd os mu eafnjksa ds
ekfyd cusa ftuds Hkxokuksa dks os viuk Hkxoku ekurs gSa- ;g ckr muds fnekx esa vkrh gh ugha gS
fd os Hkh mu eafnjksa ds iqtkjh cus tgka lfn;ksa lsa os viuk flj >qdkrs vk, gSa- ;g gekjh fnekxh
xqykeh gh gS fd ge ;g eku cSBs gSa fd dsoy czkã.k gh iqjksfgr cusxk- Hkxoku dks firk dgk tkrk
gS- rks ,slk D;ksa gS fd mldk ,d csVk ¼czkã.k½ gh mlds ?kj] lEifÙk ¼eafnj] ?kkV½ dk okfjl curk
gS- ckdh csVs okfjl cuus dk [okc Hkh ugha ns[krs- ,slk ugha lksp ikuk gekjh fnekxh xqykeh dh
fu”kkuh gh rks gS- czkã.k vkt peM+s dk O;kikj djus yx x, gSa] lqukj dk dke djus yx x, gS]
gyokbZ dk dke djus yx x, gSa ;gka rd fd lqyHk lkSpky; Hkh pykus yx x, gSa ysfdu vkt
rd ,d Hkh nfyr us fdlh eafnj dk iqtkjh ugha cu ik;k gS- cuuk rks nwj dHkh fdlh us vkokt
Hkh ugha mBkbZ fd mls iqtkjh cuk;k tk,!! ;gh xqykeh gS!!
 gekjh fnekxh xqykeh dh ,d vkSj mnkgj.k ;g gS fd ge xq: jSnkl dks fiNys tUe dk ikih
czkã.k dgus ij pqi jgrs gSa] xq: dchj dks czkã.kh dh uktk;t lUrku dgus ij pqi jgrs gSa
ysfdu czkã.k/keZ ds tUe rFkk deZ lsa uktk;t yksxksa dks ge Hkxoku eku ysrs gSa- egkjktk jko.k
tSls egkRek ds iqrys gj lky tyk dj ge [kq”k gksrs gSa- gj lky jkeyhyk dh tkrh gS mlesa
Hkhyuh ds csj [kkrs rks jke dks gj ckj fn[kk;k tkrk gS ysfdu Hkxoku okfYedh dk ,d n`”; Hkh
ugha fn[kk;k tkrk- vxj os lhrk dks ugha cpkrs rks jke dk uke ysok ikuh nsok dksbZ ugha cprk-
nfyrksa }kjk ;g ekax ugha djuk fd jke ds oa”k dks cpkus okys gekjs Hkxoku dks Hkh jkeyhyk esa
fn[kk;k tk, rFkk gekjs lUrksa dks ikih ;k gjkeh dgus dh fgekdr u dh tk,] nfyr lekt dh
fnekxh xqykeh dks gh n”kkZrk gS-
 nfyrksa dh fnekxh xqykeh dh vU; mnkgj.k gS- vkt rd ftrus Hkh nfyr lUr gq, gSa mu lHkh us
czkã.k/keZ dk frjLdkj djds Je.k /keZ viuk;k gS- gjsd lUr us osn] iqjk.k] xhrk vkfn dks xyr
crk;k gS] mudk [k.Mu fd;k gS- gjsd lUr us mUgsa NksM+us dk vkgoku fd;k gS- lHkh us czkã.k/keZ
ds gj deZdkaM dks ik[k.M dgk gS- czãk lsa ysdj jke rd] gj nso] gj Hkxoku dks mUgksaus >wB
dgk gS exj nfyr ogha ds ogha gSa- os mUgsa NksM+rs gh ugha gSa- os lHkh nfyr lUrksa dh ck.kh esa
lRlax rks dj ysrs gSa exj czkã.k/keZ ds ik[k.Mksa dks ugha NksM+ ikrs- mudh gkyr fiatjs ds rksrs
tSlh gks jgh gS tks [kqyk NksM+us ij Hkh okfil fiatjs esa gh ?kqlrk gS!! blh dks xq: jSnkl ijk/khurk
dgrs gSa-
xq: jSnkl tkurs Fks fd nfyrksa dh n;uh; gkyr mudh fnekxh xqykeh dh otg lsa gS- mudh n;uh;
gkyr lsa nq[kh gksdj xq: jSnkl cksys %
ijk/khu dk nhu D;k]
ijk/khu csnhu!
hu!
jSnkl nkl ijk/khu dks
lHkh le>Sa ghu!!
ghu!!
103

ijk/khurk iki gS]


tku ysoks js ehr!
ehr!
jSnkl nkl ijk/khu dks]
dkSu djs gS ijhr!!
vFkkZr xqyke dh dksbZ ftUnxh ugha gksrh- mls dksbZ vf/kdkj ugha gksrk- og viuh ethZ lsa dqN Hkh ugha
dj ldrk- mldh dksbZ vgeh;r gh ugha gksrh- mls oghs djuk iM+rk gS tks mldk ekfyd dgrk gS- mldk
dksbZ /keZ ugha gksrk- tks mldk ekfyd dgs ogh mldk /keZ cu tkrk gS-
egkHkkjr esa Hkh dgk x;k gS fd rkdroj vkneh ds /keZ dks gh detksj vkneh viuk /keZ eku ysrk gS-
jSnkl th dgrs gSa fd xqyke dks gj dksbZ detksj le>rk gS- dgkor gS fd detksj dh ifRu dks gj dksbZ
HkkHkh dg ysrk gS- blh rjg xqyke ij gj dksbZ tqYe dj ysrk gS- blfy, xq: jSnkl nfyrksa dks psrkrs gS fd
ijk/khurk dks iki le>sa- xqyke ds lkFk dksbZ Hkh nksLrh ugha djrk-
djrk- nksLrh ges”kk cjkcj okyksa lsa gh gksrh gS-
vr% dksbZ czkã.koknh nfyr lsa nksLrh ugha djsxk- mUgsa vius nq[k Lo;a feVkus iM+saxs- mnkgj.k ds rkSj ij eqxyksa
ds iru ds ckn Hkkjr detksj iM+ x;k- nqfu;k Hkj ds ns”k Hkkjr dks ywVus ds fy, vk x,- dksbZ Hkh ns”k Hkkjr
dh lgk;rk djus ugha vk;k- vkt Hkkjr rkdroj gS rks vejhdk Hkh Hkkjr lsa nksLrh djus dks ykykf;r gS- ;gh
gkyr nfyrksa dh gS- os xqyke gSa % 'kkjhfjd vkSj fnekxh rkSj ij nksuksa <ax lsa- “kjhj lsa dqN de ysfdu fnekx
lsa cgqr T;knk- os vkt Hkh vius iwoZtksa ds gR;kjksa dks Hkxoku ekuus dk iki dj jgs gSa! blhfy, xq: jSnkl us
dgk ijk/khurk iki gS tku ysoks js ehr!!
ijk/khurk ds dkj.k nfyrksa dh D;k gkyr gS bl ij xq: jSnkl cksys % nkfjn ns[k dj gj dksbZ galS
,slh nlk gekjh! blh n”kk dk mYys[k djrs gq, ckck lkfgc us dgk fd tc czkã.kh xHkZorh gksrh gS rks og
lksprh gS fd mldk cPpk tt cusxk] v/;kid cusxk] vQlj cusxk ysfdu tc nfyr efgyk xHkZorh gksrh gS
rks og lksprh gS fd mldk cPpk desVh esa lQkbZ deZpkjh cusxk ;k etnwj cusxk ;k LVs”ku ij cwV ikfy”k
djsxk- lSadM+ksa lkyksa dh xqykeh us nfyrksa dks fnekxh rkSj ij vikfgt dj fn;k gS- xq: jSnkl us blh xqykeh
dks lekIr djus dk vkgoku fd;k Fkk- ckck lkfgc us Hkh xq: jSnkl dh rjg ogh ckr nksgjkbZ fd nfyr
xqyke gSa- blhfy, mUgksaus dgk fd xqyke dks ;g le>kvks fd og xqyke gS- og fuf” fuf”pr :i esa cxkor dj
nsxk-k-
xq: jSnkl ds vuqlkj nfyrksa ¼xqykeksa½ dk /keZ czkã.kokn ugha gS tks muds Åij ykn fn;k x;k gS-
nfyr czkã.kokn dks viuk dj csnhu gks x, gSa D;ksafd czkã.kokn /keZ gS gh ugha- ekuuh; ykgksjh jke ckyh ds
vuqlkj czkã.k/keZ rks /keZ ds uke ij dyad gS- ¼fgUnqbTe /keZ ;k dyad½ tc nfyrksa us /keZ dh txg
czkã.kokn dks viuk;k rks mUgsa viuk Je.k /keZ R;kxuk iM+k- xq: jSnkl ds vuqlkj blfy, ge csnhu vFkkZr
v/kehZ gks x, gSa- nfyrksa dk vlyh nhu lUrksa }kjk crk;k x;k ekxZ gS- vkSj lUrksa dk ekxZ czkã.kokn lsa myVk
gS] foijhr gS- vr% nfyrksa dks vktknh izkIr djuh gS rks mUgsa czkã.kokn ds bl tky lsa ckgj fudyuk iM+sxk-k
ekuuh; ykgksjh jke ckyh ds vuqlkj czkã.kokn /keZ ds uke ij dyad blfy, gS %
∗ D;ksafd czkã.kokn vkneh dks tUe ds vk/kkj ij Åapk ;k uhpk ekurk gS- rqylh dgrk gS czkã.k dks
iwtk tkuk pkfg, pkgs og pfj=ghu gks] vKkuh gks] csxq.k gks ysfdu nfyr dk vknj Hkh ugha fd;k
tkuk pkfg, pkgs og fdruk Hkh pfj=oku vkSj Kkuh D;ksa u gks! blhfy, nloha Qsy czkã.koknh xka/kh
dks ns”k dk ckiw cuk fn;k x;k tcfd og vly esa D;k Fkk mlh ds “kCnksa esa % eks le dkSu dqfVy
[ky dkeh] ftu ru fn;ks rkgh fcljk;ks ,slks fuiV gjkeh!! vFkkZr eq> eksgunkl tSlk dkSu /kwrZ] xank]
okluke;h gks ldrk gS- eSa ,slk iDdk gjkeh gwa fd eSaus tUe nsus okys dks gh Hkqyk fn;k gS- xka/kh us
Lo;a viuh vkSdkr crk nh gS gesa dqN dgus dh t:jr gh ugha gS-
∗ D;ksafd czkã.kokn tUe ds dkj.k vius gh vuq;kbZ;ksa dks vNwr ekurk gS- mudks Nwuk] ns[kuk Hkh iki
ekurk gS- vkt Hkkjr ds vNwrksa dh vkcknh vejhdk dh vkcknh lsa Hkh T;knk gS- fcuk dlwj bruh cM+h
la[;k esa ekuoksa dks ltk nh tkrh gS- ltk Hkh ,slh fd tYyknksa ds Hkh jksaxVs [kM+s gks tk,a- fcuk dlwj
ltk nsuk /keZ dk dke rks gh ugha ldrk-
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∗ D;ksafd czkã.kokn esa ,sls yksxksa dks Hkxoku crk;k x;k gS tks okLro esa bUlku dgykus ds Hkh gdnkj
ugha gSa- mnkgj.kr% mudh f=ewfrZ esa lsa czãk us viuh csVh vkSj iksrh lsa ewag dkyk fd;k] fo".kq us o`ank
lsa cykRdkj fd;k ¼ftls vktdy ge rqylh ds :i esa iwtrs gSa-½ f”ko dks lnk dke okluk esa fyIr
jgus ds dkj.k Hk`xq uked czkã.k ds 'kki lsa fyax cuuk iM+k- bUnz ,d ckj esa iUnzg chl cSy ekj dj
[kk tkrk Fkk- yxHkx lHkh _f"k os”;kvksa dks ns[k dj viuk beku xaok, gq, gSa- ogka vius NksVs HkkbZ dh
ifRu dks tw, ds nkao ij yxkus okyk /keZiq= dgk tkrk gS- d`".k us rks v”yhyrk vkSj vksNsiu dh lHkh
gnsa ikj dj nha- czkã.kksa ds Hkxoku ds vorkj ij”kqjke us cPps] toku] cw<+s {kf=; rks ekjs gh] mlus rks
ekavksa ds xHkZ esa iy jgs cPps Hkh fudky dj vius Qjls lsa dkV fn;s- ,sls dqdehZ Hkxokuksa dh lwfp
vUrghu gS-
∗ D;ksafd czkã.kokn esa iki ÞNqM+kusÞ ds jkLrs ugha gSa- ogka ikiksa ds Qy ;k ltk lsa cpus ds jkLrs gSa- lh/ks
vkSj vklku! cl xaxk esa Mqcdh yxkvks] czkã.kksa dks nf{k.k nks] xhrk] Hkkxor dk ikB djks ;k djokvks]
cl lkjs iki ekQ! muds gj xzUFk dk egkekR; gS fd mldk ikB djks ftrus ethZ iki fd, gksa lHkh
ekQ gks tkrs gSa! blh rjg lsa gh rks muds f=ewfrZ vkSj nwljs Hkxoku vius ikiksa dh ltk lsa NqVdkjk
ik lds Fks-
∗ D;ksafd czkã.kokn esa lnkpkj dh ctk, deZdkaM gh /keZ gS- lgh eqgwrZ esa NksVs HkkbZ dh choh dks nkao ij
yxkuk Hkh /keZ gS vkSj fcuk deZdkaM ds Hkxoku dk uke ysuk Hkh v/keZ gS- egkHkkjr esa jktk uy dh
dFkk gS- og ;qf/k"Bj dh rjg iDdk tqvkjh Fkk ysfdu czkã.kksa dks nku nsrk Fkk blfy, egku Fkk- ,d
fnu fcuk ewrs la/;k djus cSB x;k- mldh lkjh xzg pky fcxM+ xbZ- tw, esa lc dqN gkj x;k- vxj
dgha og ewr dj la/;k djrk rks mldh ikS ckjg gks tkuh Fkh- ;gh czkã.k/keZ gS!!
dgk tk ldrk gS fd vc rks Hkkjr vktkn gks x;k gS- dkuwu ds vuqlkj lc cjkcj gSa- NwvkNkr dks
vijk/k djkj ns fn;k x;k gS- vc rks nfyrksa dks czkã.kksa lsa vf/kd vf/kdkj ns fn, x, gSa- vc mudks xqyke
dSls dgk tk ldrk gS- nfyr tkfr ds yksx rks jk"Vªifr] eq[; U;k;/kh”k] eU=h rd cuus yx x, gSa- vc dSlh
xqykeh-
blds mÙkj esa lclsa igyh ckr rks ;g gS fd nfyrksa esa lsa tks jk"Vªifr cus gSa- igys Kkuh tSy flag Fks-
mUgs jk"Vªifr D;ksa cuk;k x;k] mUgha ds “kCnksa esa % eSa bafnjk th dk flikgh gwa- mUgksaus eq>s jk"Vªifr cuk fn;k-
vxj os eq>s >k³w yxkus dks dgrh rks eSa >k³w yxk ysrk- lks ,sls yksxksa us nfyrksa dks cnuke gh fd;k gS] mUgsa
ihNs gh /kdsyk gS- gekjs vf/kdrj eU=h Hkh ,sls gh cuk, tkrs gSa tks dgus dks nfyr gksrs gSa ysfdu ftudk
dke ekfydksa ds vkxs iwaN fgykuk gh gksrk gS- bldk dkj.k gekjh nfjnzrk gS& fnekxh] vkfFkZd] 'kkjhfjd tSlh
Hkh gks- lfn;ksa ds vHkko us gesa gj i{k lsa [kks[kyk dj fn;k gS- ysfdu le; vkus ij nfyr viuk vfLrRo
t:j fn[kkrs gSa- Kkuh tSy flag us Hkh jktho xka/kh dks izSl fcy ikl ugha fd;k- vxj os izSl fcy dks ikl dj
nsrs rks vkt vf/kdrj NksVs v[kckj cUn gks pqds gksrs- mUgksaus bfUnjk xka/kh lsa oQknkjh t:j fn[kkbZ exj Hkkjr
vkSj Hkkjrh;ksa lsa xÌkjh ugha dh-
Hkkjr ds nwljs nfyr jk"Vªifr Fks ekuuh; ds vkj ukjk;.ku- ftrus yk;d ftrus i<+s fy[ks os Fks oSlk
mulsa igys dksbZ jk"Vªifr ugha gqvk- vxj chtsih ljdkj ds le; os jk"Vªifr ugha gksrs rks vkt vkj{k.k
bfrgkl cu pqdk gksrk- ekuuh; ds th ckykd`".ku vxj Hkkjr ds eq[; U;k;/kh’k cus gSa rks blesa mu ij dksbZ
,glku ugha fd;k x;k gS- mUgksaus ;g in vius ne ij viuh ;ksX;rk lsa izkIr fd;k gS- vkt os Hkkjr ds lclsa
de mez ds eq[; U;k;/kh”k cus gSa rks viuh ;ksX;rk lsa- viuh NksVh mez esa gh mUgksaus lqizhe dksVZ dk U;k;/kh”k
cuus dh lkjh ;ksX;rk,a izkIr dj yh Fkha exj chtsih ljdkj us mUgsa de mez gksus ds dkj.k U;k;/kh”k ugha
cuk;k- vxj ,slk dqN dksbZ czkã.k dj ysrk rks nqfu;k Hkj esa mlds uke ds <ksy ctk fn, x, gksrs!
vr% tks Hkh nfyr Åij rd igqap ik;s gSa viuh ;ksX;rk ds cy ij igqaps gSa- fdlh us mu ij ,glku
ugha fd;k gS fdlh us [kSjkr ugha nh gS- vius in ij cSB dj gj nfyr us viuh ;ksX;rk fn[kkbZ gS- vius in
dks lkFkZd fd;k gS-
vke rkSj czkã.k/kehZ yksx izpkj djrs gSa fd ,sls nfyr vf/kdkjh ek= vkj{k.k dh otg lsa bu inksa ij
igqaps gSa ;ksX;rk ¼eSfjV½ ds vk/kkj ij ugha- ml le; os nfyrksa dks mudh ijk/khurk dk ,glkl djkus dh
dksf”k”k dj jgs gksrs gSa- os nfyrksa dks ;g trkuk pkg jgs gksrs gSa fd nfyr dqN Hkh dj ikus ds dkfcy ugha gSa-
105

;g rks mu czkã.k/kfeZ;ksa dh nfj;kfnyh gS fd mUgksaus nfyr yksxksa dks jk"Vªifr eq[; U;k;/kh’k rd cuk fn;k-
tcfd lPpkbZ ;g gS fd bu nfyrksa us bu inksa rd igqapus ds fy, czkã.k/keZ ds dbZ fdyksa dks /oLr djuk
iM+k gS- ekuuh; ckykd`".ku dh mnkgj.k gh ys ysa- ;ksX;rk ds vk/kkj ij ikap lky igys gh loksZPp U;k;y;
ds U;k;k/kh”k cuus ds dkfcy gks x, Fks- rRdkyhu jk"Vªifr ekuuh; ds vkj ukjk;.ku us mUgsa U;k;/kh”k cukus
dh flQkfj’k dh exj ljdkj vkSj loksZPp U;k;y; esa cSBs czkã.koknh yksxksa us mUgsa dbZ lky rd U;k;/kh”k
ugha cuus fn;k-
tgka rd bl ckr dk loky gS fd vc rks lafo/kku }kjk Hkh NwvkNkr lekIr dj nh xbZ gS] dkuwu cuk
dj nfyrksa dks czkã.kksa lsa Hkh vf/kd vf/kdkj vkSj lqfo/kk,a ns nh xbZa gSa rks bl dk mÙkj ckck lkfgc us cM+s
ekfeZd “kCnksa esa laln esa gh ns fn;k Fkk- mUgksaus dgk fd geus lafo/kku ds :i esa ,d eafnj cuk;k Fkk ftl ij
nsorkvksa ds vkus lsa igys gh “kSrkuksa us dCtk dj fy;k gS- mUgksaus fcYdqy lR; dgk Fkk- vkt rd gekjs lquus
esa ugha vk;k fd fdlh Hkh O;fDr dks NwvkNkr fojks/kh dkuwu ds rgr dHkh ltk gqbZ gks- vkj{k.k ds ckjs esa
jkstkuk gh dksbZ u dksbZ c[ksM+k [kM+k fd;k gh tkrk jgrk gS- dHkh dksbZ vnkyr rks dHkh dksbZ ljdkj blesa
vM+pu Mkyrh gh jgrh gS- vkt rd fdlh Hkh jktuhfrd ny us vkjf{kr lhVksa lsa vf/kd nfyr mEeh}kj
pqukoksa esa ugha mrkjs gSa- dkaxsl dks rhl lky lÙkk esa cuk, j[kus okys ckcw txthou jke tSls dkfcy
jktuhfrK dks Hkh ges”kk svkjf{kr lhV lsa gh dkaxzsl us fVdV nh Fkh-
Hkkjr ljdkj ds funsZ”k gSa fd tgka dgha Hkh vkj{k.k O;oLFkk gS ogka igys nfyrksa dks lkekU; oxZ esa
fxuk tk,xk vFkkZr ftru ftrus
rus Hkh nfyr fo|kFkhZ ;k mEeh}kj lkekU; oxZ esa pqus tk, tk,asa mUgsa eSfjV ds vk/kkj ij
lkekU; oxZ esa pquk tk,-
tk,- mlds ckn nfyrksa esa lsa vkfj{kr inksa ij HkrhZ dh tk,-
tk,- mnkgj.k ds rkSj ij 100
lhVsa ij HkrhZ djuk gks rks 49 lhVsa nfyrksa ds fy, vkjf{kr gksaxh- 'ks"k cph 51 lhVksa ij ftrus nfyr mEeh}kj
eSfjV ds vk/kkj ij vkxs vk,a mUgsa mu 51 lhVksa ij pquk tkuk pkfg,- ,sls p;fur nfyr mEeh}kj 49 vkjf{kr
lhVksa ds vfrfjDr gksaxs- ijUrq ekuuh; ikloku] ykyw ;kno fdrus Hkh dkuwu cuok nsa ysfdu mUgsa ykxw djus
okys rks ogh czkã.koknh lksp ds vkneh gSa ftuds vuqlkj Hkaxh dk dke >kMw yxkuk gh gS] dySDVj cuuk
ugha!! dqN iaxk gks tk, rks Åij vnkyrsa rks mUgha dh gSa- urhtk ;g gksrk gS fd vukjf{kr lhVksa ij rks nfyr
D;k yxkkus Fks] mudh vkjf{kr lk<s mupkl ¼49 ½½ izfr”kr lhVsa Hkh Hkjh ugha tkrh-
ckck lkfgc }kjk fnyok, x, vkj{k.k dh otg lsa yk[kksa nfyr ifjokjksa us rjDdh dh gS- exj vc bl
vkj{k.k dh gÏh ij ewag ekjuk Hkh nfyrksa dh xqykeh dh fu”kkuh cu xbZ gS- czkã.koknh ljdkj vkSj mlds xqxsZ
nfyrksa ds vkxs vkj{k.k dk elyk fuR; mBk, j[krs gSa- nfyr blh pDdj esa iM+s jgrs gSa fd dgha mulsa
vkj{k.k fNu u tk,- vkj{k.k ds pDdj esa os ;g dHkh lksp gh ugha ikrs fd os rks iwjs Hkkjr ds Lokeh gSa- nfyr
vkj{k.k ds ugha] lÙkk ds vf/kdkjh gSa- nfyrksa dks ;g tkuuk vkSj ekuuk pkfg, fd ;g Hkkjr ns”k vkSj Hkkjr
dh ljdkj nfyrksa dh tkxhj gS- xq: jSnkl dk Hkh ;gh vkgoku gS fd ijk/kh ijk/khurk NksM+ks- lÙkk dCtkvks!!

rhljk rF;
jktuhfrd lÙkk %
nfyr vktknh dh dqath
xq: jSnkl ds vuqlkj jktuhfrd lÙkk dh izkfIr gh nfyrksa dh vktknh dh dqath gS- tc rd nfyr
lÙkk ij dkfct ugha gksrs lHkh izdkj ds vkanksyu csvlj ;k izHkkoghu gSa- lp dgk tk, rks vxj Hkkjr ij
nfyrksa dk 'kklu gksrk rks ckck lkfgc dk /keZ ifjorZu iwjs Hkkjr dk uD”kk gh cny dj j[k nsrk- vkt bDdk
nqDdk gh czkã.k/kehZ dgha utj vkrk- ysfdu ftl le; ckck lkfgc us /keZ ifjorZu fd;k rc lsa ysdj vkt
rd czkã.kokfn;ksa dh ljdkj gS- vr% mudk ekuork dk lans”k dsoy fxurh ds nfyrksa rd gh fleV dj jg
x;k gS- cq) /keZ nqfu;k esa rHkh QSyk tc lezkV v”kksd us bls viuk;k ;kfu tc cq) /keZ dks jktuhfrd
leFkZu feyk-
jktLFkkuh Hkk"kk esa dgkor gS fd vucksys ds rks nkuss Hkh ugha fcdrs] cksyus okys ds cweys Hkh fcd tkrs
gSa vFkkZr tks vkneh cksy ldrk gS og rks fcuk nkus ds cktjs ds flÍs Hkh csp ldrk gS vkSj tks cksy ugha ikrk
og vius nkuksa ds Hkjs flÍs Hkh ugha csp ikrk- ;g lR; gj txg ykxw gS- czkã.kxzUFkksa esa uSfrdrk dk ,d Hkh
106

nkuk ugha gS exj muds ikl lÙkk gS os lqcg lsa ysdj jkr rd gj Vhoh pSuy ij] gj jsfM+;ks LVs”ku ij vius
/keZ dk xq.kxku fd, tk jgs gSa- muds cweys fcd jgs gSa- cq) /keZ ds ikl lnkpkj ds nkuksa ds Hkjs flÍs gSa exj
os cksy ugha ikrs lks cq) /keZ dsoy nfyrksa ds dqN ?kjksa rd gh lhfer gS- czkã.kokn dh lPpkbZ ij dksbZ ,d
“kCn Hkh cksy ns rks mudh vnkyrsa ltk nsus dks rS;kj cSBh gSa-
;gh lÙkk tc rd nfyrksa ds ikl jgh mUgksaus gj {ks= esa rjDdh dh- xq: jSnkl dgrs gSa %
ge cM+ dfc]
dfc] dqyhu]hu] ge iafMr ge tksxh lU;klh!
Kkuh]
Kkuh] xq.kh]
kh] lwj] ge nkrs] ;g cqf) dHkh u uklh!!
tc gekjs ikl lÙkk Fkh ge dfo] dqyhu] iafMr] ;ksxh] Kkuh lHkh dqN cu ik, ysfdu tc lÙkk fNu
xbZ ge ij tqYe gq, rks ,slh fLFkfr vk xbZ fd nkfjn ns[k gj dksbZ galS ,slh nlk gekjh! nfyrksa lsa lÙkk Nhu
ysus ds ckn czkã.kksa us ,slh pky pyh fd nfyr vkt rd ugha mB ik,- mUgksaus nfyrksa dks f”k{kk nsus ij
ikcUnh yxk nh- vxj fdlh nfyr us egkRek 'kEcwd dh rjg f”k{kk izkIr djus ;k vkxs nfyrksa dks i<+kus dh
fgEer dh rks mUgsa jke tSls gR;kjksa us dRy dj fn;k-
fo|k ;k f”sk{kk ;k i<+kbZ u gksus lsa nfyrksa ds lkFk ,slk gqvk %
lk/kks] vfo|k vfgr dhu] rkrs foosd nhi Hk;k eyhu !
egkRek T;ksfrck ds vuqlkj foosd eyhu gksus lsa 'kwnz pjejk x,- vkt nfyrksa dh n;uh; n”kk
vui<+rk ds dkj.k gh gS- blhfy, nfyr vkt Hkzek, gq, gSa- os jSnkl th ds dgs vuqlkj flagklu ij lks;s gq,
jktk dh rjg lius esa fHk[kkjh cu dj nq[kh gks jgs gSa- os jLlh dks lkai le> dj mllsa Mj jgs gSa- ekuuh; oh
Vh jkt”ks[kj vius Þnfyr oWk;lÞ ds yxHkx gj vad esa ;gh rF; nksgjkrs gSa- mudk dguk gS fd vxj nfyr
bDdBs gksdj ,d gqadkj gh ekj nsa rks czkã.koknh vejhdk lsa igys dgha ugha Bgjsaxs- xq: jSnkl us Hkh vius
“yksd esa ;gh dgk gS %
jt Hkqtax izlax tSls gS] vc dqN eeZ tuk;k!
vfud dVd tSls Hkwfy iM+S] vc vc dgrs dgu u vk;k!!
vFkkZr vfo|k ds dkj.k ge djksMk+ sa nfyr viuh 'kfDr Hkwys iM+s gSa- czkã.kokn tSlh jLlh dks lkai
le> dj fcuk dkj.k lsa Mj jgs gSa-

lÙkk izkfIr dk jkLrk


xq: jSnkl us Li"V dgk gS fd vfo|k us gekjk vfgr fd;k gS- gekjh lÙkk fNu tkus ds dkj.k ge
vfo|k ;kfu vui<+rk dh xgjh [kkbZ esa fxj x, gSa- viuh [kksbZ gqbZ lÙkk dks fQj lsa izkIr djus ds xq: jSnkl
us tks jkLrk crk;k ckck lkfgc us mls vius fe”ku dk ewy eU= cuk;k gS- muds vuqlkj lÙkk izkfIr dk jkLrk
gS %
1- f”kf{kr cuks
2- laxfBr cuks ( rFkk
3- ,dtqV gksdj la?k"kZ djks!

igyk dne % f”kf{kr cuks vkSj vfo|k dks lekIr djks


xq: jSnkl ds vuqlkj lÙkk izkfIr dh vksj igyk dne gS fd nfyr viuh vfo|k dk uk”k djsa- tc
rd nfyr vfo|k ds nyny lsa ckgj ugha vkrs os lÙkk izkfIr dh vksj c<+ gh ugha ldrs- fo|k izkfIr dk vFkZ
Ldwy dkWystksa esa tkdj fMxzh ysuk ek= ugha gS- fo|k izkfIr dk vFkZ gS Ldwy dkWystksa dh f”k{kk ds lkFk lkFk
vius foosd dks lq/kkjuk] mldh efyurk nwj djuk- mUgksaus dgk gS fd vfo|k lsa nfyrksa dk foosd efyu gks
x;k gS- os Hkys cqjs] vius ijk,] 'k=q vkSj fe= dh igpku ugha dj ik jgs gSa- vU; “kCnksa esa dgsa rks cqjksa dks Hkyk
le>us yx x, gSa rFkk 'k=qvksa dks viuk fe= le>us yx x, gSa- ftu yksxksa us mUgsa nck;k dqpyk] os vkt
mUgha dh iwtk djus yxs gSa- os vius uk;dksa] ohjksa] nkfu;ksa dks Hkwy cSBs gSa- viuk bfrgkl Hkqyk cSBs gSa- vfo|k
nwj djus ds fy, czkã.k xzUFkksa dks i<+ks- mUgsa le>ks fd os nfyrksa dks nck, j[kus ds dkSu dkSu ls gRFkd.Ms
107

crkrs gSa- ;g tkuksa fd fdl czkãf.kd nso] _f"k ;k Hkxoku us nfyrksa ij dSls vR;kpkj fd, gSa- ;g tkuksa fd
mUgksaus nfyrksa dks dSls jktk lsa fHk[kkjh cuk;k x;k gS- ;g fo|k vktknh izkIr djus ds fy, t:jh gS-
;g ckr xq: jSnkl dks ekywe Fkh fd nfyrksa lsa lÙkk Nhu dj mUgsa lnk ds fy, ijk/khu cuk, j[kus
ds fy, czkã.kksa us 'kwnzksa dks f”k{kk nsuk can dj fn;k gS- xq: jSnkl us fQj lsa nfyrkssa dks f”k{kk nsuk 'kq: fd;k-
mudk ;g dne usrk th lqHkk"k pUnz cksl }kjk vzxzstksa ds fo#) vktkn fgUn QkSt [kM+h djus lsa Hkh c<+dj
lkgfld dne Fkk- [ksn dh ckr gS fd nfyr gksus ek= ds dkj.k muds bl lkgl dh fdlh us dnz ugha dh!
vxj dksbZ czkã.koknh ,slk lkgl iw.kZ dke dj x;k gksrk rks og dc dk Hkxoku cuk fn;k x;k gksrk!
vfo|k ds blh efyu foosd ds dkj.k nfyr Økafrdkjh lUr 'kEcwd dh gR;k djus okys jke iq=
nljFk dks nfyr viuk ÞjkeÞ ekus cSBs gSa- czkã.k/keZ dks viuk /keZ ekus cSBs gSa- xq: jSnkl us nfyrksa dh bl
efyurk dks nwj djus ds fy, gh dgk Fkk % jSnkl gekjs jketh nljFk dk lqr ukafg! mUgksaus ;g Hkh dgk fd
Þpkjksa osn fd, [kaMksfrÞrÞ! ;g nfyr lekt ds foosd dh efyurk gh gS fd os ,d vksj rks xq: jSnkl dks viuk
xq: ekurs gSa ysfdu muds Li"V jksdus ds ckotwn os jke iq= nljFk dks viuk jke ekurs gSa- muds }kjk
czkãf.kd fgUnw /keZ dh gj NksVh cM+h ckr dk [k.Mu djus ds ckotwn ge vkt Hkh czkãf.kd fgUnw cus gq, gSa-
foosd nhi efyu % xq: jSnkl us cM+s ekfeZd “kCnksa esa dgk gS fd vfo|k ds dkj.k gekjk foosd
efyu gks x;k gS- gekjs foosd ij vfo|k dh ;g efyurk gekjs thou ds gj vax & O;fDrxr] lkekftd]
/kkfeZd] vkfFkZd rFkk jktuhfrd gj txg ij fn[kkbZ iM+rh gS-
O;fDrxr efyurk % vfo|k ds dkj.k nfyrksa ds izk.kh ds eu esa ghu Hkkouk us ?kj dj fy;k gS-
czkã.k/kfeZ;ksa us fnu jkr izpkj djds gj nfyr ds eu esa ;g ckr cSBk nh gS fd gj nfyr ukyk;d gS- mlesa
f}tksa ftruh vDy vFkok ;ksX;rk ugha gS- vkt tgka ;g dgk tkrk gS fd og dsoy vkj{k.k dh cSlk[kh ds
cy ij gh f?klV jgk gS- xq: jSnkl ds tekus esa Hkh nfyr ,sls gh ekus tkrs Fks- blhfy, nfyrksa ds eu lsa ghu
Hkkouk nwj djus ds fy, gh leLr nfyr lUrksa us viuh tkfr ij xoZ djus dk vkgoku fd;k- xq: jSnkl ds
nfl;ksa “yksd gSa tgka mUgksaus Lo;a dks ckjEckj pekj dgk gS rFkk ;g Hkh dgk fd cukjl ds lkjs czkã.k rFkk
czkã.kks
ã.kksa dk iz/kku muds vkxs n.Mor iz.kke djrk gS- os cksys %
tkds dqVqac ds <s<] lc <ksj <qoars fQjSa vktg cukjl vklk iklk!
vkpkj lfgr foiz djsa n.Mofr] fru ruS jSnkl nklku nklk!!
esjh tkfr dqV cka<yk] <ksj <qora k fur gh cukjl vklk iklk!
vc foiz iz/kku frfg djSdjS naMofr] rksjs uke lj.kkb jSnklk!!
bu “yksdksa ds ek/;e lsa xq: jSnkl nfyrksa dks ;g lans”k nsuk pkg jgs gSa fd os Lo;a dks ghu u le>sa-
os Lo;a esa xq.k iSnk djsa- tSls czkã.k vkSj mudk iz/kku ¼jkekuUn½ muds pj.kksa esa fxjrs gSa oSls gh os foiz xq.kh
vkSj lkeF;Zoku nfyrksa ds pj.kksa esa fxjsaxs- vr% nfyrksa dks vius eu lsa vfo|k dh bl efyurk dks lkQ dj
nsuk pkfg, fd dksbZ Hkh nfyr dqy esa iSnk gksus ds dkj.k v;ksX; gS- xq: jSnkl ds vuqlkj ÞeqnkZ i”kq <ksus okyk
<s<Þ Hkh xq.kksa esa czkã.kksa lsa c<+ dj gSa- os cksys %
jSnkl tUe ds dkj.ks gksr uk dksbZ uhp!
uj dks uhp dj Mkys gS vksNs djeksa dh dhp!!
vr% fdlh Hkh nfyr dks Lo;a dks nfyr dqy esa tUe ysus ek= ds dkj.k ghu le>uk NksM+ nsuk pkfg,-
lkekftd efyurk % O;fDrxr efyurk dh rjg nfyrksa esa lkekftd efyurk dk nks"k Hkh gS- czkã.kksa
dh dqfVy pkyksa ds rgr Hkkjrh; lekt u dsoy pkj o.kksZa esa ckaVk x;k cfYd gtkjksa tkfr;ksa vkSj mi tkfr;ksa
esa Hkh cakV fn;k x;k- urhtk ;g gqvk fd gj vkneh viuh tkfr vkSj mllsa Hkh vkxs vius dq.kcs rd gh
lhfer gksdj jgk x;k gS- ckck lkfgc ds vuqlkj bl czkãf.kd tkfr O;oLFkk esa gj tkfr viuh viuh eafty
ij vius vius LFkku ij dSn gS- u rks ,d tkfr okyk vU; eafty ij tk ldrk gS vkSj u gh nwljs LFkku ij
tk ldrk gS- bl rjg tkfr;ksa esa u dsoy nwjh gS cfYd Åap uhp Hkh gS-
nfyrksa dks czkã.k] {kf=; vkSj oS”; rks uhpk le>rs gh gSa] Lo;a nfyr Hkh ,d nwljs dks Åapk ;k uhpk
le>rs gSa- mnkgj.kr% jktLFkku esa jSxj dqN le; igys rd cykb;ksa dks vius cjkcj ugha cSBus nsrs Fks- vius
gqDds esa mudks d”k ugha yxkus nsrs Fks- vkt Hkh vusdksa nfyr okfYefd;ksa dk Nwvk ugha [kkrs- ,d gh dke
108

djus okys nfyr tSls fd peZdkj Hkh vkt nfl;ksa tkfr;ksa esa caVs gq, gSa % pekj] cykbZ] es?k] jSxj] tfV;k]
tkVo] eksph] jfonkfl;k] [kVhd vkfn- ;g tkfr;ka vkil esa jksVh csVh dk fj”rk rks [kSj j[krs gh ugha ,d
nwljs dks Åapk uhpk Hkh le>rs gSa- vfo|k ds dkj.k nfyrksa esa ;g lkekftd efyurk iuih gS-
vfo|k vkSj fo|k dk vUrj czkã.kksa dh O;oLFkk esa Li"V >ydrk gS- czkã.kksa esa Hkh mi tkfr;ka gSa- gj
,d czkã.k viuh mi tkfr dks nwljh czkã.k mi tkfr;ksa lsa Åapk crkrk gS- ysfdu og czkã.k dHkh Hkh fdlh
vU; czkã.k mi tkfr dks nwljh tkfr lsa uhpk ugha crkrk- 'kSo vkSj oS".ko czkã.k vkil esa fdruk Hkh yM+s gks
exj fdlh us dHkh Hkh cq) /keZ dk i{k ugha fy;k- lSadM+ksa nfyr ,sls fey tk,axs tks ;g dgsaxs fd vkj{k.k
tkfr dh ctk, vkfFkZd vk/kkj ij gksuk pkfg, ysfdu ,d czkã.k ,slk ugha feysxk tks ;g dgs fd iqjksfgrkbZ
tkfr vk/kkj ij ugha gksuh pkfg, cfYd ;ksX;rk ds vk/kkj ij gksuh pkfg, pkfg,--
blh vfo|k ds dkj.k nfyrksa us vius vius lUr Hkh ckaV j[ks gSa- Hkxoku okfYedh dsoy Hkafx;ksa rd
lhfer dj fn, x, gSa- jSnkl pekjksa rd rks dchj tqykgksa rd lhfer dj fn, x, gSa- tcfd lPpkbZ ;g gS
fd nfyrksa ds fdlh Hkh lUr us ek= viuh tkfr fo” fo”ks"k ds fy, la?k"kZ ugha fd;k Fkk-
Fkk- izR;sd nfyr uk;d us iwjs
nfyr lekt dh vktknh ds fy, la?k"kZ fd;k Fkk- Fkk- tc lrxq: dchj us yydkjk %
vxj rw cke.k cke.kh tk;k] rks vku ckV D;ksa ugha vk;k!
;k xq: jSnkl us dgk % tUe ds dkj.ks gksr uk dksbZ uhp!
;k tc Hkxoku okfYedh us dgk ek¡ vkSj ekr`Hkwfe LoxZ lsa Hkh c<+ dj gS!
rks mUgksaus ek= viuh tkfr ds yksxksa ds fy, ,slk ugha dgk Fkk- lUr 'kEcwd us ek= viuh tkfr ds
yksxksa dks f”k{kk fnykus ds fy, vius izk.k U;ksNkoj ugha fd, Fks- egkRek T;ksfrck tSls Økafrdkfj;ksa us iwjs nfyr
lekt ds fy, la?k"kZ fd;k Fkk- lkspus dh ckr gS fd jke us czkã.kksa vkSj {f=;ksa ds flok; fdlh dk Hkyk ugha
fd;k] d`".k dk lkjk thou tqvkjh ikaMoksa ds lkFk chr x;k- ,sls yksx rks iwjs lekt ds Hkxoku Fkksi fn, x,
ysfdu ftu lUrksa us lkjh ekuork ds Hkys ds fy, dke fd;k mUgsa ek= mudh tkfr rd lhfer dj fn;k
x;k- nq[k dh ckr ;g gS fd nfyrksa us bl ckr dks Lohdkjk Hkh gS- ;g mudh fnekxh xqykeh dh fu”kkuh gS-
xq: jSnkl ds dgus vuqlkj vfo|k ds dkj.k nfyrksa dk foosd nhi efyu gks x;k gS-
ekU;oj dka”kh jke ds eSnku esa vkus lsa igys czkãf.kd ehfM;k us ckck lkfgc rd dks pekjksa rd
lhfer dj fn;k Fkk- lÙkj vLlh ds n”kd esa peZdkjksa ds vfrfjDr bDdk nqDdk gh nfyr tkfr ds yksx gksrs
Fks tks ckck lkfgc dk tUe fnu ;k egkifjfuokZ.k fnol eukrs Fks- blh lkekftd efyurk dks nwj djus ds
fy, xq: jSnkl dgrs gSa %
tkr ikr ds Qsj esa my> jgs lc yksx!
euq";rk dks [kk jgk] jSnkl tkr dk jksx!!
tkr tkr esa tkr gS]
T;ksa dsys esa ikr!
jSnkl ekul u tqM+ ldS]
tc rd tkr u tkr!!
vFkkZr czkã.kksa us pkj tkfr;ka & czkã.k] {kf=;] oS”; vkSj 'kwnz rks cukbZ gh gSa- gj tkfr ds vUnj
lSadM+ksa mi tkfr;ka] mi mi tkfr;ka cuk nh gSa- bldh mnkgj.k xq: jSnkl dsys ds rus lsa djrs gSa- dsys ds rus
dh ,d ijr mrkjus ij uhps nwljh ijr fudy vkrh gS- ,slk yxrk gS tSls fdlh us irs ds Åij irk yisV
fn;k gks- tSls dsys ds rus esa irs ds uhps irk fudyrk tkrk gS oSls gh czkã.kksa us Hkkjrh; lekt esa tkfr ds
vUnj tkfr cuk nh gS- xq: jSnkl ds vuqlkj tc rd ;g tkfr dh ijrsa lekIr ugha gksrh ekuo lsa ekuo dk
fj”rk ugha cu ldrk-
bl tkfr ckaV ds dkj.k czkã.k 3 izfr”kr lsa Hkh de vkcknh gksus ij Hkh iwjs Hkkjr ij 'kklu dj jgs
gSa- iwjs Hkkjr esa vxj ,d djksM+ NksVs cM+s iqjksfgr gSa rks dqy feyk dj ,d lkS Hkh xSj czkã.k iqjksfgr ugha gksaxs-
nfyrksa dh 85 izfr”kr vkcknh dks 49 izfr”kr vkj{k.k nsus ij vnkyrsa rd gks gYyk epk jgh gSa- ysfdu
iqjksfgrkbZ esa czkã.kksa dk 100 izfr”kr
r”kr vkj{k.k gS ogka
ogka dksbZ ugha cksyrk-
rk- bldk dkj.k Þtkr tkr esa tkrÞ dk
gksuk gh gS- ftl fnu nfyr vkilh tkfr Hksn feVk nsaxs mlh fnu czkã.kokn dk vUr gks tk,xk-
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/kkfeZd efyurk % nqfu;k esa ek= czkã.k/keZ ;k czkãf.kd fgUnw /keZ ,slk /keZ gS tks vius gh /keZ ds ekuus
okyksa dks i”kqvksa lsa Hkh cnrj le>rk gS- ftlds /keZ xzUFk vius gh vuq;kb;ksa dks ns[kuk] Nwuk iki djkj nsrs gaS-
bruk tqYe gksus ds ckotwn nfyr vHkh rd bl /keZ esa cus gq, gSa rks ;g mudh /kkfeZd efyurk dh gh fu”kkuh
gS- fgUnw /keZ dks NksM+ dj nqfu;k dk dksbZ /keZ NwvkNkr dks /keZ dk vax ugha ekurk-
/kkfeZd ekeys esa nfyrksa ds vius gh jhfr fjokt rFkk ekU;rk,a gSa ftudk czkã.k/keZ lsa dksbZ ysuk nsuk
ugha gS- mnkgj.k ds fy, nfyrksa }kjk HkSjksa ;k HkSjo dh iwtk djuk- dbZ czkã.k xzUFkksa esa dFkk,a gSa fd mudh
fdlh ekrk us HkSjo dks ekjk Fkk- ;g foMEcuk gh gS fd nfyr HkSjo dks Hkh iwtrs gSa rFkk lkFk esa muds dkfry
dks Hkh iwtrs gSa- blhfy, xq: jSnkl us dgk %
ijk/khu dk nhu D;k] ijk/khu csnhu!!
muds vuqlkj nfyr csnhu gSa D;ksafd vxj nfyrksa dk viuk dksbZ /keZ gksrk rks os vius uk;dksa ds
dkfryksa dks ugha iwtrs- xq: jSnkl ds vuqlkj ,slk nfyrksa ds efyu foosd ds dkj.k gh gS fd vius ohjksa ds
dkfryksa dks iwtrs gSa- os ml nzks.k dks vkpk;Z ekurs gSa ftlus vius {kf=; f”k’; vtqZu dks Js’B ?kksf’kr djus ds
fy, nfyr ohj ,dyO; dk vaxwBk dkV fy;k Fkk-
ftrus Hkh nfyr lUr gq, gSa lHkh us czkã.k/keZ dk] mlds /keZ xzUFkksa dk] mlds nsoh nsorkvksa dk vkSj
mlds lHkh deZdkaM o ik[k.Mksa dk [k.Mu fd;k gS- xq: jSnkl us Li"V dgk %
jSnkl gekjs jketh nljFk dk lqr ukafga!
jke je jg~;ks geha esa clS dqVqEc ekafga!!
vr% nfyrksa dh /kkfeZd efyurk rHkh nwj gksxh tc os czkãf.kd jke ds paxqy lsa ckgj fudysaxs- lHkh
lUrksa us nfyrksa lsa vkxzg fd;k fd os czkã.kokn lsa cp dj jgsa- ysfdu mlds ckotwn nfyr mlh [kkbZ esa iM+
jgs gSa rks ;g mudh efyu foosd dh gh fu”kkuh gS- xq: jSnkl vkSj xq: dchj us viuh ck.kh esa Li"V dgk gS
fd os u fgUnw gSa vkSj u gh eqLyeku gSa- nfyrksa dh blh /kkfeZd xqykeh lsa nq[kh gksdj xq: jSnkl us dgk Fkk %
ijk/khurk iki gS tku ysoks js ehr-
lHkh nfyr lUrksa us Je.k /keZ dks viuk /keZ ekuk gS- lHkh lUrksa us mUgha ckrksa dk izpkj fd;k tks
Hkxou cq) us l)eZ ds rkSj ij crkbZa Fkha- nfyr O;FkZ ds deZdkaMksa esa iM+ dj vius Je.k /keZ lsa nwj cSBs gSa- os
tc viuk Je.k /keZ viuk,axs rc muds foosd lsa vfo|k dh efyurk nwj gksxh-
vkfFkZd efyurk % vkfFkZd gkykr ij xq: jSnkl dk dguk gS % nkfjn ns[k gj dksbZ galS ,slh nlk
gekjh- vFkkZr nzfjnzrk us gekjh ,slh gkyr dj nh gS fd ge ij gj dksbZ galrk gS- vfo|k ds dkj.k nfyrksa dk
fdruk uk”k gqvk gS blds ckjs esa egkRek T;ksfrck dh ekfeZd dfork ,dne lVhd gS-
fo|k fcu xbZ efr]
efr fcu xbZ uhfr]
uhfr fcu xbZ xfr]
xfr fcu x;k foÙk]
foÙk fcuk pjejk;s 'kwnz]
,d vfo|k us fd,
brus vuFkZ!!
vFkkZr fo|k u feyus ds dkj.k nfyrksa dh vDy ;k le> eUn iM+ xbZ- le> eUnh gksus ij muesa
Hkfo’; ds ckjs esa ;kstuk cukus dh ;ksX;rk {kh.k gks xbZ- Hkfo’; ds ckjs esa ;kstuk u cuk ikus ds dkj.k mudh
vkxs c<+us dh xfr #d xbZ ftllsa mudh vkfFkZd n”kk fcxM+ xbZ- iSlk u gksus ds dkj.k nfyr pjejk x,-
,d vfo|k us nfyrksa dk bruk cqjk gky dj fn;k gS-
ckck lkfgc ds vuqlkj czkã.kksa vkSj {kf=;ksa esa Js"Brk dks ysdj la?k"kZ gqvk- bl la?k"kZ esa {kf=; gkj x,-
;g la?k"kZ dbZ lfn;ksa rd pyk Fkk- 'kq: esa ;g la?k"kZ okn fookn vkSj rdZ fordZ rd gh lhfer Fkk- ,dk/k
>M+i Hkh dHkh dHkkj gks tkrh Fkh- okn fookn ds bl la?k"kZ esa ,d le; ,slk Hkh vk;k tc {kf=;ksa us czkã.kksa
vkSj muds osnksa dks csdkj dh oLrq crk dj R;kx fn;k rFkk {kf=;ksa us czãKku dgs tkus okys mifu"knksa dh
jpuk dj yh- os vius mifu"knksa dk Kku czkã.kksa dks ugha nsrs Fks- fnuksa fnu la?k"kZ xgjkrk x;k vkSj var esa
czkã.kksa us csjge gR;kjs ij”kq ds usr`Ro esa {kf=;ksa dk lewy uk”k dj fn;k- tc {kf=; 'kkjhfjd :i lsa gh
110

czkã.kksa dk lkeuk djus yk;d ugha jgs rks czkã.kksa us mudks lnk ds fy, viuk xqyke cuk, j[kus ds fy,
mudh f”k{kk cUn dj nh- mUgsa {kf=; lsa 'kwnz ?kksf"kr dj fn;k- czkã.kksa u dsoy Lo;a mudks f”k{kk nsuk cUn
fd;k cfYd 'kwnzksa }kjk Lo;a Hkh f”sk{kk izkIr djus dks vijk/k ?kksf"kr dj fn;k- 'kwnz vxj xq#dqy ds ikl lsa Hkh
xqtjus dh fgEer dj ysrk Fkk rks mls rqjar dRy dj fn;k tkrk Fkk- fdrkc dh vksj ns[kus ek= ij mldh
vka[ksa QksM+ nh tkrh Fkh- fo|k ds ckjs esa ckr dj ysus ek= ij mlds ewag esa lfj;k Bksd fn;k tkrk Fkk-
xq: jSnkl ds dgus vuqlkj nfyr dHkh dfo] jktk vkSj nkuh gksrs Fks exj mijksDr tqYe gksus ij
gekjh gkyr i”kqvksa lsa Hkh cnrj cuk nh xbZ- vfo|k }kjk foosd efyu gksus ij nfyrksa dk bruk vuFkZ gqvk gS-
jktuhfrd efyurk % ekU;oj dka”kh jke ds LVst ij vkus lsa igys rd nfyrksa esa vke rkSj ij
jktuhfr ds izfr mnklhurk ikbZ tkrh Fkh- mudh gj laLFkk ;g ,syku djrh Fkh fd mldk jktuhfr lsa dksbZ
ysuk nsuk ugha gS- fl[kksa us xq#}kjs esa cSB dj vdkyh ny cuk;k- vkt fl[k Hkkjr dh lEié dkSe gSa- mUgksaus
jktuhfr dks dHkh Hkh /keZ lsa vyx ugha fd;k- lks os lÙkk ij dkfct gSa- iatkc esa fdlh Hkh ikVhZ dh ljdkj
cus ysfdu lÙkk dk dsUnz fl[kksa ds ikl gh jgrk gS- gfj;k.kk esa tkVksa us viuh jktuhfrd ny cuk,- urhtk
tc lsa gfj;k.k jkT; cuk gS ,dk/k ckj dks NksM+ dj yxHkx gj ckj ogka tkV eq{;eU=h jgk gS-
nfyrksa us viuk ,slk jktuhfrd ny ugha cuk;k- ckck lkfgc us fjifCydu ikVhZ cukbZ Fkh exj nfyrksa
esa jktuhfrd psruk u gksus ds dkj.k] muds tkus ds ckn ;g ikVhZ vf/kd fnu rd ugha py ikbZ- xq: jSnkl
us jktuhfrd lÙkk izkfIr dh ckr dh Fkh- ckck lkfgc ds ckn ekU;oj dka”kh jke us xq: jSnkl ds vkgoku dks
le>k rFkk mUgksaus nfyrksa esa jktuhfrd psruk dk lapkj fd;k- vkt ds le; esa nfyrksa dks xq: jSnkl dk ;g
vkgoku ;kn j[kuk pkfg, % ,slk pkgwa jkt eSa] tgka feyS lHkh dks vé] NksVs cM+s le clSa jSnkl jgS izlé!!
vFkkZr vkfFkZd] lkekftd] /kkfeZd cjkcjh pkgrs gks rks f”kf{kr cuks] efyurk nwj djks vkSj jkt izkIr djks!
nfyrksa ds *efyu
*efyu foosd nhi* dks lkQ djus ds fy, ckck lkfgc us 22 izfrKk,a djokbZa- ftl fnu
nfyr lekt ds yksx mu ckbZl izfrKkvksa dk ikyu djus yxsaxs mudh efyurk Hkkx tk,xh vkSj Hkkjr dh
lÙkk fQj lsa mUgsa izkIr gks tk,xh-
tk,xh- ;g ckbZl izfrKk,a ckck lkfgc dk nfyr lekt dks vfUre vfUre vkns”k gSa%

1- eSa czãk] fo".kq vkSj egs”k esa fo”


fo”okl ugha j[kwaxk vkSj u gh muesa lsa fdlh dh iwtk d:axkk--
2- eSa jke vFkok d`".k esa fo”fo”okl ugha j[kwaxk ftldks Hkxoku dk vorkj crk;k tkrk gS- vkSj u gh
muesa lsa fdlh dh iwtk d:axk-k-
3- eSa xkSjh x.kifr vFkok fdlh
fdlh Hkh fgUnw nsoh nsork esa vkLFkk ugha j[kwaxk vkSj u gh muesa lsa fdlh dh
iwtk d:axk-k-
4- eSa Hkxoku ds vorkj ysus dh ckr ij fo” fo”okl ugha djrk g¡w-
5- eSaus dHkh Hkh bl ij fo” fo”okl ugha fd;k vkSj u gh dHkh d:axk fd Hkxou cq) dHkh fo".kq ds
vorkj gks ldrs gSa- esjk ekuuk gS fd ,slh ckrsa dgus okys /kwrZ vFkok ikxy gSa-
6- eSa dHkh Jk) ugha d:axk vkSj u gh dHkh fi.Mnku d:axk-k-
7- eSa dHkh ,slk dke ugha d:axk tks Hkxou cq) dh f” f”k{kkvksa vFkok muds vknZ
vknZ”ksZa ds foijhr gSa-
8- eSa dHkh dksbZ laLdkj czkã.k lsa ughs djokmaxk-k-
9- eSa lc
lc ekuoksa dh lekurk
lekurk esa fo”okl j[kw
j[kwaxk-k-
10-
10- eSa lc esa lekurk LFkkfir djus dh dksf”k”k d:axk-k-
11-
11- eSa Hkxou cq) ds v"Vkafxd ekxZ dk vuqlj.k lj.k d:ad:axk-k-
12-
12- eSa Hkxou cq) }kjk LFkkfir ikjferkvksa dk vuqlj.k d:aaxk-k-
13-
13- eSa lc thoksa ds izfr d#.kk vkSj I;kj dh Hkkouk j[kwaxk rFkk rFkk mudh j{kk d:axk-k-
14-
14- eSa pksjh ugha d:axk-k-
15-
15- eSa >wB ugha cksywaxk-k-
16-
16- eSa O;fHkpkj ugha d:axk-k-
17-
17- eSa dksbZ u”
u”kk ugha d:axk-k-
18-
18- eSa v"Vkafxd ekxZ] n;kHkko vkSj d:.kk dks viuh fnup;kZ cukÅaxk rFkk viuk lkjk thou muds
vuq:i gh O;rhr d:axk-k-
111

19-
19- eSa czkã.kokn dk R;kx djrk g¡w tks fd ekuork ds fy;s [krjk gS D;ksa fd ;g vlekurk ij
vk/kkfjr gS rFkk ekuo dh izxfr esa ck/kk gS- eSa fgUnw/keZ R;kx dj cq) dh 'kj.k esa tkrk g¡w-
20-
20- eSa n`<+rk lsa fo”
fo”okl djrk gw¡ fd ek= cq)/keZ gh lPpk /keZ gS-
21-
21- eSa ekurk gw¡ fd Hkxou cq) dh 'kj.k esa vkus
vkus lsa esjk u;k tUe gqvk gS-
22-
22- eSa ifo=rk lsa lkSxa/k [kkdj izfrKk djrk gw¡ fd vc lsa Hkxou cq) }kjk crk;s fu;eksa vkSj fl)krks
fl)krksa
ds vuw:i viuk thou O;rhr d:axk-k-

nwljk dne % laxfBr cuks


lÙkk izkfIr ds fy, nfyrksa dks ,dtqV gksuk t:jh gS- xq: jSnkl ds vuqlkj ,dtqV gksus ds fy, dsys
ds iÙkksa dh rjg cuh bl tkfr Hksn dks lekIr djuk gksxk- lfn;ksa lsa pyk vk jgk tkfr dk Hksn D;ksafd gj
vkneh ds tUe vkSj mldh igpku ds lkFk tqMk+ gqvk gS lks tkfr Hksn dks lekIr ugha fd;k tk ldrk ysfdu
tkfr ds vk/kkj ij tks Åap uhp dk HksnHkko gS mls vo”; lekIr fd;k tk ldrk gS rFkk bls lekIr fd;k Hkh
tkuk pkfg,- vr% nfyrksa dks pkfg, fd lclsa igys vkilh tkfr Hksn ds Åap uhp dks lekIr djsa- tkfr Hksn
ds dkj.k gh ,d vjc dh tula[;k okys nfyr dqNsd gtkj czkã.k i.Mksa ds xqyke cus gq, gSa- xq: jSnkl
dgrs gSa %
jSnkl ekul u tqM+ ldS tc rd tkr u tkr!
vFkkZr tc rd ;g tkfr dh Åap uhp lekIr ugha gksrh rc rd ekuo lsa ekuo tqM+ ugha ldrk- os
vius in esa ekul “kCn dks iz;ksx djrs gSa- ekul dk vFkZ gS ekuo dk ekuo dk fny lsa feyu gksuk- fdlh Hkh
dke dks lgh <ax lsa djus ds fy, vkneh dk ml dke lsa eu lsa tqM+uk t:jh gksrk gS- mnkgj.k ds rkSj ij
dgha Hkkxor dh dFkk gks jgh gksrh gS rks mlesa lSadMksa vkneh tqM+s gksrs gSa ysfdu vf/kdrj vius vius iz;kstu
lsa vk, gq, gksrs gSa- dFkk e.Mi lsa ckgj fudyrs gh vf/kdrj yksx ÞdFkkÞ dks Hkqyk dj vius vius dkeksa esa
yx tkrs gSa- xq: jSnkl ds vuqlkj tkfr dh Åap uhp lekIr djus ds fy,a eu lsa tqM+uk gksxk-
ckck lkfgc ds vuqlkj tkfrHksn dks lekIr djus dk jkLrk ek= lgHkkst vFkok varj&tkrh; fookg
ugha gS- tkfr Hksn dks lekIr djus dk jkLrk gS ml /kkfeZd O;oLFkk vkSj /kkfeZd vkLFkk dks u"V djuk tks
vkneh ds eu esa tkfr Hksn ds Åap uhp dks dks iSnk djrh gS- ,slk rc gks ldrk ldrk gS tc mu /kkfeZd dgs tkus
okys xzUFkksa dks u"V fd;k tk, tks vkneh dks vkneh lsa tkfr ds vk/kkj ij Åapk ;k uhpk djkj nsrs gSa- bu
xzUFkksa ds lkFk mu yksxksa dks
dks Hkh u"V fd;k tk, ftUgksaus tkfr ds ?keaM esa 'kwnzksa ij tqYe fd, gSa- og pkgs lUr
'kEcwd dk gR;kjk jke gks ;k egkohj ,dyO; dk vaxwBk dkVus okyk nzks.k gks ;k nfyrksa vkSj oS”;ks ;ksa dks iki
;ks
;ksfu crkus okyk d`".k gks- ftl fdlh us Hkh tkfr ds vk/kkj ij HksnHkko fd;k gS mls lekIr djus lsa gh
tkfrHksn vkSj Åap uhp lekIr gksxk-k-
blhfy, xq: jSnkl us nfyrksa dks czkã.k/keZ ds paxqy lsa vktkn gksus dk vkgoku fd;k- mUgksaus ?kks"k.kk
dh %
∗ pkjksa osn fd, [k.Mksfr! tu jSnkl djS MaMksfr!!
∗ jSnkl gekjs jketh nljFk dk lqr ukaafg!
∗ tks gelgjh lks ehr gekjk
vFkkZr tks czkãf
ãf.kd
.kd xzUFkksa] czkãf.kd
ãf.kd Hkxokuksa dks NksM+ dj vk,xk ogh esjk fe= gS- tc rd nfyr
czkã.kokn ds twvs esa cU/ks
cU/ks gq, gSa mUgsa lÙkk
lÙkk ugha fey ldrh!
ldrh! czkã.kokn lsa ihNk NqMk+ us ds ckn gh os vktknh
dk liuk ns[k ldrs gSa-
xq: jSnkl ds vuqlkj nfyrksa dks ,dtqV djuk ,dne vklku dke ugha gS- mldk igyk dkj.k rks ;g
gS fd tkfr dh Hkkouk iwjs lekt esa ,sls jp cl xbZ gS ^T;ksa dsyu esa ikr*- ikr*- vr% tkfr O;oLFkk dks ijr nj
ijr lekIr djuk gksxk- lclsa igys nfyrksa esa tks Åap uhp dh Hkkouk gS mls lekIr djuk gksxk- fQj tkfr
Hksn dks lekIr djuk gksxk- nwljk dkj.k muesa vfo|k dk cksyckyk gS- lfn;ksa lsa xqykeh lgrs lgrs os xqykeh
ds gh vknh gks x, gS- fiatjs ds rksrs dh rjg mUgsa [kqys vkleku esa Mj yxrk gS- jSnkl th us lekt dks
tkx`r djus esa vkus okyh dfBukb;ksa dks vius ,d in esa cgqr gh ekfeZd <ax lsa c;ku fd;k gS- mUgksaus dgk %
112

jt Hkqtax izlax tSls gS] vc dqN eeZ tuk;k!


vfud dVd tSls Hkwfy iM+S] vc dgrs dgu u vk;k!!
nfyr jLlh dks lkai le> jgs gSa- vc dqN yksx le>us yxs gSa- djksM+ksa dh vkcknh okys nfyr lSfud
tSls Hkwys HkVds gq, gSa- vc eSa mUgsa vktknh dk jkLrk crkrk gwa rks os dgrs gSa igys rks gesa fdlh us ,slk ugha
crk;k-
xq: jSnkl vkSj muds gelgjh xq: dchj us nfyr lekt dks psrk;k rFkk vkil esa tksM+k Hkh- os vius
y{; esa lQy Hkh gq,- gtkjksa yksx mudh lRlax esa vkus yxs- dsyksa ds iÙkksa dh rjg cuh tkfr O;oLFkk u"V
gksus yxh- nfyr dqy ds yksx viuh tkfr ds [kksy lsa ckgj Hkh fudys- ysfdu czkã.kksa ds ikl lke nke n.M
Hksn dk gfFk;kj gS- mUgksaus blh uhfr ds rgr Þn.MÞ dk iz;ksx djrs gq, lUr flikgh xq: jSnkl dh gR;k dj
nh rFkk mudh vf/kdrj ck.kh Hkh tyk Mkyh- vkt tks nfyrksa dh vusd tkfr;ksa esa lka>s xks= feyrs gSa os blh
dkj.k lsa feyrs gSa fd bu xks= okys yks yksx xq: jSnkl ds gelgjh cu x, Fks- ysfdu mudh gR;k gks tkus ds
ckn lekt fQj fc[kj x;k-
xq: jSnkl us lekt tksM+us dk ,d eU= Hkh fn;k gS- Jh jkt dqekj gennZ us vius ,d ys[k esa ml
eU= dk ftØ fd;k gS- mudk eU= gS %
dFkk dgsa vkSj vFkZ fopkjS
fopkjSa!
vki rjS vkSju dksdks rkjSa!!
dgS jSnkl]
kl] feysa fur nkl!
tUe tUe dh dkVsa Qkal!!
vFkkZr nfyrksa dks fey cSB dj dFkk djuh pkfg, ;kfu vius xq#vksa] lUrksa] ohjksa] jktkvksa] fo}kuksa dk
izpkj djuk pkfg,- mUgksaus tks f”k{kk,a nh mudks le>uk pkfg,- mUgksaus tks dke fd, muds vuqlkj viuk
thou fcrkuk pkfg,- bl rjg lsa izpkj djus okys rFkk fopkj djus okys lHkh dk dY;k.k gksxk- nkl vFkkZr
xqyke ;kfu nfyrksa dks fuR; feyuk pkfg, vFkkZr ek= fdlh ioZ R;kSgkj ij gh ugha feyuk pkfg, cfYd bls
vius fuR; thou dk vax cukuk pkfg,- tc nfyr fuR; vius egku iwoZtksa dk xq.kxku djsaxs rFkk mlh
vuqlkj viuk thou fcrk,axs rks tUe tUe lsa pyh vk jgh mudh xqykeh dh Qkal fudy tk,xh-
lekt tksM+us vkSj vktknh izkIr djus dk ;g eU= xq: jSnkl us fn;k Fkk- blh vuqlkj mUgksaus rFkk
muds gelgjh lrxq# dchj us lRlax djus dh izFkk dks fuHkk;k- ysfdu vfo|k ds dkj.k tSlk nfyrksa lsa lnk
gksrk vk;k gS] bl eU= dks Hkh czkã.kksa us gkbtSd ;kfu vigj.k dj fy;k- vkt os gj txg vius vkpkjghu]
pfj=ghu uk;dksa dk izpkj djds mUgsa Hkxoku cuk dj is”k dj jgs gSa- muds ftu ÞHkxokuksaÞ dh vksj gekjs
lUrksa us dHkh Fkwdk Hkh ugha] vkt ,sls e;kZnkghuksa dks e;kZnkiq#"kks
"kksre cuk
cuk dj gekjs lUrksa dk iwT; iq#"k crk;k
tk jgk gS- nfyr xq:vksa dh vlyh f”k{kkvksa dks NksM+ dj czkã.kksa }kjk ?k<+h xbZ csfljiSj dh dFkk,a vkt
nfyr xq#vksa ds tUefnu ij izpkfjr dh dh tkrh gSa-
blfy, vxj nfyr lekt viuh [kksbZ gqbZ vktknh okfil pkgrk gS] viuk fNuk gqvk jkT; fQj lsa
izkIr djuk pkgrk gS rks mlds fy, xq: jSnkl }kjk crk, eU= ij vey djuk gksxk- blh eU= ij vey
djds mUgksaus N lkS lky igys iwjs nfyr lekt dks tkx`r fd;k Fkk-
vr% nfyr lekt dks tksM+uk vlEHko ugha gS- vxj N% lkS lky igys tc vkus tkus ds lk/ku lhfer
Fks rFkk lapkj dk dksbZ lk/ku ugha Fkk] ml le; vxj xq: jSnkl vkSj xq: dchj iwjs nfyr lekt dks ,dtqV
dj ldrs Fks rks vkt rks ,slk djuk cgqr vklku gS- pkfg, rks flQZ ,d eu tks nfyrksa dks ,dtqV djuk
pkgrk gks! ckck lkfgc us nfyr ,dtqVrk dk /keZ pØ pyk fn;k gS- ekU;oj dka”kh jke us bls xfr iznku dj
nh gS- loZJ)s; yybZ flag ;kno] oh Vh jkt”sks[kj] Mh vkj tkVo tSls fo}ku bl pØ dks fn”kk iznku dj jgs
gSa- vc Þvfud dVd tSls Hkwfy iM+S] vc dgrs dgu u vk;kÞ okyh ckr ugha gksxh- foosdkuUn dks tks Mj Fkk
fd nfyr jkT; ykSVsxk og dke vc tYn iwjk gksus okyk gS-
rhljk dne % la?k"kZ djks
djks
nfyr jkt LFkkfir djuk pkgs vklku dke ugha gS ysfdu ;g dke vlaHko Hkh ugha gS- blds fy,
lrr la?k"kZ dh vko”;drk gS- vc lsa nks gtkj lky igys nfyrksa lsa jkt fNuk Fkk- mUgksaus 2000 lky dh
113

xqykeh lgh gS- xqykeh dk thou fcrkrs mudh ,d lkS ihf<+;ka xqtj xbZ gSa- vr% ,sls nfyr ifjokjksa dh Hkh
deh ugha gS tks xqykeh dks gh viuh uh;fr eku pqds gSa- ,sls ykxksa dks dHkh ;g ,glkl gh ugha gksrk fd os
czkã.k/keZ ds xqyke gSa- ysfdu tc lsa ckck lkfgc us vktknh dh e”kky tykbZ gS yksxksa dks vkHkkl gksus yx
x;k gS fd os xqyke gSa-
xq: jSnkl vkSj xq: dchj us Lo;a vktknh dh yM+kbZ dk usr`Ro fd;k Fkk- mUgksaus nfyrksa dks yydkj
dj dgk % ijk/khurk iki gS tku ysoks js ehr! mUgha dks ckrksa dks nksgjkrs gq, ckck lkfgc us dgk fd xqyke
vktknh ds fy, rHkh cxkor djsxk tc mls ;g crk;k tk, vkSj trk;k tk, fd og xqyke gS-
tc xq: jSnkl vkSj muds gelgjh xq: dchj us nfyrksa dks vktknh dh jkg ij ykus dk iz;Ru fd;k
rks mUgs vR;kf/kd dfBukb;ksa dk lkeuk djuk iM+k Fkk- ml tekus esa tc czkã.k dk “kCn gh dkuwu gksrk Fkk]
muds fy, vktknh ds fy, la?k"kZ djuk csgn dfBu dke Fkk- [kkldj ncs dqpys yksxksa dks txkuk vkSj ,sls
yksxksa dks txkuk tks fnekxh rkSj ij xqyke gSa] muds fy, vklku ugha Fkk- mudk vktknh dk la?k"kZ vkSj vf/kd
dfBu gks tkrk Fkk tc mUgsa czkã.koknh lke nke n.M Hksn ds iSra jksa dk lkeuk Hkh djuk iM+rk Fkk- blhfy,
lR; dgk x;k gS %
Bkao Bkao Bx cSBs] ix ix iSBs cVekj
lk/kq dk Hksl /kjSa] Mkdw lh djSa ywVekj!
blh dfBukbZ dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, mUgksaus vktknh ds fy, la?k"kZ djus okys nfyrksa lsa dgk %
lwjk lksbZ lgkfj;s tks yM+S nhu ds gsr!
iqjtk iqjtk gksbZ Hkksa; jgS] rcgq u NkMs [ksr!!
vFkkZr 'kwjohj mls gh le>k tkuk pkfg, tks vlgk; ds fgr ds fy, yM+rk gS- vlyh 'kwjohj ogh gS
tks viuh ftUnxh dh vk[kjh lkal rd vius la?k"kZ dk jkLrk ugha NksM+rk-
nfyr xq#vksa ds vkns”k Þlwjk lksb lgkfj, tks yM+S nhu ds gsrÞ dks ewy eU= cukdj n”ke firk xq:
xksfcUn flag us [kkylk QkSt cuk nh- nqfu;k Hkj esa fl[k dkSe dk uke dj fn;k- exj ge nfyr vHkh rd
,slk vkns”k nsus okys Økafrdkjh ;qxiq#"k dks ekyk Qsjus okyk ÞckckÞ gh cuk, cSBs gSa- fl[k dkSe esa dksbZ ckgj
lsa vk, gq, yksx ugha gSa- mlesa vf/kdrj la[;k nfyr dgs tkus okyh tkfr;ksa ds yksx gh 'kkfey gS- ;g rF;
Hkh ;kn j[kus okyk gS fd vkt pkgs tkV czkã.kokn ds pDdj esa iM+ dj Lo;a dks mPp tkfr dk dgyokus
yx x, gSa ysfdu lu 1935 ds ykgkSj gkbZ dksVZ ds QSlys esa mUgsa tkfr O;oLFkk esa 'kwnz gh ekuk x;k Fkk-
xq: xksfcan us tc [kkylk iUFk dh LFkkiuk dh rks muds igys ikapksa ds ikapksa I;kjs nfyr lekt lsa gh
Fks- ml le; peZdkjksa esa xq: jSnkl ds Økafr ds vkgoku dk vlj Fkk- vr% os cgqla[;k esa n”ke firk dh
[kkylk QkSt esa 'kkfey gq,- blfy, mUgksaus dgk % jaxjsVs xq: ds csVs vFkkZr peM+k jaxus okys xq: xksfcUn flag
ds csVs gSa- vQlksl dh ckr gS fd vkt fl[k /keZ esa Hkh czkã.kokn dk tgj QSyus yx x;k gS- fl[kksa esa Hkh
tkfr ikfr vkSj NwvkNkr iuius yx xbZ gS- ogka xq: xksfcUn flag ds csVksa dks [kwu cgkus okys czkã.k ds oa”kt
fQj lsa mPpdqy dgyokus yx x, gSa vkSj vius n”ke n”ke firk ds fy, viuk [kwu cgkus okys ljnkj thou flag
ds oa’kt Þuhp dqyÞ ds dgs tkus yxs gSa-
nfyr dqy ds ljnkj thou flag us tks dqckZuh nh og csfelky gS- fnYyh ds pkanuh pkSd ij uoe xq:
rsx cgknqj dk 'kh”k vkSjaxtsc ds xqxksZa us /kM+ lsa vyx dj fn;k- mUgksaus iwjh fl[k dkSe dks pqukSrh nh fd os
muds 'kh”k dks mBk dj ys tkus dh fgEer fn[kk,a- rc ljnkj thou flag rFkk muds firk us fo”o dh
loZJs"B dqckZuh dk bfrgkl jpk- muds firk us viuk 'kh”k dkV fy;k rkfd mudk csVk ml 'kh”k dks pkanuh
pkSd esa j[ks xq: rsx cgknqj ds 'kh”k lsa cny ns- ljnkj thou flag us jkr ds va/ksjs esa ogka x, rFkk vius
firk ds 'kh”k dks ogka j[kk rFkk xq: rsx cgknqj dk mBk dj ys vk,- igjsnkj dHkh lius esa Hkh ugha lksp
ldrs Fks fd dksbZ ,slh dqckZuh Hkh ns ldrk gS- mUgsa xqeku Hkh ugha gqvk fd ,d nfyr fl[k us vius firk ds
'kh”k ds cnys esa viuh dkSe ds firk dk 'kh”k cny fy;k gS-
xq: jSnkl us ,sls gh lwjohj iSnk djus dk vkgoku fd;k gS tks cksVh cksVh gks tkus rd Hkh j.k{ks=
NksM+ dj u vk,a!!
xq: jSnkl ds gelgjh lrxq# dchj us yydkj dj dgk%
114

xxu nekek ckft;k] iM+îk fulkuS ?kko!


[ksr cqgkjs lwjek] eq> ej.k dk pko!!
vFkkZr ;q) dk uxkM+k ct mBk gS- lgh fu”kkus ij pksV gqbZ gS- bl le; j.k{ks= esa izk.k U;ksNkoj djus
dk pko j[kus okys gh vlyh lwjek dgyk,axs-
;g cgqr vk”p;Z tud ckr gS fd nfyr lUrksa us j.k{ks= esa tw> ejus dh ckrsa dh gSa- ;q) dk uxkM+k
ctus dh ckrsa dh gSa- ;q) ds eSnku esa vax vax dV ejus rd la?k"kZ djus dh ckrsa dh gSa- blds lkFk ;g
lPpkbZ Hkh gS fd xq: jSnkl vkSj xq: dchj us viuh vk[kjh lkal rd czkã.k/keZ ds QUns lsa nfyrksa dks vktkn
djkus ds fy, la?k"kZ fd;k vkSj xq: jSnkl us rks vius thou dk cfynku Hkh fn;k- tgka lUr jSnkl dh rks
czkã.kksa us gR;k dj nh ogha lUr dchj dk pfj= guu djus dh dksf”k”k dh- mUgsa czkã.kh dh uktk;t lUrku
crkus dh dksf”k”k Hkh dh- vktknh ds la?k"kZ esa vusdksa ckj mUgsa jktk o vU; vf/kdkfj;ksa ds lkeus Hkh is”k gksuk
iM+k-
,sls gh tc Hkxoku okfYedh us viuk la?k"kZ 'kq: fd;k rks muds pfj= guu dk Hkh iz;kl fd;k x;k-
czkã.k xzUFkksa esa muds fo#) dFkk,a cukbZ xbZ fd os Mkdw o gR;kjs Fks- egkRek “kEcwd us tc nfyrksa dks f”k{kk
nsuh “kq: dh rks jke iq= nljFk us ,d “kkfrj gR;kjs dh rjg mudh xnZu dkV nh! egkRek T;ksfrck Qwys us
tc Hkkjr esa igyk Ldwy [kksyk rks mudk Hkh Hkkjh fojks/k fd;k x;k- tc mudh /keZifRu eka lkfo=h ckbZ us
yM+fd;ksa ds fy, Hkkjr dk igyk Ldwy [kksyk rks mu ij xkscj vkSj xUnxh rd QSadh xbZ- vxj ,slk gh dksbZ
Ldwy fdlh czkã.kh us [kksyk gksrk rks vkt mlds uke ij Hkkjr dk f”k{kk ea=ky; gh cuk fn;k x;k gksrk-
ckck lkfgc dk la?k"kZ Hkh de dfBukbZ okyk ugha jgk gS- pkgs mUgksaus fdruh Hkh dfBukb;ka lgha gks
ysfdu Hkkjrh; lafo/kku fy[k dj mUgksaus og dj fn[kk;k gS tks lezkV v”kksd us cq) /keZ viuk dj fd;k Fkk-
tSls lezkV v”kksd us cq) /keZ viuk dj bls fo”o /keZ cuk fn;k oSls gh ckck lkfgc us Hkkjrh; lafo/kku ds
}kjk nfyr lÙkk dh uhao yxk nh gS- vc ;g nfyr cqf)thfo;ksa] fo}kuksa] lUrksa] jktuhfrKksa vkSj vke turk
dk ikou drZO; gS fd lrxq# jSnkl ds lius dks os tYn lsa tYn iwjk djsa-
tc lsa lezkV o`gnFkZ dh gR;k djds czkã.k/kehZ lÙkk ij dkfct gq, gS rc lsa ysdj vkt rd os ;su
dsu izkdjs.k lÙkk ij viuk dCtk cuk, gq, gSa- mUgsas irk gS fd ftl fnu lÙkk muds gkFk lsa fNuh mudk
lR;kuk”k gks tk,xk D;ksafd lfn;ksa lsa os nfyrksa ij tqYe djrs vk jgs gSa- mUgsa mldk fglkc nsuk eqf”dy iM+
tk,xk- vejhdk tkdj czkã.koknh foosdkuUn dks ;g vkHkkl gks x;k Fkk fd ,d u ,d fnu Hkkjr esa Hkh
yksdra= dh LFkkiuk gksxh gh- rc czkã.k vkSj nfyr dks ,d leku oksV dk vf/kdkj feysxk- nfyr cgqer esa
gksus ds dkj.k ,d u ,d fnu viuh [kksbZ lÙkk iqu% izkIr dj gh ysaxs- blfy, mlus czkã.kksa dks psrk;k Fkk fd
nfyrksa dh lÙkk iqu% ykSV jgh gS- vr% os nfyrksa ij tqYe can dj nsa oukZ mUgsa fglkc nsuk egaxk iM+ tk,xk-
vc ;g nfyrksa ij fuHkZj djrk gS fd os dc foosdkuUn dk Mj iwjk djrs gSa-

9- csxeiqjk
xq: jSnkl us nfyrksa dks viuk fNuk gqvk jkt fQj lsa izkIr djus dk vkgoku fd;k- mUgksaus nfyr
lekt ds yksxksa esa ?kwe ?kwe dj vktknh izkIr djus dk izpkj Hkh fd;k- tSls vktknh ekaxus ij vaxzstksa us ljnkj
Hkxr flag dh gR;k dj nh oSls gh xq: jSnkl }kjk ÞcsxeiqjkÞ clk, tkus dh ekax djus ij czkã.kksa us mudh
gR;k dj nh- vr% iz”u mBuk LokHkkfod gh gS fd mUgksaus nfyrksa lsa ,slk D;k ekaxus dk vkgoku fd;k fd
czkã.kksa dks mudh gR;k djds gh 'kkafr feyh-
csxeiqjk cuke ve`rns”k % vf/kdrj czkã.koknh ys[kdksa us xq: jSnkl ds csxeiqjk clk, tkus ds vkgoku
dks ve`rns”k ;kfu ÞHkxoku dk ns”kÞ djkj nsdj nfyr lekt dks xqejkg djus dk iz;Ru fd;k gS- os vius
dke] vxj lgh dgsa rks viuh pky] pky esa lQy Hkh gq, gS- mUgksaus xq: jSnkl ds 'kq) jktuhfrd rFkk Økafrdkjh
thou dks /kwrZrk iwoZd ;k vKkuo”k Hkxoku dh HkfDr djkj ns fn;k gS- vQlksl bl ckr dk gS fd nfyr
lekt ds fo}ku Hkh rksrs dh rjg mUgha dh cksyh dks nksgjkus esa yxs jgs- ;gka rd fd fo”ofo|ky;ksa ds nfyr
115

izksQSljksa us Hkh dHkh bl ckr dk d"V ugha fd;k fd os yhd lsa gV dj xq: lkfgcku dh ck.kh dk vlyh vFkZ
[kkstsa- xq: jSnkl us ve`rns”k rFkk csxeiqjk nks vyx vyx flkar fn;s gSa-
 Þve`rns”kÞ mudh /kkfeZd ;k nk”kZfud fopkj/kkjk gS- tcfd ÞcsxeiqjkÞ xq: jSnkl dk “kq)
jktuhfrd fl)kar gS ftlesa mUgksaus crk;k gS fd vkn”kZ jkT; D;k gS-
 Þve`rns”kÞ fuokZ.k izkfIr dk vkgoku gS- csxeiqjk jktuhfrd “kfDr izkIr djus dk vkgoku gS-
 Þve`rns”kÞ O;fDr dk fut ds fy, fd;k tkus okyk iz;kl gS- csxeiqjk iwjs lekt ds fy,
fd;k tkus okyk iz;kl gS-
 Þve`rns”kÞ izkIr djus lsa dsoy O;fDr dks fuft ykHk feysxk] csxeiqjk clkus lsa iwjs lekt
dk Hkyk gksxk-
 Þve`rns”kÞ tkus ds fy, cq)e “kj.ke xPNkkfe dk ukjk yxkuk iM+sxk rks csxeiqjk clkus ds
fy, Þlwjk lksbZ lgkfj,] yM+S nhu ds gsrÞ rFkk xxu nekek ckt;k dk ukjk cqyUn djuk
iM+sxk-
 Þve`rns”kÞ tkus dh jkg vklku gS exj csxeiqjk dj jkg ÞT;ksa [kkaMs dh /kkjÞ gS- gtkjksa
lkyksa lsa nfyrksa dk gd ekjs cSBs yksx vklkuh lsa mudks lÙkk ugha ykSVk,axs- tSls vaxstksa dks
ykr ekj dj Hkxkuk iM+k oSls gh bu yksxksa ds lkFk djuk iM+sxk-
ve`rns”k dh :i js[kk % xq: jSnkl us viuh ck.kh esa Þve`rns”kÞ tkus dh bPNk tkfgj dh gS- dbZ
czkã.k
ã.koknh
.koknh ys[kd ;gka Hkh viuh /kwrZrk lsa ckt ugha vkrs- os xq: lkfgc ds Þve`rns”kÞkÞ dks Þczãns”kÞkÞ dk uke
nsrs gSa tcfd fdlh Hkh nfyr lUr us dHkh Hkh csVh&Hkksxh czãk dh iwtk rks NksM+ks viuh ck.kh esa mldk uke
rd ugha fy;k gS- dkSu lUr ,sls uhp cykRdkjh czãk dk uke ysxk ftlus viuh csVh rd dks ugha c['kk- c['kk- vkSj
;g rks vdYiuh; gS fd xq: jSnkl ,sls uhp cykRdkjh ds uke ij vius ns”k dk uke j[ksa- ;gka ,d ckr foosd
dks Nwrh gS fd xq: ukud nso xq: jSnkl dk cgqr lEeku djrs Fks- os mulsa feyus dk”kh Hkh x, Fks- viuh
ck.kh ds lkFk os xq: th dh ck.kh Hkh xkrs Fks- mUgha ds f”k’; xq: vejnkl us ve`rlj 'kgj dh uhao j[kh- vr%
iwjh laHkkouk gS fd xq: jSnkl dks vknj nsus ds fy, gh muds ve`rns”k ds uke ij bl 'kgj dk uke ve`rlj
j[kk x;k gS-
fdnoUrh gS fd tc jke us lhrk dks taxy esa fQadok fn;k rks Hkxoku okfYedh us lhrk dks ejus lsa
cpk fy;k- ckn esa jke ds v”oes/k ;K ds ?kksM+s dks Hkxoku okfYedh ds f”k";ksa yo dq”k us idM+ fy;k- jke o
mlds HkkbZ;ksa us ?kksM+k NqM+okus ds fy, mulsa ;q) fd;k- bl ;q) esa jke o HkkbZ ekjs x,- lhrk us Hkxoku
okfYedh lsa izkFkZuk dh fd os jke dks ftUnk dj nsa- rc Hkxoku us ve`r dh cwUnsa jke o mlds HkkbZ;ksa ds ewag esa
Mkyh ftllsa os fQj lsa thfor gks x,- blh nkSjku dqNsd cwUns tehu ij Hkh fxj xbZa- dgrs gSa ogha ij fd
ve`rlj dk ljksoj cuk gqvk gS- nksuksa gh fLFkfr;ksa esa ve`rlj nfyr xq#vksa ds lEeku esa clk;k x;k gS-
xq: jSnkl us ve`rns”k dh :ijs[kk bl izdkj lsa nh gS%
js eu]
eu] vc py ve`r nsl!
tgka u e`R;q] u lksx dysl!!
ukenso Nhih tkfr dh vksN] ftudk tl xkor gSa yksd!
Hkxr gsr Hkxrh ds psys] vadeky yS chBy feys!
fujxq.k dk xq.k ns[kks vkb] nsfg lfgr dchj fl/kkbZ!
tu jSnkl fujatu jkbZ] rksfg esa vc jgb lekbZ!!
vFkkZr vc gesa ve`rns”k pyuk pkfg, tgka e`R;q] “kksd vkSj dys”k ugha gS- vusdksa lUr ukenso] vadeky
chBy dchj vkfn us ve`rns”k esa l”kjhj okl dj fy;k gS- xq: jSnkl Hkh vc vius yksxksa ds lkFk ogka fujatu
dh “kj.k esa tk jgs gSa-
mijksDr in esa xq: jSnkl us ve`rns”k dh O;k[;k dh gS- bl in lsa Li"V gksrk gS fd os ÞfuokZ.kÞ dh
fLFkfr dks gh ve`rns”k ekurs Fks- fuokZ.k og fLFkfr gS tgka vkneh e`R;q lq[k nq[k ds izHkkoksa lsa cgqr vf/kd
izHkkfor ugha gksrk- Hkxou cq) us fuokZ.k dk jkLrk fn[kk;k Fkk ysfdu lq[k nq[k ds izHkko lsa os Hkh fcYdqy
vNwrs ugha jg ik;s Fks- dqN yksx bl in esa iz;ksx fd, x;s Þtgka u e`R;qÞ dk vFkZ ml LFkku lsa djrs gSa tgka
116

vejRo gS- ,slk LFkku fdLls dgkfu;ksa esa LoxZ dks crk;k tkrk gS tgka Hkxoku clrk gS rFkk ogka jgus okys
dHkh ugha ejrs- ysfdu xq: jSnkl vius vU; in esa Li"V dg pqds gSa fd tks pht gS mls lekIr gksuk gh gS &
tks fn[ks lks gksbZ fouklk!
fouklk vr% tc os dgrs gSa &Þtgka u e`R;q u lksx dyslÞ rks muds dgus dk vFkZ gS fd
ogka e`R;q dk Hk; ugha gksrk-
vius ve`rns”k ds fopkj dks vkSj vf/kd Li"V djrs gq, dgrs gSa fd ml fLFkfr esa lUr ukenso] lUr
chBy rFkk lUr dchj Hkh izkIr dj pqds gSa- os lkQ dgrs gSa fd lUr dchj lnsg ;kfu vius “kjhj lesr ml
fLFkfr dks izkIr gq, gSa- os Lo;a ds fy, Hkh dgrs gSa fd os Hkh mlh fLFkfr esa lek x, gSa- lUr dchj }kjk rFkk
Lo;a muds }kjk lnsg vFkok thrs th ve`rns”k dh fLFkfr esa tkuk ;g fl) djrk gS fd ;g fLFkfr ek=
fuokZ.k dh gS- fujatu rks Hkxou cq) dk dk uke gS gh!
gh vr% ve`rns”k tkus dk vFkZ gS Hkxou cq) dh “kj.k esa
tkdj fuokZ.k dh fLFkfr izkIr djuk-
lrxq# dchj Hkh ,sls gh fuokZ.k dh fLFkfr dks viuk Þns”kÞ ekurs gSa- os dgrs gS %
egje gksoS lks tkuks lk/kks] ,slk nsl gekjk!
osn drsc ikj u ikoS] dgu lquu esa U;kjk!
tkfr cj.k dqy fdj;k ukfga] la/;k u use vkpkjk!
fcu ty cwan iMS tgka Hkkjh] u ehBk u [kkjk!
lqé egy esa ukScr cktS] fdaxjh chu flrkjk!
fcu ckny tgka fctyh peds] fcu lwjt mft;kjk!
fcu uSu tgka eksrh nh[kS] fcu lqj “kCn mpkjk!
dgS dchj rgka jgu gekjh]
gekjh] cw>S dksbZ xq#eq[k I;kjk!
vFkkZr Hksn tkuus okyk dksbZ gks rks tkus fd ge fdl ns”k vFkok gkykr esa jg jgs gSa- ml fLFkfr dks
osnksa ds Kku lsa ikuk lEHko ugha gS- ogka ij tkfr Hksn ugha gS] dksbZ deZdkaM ugha gSa- dksbZ lqcg “kke dh ?k.Vh
ctk dj iwtk djus dk ik[k.M ugha gS- dksbZ use ugha gS fd lqcg lwjt dks ikuh nsuk gS] “kke dks gou djuk
gS vkfn- ;g rks og fLFkfr gS tgka vkneh [kq”kh xeh dks Hkqyk nsrk gS- eu bruk eLr gks tkrk gS fd fcuk
ctk;s laxhr ctrk yxrk gS- vk¡[ksa u gksa rks Hkh ogka Kku dk eksrh feyrk gS- dchj lkgsc dk dguk gS fd
tgka ge lUr jg jgs gSa ml fLFkfr dks xq#eq[k vFkkZr lnpfj= okyk O;fDr gh izkIr dj ldrk gS- fuokZ.k dh
fLFkfr ;Kksa esa cfy nsus okys i.Ms izkIr ugha dj ldrs- ogka dsoy lnkpkjh tk ldrs gSa-
csxeiqjk % mijksDr inksa esa xq: jSnkl rFkk xq: dchj us ve`rns”k dk c;ku fd;k gS- csxeiqjk bu inksa
lsa fcYdqy fHké gS- csxeiqjk ds ckjs esa muds fopkj fo”kq) jktuhfrd gSa- IySVks] ykWd ,oe gkWcl vkfn ds
jktuhfrd fopkjksa dks ekr nsus okys muds fopkj gSa- os dgrs gSa %
csxeiqjk 'kgj dks ukao]
nq[k vanksg ugha frl Bkao!
u rlohl] f[kjkt u eky]
[kkSQ+ [krk u rjl toky!
dk;e nk;e lnk ikr” ikr”kkgh]
nkse u lkse] lc ,d lks vkgh!
vkcknku lnk elgwj]
ogka x.k clSa ekewj!
ogka lSj djks tgka th HkkoS]
egje egy u dks; vVdkoS!
vc eksfg [kwc oru xfg ikbZ]
ogka [kSj lnk esjs HkkbZ!
dgs jSnkl [kkyl pekjk]
tks gelgjh lks ehr gekjk!!

mijksDr in esa iz;ksx fd, x, “kCnksa dk 'kkfCnd vFkZ bl izdkj lsa gSa%
117

csxeiqjk ¾ tgka xe u gksa-


ukao ¾ uke-
vanksg ¾ 'kadk] >xM+s Qlkn
frl Bkao ¾ ml txg]
rlohl ¾ fQØ fpUrk]
f[kjkt ¾ iNrkok]
eky ¾ VSDl]
[kkSQ+ ¾ Mj]
[krk ¾ xyrh ;k /kks[kk]
rjl ¾ ykpkj ij n;k]
toky ¾ vHkko]
dk;e nk;e ¾ cuuk rFkk fVds jguk]
ikr”kkgh ¾ lPph ckn”kkgh] lp dh gdwer
nkse ¾ nwljs ntsZ dk]
lkse ¾ rhljs ntsZ dk]
vkcknku ¾ thfodk]
x.k ¾ yksx]
ekewj ¾ ekewy ;kfu dkuwu ds vuqlkj]
egje ¾ deZpkjh]
egy ¾ jktk]
vVdkoS ¾ jksduk]
eksfg ¾ eq>s
[kwc ¾ vPNh rjg]
oru ¾ vius ns”k]
xfg ikbZ ¾ xgjh le> vkbZ]
[kSj ¾ dY;k.k]
[kkyl pekjk ¾ 'kq) nfyr]
gelgjh ¾ lkFk jgus okyk]
ehr ¾ fe=-
vr% bl in dk 'kkfCnd vFkZ gqvk fd xq: jSnkl ,slk jkT; pkgrs gSa tgka xe] 'kadk] Mj] /kks[kk]
ykpkjh] vHkko] Åap uhp] VSdl] ?kweus fQjus dh #dkoV vkfn ugha gksaxh- tks bl dke esa mudk lkFk nsxk
mudk fe= dgyk,xk- xq: jSnkl ds 'kq) jktuhfrd Kku dks le>us ds fy, muds csxeiqjk ds fopkj dks iwjh
rjg le>uk t:jh gS-
csxeiqjk 'kgj dks ukao % xq: jSnkl ds vuqlkj muds ns”k dk uke csxeiqjk gS- csxeiqjk ;kfu
cs$xe$iqjk vFkkZr ,slk iqj tgka xe u gksa- Hkxou cq) dgrs gSa fd gj vkneh dks nq[k gS vkSj muds /otokgd
xq: jSnkl dgrs gSa fd os ,slk jkT; clkuk pkgrs gSa tgka xe ugha gksa! ;g nksuksa ckrsa ijLij fojks/kh yxrh gSa-
vr% dqN fo}ku bl vk/kkj ij xq: jSnkl ds csxeiqjk ds jkT; dks dkYifud ns”k eku ysrs gSa fd os ,sls LFkku
dh ckr dj jgs gSa tgka nq[k ugha gksa- ysfdu xq: jSnkl tc dgrs gSa *csxeiqjk lgj dks ukao* rks mudk edln
;g dguk drbZ ugha gS fd yksxksa dks ogka O;fDrxr nq[k ugha gksaxs cfYd mudk dguk gS fd jkT; dh rjQ
lsa] ljdkj dh rjQ lsa ;k ljdkjh vQljksa dh rjQ lsa yksxksa dks xe ugha fn, tk,axs- mUgsa ijs”kku ugha fd;k
tk,xk- nwljh ckr ;g Hkh gS fd xe vkSj nq[k esa gYdk lk varj gS- cgqr yEcs le; rd pyus okyk ;k iDds
rkSj lkFk jgus okyk nq[k xe cu tkrk gS- vr% jSnkl th dh uxjh esa ;g Hkh ekuk tk ldrk gS fd nq[k cgqr
yEcs le; rd ugha jgsaxs-
ljdkj ;k jktk dh rjQ lsa bl izdkj ds nq[k fn;s tk ldrs gSaS % vDlj ,slk gksrk gS fd cM+s “kgjksa
esa nfyr >qXxh >ksaifM+;ka cuk dj jgrs gSa- dbZ cjl jgus ds ckn ,d fnu ljdkjh vkneh vkrs gSa vkSj mUgsa
ogka lsa csn[ky dj nsrs gSa- viuk ?kj VwVus dk nq[k cgqr rhoz gksrk gS tks ljdkj mUgsa nsrh gS- vDlj ,slk Hkh
118

gksrk gS fd viuk lgh vkSj oS/k dke djkus ds fy, ljdkjh ckcw dks ?kwl nsuh iM+rh gS- ;g lc ljdkj dh
rjQ lsa fn, tkus okys xe gSa- ekU;oj ohVh jkt”ks[kj ds vuqlkj czkã.k iz/kku eU=h ujflEgkjko dh lkft”k
ds dkj.k ckcjh efLtn czkã.kokfn;ksa us u"V dj nh- ,sls xe ljdkj ij dkfct yksxksa }kjk fn, tkrs gSa- xq:
jSnkl ds yksxksa lsa vkgoku fd;k gS fd ,slk csxeiqjk clk,a tgka ,sls xe ugha feysas-
iqjk%k csxeiqjk esa iqj “kCn dk fo”ks"k egRo gS- iqjk ;kfu iqj vFkkZr fdyk ;k egy- xq: jSnkl tkurs Fks
fd flU/kq lH;rk nfyrksa dh clkbZ gqbZ Fkh- tc mUgksaus dgk % ge dfc cM+s dqyhu rks mudk lh/kk b”kkjk flU/kq
lH;rk dh vksj gS- v”kksd lezkV }kjk cukbZ xbZ /keZ”kkykvksa] fdyksa] egyksa vkSj muds firk fcEclkj }kjk fo”o
fo”o
esa igys igys cukbZ xbZ lM+dksa dh rjQ mudk b”kkjk gksrk gS- os ,sls ?kjksa] Hkouksa egyksa okyk ns”k clkuk
pkgrs gSa-
csxeiqjk ;kfu flU/kq lH;rk % xq: jSnkl dh ck.kh i<+ dj ,slk vkHkkl gksrk gS fd mUgksaus tku fy;k
Fkk fd flU/kq lH;rk nfyrksa dh clkbZ gqbZ Fkh- os ;g Hkh tkurs Fks fd cq) egkohj tSls lUr] v”kksd tSls
lezkV lHkh vkt nfyr dgs tkus okys yksxksa esa lsa gh Fks- bu ykxksa us czkã.kokn ds fo#) la?k’kZ dk fcxqy
ctk;k Fkk- fQj ,slk gqvk fd czkã.k bl la?k"kZ esa thr x,- ge 'kwjohj] dfo] nkrk lc gkj x,- ohjksa dks
xqyke cuk fy;k x;k- flU/kq lH;rk ds egyksa esa jgus okyksa dks Qwl dh >ksaifM+;ksa esa jgus ij etcwj dj fn;k
x;k-
;g ,d ,sfrgkfld rF; gS fd flU/kq lH;rk ds vusdksa uxjksa vkSj muds Hkouksa vkSj egyksa dks bUnz us
rckg fd;k Fkk- mldk uke Hkh iqjUnj vFkkZr fdys rckg djus okyk gS- iatkch esa ,sls xUns vkneh dks irUnj
dg dj cqyk;k tkrk gS- xq: jSnkl fQj lsa flU/kq lH;rk tSls ÞiqjÞ okyk ns”k clkuk pkgrs Fks- loky mBrk gS
fd mUgksaus D;ksa csxeiqjk clkus dk vkgoku fd;k- bldk mÙkj xq: jSnkl Lo;a viuh ck.kh esa nsrs gSa- os dgrs
gSa fd dHkh ge Hkkjr ns”k ds jktk gksrs Fks- fQj tSls jktk flagklu ij gh lks tk, vkSj lius esa fHk[kkjh cu
dj nq[kh gks oSls gh nfyrksa lsa jkt fNu tkus ij mudh gkyr gks jgh gS- dHkh dqyhu gksus okys nfyrksa dh
vkt ;g gkyr gS fd mUgsa ns[k dj gj dksbZ galrk gS- vfo|k ds dkj.k ge tku ugha ik jgs fd ;g Hkkjr
ns”k gekjk gh gS- cl bl vfo|k ds lius dks rksM+us dh t:jr ek= gS- ftl fnu nfyr tkxsaxs mudks viuk
fNuk gqvk flagklu fQj lsa fey tk,xk-
flU/kq lH;rk cuke vkt dk nfyr %
flU/kq lH;rk vkSj lezkV v”kksd dk jkT; jSnkl dky o vk/kqfud dky
nfyrksa dh izkphu uxfj;ksa ;k iqjksa esa ,d cM+s
nfyrksa ds ikl jgus dks edku ugha gSa- os xkaoksa
Hkou dks NksM+ dj 'ks"k lHkh Hkou yxHkx ,d vkSj 'kgjksa ds ckgj ?kkl dh >ksaifM+;ksa esa jgus
leku cus gq, Fks- cM+s ?kj esa ek= Qkyrw vuktdks etcwj gSa- iSls okyk nfyr Hkh vkt
LVksj fd;k tkrk Fkk- lHkh yksx ,d leku ?kjksavxzoky ;k czkã.k dkyksuh esa viuk ?kj ugha
esa jgrs Fks- cuk ldrk-
gj NksVs cM+s ?kj esa lkQ ikuh vkus rFkk lhojst
nfyr cfLr;ksa esa ihus dk lkQ ikuh dHkh
dh xanxh ckgj tkus dh iwjh O;oLFkk Fkh- nfyr vkrk ugha vkSj xanxh dHkh ckgj tkrh ugha-
lH;rk ds flok; nqfu;k esa dgha Hkh ,slh lQkbZiwjs 'kgj dh xanxh lkQ djus okyksa dh viuh
O;oLFkk ugha Fkh- cfLr;ka xanxh lsa laMk+ a/k ekj jgh gksrh gSa-
flU/kq lH;rk ds yksxksa us dHkh yksgs dk iz;ksx
czkã.kksa }kjk mUgsa gjk nsus ij czkã.k euq us
ugha fd;k- muds ikl lksus dh cuh gqbZ vusdksadkuwu cuk;k fd dksbZ Hkh nfyr lksuk ugha
oLrq,a feyh gSa- j[ksxk- nfyr dsoy yksgs ds crZuksa esa gh [kkuk
cuk,axs rFkk [kk,axs vkSj yksgs ds xgus gh
igusaxs-
nfyr lH;rk ds yksx js”keh] lwrh] Åuh diM+s czkã.k euq us dkuwu cuk;k fd nfyr dsoy
igurs Fks- phFkM+s igusaxs- u;k diM+k dHkh ugha-
egkRek jko.k dh uxjh Hkh nfyr lH;rk ;k nfyrksa dks va/ksjh cfLr;ksa esa jgus dks etcwj
nfyrk jkT; dh gh ,d uxjh Fkh- guqeku us ogka fd;k tkrk gS- jkr dks mudh cfLr;ksa esa dHkh
119

jkr dks pkSjkgksa ij cM+s cM+s nhidksa o e”kkyksa izdk”k ugha gksrk-
}kjk jks”kuh dh tkrh ns[kh Fkh-
ckck lkfgc us dgk gS xqyke dks vxj ;g le>k nks fd og xqyke gS rks og cxkor dj nsxk- vkt
gj og nfyr tks ;g tkurk gS fd flU/kq lH;rk muds iwoZtksa dh cukbZ gqbZ Fkh] tgka muds iwoZt cM+h 'kku
vkSj BkB ds lkFk jgrs Fks] 'kkafr veu pSu ds lkFk jgk djrs Fks] tgka muds iwoZtksa dks nqfu;k esa lclsa cM+s
O;kikjh gksus dk xoZ gkfly Fkk] ftudh cUnjxkgsa vkt dh dbZ cUnjxkgksa lsa cM+h gksrh Fkha- vkSj tc og ;g
tkurk gS fd ml gekjh 'kkunkj lH;rk dks vk;ksZa us u"V dj fn;k rks lpeqp fny esa cxkor dh ygj mBrh
gS- [kkldj ml le;] tc nfyr ;g ikrs gSa fd dHkh egyksa esa jgus okys nfyrksa ds lkFk lfn;ksa lsa tqYe gksrs
vk jgs gSa- D;k dlwj Fkk nfyrksa dk fd mudh uxj rckg dj fn, x, mUgsa xqyke cuk fy;k x;k egyksa esa
jgus okyksa dks xUnh dksBfj;ksa esa jgus dks etcwj fd;k tk jgk gS- ftuds iwoZtksa us nqfu;k dh lclsa igyh
lhojst iz.kkyh cukbZ vkt mUgha dh ek¡,a cgusa lM+dksa fdukjs lcds lkeus ykSVk ysdj cSBus dks etcwj gSa-
ftUgksaus nqfu;k esa lclsa igys ?kjksa esa lkQ ikuh vkus dh O;oLFkk cukbZ os gh vkt lhojst dk feyk ikuh ihus
dks etcwj gSa- dk”k xq: jSnkl dk iSxke ckck lkfgc ds tfj, gj nfyr le> ik,! vkSj og tkfyeksa yqVsjksa dks
viuh lgh txg ij Hkst ik,!!
ckck lkfgc dh rjg xq: jSnkl vkSj muds gelgjh xq: dchj us bl xqykeh dks igpkuk Fkk- rHkh
muds eu esa vktknh dh ygj mBh- muds eu esa viuk csxeiqjk fQj lsa clkus dk [;ky vk;k- lUr gksrs gq,
Hkh mUgksaus nfyrksa lsa viuk [kks;k gqvk jkt fQj lsa izkIr djus dk vkgoku fd;k- viuk csxeiqjk clkus dk
vkgoku fd;k- mlds fy, iqjtk iqjtk dV ejus dk vkgoku fd;k rFkk bl /;s; ds fy, vius izk.kksa dk
cfynku fn;k-
nq[k vanksg ugha frl Bkao % xq: jSnkl ,slk csxeiqjk clkuk pkgrs gSa tgka yksxksa dks nq[k u gksa- vanksg
dk vFkZ 'kadk Hkh fd;k tkrk gS rFkk vkilh >xM+ksa ds fy, Hkh fd;k tkrk gS- Hkkjr esa tc lsa eqfLye vk,
mudk czkãf.kd fgUnqvksa lsa >xM+k gksrk gh jgrk gS- vaxzstksa dk tc ukeks fu”kku Hkh ugha Fkk rc Hkh nksuksa /keksZa
ds yksx vkil esa yM+rs >xM+rs Fks- 'kq: esa tc Þfons”khÞ eqfLyeksa dk 'kklu Fkk rks czkãf.kd fgUnw pqi jgrs Fks-
rFkkdfFkr cgknqj ohj {kf=; Hkh vdcj ds ryos pkVrs Fks- mls viuh csfV;ka Hkh HksaV djrs Fks- exj tc nfyrksa
us eqfLye /keZ viuk fy;k rks mUgsa vius cjkcj dk ;k vius lsa Åapk ntkZ nsuk mUgsa Lohdkj ugha gqvk- urhtk
nksuksa i{kksa esa >xM+k gksus yx x;k- ÞjSnklÞ vkSj ÞdchjÞ ;kfu nfyr vkSj eqfLye rks ,d lkFk jg ysrs Fks] ,d
nwljs ds gelgjh Hkh cu tkrs Fks exj lukru /kehZ yksx eqfLye cus nfyrksa dks uhp gh le>rs Fks- urhtk ;g
gksrk Fkk fd mu esa >xM+k gksrk Fkk- naxs Qlkn gksrs Fks-
lukruh fgUnqvksa vkSj eqfLyeksa esa ;g >xM+k rc lsa ysdj vkt rd tkjh gS- ,d ckr vkSj Hkh fnekx dks
>a>dksjrh gS fd Hkkjr esa ftrus Hkh /kkfeZd ;k lkaEiznkf;d naxs Qlkn gksrs gSa muesa ,d ikVhZ ges”kk gh lukruh
fgUnw gksrs gSa- ,slk dHkh lquus esa ugha vk;k fd fl[k] bZlkbZ] eqfLye] ckS)] tSu ;k nfyr] ikjlh dHkh vkil esa
>xM+s gksa- Hkkjr esa tc Hkh budk fdlh lsa >xM+k gqvk gS rks lnk lukrfu;ksa lsa gh gqvk gS-
Hkkjr ds bfrgkl dh fdrkcksa esa i<+k;k tkrk gS fd vaxstksa us Hkkjr esa QwV Mkyh vkSj jkt fd;k- mu
ij nks"k yxk;k tkrk gS fd mUgksaus fgUnw eqfLyeksa dks vkil esa yM+ok;k- ysfdu ;g iw.kZ lR; ugha gS- ;g nksuksa
/kehZ rks jSnkl dchj ds le; Hkh ejrs ekjrs Fks- ml le; vaxzstksa dks ;g Hkh irk ugha Fkk fd nqfu;k esa dgha
Hkkjr uke dk ns”k Hkh gS- xq: jSnkl vkSj xq: dchj ds vusdksa in gSa tgks mUgksaus nq[kh gksdj nksuksa lsa 'kkafr
cuk, j[kus dh vihy dh gS- jSnkl th us dgk %
jSnkl daxu vkSj dud esa tSls varj dqN ukafg!
rSls gh varj ukafg] fgUnw rqjdu ekafg!!
eqLyeku lsa nksLrh] fgUnw lsa dj izhr!
jSnkl lHk tkssr lrjke dh] lcfg vius ehr!!
xq: jSnkl bu >xM+ksa lsa jfgr ekuork ij vk/kkfjr jkT; dh LFkkiuk djuk pkgrs gSa- vke fgUnw vkSj
eqfLye d;ker rd fcuk [kwu [kjkck fd,] 'kkafr lsa bDdBk jg ldrs gSa- nfyr lUrksa ds vuqlkj bu nksuksa dk
dksbZ >xM+k ugha gS- >xM+k gS rks ek= buds /keZ ds Bsdsnkjksa dk- ikap lkS lkyksa lsa ckckjh efLtn [kM+h gh Fkh-
fgUnw eqfLye ogha jg jgs Fks- fdlh us ml ij ,rjkt ugha fd;k exj tSls gh ,d dÍjiaFkh czkã.k iz/kku eU=h
120

cuk vkSj foi{k Hkh czkã.kokfn;ksa dk dCtk gqvk fd bl efLtn dks u"V dj fn;k x;k- fiNys chl lkyksa lsa
czkã.kokfn;ksa dh ikfVZ;ka jke efUnj ds uke ij /ku cVksj jgh gSa vkSj yksxksa dks yM+ok jgh gSa- efUnj mUgksaus
dHkh ugha cuokuk- vxj efUnj cu x;k rks mudk rks dke gh [kRe gks tk,xk-
iz”u mBrk gS fd xq: jSnkl ,slk D;k djsaxs fd muds csxeiqjk esa Qlkn ugha gksaxs- mlds fy, xq:
jSnkl dgrs gSa fd vfo|k vfgr dhu] rkrs foosd nhi Hk;k eyhu! vKku ds dkj.k fgUnw eqfLye yM+ jgs gSa-
tc Hkh bu nksuksa /keksZa ds yksx yM+rs gSa rks tks [kwu cgrk gS og ek= nfyrksa dk gh gksrk gS- pkgs og nfyr
fgUnw dgyokrk gks ;k eqfLye dgyokrk gks- ,slk dHkh ugha gqvk fd fdlh czkã.k usrk dk [kwu Hkh cgk gks- tc
naxs gks jgs gksrs gSa feJk] cktis;h] eksnh] 'kqDyk Mªkbax :e esa cSBs ,lh dh gok esa fOgLdh dh ?kwaV yxk jgs gksrs
gSa- ftu nfyrksa dks dHkh eafnj dh lhf<+;ka Hkh ugha p<+us fn;k tkrk vkSj ftuds iwoZtksa dks ÞriÞ djus ds tqeZ
esa xyk dVokuk iM+k Fkk] ogh nfyr jke dh [kkfrj vius gh HkkbZ;ksa dks ekj jgs gksrs gSa ;k muds gkFkksa ej jgs
gksrs gSa- jSnkl th ds dgs vuqlkj vxj muesa fo|k dk izdk”k gks tk, vkSj os viuk bfrgkl tku ysa fd os ,d
gh firk dh vkSykn gSa rks muesa dksbZ Hkh naxk ugha djok ldrk-
Hkkjr ds vf/kdrj eqfLye] ckS)] fl[k vkSj bZlkbZ os yksx gSa ftuds iwoZt dHkh czkã.k/keZ ds xqyke ¼'kwnz
;k vNwr½ gksrs Fks vkSj ftUgksaus viuh xqykeh lsa NqVdkjk ikus ds fy, czkã.k/keZ dks R;kx fn;k Fkk- vr% tc os
;g tku tk,axs fd dkSu D;k gS rks os mu yksxksa ds fy, ugha yM+saxs ftUgksaus lfn;ksa lsa mu ij rFkk muds
iwoZtksa ij tqYe fd;k gS- csxeiqjk rHkh cusxk tc yksx f”kf{kr gks tk,axs]
iwNk tk ldrk gS fd lukruh fgUnw gh D;ksa naxs djrs gSa- os blfy, djrs gSa fd muds /keZ xzUFk dgrs
gSa fd nfyr ds ikl /ku ugha jgus fn;k tk,- vxj mlds ikl /ku vk x;k rks og czkã.k dks rax djsxk- ¼euq
10-129½ blfy, gj ,d nks lky ds ckn czkã.koknh usrk budk >xM+k djok nsrs gSa naxs djok nsrs gSa- nksuksa
rjQ ds nfyrksa dk /ku eky o tku dh gkfu gksrh gS- vxj muds ikl /ku eky jg tk, rks os Hkh czkã.k dh
rjg vPNk thou thus dh lkspus yxsaxs- vkSj vxj nfyr gh vPNk thou thus dh lkspus yx tk,axs rks
czkã.k/keZ dk rks lR;kuk”k gh gks tk,xk- vxj czkã.k vkSj nfyr ,d tSls gks x, rks osn iqjk.k xhrk Le`fr;ka
lHkh jÌh eky cu tk,xk D;ksafd bu xzUFkksa dh jpuk dh gh blfy, xbZ gS fd czkã.k dSls nfyrksa dks vius
uhps nckds j[ksa- tkfrokn vkSj NwvkNkr gh muds /keZ dh vkRek gS- lUr jSnkl blh vkRek dks feVk dj
csxeiqjk clkuk pkgrs gSa tgka lUrksa dh ck.kh xwatsxh % ,d cwan lsa lc tx mitk] dkSu Åapk dkSu uhpk!
tc csxeiqjk cl tk,xk rks fQj ,dyO; ds vaxwBs ugha dVsaxs] 'kEcwd dh xnZusa ugha dVsaxh] ckcjh
efLtn ugha VwVsaxh] ckS) Lrwiksa dks vxzlsu dh uxjh ugha crk;k tk,xk] njckj lkfgc ij /kkok ugha cksyk
tk,xk] ,d czkã.kh ds ej tkus ij gtkjksa csxqukg nfyr fl[k ugha tyk, tk,axs- rc os gkFk dVsaxs tks
,dyO;ksa ds vaxwBs dkVus ds fy, mBrs gSa- fQj 'kEcwd dh xnZu dkVus okyksa dh lkr ihf<+;ka fcuk xnZu ds gh
iSnk gksaxh- xq: xksfcUn flag ds lkfgctknksa dks nhokj esa fpuokus okys xaxw czkã.kksa dks cksVh cksVh djds phy
dkSoksa dks Mky fn;k tk,xk- csxeiqjk esa czã&gR;k iki ugha gksxk cfYd ekuo gR;k tqeZ gksxh- ,slk rHkh gksxk
tc fo|k dk izlkj gksxk! fo|k ds izpkj lsa gh nfyr viuk bfrgkl igpkusaxs pkgs fdlh Hkh /keZ esa gks-
u rlohl] f[kjkt u eky % xq: jSnkl ds vuqlkj muds csxeiqjk esa rhu phtsa ugha gksxh- rlohl ;kfu
cspSuh ;k ?kcjkgV] f[kjkt ;kfu fpark ;k vQjk&rQjh] eky ;kfu VSDl ;k dj-
rlohl % vxj iwNk tk, fd vkt Hkkjr esa fdl pht dh cspSuh gS rks dgk tk ldrk gS fd gj
vkneh cspSu gS- gj ukSdjhis”kk nfyr dks cspSuh gS fd dksbZ mldh tkfr u igpku ys- lka[kyk lsa 'kekZ cus]
fla?kkfM+;k lsa fla?kkfu;k cus] esagnoky lsa egsUnzk cus gj nfyr dks cspSuh gS fd dgha dksbZ mldh tkfr iwN dj
mldh fgUnh u dj ns- nwljs “kCnksa esa gj nfyr dks viuh tkfr ds cks/k lsa cspSu gS- og fdl tkfr lsa gS blesa
mldk dksbZ jksy ugha gS- fQj Hkh mls ;g vglkl gS fd mldh tkfr uhp gS- og pkgs fdlh Hkh czkã.k cf.k,
lsa vf/kd lqUnj vkSj le>nkj D;ksa u gks fQj Hkh viuh tkfr dks ysdj mlesa ghu Hkkouk dh cspSuh cuh gh
jgrh gS-
csxeiqjk nfyrksa dk gh eqYd] oru ;k ns”k gksxk- ogka mUgsa dksbZ cspSuh ugha gksxh- viuk mnkgj.k nsrk
g¡wa- eSa cSad esa crkSj vf/kdkjh fu;qDr gqvk- i<+uk fy[kuk esjh vknr gS- lks eSaus cSad ds lkjs fu;e [kaxky Mkys-
nwljh 'kk[kkvksa lsa yksx eq> lsa jk; ysus vkrs Fks- vDlj ,slk gksrk Fkk fd os yksx eq>s cfu;k le> dj ckrsa
djrs Fks- eSa vDlj mudh ckrsa vulquh dj tkrk Fkk] vUtku deZpkjh dks iyV dj tokc ugha nsrk Fkk fd eSa
121

rks vEsMdjoknh gwa- vUnj ,d Mj Hkh gksrk Fkk fd ;g yksx le>saxs fd eSa rks nfyr g¡w rFkk vkj{k.k ds vk/kkj
ij gh ukSdjh izkIr dj ik;k gwa- fQj ekU;oj dka”kh jke dh Mh ,sl Qksj vkbZ- ckelsQ vkbZ- ge lc nfyr ,d
gks x, Fks pkgs og fdlh Hkh mi tkfr lsa Fkk- Hkaxh pekj jSxj eksph /kkud ukbZ rsyh lHkh bDdBs Fks ge! vkSj
rc ,d fnu 14 vizSy dks eSa ckck lkfgc dk cSt vius lhus ij yxk dj cSad x;k- og fnu eq>s vkt Hkh ;kn
gS- esjk lhuk Qwyk gqvk Fkk vkSj lo.kZ deZpkfj;ksa ds psgjs cq>s gq, Fks- cl ;gh jSnkl lkfgc dk csxeiqjk gS-
ftl fnu nfyr lhuk rku dj pysaxs vkSj Åaph tkfr okyksa dk vfHkeku pwj pwj gksxk] ;gh xq: jSnkl dk
liuk gS- lks tc xq: jSnkl dgrs gSa fd rlohl jfgr csxeiqjk clkvks rks muds dgus dk ;gh vFkZ gS fd
nfyr ,slk Hkkjr cuk,a tgka nfyr lhuk rku dj pysa- mUgsa viuh tkfr crkus ij 'keZ u vk, cfYd os xq:
jSnkl dh rjg lhuk Bksd dj dgsa Þdgs jSnkl [kkyl pekjk tks gelgjh lks ehr gekjk!
blh fy, mUgksaus nfyrksa lsa dgk fd os lnk ;kn j[ksa fd
ge cM+ dfc]
dfc] dqyhu]hu] ge iafMr ge tksxh lU;klh!
Kkuh]
Kkuh] xq.kh]
kh] lwj] ge nkrs] ;g cqf) dHkh u uklh !!
bl Hkkjr dks nfyrksa us gh lksus dh fpfM+;k cuk;k gS- ftrus Hkh fons”kh vk, os nfyr lekt ds gh
lUrksa dh ck.kh i<+us vk, vkSj mu dh gh ck.kh vius lkFk ysdj x,- ge nfyrksa us gh nqfu;k dh lclsa izkphu
rFkk lclsa cf<+;k yksdra«k ;kfu flU/kq lH;rk dk fuekZ.k fd;k Fkk- vxj nfyr viuk bfrgkl tku ysa rks mUgsa
fQj rlohl lsa nks pkj ugha gksuk iM+sxk- ;gh xq: jSnkl dk iSxke gS-
f[kjkt % ;kfu fpUrk ;k vQjk rQjh- xq: jSnkl ds tekus esa nfyrksa dks fpark gksrh Fkh fd irk ugha
dc dksbZ czkã.k ;k Bkdqj vk,xk vkSj mUgsa csxkj ds fy, idM+ ys tk,xk- mudh cgu csfV;ksa dh bTtr
lqjf{kr ugha Fkh- Qwyu nsoh dk thou lcds lkeus gS- muds lkFk tks gqvk og vf/kdrj nfyr efgykvksa ds
lkFk gks tkrk gS- ;g gekjs lekt dh lclsa cM+h fpUrk Fkh vkSj gS- vkt Hkh nfyr efgyk,a lqjf{kr ugha gSa-
vnkyrksa esa ,sls tWt cSBs gSa tks Åaph tkfr ds cykRdkfj;ksa dks bl vk/kkj ij cjh dj nsrs gSa fd Åaph
tkfr okys rks nfyrksa dks Nwrs Hkh ugha gS lks mudh efgykvksa lsa cykRdkj rks og dj gh ugha ldrs- ysfdu
jktLFkku dk og tWt ;g Hkwy x;k fd mlh ds jkT; esa vxj vk/ks ugha rks ,d pkSFkkbZ enZ ÞxksysÞ gSa- xksyk
ml lUrku dks dgk tkrk gS tks fdlh Bkdqj }kjk viuh nklh ¼nfyr½ lsa ;kSu lEca/k cukus lsa iSnk gksrk gSa-
Bkdqj ,sls cPps iSnk rks dj nsrs gSa exj mudk ikyu iks"k.k ek¡ dks gh djuk iM+rk gS-
xq: jSnkl tc dgrs gSa fd nkfjn ns[k] gj dksbZ galS] ,slh nlk gekjh! rks muds eu esa vius lekt
dh ,slh gkyr gh gypy epk jgh gksrh gS- jSnkl th nfyrksa ij gks jgs ,sls vR;kpkjksa dks lekIr djuk pkgrs
gSa- rHkh os csxeiqjk clkus dk vkgoku djrs gSa rkfd nfyrksa dh ,slh gkyr ogka u gks!
eky % eky ;kfu ekfy;k ;kfu VSdl- VSDl ysuk u ysuk vkSj fdruk ysuk ;g lc fo”kq) jktuhfr ds
loky gSa- bu ckrksa dk /keZ ;k lk/kqiu lsa dksbZ lEca/k ugha gS- tc jSnkl th ;g dgrs gSa fd csxeiqjk esa VSDl
ugha gkssxk rks os jktuhfrd foKku dh [kjh ckrsa djrs gSa- fdlh lk/kq ;k lUr dk jkT; }kjk VSDl ysus nsus lsa
dksbZ ljksdkj ugha gksrk D;ksafd vkt rd 'kk;n gh ,slk dksbZ jktk gqvk gks ftlus /kkfeZd xq#vksa lsa VSDl fy;k
gks vFkok ftlus /keZLFkkuksa ds pUns ;k vkenu ij VSDl yxk;k gks-
lHkh czkã.k xzUFk bl fu;e dk Li"V c[kku djrs gSa fd czkã.k ij VSDl ugha yxk yxk;k
xk;k tk ldrk-
ldrk-
lfn;ksa lsa ;g fLFkfr vkt Hkh tkjh gS- muds eafnj gh ugha mud /kU/ks dh dekbZ Hkh VSDl lsa cjh gS- ?kkVksa ij
cSBs i.Ms lky dk djksM+ksa dekrs gSa ysfdu VSDl ds :i esa mUgsa ,d ikbZ Hkh ugha nsuh iM+rh- ml lsa VSDl ysuk
oftZr Fkk vkSj gS rFkk tc rd czkã.kokfn;ksa dh lÙkk jgsxh og VSDl lsa vktkn gh jgsxk- lM+d ij >kMw
yxkus okys teknkj dks gj izdkj dk VSDl nsuk iM+rk gS-
vr% tc xq: jSnkl csxeiqjk esa VSDLk ugha yxus dh ckr djrs gSa rks bldk fo”ks"k vFkZ gS- VSDl dk
cks> ges”kk gh vke vkneh ij iM+rk gS- czkã.k ij rks VSDl yxrk ugha] O;kikjh ij tks yxk VSDl yxrk gS
mls og lkeku dh dher c<+k dj olwy dj ysrk gS- vr% VSDl dk cks> dsoy vke vkneh ;kfu fdlku]
etnwj] dkjhxj ij gh iM+rk gS- mUgsas vius [kwu ilhus lsa dh xbZ dekbZ esa lsa VSDl nsuk iM+rk gS- fdlku ij
pkgs fdruk Hkh VSDl yxss og mlh fglkc lsa viuh Qly ds nke ugha c<+k ldrk D;ksafd Qly ds Hkko r;
djuk mlds gkFk esa ugha gS- etnwj ;k dkjhxj tks fd vke rkSj ij nfyr oxZ lsa gh gksrs gSa] dHkh Hkh VSDl ds
vk/kkj ij viuh fngkM+h r; ugha dj ikrs- gj lky ctV dh ?kks"k.kk dh tkrh gS- ;g ?kks"k.kk yxHkx 'kke ikap
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cts gksrh gS rFkk lok ikap cts rd chM+h flxjsV] czSM] pk;] phuh] nky] iSVªksy vkfn ds nke rqjar c<+ tkrs gSa
ysfdu etnwj dh etnwjh c<+us esa cjlksa yx tkrs gSa- vr% VSDl dk cks> ges”kk gh nfyr ij iM+rk gS-
vHkh fiNys fnuksa ljdkj us lHkh dkjhxjksa lsa 1400 :i, lkykuk dk VSDl olwyk- dkjksa esa ?kweus okys
vkSj lky ds yk[kksa dekus okys fcuk VSDl fn, eLrh djrs jgs ysfdu twrh cukus okys] lkbfdy fjis;j djus
okys] Bsyk yxkus okys nfyrksa dks VSDl nsuk iM+k- xq: jSnkl ds le; Hkh ,slk gh gksrk Fkk- cM+k tehankj ,s”k
djrk Fkk rFkk nfyr fdlku dks ekfy;k nsuk iM+rk Fkk pkgs mlds Qly gqbZ gks ;k u gqbZ gks-
;g Hkh lR; gS fd dksbZ Hkh ljdkj fcuk /ku ds dke ugha dj ldrh- vke vkneh dks Hkh ?kj pykus ds
fy, Hkh /ku dh vko”;drk iM+rh gS- iwjs jkT; dks pykus ds fy, /ku dh vko”;drk rks gksxh gh- vr% VSDl
ds fcuk rks dke py ugha ldrk- fQj xq: jSnkl dSls dgrs gSa fd muds csxeiqjk esa VSDl ugha yxk, tk,axs-
bls ge ,d mnkgj.k lsa Li"V djrs gSa- egkjk"Vª esa f”kokth ejkBk vkSj is”kokvksa dk cM+k uke gS- vusdksa laLFkk,a
buds uke ij pykbZ tk jgh gSa- f”kokth vkSj is”kokvksa us vke vkneh lsa flok; pkSFk olwyus ds vkSj dksbZ dke
ugha fd;k- mlus gj fdlku lsa vukt dk pkSFkkbZ Hkkx crkSj VSDl olwyk- cnys esa mlus flok; czkã.kksa dks
nku nsus vkSj viuh Lrqfr xokus ds dqN ugha fd;k- mlus dksbZ lM+d] dksbZ /keZ”kkyk ugha cuokbZ] dksbZ dwavk
ugha [kqnok;k- cl pkSFk olwyh vkSj czkã.kksa dks nh- vkt czkã.koknh laLFkk,a mls egkuk;d vkSj irk ugha D;k
dqN crk jgh gSa- xq: jSnkl dgrs gSa muds jkT; esa ,slh pkSFk olwyh ugha gksxh-
nwljh vksj lezkV v”kksd Fks- mUgksaus VSDl fy;k exj iwjs Hkkjr esa lM+dsa cuok nha- lM+d fdukjs gj nl
chl dksl ij /keZ”kkyk,a cuok nha- dw,a [kqnok fn,- lM+dksa fdukjs isM+ yxok fn,- ,sls jktk dk VSDl ysuk
fdlh dks Hkh ugha v[kjrka- ,sls gh ,d vQxku jktk Fks 'ksj”kkg lwjh- mUgksaus is”kkoj lsa ysdj dydrk rd th
Vh jksM+ cuok nh- iwjs Hkkjr dks ,d lw+ esa fijks fn;k- ,sls jktkvksa dks czkã.koknh bfrgkldkj cqjk crkrs gSa
D;ksafd mUgksaus fdlh czkã.k dks nku ugha fn;k dksbZ ;K ugha djok,-
xq: jSnkl dk liuk gS fd Hkkjr esa fQj lsa v”kksd lezkV tSls dY;k.kdkjh nfyr jkT; dh LFkkiuk
gks- tgka dksbZ Hkh tkfr ds vk/kkj ij VSDl lsa cps ugha vkSj u gh dksbZ tkfr ds vk/kkj ij VSDl ds cks> ds
uhps ncs- ogka i.Ms ,s”k u ywVsa vkSj nfyrksa lsa pkSFk olwyh u gks-
[kkSQ+ [krk u rjl toky % [kkSQ+ ;kfu Mj] [krk ;kfu /kks[kk] rjl ;kfu n;uh;] toky ;kfu iru ;k
gkfu-
[kkSQ+ % lUr jSnkl pkgrs gSa fd ,slk csxeiqjk cls tgka muds cPps cs[kkSQ jg ldsa- mUgsa viuh tkfr
dh otg lsa Mj u yxrk gk-s mUgsa mudh tkfr ds vk/kkj ij dksbZ Mjkus okyk u gks- ,slk csxeiqjk cls fd os
ogka fuMj gksdj jg ldsa- fujijk/k gksrs gq, Hkh mUgsa viuh Þuhph tkfrÞ gksus ds dkj.k f}tksa lsa ges”kk sMj cuk
jgrk gS- vkt Hkh xkao esa dgha dksbZ pksjh gks tk, iqfyl okys igyk 'kd nfyrksa ij gh djrs gSa- mUgha lsa
iwNrkN djrs gSa- muds ?kjksa dh ryk”kh ysuk os viuk igyk dke le>rs gSa-
vktknh lsa igys dh dqN nfyr tkfr;ksa dh ekfeZd n”kk ;kn vkrh gS- fdlh le; ,slk gqvk fd fdlh
tkfr ds nks,d vkneh pksjh vkfn ds tqeZ esa idM+s x;s- urhtk ;g gqvk fd bu tkfr;ksa ds leLr iq#"kksa dks
ÞfØfeuyÞ ;kfu vijk/kh ?kksf"kr dj fn;k x;k- ml tkfr ds leLr vknfe;ksa dks fgnk;r nh xbZa fd dksbZ Hkh
jkr dks vius fcLrj lsa ugha mBsxk- bl ckr dks iDdk djus ds fy, ,d uk;kc rjhdk fudkyk x;k- 'kke dks
,d flikgh vkrk vkSj iwjs dchys ds vknfe;ksa ds iSjksa ds uhps eqgj yxk nsrk rkfd os jkr dks dgha ckgj u tk
ldsa- vxj muesa lsa dksbZ Hkh pyus ds fy, iSj tehu ij fVdkrk rks eqgj feV ldrh Fkh- lqcg tc rd og
flikgh vkdj mudh eqgj tkap ugha ysrk Fkk dksbZ Hkh enZ ?kj lsa ckgj ugha tk ldrk Fkk- ,sls esa lgt dYiuk
dh tk ldrh gS fd vxj jkr dks vkdj dksbZ mudh cgu csfV;ksa dh bTtr lsa f[kyokM+ djs rks muds ikl
pqipki ysVs jg dj ;g eatj ns[kus ds flok; vU; dksbZ pkjk ugha gksrk Fkk- vxj os mB dj viuh cgu csVh
dks cpkrs rks eqgj feV tkrh vkSj lqcg Fkkus esa mudh [kky m/ksM+ nh tkrh-
,d vkneh ds nks’k ds dkj.k iwjs lekt dks ltk nsuk czkã.koknh yksxksa dh iqjkuh ijEijk jgh gS- tSls
{kf=; dkrZoh;Z vtqZu us ij”kq ds cki dks ekjk rks cnys esa ij”kq us leLr {kf=; dRy dj fn,- ;gka rd fd
{k=kf.k;ksa ds isV esa iy jgs cPps rd mlus viuh dqYgkM+h lsa dkV Mkys-
,sls Mj clk;k x;k Fkk nfyrksa ds eu esa! nfyrksa dh dqNsd ifjokjksa dks NksM+ dj vf/kdrj ds lkFk
,slk vU;k; fdlh u fdlh :i esa gqvk gh gS- jktLFkku esa gekjh tkfr jSxj cgqla[;k esa gS- Bkdqj vkSj czkã.k
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ge yksxksa dks feBkbZ rd [kkus ugha nsrs Fks- vius iSalksa lsa Hkh gekjs fy;s nslh ?kh [kkuk tqeZ Fkk- rc feBkbZ [kkus
dk ge cgkuk <wa<rs Fks- gekjs cqtxksZa us rc fdlh ds ejus ij feBkbZ cukus vkSj [kkus dk fjokt cuk;k- bls ogka
[kpZ dgk tkrk gS- ysfdu bl feBkbZ ij Hkh mudh ikcUnh Fkh fd dksbZ Hkh nslh ?kh dh feBkbZ ugha cuk,xk-
Lo;a gekjs ifjokj ds lkFk ,slk gqvk fd ,d ckj mUgksaus nslh ?kh dh feBkbZ cuk yh- gekjs ifjokj esa lc dks
Mj yx jgk Fkk fd dgha czkã.kksa dks irk u py tk, fd gekjs ;gka nslh ?kh dh feBkbZ cuh gS- gekjk Mj lp
lkfcr gqvk- nslh ?kh dh [kq”kcw xkao esa QSyh ugha fd Åaph tkfr ds Bkdqj vkSj czkã.k yÎ ysdj vk x,-
mUgksaus iwjh feBkbZ ij jsr Mky nh-
vkt vktknh feys lkB lky gksus dks vk, vkt Hkh vusdksa xkaoksa esa nfyr ifjokj ds nwYgs dks ?kksM+s ij
cSB dj xkao lsa xqtjus dh eukgh gS vkSj dbZ txg rks nwYgk lsgjk cka/k dj Hkh xkao lsa ugha fudy ldrk-
vkt Hkh ,sls xkao ekStwn gSa tgka Bkdj ;k czkã.k ds xyh esa lsa fudyus ij nfyr lekt ds yksx viuh
pkjikbZ ij cSBs ugha jg ldrs- mUgsa vnc esa flj >qdk dj [kM+s gksuk gh iM+rk gS- pkgs gekjs vkneh ds ikl
Bkdjksa czkã.kksa lsa T;knk iSls gksa] ge mulsa T;knk i<+s fy[ks gksa] lkjs dkuwu gekjs i{k esa gksa rks Hkh gekjs lekt
ij czkã.kksa dh yxkbZ xbZa ;s ikcafn;ka vkt Hkh ekStwn gSa- gekjs vusdksa vkneh Mj ds ekjs nwYgs dks viuh cLrh
rd gh lhfer j[krs gSa-
,sls gh ogka cykbZ ;k pekj tkfr ds yksxksa ds lkFk gksrk Fkk- tc Bkdj ;k czkã.k dh csVh dh 'kknh
gksrh Fkh rks ogka dke djus okys cykb;ksa dh csfV;ksa dks crkSj xksyh ¼nklh½ ml yM+dh ds lkFk Hkst fn;k tkrk
Fkk- czkã.k/keZ dk fu;e gS fd nklh dk Lokeh mlds “kjhj dk Hkh ekfyd gksrk gS- urhtu Bkdj pkgs cykb;ksa
dh Nk;k lsa Hkh nwj jgrs Fks exj xksfy;ksa lsa ;kSu lEca/k cukus esa ugha f>>drs Fks- ysfdu muds cPpksa dks Bkdj
cki dk uke ugha feyrk Fkk-
dksbZ ek¡ cki ;g ugha pkgrk fd mldh csVh fdlh dh xksyh cu dj mlds lkFk tk,- gj ekrk firk
;g dkeuk djrk gS fd mldh csVh dks pkgs :[kh lw[kh feys ysfdu og vius ifr ds ?kj lq[k lsa jgs- ogka gj
eka cki dks toku gksrh viuh csVh ds Hkfo"; ds izfr ges”kk Mj yxk jgrk Fkk- blhfy, ogka nfyr viuh
csfV;ksa dks cpkus ds fy, mlds nks pkj lky dh gksrs gh csVh dh 'kknh dj nsrs Fks- le; ds lkFk ;gh fjokt
cu x;k rkfd mUgsa xksyh cuus lsa cpk;k tk lds- ,slk Mj Fkk nfyrksa esa!!
,slk gh ,d vuks[kh jLe gekjs ;gka csVk gksus ij dh tkrh gS- csVk gksus ij ?kj ds vUnj ,d pkS[kV ds
lkFk LokfLrd vkSj pØ xkscj lsa cuk;k tkrk gS- LokfLrd dks ÞlkR;kÞ rFkk pØ dks ÞNkcM+hÞ dgk tkrk gS-
NkcM+h lkR;k yxkrs gh rqjar gh mudh iwtk dh tkrh gS rFkk rqjar gh mUgsa [kqjp dj mrkj fn;k tkrk gS rFkk
lkjh lkexzh dwa, esa Mky nh tkrh gS- geus cpiu lsa ,sls gksrs ns[kk Fkk- gesa dksbZ Hkh crkus okyk ugha feyk fd
;g fu”kku fdl pht ds gSa rFkk bUgsa xkscj lsa gh D;ksa yxk;k tkrk gS] ?kj ds vanj gh D;ksa yxk;k tkrk gS
rFkk fQj rqjar gh [kqjp dj D;ksa mrkjk tkrk gS- lHkh cqtqxksZa us vius cpiu lsa ,slk gksrs gq, ns[kk Fkk exj
bl fjokt ds ihNs dkj.k [kkstus dh fdlh us dksf”k”k ugha dh Fkh- jSnkl th us ;wa gh ugha dgk % vfo|k vfgr
dhu !!
;g izFkk ckj ckj gekjs foosd dks Nwrh Fkh- eu esa NViVkgV gksrh Fkh fd fdl lsa iwNsa dgka lsa irk
yxk,a fd ge ,slk D;ksa djrs gSa- rc dkWyst ds fnuksa esa geus ckck lkfgc dh iqLrdsa i<+ha- rc geus tkuk fd
lkR;k okLro esa Hkxou cq) ds Þpkj lR;Þ lR;Þ dk |ksrd gS rFkk ftl pØ dks ge NkcM+h dgrs gSa og okLro esa
mUgha dk Þ/keZpØÞ gS- ;g ogh /keZ pØ gS tks Hkkjr ds >.Ms dh 'kku c<+krk gS vkSj ftls ckck lkfgc us xka/kh
ds p[ksZ dh txg Hkkjr ds >.Ms esa LFkku fnyok;k Fkk-
gekjs ckdh iz”u vHkh Hkh fcuk tokc ds HkVd jgs Fks- rc geus ckck lkfgc dh iqLrdksa lsa gh tkuk fd
lekzV v”kksd ds dky esa ge lc vNwr ckS) /kehZ Fks- czkã.kksa dh rjg ge Hkh xksekal [kkrs Fks- ¼gekjh tkfr esa
ipkl lky igys rd xk; dks ekjuk cqjk ekuk tkrk Fkk exj cSy ;k lkaM dk ekal vke ekal dh rjg gh
[kk;k tkrk Fkk½ fQj czkã.kksa us lezkV v”kksd ds ikS= o`gnFkZ dh gR;k djds lÙkk gfFk;k yh- mUgksaus Hkkjr esa
ckS) fHk{kqvksa o ckS)ksa dk dRysvke fd;k- cq) dk uke ysuk Hkh vijk/k djkj ns fn;k x;k- vNwr yksx fNrjk
x,- ge yksx oDr ds lkFk cq) dks rks Hkwy x, exj ?kj esa iSnk gq, iq= dks Hkxoku cq) dh 'kj.k esa Hkstus
okys fjokt djrs jgs- ysfdu gesa D;ksafd czkã.kksa lsa Mj yxrk Fkk blfy, ge ;g nksuksa fu”kku ?kj ds vUnj
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cukrs Fks rFkk mudk dksbZ fu”kku u cps blfy, xkscj lsa cuk dj rqjra [kqjp dj dw,a esa Mky vkrs Fks- oDr ds
lkFk ;g fjokt cu x;k vkSj ge vkt Hkh ,slk gh djrs gSa-
czkã.kokn ds dCts okys jkT; esa jgrs gq, nfyrksa dks dksbZ u dksbZ ,slk xe ,slk Mj pkSchlksa ?k.Vs
Mjkrk jgrk gS- xq: jSnkl us blhfy, nfyrksa lsa vkgoku fd;k fd os viuk csxeiqjk clk,a tgka mUgsa dksbZ Hkh
Mjkus okyk Bkdj ;k czkã.k u gks-
dgk tkrk gS fd fcuk Mj ds rks dksbZ I;kj Hkh ugha djrk- fQj jSnkl th fcuk Mj ds iwjk jkT; dSls
pyk ldrs gSa- vr% csxeiqjk esa Mj [kkSQ gksuk rks fuf”pr gS] ysfdu ogka [kkSQ [kk,axs os yksx tks vijk/kh gSa-
tks HksM+ dh [kky ds vanj HksfM+;s gSa- lezkV o`gnFkZ dh gR;k ds ckn tc lsa nfyr jkT; lekIr gqvk gS ;su dsu
bUgha HksfM+;ksa dk jkt Hkkjr ij pyk vk jgk gS- /kkfeZd] lkekftd] jktuhfrd] vkfFkZd gj txg bUgksaus Hkkjrh;ksa
dk 'kks"k.k fd;k gS cfYd [kwu fi;k gS- vkyh”kku egyuqek vkJeksa esa jgus okys ;s HksfM+;s Lo;a dks lk/kq lU;klh
dgyokrs gSa-
csxeiqjk esa ,sls gh HksfM+;ksa dks [kkSQ gksxk- nfyrksa dh cgu csfV;ksa ij cqjh utj Mkyus okyksa dks ogka
[kkSQ+ gksxk- nsonkfl;ka cukus okyksa dks [kkSQ+ gksxk- ohj ,dyO; dk vaxwBk dkVus okys dks viuk gkFk dVus dk
[kkSQ+ gksxk- egkRek 'kEcwd dk dRy djus okys dks Qkalh dk [kkSQ+ gksxk- jSnkl ogka izlé jgsaxs-
[krk % [krk ;kfu Hkwy] /kks[kk] vijk/k- nfyrksa dk lclsa cM+h [krk ;gh gS fd os viuk bfrgkl Hkwy pqds
gSa ;k lgh “kCnksa esa dgsa rks mUgsas mudk bfrgkl Hkqyok fn;k x;k gS- nfyr viuh flU/kq lH;rk dks Hkqyk cSBs gSa]
vius ohjksa dks Hkqyk cSBs gSa] vius lUrksa dks Hkqyk cSBs gSa- ;g ckr 'kr izfr”kr lp gS fd tks dkSesa viuk bfrgkl
Hkqyk nsrh gSa Hkfo"; mUgsa Hkqyk nsrk gS- ;gh mudh [krk gS- blh [krk dh ltk os lfn;ksa lsa Hkqxr jgs gSa-
bfrgkl Hkqykus esa mudk nks"k ugha gS fQj Hkh os ltk ik jgs gSa-
xq: jSnkl pkgrs gSa fd muds csxeiqjk esa ,slh [krk u dh tk,a- nfyrksa lsa /kks[kk u fd;k tk,- nfyrksa
ds gR;kjksa dks nfyrksa dk Hkxoku u crk;k tk,- loZizFke rFkk loZxq.k lEié nfyr lezkV jko.k rFkk loZJs"B
nfyr lezkV v”kksd dks nfyr lnk ;kn j[ksa- 'kacj] fiizq] djat tSls ;ks)kvksa dks u Hkwysa- bUgsa Hkwyuk nfyrksa dh
[krk gS-
rjl % rjl dk vFkZ n;k djuk Hkh gksrk gS exj xq: jSnkl us vius in esa rjl dk iz;ksx bl edln
lsa fd;k gS fd csxeiqjk esa nfyrksa dh ,slh n;uh; gkyr ugha gksxh fd fdlh dks mu ij rjl [kkuk iM+s- vius
tekus esa nfyrksa dh gkyr mUgksaus ns[kh vkSj Hkksxh Fkh- blhfy, mUgksaus dgk Fkk % nkfjn ns[k dj gj dksbZ gals
,slh nlk gekjh!
nfyr nfjnz vkSj vglk; D;ksa gSa- nfyr blfy, nfjnz gSa D;ksafd czkã.kksa ds lHkh xzUFk ,d lqj esa
fpYykrs gSa fd budks nck dj j[kks- czkã.kksa ds lkjs Hkxoku mUgsa f”k{kk nsrs gSa fd nfyrksa dks ely nks- vxj
nfyr mB x;s rks czkã.kksa dk uk”k gks tk,xk- osn lsa ysdj ladjHkk"; rd rFkk czãk lsa ysdj xka/kh rd
nfyrksa dh gkyr n;uh; cukus esa gh yxs jgs gSa- czkã.k/keZ dh lclsa izkphu iqLrd _Xosn esa'kwnzksa dks iSjksa lsa
iSnk gqvk crk;k x;k Fkk vkSj ladj us vius Hkk"; rd esa nfyrksa ds fo#) tgj mxyk- czãk dks Åaps uhps o.kksZa
esa vkneh iSnk djus okyk crk;k x;k rks xka/kh us iwuk iSDV esa nfyrksa dk [kwu fi;k- bu nksuksa ds chp esa
vla[; czkãf.kd lUr] jktk] lekt lq/kkjd vkSj irk ugha D;k D;k iSnk gq, ysfdu lHkh us nfyrksa ds fo#)
vkx gh yxkbZ-
euq tSls fi”kkpksa us nfyrksa ij bl dnj tqYe fd, fd 'kSrku dh :g Hkh dkai mBs- urhtk ;g gqvk
fd jktLFkku xqtjkr ds xkaoksa esa tc VqPpk lk Bkdj xyh lsa fudyrk Fkk rks nfyrksa dks viuh pkjikbZ lsa mB
dj tehu ij cSBuk iM+rk Fkk- ekykckj ds ,fj;k esa nfyr vkSjrksa dks viuh Nkfr;ka fcuk <kads cktkj lsa
xqtjuk iM+rk Fkk- f”kok ds is”kokvksa ds jkT; esa nfyrksa dks vius iSjksa ds ihNs >kM+w cka/k dj pyuk iM+rk Fkk
rkfd muds iSjksa ds fu”kku feV tk,a vkSj fdlh czkã.k dk iSj muds dneksa ds fu”kku ij u iM+ tk,- vkt
nfyrksa dh gkyr bl dnj rjl [kkus ;ksX; gks xbZ gS fd cgqrsjs nfyr vius cki dk xks= Hkh vius uke ds
ihNs cny dj yxkrs gSa-
blfy, mudh n;uh; gkyr ns[k dj jSnkl th dks vktknh dk fcxqy ctkuk iM+k- muds gelgjh
lrxq# dchj us mudk iwjk lkFk fn;k- fuf”pr :i lsa nfyr muds lkFk yxs Fks exj czkã.k cgqr 'kkfrj gS
mUgksaus xq: jSnkl dh gR;k dj nh- mudh gR;k ds lkFk gh mudk vkanksyu lekIr dj fn;k x;k- vxj muds
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tekus esa nfyr vkt dh rjg psru gksrs rks --- rks vkt Hkkjr lsa tkfr Hksn] NwvkNkr dHkh dk u"V gks pqdk
gksrk- nfyrksa ds dkfry vkt Hkxoku ugha dgk jgs gksrs- dgkor gS fd fc[kjs gq, csjksa dks dqN ugha fcxM+k
gksrk- vr% tc Hkh nfyr bDdBk gksaxs jSnkl th dk liuk lp gks tk,xk- mudh gkyr rjl [kkus ;ksX; ugha
jgsxh-
toky % toky dk vFkZ gS iru ;k gkfu- O;kikj vFkok “kjhj esa gkfu ykHk pyrk gh jgrk gS- xq:
jSnkl dk “kjhj vFkok O;kikj esa gkfu dh fpark ugha Fkh- mUgsa fpUrk Fkh rks /keZ vkSj lekt esa gks jgs iru dh-
mUgksaus viuh ck.kh esa ckj ckj /keZ ds uke ij fd, tk jgs vukpkj ds fo#) vkokt mBkbZ- lkekftd iru ds
fo#) yksxksa dks tkx`r fd;k-
czkã.k/keZ dks ns[ksa rks mlesa uSfrdrk ds fy, dksbZ LFkku ugha gS- ml /keZ dk uSfrd :i esa bruk iru
gks pqdk gS fd viuh csVh lsa cykRdkj djus okys dks ogka Hkxoku dgk tkrk gS] l`f"VdrkZ dgk tkrk gS- viuh
ekeh dks m/kky ys tkus okys dks Hkxoku dgk tkrk gS- viuh iwjs fnuksa dh xHkZorh ifRu dks taxy esa fQdokus
okys dks Hkh Hkxoku dgk tkrk gS- os”;kvksa ds ihNs jky Vidkus okyksa dks ogka _f"k dgk tkrk gS- viuh ek¡ dks
rkM+u dks vf/kdkjh dgus okys dks ogka lUr dgk tkrk gS- ;g toky gS iru gS-
xq: jSnkl ,sls iru lsa jfgr csxeiqjk clkus dh ckr djrs gSa tgka /keZ ds uke ij vuSfrdrk vkSj
vukpkj u ijkslk tk,- os Je.k laLd`fr ds d.kZ/kkj Fks- Hkxou cq) us Je.k laLd`fr dh uhao j[kh Fkh- os nqfu;k
ds igys iq#"k Fks ftUgksaus uSfrdrk vkSj lnkpkj dks /keZ ekuk- /keZ ds uke ij fd, tk jgs deZdkaM vkSj
ik[k.M dk mUgksaus tcjnLr [k.Mu fd;k- urhtk ;g gqvk fd czkã.k/keZ dk Hkkjr lsa yxHkx uk”k gks x;k Fkk-
yksxksa us /keZ ds vlyh :i dks igpkuk- xq: jSnkl pkgrs gSa fd muds csxeiqjk esa Hkh yksx lnkpkj vkSj
uSfrdrk dks gh /keZ ekusa- czkãf.kd vukpkj dks frykatfy nsa-
izkphu dky lsa gh czkã.kksa us /keZ ds uke ij vukpkj QSyk j[kk gS- muds vuqlkj vkneh dqN Hkh dqdeZ
djs dqN Hkh iki djs] ek= rhFkZ ugkus vkSj czkã.kksa dks nku nsus lsa mlds lkjs iki mrj tkrs gSa rFkk og LoxZ
tkrk gS- ,slh ckrksa dh otg lsa lekt dks uSfrd iru gks x;k- dk”kh tSlh uxjh pksjksa Bxksa yqVsjksa dk x<+ cu
xbZ- vkt Hkh ogka ds i.Ms yksxksa dks blh fo”okl ij ywVrs gSa fd xaxk esa Luku djus lsa muds iki /kqy tkrs
gSa- czkã.kksa us iki /kqyus ds ,sls jkLrs crk j[ks gSa fd Lo;a iki Hkh dks Hkh vius vki ij 'keZ vk tk,-
- iki /kqykus dk ,d jkLrk gS v”oes/k ;K esa eq[; jkuh dk ?kksMs+ ds lkFk lekxe djkuk- czkã.k ,sls
dqdeZ dks /keZ dk dke vkSj iki Hkxkus okyk crkrs gSa-
- jkek;.k esa o.kZu gS fd v”oes/k ;K esa tc dkS’kY;k us rhu okj djds ?kksMs+ dks dkV fn;k rks
czkã.kksa us ?kksM+s dh pchZ fudky dj ;K dh yiVksa esa mls Hkwuk- pchZ Hkwuus lsa tks xa/k fudyh mls
lwa?kus lsa nljFk ds iki /kqy x,-
- Hkkxor esa vklku rjhdk gS fd dksbZ fdruk cM+k ikih gks vxj ejrs le; og ÞgÞ dg ns rks mlds
lkjs iki /kqy tkrs gSa- mldh ÞgÞ lqu dj czkã.kksa dk Hkxoku Lo;a vkrk gS vkSj mls vius lkFk
LoxZ ys tkrk gS-
- thrs th iki /kksus gksa rks d`".k jkLrk crkrk gS fd vxj dksbZ lkjh nqfu;k ds lkjs ikfi;ksa lsa Hkh
cM+k ikih gks cl mldh 'kj.k esa pyk tk, rks mlds lkjs iki ?kqy tkrs gSa- ¼xhrk 4-36½
lclsa vge ckr ;g gS fd dksbZ Hkh czkã.k xzUFk iki u djus dh lykg ugha nsrk-k- lcds lc dsoy iki
djds mldh ltk lsa cpus dk jkLrk crkrs gSa- ;g rks czkã.k/keZ esa iki djds mldh ltk lsa cpus ds jkLrs gSa-
czkã.k/keZ esa rks ,sls vusdksa dqdeZ gSa tks lekt esa egkiki ekus tkrs gSa exj ogka /keZ dgykrs gSa- mnkgj.kr %
1- L=h vius ;kjksa lsa lekxe djs rks mls iki ugha yxrk-
2- czkã.k ;K esa cfy ¼i”kq dkV dj½ nsdj nwf"kr ugha gksrk-
3- ey ew= R;kxus lsa ikuh nwf"kr ugha gksrk-
4- 'kwnzksa ij tqYe djus lsa dksbZ nwf"kr ugha gksrk-
ftl lekt ;k /keZ esa mijksDr dqdeZ djus lsa gh vkneh nwf"kr ugha gksxk rks lekt dk uSfrd iru
gksuk rks fuf”pr gh gS- tc ^g^ dgus lsa iki /kqy tk,axs] tc d`".k dh 'kj.k esa tkus lsa iki /kqy tk,axs] Hkquh
pchZ dh xa/k lsa iki /kqy tk,axs] fL=;ka jk/kk dh rjg xSjksa lsa jaxjfy;ka eukus lsa nwf"kr ugha gksxh rks ml lekt
126

esa rks toky D;k egktoky vk,xk- i.Mksa }kjk i”kqvksa dh cfy Hkh nsus ij lrxq# dchj us dgk Fkk % i.Ms
fuiq.k dlkbZ] lk/kks! i.Ms fuiq.k dlkbZ!! lHkh nfyr lUrksa us /keZ ds uke ij fd, tk jgs bu dqdeksZa dk
fojks/k fd;k- yksxksa dks bl iki iw.kZ vkpj.k ds fo#) ykecUn fd;k- blhfy, xq: jSnkl us csxeiqjk clkus dh
ckr dh rkfd ,sls /keZ ds uke ij ogka ik[k.M dqdeZ vkSj vukpkj u gks-
dk;e nk;e lnk ikr”kkghikr”kkgh % xq: jSnkl dk opu gS fd tc ,d ckj nfyr 'kklu vk x;k vFkkZr
mudh lÙkk dk;e gks xbZ rks fQj ;g lnk ds fy, cuh jgsxh!! ;g ,d lPps lUr ds opu gSa- ;gka xq:
jSnkl ckn”kkgh ugha pkgrs cfYd ikr”kkgh pkgrs gSa- os ckn”kkgh ;kfu ek= jktuhfrd lÙkk izkfIr dh ckr ugha
djrs cfYd ikr”kkgh ;kfu U;k; lPpkbZ lnkpkj ij vk/kkfjr lÙkk pkgrs gSa-
nfyr ckn”kkgksa dks NksM+ dj yxHkx gj ckn”kkg fujadq”k vkSj tkfye Fkk % czkã.k is”kok jktkvksa dh
rjg tks ,s;k”kh djus ds fy, turk lsa pkSFk olwyrs Fks rFkk vaxzstksa ds ryos pkV dj mulsa isa”ku ikrs Fks
rkfd turk vaxzstksa dh xqyke cuh jgs- ;k y{eh ckbZ vkSj mlds ifr tSls gksrs Fks tks lkjh mez vaxzstksa ds
ryos pkVrs jgs- tc rd y{eh dk ifr ftUnk jgk] Hkkjrh;ksa ds fo#) vaxzstksa dks lkFk nsrk jgk- tc og uiq=k
ej x;k rks y{eh us fdlh yM+ds dks xksn ys fy;k- y{eh us vaxzstksa ds ryos pkVs fd mlds ifr dh lsokvksa
dk /;ku djrs gq, os mls rFkk mlds nÙkd iq= dks ^jktk^ cuk jgus nsa rFkk mudh isa”ku pkyw j[ksa ysfdu
nfyr ohjkaxuk >ydkjh ckbZ dks ;g Lohdkj ugha Fkk fd fons fons”khkh mudh Hkwfe ij ikao j[ksa- mUgksaus yksxksa dks
bDdBk fd;k vkSj vaxzstksa ij /kkok cksy fn;k-fn;k- ?keklku ;q) gqvk- y{eh dks viuh cpkus dh fQØ gks xbZ- rc
ohjkaxuk >ydkjh ckbZ us y{eh dks lk/kkj lk/kkj.k
/kkj.k diM+ksa esa >kalh lsa ckgj fudkyk rFkk Lo;a mlds diM+s igus dj
viuh >kalh dh j{kk djrs gq, 'kghn gks xbZa-
xq: jSnkl tkurs Fks fd Hkkjr dk fuekZ.k dsoy vkSj dsoy nfyrksa us fd;k gS- flU/kq lH;rk lsa ysdj
vkt rd Hkkjr dh reke fcfYMaxsa] reke lM+dsa] reke dkj[kkus nfyrksa dh esgur dk Qy gSa- ;gka rd fd
ftu eafnjksa esa mUgsa ?kqlus ugha fn;k tkrk os Hkh nfyrksa us gh cuk;s gSa- vkt ds le; esa Hkh reke eksVj xkfM+;ka
muds [kwu ilhus dh cnkSyr gh cu ikbZ gSa- eafnj esa ?k.Vs ctkus lsa ;k ;K esa i”kq ekj dj [kkus lsa Hkkjr dk
fuekZ.k ugha gqvk gS- ekuuh; jkt”ks[kj us lgh dgk gS fd viuh esfjV dh Mhaxsa ekjus okys fdlh lo.kZ us vkt
rd Hkkjr esa ,d dkj rd rS;kj ugha dj ik;k gS-
xq: jSnkl nfyrksa ds gkSlys vkSj cgknqjh lsa Hkh ifjfpr Fks- os tkurs Fks fd lfn;ksa dh xqykeh vkSj
tqYe lg dj Hkh nfyr viuh laLd`fr ugha Hkwys gSa- nfyr tkurs gSa fd czkã.k oxZ us mudh ;g nqnZ”kk dh gS-
os lqcg mBrs gh vFkok dke ij tkrs oDr czkã.k dk ewag ns[kuk v”kqHk ekurs Fks- vc Hkh nfyr czkã.k dks
v”kqHk gh le>rs gSa- nfyrksa esa vf/kdrj deZdkaM fcuk czkã.k ds gh iwjs fd, tkrs gSa- blfy, xq: jSnkl dk
dguk gS fd ,sls n`<+ nfyrksa ds gkFk esa lÙkk vkdj fQj lsa ugha tk,xh-
,d ckr vkSj Hkh gSjku djus okyh gS fd tc rd Hkkjr ij nfyrksa dk jkt jgk muds ikl vrqyuh;
lksuk jgk- muds reke jkT; lksus ds Hk.Mkjksa lsa Hkjiwj jgs- flU/kq lH;rk vFkkZr egkjkt jko.k dh yadk dks
lksus dh uxjh dgk tkrk Fkk] gfj.;df”kiq dk vFkZ gS lksus ds ioZr okyk] ukx egkjkt r{kd ds ikl
vrqyuh; ghjs tokgjkr rFkk lksuk Fkk- uUn oa”k rFkk ekS;Z jkT; esa lksus dh eqgjsa pyrh Fkha- ysfdu tSls gh
czkã.k gR;kjs iq";fe= 'kqax us nfyr 'kklu dk vUr fd;k euq tSls fi”kkpksa us fu;e cuk fn, fd nfyr dsoy
yksgs ds xgus igusaxs rFkk feÍh ds crZuksa esa gh [kkuk [kk,axs- ¼euq v/;k; 10½
vr% xq: jSnkl us vkgoku d;k fd nfyr viuk [kks;k jkT; iqu% clk,a- tc mudk jkt vk,xk og u
dsoy /ku /kkU; lsa Le`) gksxk cfYd uSfrdrk vkSj lnkpkj ij Hkh vk/kkfjr gksxk rFkk vtj vej jkt gksxk-
;kfu nfyrksa dh ikr”
ikr”kkgh gksxh!!
nkse u lkse] lc ,d lks vkgh % lHkh nfyrksa dh rjg xq: jSnkl Hkh czkã.kksa dh xqykeh lsa nq[kh Fks-
fcuk nks"k ds nfyrksa dks nh tk jgh ltk lsa mudk eu cxkor ij mrk: gks tkrk Fkk- tc lsa nqfu;k cuh gS
rc lsa ysdj vkt rd czkã.kksa esa dksbZ _f"k dksbZ eqfu dksbZ egkRek dksbZ ladj dksbZ txnxq: dksbZ vorkj ,slk
iSnk gh ugha gqvk tks nfyr lUrksa & jSnkl] dchj dh cjkcjh rks NksMk+ s muds iklax esa Hkh vk lds- ysfdu
viuh tkfr ds dkj.k mUgsa xys lM+s ?kfV;k czkã.kksa lsa Hkh uhpk ekuk x;k-
czkã.k/keZ us vius tUe lsa gh yksxksa dks rhu oxksZa esa ckaV j[kk gS- igyk oxZ f}t dgykrk gS ftlesa os
tkfr;ka 'kkfey gSa ftudk miu;u laLdkj gksrk gS vFkkZr os tkfr;ka tks tusÅ igurh gSa- tSls czkã.k] {kf=;
127

vkSj oS”;- Hkkjr dh 8 lsa 10 izfr”kr vkcknh budh gS- muds ckn nwljk oxZ gS 'kwnzksa dk ftudk miu;u
laLdkj ugha gksrk ;kfu tks tusÅ /kkj.k ugha djrs- Hkkjr dh vk/kh vkcknh bUgha dh gS- rhljk oxZ vNwrksa dk gS
tks u dsoy tusÅ /kkj.k ugha djrs cfYd mUgsa ns[kuk vkSj Nwuk Hkh iki ekuk tkrk gS- Hkkjr dh 35 izfr’kr
vkcknh budh gS- vr% dqy feyk dj 8&10 izfr”kr yksx 'ks"k 90 izfr’kr yksxksa dks uhp crk dj mudk lfn;ksa
lsa 'kks"k.k djrs vk jgs gSa-
Hkkjr esa tkfr izFkk rFkk Åap uhp dk pØ czkã.kksa us pyk;k gS- blfy, mlus Lo;a dks lclsa Åij
j[kk gS- mulsa uhps {kf=; gSa ftudk dke ek= tkfr izFkk dks cuk, j[kuk rFkk czkã.kksa dh j{kk djuk gS- ;g
dksjh xIi gS fd {kf=;ksa dk dke jkt djuk gksrk Fkk D;ksafd vkt rd Hkkjr esa ,d Hkh jktk {kf=; ugha gqvkk--
{kf=;ksa dks rks czkã.k ij”k ij”kq
”kq us lfn;ksa igys gh dkV dj [kRe dj fn;k Fkk Fkk- fdLlksa dgkfu;ksa esa v;ks/;k ;k
gfLrukiqj tSls xkaoksa ds ljiapksa tSls jktkvksa dks lezkV crkus lsa os Hkkjr ds jktk ugha cu tkrs- bfrgkl esa
dksbZ jktk ,slk ugha gqvk ftlus Hkkjr ij 'kklu fd;k gks vkSj tks {kf=; gks- ftu fons”kh geykojksa us czkã.kksa
dh iqjksfgrkbZ Lohdkj dj yh czkã.kksa us mUgsa {kf=; ?kksf"kr dj fn;k- jktiwrksa ds ckjs esa bfrgkldkjksa us ;gh
er O;Dr fd;s gS-
,d vU; ckr Hkh xkSjryc gS fd vyc:uh ds le; ;kfu vc lsa yxHkx ,d gtkj lky igys oS”;
rFkk 'kwnzksa esa dksbZ fo”ks"k vUrj ugha gksrk Fkk- muesa jksVh csVh dk fj”rk Hkh gksrk Fkk- dsoy /kksch] ukbZ] pekj]
Mkse vkSj Hkaxh tkfr;ksa ds yksxksa dks uhpk le>k tkrk Fkk- 'kk;n ;g ifjikVh xq: jSnkl ds le; rd Hkh
pyrh vk jgh Fkh- blhfy, mUgksaus dsoy nwljs vkSj rhljs ntsZ dh gh ckr dh gS- xhrk Hkh oS”; vkSj 'kwnz nksuksa
dks ,d leku iki;ksfu crkrh gS- ¼9-32½
xq: jSnkl ds vkns”k ij gh ckck lkfgc us Hkkjrh; lafo/kku esa lHkh Hkkjrh;ksa dks ,d tSlk ntkZ fn;k-
mUgksaus Hkkjrh; lafo/kku esa fuEu izko/kku cuk,%
∗ /kkjk 14 % lHkh Hkkjrh; ,d cjkcj gSa- ljdkj lHkh dks ,d leku le>sxh rFkk dkuwu lcds fy,
cjkcj gksxk-
∗ /kkjk 15 % fdlh Hkh O;fDr lsa mlds fyax] /keZ] tkfr] uLy rFkk tUeLFkku ds vk/kkj ij HksnHkko ugha
fd;k tk,xk-
∗ /kkjk 16 % ljdkjh ukSdfj;ka nsus esa fdlh lsa tkfr] /keZ ds vk/kkj ij HksnHkko ugha fd;k tk,xk- nfyrksa
ds fy, in vyx lsa vkjf{kr fd, tk,axs-
∗ /kkjk 17 % NwvkNkr djuk vijk/k ?kksf"kr fd;k x;k-
∗ /kkjk 23 % csxkj izFkk vijk/k ?kksf"kr dh xbZ- fcuk esgurkuk fn, dke djkuk vijk/k djkj fn;k-
vk/kh lnh lsa vf/kd chr tkus ij Hkh rFkk brus dkuwu cuus ds ckotwn Hkh vkt rd Hkkjr lsa tkfr
dh Åap uhp rFkk NwvkNkr lekIr ugha gqbZ gS- dkj.k ,d gh gS- lafo/kku cuus lsa igys rFkk cuus ds ckn vkt
rd lÙkk czkã.k ds gkFk esa gh jgh gS- vr% vkt rd Hkkjr ds czkã.k iz/kku eU=h vkSj jk"Vªifr mu ladjkpk;ksZa
ds iSjksa esa viuk ekFkk jxM+rs jgs gSa tks dgrs gSa fd nfyr dHkh Hkh czkã.k ds cjkcj ugha gks ldrk- os ml /keZ
ds iz/kku gSa tks dgrk gS fd nfyrksa dks dqÙks lsa Hkh cnrj le>k tk,- vr% tc Hkh nfyrksa ij tqYe gq,] dksbZ
dk;ZokbZ ugha dh xbZ D;ksafd muds /keZ xzUFk ;gh vkns”k nsrs gSa fd nfyrksa dks dqpyk tkuk pkfg,- lafo/kku
cuk nsus ds ckn ckck lkfgc us dgk Fkk fd eSus tks eafnj cuk;k Fkk ml ij 'kSrkuksa us dCtk dj fy;k gS- tc
rd nfyr viuh lÙkk cuk dj NwvkNkr dh vkx yxkus okys ,sls /kwrZ ladjkpk;ksZa dks ltk ugha nsrs rc rd
mudk dY;k.k ugha gks ldrk- ldrk- rc rd muds lkFk ,sls gh tqYe gksrs jgsaxs- blh fy, xq: jSnkl us dgk Fkk%
vNwr jkt fcNM+s nq[k ik;k] ,slh n”kk gqbZ gekjh!!
blfy, xq: jSnkl ,slk csxeiqjk clkuk pkgrs gSa tgka nfyrksa dk 'kklu gks- tgka dksbZ Hkh nwljs rFkk
rhljs ntsZ dk u dgyok,- lcds lc vkneh dsoy ,d gh ntsZ ds fxus tk,a- dsoy xq.kksa ds vk/kkj ij fdlh
dks Hkyk ;k cqjk ekuk tk,- xq: jSnkl us bl chekjh dk ,d gh gy crk;k fd viuh fNuh gqbZ lÙkk fQj lsa
gkfly djks- viuk csxeiqjk clkvks tgka dksbZ Hkh vkneh ek= tkfr ds dkj.k nkse ;kfu nks;e vFkkZr nwljs ntsZ
dk vkSj u gh lkse ;kfu rhljs ntsZ dk dgyk,xk-
128

vkcknku lnk elgwj % dqN ys[kdksa us Þvkcknku jge vkStwnÞ “kCnksa dk iz;ksx fd;k gS- mUgksaus vFkZ
fd;k gS fd csxeiqjk esa thfodk ds lk/ku U;k;laxr gksaxs- jksth jksVh jge n;k ds lk/kuksa lsa dekbZ tk,xh-
ysfdu xq: xzUFk lkfgc esa Þvkcknku lnk elgwjÞ gh vk;k gS- lks geus bls gh izkekf.kd ekuk gS- xq: jSnkl
dk ekuuk gS fd tc nfyr jkt vk,xk rks og oSls gh izfl)h izkIr djsxk tSls flU/kq lH;rk vFkkZr egkjkt
jko.k dh yadk us nqfu;k Hkj esa izfl)h izkIr dh Fkha- csxeiqjk izkphu nfyr uxfj;ksa tSls ukyank r{kf”kyk
ikVfyiq= dh rjg iwjh nqfu;k Hkj esa elgwj gksxk-
czkãf.kd uxfj;ksa dh fLFkfr ,slh gS fd nf{k.k Hkkjr dh uxfj;ksa dks dksbZ mÙkj Hkkjr esa ugha tkurk
rFkk ;gka dh uxfj;ksa dks m/kj dksbZ ugha tkurk- czkã.k/kfeZ;ksa dh uxfj;ka gSa dk”kh] iz;kx] eFkqjk] iqjh vkfn-
mudh dksbZ Hkh uxjh fdlh vPNs dke ds fy, izfl) ugha gSa- dk”kh ;k cukjl dks Bxksa dh uxjh dgk tkrk gS
tgka ejus ij] czkã.kksa dk nkok gS fd vkneh LoxZ tkrk gS- vr% dk”kh uxjh ekSr ds O;kikj ds fy, izfl) gS-
czkã.k/keZ esa ejus ds ckn czkã.k dks nku nf{k.kk nsuh iM+rh gS- vr% ftrus T;knk yksx LoxZ tkus ds fy, ogka
vkdj ejsaxs czkã.kksa dk O;kikj mruk gh Qys Qwysxk-
iz;kx esa Hkh yksx vkRegR;k djus vkrs Fks D;ksafd czkãf.kd /keZ dh ekU;rk gS fd laxe esa Mwc dj tks
ejsxk lh/kk LoxZ tk,xk pkgs mlus fdrus Hkh iki dj j[ks gksa- vYykgckn vFkkZr iz;kx esa rhu ufn;ksa dk
laxe crkrs gSa % xaxk teuk vkSj ljLorh- czkã.k/keZ dh cM+h xIiksa esa lsa ,d xIi ;g Hkh gS fd ljLorh dHkh
vYykgckn lsa gksdj fudyrh Fkh rFkk ogka vkdj rhuksa feyrh Fkha- ljLorh dks lw[ks gq, v<kbZ gtkj lky gks
x, rFkk tc dHkh Hkh og cgh ek= iatkc esa cgh- mldk iz;kx esa vkuk fdlh Hkh <ax lsa lEHko gh ugha gS- iqjh
uaxh ewfrZ;ksa okys eafnjksa ds fy, izfl) gS- eFkqjk o`ankou d`".k dh ,s”kxkg ds fy, izfl) gS- dq#{ks= tqvkjh
ifjokjksa ds yM+us ejus ds fy, izfl) gS- vr% mudh lHkh uxfj;ka dq[;kr gSa-
xq: jSnkl dgrs gSa csxeiqjk dh uxfj;ka ,slh ugha gksaxh cfYd csxeiqjk oSls gh e’kgwj gksxk tSls nfyrksa
ds uxj viuh vku vkSj 'kku ds fy, izfl) Fks- flU/kq lH;rk tSlh ikuh vkSj lhojst dh O;oLFkk vkt ds
vehj ns”kksa vejhdk baxySaM esa Hkh ekStwn ugha gS- tc flU/kq lH;rk ds yksx ?kj ds vUnj cus 'kkSpky;ksa dk
iz;ksx djrs Fks ml le; czkã.k xaxk fdukjs isV lkQ djds Qrok nsrs Fks fd xaxk teuk vkfn ds ikuh esa ey
ew= djus lsa mudk ikuh xank ugha gksrk- blfy, vkt rd vusdksa uxjksa ds lhoj dk ikuh mudh xaxk vkSj
teuk esa fxjrk gS- tgka cukjl Bxh ds fy, ekuk tkrk gS egkjktk cfy dh uxjh bekunkjh ds fy, izfl)
Fkh- Hkkxor rd bl ckr ds xokg gSa fd mudh uxjh esa dksbZ ?kj ;k nqdku dks rkyk ugha yxkrk Fkk- vkSjr
vxj vk/kh jkr dks Hkh xguksa lsa lt dj ?kj lsa fudyrh Fkh rks mls vih bTtr ;k xguksa dks dksbZ Mj ugha
gksrk Fkk- czkãf.kd nsoksa lsa ;g lgu ugha gqvk vkSj mudh gR;k dj nh xbZ-
lkjukFk uxjh esa Hkxou cq) us ekuork dk lans”k fn;k- nq[kksa lsa NqVdkjk ikus dk jkLrk crk;k-
lnkpkj dks thou dk vk/kkj cukus dk vkgoku fd;k- ogha d`".k us dq#{ks= esa HkkbZ ds gkFkksa HkkbZ ekjus dk
lans”k fn;k- tgka ukyank vkSj r{kf”kyk esa cq) /keZ ds v/;;u ds fy, lHkh /keksZa tkfr;ksa uLyksa o {ks=ksa ds yksx
vk, ogha gfLrukiqj esa egkohj ,dyO; dks /kwrZ nzks.k us tkfr ds vk/kkj ij f”k{kk nsus lsa euk dj fn;k ysfdu
tc mUgksaus Lo;a rhj pykuk lh[kk rks mlh gjkeh nzks.k us mudk vaxwBk dkV fy;k-
vr% xq: jSnkl dk vkgoku gS fd nfyr fQj lsa csxeiqjk clk,a tgka ukyank] r{kf”kyk tSls
fo”ofo|ky; [kqysa rFkk yadk tSlh flU/kq vFkkZr nfyr lH;rk fQj lsa cus rFkk nqfu;k Hkj esa ftldk uke gks-
;g lPps lUr dk opu gS fd ftl fnu nfyr csxeiqjk cuk ysaxs og oSls gh e”kgwj gksxk tSls flU/kq lH;rk gS-
mldh Le`f) vkSj lnkpkj nqfu;k Hkj esa e”kgwj gksxh-
ogka x.k clSa ekewj % xq: jSnkl ds ;g “kCn jktuhfrd Kku dh pje lhek gSa- mUgksaus iwjs jktuhfrd
n”kZu dks xkxj esa lkxj ds vuq:i is”k dj fn;k gS- muds vuqlkj csxeiqjk esa nks phtsa gksaxha %
1- ogka x.k clsaxs-
2- ogka x.k ekewj lsa clsaxs-
x.k % x.k dk vFkZ gS dchys ;k NksVs jkT;- izkphu Hkkjr esa flU/kq lH;rk lsa ysdj ekS;Z dky rd Hkkjr
esa vusdksa x.kjkT; Fks- cq)dky esa fyPNoh] 'kkD;] eYy vkfn izfl) x.k Fks- mudk ,d fuf”pr {ks= esa jkT;
gksrk Fkk rFkk mudk jktk fuf”pr le; ds ckn turk }kjk pquk tkrk Fkk- cq) ds firk Hkh 'kkD; x.k ds
yksxksa }kjk jktk pqus x, Fks- tgka Hkh dksbZ isphnk elyk vkrk Fkk] os yksx ckdk;nk oksV }kjk mldk QSlyk
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djrs Fks- fl)kFkZ ds ?kj R;kx dk QSlyk Hkh ijks{k :i esa oksV ds vk/kkj ij gh gqvk Fkk- ;qok fl)kFkZ us vius
x.kjkT; lsa iM+kslh jkT; lsa ;q) u djus dh vihy dh Fkh- bl eqÌs ij oksV Mkys x,- mudh ckr ugha ekuh
xbZ rks mUgksaus lU;kl ysuk Lohdkj fd;k-
fo”
fo”o Hkj esa Hkkjr igyk ns”k gS tgka x.kjkT; cus o iuis rFkk nqfu;k esa Hkkjrh; igys yksx gSa ftUgksaus
yksdrU= O;oLFkk viukbZ- flU/kq lH;rk ds reke uxjksa esa dgha dgha Hkh jktk dk egy ugha feyk gS tks ;g n”kkZ n”kkZrk
gS fd ogka Hkh cq)dky dh rjg turk dk gh 'kklu ;kfu x.kjkT; Fkk Fkk-- cq)dky esa oS”kkyh] fefFkyk] dsliqr]
dfyax] ikok dfiyoLrq] dqlhuxj] vkfn vusdksa x.kra= Fks- buesa lsa vf/kdrj x.kra= mu yksxksa ds Fks ftUgsa
vktdy nfyr tkfr okys dgk tkrk gS- bl yksdrkaf=d rFkk x.kjkT;ksa dh O;oLFkk dks czkãf.kd O;oLFkk us
u"V dj fn;k- czkã.k xzUFkksa us x.kjkT;ksa dh ctk, pØorhZ jktk cuus dh lykg nh- cM+s jktkvksa lsa v”oes/k
;K djk dj NksVs x.kjkT;ksa dks u"V djok;k-
xq: jSnkl fQj lsa csxeiqjk esa x.kjkT; LFkkfir djus dk vkgoku djrs gSa tgka gj NksVk cM+k viuh
jk; ns ldrk gS- ogka jke tSls jktk ugha gksaxs tks viuh ifRu rd dks fcuk dlwj crk, taxy esa fQadok nsaxs
vkSj u gh mldh rjg Kku ckaVrs gq, lUrksa dk xyk dkVsaxs- ogka fl)kFkZ xkSre ds x.kjkT; dh rjg oksV rFkk
vkilh lykg e”kojs lsa QSlys fd, tk,axs-
,d ckr vkSj Hkh gS- egkRek jko.k dks pkgs fujadq”k “kkld dh rjg fpf=r fd;k tkrk gS exj lPpkbZ
;gh gS fd mUgksaus lhrk gj.k lsa ysdj guqeku dks ltk nsus rd ds lkjs QSlys vius eU=h ifj’kn dh jk; lsa
fd, Fks tcfd jke us lkjs QSlys vdsys djds y{e.k dks vkns”k fn, fd og mu ij vey djs- iwjh jkek;.k esa
dghs ftØ ugha gS fd jke us dHkh Hkh vius HkkbZ;ksa ;k efU=;ksa lsa jk; ysdj dksbZ dke fd;k gks- xq: jSnkl ,slk
jkejkT; ugha pkgrs Fks- cq) dh rjg mUgsa x.krU= “kklu iz.kkyh ilUn Fkh-
ekewj % ekewj ;kfu ekewy ftldk vFkZ gS ÞU;k; ij vk/kkfjrÞ- vkt lsa N% lkS lky igys tc jktk dk
“kCn gh dkuwu gksrk Fkk rFkk czkã.k jktk ds Hkh flj ij lokj gksrk Fkk] ml le; dkuwu vkSj U;k; dh ckr
djuk vius vki esa ,d foy{.k felky gS- dgkor gS fd ftlds u iSj fcokbZ] oks D;k tkus ihj ijkbZ! xq:
jSnkl us nfyrksa ds lkFk vR;kpkj gksrs gq, ns[kk Fkk rFkk Lo;a Hkqxrk Hkh Fkk- vr% mUgksaus U;k; vkSj dkuwu ds
'kklu dk vkgoku fd;k- vkt lsa N% lkS lky igys vxj fdlh czkã.k us Rule of Law vFkkZr dkuwu ds
'kklu dh ckr dj nh gksrh rks mls xka/kh dh rjg iwjh nqfu;k dk ckiw ?kksf"kr dj fn;k x;k gksrk-k- vxj dghaa
fdlh va vaxzst us ,slh ckr dg nh gksrh rks vaxzstksa us mls Qknj vkWQ ikWfyfVDl vFkkZr jktuhfr dk firk cuk
fn;k gksrk-k- ;g rks nfyrksa dh gh detksjh gS fd os gh vius fo}kuksa dks lgh bTtr ugha fnyok ik,- fldUnj
tgka Hkh x;k mlus ekj dkV djus vkSj [kwu cgkus ds flok; dqN ugha fd;k exj vaxzst bfrgkldkj mls
egku crkrs gSa- egkHkkjr esa lgh dgk x;k gS fd rkdroj vkSj fotsrk dh ckr detksj vkneh /keZ dh rjg
lR; eku ysrs gSa- blfy, vaxzstksa us fldUnj dks egku cuk fn;k- czkã.kksa esa dksbZ ,slk iSnk gks tkrk rks os Hkh
mls egku cuk nsrs-
dqN fo}kuksa us ÞekewjÞ dh txg ÞekcwnÞ “kCn dk iz;ksx fd;k gS ftldk vFkZ gS loZ lEié vkSj
izHkqrk”kkyh- vr% xq: jSnkl ds vuqlkj csxeiqjk [kq”kgky] kgky] vktkn vkSj 'kfDr”kkyh
'kfDr”kkyh ns”k gksxk-k mudk ns”k fdlh
fons”kh dkSe dk xqyke ugha gksxk] xjhc ugha jgsxk rFkk vius QSlys Lo;a djus okyk gksxk- ;s xq: jSnkl ds
'kq) jktuhfrd fopkj gSa- bUgsa fcuk dkj.k lsa dqN ys[kd Hkxoku dh HkfDr lsa tksM+rs gSa-
dkuwu dk 'kklu % (Rule Of Law ) dkuwu dk 'kklu dk vFkZ gS fd lcds fy, ,d tSlk dkuwu gksxk-
bldk vFkZ gS fd pksjh djus okys czkã.k vkSj pk.Mky dks ,d tSlh ltk feyuk- euqLe`fr esa czkã.k dks ltk
nsus dh eukgh dh xbZ gS ysfdu 'kwnz dks fcuk dkj.k lsa Hkh ekj fiVkbZ djus dk izko/kku fd;k x;k gS- rqylh
us rks viuh ek¡ cgu ¼ukjh½ vkSj 'kwnz dks ekjus ihVus dk Li"V vkns”k fn;k gS- xq: jSnkl us vius csxeiqjk esa
dkuwu ds 'kklu dh ckr dh gS- mUgksaus dgk fd muds csxeiqjk esa U;k; vkSj dkuwu ds 'kklu ij vk/kkfjr
jkT; O;oLFkk gksxh- os cksys %
jSnkl cke.k vkSj p.Mky esa ukfga vUrj tku!
nksuksa esa ,d gh jDr ekal gS nksuks ,d
,d leku!!
czkã.k D;ksafd dkuwu cukus okys Fks vr% mUgksaus Lo;a dks dkuwu lsa Åij j[kk- mUgksaus fu;e cuk;k fd
tSls vkx lc dqN [kkdj Hkh 'kq) cuh jgrh gS oSls gh czkã.k dqN Hkh [kkdj rFkk dqN Hkh vijk/k djds ifo=
cuk jgrk gS- vusdksa Le`fr;ksa us czkã.k dks Hkwnso ;kfu /kjrh dk ekfyd ?kksf"kr dj fn;k- vr% mls /kjrh ij
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fdlh }kjk Hkh ltk nsus lsa eukgh dh xbZ- czkã.k dks ekjuk lclsa cM+k iki djkj ns fn;k x;k- lks og fdrus
Hkh dRy dj ns mls Qkalh ij ugha yVdk;k tk ldrk Fkk- mlds fy, vf/kdre ltk ns”k fudkyk Fkk- xq:
jSnkl us u dsoy czkã.kksa dh lÙkk dks pqukSrh nh cfYd mUgsa ckdh vke vkneh dh rjg gh mlds xqukgksa dh
ltk nsus dh Hkh ckr dgh- mUgksaus lkQ dgk %
jSnkl czkã.k u iwft, tks gksoS xq.kghu!
iwtS pj.k p.Mky ds tks gksos xq.k izoh.k!!
vxj Hkkjr esa dkuwu dk 'kklu gksrk rks ohj ,dyO; dk vaxwBk dk dkVus okyk nzks.k tsy esa de lsa
de lkr lky rd pDdh ihlrk- mlds uke ij loZJs"B v/;kid dk iqjLdkj ugha cuk;k tkrk- d`".k yM+kbZ
mdlkus o yksxksa dks ejokus dk nks"kh ik;k tkrk vkSj /kkjk 302 ds v/khu ekSr ;k mezdSn dh ltk ikrk- jke
dks egkRek 'kEcwd ds dRy ds tqeZ esa Qkalh yVdk fn;k x;k gksrk- czãk dks viuh csVh lsa uktk;t lEca/k
cukus ij tsy Hkstk x;k gksrk- fo".kq dks o`ank lsa cykRdkj djus o gR;k djus ds nks"k esa Qkalh yVdk fn;k
x;k gksrk- bUgha ckrksa lsa lekt dks cpkus ds fy, xq: jSnkl us U;k; ij vk/kkfjr csxeiqjk clkus dh ckr dh
gS tgka dqdeZ djus okys nsork ugha dgs tk,axs cfYd 'kSrku dgs tk,axs rFkk vius dqdeksZa dh ltk Hkh ik,axs-
x.k clSa % izkphu dky esa Hkkjr esa vusdksa x.k Fks- vkt Hkh Hkkjr esa vusdksa jkT; gSa rFkk le; le; ij
LFkkud vko”;drkvksa ds vuqlkj vkSj vf/kd jkT; cuk, tk jgs gSa- xq: jSnkl us Hkh ;gh dgk gS fd muds
csxeiqjk esa vusdksa x.k gksaxs ijUrq csxeiqjk ,d gh jgsxk- xq: jSnkl ds blh vkns”k ij vey djrs gq, ckck
lkfgc us lafo/kku esa ,slh O;oLFkk dh gS fd Hkkjr ,d gh jgsxk exj mlesa vusdksa x.k ;kfu jkT; gksaxs-
,d vU; ckr Hkh /;ku nsus ;ksX; gS fd xq: jSnkl us dgk gS fd x.k ÞclsaxsÞ mUgksaus ;g ugha dgk fd
csxeiqjk esa x.k ÞjgsaxsÞ- jgus vkSj clus esa vUrj gS vkSj tehu vkleku dk vUrj gS- fdlh ?kj esa fdjk,nkj
ek= jgrk gS clrk ugha- clus dk vFkZ gS fd fdlh LFkku dks viuk cuk dj] viuk le> dj ogka iDds rkSj
ij jguk- ckcj ;gka vkdj jgk Fkk ysfdu eqfLye ;gka vkdj cl x;s Fks- mUgksaus u dsoy Hkkjr dks viuk;k
cfYd Hkkjrh;] laLd`fr] tqcku vkSj jhfr fjokt Hkh viuk,- mUgksaus u dsoy ;gka dh tqcku o jhfr fjokt
viuk, cfYd viuh tqcku vkSj jhfr fjokt Hkh Hkkjr dks fn,- Qkjlh vkSj fgUnh dk esy djds mnqZ tqcku
cukbZ- vaxzst ;gka jgrs Fks vkSj os rc rd jgs tc rd mUgsa ;gka jguk ykHkdkjh yxk- os Hkkjr esa dHkh ugha
cls- vkt ds fnu bjkd esa vejhdh lSfud jg jgs gSa] cl ugha jgs-
xq: jSnkl us vkgoku fd;k gS fd lHkh x.k Hkkjr ;kfu csxeiqjk esa clsa- mls viuk le>sa rFkk Lo;a dks
mldk le>sa- mUgksaus egkHkkjr dh rjg ;g f”k{kk ugh nh fd tks rxM+k jktk vk, mlh ds ryos pkVus yx
tkvks- mUgksaus dgk ;gka clks- tc vki cl jgs gks rks dksbZ ckgj dk vkdj vkids ?kj ij gdwer ugha dj
ldrk- fdlh vkneh dks dksbZ mlds ?kj lsa fudkys rks og ejus ekjus dks rS;kj gks tkrk gS D;ksafd og vius
?kj esa cl jgk gksrk gS- xq: jSnkl ,sls gh x.k clrs ns[kuk pkgrs gSa fd vxj dksbZ fons”kh geykoj vk, rks
egkHkkjr ds dgs vuqlkj mlds ryos u pkVs tk,a cfYd mls vius csxeiqjk lsa ckgj [knsM+k tk,! ;gh xq:
jSnkl vkSj muds gelgfj;ksa dk lans”k gS-
ogka lSj djks tgka th HkkoS] egje egy u dks; vVdkoS % xq: jSnkl pkgrs Fks fd ,slk csxeiqjk cls
ftlds jgus okys dgha Hkh fcuk jksd Vksd ds ?kwe fQj ldrs gksa- muds Åij dgha Hkh vkus tkus dh dksbZ ikcanh
u gks- blfy, xq: jSnkl us nfyrksa lsa vkgoku fd;k fd os viuk csxeiqjk clk,a tgka os tSlk th pkgs ogha
?kwe fQj ldsa- mUgsa dksbZ dkuwu] dksbZ njksxk] dksbZ Bkdj] dksbZ czkã.k jksdus dh fgEer ugha djs- os fdlh Hkh
?kkV] dwa,] /keZ”kkyk] cktkj vkfn esa fcuk tkfr ca/ku ds ?kwe ldsa-
ckck lkfgc us mUgha dk vkns”k ekurs gq, Hkkjrh; lafo/kku dh /kkjk 19 esa lHkh ukxfjdksa dks ;g ekSfyd
vf/kdkj fn;k fd os Hkkjr esa dgha Hkh vk tk ldrs gSa- ysfdu tSlk fd ckck lkfgc us dgk lafo/kku :ih eafnj
cukrs gh ml ij 'kSrkuksa dk dCtk gks x;k gS- vr% vkt Hkh lafo/kku dh ctk, mu 'kSrkuksa }kjk cukbZ xbZ
Le`fr;ksa ds dkuwu Hkkjr esa ykxw gSa tks ;g dgrs gSa fd 'kwnzksa dks dwa, rd er vkus nks] ?kkV ij er vkus nks]
cktkj esa lsa ckjkr vkSj tqywl er fudkyus nks- mUgsa nslh ?kh] feBkb;ka er [kkus nks- blfy, lafo/kku esa
lekurk dk vf/kdkj feyus rFkk ?kweus fQjus dh vktknh gksus ds ckotwn nfyrksa ij vkt Hkh ikcafn;ka cjdjkj
gSa- vusd LFkkuksa ij os vkt Hkh vius nwYgs dks ?kksMs+ ij cSBk dj ugha ?kwe ldrs- vusdksa ,sls ?kkV] eafnj vkSj
131

cfLr;ka gSa tgka os tk ugha ldrs- vxj os tk,a rks muds lkFk ekj ihV dh tkrh gS- mUgsa tku lsa ekj nsus ds
;Ru Hkh fd, tkrs gSa-
ckck lkfgc us D;ksafd lafo/kku }kjk Hkkjrh;ksa dks dgha Hkh vkus tkus dh vktknh nh gS blfy, vke
Hkkjrh; dks bl vf/kdkj ds egRo dk vf/kd vkHkkl ugha gksrk- nqfu;k esa vkt Hkh ,sls vusdksa ns”k gSa tgka ds
ukxfjd vius gh ns”k ds ,d 'kgj lsa nwljs 'kgj ugha tk ldrs- blds fy, mUgsa ljdkj lsa ckdk;nk ijfeV
ysuk iM+rk gS- vaxzstksa ds le; iwohZ jkT;ksa esa Hkh tkus lsa igys ijfeV ysuk iM+rk Fkk- ;g fu;e vc rd ykxw
Fkk- ysfdu vkt lsa N% lkS lky igys xq: jSnkl us ,slk ns”k cukus dk vkgoku fd;k fd tgka fdlh dks dgha
Hkh tkus dh ikcanh u gks- ;g okdbZZ muds jktuhfrd n”kZu ds ifjiDo gksus dk lwpd gS-
vc eksfg [kwc oru xfg ikbZ ogka [kSj lnk esjs HkkbZ % xq: jSnkl vkSj xq: dchj us czkãf.kd
xzUFkksa dk xgjkbZ lsa v/;;u fd;k Fkk- blfy, mUgsa irk Fkk fd flU/kq lH;rk nfyrksa dk izkphu csxeiqjk gS- os
;g Hkh tkurs gSa fd gekjs izkphu csxeiqjk dks bu czkãf.kd vk;ksZa us u"V fd;k gS- os dgrs gSa fd vc mUgsa
vius vlyh oru dh xgjkbZ lsa le> vk xbZ gS fd izkphu dky esa nfyrksa dk ns”k dSlk Fkk- mUgsa vc ;g Hkh
le> vk xbZ gS fd mUgksaus Hkfo’; esa dSlk ns”k cukuk gS- izkphu Hkkjr ds reke vlqj] ukx] nzfoM+] j{kd vkfn
x.kksa ds xkSjoe;h jkT; nfyrksa ds iwoZtksa ds jkT; gSa- czkã.k D;ksafd vdsyh ,slh tkr gS tks i<+ fy[k ldrh
Fkh- vr% mUgksaus euekus <ax lsa bu lc x.kksa ds bfrgkl esa xM+cM+ dh gS- mnkgj.kr %
vlqj % vlqj dk vFkZ gS “kjkc u ihus okys yksx- os yksx oSls gh Fks tSls vktdy iatkc gfj;k.kk esa
Þjk/kkLokehÞ rFkk ÞlPpk lkSnkÞ iaFk ds yksx gksrs gSa tks “kjkc vkSj ehV ds gkFk rd ugha yxkrs- vk;ksZa dh lclsa
izkphu iqLrd _Xosn lsa ysdj lR;kFkZ izdk”k rd esa lkse ds xq.k xk, x, gSa- lkse ,d izdkj dh “kjkc ;k
u”khyk is; gksrk Fkk ftls vk;Z ;K ds nkSjku Nd dj ihrs Fks-
vk;Z L=h iq#’k vkx tyk dj mlds pkjksa vksj cSB dj lkse uked “kjkc ihrs Fks] lkFk esa mlh vkx esa
i”kqvksa dk ek¡l Hkwu dj [kkrs Fks- ;g fcYdqy ,slk gh gS tSls vkt dy yksx Bsds ds lkFk cus vgkrs esa cSB dj
“kjkc ihrs gSa rFkk ogha rUnwj esa Hkwus gq, eqxsZ [kkrs gSa- vk;Z ,sls gh [kk ihdj u”ks esa eneLr gksdj ogha [kqys esa
lcds lkeus jfr fØ;k djrs Fks- jktokM+s ds vuqlkj bu rhuksa fØ;kvksa dks bDdBs :i esa ;K dgk tkrk Fkk- Fkk
;K vly esa lkewfgd :i esa cPps iSnk djus dk vk;kstu gksrk Fkk-
vk;ksZa dk ekuuk Fkk fd lkse ihus lsa enkZuxh c<+rh gS] “kjhj esa oh;Z curk gS rFkk eSFkqu dh “kfDr
c<+rh gS- lkse ds u”ks esa /kqr gksdj os yksx ogha ;K osnh ds ikl] lc fj”rs Hkqyk dj O;fHkpkj djrs Fks- _Xosn
esa ,sls gh firk }kjk viuh iq=h lsa fd, x, O;fHkpkj dks Þ”kksHku dk;ZÞ dgk x;k gS ftls ns[k dj czkãf.kd
nsork [kq”k gq, Fks- bl O;fHkpkj lsa :nz iSnk gqvk Fkk-
vlqj os yksx Fks tks lqjk ugha ihrs Fks- os vk;ksZa }kjk fd, tkus okys ,sls vukpkj dk fojks/k djrs Fks-
vr% vlqj jktkvksa vkSj vk;Z nsoksa esa yM+kb;ka gksrh jgrh Fkha- _Xosn ,slh yM+kbZ;ksa ds fdLlksa lsas Hkjk iM+k gS-
Hkxou cq) us tc viuk /keZ pyk;k rks mUgksaus Hkh “kjkc dks lclsa ?kkrd u”kk crk;k- vr% “kjkc u ihus okyk
vke Hkkjrh;]
Hkkjrh;] ftls czkãf.kd xzUFk vlqj dgrs Fks] cq) /keZ esa “kkfey gq,- czkãf.kd xz xzUFk
UFkksa esa ftØ gS fd fujatu
UF
;kfu Hkxou cq) us vlqjksa dh lsuk cuk dj czkãf.kd nsoksa lsa la?k’kZ ?k’kZ fd;k
fd;k-
Hkxou cq) lsa ysdj vkt rd lHkh Jef.kd lUrksa us “kjkc u ihus dh ulhgr nh tcfd czkã.k xzUFk
vkt Hkh lkse dh Lrqfr lsa Hkjs iM+s gSa- vkt Hkh muds dkyh eafnjksa esa “kjkc ehV dj p<+kok p<+rk gS- vr% “kjkc
lsa ijgst djus okys lUr okLro esa vlqj laLd`fr ds okfjl gSa-
j{kd % ckck lkfgc ds vuqlkj vk;Z fdlh tkfr dk uke ugha gS cfYd ;g ,d laLd`fr dks ekuus okys
ykxksa dk uke gS tks Þ[kkvks] ihvks vkSj ,s”k djksÞ dh laLd`fr esa fo”okl j[krs Fks- czkã.k _f’k vkSj nso blds
d.kZ/kkj Fks- ,sls vke czkã.k Hkh Fks tks bl vukpkj lsa nq[kh Fks- muds /keZxzUFkksa esa vusdksa ckj ,sls izlax vk, gS
tgka ,sls vukpkjh nsoksa vkSj czkã.k _f’k;ksa ds fo#) vke yksxksa us vkokt mBkbZ- muesa cgl Hkh gqbZ ysfdu
var esa nsoksa ds vkxs mudh gkj gks xbZ- bl rjg vukpkjh nsoksa vkSj czkã.k _f’k;ksa us [kqy dj ;Kksa esa “kckc
vkSj dckc dk iz;ksx fd;k-
,sls le; esa egkjkt jko.k us vke yksxksa dks jkgr nh tc mUgksaus ,sls vukpkjh nsoksa vkSj czkã.k
_f’k;ksa dh ukd esa udsy Mkyh- mulsa igys fufe tSls dbZ jktk czkã.kksa dk fojks/k djus ij ekjs tk pqds Fks-
tc egkjkt jko.k us xÌh laHkkyh rks mUgksaus lclsa igyk dke ;gh fd;k fd mUgksaus iwjs Hkkjro’kZ esa bl izdkj
132

ds vukpkjiw.kZ ;Kksa ij ikcanh yxk nh- ,sls ;Kksa dks mUgksaus ÞfNnz okys ;KÞ ;kfu vuSfrd ;K dk uke fn;k-
vkpk;Z prqjlsu ds vuqlkj egkjkt jko.k vkLVªsfy;k lsa ysdj Hkkjr] vQxkfuLrku lsa ysdj tkiku rd ds
,fj;k ds egkjktk Fks- czkã.k/keZ dh [kkvks ihvks vkSj ,s”k djks dh uhfr dh txg mUgksaus j{k laLd`fr dh
LFkkiuk dh- dh- j{k laLd`fr dk ukjk Fkk Þo;e j{kkeÞ vFkkZr ge j{kk djsaxs- j{k laLd`fr dks dks viukus okyksa dks
Þj{kdÞ dgk tkrk Fkk- Fkk- os fujhg i”kq if{k;ksa rFkk detksj yksxksa dh ;K esa dkVs tkus lsa j{kk djrs Fks- czkã.k
xUFkksa esa bUgha j{kdksa dks jk{kl crk;k x;k gS-
yadkorkj lqr ds vuqlkj egkjkt jko.k us Hkxou cq) lsa /keZ vkSj lnkpkj ij yEck okrkZyki fd;k
Fkk- mUgksaus czkã.k/keZ R;kx dj cq) /keZ viuk;k Fkk- egkjkt jko.k lPps ckS) Fks- vr% os gj izdkj ds vuSfrd
dk;ksZa ds fo#) Fks- /keZ ds uke ij yksxksa lsa /kks[kk djus okyksa dks os c[“krs ugha Fks- cq) /keZ esa ikiiw.kZ fgalk
dk mÙkj fgalk lk lsa nsuk iki ugha ekuk tkrk-tkrk- blfy, muds j{kd mu _f’k;ksa dks mlh ;K dh vkx esa >ksad
nsrs Fks ftl vkx esa os i”kq Hkwu dj lkse ds lkFk [kkrs Fks- nljFk us jke dks iSnk djus ds fy, tks ;K fd;k
Fkk mlesa 300 lsa vf/kd i”kq dkV dj ;K dh vkx esa Hkwu dj [kk, [kk, x, Fks- nljFk us fo”ks’k izcU/k fd, Fks fd
Þj{kdksaÞ dks bl ckr dh [kcj u yxs oukZ os fNnz okys ;K u’V djus vk tkrs-
egkRek jko.k us Þ;KÞ;KÞ dk flLVe lekIr djds gou djus dk fu;e cuk;k- cuk;k- vkt tks ge ?kjksa esa gou
djrs gSa ;g lc egkRek jko.k dh gh nsu gS- mudh yadk gh flU/kq lH;rk gS ftldh l`tuk nfyrksa us dh Fkh-
flU/kq lH;rk ds uxjksa dh [kqnkbZ esa gtkjksa eqgjsa feyh gSa ftuesa i”kqvksa ds fp= gSa- fdlh Hkh eqgj esa i”kq cfy
dk fp= ugha gS- bl izdkj nfyrksa dk flU/kq lH;rk ;kfu egkRek jko.k lsa lh/kk lEca/k gS- xq: jSnkl fQj lsa
flU/kq lH;rk clkuk pkgrs Fks-
nL;q % tc xq: jSnkl us dgk % ujir ,d flagklu lks;k lius Hk;k fHk[kkjh] vNwr jkt fcNM+s nq[k
ik;k] lksbZ n”kk gqbZ gekjh!! rks mudk lh/kk lh/kk ladsr bl ckr dh vksj Fkk fd dHkh nfyr iwoZtksa us flU/kq
lH;rk clkbZ Fkh ftlds Hkouksa] [ksrksa [kfygkuksa ds os ekfyd Fks- flU/kq lH;rk esa feyh eqgjksa dks i<+us okys
fo}kuksa ds vuqlkj eqgjksa ij tgka ÞnL;qÞ “kCn fy[kk x;k gS mldk mldk vFkZ gS tehu dk ekfyd! ;g lgh Hkh gS-
flU/kq lH;rk ds yksx ;kfu nfyr ogka dh tehu vkSj [ksrksa ds ekfyd gksrs Fks- vk;Z vkokjk ?kwers Fks- tSls ?kj
esa ?kqlus okys vkokjk dqÙks dks nqRdkj dj Hkxk fn;k tkrk gS oSls gh flU/kq oklh mu vk;ksZa dks [knsM+ nsrs Fks tks
mudh tehu esa ?kql vkrs Fks- tSls dkejsMksa ds fy, iwathifr dk vFkZ gS [kw [kwu pwlus okyk dkj[kkus dk ekfyd]
oSls gh vk;ksZa ds fy, nL;q dk vFkZ Fkk nqRdkj dj Hkxkus okyk tehu dk ekfyd- ekfyd- nqRdkjus okyk dHkh fdlh dks
vPNk yxrk gh ugha gS- vr% nL;q dk vFkZ cqjk vkneh cu x;k- x;k-
flU/kq lH;rk D;ksafd nfyr lH;rk gS blfy, nL;q “kCn vk;ksZa us lh/ks rkSj ij nfyrksa ds fy, iz;ksx
fd;k gS tks mUgsa nqRdkj dj Hkxk nsrs Fks- tc xq: jSnkl viuk oru clkus dh ckr djrs gSa rks os fQj lsa
flU/kq lH;rk clkus dh ckr djrs gSa ftlesa tehu ds ekfyd nfyr Fks ftUgsa vk;Z ys[kd nL;q dgrs gSa- tSls
xaokj dk okLrfod vFkZ gS xkao dk jgus okyk ysfdu vktdy bldk iz;ksx csodwQ ds fy, fd;k tkrk gS- oSls
gh nL;q dk okLrfod vFkZ tehu dk ekfyd gS tks viuh tehu xSjksa lsa cpkus ds fy, mUgasa [knsM+ nsrk gS-
flU/kq lH;rk ds nL;qvksa ;kfu nfyrksa dk vk;ksZa dks [knsM+uk dke;kc ugha gqvk- rc lsa ysdj vkt rd vk;Z
laLd`fr ds yksx nfyrksa dh tehu ij dCtk fd, cSBs gSa- xq: jSnkl viuh ck.kh esa nfyrksa lsa ;gh vkgoku
djrs gSa fd os viuk oru fQj lsa clk;sa-
ukx % ukx dqy Hkkjr dk izkphure “kkld [kkunku gS- ukx tkfr ds yksx vR;kf/kd LokfHkekuh ;kS)k
gksrs Fks- Hkkjr dk bfrgkl mUgha ds jkt lsa “kq: gksrk gS rFkk mUgha ds jkt ds lkFk lekIr gks tkrk gS- v[k.M
Hkkjr ds izFke “kkld ukx oa”kh Fks- v”kksd lezkV Hkh ukxoa”kh Fks- czkã.k xzUFkksa esa mUgsa “kwnz crk;k x;k gS- cq)
/keZ viukus okys
okys izFke yksxksa esa lsa ukx oa”kh Hkh Fks- blhfy, ukxoa”kh yksxksa dks J)k lqeu vfiZr djus ds fy,
ckck lkfgc us mu ds uke ij clk, x, “kgj ukxiqj dks /keZ ifjorZu ds fy, pquk-k-
czkã.koknh ys[kd bfrgkl dks fcxkM+us esa viuh /kwrrZ k fn[kkrs vk, gSa- vr% mUgksaus ukx dk vFkZ lkai
cuk fn;k- ,d ekuo tkfr dks liZ cuk fn;k- d`’.k vkSj vtqZu us fey dj [kk.Mo ou esa jgus okys ukx tkfr
ds gtkjksa L=h iq#’k vkSj cPps tyk dj ekj Mkys ysfdu dgkuh cuk nh fd mu gR;kjksa us liZ ekjs!!
ukxoa”kh cq) /keZ dks ekuus okys Fks- blfy, mu yksxksa dks /keZ ds uke ij fd, tk jgs vukpkj lsa
uQjr Fkh- egkjkt jko.k dh rjg mUgksaus Hkh fgald vkSj v”yhy ;K cUn djok fn, Fks- vxj dkSfVY; dh
133

dgkuh lR; eku ysa rks ukxoa”kh lezkV uUn us gh mls nqRdkj dj vius njckj lsa fudkyk Fkk- dFkk ds vuqlkj
mlus ukxoa”k dks lekIr djus dh dle [kkbZ exj mls iwjs Hkkjr esa ,d Hkh {kf=; ugha feyk tks ukxksa ds
fo#) mldk lkFk ns ldrk- varr% ml czkã.k dkSfVY; dks ukxoa”k ds gh oa”kt pUnzxqIr ds ryos pkVus iM+s
fd og mldk lkFk ns- mlus ukxoa”k ds ,d ifjokj ds jkT; dks rks vUr dj fn;k ysfdu lÙkk fQj Hkh
nfyrksa ds gkFk gh jgh- xq: jSnkl tc Þdk;e nk;e lnk ikr”kkghÞ ikr”kkghÞ dh ckr djrs gSa rks ,slh gh vuojr
nfyr lÙkk dh dkeuk djrs gSa-
vc eksgs [kwc oru xg ikbZ % oru vFkkZr ckS) Hkkjr % xq: jSnkl dk dguk gS fd vc mUgsa vius oru
dh iwjh igpku gks xbZ gS- mudh ck.kh bl ckr dh lk{kh gS fd os ckS)e; Hkkjr dks gh viuk oru vFkkZr
viuk csxeiqjk ekurs Fks- vkfn dky ;kfu flU/kq lH;rk lsa ysdj ekS;Z dky rd dk le; Hkkjr dk Lo.kZ dky
Fkk tc Hkkjr esa cq) /keZ dh /otk Qgjkrh Fkh- xq: jSnkl bls gh csxeiqjk dgrs gSa- xq: jSnkl mUgksaus viuh
ck.kh esa cq) /keZ ds lHkh vkn”kksZa dks viukus dk vkgoku fd;k gS- fuokZ.k dks ije in crk;k gS- mUgksaus fujatu
ds :i esa Hkxou cq) dh Lrqfr dh gS- mUgksaus viuh ck.kh esa ;g ckr iwjh rjg ekuh gS fd mudk csxeiqjk
iqjkus le; esa ;kfu flU/kq lH;rk lsa ysdj ekS;Z dky rd]rd lUrksa lsa ifjiw.kZ Fkk- os cksys %
ge cM+ dfc]
dfc] dqyhu] hu] ge iafMr ge tksxh lU;klh!
Kkuh]
Kkuh] xq.kh]
kh] lwj] ge nkrs] ;g cqf) dHkh u uklh!!
;g ,d lPpkbZ gS fd vkt rd ftrus Hkh lUr gq, gSa os lc ds lc nfyr tkfr;ksa lsa gq, gSa- muds
gelgjh xq: dchj Li’V ?kks’k.kk djrs gSa fd vkt rd ,d Hkh Hkh lUr czkã.k tkfr lsa ugha gqvk rFkk vkt rd
czkã.k/keZ esa ,d Hkh lUr iSnk ugha gqvk-k- lUr ijEijk “kq: gqbZ Hkxou cq) lsa ftUgksaus nqfu;k esa lclsa igys
,syku fd;k fd /keZ dk vFkZ deZdkaM ugha gS cfYd O;fDr dk lnkpkj gS- vr% tc xq: jSnkl lUrksa dh ckr
djrs gSa rks os lh/ks lh/ks Hkxou cq) vkSj mudh Je.k ijEijk dk ftØ djrs gSa tks flU/kq dky lsa ysdj vc
rd cgrh pyh vk jgh gS- xq: jSnkl mlh flU/kq dkyhu ÞfcNM+s gq, vNwr jktÞ dks fQj lsa clkus dk vkgoku
djrs gSa-
flU/kq lH;rk ckS) /kehZ lH;rk Fkh D;ksafd %
1- vk;ksZa dh izkphure iqLrd _Xosn esa bl ckr dk ftØ ckj ckj vk;k gS fd muds jktk bUnz us
flU/kq okfl;ksa dks ekjk rFkk muds uxj u’V dj fn, D;ksafd os vk;ksZa ds /keZ] jhfr fjoktks fjoktksa vkSj
deZdkaMksa dks ugha ekurs Fks- os vk;ksZa lsa fHké /keZ ;kfu cq) /keZ dks ekuus okys Fks-
2- lHkh fo}ku ;g ekurs gSa fd vk;ksZa us flU/kq lH;rk u’V dh gS- vxj flU/kqoklh vk;Z laLd`fr ;k
vk;Z /keZ dks ekuus okys gksrs rks bUnz dks muds uxj u’V djus dh vko”;drk ugha Fkh rFkk
mls ogka ds fuokfl;ksa dks Hkh ekjus dh vko”;drk ugha Fkh Fkh-- tSls czkã.k ladj us ckS)ksa dk
dRysvke fd;k oSls gh bUnz us flU/kqoklh ckS)ksa dk dRy fd;k Fkk- Fkk-
3- flU/kq lH;rk dh fyfi dks i<+k x;k gS- ogka feyh vusd eqgjksa ij ÞHkxoku us ekj dks Hkxk;kÞ
fy[kk gS- cq) cuus ds fy, fl)kFkZ us vafre pj.k esa Þekj dks Hkxk;kÞ Fkk- Fkk- mUgksaus ekj vFkkZr
dke okluk ij fot; izkIr dh Fkh- Fkh- fcuk ekj dks Hkxk, dksbZ Hkh O;fDr cq) ugha cu ldrk ldrk--
flU/kq lH;rk esa cq) rFkk /keZ pØ dh eqgjsa feyuk feyuk ;g fl) djrh gSa fd ogka ds fuoklh ckS)
/kehZ Fks-

¼/keZ pØ rFkk pkj lR; n”kkZrh eqgjsa½


¼eqgjsa ftu ij fy[kk gS ¼taxy esa tkuojksa ds lkFk cksf/klRo½
^Hkxoku us ekj dks nck;k*½
nck;k*½
134

¼gM+Iik esa feyh cq) /keZ ds ÞlkR;k


R;kÞ ;kfu ÞlR;Þ ds fu”kku okyh eqgj½

/keZ pØ rFkk mlds vklikl cus pkj ifÍ;ksa ds fu”kku Hkxou cq) ds pkj egku lR;ksa rFkk muds
}kjk pyk, x, /keZ ifjorZu ds pØ dks n”kkZrs gSa- bu eqgjksa ij ftu tkuojksa ds fp= gSa os ogh gSa tks
v”kksd LrEHk ds pkj “ksjksa okyh ewfrZ ds uhps cus gq, gSa-
lclsa egRoiw.kZ ckr ;g gS fd ml eqgj ij fy[kk gS ÞHkxoku us ekj dks
Hkxk;kÞ-
Hkxk;kÞ- ;g fdlh dks crkus dh t:jr ugha fd fdl ÞHkxokuÞ us ÞekjÞ dks Hkxk dj cq)Ro izkIr
fd;k Fkk-
Fkk- ;g Hkh fdlh dks crkus dh vko”;drk ugha fd ;g pØ Hkxou cq) }kjk pyk;s x, Þ/keZpØ
izorZuÞ dk gh fu”kku gS-
flU/kq lH;rk ds uxjksa ds [k.Mgjksa lsa tks eqgjsa feyh gSa muesa ÞlR;Þ ftls jktLFkkuh xqtjkrh Hkk’kk esa
lkR;kÞ Hkh dgk tkrk gS] dh eqgjsa Hkh feyh gSa- jktLFkku ds vf/kdrj ?kjksa esa fo”ks’kdj nfyr
ÞlkR;kÞ
ifjokjksa esa vkt Hkh iq= iSnk gksus ij lkR;k yxkuk rFkk /keZ pØ cukuk vfuok;Z gS-
gM+Iik esa feyh eqgj tks ;g n”kkZrh gSa fd ftlds flj ij /keZ pØ dk
lk;k gks] eqlhcrsa mldk dqN ugha fcxkM+ ldrha- bl eqgj esa ,d L=h
/keZ pØ ds lk;s esa nks “ksjksa lsa ,d lkFk tw> jgh gS- uhps gkFkh dk fp=
gS- Hkxou cq) ds tUe ds lkFk ÞgkFkhÞ gkFkhÞ dk fj”rk lHkh tkurs gSa- vr%
;d eqgj ;g n”kkZrh gS fd cq) vkSj muds /keZpØ dh N=Nk;k esa jgus
lsa gj eqlhcr lsa la?k’kZ djus dh “kfDr vk tkrh gS-

,sls gh gM+Iik ds ,d ?kj ds [k.Mgjksa esa njokts ij yxkus okyh ,d iÍh feyh gS ftlesa /keZ
pØ ds fu”kku cus gq, gSa-
fcuk flj ds ikbZ xbZ ;g
ewfrZ D;k Hkxou cq) dh
ugha gS\ dkSu fgUnw nso ;k
Hkxoku gS tks ,slk phoj
/kkj.k djrk gS\ dkSu
czkãf.kd Hkxoku bl
/;ku eqnzk esa cSBrk gS\
vxj ;g czkãf.kd nso ;k
Hkxoku gS rks bldk flj
flU/kq lH;rk ds uxj esa
fdlus vkSj D;ks
D;kas rksM+k\
135

;g Hkxou cq) dh lkcqr ;kfu iwjh ewfrZ gS tks


vktdy vke vke ikbZ ;k cukbZ tkrh gS- flU/kq lH;rk esa
ikbZ xbZ VwVh gqbZ ewfrZ rFkk vktdy ikbZ tkus okyh
ewfrZ;ksa dh cukoV esa vk/kkjHkwr lekurk,a gSa- nksuksa
izdkj dh ewfrZ;ksa dh cukoV rFkk oL=ksa esa xgjh
lekurk,a gS-a nksuksa izdkj dh ewfrZ;ksa esa cq) ÞphojÞ
/kkj.k fd, gq, gSa rFkk Þ/;kuÞ yxk, gq, gS- ;g
loZkf/kd egRoiw.kZ ckr gS fd fdlh Hkh vU;
/keZ fo”ks’kdj czkã.k/keZ dk dksbZ Hkh Hkxoku
ÞphojÞ
ÞphojÞ /kkj.k ugha djrk gS- tSu egkohj dh Hkh
/;kujr
/;kujr ewfrZ;ka feyrh gSa exj os ges”kk fcuk phoj
;kfu uaxs cnu ik;s tkrs gSa- vr% flU/kq lH;rk ds
[k.Mgjksa esa ikbZ xbZ mijksDr ewfrZ Hkxoku cq) dh gh
gS- bl ckr lsa flU/kq okfl;ksa dk ckS) gksuk Lor%
fl)
fl) gS tks gR;kjs iq’;fe= ds f”kdkj cus-

;g eksgutksnM+ks dk [k.Mgj gS- blds


chp okyh lclsa Å¡ph bekjr ,dne
ckS) Lrwi tSlh fn[krh gS- rFkkdfFkr
bfrgkldkj viuh /kwrZrk ;k ukle>h ds
dkj.k bls ,slk ugha dg ik,- ik,- Lrwi dk
“kkfCnd vFkZ gS % e`r O;fDr dh vfLFk;ksa
ij cuk Å¡pk HkouÞHkouÞ- eksgutksnM+ksks dk
LFkkfud flU/kh Hkk’kk esa vFkZ Hkh ;gh gS %
e`r dk Vhyk-
Vhyk- fuf”pr :i lsa ;g ckS)
Lrwi gS] lkaph ds Lrwi dh rjg yadk
uxjh esa Hkxou cq) dh vfLFk;ksa ij
cuk;k
cuk;k x;k Lrwi gS ;g-;g-

4- gM+Iik vkSj eksgutksnM+ks ds uxjksa dh cukoV fcYdqy oSlh gh gS tSlh jkek;.k esa yadk dh
crkbZ xbZ gS- jkek;.k ds lqUnj dkaM esa yadk uxjh dk o.kZu i<+ dj ,sls yxrk gS tSls Hkxoku
okfYedh us gM+Iik vkSj eksgutksnM+ks uxjks
uxjksa dk gh o.kZu fd;k gS- yadk ds lezkV egkjkt jko.k
Fks- yadkorkj lqr ds vuqlkj egkjktk jko.k ckS) Fks- vkpk;Z prqjlsu ds vuqlkj mUgksaus vk;Z
laLd`fr ds fojks/k esa Þj{k laLd`frÞ dh LFkkiuk dh Fkh-Fkh- Hkxou cq) dh f”k{kkvksa ds vuq:i
mUgksaus fgald ;K cUn djds
djds gou dh izFkk pykbZ Fkh-
Fkh- blhfy, jke uked vk;Z us mudh gR;k
dj nh-
nh- egkRek jko.k dk ckS) gksuk ;g fl) djrk gS fd flU/kq lH;rk ds yksx cq) /keZ dks
ekuus okys Fks-
5- xq: jSnkl rFkk vU; nfyr lUr rFkk fo}ku Hkh ckj ckj ;gh nksgjkrs gSa fd nfyr tkfr;ksa esa
lsa vkfn dky lsa ysdj vc rd vusd yksx lUr] lU;klh gq, gSa rFkk dksbZ Hkh nfyr lUr
czkã.kokn dks ekuus okyk ugha gqvk-k- lHkh ds lHkh Je.k /keZ dks ekuus okys Fks- ;g lUr
ijEijk vkfn dky ;kfu flU/kq lH;rk dky lsa vuojr pyh vk jgh gS- tc xq: jSnkl dgrs
136

gSa Þge cM+ dfc] dqyhuÞ rFkk ÞvNwr jkt fcNM+s nq[k ik;kÞ rks os lh/ks Li’V :i esa flU/kq
lH;rk lsa ysdj ekS;Z dky rd ds nfyr jkt dh ckr djrs gSa tks nfyrksa lsa Nhu fy, x;s x;s gS-a
6- lHkh fo}kuksa us ;g ekuk gS fd flU/kq lH;rk ds uxjksa esa fdlh jktk dk “kklu ugha Fkk cfY cfYd
d
ogka x.krU= Fkk-Fkk- x.krU= dk vFkZ gS ,slh “kklu O;oLFkk tgka jktk turk }kjk pquk tkrk Fkk
rFkk gj egRoiw.kZ dke ds fy, turk dh jk; tkuh tkrh Fkh rFkk mlh vuqlkj dke fd;k
tkrk Fkk-
Fkk- ;gh x.k O;oLFkk ge cq) dky esa ikrs gSa tgka uxj iapk;r gh “kklu O;oLFkk ns[krh
Fkh-
Fkh- ;g cgqr vge ckr gS fd flQZ nfyrksa ¼,l lh rFkk ch lh½ tkfr;ksa esa gh iapk;rsa gksrh gSa-
;g iapk;rsa tkfr cfg’dkj djus lsa ysdj “kkjhjd n.M nsus rd dk dk;Z djrh gSa- nfyrksa esa
;g iapk;r dk flLVe ,d fnu esa ugha cuk gS cfYd gtkjksa lkyksa lsa fl flU/kq
U/kq dky lsa gh pyk
vk jgk gS- nfyrksa esa iapk;r izFkk dk gksuk ;g fl) djrk gS fd os flU/kq lH;rk ds okfjl gSa
rFkk os vkt rd viuh laLd`fr dks ugha Hkwys gSa-
7- ckck lkfgc ds vuqlkj vNwriu dk ,d dkj.k mudk ckS) gksuk Hkh gS- vr% nfyrksa esa flU/kq
dky dh rjg rjg iapk;r O;oLFkk gksuk rFkk mudk izkphu dky esa ckS) gksuk ;g fl) djrk gS
fd nfyrksa dh clkbZ flU/kq lH;rk Hkh ckS) /kehZ Fkh- Fkh-
8- lHkh fo}kuksa us ;g ekuk gS fd flU/kq lH;rk vk;Z yksxksa vFkkZr czczkã.k/kfeZ;ksa dh lH;rk ugha gS
rFkk flU/kq lH;rk ds cukus okys yksx “kwnz vkSj O;kikjh Fks- lHkh fo}kuksa us ;g ekuk gS fd
x.krU= “kklu O;oLFkk vk;ksZa esa ugha gksrh Fkh- Fkh- muds jkT;ksa esa jktk Hkxoku gksrk FkkFkk rFkk
czkã.k Hkxoku lsa Hkh c<+dj gksrk Fkk- Fkk- Hkxou cq) ds tUe LFkku rFkk vklikl ds lHkh “kgjksa esa
x.krU= O;oLFkk
O;oLFkk Fkh-
Fkh- vr% flU/kq lH;rk ds yksx Je.k /keZ rFkk Je.k laLd`fr dks ekuus okys
Fks-
9- flU/kq lH;rk ds vafre dky dh eqgjksa esa ihiy ds isM+ ds fp= ik;s x, gSa- ;gka ?;ku nsus
;ksX; ckr ;g gS fd fdlh Hkh czkã.k xzUFk esa ihiy dh efgek dk o.kZu ugha gS u gh ihiy ds
isM+ dks iwtus dh ckr dgh xbZ gS tcfd ckS)ksa ds fy, ihiy lclsa ifo= isM+ gS D;ksafd blh
isM+ ds uhps mUgsa Kku feyk Fkk- Fkk- vkt Hkkjr esa djksMk+ sa yksx ihiy dh iwtk djrs gSa- bldk
lh/kk lk vFkZ gS fd os yksx dHkh ckS) gksrs Fks-
10-
10- flU/kq lH;rk esa iRFkj iRFkj dh fy[kh gqbZ eqgjsa feyh gSa- loZ izfl) ckS) lezkV v”kksd us Hkh iRFkj
ij ckS) f”k{kk,a fy[kokbZa- bu ckrksa esa lekurk ;g n”kkZrh gS fd lezkV v”kksd dks ;g dyk
fojklr esa feyh Fkh- Fkh- vk;Z/kfeZ
kfeZ;ksa ds xzUFkksa dk ,d Hkh okD; iRFkj ij fy[kk ugha feyk gS- vr%
iRFkj ij fy[kus dh laLd`fr ckS)ksa dh gS vk;ksZa dh ugha-
11-
11- flU/kq lH;rk ds ?kjksa ds Q”kZ xkscj] j] fpduh feÍh rFkk dkyh feÍh ds ?kksy lsa cuk, tkrs Fks
rFkk mlh lsa yhis iksrs tkrs Fks- ;g ijEijk vkt Hkh nfyr lekt esa ekStwn gS- ;gka rd fd tks
yksx iDds ?kjks
?kjksa esa iDdh Q”kksZa okys ?kjksa esa jg jgs gSa os Hkh mRlo ds le; “kxqu ds rkSj ij
bl izdkj lsa fyikbZ iqrkbZ vo”; djrs gSa-
12-
12- flU/kq lH;rk ds yksx vius e`r yksxksa dh vfLFk;ka cgqr vknj iwoZd ?kj esa j[krs Fks- vktdy
vfLFk;ka rks ?kj esa ugha j[kha tkrhatkrha exj ,d vk”p;Ztud ckr vo”; ikbZ tkrh gS fd tc
n”kgjs okys fnu egkRek jko.k dk iqryk tyk;k tkrk gS rks mudh ÞvfLFk;kaÞ yksx vius ?kjksa
esa ys tkdj j[krs gSa rkfd os cqjkbZ lsa cps jgsa!! bu nksuksa ijEijkvksa dk dksbZ u dksbZ lEca/k
vo”; gS-
dqN /kwrZ yksx bu eqgjksa ij cus fp= dks f”ko dk fp= crku crkus dh /kwrZrk
rk djrs gSa rFkk dqN vUtku ;k
csvDy yksx mudh ckr dks lp eku eku dj izpkj djus esa yx tkrs gSa fd bu eqgjksa ij f”ko dk fp=
cuk gqvk gS- bu eqgjksa ij f”ko dk fp= gksuk “kr izfr”kr >wB gS D;ksafd %
1- eqgjksa ds
ds Åij fy[kk gS fd Hkxoku us ekj vFkkZr dke okluk dks nck;k- nck;k- ÞdkeÞ czkã.k/keZ ds
pkj eq[; LrEHkksa esa lsa ,d gS- muds czãk lsa ysdj ladjkpk;Z rd lHkh yksx dke okluk esa
fyIr jgs gSa- czãk us okluk esa vU/ks gksdj viuh csVh iksfr;ka ugha c[“kha rks ladj us fcuk cPps
iSnk fd, dke dk vkuUn ysus ds xqj crk,- crk,- vr% ftl eqgj ij dke dks nckus dh ckr dh xbZ
137

gks og czkã.k/keZ ds fdlh Hkh Hkxoku dh gks gh ugha ldrh- ldrh- vxj mudk viuk gh Hkxoku
dke okluk dks nck nsxk rc rks muds /keZ dk ,d pj.k gh nc tk,xk vkSj mudk /keZ yaxM+ xM+k
gks tk,xk-
tk,xk- okluk dks nckus dk Þv/keZÞ rks muds fdlh Hkxoku us ugha fd;k- fd;k-
2- lHkh czkã.k xUFk ,sls fdLlksa lsa Hkjs iM+s gSa fd f”ko ges”kk gh ikoZrh ds lkFk dke jr jgrk Fkk Fkk--
okluk esa fyIr jgus ds dkj.k
dkj.k gh mls fyax cuuk iM+k Fkk- Fkk- mlds }kjk dkenso dks tykus
tykus dk
fdLlk oSlk gh gS tSls xka/kh dk ej.kozr djuk- djuk- xka/kh us lSadM+ksa ckj ej.kozr fd, gksaxs exj
ejk ,d ckj Hkh ugha- oSls gh f”ko us dkenso dks ÞtykÞ fn;k exj mldh dke okluk dHkh
ugha ejh-
ejh- og lnk gh dke okluk esa fyIr jgk- jgk- vr% Þekj dks HkxkusÞ okyh rFkk /;ku lk/kuk
okyh dksbZ Hkh eqgj mldh ugha gS- os lc dh lc cq) dh gSa-
3- dke dks okLro esa Hkxou cq) us gh gjk;k Fkk- Fkk- dke vFkkZr ekj dks gjk dj gh os cksf/klRo lsa
cq) cus Fks- vr% ftu eqgjksa ij ÞHkxoku us ekj dks Hkxk;kÞ fy[kk gS] og flQZ vkSj flQZ
Hkxou cqcq) ds fy, fy[kk x;k gS- bl eqgj dks fdlh Hkh czkã.koknh Hkxoku lsa tksM+uk /kwrZrk
gS- tks O;fDr dke okluk esa bruk fyIr jgk gks fd og vkt Hkh fyax ds :i esa mlds HkDrksa
}kjk iwtk tk jgk gks rks mlds fp= ds lkFk rks ,slk fy[kk tk gh ugha ldrk fd mlus ekj
;kfu dke dks Hkxk;k-
Hkxk;k-
4- lclsa vge ckr ;g gS fd tc flU/kq lH;rk iuih f”ko dk dgha vrk irk Hkh ugha Fkk- Fkk- mldh
mldh
dYiuk cq) lsa cgqr ckn esa dh xbZ- ckS) tkrd dFkkvksa rd esa f”ko dk ftØ ugha gS- ;g
dFkk,a cq) lsa lSadM+ksa lkyksa ckn fy[kh xbZa- rhu osn Hkxou cq) ds le; cuk, x, Fks- pkSFkk
vFkoZ osn muds ckn esa cuk;k x;k- x;k- pkjksa osnksa esa f”ko dk uke Hkh ugha gS- vr% flU/kq lH;rk ds
le; f”ko dk gksuk gh vlEHko gS-
5- “ksj dk ckS) /keZ lsa xgjk lEca/k gS- cq) ds lk/kuk dky ds fp=ksa esa “ksj dks muds vklikl cSBs
;k ?kwers fn[kk;k x;k gS- v”kksd lezkV us mUgha dk vuqlj.k djrs gq, ckS) /keZ ds izrhd ds
:i esa pkj “ksjksa okyh ewfrZ cuokbZ tks vkt Hkkjr ljdkj dk jk’Vªh; fpUg gS- blds foijhr
f”ko “ksj dks ekj dj mldh [kky ij cSBk feyrk gS- flU/kq uxjksa esa “ksj dh vusdksa eqgjsa feyh
gSa- dgha ij Hkh mldk f”kdkj djrs gq, ugha fn[kk;k x;k ggSS-
mnkgj.kr% bl eqgj esa ,d “ksj Hkxou cq) ds /keZ pØ ds lkFk gS- “ksj dk /keZ
pØ ds lkFk gksuk ;g n”kkZrk gS fd og ml /keZ pØ dh j{kk dj jgk gS-
ml “ksj ds euksHkko
Hkko lsa yx jgk gS fd og /keZ pØ dks vkxs c<+k jgk gS-
vr% nksuksa gh fLFkfr;ksa esa “ksj cq) /keZ ds i{k esa dk;Z jr gS-

6- cSy f”ko dk [kkl&


[kkl&e&[kkl gS ysfdu flU/kq lH;rk esa cSy dks ekjrs gq, dh eqgjsa feyh gSa-
bl eqgj esa lclsa [kkl ckr ;g fd blds ,d Nksj ij ogh ogh
Þ;ks
Þ;ksxhÞ cSBk gS rFkk nwljs Nksj mldh utjksa ds lkeus gh ,d
cSy dks ekjk tk jgk gS- vr% ;g dSls lEHko gS fd f”ko ds
lkeus gh mlds [kkle[kkl dks ekj fn;k tk,- tk,- vr% ;g
;ksxh f”ko gks gh ugha ldrk-
ldrk- vc Hkh dksbZ bls f”ko crkus
dh /kwrZrk djs rks ,sls yksxksa ij ykur
ykur gS !!
7- f”ko ds fdLls ds vuqlkj ,d ckj tc og dqN lkyksa ckn vius ?kj vk;k rks ikoZrh tfur
x.ks”k us mls vUnj ugha ?kqlus fn;k-
fn;k- gSjkuh dh ckr ;g gS fd nksuksa Hkxoku crk, tkrs gSa ysfdu f”ko
dks ;g irk ugha Fkk fd x.ks”k mldk csVk yxrk gS rFkk x.ks”k dks ;g irk ugha Fkk fd mldh ek¡ dk
ifr gksus ds dkj.k og mldk firk yxrk gS- [kSj cM+s Hkxoku dks xqLlk vk x;k vkSj mlus ckyd
x.ks”k dk flj dkV fn;k-
fn;k- geus cgqr fdLls i<+s gSa ysfdu nqfu;k ds fdlh /keZ esa ,slk ÞHkxokuÞ ugha
feyk tks eklweksa dk flj gh dkV nsrk gks- flU/kq lH;rk ds lqlH;
lH; vkSj lqlaLdk;Z yksxksa ij ,slk ykaNu
ugha yxk;k tk ldrk fd os yksx ,sls gR;kjs dks Hkxoku ekurs Fks-
138

flU/kq lH;rk dk ÞvUrÞ


vUrÞ % ,d “kSrkfu;r Hkjk >wB
egkHkkjr esa f”k{kk nh xbZ gS fd tc vkids jktk lsa T;knk rkdroj jktk vkids ns”k ij geyk djs rks
ml geykoj jktk dk Lokxr fd;k tkuk pkfg, rkfd og thrus ds ckn vkidks nq[kh u djs D;ksafd dgk
tkrk gS fd nw/k nsus okyh xk; dks dksbZ rax ugha djrk- tc vaxzstksa us Hkkjr ij viuk dCtk dj fy;k rks
egkHkkjr dh f”k{kkvksa ds vuq:i czkã.k/kehZ muds ryos pkVus esa yx x,- lekt esa dsoy czkã.k gh i<+s fy[ks
gks ldrs Fks- vr% vzxzstksa dks i<+s fy[ks oQknkj nkl fey x,- flU/kq lH;rk dh [kkst ,d vaxzst egksn; ek”kZy
us dh- mudk okLrk dsoy i<+s fy[ks czkã.kksa lsa iM+k Fkk ftudh lH;rk vkSj laLd`fr flU/kq lH;rk ;kfu nfyr
ckS) lH;rk lsa fcYdqy fHké Fkh- vr% tc feLVj ek”kZy us eksgutksnM+ks dh [kqnkbZ dh rks mUgsa yxk fd ;g
bl lH;rk dks cukus okys lkjs yksx ekjs tk pqds gSa rFkk bl lH;rk dks ekuus okyk dksbZ ckdh ugha cpk gS-
muds i<+s fy[ks nklksa ¼czkã.k bfrgkldkjksa½ us nw/k nsus okyh xk; dh uhfr ds vuq:i] vius ekfyd dh ckr
dk leFkZu fd;k- vr% lHkh vzxzst o fons”kh fo}ku ;g eku cSBs fd ;g lH;rk u’V gks xbZ] bls cukus okys]
bls ekuus okys lHkh u’V gks x,- bfrgkl ds lkFk ;g “kSrkfu;r Hkjk >wB cksyk x;k- x;k
D;ksafd
fd ;g lH;rk u’V ugha gqbZ gS- bldks cukus okys vkt Hkh Hkkjr Hkj esa QSys iM+s gSa- jktLFkku vkSj
mlds lkFk yxrs bykdksa ds yksx vHkh rd ugha Hkwys gksxs fd vc lsa 20&30 lky igys rd jktLFkkuh vkSjrsa
ekVh ds fcYdqy oSls gh f[kykSus cuk dj cspus vkrh Fkha tSls flU/kq lH;rk ds uxjksa ds [k.Mgjksa esa feyrs gSa-
vkt Hkh jktLFkku ds nfyr ifjokjksa esa ekVh ds oSls gh crZu feyrs gSa ftuesa os vkVk xwaFkrs gSa] lCth cukrs gSa
rFkk ikuh Hkjrs gSa tSls flU/kq lH;rk esa ik;s tkrs Fks- vxj bu crZuksa dks flU/kq lH;rk ds crZuksa ds lkFk j[k
fn;k tk, rks dksbZ Hkh mUgsa vyx ugha dj ik,xk- vkt Hkh xqtjkr jktLFkku esa vusdksa xkao o nfyr cfLr;ka
,slh fey tk,axh tks ns[kus esa ,dne flU/kq lH;rk ds uxj yxrs gSa-
lclsa vge ckr vkt Hkh vusdksa nfyr tkfr;ksa esa mRloksa ds le; Þnso ek.MusÞ dh fØ;k dh tkrh gS-
nhokj ij ÞnsoÞ cuk, tkrs gSa- og vkd`fr yxHkx oSlh gh gksrh gS tSls flU/kq lH;rk ds uxj gksa- ;g vkd`fr
bl izdkj lsa cukbZ tkrh gS % ,d ijdksVk cuk;k tkrk gS] mlesa ,d njoktk cuk;k tkrk gS] }kj ij nksuksa
vksj ,d ,d }kjiky cuk;k tkrk gS- ijdksVs ds vUnj ik¡p nso] ,d daw`vk] pkjikbZ] d<+kbZ] ykSVk] Fkkyh] eNyh
vkfn cuk, tkrs gSa- ,slk gh flU/kq lH;rk ds uxjksa esa feyk gS-
lh/kk lk loky gS fd vxj bu nfyr tkfr;ksa dk flU/kq lH;rk lsa lEca/k ugha gS rks buds nso ek.Mus
esa ml lH;rk dh >yd D;ksa fn[kkbZ iM+rh gS- D;k ;g vk”p;Z dh ckr ugha gS fd Þnso ek.MusÞ esa ik¡p nso
cuk, tkrs gSa] iapk;r esa ik¡p i¡p gksrs gSa ftUgsa ik¡p ijes”oj Hkh dgk tkrk gS vkSj dsoy nfyr tkfr;ksa esa gh
iapk;rsa gksrh gSa!! bldk lh/kk lk vFkZ ;g gqvk fd nfyr tks nso ek.Mus dh jLe djrs gSa mlesa vly esa os
vius izkphu bfrgkl dks ;kn djrs gSa- muds uxjksa esa dksbZ jktk ugha gksrk Fkk cfYd ik¡p i¡p ;kfu iapk;rsa gh
uxj dk “kklu pykrh Fkha- nso ek.Mus esa ;gh ik¡p nso cuk, tkrs gSa- ;g Hkh /;ku nsus ;ksX; ckr gS fd
czkã.kksa rFk vU; rFkkdfFkr Åaph tkrksa esa tkfrxr iapk;rsa ugha gksrha- dsoy nfyrksa dh gh iapk;rsa gksrh gSa tks
izkphu
phu dky ds uxj iapk;rks k;rksa dh rjg tqekZuk yxkus o “kkjhfjd n.M nsus dk dke Hkh djrh gSa-
bfrgkl ds lkFk ,d HkÌk etkd ?kfV;k fdLe ds bfrgkldkjksa us fd;k gS- mUgksaus ;g izpkfjr dj
fn;k gS fd vk;Z ÞtkfrÞ ds yksx ckgj lsa vk, vkSj vc lsa 3500&4000 lky igys mUgksaus flU/kq lH;rk dks
u’V dj fn;k- Hkkjr ds bfrgkl dh ;g ekewyh ?kVuk ugha gS fd iwjk ,d lkezkT; lekIr dj fn;k x;k rFkk
mldh txg u;k lkezkT; LFkkfir dj fn;k x;k exj dgha vrk irk gh ugha gS fd ftudk lkezkT; u’V gqvk
os yksx dkSu Fks- ,slk eku fy;k x;k fd bl lH;rk ds ekuus okys lc ds lc ekjs x,] dksbZ Hkh ugha cpk!!
D;k ;g gSjkuh dh ckr ugha gS fd fdlh Hkh iqjk.k esa ;gka ds yksxksa rFkk ;gka ds jktkvksa dks ekjus dk
rFkk uxjksa dks u’V djus dk o.kZu ugha gS- lclsa [kkl ckr gS fd bfrgkl esa bruh cM+h nq?kZVuk ?kfVr gks xbZ
vkSj ckS) lkfgR; rd esa bldk ftØ Hkh ugha gS- cq) opuksa esa czkã.k&{kf=; la?k’kZ dh >yd rks feyrh gS
exj flU/kq lH;rk ds u’V gksus dh dksbZ ftØ Hkh ugha feyrk gS- ;g ckr eu dks >>dksj nsrh gS fd iwjk Hkkjr
u’V dj fn;k x;k vkSj cq) dks bldk irk Hkh ugha Fkk- Fkk- ;k fQj cq) dks irk gksus ds ckotwn os bl =klnh
ij pqIi jgs! ;g ckr vfo”ouh; yxrh gS!!
bl ckr dk lh/kk lk vFkZ gS fd bu ?kfV;k bfrgkldkjksa us bfrgkl ds lkFk gh /kks[kk fd;k gS- okLro
esa flU/kq lH;rk ds uxjksa dks cq) ds ckn u’V fd;k x;k- x;k- ;g uxj oSls gh x.k jkT; Fks tSls Hkxou cq) ds
139

le; oS”kkyh tSls x.kjkT; gksrs Fks- bu uxjksa ds yksx vkfn dky lsa gh ckS) Fks- mudh eqgjksa esa cq) ds fp=
feys gSa- ?kfV;k bfrgkldkj bUgsa f”ko ds fp= crkrs gSa tcfd lPPkbZ ;g gS fd ftl le; ;g uxj iuis f”ko
iSnk Hkh ugha gqvk Fkk- mldh dYiuk Hkh ugha dh xbZ Fkh-
okLro esa tc gR;kjs iq’;fe=”kqax ds fxjksg us Hkkjr Hkwfe ij lsa ckS)ksa dk dRy fd;k vkSj ckS) pSR;
u’V fd, rks flU/kq lH;rk ds ;g uxj Hkh mudh Øwjrk dk f”kdkj gksus lsa ugha cp lds- vr% flU/kq lH;rk
dks u’V djus okyk gR;kjk czkã.k iq’;fe=”kq
;fe=”kqax Fkk ftlus cq) ds yxHkx 500 lky ckn bl nfyr lH;rk dks
rgl ugl dj fn;k- fn;k- mlh
mlh dh djrwrks
rksa dks gh bUnz vkSj fo’.kq ds uke lsa dgkfu;ka cuk dj izpkfjr fd;k x;k-
x;k-
;g ogh le; Fkk tc lkjs bfrgkl dk ?kkyesy dj fn;k x;k- flU/kq lH;rk dks u’V djus ds vlyh bfrgkl
dh txg iqjk.kksa esa gfj.;df”kiq] tkya/kj] cyh vkfn dh dgkfu;ka cuk nh xbZa- ;g yksx vly esa bl lH;rk
ds uxjksa ds “kkld Fks-
xq: jSnkl bl lPpkbZ ds tkudkj Fks fd mudk izkphu csxeiqjk ;gh flU/kq lH;rk Fkh tgka yksx ekuo
/keZ dk ikyu djrs Fks] fcuk HksnHkko] fcuk Mj Hk; ds jgrs Fks- tgka cM+s cM+s x.k xq.kh “kwj vkSj nkrk iSnk gq, gSa
rFkk ;g ogh vNwr jkt gS ftlds fcNM+us ij nfyrksa dh ,slh n”kk gks xbZ gS % nkfjn ns[k gj dksbZ gals ,slh
nlk gekjh ysfdu xq: jSnkl bldk gy crkrs gSa- os dgrs gSa vc eksfg [kwc oru xfg ikbZ fd vc mUgsa
vius oru dh xgjkbZ lsa le> vk xbZ gS fd flU/kq lH;rk gh muds ckS) iwoZtksa dk oru gS- vc vxj nfyr
vius nkfjn lsa NqVdkjk ikuk pkgrs gSa rks fQj lsa viuk csxeiqjk clk;sa!!
xq: jSnkl ;g opu nsrs gSa fd csxeiqjk esa lnk vkSj lcdh [kSj gksxh- lcdk Hkyk gksxk- ;g lUr ds
opu gSa tks dHkh fu’Qy ugha tkrs- lUr jSnkl us dgk gS rks ;g lp gksdj gh jgsxk- jktuhfrd n`f’Vdks.k lsa
ns[ksa rks bldk vFkZ gS fd xq: jSnkl ÞloZtu fgrk;] loZtu lq[kk;Þ dh rtZ ij jkT; LFkkfir djuk pkgrs gSa-
dgus dks rks czkã.koknh Hkh olqnSo dqVqEce dk “kksj djrs gSa- os nkok djrs gSa fd bldk vFkZ gS fd
lkjk fo”o gh ,d ifjokj gS- ysfdu vlyh;r esa ,slk ugha gS- czkã.k/keZ esa rks mUgha ds /keZ dks ekuus okyksa dks]
mUgha ds nsoksa dks viuk Hkxoku dgus okyksa dks ÞvknehÞ rks D;k tkuoj lsa Hkh cnrj ekuk tkrk gS- dqÙks
fcfYy;ka muds jlksbZ rd tk ldrs gSa exj Hkaxh pekj muds ?kj ds vUnj ikao ugha j[k ldrs!! ,slk gS mudk
olqnSo dqVqEce!! xka/kh dh rjg gtkj ckj ej.k ozr djds ,d ckj Hkh u ejus tSlk!! blfy, xq: jSnkl
<ksaxius lsa nwj okLrfod cgqtu fgrk; cgqtu lq[kk; okyk csxeiqjk jkT; LFkkfir djuk pkgrs gSa-
dgs jSnkl
kl [kkyl pekjk] tks gelgjh lks ehr gekjk % xq: jSnkl lh/ks likV “kCnksa esa fcuk gsj Qsj ds
,syku djrs gSa fd tks pekj ;kfu nfyr ds lkFk csxeiqjk esa gelgjh cuuk pkgrk gS ogh mudk ehr gS- bu
ykbuksa esa xq: jSnkl cgqr xgjh ckr dgrs gSa- os Li’V dgrs gSa fd os [kkyl pekj gSa] “kq) nfyr gSa- os u vc
czkã.k gSa u igys Fks vkSj u cuuk pkgrs gSa- os nfyrksa ds fy, gh csxeiqjk clkuk pkgrs gSa- tks Hkh czkã.k
cfu;k {kf=; ;k vU; tkfr dk vkneh viuh tkfr dh gsdM+h Hkwy dj ogka cluk pkgs ogh mudk gelgjh gks
ldrk gS ;kfu ogka cl ldrk gS- tkfr vfHkekuh ds fy, ogka dksbZ LFkku ugha gS-
[kkyl dk vFkZ gS “kq)- “kq) ;kfu og vkneh tks usd dekbZ djds [kkrk gks] lnkpkjh gks] >wB ik[k.Mksa
lsa nwj jgrk gks- blh vk/kkj ij xq: xksfcUn flag us [kkylk iUFk dh LFkkiuk dh ftlesa vU;k; ds fo#) ej
feVus okys yksx “kkfey gq,- ;g drbZ vk”p;Z dh ckr ugha gS fd [kkylk iUFk ds fljtu esa tks ik¡p I;kjs
dqckZuh nsus dks rS;kj gq, os lcds lc uhph vFkok nfyr tkfr;ksa lsa lEca/k j[krs Fks- ;g nq[k dh ckr gS fd
vkt ogh fl[k /keZ czkã.kokn ds paxqy esa Qalrk tk jgk gS- ftu yksxksa us fl[k /keZ ds fy, dqckZfu;ka nha] ftu
yksxksa dh ck.kh dks xq: xksfcUn flag us Þxq: xzUFk lkfgcÞ ekuk] vkt rFkkdfFkr Å¡ph tkr okys ljnkj mUgsa
Þetgch pwgM+sÞ ;k ÞVs<Þ dg dj nqRdkjrs gSa-
czkã.k/keZ esa rks ;g gky mlds tUe lsa gh gS- ogka rks nfyr ,dyO; ds vaxwBs vkSj “kEcwd ds flj
lnk lsa gh dkVs tkrs jgs gSa- vusdksa ckj czkã.k/keZ ds dkys dkuwu vnkyrksa ds lkeus vk, exj ogka ij Hkh rks
czkã.koknh gh cSBs gSa- mUgksaus dgk ;g vkLFkk dk loky gS rdZ vkSj dkuwu dk ugha- blfy, vnkyr blesa
n[ky ugha ns ldrha- ysfdu ogh tWt Å¡ph tkr okys cykRdkjh dks ;g dg dj cjh dj nsrk gS fd og rks
nfyr efgyk dks Nw Hkh ugha ldrk-
blhfy, xq: jSnkl dgrs gSa fd tks eu] opu vkSj deZ lsa [kkyl gksa os gh muds gelgjh cu ldrs
gSa- os dgrs gSa % lkapk lqefju uke fclklk] eu opu deZ dgS jSnkl!! vFkkZr eu opu vkSj deZ lsa lPpkbZ esa
140

fo”okl j[kus okyk gh lPpk vkneh gS ;kfu [kkyl vkneh gS- ogh muds gelgjh cu ldrs gSa- /keZ ds uke
ij /kks[kk djus okys muds gelgjh ugha gks ik,axs-
xq: jSnkl us lkFk esa gh ;g Hkh dgk gS fd tks muds gelgjh gSa ogh muds ehr gSa- tks csxeiqjk esa
muds lkFk clus dks rS;kj gS rFkk tks csxeiqjk clkus esa mudk lg;ksxh gS] os gh muds ehr gSa- tks csxeiqjk
dks clkus esa mudk fojks/k djsxk ;k vlg;ksx djsxk] og mudk ehr ugha gS-
vkSj tks csxeiqjk clkus esa mudk lg;ksx djsaxs rFkk tks fojks/k djsxs muds fy, lUr flikgh jSnkl ds
gelgjh dchj lkgsc us dg gh fn;k gS %
xxu nekek ckt;k] iM+;k fu”kkuS ?kko]
[ksr cqgkjS lwjek] eq> ejus dk pko!!
lwjk lksbZ ljkfg;s] tks yM+S nhu ds gsr!
iqjtk iqjtk dV Hkksa; fxjs] rcgq u NksMs [ksr!!
xq: jSnkl us tSlk csxeiqjk clkus dh dYiuk dh Fkh ckck lkfgc us Hkkjrh; lafo/kku cuk dj oSlk gh
Hkkjr cukus dh uhao j[kh gS- vc ek= nfyrksa dks viuk dÙkZO; iwjk djuk gS- nfyr viuh oksV dh dher
igpkusa- dsoy mUgha dks oksV nsa tks ru eu /ku lsa csxeiqjk clkuk pkgrs gksa- mu yksxksa dks oksV nsa tks fo/kku
lHkkvksa vkSj laln esa tkdj tks nfyrksa lsa xÌkjh u djrs gksa- xka/kh iVsy tSls yksxksa ds fxjksg us cgqrsjs gkFk
ikao ekjs fd oksV dk vf/kdkj dsoy tehu tk;nkn okyksa rFkk i<+s fy[ks yksxksa dks gh feys rkfd xjhc vkSj
vui<+ nfyr lekt ge”kk ge”kk mudh xqykeh gh djrk jgs- ;g ckck lkfgc dh gh fgEer Fkh fd os usg: dks Þgj
,d fy, ,d oksVÞ ds fy, jkth dj ik;s-
vc ml oksV ds vf/kdkj lsa dc muds flikgh csxeiqjk clkrs gSa] ;g mu ij gh fuHkZj djrk gS-
ekU;oj dka”kh jke ds vkxeu ds ckn lsa nfyr Økafr esa u;k tks”k vk;k gS- lclsa cM+h ckr blesa tks”k ds lkFk
gks”k Hkh gS- pkgs czkã.k/kfeZ;ksa us nfyr lekt ds vusdksa lUrksa flikfg;ksa dk [kwu cgk;k gS ysfdu nfyr lekt
ds flikgh Hkxou cq) ds ekxZ ij vxzlj gksdj fcuk [kwu cgk, viuk csxeiqjk fQj lsa clkus ds fy, tqVs gq,
gSa- xq: jSnkl dk opu iwjk gksus lsa dksbZ jksd ugha ldrk-

ueks cq)k; t; Hkhe


dqynhi rFkk jkt
18 vxLr 2007

Åij