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# 2nd SEMESTER EXAM PRACTICE (PART III) Name

The population of a Midwestern city was 782,563 in 1990 and declining at a rate of 1.4% per year.

1. What is was the multiplier for the city’s population decline? 1._____________________________(1)

2. Find the projected population of the city for the year 2000. 2._____________________________(4)

## 3. Write the equation that models this situation. 3._____________________________(3)

4. A certain bacteria colony doubles every 8 hours. If 6. If \$3000 is invested at an annual interest of 5.5%
the initial colony contains 40 bacteria, how many are compounded quarterly, write the equation you would
present after 5 days? (4 pts) solve to find the value of the investment after 10
years. (4 pts)

## 7. If \$5000 is invested at an annual interest rate of 6%

5. Explain how to determine if a given function is an compounded quarterly, how long will it take the
exponential growth or decay function. (2 pts) investment to double? (4 pts)
8. Solve log 5 ( 3x − 2) = log5 (5x − 6) . (6 pts) 9. Explain how Exponential Functions and Logarithmic
Functions are related? (1 pt)

## 10. Write a logarithmic equation equivalent to

1
. 11. Evaluate 3 log 4 64 . (5 pts)
64 3 = 4
(2 pts)

## 12. Write log44096=6 in exponential form. (3 pts) 1

13. Evaluate log 3
. (5 pts)
27

## 1 15. Solve log4(x – 5) = 2 − log4(x + 1). (8 pts)

14. Express log a b + 3 log a c − 5 log a d as a single
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logarithm. (6 pts)
16. Solve log 7 x = log 7 4 + log 7 3 − log 7 2 . (6 pts) 17. Solve 2 log m ( x + 1) − log m 4 = 0 . (8 pts)

1 1
18. Solve log 5 x = log5 9 + log 5 ( x − 1) . (7 pts) 19. Solve log x = −3 . (5 pts)
2 64