# MAE 241 - Statics Summer 2011

Dr. Konstantinos A. Sierros Office Hours: M and W 10:30 ± 11:30 (263 ESB new add) kostas.sierros@mail.wvu.edu Teaching Blog: http://wvumechanicsonline.blogspot.com

Chapter 2:Force vectors

Objectives  To show how to add forces and resolve them into components using the Parallelogram Law  Cartesian vectors  Introduce dot product

2.7 Position vectors

xyz coordinates  Positive z axis is directed upward  x, y axes lie in the horizontal plane Locate A(4m,2m,-6m)

2.7 Position vectors
A position vector r is defined as a fixed vector which locates a point in space relative to another point (i.e from point O to P)  Starting at origin O, one µtravels¶ x in the +i direction, then y in the +j direction and z in the +k direction, we arrive at point P r = xi+yj+zk

2.7 Position vectors
 In a more general case, the position vector r may be directed from point A to point B in space r=(xB-xA)i+(yB-yA)j+(zB-zA)k  The i,j,k components of r are formed by subtracting the coordinates of the tail A from the coordinates of the head B

2.8 Force vector directed along a line
Often, in 3D problems the direction of a force is specified by two points through which its line of action passes  F is directed along AB  F (as a Cartesian vector) has the same direction and sense as the position vector r  The common direction is specified by the unit vector u = r/r F=Fu=F(r/r)

2.9 Dot product
 The dot product, which is a method for µmultiplying¶ two vectors is used in order to solve 3D statics problems. 2D problems can be solved using geometry and trigonometry AB = AB cos Dot product

Laws of operation Cumulative law: AB = B A Multiplication by a scalar: (AB)=( A)  B = A  ( B) Distributive law: A (B+D) = (AB) + (AD)

2.9 Dot product
 To determine the dot product of two Cartesian vectors, multiply their corresponding x,y, z components and sum these products algebraically AB = AxBx + AyBy + AzBz

Applications of dot product in mechanics 1. The angle formed between two vectors or intersecting lines 2. The components of a vector parallel and perpendicular to a line

Sign up to vote on this title