# prop_design_example.

xls

PROPELLER DESIGN USING WAGENINGEN B SERIES
Design a propeller for a bulk-carrier with the following details
LBP(m) =
B(m) =
T(m) =
CB=
VS(service) (knot) =
δV =
Trial speed range=
Sea margin =
AE/A0
Z

135.34
19.3
9.16
0.704
15
1
2
1.2
?
4

SOLUTION

m
m
m
knots

STAGE 1

VS
(knots)
13.7
14.75
15.8
16.86
17.91

RT
kN
281.9528
337.9287
413.0411
523.4767
648.4383

PE(trial)
kW
1987
2564
3357
4540
5974

PE(service)
kW
2384.4
3076.8
4028.4
5448
7168.8
y = 135.16x 2 - 3327.5x + 22214

8000
7000
6000
5000

Trial Power

4000

Service Power
Poly. (Trial Power)

3000
2000
1000
0
12

13

14

15

16

17

Maximum permissible propeller diameter =
Maximum continous power at=
relative-rotative efficiency ηR =
1
0.98
shaft transmission efficiency ηS =
Propeller diameter behind hull
Dmax=DB =

18

19

20

0.6 T
0.85

5.496

Page 1

5.5 m

select a range of propeller rpm. and calculate B p-δ and read-off propeller efficiency.605 N(rpm) assumed 80 90 100 110 120 0.0.62 0.304 0.615 0.2808(NxD0/VA) To find out rpm.482127 Wageningen B-4.158(NxPD /VA ) δ=3.626 0.61 y = -1E-08x4 + 4E-06x3 .0005x2 + 0.g.625 0.3968 170. ηo at corresponding Bp-δ from the diagram: Bp δ ηο 15.006 0.622 0. Patm= 101300 N/m 2 Vapour pressure of water at 15 °C.4849 204.3 Z )T = +K A0 ( P0 − PV ) D 2 Keller's formula 434.214 5. N=80~120 rpm.7 5107.2 (height of shaft centre-line above base) at Vs=16 knots Atmospheric pressure.6214 kN T=RT/(1-t)= h=D/2+0.62 0.2 for single screw AE/A0 0.143 5107 kW 11.3 + 0 .0282x + 0.95 0.6 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 Page 2 120 125 .3604 kN RT= 552.5 Bp=1.529 0.xls w= t= open water diameter D 0=DB/0.212 m 2 101300 N/m 2 1646 N/m 2 2 P0=Patm+ρgH 163763.3527 153.9977 19.4408 187.55 propeller chosen VS(trial) = PE(trial) = Assume ηD = PD =PE/ηD VA = VS(trial) (1-w) 16 knots 3574. e.99693 136. PV= 1646 N/m H= T-h 6.2 N/m K= 0.136 knots 1/2 2.79 m AE (1 .605 0.99744 21.624 0.63 0.99719 23.96 3575 kW 0.99796 17.prop_design_example.

696844 6071 kW 5056.707 ∈=ηDcalculated .xls Optimum N maximum η0 100 RPM 0.prop_design_example.005 go back to "assume ηD" and select new value until it is 0.85 Delivered power PD=PBηS 6070.92] read-off P b/DB Mean face pitch= 5.ηDpreviuos 0.89.89 kW Therefore Bp= δ= 19.626 ηD=ηhηRη0=(1-t/1-w)ηRη0 0.50 m Stage 2 Engine selection calculated optimum rpm Brake power(85% MCR) Installed power(100% MCR) 1 100 5160 kW 6071 kW Engine MAN B&W 4S60MC N rpm Engine Power 105 8160 105 5200 79 3920 79 6160 79 6160 105 8160 L1 L2 L4 L3 100 70 100 70 NoptimumPower 100 5160 85% MCR 100 6071 100%MCR 9000 8000 Power (kWs) 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 N (RPM) Page 3 105 110 5160 5160 6071 6071 .9188 From Bp-δ diagram at [19.007 if it is > 0.89882 161.161.005 Let's assume that η D is converged 5160 kW Brake power PB=(PE/ηDηS) Installed maximum continous power =P B/0.

3993x + 26656 8000 V 7000 6000 PE 15.7666 212.3704 29. (Service Power) 2000 1000 0 12 13 14 15 16 17 VA=VS(1-w) Bp = δ B= 10.3545 177.prop_design_example.82 kW obtain Vs(service) VS(service) = 15.012 if this difference is less than 0.583 0.85862 18 19 20 δB 141.062 5000 Trial Power 4000 Service Power 3000 Poly.7 5056.0605 194.25 3482.1 w in trial ηD (assumed) PD=PBηS PE=PDηD 0.459 kW PE(service)=PDηDlast From PE(service) vs VS curve at PE(service) read-off Vs(service) Page 4 .xls STAGE 3 Prediction of performance in service Prediction of the ship speed and propeller rate of rotation in service with the engine 85% of MCR w in service= 1.90575 22.823 kW From PE(service) vs VS curve at 3539.688 ηD 0.31 3539.248822 xN 1.39396 24.873 15.88218 27.18368 knots 0.770605 xN For a range of N's N 80 90 100 110 120 Bp 19.89 kW 3539.19x 2 .6484 159.3 knots y = 162.4726 read-off η0 @ intersection of Bp-δ curve with Pb/DB η0 0.3344 0.005 there is no need for iteration ηDassumed-ηDcalculated Let's assume that η D is converged 3481.

1504 knots 97.95 rpm Therefore @ 85% MCR vessel's service speeed.25 knots From Bp-δ diagram at above intersection point read-off Bp-δ 24 Bp δ 174 VA N=(δVA/(3.prop_design_example.xls VS(service) = 15.95 rpm Page 5 .2808D)) N(service) 10.25 knots N=97. V S =15.

7πnD) ] 0.4 N Ap=T/(τcqT) ηB=PT/PD=TVA/PD=η0ηR 10.5VR2=0. (Cavitation control) h=D/2+0.55 Calculated BAR=0.2 (height of shaft centre-line above base) Atmospheric pressure.067-0.96 552621.55 Calculated BAR=0.89 100 11.xls STAGE 4.55 Therefore propeller will have low risk of cavitation Page 6 .212 m kW rpm knots m Dynamic pressure qT 224777.16 5056.R.A.2 N/m 2 Cavitation number σR=(P0-Pv)/qT 2 qT=0.229xP/D) Blade Area Ratio AD ≈ AE 2 BAR= AE/(πD /4) Selected BAR=0.prop_design_example. τc is read-off from fig.55 0.136 1 0. 4 as: 0.6 N/m 2 P0-Pv 162117. Patm= 101300 N/m 2 101300 N/m 2 1646 N/m 2 Vapour pressure of water at 15 °C.225 τc By definition T/Ap=τcqT = T=PDη0ηR/VA 50574.55 <= Selected BAR=0.721234 Referring to Burrill's diagram for upper limit @ σR.5[VA2+(0.626 6. PV= 1646 N/m 2 For Trial condition T= PD = N= VA = P/D = η0 H= T-h 9.03911 m 2 Developed area from Taylor's relationship AD=Ap/(1.92678 m 2 13. Determination of the blade surface area & B. the load coefficient.

prop_design_example.xls Page 7 .