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The Indicative Mood

The Indicative Mood

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07/16/2013

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The indicative mood

In the indicative mood, there are 8 tenses: there is one present tense, there are 5 past tenses, and 2 future tenses. Of the above 8 tenses, 4 are simple, and 4 are 'compound' -- there are 3 compound past tenses and 1 compound future tense. The compound tenses are created with the help of the modal verb 'kam'. 1. Koha e tashme of Albanian corresponds to the 'present' and 'present continuous' tenses of English. When po is placed in front of an Albanian verb that is in the present tense, the 'present continuous' is the English tense that better reflects the meaning. Examples: The sentence Unë nuk flas shqip. is translated in English as I don't speak Albanian. However, Unë nuk po flas shqip. should be translated using the present continuous of English: I am not speaking Albanian. The conjugation of 'jam' in the present indicative: English I am you are he/she is we are you are they are Albanian unë jam ti je ai/ajo është ne jemi ju jeni ata/ato janë

The conjugation of 'kam' in the present indicative English I have you are he/she has Albanian unë kam ti ke ai/ajo ka

the imperfect.) 2. or the simple perfect of verb 'kam' + the past participle of the verb. you used to be ti ishe he/she was. is translated in English as I was reading when you called. is translated into English. for a given verb. I used to be unë isha you were. When the sentence. but 'është' is probably a loan-word from Latin. The 3 last ones are 'compound tenses'. the compound past tenses are formed by using the present tense. These are e pakryer (imperfect). the difference between 'to be' and 'to have' is that one has a 'j' and the other has a 'k' instead. më se e kryer (more than perfect). the construct 'used to' should be employed: 3 years ago I used to run every day. This tense is used for incompleted or habitual actions in the past. Para 3 vjetësh vrapoja çdo ditë. e kryer (perfect). English Albanian I was. Koha e pakryer. they used to be ata/ato ishin .we have you have they have ne kemi ju keni ata/ato kanë As you see. Conjugation of 'jam' in the 'e pakryer' tense. you used to be ju ishit they were. and e kryer e tejshkuar (past perfect). The past tenses. we used to be ne ishim you were. Examples: The sentence Unë lexoja kur më more në telefon. This is the imperfect tense of Albanian. ('është' is another difference. e kryer e thjeshtë (simple perfect). he/she used to be ai/ajo ishte we were.

English I had you had he/she had Albanian unë pata ti pate ai/ajo pati . they used to have ata/ato kishin As you see. he/she used to have ai/ajo kishte we had. you used to have ti kishe he/she had. we used to have ne kishim you had. you used to have ju kishit they had. This is the 'simple perfect' tense of Albanian. Examples: The sentence Unë lexova 2 kapituj.Conjugation of 'kam' in the 'e pakryer' tense. I used to have unë kisha you had. This tense is used for actions that have been completed in the past. English I was you were he/she was we were you were they were Albanian unë qeshë ti qe ai/ajo qe ne qemë ju qetë ata/ato qenë Conjugation of 'kam' in the 'e kryer e thjeshtë' tense. is translated in English as I finished reading 2 chapters. Koha e kryer e thjeshtë. English Albanian I had. the difference between the imperfect tenses of 'to be' and 'to have' is that 'to have' has a 'k' more than 'to be'. Conjugation of 'jam' in the 'e kryer e thjeshtë' tense.

It is formed by adding the present tense of 'kam' to the past participle of a verb. This is a compound tense. English Albanian I have been unë kam qenë you have been ti ke qenë he/she has been ai/ajo ka qenë we have been ne kemi qenë you have been ju keni qenë they have been ata/ato kanë qenë Conjugation of 'kam' in the 'e kryer' tense. . is translated in English as I have read 2 chapters. This is a compound tense. English Albanian I have had unë kam pasur you have had ti kam pasur he/she has had ai/ajo ka pasur we have had ne kemi pasur you have had ju keni pasur they have had ata/ato kanë pasur Koha më se e kryer. It is formed by adding the imperfect ('e pakryer') tense of 'kam' to the past participle of a verb. This tense is used for actions that had been completed in the past.we had you had they had ne patëm ju patët ata/ato patën Koha e kryer. Examples: The sentence Unë kam lexuar 2 kapituj. Conjugation of 'jam' in the 'e kryer' tense. This tense is used for actions that have been completed in the past.

This is a compound tense as well. is translated in English as I had read 2 chapters. . This tense is used for actions that had been completed in the past. Conjugation of 'jam' in the 'më se e kryer' tense. English Albanian I had been unë kisha qenë you had been ti kishe qenë he/she had been ai/ajo kishte qenë we had been ne kishim qenë you had been ju kishit qenë they had been ata/ato kishin qenë Conjugation of 'kam' in the 'më se e kryer' tense.Examples: The sentence Unë kisha lexuar 2 kapituj. is translated in English as I had read 2 chapters. Examples: The sentence Unë pata lexuar 2 kapituj. English Albanian I had had unë kisha pasur you had had ti kishe pasur he/she had had ai/ajo kishte pasur we had had ne kishim pasur you had had ju kishit pasur they had had ata/ato kishin pasur Koha e kryer e tejshkuar. It is formed by adding the 'simple perfect' tense of 'kam' to the past participle of a verb.

It is formed by putting 'do të' (or less formally simply 'do') before a verb.Conjugation of 'jam' in the 'e kryer e tejshkuar' tense. Conjugation of 'jam' in the 'e ardhme' tense. These are koha e ardhme (the simple future tense). Koha e ardhme. English Albanian I had been unë pata qenë you had been ti pate qenë he/she had been ai/ajo pati qenë we had been ne patëm qenë you had been ju patët qenë they had been ata/ato patën qenë Conjugation of 'kam' in the 'e kryer e tejshkuar' tense. The future tenses. or I am going to read 2 chapters. Examples: The sentence Unë do të lexoj 2 kapituj. English Albanian . is translated in English as I shall read 2 chapters. This is very similar to the future tense of English. and koha e ardhme e përparme (the compound future tense). English Albanian I had had unë pata pasur you had had ti pate pasur he/she had had ai/ajo pati pasur we had had ne patëm pasur you had had ju patët pasur they had had ata/ato patën pasur 3.

I shall be unë do të jem you will be ti do të jesh he/she will be ai/ajo do të jetë we shall be ne do të jemi you will be ju do të jeni they will be ata/ato do të jenë Conjugation of 'kam' in the 'e ardhme' tense. is translated in English as I shall have read 2 chapters. Examples: The sentence Unë do të kem lexuar 2 kapituj. which from a point of reference in the future. It is used to describe actions. English Albanian I shall have been unë do të kem qenë you will have been ti do të kesh qenë he/she will have been ai/ajo do të ketë qenë we shall have been ne do të kemi qenë you will have been ju do të keni qenë they will have been ata/ato do të kenë qenë Conjugation of 'kam' in the 'e ardhme e përparme' tense. belong to the past. For a given verb. Conjugation of 'jam' in the 'e ardhme e përparme' tense. English Albanian I shall have unë do të kem you will have ti do të kesh he/she will have ai/ajo do të ketë we shall have ne do të kemi you will have ju do të keni they will have ata/ato do të kenë Koha e ardhme e përparme. this tense is formed by the simple future of 'kam' and the past participle of the verb. .

.English Albanian I shall have had unë do të kem pasur you will have had ti do të kesh pasur he/she will have had ai/ajo do të ketë pasur we shall have had ne do të kemi pasur you will have had ju do të keni pasur they will have had ata/ato do të kenë pasur June 8. 2003.

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