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Disability at a Glance 2010

Disability at a Glance 2010

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12/24/2012

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Human development index (for 2007)

Human development index rank

92 (UNDP 2009)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$5 383 (UNDP 2009)

Life expectancy at birth (years)

72.9 (UNDP 2009)

Combined gross enrolment ratio for

68.7 per cent (UNDP 2009)a

primary, secondary and tertiary education

Demography

Total population mid-2007

1 328 630 000 (United Nations 2006b)

Population of persons with disabilities

82 960 000 (China 2006a)

Proportion of persons with disabilities to

6.34 per cent (ESCAP 2006, Q 18)

total population

Definition of disability

No (ESCAP 2006, Q 19)

Definition of persons with disabilities

“[O]ne who has abnormalities or loss of a certain organ
or function, psychologically or physiologically, or in
anatomical structure and has lost wholly or in part the
ability to perform an activity in the way considered
normal.” (China 1990, art. 2)

Employment rate of persons with

85 per cent (2005) (ESCAP 2006, Q 12.1)

disabilities
Access to education

In 2000, the majority of children could complete a nine-
year course of compulsory education. About 80 per cent
of blind, deaf and mentally retarded children completed
the nine years of compulsory education (ESCAP 2006, Q
6/7.1)

Institutional framework

National coordination mechanism or

State Council Working Committee on Disability,

disability focal point

established in 1993 (ESCAP 2006, Q 1(i), (ii))

Number of members and composition of

A total of 38 multisectoral members from relevant

the mechanism

ministries, government departments and non-governmental
organizations (ESCAP 2006, Q 1(ii))

Legislative and policy framework

Mention of disability in constitution

“Citizens of the People’s Republic of China have the
right to material assistance from the state and society
when they are old, ill, or disabled. The state develops
the social insurance, social relief, and medical and
health services that are required to enable citizens to
enjoy this right. The state and society ensure the
livelihood of disabled members of the armed forces, provide
pensions for the families of martyrs, and give

21

East and North-East Asia

preferential treatment to the families of military personnel.
The state and society help make arrangements for the
work, livelihood and education of the blind, deaf, mutes
and other handicapped citizens.” (China 1982, art. 45)

Comprehensive disability law

Law of the People’s Republic of China on Protection of
Persons with Disabilities (1990, amended in 2008) (China
1990)

Disability-specific anti-discrimination law

No (ESCAP 2006, Q 10)

Sectoral disability laws

Regulations on the Education of Persons with Disabilities
(1994)

Regulations on the Employment of Persons with
Disabilities (2007); covers poverty alleviation, social
security and social welfare (ESCAP 2006, Q 8(i))

National plan of action on disability

Outline of the Work for Persons with Disabilities during
the 11th Five-year Development Program Period 2006-
2010
(China 2006b)

National efforts to promote an inclusive society

Employment quota scheme

No less than 1.5 per cent (China 2007)

National accessibility standard

Codes for Design on Accessibility of Urban Roads and
Buildings
(JGJ 50-2001) (ESCAP 2006, Q 13.1)

Standardized sign language

Established in 1988 (ESCAP 2006, Q 19.1)

ICT accessibility guidelines

No (ESCAP 2006, Q 18.1)

Financial commitment

Proportion of disability (social) spending

Not available

to GDP or entire national budget

Annual budget allocated to the national

No response provided (ESCAP 2006, Q 1(ii))

coordination mechanism

Commitment to regional and international instruments on disability

Signatory to the Proclamation of the Decade

1992 (ESCAP 2004b)

Ratification of ILO Convention 159

2 February 1988 (ILO 2010)

Ratification or signatory of the Convention on

Signed Convention on 30 March 2007;

the Rights of Persons with Disabilities,

Ratified Convention on 1 August 2008 (United Nations 2010)

and its Optional Protocol

a

Data refer to a year other than that specified.

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