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Disability at a Glance 2010

Disability at a Glance 2010

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social problems of india
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Published by: bunnymanshi on May 20, 2011
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12/24/2012

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Human development report index (for 2007)

Human development index rank

115 (UNDP 2009)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$3 236 (UNDP 2009)

Life expectancy at birth (years)

66.2 (UNDP 2009)

Combined gross enrolment ratio for primary,

79.2 per cent (UNDP 2009)

secondary and tertiary education

Demography

Total population mid-2007

2 629 000 (United Nations 2006b)

Population of persons with disabilities

115 000 (ESCAP 2006, Q 19)

Proportion of persons with disabilities to total

2.8 per cent (2008) (Mongolia 2009)

population

Definition of disability

Sight, hearing, speaking, limb or mental problems, due to
hereditary or non-hereditary reasons, congenital defects,
diseases or accidents (ESCAP 2006, Q 20)

Definition of persons with disabilities

Those with limited physical or mental abilities, either
genetically inherited or acquired during life, persons born
with deformations or disability caused by illness or accident
which limits full ability to work, mute persons or person
officially diagnosed with sight, hearing, body or mental
disabilities (ILO no date)

Employment rate of persons with disabilities

Not available

Access to education

15.7 per cent of 20 748 children and younger people with
disabilities go to school (Mongolia 2008)

Institutional framework

National coordination mechanism or disability

The National Committee, established in 1995, with the

focal point

Population and Social Security Department of the Ministry of
Social Welfare and Labour as the focal point (ESCAP 2004c,
Q 1(ii))

Number of members and composition of the

A total of 19 members, chaired by the Head of the National

mechanism

Committee and the Minister of Social Welfare and Labour
(ESCAP 2004c, Q 1(ii))

Legislative and policy framework

Mention of disability in constitution

“The right to material and financial assistance in … disability
… as provided by law.” (Mongolia 1992, art. 16, para. 5)

Comprehensive disability law

Social Security Law for People with Disabilities (ILO no date)

Disability-specific anti-discrimination law

No (ESCAP 2004c, Q 11(i))

29

East and North-East Asia

Sectoral disability laws

Cover: education; employment; rehabilitation; health;
information and technology; the building code; transportation;
poverty alleviation, and; social security/social welfare (ESCAP
2004c, Q 99(i))

National plan of action on disability

National Programme on Improvement of the Situation of
Persons with Disabilities (1998) (ILO 2003a)

National efforts to promote an inclusive society

Employment quota scheme

Not less than 3 per cent of the total staff of a business entity
or organisation having more than 50 employees (Mongolia
1999, art. 111.1)

National accessibility standard

Norms of Building Planning for People with Disabilities, 2004
(ESCAP 2004c, Q 32)

Standardized sign language

Yes (ESCAP 2004c, Q 34)

ICT accessibility guidelines

Yes (ESCAP 2004c, Q 34)

Financial commitment

Proportion of disability (social) spending to

Not available

GDP or entire national budget

Annual budget allocated to the

$12 000 (ESCAP 2006, Q 2(ii))

national coordination mechanism

Commitment to regional and international instruments on disability

Signatory to the Proclamation of the Decade

1993 (ESCAP 2004b)

Ratification of ILO Convention 159

3 February 1998 (ILO 2010)

Ratification or signatory of the Convention on

Ratification to the Convention on 13 May 2009;

the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and its

Ratification to Optional Protocol on 13 May 2009 (United

Optional Protocol

Nations 2010)

30

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