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ΟΙ ΓΙΟΡΤΕΣ ΣΤΗΝ ΑΡΧΑΙΑ ΕΛΛΑΔΑ

ΟΙ ΓΙΟΡΤΕΣ ΣΤΗΝ ΑΡΧΑΙΑ ΕΛΛΑΔΑ

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Published by Louky Louk

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Published by: Louky Louk on May 20, 2011
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την ανίερη αυτή πράξη ετράπησαν στα όρη, όπου, µαινόµενες πλέον, επιδίδονταν στη Βακχική λατρεία. Από την εποχή εκείνη οι παρθένες του γένους των Μινυών ονοµάζονταν «Ολείαι» (εξολοθρεύτριες) και υφίσταντο διώξεις στη γιορτή των Αγριωνίων. Αλλά και οι άνδρες της ίδιας οικογένειας, υφίσταντο ταπείνωση κατά την διάρκεια της γιορτής. Τους επέβαλαν να παρίστανται στη γιορτή ρακένδυτοι και βρώµικοι. Ήταν υποχρεωµένοι να παρακολουθούν όλα όσα γίνονταν χωρίς να µπορούν να επέµβουν έστω και αν ο ιερέας σκότωνε κάποια παρθένα. Κατά τους ιστορικούς χρόνους όλα αυτά είχαν απλώς συµβολικό χαρακτήρα και η καταδίωξη των Μινυών ήταν προσποιητή δίχως να περιλαµβάνει φόνους. Μόνο µια φορά σηµειώθηκε τέτοιο κρούσµα την εποχή του Πλουτάρχου. Κατά τη διάρκεια της γιορτής, ο ιερέας Ζώϊλος, έφτασε µία κοπέλα την σκότωσε µε τον πέλεκυ. Η πράξη αυτή κατακρίθηκε πολύ και έγινε αφορµή να απαγορευτεί η γιορτή απ’ τους Ρωµαίους, οι οποίοι τιµώρησαν τους Ορχοµένιους µε πρόστιµο. Ο Ζώϊλος µετά το φόνο αρρώστησε και πέθανε ενώ η οικογένεια του αποκλείσθηκε από την ιεροσύνη. Τα Αγριώνια γιορτάζονταν και στη Θήβα, τη Κρήτη, τη Λέσβο και τη Χίο.

ΑΓΡΟΤΕΡΑΣ ΘΥΣΙΑ Ήταν γιορτή προς τιµή της Αρτέµιδος Αγροτέρας, η οποία ετελείτο την 6η του µηνός Βοηδροµίωνος στην Αθήνα, στο ιερό της Αρτέµιδος στις Άγρες. Η γιορτή περιελάµβανε ποµπή και θυσία κατσικιών. Σχετικά µε την προέλευση της γιορτής ιστορούνται τα εξής: Όταν έγινε η εισβολή των Περσών στην Αττική, ο Μιλτιάδης έκανε ευχή στην Άρτεµη να θυσιάσει στο όνοµα της τόσα κατσίκια, όσοι θα ήταν οι νεκροί Πέρσες στο Μαραθώνα. Επειδή όµως οι νεκροί Πέρσες ήταν χιλιάδες και ήταν αδύνατον να βρεθούν στην Αττική τόσα κατσίκια, αποφασίστηκε να θυσιάζονται κάθε χρόνο πεντακόσια.

ΑΓΡΥΠΝΙΣ Η Αγρυπνίς ήταν µια γιορτή προς τιµή του ∆ιονύσου στην πόλη Αρβήλη της Σικελίας. Η γιορτή αυτή ανήκε στο ευρύτερο πλαίσιο των γιορτών που ονοµάζονταν «Παννυχίδες», δηλαδή γιορτές που διαρκούσαν όλη τη διάρκεια της νύχτας από τη δύση του ηλίου µέχρι την ανατολή της εποµένης µέρας. Οι Παννυχίδες τελούσαν κατά την παραµονή των περισσοτέρων γιορτών που είχαν µυστηριακό χαρακτήρα. Γνωστές Παννυχίδες ήταν εκείνες που γινόταν προς τιµή του Ασκληπιού στην Επίδαυρο, στα Ελευσίνια Μυστήρια, στα Αφροδίσια που τελούνταν στη Πάφο της Κύπρου. Ένα από τα βασικά γνωρίσµατα των Παννυχίδων ήταν ότι όσοι µετείχαν σε αυτές λούζονταν πριν την έναρξη της, ενώ η πλέον γνωστή Παννυχίς ήταν τα «Νυκτέλια» προς τιµή του Νυκτελίου ∆ιονύσου, και τα «∆αιδαφόρια» των ∆ελφών από τις Μαινάδες τον µήνα ∆αιδαφόριο.

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